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ait a n Today's News Today T VOL. XXXI, Nor 208. CHATTANOOOA, TENN.. SATURDAY! EVENING, JUNE 28, 1919. HIRER CENTS. Very- Best Features I II WILSON APPEALS jo Americans Makes Plea for Acceptance of Treaty and Covenant of League of Nations. : WITHOUT ANY CHANGES Severe Terms Impose "Noth ing That German Can not Do." . POLK CONGRATULATES WILSON ON GREAT, WORK Washington, June 28. (A. P.) Immediately after receiv ing the news of the signing. of the treaty, Acting Secretary Polk sent this message to the -president over the special dl-' rect wire from the state de partment to Versailles: "Permit- me to offer" my heartfelt congratulations on the completion of your great work. The American people will be ever proud of what you did as their representative for the peace of the world." Washington, June 28. (A. P.) President Wilson, in an address to the American peo ple on the occasion of the sign ing of the peace treaty, made a plea for the acceptance of the treaty and the covenant of the league of nations without change or reservation. His mes sage, given out here by Secre tary Tumulty, said: "My fellow countrymen: The treaty of peace has been signed. If it is ratified and acted upon In full and sincere execution of Its terms, it will furnish the charter for a new order of affairs In the world. It Is a severe treaty In the duties and penalties It. im poses upon Germany, but it Is severe only because great wrongs done by Germany are to be righted end repaired;,.! imposes ' nothing that GdrrSany cannot do; and she can regain her rightful standing tn the world by the prompt and honorable fulfillment of its terms. And it is much more than a treaty of peace with Germany. It liberates great peo ples who have never before been able to find the way to liberty. It ends, once for all, an old and intolerable order under which small groups of selfish men could use the peoples of great empires to serve their ambition for power and dominion. It associates the free, governments of the world in a permanent league in which they are pledged to use their united power to maintain peace by main- talning right and justice. It makes International law a real ity supported by imperative sanctions. It does away with the right of conquest and rejects the policy of anenxatlon and sub stitutes a new order under which backward nations populations which have not yet come to po litical consciousness, and peoples who are ready for independence . but not yet quite prepared to dis pense with protection and guid ance shall no more be subjected to the domination and exploi tation of a stronger nation, but shall be put under the friendly direction and afforded the help ful assistance of governmf '.s which undertake to be respon- f slble to the opinion of mankind i In the execution of their task by I accepting the direction of the i league of nations. It , recognizes 4ha Inellanahla !crl O ft ntltinn. ality, tho rights of minorities and t ' 4Va ..nMltv nf follcrlnil hfllpf the sanctity of religious belief and practice. It lays the basis foiv conventions which shall free the commercial Intercourse of the world from unlust and vexatious restrictions and for every sort of, international co-operation that will serve to cleanse the life of the world and facilitate its com mon action in benefirent service, of every kind. It furnishes guar . antees such as were never given or even contemplated for the fair treatment of all who labor at, dally tasks of the world. "It Is for this reason that I Tiave spoken of it as a great charterfor a new order of af fairs. There Is ground here for deep satisfaction, universal re assurance and confident hope. (Signed) "WOODROW WILSON." SOLDIERS PASSING Fifteen Hundred Patted Through Mar . ket Street. Fifteen hundred soldiers of the 146th infantry, Thirty-seventh division, pass ed through Chattanooga Saturday at noon enroute from Camp Mills to Camp Travis, at San Antonio, Tex. There were three train loads of soldiers and between trains they were paraded through the main section of- the city. They have just returned from overseas. DECLINES TO CALL OFF Bala Kun Won't Stop Fighting Ru manians. Vienna, June 28. Bela Kun. the Hun garian soviet leader, refuses to hnlt military operations ngninst the Ruma nians until they retire and give him guarantee for the future, according to a Budapest dispatch today. CHINESP RFFURF TO SIGN PEACE TREATY Paris. June 28. The Chinese delegation to the peace confer ence officially announced t noon today that they would not sign the nrace treaty. An official Chlnexe xtatement will be Issued tonight. . I I I FREEDOM, FOR ALL, FOREVER ' Was the Goal Which Guided These Three Men at the World Peace Conference. 4' ' ,f ) LLOYD GEORGE, WOODROW WILSON AND GEORGES CLEMENCEAU, THE nJEN WHO MADE PEACE OF WORLD POSSIBLE. "When we went forth to war It was our solemnly expressed war-purpose to fight for Freedom, For All, Forever. We, together with the peoples of France, Great Britain, Canada, Italy and other allied nations, fought to make the world safe for democracy; to make of it a possible and fit place In which to live, work, and rear families." GERMANY CAPITULATES; PEACE TREATY 'REALITY Sarajevo's Tragedy of Five Years Ago Has Made Central Powers Suppliants. In Same Room Which Witnessed Arrogance of Bismarck and Von Mtltke, German Empire Accepted Fate Resulting From Junkers' Dream of World Dictatorship. . . (By John Edwin Nevin.) '. Versailles, June 28. (I. N. S.) Germany, capitulated -toddy. AJ a small table in the -center of the great Hall of Mirrors, the' chief room of the palace here, representatives of the German re public meekly accepted the peace terms which practically ends Germany as a world power, at least for many years. It was this same room which, "witnessed the arrogance of Bismarck and Von Moltke, and today the representatives of the defeated German empire accepted the fate which resulted from the junkers' dream' of world dictatorship. . , It is five years ago that the plotted assassination of the Aus trian Archduke Francis Ferdinand furnished the excuse Germany sought for starting the world conflict. Sarajevo's tragedy has made the great central empires suppliants. Fulfillment of Greatest Dream of History. The situation in Versailles today is the fulfillment of the greatest dream in modern history. Gathered around the historic hall were the representatives of every great nation in the world. Only the smaller neutral nations were missing. The fireat horseshoe-shaped table held the representatives of every power which banded together to stamp out militarism and absolutism from the earth. In tlie center of the great horseshoe sat Clemenceau, the French premier. At his right sat President Wilson. On his left was Lloyd George, the British prime minister. Across the room and just in front of the section reserved for the guests the Ger man delegates were seated. The contrast was very sharp. Prussian Arrogance ' Not Revealed. The old Prussian arrogance was not revealed by the members of the German cabinet who had assumed the duty of salvaging what was left of their country. . The seating arrangement of the delegates was as follows: On President Wilson's side of the table: Secretary Lansing, Col. House, Henry White, (Jen. Bliss, and after them the French, Italian, Belgian and Greek delegates. Swinging around the horseshoe were the Polish, Portu guese, Rumanian, Czecho-Slovakian, Siamese, Cuban and Chinese dole gates. At the left of Premier Lloyd George were the other representa tives, of Britain nd her dominions and the Japanese. Swinging around the coiner were tho representatives of Germany, Brazil, Bolivia, Uru guay, Peru, Panama, Nicaragua, Li beria, Honduras, Hayti, Guatemala and Ecuador. Marshal Koch was seated among the French delegates. He was not a peace plenipotentiary and did not sign the great document. Of the Italian delegation only three were present Baron Sonnlno, M. Imperial! and Crespl. The others had not arrived at a late hour. Paris -as en fete for the occasion. A holiday was proclaimed through out From every building hung the flags of the allied nations. Thou sands of persons in holiday attire gathered along the roads leading to Versailles. The streets, as usual, were heavily guarded by troops. Through packed lanes of humanity the delegations passed, 1 one by one, their motors flaunting the flags of practically all nations except tnosk which made up the central powers and the few neu trals not represented. The arrival of each delegation was heralded by a trumpeter. After be ing saluted the members were taken in charge by attendants and con ducted, to the places assigned for them. Shortly before 3 o'clock, motors left the palace in charge of the French military mission and went to the Hotel Reservoir. Here the Ger man delegates were taken in charge and driven back to the palace, where they waited in an anteroom -until the stroke of 3, when M. Martin, the master of ceremonies, directed that they be conducted to the Hall of Mirrors. German Delegates Last to Enter. The German delegates were last te enier the hall. Following their en trance came the German journalists, and were assigned to seats in the - 1 f MK rear of the press sections. M. Clemenceau opened the cere monies. The pen- used lo sign the documents was of gold, the gift of Alsace-Lorraine. It was made by an Alsatian soldier. On the holder were engraved the images of an Alsatian church tower, a bewhiskered poilu and a flying ar row, inscribed "June 28, 1919." Included in the Bistinguished guests' section were the four war premiers of Fiance who preceded Clemenceau Viviani, Ribot, Brland and Painleve. President Poincare ab sented himself for constitutional rea sons, sending the tickets for-the seats reserved for himself to his former njsoclatps. ffews Flunn to World by Wirelets. Immediately after the first signa ture was attached, the wireless on the Eiffel tower flung the news to the world. It was picked up by every wireless station in Europe and sa luted by salvos of artillery at every allied fortification. The Germans were first to affix their signatures to the treaty. It 'had pre viously been planned to have the Ger mans sign last, but this procedure was changed at ilie last moment. BLOCKADE TO BE LIFTED ON PEACE RATIFICATION OFFICIAL NOTICE GERMANS. GIVEN Hermann Mueller Stated That National Assembly Will Meet Next Week. (By Robert J. Prew.) Versailles, June 28. (I. N. S.) The economic and commercial block ade of Germany will be lifted as soon as her national assembly has rat ified the peace treaty. The German delegates to the signing were so no tified today by the allied powers. A letter from the conference was handed to the German delegates, giving official notification that the blockade terminates immediately upon the treaty ratification. Hermann Mueller, chief of the German delegation, said today that the national assembly would likely meet early next week, when it will duplicate its former action in direct ing the signing. Herr Muciler Is of the opinion that the treaty will be ratified immediately and by approxl mately the same vote as directed the signing in the first place. HOUSE CHEERS PEACE MESSAGE Loud Yells From Democratic Side Greet Announcement of Wilson's Signature., WASHINGTON PASSIVE Contrast to - Riotous Demon strations at Conclusion of Armistice. Washington. June , 28. (A. P.) Official Washington took the signing tt itm peace treaty calmly and quietly In marked contrast to the riotous demonstrations which greeted the an nouncemnet of the signing of the armistice, Congress was wholly without demonstration. In the 'sen ate President Wilson's address to the American people was read by Sen ator Hitchcock, senior democrat of the foreign relations committee, but It passed without comment. Hitchcock took the floor in tha midst of an appropriation bill de bate. Senators listened attentively hut no one made any comment. As soon as the reading was completed, discus sion of the appropriation measure was resumed. The house was not in session at the moment, not assembling until noon. The marine hand, serenading congress on the capitol plaza was the only sign of celebration. Diplomats keeping In close touch with tho state department, learned of the news as it ticked off the special wire to Versailles. Throughout the city there were no demonstrations whatever by men in the streets. Tho house received the president's address with more of a show of cele bration than did the senate. Presented by Democratic Floor Leader Clark, the address was read from the speak er's desk while the house stood and punctuated It with applause and cheers. Loud yells from the demo crat's side greeted the announcement of the signature, "Woodrow Wilson." Those Watching Irish Question. Some members of congress and others who are watching the Irish question, were particularly attracted to that portion of the president's ad dress In which he referred to "peo ples who are ready for Independence but. not quite prepared to dispense with protection and guidance" and that the treaty "recognizes the In alienable rights of the nationality." No one here ventured to Interpret what was In the president's mind when he wrote those passages, but they were scanned with much Inter est. Chairman Lodge, of the foreign re lations committee, and republican leader of the senate, also declined to comment. Senator McCumber, North Dakota, republican, of the foreign re lations committee, supporting the league covenant, Bald the announce ment of the signing was "good news." A movement has developed among republican senators for postponing the resolution by Senator Fall, re publican, New Mexico, to end the war by congressional action.. Chairman Lodge, Senator Fall and other mem bers of the committee and republican leaders held numerous conferences discussing procdure. Chairman Lodge also today, con tinued to sound republican sentiment on a definite future course of pro cedure by opponents of the league and on other features of the treaty. Fair, Says Billy Tossum. -n--v. ilicic Die Dlirn is. I tnat ma'te us t'W I happy, there are llJk I sites that make us' sad, but that ite against the car. barns is the vorst that could c had. Think of bearing Galll "urci warble vllih Tom Sel. nan's mules a .uaying near. ctr GO BACK ro bcloiuh! think of hearing lectures on aesthe tics with the air perfumed with beer. Tho weather: Generally fair and not much change In temperature to nlghj and Sunday. hunssign allied terms for: closing world war - ..'.. f-y:M;-" 1 1 . rT"'"' " Ceremony lal Versailles it 10:30 O'Clock, Wash- iAgtori Time, Consumed Few Minutes. T Teutonic Delegates First to Attach Signatures X to Covenant of Peace. Clemenceau Put Direct Question to Germans as to Their Willingness to . Execute Loyally All the Terms. , i Chinese 'f Absent, Declining to" Sign . J. I ; y ,Treaty-Cannon Booms ftews.' Washington, June 28. (A. P.) Signing of the peace treaty - was begun at 10:30 o'clock, Washington time. ' The official report to the state department said President Wilson sighed at 3:14 o'clock, Paris time;. ':', Y$,.- v : y - Dr. Herbert Mueller! and -Dr Johannes Bell signed or rminy;at3:15 o'clock: ; v:tl; .li.-the!&m'eric signing at 3 :15, immediately after President Wilson, the official report said. The order of signing after President Wilson was Lansing, White, House and Bliss. Smuts Signed Under Protest. Gen. Jan Christian Smuts, one of the dele gates representing the signed the treaty under protest. He objected to certain territorial settlements, and made a lengthy statement. Formally Ending Great War. ' Versailles, June 28. (OlKcial Report Transmitted From Hall of Mirrors to State Department.) President Wilson and the American delegation completed the signing of the peace treaty formally ending the world war at 3 :14 o'clock, Paris time. It also was signed by Dr. Hermann Muelle.r, at 3:12 p.m., and Dr. Johannes Bell for the Germans, at 8:13 o'clock. The American delegation signed in this order': Secretary Lansing, Henry White, Col. House and Gen. Bliss. The other delegations, headed by the British, signed after the American plenipotentiaries in the order set forth in the treaty. Premier Clemenceau put the direct question to the Germans whether they were willing to sign and execute loyally all the terms. The other delegates did not arise when the Germans came into the hall. The Germans, who were first to sign, did so at 3:13 o'clock. The American delegates came next, led by President Wilson. They were followed then by the plenipotentiaries of Great Brit ain, France, Italy and Japan. The representatives of the minor powers signed in alphabetical order. China's delegates did not attend the session, declining to sign the treaty because they were not permitted to make reservations. Booming of Cannon Tells New. At 8:41 o'clock cannon began to boom, announcing the com pletion of the ceVen,onv of signing. The signatures had not, how ever, as a matter of fact, then been completed, for at that time the smaller nations were still signing in alphabetical order. Ine proceedings .were formally closed at 3:19 o'clock Gen. Smuts said the indemnities stipulated could not be ac cepted without grave injuries to the industrial revival of Europe. He declared it would be to the interests of the allied powers to rnder the stipulations more tolerable and moderate. The protocol was signed by all those who signed the treaty. The Rhine arrangement was signed by the Germans, Americans, Belgians, British and French plenipotentiaries. All of the plenipotentiaries having signed the treaty, M. Clemenceau declared the session closed. (This dispatch was not timed at Versailles. It was received in Washington at 11 :20 a.m.) Premier Opened Session. Premier Clemenceau, in opening the ses.sion, said: "The session is open. The allied and associated powers, on one side,'and the German rcich on the other side, have come to an agreement on the conditions of peace. The treaty has been completed, drafted and the president of the conference has stated in writing that the text that is about to be signed now is iden ical with the 200 copies that have been delivered to the Ger man delegation. The signatures will be given now, and they amount to a solemn undertaking faithfully and loyally to execute the conditions embodied by this treaty of peace. I now invite the delegates of the German reich to sign the treaty." Little Joy or Exuberance. There was little of worldwide Joy or exuberance evidenced by the men who sat around the peace table. In the past it has been customary to exchange felicitations with the en emy delegations. Nothing of the sort was apparent today. It is generally accepted that the German national assembly will ratify the treaty at once In order that the nation may get back to a peace ba sis and endeavor to build un its eco Union of South Africa, I nomic life. The weather, which for the past fpw days has been cold and raw, moderated somewhat today, but was overcast at noon and accompnnled by a cold wind. Big Three Cheered by Thousands. As Trcmier Clemenceau, President Wilson and Tremler Lloyd George emerged from the palace the great crowd gathered outside swept aside (Continued on Page Three.) : 0 : . y: ' " - f V " y, y AC J - i ; v y.y; a , - " A: -f ;-yv;H A?? v H y?: My- 4- I I J lV - ,! ' ' . N J p - V ' "j ' r i 1 $ J , , , , j i h , " , 1 I N ' I ' f 1 - m --Jr , !-? y ' f f , s "w"'.' k 1 1 1 v, if ; y i WAR PROHIBITION WILL BE RIGIDLY ENFORCED Washington, June " 28. Wartime prohibition will be enforced after July 1, regardless of whether congress en acts enforcement legislation by that time unless the president intervenes with a proclamation calling off such prohibition Wayne R. Wheeler, gen eral counsel for the anil-saloon leigue announced this afternoon, after conferring with "dry" members of congress. The original war-time prohibition act carried ample penalties and Wheeler, and his associates will press for their rigid enforcement, it was stated. . "We can throv a man in Jail for selling ll(iior aftor midnight, June 30, without additional legislation," Wheeler said. "The original act pro vides one year's Imprisonment or $1,000 tine for selling beer, wine ,or other Intoxicating malt or vinous liquor." T A R N 0 PO L C A PT U RED Pole. Retreat From that City and Blody According to Copenhagen Dlipatch. London, June 28. rkrnlni;ins huve captured Ternopol and Urorly and the I oles are retreating, According to a Copenhagen dispntoh today. URGES WAR OF REVENGE "God Who Created Iron Doe. Not -Make Slave.," Motto of German Paper. Amsterdam. .Tune 2S. The German press is urging a war of revenue as soon as tho peace treaty Is RiKned. The Deutsche Zeitung deelnros: "I-'roni today on, we must arm. We must reppat dally, 'the God who crea ted Iron riots not make slaves.' " EIGHT GERMANS SHOT mid the London Pnily fxprrss.) Kipht Gorninnfl have brnn shot Hy British AntrifH fnmrdfnc the frontier, aocord- ing to a difipntch roach inir here todny. The Gcrmiins refused to halt nt tlio aeti tries' order and attempted flight. nit Hi wm umimini. APPRECIATIVE OF ACTS OF COURTESY AND FRIENDSHIP Paris, June 28. (A. P.) President Wilson today, on the eve of his departure from France, made the following statement: "As I look back over the eventful months I have spent In France my memory is not of conferences anil hard work alone, but aiso of innumerable actfi of generosity and friendship, which have made me feel how genuine the sentiments of France are towards the people of America, and how fortunate I have been to be the representative of our people In the midst of a nation which knows how to show us kindness with o much charm and so niuch open manifestation of what is in its heart. "Deeply happy n.x I am at tho prospects of Joining my own country, men again. I leave France with genuine regret, my deep sympathy for her people and belief in her future confirmed; my thought enlarged by the prlvllegi s of association with her public men, conscious of more than one affectionate friendship formed, and profoundly grateful for unstinted hospl- " taiity and for countless kindnesses which have made me feel welcome and at home. "I take the liberty of bidding France God-speed as well as good-by. end of expressing once more mv abiding Interest and entire confidence In her future. (Signed. "WOODROW WILSON." RED RIOT RUNS BOCHE CAPITAL Noske Trying Desperately to Check Flames and Save ' Nation Prom Chaos. j (By Alfred G. Andersen.) '- J Berlin, June 27. (Delayed.) (L NV S.) While Hermann Mueller and Dr. Hell are performing at Versailles the tnsk which they think will save Ger many from ruin, the elements work ing for the overthrow of the new government and the plunging of the nation into complete chaos are work-, ing full blast. ' The radical, reactionary movement for a counter revolution is growing in intensity and scope. Simulta neously Gustav Noske, minister of war, is working. desperately with all the power at his command to check the flames and to preserve the gov ernment. ! Last nlgnt-automobiles filled with police scoured Berlin, scattering re actionary circulars. It has been learned on good au thority that there is an organized movement afoot to enlist as private in a volunteer army thousands of ex-6111-ers. At the same time reports that the exrkalser is preparing to return to Germany are hailed with delight by the reactionary press. On the other hand it develops that the Berlin workmen's executive coun cil has been in intimate touch with the Hamburg uprising and working systematically for a counter revolu tion throughout Germuny: ; The effects of this are visible In the simultaneous uprisings. Liberation of Prisoners. I'arls. June 28. (Havas.) In the completed pence treaty signed today at Versailles, the newspapers say, were certain stipulations which it was hoped would hasten ratification of the treaty by the German natlona' assembly.