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f ' THE CHAT EW Never in All History Did Events Crowd AS NOWl Don't Forget today's the Day to Buy Thrift Starnps Chattanooga, 4 p.m. Washington, 5 p.m. London; 10 p.m. Paris, 10 p.m. Petrograd, 12 p.m. Toldo, 7 a.m. VOL. XXX. NO. 216 LATE EDITION CH ATTAIN ( )( Hi A, TKNN., FRIDAY. EVENING, MARCH 15, 1918. PRICE: THREE CENTS ftSKTWS MSL T&NOOGA N 4 M 1 BOCHES RUSH MILITARY OPERATIONS IN UKRAINE a . . . . Force of Germans Now Within Hundred Miles of Capital City of Kiev Other Towns Occupied. Operations Continue Energetically. Berlin, March 15. (British ad miralty per wirelea proit) Mil itary operations are continuing in Ukraine, where the town-of Bach, roach, about JOO.milee northeast of Kiev, has been occupied, the' war office announces. The statement fol .lows: "Enemy bands in Ukraine which threatened the railway from Go mel and Kiev to Bachmaph were dispersed in several engagements. Bachmaeh was occupied. . Else where there is nothing to report." RUSS CONGRESS RATIFIES PEACE WITH GERMANY Moscow Assembly Votes 453 to 30 in Favor of Central Powers' Treaty. , PACIFIST AIMS CULMINATE MRS. HIRSCH'S DEFENSE BECOMES AGGRESSIVE Trial of Woman Charged 7ith Attempt-to Blackmail Ma)tr Candler Continues. Atlanta, Ga., March 15. Mrs. Mar garet A. Hirsch, charged with at tempted blackmail of Mayor Asa G. Candler, this morning took the stand in her own behalf. Before starting her statement, the courtroom was cleared of spectators at her request. Newspaper representatives were ex cluded. The defense- was pernitVfd to make a. statement as to what they expected to prove. Attorney J. It. ?edgood de clared they would show no conspiracy of any sort was laid petween Jurs. Ifirsch and Cook, but on the contrary tlift woman was made the victim of threats by Cook to reveal to her hus band the details of what he saw In Alayor Candler's office. Me said they expected to prove Mr. Candler w'as Htronfrly attracted to Mrs. Hirsch and used his wealth and prominence ' to persuade her to come to his office and Mihmit t bis advances. Began Sobbing Aloud. He said that when Cook unexpect edly arrived at Mayor Candler's office ii ml caught Mrs. Hirsch and Mayor Candler in a compromising; relation, Slayer" Candler walked with Mrs. .Hirsch to the elevator after Cook had left, and requested her to call him on the telephone In a few minutes, and when she did call Forrest Adair was tint on the wire. He said Mr. Adair induced her to bring- up the subject if money and Induced her to name a ntipulated lum, and that she named 1his sum as a consideration -which she felt was due her In view of the fart that he was to be forced -to leave the titv. He mild Mr. Adair first at tempted to persuade her to accept $230 aj. month. Mrs. Hirsch began to cry. and as '.Attorney Bcdgood elaborated his' state ment she sobbed aloud. When Mrs. Hirsch took the stand she vas pale, nervous and red from crying-. "Mrs. Hirsch, you will make your statement in your own words without being questioned," said Judge Hill. Courtroom Cleared. Looking up at the judge, Mrs. Hirsch ftsked: . "Will I have to till my story before All these people'.'" "Do you wish to have the courtroom Hon red?" asked the judge. "Yes, I would very much prefer it, J our honor." Thereupon .lodge Hill ordered the courtroom cleared of all spectators. T,he crowd filed out with extreme dis appointment written on their faces. Mrs. Hirsch asked Judge Hill if he would not also exclude the represen tatives of the press. "The ladies and gentlemen of the fourth estate will please retire." said Judge Hill, and their departure was marked by similar signs of disappoint- Austrians Strike Men in Railway Shops Re fuse to Obey Orders of the Military. Copenhagen, March 13. The men in the workshops of the Austrian railways have struck and refused to obey the orders of the military to return to work, the Berlin Lokal Anxeiger states. The strike, it is added, is spreading to other factories. Army Must Be Demobilized, Warships Disarmed and Territories Released. did not lnow whether her son went with any other married woman. Miss Bessie' Cook, a sister of J. W. Cook, testified that she had known Mr. and Mrs. Hirsch for several months, that Mr. and Mrs. Ifirsch had visited her mother's home, and that while Mrs. Hirsch was at the hospital she went there several times with her brother to take flowers and fruit; Miss Itosa Humphreys, a young; woman, vho occupied the cell with Mrs. Hirsch when the latter first went to the county jail, was the next wit ness. She testified that she arrived In Atlanta from l'lattsburg-, N. Y., on Fel. 7 and was arrested the next day on a charge of vagrancy." She swore that a few days before the trial of Cook, Deputy Sheriff Bazemoro tried to get her to make an affidavit detri mental to Mis. Hirsch. 1 "He s;iid if I would tell what I knew he would turn me out of Jail with a good piece of money in mv nurse.'' she said. "He said It would be a great help to him if he could get the affidavit, that there were a. lot of peo ple getting money out of the case, and there wasn't any reason why we shouldn't get some. I refused to make the affidavit." On cross-examination the witness aommen sne niut been convicted on a charge of vagrancy and sentenced to a year In the home for wayward eirls and later placed on probation. She denied tht she had 4old Deputy Sheriff KHzemore and Kd Stephens that Mrs. Hirsch had admitted to her the whole case was a ''frame-up." "Didn't Mrs. Hirsch tell you she never had any Improper relations with Mr. Candler?" asked Attorney Arnold. "No, she told me she did," replied the witness. At the conclusion of her rroRs-ex-nmi nation Judge Hill ordered her taken to Jail for contempt of court In refusing to divulge the name of her mother, whom she said now is living In Birmingham. Petroarad. Thursday. March 14. The alj-Rustian congress of Soviets meeting at , Moscow today, by vote of 453 to 30 decided to ratify the peace treaty with the central powers, M. Ryazonov, a prominent bolshevik theorist, and representatives of all the professional unions resigned from the bolshevik party after the vote. Review of Russian Events. The action of the all-Husslan con Kress of Soviets In accepting the Gcr man peace clears the way for an nouncement of. allied Intentions as re gards Japanese intervention in Siberia and gives Germany vast opportunities 'tor political and economtul penetra tion of the former ltussian empire. The decision of the congress Is the culini nation of the peace steps begun by the bolshevik government last December. The first peace conference at Brest I.ltovsk was abortive, Germany on Keb, 15 rejecting the declarations of For eign Minister Trotzky and resuming hostilities against ltussia. The Uer mans then made peace with Many Casualties Pershing Sends Longest List . Yet Issued Its Signifi cance Not Known Washington, March 15. Gen. Pershing's casualty list today, it is learned at the war department, will be longer than any previously is sued and may not be available for publication before tomorrow morn, ing. Thar isj no outward indica tion of what a longer casualty list indicates, although American troops in the last few days have been ac tive, in an offensive against the GerrpVn trenches. With the Lafayette Flying Squadron, Monday, March 11. Paul F. Baer, of rort Wayne, lnd this afternoon dawned a German airplane. . HELP RUSSIA TO DEFEND HERSELF German Penetration Must Be Combatted, Declares For eign Secretary Balfour. ALLIES OBLIGATED TO AID DOUBT RECEIPT WILSONS NOTE No Acknowledgement- Wash ington Without Advices as to Peace Decision. British Leader Has' Faith in Fair Intentions and Loy alty of Japanese. ment. Atlanta, Ga., March 15. Indications pointed to an aggressive fight in the defense of Mrs. Margaret A. Hirsch when the second day of her trial on a charge of attempting to blackmail Mayor Asa G. Candler began in Fulton superior court today. The state rested its case late yesterday. The defense had subpoenaed about twenty witnesses, and Judge Kichard n. nussell, formerly of the stale court of appeals, indicated in cross-examination of witnesses for the prosecution In the first day of the trial that be In tended to pre the case of his client vigorously. It was indicated, however, that the lic.iring would be conducted with as little delay as possible, nnd it was be lieved thut the case would reach the jury before the end of the day. Largely Repetition. The testimony of the state witnesses je.Ktorday was largely a repetition of th.tt given when J. V. Cook, with whom Mrs. Hirsch was indicted jointly. convicted and sentenced to serve two years at hard, labor and pay a tine of $1,000. Mayor Candler related In detail the visit of Mrs. Hirsch to his office early in February, when Cook Vriterrd: the mayor's subsequent con ferences with friends anil his decision to take the matter to the grand jury. ATtrr the recess it became apparent the defense had decided to introduce other witnesses, for after Mrs. Hirsch was permitted to ro bac k on the stand to Hdd a point or two to her statement, Mrs. Myria Ciok, mother of J. V. Conk, was Introduced. Mrs. Hirsih testified that after the affair in Mayor Candler's office on Feb. fi she had no understanding with Cook In regard to any demand for money. She said it was not she who demanded money, but Forrest Adair who pio poed to py her money. Mrs. Cook was personally auiiBinted with the defendant, she testified. She s.ndMr. Hirsch h id lsltcd her borne on eevcrsl ooc.-iions and llnmii was a pulii nt at i she e ct her ft nit and flowiis l,v fu r RAIDING PARTY BRINGS BACK FEW PRISONERS Aerial Fighting on Western Front Between British and German Intense. London, March 15. "Our raiding parties entered the enemy's lines last night west of Villiers-Guitlain and brought back a few prisoners," says to day's official communication. "Hostile raids were repulsed in the neighbor hoods of Pasichendaele and Poelcap pelle. "Our and the enemy's artillery showed some activity during the night Southwest nnd west of Cambrai. south of Armentleres and In the Massigos and Menin road sec tors." Ukraine and prepared to aid the gov ernment there in putting down the bolshevikl. On Keb. 18 tho Senna n advance Into ltussia was renewed and the Dvlna river crossed at Dvlnsk. Meeting with little opposition, the German advance soon menaced 1'etro- grad and the bolshevikl government decided to accept (te.rnuinya peace terms. Foreign Minister Trotssky-refused to go to Hrest-I.itovsk and Pre mier Lenine sent Zenioeff, a close fol lower of his. Trotxky Breaks Relation. The pacifist policy of 1'remler Irf-nlne brought a break In the bolshevik ranks nnd Trotzky resigned several days ago. This cleavage apparently had no ef fect on Irfuiijie's mastery of the con gress of Soviets. Ity the peace terms Ttusslii must give up Poland, Courland, 1,1 von la, thonla and the Ukraine. In Asia Mi nor the Russians are compelled to re tire from Armenia and to cede to the Turks the Russian districts of Ba ton m, Kars and Hi-Ivan Hussia must renounce all claims to the occupied territories in Kurope, Oer rnany and Austria-Hungary to decide tho fate of the regions in agreement with their populations, The Husslan army must be demo bilized and Russian warships are to Washington, March 15 Aside from press dispatohes Washington had no information today on the decision of the all-Russian oongrsss of Soviets at the Moscow ratifying the German peace terms. Nothing, had come either from Ambassador Francis at Vologda or the American consul-general at Moscow. Officials had lio mnnns of knowing whether the action was taken before or after receipt of President Wilson's message to the people of ltussia prom ising American aid In obtaining for ltussia rull independence from Ucrnian aggression. The message was sent March 11 and the congress decided to ratify the penc with Germany March 14. Jts receipt has not been acknowl edged by the American consul at Mos cow, by whom It was to have been do. livered. Present Difficulties. The president's message whrn sent was regarded by officials here as tho only rruve that could bo made by the unltefl States In the Interest of the Russian people, although a short time ago Ambassador frauds in abite- mem lo.tua Jtussiun pnUllo Issued at Vologda said that ha had recommended to Washington recognition by the t'nlted States of any government the Husslans might set up. To recognize the government that has Just con cluded a peace on terms considered entirely favorable to Germany. It la Vie disarmed. More Important to the I felt here, however, might present many central powers Is the reopening of navigation in the Itlack and Hnltlc sens and the signing by Hussia under compulsion of a new commercial treaty with a guarantee of a most favored nation treatment, at least until 1925, The bolshevikl also promised to put an end to all propaganda and aglta tlon within the central empires and occupied territories under their con trol. Only Bolshevik! Voted. London, March 15. A Renter dis patch filed yesterday at. Petrograd says that the holshevik majority at the Moscow conference decided by a vote of 45.1 to 30 to support the peace treaty. . British Planes Missing. Iondon. March 14. (Thursday.) There was sever" ficMIng on the western front Wednesday between large groups of Hritish ami German machines nnd British airmen accounted for twenty-four of the enemy. The official statement on aviation adds tbnt five Hritish machines are missing. The text reads: "Aerial flKhtlng was most severe, en counters occurring between laige formations. Nineteen hostile machines were shot doXn and five others driven down out of control. Five of ours are missing. "An even hundred bombs were dropped on enemy billets, ammunition dumps and railway sidings at Cambrnt and L'onnin. Further reports of the raid on Freiburg say that the bom Its dropped were seen to burst on the rail way station and around the power sta tion. Just afler bombs were released our formation was attacked t,y a large number of machines, the fight lasting until the enemy was forced to with draw. Three of our machines did not return." The foregoing dispBteh Indicates that only the bolshevik delegates were represented in the vote taken in what may have been a majority caucus. The menslievikl and probably other factions are represented at the confer. ence. hut. In the view of the strength of the bolshevikl. It, Is improbable that their decision could be reversed. Ow ing to the present condition of cable transmission, dispatches received from Russia are incomplete nnd frequently almost unintelligible. embarrassing difficult lea, It H believed that ratification of the petwe terms will bring an early move by Japan Tn Siberia, , Any move by the Japanese, it is believed, would he made chiefly as a measure of protection for Japanese mid American aupplle at Vladivostok. There Is no real dan ger, officials say, of German armies muting mm in i- east, out there Is a probability that supplies at Vlndlvos tok might he sent Into Russia and then find their way into German hands. Easy For Japan to Act. The geographical location of Vladi vostok makes II easy for Japan nt anv time to cut off a German force f one were to move to the east. The single line of railroad entering Vladivostok from Russia takes a circuitous route and Japan with Utile difficulty could cut off. communication at any point for miles along lis course. London, Thursday, March 14. De bate on the question of Japanese In tervention in 8iberia in the house of commons today brought from Foreign Secretary Balfour the declaration that German penetration in Russia must be eombatted. The allied point of view w'as that they should help Hussia In protecting herself against Germany. Although he did not think that Germany would send an army to Vladivostok, ho anld he had absolute faith In Japan's loy alty In carrying out any decision reached by the allies. Discussing tho situation In Hussia, Mr. lialfour said: If Hussia had not been nt war It would have taken maay years to com plete the beneficent course of tho rev olution. When autocracy fell almost without a blow, Hussia Immediately fell Intb chaos. It la untrue to say that the same thing happened In tho Flench revolution, for there the effect waa not the disintegration, hut the Integration of the French. The revolution came and all the old divisions In tween re ligions and creeds became marked and prominent. Must Allow Time. "II must Inevitably take time before we will see the end of that process ami know clearly how much of old Hussia, if any, ought, to cense '. form a part of new Russia, and how new Hussia Mil be constituted. If Is a very diffi cult process In time of peace and prosperity, but how can you carry It on In time of war with a remorseless, persevering and quite unscrupulous enemy at the date? "There will bo rlusses sonre from patriotic, olhers from aelll ih motives ready to welcome anything promis ing a semblance of stability and order 1 B. It... . . - . .",. ...... . , ! iMiiiorn arein-r qOLLISION OF VESSEL London, March 15. Twenty Hi x persona aro missing n consequence of a collision be tween a, naval vessel and the British steamship Hnthmore. Survivors havo been landed at Kingstown, Ireland, by de stroyers. Tho Hnthmore, a vessel of 1.&69 tons gross, owned In Dublin, waa bound from Holy head, Wales, across St. George's channel for Dublin. There were 610 passengers on board. The collision occurred in nild-chnn-nel. The Hnthmore, bndly damaged was towed to Dublin. 0 BEGIN WELDING OF ARMY UNITS Neighborhood Character of Na tional Guard and National ' Army to Be Lost. WOMEN KILLED IN WRECKED CARS Pennsylvania Train Struck by BouldersSoldiers Ren- dercd First Aid. Negro Pays Death ' Penalty for Crime I ' Tialeieh. . C, March 1 3-Peel a ring his Innocence to the last, F.arl Neville, a negro was executed at thw state pen itentiary here this morning, having been convicted on a charge of crim inally assaulting the wife of a street car conductor here Inst October. The crime for which Seville peM the penalty was r-ommltteed at the home of the woman while she was ,'ilone- with her two young children. Neville was identified as the m m who had attacked her. Two unsuccessful attempts were, made to lynch the ne gro and on one occasion. Gov. Hlrkett saved, the negro by mnklng a personal appenl to the mob. Serbia Unaffected by Russ-Rumanian Pact RURAL MAIL CARRIERS SELL THRIFT STAMPS So Successful That Postofficc Department Keeps Record. Tennessee Man Leads. FRENCH DETACHMENTS WIN OUT IN CHAMPAGNE Footing Gained on German Crown Prince's Front, Reports Berlin. Rerlin. March ' 15. Strong French detachments gained a folding yestcr day west of the Nnuroy road on the tlerman crown prince's front (Cham pagne district), says today's army headquarters announcement. SECRETARY HOUSTON TO SPEAK IN MISSISSIPPI Jackson. Miss., March 15. Pr. Psvld F. Houston, secretary of agriculture, the first member of President Wilson's cabinet to visit Mississippi since the outbreak of the war, will this after noon address tho etnte war council at the state house. -a . . Herne. We dm "day. March 13. The peace treaties that have been signed t'V Russia and Rumania hne not nhfn Mrs. j ar,v charge In Serbia's aMI- s.untHiiiim i tude M. ;rtnts. h. H. ii ia'. t,i,linati-' rcrr'fitn bete, has informed a son. Sh. .iid Mr. and Mrs. Hirvch ' Sw, ri,.n r,.r. the rumors In had visit' 1 h-r home ticrthr several I Washington. March 13. Rum! mall carriers have- been so smrrssful in the sale of thrift and war savings stamps that tle postoftlce depart ment Is keeping a roll of honor. Including the best sas In each state. The depart ment's records show W. If. Wilson, of Iynnville. Tenn.. lending, with sales amounting to for December. 20,000 CASUALTIES IN TURKESTAN BATTLES ft London, March IV Fierce battles l,i lfi ii soviet adher ents and nut I vis have occurred in Tuikestan. ace, 1 riff to an I'mIuhici- Telegraph dispatch from I'etrngral under Unities . day's date. More than 20,001) casualties are reported to have resulted. times. Crt'1" trfni tif1 ty AMorniT An-iM Mr-. f,.. k s'at.d that Mrs. Il.rsrh ,s infrodu ! to trr ! I'm.!, a! a h,.;l lir-t-. l-t!f Mrs. Hir..-h , on bit- leir tt' mIT." of n na?.moi';ie fT U,e l-rnefil of (lie T. d Oats. She said sht- reva? d to a s ;it ' of S,rbia nr- Although s. and d 'Ttus: l.'i'i'i. 1 of h I Iruitv, i . tl.. t the m il to p IDKT cuuix. .mii. on the part nt.f' 'iii-b d. h- de. !.-in d. rl.,,i bad lost In the war tt.- w ip.tt ion ahou! r i"t .l ;t nits. ndd I M. w t t st .!! t l.f nt, n .ntd !fr in N-ibia'a f"i - CHARGE AGAINST PILOT DISMISSED Halifax. N. S.. March 13-Tbe ( tiarire of manslaughter ngalnst fian-i-is Maika). who piloted the r ien'h nun itiotis ship Mont Mlanr the time of hr (olllsion here with the !e!;ian rflof ship Imo. was dlstn:--.t today by JlieVe r.ll- II. The ,-olirt held t n I e f med t, I, no evidence iijwtn hi h an ufiliissed trii.uital rouhl . hold Mtka ciuuiiiUly culpable. COLD, SAYS BILLY 'POSSUM in the government. When that time comes J can Imagine Germany trying to re-establish possibly the old form of autocratic governin it. We should then have Hussia shorn of some of Its fairest provinces and with a kind of autocracy far worse than the old au tocracy, because It would lean upon a foreign power, for continued existence. If thhat came to pass all our dreams of ltussia n development and Russian liberty would be go-ie and Russia would become, a mere oulpost of the central powers. 'TliBt I j the real difficulty of dealing with the problems raised li. this de bute. Mr. I,ce-rinlth'n speech Is a slrong attack on what he conceives as the government's isillcy with regard to Japan and Hibnria. It Is enttelv oh llvlnus of the facta I luivc Just brought before the house an.' based on profound misunderstanding of what any human being had ever thought contrived or desired with regard to allied Intervention. Japanese or olbcr, In Russia" affairs. K. H. Iees.Hmlth, a liberal, In ques tioning Mr. Hit If on t- as to the llrillsli altitude, had declared that If Japan entered Hub. la tnrrltory and occupied It at the mandate of the alliance, It followed with almost absolute rrr talnly that tills terrlt ,-y would not be returned. Bshavsd ith Loyalt". "I cannot let this debate end," said Mr. Hal four In conclusion, "without repudiating to the full Mr. l.eea. Smith's suggea on thst, Japan would he moved by. selfish and dishonorable motives In any course which tuny be discussed In Japan, either among her atatesmen, or wllh the allies. "Japan hn behaved with perfect loyally, and If she glyra pronlsis with regard to Hu'"lan Integrity or on any question connected Willi ltussia, she would keep them as she him kept all promises' she bad made In connection with this war or In any great public transactions with ths I'nlted Mates and the Miles. I draw 110 distinction In this matter between Japsn and the allies who riiske up the great bodv of the belligerents on the ent tie aide, "The decisions the allies may have to take will not ! without difficulty, but the principle upon which those decisions may tie arrived at will be neither ungenerous, unfair tmr hosllle to Russia, or tl Russian revolution, Our object is to see 'tusla strong, In tact, secure, free, and If these objects ran be obtalnr I then and then only will the Russian revolution In In it forth all the fruits Its best fib nils desire to see," Harrisburg, Pa., March 15. Tha Cincinnati, Indianapolis and Chicago sxprsss, en ths Psnsylvania railroad, duo in Harrisburg at 1:25 a.m., from Philadelphia, waa struck by bouldars whilo patting through tho out ntar Elitabsthtown, tsvtntstn milss oast of hsrs, at 1 o'clock this morning, tho rocks wracking two sltsping ears and causing ths dsaths of two woman. Fifteen othsr pasttngsrs wsro in jursd. The wrecked cars were Jammed agaltiNt the side of the rut, making the work of taking out the dead anil Injured very difficult, The first two cars unit the lust three remained on the rails, but the sleeping car, next to thoat; wrecked, jumped the track and Its passengers were badly shaken up, Inqusst at Lancaster. A number of soldiers, who were In the smoking car, rendered first -11 Id to the Injured nnd assisted In the res cue work until arrival of relief trains. The avrecked cara carried forty-six passengers. An unidentified woman died on the first two cars of the train, which Wero run to this city with uninjured pass- engera and those, slightly hurt. The other dead were taken to ljuicsster, where the lniiieat will be held, K. K. I'al wards, of llai 1 IsliurH, conductor of the wreckod train, . suffered fractures of both legs and Internal Injuries and Is in it aerloua uoiidlllon. Nona of the passenger whs able to tell any story of tha accident except that there waa a terrific crash and the two sleepers were toppled over. Jtallroad officials say the aleel eais nrevented 11 heavy loss of life, It Is estimated that tute of the rocks Weighs twenty tons and will hnve to be dynamited to remove It from the roadbed. Tha two sleep Ing coaches were thrown across four tiiicka and If they bad been of the uli! woollen type, would huve been broken to pieces. Virginia Girl Killed, ri-Hctlcnlly h 11 of the Injured, lin required hospltul attention, were In the wrecked coaches. The body nf one of the victims was Identified as Miss 1'iilmer. of Motgan- liiwn, W. Xh., whose fathei, Charles Palmer, is on the Injured list and In Hie Hnriisbiiig hospital. When brought hern today, Mr. Calmer asked for hla daughter and search revrnled that she had been killed. RESULT DEFENSE SYSTEM Three-Line J'lan at Front Ne cessitates Process Insisted On by Officers. , . BIG GERMAN OFFENSIVE MUST THEREFORE GO ON Regrets Marshal Von Hinden burg Entente Unrespon sive to Peace Offers. Amsterdam, March 15. According to news received here, field Marshal Von Hindenburg has stated In an in terview in Berlin that the entente had ehown an unretpontivs attitude to ward Germany's peace intentions and I that the great German offensive, therefore, mutt go on. In well Informed neutral punters recently tlm Associated Pitas corre spondent waa told that the tinman were pup" ird to lose JiMi.oou men In an offensive opeiaflon. Washington, March 15. Tho neigh' borhood character of national army -and national guard units is oertayi to vanish as the war progresses, in tho opinion of army offioials. British and French forces atrsady havo under gono the procees and it now ia being felt by American front lino divisions as the direct retult of the throe-lino eyttem of defense, hsld indispensable by Gen. Pershing and the allied chief tains to keep tho front lino at full fighting strength. Plans projected by the general staff for erecting a, replacement system to handle nearly a quarter of a million men this year, it Is understood, ar founded on acceptance of the fact that localization cannot be matntalnod. Kventiially It Is believed that enlisted men of the regulars, national army. and national guard will bo Intermixed throughout all divisions nt thn front. Welding Process Begun. Congress expressed n decided pref. erence for localUation of the nutlotml army In the selective service law, but many officers have mnlntalucd insist ently that It should be Impossible, to handle the in my except us one great unit. The facts promise to bear out , that view, It la said, and wllh the re placement of casualties, the welding of thtl expeditionary forces, Into otto homogeneous unit has already be gun. In nit opinion rendered last'Pep trmber, .Acting Judge Advocale-tlen-era I Ansell sustained absolutely the legal light, nf the depai tllleut to 1 transfer otnVers and men among the regulars, national army and nntlunal guard as found necessary, Tho se lective aervlce law gavo only a sug gestion of Independence to the three branches of the service, he said, Tim six -division corps' organlsa- tlon. into), led by Urn. J'ershlng. waa devised to give a corp commander a two-illviNloii front to hold, backed up by I wo divisions on the second linn and two dtvlsloirs on the third Hue. At Intervals these divisions relieve : eaclwSothrr, eurli serving Ha allotted tsme til each of the three lines. As ' cnsuullles occur tn the front lino divi sions, men aro drawn from second linn divisions and second line units llll up Immediately from third lino -divisions, The casual, given pre liminary (raining lit the I'nlted States ami shipped over on a regular sched ule are fed Into the thrd line divi sion and by the time they reach the front lino trenches, are ready for bat tle, . For Special Arm of Service. , Opt of this situation bus grown ths plan to form separate replacement ill visions In the t'nlted Hlules where the ; arm -of the service fur which prellml niity training, not the stale from which the soldier comes, will he tho factor governing tnohlllaation. Infantrymen would all be trained at one I'limp, artillerymen at another, turn blue gunners nt another, and so on. Men who had been iimier train ing six months would be available for , assignment to replacement detach ments bound abroad. Their places would be taken by new drafted men, , or by volunteers, gathered through thn recruiting . service. That would ex tend the replacement system hack tn the civilian population In orderly, workatde fashion. It la argued. Return Indictments Against 35 1. W. Ws Wichita. Ktina-. March IS. -I'edeial Indictments were returned hern this morning agwlnat thirty five alleged members of the In dustrial Woikrra of tha World. Wllh only one exception, the In dicted men are now under arrest and some bare hern Interned for the duration of the war. The Indictments charged dls loyalty. Insubordination and Inter fering with the pioducttoit of nil and other prodm la necessary lO the proaecui Ion of the mar. KNOXVILLE BOY WOUNDED IN ACTION IN FRANCE The Verdun offenle of the (irr minis, In which thev fulled uttetlv to break the Klein h line, tins been estl milled In roiisci mtlve quarter as bating tost them aoiiu-t hlng like (,1m.. Old) men. Sergt. Hensley, First Tenncs scan to Enlist in Gas and . Flame Regiment, Injured. I eous - t-ti ! I i' 1 I 1", s5 freexina: temix-inturr JiJ totitluutd Ufld. If peaches freete tonight I shall not atiow annular; they wear such acant apparel. there more shelter to a barrel; they bios. om forth In lovrllnesa tie-fore onr ytry eyes. The weather? Vair and redder tonight, wllh hutuid.1), lair (5teeUI to The News.) Knojrville, Match 15. The first pesseau t- enlist In the gaa and regiment arid the ninth in the I t Stale. First H'-ift. Heth Amo ley. ha been In lured In a Kraner. according to a Irbsrain re. reived by hie mother. Mra. Ida Men, ley, of Knoxvllle, from th war department. Id HrliV i I on tr Census Bureau Reports Amount of Cotton Used! Waahlngton. March lSTotton c u g l ii m i- il during febiuaiy amounted to 111 HT ruenlng tle. and for the seven im-nthr 1.4'inll tiale. the census bureau today ar uouuee L Wilson Sends Message To Mississippi Body Jackaon. Mis. March - Piesldent Wilson this uleiooon sent his per sonal gieetina and n mlll'ant meas.iae to the Mississippi Mar council as fol -lo "I'einilt me to extend throurh veil In yr war woiket a-aliu-ted tot'ettMT 1r war council of the M! iti i'oiiii- for fW-fenar, the aaain Mtlt-r of my ' cordial Inteient and reiciird. oi sure, that the lendeia of Ml- 1 1 r I will aelze ltd area' uppoi . illy to plan. thrn-.iKh) lml!r eountv iiferenc. and through mectine at ery county i jossrottds, ! catrv .erbere throng h the at ,ite tfie men, dire that ve are fighting not fr l onoue!, but f,,r uth- . pot for doin Inatlon. hat for fair and open dealing among the people of the earth." ACTION IN ABOLISHING SUB-TREASURIES STANDS Washington. Mnri h 11 The bouee today declined t. re.-rde frvn Its ac tion In atwilliing nine tih liraturlee Including; the one at New Orlean. as provided In thr legislative. eerntle and Judicial mil rartylng .irtu.0on. and passed the niniui without a record ote. The Niil nu g'-ee to the senate. i Birmingham Mans 1 Death in France Denied Mobile, AU., March IV C. W. 8ut let. former employe of the stereotyp ing department of the Montgomery Adtritlnrr, Hit niiimhain Age-Herald and other aotithern paper, la the first Alabama riwtu tn die in the trriichra In Kianrr. )-iiit!er' lun le. Jacob Hulter, baa received notice thai he died In the trenrhea at Tool. Kutler'a mother re side in Mobile. He rtillsted lit Hlr mlnglittin and went to trance in the lUiutiu division. Deniee Report. Montgomery, Ala , Man h IV llor iv lierder. brolher-in-Uw of t'hailes Gutter, aucposed to have been killed In fiance, .-date th.tl the rrisirt Is er roneous. Iiirt-uiu.-h as t'barles Hutter is In an army camp at t'hattanovg.l and not In I'rance. He he heard f'om hi brother-m Uw Ju.it four day fc-o. FLAGMAN HELD GUILTY OF GROSS NEGLIGENCE rolmit.i. S. i'.. Much 15. Tho South Carolina, rai!rcw I commission tr Its r poi t on the In rstigation which It imt.p of the wreck n the Southern r,nlar at Kr,.-f, tue mile from Co lumbia, on M in i iv, rYh. J,".. in which thlter'l l.vei err but, holds Klag- l.o. lio-r. ef tram Not IS. in . of ' r,. negligence.' and r I i'. Meredith, of the same tl'v of "criminal negligence." . is w.t. irlt'soo'l by train. mall II h gull' Conduct rai. e. Train No t.