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S i l II ni-I III 11 I I I I i N al lll I I I II .,
PELLI & AREAUX, Publishers. THE WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE IS THE SUPREME LAW. TERMS, 8 Per Annum. VOL.I. NATCHITOCHES, LOUISIANA, MAY 22, 1875. m i ll Dl l II l • ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES. JEW ORLEANS, Red River Landing, Cheneyville Quarantico, Alexandria, Cotile and Cloutiorville, Daily, at 7 A. M. UR-EVEPORT, Keachie, Mansfield, Mar. thaville, and Pleasant Hill-Daily at 10 A. M. NACOGDOCHES, Melrose, Chirino, San Augustine, Milam, Pendleton, Sabine town, Many and Ft. Jesup-on Tues day Thursday and ,Saturday, at SP.M. iOMER, Minden, Bnckhorn, Ringgoll, Coushatta and -Campte-on Tues day and Friday, at 5 P. M. W.IYFIELD, Atlanta, Sutton and St. Maurice--on .Tuesday and Friday, MAILS CLOSE At 6 A. M. for New Orleans, Alexandria and Cloutierville. At 9A. M.'for:Shreveport, Keachi, Mans field nmd Pleasant Hill. At 6 P. M. for Nacogdoches, Texas, Mel rose and San Angnstin. 'At5 P. M. for Homer, La., Buckhorn, Conshatta and Campte. it 10 A. M. for Winnfield, &c. Ofce Hours-from 10 A. N. to 2 P. M. p4 from 3 P x to 'P M. - . ,, . J. F. DVVAinoAs, PostZMaster. Professional Cards. W, JACL D. PIERSOK. 4 B1s tb PlVierscn 4ioness and Counselors at Lawo, Ji Z:. r ATCHITOCHES, LA. IL.LretIee in'the Courts of Natchitcehes. e. ReSato,t ed River, Win, Rapides, U it,ai 'In the Supreme Court of the Sia promnptly attendledto. sMi" kARNEY. M, J. CUNNINOHAI Nearney & Cunningham, Aftlorney and Counselors at Law i n St Dents Street, Jpne 20-1y. Nacehitoches. La. Mtorvney and Counselor at Lawy, O 'fee eaorner Second & Ttdaiu streets, 'Jan2DQ-1y Natctagches, La. C iAPrtlIx. T. P. CHAPLIN. rC APLIN-- & CHAPLIN. Attorn*e and Counselors at Law. St. DeonI lSt, "Natclttoches, La. ¶IIIL L practice in the 'coiirts of Rap ideA, Grant, Winn, Sabine, DeSoto, River. and ..latcJ4itech, said the a Court of the State.., I. Imnls promptly attended to in any 4 tof the Union. Jan 2--ly s Business Cards. AF ra. It. W.TAYLO. er ct TWaylor "h sk'leraule and RetalR dealers it SGoods, Groceries, Wars, SHOES, ARE, ete., eta. SRoul STBEUZIC ,Natehitochea, aIs. Mebt Ntock of godda always ltagtleen parehased on ai i ofer orata Iduee a(r ecotten and' other a~idnee made in esh ZR- &0DMRESTIC S CLOTHNG- , anad RATS. tst& Church Steeta. Nat,_ hbehei, La. a Retail Deales in sairoceies . _ý'I '4 ,.- G s, C. A. BULLAID. N. H. CAMPBELL Bullard & Campbell, -DEALTB IN DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, And General Merchandise. Corner PRO(T & LAFAYETrnr Street, Natchitoches, La. HTIGHEST cash price paid for cotton and comnitry produce in cash or merchandise. June 20-ly. Theo. Sohu.man, -DEALER IN DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, and GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Cor. FRONT and ST. DENIS Streets, June 20-y. Natchitoches, La. "oeverly 'AlucOer, St. Denis Street, under Vindicator Office. NATCHITOCHES, a. RETAIL dealer in choice Family Groceries BUGAR, COFFEE, WINES, Cigars and Tobacco, &c. LQUORS, t~i Cheaper than the Cheapest, June In6o.. zap O. Shaaiaath, Boot-and Shoe Maker. *F1HALLENG the world for neatness Sand durability of work. Satisfaction in fit and material guaranteed e Shop on St. Denis St. June 20-1y. Theon Ealier, Coper, Tin and Sheet-Iron worker. -DEALER mIN Stoev.,Tmwure and lease Farnlshlg , GOODS, Sole agent for the Unrivalled BUCIKS BRILLIANT Cooking Stoves. itters, Pi, Metalic rooting and all kinM fv irln, tdoh with 'dispatch. A liberal discount to country trade. Junee0- -y. .WIBL P RATT' IIPROVEBfoZTTIN SNlSt 0. I WALMt . JI3R L. CASPAIU - M. DIETRICII. Caspari & Dietricli, tLacoste Building) FRONT St., NATCHITOCHES, La. GRAND opening of a NEW MAMMOTH SPRING and SUMMER STOCK, direct from the New Orleans and Easter mar. kets, consisting in'part of DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, HATS, BOOTS, SHOES, GROCERIES, CROCKERY, HARD WARE, &c., &c. LADIES AND GENTS' FURNISHING GOVS. In fact, A fall line of OODS for the country trade' All of which they are selling at less than NEW ORLEANS PRICES FOR CASH. Call and examine the largest and most com. pletestock ever brought to this market, land satisfy yourselves as to their prices. # Highest price paid for Cotton and coun try produce,in cash or merchandise. Dec. 5--ly. D. WALLACE. G. W. BANscKR. G. G. WILo.n. JNo. W.L.ACK. JAs. WALLACE. WALLACE & CO., -Importers and Wholesale Dealers in DRY GOODS. 11 & 13 MAGAZINE Street, and 79, 81, 85, 87 & 89 COMMON Street, NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 1-ly. F. PETITJEAN. JoHN BLUDWORTr. W. H. WARE. A. MOREAU. PETIJEAN, BLUDWORTIII O WAGON FACTORY -AND BLACKSMITH 0grOgP. HAVlIV4 MADE COMPLETE AR raugementa for the repairing of WJOLO nRM CJRRIJGES, LIPLI.EMrTS of all kinds. Respectfully announces to the citizens of this community that their work will be done with. Neatness and Dispatch. Parties having wood-work done will settle with the wood-workmen, and the same rule will be observed with the blacksmith. Terms always OCAH. PETITIJAN, IUDIWORTI & CO. Feb. 20-ly. HENRY GENIUS, Worker in Tin, Copper and SHEET IRON. Corner FRONT & TRUDEAU STSS, NATCHITOCHES, LA. Also, :onstantly on hand all ilnds of HEATING AND :COOKING STOVES of the most Improved patterns. AUl.lmy stoves sold at city price and guaranteed to be as represented. Lib eral advintages bffred to ;the trade. , Also, a flhe stoek of Tinware, Metallic Roofing, &c. Gutters and pipes promptly and care fully repaired. HENRY GENIUS, Corner Front and Trudeau Sts.. Natobitoehes, La. SWaz OOd.-We will givd enerptia men at women Business that will Pay from $4to s8pery, ean be uoeued Wain oei n-ibrlaood, Maa, Address J.liyteeUa 2s Washington Se., 3ta Ham. BLUNT'S BATCH! ( He Lies and Preaches and Preaches I and Lies. Things to be Remembered. TESTr~IONY OF TilE SADDLE-COLORED SENATOR BEFORE TIIE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE. [CONTINUED.] Q. In regard to nominating Dis trict Judge and District Attorney was it not the fact that the Republicans resolved not to nominate a District Judge and District Attorney because the Governor had not issued any proclamation for said election ahfd secondly because Judge Myers' friends contended that there could be no election as his term of office had not expired? A. That point was raised by the t Republicans. Q. Did not the Convention reach that conclusion ? A. The question was not raised in the Convention. The question did not come up in the Convention. Q. I understood you to say that it did come up and that the people were intimidated ? A. That body in the Firemen's P Hall, they said, was there for that t purpose. Q. Could not that report have been circulated by Judge Myers and his friends t A. No. Q. Was not he and his friends very n much interested I A. No. Q. Had he not always assumed the position that there could be no elee. t tieon I Not to my knowledge. Q. Don't you know that he raised , the' question before the Returning a Board and that the Assistant Attor ney General gave his opinion that there was no election under the law I A. Yes, I know that, that is, since the election. Q. You have spoken about these E armed organizations that you were t run away from. Did you ever see c any armed organization of people in I thatpiarlsh after you or any body, else ? A. Now, I don't know, I saw them 1 come to town to force Dr. Boullt and others to resign. Q. Did you ever see them on any other occasion than that about the 15th day of September or after. A. It was before the 14th. of Sep. tember. Q, That was the rensult of the tax pavers' meeting. Did you, ever see any armed organization t A. I' have seen them continually come in town, if not in large squads, in small numbers, armed with six shooters and a great many times with shot guns. Q. Is there armed organization in that parish now f A. I believe honestly tihat the White League organization in that parish is military in its character. I was there during the twar, and I no ticed the workings of things and I never saw such active movements in any organization. Why, on the 14th of September, when this trouble took place down here, it was soon tele graphed to Shreveport, and on the evening of the15th that news was in SNatelhtches, and we could not have a got tlie news by mail shorter than r four days ; and the next morning, on the 16th at about 10 o'clock, the news came or the intelligence about Gen. .Grant's order which changed up things; yet the intimidation was I above measure. e Q. To the extent of about how. many votes did this intimidation af fect the election of 1874. I A. I believe there wereait least 12i0 Republicans voters intimidated who i failed to vote at that election., Q. Twelvehundred ? . A. Yes, in 3874. I think there was fully 1200. I man to say of those who Sdid not register, who lived there and ] did notregister by reason of; intimi dation and those who did register and afterwards failed to vote, Q. Do you know what the popula , tion of your parish is ? A. I could dot give you this unleBs I refer to the map,. Q . I will giveir' to yaou. The full eeninas of 1870 was 1800, after tlhat, the first ward, thirteen and one-half of'the ward there were takes off to make another pariah. That threw out thirtftwo hundi~e of the piopula tion accordig ti the census. Now, I id, accoaring to the population ad the number of registered votersm, that the whites registered one.to 1 every four and a half and' the blacks registered one to every' four. Now, if you add twelve hundred to the black vote it will make one vote, to every two and a half of blacks.'Po Do you think the proportion is so ;reat nr that' parish that you have ,one voter to every two and a hal off blacks ? A. I don't know. SQ. Tben you most have been wrong about the twelve hinmdred f 'I believe, to bring up those that did 1 Snot register; and those.that did ret - ite- sad 41d not-vote; I think lt will ,ine up to10, Q .How odany dters' in one hun dredo efthe populatioa woueld there i beti. . :lgdess ahbout9ae tourth'of the numnber would be votes. Q.. T youP aertdiRy iust be mlstaken atout the 200 SIa our ill give metieI think I can 6je sts Si lf ter. I'of our parisb, beaue as agg coaut has boen eld 'there, and peo pie have come on there and entered lands as homestead-we have public i lands there , Q. You think then that if one out of every four of the black reg istered, that that would be fair ? A. I could not say. Q. What would you think would be a fair proportion t A. I think, if you would give me time, I could give you figures. Q. The population of six thousand and nine whites and nine thousand and forty-three blacks. Now, the registration shows two thousand two hundred and eighty three blacks, and thirteen hundred and eighty two whites t A. I cannot give you that. Q. Does every voter have to apply for registration every year? A. It has not always been the case that we had to register from year to 4 year; only in case of a new legisla tive act; such as when the parish of Red River was formed. Q. Who appointed the Commis sioners of election? You conm plained about names being mnisapellt ? A. The Police Jury appointed them. Q. How was the Police Jury com Sposed ? A. Of Democrats and Republicans. One of the Republicans they would not allow to serve. Wlhere there not two Republicans and two "Democrats on the Board ? A. Yes. Q." Did they not give an equal di vision between Republicans anid De mocrats in appointing commissioners? A. I believe there was ; but they were placed about so that things I went right at some places an at oth ers not. I don't think they had any I thing to do with writing the names on the poll book. Q. They had to do with deciding I whether a man had a righl to vote or I not g v A. Yes. Q. Then your party had an equal number of commissioners ! A. I don't think that those Repub- 1 licans who wanted to give them a chance to vote would argue the ques tion very long. I saw some go right I up and one of the Republican com- 1 imisioners o( election was present. I sawa colored man go up before me with his registration papers in his hands and be was turned off. Q. Who was the Supervisor of Registration t Was he appointed by Kellogg A. Yes. Q. Was he a Republican ? A. Yes, a colored man. Q. So the machinery of registration was in the hands of the colored peo a pie? A. No, on the contrary, it was in the hands of the white people t Q, Hew was that 9 A. There was an Assistant Super visor who was a Republican and one Assistant Supervisor who was a Demo crat, the first assistant. Q. Is there any provision of law in regard to clerks. A. Yes, one is to be a Democrat I and one a Republican. The Demo cratic clerk, in many places, took charge of the machinery and run it. Q. Then you mean to say that the Republican did not perform his duty ? A. I don't think it would have been very healthy for bhim. I know that while the registration was going on, Sho would not interfere, I kpow that ' while bt Clontierville, lie came to me I and told mne he could do nothing. I Q. Was there not a large majority i of colored people registered SA. There was nine hnndred and one colored majority registered. SQ. You spoke about the 'taxes of that parish, and I ioderstood yeou to say that a portion of these frraudulent - warrants were issued by Democrats ? Ig thbat statement correct f A. I did'at say anything about the Sisuaiice of warrants. Q. Or parish seripFs A. I did not say any thing about Sthde issuance of any. I said that it was the Democratic Police Jury that I had levied a parish tax of twenty mille, which was reduced one-half I by the Republicans. Q. Whiat Police Jnry was that t SA. Trhe Simmons' Police Jury. Q. In what year was that ? A. In 1873. Q. How long were they oin power f I A. I think they were in power all the year of 1878, under tie compro mise in May. I think it was some 'time in May that the Compromise ' was effeeted, and Mr. Simmons, Mr. - Breazeale and Mr. Jennings were re *turned as deinoeratlo members of the I Polee Juory. Q. You spoke of an attack being Smade on you by some one in Alex sa drip. Is not that man wsho made the attack, one who quarrels with a evey body when he Is in liquor A. I don't know-I don't know how he casneto know me. SQ. You spoke about the Boollt's of Sthit parish being high-toned, respee ' Stable people, and bhving resided there alwafys; did enot they remove to the parish of Winu before the war? A. They had a pliantation in Wins *praish, right in the corner of Saline baou; atechiteches and Wina cor n~i~there at that bayou. i Q. Dn't you know the fact that the Boulltk' were obliged to leave - Winnparish on a~eoent of the burn s ing of the CourhosM,:snd theim sss nioatlon'of a prnmib~lhesigwyer, and r ntht a rtcord hbrut -w .Ms":rhow a brought agiLd an y Is life. If therei Jl £ it has a certainly been keipt - i sdally estrseeatq~k !dki t yea. know eh rI'$1it is e. sl oa ofafmly if Oikjkfs'tyeua o tho istbiiaet i- th Boall) had Ol~egibite eoloeot Sa~itIhs e h~eard was te esa Swl~etber they are llegitimate or not, - I don't knew. As fAr asDr. Bolltt's being received or not, into the difflir eat famnilies there, I don't know any thing about it, but as a gentleman, lihe has always acted as such. Q. Have you never heard that he e was shunned because of his suspect- I ed connection with a gang of high- I way-men, who committed robbery in 1869 and 1870: A. Some of the whites in the city I of Natchitoches told me that the peo- . ple of Winn were opposed to Dr. Boullt, but they themselves volun teered their services in favor of Dr. Boullt, and said to the people in Winn I parish that they could attend to their own aflairs f Q. You stated in an answer to a question of Mr. Frye, that the color- i ed people were making a good deal of I money, and buying land. Will you t state what are the general terms up- t on which the colored laborers work t there ? A. As a general thing they work ' for a part of the crop. I Q. For how much t A. One-half, where they furnisha themselves, and I believe their teems t and all of the farming implements. o Q. What will a good hand raise on an average in cotton? a A. A good working hand will aver- . age about five and it half to six bales. v Q. In a bad or good season ? ii A. I couldn't say that in a bad sea- P son he could raise that. 8 Q. Would three bales or three and a half bales be a fair average, one f year and another, in and out ? o A. I think it would. tl Q. What does that sell for Is a l hundred dollars a bale a fair price ? P A. It would bring a hundred dol- d lars. t Q. Then the colored laborer's share would not be a hundred and fifty dol- iU lars a share, to support themselves? t How can they buy land ? V A. The best way to get at that, I - will give you the'names of parties " who have bought plantations. it Q. I wanted you to make a correc- t tion if you found you were mistaken. I A. There is my brother working on ni Simmons' place, right close to town; lie made nine bales of cotton-but he I is an extraordinary hand. a Q. I spoke of an average hand ? a A. Five and a half or six bales. d Q. Then in addition to this you say a that the colored, people were goene- a rally swindled at the end of the b year, by the white employee? A. I don't say say that they all do e it, but a great many colored men now work for themselves, they make the crop and divide with others who are not able to buy land. Q. Don't the large majority, say t, nine tenths, work on shares r A. I don't know, because every ' year they get more and more out to themselves. They rent a whole place t and run it themselves. I know sere 1 lral colored people who do that. They r have paid as high as ten dollars an acre rent. Q. You spoke of driving Judge My era out. Was not that on account of his legalizing, by judgment, these fraudulent debts of the parish A. I don't believe it; it may have a been the case, but I have asked those gentlemen what the objection was against him. I told them, I notice that none of your people have taken an appeal to the Supreme Court from any of his decisions. I asked Col. Pierson-I said to him, "Isn't he com petent," he said, "yes." I asked I "what is your objedtion then." ie said, "ie ts snuch a damned trickster we don't want him." I asked, "Is it possible that he beat yen all." Ie said, "Myers ain't a good man, and if you continue his support1 you kill i be sorry." His objection was just' that way. Q. Did he charge him with corrup tioun A. Yes, he clharged'him with cor-, ruption. in fact they will charge any body with corruption to get rid of him. Yon speak of "curly headed Ilynes"; iq he not in bad ,eputein the pariah , A. Yes. Q. And yeou say the White Leegue is made up of all the white men in, the parish 1 A. Yes, I don't believe that any white man who lives there could live in the parish had not belong to it. Q. You say that the White Leagne is made up of all the white men and "curly headed Hynes" is at the head of them ? A. He was captain of that company a that scoured Cane river. Q. He has not the respect of the people and yet tlhey put him as their 'Captain? A. He performed that service. I know white men who said they would not go into it if they -were to have such a man as Hynes at thie head of it. Q. In regard to murders, who are the most murders comuntitted by, the colored or whites ? A. A good many have been com mitted and sone that we never could be able to learn who did it. I will say, as far as I know, that the larg est portion have been committed, by white people. Q. Have you had any political mnr dars unp there ? A. Yea. Q. Name them ? A. One man, Alfred Hasel, was taken out of his ihouse between hiis wife and daughter and shot down. Q. Who was he ? A. A colored man, a leadingIRepub li ican i the L--- settlement. Q. When was that.-what year ? A. I think it was in 1868. Q. When was the next murder ? A. There was one again that was found hangiog en the read going from Natchitoehes to Many. SQ. Were both of these attributed to lities ? . The pirtie who saw hi J said there was written there ' "Example to the Negmroes." (To be Coatiancd.) Farm and Household Coluinn. BEST BREED OF lloc;s.-In answer to an inquiry which is the best breed of hogs, an Ohio breeder gives; the following reasons for naming the Po: land-China as such a breed: First. They do not get mangy. I have never had one that was troo bled this way; and this is something of so touch importance that it should riot be overlooked by any farmer who knows anything of the evil. Second. This breed is excellent on account of its early fattening qualities; and yet for its continued growth it has no equal. When only nine or ten months old it will readily fatten into clear pork, weighing 300 jpounds or more, or they will continue to grow until twenty months old, and then weigh, when fattened, from 450 to 525 pounds. Third. It is the best feeder on elo ver and blue grass that I know of. I have witnessed test experiments which went to show that hogs of this breed will make more gain and thrive better on grass alone than titpe of any othter breed. Fourth. They are naturally quiet at all times, unless a contrary spirit is stirred up by abuse. They fatten well, eating their till, and then ly ing down. The sows are good and prolific breeders, kind in litter, and good sticklers. Fifth. I claim that the Poland-Chi na is the hog for the packer, because of the proportion of weight behind the shoulders and the amount of high priced meat it carries, and a corres pondingly small amount of offal pre duced. It has a small head and small feet. It is the breed that we can do the.. most with between April and Janua ry. I claim that pigs should come when grass in the spring begins to grow, so that they can be fattened without having to winter them. Or, it we deem it good policy to heold them over, we want them .to keep on growing during the second suam mer with the least cost. I believe the Poland-China is the hog for the farmer. It is smallU-oned and long-bodied. It has short ;legs, and a broad, straight back; It has deep sides, with square, heavy lams and shoulders; it has drooping ears and fino'hair, in color nearly spotted black. The Number-of Eggs in-a Hen.-A curious point of inquiry among noolo. gists has been, for a long, time, how many eggs are there in the ovary of a lien t To determine this, a Getamit naturalist, a short time since, institu ted some careful investigations, the result of which showed the ovary of a hen to contain about 600 embryo eggs. He also found that some twen ty of these are matured the first year, 120 during the second year, 135 du ring the third, 114 during the fourths, and during the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth years, the number do; creases by twenty annually, it con sequently following that after the fourth, or at most the fifth year, heos are no longer profitable as layers, unless it may be in exceptional in stances. Some interesting experi ments were also mad' a short time since in Germany, co compare the comparative fecnudit of ducks and hens-that is, from which of the two - the larger number of eggs can be obtained in the same time. For this purpose three hens and three ducks were selected, all hatched in Februa ry and nourished with suitable food. The following autumnia tihe ducks had laSd 225 eggs, while the beni laid none. In the next February the lay ing season began again with the ducks, and continued nointerrupted until Au gust. They showed no inclination to sit, but became very thin, although they afterwards fattened up somewhat. Tie total number of eggs laid by the liens pmonnted to 257, or 86 eggs each, and 392, or 131 each for the ducks. Although the eggs of the ducks were rather smaller than those of the hens, yet they proved to be decidedly superior in nutritive mate rial, so that the superiority in pr ductivenesa was decidedly with the ducks. In regard ,to the means or possibility of deciding the sex of eggs much difference of opinion exiats. But Ml. Geoin, in a commonication to the French Academy of Sciences, says on this subject that lie is now able, after having investigated the matter carefully for several years, to state that all eggs containing the germ of males have wrinkles on their smaller end, while female eggs are smooth at the extremity.--Colomon wealth. In order to kill Jermnda grass, It slhould be ploughed under in Septem ber, the ground well harrowed and sowed thickly in red nuts; when the oats are Iharvested in May following, the stubbles should be Iloughed un der and tile field sowed in pea, these two phluthlings will effectively kill the Bermrlu gr.ass, aud the land will bring an excellent crop of cottona or corn. For a permanent pasture we consider the Bermuda grass the best iWe have ever known.-F-rrmne! Vindicator. Says a Cattle raiser: Salt slhonld hbe furnished to all adimals regnlarly. A cow, an ox, or a hofSe needs two to four entces daily. Balt increases . the butter in milk, helps the diges tive and nntuitive processes aqugives a good-appetite. The peoplebf in terior Europe have a saying that a ponnd of salt makes ten pouends of fesh. Of course salt only assists i, assimnulating the food, it does not make flesh nor mutiscle. Eggs Dressed Spmani' Fashion.--lI a frying-pan toss a slide'of rich ~eion for the sake of the fat it will trtder; take away the baseos; mi a teaspon. fil of honey with thebason irSt; break into-it a doses aew-hldaegge, and do them slowly; take tlaelep with a skimmer, place them in a diaJ, and almost nulsk them with .plel -· red and green casictums, sliced.