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THE CHATTANOOGA NEWS: CHATTANOOGA, TENN., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1920.
CHATTANOOGA NEWS By The Chattanooga Ntwa Co. Oaorga F. Milton, prealdant and edl. tor; Waltar C. Johnaon, vice-president and .general manager; Oaorga F. Milton. Jr.. eecretary; Qua S. Currier, treaa urar; w. Allan Klndei, bualnaaa man ager; J. B. Clark, managing editor. Kntered at P. O, aa accoml-vlaaa mall. Katea by eubacrlptlon: Single copy, I centB. B.v carrier: One week, 15c; one month, (Be. Vy mall: One month, 50c; three inontha, $1.15; elx months. $2.Btl; nn venr. 15 In vi.n, s nn nnrl ixvn rtr Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. In ju'ni of n oi'.i ml izcliiciit RDUt'B .irt" IU i .Ki'l rnit'B will ll on application. AN INDIAN LEAGUE OF NATIONS. The oli, time-honored "l fr.yed-at-tbe-elbowi ntluge tlmt "there in nothing new under the sun hul better he brought into play ngnin, for the seientists of the Smithsoniiin institute have dis covered thnt there was n lusty and fully-developed league of na tions existing in the new world in the sixteenth eentury. In an intensely interesting account of this association, the scientists have shown that the thought of perennial peace is no new "ism," hut is something that is basic in the hitman heart There have been many European leagues ostensibly with this pur nose, but most of them have used it us a cloak to mask the true MEMBER OF ASSOCIATED PRESS. The AsHocla'ea Preas la exclusively untitled to use for republication all news dispatchra credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and alto the local news published herein. All rlKhts of republication or special Ulapatchen herein lire also reserved. MEMBER ASSOCIATED NEWS PAPERS. Subscrlbor to International Newsserv ice nd Newspaper Enterprise Asaoc'iiitlon. W.I DEPENDENTS OR PARTNERS? It Is. probable that the Monroe doc trine has not been omitted from among the toi lea discussed by Mr. Harding and the older statesmen, though Its llill HI L.ll- II' l'il..inui . to be one has not been the subject of aiair.jnt. For tl.n time hclng. It Ins been obscured by oilier problems. There Is still a disposition, however, in some rpinrters to grow hysterical when this Vfnonible feature Of our foreign policy, now Hearing Its centennial, is under consideration. Hut there HI'S abundant reasons for regarding It as now of much less urgency than when It was promulgated. Kor one thing. Latin American coun tries havo never taken very kindly to the Idea of such a protectorate aa Is Implied In our conception of the Mon roe doctrine. They more than half suspect that, since they aro not con aulted about It, that It Is our interest. not theirs, which Is intended to be pro moted by It. We have never cultivated thdn as we have the struggling coun trleg of Europe and Asia. We have, for Instance, exhibited much more In. terist In assuring and safeguarding the rights of Armenia and Jugo-Slavla than In those of Mexico or Colombia. Our charity has confessedly not been con spicuous for bexinnlng near home. We believe there Is room for great Improvement in our relations with our oufhern neighbors. We oufcht to mod--iftfm 10 somo extent, our critical atti tudes toward them. Differences of ra cial viewpoint, of course, afford oppor tunity for misunderstanding, as is seen In the relations between England and Ireland, but these need not be exagger ated. There art many reasons which suggest intimate understanding and close co-operation among American peoples, but no Justification for a state of Jealousy and potential enmity. If. In preserving the Monroo doctrine, It Is our purpose to promote the Interests of, our neighbors, we ought to Invite tnetn to make It a mutual policy. Moreover, our professions and mani festations of friendship for our American neighbors should exhibit more of the genuine and less of Phari saical characteristics. In oirrrlne; thorn assistance, we ought not to tiek con trol over them. There is good ground for believing that their reelings toward us would be much more cordial if we should manifest a willingness to treat them more as equals than dependents and underlings. Our commercial Inter, oourse would also be greatly facilitated In commenting on our lukewarm atti tude toward Latin America aa revealed In our exclusive conception of the Mon roe doctrine, the Houston Chronicle, a few days ago, said In part: "Why not be consistent throughout t'.jo gamut of human relations? Why not regard Its human interests Just as Intimately associated with our own as Its political or commercial Interests? "If Its governments need our protec tion don't Its children? "Is it surprising thst the chamber of commerce of Mexico City should won der why we do so much for the unfor tunates of Europe and so little for those closer at home? Is It surprising that tills perfectly natural wonderment ahould lead to the thought that wo are fnggrtful of our nearest neighbors and that the only possible reason must be a dislike for them? "Olmrlty Is a wonderful thing, but dangerous If too selective "Why are we ao generous toward some and so hard toward others? It Is our privilege, of course, but is it wise? Isn't our obvious discrimination some what responsible for the lack of fellow feeling between ourselves and Latin America?" However, the Indian tribes of the eastern part of un'discov- ered America came to the conclusion, after many bloody wars, thai peace and concord was the ideal" state. They proceeded to pul their theory to the test, and formed a league of nations, the word ing of whose constitution has been discovered today. In it ran tnesc words: l lie tree t Humanity, rooted in tne nroad plain 01 peace, with its roots outili i tched to the four corners of the earth, WOll I'd be the outcome of the project. The ofliee of president, or guiding ruler, went in rotation among the head chiefs, and while an Indian was at the helm he was to be held in veneration and" was considered a son of God. The pact provided penalties to be assessed against the various tribes for offenses which Jiad previously sent the same tribes to war with their neighbors. There is no word of concerted action against a war-maker in the document, os it seems to have, been t ho uuh I t hat wit h the lea true there was no possibility of war. A nil, truly, it appears that the tribes which made this interesting agree ment lived in harmony and concord with each other until the white man came and began his four centuries' sequestration of their land, Even in their wars against the white man, the Indians gave several splendid instances of the way in which they kept their agreements. The way they treated Sir William I'enn when lit: first settled bis little colony on the banks of the Delaware river, and James Oglethorpe's later dealings with them in Georgia, in dicated that the thought of peace and concord, even with the greedy while man, was not absent from the Indian breast. It is a rather curious parallel, the Indian league and that of today, in both cases, the 'danger to the league came from those without, and not within. In the Indian ease it was the white man just coming to American shores; today it is again the same white. American, joined with that motley crew of German, bolshevist, Mexican and Turk, outside the league of nations, who form the chief cause for anxiety as to the success of the latter-day league. Why not take n leaf from the Indians' book, and on our own part erect a "tree of humanity on the broad plain of peace, with its roots outstretched to the four corners of4he earth"? What finer thing could come to the twentieth century world of Chris tians than the re-establishment of this old "heathen" league? UFayette, We Are Still Here! By DR. FRANKE CRANE. 1 ,,; 1 (Copyright.) 1 Any porsun who judges America by its political acts is mistaken. To understand America one must realize that It is a vast beehive of people who are attending to their own business. They want as little government as possible and what they do they do (or themselves and do not expect officials to do for them. It must not, therefore, be understood that the real America is holding aluof from Kurope and its distress, us our political acts might indicate. Especially Is this true in the case of our relations with France. America and France havo always been sweethearts. France whs the nation most deeply injured by the iron heel or German militarism. It will take at least ten years to repair the physical damage done by the terrific Prussian onslaught. Heven per cent, of the totul area of France has been desolated. The report of the American committee lor devastated France says: "In this territory most of the fields arc still desert wastes run oi shell-holes, the farm houses ure ruined, the prosprous industrial cen ters and villages completely destroyed. More than 600,000 wrecked bouses were counted in this region. Furthermore, of the 1,500,000 Frenchmen who died in the war 600,000 were men of the devastated districts." The committee above mentioned Is now at work in a campaign to raise. $l,Lri0,O00 In the United Slates to assist Deioveo r ranee to re cover from her terrible wounds. This sura Is needod in tne vast worn of reconstruction, such as supplying hospitals, work-rooms, looms and sewing machines; suplles of live stock, tools, seed, building materials, Olothing, etc.; loans of money to the farmers and merchants to help them to their feet; schools of manual training and domestic science; transportation; rebuilding of homes, schools and churches; food and care for I lie children. One of the most affecting problems is that of tne cnnarcn. me four years of terrible privation have (lone mem mnnue usnu, The agents of the American committee are at worK especially on the problems of the Alsne and are doing everything humanly possime to restore trlS region which has been seared and scarred by war. This committee asks and ought to receive the neip oi every ausrr Hv hnti nnl hardened Ills lienrt. ...I. MUO.i J .. .. ... -,.n n Yon can send n vour colli rllml ions, no mnw " ' aian mr 1- "111. Joseph R, Swan, treasurer, 140 Broadway, New iora nj. ' . , . . ili.. tun rrf , , t' A rt w V "A star of the American flag became detached and Is fixed above Iho Alsne, By its light we live." , CONDITIONS AFFECTING ROADS. Itocelvorshlp nf the "Tan" ratlroail, It aoema, la not an innliif vl Instance. It la merely ono of numerous symp tom which Indicate that perfection linn not been reached In leslslnflnn provid ing for the operation of American rail ways. The roadn of New BnglSIMI are In a bad way and nppnrcntly are un able) to earn a profit on their coat, laolated Instanced over the country ex hibit slmllnr conditions, There la no Uniformity. Some innilH are doing well, WrnlS others are hinxulNhlnK. There la one road In Tenneanee which haa been in financial dtffloultlsa alnco It began operation many years ago. There Is around for believing, as some one recently Initiated, that we have carrlad our Standardisation pro gram too far. Unless the roads are actually united lii an operating system or systems, It Seems Impracticable to prescribe uniform conditions on all of them. Itatca of service cl arges which would bo remunerative In one Instance Would not prove ao In another. And, on the other hand, rates of pay to em ployes which could well be afforded hv the stronger ruula run not be paid by the lesa prosperous. 'The obvious deduction seems to be that differentiations must be allowed If all roads are to coiitlnuo operations. Blither this, tha combination of the Kadj Into aone systems or government ownership. Which do you prefer? The operation nf railroads la not an aca demic proposition It la vital to the prosperity of the country. It Is better to adjust conditions an aa to permit a service, less than the best than to sus pend operations. The Kach-Cummlns law Is by no means the ultima '.luilo of railroad legislation. regaining Its efficiency. If peaceful conditions could be more thoroughly restored and war preparations aban doned, the Improvement would neces sarily become morn pronounced. If the large volume of our foreign trade In to be maintained, however. It Is Inevita ble thnt Imports and exports shall more nearly balance each other. In order to sell, we must also buy. Remember the Filipinos Daily Editorial Digest Are ther enough law-abiding cltl gens in New York to overcome the crooks? Senator W'udsworth Is aald to have obtained consent of hla mind tcr a woman to be appointed to the cabinet. It la hardly probable that bolshevik gold wij be rejected In England be cause it la tallied money. As a Christmas proverb, the Jackson ville Tltneu-Union euggcsla that "by their proteins shall yo know thorn." Jarige Joel U, Fort suggests the pes. alMiliy of the legislature's getting along wilfc fewer engrossing clerks. De Valera atlll remains in "hiding." They are probably tniw looking for him on be othc.r aide. OSe trouble '.n the way of appointing Senator Shields or anybody else to the anprenie bench is that lucre are no vacancies. THAT ELUSIVE EARTHQUAKE, A few days ago, seismographs In this Country recorded quite a Violent dis turbance of the earth's surface such ni usually attends earthquakes and vol canic upheavals, but up to Ilia present time, no community In the world has reported the experience of such a vis itation. No earthquake has been other wise beard from, and an far as super ficial observation goes, the old world i Is Jogging along about as usual. What is the explanation? Has thS seismo graph perpetrated a hoax a false alarm.' Nut ninny think so, but If not, where was the earthquake? That Is what SOlentlStS are trying to tin. I out. A plausible explanation of tills un usual phenomenon is that the earth quake, or whatever convulsion It was, OOOurrad In a part of the earth's sur face which Is under the sea. ThS agi tation of (lie seismographs Indicated that tho disturbance was a long way off, and since It has not been located) the conclusion SSSlnS justified that it was under the sea. Ilul this makes the riiest nil the more Interesting, Has a SOtton i'T till' ocean bed subsided to a greater depth, or haa nature under, taken the erection of a mountain chain in mldooean? There ere Islands in the sea which are thought to have been thrown up hv volcnajc upheavals, and Volumes have been writien abOUl a fa bled continent of Atlantis Iweli Is sup posed to have disappeared lu the At lantic Was the recent manifestation another effort at reconstruction of the raith e surface? It may h. ;p some simply fur congress to remain on the Job. The people maj get the Impression thiit it la trying to do eomvthlng. The newly-enacted home rule bill for Ireland, like that of 1914, la to tie kept In a state o( suspended animation pending developments. Responding to the suggestion that the government poison alcohol In order to denature It, It Is Insisted that some body beat the government to it long ago. Bometiody arises to remaik that no Tenneaaee republican has been sum moned to Marlon. la Mr. Hunting m by of the hungry clan aa is Uncle Alfred? An Alabama man met a Memphis youth In Little Ilock. The boy waa "broke" and the Alabaman staked the boy for a ticket and meala to hi home town. Arriving in Memphis, the young fellow hunted up an acquaintance and , between them held up and robbed hie j gl.3 FOREIGN TRADE SITUATION. . BxporU from the United ItStSS tor the month of November dropped off St,000i9M ss compared with October, while the decrease of Imports una about I1J.000, which la it relative gain of ISO, 000,000 for Imports, The balance of trade In f:ivor of this country, which has gradually declined tine year, ly compared with last, is et targe boas ever, ami it is now believed it wlllreach a total nl more than H,W0i0dv,00S for the current yeai The export total will not fall fat shori o l,(MM,fM00S Tha gradual cbeeklttg of the export gemand is traceable to two or three separate cauaea, tine of these Is the slow recuperation ol Europe's ability to supply lu own needs, while another, parhariS mote potent, U th.. diving up ol (oaefcgn credit reaourcee, Thai there would have bean greatei foreign de mand for American food products, if there bad been ability la buy. Is Indi cated by the fait thai famine rondl lions ait pievalllng In huge areas of both Burope and Asia. Still another : 'nig inllueiice Is seen in unset tled conditions In Itussla and the (ol -nu i i i in i it I empires. It in believed tii.it imports for the year iii show a gain of something like "Hi. wbKIl also llldleatea Unit Kliinllk'Ht In ' 1)1X1 )V Is t less! oslhlbllv SPAIN AND THE LEAGUE. One of the lesser results of the as sembly meeting at Qeneva was the par! that Spain assumed there; her strong position in the debates and her ataotlon to a membership on the league council hns brought her once moro Into prom inence as a world power. For the InRt decade the kingdom of Alfonso has been regarded an more or less decadent. Her unfortuiinte war with thin nation, with Its resultant lop ping off of her last links of overseas empire, made her quiescent In the In ternational realm for years. Tempo rarily active at the time of the Moroc can disputes in 000-7, sho again lapsed thereafter. i The world war Strengthened Spain tremendously, however; not drawn In on either side, despite skillful maneu VSrlngS of both allies and central powers, she nold to both as long as able, and to the allies throughout the war. Her factories worked overtime, and her bank balances grew tremendously. At the close of the war, Spain, Switzer land and Holland were In commanding economic positions. The Impetus that Spain received during the war sho lias nut lost. At this assembly meeting there was scarcely an Important debate In which Qulnones He Leon, her ambassador to I'arls, did not take part. Ho wan a bald worker and forceful speaker; other gpaallll-Speaklna states combined with Spain, and there waa quite a debute over making Spanish one of the offi cial languages of the league. It was finally voted down, hut not before many graceful ti Unites to Spain's present po sition In tho world had been paid. It may be that after four centuries of progressive deoay, Spain is again re surgent; her economic progress, her advance In cultural nnd social lines Is remarkable, it la indeed doubtful if after Alphonso s death, alio remains a monarchy, so strong in the republican spirit in her realm. At any rale, Spain Will be Worth watching the next twenty years. THE PLYMOUTH CELEBRATION. Three hundred years of American progress were signalised yesierday by the OOremOnleS formally observing the tercentenary of the landing of the PH. grlins at Plymouth, Dec. II, 1820, As anticipating this culmination or the celebration of the event, exercises had already been previously held at Plym outh. England, and Leytlen, Holland, which plan's were points In the pil gi Imago to the final permanent settle ment In Massachusetts. No original element in America's cos mopolitan population hag left a more lusting Impress upon the times and oountry than have those whose Aral settlement was commemorated yester day. They came to a wilderness in or der that .hey might be free to worship fjod according to their own light, and they made it rejoice ami blossom as the rose. Tbry laid broad and deep the foundation upon Which the stalwart American character has been bullded, While there has been a mellowing ot the ruggednesK Ol the Hails of the New Btlgland fathers In Its diffusion among the masses, Us characteristics ftava been by no m When President Wilson, In bin mes sage to congress, recommended Philip pine Independence he opened discussion of a question, which, while admittedly not u pressing one, liaa aroused auf llclent interest to line-up tho press ol the country pretty delliiltcly lor and against the propoal. opposition is pr ted chiefly by doubt u to tne Filipino's oapaclty for self-government, ami tho questionable wisdom of creat ing mi additional "hiiiuII nation' to mid to the present world chaos. More positive disapproval, however, comes from a number of papers which see. In siieli u step a dollnitu danger in rclti- ii,.., i,, i i 1 1 . .Inoaiiesu urobilin, 'inose who support the Idea, democratic pa pers in the main, tin ho largely because it Is u mutter of "keeping fuith, ' and because, in their opinion, the policy Ol holding the islands has never bud pop ular approval either from tha stand point of principle or of expense. Agreeing Willi the Newark (N. J.) News 1 1 ml. ) thst "there in no Indica tion Hint the incoming admlnlatratlon even faintly considers severing the tie thai binds the Islands to us," the New York Bvenlng Pot (Hid.) (eels, never theless that it wan the president a "right and hl duty to remind his suc cessor that the problem exists." And the Cleveland News (Rep.), while it believes t tint the "American puoplo in general, having forgotten I'hlllpplno In dependence mi, ill thus reminded of It, no longer cure it hung about It one way or the other," still holds that the sug gestion should not be. rejected by the next administration "simply because 11 conies from Mr. Wilson." Sooner or later, the U6 Moines I!' Uls ter dud. Hep.) warns, "we havo got to define our purpose." if the Islands arc to l.e held "the United States must have a muoh stronger bund" than it now bus, iiml moves low. i id thnt end will be con- Mtrutd by the Filipinos "as meaning that our possessUm la to be made perma nent!' with tho result that unrest will Increass with uncertainty. Hut most pupils advise agalnsi "premature I'hlllpitino independence" until, us the South llend I hid.) Tribune (hid. ltep.) expresses It. thin country Is certain that the Filipinos "are able to stuntl upon their own feet and play tho game.' America is ready whenever the people of the islands are, the Buffalo News (Hep.) asserts, "the question is whether that time lias arrived." This however, is not a question in the opinion of the Indianapolis Star (Ind, Hep I. which says: "Tho Islanders are milking progress In the right direction, but H Is Idle to con tend thai the results obtained In Manila mid a few of the more advanced oom mutinies should be accepted aa a meas ure, of the present status of the Fili pinos, 'He owe It to them to remain In t hai lie mil II I hey have had the advan tages of education nnd are assured of something more than continued exist ence jis wild tribes'." American protection should continue, the Set, til.. Post-Intelligencer (Ind. Rep.) maintains, "until such tinm as the Philippines are ready to take up the risk, i nd responsibilities of give-and-take buttle With the real of the world." And, the Arlaona Republican t Phoenix, ind. Piog. i adds, "the Filipinos cannot ei he quite sure that tney are ready Dr.'Pickard Replies. Hit View of Recent Editorial In The News. BdltOT The News: By your courtesy, some thought! on your recent editorial on "What Is a Christian uabbath?" You were Vreseul when litis1 writer nreaehed on " I be to accept these risks," particularly since "Hie world bus not yet recovered from the World war. The lust of blood and conquest has not yet entirely cooled, und political temptations are danger ously strong." This world condition is advanced by thu New york Tribune (Hey.) as the very reason for not granting Indepeud enco to tho Philippines now, and setting them ' loose to drift about In a chaotic world. ' since: "The Islands, safo and exceptionally prosperous under tho shelter of the Hag, ami enjoying the satisfaction of autonomy, ure about the only stabilized area In the far east. To deprive them of protection would bo to subject them to grave risks ol aggression.' This aggression, niuny papers point out, would undoubtedly come but too readily "from the north" where, the Tiicoina (Wash.) News Tribune (Ind.) asserts, "Japan looks on with greedy eyes. independent of America, will the Philippines, the Knoxville Journal and Tribune (Hep.) asks, "be independ ent of Japan?" since that country, the Nashville Uunner (hid.) adds, "regards them as her natural prey und will likely annex them." In such a development the Steubeiivlllc (O.) Herald-Star (Ind. Hep.) suggests that "their culled freedom might bo worse" thun their present state. This argument, however, is not strong enough to convince the SpringtlelU (O.) News (IJeni.) that freedom should not he granted, since "even after ve grant them full and complete independence we will keep a benHclent and unselfish eye on their future to see tnat none seek to despoil them nor take from them their well-earned liberty. The fllem phis Nows Scimitar (Ind.) agrees that this liberty is Indeed "well earnea, be cause: ' That country has succeeded in main taining safo government and has ful filled the condition set by congress as a consideration of granting independence. It is our duty to keen fuith with the Is lands by granting thom the Independ ence Which they covet. hi tlie opinion of the Grand Island (Neb.) iiuiepcniient tinu.) -mere is nothing tine to do unless the country wauls to Bliimn Itself not only as com pletcly repudiating Itn promise to these peoplo . . . but alno of having been Insincere and false when it demanded for all peoples, as one of Its war alms the right of 'self-determination of na tions. The acquisition ot the is lands," says the New Orleans States (l)em.), "was never popular, and time has not developed any fixed sentiment In favor of holding them; moreover (he proponed emancipation is appropri ate at ii time vvbt n so many Americans are venturing to tell lOngland what to do with Ireland. Tho Honda Times Union (Pom.) takes an extreme view of our whole record in tho Philippines calliim It the rtrst "biot" on our history "The Filipinos wero our allies," It says. "We used thom as such nntl then enslaved them. Before tho beginning of our war with Spain the Filipinos were Htiuggllng for Independence and It is probable that they would have won It If We had not Interfered directly in their affairs . , . The conduct or ttie United States was disgraceful, and the disgrace must ntniul until we allow our reptiitance he making restitution. event celebr lenge of fai courage, tin and the tin at all timet The count t Itnpct taut an means eliminated. The d f iterday v as a ohal it was typical of the Independent self. reliance Iduallty everywhere and exhibited by Americana, nes well to remember so event, if the union ot north and south China which Is repelled as hitting been ac. oompltshed, is real and genuine, new and Important Chapters ol fur east bis. lory may be tt tiller in the i.e. it futuie. It would add Nl the Joy of the t'lillat tliss season It Hie World could be pel mined to foigit about P'Annunalo, While the alleged squandering of money In the building of our Heel ol merchant ships was in progress, u is osnfertlng to know that thoee vessels were not Mia, Their magatftoem aafh uiga ghe evidence that they supplied a vet v liressinir w ant Sabbath Queatlon, hence your personal allusion was prob- abl) io me. it waa kind and appre ciated. Bui noii say that yon were "not convinced" I hud hoped that mui did nol need to be oonvlnaed. But since you did, It Is by me regretted that you were not convinced. Of course, your editorial did not quite convince me thai my position is wrong. Vou and i are friends ami christian brothers and can debute this question in tu most fraternal spun u goes without argument that we both wish Unit to obtain which is new for our clvlllsai ion VOU say that "Uhrlst was denounced by the rulers of the synagogue as a vlolatoi of the Habbatb law. td he plead gullt" Never. Why? neoauae the accusation was false He everywhere obeyed the law, fulfilling It to every "Jot and little." He cleanaed the temple, saying; "h In written my house shall be called a, house of prayer and ye have made it a den of thieves." Was He nol trying to n steie the lemple to the position assigned to It by the law of Qod? When He was "denounced" lor heal Ing on the Sabbath what did He say? Tilts. "e Circumcise on the Sal, bath tun the lue. may be initiiie.i why era o sngrj with me because l have lllilile a 111:111 avers won uoie on tiiw KabhathT" Hid He condemn them for keeping the law? Not at all Rven then and from the beginning "the Bab hath was made for man." Again Ha said: "I am not come to destroy the law or the prophet, but to tuiiiii Ver ily 1 say unto vou tdl heaven and earth pass, one Jot nf one tittle shall in nowise pass from tin law till all be fulfilled." Thai He even failed to keep the law is nowhere blntetl in the Scrip tures except by His enemies who falsi lv aocuaed Him It was net the law thai He violated, but the lili-et iptnr il bum. in traditions thai had grown up around ttie hiw Hi mercilessly crltlcleed ins traducera tor seiu loi woe irsuiiiviia 01 "mi to Mra neglect of the law ol Qod's Word if He whs divine, a s He claimed to bOt it is unthinkable that ti, violated any of the laws nf Hod He lore away the masks of human traditions thai the law ot Qod might stand forth again in its eanctlt) and beauty, Vou sav "His mlaalou was largely devoted to substituting u re)ipkin ot the spirit i a i hi i than of form kn l the letter." ThlS needs to be anatvxed Was not the line relbjtoll "1 Qad always spir itual? fan we leullv giasp nn thing siilrlttinl and make It worth while without somo form of expression? Does not patriotism have some forms of expression? Doel not love give? Did not the ancient sacrifice ex press penitence In form? Wan not Uuivurv it spiritual expression on the Dati of Christ? Are not bap tism and the holy supper forms In Which to express great spiritual truths? Are not the hospitals, or phans' homes and orphan asylums forms of the most practical expression Of the Christ-like spirit? There in a tremendous difference between n "mere form." one that Is hollow and mean ingless, and a form appointed of Qod which throbs with the very spirit of Christ. Among the many wonderful things thnt have grown up In the world out of Christ's life and teachings, one is the Christmas Sabbath or Lord's day. This Is of Christianity or it is not. It has been .i blessing, or it has not. is it worth fill? Or worthless? Should it he preserved? Or abolished from the world? You nay: "The Christian church (if the present day runs the risk of be coming absorbed In Its Insistence on some forum of observance of the Sab bath rather than in broader funda mentals of faith." Then you illustrate what you sat' by paying a tribute to the Puritans, and PUgriri fathers, and then criticising them. They had their virtues and their short -coinings But they did build bore a groat civilisation, Hut I am not dlSCUSSlng the Puritan Sabbath. Many people write and talk as though the Sabbath was invented hv (he Puri tans. U the Christian church and churches of today are trying to perpetuate a really vital Christian Institution, the Christian Sabbath, with lis rest, and worship, and glorious spiritual power and hallowed and hallowing Influences are Us people lo be condemned because the Puritans one. did some things thst were crass and unscrlptural and smacked of (he Spanish Inquisition in legalised statutes" Must Christ's good teachings or example, and his ex quisitely beautiful Sabbath go because Puritanism made Itself odious by noii Chrlstlnn severity" We are nol pi, ailing for a line of legislation on the subject of a church. Its doctrines. or forms of worship Whether s man shall worship (Sod. or an Ideal, or not anything at all. Is wholly between him and his tiod. or If be denies the existence of (Tod It is Wholly bis business, not the states hut the groat statesmen and scholars and patriots of the world have studied the philosophies of the world from Thalee to Knot, sn.i the governments of the world, living or dead, and they E ie'iue,t fliitll rverv sotiree what 1 ibev thought was the best to put Inlo our civilisation In eider to make It the best the WOrM ever saw The fathers who built this government btult a sys tem of lwa here that borrowed from the prosaic law of Ood, the Old Roman law, the ancient Oreclan democracy und the Hngllsh common law, and the Christian Hubabth from Christ u duy get apart from secular commercialism, and so net It apart that all men might havo thrown about them these moral and religious influences which human wisdom has, or could, will make the best type of manhood the world has yet set ii. I am speaking of the Amer ican rest day. lias tho time come to cancel out our Christian Sabbath? History Is full of example of dead nations whoso death began with general (lodleasness. And tho attack always began on the institu tion of the Sabbath. Wa concede that this age has be come so complex tl .it somo things am necessities that wore not in dayn of simpler life. It Is not against these that we plead. A Sabbath turned Into a day of com mercialism and sport ban never built a nation, nor enn It ever a so. Ann it baa figured largely In the destruction of many nations. I grant you that the picture shows may become eiliieat tonal, nut the sun- bath in not the day for them. Our universities and colleges are educa tional, the best educational forces ever known, and have been for a thousand years. But, the civilisations or ino worm have been wise enough so far not to run them on the Subhiith. our great machine shops are wonderfully educa tional, but they have been ruu on Sun days only in times of dire necessity, except when some Shylock has put it over. The mulllmilllon dollar film com pany and the commercialized baseball elnlis are not operating on Sunday as philanthropic saints. They are playing for money, und are ready to furnish vast sums of money to break down all Sabbath sentiment. If the Sabbath were a financial loss to them, tho movies would not move and tho baseball play ers would not play. The whole thing la full of Insidious moral doping power. Tho movies spend millions for Sunday ads, and many of the great cosmopoli tan papers are their advocates. These are but the beginning. The hull ffght and circus and the gladiatorial combat will follow. Do wo want the civiliza tion of Spain. South America and' Mex ico? Or even that of Germany, or France? For one, I do not. And yet. even after spending billions of dollars and countless human lives to stay the engulfing tides of Oodless Kurope, -we are headed on the same road that cre ated Germany the monster that she was. And Mr. Nash "with hie Golden Rule" Is mentioned lii your aide editorial as a lesson to the preachers. I plead not guilty. I and all the preachers I have known have been preaching that all our lives, and business men simply shrugged their shoulders and said: "Im practical." Sheldon wrote It in "In His Steps," and all the preachers of the world said amen, and godless greed laughed It to scorn because it put too much of the profits in the wage-earner's hands and too little In the capitalist's. Not guilty, Brother Kdltor. Nash is on the right road, and Christ, the au thor of the Golden Hole, is blessing him. Hut if Mr. Nash goes to running his business on Sunday he will forfeit his claim. I am broad In my sympathies, and have nn little criticism of man as any man living, but I daresay here that it the civilization of America shall let its Sabbath of rest and worship be turned Into the hands of the commercialized entertaining and sporting elements of our people, our moral doom will be written. I am not after our Hebrew brethren, God bless them, nor the Ad vcntlsts. God bless thom. hut standing as a father would plead with his son not to throw himself over Niagara io trv hi.n strength, rtrother Kdltor. vast wealth', great learning, arreat armies and great navies cannot save us and make us great as a nation. Germany had all that. God has promised to honor and protect and bless those who reverence Him and keep His holy laws and precepts. If we shall be a nation irom wnose equ ina, cottages and palaces there shall go up prayers to Ood. and wHose peo ple shall reverence God's holy day, Ho will keep us as a people nu iiesua comes, ir we snail turn irom mm, ii" will let us reap us we shall sow. And reap we shall. "What Is a Christian Sabbath?' There Is one thing about It about which there is no debate: "Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy." With groat respect, W. L. riCKARD. -.-wHIrTOWrWtCTUTO Keep It Free From Hate. (New York Tribune.) Sir Those of us who are fortunate enough to have lived in two genera tions naturally long for a return to the old-time Sunday peace, tne sun- days of the "long a:;o," when tho workaday noises were hushed and wo reverently, und with giati anticipation, wended our way through shaded lanes and minllt Ileitis on to the little "Brown Church" on tho hill, hand clasped in hand of a dear parent who taught us to think Intimately of God as our lov ing, heavenly Father, from Whom all blessings flowed, 'each neighbor the other In good preferring." Alas! never having tasted or tno peace of an old-time Sabbath, tho chll dron of thin generation have no taste for it. In this electrical age the mov ies. motoring and violent games of sport are needed to satisfy their ab normal appetites (or, as 1 annum say. a craving for strong vibrations). I doubt if it Is within the power of min isters to change thin state of affairs. It is in the home that children should be laugiK to respect ami onservo tni Lord's day. Surely. Parents can set aside a half hour 'n the morning for spiritual instruction. It is true Hint "people He lu lied loo long of a Sun day morning. This bad habit necessi tates hurrying tne preparation tor church, for tlmner (If eaten at mid day), for the afternoon recreation; thus evening finds them worn and Irritable instead of happy and refreshed, both in mind and body, us they should be after a sweet day o rest spent rightly. Too many peoplo, including minis ters, have a mistaken Idea that to keep the Sabbath holy is to keep it lailly; when in reality to keep it holy is to keep It free from hate, anger, greed and gluttony. And not only should we keep the seventh day free from nil these dreadful things, but the preced ing six days also. The ministers are but wasting time nnd energy by trying to compel folks to altentl church. )oes nyt the (lood Hook say that "except (he Lord draw him, those who labor, labor In vain?" BECKY TA1IOR. Yonkers. N. Y. Defends Volunteers. Editor The News: Being locnted In business only two blocks from the Volunteers of America on Main street. 1 feel It nit duty to say few words ill behalf of Cunt. l.a Ttowe. Being nn well acquainted with condi tions among the poorer classes In our ity at this time when the textile nulls and other Industries aro closed down. am aware of the fact that there are great number of needy uses, and there in plenty of room for every or- ganltallon to do charitable work. If Or. McCallle. Sunt. Hudson or the staff captain of the Salvation Army or any one else will come to niv place at Bill Kust Mum street at any time. 1 will gladly direct them through Hell's Half Acre and prove to thom what t'.tpt l.a Howe Is doing 1 also beg them to visit apt. LaRowe's Bunday school any Sunday afternoon and see what as be ing done for the poor children of this section of the city. 1 further ask them to call on Mr. J. R. Carroll, the Main street grocer, and ask him In regard to the amount of food that Capt. I.itllowe Is ordering sent to the poor from his place ol business. I beg of fhe commission that Is to be appointed not to drive from our city a man that Is doing a work thai Is no badly needed at this time, and ask this body to make an investigation before refusing ('apt, LaRowe a permit to col lect funds. CPS 11 KhillT. Chattanooga, Tenn. MURIEL CIGARS Your husband would box or Muriel elgnr gift. They sails!'. Charcv -St ott Cigar (Adv.) ppreciate a for bis Christmas At all dealers. Co , distributors. Hat Used Chamberlain's Cough Remedy for Fifteen Yeari. "We have used Chamberlain's Cough Remedy In our family dining the pas', fifteen yeats I have taken Is invst 'f and have given It lo the children lor coughs and colds, and have found It to be a quick cure for Ihese complaints. ' writes Mr. William C Trofnt, l'ana. 111. (Adv.) ease Gifts that "satisfy" are those that "pi Only two more days to shop -Then CHRISTMAS! Give "Electrical Gifts" They are practical and useful Electric Hot Plate f A Hot Plate a necessity in every home an in dispensable elective con venience in any home. Curling Irons Electric Irons A Woman's boudoir ie cessity something she needs and will like. Electric Percolator Coffee in a "jiffy" when you have an Electric Percolator. uaV The ideal labor-saving gift for '"her.' Chafing Dish eAtiigi. What woman would not appreciate an Electric Chafing Dish? These and many other electrical gifts on display in our salesroom Pay us a visit and make a selection npw! Open Evenings, Including Christmas Eve, Until 9 O'Clock. Chattanooga Ry. & Lt. Co. Salesroom 620 Market St. Phone M. 5900 Only This Week TEETH Without Plates Well Made by Expert and GUARANTEED Will You Have Opportunity to Get Expert GUARANTEED Dental Work at These Remarkably A Low Prices: 22-K. Gold up Bridge Work flQ up flmwns . . P Per Tooth .. .J,tJ , (PC up Cleifaing, 1 up; PU Polishing .... ,pA i P1 up Cold $2UP' jl . . r mini: . - - - v. e Crowns Set of Teeth Silver Pilling We arc continuing om; special holi day prices only up to Christmas, and All our other prices are low in propor tion They arc for strictly high-class, ex pert dental work, always GUARAN TEED. That's all, hut it's a BIG ALL you cannot afford to overlook. Open daily 8 to i; Sunday 9 to 1. Don't delay, but COME TODAY TO Drs. E. G GRIFFIN and R. A. SMITH Cor. Market and Seventh Sts. 2nd Floor, Live aid Let Live Bldg. Lady Attendant. Phone Main 4871