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Iase.leamsin--lew te Best Wrestle t
with the Carpets. nary, work-a- ap . hose who c can a or : i_- Ton-al carpet lifte ct t and I oft req thei pose o and whi of clea Tashi hard ,is smh i plea sugg o 0 g hous an]ak t; ta itihs -clq"g sr vi- i rol b uint seat- d son" t), b and d there re m` f. battel ei il a Igo fen ta l usual b most to dish- , u time, t h iI when the every ,!n job if v a en, the i li Then w". brea oit f the ,riid t then begin at the opposite side of the room and proceed in the same wayuntil c both halves can be folded tooether. ihen begin at each end o ithr fold toward the middle until it is small enough to care gioo W e take anp in this way e p t i id p taken into thel1 s i f tho in the room, a a t easi td handis when out of doors. a When once out of the house there are a various ways of, dd poaing oi. One o little neighborhood I know of used to b put hnest.r)a)Iit.pJal the mill- ii race for a day or two. Andt a certain I hygienic lady w .oo ;dteled hetItgebarh i carpet to be taken up and cleaned caused p her servant to put it in f sw4hte$ 4 d rub it out, much to theor gi's sor-il row and disgust. Thoroughly shaking t and'snning icacpetfis issuirUy enough, and if it isn't the carpet shis i heieh steamed by machinery. o ~Yl te ragman. , ' . Commonlly carpets are hung ipbh ta lind and b aisi m ar staves or I*e4 o never be , stiff end corn- c bined with the "snape'J (pjf lgpp4s) t sure to injure it if it dnes ot make a t hole. A r' ' v~ mo od for c beating aa oiw `es not t mind the wear on the whip. Peabush a is the best of e an in wi a* spread he carpet upon hisand whip it. e The dust falls directlyt out instead of t merely dropping a few in it upon lean egrass a d o thsi des) is anotbe r all oit when o pened breadth by a There are ~lto erent ofh minons as to a what should bded~krcges 'T s ,t 6to prevent it. '' t. othltheo a specher recommends straw maandnwhp it e dau ste s ftd a ectlnd the dust ads it po can eass th sieoso s anda poean b o tar w o em ca t ae rn t good tie drmingd whIen tha Io beg pat d isadvantag qtarter su ne to at about the stre cs Imuhar n t. amtaLt • .awarm.lh.nir w tr an aself-inging pous ensrgy ca bewore r tastenot to say high art, nowadays. an tbe oodtime coming hen tacked asande i looa e tnor f ed to tesmfrom th. oer-taed powers oethepreeut topn pesre ilb rlan lain oa wen t he hea th-to theia' Btoomnoers-te BrsJi :Y. . II. : hs upI The Sph ex im'. Mdl reearrhig have for 8 Ias and 4,~ · le tion. The hissing urn stands in a solid prosperity at one end of the board, the snadepot the tiab1t '. s ils ts most agr~nt esaeece within the j i- ybtlddhal' coosy" at itsfeet; coffee, i ho or -chocolate-steams in ashlintn silver I It- t. Two or three hot- dishes, among ct h*ei the-pvh rs g i nce the 9mvl .te mtng m benieath tbei rnhished covers. A j monumentallt 0te conceals mys- t terious Iviseraoburnlng as. Above t vet banigs a c ing egg w e the so n buLtler s ht k at e the cele epress ing 2 ngon wh rowied dry 1"ldps the ftmitsn'moon,': oc Stes ft raei ; kJm, marma t i r . eabeyd add ag to the feast, i S bi the ideboard proffrs cold joints, I b, and ia vast loaf " to A well-appointed English blcakfast- r 31 table is, indeed, as cheerful a sight asa I i- hungry man could desi'e. But it is I 9* related that a cultivated Hindoo prince, being a guest at one, confided to a c friend his misgiving that a people loving I Ssch vulgar profusion of coarse food Sould never become civilized in the tine t sense of that word. And, indeed, ex- I Af cept in a greater refinement of cooking I j. and serving, such a meal differs little 1 from the beef and brawn, the boar's head and mighty hams, divided with , the fingers, and washed down with great t i :ugs of strong beer, which made the breakfast of the gentles of England in Henry the Eighth's time. E T The German "early morsel" consists of a cup of coffee, bread, eggs perhaps, s sint a comb of golden honey, or some c o. like dainty. On this fare the fine brain t it Germany has done its subtle thinking 1t f r generations-the poet his imagining, id the warrior his planning, the philoso- t he pher his speculating, the statesman his til contriving, the musician his ethereal r. weaving, the theologian his destroying d rnid his up-building. 11 Nay, there was an earlier nation of I i poets, orators, philosophers, warriors, s º tates$nen, dramatists, painters, archi- s 1 'taets; sculptors-a nation from which I td we still borrow the best we know of art I and eloquence-which wrougl its eter re nal labors on a still simpler diet. The t te old Greeks made their breakfast of i to bread dipped in wine, to which in self I- indulgent moods they added ripe fruit. in Dinner to be sure, was an affair of time ki and'sti tan~e. B'Bit there were slaves t id cot), *od slaves to serve it; the labors Swdi ~ t ede'dome, and the simplicity r- loving Greek might permit himself a lit. ti _ elegant gluttony without self-re- I b, proach. se 2ia~got we profit by the example of t he the o frihlt1te younger nationP A sinple and light breakfast would go far t a to redeem us from the reproach of being f M1t1An c4typpeptics. Itwouldgrehtty MiXhe e llhoe the housekecper, who n- could teach the most unintelligent maid Is. toptereprgood coffee, and bread, and a the wholesome Graham puffs variously or called, or who could herself make upon ot the table the best of breakfast tea. Eggs t ih at some seasons are scarce and dear. ( t pt, t,.matutinal egg would be far Slapter than the long array of half. a sy wplled breakfast dishes with which the e, conscientious housekeeper struggles t is after "variety." These simple viands, id with oatmeal and milk, offer all the 1 it. chemical elements required for nutri- I of tion, and may be unfailingly good. T re r sobriety leaves the head ' a, spirits light, the body stimu- t ~atel4eot:blogged. , It tends to culti e ate a simple and refined taste. And if ltr- tili$ breakfat, Writhits steaming St~Q itgmbe ot p ao. ndinfinite rit i'n fgr ddle-cakei aid hot bread be smethipg resign,, the gain in health, :t! 0f ~OI and cheerfulness will bring to swift compensation. et it was raild of Lord Holland that he me always came to breakfast with the air of Le b h~jlbld just heard unexpected ghf he weeoten hypooriti of haa hIehy ld Slt Inj j nsii rnenthrd that he hda ultls breakfast to come to. t to And possibly many a man who now '' brlw -his :greasy: padr-chops, 'sour 1boehwhertche d anbitter, Laodicean ~ MtlfJ o't3 i 8ydney Smith f called "abreech of the peace,"., might 1 Itqitratsl~blies Lo oldf dHl d'I sunny Scourtesy had he the same assuranoe of a gsatisfying FP Aadsik...Baiper' Baaser. Ba C t i Farm-uhesh es. r armers whoa are about to build ysei,,by chpaprrip g oertlaprecaution. Ihl' will greatly mitigate all sickness arising from malari, such .(a[ hr~mittent fever adnenrul.. gil. bTe'arm-house should be situated not only on high ground that has a dry e surface, but the subsoil ought also to be h dr. In a word, it should have a per fect drainage, natural or artificial. The draiage of the grondabout the house shio giSIl I$dhee, and this ashul e adi ctedaway from the well rs thba pp'iq4ihe water for domestic use. jA whoe chapter might be written on .d~n water face water and tle twin s lop-. ,a imity to rivers, marshes orother sources o be ah oteo 1 of '-maa .-ucing dl. tricts to receive the mala brought b Ma9Ii )gadr~sth ce, if the prevai i ng winds are westerly, avoid buildin on the east qid "4 " iI4 li "ilh of the loisture. In mal[ setions the Iat the tap of o na grond oor. An ne#; 4pd9a in lahrz tles . 1 sohtowar4 p,moting the gio alltt~ r that Is used ord prpose, d preventany Minor, ha i & a w bee. deposit 4av 1w i~t Vbar ias 4lfi h tr~rtspdl I Them's Pokes. R Ileadersamilar with the gaunt and bffensively sme~lgtttflB l the marshes B. known as the poke, will appreciate this r Illustration' of ignorahee is bliss," giv Sen In Forest and Btream: My son Lew and his young friend Joe I s thought they would like to go a-gunning. L Having secured the loan of a gun, they t trotted off foL a marsh, some three or l B four miles distant in the country, and calculated to have some sport shooting r at marsh-hens. Neither one of them knew a marsh-hen from a turkey-buz- I ( zard, never having seen one; but some V body had told Lew that the marsh was I Sfull of them, and as the mud there was I not over knee deep, by wading through I it he could find plenty of birds and have f lots of sport popping away at them. Away they went, skipping along the 1 road like frisky colts in their haste to reach the marsh. In due time they s reached the marsh. As they walked along its edge a great blackbird sud I denly rose up, and Lew, who was on the t lookout, took aim and fired. Down 1 came the bird, about thirty feet, but in s the marsh, and out Joe waded after him. The mud was up to his knees, r but he persevered until he recovered the B bird. s "What is it, Lew?" Joe inquired. S "It's a marsh-hen, Joe. Aint he a t thin one? What long legs he's got!" a "How strong he smells!" 1 "But people say they're awful good eatin'! You carry him and I'll shoot." s They soon flushed another marsh-hen, and Lew brought him down. This kind B of game was plentiful, and by the time n they turned toward home they had bag ged about a dozen. Lew divided fairly with Joe, giving him about one-half of the lot. On their way homeward they had am 1 pie time to examine their birds. They were all neck and legs, and, as Lew said before, "awful thin." They entered the f village with their birds flung out con c spicuously, for they felt proud to exhibit such a magnificent lot of game. Just h before they got home they met Bill t Somers. " What kind of birds have you got e ther e, Joe?" said Biil,taking Joe's bunch f in his hands. S"Marsh-hens, Bill. Aint they thin ?" "Marsh-hens, Joe? Phew!" said Bill, a dropping them quicker than he took 3 them up. s " What are you going to do with them, Joe?" said 111il. " Have them 'briled' for supper, Bill. Lew's going to keep his for a picnic." Bill seemed lost in astonishment for a 1 minute, and then he yelled out: i "'I say, Lew, don't you know that r them birds aint marsh-hens? Themr's pokes!" The Earth In an Ague Fit. i There is a line in Shakespeare to the P effect that " Earth was feverous, and 1 did shake." Certain it is, that during s the past six months this old globe of ours has had a chill. Not only was our r winter exceptionally severe and our spring late and tempestuous, but the e same phenomena were perceptible over the entire Northern hemisphere. Such winter storms were never known in 1 England and France; and now the news reaches us from 'Japan and Eastern I China that so much snow and ice have I not been seen in those countries since I the beginning of the present century. - Can it be that we have reached some f point in the interstellar spaces which is Sunusually refrigerated, or has our sun B been shorn of some of his beams. Sci Sentists say once in every ten thousand , two hundred years the earth loses its i Scenter of gravity and topple< over. i There is such an accumulation of ice at Sthej Pole that the earth tilts side-ways Sanq a new axis is made. It is in this I way that the glacial action, seen all over Sthe earth, is accounted for. What if, Swhile we are searching for the North t Pole, our little planet should capsize, Sthe planiie of the Pole become coincident 4 V with that of the Equator, and some new r point, say Coney Island or San Francis- a i co, become the new center of the Arcto Ic circlel All this may seem very wild, 1 t but such things have happened on this a F globe of ours, ahd may again.-Demor- 1 Sesat's Monthly. An Ancient and Venerable Tile. The most shocking bad hat seen in America since Rip Van Winkleawoke Sfrom his long sleep in the Catskills was a exhibited at the American offlice yester 1 day by Mr. D. L. Brown, of MoMinn. ville. .Mr wasea.k so geld.od~ay 1 I mmigrantrailroad tickeSi immigrants to the West froi T'ennessee, and one of F his queerest customers was an old elti- I e son of White County named Wn.'$.I Lewis, aged 77 years, the possessor of B the venerable tile above reftted to. Mr .i B Brown was struck with its aptiquatedap. Spearnice, and asked the old man.how Slong he had worn it. The ancient tim 1 migrant replied:j I rewI y ears. Mr. Brown i1 r desired to obtain it, and te qld gptle. 1 man ireadily* e6nb6 ddti l give pfE pi Mr.:1rown would show him where get a neyon h old citlzr i 0 towa the setting sun. Mr. Browi a has pdaced the old~ht on exhibitiontt Sthe E:position, where it will no doubt attrat curious and interested investiga. tion. Itis tibe. mosat:.dilapidated peot men ~ftold hat that·is s been'seen ior im5ya day. D-un' the eriod f near alf eetturyt hii i hp _ ltere& his wes tet-beatl6e f atures the, wearer had neverseen a railroad or a locomotive • until he came to McMinville the other I e Rebuklug irte. o e Musi c isa servant todevotion 1 but a badtmaster. bhe lateD. Mhlel berg once impressed this .eu tup' a youthth, w d uchaStii.s: thtIt was neter effaed; T. Iloaetor, then i Sthe rector;tol 'aeEpiscoEpal Chureh ' Sschool, had introdaiCe y boy-hoir into ,the olapel services. One of the choris- I e whos dutyjt. w, gthoqn . .br pf the pmalm Ihl8 n~entt the Iolr td one Sunday morning for he t e; wrs turulig :over the lavoa of the prayer-book in o *'Y-"aier edtl w ithout, ra this had.i it "T anthem went a t tba' r tc risterstill the the' laIte FOREIGN GOSsIP. m eeived in a ohHiigYa'inerthe Queen ih at the last drawing-room . be -When at home at Hawarden on cc Sunday Mr. Gladstone always reads the pi lessons for the day, in the parish th church, with modesty and nervous hesi- ce tation. His voice is mellow, and his ex- e, r pression poetic, and people go miles to M i hear the Premier perform this duty. , - -Lord lenman, a friend of the do- ' I mestic quadruped creation, drives a in horse about the streets of London that fe wears spectacles. The animal was ci s found to be near-sighted, and its owner i has successfully tried the experiment of tb i remedying the defect in the same way th as is done with human beings. ol -Crown Prince Rudolph gave to his et bride a wedding present of a charmin hi ) little ponv-carriage ornamented with at 7 gold and two uncommonly small ponies t 1 of the most beautiful shape and color. This little equipage has been sent to 01 a the castle where the young pair are 1 spending their honeymoon. --There is a bit of romance vet in the l ! Austrian Empress' heart, though she is credited with being such an Amazon. She cherishes in a beautiful jeweled box, P, not a stone of great price, but a little faded nosegay of edelweiss, that moun tain flower, white and delicate as a snowflake, which Austrian peasants at tach to their button-holes as a sign of b love. The little nosegay was given the Empress by her husband the time they i were betrothed. -Apropos of the Royal Austrian mar- di riage, it is related that when the Queen si of the Belgians, mother of the bride, bi crossed the Belgian frontier at her mar riage she wore a bonnet trimmed with artifieial grapes. Being tired with her at reception, she took the bonnet off and b: laid it on one side, when an officer of ei the escort, anxious for a souvenir of the at day, surreptitiously picked off a grape. ni A comrade followed suit, the example di t sread, and soon all the trimming was 1 ripped off, next the strings disappeared, A and lastly the straw itself, bit by bit. n1 When the Queen looked for her bonnet qi it had vanished, and she resumed her in journey with a very dubious opinion of o her daughter's future subjects. ti -The abolition of primogeniture has A had the greatest effect, within the pres- lo ent century, in emptying the chateaux oc and castles in France. Fortunes have ti so often been divided down that there is are fewer great incomes than there were to among the Frenqh aristocracy. It thus s happens that a French nobleman who inhabits a chateau may only have fur t nished one nook of it, and his roomy stables may have only one or two horses ta at the stalls. To withstand the effects fi of the abolition of primogeniture, many o French families agree to enjoy their revenue in common. But full chateaux, h with several generations of relatives in PI 1 them, even under the methodical life of SFrenchmen, may not be permanently t successful. i. I- Il r Arequipa, Peru. ki r it a A correspondent of the Chicago Rib- bi r une writes: I The City of Arequipa is situated in a w i most charmingly picturesque valley at in s an elevation of some 8,000 feet above Si i the level of the sea, and differs from e Lima and other cities near the coast in at a that it seems to be more nearly what one would naturally look for in a South e American town. The populatioh of for- a s eigners has ,not become large enough to Smake a European city of it, as has been o - the case with Valparaiso and Lima. a I Here the native Indians are to be seen a s in all their untrammeled freedom, wear- i ing the picturesque costumes which were dl t in fashion among them centuries ago, . Sand -which py their gay andi brilliant s colors are perhaps the first thing to S r catch the eye of the visitor. Droves of , llamas from the interior, laden with i sugar, rice or charcoal, are frequently i, encountered in the streets. These mild t eyed, peculiar-looking areatures seem to r bea sortof croess between a camel and an ostrich as they stalk along, driven by t o some small Indian lad, whose'vo;ce Sthey obey most perfectly. Nothing t a seems more natural than that they should Sbe beasts of burden, and also thoroughly docile, but let anything occurto provoke them and they show tunmistakable signs of vicious temper, and spit and kick at any one approaching until their temper a has had an opportunity ofoeoling dowa. S Under these circulpatances the .philo- , Ssophicalnative who has the mni as unu - der his charge seats hliimselfbytheo road Ssidi and' aiwaits the' pl~esire of the r te, knowing perfectly *ell that it is' 5 theonlpthingtobedone, ANolrtitAmner~ Sican mule can never hope to.-rival the' - South America9lLams~when.itcomes toa 'qUestion of 4ownri$ht obstinaqy, for in i te mattn if that'they are simply per Sfeet. On 'the itreet corners, protected p r by a scanty awning fromi the sun's rays, ? F are to be seen small stands, reembling, al to a considerable extent, the peanut and. o oe stands of our own Republic, where I the native diAik of chichia is supplied toI the thirsty wayfarter'froni thie mountains el for the moderate compensation of' two P quart. Itresemblessoursmall bt in taste, but being madetfrom fer ihted Indian crqpossse~ consider a1nutriment, aid serves both for food Spdrink. ' Thi semsins be rbo he Sextent of' tihe diptiosip 6f 'ton I6fltne ci t in Artequips, lthouIgh.I 'Im tid'thit & " fiwater hast seen introdtaeed a ang theo n .the mines fArthLe inaland t r quite lBuaneh succe~tap in rome T I ,of our " ryprvat.epd. thwtu they w s take to it most kindly sn4 are wing,t~ Ial paiy r in Pvalutble ores for it. g Sare say, inh '~iethihe Imlbes may be ci r made to pay-very well iWithout the in-at portation of any more cos~tly:nachtnery' 'p or they are unquestionably rich, and fi theIndians have lo since discovered di ahbre they an be lyworked. Thos@ sc / lb the vioinity o(A ipla are ki indus- t. t, sipuis raeand eause u little trouable, hi a T~be men ar' moiydny a lianlama i t drivers, s m aIps of hundreds of q S:iniles into t heniterz.oth Ihqght,!The U I qmerbh re tn l d tpen t elitcha staa4& W'hils witi agoi- R - tomers they ire nel'eit btare ti always employed in knitting or apinniin b s or in maklag ome.artleie of dies.. a' r Their .4sres are peealiar, consisting II • 6 sk·lofo u ,ae brights, olor, with a es l s3 wirhssehade eontrasut efectively so Swith thedrese; aman's straw hLa~tli" dowa me back in two heavy braids, to I whilh is frequently added a "s witch" of he ootton twine, which .~ip ly sup- sa 1 to add to its. eath I their over outer o . Io fthl rnesta sagesi ar. h' "rery $4. ,; g,,hk, ' nd i t *l~me~s~lz i*p jpg i& pw 'to~~ ~ ·h7~~ae M .ot ,· mountains, always fresh and clear. To e- reputa '9q "*g $ healthiest city - Stfih South Ameicw. hInvalids who have been given up to die with consumption m come here, and in a few months are ap he parently restored to perfect health. In sh the environs of Arequipa are several 3i- celebrated baths, all mamintained at the x- expense of the city, and free to all. to Many of them contain minerals in large quantities. One of them, known as the 4q Banos de Jesus," is said to be almost a miraculous in its cures of rheumatic af at fections. The waters are hot, and as chalybeate, and sulphurous. er The houses in Arequipa are built in of the most substantial manner, to protect iy them from earthquakes. The walls are of stone, about two feet thick, and gen ,is erally from one and a half to two stories high. The roofs are arched, and these are built of a sort of cement which pro es tects them from rain and resists the ir. shock of earthquakes better than a fiat to one. re The exception to the prevailing style of architecture is to be found in the he churches. These have enormous spires and bell-towers of stone, which come is tumbling down into the adjacent streets n. every time an earthquake happens. The Plaza is large, and has a handsome fountain and flower-garden in the cen a ter. The buildings on three sides of it were destroyed by the great earthquake of of 168, and the buildings are only now le bein, rebuilt. The Cathedral standson the North side of the Plaza, and is now I By in good repair, and- is the largest and j finest in Peru. The earthquake of 'G6 hr- destroyed the towers, but these have en since been replaced. The Cathedral is v Le, built of sillar-stone, which is found in t r- great abundance in the quarries near th the city; the blocks are cut and dressed er at the quarries and brought in on the a ,d backs of donkeys, a block of stone about a of eighteen inches long by five in width h he and four in thickness, carried in pan- d e. niers on each side, forming a load for a is le donkey. ii as In wanderino about the streets of a d, Arequipa one is struck by the large 1, it. number of ruins caused by the earth. yet quakes of former years, no attempt hav- e er ing been made to rebuild, except in the c of case of some of the churches here and I there. Upon asking a citizen of a 11 Arequipa why so many houses were al. c %s- lowed to remain in their present wrecked 6 Lx condition, I was answered by a shrug of ve the shoulders and the remark: "What I re is the use of rebuilding? They may d re tumble down again any day." us - . --. . ho A Pretty German Custom, Ir ay There is a beautiful- custom amonP es the Germans of having chorals playea ,ts from the church towers at regular hours : of the day. It is said they first derived , ir the idea from the Arabs, who at certain x, hours of the day and night are called to a in prayers by the ,long wailing cry of. the of muezzins from the minarets of the 4 ly mosques. When I first heard this music in Stuttgart, coming as it appeared to me from the heavens, I was puzzled to i know its object and the sources whence it came. I gazed above and around me, but I failed to detect its source. The a beautiful melody, softened by distance, was floating in the air. It was like the t at invisible heavenly choir that enraptured i ve St. Cecelia. A few days afterward, hap ' pening to be in the same neighborhood a in and at the samehour of the day, I was mt ore fortunate in my disceveries. Ii th again heard the: music from above, its pr- ealing-notes boming to me from some e tofar distance likethe Atrains of a church i en organ. Near me was the Stifts Kirche, San old church built in 1308, which hs It n attached to it tn imiamense ootagontower Srising up to a height of pearly two hun- t re dredfeet. Eneircling this tower near t o the top is a balcony, on which I at last t t espied the authors of the strange musie. i to Several men with brass instruments g f were perched on that giddy height play yin sacred music. When they had fltiished one piece they moved to anothb" i pd osition on the balcony and plae4e a to different tunie. Four. elections min all t Rd were played, bre toward each point of i cc theocrmasr On d making inqmuiries af. i ce terward, oind that this playing from t g the church tower had been in practice 1 Sfor more the's hundred years. A Ger 1 manlady,"'oue upon a time,'' belonging ' to one of the noble families bequeathed 5 a sum mofmoney, the ineo~ie of which was everafter to be' devoted:to pyhih er tieexpenses of thisireligiouk obserynCe. ' Thcaue laue i her will atatedt thkt cork e- br elections of sacred tnusic 4ere ~o'be I played from thbishutlh, towe" tgicG a " daj', punctually vei , niglat~ t q past eleven to tweov at noon.. .The . b, muslicps for iitir',ervicesarepai&two < marks, (fityeente) aday each.-a mark ' for th morning and a mavk for the noonb ii serviCe-.which,for walkingup and dewn ' r that long flight Lof steps in addition to I Splaying several pieces of ehurch'music, . is a small eaough remunetMtion. 'Chor als are aso played from aother of the i chiurch' toWers in StUtg at by ars ss band, atd atlt ' from iureh towers in J Sndwigsburg, Aesse;le eip, Frederikh- ' Sshafen, eat" tuttgart ap4,in others. .d ' ,hevery old o nap eties and towa...- t r .T .,ng ed,~.(.) ,Repubicn. he Muchi h li ~ nbii said in praiseof Gre cs Clan bgeauty, ad the men. are. 'hand ail hele in every sense of the 'word;.we ed might wel imlagine them to have been R' the mnodels of Phidias ahd Prariteles. uo Their lavre eyes, :black as jet,~'til s d o with glanes of Ore, whle'the logge ly .ye.lash.es soften the 'Opei and p t ' give aardemy aoaWicBE 1W mreeli- , be choly. ";· Their teeth 'te sn~ral,, whl1~e, ~ i n- mud well set; a fine" regulr profile, ;a Ppaleolive conplemxion, and atal,elegapt t ad figurerealfiz an aoomplished type of t ed distinction, As to the. women, they seem to have leeft physical perfection to u is. the men; some possess fine eyes and a le hair, but as a rule thqr ey~Iyag$,#res, , as did some defect in' die face generally t of :alpots thegpod.t features. . It is' i~ot1 he the,, oyr that, the old Oriesl a he nUstes t most strictly peservedi e tle pdesj 'Of tvilizalon, they, in a ' ' dr5lpeintbof view, remain stationary, anid'e justm, they iwere fifty years ago. g Itimay, landeeX, be! said that with the d Lb exception of Athens, the women pos ly sees no individual existence, and count I iV' as nothing in society; the &n have re ri ar ev ery , rtrilegetfo themihel es, . to avigo thei helepmsateasthe oeareofthe I of house %fanily.r la.htownsu where . p- servants Jkept, ie rr(of the poor shies l wages. be a rrs.veuor rs~theight a mother's mr r ..a' orning Imb. p goiw by r te . ,of eboh er up vp rpeatig f.ame,,ttrlg ,..ha hum,' .jt4ug.bshltbem,.tob ,udersteuds 'lathe t l. aodintg, wherhraehildren'atesleepIe g, l ad iftbereremain some Ijetime the poord Sworno otbpt .h mi h tob.r .pa . g r.Rit a-nr e llmttoit look+iter y I herulk'wareass i emleosoneo halspa I f a4. shaul noFisn o the wbrkwtisfh . qI ...-.-.. _- - Folks.; : ' ty yo ve "WHAT IS A HERO 'I n - - the p. Mamma closed her book as the eve grew µ, In 'Twas a beautiful story, too- of al About a Captain who save his life, I he In a torm, to save his crew. de 11. Her little boy sat on her knee, and thought it re Of the to e she dust hal road: ' he Then, lifting his eyes to his mother's face, W What is a hero?" he said. at 1st "Is he always, I wonder, a great, strong ni lod oes ione over ene' to thisi towI'. 11 'Chen Iurm:nt softl ly bendst, aui1strokes pi in Tue c'urls of ehestnut-brown. 1. lct A little lboy, like you, can: be ta A hero brtvean td t i,, Fightril.g, nit gi'ant.. but faults, my pet n- Willing to dare and do. Oil " In days of old, brave men were called lty the gtood nitne of 'knight;' o- They lhe!led the weak. ani ever foulght nl he For justice, truth and rig at. in I at" All hero .s tihait the wo:'lid h is known Onhe were but boys w..o tried be rle Tolead t noble life. and leave of lie A grand name when they died. 'es "'The bravest hero, dear litt le one, n 'iy ietver in fr lands rom. SC Or do great deels: Iblt every boy Can be it hero at home' " he -G-(ldea Days. ,o-- o ,-- .... ,n- AN OPEN LETTERt TO Till:H BOYS. va it till I have lately had a letter from my to ke nephew. Johlny Brigsg. As the spell-. tr W ing and grammar are a little defective, on I will only give the postscripts, which. I c W however, contain the pith of the letter re nd itself. The% run thus: so "'P. i. on:e Itseson I have decydid to Go to pi Ve see, is Blecause I Am so fun I of Fun and ad is venchur. "P . P. . can I rize quicki4t in the navey or By Il going In the Mlerchant s rvis? In ar JoitxNs BRTlves." ed It is a great many years since I was II he a boy like Johuny-a great mans'; yet lj ut not so long ago but that, after reading ft th his letter andtits postscripts, I fully un an- derstand Johnny's frame of mind. He a is tired of the sameness of life-the eat ing and sleeping 'and going to school e of are all so uneventful. There are nO p ge pirates, or wild Ind ans, or typhoons to to h. be encountered in this prosaic exist- re ev- ence, no fair young maidens to be res he cued from peril of field, fire or flood. ad His ardent soul pants for adventure, o of and he is aflame to encounter the ex al. citement which he ,fondly believes to c ed be inseparable from of "A life on the ocean wave." tat According to his letter, this new-born th ay desire is due to "a unquenchibel Spirit nt of Roviun," which he darkly hints is an inheritance from a very re mote ancestor, who is mentioned by Johnny as a "freebooter." My own impression, however, is that it c e arises from the fact that the news irs dealer at the corner of the block where ed Johnny lives deals in five-cent nautical Lin novels of the most startlin:. kind. I to saw one of them once. It was called t he "The Boy Blockader; or, The Strange d he Secret of Hampton Hall." I was intei sic ested to notice that the publishers an-. to nounced it as of thrilling interest, and to intended especially for the instruction Ce and edification of youth! All for five le, cents! But I am wandering from my a he subiect. e, Now Johnny has asked my advice on he this matter of going to sea. True, I ed know that, like advice asking pleoplain P- general, he will only take so much of it od as coincides with his own ideas-the 'as remainder will be contemptuously r I ignored as the views of an .od fogy. its But 1utty with a big D stands at my ne elbow, so out of ay past experience I it ch have evolved the following: Me, I Au ~elN EPiEW:-" The Burling- ti 1us ton Hawk1eye man. who is one of the rer most charming tiersons I know, says cl in- this: 'Everybody likes a candid man tar till he gives a candid opinion that in lst ter~eres with their own. Then he sa hi lo. bigot.' So before I finish this letter its you'll know what a bigot is, and thatI I)- will be something. th ad " Your fondness for fame and: adi r Venture is -if I may so express it-r8 a family weakness, t sent your father all to California in '49. and brought ' of hiup home with rather less money than it- he took awvqy with him. Me it sent t f m to sea;.apd if I learned nothing .else ice there, I found out that present-day se~ r going hasn't quite as much fun or ad- ti g venture about it. as pt'esent-day sea b, ad stories would have us believe. If you, c eh my dear .Iohnny, should o to sea, yd t1g would probable make 'tah same d, e. , eery: I ditibtv'dvh'if ~om would fi' als onbag your shipmates a daring Dick beDashaway,a romaitie R lph Raekstraw, a or e'n a jolW Jack Eay. ,he men 4rho' havr 'taken' th) ' jilice f tjiese SIheroes of f'eton are litierally on earth. '., yeat~l, fatlier than pf the sea, galt. I eidon't kiiow jiist why the salt should ig hsiue s, !(st its savor since the. davs * * of' Cooier and Mlarryatt. lBut one t wa would, thiilik ,ow-a~days that it' was e to hlericeforth fit for nothing but to' he,' ' ilc, ltst out and trodden under footof uen, I e. Wnch a downtrodden race are the sailors he .f to-day.. : " , 'g "For you will 'no loberi', ily daar in Johnny, find the joviul tar who ini the b Ilh wards of youir favo'ritt song. .,f "'Sinrs as he views thegatheripr cloud,' - to be the manly', indepondene .mainer ' of lction. Rather is he (literally, oft,, I eatimes) under the iron heel of a brutal ' 'taskmaster., . bUe .' I hav e never heard heard him sine t as 'he viewed the gathering tlou W Sthough I have heard him,' nder his e breath, use unpleasantly emphaie c - wAnds onm the subject of the weather. d * And my inpt'ession is,my dear nephew, thit'aft~r'you have been to sea a short P tiue, you yourself will not look upon. the gathetring cloutd 'in the light of a I-subject fo0r tun.ful melody; Lbecausoe . when a ma. is caled out of his watch W 'r below tO elp s'horten sail four or five t times every twenty-four hours, he is apt of to lose his ear, for music. 7 "Whv, the summons to this unple.s- 8 to ant duty is of itself calculated to make t nd a boy think of home. The oltctio ,of t e, the aeck does not send Word fir'ard, that as the weather is likelyv:to bi~tin Slbasaa t he would 'ie obilge4. t~ the b sailors if they would kindly aris apd b ; -appear 6n'de:k as soon asthey can conr ng veniently. Oh, no! But the second .a mate, who ismyscularof arm and pow 7, erful of voice, thunders away at the o. fdO'ecmatle door, shouting in a tone that he nesn't admit of disousesion: w is- " 'Turn out here to short'n sail; and vi Int be quick about it. too!" re ' "I may remark in passing, my dear Bs, John, that it will at' such a time be use- m he less for you to plead fatigue, drowsi ire ness er even a suddqn headachbe, as an, rf xcxe tor not obeying, or even to re , mark that you'll be up 'directly.' I e should not care to be in your sea-boots or it yon did. r's '" But by the .time yeou are drenched .e 'with the driving rmip and tlying spray, e' sr- ve planged frantically into the lee ru! i'me 5 .dup and been requested with more in ean eaphuis than courtesy to get aloft on he tle tousail yard, you will forget 'your m g, 'hiksineus. For it will be allyone can til or do to alinz to the yard with your el ia. boi*s while your feet. re balanced on I illm- he' lippery, swaying foot-rpe and i , ariM y 'nau ldger5 elutching at te e iJf el oeaves whlh 'seems 'trying to t'raeayou fromjr perch. I ', k.."ut,' I hear yo. say quite scorn ps eC: . it+ll,., nim. _ .. i ocean.' And I have nu b - you picture 'yourself, 'Pinafore' sailor, leaning i the rail 4 the ship giides Ia ward before the steady over some sparkling tropical I confess is a chrm - dear' nephew, the araw;n t it is as unlike the reality n ' chromo' is unlike a photora hie s at alive. ei4 s. dog "nlu certain latitudes there a1 mer seas and skies for days af e Ow Were it 0ot so. my dear Uboy, a!ti il3 pleasant and endless jobs of ta rt pr4 greasing, antd splicing and ime s and scrihunn and painting, anjn'lm5 a fe' ing and oiling, which & o av4 on on shipbo:1rd but e rie woul hl e to be d ne' e instead of line. For the good Cap. and his kind-hearted Officers not 1 mean tha:t you shall have no tine I "' tope" or be lihomesick in, bl bde bear in mind the autifuls of Drt'. Watits, that ugge1~ " whatlln i nds some ninebtlestill f to otr id:e hands to do.' eait So that you will lind every om Oak. spent on deck is tilled and runnin farn y at into the next one with taskso d conceivable imnd -tasks which fodderf variably connected with clinb faing and odorous grease-tasks wll aIowdin Y take you from the keelson to the le a l truck a dozen tiLmes in a day. * " True. should the Sabbathpro I ceptionally line, you maiv have tie a f read a chapter in your Bible, th n it such rare occasions are generallhy N Nodce 0 pied by sailors in the necessary du heo of patching and mending. a still r So, my dear Johnny, in sumntin I ely matter up, I have to tell you k ider c that going to sea before the tst e and t notgive the boy thechancetouratily 0lo 0 love for fun and adventure o whie bOur I fondly dreams. True, being disu l ..l is in a typhoon or wrecked on a lee I ein ý may say.r of adventure, but even time ~ally at I exciting episodes have some ve re is pleasant features--so unpleasant ern we fact, that it not unfrequently hape, dinal to the participant intthe hathahe e b ever returns home to relate suchadves Whe th "And finally, as to rising inthea p. or merchant service, that, my di ause nephew, depends. If you have ,a "it we c constitution. gutta-percha joints, a is a perfectly tempered steel springs. vfl ade over your body: if you hare a b are mind to take in both' the 1praete ae l a fot Stheroy oseamanship f if youlhas, a doi nevi r-tiring energy, which an eI wn $such bod'y asd such mind to Ibe ittIe fe perpetua l motion, and if on a,.a has en,,u ii of the yeast of ambitio ig d pul you to keep the whole in a sort of . whi ceasing ferment-why then, in the blam course of time, you may rise in. eit pp m branch of the service.' But yo traoe i I will never rie above hard work, et; as t posure, anxiety and responsibilibh, a even if you are elevated to the quutet. as e deck. In conclusion, my, dear J s the my own impression is tthat, NnetaIy wt speaking. you will -find theibest part the sea-going to consist in staying athobs s and reatding, truthful accoue g ti eth the e sailing experiences of othrs."--fral thft S1. Converse, in Christian Cion. O me pl The Chained Forx;.''. te A fox that had been caught you as it was kept chained in ayard, and heta' a e so tame that fowls and geese q Y proached it without fear. "' Pretty thing!" said its mistrp air Y "It does no harm. It is cruel to ke of t Sit dhained."' . ..... ' " So she unbuckled its oollar iuiad ld Sirun about. Scarcely, hiwexerband be e turned her, b&ck, than shqeala b f s clutkin' krom her poultry,. Loo now n around, she liaw the fox hiCt' nt Swith her pluimp red palltble a his shoulder. ;. . . "You treacherous g l lih Svillain!" cried the' woman, j..ad row Sthought von were so good." "So l'was, iulstre!M', w wimeredt'li h a fox "fas log a Iwas,~biadml' of i There are manly it4lI ~o.a Idh!0eda It' ainiii. 1hert is" the,'iMt ofst:l... ~' iji- yotllegmoithe to the ' ( iiU, " for that'tus off With yout / j'kis o 'ati ,school; Master Reear r W ithout thinkin," whichi lsyalWas ! ting its owner intdo' th~ii q ddl* boots "nobody will sed"-T ', Chain them up! that's the bonly weI ii , ma t.ag the.- ,, Ai, lgenulou llausbU ,E, .: so ;me'time' td oe'oi' Ar" Il ,ebtsAg Ellwsaer wlde irsvldgYi 1 Get'nany becameiUNimressled ' i /',gee. ~ncothipaatio0, oanlp' l d d'ied byqiu h (i~ I1, Alit R!iUM i t I ome, meBo ntne e ' o.,,ircumtW to:ls a tfthef:" Te it .ltl l edtJle idea of eteetri ' 'idliah' on ahis tower near., ,,le i w Ssuitable'dtah t~ die he itf n was 'found' iProfesk J' . C."li)~ , -. The soundiigboM~ad s'lttWb il sd' - N~orwaly pine, seven feeS hig. ...l - babk btrw 4 1urlpd ofhnfartpa e 'the aiow growtY o ur~4· on r .giving thtn a textile'ettI Mlpte ,e , su'sicala istmiuentsathan thtlho itle ' i Mgiqt As a whole, the instrUleanti~ be tube shaped, with eight stoin Stube, The latter is fi bei it lh.l r with a, lightning rod, eliHtfetl Swith 'a weathe ,tCk dattaubhd. Rld u here is. yerp Prof. wlpebooqi-b duces a new design olhis ow;liforliS : every tutn'of the weather-coek a slo' ' preleuted'td'the wiid' add a string made to vibrate.' 'Th 'first triing tib is" timade to vibrate in this manner giV'r She rundamentalnot1, 4 thie othe h will sound a third' and glv the ,*uc , h octave to thitirst. 'PrO Q~4* hiss jio doibts' as to the' cts 6' ins~rument, and thinks, wencotpl ' and placpd ou the tower, at ~&ii Sheard on still ni hts for a mdlnj.ti three miles up te river ie made similar instrument for •theS Ibon Paris, which, Jowever,.i notaunmti s but it must be arrauPg,. by thep j*it, e beforb it will work. 't'he coistrltctor of thi le in.trume is g pupil of the celebrted a |ItliaiM and gave three years of his lifetletie the trade of repairing his own vi0h,i e This violin was one of Steh'er's kIe. whoit w as a pupil of Amarti. td wiP'i violins have a reputation that is wot wide. Proq(. Dlenuebeeq hinel Jull r cquired uite a reputation ase vio n maker taii restorer, and is confal, yi with the mechikhsm, not only of thi= j but of every other musical inftime -t Hle is at the same time uptuUtiot w .I maker, jewelor, optician ~apdi~t-H maisker.-Ro#h ter (N. Y.) D1emoc1. ,r I, --In building a house; Bdild'as if yi ex eted to live forever. The's s Srule is emphatically, applicable.to rI ing. Manage your farm as ig;you sx peated to live forever. Whatever tr- Sment will injure your fariii ian fhut, time, avoid in the presenttme. -They have a female houebresakt I in Philadelphia that usesa jimrx as * ., pertly as a manI in plupd.r.ilg ous -Philadelphi• is tlkgabouit agei public library. '