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THE CHATTANOOGA NEWS
VOL XXX. NO. 328 HOME EDITION CHATTANOtX.A, TENN., FRIDAY KVKMNCJ, JULY 12, 11)1 S ODIOC. TUDCC CCIITC uwissrsd by Carriers iwalre Uwu a wi. ITALIANS CAPTURE AUSTRIAN BASE HAIG'S MEN IN SUCCESSF UL RAIDS IN FLANDERS; FRENCH TAKE VILLAGE TAKE PRISONERS INPATROLCLASH 120 Germans Fall Into British Hands in Vicinity of Mer ris, Flanders Front. FRENCH CONTINUE GAINS Capture Longpont, East of Vil-lers-Ootterets, and Occupy Javage Farm. (Associated Press) London, July 12. Further op erations were carried out by Brit ish troops last niffht, notably in the Flanders area near Merris and Meteren, the war office an nounced today. Prisoners were taken in a patrol encounter in the Kemmel sector on this front. Another British party raided the German lines near Hamel. south of the Somme. A patrol clash in the neighborhood of Gnv relle, northeast of Arras, also re sulted in the taking of prisoners. T iLaIh ....... t i in I li ,- viVin- ity of Merris the British took 120 Prisoners- Raids Near Montdidier. (Asaoclated Press Paris. July 12. The Villas of l.onr- pont, on the Savlerrs river east of Vlllers-Cotterets, has been captured by the French, says the ofncisl stste jnant from the war office today. The French also continued their jrrogress north of Chavigny farm snd east of Faverolles. Javage farm, north east of Faverolles also was occupied. tn raids north o Montdidier and In Champagne the French captured fif teen prisoners. The official text reads: "Our troops continued their progress north of Chavlgny farm and east of Faverolles. Last nlgjit our trocps oc cupied the village of Longpont and the Javage farm. "Two raids, One north of Montdidier, and the other In Champagne resulted in the capture of fifteen prisoners. "The German artillery was rather active on the left bank of the Meuse (Verdun region.) CHANGE OF OFFICIALS DOESNT AFFECT POLICY Von Hertling Declares Wilson's Utterances Force Germany to Continue Struggle. (International News Sen-ice.) Copenhagen, July 12. "The change of foreign secretaries will not change the foreign or internal policies of the German government," Chancellor Von Hertling declared in a speech before the ma'n committee of the relehstng, said a dispatch from Berlin today. The chancellor went on to say: "The utterances of President Wilson and foreign Secretary Balfour (of England) force Germany to continue the struggle. "Foreigt Serdetary Von Hintze has given a binding promise to follow every pledge made by the chancellor. "The change of foreign secretaries was not caused by any real differ ences, but by personal discussions of matters that should not be made pub lic. Germany's attitude on pence Is unchanged. It will never change so long as the policy of destruction marks the speeches of our enenVTes. "The closest union exjsts between the political and military factions. "We are ready to receive any sincere peace proposals the enemey shall make." Chancellor Von Hertling's speech has made It absolutely certain that Ad miral Von Hintze has succeeded Dr. Richard von Kuehlmann as foreign secretary of Germany. The chancel lor's reference to Von Hlntze's pledges gave the first official confirmation of Von Hlntze's appointment. The statement reads: . "In the successful minor enterprise taken by us yesterday southwest of Merris we captured more than 120 prisoners and ten machine guns. "A raid attempted by the enemy yes terday south of Bucquoy was repulsed. We carried out a successful .'aid dur ing the afternoon northeast of Merris. "During the night Welsh troops raided the German trenches In the vi cinity of Tamel and captured sixteen prisoners and n machine gun, in ad dition to destroying many dufrouts anil Inflicting disunities on the enemy. Sur cessful raids were carried out by us also near Meteren. Further prisoner were taken by our troops 1n these en gagements ar.d also In patrol nconn. ters In the neighborhood of Gavrellc and In the Kemnvi sector." RUSSIAN RAH WAY MFN ON STRIKF IN MANY TOWNS (Associated Press.) Paris, July 12. (Havns Agency.) Russian railway men are on strike In several districts, according to a Zurich dispatch ouotlnr the Iclnrlg Neuste Nnchrehten. The strike promises to be general, the dispatch ssvs. Trench Irtter carrier delivering the daily mail to the Americans NEW EXCUSE WHY U-BOATS DO NOT SINKJRANSPORTS ! Prefer to Attack Unarmed Ves- sels, as Huns Think This Better Part of Valor. ( In i frnntlon.il News Service.) Amsterdam. July 1!. A brand-new explanation why German submarines are not sinking American transports has Just been put out by the semi official Wolff bureau of Germany. According to this excuse. theU-honts are confining themselves to attacking neutral and allied shipping in the traf fic lanes. The bureau adds: "Submarines are not wasting pre cious time trying to trap transports which are well armed and are con voyed by warships that are well able to sae the greater part of the men on the transports. To sink transports would be an exploit, but It would not further the principle for submarine warfare." DRIVE BEGUN TO OFFSET ALLIED BOMBARDMENT Germans Cry "Kamerad" After but Taste of Aerial Attacks on Rhine Towns. (Associated Press.) Geneva, July 12. Another campaign has been undertaken along the Rhine in order to prevent allied bombardment of Rhine towns. The landtng of the Dutch, of Baden, has been asked to pass a resolution re questing the government of the grand duchess to exercise Its Influence with the imperial authorities to come to an agrecement with the belligerents to abandon on both sides the aerial bom bardment of towns outside the zone of military operations. In a speech In the landtag In favor of the proposition. Deputy Narun declared that aerial at tacks on localities behind the front serve no military purpose and that only Innocent women and children suf fer. Hard Thrust at People. In commenting on this new cam paign, the Lausanne Gazette declares that the Germans, since the beginning of the war, have bombarded London and Paris with Zeppelins and airplanes many more than a hundred times, while the allies, during the three years, for various reasons, were unable to re ply, but did not whine. Now the Ger mans, It adds, after only a few months of bombardment of their open towns, are crying "kamerad." ONE OF ASSASSINS OF MIR6ACH ARRESTED German Ambassador to Russia Killed by Hand Grenade at Moscow Last Saturday. (International News Service.) London, July 12. One of the two assassins who murdered Gen. Count Von Mirbach. the German ambassador to Russia, at Moscow last Saturdny. has been arrested, said an Exchange telegraph dispatch i from Copenhagen today, giving the Frankfurter Zei- tung as authority for the statement. Mirbach was killed Jvlth a haud grenade In the German embassy at Moscow. Two men. having passports from a special committee, gained en trance to the embassy upon the eronnd that thev had business to con duct with the German official. DELIVERING THE MAIL IN THE mm mm mm mrmai . B mr jmumi I u CHOLERA IN PETROGRAD CLAIMS VICTIMS DAILY (Associated Press.) London, July 12. Owing to the shortage of food, cholera is on the Increase In Petro grad and hundreds of persona are dally falling victims to it, says a Russian wireless dis patch received today. BRITISH DROP BOMBS ON CONSTANTINOPLE One Hundred and Twenty Pris oners Captured in Opera tions Around Merris. (Associated Presa.) London. July 12. Air force contin gents with the British navy dropped a half ton of bombs upon the city of Constantinople on July 7. it was an nounced by the admiralty today. All English planes returned safely. POSTPONEMENT ON BONE DRY CLAUSE REACHED (International News Service.) Washington, July 12. An agreement fnr nostnonement of a vote on war- timo "bone dry" prohibition has virt ually been reached with "dry" loaders In the senate, and plans for a con gressional recess appeared this after noon to be taking definite shape. FATHER'S CRIME PROMPTED BY FEARFUL APPREHENSION (International News Service.) Alhany. N. Y. July 12. Fearing that his 3 1-2-year-old child would be an imbecile tor life, George Robinson, shipping clerk of the Corona Type writer works, at Groton, eight miles from here, last night shot the child through the heart and mouth, killing It Instantly, then committed suicide by shooting himself through the mouth. Koblnson had brooded over the child's condition for some time. HEAVY TAX MAY DESTROY MOTIVE POWER BUSINESS (Internationsl News Service.) Washington, July 12. A heavy tax on advertising in the new revenue bill s ill "destroy the motive power of American business," the ways and means committee was told today by Jesse H. Neal, executive secretary of the associated business papers organ ization, representing postponed trade papers. - FEDERAL PRISONERS TO MANUFACTURE SUPPLIES (International News Service.) Washington, July 12. Prisoners In United States penitentiaries will be compensated for the manufacture of supplies for the use of the government, according to the terms of an act signed today by President Wilson. The act provides for the equipment of the I'nlted States penitentiary at Atlanta, Ga., for the manufacture of government supplies and for payment to prisoners for their work. FISHING STEAMER MAY HAVE HIT FLOATING MINE (International News Service.) An Atlantic Port, July 12. A rumor Is In circulation here today that an un known flshlilg steamer was sunk yes terday afternoon about ten miles off the coast, probably from contact with a floating mine. No information re tarding the report could be secured from officials here TRENCHES HL mt mmmmmMm-, in the trenches. TURKEY REPLIES TOU.SJDEMAND For Explanation of Sacking of Hospital Con't Ascer tain Facts, (Associated Press ! Washington, July 12 Turkey has In formed the United States through the Swedish foreign ottlce that so far the true facts us td the reported seizure of the American consulate and sacking of an American hospital at Tabriz by Turkish soldiers have not been ascer tained, but that It Will be done at the earliest possible moment. The United States asked for an ex planation of this Incident which if regulad Ottoman troops were Involved might mean a declaration of war. The attack was reported June 19 by the Spanish consul, who took charge of the consulate when the American con sul with a large party of Americans and other foreigners left the Persian city at the approach of the Turks, Actual Difficulties. Minister Morris at Stockholm re- ; ported today that the foreign office had i informed him the Inoiilrv of the United I states had not reached the Ottoman govw.nm(,nt untjl Ju, B Tnen tne matter was presented with a request come In the form of the statement . I. n . 1 , I ,,,,,, , II It is assumed here that the Turkish government actually is having great difficulty In communicating with Its forces In Tersla, and It will bo par ticularly hard to obtai nthe fnets if the Tarbriz outrage was committed by Kurds or other Irregulars. MOST "GODMOTHERED" BOY IN ALL FRANCE , , First Batch of Telephone Girls Adopts French Orphan Boy Five Years Old. (International News Service.) Taris, July 12. The first batch of telephone girls that arrived In France have adopted a war orphan a 5-year- old boy. The girls are clubbing to- gethcr to put up 500 francs yenrly to educate him. All of the girls can speak French and It Is safe to say that this is the most "godmothered" boy In ;dl France WILL REDUCE CAR SERVICE TO A STRICTLY WAR BASIS (International News Service.) Savannah. Ga., July 12. Beginning next Monday, the Savannah Electric company will reduce street car service to a strictly war basis. Car schedules will be reduced, one-man crews In stalled and many other plans carried out to conserve labor, power and equip ment. FAIR, SAYS BILLY 'POSSUM Fair, says Billy 'Possum. Now, listen, gentle read er; for you know I'm wordly wise; If you . can't be good, be careful. Truth will pene trate dslsuise. But the hint I want to give you let this sink well In your dome who Is gullty's not the question Mani soMtaoDY troi; jfl T riorum cure your nails at home. i The Weather Fair tnnieht. and Saturday fair and slightly warmer. 'j I 'Sf3 O BRITAIN HAS i. MILLION SOLDIERS NOW F QHTINQ (Associated Press. ) ransi. July 12 Tlir ni llsli fighting fOrOM In Franos now aggregate two million tin n. iiayn the Havas correspondent on the rtrlllnh front. Thin equal the number on the front In 117. GERMANS PLAN NEW OFFENSIVE Drive This Month Scheduled for South of Ypres With Calais as Objective. DRIVE ON VIMY RIDGE May Take Place Simultaneousrv With That in Flanders Epi demic of Spanish Fever. (By Bert Ford, international News' Service Staff Correspondent.) . With the American Army on the BrKish Front. Julv 10. -(Delayed.. )- French prisoner? ofrar who escaped , fc. ... . , their German captor and made their '" 8Uthern Albania, on the western way into the Belgian lines, say thai the wine ot the Balkan front, the Austro Germans are planning an offensive ' Hungarian artillery has developed south of Ypres. with Calais as Its ob- jrieat activity further eastward and Jective, and that it may develop this ther la now mingled Infantry actions month. and big gun durls over a zone of nearly There Is also talk in the German 175 miles, ranks of an effort north ot Albert, aim- I ultaneously with the drive In Flanders. . In an effort to turn Vlmy ridge an 1 Lorette heighta from the ares aouth ot Arras. , There are reports of wholesale Ill ness in the German army from the Spanish grippe or the "Spanish fever," as the Germans call It. Whrle divisions have had to be re lieved becauae of the epidemic. TRIPLE MYSTERY DEATH STILL PUZZLES POLICE Authorities Think Elder Krause May Be Able to Throw Some Light on the Case. Waukesha. Wis., July 12. Local SniJ Milwaukee authorities are today seek ing Elder Krause, a farm hand and probationer from South Milwaukee, In the hopes of clearing up the triple mystery death at the Wm. Mille farm near here yesterday, where Hille, Hulda Hille, his sister, and Ernest Fentze were found dead, under unusual circumstances. Krause, who is missing, was em ployed by Hille, breeder of blooded horses, five of which were found shot to death on the farm. A note given to a neighbor. Mrs. Win. Dlngledein, a receipt for $30, "for protection against exposure," signed by the Bister, which was found, are believed to be connected with the ending of the three lives. Pollde believe that Fntze, who is said to have pretended he was a secret , i service agent, may have attempted to SXtraet money from the aged man and ; woman, each of whom was past sixty, ' j on the ground of exposing them as i being disloyal, as they were of German extraction Krause, too. Is said to have i pog(!(j as an official, and letters from another sister of the Hllle'S, spoke of some alleged misdeeds of h!s which "L6 Si ihet"r b'1"1 torn up the note he hnd Brnt her' i GOV. RYE CARRIES ON CAMPAIGN IN SULLIVAN (Special to The News.) Bristol, July 12. Gov. Tom Rye, In his senatorial candidacy, invaded Bui- livan county yesterday and today. At Kingsport last night he spoke to 1,500 people. He was introduced by Wm. r. toner, a wealthy farmer. The governor's speech was devoted mainly to what has been accomplished In the war activities in Tennessee.. He was cordially received at Kingsport. i He came to Bristol this morning, ' where he was received bv a number ol frianda and was In conference some of the party leaders. with . MILITARISM WILL EVER CLOSE DOOR FOR GERMANY Paris, July 12. Germany has ex cluded herself from the society of na tions and will remain outside of It as long as she is embarrassed by mil itarism and the door will not be opened until she has changed, says Andre Le bey, who is writing a report on a league of nations for the foreign af fairs committee of the chamber of deputies. In a statement to the Tetit Parisien Deputy Lehey says: "The allies have established at Ver sailles an Interallied war council; why should they not organize there an in terallied committee to study the Idea of a league of nations? This would he a sort.of small -sized interallied peace parliament to do for peace what the war council seeks to do for war, ine two actions are parallel and com plementary. This first international parliament would he the germ of a league of nations. Why not seize on the occasion of the anniversary of July 14 to create it?" ILLICIT DISTILLER TURNS OUT TO BE GERMAN ALIEN (International News Service.) Atlanta, July 12. Arrested under a charge of Illicit distilling, it developed that A. F. Piekert is a German, born near" Herlln: had never been natural ized and had not registered as an alien enemy. Piekert will be interned for the duration of the war. He was a well-to-do mn.ster nlnmber INFANTRY AND BIG GUNS ACTIVE IN 175-MILE ZONE Austro-Hungarian Artillery Develops Intensity On East Wing of Balkan Front Italians Advance Nineteen Miles and Take Important Base of Berat. (International News Service) London. July 12.- The Important Austro-Hungarian ba.e of Berat, m southern Albania, has bei n captured by the Italians, said Central News dispatch from Runic today, (, Berat is thirty miles northeast of V.ilona.) Pv the rapture of Berst ill dancer of a successful Austro-HlM ; f armn drive against Valona his been eliminated. I The Italian lines are beine advanced thirty kilometers ("shout j nineteen miles) in southern Albania and have been shortened more than thirty miles. The Italians took many Austro Hungarian1 prisoners in the fight ing around Berat. rw,.r,,,l c ... tlntemutlunai News bsrvl i Pins. .Inly i: While the Italians and Frenrh have mnllniied to riH.inr.-. CHILDREN FORCED TO PROVIDE FOOD (By Cyril Brown.) (Copyright, 1918. by New York World.) The Hague. Militarism has broken the strike ot the Hamburg Bourse. The commanding general ol the local army corps promulgated ordinances threat ening all exempted members with be ing Immediately drawn Inlo the army unless they resumed trading forth with. The result was that the Ham burg brokers voted for an immediate resumption of business on the Bourse. A curious instance of militarism Is reported from Dresden. The military autnoritles of the government of Sax ony decreed that the aehool children of that state will not get a summer vacation beginning on July 15 unless they "voluntarily gather at least 200.000 tons of leaves as "Krsats" hay lor horses of the Add armies. The military and civilian authorities for weeks have been exerting pressure on the school children to make hay voluntarily, hut the results have been disappointingly smnll, resulting in this drastic, threat to the children unless they gather the full amount of hay. I nis muiiary measure. incitipruaiiy, Is proof of the tremendous manpower shortage during the harvrat season. The relehstng debate on the army budget disclosed other Interesting phases of militarism. War Minister Von Stein regretted Frequently tne "far-renclilng promises made to the relehstng. which afterward gave rise to loua complaints wnen tney couin noi be kept." The unkrpt promises hinted at by Von Stein include the promise to release the oldest tandsturm men I'rom the service, and also the surviv ing sons in families that had already lost several. Liberal Representative Mueller, from Moiningen, charged thai deep resent ment previiits In wide army circles because of the tremendous number of convictions of innocent soldiers who have no appeal from the verdict in the field. The army budget debates I are read at the front with breathless tension. Whoever reads the thousands of letters reaching relchstaf members I from the field knows how demoralising Is the treatment accorded here to the wishes of the field gray men." He asked the war minister whether I or not soldiers have the right of inter course with their relehstng members, I evoking the Ironic ejaculation from the i body of the relchstag: "Youll wait a i long time for an answer!" 1 Mueller disclosed that soldiers, writ ing to relohstag members, again and I again beg that their names be not dls- ; dosed. He cited the hitter resentment prevailing among fighters at the front I because the iron cross of the first class had been distributed to all members of the higher military bureaucracy anil i even to the bureaucracy behind the ! front. This has been fell like a blow Horn S whip by the men at; the front," he declared. The war minister disclosed that "prisoners returned from Russia nat urally are duty hound at any time to be employed In the army again." add ing that written pledges again given by German prisoners In Russia to Eng lish and French officers were not bind ing. Worth, a Catholic member, asserted thnt "civilian clothing of men drawn Into the army has been confiscated flt absurdly low prices," and said "the military must accustom themselves to hear sharp speeches In the relehstng." Socialist Stuecklen disclosed that Gen. Von Vietinirhoff. commanding the Second army corps In the district around Stettin, had forbidden the cir culation of the socialist organ Vor- waerts in the hospitals and barracks in his corps district. The speaker added: "The outrageous conduct of the Stet tin commander shows we have mill tary absolutism.' Liberal members have charged that resentment wn.s caused among soldiers on the battle fronts by reports of Ger man war correspondents, particularly by "exaggeration of enemv losses anil the all too crude mlnlmlzlna: of our own losses, also by running down en emy soldiers." EXTRAVAGANCE IN U. S. CONSIDERED CRIMINAL A Wahi.iston special stntrs that taxes are contemplated on practically ) war om c in a ' ommuni Ui dealing v. ith opera. ions in the Bal kans says: "South ot the Devoll cur troops, con tinuing thilr successful advanrt, have 1 reached and occupied Kosnltz creat a 1 1 at. all the villages in the Tentorial valley as far as Dobinev. ' The enemy's aitlllery Ik displaying creat activity especially west of the 1 Vardsr river and north of Monastir. 1'itish aviators successfully bomb I ed enemy depots In the Struma valley." every nonessential of of life, in sug gestions sent to th v tvn and means committee ot the house by th war de railment. The desicn oi these tuxes. Which it Is proposed to Incorporate in the new revenue hill, la to bring a halt to the extravagance throughout the l.'.iited States in practically every line ol expenditure. The suggest ions of the treasury de railment were lor two groups of new taxes aimed at the elimination of tx psndltures for luxuries, and tu their scope covering practically every non saential. at the same time providtnf that expenditures for the mose coatly necessaries should likewise be penal ized. There la proposed a tax of 20 per cent, on automobiles, trailers and track units, mctorej eles, bicycles and upon automobile, motorcycle aud bi cycle tins. A 20 per cent, tax la suggested on all musical instruments. It Is suggested that the following articles be taxed with the graduated seal based upon the price yet to be determined: Men's Clothing Men's suitings sell ing for more than 'M), hats for over $t, shirts for ever J2, pajamas for ovtr 2, hosiery for over 35 cents a nsir. shoes for over $5. gloves for over $'-'. underwear for aver $3 and upon ail neckwear and walking slicks. Women's Clothing Suits selling for over $10, coats for over $;io, skirts for over $15, hats for over $10, shoes for over $fi. lingerie over $5 per garment, corsets $u, dross goods: Silk over $1.50 a square yard, cotton over .111 cents a Hiuaro yard and wool over $2 a yard. and upon all furs, boas and fans. Children's Clothing Suits gelling for over $15. cotton dresses for over to. linen dresses for over $5, silk and wool dresses over $8, hats over $3, shoes over $4 and gloves over $2. Under "house furnishings" it is sug gested that the following nrtlcles be luxed al rates yet to be determined: Ail ornamental lamps and fixtures, all table linen, cutlery and silverware. """'"' g's: mrnnurc in sets tor wnicn more man ,i is pain " each piece; on curtains at over $2 Per yard and on tapestry, rugs and carpets at over $.1 a square yard. On all purses, pocketbuoks and handbags, brushes, combs and toilet articles anil mirror at more than $2. A tax of 10 per cent, upon gross col lectlpns from all vending machines is proposed. The suggestion also includes a tax of 10 pet cent, on all hotel bills amounting to more than $2 a person per diem and in addition It Is proposed that tax on cabaret bills shall be made to apply to the entire restaurant or cafe bill (the present tax on cabaret bills is 10 Jar cent.). Under the second group of proposed extravagance tax's, It Is provided, that gasolene shall be taxed 10 cents a gallon, the tax to be paid by the wholesaler. A tax of 10 per cent, on all leased ears is proposed. The following taxes on soft drinks are suggested: Those now paying 5 cents a gallon to pay 20 cents; those now paying 10 cents to pay 30 cents. Those paying 10 cents a gallon to pay 40 cents: those now paying 20 cents a gallon to pay 80 cents. Mineral water now sold at 1 cent A gallon to pay 16 cents a gallon. It is proposed to abolish the present, tax on picture films and add to the rate of admission and rentals. Doubling of existing Internal reve nue taxes on wines, liquors, beers and upon cigars, cigarettes and other gest.ed. An automobile license tax on pas senger automobiles graduated under the following schedule is propsed: 33 horsepower less, $1; 21 to 30 horse forms of manufactured tobacco is su- power, $2f; 31 to 35 horsepower, $10. and over 40 horar power, $80. AUSTRIANS IN SERBIA IN SERIOUS MUTINIES (Associated Press.) Corfu, July 12. A serious mutiny among the Austrian troops In one of the occupied districts of Serbia la an nounced by the Serbian press bureau here. The garrison at Kraguyevntz. the former Serbian arsenal, broke Into rebellion because of bad food, the statement declares, and many of the officers were killed. The mutiny was suppressed after a writable battle in which machine guna and artillery were freely used. J : , .