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Richmond dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1884-1903, January 05, 1902, Image 11

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038614/1902-01-05/ed-1/seq-11/

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IWIKiE'S IMKT iS":jrnE--.Cl.bsiXG
Tcsf of *'*c rrueiamaiiou Isancd l)y
t!'C Frotidoiit o»i Al>ril 5th — Hoim;
ful nnd Confident ol the. Ultimate
Jrinraj) of <he I^ost Canse— Tho Last
J'nl l Cabinet aivctinsr— Tlie SntUer
lin Mansion;
(Raleigh. Morning Post.) j
Xerp not that tho worid changes— <lid it '
keep v ;
l -stable, chang-olcss course, 'twere cause !
to weep. ;
Since Homer first sang of the deeds of
>ro;vess performed by Hector, the god
:'\:q Achilles, end other Greek heroes bc
f ra the t?all3 of sacred Troy, and thus
;:r.mortalized that place, In all nations
the r.ajnes of i-rta-ces at which notable
?vents affecting ihe governments and
Xt.sUtutions of those, countries have oc- 1
r.:ncd have l>con carefully memorizedi
• nd zealously guarded for tlicir liistori
:;a and i>atiiotic value by the people of
those countries. Riirinymede has come
ri.-nvn to us through the dim. history of
the Middle Ages to have a marked sig-.
•aaicance, since there it was that John
Kins, of England, in the year 1215, A. D.,
s-ipiied that .great installment of human
liberty guaranteeing some of the Inalien
p.ble "rights of man, tlie Magna Charta.'
Tlie act of abdiction. signed by the-'Ein
i-rror Napoleon, on April 6, ISI4, at.Fon
laiiiblcau, has made tlie name of Ithat
1 ,ice famous in French and European
history. The surrender by Napoleon III.:
"of au army of ninety thousand men in
IS7O, which event marked the
y.jirement of aforesaid Emperor ,as a
s'actor in European politics, and by
■.vliica event tlie empire founded by
iiirn. of which he had been tho head
tndea tragically, made Sedan a name in
history that will, endure. Yorktown lias
Justly become a memorable name in;
Americao history on account of its be- ;
!:- the place where, by the surrender ;
>■:" Ix>rd Cornwsullis's. forces, American
rMJoaal liberty and independence were
first definitely assured.
iii the history of our country, then,
Torktbwn marks the first definite step
hi the progress of events -upon which, the
foundation of our nation as an indepen
«iont '. and self-ROverning country rests. :
jJL.iwise, Danville should mark the final
F!«?p 3n the solution of the greatest and
most perilous national crisis which our
nation has endured, and upon which our
■mire future welfare and wellbeing
\}oos Your Skin Itch and Burn?
Do your Bones Ache? - Have
You Pimples or Eruptions?
Are Your Joints Painful or
Swollen? Have You Boils or
Carbuncles? Are Your Muscles
Swollen? Have You Scabs or
Scales? Ulcers? Eat in g
Sores? Scrofula? Eczema?
Offensive Catarrh or Chronic
Rheumatism?; . . .
Th«'ie systoms' indicate that your blood
's diseased and you are liable at any time
:<.< have cancer' or. blood poison— your
\* st^ni is full of humors.
lioin-Mc Blood Balm" (B. B. B.) will
:ure cancer, blood poison, all above trou-.
b!.?H, and all diseases which can be traced
back;lo tainted; impure blood asa foun
"iatioxi. Here is proof- .
Tho :jbo%'« photographs represent what
3 - 'taiuc Blood Balm did for Mr... C. . "\V.
5 -oln rhoij. Augusta,- <sa. lie says: "My
f^ce was covered with, festering erup
'- :.s and pimpie-s. I was. all run down
ft' ih arhes sir.d pains in bones, joints,; and
I !i ''.unati»m, and my skin : itched >i with'
■■^:. «n<l .scales. 1 was discouraged, as
'■•"•;trß and patent medicines had .utterly,
'■■siU-H to cure me. Finally. I- took eight
"' Mine buiUes of ' Botanic Blood Balm,
V'hii-h dearod ray system 'of all the" lm
3'-nt:^o, ht'Jtled ey«i-y. / sbre^ and-'ulcer,
all the aches" and pains 5 and
pave my skin the rich glo\y" of perfect
''•' tUh and made my blood pure and ricli.
2;'U;nic Blood Balm will dor; the same
'■'." -my Kuflerer from bad blood orlskin;
i""uWes."~Yours ' truly. C." W. . Rober
ton. ■ ■ ': ' ■ ; : ■' : -■ . -■•'; .. : ' ;
matter hoy/ chrcnic;or. old- the'ease
II •■ v be Botanic BloodO3alni(B.;B:rB.X;wU'
t-'-TjnH»ently oure-you, hea) Jill thovi:orf-«
<>'->'\ htoo all aches and pains, i BOTANIC;
P'hisxgth; to the blood;-; makes
3'L'i:bhings. and nervous Fsymp-;
°-'3 a ALL; FADK : AWAY:' s ; Sold^at drug-,
fK-Tcy. n-jwr itiißcr bottle.; To: "prove j. it;
?•'■>£. "nie'ljciht*:. irt;e ;,. 'antl: :: ■'■prej}aitir^:.l>y. i
'•■'■■•:;:« ii)oo<i }Jji"m;'C6ms)any;-^334'?Mitch r '
« i street. AL'tuita, -Ca;; DescriJje? ti-ouble;
« : -d tree jnedica! aUvioexlven tniti! cured.
forraJl time depended; for it. was there:
that, the final' scenes in. 7 , tho civil war
d rama were ; , by; the \ Confederate Govern
ment enacted. The end or the.war, when
-the /Confederate '- Government left Rich
mond, its capital, -and became" a; wan
derer, : having no place, 1 seemingly, where-.
jwithal it might bee 01116 permanently; ,es-
Jtabllshed,/ wai ionly.^partially/ assured.
But during, the occupation of, ' and subse
quent retreat from,;, Danville by r.::the'?jjov
ernment, the. end; of the strife and;blood
shed wa^; definitely, assured. , ;, :. j
I>:hall riot here in 'any way enter into
; a .discussion in reg-ard to the -relative
merits of the legal and constitutional, : qr
moral, questions;. involved^ lii j; the conflict
between- the '.'■* Northern . and Southern
States. To do^ so would be outside of the
scope of ; the subject dealt;: with"- 1 in this
article. However, I must • here digress
to the extent of saying that: it is now by
impartial .historians conceded to be a
well established fact -that the Confede
rate States had; undoubtedly, ;a/well
defined constitutional - fight to secede
from the Union;; but i«very' one admits'
that, for, them to have exercised this -
right, as they^did, -was,.", to say the least,
extremely .impractical and injudicious. : .
J3owever” much we may differ -in our
opinions In "regard, to these things, the
fact remains : that thoso events of : which
I have spoken constitute, to all Amfcri-;
cans a subject of supreme interest. And
to 'our people it naturally follows that
the end. of the civil government in the
Confederate States Ji-ith the lasc vl'olly
official act, a proclamation, by; the high
est executive authority, together- with
some. of the particulars in; regard to these
things' attendant upon those acts, is ever
a" subject of acute interest." •' Knowing
these things, and also knowing that no
definite and accurate detailed 1 account of
them, which is easily accessible to tho
public, has ever been prepared, and wish
ing to preserve for the: benefit of pos
terity as well as of ourselves the actual
facis,- I have taken some pains to se
cure a recital of them at first hand from
one who was intimately associated with
Jefferson Davie and his Cabinet during
these closing scenes, which heralded, and
marked the fall of the Confederate Gov-;
ern'ment, and who is undoubtedly the best
qualified living person to recount them.
Any statement made by' this person
would .require no corroborate proof,
"which, however, is ' not lacking, to sub-,
slantiale it.
Hon. Jc-fi-erson Davis, in' his ''Rise and
Fall of; the Confederate Government/
says: "Though . the occupation "of . Dan
ville was not expected to be permanent,
■ immediately after arriving there rooms
were obtained," and the different depart
ments ' resumed their; routine labors."
Since this was the last place, at which
the departments carried on their routine
labors, and since, while' they. did this, the
capital was located here, therefore this
place is entitled clearly to the. distinc 7
tion of being called ''The Last Capital
of the Confederacy.". > :.
When it became- evident to General
Lee that it would be impossible for. him
\ to longer hold the gnarding the
capital, his main* line of defences at
Petersburg, having, been -broken,: .which
necessitated a withdrawal of • his "other,
forces, he advised President Davis, in
a telegram received ,by him while at-
tending divine services, that Richmond
should be evacuated by the government
simultaneously with the "withdrawal ; of
his army. . The situation left no alter
native. So. with his Cabinet, and at
tended by his staff. .President. Davis left
at once for Danville. This was on the
second of April. • .
Upon- arriving at Danville the Pru
dential party was met.at the depot, talc en
to his- residence, and entertained by
Major "W. T. Stitherlin. a wealthy and
prominent citizen, who held the: offices 'of.
commissionary . and commandant at this
place, and who. had been a member of
the Secession Convention -of
Here the President and his Cabinet're
mained until the tenth of April.; . Here
also were' the Cabinet meetings held, the
I proclamation issued/ and orders trans
mitted. During this time the Sutherlin
'< mansion constituted de facto the Capita
[ of the Confederate States. A house on
! Wilson street: was obtained by the goy
! ernment for the use of -the. Presidents
1 staff and the offices of • the various de
part men ts. and there all routine govern
ment business was transacted. •• ■■ --
The last full Cabinet nieetinsr which;
was ever held by* the President met. with;
him in one - of the . sitting-rooms . of the
Sutherlin mansion. - All of .the; members
of the Cabinet attended this meeting
except the Secretary :. of War. G-en^l
j C Breckinridge, of Kentucky. There
were present: Judalv P- Benjamin.. Sec
retary of State: Trenholm., Secretary of
Treasury; S. R. Mallory. Secretary of the
Navy Davis; the Attorney-General; J.
H Reagan, Postmaster-General, and Mr.
Mcmminger, j formerly- Secretary of :, the
Treasury: also. Mr. Harrison, the Presi
dent's private secretary." '_■• , _ .
Mr Davis while in Danville, .remained
at his temporary home and Capitol very
little He was very busily engaged in
examintos. into the fortifications sur-
rounriing the place. ...which he reported
as very faulty both in construction and
design." He was. -also, actively,: engaged,
in formulating plans ■ relating,: to the, de
«;i"-n which he had formed Jof having Lee
retrtfat-.t'o the Virginia State line,; where.
f he could be. able- to form a junction with
Johnson, the army as . thus combined
making ■ a * final stand on the.. ban«is of
nnd in the country" contiguous.. to,- tne
Dan and Roanoke rivers.- The ■ execution
of this design which: he had- in .mfnd.
had its accomplishment proved possible.
; would have •enabled, tho leaders : to have
obtained much; better;' terms than an'un
conditional surrender. V, liowev?r, ;•: «3. :.it
happened, Grant ; was able to, and ;<3id by
a- flank movement. ...which his- position
aided him in; making, prevent -the con
templated move on Lee's part, forced the
crippled army to retreat.? to wards Lynchf
burg, ; where it was;, surrounded: on; all,
sides and compelled to capitulate. .This
surrender of Leo's army on .April' the
9th mad« the fall of. the civil branch
of the -Confederate Government, inevita
ble/ " "■ ' ■-■ "■ '" : - - - :■' • ■ • '
Until the news of- ; Lee's ",;* surrender
■ reached him,* • President ; Davis very
.hopeful and confident of the ultima*e
triumph of the. Confederacy.- In fact,- the
tone of the proclamation issued; by. him
on the. fifth,, soon after , his 'arrival* In;
.■• Danville; is,' as ; ; lie. admits, "viewed by
theVlight of subsequent events. ; it may j
be fairly said was over-sanguine.:* - Th .. e '
■ following is; a : copy J of the proclamation ;
referred to: ;- . -:' : v;-- •■• ;' -, -.', v '.'-a, '-. ■ ■
"The.'General-in-CJiief. found it neces-^
sary to; malce"; such-' movements:: of -^ his'
troops as .to., uncover :i the,: capital.. It:
be unwise to: conceal the moral;
;'and: material! injury^ to;; our v cause; re-i :
suiting from . its :V occupation -V by: -Ith e .
■enemy. ' It is equally/; unwise : and £un J
worthy of us to allow A our;; energies Jto
and our cffortsHo?becoma^relax^dr
lunder/ reverses, however calamitdus|thev;
\iriay '.' be.- V- For many -months y the^ largest ;
:and'SV finest;;; armysofi/the^Confederacyj;
f under a,' leader' whose^ presence? Inspire^
'equal; confidence';;- in t the : -;tr6p'rs-~.and^the:
people ■; hap beenagreatly^trammelled s byi
; the 'riecessitj" ; ? of * keepinei: constant. w;atch >,
foverHhe- approaches "itojth©.? capital.^ and^
s lias ? thua ; beeni f orccd|toj f or«gojmore;thaT'j
fonelopportunityifpr; : prora?slner^enterprise^
our itearihg; xiridcHr evcreesV i liowi'wretc'b^ i
ha^e ibcHevediujs^lcss sable f toTendure 1
.counters danger with . courage,
o^We|l have ho w; ; entered " upon . a M new?
I phajso s of : the ;' et rugglc. Relieved^ffcm^
the necessity {ofjsuardingla^fpiartieular?
; poiritv^ourSarmyijlwill^beafrec^tb gjnqyet
% t rom;. point f to 5 pointy to "i strike 1 th'o\ enemy I
•; in detail- far; from- his" base. JLetJuslbuti
;■ will" it.flanduwe^are^free. „
y. ■; ' "A hiinaiedjbyiithat I confldence; Inl^ yourj
andtvfortiittfdc-Hwh'ch^Vneyer;; yetj
' failed . mej I announce . to~; you, f ello w-coun^J
; tf ymen;: that; It ! Is my to; maintain?
"your cause my- whole heart 'and Wul; %
*thatVl^wiU \ neverJconsentj to^abandon|toV
' the r^heni y, ■ 6 n" el f o ot * 6f6 f \ th e soil -of any-;: 6 f ;
tthel States^of the^Conf ederacy ;llthat jyir^|
\ gihia;j noble i Stated whb^s|ancient|f enbwn ■
stillfmore; glo-"
■.■rious-irecerit »hJstbry;^whbse^bosorn;fthas;
; been^ ".-bared Ito i.recel ye \ the . main ; shock "; of ,
Jthislwar f'whose^ sons and daughters have
- exhibited •; heroism vso?suy»lime: as; : to,;ren
der herJUustribus ip all time to ? come-f-but
Virginia.; ; with the help?; of .-• the "people
=and-by; the^blessing: of *Pr ovldence, ? shall:
i be : held '■' arid i defended,^ and no peace I ever.
{madeV'with-. the. infamous invaders. of her
J territory. - f _> „-':'.; l -
K. ."If, by^ the 'stress \ot numbers,; we should;
-- bei compell ed : to a : temporary -withdrawal
■ from ; her, limits or: those § of '-any. other
border State . we\ will ;; return •;: until; tlie;
1 baffled; and exhausted ; eneniy / shall 4 afoan-;
don i Ins despair his endless and impossible
"taslcof: making "slaves', of a people born to
be free.; -•. .". : ' ~ ;'."-•' '
"Let - us, ; then, not ■ despond, ;i; i my \
trymen, ■"■ but, relying !. on ; '- God, % meet .. the
foe with; fresh 'defiance ; and with uncon
ouered .' and . : hheats.*r ts.*-
The foregoing; : the last' proclamation
-of the President of :> the Confederate
Statbs, is not often seen, therefore ,\t is
given in : : its - entirety. ' . : The ; table on
which- this ' proclamation was written is
! now ■-.. in the ■ possession -of "Mrs. s : AY. iT.
I Sutherlin, relict ;of: Major ; Sutherlin.;
It . is vof unusual 1 design, -with . curved
[legs, being made of heavy : mahogany. It
has upon it:a beautiful- slab about two.
I arid onehalf feet by fivo in:size,of mot
itled Egyptian marble. This table... I v/as
j informed, \ has been repeatedly sought : for.
I by those having control of the Confede-*
rate Museum at Richmond; but, natural
! ly; the ; family; are .reluctant to? relinquish;
possession of so valuable a souvenir. - ;,
Mr. •■ Davis; and the capital .'■; of I the Con :
federacy were at thcSutlierlin "mansion
i for a weelc '.■■ On the morning of. April
• the 10th; .Pi-esident Davis, accompanied
by Major Sutherlin, went : down-town.
While 'there they: were unofficially;'in
formed of : ljee's surrender on the previous
day. ; . "At first, 1 "although the .'probability
of such an event taking place. had been
sug-gested to - them by, exi&ting.^circum
stances,;the news seemed iricfedible. Sev
eral hours subsequently, however, official,
confirmation of . the tidings was ■ afforded
; them. : '■"■• ~'
I Under the conditions then existing, -the
1 only possible course of. action -left for the
consideration; of • the President ".;. was for
him to immediately, without .any delay
whatsoever, proceed farther South.v.This
course of action, the results of which
were uncertain,' was at bnee'.put into;ex
ecution. Taking with him 'only, a- grip
containing some important 'papers lie,
with his cabinet and staff, boarded; a
.train, which. had been hastily made up,
for Greensboro.; v He ; left as, it happened
none too. soon, > as a party of . F.ederal sol
diers, who had been sent tq'cut; the i road,
arrived at a trestle , a few.miles south
of the city just after the .train carrying'
the President had passed over. ": [ V-
After the" President- had -gone - to" the
depot, Mr. Meirim'inger, ;.who. -had. been
confined to his bed for. several days; with
a severe attack" of neuralgia,' and' from
whom the bad news had been carefully
kept, accidentally learning -.what had
happened, got up -and.! dressed at "once,
and insisted upon going to the ; depot.
There being no otlier conveyance avail
able,' the carriage- being at- the' depot, he :
and his wife, rode there in a farm wagon.
The entire party left all of their lieayiei
baggage; %. Danville, only taking those
things that could be carried in grips and
valises. ■ ; , . . ;" . -/
The last capital of the Confederacy had
then' been ; vacated by the government :
and from thence- , "the bonny : blue flag
that , bears a single stai-" . ceased to . r'epre- •
sent a nation.. ; Moreover, from,; this 'time
the Confederate Government was nVloh^-
er.-a government, but only the scattered;
and broken head :of a; disorganized and'
demoralized resistance to the re-estab-i
lishment. in the Southern States vof the
authority of the United States'.. Govern
Danville, :Va.i": December: 18th. .. .. '
I : : '; -- ;"•; — — .■..-. ---.-•■-;■
Wko WasltespomiiMe for the Snflfer
infT- of . PrisonePN v During the! ""War
.: Between) tlie ■ States?" -.
To tho Editor of the Dispatch:
In your editorial reply -to:- the Boston
Herald you ' Strongly state the truth hi'
reference to. the treatment of. prisoners
during "thY : "war between the States',';
but tho matter is so ; important,' and as
the Confederates 'have been so widely and
bo constantly slandered that , many of bur .
own .'people are - ignorant 'of the facts, I
ask' you /to republish - tlic following .ex
tract- from the very: able report of : ex-
Judse George Li. .. Christian, chairman, of
the History Committee,;-, to', tho "■■':. Grand.
Camp,' --United Confederate Veterans V of
Virginia, a.t its session" in. Petersburg rlast
October: . - <■ ''
"But we > cannot protract this ; paper; it
is already j much longer ; than we intended
or desired. v it should .. be. _ "We would ' like
to havo embraced | in. it a full discu ssion"
"0-f the -treatment of ; prisoners on. both
sides; but" we: must leave this, and- the,
treatment of ilr.- Davis wihilst a prisoner, ;
for, some future : report ■;" . lf any ,one de-.
sires, in advance ; of that, ; to see a full
discussion;, of , ; these "subjects,'- do refer, ;
as: to the former, to tlie very: able Jax ti- :
cles by . Rev. J.; ■William: Jones," D. . D., in !
.Volume 1., Soutliena Historical Society 1 ,
papers, beginning "with page '..ll3,' and rim
ninsr .thrc-ughi several \ numbers of- that;
volume,; in : which i. he adduces a. mass of
testimony, and completely .vindicates -the.
South. ; He' shows: :.:: . . " ■ r
"1. As "Mr. iDavis.statesitr'.'Fronitlia
repoi-ta of the^-United .'States ;,.War \ De
:parrment,"that- tliough ;we had CO.OOO more :
.Federal prisonera thari^ they . had: of Con-:
; f ed-ei-ates, 6.000 more' of Confederates died
>' , , A BOTTLE OP '
.•-.'•• . WHAT: IT "WILIi »O. A
Stuart's Gin v and Buchu willlclear up all.
. DEPOSITS ; in the lurine. " " /' ■
It 'will relieve all :PAIN^ in -the BLAD
:.■ , ; 'BACK:; :' • :;r - i - -■ ••■••'■:•- •■•/i:;".;- v' 1 - 1 --O '■■.-'.. iV
It wiU : curerDIABETES.^v4-yV- ; '
It will" remove ■■-■; every:; trace -. ; of ALBIIr
-It'- wiir' stop FREQUI^CTIor URINA
.: TION. : ■ : ".--.";: ■'■.■.■"-■--;'-"-v'v-■'/-'■";. ■.■"-■- -;'-"- v ' v - ■'/-'■"; ••.■■■■
It will positively euro DROPSY. :
It ' will i both : - PREVENT "and - : CURE
BRIGHT'S V\^-?>-: ; ;: ;
It: will ; : stop '.;IX)SSES;fandhrelieve|Oß
;.•. ■-BTRUCTIONS.J: / .:V-:^ ; .^-^:A'i«'-n:- '." -' ; '.vi:%
It "will , cure CYSTITIS l AND. ENLAR-GED ;
It V creates' a a trem endous and ;
'<■:,% PERFECT! DIGESTIONS??^^;: V :a 7:?-l
'■. - It tones up, 1 * heals;; and; strengthens ;AJuu
forms - of • oatarrh,': whether^; of ithe sblad-I
[aerSS prostate ?*glana;<i nose/#throat;'asto-3
■ niach;s or '"■ tubes^; 1 1 ■IS '■ PI^E AS^ \
', ANT to?. take. . ' \- -
I r v Stuart's 'i Gin % and % Buchu^. fL^per, 1 ! bottle. ;
Alls druggists^ orv-Sby^ express^- prepaid;?
■-To ■ prove :\ it f - cures ia^ samplel'oottle '% sent \
ix ea • arid* prepaid r tol? any I one i wri tirigl Stu^
art sDrug A CompanyV^Atlanta^Gsu; t ;
; hesitate stoivwrite^ as S we Shave ■$ set!" aside".
feveryj one may S knowis by U peraonal ;j trial !
■ what «:Stuart's£Gin^andsjßuchuH will-t dp.^
LThereiSare?nos conditions;^ aofe write i;lat;
The stomach controls the man. It governs-: ing. These symptoms are si mpl7 nature's : In tubes is diffßßt*d in_ our laboratoij^tfcati ~
; him both physically and roentally/rTh
■•■■'•his just what his stomach makes him. When and that "you should dosomething. . . ■~ .. in the most hew thy
thestomachisrighti-the'manis all riffht; . :: This : decay^d^f6od:? ; pdißdn3
.'hVfeelsgood;he is happypheißcheerfulithe^ ; through jw
, r.world:to him is allsunshine. ■ ' / impure Vand?diseased;v^
- When the stomachlis virrong^the man is^ diwolylng a~ handful of^salfc In a
.ail wrong. . : He is outof sor o^waterfb«^uwKod6l;PjYpe^faCuTO|^^
r he is .irritaoleV-he is gloomy aud despondent,? -.; or all organs which it lis^intehdeditolnour-if;^
■' heisl'cranky^ Hiageneral^dispostf^ • '>.■-
such that wants 'to haTe anything . <healthy blood which in turn makes ahealthy "When taking ;ithlf I preparation, inothins .
todowithhim. - * ' • man by making eYery-organlpfvhis^bodyisMelsalisine^
;The"Btbmachis^thß 6rgan : on;whichtthe^^
, whole human system must: depend for sub- • ; ■ . "Now how are we to get -perfectly : digested ,5 nonsense;??rH"ature ; dexnandi » tmf «tj ot
. sistence and ; . existence. If the i stomach 'i-''>-food?^We'are r airjßntitkd.^ : th'iß:l)u"t i by'ig-" ;: . foods. * ' „'_.
failsrthenwhatistobecome of the rest of^ > n
the body? . Where Vdoeßthe ; force^of -life iprived of it unless we
(jomefrom?>Doesn 1 t it come larg^y ifrora the^- W^
food? You know that if you stop^eating, you; ; which -^nature^hasiproTided^the rremedy^ xEat all your., appetite callsfor^That'BiWhat :
will die:- But the mere eatings of food doesl> rwhichcontaihs'a peffect'combinationofaU • appetite i* for^tojletyou^lcnbwvwh^t
-not give life. Food can no more give life with- the ele^
• out digestionlthan coalcan^giTe heat* wi^h-"v fluids as they ex
v out combustion. >It i3^ not what we eat butf Torgans.\ ' - . ".- r _"• . * ' •** - food changes.-; occasionally;,^ Eat "all : you \
7 what we digest that 'keeps up: the : motqr ; lrino otherwayv can we; perfectly dige3t.; ; want, Kodol-Dyspepsia Cura:wili dijeest^it ■
" force of .the oody. " " all we eatiV- Such a /preparation is •'-. " ; •"; _ ;andmakeanewperson of ybui ;^lt willglve
■ Undigeated food^is: not only tiseless but Mg*t&e*% KlweßniaßaeasJi ftiinA , yon, new life,. new ; strength/ new ambition
/harmful./ It ferments and^ decays in the . .»OSOB,-UXS|IiepBia..:IUEHPO«-- - -r and a newappetite.^ ;;. ■ : ■
stomach; the evidence of which youhaVe in -: It actually
the distress you experience^ that feelihg^of/ paresiitlto'D'eitaken up by^theiblood. ■: It neverenjoyedit before. ;- ;cc- ,;; : r •
fullness; especially after .:eatingj c flatulence -doesthis with no assistance^
" \windon the stomach) belching- and vomit- -the digestive organs or; their juices. '\- : Food enjoy; the good things in life. " ■ i^;:;.;
' After'Suffering^for several years all the V;|Before me^ 1^
;;tbrment3 incidentr to that terrible" malady Mihvai^
- known as dyspepsia or^indigestionj: I com- ;Statc of 'Minnesota^ per^
: ' ; mehced \ using Kodol? Dyspepsia r Cure. and :Shipman,v who bein 3 by^me • duly sworn \ and like a n«w ; man. . ""■ ■
from : the first dose I could fael relief. I con- according to:^law, depose 3 and; says: .That and to bafor«mV\thl»* "
■••tiriued'its'"use till 1 had taken .several bot-: he is^resid^nt of. tho Village of I9th : day of :March^l9oo.— L. G^: W«*tfalV
ties. Now IcaD sleen well and eat/almost andthat for the last twenty-five years^here'^rKotaxyi-Public; Big Stone County, Minn. V. '
anythibg* that comes Tbof ore me* without' ex- and elsewhere^he haa been a constant suf-^ .V^
Si pefiencing those terrible^ai::san^horrible::ferer -from that all; ;.■; ; Gentlemen>--I)unng vtne lasVlew^ears .;;>. »
nightmares that fellow "indigestion. The .this timehe has tried various ■ doctors;, vari^m^
cold and clammy night sweats l have disap- ous remedies and all kinds of diet^withlit-i -Icouldn't retain the food I ate^, Two montbJv
peared : and T. am steadily gaining %in ,< tie or no relief, .until recently when howas :<ago- 1 ■commencedaUßlngmodol ; jDyspepßia- *
strength: I take great pleasure in^recom-i'lnduced/byafriend-totryKodol^Dyspepsia-C^
mending Kodol Dyspepsia Cure to those a^; Cure. One bottle' had :such;a satisfactory -cured me entirely, 7 so thaiJ?lj; can; nowjaJ
fiicted with stomach trouble.— George :B. effect that he felt encouraged to go on with . and enjoy, anything r want.— Henry Wii-
Vyi..-Orr r K'pt.a.ry Public,- McOutchenville, ;Ohio. v it and now;~after taking; three' b^
PreparWby E. C. OeWitt & Co., Chicago. The $1 .00 bbtt 18 contains 2% tf mss as imucb (by actual me asurcment; as tti* trial slzs wbtcb ■•!!« r«r SOCMtI» . .
in . northern. .prisons^ than . died -of .Fede
rala in southern prisons.' ; -, ■; --, :
..- "2. That the laws, of - the Confederate
! Congress, i the regulations of our surgeon-;
general; .the; orders of bur genenLls in. the
field, and of those who had the immediate
charge , of : 'prisoners', oil." provided that
they should -be .kindly (treated, 'supplied
with the. sam.o "rations .that "ouf v soldiers
had," arid "cared for' when sick in ;hospi tals .
and "placed, on ;precisely.:.the"same footing
as Confederate.;. soldiers.:;."! ,'_i '■■" ". " r -
■"3. ; If these, regulations were violated
by subordinates "in- Individual; instances, s
It was; done >witlu>ut the- knowledge ;or-
I'consenf- .'of -the Confederate": authorities,,
wliich promptly rebuked and ; punished
any case i'.. reported.. •.-"■. " _-.__.,
"A: If prisoners failed to get full
rations, or had 'those of inferior quality,,
the -Confederate "'- soldiers ■• suffered ,;the.
same ;, privations,,, ,: and! .these ..- were ; ; the
necessary consequences ; of the; mode .of ;
carrying on the .war -on the part of : the:
North,- which brought -desolation' and ruin
on tlie Soutli, and : these conditions were:
necessarily, .reflected oh their.- prisoner's.
In -our hands.. ' , : '•'„■; : : ;,., .•
;.;. "5. That tlie -mortality In southern
prisons resulted from -causes beyond 6ur
control; but these could have been; great
ly -(alleviated '. had : not 'medicines. been ;'de-.
clared : by 0 the Federal ' Government as
'contraband of war,' and . had. not; tlie.
Federal, authorities refused"; the, -offer 'of
our agent /of . exclxange, „ the .late Judge
Ould," that each government •should; send
its own 'surgeons and medicines to -.-re
lievethe sufferings of their, respective so}-'
diers in prison.; refused to- accept oiir offer
to* let them send medicines, etc., to relieve
their own prisoners, "without "u any suclx"
privilege:; being accorded . by V them. to. -us;*
refused to allow the Confederate" Govern
ment ■to ;buy ■ medicines for; gold, ) tobacco,
or -cottoni 'i etc., ', whichut offered .toj pledge
its r honor" should - only be .used for their
prisoners^: in "our ; hands; ■ refused to; ex
change. sick .'■' and -wounded, arid i neglected
from y August ,to December,." 1864,;.; to ac-;
cede v'to our. ; agent's proposition ; , to -.send
transportation to [) Savannah.: and . receivo
without any equivalent,- from; ten tofif-;
teen tlrousand' Federal prisoners, "although
the offer, was ■' accompanied:. with : the; state- ; |
ment: of ;our agent of exchanged (Judge :
Ould), : - showing -the monthly.; mortality; at j
Aridersonville, and that we were utterly; j
unable -.to .care -for these '.. prisoners as,!
they should be.cared for, and that Judge ;
Ould r again and ; agairi ' urged compliance,
with ithis ;humarie proposal 1 ; on our part.';!
..- . "6; That tlie sufferings of Confederates; j
in nor them | pri sons were : terrible, almos t; ?
beyondV description;;, that^ they: .".:-\ were;:
starved in a .land of .plenty; : that : they j
were ; allowed to ; freeze where clothing j
and -fuel 'were plentiful;., that -they. suf-,i
f ered - for '"■ hospital I stores, . medicines, .arid ' 4
proper /attention '; when sick ;:" that i ; they,'
were •' shot .by sentinels, beaten ;by 'officers;- 1 j
aridl subjected, to -the j most Tcru el j.. punish-^ I
ments - upon -.'; the -.slightest;! pretexts ;r; r tha t j
friends ;at the j North were, in-:many^iri-'|
stances, S.the) privilege ; of /Jcloth^v
ing:tJaeir nakedness or feeding them when ;
they^were^starving';;; arid r that ;; these [but- V
ragess were lof tenf; perpetrated Snot v'only;
with the k knowledge,;; but •: ;by .; ; theV orders
of " E. ; M: Stan ton," Secretary ;. of War iof
the :TJnite"d -■">;: ; ;: ; ;;^ -■>:';£-:?:;■; : : .
- i "And (7) s thaki the sufferings of 'prisoners J
on b^th^sides:;were;caused;by!ltoe{failure\
to carry^but: theUerms ', of lthe (cartel itorX.
excharigevjoiid^fof ■'•which' fiilureVthe' Fed^e
s ?;• "These ••{ propositions . are'stated ; substarij- c;
■ tially ' In . > the <i language} employed i :by> Dn|
• Jones, ; and - the ;i writer .^announced L'at ; , the 'ft
time' ; that •; lie ..; waa { to'i maintain.%
them : against ■• all / coriief s.'j andjolthbugh,''
;: twenty-five^ years i^ have , since -^elapsed^
; controyerted^in!
UriyJ essential i; paHicular:£as « faf ,f a'sg we ]
have jheafd for , known; j Otixi people^ owe •
! t>r.y JoriesX a^'d'eb t £<jf § gratitude ;} f or '% this,
r ab l^:*' and ■? effective Myindicallori %6S KtheirS
course -In ; this ■■ Important matter' "Which J
they. can never. repay. • , ;^M|;
. '"As>to tho \ treatment of Mr. Davis, 4-
Cwh ilstVa/; pr!soneri:v;^Jv : - : ,-.y ''+;X :i : £os&^
ijfl^Captain \\ Charles M. Blackf oraffptm
iLyn chburg^ya;^ in 'an | article j read ibef 'pro 1 ®
"the^oVttiliiia'^BSr?AiSdciatldn iiat" ital meet^
'ing'f at^-Ora I Point ;| in"|l9oo acts||of $
;'ernment).|sliowedj in % af mast^rlyi"manner^|i
ihat'i this , treatment wns tho ■ refinement^
the Federal', authorities; and such. ; las
should f brings the blush' of shame to the
cheek- of any American Citizen who .was
in sympathy with, or ; a ! : participant ; iri, ;
: thoset act's.-" Our., people ■ owe" Captain^
Blackf ord \ a deb-t -iof gratitude ' also '■■ for;
this^ article.,' lt can'be'fouhd in theprint- 7
ed reports '■ of the; Virginia Bar Assqcia T ;
atlon 'for. 1900. Ten- thousand copies of It;
ordered -by the -/association" to :be
printed for distribution.", : • ".. ,
'-THE; DOCTOR'S: 'WORK. \;: r
. I will add.tothis extract— while warm>
"ly appreciatiag the : : compliment which ,
"Judge*: Christian' pays me, for "praise
from Sir " Hubert -is- praise indeed"— tliat
I only; did' a work 'of 'compilation and was
-chiefly.-, embarrassed by ; the ; richness ' : of
the material whichi :l -had: to draw upon.;
It • was : : just- after "th«: ■ Hon: . James;
:Blairie,;of Maine,;-hadi made , on the tloor.:
of the House of Representatives, his vlo-;
■ lent and : -coarse/": attack '.upon ; CPresir'
dent 1 Davis, 1 - charging ; him : 'with responsi-"
bility; for" the alleged; cruel;' treatment : of
: Federal : ; prisoners, £ and. "i Hon. - Ben . -Hill,;
of Georgia^- had" : made; -his . triumphant
reply/ that, as, secretar> ; of .the Southern;
.Historical Society, I; took ;up the. matter,;
and -published : documents showing-; niost ;
conclusively .that-,. the Confederates were
I far more ; sinned against than : sinning ; in
•tills matter." .: ; . /' '' ' , " „-
hi .'had: struck; off proof-sheets.:: of my
summing .;. up— containing •; the ;. points * . I
claimed to have; established— and/ sent :
these to .leading -magazines and news
papers all- over the -North,' .with a :per-;
, sonal'; letter, reQuestihg^them'"- to -refute.;
! iffthey could,' any: of;. the' points made. |I
hopetl 'that we Iwouldj have^a discussion
which would) give ""wid'o^ circulation " Jto/thia '
real facts r but, "so, far at, least fas;l ever ;
learned there was no ''.serious attempt at-'j'
a : reply, 'only "a ; few -"sneers ,and harsh v
criticisms 1 :: on any/ attempt to "vindicate ;
*the ; Confederates from the ' charge .of
•crueitvv to prisoners.-; ■'■ '^ - * '; .;'"•'
';;; : ;.;';/rHB -nation's.- reply:.;- ...•.-. :
Some" eighteen months" later the Nation
; did attempt ; a -partial ."reply.'. ;, I peopled;
their' article in-- : full' into ; our -Southern,
' Historical'- Papers, 'sHowecl ivery Tconclu-.
! £lvely,,l think, that r the : Nation had; not
I -met" my facts and: figures; :-and- : proposed
I > tliat ' if - they ■": would I publish -my -; articles'
! I • would : publish. > theirs;:'. and -,we would
! fallv. ventilate. the whole;, question. ■ :. ;. |
j'■ To" this, the" Nation : replied that ■ '.'want J
! of . spacQ" compelled -them .'-to decline; the; j
i ; courteWs ~ offer." •' ■'" I ; " rejoined that { In. , a?
matter' of such grave importance it: seem'-. .}
I "ed ?to 5 me ; ? that- the "• NatioViv declined.}
! my proposition^ : riot • for lack of ."space," ; ;
r but for "lack of - facts,': figures, ; and :r: r ar
•. guments ■' to": put "Into the space" ; and- ; th.us .
j ."the,-; incident closed." ■ ", ; :• : ■ -,
i ' : : I ' fully ajgrea ; withvtliose w.ho ;say?that
i we should not. disturb jpresent peace, v-by,:
' arousing : "bitter V, memories; of -\ n.i stormy,- j
I 'past" -But . iiiasmu'cli' as ; tliis slander has
i "been -so- persistently^ repeated,- -has ; gone j
i : into t: the current - literature . of '< the .■: day/< j
i 8 and is from -timo to time .repeated in- tlic
liEorthem; press,; wo .:owe'-it ; ;to^our.rCon-.
leaders,' and: people, 't& ourselves,^
iand to our /childre^ctotputthe^real: facts
children/.'. 1 and ' our children's
'"shalUsee tlikt? so : far' f rona beingr, ashamed
■of ; .'tiieir.J;fath.ers f /-~or|of;th"^,^'conduct ; ;of,
'theY war".?; in -^ their igreit \.f or;
■ constitutional ,; freedom. ■ (as : GeneraJ;,:ljee
'alwayssca^ledaQ,^th^sW^e>eyery : Vvra.y.:
worthy of ; the-., tribute ""■ of r; the ;
i^scholarjandpoet (Worsley);' who^wroteof_
ederacy : '^, ?; 4; ; y :^ ; ;.- ;. X^s;X>
.'•Ah! ;.: realm : i of;- tombs," i but ■■ let -Tier >bear
LThiaiiblazonito ; ! the "i last "of ;i times; :•
tNotnationirose-so-jwhlte -and ,ffiir;
Or^fell : Bii pure of .crimes," \ '< _
-_ -„-.--■ - . -.-;--■■: . .- .- , .. :^-l -.:.::■-"•■■ ■—----;■ -■■-■--■-■ .-.-.
'.;■- :-.-^ . -.::,■■;■ :J. , 'WILLIAM JONES.
Chapel Hill, N. C. January 1. 1502. .
%^% sarrender. '
tifThe.^ following 'is an extract rrom.tbe
Ipe^ediinf^Rrtletsh M °rata,|go|io|j
•December Csth,' along with other matter
Ibearinff '..upon - the | same - ■ subject, hv^fr^
iSThelPostfilnfconnwUQ n^ith|^
|Mcrati6n < ll l reiauestsTanyil.yeteran| discover- 1
In ISGI and the early part ot 1562-L c.,
during, the!: first ; year of tho, war, the
: North Carolina' troops were.- many
them unbrigaded,-. and other'asslgned for-
moment,- with frequent; changes v of ■
commanders and transfers.'..-: Without
tracing :thcdo out, as the details ,wl 1 be
■found-in the histories; in thi3;:work>of.
the respective regiments, it may. bo stated,
■that the most permanent of -these assign-;
.mehts were: . •. .
;'Thirteen and Fourteenth in Colston's,;
■later Pemberton's, Brigade, at 'Suffolk,,
and the Fifteenth, in Howell Cobb'3 : Bri
•sa'de.\-'- J .-; : . '(.■"■■■' --\ . .;•;'-■•'. ■-••'■ '-•;-.>■ ;.
:. Twenty-first and First Battalion In
Crittenden's, . later .Trimble's, Brigade.:
These' last were the only North Carolina'
troops^ in-* Stonewall ;■; Jackson's ;■ famous
"Valley campaign" - ii< . the Bering' of 1862^
- The -Twelfth was - Q Mahone's ; Brigade:
at Norfollc -This transferred and added;
'to the Fifth,- Twentieth, Twenty-thira, '
■which were.; in Early's; Brigade; made
Garland's "Brigade. .. ; ; - '
■The Sixth -was: in "Whiting's Brigade,
later the Sixth,'* Fifty-fourth, s ', and Fifty-::
seventh'- were Law's Brigade, iwhlch, iby
taking out the . Reg > from >." other
States, and. transferring : tolitithe Twenty-.;
"first I : and Firs' Battalion^ from ; Trimble's •
Brigade, after Frederlcksburgr. (in;Decem-t
!ber, 11862)% formed Hoke's Brigade , J
- The First ; and. Third were in; Rlpleyfa",:
: later Georgo H. Steuart's Brigade," and ;
were 'not "transferred -to" a North' Caro-;
Brigade ; (Cox's) : till :" T after/ 13 -May,:
ISM,^ and -not till after^his was ; the Fif-.
«ty-fifth:. transferred? fro'm /Dscvls'a; (Miaf
,'sisslppi) ■■ to jCooke'3 ■■ Brigade. -
;i Tha : North 'i Carolina cavalry
were hot' brigaded; together itill IS63, ;:and ,
hence we; had no cavalry general f from;
■this State till ' then: &' Robert ; Ransom, •
.colonel' of the. Ninth (First Cavalry); had;
been [made ; a brigadier-general, but was :
given Van ■ infantry brigade. '
"i -,;; :V . .?: AT'THE SURRENDER. -;, '
At Appomattos, ;•'; "April 9,r 1565. the
iNor th V Carolina brigades ; surrendered -fas ,
f ollows— 3u, {;-; Official '*' Record Union and
'Confederate Armies,. 1277, "1275: :- ; V •
' --: : ■-'- " Officers, lien.
Cox's Brigade, '-■ Grimes'? Di- ■ y ; r '-^^
'."vision,. Brigadier -'General • . . -
; Grimes'3 -vßrlgade,' ; Grimes's
-/Division, : -.- Colonel; Coward.:;. .34 . :43S
■ Johnston's / Brigade; " Early' 3
• Division, i Colonel J., .W. . - -
Lewis's' Brigade, Eariy r 3 ; bi- .
revision, Captain John Beardl. 26- 421
:Cooke's^Brlgade,UHeth'S;iDi- -
' • vision^ General
S Ctooke 1..... „."..::...;. TO : 490
.MaeßaeV . Brigadev;. I^Heth's ,
■ ' : Divlslonj» Brigadier-General • - j
v ""—--"^"; : ' f &- ; co :|
: Lane's : Brigade, . l Wllcox's Di- •
Fyv t s'i'o n, ! Brigadier-General :
;sLane ...A1......... .....—-.■• W «* i
r Scales's Brigade^Wllcos's DI-v ; ; \>vJvV
v-Jyision;'Co!ohel;J. ; H^Hyman:;~92 -; ;..■.:',C27;; ..■.: ',C27;
-Brigade, .Johnson's
:v,Division; -"vßrigadier-General . " "
Sj^M^W^Ransbm •'.... l:.::- .:.... 41 .3M
•Barrlngerfs^jgade;^:^. F. '.■: - . '
: CLe6'3 Division- vi.V.:...^..;.;. J2pr 21
;Rob'erts;s >< Brigade; -^iH.^FV- / :
v-^lJee's 't Division, ; ; Brigadier- ; ' . ',; ; - ;
Cl General ...: 5 -83
Major-Generalr: Grimes "-. and' . ' ■•'•
.'Staff ...V...; : .V.r. 13 5
;2klanly,fs,!; 2klanly,fs, !: Flanner's. Ransom's ,^ . ;
■WilHams's;jCuihmirig"H, and ' '.' .
lliller's Batterles/ 4 about .... 12 ZA
. ■■To tal at Appomattos". .. .;. 401 .•■■= '■■A2ZIi i _
■„• In ■: Joseph <■ E.; Johnston's 3army;v April f
■ 2G, : ISGj; " ,was ; surrendered §5 Cliyigma.n'B.'"-r
\ Kirklahd's,! and^Netnercutt*s|(Juniorlßef;t
\ »erye9) ■: 'Brifrades; i all ? in -Hoke's •
; ley's ißrisade^iD.v H^HiU'slDlvlslon^andi
;several|batterle3vof .(artillery. 3IM
.-Res^cawts^veMg'3urpenderpd;';at. ; -v.Mobile :
ißlay^'4, i&SSi in Sctdr'slßrl^jde^com^
numdefl by Cf>!<>rK-i David Colenuutf^^^f
4 .The Sixty-second. . Sixty-fourth. Sixiy-
*(Paliner*sißfiiJa."dc). r were 'surrenderediby ;
?General ; :'j;^G.wMartln,¥:at';Wa^esvUlc»i
JN^cjiMay^iisg^.-,,; #S;" r vs^^
* i Tho 'remainder,, of North Cnr^'ir;?- re^'.'
pafyltimTes^prfslßiply^werif home without;
I 'I - Foaeral Dicector and Embalmer.^f ■ |
\ OfflCft jmd Residence X 4338. M*to^ Street J
I '•'- OLD 'PHONE 683. .^l3
I . . . First-Cla3?C.Trzlages and Hears»-. ;
(de 2S-3ua& W, 3m)
co., ■;';■
' This old Virginia Institution insureaail: l^
dea'criptions of property in city antl coup- ";■''
try; : Dwellings', •■■'■ Furniture,' Storea, Farm.*-
Bui' dings, .f^ Crops'. : ; &c; \ School-Houa«»,T. .
Mills. Churches. Factories, ;&c. • "
AGEXTs IN EVEUV -- - , .
■-■ -. s tows asd corarr.'
' ■•;■':■ ::';_':;.' DIRECTOUS. . "'" ."
E. JO. Addlnon, :.. ■;.''■: JO. O. DaTi*^ ' :
W. Jo»la3»X^alc*e,';.,,'W. Otto X«ltln*r» " : '
"• ;. ■•;.• ".; ,: : -'SV. H. Palmer. ■
I Wm.ll. Palmer, AY. ; 11. McCartliT. > -
i 'President. S*cretary- , . '
I ■",-'■ • (oc 17-Th, Sun&Tu-3rn) ;-, ~\
- . . . ... ..,- - ■ . V-- ■". -.--■ ■■ .". ■" - -'"' '"-A
I-: -. ■- ■"■''.' ■■-'■ ■■■:■':' \. "■"'■■- ■ -„;■■-: -'■'-: .^ :~: ~ -._'"<:• .'~ —■:'■': ; -•': <
We Are Rolling
ia new consignmentarafis! %
to meet the' demands of par iii"
creasitigitraae. Many of^tneml i
;-----.',:-; : ;-v":- ■?•?.-'." c \i , ,f t' L
are specials for the holidays^that^ \
.will make our tables and shelves 1
the -delight o^thoae who \want^ ' :
to get an apprx>priateNcwiYear*s
■pß^^|iJllllfll^flil|.^^S ''
" 1f * - *' ■»- » IUIhIIiIm *( '
I t mi ■■ .■ 111 -i- I■ii 11 r- 1 ■' ' --'"'"' 1 j.j. 1 ■■l^^^j— !_J. _. L j: ".
- ; - ; V^>/v' :: ■rFDW7^fTyTJ^PT>''>'ti'fe-^l:^|

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