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A TALE OF TWO CITIES.
When the yellow pestilence made its ap pearance in New Orleans and Memphis and Grenada, and the terror-stricken inhabitants led from their homes in haste to save their lives, and the doors of Cincinnati were closed against them by a rigid quarantine, Louis ville, with a courage which must forever re feet credit upon her heroic people, made every refugee welcome, and, with a spirit of self-sacrifice so noble as to win the applause of all who have hearts to feel for the suffer ing of others, invited them to remain within her limits. Nor did her charity stop here. A hospital was erected and placed in charge of competent physicians, who, with a full corps of nurses, continued, so long as there was a single case of yellow fever brought to the city, to receive and care for their South ern guests. Relief societies were formed, who visited the hospital daily, carrying deli cacies to the sick, seeking by every means that the most enlarged philanthropy could sug gest to relieve the suffering of the strangers that the terrible scourge had thrown upon her bounty. Meanwhile subscriptions to the fund for the relief of the sick in other cities and towns throughout the South were made, and the money contributed sent to the Howard Association, to be used according to its judg ment. Other cities gave full credit to the humane conduct of the authorities of Louisville, and there was not a dissenting voice raised in the city to protest against it. No cowardly fear of an epidemic in Louisville prevented her citizens from extending a friendly greeting to those whom the calamity of an epidemic at home had compelled to seek the hospitality of a sister city. The warm tide of Southern sympathy flows freely in the veins of Ken tuckians, and they were thankful to stand at the threshold of the epidemic and accompany their sympathy with material aid to the plsgue-stricken cities of the South. For this action she claimed no reward, and asked for no credit from people of the North or South. She simply did her duty, and in doing so it probably never occurred to one of her gener ous citisens to ask what effect it would have upon her Southers trade. The epmergency came upon her suddenly, and with character istic impulsiveness she grasped the oppor tunity to render much-needed aid, and de elared there should be no quarantine against their Southern brethren who were flying for their lives. It was reserved for the mercenary spirit of the Cincinnati Enqgirer and Commercial to turn the chivalric conduct of Louisville to the advantage of Cincinnati by publishing to the world a lie so flagrant as to arouse the in dignation of a portion of her own press, and wring frbm it a reluctant tribute to the heroic conduct of Louisville. Dr. Minor, Health Officer of Cincinnati, visited Louisville to in quire into the truth of rumors which had been spread either by emissaries of Cincin nati or by one of half a dozen families who had fled from their homes, and was taken through every portion of the city in which -the wildest exaggeration had located yellow fever. The result of his visit was that he found three persons who were sick of malig nant malarial fever. Only this and nothing more. An agent of the Associated Press -amed Gordon, actuated by a devilish spirit of perverseness, sent out a dispatch in which he gave a graphic picture of the epidemic in Louisville, founded entirely in his imagina tion. Reporters for the Cincinnati Enquirer, who only ask for a grain of truth to a whole bushel of falsehood in the manufactare of a sensation, interviewed Dr. Minor and a few panic-stricken people, and obtaining the nee essary quantity of information, gave under startling headlines the most heartrending de scription of the scourge which had visited Louisville. It was nothing to those itemizers that Dr. Minor could only report the exist ence of a few cases of fever; the necessity of robbing Louisville of any credit, which they feared she had gained in the eyes of Southern people, was too great to allow the opportunity to slip, and in this way the news of an epi demic at Louisville was given to the world, creating no more surprise anywhere than in Loauisville itself. A temporary excitement. followed, which was at once silenced by Dr. Bell, who declared that yellow fever as an epidemic never had existed, and could not this year exist, in Louieville. The event proved the truth of his prediction. But thirty-four deaths from yellow fever occurred in Louisville during the entire existence of the scourge in Southern cities, all of which were imported cases. During this period about one dozen deaths took place within a radius of four hundred feet from an alley which had been built between Tenth and Eleventh streets, near the Nashville depot. IR making excavations for it, several old Pity vaults were uncovered, the effluvia from was the cause of a malignant malIa1 which would have proved equblly ftal allow fever had existed in Memphis or Ne eans. The people living o adway, near the depot, who were daily wit f the arrivals of yellow fever patients from tl th, natu rally referred the deaths which lace near their residences to yellow fever, in Dpinion they were in a few cases borne out their family physicians, who advised them to chaunge their place of residence for a short *time. Acting upon this advice, Breadway, betweem Tenth and Twelfth, was almost en tirely deserted. A few families left the city in a state bordering upon panie. As in all similar ees, they magnified the danger from which they led, and poured into the willing ears of inneinnatl reporters a tale which those eaterprisrig jornalists lost no time in working up into a sensation of the most am ple diaesions, the large eirculation of the two mispaper, whleh vied with eoah other Wd the display of headlines and ln the blood ,ourdPlgdestlo of the "terrible seenes" on Looiville, cattoerdtbhe rumor far ad widon d, although the falsity of it was at ene Imade apparent byth.jLouiavlle press, the onlyde atm ioh.whlh d a lve equa circulation with the statement would have been through the identical journals that had first given publicity to it. This these papers persistently refused to do, although the Cin cinnati Gazette promptly contradicted the statement that yellow fever existed in Louis ville as an epidemic. In consideration of the fact that Cincinnati had established a rigid quarantine against persons suffering from yellow fever, and Lou isville had not done so, but had met them with open-handed hospitality, the conclusion is inevitable that the attempt to locate an epidemic in the latter city was actuated by a mean spirit of business rivalry. A temporary lull in business followed. Southern merchants, on their way to Louis ville to purchase goods, were deterred from visiting the city, and were obliged, in many cases against their will, to make purchases in other cities, but the effect was transient. In the latter part of October business revived, and by the first of November the volume of business transacted on Main street was larger than it had been for five years before. THE INEFFECTIVENESS OF QUARANTINES. If any fact has been more fully demonstrated than another during the period of the plague, it is the ineffectiveness of inland quarantines. Aside from the migratory habits of people in general, and the determination of the average American citizen to exercise his God-given I right to go where he pleases, the tramp nuis- I ance offers an insuperable barrier to the ef fective organization of a quarantine in a city surrounded by land. It is possible that a single individual might establish a quarantine against all the world, if he could exclude the atmosphere and inflate his lungs through dis infectants. During two months in which the Yellow Fever Hospital was in operation in Louisville seventy-six patients were admitted to it. Vis itors were in daily attendagce-not only physicians, but ministers of the Gospel and other citizens. The ladies of the Flower Mission visited it regularly every Thursday, and yet not a single person who visited the hospital contracted the disease. This would appear to be proof positive that something else besides contact with the disease is requis ite to import it from one person to another. Certain atmospheric conditions are favors ble to the spread of the disease, and when these phenomena exist quarantines against people or goods from infected districts, even if they could be enforced, are utterly inef fective in preventing the disease. But the quarantine can not be enforced. Notwith standing the most rigid examination of pas sengers arriving upon the railroad trains and steamboats outside the limits of Cincinnati, the pest-house in that city had more yellow fever patients than the hospital at Louisville. Numerous places in the Southern States quarantined against the whole outside world, and allowed no communication with it, but the fever came upon them all the same, either through the atmosphere or by being carried in the systems of refugees, as in Cincinnati. In the former places the disease spread, and in the latter it did not. The Bell theory has been fully vindicated by the result in many places, both North and South, and has proved the necessity of a thorough system of drain age and disinfecting those districts in large towns which are liable to produce disease. Aside, then, from the unchristian and in human character of quarantine, the result of which is a constant cause of reproach against those cities which instituted them, the use lessness of attempting to bar out a pestilence which defies all human barricades has been proven to be so apparent that we doubt if it is ever again attempted in the Mississippi valley. - AT HOLLY SPRINGS. [From the Courier-Journal.j No MORE unwelcome news has been brought to us during the entire course of the pesti lence now aifRicting the ill-fated South than that which comes from Holly Springs this morning. Col. W. J. L. Holland, editor of the Holly Springs Reporter, and for years the Mississippi correspondent of the Courier. Journal, died at half-past 2 o'clock on Friday morning, a victim of yellow fever. From the breaking out of the fever at Grenada and Holly Sprigs to the hour when he himself wasu seized, his life was devoted to his fellow. men with a faithfulneuss and heroisma unsur paessed, and his death, occurring as it has in the last days of the great calamity, when there was yet hope that so valuab!e a life might be spared, illustrates most impressively the relentless character of the pestilence. Indiscriminate havoc has marked its course throughout, and the brave and generous peo ple of Holly Springs have drunk their bitter cup to its dregs. The tone of Col. Holland's dispatches have indicated that he did not ex pect to escape the fate of scores of his neigh bore, but he never flinched before the de stroyer. The following telegram is the last one sent by him to this paper: " HOLLY SPRINGs, Mss., Oct. 19.-To-day there have been six new cases and one death. Your correspondent happens to be among the new cases, after having struggled with Yellow Jack since the beginning of the epidemic. He desires, through you and in the name of this people, to express the lasting tratitude to our friends in every part of the Union, who have so generously and nobly contributed to us in so many ways. W. J. L. HOLLAND." AT VICKSBURG. BURIAL OF LIEUTENANT BENNIER. Jbpeela Dispatch to the Courier-Journal,.] VICsaBuso, O-t. 17.-I have just partici ated in the most solemn and imposing fune. , ceremony I ever witnessed here in nearly ma century. We have buried the com, inueof the National Relief Expedition, .tionale nner sleeps to-night in the Na w atersol em by the side of the majestic wars of the iver. e gallsat Ouster, Shrtoh r hs defense of and dying 'n ts o brave band " % did not meet death more nobly tha this O iValpou and heroic young offcer. the Mac edonie cry, and in its incarn our relief. The hero martyr fell I , red Iperformance of the highest obligatio - received him and his companions u an a ,meat of the nation's symath; wept ,i ,joy at meeting such tender noble, manly courage and solicitude. When be sickened we trembled. When he died this mornng we ll w.ept in sorrow for so great a lossra. The burial brought into procession every moveable article. It was ever a mile in length, and thousands thronged the streets to pay their tribute o mourn0ns for tie publio bmeement. -An th military eompanies, fire companies, orders and societies, colored and white, all the c!ergy of every denomina tion, Catholie and Protestant, all the cnval escents able to stand, and weeping women and tender young people, turned out to testify their sense of the calamity. The officers of the Howard Association followed the hearse next to Lieut. Hall, and the Mayor and Al. dermen of the city accompanied them. The Right Rev. Bishop Adams read the solemn L service at the grave as the setting sun was just passing from view, emblematic of our departed brother, and amidst the surrounding masses of real mourners we laid his mortal remains to rest. May his name shine while the stars shine, and good men pay homage at his grave, while these waves of this inland sea glide to'distant ocean; and may the mag nanimous and philanthropic people who have blessed us in this deepest distress never expe rience the necessities of our helpless, suffering and desolate condition. We send our sym pathies to and offer our prayers for the sor rowing family of the noble dead. C. K. MARSHALL. TWO TESTIMONIALS. During the yellow fever epidemic two Ken tuckians, who had rendered signal service to humanity-the one by using his great influ ence in allaying excitement in Louisville, and the other by volunteering his services to the plague stricken city of Hickman-were the recipients of gold medals at the hands of their fellow citizens. THE TESTIMONIAL TO DR. BELL. The offering ot pubic r'ecug ..u .. ........, and worth was a beautiful medal of solid, sterling silver, three inches in diameter. Within a gold wreath is the inscription, in a semi-circle, "Snnos suspitare 1/rosque .anare." In the center is a gold monogram, T. S. B., in bold relief, beneath which are the words, "Et hominare et fac'ta dcstvnanus." On the reverse side, within a gold wreath, is the inscription: "Presented to Dr. T. 8. Bell, by the Louisville Industrial Exposition, as a testimonial of professional skill and moral courage, which, by assuring safety, preserved the citizens of Louisville from panic during the yellow fever scourge of 1878." The medal is a fine example of silversmith work, and was executed by Messrs. Jewell & Beddo, of this city. THE BLACKBURN TESTIMONIAL. The medal presented by the Southern refu. gees to Dr. Blackburn, was made by Mr. F. D. Barnum, who has added to his reputation as a jeweler of excellent taste and judgment by designing and executing this exquisite exam. pie of goldsmith work. The medal is shield shaped pendant from a circular pin, bordered Swith red gold, upon which is the following in i scription: "1878. Testimonial of Love and Gratitude, from Southern Refugees to Dr. Luke P. Black burn." The name is engraved upon a scroll above the shield. The border of the shield is orna mented by engraved lines, andthe ,surface decorated by an exquisitely modeled wreath in green gold, at the base of which is a sol'-. taire diamond. Within the wreath a crown in high relief, set with diamonds, rests upon a halo engraved upon the shield. The pin and medal are of pure, fine gold, and form a beau tiful testimonial of the high estimate placed upon the courage and humanity of the brave old man who did not hesitate to risk his life in the performance of a noble duty. APPROXIMATE list of deaths from yellow fever (including imported and supposed cases) since its first appearance this year: New Orleans............3.977 Rock Springs, Miss..... 38 Memphis and vie'iy..4,200 Meridian, Miss........... 71 Vicksburr and vio...1.138 Mississippi, seat'g......217 Grenada & vicinity.....327 Chattanooga ..............151 Holly Sprins ............314 Nashville, Tenn......... 11 Port Hudson, La........ 9 Paris, Teno............... 23 Gretna, La.................. 53 Mason, Tenn.............. 25 Carrollton, La............ 5 Germantown, Tenn..... 26 NearPat'rsonville,La 47 Gr'd Junction, Tena.. 7 Thibodeaux, La......... 88 Brownsville,Tenn......139 Tangipahos, La ......... 43 Collierville, Tenn...... 44 Morgan City, La.........96 Lagrange, Tenn......... 31 Dry. Grove, La............ 38 Martin, Tenn.............. 40 Delhi, La................ 30 Somerville, Tenn........ 47 Delta, La............ 28 Moscow, Tenn............ 34 Baton Rouse ............196 Williston, Tenn ........ 13 Plaquemine, La.........120 Bartlett. Temnn........... 9 Donaldsonville, La.... 35 Tennessee, scat'g ...... 46 Labadieville, La ........ 30 liopefield, Ark.......... 12 Louisiana, scat'g.......227 Arkansas, scat'g........ 13 Greenville, Miss.........287 Florence, Ala............ 44 Pt. Gibson and co.....225 Mobile, Ala................. 58 Canton, Miss ..... ....171 Decatur, Ala.............. 47 Bovine, Miss............. 7 Tuscaloosa, Alea......... 2 Bay St. Louis, Miss..... 74 Tuscumbia, Alea........ 2 Hernando, Miss ......... 59 Key West.................... 37 Water Valley, Miss..... 64 Hickman, Ky..............153 Pass Christian, Miss... 20 Louisville... .............. 31 Jackson Miss........... 73 Bowling Green.......... 23 Terry, Miss................. 20 Kentucky, scat'g........ 6 Osyka, Miss., & vic'ty 40 New York.............0..... Winona. Miss............ 3 t. Louis.................... 31 Missiassipi City......... 19 Gallipolis and vic...... 32 Biloxi, Miss............... 37 Cincinnati.................. 16 Port Ends................ 10 Pittsbursh ................. 1 Lake, Miss............... 85 Chicago...................... 1 Bolton, Mis......... ......3 Cairo........ .................. 35 Ocean Springs, Miss... 31 Goodrich L'ng. Miss... 42 Total....................13,921 JACK FRosT having begui work upon the outside of the yellow fever districts, a speedy and entire cessation of the epidemic will of course shortly occur. Then will come the dread summing up of losses, and the melan choly greeting that will meet the refugees homeward bound. While the wheels of busi ness will again begib to move, and the latent vigor of social and commercial life reassert itself, still sadness will long reign over hearth stones, and tears will long be shed for those whose places " will know them no more for ever." And hard upon Azraels flight will come the doctors trooping up with their ex periences and conclusions. A devoted band of humanitarians they formed during the reign of death, but it is to be feared their notions will be as conflcting as their lotions were, and but little of practical good in the way of suggesting preventives will be crys talized out of the mass of evidence to be sub mitted, It is to be earnestly hoped, however, that some will earn a position on the pinnacle '' where Fame's proud temple stands afar," by giving the world a decided and rational disg nosis, and an unimpeachable theory of cause and cure.-[Courier-Journal, Oct. 30. "KISS MY UPS." [Mempls Avalanche.] One of the thousand and one tragic inci. dents of the great plague happened at Holly Springs a few days since. A beautiful young lady of New Orleans was being forced by her father to marry an old man she could not love. Preferring death to slavery, the young lady ran away and gave her services as nurse to the fever-stricken of Holly Springs. Af. ter a few days of devoted attention to the sick she was herself stricken. There was a male nurseM for her, Themre wes no female hand to soothe with its gentle touch the fe ed brow. But the noble Ridley was there .rfom the last sad odlces to the dying I gr.-4oward the last she said to him: "Kiss me." ~RidIy kissed her on the cheek she .exclaimt ."Ki my lip," which he did. S he then a ou are the only man I ever hissed; kiss menie .s' While Blidley was in Sthe act of kissing she threw her armi tightly arond his ne,.and instantly ex-. pared. Goodbles the bravea ts. ' tr.Corresondents would confer a favor on 'the savertisers bsby mentioning that iey saw the advertisement in this paper. lihe Photogral)h M3emorial Itecordl. 'fhe ab),, is the title of a most artistic design, 11 inches in sizs, with a receptlcln for the photo tph of your departed friend, with blanks for 4me, date ot' lcmae, and age. pa;e wjill not allow . a full description: but a cnple copy, with terms to agents, will be sent on ri pt of 2 cents. Ine agent, in a few months, disposed of 1,4I0 epies. Address J AM 1SE. NESBIT, Louisville, Ky. Ladies' Purchasing Agency. Mr. JME iICBM D No. 157 West Chestnut St. LOUISVILLE, KY. ITfers her services to Ladies In the country as Purchasing Agent. She will give prompt attention to ::I orders entrusted to her for the purchaoe of goods in this city. PuItr haes male at lowest cash prices, atI merchants' bills sent with the goods. OANNON &. Dvcno, WHOLESALE MILLINERY AND) LADIES' FURNISHING GOODS. 191 Main St., bet. 5th & 6th, LOUTISVILLE. T. M. SWANS, formerly Truman. Swann & ('o. R. C. SNonDY, formerly Snoddy & Parrish. W. J. AIIRAHAM. SWANN, SNODDOY & CO. HATS CAPS STRAW GOODS, LADIES' TRIMMED HATS, GLOVES and FURS. 229 Main Street, Opp. Louisville Hotel, LOUISVILLE, KY. Orders promptly filled and satisfaction guaranteed J. M. Robinson. G. 11. Mourning. Oeo. C. Norton. J. M. ROBINSON & CO., Importers and Jobbers Dry Goods & Notions 211 & 213 Main Street, cor. Sixth, Louisville, - * * Kentucky. CARSON, BOWMAN & CO. WHOLESALE GROCERS No. 193 West Main St., bet. Fifth and Sixth, LOUISVILLE, KY. BRIDCZEFOD d 00. MANUFACTURERS OF THE GREAT WOOD COOKING STOVE, AMERICAN! Also, COLUMBIAN, forCoal and Wood. Ho tel and Restaurant Ranges a specialty. Particu lar attention given to all DISTILLERY WORK. C. J. Sievers. J. B. Girdler. J. W. Carter. 0. J. SElEVERS e 00. Successors to Harvey, Girdler & Co. Importers and Dealer in Foreign & Domestio Hardware, Cutlery & Guns H. Burden & Sons' & Juniata lHorse Shoes, S. S. Putnam & Co., and "Norway " Iron Forged Ilorse Nails. 289 Main Street, bet. 7th and 8th, LOUISVILLE, KY. J. Von Berries. F. Von Borries. Von Borries &Co. Importers and Wholesale Dealers in CLOTHS, CASSI!ERES, Vestings, Tailors' Trimmings, READY-MADE CLOTHING. 189 Main St., bet 5th & 6th, Louisville, Ky. WE send our Extra Heavy Coin Silver Hunting American Lever Watch (fully warranted) by mail(at our risk)to any address on receipt of 115 for the watehgand 50o for postage,or by express C.O.DI)., subject to inspection (if desired.) Money may be sent safely by mail in a registered letter. Send for Illus trated Catalerue. BARNES & BRO., Jewelers, 24 by mail. L i WASHBURN'S Photograph Art Gallery "WITH ELEVATOBR." 118 Fourth Street, • Louisville, Ky. Photographs in every style. Portraits in crayon and India ink, life isze-from old pictures or from life-acknowledged by all the most perfect likeness now made. 1. L. CHITON, A. I. OUTHI, 1. J. O G'THRBIa CHILTON; GUTHRIE & CO. Manufactarers of TRUNKS IlA.US, TRAVELING BAI S & BASIETS. No.186 Wesu tMain S., LOUIVILLE, KY. wFactory 21, 23, 25 and 27 Bullitt St. A Hanloime Caer Case Ferlsleg Free WITH FIFTY NEATLY PRINTED VISITING OCBDB for 8bo, By F. M. FORBES, Fancy Job Printer, Northwest Cor. Second and Main, LOUISVILLE C. H. & L. J. McCORMICK, / MANUFACTURERS OF SelfBners , e1f. ake, Drop;er Z wr, CHICAGO, ILL. -~ TO OUR FRIENDS AND PATRONS. Our Self-Binders as well :' our otber.t arvesting Macn lne nave met with such universal success in ,h. `ý . *, , I. . u . .. . increase our handling tailities, land in order to protect our cup tomers against exor-i fant freights, we have re.ently opened a warchou-e at Nashville. Tienn., which will be managed by our own salaried oen. thus giving us full control of our own distributing. A large stock of machines, extras, wire, &c., will te kept on hbaud at both of your ,iarehluse-. No. 72 E. Main St., Louisville, Ky., and No. 8 Broad Street, Nashville, Tenn. H. S. SHIELDS, Gen'l Southern Agt. C. H. & L. J. McCORMICK. Bamberger, Bloom & Co., Wholesale Dry Coods, Notions, Furnishing and Fancy Goods, &c., 242, 244 and 246 Main St., and 51 and 53 Seventh St., - * LOUISVILLE, KY. New York, 115 and 117 Worth St. Jno. H. Thomas & Co., Manufacturers' Agents and Importers of HARDWARE AND CUTLERY. Agents Bulfalo Scale Co., Parker Breach-loading Shot-gun. 277 West Main St., bet. Seventh and Eighth, Louisville Ky. Headquarters for athrigbt's Patent Send for Descriptive Morgan Side Saddle. Circular of our New Patent Iron Front Sathright's Patent Back Band Hooks. Texas Trees and ventilated Con. Gathright's New cave Iron Cantle Patent Iron Horn Trees. Best and and Iron Cantle Strongest Trees ever Saddle Trees. made. I athright's Patent 61g Saddles. HARBISON & GATHRIGHT, MANUFACTURERBS OF aLL INDS OF SADDLES HARNESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, &c., Andl Dealers in SADDLERY HARDWARE & LEATHER. 257, 259 & 261 Main Street, Louisville, Ky. STIRICTLY PURE WHIITE LEAD. JOS. HASLETT, President. L. LEONARD, Secretary. SEZNTTCET LZ.AD ABiD OIL OOXPANT Manufacturers of White Lead, Red Lead, Litharge, Lead Pipe, Sheet and Bar Lead, LOTTISVILLE. In our New Works we are now manufacturing a very superior article of strictly PUBE WHITE LEAD, to which we beg to call the special attention of dealers and ronsumers, and ask themn to uive it a trial. Ilaving lately added to our business the manufacture of Lead Pipe, Sheet and Bar Lead we are also prepared to supply the trade in that line. Orders solicited. THE KENTUCKY LEAD AND OIL COMPANY. Alford, Newhouse & Co. WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS CORNER MARKET AND SEVENTH STREETS, LOUISVILLE, KY. s8 ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED. -e JOHN KAYE. LOlEltT FLETCHER. II H. SHOWERBS. Kaye, Fletcher & Co., Wholesale Dealers in IOTIONS, EOSIERY AND GLOVES, GENT'S AND LADIES' FURNISHING GOODS. A Full Line of Cloaks, Fancy and White Goods No. 253 Main St., corner Seventh, Louisville, Ky. .. JAEGE-. Importers and Wholesale Dealers in QUEENS WA RE, 285 MAIN STREET, BET. SEVENTH AND EIGHTR, LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY. Tarwater, Snyder & Rankins, IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF HARDWARE, 268 Main Street, - - * Louisville, Ky. A Aencies--Disston's Circular and Mill Saws, Patent Perforated Cross-cut .saws, Pierce's Supeieor Auger Bts pre' Hand cut l iles, Sycamore Powder Company, Hiowe'u Counter and Platform uCBates, Auburn Manufecturing Company, American Screw Company.