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T11E PEOPLE'S VINDI CATOR,
- - --------- PELLI & AREAUX, Publishers. The Welfare of the People is the Supreme Law. Tens, 83 per a VOL. I. NATCHITOCHES, LOUISIANA, SEPTEMBER 26, 1874. N nn I i , . . . . . . 1M' ATTAB-5 ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES. N)EW ORLEANS, Red River Landing, Chioneyville Quarantico, Alexandri.a, Cotile 'and Cloutierville, Daily, at 7 *A. M. SIHREVEPORT, Keachie, Mansfield, Mar. thavilloe, and Pleasant Hill-Daily at 10 A. M. NACODODOCIIES, Melroseo, Chirino. S:n Augustine, Milam, Pendleton. Sabineo ,, town, Many and Ft. Jesup-on Tues day TturedJy and Saturday, at HOMER, Minden) Buokhorn, Rioggold, Coushatta and Campte--ou Tue day and Friday, at 5& I'. WINNFIELD, Atlanta, 8S ton and St. Maurice--on Tuesday and Friday, at 9 A. M. MAILS CLOSE At 6 A. M. for New Orleans, Alexandria and Clontlerville. At 9 A. M. for Shreveport, Keachi, Mans field and Pleasant Hill. At 6 P. M. for Nacogdoches, Texas, Mel rose and San Augustin. At 5 P. M. for Homer, La., Bneklwgrn, Coushatta and Camnpte. At 10 A. M. for Winnfleld, &c. Off ce Houre-from 10 A. M. to 2 P. X. andfrom 3 M to 7 P M. J. F. DEVARGAS, Post Master. Professional Cards, W. 1..ACK. D.9IERSON. Jack abc Piersoxn, Attorneys and (Co1nselors at Law, NATCHITOCHES, LA. W ILT, praetice nla the Courts of Nathltoch- Sabine. DeSoto, Red River, Winn, RapideNi nnd Grant, ncd in th S upromo Court of the 3tate. Chiins promptly attended to. JnJuo 2J -ly. It. 1. . EAREY. H. J. CUNNINGilA&t Kearney & Cunningham, Attorneys and Counselora at Law Office ou St. Dealt Street, Juno 2O--ly. Natchitoches. La. WTin. . T Z.-evy', Attorney and JColn elor .at Law, office corner Second * ¶Tradau streets, • ~tltuit It ,- ,__ __ • -i~~rC,·* Business Cards. :I -r -.- ---- IC M. I. CARVER. . W. TAYLOR. Carver cb "Taylor Wholesale and Retail dealers ia Dry Goods, Groceries, HARDWARE, ROOTS, SHOES, HATS, CROCKERY WARE, etc., etc. FRONT STREET, Natchitoches, aL. A FRESH and seleer stock of goods always on hand, which having been purchased on Scash basis enables as to offer extra iuduce menta to cash buyers. Highest esablpdee paid for cotton amd other produce, and liberal advc anu made In cash or merchandise sen aseaomeat. June 20-ty. 8. A. uDiiiou-nau, --DIALER IN FOREiB N j . DOMESTIC DRY GOODS, N.'OTIONS, CLOTHING, * BOOTS, SHOES Mrida HATS. Corner of Front & hucrh Streets. Natehitoohes, La. June 2+4jP. . . J. O TiIm:*e :. Y Alsau. .Trioho . A`eltm , Waehi~eagn tpset, Na:rabltcaes,iLa. Wholedae sand efil Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, HAES, CAPs. S HOES, ' nd Genaeral lESgCHANDISE. P" Highest pzric paid for Cotton and otunr Country produce, inCash or Mer chodasde. June 2l-ly. Washlags Braet, ` .A.rcn.o-a , L A.. pETAIL.dealer In PFacy and Staple . Groceries, , CHOICE ELOU4. .. *SUGAR, COFFE, RICE, HAMS, *ACON, TB10CCO, WINE8 Also agent for thie , IBALSAMIjqUi Dt PYRENEES, a lreh teale for iavalid. Sutperior adaee ment elored gdeyers. June90- san. C. A. BULLARD. N. 11. CAPHELL Bullard & Campbell, -DEAL MI 1. DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, And Genorai Llerchandiso. Corner Feos? & LAFATrFra Street, Xatclitoche.s, La. HITGUS'T cash price paid for cotton and country produce it each or merchandise. June 20-ly. Intraection Front, WAslington & Lafayetto St Natchitoches, La. -DEALER IN DRY GOODS, Groceries, Hardware, Crockery, Bata, Caps, Boots, Shoes and Notions. Special inducements bffered to Cash purchasers. Cotton and country pro. duce, both at highest Cash rates. June 20-ly. oEeeorly TLo]laler, Corner Front and St. Denis,streot, NAJintocnEs, La. RETAIL dealer in iholce Family Groceries COFFEE, .... WINES, LIQUORS, Cigars and Tobacco, &e.. i Cheaper than the Cheapest. June 506m. e10e:. Gasita, (The Peopl's Favorite Grocery.) (TKEEPSCIeonlt ntyu bandmI BACO1', LARD, SlAMS, IIA1M8, And in fact a full line o fancy: family rup phee. Give him a call. Satinsftion goaran. teed. June 2)--ly Theo. Solumazii, -DEALER IN DRY GQQ S".. Oj-GROCERIES, and GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Cor. FRONT and ST. DENIS Streets, Natchitoches, La. June i'U1y. x~a ., ý .' , a.o d a~e DI R. K. CALVEs,. Surgeon )Dentist,m (Corner Amulet and Second Streets,) NATOJRITOCHKE, LA. A LL dental operations warranteod, and per Aformed with the greatest eae, and after the latest sad most applovedmnethod. Marchli $8-n9m. 0. Ua.math, Boot and Shoe'Maker. CHALLENGES the world for neatness and durability of work. Satisfaction in lit and msterial guarateed Shop on St. Denis St. June 90-y.. Wheo. ·M:1 Coper, Tia a8Sheet4ron work -DEALUR IN SItorve, tinware pad Homse GOODS, Wa shlgtop ...Nht ,Le Sole agent for the Unrivll BUCK!B BRILLIAN 'CooIsiu Sto Gattemr,Pipee, Metalie rooflug all kindsaof treparing, done with di bh. A liberal disount to ountry tr SJne 20-.1. LOUISIANA. Statement Denie , New Orleans, Sept. 17.--The As sociated Press Agent called on Gen eral Emory and Governor MecEnery this morning relative to the Herald's report of the result of an interview between them and substantial agree ment by McEnery to surrender to Federal authorities. Both these gen tlemen state that no such agreement w$s made, McEnery, Penn, Ogden, Mir and others'leaders :ivo e assuren General Emory that there is no thonht of conflict on their part with the mili tary of the Federal government. City; very quiet; no change in the situa tion since yesterday other than inci dental to the process of organizing the new State government, Mr- D)u buclet, the State Treasurer, has not been interfered with. The War is Over. New Orleans, Sept. 17.-There has been a consultation to-day at the State-house between the Governor, Lieutenant Governor and officers of the lawful administration, together with a number of prominent citizens, to receive and consider cirtain pro positions of Gen. Emery. These pro positions demanded the) retirement of all armed men from the streets and the return of tle arms to the arsenal. These propositions have been accededed to,`as will be see,by j the following orders: Headq'rs., Executive Dep't. of La. New Orleans, Sept. 17. General O&'-ers No.7. 1 The'State troops now under arms will be at once retired to their homes. 2. The arms captured from the usur pation will be carried and deposited in the Central station or at the third precinct accordingly, as they who hold them live above or below Canal street. 3. The artillery horses and other public property captured will be car ried and deposited at the Central sta tion. 4. All private arms purcl,ased by citizens will he taken to the respec tive homes of those who bear and own them. Superintendent tnilan will continue the work of organizing the police and policium thee cit.; he arms, etc., turned over to him. 6. General Ogden, commanding the State forces, is charged with the ex ecution of this order. By command of Jous MCENERY. Governor and Commander-in-Chief. E. J. ELLIS, Colonel and A. A G. New Orleans, Sept. 17.-The war is over as shown by the following: Headquarters Dept. of the G ulf, New Orleans, Sept. 17. Circular. John =McEnery and D. B. Penn, styling themselves respectively Gov ernor and Lieutenant Governor of the State of Louisiana, having informed the department commander of their willingness, under the President's proclamation, to surrender the state property now in their possession and to disband the insurgent forces tin der their command, Brevet Brigadier General J. R. Brooke, Lieutenant Col. of the 3d Infantry, is charged with the duty of taking possession of the arms and other State property. He will occupy the State-House, arsenal and other State buildings until fur ther ordlers. He is hereby appoint ed to command the city of New Or leans until such time as theState and city governments can be recognized. The present police force in the city, under the charge of Thomas Boilan, will remain on duty and be respon sible for the good order and quiet of the city until regularly relieved. By command of Celonel and Brevet Major General W. H. EMoaR, LUKn OMRIELT, Captain 19th lafan tW and Aide-de-Camp. Protest and Remonstrance. I ew Orleans, Sept. 17.-Gov. Mc Enery held a couneil at the 8tate house which, after a long consulta tion and discussion, determined upon the following letter to be addressed to GeneralEmory, embodying the pro test and rem6ustrance against the po siation asnmed by him in the private intirview, held with him last evening: General W..- emory, commanding the De Sp~atmmet of the Guif, Jew Orleans: .general: We have the honor to sibmit that since our interview last ulight we have carefully considered thfisaubject, therein formally discussed and have concluded to address you in writing Drotesting that there does not exist in the State of Louisiana any in stui'rectio against the government of MeEnery; that there is not in any part ofthe State of Louisiana any as sembling or aggregation ofinsurgents to disperse, and that the people of L6uisiana are now peaceably at their respective abodes and quietly pursu log their usual avooationS, under the protection of the law , that there is notrace or vestige remaining of the late asurpation, of which Wm. Pitt Keloggwas the head that there is but one government in existence 'in ther8tate of Louisiana, .which is thm government elected and chosen by the people in November, 1872, and legally installed in 187'3, of whichl John MEnery is Governor and D B. Penn, Lieutenant Governor; that mi all the parishes and th ?pgnut the 4tate of Louisiana this government is recognized and is supported and ad hered to and respected and obeyed by the people, and is both de jruc rnd dee tieto, and the government of the State of Louisiana in possession and in the actual exercise of all govern ment.al functions. That if we are colmpelled by the military force of the united States, which we have neither tl.. lower nor the inclination to re :i.;t, to retire from and to abandon the c:.ie.rmenital pover and authority º,,ah:,tiy arind in fact vested in us, iu., or respective capacities, there is no government of the State which can take our place, and that it will be necessary, in some form and by some inttranentality, to infuse life into the effectually dead and extinct usurping governmentt, of which W, P. Kellogg wa:i the head and chief, under the as stmed title of Governor. Never the less, having been;infornmed by you that no alternative was left to us but to conply immediately with the pro clarnat;<:n of the President of date of the 15th of September, 1874, or sub. ject ourselves and our people to the actual exercise of the military force, which means war on the part of the rgo;ernment against a State and the people of a State, exhibiting no arm ed4 opposition 'nd no hostility to the United States. We respectfully invite your atten tiou to the law and the terms of the iroc:lamatiou of the President. Ily article IV of the constitution of the United States, it is declared the United States, shall, on application of the legislature, etc., or the executive, etc., protect each State againstdomes tic violence. A part of the author ity which this article imposed on the United States, which means if neces sary the entire gove"rnmncnt, was iam posed upon the President as the head of the government. You will perceive that while the constitutional article is a guarantee 'by the United States to each State against domestic vio lence the act of Congress restricts ex ecutive interference to tle cases in which ther;e is an insurrection in a State again`t the government thereof; one of the prerequisites is an applica tion to the P'resident.by thi executive, whed the .:gislatnre cannot be con -.--- The 'et tlf the third of ml I:kL i870, s'ction 1, statuties ab lre, aln thorizes the President to employ such part of the land or naval force of the United States as shall be judged ne cessary to suppress insurrection in a State against the government thereof. Having first observed all the pre requisites of the law, now, if any such application was made by Wil liam P. Kellogg, he was not the Gov ernor of Louisiana on Monday, Sep tember 14, 1874, he left the State house and retired to the Custom-house, where le is now, and has been con tinuously since Monday, and at 9 o'clock on Tuesday the State-house was in possession of the present ex isting government. In order that there should be an insurrection in a State agajnst the government thereof there must be a gogrnment against which opposition ad insurrection exist, which is not tree now and has not been true in Louisiana at any time since 2 o'clock on Tuesday, Septem ber 15, 1874. But when all the other conditions exist, before the President can employ any part of the land or naval forces he must, by proelama tien, command the insurgetts to dis perse and to retire peaceably to their respective abodes within limited timne. The proclamation has been isued and the time has been limited to live days. Now we protest that this proclama tion does not apply to as or to the people of Louisiana, but even a case where the necessary conditions exist, an insurrection in a State against the government thereof, and a proper application to the Presideirt he can not employ any part of the landeor naval forces until the expiration of the time limited by him in piroclama tion. We distinctly announce to you that in any movement on may maite to suppress our government, tlhat there shall, in no case, he iterposed any armed or forcible resistance, on our part to the militairy forces of the Unit ed States under your cojiomand. We will occupy the State-bhouse and other State property in this city until the appearance and occupation of the same by tihe authorities of the gov ernment of the United States, when we shall retire, knowing we have sur rendered the same alone to the gov ernment of the United States. [Signed) JoHanMcENs I, Govrernor. SE. B. Pmw, Lieutenant Governor. IT&Sbrrender. New Orleans, Sept. 17..-At 6 p at., in accordance with arrangemeun cs pre viadtly made, Gen. J. 1. Brokte, ac companied by Lieutenants Waliace and Roe, went to thie esgntive oilce at the St. Louis Hotel. lmediately npon the entrance of General Brooke, Gov. McEnery and Penn, shaking hands with him, introduced the three Federal officers to a number of proie iaent citizens present. Governor Me Enery then stated to Genetal Brooke that he gave him possession of the State Capital and other State build ings within the limits of the city. Gen. Brooke merely bowed in accep ance and the Governor then read to him the following address: Gtn. BROOKE: As the lawful and acting Governor of the State, I sir render to you, as the representative of the government of the United States, the capitol and the remaindc: of the property of this city belong-, ing to the State. This surrender is in response to a formal demand of General Emory for such surrender, or to accept, as an alternative, the levy ing of war on our government by the nilitary forces of the United States under hi. command. As I have al ready said to Gieneral Emory, we liave neither the power nor inclination to resist the United Sates. Sir, I trans fer to you the guardianship of the rights and liberties of the people of the State, and I trust and believe that you will give protection to all classes of our citizens, iuled and ru ined by a corrupt usurpation presid ed over by Mr. Kellogg. Our peo ple could bear the wrong, tyramiy, annoyance and insults of that usur pation no longer, and they arose in their might and swept it from exist ence, and installed in authority the rightful government, of which I am the head. All lovers of llberty throughout the Union must .lmire the patriotism that aroused our peo ple to act as one man and throw off the yoke of this usurpation. I know, sir, as a soldier, you have but to obey the orders of the government of the United States, but I feel that you will temper your military control of affairs with moderation, and in all things exhibit that integrity of pur pose characteristic of officers of the army. I now turn over to you, sir, the capitol and other property of the State under my charge." [Signed] Jons McENEzvY. At the conclusion of this address Gen. Brooke was seated in the otfice, and required from Lieutenant Gov ernor Penn a statement of all records. etc., which were in the bui!ding when they took possession. Governor Mc Enery and his followers then with. drew, leaving the capitol of Louisi ana in possession of te military of ficers of the Federal government. ' At seven p. nm., two companies of the third infantry marched down and were quartered in the building. Col onel Thomas Boilan, McEnerv's chief ^r policy. .rr. .lf:,s on.Ah±t . ;.i' force. City very quiet. At least one thousand negroes, con victed and sentenced to the Peniten tiary have served their terms and now register and vote in this State. Of this number this city and vicinity has to bear the burden of at least two hundred, but our committees are keep ing a sharp look out and every man of them presuming to register will be prosecuted to the fall extent of the ability of the people of this town and parish. Most of the remoaining eight hundred have located in and around New Orleans and we warn the com-" mittees in that city to watch them and prevent their resignation.--oRaton Rouge Advoceate, The New York aus of late date thus truthfully and graphically sums up the plots and schemes of the Be-. publican party and the real designs upon the people of Louisiana: .The whole business is an election eering scheme, and the trouble in Lomislana was started by Kellogg's vile emissaries, with the express pur. i pose of provoking difculty, iri order to furnish an occasion for calling in u the military, That the Attorney Gen eral was a party to this deviltry will 1 haldry be disputed by those who have watched his ngerupulous eoUnrse, who thave seen him scorned even by his own party, who knew him to behes sentially corrupt, and who have no' faith in his public or personal integri ty where the last interest is involved. le is worty to be the expounder of Grantism, and a fit total for all his enormities. LtrA BEANS WITHOUOT POLEs.-Mr. MlcAfee, Superintendent of the Uni. versity of Wiseooisin Experimental Farm; informs the editor of the Wes. torn Farmer that for three years past he has grown Lima beans without poles or saakes, by persistent pinch ing back after they reach the desired hight-=aboat that of common bunch beans. He is confident the crop is very perceptibly earlier and thinks it is increased in quantity-the plait, being checked it its growth of vine, expendiag its energy in fruit.prodn. tion. The neat scheme of the carpet-bag ger, is to have a Southern Conven tion on the:31st pf October to Concoct an address of lies and defamation of the Southern people, so as to'Justify and exceuse the military pressure which is to be employed prior to the elections in November. Thisconven tlon the carpet-bag managers propose tb hbold at Atlanta, Ga., but have chaiged the location to CBhattaooga:. One of the most amusning and startling stories putt eat by the carpet~-bagers is that there are to be no: ode-holders and no thieves in the convention. It has been suggested by some to have the body opened with prayer by the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher.---Emgsrer. Stepping down and out--He who is hanged Farm and lHouschold Column. WAsmING POWDE.-.In Belgium anld Holland linen is prepared beauti fully, because the Iwasherwomeu use refined borax instead of soda, as a washing powder. One large handful of borax is used to every 10 gallons of water, and the saving of soap is said to be one-half. For laces and cainbries an extra quantity is uied. Borax does not injure the linen, 6,66 soft..'i the h]1rs.est water. A tiaspooutul of borax added to an oi - dinary kettle of hard water, in which it is allowed to boil, will effcctual!y soften the water. CArsuP.--I peck of ripe tomatoes. Cut a slit in each one to allow the juice to escape, and put in a porce lain kettle over a slow lire, letting them boil until the pulp is dissolved; when cool enough, press through a colander; then, if it is desired free of seedr and very smooth, through a hair sieve. Return to the fire, and add j ounce of salt, 1 ounce of mace, 2 table-spoonfuls of celery seed (eith er put in a bag, to be taken out when done cooking, or thrown in to be left) ; mix smoothly with a scant cup fiul of vinegar, 1 table-spoonful of black pepper, the same of powdered cloves, and 7 of ground mustard, al lowing it to boil live or six hours, stirring well and often the last two; remove the mace and pour into a stone jar. Let it stand on the cellar floor, closely covered twenty-four hours. Add a pint of strong vinegar, bottle, cork and seal. Keep ia a cool, dry place. A little glycerine added to gum or glue is a great improvement, as it prevents thie gum or glue becoming brittle. It also prevents gummed lables from having a tendency to curl up when being written on. IJrtoVINc STroCK.--There has been much complaint that the prices of short-horn stock are far above the reach of ordinary farmers. This is very true as regards what is known as fashionable stock. Ten, twenty or thirty thousand dollar animals are not for farmers who have their bread to win from their farms. Bint yet it i- bu. the goldea settiung which sur rounds these, animals, the fashion of their families, their pedigree, that makes them so attractive, just as the golden setting might enhance the val ue of any article, without adding a cent of value to its own intrinsic worth. There are thousans of short horn bulls in the country which with out doubt, would sire as good a steer as might be got by a "duke." Not long since a bull of unfashionable blood was sold for $500, about the same time as $15,000 would have been given for the "Second Duke of Hillhurst," and nuu.eroua excellent judges have held the first to be the better bull. Now, the lesson of all this is that farmers should not be mis led by the glitter and glory of those vaunted fashionable animals into the belief that there is no excellence else where. The grand patriarch from which these dukes and duchesses sprang was purchased for $40, and there have been, possibly, as good young bulls sold for less than 8100' within the past thirty days in Ken tucky, as was the bull Hubback in 1787. if farmers should be misled by the present high prices of fash ionable stock, it were better that the dukes had never been born. Nothing is more needed than an improvement in our beef stoek. Recently stock was brought all the way from Texas and sold in the New York market for 25to $30 a head. Those who are familiar with the beef that is supplied to thie markets of country towns and villages know that there is much of it that is of no greater vainqe than this from Texas. The beefconsumed in country places is of the poorest character. The best in the country is taken to the large cities, but yet there is muchl there that is'inferior. The feeding of all this inferior stoek is a waste and a loss to all concerned. It is a los even to the consumer for the poor, who can -least asiford to eonasme inferior meat, are those who use it. Breeders of short-hdrastoek, other tian fashionable strains, .com plain that there is no demand for blls. This is unfortunate, and we apprehend it is owing to some extent to a mistaken idea that there is a closer connection between high prices and fairly good stock than is warrant ed by the facts, that the absence of this'demnand is to be attribiuted. We would suggest to breeders the ad' vantage of turning some of the un salable bulls into feeding animals, and their ebxhibitioi4 as beef cattle at the agricultural fairs wheore they may see and appreciate them. T:he exhli bition of grade streers from short horn stock might also add greatly to the reputatija of the sires, Tbe ear ly inatutity and great weight of this class of stock is an adiantage that cannot be too highly considemEd by farmers who are raising. cattle for market, but as yet, unfortunately, tile abort-horns are not suafliiently popu lar with tlhose who make this use of their stock. Sweetening Old Lard.-Take a small bunch of slippery elm bark and put it in the lard, and cook one hour. -Country Gcntleman.