Newspaper Page Text
THE CHATTANOOGA NEWS
CHATTANOOGA, TEN IS., TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 1),, 1!)1S
PRICE: THREE CENTS
VOL. XXX. NO. 325
100 DEAD IN NASHVILLE WRECK
WORK OR FIGHT
SAYS MAJ. TRENT
'f Your Employment Is Not
Listed You Are Not
PRAISES TENNESSEE SPIRIT
Lay No Dependence in German
Rumors of Collapse Must
Feed New Millions.
in general, Maj. Oraat Trent of the
provost oulce In WMnff. OUtUlieO
,P ork-or-l!lif rule at the court
house Tuesday at 10 a.m.
Mai. Trent I. makin . W 1 J.
SOUth speaking on this
cussed rul-. He cornea as Pon .
of 0.r- Crowdorjto
talk to the war worker hot In .local
nnd district boards, the Y. M. C. A-
and other brWChea of SB0 ln,o
However he. peak, tttlsNl
the ntinUta of me
has aiao i l u rjtUeaa the lwork-or-
Prolonged cheertaf interrupted hoth
I,,, Rutledie Smith, who Intromit'"
Maj! Trent and the speaker of the
"SrS Ad?erfot the dlatrtc, bcerd.
SUP?K Cer-a right
Tennessee has the hest, or at least
one ot the best ortanlafd oorp. of w a
workers In America," befall MuJ.
Trnt "and I think this opinion pro
vafl. In Washington. Did you know
that every man in the draft headauer
er in Tennessee ha. a .on In the
irmv either in France or pr.partnjr to
go to France? Kvcryth.ng that th.s
state has is Invested In the war
When General Crowder entered
Upon hi. duties in Washington he
said that he knew the success ot M
war depended upon the 4.667 local and
I dl.tr tot board, of this Union. 4
said he wished he could set Into per
ianal touch with every ma" on these
boards and shake them by the hand
To other class of war worker, in
cur country ha. sacrificed moral HUM
these men. Look them over. They an
lawyer, doctors, judges, business men.
who are laying down enormous In
comes to serve their country without
'"'"When the history of this war Is
written, two pages will be bright, the
page devoted to women, and that de
voted to the personnel of the war
nf Gen. Crowdcr's
. . . . ....
aesn i: in bws, ...... r..- -
body of men personally. 1 conic
as hi. representative, to meet you
men who are devoting your time to
The speaker then slated that Amer
ica's cause In this ttnr was jnst, and
that the only way It could be brought
to a. close was by a complete military
victory. , . ,
The onlv way this could be brought
about, he stated, was through a unified
people behind the president.
"In Washington reports come In
from the north, east, south and west
showing that the American people are
unanimous behind President Wilson. It
is true that in Ji few sections of the.
west we have a foreign population, but
In Tennessee, I do not believe there Is
cne disloyal man. Much of that is
due to the work of men like Major
Smith and Mr. Drown.
"However, each man must do his in
dividual part In winning this war.
In showing how the "work or fight'1
rule was hinged to this idea, Maj.
"The individual American has been
accustomed to determlnin- his own af
fairs, family and business. Now we
must subordinate for the time being
our political and civil rights for the
good of our government. All of us
nave something to do, no matter
whether It be to go to the front or
Btav at home and work. The single
dominant Idea with very man should
be to aid his government in this crisis;
all else Is a side issue.
"Now, the first way any mnn can
aid in this crisis i. in the development
of the manpower of America. In the
old days 'manpower meant the men
a nation could put In the battle line;
today it means the whole of a people.
"Germany's military force Is not only
her army, but her whole population.
The German people have been devel
oped Into the greatest war machine the
world has ever seen, and the most ef
"She still has it. If anyone, in this
audience is basing any hope on the
collapse of Germany, he may a hi ndon
that hope. Germany never will col
lapse. Germany must be beaten to a
finish. It Is the only way.
"I nm convinced that th reports of
strikes in Austria and Germany are
part of Germany's piopaganda: also
reports of her shortages of food, men
and munitions. I do not doubt this
shortage, but Germany Is utilizing
these rumors to her best possible ad
vantage. "I want our people to realize what
we are up against. In relation to the
FRENCH ATTACK ON 2 1-2 MILE FRONT RESULTS
IN PENETRATION GERMAN LINES ONE MILE
GERMAN TROOPS ATTEMPT
TO DISLODGE POILOS
Counter-Blow in Area of New Advance by French
Repulsed All Gains Maintained and Losses
Inflicted, 450 Prisoners Taken Enemy
Guns Bombard British Posts.
Paris, July French troops early this morning attacked the
German lines on front ol about two and one-half miles west of
Antheuil, on the front between Montdidier and the Oise, pene
trating the enemy positions and realising an advance of n mile nt
certain points, the war offiee announced today.
! A German counter-attack upon the French lines at the Logea
farm in the area of this advance was repulsed, the French entirely
1 maintaining their gains. Prisoners were taken to the number of
I 450, Including fourteen officers.
Ju the Longpont region cast of the Rets forest the French in-jTi-aseH
their trains of vestcrdiiv and took additional prisoners.
In Vicinity of Hill 204.
The statement read.:
"Between Montdidier and the River
Oise the French at 5: SO o'clock this
morning carried out " local operation
west of Antheuil on a front of four
I kilometers. The Preach troops. BUP-
I ported by tanks, penetrated the Qer-
! man lines, captured l-Yrme Porta and
the Panne daa Logcs and realized an
advance of 1,800 meters at certain
"A counter-attack at the P rmc des
Logea was repulsed, the French main
taining all their guns. Pi'lacnera were
taken to the number of 4D0, Including
"South of the Aisne the arti 'cry
duel continued active throughout the
night in the viol lit y of Chnlgny farm.
The French increased their advance
at this point, taking twenty prisoners,
including one otticer.
"Vhe artillery of both sides wa
active west and noi'th of Chateau-
probable duration of the war, I will
quote a French soldier I met in Wash
ington. A party of men were discuss
ing the length of the present hostilitie s,
! and at last some man asked the
Frenchman his opinion.
"'1 don't know,' said the- Oaul, 'hut I
think the first ten years will be the
"The point I wish to Impress Upon
you is the greater effort we put forth
the less will he these years of war anil
the. fewer will be the American graves
In totaling up the1 American man
power to resist the Hun Invasion. Muj.
Trent gave some interesting figures:
"Exclusive of boys arid women,
i America had nt the beginning of the
war about 35,000.000 laborers. We now
have in the army 2,000.000 men. in the
navy 500.000, In shipbuilding 500,000,
i farm labor 12,01)0,000 anil war IndUS-
I tries 17,000,000 or 18,000.000.
I "Also before the war we had a nor
mal influx of about 1,000,000 immi
grant laborers per year. Since the
outbreak of hostilities this has been
almost completely shut off. The result
is a shortage of manpower. What can
we do? We must have millions more
soldiers; we muBt have millions of
farm laborers, not only to feed our
own country and our own soldiers, hut
lit least 60,000,000 foreigners will be de
pendent upon America for food. This
forms a serious and elillleiilt situation,
but there are ways out ot the ellff
CUlty flr.t, Chinese labor.
"On this subject 1 will not touch. I
am in no nosition to express an opin-
i ion either for or against the importa
tion of Chinese labor, but I do know
I that there are millions of fine laborer!
in the. Orient who would be only too
glad to come to our shore ana an cms
"Second, by the employment of wom
"Third, by every man doing some
man's work' and giving the easy posi
tions to women.
''This Is the object of my address.
We want to take up the sluck In Amer
"Let doctors, lawyers and profes
sional. men, who use chauffeur., drive
their own cars and allow the chauffeur
to go to the army or to work.
"Lawyers can do their own oftice
work and let oft their head clerks.
"In our great northwest, the farms
are run In three shifts of eight hours
each, or that is working 24 hours per
day, others have two shifts, working
12 hours each.
"In the northwest, the merchants
give twelve days per month as worker,
on the farms. They put I heir wive,
and daughters In Charge of their stores
and go forth to the farms to work.
"Why do they do this? Because ev
erything that America stands tor, ev
erything that Americans hold ear is In
the balance in this contest.
"A. for the exact application ot the
'work-or-fight' rule, I have given you
the spirit. The local and district
boards can apply It to your particular
necessities. 1 will not go Into that
matter. The work-or-flght rule 1.
merely General Crowder's appeal for
each man to do his run t In this gigan
tic contest. You may not have the In
dividual honor of wearing the uniform
e n Europe's tattle grounds, but each
man can do his part, at home among
American fields and factories."
"Patrol, took prisoners the
Champagne, in the sector of Mnr
luises and In the direction of Butte
Raids Net Prisoner.
London. July Haiding operations
curried out last night by Uritish
troops in the region east of Arras
netted a few prisoners, the. war of
llce announced to dny.
South of the Somme r vttr the Ger
man artillery has ! een displaying
activity in bombarding the positions
recently captured by British forces
The statement reads:
"During the night London troops
carried out a successful raid east of
Arras, capturing a few prisoners and
a machine gun.
"The enemy's artillery has been
active against the positions recently
captured by us north of the Homme."
ALLIED DRIVE IN
BALKANS GOES ON
Albanian-Italian Cavalry Suc
ceed in Flanking Movement.
VIENNA ADMITS GAIN
By French Troops Along Upper
Devoli Thirteen Hundred
i Prisoners iaKen.
(Associated Press) '
Rome, July B. The allied of
fensive in Albania is continuing,
the. war office announced today.
New progress has been made;
along the left wing, on the Adri
atic: coast, the land forces being
assisted by British monitors.
Albanian and Italian cavalry
flanked the Malcstra ridge north
of the lower Voyusa, between the
western slopes of the ridge and
the Adriatic, and getting around
into the Austrian rear destroyed
bridges over the Seniini river to
The Italian infantry captured
the town of Fieri and took impor
tant positions. More than 1,800
prisoners were taken in the ad
vance. Pressure Continue..
Vienna, July 9, via London The
entente pressure against the Austrian
lines In Albania is being OOntlnUed by
forces advancing across the Hived
Voyusa, according toatoday'a war of
fice announcement, A grin of ground
by the French along the Upper Dejvoll
la reported. Fighting also is taking
place in the Interior southwest of
MEETS "m REORGANIZE
The county highway commission 1.
meeting this afternoon at the court
house for the purpose of reorganising
uid making plans for the year. The
egul.r line of business regarding the
workhou.es and the roads will he taken
up and dLcussed.
inierry, noiaoiy in live vinimj
An American patrol near
types of German "kultur" they brought hack with them. Darwin was
BRUNT OF LOSSES
Rome Estimates Loss of Twen
ty Thousand Killed Between
July 2 and 6.
(International News Service.)
Heine', .Inly !). Of the hundreds of
thousands Of men lost by German al
lies In the1 ill-fated offensive against
Italy, the greater part of
Hungarians, nccorellng to
Hungarian deputies have delivered a
protest to the Hungarian parliament
against the excessive lo.aei on the:
I'lave, denouncing the1 Austrian gen
eral staff for the! annihilation of live!
Hungarian regiments, .Tiding that hun
dreds of thousands of men were lost
in the campaign against Italy.
The Hungarian press has joined in;
the campaign furiously, accusing tin'
Austria na of sacrificing Hungarian
Home. July 9, The Aust ro-Hnriga -plana
loat. 20.000 men between July ::
and fi. or one-half of the men engage
the war office announces.
SHAW THINKS TIME IS
RIPE TO DISCUSS PEACE
He Favors Basis of Reasonable
Disarmament Through Sep
(International News Service.)
Copenhagen, July . "The time is
ripe to discuss peace on the basis of j
reasonable! disarmament tnrousii m-jv-rate
negotiations Instead at a round
table," says George liornhard in the
Vdsslche eltung, of Berlin, said a dis
patch from that city today.
Hernhard's terms call for a restora
tion of German colonies, a mercantile
agreement with England, the restora
tion of occupied districts In Persia and
the recognition of the Brest-Lltovsk
peace treaty between the Russian bol
shevik! ami the central powers.
Bernhard said he would agree to
l'rsldent Wilson's policy of "Self-determination
If applied to India and Ire
land." . J. S. ye Goes to
Maj. J. S. Dye, formerly a prom
inent Chattanooga physician, who
has been in Charge of the base hos
pital at Greenville, S. C. has re
ceived orders to report In Wash
ington at once. Maj, Dye has re
ceived an appointment eul the staff
of the surgeon-general, This is
considered by military officials as
a verv important auuointmcnt.
HARVESTING A CROP OF
Chateau - Thierry going out to brinjr in
IN RAILROAD WRECK
W. C. Stacy Might Have Been
Passenger but Failed. to
So far as the railway officials here
we're Informed, there were no Chatta
noogans in the list of casualties. In
fact, train No. 4. one of those wrecked.
,,.lvjB here at 1:35 o'clock Monday
night, eliil neet carry a ( liattanooga
sleeper, one Chattanoogan, W. C.
Stacy, assistant manager of the Provi
dent Lit'' and Casualty company, would
have been on No. 4 but for the fact
that he missed the train in Nashville
Tuesday morning. He left here Mon
day lor a business trip to Kentucky,
inicndine- to le-ave Nashviiie! Tuesday
morning on No. 4, hut,
missed the tram and so
lie telephoned these' faets to A. h.
Caldwell Tuesday. Hi' could give no
details of the wreck, but said it had
caused a great deal of excitement i"
Nashville, and rumors placed the
death list all the way from twenty-five
The two engineers, Dave Kenneely
anil William Lloyd, who were killed,
lived in Nashville. ' They were two of
the olelest and best known engineers
on the road,
This wreck occurred within ten miles
. ,'u , nSniirved one of the most
aooui inn i.
serious wree'ks in the history of the
road. This was due to the breaking
In of a bridge over Harpeth river.
There were' something like seventy -five
casualties in this wreck, including
some of the most prominent people in
Nashville hospitals have been taxed
to their capacity wltn people injuiou
Tuesday morning when passenger
trains Nos. 1 and 4 collided near Hell
Meade park. The task of removing
the dead and Injured from the wreck
age will take up the greater part ot
the day, A number of those brought
to the' hospitals during the morning
succumbed to their injuries. Some of
the victims were badly mangled.
Most Of those kille'd we re colored la
borers who were en route' to Nashville
to work In the big powder plant at
Hadley's bend. A large number of
tlvun were' from Arkansas.
Information from Nashville about
noon Tuesday was that the number
of dead at that time would reach titty,
with the injured estimated at seventy
five or 100. It was thought that the
Injured would number fully 100.
Some of the cars were split in two.
An express car plowed Its way through
almost the entire length of a passen
ger coach. It was necessary to jock
up the express ear In order to extri
cate the dead and Injured.
Following the collision tire broke out
and two cars were destroyed by the
While no official cause has been as
signed for the Wreck, a report is in
circulation In Nashville that the crew
of the oulbonnd train failed to heed
orders. The Information Is that this
train was supposed to stop at a wu.v
a hatch of prisoners. Below, some
point and meet the inbound train. The
train leavhis 'Hie depart "d on
time, but the train coming la from
Memohis was a little late.
Doth engines were destroyed. While
six passenger coaches crowded with
liassi'ngers were demolished, the I'ull-
man ears escaped serious damage.
Frank yuaekenboss, state, manager
of the Tennessee inspection bureau,
was a passenger on train No. 4, which
left Chattanooga at 1:35 Monday night.
He was bound for Nashville.
ALLIED AER0S APPLY
BRAKES TO HUN DRIVE
German Military Machine Ef
fectively Halted When Airmen
Aid Artillery and Infantry.
With the British Army in France,
June 28. While the main resistance to
a great enemy drive must necessarily
come from the artillery and infantry,
It is not always realized how much the
allied air forceB contribute to the work
of applying the brakes to the German
During the early stages of an offen
sive, the whole character of air light
ing changes. While maintaining re
oonnolssance and bombing behind the
enemy's lines, a great number Of ma
chine's are sent up with a roving com
mission to harass and impede the ad
vance ny causing tne maximum 01 in
! convenience. They attack cross-roads
and Important junctions, they destroy
dumps and transports and then dis
perse concentrations of troops.
Fattest Planet Employed.
For this work some of the fastest
and most mobile of lighting machines
are employed, flown by pilots specially
ii ainco tor oopci ucuve ugimuK. in
modern war an advance must go by
time table. An hour's delay In taking
an objective, the result- of an unex
pectedly obstinate resistance at a vital
point may lead to dislocation of the
There can be little doubt that the
failure of the German high command
to develop the Initial advantages
gained. In the lighting this spring was
due largely to the splendid work done
by the entente airmen.
Murder of Von Mirbach
Confirmed by Consul
(International News Service.)
Washington, July 9. The murder of
Count Von Mirbach, German ambassa
dor to Russia, Is confirmed in n con
sular dispatch received at the state de
partment from Archangel today. It
state, that the assassination occurred
at 3 o'clock Saturday afternoon, and
adds that street fighting in Moscow is
Other reports reaching the state de
partment tell of the arrest of bolshevik
leaders by social revolutionists.
Hundred Killed and More Than
Eighty Injured in N., C. &
St. L. Accident.
Railroad Gossip Blames No.
for Collision With No. 1 is
Nashville, July 9. At 2 o'clock
this afternoon the number of ner.
sons killed and injured in the ter
rible wreck on the Nashville,
Chattanoosa & St. Louis railway.
just west of Nashville, this morn
ing, when passenger trains No. 1
rrom Memphis and St. Louis and
No. 4 bound to Mrmnhii mlliAA
had not been definitely estab
lished, it was estimated that the
number of killed was 100. of
whom twenty to twenty-five are
. a .
wnite people. Hospital lists of
the injured at that timr- ran nvmr
eighty, mostly negroes. The iden
titled white dead include:
Robert Long, United States avi
ation corps, Nashville.
William Farris, Nashville.
Dave Gardner, Nashville.
John T. Whitfield, Nashville.
Newton M. Vanderbrook, Jack
S. J. Vaughn, Greenville, S. C.
N'nshville, July 9. The worst
disaster in the history of the
Nashville. Chattanooga fic St.
Louis railway occurred this morn
ing at 7:15 o'clock when passen
ger train No. l from Memphis
and St. Louis and passenger train
No. 4 bound for Memphis, col
lided near Nashville, destroying
both engines and demolishing six
Coaches crowded with passengers.
The railroad rushed relief trains to"
the scene of the wreck, and In a short
time hundreds of men were working
like Trojans to rescue the victims.
Automobiles by (he hundreds sped to
the scene nnd those who escaped un
hurt In the wreck also assisted In the
Mrs. Thomas at Scene.
r lU" , .'.'ohn W- Thomas, widow of
John W. Thomas, president of the
Nashvlll,-, Chattanooga and St. Lord.,
railway, arrived on the scene as soon
as news, of the wreck reached her. She
brought bandages nnd worked hero
ically with the Injured. Mnnv girls
assisted her in the work. The two
trains came together with an Impact
heard throughout that end of the city
lloth engnes, three baggage cars and
six passenger coaches were demol
ished. Fire started from the engine
Doners anu consumed two coaches.
Two hundred negroes were on the
Memphis, train coming here to worlt
at the powder plant. Only 11' of
these hael been accounted for at 11
o'clock. The smoker of No. 4 was
telescoped by the baggage car of No.
1. Four white men were caught be
tween the walls and their legs
crushed. They were visible from the
outside-. Whisky was handed through
to them nnd they were finally got
Kngineer Wm. F. Lloyd and
Fireman Tom Kelly, of No. i, both
of Nashville, were killed. Kn
gineer Dace C. Kenneely and
Plreman Luther L. Meadows, of
No. 1, both of Nashville, were
killed. Kenneely had been In the
road's service! thirty-five years.
Lieut. J. D. Andrews. Jr., of the
I'nlted States engineering corps,
and son of a prominent real estate
denier, was among the first to es
cape from the wreckage and begin
the work of assisting those pinned
in tin shattered cars.
Lieut. Don Long, of the United
States Aviation service, son of Lieut.
U, N. Long, of Nashville police force,,
was among the seriously Injured, be-
ing caught between two car seats and
his body bndly crushed. For rr.ore
than two hours he was thus impris
oned, with three dead men piled across
White Passengers Injured.
Among the white jassengers in
A. 0. Musser, Octavln, Fn.; cut
on face, scalp wound.
It. A. Davis. Hickman. Ky.; In
ternal injuries; head lacerated.
Lieut. Don Long. Nashville, avi
ation corps: body orushec"
Cecil Grimes, llohenwnld, Tenn.;
bodv and back.
D. M. Heath, Nnsli!le.
Itadley Gaskin, Hlcl.man, Ky.;
Injured about head: unconscious.
. . Carter, Nashville; un
.clousr fractured base of skull.
B. Corbet t; fnactured skull,
both bones of rlo'ht leg.
. . Martin, engineer; badly
. . Kenndey, mall clerk;
. , Moore, extensive scalp
wound: fral ueil skull.
J. T. SlnrWons, Jackson, Tenn.;
Uussell Pollock. Carruthers
vllle. Mo.; slightly Injured face.
Elton Cook, tVntervllle, Ark.;
sllghtlv bruised right side.
Bert Fierce, Ola. Ark,; back In
jured. (Continued on Psfls T.n.)