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CHATTANOOGA NEWS Published by Chattanooga Nve Co. Georoa T. Milton, Editor. Walter C Johnson, Bualnaae Manager. F M iotor)lce aa Hacond-Ciaaa MalL tca of Suhecripllni tilngle eopy, la I.y carrier: Una week. Ifioi on mnnth. 6.'. By mall: Six month. IJ.00; twelve months. IS.00, Mf-MBtR OP ASSOClATfO PRESS Tf Aanoclatttd Prea la exclusively en- tilled to use fnr repuhileatlnn all new riitwrtcha ei edited to It or not other im crxoiled In thla paper, and lira the local newa puhllahed herein. All rla-hta ol tepuhilcatlnn of special dispatches here.n are elan reserved. SutweHher to International Newa Henr Newspaper Enterprise Annotation and New Vork World Cable Service. The council of defense Is now try ing to defend Itself. in attempting to enter an alibi, the Turk finds his former friends turn ing; a deaf ear. . It Is probably worth while to re mark that Frank Walsh's flag la still there. Now they are claiming that Clera enceau's promise of early retire ment had a, string tied to It. Irish bishops are not satisfied with machine gun rule as meeting their Ideal of self-determination. It Is announced that sugar prices are now considered high enough. At least, that la the consumer" opinion. There appear to be a dearth of satisfactory .cabinet material in Eu rope as one of the results of the war. ' ." Maybe Germany e staging that ng-Jy temper hi the hope that Uncle Bum will corns across with a good fat loan. , Having secured ft , . commission government, ths Johnson City Staff now appears uncertain over what to do with It. , . One of the acute Issues of the day seems to' be the providing of Tetter defenses for jails which contain con traband boose. Honest, now. was that alleged lux ury tax on soda fountain drinks ever repealed T That league' of nations get us ronfused. . There Is a limit to ths vicar of velllngsborougha mixture of patri otism and religion, jfa draws ths lino at Tlpperary. ..... , , .v, ,." Toppling over of one cabinet svfter another Indicates that the ministry is not a Very dependable profession in Europe Just now. Senators Insist that ths league of cations will produce war, not peace. And then, to cinch their prophecy they proceed to Start the fireworks. Senator Robert I Owen, of Ok lahoma, Is one of the latest presi dential entries. A few other sena tors are still to be heard from. "Editor Brisbane haa purchased a newsper Interest In New Jersey. That state, we believe, was the orig inator of the "0 beer, no work" slo gan. Discussion of Burleson's probable successor Is already being heard, one newspaper going so fa? a to express Its willingness to accept 'JbiTumulty : Instead. - . Jr Virginia has decided that the lib erties of the people wljl not be en dangered If somebody In ' the state should happen to study the German language. '; "Man wants bnt little here below, nor wants that little long." Perhaps there may have ben such a man somewhere, some time, but the quo tation has no application to' Italy. X London clergyman predict that the close of the ourrent year will bring the end of history. He will have some trouble, however, in con vincing the world that there Is an? limit to the making of books, . It Is proposed in congress to abol ish the department of the Interior and eubstitute therefor the depart, went of public works. On "ie the ory, presumably, that changing the nam of a rose improves its fra grance. It Is reported that President Poin ter may not attend the "signing" ceremonial. But that won't matter much. H snd King George have mighty little to do with what Is go ing on. Praying for rain Is not an unusual phenomenon in this country, but down in Louisiana the sprinkler eems ot have tilted the wron way and they have been praying for the rain to stop. Perhaps objections to Article 'X eould be measurably satisfied If, in ratification, each country should In terpret it as simply a mutual pledge not to grab the territory of another nation by force. Sir Robert Borden Is experiencing trouble In the reorganization of his fcabinet over the tariff question. The tariff will always be resented by those Canadians who want free trade with this country. An exchange has discovered that eur treasury department has a per fect drainage system, as an exhibit. It may be pointed out that the ; en ate ha Just, added $200,000,000 to the house naval. bill- Remarks ths Jacksonville Ttmes TJnlon: "First thing w know a man who la not fond of beefsteak will get a constitutional amendment through prohibiting its use," Hardly. The butcher's prices will save him all that trouble. A government bulletin suggests butter milk ss a substitute for the beverage to be outlawed July 1. as suring us that "buttermilk renews youth, make the skin fair and keeps the complexion." The dairy profiteer, however, seems to have beaten us to all this information. "EXPLOITING THE UNIFORM." Ths following statement ha been compiled at the headquarters fit the Horns Service division of tne Amer ican Red Cross with ths design of its editorial use In the newspapers: "While ft Is felt that impostors wearing the uniform of the United 8tates army, navy or marine corps are not so numerous as to constitute a menace, there ar enough of them working on the sympathies of the patriotic persons to bring a measure of discredit upon the service. This is particularly true of the army, chiefly because an army uniform can be purchased almost anywhere and no questions asked. Jndood, prices of ollicera' uniforms have fallen to such an extent as to lead to the sus picion that during the war they were sold at a considerable profit, "The law provides a severe pen alty for the unauthorised wearlnr of all or part of the prescribed uniform of any branch of the service, but tmposters apparently feel safe bo cause of the large number of uni formed men seen on the streets. Dis charged soldiers may lawfully wear their uniform, provided they weal ths prewcrlbed red dlscharRe chev ron. ThU Is not only their rlRht, but it is a practice to be encouraged within reasonable limits. No one will question the right of a dis charged soldier to wear his uniform at work, the supposition belnsr that it is a matter of his own - business. This public attitude encourages the Iroposter, and if impostors are al lowed' to exploit the uniform unroo lested there la danger of precisely what the government Is trying ' to discourage the tramp soldier. "The uniform is also being put to unseemly uses by soldiers who go about selling souvenirs, music, etc, to persons who buy for no other rea son than because they feel they are helping some deserving hero keep the wolf from the door. The men are not soldiers, but .uniformed peddlers, acting, of course, within their legal rights, but reflecting no credit upon therselves, their employers os their country. The ease with which they carry on this trade encourages Imi tators, and cnuses the public tl bus pect the motives of the peddler. No doubt, many of these men have fallen victims to the persuasivepow ere of some sharp agent who has realized the appeal their unfform carries and Is making hay while the sun shines. . V "If this country were sending a de feated army home in rags and tat ters to become a public burden, the soldier would then be a public charge. But neither the publlo nor the soldiers can afford to forget that ss an army the American army suf fered only a few of the nardsnips or battle, vand that Its victory, as won derful s any In history, waS won by the superior quality of the manhood enlisted. The survivors are being sent home well clothed, In , good health and fit, if men ever were, to earn a living as civilian. The lib eral provision for disabled soldiers eltmtnate the maimed beggar, and it la felt that on the whole there Is lit tle reason why any man should ex ploit the uniform for personal gain " This statement- teovers tne ground admirably. The uniform 0f the sol dier Is a badge of honor, not an In strument for playing a, confiri'nc game. We believe that most soldiers appreciate the significance and In vloabllity of their country' uni form, .but occasionally it Is forgotten, The Red Cross does well to remind all of their obligstlon. It serves to wsrn the public against Imposition at the same time. , . A, -PROMISING OUTLOOK. As intimated n these columns . , day or two sgo. thers have been some indications of "financial mad ness" in this country. For two or three weeks, New York has been In the throes of a speculation craze of more or less severity. The move ment wes only checked, by the rate oa call money which went aplrallng upward. Transaction at 20 per cent werf reported. The fed eral reserve bank found it necessary to Inquire about who was furnishing money for the stock speculation. But all of this simply represented an out burst of confidence in the- soundness of, business, conditions. A most optimistic and encouraging review of the domestto business sit uation was printed In the Philadel phia Record Monday. Nearly every line la said to be feeling the urge of Increased trade. - Many manufactur ing concerns were reported ss with-' drawing their irren from the road in order to make an effort .to catch up with orders. There Is an extraordi narily etrong retail business in staple articles and luxuries as well, More prices are reported as advancing than are. declining. This, of oourso, means that there Is plenty of money among the people to buy what they want, and they are buying. When the mammoth wheat crop starts to market, this condition will be. greatly intensified. , Steel continues to improve, al though summer is proverbially the slack period In steel. The mills are reported running at 70 per cent. ca. paclty. Therei had been a continual decline in output after the signing -of the armistice until early in May, when a minimum of 80 per cent, was reached. Since that, a gradual Im provement has been In progress. The market for'cotton goods Is strong and the demand, both Internal and foreign, increasing. Prices also show Increases. The shoe trade is exceed ing expectations. Foodstuffs are still going strong, though here and there are indications of a tendency toward casing up a bit. Building operations continue to exhibit big Increases In volume, the percentage of gain showing larger almost dally. Automobile makers are the largest buyers of steel products and are having groat difficulty In filling orders. Pipe mills are also able to sell all the pipe they can turn out for use in the oil regions. The examples cited are fairly character istic of all lines of trade. In some there Is more conservatism, but In none Is there visible depression. It Is confidently believed that the war settlement, now thought near at hand, will measurably augment the favorable prospects at present ob servable. Influence from the wheat harvest, with big prices guaranteed, will soon be felt In the, channels of trade. Weather conditions have not been so favorable for corn snd cotton, hut both are now developing fast. The acreage of both these staples is slightly below last year, hence good prices are practically assured. Most of the loss in acreage was sown In wheat. Crop conditions, as well as conditions In Industry, are consid ered extremely healthy. PASSING OF. r. A. HOOD. - A message which brought surprise and sorrow to many friends In Chat tanooga and surSoundlng teriltory was that which announced the death of Col. K. A. Hood at Ban Diego, Cel., Wednesday night It was not gen erally Vn,own that he was seriously 111. If was 'only known that he had accompanied an, Invalid son to Col orado two year ago In the hope of Improving the letter's health, that the son died about a year ago i-nd that Col. Hood had decided to re main longer on account of his own Impaired health. But his friends gen erally did not know he was In any immediate danger of death. . , Col. Hopd wa more or les of an Institution in Chattanooga. In addi tion to the fact that he was a suc cessful business man, he. was, per haps, the mos intimate and devoted local friends of William Jennings Bryan. He became acquainted with Mr. Bryan at the Chicago conven tion of 1896, and their Intimacy and friendship continued uatll his eath. Col. Hood was the organizer of the Bryan Birthday club and the leading spirit In the several banquets which It gave. These banquet were no table occasions, liberally attended by eminent persons, and two or three time by Mr. Bryan himself. One of the. obvious traits of Col. Hood's character was -his Open hearted geniality and frankness. He was just the type of roan whose friendship Is relished 'by the . Ne braska statesman, whom he followed so .unswervingly. He knew little of the arts of the politician, neno did not achieve distinction in public life, but he was a friend who could be trusted. Honest and true, faithful alike to principal and to his friends. Col. Hood rrill be genuinely missed by wide circle in East Tennessee, who were accustomed to his warm hftnd clasp. Two sons had been taken within thet past few years. Now the father .goes to Join them in the land of shadow.. The loss of R' A. Hood will be felt by many who, had the good fortune to know him and enjoy his friend Ship. It will also be felt by the com munity at ' large for, though .un avoidably withdrawn tempoa-rlly from its activities, he wa ;'a rreat friend of Chattanooga. He gave to ths city more than he received at hi hand. His dsst Is to be brought home and burled her where ho had lived and labored for thirty years. SHOULD MAKE US CAREFUL. "But is It true," ask the Sprlngi field Republican, "that the aplrit In which the Germaus sign doe not matter. If a lasting peace and a better world order are what the al lies most desire It matter very much. At Brest-LHovsk the Rus slans signed whet they called "a peace of violence," and Went away with war in their hearts." In that treaty, aa Mr. Asiulth declared, there were no elements of reconcili ation and ' durable peace;' Russia signed because it was helpless, but with reservations none the less real for not being written Into the dic tated treaty. 'This is but 'one Case of many to show that It is, far from being a matter . of indifference whether a beaten power signs the terms of peace, willingly or under duress." Already there are Indications that we shall, have to watch the enemy. As the Republican further says: "A nation', any nation, accepting under compulsion what it considers a 'peace of violence' can be trusted only so long as H Is helpless." ' The sinking of the ships, exposure of 'a plot In Poland all lndlcats the Intention to violate' the treaty. Germany is helpless now, but who knows how long the coalition will last, or what nations ten or twenty years from now may not tind in, an embittered Germany a useful Instru ment for new ambitions? The signing of the treaty does , not promise well for the stability of the new government. Already there Is strong likelihood of revolution. So the Republican closes with this ob servatlon: "That Germany signs the treaty Is cause for gratitude, the spirit in which it Is signing must give rise to misgivings." The fear that must ever be pres. cnt with us Is that a recovered Ger many will, with a recovered Russia and a designing Japan. Join to break the league of nations. So it is going to be incumbent on the victorious nations to be very watchful. THE TARIFF AS AN ISSUE. A democratic paper Indulges an observation a follows: "The republican majority In con gress may act so as to make 'the tariff an issue next year. If so the democrats will win." , Perhaps it was meant to say the democrats ought to win. It seems hard to believe that any considerable number of Americans would pro pose the tariff seriously a an im portant Issue next year, but we have witnessed Just as unlikely things. It used to be a sort of slogan among republicans that democrats could be depended tipon to act the fool at the crucial moment, but the present con gress demonstrates that - the dem ocrats enjoy no monopoly" in that particular line. Republican attempts to steal this thunder from tha dem ocrats may coi.ceivably be the para mount Issue of 192o. But back to the tariff. It may be said that if the republicans can't win on the tariff tthey can't win at nil. It has several t'imes stood them in good stead. Between it and the bloody shirt lies the credit for most of their achievements. The latter has dis appeared for good and all. Chairman Hays won't let them make the leigue of nations an issue. They have shown Inability to handle economy as .i winner. But they are at home with the tariff, which seems ahot't all that is left to them. If they can't win on the tariff, what can they win on? It has happened before that there was not much In the way of Issues to divide the parties and may so happen again. Politics is a queer sort Of game and It is never quite safe to bet on the state of the public mind sixteen months hence. THE CIJATTANOOOA NF.VVSr CHATTANOOOA, TF.NX., in ID AY, JUNE 27- 1919. THE WAR JS OVER, With reference to the- peace lt uatlon, the Nashville Banner makes the following observation: ' "Whatever Germany may do, it Is the part of the United Mates to ac cept the peace, to lay aside bitter, neas, to cease talking about the war as much aa posalble and to go to It with all Its might for prosperity and a better world for everybody." We make haste to agree heartily with the foregoing sentiment from our contemporary. The United State ought to turn from war, accept peace and devote it energies to restora tion of composure and prosperity all over the world, We can more read ily do this than anybody else- The war ha Injured us much less se verely than other nations. There Is less occasion for prolonged bitterness on our part Moredver, our distance protect us from the friction ' and annoyances of a border contact or neighborhood proximity with those with whom we ' have been at war. We are peculiarly situated and fitted, to lead in the promotion of an era of better feeling. Let's not neglect the proffered opportunity. And Just ss America should lesd the world back to peace, the news papers should be the chantlclers of America. It la an honor to cease from strife and we have striven long enough., The world has had enough of destruction about all It can stand and Is now pleading for recon struction. There will evidently be long years before all of the European war asperities are entirely obliter ated, but it is worth while to bend our effort in that direction. Amer ican newspaper ahould not magnify trifles and thus tend to Inflame the people. They should not too readily Impugn the good faith of those na tion they may not understand. America has shown .that she knows how to fight. Now she ought to demonstrate that ene knows how to keep the peace. LET'S HAVE, THE NAMES. It would be Of considerable inter est to the people of Tennessee to, have 'a list of the persons who have Indorsed State Senator J. Parks Worley for marshal. Senator Shield 1 said to have given out the statement that his choice of Worley was made after he had been recom mended by many of the prominent political leaders of East Tennessee. If this is the case, it would be In teresting to know who are these po litical leaders that have set the seal of their approval on this candidacy. It would also be interesting to ' now if it is true that Senator McKellar not only joined Senator Shields In making the recommendation, but also went In person with his confrere to the department of justice, where he gave his assurance that the ap pointment was a proper one and ought to be made. Of course, It Is generally the custom for two sena tors of the same party to agree on a division of. patronage, but cer tainly, such an arrangement ought not to apply in the case of the se lection of a man against whom such charges have been made as against Mr. Worley and before the depart ment of Justice had completed Us In vestigation. Five years ago when Worley was a candidate for the same place he was not appointed. Was it that Senator Shields did not care to be a candidate for re-election with this appointment to defend? But one year from now Senator Mc Kellar will likely be a candidate for re-election.. He has made a record which has won him many friends Wasn't It asking him to assume a great deal to make' him a party In full part., to the Worley indorse ment? GERMANY FOLLOWS ONLY STRONG LEADERS. If the crown prince naa some of the qualities of. leadership of '-.:a Hohenzollern ancestor, Frederick the Great, or even William I, his escape ,to the fatherland might mean an other hundred days war, such as Napoleon's return from Elba precip itat;ed. The German people has al ways been peculiar in this respect: When led by strong men tney fought with the greatest patriotism and were practically unconquerable. When their rulers were weak, ss was the case with King Frederick Wil liam of Prussia, who waa on the throne during the Napoleonio wars, they suffered almost every humilia tion and were easily overcome. It was .Queen Louise arid her gen erals, Stein and Schanholst, vho aroused the people and finally threw off the yoke. Unquestionably there is a strong military and royalist party yet in Germany. The national humiliation Imposed by the treaty would drive the people, either into desperate resistance, or Into worse anarchy. The terrible scenes in Hamburg are an evidence of the c-ol-shevlst movement. The masses are without hope In an economic way, and may be swayed to extremes, either of reaction or of radicalism. If Frederick William were popular and inspired confidence, his arrival across the Rhine would be an event to cause deep concern In allied coun tries. But he is considered rather a weak figure, perhaps not as soft pated or profligate as represented in the newspapers, but certainly not of a heroic type. Later Today's cables deny that the crown prince has left Holland, but state that the ex-kalser la pre paring to do BO. We do not presume that the sujr gestion of the mnrkethouse for an auditorium site Is serious. It Is probably put out with the purpose of getting prices on other sites. We have now for several years been building up a market as an institu tion, It is at last successful. To move the market or make any ma terial change 'In Us arrangement might be fatal. In addition, a great deal of valuable property about the market would have to be purchased. The building of the auditorium there would close an important street Lit tle parking space would be availa ble for automobiles. It Is true the only auditoriums in Knoxvlle, Ashe ville and some other cities are over markets, but these structure are not on anything like the cale which ' needed here- The Man That Makes the Taxes By FREDERIC J. HASKIN, ' ; Washington, June i.. "Income Tax Payer, meet Mr. Joseph H. McCoy, Mr. McoCy. meet your victim." It might not have been In good taste to make aiich an Introduction a few months back, when niilllona of men and women throughout tne country were struggling with their income tax returns, liut now that the worst is over It is in order to present the power behind the throne of taxation. Thla power la just plain Joe McCoy, middle aged and plcaaunt He IS a govern ment actuary, , Figures are ' McCoy 's ' specialty. He works with them, talka aiiout them and d reams of ihein. He ia never so huppy as when he ia computing some big gov ernment financial problem that runs Into the bliliona. The more figures, the better he likes it. Much of the gov ernment's business 'Is done in billions these days, when the annual intereat on the nationul debt la greater than was the total expense of operating tha gov ernment in ly 13. v While the constitution of the United Rtatea provides that "all bills for rais ing revenue ahull originate In tha. house ot repreaentativea," the present reve nue law, which, it Is estimated will raise about ti, 000. 000.000 this year, had Its origin or at least the form and de tail of it did In the Ingenious mind of Mr. McCoy. He also figured out the Income tax rates and did It In a scientinc way. te admits that he stood out strongly for placing the -heaviest burden .upon the shouldurs of the rich, and letting tlxi poor man off as easily as possible. The. unloved luxury tax ia one of his pets. In laying the foundation for this tax he gathered, statistics on the most trifiingexpenditures of our every day life. He had to estimate how many times we went to the movies and to the theater in order . to give the amount that could be collected from the ticket windows. The luxury tax of the current revenue bill Is ono of the most complete and comprehensive of Its kind ever enacted; nothing escaped that should or could be taxed. Back In 1913. when an Income tax was first proposed, there was almost nothing upon which to base, estimates of jthe amount of money the levies might bring in. At that time the idea was new in this country, . North Caro lina was the only state In tha union with an income , tax, and It derived only about $18,000 annually from that source. " - Mr.McCoy was not" discouraged by reason of this lack of fact and prece dent to work upon. He made a study of the various forms of taxation In Eu rope. He found that the English sys tem could not be applied here satis factorily. He took up the German method of taxation, and he liked it so well that our present tax system is largely based. upon the German system. The first year that the income tax law was In effect, the yield on the corpora tion Income tax was within a few thousand dollars Of the estimate fixed by Mr. McCoy. He estimates that about 18,000,000,000 will be -raised this year,, and the present fndicatlona are that his estimate will be about right. But there Is hope ahead for the In come tax payer. In 1320 the strain upon your puree will not be so great as It Was during the present year. The strain will be less by $2,000,000,000, ac cording to Mr. McCoy. This year the tax on Individual In comes Is 6 per cent, on the first $4,000 in excess of the exemptions,' and 12 per cent on all above that figure. Next year, under the terms of the war reve nue act, the rates will be 4 and 8 per cent. m t? liiiii- 1 (in si I. , fir : . '. , II " ' f r ftsT'v t Di.M; nvferiu w iv You will like them better when you see F&" . L V ' them, and still better when ' J Wmm$ (8pi 55. V you wear them. . ipllflll ., M .Safurday'sSpemF ' v, illtelW DRESSY tV;. ; - PPf H. '$ff-:S'M$S Women's White Boots made of gen- SMART ;:'!UU:! HU-i-Umi; k WM "1 known- .. t.ry heels; Saturday ftPHffct . 5 IfAlIf $3 45 27;.;.. $2.19 ; . jjjgli y- Colonial Pumps, 8V2 to 11 $1.69 -; . - .- - . lipl , fftpip built over- a snug- -5to8 $1.45 Style without ex- iWl Y- iifVHP fitting last, hand- ' '. . travagance. " Yes, . i'U;yfe ; ' -1 VJjPt turned soles with WMt Tenuis Shoes-women's, QC-v ' -you will be pleased ' : '-' J' Vll fu" covered Loui by'8' yUthS' - with V pair of these , I vl heels; Saturday pe- Silk Corded Boudoir black, pink and fine White Pumps. !ilMsiiiorlhiSHi t. ' Nk, cial blue, large silk Qf They are light and , SlW ' At Pom-pom..... COoling. Saturday, W . k v PJ.K special y ' ik X' SPECIALS ( l'!i':-:H'iiiv r" V ' Misses! and Children's Patent and Tan tDaJ.'lD f J7 SI ' ' iipSN. lsSn' Play Oxfords and 1'QC f Ar jT f ' '" Pllll r Pumps, all sizes tDletO 0 ' Jw ' 4iR vAl!. ' Attention, Men ! . ' ' fer Jjp MiliiMi&f xQ$. Men's Palm Beach and White Oxfords. . , fBA 8grggl IMji IWSS positive $3.50 values; Q1 DQ ' Eo" 7 W'lil'NP .'X '' Tnere will also be a reduction ot the tax on Incomes of corporations. The firesent rate Is Is per cent, on the net ncomes of corporations, while next year It will be 10 per cent The war profit tax will be eliminated entirely. The excess profit tax will be cut from $0 and 65 per cent, to 20 and 40 per cent, v , .,'.,'-... This year It ia expected that nearly $1,000,000,000 will be collected In taxes on wines, beer, liquor and spirits. This source of revenue Is lost when prohi bition takes effect next year. Less than $10,000,000 of this will be made up by a tax on soft drinks. Tha fiscal year of 1918-19 Is the most expensive In the history of the coun try. Tha total disbursements for the year are close to $28,000,000,1100. The dlsburaements of $1,917,000,000 in lt. the year following the Civil war. were trivial In comparison In 1899, Imme diately after the Bpanlsh-Amrioan war, less than $1,000,000,000 was-- ex pended In running the government . At the beginning of the Civil war, that la July 1, 1861, our national debt waa Jii0.461.000. ' At the end of that war we owed something like $2,680,000. 000. After the Spanish-American war our ohlleatlona were Jl. 817. 673. 000. and ' this sum had Increased to about $3.- 000,000,000 Just before the outbreak of the great world's war. Today our na tional debt Is about $25,000,000,000, which money waa raised by -Liberty Bonds, ' The United States Is the least bur dened With debt, when ail things are considered, of all the countries of the world. The latest figures available show that France in PJ17. with an an nual revenue of $961,000,000 was ex pending annually $8,130,000,000. It is ilgured that now her total debt Is over $30,000,000,000. In 1916, Germany's annual receipts were $810,000,000. while she waa spend ing $3,181,000,000. Her debt 1 said to be more than $20,226,000,000 without the additional burden that will be im posed upon her by the terms of the peace treaty. Beside the national debt, German states have their private debts. Just the same as the various states of our union have their ,own obliga tions. . Italy in 1917 was raising about $1,000, 000,000 annually in taxes, while the an nual expenditure was more than three times that much. . England Is estimated to have, obli gations close to $40,000,000,000. In J 918, the total revenue of. the United Kingdom was $3,442,000,000, ; to meet annual expenditures of $13,000,000,000. At that t'me her debt was close to $30,000,000,000. . . Very little Is known of Russia's debt since 1916. Then there was being raised annually about $1,600,000,000. while the annual cost of operating the government was four times that muchi Russia's debt was $22,774,000,000 at that time, but it has increased in leaps and bounds since then, as the present gov ernment Is Issuing its own paper money without any security behind It as fast as the presses can turn it out. ' Mr. McCoy denies the claim recent ly made that taxes In this country have increased $,000 per cent. In 191 the annual revenue was about $1,000. 000,000. This year It will be about $6,000,000,000, or an increase In taxes of about 600 per cent. The Increase In tnxes In England Is estimated ip be about 1100 per cent Here Is an interesting comparison of the Income tax In various countries ' A married man with a salary of I T nirr i -ma iiiii i n 17 ...(. n 18.600 In the United States pays' ' - rY - -SZi r-i1Si . $30 taxes; In 'England he pays $210.44: In Canada he pays $10; in Vnce be Days $31-$5, ' A man with an Income ot $WO0.0OO In the United States pay In taxes $703,030; lrt England he nays $519,687. 60; In Canada he aya $499,157; . In France he pays $123,792.60. In the United States a man with an Income of $5.000,000 and according to Mr. McCoy there are ten or twelve of them pays $3,783,080 income fax. (Subject of tomorrow's letter, . A Friend of Fallen Men.") RIPPLING RHYMES Do It Now. 7 If there's work that should be done, do It now; If you wish to borrow mon, do it now: putting off from day to day i f?ir& b aAfivW 'ro Rest and recreate this summer in the cool North Woods, on the shores of some sparkling lake. - Fishing for the savage ''muskv" or the gamy' bass; canoeing through tof--tuous channels and lakes hidden in the wilderness; ;, tramping qver shadowy forest trails; ' horseback riding, golf, tennis, dancing, bathing and boating. Hotels,- cottages, boarding houses and camps, to suit every purse. Summer Excursion Fares . Ask the local ticket sgent to help apply to nearest Con- lolidated Ticket Officei or' address Travel Bureau, U. S. Railroad Administration, 646 Transportation Bide-, Chicago! 14J Liberty Street, New York) 602 Heiley Bldg., Atlanta, Ga. . ' A.akM "TM - Hit ply a deathless pen, do It now; If you ought to set a, ban, do It now; It you re ;. billed to trim the lawn, do not wait the morrow's dawn; you may then be dead and gone do it' now. If you d build yourself a home, do it now; il you'd write an epic pome, do' it now; on. so many fellows cry, "We have plans for by and by!" If you d climb to places high, doit now. If you d renovate your life, do t now; If you d cheer your weary wife, do It now; it is vam to sit and wait till you get your mood on straight; if you ought to pull your freight, pull It now. If you'd buy next winter's coal, buy It now; If you wish to save a roll, aave It now; for no man can rise and say what may happen when today is worn out' and laid away; do things now. If you d demonstrate . your grit, do It now; U you hope td make a hit, do it now; for the idler cuts no loe, and the dreamer lacks the price; If you'd get there once or twice, do it now. vi.a m e. & plan your tripi i : ;. :.fl WASLtS el wince, oil m n f t., Chatta. Tenn. K ? W&g&& s Chatta. Tenn.: IT '