Newspaper Page Text
LAWYEPS. S IAPI\t, TCF Ii ,(tET, ' 1' (IIfAP CQ IfA'ig DRAsNGUET & CHAPLIN u ATTORNEYS AT LAW, St. Denis street, Natchlitochs, La. Prat icein the District courts of Natfhito tile s. Sibi ne, DeSoto and Redl l iver, ane ill thn " *iinpre .e Court of the State. ILIMII. JACK (Successor to Jack & Pierson.) ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW NIatcbitoches, La. SWill practice in the courts of Natchvtoch9e Sabine, DeSoto Red River, \Vina Rapides sut, rant, and in the Supreme Court of the Stt. Clams promptly attended to. J, H B r JJ C>J.ý'NINGRAM. - ATTORNEYS Al' LAW, ' "St. Denis street, Natchitoches. La al give prompt and personal attention to il bthnee entirustoud to their care. Practices in the District and Parish court. in the par ishes of Ntchitochees, Red hired ireSuto tnd Sabine and before the Suprenie Court at Mon. roe ant New Orleans r WM. Y. LEVI. y*AN'IC. v.AC '(LI. LEVY & SCARBOROUGH,. S(Office in the Lacoate etilding-Up stairs, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Natchitoches, La. Having associatel theselves, Will practiet in the parish and Seveuteenth Jutdicial LDistrict courts; also inthe parishes et' t iull and Grant. Supreme Court of Louisiana, cllite States Disn trict and Circuit courts, of LoujisaIna, and United S States Court of Claims at tWashingl n. 31A GISi'1,A [LES. 4NJOHN M TUCKER, Magistrate Ward , D RS POWELL & GALLION. Have associated themselves in the practice of medicine and surgery. Office on St, Dexia, street, Natchitoches, La. G.$ GILLESPIE, PRACTICAL PHYSICIAN, S aleshtoches, La., (Offihe in Lacoste uit lding. Up stairs.) WATCHMAKERS JA51Et T KING, Practical WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER. Watches, clockas and jcwelry carefully re patu-ed andi warraut,,u, nm..nuurd tlune t 1 pt Watches set ani re.ulated sive of thatrge A fne lot of watches and cia fo otr sale lchena. Oe on St. Deais stroet botwern 4ecoua an Tbitd. ------- ------- ARCHITCEITS. JHLEY & SON, ARCHITECTS, CARPENTERS AND JOINERS. Estimat des for buildings promptly ARCHITECTS8, ,CARPENTERS AND JOINERS S Estibmates for buildings promptly furnished BARBERS. 0ZORt3z DUNCA,c~ FASHIONABLE BARBER AND HAIR CUTTER. St Deals street, -- - . Natchitoche BOA RDINGHOVSES , M ES EUGENIJE ALLUIN'S PRIVATE BOARDING AND LODGING, J -at ME. HUGH M'KENNA'5 OLD STAND, Coruer Sibley and Third streets. TA IL QRS. FASHIONABLE TAILOR AND CUTTER, Front satreet. BRICK LAYERS. JosP c KEYSER. BRICKMAKER AND LAYER. N Is prepared to do all work entrasted to his in awerknianlikenasanaer. Tombs chimneys, cisterns, and other Work alotted.' Orders lefi at Ballard & Campbell will e prraoptly attend. ed to. DRY GOODS, BTO. OHN C TRICHELL, Dealer ifl DRY GOODS, GROCERIFt, ETC., ETC., Washington strets. J0hN GXNOA, Dealer in DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,ETC., ETC., Washington street, Natehti*,ies, La. Dealer Ia DRY GOODS, GROCERIE8, A'D., ETC., Frout street, Natohltoche..La. DBT OOOD%4 TGONfS. SBdgs, HATS Lower tihan evet at J. A. DU(ORNE A1J', -atchitochee, La. ADAHQHM'KNB ' OODARDN FANCY GROCERIEA, 8KY.IIOCKET8 AND FIEECRA4KE1IS, Coer Seoonad Sad Non staet, in theCoulne ... 298 JTWILL PAY YOU e To buy your SEE P GOODS, BOO'I, 8H S HATS, Ladle, D tregs God, L. CB C LE ,*VS , * .. aw4 r..* ehu, Z4 e Deslerl a c On E id t(. AR ODS IC V C(APLIp iat hiti g d it the II.) T LAW L bitoches idW an" HOLESALE DEALERS Cstatg.. .a" ition to ractices he pal Ito and A It Mon. It(OUCII. itairs; wh W1 W"ractice )itirict on e,4 Dim. eraD L 'ited e ERNth E Oat G PRO- GIN - t +ý ý cult GDUCE.I Sf~D nu I dimi Cu111 tice of t] Iellic a she on tl IOUn" GENERAL COMMISSION inhal who ug- d i-ut tablk "acrtti "tiett. Jazu COU lul. pr~enet I UIIa MERCHANTS " lap. tioe 1h al'u the eel ville, a aund to ludiau 'D Nos. 20, 21 and 22 Levee street, I dhot t and re mnouthi Ster Nett northw known D Stifll at SIIREVEPR, LA Naogd early e fear of1 I~in ~Ce~the 144 LA -IN- 4 way nary, 1711 fonading early by NORTHLA., 9Missions almost at which are Jan. 29, 17 Adayes, ai founded b: And hSfelncChbfully of Mexico; Order of Rl tomark th spot. The the past; grounds ar scendentso COMPE ED tered fromiI of their pio of 8paniah Pierre. As settlement ( in a village some three -WITH- Adiae as no' lost the title since scattei These earl proved Upoh 1818, zp sett ang e, d bee ms IVB8T RN\ fjJ~j the small ire WBSTRN d~l~ ·Iknown as Aa 8ALOdy i mily setti ine, on the Texase. We 1 298....SALOO .2..9.2 ea**yvi*tso Sin the obaraol THE POPULAR 8 lSORT. and the eetmle BEST WINE8 AND tarypost. th O088 into a Inw, at -and- ry with a enOICE FLAVORED *telO$f ent. r ~the .bo4ri Always at the ba J. SMITH, tot, , V 2 t 1ahtili f Vsmm. .elabMy on bi Wkt6I9 84 8, W ,hiC I? LOUR DEKERON /'i '~b·::': 'i -t Y~ ,· " HITORY OUF M TJ~lfir;lEll,: IIY Sl IIIT I, MIS. Looking Back Into the Dim Vista oft ByGono Days - Its Tradition I ERS and People-Old Ruins, Re. C collections and Rel. ri les - Highway i Robbers. fi bi A NEWSPAPER WRANGLE. Be CO Si Scarcely a stranger arrives hero but Bo who inquires "Isn't this a veryold place?" mie Whether this be from its buildings, fash- me ioned after the by-gone century, its nar- au, r row streets and listless dreamy air gen- ar 1II erally, or from the vague idea pervading Sal the travelers' minds that they remember fro: o Natchitoches in their reading of James- Th Itown, Va., on the Spanish invasion of an M exico-we cannot say; yet, hundreds of af R times have we heard the inquiry. We so can nswer; it is a very, very old town Con If D u'sn theory of the reproductive T systenm be true, then the date of the tion toundation of our city is lost in the dii diu viSita of by-gone ages. Robert the Chavelier LaSalle, traversing this portion dlivi of the continent early in 1685, and but The a short time before his death, discovered of tI on this spot a flourishing village, sur- acce rounded by orchards and fields of maize, n1825, DN inhabited by a peaceful tribe of red men! who called themsaelves the acatohe1e In The dians. Thirty years later. the indomi- via table, hardy French took possession, and ta 1 S"settled" the present city. This was in tifte January, 177, that the voyageurs under Nacl conujaild of M. do LaMotte founded the Thi present city of NatLhitoehes upon the Pierr S u ns of that Inuian village. Ienri 1 At an elallicr period, however this see- withi, tion had, it seems, much attraction for rrht the oeuly piouneer. Laliarpe tells us that thbe t p in Mlay, 170U, Bienvie, by order of Iber- Settle ville, ascended Red river to Natchitohes, then c and lound the Nacatoache and Yataase dians. ludiaus in possession of the country. A by the 't, short tune afr.erwards St. Denuis followed, !mdian and remained with his expedition six with it months in the Yatassee village; the lat- smith. ter settlement was situated forty miles fifteen northwest of this city in what was then city of known as the "Bayou Pierro Country." Fromn Still later, in September, 1714, St. Denis siderab arrived at the village of Assinaye, now "Allen' * Nacogdoches, Texase. I seems that these year, th early expeditio prompted by. a ish of C fear of Spanis eneroachamon a thF The t F h domie toe 16F aRy, 1,17; ol m,.1-an of or'-·eoeopreo . re Misshons t~pesisg~an h Epang up Doingh4 almst t te sme ime th sies f 148,the i ]~ nary, 717; e mowobat earlier than the founding of New Orleans, and, iet as early byiexactly tbirteve years th Phil- ier being adeiphia, to the date of which settlenent of Claibof many of o;r people compAre of whatrcmn Od Miseions and e uorches sprong pn Dhring almost at the same time; the sites of 1848, ther which aTe nob not even to be fonad. On liahed, fr Jan. 29, 1717, the Mission of St. Michel, a Ntedhitoc] Adaye, nine wiles west of this, wasd al e ter foundet by ohder of Linqres, then viceroy east o of Merico; by F ather an ugstine, of the or'ctehi m Ordereof romlets. p ot astone remains atothe a to mark the birth of aivilization on that o thr, wrs spot. The Laboiginal ihebanist o arof of another the past; their homes andshunting ofRed oml grounds are tiled farms, whleo ofdthe de- em portiou scendents of their conquerors, -the Span-I yule, and iards, I et few emain, ]Id they are scat- of' Natchit tered from the places of the settlement accompanil of their pioneer fathers along the shores lation, brit of Spanish Lake amdthe banks of Bayo. u triomnal pt Pierre. Alate, horwever,as 1854, a lages error uii t. settlement of them retained their homes pwas aciozn in a village kIownm "S1panish' Town," Ira theyez some three mileg beyond Adayes or totaldpopul dies as now writtea; I n that year they tocher was loste te titles to their lands, and have intheelegis since risatered, no h ne knows where. tution of 11 Theserlysettlem entoe pwere not im represmntati pryoed tpo l, for we find that as late as the Auditor i1o nseettlemente of Cpiviliced people populatpio ad ben . mde west of daes, except and represe the small prehdo of NaCOtgdsoh formerly I the oppint *. kInown as Assinay.. In 1816, one white and thirteeu £tmiiyemrtlal~ the crossingofthe Sab- be added, t ~e, on the readt-from Natehitoches to suf r.ageof8 Texs. Welearn fromwa tis, that these 41abyo them .. Searly vialte of $l wh'ite men were more in the oharacter of mi~salayepd itious 43J~ may ju and the ,eftllemente mere preperly rnzln. tarypests than the advent of pioneers into amw, strangp and prOductv, coun- The~popula ry wit a view to its cvlization and embS~aee4 h] eltm t Indeedifwe except the thCathohibcfatherstoe christlin- Naboitioehsb the ~boaRigiua inhabitants, we find CrldQg 1b$e them. - ylh. 1th tn f oq.T~tll~P ahotI oee 4 k Total ~p iy bi . kasesl a ban. This Shws o'f, tb ·.c -j~ Ih m tion ~ R1j puzehais.L~iS tha-~"~~~'-s ~ ·Cg` '4 li nlo iio co tlit h dt crijtio ian Idt.:ius that itl n 1ista of should '(lllpred(I, ih Parish ol S t l l l i I n l l s s t l : I . : , l . " , u l % , " ", in Vista of soil 'cupoevndte ltihoft rradition 'Francis," which wias the ianniai of the a, Re- Catholic Church, at the Post of Natchito el. ches. By various acts pirssed by the ter. ritorial and state legislatures, the bound aries of the county of Natchitoches were fixed as follows: Bounded on the north by the 33d degree of north latitude, on the south by a line intersecting the Red river, at the confluence of the Rigolet de ANGLE. Bondien, and running southwest to the corner of the county of Opelousas, on Sabine river, on the east by a line comn Iencing at the mouth of the Rigolet de s hero but Bonlieu, and running northeast to the old place?" mouth of the Dugdemona, up the Dugde iugs, fash- mIouna to the west line of range four, west. y, its nar- and thence north to the northern bound air gen- ary of the State, and on the west by the pervading Sabine river and the line running north remember from the 32d degree of north latitude. of James- These boundaries giving to the county vasion of an area of about 120 miles in length, by audreds of 70 in breadth; a vast "terra incognita," niry. We somewhat larger than the two States of old town Connecticut and Rhode island together. roductive The adoption of the Federal Constitu to of the tion of 1812, made no change in the civil t in the divisions of the State, except to increas Robert the number of counties to fourteen, by is portion dividing the county of Orleans into three. and but The first enumeration of the inhabitants iscovered of the county of Natchitoches, to which 0 age, sur- access can readily be had, was taken in 1 of mallize, 1825. The total population, at that time, red ien! was 6612. of whom 2872 were slaves. tosehi in The settlements were limited to the allu indolui- vial lands of Red river, extending fromt siou, and the lower line of the county, to about s was in fifteen or twenty miles above the Post of 8 under Natchitoches. aded the There was a small settiement at Bayou pon the Pierre, within the present limits of the paIrish of DeSoto; and a considerehle one his see- within what is now the parish of Claib io or orne, called "Allen's Settlement." All us that that portion north of the "Bayou Pierre f ober- Settlement," and west of Red river, was itohees, then occupied by the Caddo tribe of In. 'ataase dians. The only white persons permitted try. A by the government to reside within the unwed, !tdian territory, were the Indian agent ,u six with his family, the interpreter, and gun e lat- smith. The agency was situated about miles fifteen or twenty miles below the present then city of Shreveport. ntry." From 1825 to 1'28 there was a very con Denis niderable accession of population at e, now "Allen's Settlement," and in the latter these year, the legislature established the par. by. a ish of Claiborne. >, the The treaty of 1835, between the United and the Cafdo tribe of Indis axnga hedt hladian title to all the U06 a wldc!.apa ohad previously occu hugoý ý of the old county ' eceive its' pr(sent us populationjaad ·· .t~bs treaty of 1835, the 'u urveyed, and the red by the T~nited g a the Land Office ? '839, brought into i h and .anoccupied orthweatern portion 4 is1848, the population ' -p- -out- had in seItent as to require nf thre, new parishes, and he a eesaion of the legietalure, the o p are s of Sabine, Bossier and De z? a as Soto were organized. .The parish of Bos ?hil- sier being taken from the western portion oent of Claiborne, Sahine and De 8oto from .r what remained of Natchitocbh. up During the session of the leglslature of of 1848, the parish of Bienville was estab On lished, from the southern portion of a1, a Natchitochee;and in the session of 1851, was all the territory south of Blenville and roy east of the Rigolet de; Bodoien wus the erected into the pariah of Wiun. Ain t A the session of 1868 the legislature hat there was an application for the creation iof of another porish, to be called the parish lng of Red rivei-, to be taken fom the south. do emn portion of De Soto, Caddo, and Bien. n- yville, and froni the hortheastern portion at- of' Natchiteches. The application was mnt accompanied with a census of the popu res lition, bringing them within the consti on tutional provision, but failed from an cauI ge error in the previous legislation, but During ii es was accomplished in 1870 or 1871. tinguished i ," In the year 1825, is stated above, t4e* from what or total population of the county of Natohi- flush times, sy toches was 6612, with a representation ind those u ve in the legislature limited by the consti. not iniepari tution of 1812, to one senator and tdo life in Natel s. representativee* By the offcial repori of conld wish so the Auditor of the 8tate, the aggregate is acharm i le population in 1858, amounted to 83,387 which it it and represented tn the legislature, under om the y the ,pboiyhueise1859, by ibursnators the time, 0 and thirteen repreentgatieiy, and it may 135 the ,- be added, that they Tarirelected on the was America o eutfrage of 8384 vote' a sprinklin 0 From the above brief eetement it will Th people B be seen that the'p14 county of Natchitoi.. 1 nd has " ches, mayjustly claim to be denomina aimeregines Sted "Te Mother of Pua . the 8pealsi aThe populatisi of the parishes formerly frplefahers emlrae4 inuNatchitoohl was, in 1870, as baila, ]Bpana frollee. * solloheis.-*--*-----.-....-18,1 Altheugh, Claihorue,.---------2i tl ' ort S .. .................. 1e,8o as neea A ............................;.6 10 ........... ....... . . .. ....,"' - .........e........ o ia r This shows am ' t popsilats " ·l~atht.esv~srif. 188 sp 34 Sietsutas t5 qlri~SiPP~jata~~n~~rdr ii cent.b8l tioi a~a~ais *8~ti IR.$I*·IdIQ~ In O9Dnsedferi 0 41 ithiii 0 i 'It ii ued l\ ta l -' ý h n. that it= i of ,S(. flunle of the tof Natchito- °- o -r a ed by the ter', U W t s, the bound- t c ý, c litoches were I ~ C r - on the north is w w a' r latitude, on 1 ing the Red m e Rigolet de e . s meat to the tl )elousas, on h i aline coin- th Rigolet de * °§$lcf9be east to the po the Dugde- ° il Sfour, west. mi beru bound- " c I pu rest by the c w ori grr niug north riv h latitude. Cl-' I~cio - O~~ - the county m U [ of length, by tra c incognita," ' Lj States of c ''N her 1 together. peo I Constitu. Stal in the civil in b o increas We Irteen, by e o m n goot into three. The alnoco- r ,st ihabitants ? o - m tT .New -r ©O b Q ,t to which e taken in a : boat that time, e, re slaves. dp -wýww! ý unl the allu l Liug from i sil to about m j , meat Io Post of tobac 'ti ~ ~ f'iii;_ý ý ctic at Bayou aa e a of the ci l l leb one aconUi of Claib- A I t." All * i' two SPierre 8 .5, ' rer, was cur I ofin. New 0 00 00E srmitted w then thin the w b an 0. ,sg 1 agent othi fa ad gun- contri d about trade c present , ý ý "' ý . w c p ,ýICln O u r cry con- ()uro on at those b latter evorwh he par. ro o tO Loniar United fond lo to V OD W OD flme~ a~~ cured cC7 2dians, ý 1 Pierre 11 the $ modern Dcoa- vation c onnty duce tw4 resent Tnited the sugai SOf tee th rat~e < into - c very Sr rio well ulti maion M °h vatio: w r1 .in- arpe - I quire , "Given i, aud 1815. Boa- = rtioun with sevea from plantere I ire of .n ni plant as ii itab lbaotq cultivated i of Ized itself 151, Ities ofe ol and gumO@ rive.r~ sccnrla, was I three-four dbruh I fiv arpe tore o sar tion to conleic irish O I -- I hadssj uth- 8 j w apentof00 ie ance Iplas 'ion about9,oa sati- I £ besidesab an cIL&IrcmazsRTca or PEoPLE. imperfectil but During its Palmy days, which are dien tinguished in the settlement of a country arpents no: t14e from what is generally designated ation of shl- flush times, by an absence of rowdyism river with ion and those wild sports incidental to, if which take sti. not Inseparable with, pioneer existe - fpot ils p Wlo life in N~atchitcches was all that man afecitig v Sof could wish-and even to this day there the nei¶ghb4] ites a charm in its society that p ' 1m" gy which it astonishes the *tranger above Orle ler from the fast world without. t a very hh h ,ra the tine, preceding and succeed- Upon 4 o ay ing the purchase, our population o ar he was American, French and iBpbnish, with etc Some a sprinkling of Indian blood . in many. prospdoes of Tl The people were fond of balls' ad' par- the rot wil ties5 and having.elpsrienced the succes, thin! year, a sive regimes of the tFrech, that iI a* the Speaish, ad the Amerleang, the son, buat ver terpelchoresa muse has delighted our severe and n IY forefathers with war dances, French but I caloula blls Spanish tandangoes, and American neSason. of cane willt I~ Although, Yatcbitocheq was once a lug our fall1a iOnnftt of 41~eS sh*oatir tow o," and here could be me ea mea free almost all nations, and men maa5nacturu Sira as ued be' The was a lack whebU as o aibwmte rodla whe nndi.Ior, than t of ieeand greater elviliz.d Ccuaios . n, It seents that the p . easier ra othe and dluinetire marks of the ds*.. than the ootth 1ireash e )eradhded to soch ank 'tsotails atwdtstq lkyheekthboo).d. bse ssg Red abtimt3 Milngs which e to culstvaigoo ugigmtanterB a Mlad. muco ale vali DXamtsi~v NA~L Q O33 3 0J ej AIR lIODUflox Qfoa 5,'R Strange as it. ii:l sce, it i nveril thms true. lThe ll an AII tonii Trace," the lt%11,tau.1l n~vI, JOIVO, iii lililesgre.iic lp' ti ies- t InI ourl b~ovliootl days it a 01 Wrdt W\attdei· downl sotito Wecll Tni-n rked j'Iti.titol f th~is old "tfrace,"r and I imagine the feelings, looks sad habits of those early people whio passed thalong its route. Our ear~liest recollectiotis are filled Swith the Wronilerfu~l stories of' the silver Sofre, its vast quatnuities, no ked trains of est f the stris, ich used to pass ovw, er this trace to N tcitoches l e en on mules; - ° oe am ole yIts rlccp cols O ltuny hill aundreds bale, win each theraii. Icont Sthose d nays, i trwditionary legend can 0 be relied upon, it. flu our boyhood dsber, whodit ws ounced dont ton these down some wellt marked portun of this old "trace,,' and Smines of wealth.ings, looks and habits of i those early people who passed along its route. Our earliest recollections are tilled wit puhug the wonderful stories of trade was ilvery o great, its ast quand from it large fortue were d- i ofthis trace to Natchitoches, sa s: "The Spanish; in many hundreds being in each train. In trade for a cosidef trable ditionary legend can the in bhere; lied upoit is they gad robbers, who pounced down upon these cavalcades of to eopsilver, loadedig to, and returni captured whole fa cimines of wealth. There can be no dis puting the fact that fromthrade was chiery noi inbars of silver, and horses and mules. dnl gre send frthem it large fortunes weIaufacture de- in A writer, fifty years ago, in speaking TI goods, grNatchitocries, sayspiri: "The Spanish in Soutlet for a considerablodue distance into thime ihon n New Orleans, altitough later, Natchez rec F1 centred to vie w~ith thalt cityr for it. Keel. g boints erior our mothe tMexican fStaters centrves irt here; and itour frigs the gcarriere, and timhorouge Cfor p S tpeopled ing vyae to and ing from Ne Or se an States. forty dTa. esides the trade from them is chiefl in bars of silvler, is. and horses and muldried i We send them in return manufactured egoods, groc the ries, laspirits and titobacco."is A Stlarc Ird itidigo wvere girown in thisont The outlet for our produce at thattlme Ecot H New Orleans, although later, Natchez ore centred to vie with that city for it. Keel- arec boaid ts wer:ge ourin or f water-travel and ing and ouer freighk , a the edrive r otton wd s for ° (nttred the best in Louisiana.ew Or -~ Mr. Postlewrait estabhglhed extensive fort lteaorks was forty dalins. Besidesout the trade ar in silver, bides, horn, peltries, and dried .mets from the est, large quantitie s ere mnof tobacco and indigo were to a n whei Ssection; innumerable herds of calt-ftlet poin t titen extensivelyg worked, but siuc~ itoys, no aed, except during tavannahe w ar, wa tiall ca ternkes, and the Red river cotton was or t contribude greatld o the webest in Louisiana. many tr ad r. Postlewait establsed extensive or tworks at the Saline, about the year agair S5,and large quantities were manu- dred Sactoured and transported to Ncelebratched in Outwer New Orleans. This valuable salt-fiat point then extensively m worked, but ai ny A l'andt on , excep durn the war waso tal lor~while "Nakratosbh" snuff had an Euro- domin Spean reputation even down to the days of dmp flLouts Phillipe, of France, who, being a tueiip hfond lover of the weed, always pro. t hat'o A contributed greatly to the wealth andyo Sterre" of Natchitoches paris. nAnd to show Our mles CUTmodera farmers to what extent th ltihan obbet vOrtion of sugar had advanced we pr O uebt duOe tao lettrs r justm old citielenbrated in t those by-gones days for its aroma and fluo-s in its rulti-s vor,while "Nakatosh" snuff had an Euro- domin pean reputation even down to the da of tscarce] Louis Phillipe, o ae who, beig a dim p fond lover of the weed, always pr-tare' h curedthat his eperiment in the ltivation oetion the sugar cane, has produced him at Indians, Ptherate of this,500 poarish. And o so almong very superior quality, per arpent. blmufs modern farmers to what extent the culti robbery vnd thation he is persu had advaned, if the wne pe feetf that well culti~vated, and carefully- managed mdt Othat it will produce 3,000 pounds 'e the Fre arpent-fir5t cut, e Natchit~ U "iven under my hand'this 29th Dec. ALdayes 1815. "T. Bosne"' were t duCope ofalettr from old melvitizen relatin, Beq geo to Dr. John Sibley, on the subject of be eel.' the plani their experience ande, on oed i t oer, l The f Sration:R-Fm convrsti I hadancientl M with several of the most observant Sugar tory of W planters near Orleans as well ao srom 83my ownobservations,' I was convinced voix, pal that the sugar cane was notus tender a Ind71n the rvated of 2,0 ouiinds ofbi saugrofal Isamong An plant ae it was thought to be, when finrs Pisne wit well cultivated , inLuana...tateuly itnatural Imand of ized itself to climate an0 certain qrali- built. '3 ties of soil with facility, 'and was in- In 1731 river laude: conseqaentlyin 114, had c., A the O 0 t oreeaoutter ofran Sarpent oD psr e hlagts brought from the oast, which utended sent O five arpents at fourht istao e the New 0wlt toaco erabed iLohantbyand ripened oflOdtobo rerow ans. Itr ewquxur yin 184 fall he, ithes~ I had, a an eassy, three-fourths - of an St. Denis arpent of ground, which produced me leeagues na100weigt of good suagar; the bal. seven or ance I planm last spring, which gave che w about twenty arpents, eight of which I Denim had manufactured, and has prodneed me then Com M about 9,000 weight of a sperior qality at New O W besides molasses, etc., although I lost that the a considerable of juice and syrup from the the~acat imperfection of my machinue . I am once-but ien. eb dia 3 Itby k t will had ieon de enhe ofarl br tfbrty vIllage,ai r arpents next season. The fertility ad los offoi asuperior quality of our soil, the local sit. taken the nation of our lands on the margin of the selves thei ism river with the considerable exhalations few days a if hi takes place during the fall season of Ainal Sfrom its waters impregnated with saline several Sj - particles, prevents the early frosts from taeked the an affecting vegetatiqn until much later on aon killed are the neighboring highlands, and convinces all their cl eame, makesup amp for thedifference djfBighbt, and ' latitude betea this and tune ca1st A forsuch re above Orleans, where they auoceeded in. Natehes eld At a very high degree in making sugar. wards coma Upon -the whole, I think we may safely Indian nati calculate upon 1000 wight per arpeut, one year mwth another, besides mirncses, th etc. Some objections are made to our One of th y.prspdets of sccess n the ground that odlongafk the rtot will not produce a second ead third year, as as on the coast of the Mis. 01oathertill "- sissippi, on acconat of the hard frosts tier,,ERq., ti h, that pr vail in wlnter. In faet,lastse be of or a re son, but very few of mine survived the day. Ciont r severe and ounommon winter we had; a t Clrc hr butIcalcnlaek much on their producing to the alreal neaxt season. Yet sboald we fail in our Cloutler des n expectation from the stubble, the culture tocbes paris of cane wfll still be productive by plant. laid out a tc * lug oar fell etep evoryys,2 fcc'inorstace oas-fth ofthe Whel platthe sam ate thirty w t ground, leavilig efar4-li to grind aztd Itohe., on t a iueufa ctur reinto sngar...the produce of desending, I, which as9rabove kata, will no worth aaao more than the whole planted in cottonc ee ainde d nd most asognin s wsoaurtheo cesier reined an gPrPsr;. for rket pehsmco. .1 t than the costion O"~ aod uia oi i i t work tbu ciii, wbile'gt .' et meeaobe tallipondeut,-Ts tattled 4wiva cn0lttvtji f sudi gar cane,aNhII mushte a l~ lad Ind curi -9~ObT~;nRbf lam,~ eli ve1resltgl Your s Taerthless lrot , Clpent bourt in the quaint burrying f hi, wealth ill-rhunting for old keed trais o I ig rude inscriptions OW, on roll crosIsesC which, isntead of the o"be lo, jer:ke lo- w tgnimuud,' nItark the last resting S :ly tl- place ot our pioneer forefathers S deep cuts I' t. ('lehonle was the Anmerican nIame Sthe count- givenl to the fortificution still anll oJct tines gone-- of Ni:nttrate.i1 u'uriosit,, and situated with hood0 days it in the encoI)suire now known as "lthe l Sole well American Graveyard." This land-mark 'trace," and of ye olden time was, so tradition has it, Id habits of erected by MI. do LaMlotte or St. Denis, d along its and was first garrisoned by French troops. as are filled The fort consisted ofa deep ditch whieh the silver was no doubt surmounted by pallisades. lonit aug- The pallisades have long since disappear. the inter- ed, but the ditch and the line of embank o pass over ment still remains and can be traced n on mules; on each side of the entire square it occu. train. In pied. Even the gateway can be marked 3gend can or could a few years since, by two splen' ,bers, who did liveoak trees which grew and shel alcades of tered the sally port to this venerable de red whole fence. e no dis- The ancient burial place occupies the was very northeast corner of the enclosure. The s were de- interments are in sipgular contrast to the later day graves surrounding them. speaking The bodies being burried north and south Spanish instead of east and west. The oldest e into the inscription found upon a rust eaten, fallen a centres iron cross, shows that the interment took ghfare for place in 1727; but the name, age, rank rom those and eer of the occupant could not be de s chiefly ciphered. What a moral could be de d mules. duced from this. ufacturcl Our Recorder's office is a place where totbacco. the antiquary mnight delight to spend hNat time hours. Although, the oldest of our ithKeel records were destroyed before the war it. Keel- age and the dry-rot being sore consumers er-travel of papers and parchment, we have ue con. records dating back to 1732. The old New Or. fashioned palper and quaint chirography he trade are objects of especial wonder and delight tnd dried for the lover things of an ancient order. ities thof . Another pristitne relic is the "'old fort" in this on the 'Bayou Pierre bluffs," near Grand cattle Ecore. This was erected on a command he and ing position, where a view of the country ton was for miles around can be had. A pact of the rtonewadl hie a surronuded the teneive fort is still standing, having been proof e year against time and elements for neara hun. mann. dred and fifty years. The exact spots fez and where the buildings once etood can be alt-flat pointed out by the ruins of stone.chim esiuc neys, many of which have been but par r, was tially destroyed. The -wall at the fort, s, and or that part which is still standing, is in b and many places four or five feet high. Thes enclosure covered by the wall was mere than an acre. ad in Out on the San Antonia trace is the rd $yn ruins of still another fort of the Spanish Euro- dominion. Of thie, however, we know y of scarcely anything-all being lost in the ing dim past, even to tradition. We conjee pro- ture, however, it was erected for the pro yo- tecetion of the silver laden trains of pack aour mules from the forays of the bands of o et robbers that at one time were said to in pro fet the ontlaying country. sting Belowa this city, some five miles is Lake ulti- Natchez, famed as the last rueting place of that unfortunate tribe of red men whose wars with t' . - - Sat Indianedriven from thcirhantiaggronads of a among the magnolils, crowned hills and stn. bluffe around the present flonrisning oity be of that name on the Mississippi river, gd, made their last stand against St. Denis the French commander of the Port of Natchitoehes, and friendly tribes of the Adayes and Nakatosh Indians. They were totally annihilated; those. not slaughtered in the fght were drowned in. " the placid waters of the peaceful lake. The following is an acconat of this had ancient battle, trauslakd from the "His. egar tory of Nouvelle France," by Do Charle ced voix, published in 1745: a In 1715, Mr De St. D~enis sent Mr. Di Ira Pisne with orders to build a fort in the ral- hland of Natchitoches, and the fort was ali-I built. in- In 1731, the Natchez, another tribe of M Indiane, besieged 8t. Deni, 'in Natchito lad ches, then a small Indian village. sL nte Denas had but few soldiers with hm. He a sent aconkier to Commandsate enerl at the New Orleans, Lot sucwr-· and on the Slit ted of October, Mr. De Louhois left th· city all, with sixty men to come to the relief of my t NfDoew Oreans. Informed f. Lobois, d as tha Dheim NaH9e had prbeene bot4;tatsi me lhelcaoues uped river, and was asbouf ad. seven or eight ays' Johrney from Natchi tochen Mr. nontaine wbom lt. n Dent hadf dspateeied to kit b'rrter, av then Commandant-Ocusral of ouisiana, at9 tNew Orleans. informedd Mr. Lobobis, at the Natheg haodheen rantons fa th Nhe theJosaotI wanted wattackt at r once- bat, being only 40 agutpse a2,f tey InI hdisen compiled to abaadoa their r village, and retire into the fort with th ed lossof fourts mor; tstthe Natelki bad ot- ten the village and entrenched them be selves there; that St. Denio, aviang, a as f odays ost Sexreceivet a rciieaofob bt n of Alssln rll and Ato Indlats, weho tebseveral 8parnisrh h soined, ad1 at d toakedta thwe ofionh Natsh in and killed e lghty-twoof theNi, inluding i all thei, ohie thaftbe tenmy wore in h flight, and the Nacatoch. In hot ?ursunit. At (tsr such a defl~t tjere wfere so few n* Natleleft tahrt t e ver after wards eofskdei.4 r ming. sepaitt SIndiranrll~ SM : r One of the villag o~b oour parlshfoei4 ee elong at~er it. early settlen,.ot, :p Clontierville, named from Alex. C. CIlau tlier, Pes., the progenatOr of a lage utn9t~ herof ar most excellent citiens of to da.Clontiervjlle ow..r Its fiaounku tb~the circumstance of a speI$q. i Clbonter desired the d~vlelaii';hf toches parish, and in 1821 5t~ eye4 sn laid ont atown on his :;i::~ii!~' jj1 ate thirty miles below thePrt~pb itoihes, on the let au o rected a coDaiahil ci:ac~ize peas. ofisOot.