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THE CHATTANOOGA NEWS, CHATTANOOGA, TENN., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1920.
13 African Tribes Pleased at Overthrow German Masters New Political Lines Follow Native FrontiersBritish Get Cameroon. (London Timed.) Vith the coming into force of the peace treaty with Germany the new regime for the former German col onies gains the necessary tional sanctions. For the West Afrt C)..i colonies of Cameroon and Togo land. France and Great Britain ara made ;hc mandatories for the league of nations The greater part or Cameroon fall frontier being so drawn as to leave the main road to the north, by way of Bare, Bamum, Hanyo, Garua and Mora, In French hands. Though of Inconsiderable extent, the lirili.sh strip is of distinct value. It Is wid est at Its two ends. In the north, by Iake Chad, that part of the ancient Moslem sultanato of Bornu which Germany held Is Incorporated with British Bornu, a matter of much sat isfaction both to the Nigerian admin istration and to the shehu of Bornu. Interna- tne clliet non-Fula potentate of Ni sei i.i. More Interest attaches to the southern end of the Britist. strip, for it Includes the whole of the great Cameroon mountain (covering more than seven thousand square miles). n TTrn, 1 .1 -m ' a"'wi wasneti ny mo -1 tsOTiSrJSS 2 Its summit 13,000 feet above the German oolony as the result of ,the Agadir crisis In 1911. In the dis cussions as to the partition of the country between France and Britain, the only point at issue was the as signment of the Cameroon estuary with its port of Duala. The history of th estuary Is intimately asso ciated with British enterprise, and, after the conquest of Cameroon, Duala was at first administered by the British. But it was recognized that if France was to administer the bulk of the country she must also poss.ss its principal port of entry, and this was agreed to by the Brit ish negotiators. France, therefore, gains the whole Of the Cameroon estuary and nine tenths of the rest of the country, an area considerably larger than France Itself and rich in all "jungle" prod ucts. She obtains, too, a means of access to Central Africa, which, with a bold railway policy, should prove of great advantage. Great Britain's Share. Britain's share of the Cameroon consists of a strip of territory ex tending from the sea to Lake Chad, along the border of Nigeria, the new the sea the highest point of West Africa. Called by the natives the Mountain of Thunder, It is an active volcano, the last great eruption oc curring in 1909. Its exploration has been largely the work of pioneer Britons, Joseph Merrick, Kichard B'irton, Mary Kingsley, H. H. John son and Boyd-Alexander. On Its slopes is Buea, a well-planned town and sanatorium, which was the head quarters of the German administra tion, while the port of the region owes Its existence to British enter prise. An Early Mission Station. The coast lands at the foot of Mount Cameroon were formerly British. As long ago as 1837 a native chief ceded part of the district to the British, and there in 184S the Baptist Missionary so ciety established a station. Ten years later. On the expulsion of the Baptists from Fernando Po. Alfred Saker, the local head of the mission, founded in Ambas bay a settlement for freed negroes, which he named Victoria, and this has grown into a port of some consequence. And for three or four years after Ger. man sovereignty had been recognized In Cameroon, Victoria continued under British protection. The people, whose common tongue is pidgin English, have never forgotten the British connection FAMILY LIVES IN ARMORY COULDN'T GET A HOME MsWs1HsNEj8M HqBsIHHHIHBJHHBJMHBJPBsA KBBBBBBBSBlBBflMMMMMMMMBJHMVVBM MHgMK&MKH SSTtSBSlML ' JKmm iVLi 1 "afl ' 53'i'?'-, fi"" ifc HUmmmw. I jH IBSm .O.IbBBBBBBH BBBBBBBBP-U. SsHM BwHV -MjBb9rafssfl MB JAW 9cJHsSBJbl sVBsV gB TjmHFS CT"-"-"! HMbHbbB HKSsBaaaLVv a BBBB Sj sGHMH Wi SL vB9fl bbVABBBBBBbvBBrt xHSPUl BBfiLJk bb rV liP i BfcjMaT BMBaBM-BMlB''lifa, ..jdU i"i 5 Hg$ """""Gtss New York. Plenty of money, but no place to sleep. So they just went to live In the armory of the Twenty- second regiment! That is what happened to the Fichtman family of seven, all be cause their landlord didn't like chil dren. The court granted them fifty days to find a new home, but effort! failed. So the Klchtmans l'a Sid ney Kichtinnn, Ma Fichtman and the children Mildred, ll; Adrian, 9; Audrey, 6; Clayton, 3, and Robert) I months, atfer trying to get Into the Salvation Army, the V. M. C. A. and the Y. M. H. A., and Applying to the mayor's committee and the police finally wound up in tho armory. They'll live their until n homo is round. SAYS SLAVERY ON PLANTATION COLD AND COUGH FOLLOWED "FLU" Improvement at Once When Lung-Vita, Which Is Now Called L-V, Was Used. "For several years I suffered from frequent and severe colds. Last fall I was a victim of the "flu" and it was followed by one severe cold after another, and a cough, says Mrs. C. D. Johnson, 1015 W. 6th St., Little Rock, Ark. "Jtirt before Christmas, 1918, I' had an awful cold and had coughed and it seemed I could not get any relief. Having heard of Lung-Vita, which Is now called L-V, I got a bot- port, Lome, was created, railways were 'tie and began using it. I Improved at1 built. and a fnlr trade developed once and in a few days the cold was broken and cough gone. I continued using the medicine and now I am entirely free from colds." Lung-Vita, which is now called li-V, will also free you from oolds. Take a bottle home tonight and give It a trial. Your druggist should han dle it, but if he won't supply you write Nashville. Medicine Co., Nash svllio, Tenn.. for free booklet ofthrssroriersa'anrGreXu; Pictures of Olden Days Dram and of Consuls Hewett and Johnson. . ,, n - . . ... .. aucauy raimea in wru The attribution of their country to Briton is welcomed as a return to the happier days, before the arrival of the Germans. Searching for a spot along the Guienea coast where he might plant the Ger man imperial flag. Nachtlgal came in the summer of 1S84 to that old haunt of slavers, the Togo lagoon, where Bremen merchants had trading stations. It was the only spot between Cape Verde and the Niger not claimed by some Euro pean power, and it WW Jammed In be tween the Gold coast and Dehoniey. The Togoland Division. The Germans in consequence could only obtain for their new possession a coast line of thirty-two miles. They claimed a cast hinterland, but these claims were stoutly resisted by Franco 'i lid Kngland. and suffered a great re duction. Hut eventually an area about tne size of Ireland was gained, a new of Habeas Corpus. DENIED BY PLANTER For COUGHSartd COLDS (Adv.) though the good will of the natives was never gained for good reasons. Conquered by Anglo-Fi e.nch forces in the tirst month-of tne war. Togoland now formally passes into their control as mande lories of the lencue of nations. The colony has been divided hetween France and Great Britain, something less than a third falling to Britain. French Benefit, Too. Here Britain acquires Vendi. an Im portant market tow n on tho trade route between the Gold coast and Ashantl and the Niger regions, and a place much frequented by llausa traders. Tho French gain the whole of the coast of Togoland. witli the ports of Lome (h'therto provisionally adminis tered by the Gold coast government), Segura ard Little I'ono (Aneeho): the existing railways, and a new route to the Niger. A linking up of the railway to Atakpame with the Dahomey rail ways will greatly enhance the value of Lome. Special for Saturday Every Serge Dress in the Mouse Saturday $ 1 4.95 These Dresses formerly sold for $35. One lot of Sample Dresses and Silks, value to $25.00, for $ 1 4.95 L All Men's and Women's Shoes at a 25 Discount We are now showing a full line of new Spirng Oxfords Abe Shoenig Co. 266 .Main St., Corner Mitchell A picture of the slavery days of old when negroes were held In bond age and slavery on the cotton plan tations of Dixie was pictured in a writ of habeas corpus which was heard in criminal court Friday morn ing seeking the release of John M tickle, colored, formerly of Ogle thorpe county, Georgia, but later of Chattanooga. It was charged in the petition which was filed through Muckle's attorney, J. Walter Peake, that In reality there was no charge against Muckle, but that his return to Georgia was for the purpoKe of making him spend the rest of his days in slavery and peonage on the 5,000-aere plantation of a. T. Dunna way, a wealthy planter, of south Georgia. The petition charged that the plantation of Dunnaway was a harboring and Imprisoning place for colored people and thai they were held there and made to work against their will and wishes. It further charged that immorality existed on the place between the white men and the colored women and that many of the latter were mothers ol babies by the former. In contrast the picture of the plan tation as painted by Its owner, who had accent panted Deputy shtriir T. J. Irwlrrnere to take back Nfuckle, was one of prosperity, happiness, freedom, nnd later In life, ease and luxury for its colored renters and dwellers. Dunnaway stated that many of the negroes who worked on tho farm nossesseil automobiles. homes and substantial bank accounts and Ipend their days In nccumulat- I ing and their nights in laughing at the high cost of living which was i at present the world's greatest prob lem. Dunnaway denied that any negro lor negTOee were held against their i wishes on the plantation nnd that, everybody on the place worked at his own will and his liberty at any time was his t" do as he pleased. Dunna way stated that the negro Muckle (lid not work for him. had not worked for him and. in the event he wcnl back to Georgln, should not work for him. llo stated he was Interested in the prosecution of Muckln only for the reason that Muckle had shot at one of Ids employes and he wanted I the negroes on bis plantation to know that the quietness, serenity and hnrmnny on the place could not be disturbed by an angry negro armed with a pistol nnd murder In ; his heart. Dunnaway stated that Monroe Cox, the prosecutor In the case, was an employe of bis and he wanted his as sailant punished, and for that reason I came here nnd employed T. Dope Shepherd to look after Ills Interests. The officer who came for Muckle was armed with greetings In the form of requisition papers from Hon. ! I Hugh M. Dor Say, governor of Geor gia, to Hon. A. H. Huberts, governor I ff Tennessee, After listening atten- I lively to all the evidence In the esse Tudge tfcReynolda decided against Muckle and he is now "Georgln bound." None of the various plana offered to the committee for reorganization of the army was adopted by the commit tee. Instead the committee report, as submitted by Mr. Kalin, pointed out the national defense act of 1SI15, was used as the wording basis, the new law be au: a revision of the old one. Extensive as are the changes made, aid Mr. Kahn's report, "they alter In no mnterinl re.nert the milltitrv MVstem fiatAhllKhcd I V Hie mlllmull defense Met 1 but merely make those changes In de tails, which the lapse of time and the experience of the war have shown to be necessary. No mention of universal military training la made in the report, but Chairman Kahn announced be sgpected to appoint tomorrow the subcommittee which will Investigate all questions of a training scheme, and frame the .sepa rate bill to be Submitted on this sub ject. The committee, to be composed of seven members, will include a ma jority of supporter! of universal training. HOUSE ARMY BILL CALLS FOR FEWER OFFICERS Washington. Feb, 27. Right thousand fewer army officers than asked for by he war flepa rt ment are provided by the house nrntv reorganisation bill, fomally presenter) yesterday by Chalr- inn Knlin. of the military committee. Reductions in 'he number of officers vere mnde In every bra neb of service, 'nit the sharpest cut wns for the nvln tlon service, which received only l.ill ,f the 4, lee asked In SfJ, the flepa rt uent sought :'fi.K'' officers nnd the house committee granted 1T,S2'I. TIE-UP MAY RESULT IF WOMEN ARE DISMISS!: J Washington, Feb. 27. A tie-up ol railrngd lines between St. Loulg and Chicago Is threatened as a result of the action of tin Illinois Terminal aompanj in notifying all women employes In Its ofltres at Alton, III., that their serv ices will not be neeiled fter March !. Most of the women given notice are members of the llrollierhhod of Rail- road ClerKS, The grand lodge officers of the organization now meeting here are taking up their ease and may notltv the company thai ail union employes will stop work if the women are dis missed. Officials: of the organisation stated today that the Union would not stand for sex discrimination. R. R. STRIKE BELIEVED REVOLUTIONARY MOVF Paris, Feb. 27. The government believes that the railway strike Is the result of a revolutionary conspiracy! said an official statement this after noon. M. Hteeg, minister of the In terior, Is considering the making of wholesale arrests among the leaders. The declaration that the strike Is a revolutionary movement was made by IYemler Mlllerand In the cham ber of depul les. "I notify you that the government Intends to combat this movement," said the premier. "It Is all very well for the railway men to maintain their Solidarity, but no organization has n l ight to rise ngainsl the nnt ion 'In terests. "The country may rest assured that food win be transported for the feeding of the people." ELK IN DEATH STRUGGLE IN BARBED-WIRE FENCE Piorro. S. 1) . Veh. 27. (I, N. ft.) I WliiiKt' hi hiiniTonn Imttkn with I t 1 buffalo nnd n.n ipn nf Its own k I ml. Dllr, Mtlg of Scotty PhllMp'f hold for mor (luui dfeClkdC, recently fOUCh t It a inut ItJittln, mid a barb0 Wire friirp w a the victor In n tltlff" gl to the dean. Kvldrntly taking i HlHllkf to th hrftvy who (attcfl ufTOuntUni ftp Diimpft ranch, thi alh attempted n don r it Ihii f a i it ii, and inndori aQuaraty on t ho inarp bn rij if lha toptnoal wtro. Aftar a ton ihio itntavU Lba jiiiimtt! ton? Itaalf Iboaa, hut dlad of Ita w (Hindu. SENATE BILL PROVIDES PEACE WITH RUSS S0VIE ay gab inaton , Fob. 27 Batahltahmanl of friendly rHotlonn with tho ovit Ruaaia lOTdrnmant "d tha removal of nil AmprirMii troop from that COtMa try, Is provivrd In n resolution Intro ducfd In the norm! lod"y hy Srnutor Branca, republican of Maryland HELGOLAND NO LONGER MILITARY IMPORTANCE Island Stands Today Disman tled Hulk of Its Former Power as Barrier. Herlin, Fob. L'7.- Helgoland--two years ago Cermany's most Impreg nable barrier against allied sea power Is today a dismantled hulk of no military importance, The island it self, surmounted by tons of masonry and Ingeniously constructed gun em placements, is all that remains. Qertneni concerned in the destruc tion of tho toilless declare another even years' work will be necessary to complete Helgoland's "demobilisa tion." Work has been In profrOM for over a year. All the guns have been dismantled, but the destruction of the harbor works and oilier fortl flcatloni on the Island Is proeoedlmr. This stronghold was built at a cost of more than 1175,000,000, but lis Blighty guns tired only once thfOUfh- MORE ABROAD THAN HERE Wash in Stan, reb. 27. Living costs have advanced more In six foreign countries since lull than In tlje Unitea States, according to comparisons of re t nit food nitres In nine countries In cluding America ut (la war, The British warship I IVINf! fKTi AIWANCF Shannon was tha tai-Mt The Island , LIT lllU lUJID fllUfnIHti olaved a negative part In the defense of tho r.erman coast, probably be cause nllled experts agsen It would have been impossible to silence lta batteries. The foundation of th1 harbor, which Is about 800 yards in length and GOO yards wide, consist of huge blocks or concrete. All these have to lie destroyed. The ground on Which the barracks stand, to rerlalm which from the sea n multitude of Hermans worked for years ut a cost of $5,000, 000, is to be returned to -the sea. Everything In the defenses of Hel goland is worked by hydraulic power. The water necessary for tho defense and sanitary purposes is drawn by huge pumps from fifty feet below sea level. The subterranean gnllei u s. which are electrically lighted, are re garded by military men its "wonder works." Although the QertttJUM considered tho secret of Helgoland had been kept Inviolate, It is now revealed that a Hiitish naval officer, posing as an American student, saw nil the forti fications in inn. I be bureau of labor statistics, in Austra lia and New Zealand however, the ad vance was less than In this country. Taking July 1914 as the base ot bureau shows that the retail prices or tbe principal food articles In the Unitea States had Increased by Htf per cent, in September, 1919, compared with ao vances of llf. per cent. In Great Brlttan and 91 per cent. In Canada during tbe made public today ny same period. CARRANZA BLAMED FOR STARVING CONDITIONS WjishliiKton, Fob. 27. Women children of Mexico City atarvad arnati tha Carrania Mvarntnajnt roroad tha rVmaHcan Had Croat to laava the city noon after tha present reaimw took eharfa thai. Sidney s. oonajar. Praa hyterlan minister forme i ly tattoQad In IsfaxloOi today toid the enate commit tee InyentlKntinR Mexican conditions. COTTON SELLS $1 A POUND .Savannah, Feb. '11. Sen Island cot ton in selling herS at fl a pound, the different grades of the staple bringing the highest price In the history of tbe Hade Quotations of the three to sis grades today were as follows: Fancy, ft; extra choice, 95c to t choice, 95c to JI. Members of Chamber Commerce Send in your fifteen nominal Ions Sr director at once. - ( Vdv ) IS YOUR WILL MADE AND YOUR EXECUTOR NAMED This Is a very important question Indeed and unless you can an swer It In the affirmative, you are endangering the best Interests of those whose happiness Is yours. Whether your estate Is large or of moderate size, the appointment of our well equipped and ably masiaged Trust Department aa your BmcutM will afford you the satisfaction of knowing that those whom you wish to benefit from your estate will do so to the fullest extent. Consultations are Cordially Invited Hamilton Trusts Savings Bank LOCATION, CORNER MARKET AND MAIN STREETS BRANCH BANK, ROSSVILLE, GA. Resources FOUR MILLION DOLLARS GiveYourSkin A Chance! A fin and toll sign it th4srr (initiation uf beauty. ' Strong alkali aeapa will ruin any akin. The aoap you uae must hint of all be a gtntlr but thor ough cleamer. It must health fully relaic lha porea so that the impurities they collect can bo easily dissolved and wsshed out. Thin sweetly describes Pslmer's SKIN-SUCCESS Sosp. Its use will be a revelstion to your akin and lomplesion. Ah yoar Dfsr. lanager Chattanooga Branch 1 :mY'S jSmmrmT' '"' M 3818 ; Chattanooga, Trim - - Sold by Leading Dealer Lf Jllglltlltllillllf llllllltf lilt Ifllltlggf llllllf lltlllllll IIIIIllllllItllllffllftlllllflltfirftflfllllilIlllfllllllflIllllllllltllJlftlllffllllllll(ftflflJftfllMllfttlllllilfllll gfttglflltlfff JrgffaTnr4sftd4 SKIN-SUCCESS SOAP SKIN-SU(XE.SSOitn2S. J t,H Aim linuMeft, ipUorw, wuuud, HI ( X 111. SI l( ( rss i.l.U. 2V YtH ISMSSSBSSSSS bl'-l The Mofs IHuS Cm.. Bl,Hr. N Y. Best Comp. Lard Hulk, lb 28. 1 lb. pail. $1,10 h lb. pmH ft... Cottolene 1 Hi. puils ll.Sfi 8-11). pmili $'J.ii.'i Good Coffee Oraitl Of (frfiimil ,'i ."ii Florida Cabbage 2 lbs. fur lie 4 Him. for L'ui- Another Car Fine Bananas on Sale Saturday. The 33 Red Stores "Where They Sell For Leee" Use Cocoanut Oil For Washing Hair . i If yon want to Keep your hnlr In sood condition, be carsral what you iviiwh It with. Mf.st KOaps Urd prrpnreil bnmpoos contiln too tniith alkali. Thie drla the eoalp. ninkrn the b.iir brittle, nnd in very harmful. Mulaitltd roronnut oil nhampoo (whlrh in pure and en- tirely l estSSssS ) is miirli bettesT tlMUli itnythlns lae you ran U"e for ehain-i nootntT, thin ran t ponibly Injure the hair. Simply molfttn your hair with I water and rub It in. One or two ti sUMOBi ul" will make an abundant1' tt rich, rrramy Inth'r. anil rleanara Iho hair and ernlp thornushly. The' lather rlnaea out eanily. nnd removes' SVefy partlile of dust, dill, dandruff! and rxo ndv oil. The hair sMCS) cpilrkly and vcnly. and It leave H fine and allky, bright, fluffy and easy! . to manasre. Tou ran sref Mtilslft'd roroanilt oil ! shampoo at most any drus storr. It' I Is very rbeop. a nil a few oun M I enouch to last everyone In the family I for months (Adv.) TEST THEM AGAINST ANY TRUCK TIRE IN THE WORLD Republic Truck Tires After a careful test during the past year that the REPUBLIC TRUCK TIRE not only tfave better service but gftfttly reduced truck upkeep THE ANSWER RESILIENCY Ask n User Chattanooga Rubber Tire Works ti29 Broad Street Phone Main 2231 Beautiful -to ,New Spring Suits- Look at Our Line of Coats Dresses A Big Assortment of Beautiful Blouses The Very Latest in Colors and Styles Silk Underwear, Hosiery and Corsets .iiiilliiiiiiiuiHiiii'(i;it':iiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiiiiiiMiiiii!iii:iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiliiiiiiiiiiiii!i