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THE CHATTANOOGA NEWS: CHATTANOOGA, TENft, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1920.
NEWSPAPER hnts the news in ths Life of a Great lcws aper The Story of a "Story." DUTIES OF DEPARTMENTS Ek Advertise, Editorial , All Glide by Many Pro cesses to Print. Comimrtlvi U- liw of the many thnn- W rsa-t.r of tonlcht's Nuwa reahve the wip!lited machaabcal procens HHM to translate the written w .1 BHnra article, edltnrlnl. or advertise HBmU roto the printed word which i I M uron. Tlione of our rehd i Hi nm Tb New cordial invltst Bn1 Uh hous.-wormliiK nr ' v aj gain at first hand n Insl' lit Hk IBS) and out! of the printing i f Bb MVSraper. To thne who V att nd. tha following (acta may ij i later: I i st lot ua consider tha new Item, as i! Din-ene Ha tn tha res'if. r it ba the hnmliW' miner limn- n K the more mi King great avi nt nhr. News "stories." to use tne MW of (ha pns. are senerslly M into three grouin. via.: -Happenings of tha city and -The local" of other cities over condensed nnd carrot laosd wires of the Aasot-tatrd and the International New a Berv- ;,0 this off! re avary day; and Dial" News Thia laat la the of Information furnished by h and mall ti The New bv Its Stalf of special correspondents at ahlngton, Nashville and other points kout the Each dav there la offered a far iHbr number of word of news than BSssatsfy b hand led; In addition bndrd of raits and sprcinl H same. Tha Newspaper Knter HHs association, the Associated Pi. as land M International News Service Esnasm furnish a picture of person. Hnd Incident of Intrrrat. These BBSS nave to DO wrnnoweo 0111 so Only tne most inierrsnin; are useo; rip file of the ot heirs is sept, so ' V at seme future time the auh- of the picture becontre of Interest. Ms taken from the nie and used the ttlear.nhlc story. W several hundred cuts of local Dulldings. ana scene is aiso Many Features Used. Many feature service are subscribed to bv The News, so thnt It can pre- t Its readers a well-hslanced. in formative paper. Dorothy Dlx writes WKm time a weak for the feminine r. (! n, her stories are followed with in, hitPMif hv wtdtt rlrrle who perhaps do not know thst Dorothy Is tha hhTbeat paid woman writer tn I A merle today. Several fashion serv- M ta The News' office: many outs of women In tne mimic eye, ann Ks of all things of Interest to the fair sex, are bought and used. the lover of sports. The News gives dally Grantland Rice a famous Bportllght, a collection or newa ana Views of one of America's foremost sjsortatsT writers which haa won for him a nationwide fame. In addition. Ttt News publishes wire reports from its two leased wire services, together BBHf, photographs snd local Informs I Uta at all times. jjptf the children, those sttractlve j "Burgess Bedtime Stories" ooms In Bi hundreds of children demand Vvery night that daddy rsad ihem the A Glimpse of The News Editorial Rooms I if irHBH -a& B 1 ""P ill gVtmasfeasZassssK " ' V': ' S KMkK ; gwHVSB mSM W Wm swHafHB i Snaai ' tffi ' BlTT ""ttWIIB ' II ill - & w ' ? . 1 M m I TUB ' ipnmiiil ImimIi I ft ' 'I I v" I -II Iff I , ' lii m$$BM I I I I Ipaj ' alasHuiJ ' ' " ' 9 WS'-rt:it'siiim m B H I .1 I ij asBjag-JH . .. ( . fj . iaakiw -JsBBBsaaaaB r il pT I '4ltk ' 1 SBBSU SBBB Ms! I flfefjj.WMBMBB ... S-'i' HTjfltt . , sawMsssssaasssT BsaMssNslB ' . S2l 'iBiwl' t E Vi.K.-.' T''HsBBB!x ' teJ . r Mk ,'3 BGHPBBaHk3 " m JK SF&i '-.K'"' av & ' ' ' pBssualaRaBBSfasVaH WBsTBr' m wSSaaRakwOas&i fssHBl sKSaaZlsnS ' n .a; : 1 J -p-n-pii 11111 .lamtlnfls misiln In than oft "mL" When 4. I kftul oomes from the roaater It Is oft po TT IKongor, but hsrd and strong, hfs'irast then IS puiceo in misn - nwiiien metal la poured Into It, Sinking Into the myriad type Indentions on tho mat'a surface, and thereby form- in m evnnuric&i Dials id wo vminfuu upon the press, ths piste's uroe having each type face, cut or advertise- , ment raise a mkui 'i 1 In this room comes news from all comers of the world, through the leased wires of the Associated Press and International News Service. Here the editors pre- nare the "teleirranh" conv for the nrinter. The cltv editor snd his asslNtants. throutrh the renortorial staff, keen in close touch with developments throughout the city 3 1 1 s - M ' o a handle the copy that comes in and generally supervise the news part of the paper. This is the room where the news matter that goes in The News is written, edited, headlined and scheduled for the composing room. This scene shows some of The News' reporters interrupted for the moment in their writing by the photographer. bedtime story and dsddy has to Inter rupt his perusual of the sport or niar et psge to do so. "The Doings of ths Duffs," "Bringing Up rather" and the other kllllngly comic cartoons which como out on the back psge every day have to he hnn dled by the various editors Just ns do tha news stories that come ftm the city or over ths wires. Ksch of the feat urea has to be scheduled, set snd locked Into the page, slong with the sccompanylng news matter and adver tising. Ths sntlrs tssk of handling the nsws and features t ne requiring the nonstsnt services of five editors or "desk men" as they sre commonly known. Bach of these has n particular function, snd does his part In the work f getting opt The News. To gnther local news, each newspaper has a staff of reporters and editors, whosn task It Is to colleot, anticipate nnd unearth tha Interesting happenings of thu day In the city. Tne News has a local staff of nine reporters, who Sre In touch with every angle of the city's life and keep In dally touch with hap penings. lt ' suppose, for Instance, that a murder Is Committed In the city. AS soon ns pollOO fieadqUrterl receive word Of It a News representative la ap prised of It. llo Invest ign lea anil ascer tains the facts na best he can. Inter views witnesses,' takes statements and haatena to the News office to wrllo his account. He hRB Informed the city edi tor, under whoso charge he l, that there I a murder. If it Is an excep tionally Interesting case the city editor assigns another reporter to his aid, who look up another anglo of ths oase. The reporter tells his chief briefly the facts of the case, nnd the Isttsr in structs him in a general way as to the length of the story he Is to write. It Is then written and handed to the city editor, who rends It over carefully for errors of spelling, style, or fact, writes a headline to go over it and sends It to the composing room. Writing Hesdllnss, The city editor In writing headlines follows basic rules which often bewil ders the tyro. Each style of head hss a maximum number of letters which win go In a certain line of type, and In sddl tlon to expressing concisely and pithily the essential facts of the story, It must "count" Just so many letters and no more. Each headline In The News Is classified. The headline type la known by Its heigh), and the different typo faces are named by series. For in stance, the headline over this story is 3ll point In helcht; the face Is "Latin "ondenscd." The second part, section or "bank." le 12 point: the third sec tion 12 point capitals, and the final sec tion 10 point. The headline la known ns "No. t" in writing it is much easlet to merely write "No. 1" than to write out the entire Instructions as to typo Accept No Substitutes for THEDFORD'S Black Draught Purely Vegetable it Liver Medicine m ! imrt stylos. If the reader will count the top lino he will find that but thirteen letters can go into It, and that If these letters be "M" or "W" often nnt lliat manv. "This tvuo Isn't rubber you can't snuense it!" is the advice of the vet oran comuoslnir room foreman to tho newcomer at a newspaper copy deBk. Other men report the markets and the r!so and fall of tho prices of com modltics nnd securities, nnd the move ment of the great staples on which the smith denenda. Others "cover" the real estate offioes snd exchanges, and toll of the prices or lands and houses, sales of property, the movement of rent, the news of new ad ditions and constructions. Still others watch the courts the state, municipal and federals courts to tell what public officials are doing, what Htiits are filed, what decisions are rendered, what crime has been done and whether suspected criminals have been arrested. These assignments are "cov ered" by somebody held responsible for the "run." What men and women are doing to help their fellow men, and what men and women may be doing to hurt their fellow man is news. To tell of the first needs helpful effort. To tell of ths second ofttlujcs hurts or kills the harm ful effort. "Story" Becomes "Copy." After story Is sent to tho compos ing room, it first goes to ths copyputter and head compositor, who sets the headline for It on a linotype machine constructed especially for the purpose, then sssigns it to a position among the other "copy'' (as "stories" are called by printers) waiting to bs put into typo. A linotype compositor who has finished his previous "taks" (the techni cal expression for what a compositor sets) comes to the "bank" and secures several "takes," which for convenience are marked as "One Ad," "Two Ad," and so on. The linotype operator then aets the "copy" on his machine. These are truly marvelous Inventions, and enable nn operator to set up many thousand letters per day. Each letter I known aa an "em." Fifty thoussnd ems per day Is considered a good amount for the average compositor. In The News composing room there are eleven lino type machines, manned by skilled and competent union operators. Each of these machines is distinguished by number. The linotype hss a keyboard somowhnt similar to that of a type- I writer. The operator strikes the key I nnd a little brass matrix Is released I from a magazine at the top of the ma I chine, runs down a channel into a I spar1, is followed by other letters and spaces until a line of matrixes a colump wide Is formed. The line then moves 1 over und Is pressed against a pot con ! tainlng molten metal, which ejects ! sufficient metal Into the mold against ; which tho line Is pressed to make a i line of type. The matrixes are cut In reverse of the letters thoy represent, thus forming the line Itself. Ths line of type then hardens and cornea out o' l ths mold with each letter raised and appearing as It does in print. The brass ' matrices. In the meantime, are carried up automatically to a distributing ar rangement, which releases each to Its proper channel by means of certain notches which regulsta ths placs of the rolesse. The operator, after setting his "tske," quits his machine, brings his new type with him, and dumps It on ths assem bler bank. He haa put at Ita top a line bearing the number of his machine, as "Six." He then goes to ths copy bank, gets another "take," and resumes his operations. The type he has Just set Is placed on s galley by a "galley boy." who in former years was the famous "printer's devil," It Is put under a proof press and several proofs mads of It. One of these goes to the proof resder along with the original "copy" of the article. Other proofs are sent Into ths editorial rcoms for inspection by the various editora. The proofreader marks whatever cor rections necessary, and this proof Is taken back to tho operator who aet it. The line which he placed on the type when finished showing his machine number shows Immediately which mi chine set it. The operator then eets the correction lines and gives these to the alloy boy, who puis them In their prop er place in the article. It Is then ready to go into the newspaper. Now the "make-up" man takes the story, and under the direction of the make-up editor of the paper, arranges the story In the proper place In the page The advertisements scheduled tor that page are pHred In it. Techni cally, an Iron "form" or "chase" Is laid ! upon a broad steel "make-up table." In I It the various columns of corrected tvpe ! are plarrd. with the cut and the ad I vertlsements. E.ich column la "Justl I fled" (hat Is. filled out to the absolute length of !ls Inche. eo that when the foim Is moved there will be no move ment of the tjpe locked up In It. It ta next tightened up by a key and the pace form is pulled off the make-up table onto a movable table or "turtle," on which It ta rolled to the alreotyping department. Stereotyping. The pace form first Is plsced on s rolling machine, a sheet of papier maahe placed over it. and Its impression fjreed Into this sheet by heavy rolling pressure. This sheet la known aa the "mat" or matrix. Aa soon as It haa been rolled It t put in a gaa oven to bo roasted snd baked. Tnia mating acts to make permanent the type lo ot typo before in the he mat "former." where It into' (older where knlvea out ths weh at ge, fold It in breadth. origins) psge The plst conies from tho casting box In a ooupls of mlnuts. after It has been wster cooled, and to piacsd In a finishing machlns, which trims its ends and edges, gives It tho proper oug ( novel to ciamp on tne press, It through an additional water cooler After the plate has como through this machlns It Is grssped by a stersotypor, who with hand tools chisels off any M.nl.ku that mtrht he left, dries It and places it In a plate elevator, which curries It to ths ores room, where K is placed upon the News pres. From the press The News Is taksn to the carriers or to ths postofflco to be delivered to your front porch. In Press Room. Whsn ths platea arrive In the press room a pressman tskes them over to ths new octuple press on which The News is printed and bolta them to the cylinders of ths press. It takes two platea to each page to operate only one of ths four folders of the press, which will print 2S.000 12-page papers an hour on that one end alone. Ink rollers distribute in kevenly over the face of tho plats, which then comes In oontact with the white paper web. and transmits to it ths Ink upon its raised portions In other words, It prints ths web. The paper sheet is now printed on one slds; It ascends s few feet to another cylinder, where another plate prlnta ths other side; it continues Its Journey pnd Joins with other shestSI domes down Is SMDSd. ton keen revolving the end of the Ba n.l it (M forth from tha nraea completed newspaper such as the reader buys or haa delivered at his doorstep by carrier. The papers are gathered up from tho delivery folder and carried a few fsot to the mailing Horn, where the mailing room crew quickly dlaposa of than, either to train bundles to agent, to carriers and sale boys, or prepares thorn for the malls. . . XI.. .3 We Congratulate The Chattanooga News on the Occupancy of Their New Home. Our Part in the Work We furnished the galvanized piping 'in the com posing room, stereotyping an,d press rooms. For materials in our line call us for quotations. Mountain City Stove & Manufacturing Co. CHATTANOOGA, TENN. "The Pride of Our City 99 The New Building of he Chattanooga News ' 0 4 , ' if w We take pride in having taken part in the construction of this Building as Wood Floor Contractors Take a look at these floors as you inspect the Building tomor row. If you contemplate build ing or need new floors in your present location, we would be glad to give you an estimate on what the work will cost you. YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED CHATTANOOGA FLOOR LAYING & SALES CO. G. A. GENUNG, Mgr. 1612 Peachtree St Phone Hem. 90S Chattanooga, Tenn.