Newspaper Page Text
THE CHATTANOOGA NE W
Chattanooga, 4 p.m. Washington, 5 p.m.-London, 10 p.m. Paris, 10 p.m. Petrograd, 12 p.m. Tokio, 7 a.m. Why Wait? We Tell You Ml About It First Next Comes Liberty Bonds Buy! Buy! Buy VOL. XXX. NO. 224 LATE EDITION JH A IT A N ( MX J A, TK N N ., MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 23, 1018. PRICE: THREE CENTS ARM TO AMERICANS British Drive Attacking Troops to East Bank of Somme S GEN. MARCH SEES NO CAUSE FOR M HALF TOTAL HUN FORCES CONCENTRATED IN DRIVE Military Attache of British Embassy at Washing ton Declares Line of Defense Only Bent, Not . Broken Retirement Voluntary No Se cret That Germany Stakes Everything. Washington, March 25. Maj.-Gen. McLachlan, military attache to the British embassy, made the following statement today to the Associated Press. "This morning's news shows that our line of defense is not broken, but only bent. The battle appears, in fact, to be pursuing the course that might be expected in view of the tremendous weight of the attack. So far as can be gathered, the enemy has concen trated against us about half the total forces which he had on the western front; his concentration of artillery is on the same unprecedented scale. Even so our advanced lines were actually penetrated in a few places only. THE DRIVE AND THE DRIVERS many of his best divisions already out of commission. It muy well be that he will make a further advance if he pur sues the recV.;ess taotics of the last few days. The allies, however, can afford to wait with equanimity. Ger many has made no secret that she is staking everything on this blow. She has promised her people and her allies that its successes will produce victory and peace. i "So long as the battle ends, as there is every prospect inai u win pno.wiin our armies and those of our allies in tact and in positions as strong as they have ever occupied, Germany will have failed and failed decisively. The open ins of the fighting: season of 1918 will find her with the flower of her arm' gone and with her people disheart ened by the most spectacular and costly failure of the war. ' I.1! no 11 ' If miiol fAmttmKApajl tVa On by far the greater part of the the battle is still only in its first stage, sector attacked our retirement has , Behind our armies engaged is the been voluntary and in accordance with , creat French armv and also our'stra- tegic reserves which have not been used." previous plans to stronger positions, Had, our lirst line been nowhere pene trated this retirement, would in all probability have taken place Just the Sees No Cause for Alarm, "The war department sees no cause same. To have held on indefinitely ... ' ' r " "' V ... ... would have,, meant, virtually "r me people oi life. As it is, our losses have been considerable but not excessive. The enemy, on the other hand, must, have lost heavily. He has attacked con stantly in dense masses, relying to break down our defense by sheer weight of numbers. Wait With Equanimity. "After gaining li lew miles of-war-swept territory, he is now approaching ihe first of our main defenses with the United States," said Maj.-Gen Peyton V. March, acting chief of staff, commenting today on the situation in France. "Sir ouglan Haig has an nounced that the Uritish withdrawal was in accordance witji a definite plan. That announcement is to be accepted." Gen. March stated specifically that the war department sti( was without information which would confirm the report that American units hud taken part in the great battle. ENEMY REPULSED BERLIN CLAIMS NORTH BAPAUME; BATTLE VIOLENT Fresh Attacks Develop at Points With Conflict Raging i Along Whole Front. ADVANCES ARE REPORTED British Headquarters Tells of Gains .by Germans. CAPTURE OF 45,000 AND MUCH BOOTY Guns TaJen Largely in Excess of 600, With Quantities of Munitions and Imple ments of War- ?0WS CRa lJ 8 IF IE AM em "wss9f ' UJNE.VHJJ; aW" . ::..t ! Cointnatulers of the four fiermnn army groups in tlitir re spective positions are shown on this photo-iniip of the western front, where the Germans are trying to break the allied line. The northern section of the line is comnaiKlfo by lUppr eliU crown prince of Bavaria. .Next comes the German crown prince (in the helmet), who ha been moved up n step from the Verdun front, the scene of his colossal failure. Around Verdun the commander is the be whiskered veteran of eastern campaigns, Gen. Von Gallwitz, . v ho has been given a newly organized army group. The lower end of the line, to I he Swiss border, is commanded by Grand Duke Allirceht. These men get their orders from the. T-udeiidorfr-Kniser-lIindeiibnrg combination, which stands back anil "pushes on the reins." BRITISH POSITIONS IN PALESTINE EXTENDED Hun Infantry Meets Defeat. Immense Losses Sustained When Efforts Fail. British Army Headquarters in France, March 25. (By the As sociated Press.) A further ad vance late -yesterday by the Ger mans at some points along the battle front is recorded. American engineers have again been in the three of tierce conflict, in which they have done excellent work in transportation. The presence of Berlin, March 25. (British admiral ty per wireless press.) The Germans are now standing to the north of the Somme in the middle of the former Somme battle field, says today's offi cial statement. Bapaume was cap tured in night fighting. In the evening Nesle was taken by 1 storm, the statement adds. British, Americans and French were' thrown back through pathless wooded coun try, by way of Villequir-Aumont and La Nouville. Morn than 45,000 prisoner nnd more than fiOO (runs have born captured, the J statement says, i Uulscard nnd Oliminy were ra ptured I in the si'VPiiinfr. Violent lis-ntintr developed for pos session of I'oiTihles and the heights west of the town. ' The enemy was defeated, the statement says. the American engineers on the battle ) front has long been known. They are praised highl for their gallantry in the battle of Camb-ai, last fall. London, March 25. fresh attacks j by the Germans have developed j northward and southward of Ba- j paume, the war office announces. The British repulsed powerful at- I tacks yesterday afternoon northward of Bapaume. The Hritjsh drove buck to the east ern bank of the Somme bodies of Uorman troops which had crossed the liver between Licourt and Brie, south of l'eronne. Official Report Follows. The statement follow: ' "The battle continues with trreat violence on the whole front. I'ower ?ul attacks, delivered by the enemy yesterday afternoon and evening, north of Bapaume. were heavily re pulsed. Only at one point did the Herman infantry reach our trenches whence they were immediately thrown out. Klsewhere the enemy' attacks j were stopped by rifle, maehl.ir Klin 1 ind artillery fi i - in front of our po- ' eitior.a and his troops were drhen Oack with K.-it los. 'Dunne the nieht and ttiis innin nir fresh hostile attars have' amin levek.ped in this r.i lKhhot hood and) also to tiie s-nih of Ha pa urn. "South f f Peronne bodies of Hi r. man triH'ps. who t a I f rw d tie tivei 1, n Ln'f'urt arid Hit., weie (Continued on Page Eleven) Bnpauine is on the noitliein part ol the battle front, where the Hritish line for the most part has been held. It Is one of the larger towns on the VlnhflnK front, fr u which a number of roads radiute. The ofllcia' Herman statement on Sunday niKht said a Klpantlc struggle was tnkiiiff plaen for the town. It is thirteen miles below A rra s. Nesle, Oulscard. Ohniiny, Ville-qnlr-.Aumont and La Neuville are all In the sector west of the Somme, southwest of St. Quentln, where the tUrinans have been i making the Krentest headway In the la..t twenty-four hours. It Is j there that the Krench troops were thrown in. takln jrover n section ol the battle front from the Itril- ! i.h. ! This Is the second announcement J by Berlin of the presence of Amer ican troops on that part of he front. Sundnj's German state , tiient said that French, English I and American regiments which I had bern brought up from the i southwest for a counter-attack , were thrown bai k on Chfiuny. roriiblrs is six miles northwest of lVronrv . "The losses of tbp etiemv In killed and Mounded are unuseallv heavy," the stn tt-ment reads. "The booty, which, has fa.len into 'or hands since .Man h 21, the amount of which Is tre mendous, cannot yet be estimated It has been ascertained ' int more than 4."..oOO piisoners have been tukin. The number of euns raptured s lain Iv In '" of ')0 We Pave. takn thou sands i f machine (runs, trerm nd'. us (pi.mtities of munitirms and imple ments of war nd prat Mo if sup piles and oth- r eoui m.-nt. "Ill the vemr.p we bombarded the rorttess of J-ans with lonr C'.i n "," " t V rd-in and In Lorraine the tli'ei y ! I o!:'li,,'. i Ir !( o!h, , tl-. .teis uf .,r f i tiotlui.g tt rport." London, Maroh 25. The British po sition on the left Lank of the Jor dan, in Palestine, was extended on friday night, it is announced offi cially. Tho statement follows: "During the night, of March 22 nnd I on March 23 our positions on the left t bank or tho Jordan were extended and umc prisoners nna machine guns were captured. All enemy formation of five airplanes wi attacked by one of our patrolling machines, which shot down three of them out of eon trol. "Information has been received of n successful action by Arab troops bv king of the I led near .Te- dahah, on the HedJaz rnilnv. ev. emy-cignt miles northwestward of .ueci i mi, on JMarch IB. I'mler cover of a sandstorm a company of a Turkish camel corps was aurprlsed nnd destroyed. NEW VARIETY OF BOMBS EMPLOYED With Bluish-Red Flash German Device Explodes in Midair, Giving Off Mustard Gas. AMERICANS SUPERIOR Swiss Officer Has High Praise for U. S. Troops in Trance. (lenevn, Sunday. March 24. The Im pressions of a Swiss otllcer, Capt. Obersteg. regarding the Americans at the front are published In the Demo crate. Capt. Obersteg, who has Just returned from visits to zones where the American's and the Hritish arc op erating, says that the American seem to be picked men who physically sur pass those in the European aimies ex cept pel haps the British troops. ('apt. Obersteg said he found the or ganization behind the front lines "truly With the American Army in France, March 25. (By the Asso ciated Press.) On the Toul front there was considerable artillery activity cturing the night. Ameri can guns heavily shelled the Ger man -front line positions. Enemy batteries replied, using many gas shells. Later photograph were taken from airplanes of ths dam age inflicted by the Americans. With the American Army in France, Sunday, March 24. (By the Associ ated Press.) American artillery, on the Toul sector, continued today to shell effectively enemy first line and ; communication tranches, the town of St. Baussant, and billets and dumps j north of BoqueteaJ. Many of the American shells have fallen in the I German trenches and the first two ! lines in at least one place have been virtually abandoned. One American patrol freely In sjH'cted this point In the enemy line without tnolesta (loll last niyhl and rlods, each a luilf hour In length. Many gas shells and a few high en ploslve shells fell on the American posit Ions. One cnciiy airplane eatly this morning cut off Hh engines nl a gnat height over the American lines north west of Toul and (tinned down. When closn to I lie ground, It dropped h ojiantlly of bombs. Home were of n new variety, 'which exploded III ndd air with a bluish-red Hash mid give otT II cloud of mustard gas. Ilelllg heavier Ihan the air the mustard gas Millckly di sci ndi d toward some of our liallery positions and tnail.s After tin" machine disappeared the (liriiinii gas shell boinhiudment be gan. Another enemy airplane hovered over the town while the bombard ment, with gas shells, was In prog ress. From Charleston, 8. C. The hciilc imnl wiiM, as pievi ouslv recorded, look a pnnuicr In a listening post In ihe Toul sec tor Is from Charleston, S. C. lie and nil the men In the patrol have been given leu days' leave In fee. ognlllon of thill' services. "'1 OHIO MAN INVENTED LONG-RANGE GUN Anonymous Letter in Cleveland News Claims Credit for Big; Machine Used by Huns. , vrMY0 DOUAJV; ST LE Cr!rttrkf ; cTMAl AAPaTitv GOU'aAlICOUkTl. IXCAJIUfl mm chains; 1 vrw.tt.Tio L7 r. The smaller miiri glvas In more de. lull location of towns Involved In the developments on the battlo fiont dur ing the past tew das. American." for in every sector w here lhin l0rnug and remained there sev the Americans are located the whole , . ,. . , army Is supplied with foisl from Ame, - , n'"ro ,"tv" " ,"'- ica and asks little from France. The ''acts between the Infantry during the Americans, he says, have only one last twenty-four hours. , great desire, and that is to tie allowed I I'or the third successive day fler to fight against the Ocrmans as soon j man aitlll i v today bombarded heav nn possible. Theydlslike delay, "even , lly with gas sin lis a certain town the privates realizing that they are within the American lines. Today's righting against injustice." The Swiss bombardments was made in two pe- onicer concludes: 'America is following the as its predecessors In the liberty." sa me fight Hnr for range MARQUIS DE CASTILLOT" SENTENCED TO TWO TERMS New York. March 15. Kdmond Itousselot. the young Frenchman who. In the role of the "Marquis de Cnstil- lot. is surged to havr tried t n k tiate a I T.u.O'in.ooa loan from J I". Mm gan A Co.. on Iwhalf of the king of Spain. was sentenced today to two terms, to run concurrently, In the fed eral penitentiary at Atlantu. of one yesr and eight months each. The fir-' penalty was for theft of government stationery ard the srconl for forgieg passes to docks, arsenals and warship. Frost, Says oiacSr' The .,,ih. r Billy 'Possum Old Man h has ul one over camouflaging, so to speak it i ame In like s luinb and now It exils mild and ineek: we hear no lion roor -leg. doing per., it ere but to i httfige the sul )e. t nuieUy. Ili r- 1IIHI). pll se don't ome I o'l f li f ' sir and model a f el v Cleveland. ., March :. The big gun bong lined by the ficwnnnH Hi hoinhii i illng Cans is Ihe Itivenlloii of H Toledo, li., man named Wh I. in, ac I cording to an anonymous letter pub lished In the Cleveland News. The! wilier diilaies the same gun lor' ralher the same Idea id gimi Hied a slim IhirlxsiK miles on Lake Kile' wh. II tented three yeais ago. ! lie ifeelales the KUfl VS purchased by I 'r. Ileinard lernbuig. the I lei man iliiaiirl.il repn si ntatlve In this i-oiiii- t try. and that the liivintor nnd bis wife Hiie taken to lii'iin.'inv on the same .vessel I u. Iiciahotg saihd on. 1 Hiring the tests on lukc Kne the gun mn operated from a'n old mud seov, thus doing away with Ihe "ineh-a-lnlle'' and coien te bane problems of, other d,i . i In ronttei I ion ifti the uiteihius letter - writt r'a i e els t lout, II is signill i ,ml that I r. iHrnbuig nctuallv In I'li M l,iml the day the l.uoltaiua was sons M.iy !, 11 . Or BERLIN DESCRIBES LOSS "COMMAHA I IVELY HgAVY" London, March "5. Kmpeioi U illiam ami Field Mai shut V on Mlndcribiiig Msited l'eronne on Sunday ivining. accoidtng to Merlin advhes lorwatded from A mull Ml. illl .y l .xihillme ''ee. giaph. The II li tosKi s In the lut. tie lit Cl ill 1 1 1 1 1 Uie desillbld its coliipitmlHelv beV. -0 MEDALS FOR ATTACK ON SUPERIOR FORCE Five Americans Receive Dis tinguished Service Cross for Routing Enemy Patrol. BOMBARDMENT PARIS RESUMED: TWICEHALTED Four Shots From long-Range Guns Fired at Early Hour at Brief Intervals. LITTLE CONCERN SHOWN Alarm Fails to Cause Scurry to Shelter. Any New Battle Sole Topic of Con, versation Compared With Struggle at Verdun. Paris, March 25. Th long-rang bombardment of Pari was rsumd at 6:30 o'clock this morning, but was inUrrupttd aftsr th sscond shot. Afttr a briaf intsrval two (nor shot war firad. Th bombardment wh ags'n suspartdtd at (ft 10 o'clock. As was ths ruse ypstrily, tha pin-did not take to shelter. Cellar which wi flllid on Saturday r tiinined Miipty this mot tling. . IJltln Interest was shown In th bomliard- nninl. Different Kind of Alarm. , Soon after they wr nwukeited by the first shot the peopln wr brought t their window by th iivttlln- ct drums, rollceinen ilrculaled thionglt piirh ipiarler of the rity hit rodnolng ths new system of nlarm, which Uli tiiiRiilshed from tho alarm In th rrs of iiir raids, Work wna resumed under norma) conditions, AU 1iJ''iWJ,P?iUUn4ii were running,''''!'!! alri-els wra full of pebplf, whoa ol subject of Con versation wna the tiiw hnW el th Mmnms, which la geneiAlly lompAtt-ti with Vstdiin. Twenty. four shells reached rMa on Halunlny and twenty -aKVen yesterday, Tha Interval between ahota uai re dmed from fifteen or twenty minute mi Hatiirdiiy to an Hveraee of nine rniniiles esterdy. t in two occasion there wna an Interval of only on or two minutes. Hhells fell at :1J and " :M oVIiM'k and at :4i and :4i. This whs accepted aa eonflrmln tha theory that at least two sun wet tliliiff, Tho (Imn of flight of tho ahells l rstirnsleil at ten minute at tha least; the curve traversed nt 120 tnllna, and the iiislmuni helnht attained at Of-. teen inllea. Air Raid Alarm Sounded. Parr. March 29 Another r raid alarm wa sounded shortly after 1 o'clock this morning. After thr-quartr of an hour firemen' buules and church bells announosd that all was clear and the Paris ian! were able to return to their bed. Invest Five Million in Thrift Stamps in State Saturday' war savings stamp sal' topped over $3,000,000 in Tennessee, although complete re turn. r not yet in. Thi put Tennessee far ahead of ny state escept Tesas and Oklahoma. Of this amount Memphis led with 1200,000 and Nashvill was run ner up. This good showing i th reiolt ot a Tennessee-wide campaign. Over a hundred speaker mad W addreee. to 700.000 people. Parades were staged in many tides and towns. Stamps were old in 6 000 places, at station. , agencies, postofhees and bank. Of this number, 1,100 were poet-offices. CRITTENTON HOME CHIEF EXECUTIVE COMING Important Meetings Planned. Open New Home Firit of April. e To t.i.!h charsrea be pleailed timUv I.e. i onl tni-it uh piobuble light In, si in fore Inlted Matee Judge Mayer. low tlac s. TueJjy lair lJ warmrt, t dl NEW S'. e.,. llel With the Ann li, 'an iiii in I lain e, Hutnbiy. .M.iiih illy the Ais.xi ated l'ies-lne of the men whose names hne b.rit fi onoun,-e, ;ts icip. UIiis of the .liHtluii.ilahrd service x p 1 1 s suy t he ite er to hi d of , . - ' ... ... buiveiy In nt',,, Kltne i supeiior fin-e i im deseriM'd in the tons ' vi ,. II. ill llli, I J;Oli, li Wrs'. .af.it t'v't'l t'Usr It t ie. oii.il Aoios Ti ske nd W.isti. ok ton. Man h iih n I- S 'I' li jflllfllf lll,pll - A I OH old - nd wi te ion, h ini bin d lit the story. OSLf AM COTTON CLOsisr. I l.-sti.. Mki. I, I . I.i I fill I ilovi n l, .. l .'. I li . . i" s; FUTURtJ I p., ml up. i l. i j . Homer Whit, try rev I meet I'lll nunlri. t li ti i, ,, ' The Amei i. i I'.d rim'.. I f .1 III i f Ho- samn llif.ltl- I th. t itrol whti-h ti'lliV . 'lol t.f tr-tl ' te I . n Man l i i, k l Ihe i, I rol t lo.'k IV.O of t tit- J.TJv. tM-K.uitKr. lb . Jaauarj-, SJ.Uc. 'U'-muitti viinu.t. Tin l.o.ud uf illrectois of the J'lor- eio f ( 'i itienton l-rtKue of Mercy will meet Tuesd.iy at 11 o'chH k at tho rtiiiit,ei H ctiiumerce. Ttie iKiard of diM-i tins is ciiiiiposeil of one m.n fropi the KlHsnla ilut. Itot.ii) iltib, county and i Hi to rr ninetits Mis. Ilarrett, pieaideiit of the .Satiiiii.il Kloreocvi l i ittrnton Home of Aiun lea. will ar Mve here ttutlicht as the Kueat of Mrs. Jo lliown, nnd will attend the meef liiK. Mrs. H.iii,!' Is suid to t' lb bt itiformeit nunun on this kinj of wink in Am. in. i At 1 o'clock Urdtit-sdjy the women uu-iiib.-m will meet at linn tieon at the I'litten hoiet. and Mrs. lUrrelt will, ap.ik I, theni in ifn.'ue work. At J in t line-day he will addren nu 11 ami ouu:i on rescue wotk in the COUI t 1. Mi Jo iion t.i!d Monday that th J. til-sun ho,i, lesvittlv l urthase.i. woult t-e inHiipied by the t-Tittcntoa. i..a.e 4tu.; -UfU i.