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Richmond dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1884-1903, January 23, 1902, Image 8

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*VV stfli -""- 1 ! sice -with" ss.o0 •■ and $5.00 . shoesf of ; other,-' ;■ : ;/;? fWiSi - . . " j "
" V MsSwl ' " '■:■ .makes are found(tobs : just as good.- .'They/, -W^ ■jf^s*^ t "- : - i :
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ft \' J& His reputation 'for the.best $3.50 shoes in;- w^ -•. - •;.•". \vv- ■'■■-'■ \ -;/isii *
'^^ :^"^^^l 1900 's=s 3U250,754 Pairs. r
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" nv»\|§s 1 tho best sboo dcoiers everywhere. . - : : I F
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-'-■ l • Strong Moxio Shoos y : . Youth's r 'slm7sm %$&. *. ■
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i • The druggist asserted that , "\
't ■ .Eipans were easily the most <
5 meritorious proprietary mcdi-:;
\ cine he knew anything about, j
IV and° their pricej 10 1 for 5 cents, i
1 ; -made them;' the most popular -■ I
: remedy on the American
I market. ,' j
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X At.y ; DruggistSv^-;v .; H
.\.S The Five-cent packet is enough for .aii^orcli- ; ! \ <
nary occasion. The, family bottle, 60 cts., „ 4
\£ contains a supply for- a year.- j
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: Open Night arid Day.
':''. •■•.". 1 1 14 and l ii^ East Main Street, '■;. .''■;
■' ■ ■■ . ... ■ ... ~ , .•-.-.. ■ . ■-• . --. : - ■■: ■■■■•■ •-. . v [
Elegant Rooms. Finest Imported and Domestic Liquor 3 and Cigars. Hot 10 |
Cent Lunch 11 A. M. to 4P. M. : Service and Cuisine the Best. ■".*- \- \
" ! „:/ M. W..LSWRENCE, Proprietor.
•■-■.•"; xnalV-ts : ■ .■. '■ / '■:'.-•: ;;•',• . "■■:.-■■ '_- ' : --.::,::" ' ' ■•* '■'> ■ '*■: ,; |
;W.: ,'v; iPINEHURST,:W^C.
; ; H. W, PRIEST, Manager,
NO VT OPEN. * ■ .-, ■
•■■Oho' of the' FiKeatilHauippcd Hotels, in
Bthe^isouth;.';-:^ ■;.'";'""■; *.->. . ?-■•< :. ; ;
■ ;i Cai)acity;fbri 450 ; people.- / . '.i. 1 ?
- liooms en suiie.vwith : private baths., -
GOi-.F— Full twenty-seven-holo course, v
■& i*'or Rates- and- Circulars address;
■. ja •^5-Th,Sat&:.Tu4W; .. Pinehurst,: N; ■C. >
ja23-ebd-w " * " '
- I'KKsii'iiiXT siiTCJiviLi, cmsismsi).
Hied iun7" Jl^-Oot'ioif. • ' i
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„ INDIANAPOLIS. ; IKB., January..■■'22;
i^Wjoatloaai • oflicers : ; 'o£-y the 1 Uaited • Mine
Workers of America will not foe". elected ■■■
until the committee appointed ; to- investi-;
gate ■ charges preferred against . President •
John -Mitchell and Secretary-Treasurer
: Wilson, has made its report to .; the ;con- ;
vention/ probably Friday. ;. i
The -feeling in' the convention . 'to-day I
was; that the report of ■ thejinvestigating I
Committee will exonerate Mitchell -and j
AVllson, and that they will be re-elected: j
The: miners, cheered President: Mitchell
. when : he appeared, on T the- 1 stage; at "John-; j
son-Hall to-day. : . ~ ' '/ : . - , ':
, J. C. ; Hecnan, . of a.member-of
the "commission: "appointed..b y t Governor. i
3!)urbm*to codify the Indiana mining laws;":
\yjllfserve as chairman.cf ,the'sp^clal com-;/
miiteo appointed " „ t0;.... Investigate*-"" the'
against "President Mitchell, and " !
.Secretary-Treasurer". Wilson." ■/ '-- ; \ ;'/ !
The Investigating;." Committee -. elected
:W. ;T>. '■■ Tiyan. <of Illinois, as: secretary.!
Hya'n-ls the delegate who offerel the reso
lution condemning M|fs Meredith for hav- .
ing preferred; the :' charges. r -- : - _- .
••-:; /Miss •.Meredith:" denies that; any/Vne: is
; back": of her, /and : declares Ihat'.'she i .acted
on ho r own responsibility Vin'inakingT the' i
, charges. -::■■•' / ■'- ; "; . '--/;: r V: : /'■ .V '" \' - V " ; " " I
'"*" - ■■ " '■; °- "'■'■'- ; '"**ij»f"' ft ' :v '' :;i: "-'' i^"'""'-'''- :
; a:dl(l::'papers;;for^i^e4at:-tnei:l)ispatcfi : 'l
Office. ' '/ -.K-'-V--.'-^-'".--.^^-'-.'.-:";'^'-!!.- :cB .-'-■■ ■;'
; " XuO flu 1 1 1 U I [I li HAii^ijbu N VbNlJii X?
(C*OXTIXI;K» MtOil I'AGE 7.)
'/tb^be composed as may be pr-'iicribal by
giThc ■fCHArRMAN:STtiel Secretary ; will
IreaxiiUieipTOposedvamendment.*'?^ ; • :
"Ai/i'hciSecretuJty-read as follows:
p-i Strike^ out, ■: inclines > I 1I I : and'- 2,~; the -word
j'.'city".- and F the ?Avdtd.i ! iVcomposed ;of t two
: branches,"'; and; insert] in" lieu;^ thereof ::^'A;
[council- to^be.:coriippse'a;;asfprescribed»? by.
•law.*'"^T'hen ! -.strike vout^fromJithereldown
to iand"-includinsj. the - word?-'dollars,";jin
line 13. ■ - ' ' - - -: i
. Mr. JAMESv W-iGOBDpX::. i rhe;,geritlc- j
man; from -. Ro'anoke '-, (MrJY Robertson) ' says
; that 1 he; is jin J f avor.:of : striking fou t^ this i en^
I tire /section,- 'and s gives \ as I a" reason? f orj it'
thatUhere seems;toihave beehian^effori on:
.theSpart i of ; this^committee ;to:;unAtilyv. : -tie
"theihandsof^tliese cities: of ;the. Common-;
; wealth I and dto I subject-'; them \. to jhardS and^
fast:rules;i;"lithink I' 1 speaks for eac'h- mem-"
ber s ; of ithat "committee £:whcn !gS say.S that:
they; not; only, had! no-:intentionj:of -'doing
any such^thing, > butlt'hat;.l : can;provefrom
that report:that, they dfd-not'do it. J ■
V -Mr! <" ROBERTSON :" ¥;. It ': the ■ ■ gentleman
v>ill permit 1116,-I, wish to say. that I did not
intend-by any words -Ti uttered ■ to I cast any,
reflection ; the members: of? that "com-.
mittee;:"il. '-was :^simplyr" arguing- whaAST:
thought wouldibe ; the result ,if the amend
ment-were: adopted. ■ ' - -%i. '0 ' ..,.■. V ':
:; Mr. : JAMES 'W. ■ GORDON u- 1 understood:
what -gentleman- -meant.-;. : that' .-he
;thoughtthe>effect"of .this provision ;asrre
ported:by the;committee.^wpulfl;be:;to r crep;
ate : . too much t rigidness; about:the : govern-f;
ment of the cities, of the.Commonwfaltb': •-
' ' It :,was, the j object: of the -committee,": Mr.-,
Chairman. ;, to Vpresent: to -the -.Convention 1 a
framework" of - government, ' applicable .; to
all; cities :in:<those"partieulars;: which j.yrere
of ■.■.-fundamental::-: importance -and ithen: to
.leave :these 'local " communities :-,the : largest
degree "J of • sel f-goyernmeji f) un d er';- those
crencral provisions.^-:" .It-was recognized andi
J bplieve.-willbo recognizPd,' by 'the Com
mittee of. the . Whote' tovbe ; an essential
thintr that there should bs-'in . each ,-city^ a.
chief executive .with .: certain ;.f undamental
r»owerp and duties neces?ai7 r and I . sufficient
.to. perform the f unotinns'-that, would natu
rally attach to the offlce.- Therefore/ this
committee "provided -for, a;mayor.?withrj{i.'
.-»'eto power and . a ; power. of suspension and
removal.!. It-, was recognizetl "that it was
p^nontial In "each one of ithe^e'cimmuniHoiC,
that" there should ;be:a^les^latn r « •.branch
,of- the'government. '"And- they "have., at
tpmpted in this ; section to provide -stioh,; a
bra neh of government .which they.; bnli^vo
will best carry, out tlie,purpose of thatde
pprfment.";': : ■ ' : . „■ :'."' :-" : .- ' • "
■-. Under, the present rnunicinal charters as
they/exlst in' the .sdiflterPTi.t .cities 'of the
Commonwealth.; :' some ;•■-.' of/; them- Tia-<'^ a"
council composed > 'of.'. one L bocliy. only. ..Oth-.
ers have n counrii coin«"Becl of two bodies.
Mr. ; DUNAWAY:? Will, the . gentlemnn
pprmit Tnft'tn aska niip?tinn? ' ■ ; ■-
;JTr. JAMES TV. GORT)ON: Certainly.-. V.
.V Mr.- DUNAWAT: ■-- How many:. cities: of
;the" Commonwealth 'have two branches in
thieir council? . ; .-- " • - .
'. Mr. JAMES W. GORDON: . I think there
ar-e three or four, if lam not miPtaTcen. \
It appeared"to the "committee. Mr. Chair-"
■man,, that -when' any community/ reached
the population ••• of- 5.000. there would .then
begin -to: come before its council for con
sideration -and ■ decision "ouestions- .which
demanded thp-most careful thought and
the most deliberate "and conservative, ac
tion. : We .. have fixed:, tho: population of
cities .at: 5.000- and> : mor.^. and' this sj'stem.
wtiidi we "propose^nplies" everywhere to
those communities. Wlien a city reaches,
that. population, -there are constanit appli
cations made to its council: for. franchises,-;
for the^use of ;i te streets, and | for/the use
of public places: franchises 'in. the nature
of, street/railways,. of waterworks, electric
light- and power ', works, gas works and
various other, public utilities. '..'-."..
It appeared to us that under^ those condi
tions it was necessarj", for. the proper safe- 'j
guarding ofth» interests of all the.com- 'I
munity. that these franchises should not
be ''rushed through a 'council of one body
only,t'but that the consideration of those
Important questions should be subjected to
the deliberation of two bodies. so~that ; the
interests of .the community might be prop
erly protected.' -And I believe that;if. you
will consider; the' abuses' whicli- have -exist-,
edin the past : and wWchmayoccur in the
future under applications for '• city fran
chises, you vv ill recognize tlie necessity of
this bycameral ■ system. •" :
I- think, -Mr. Chairmani'-that it is; recog
nized,- as, .was stated by -the chairmaiijof
the Cormrittee on City Organization/ on
this report, that the -municipal problem' is
a --very--" trying: one, is perhaps the most
complicated one in our system of govern
ment, and the great effort and aim of all
municipal reformers is to secure greater
conser\, r atism in the- nianagoment of: city
affairs.^ We .have believed- that that, con
serVatis"m.-v.'Ould be greatly enhanced by
not only "having. thesetwo branches of the
council; but' by making freeholders only
eligible "-to the" smaller" branch. There
are many ways. in which the financial in
terests of. these, cbmumnities Gome up be
fore these: city councils for. determination,
not only in tlie matter of granting, fran
chises, but in the. matter of street improve
ments,,- .which' is "a. very, important matter.
Now,', when the council attempts to lay a.
tax upon the 'property of .its citizens for
street improvements, in the arbitrary way
it is done, it is an extremely essential thing
for the protection -. of . the people of those
cities that' there should be in ait least one
branch of the . council men who feel a.
personal interest in that matter, so that
the interests of the citizens may not bo
frittered away unduly,. and that. result; can"
oiiiy .be' secured ..by., having "in . one branch
of the council men; who .-have, real estate
which would beafDected by these improve
ments. A man: that has stocks and bonds
would care nothing about it. A: man who
. owns ' other'; clases of personal ; property
. would ; care nothnig about it But.thie man
who | has felt the shoe pinch himself doe 3
realize it, and- he feels that when -he votes
to lay ! street ! assessments up.ott | the prop
erty of his neighbor, it; is. a. matter in
wlilch-he is' \itally. interested, because it
may affect himself. . r - ■ . ■ • -':■-■'■
Mr. Chairman, I know perfectly well that
neither, the acquisition nor the possession
of wealth: makes : ; men : virtuous. I: know
that some of -tlie greatest rascals are men
of ■ the largest ; wealth, , and ; some of tlie
most patriotic .and virtuous and high
minded men- are those who have been sub
jected to misfortune and. who have' never
. been able - to . acquire ■.- any tiling. v or" have
lost what they,' have acquired: But r yet we
recognize as a.principle that: nothing in
the world is ; so conservative as money,
and. tliat nothing so tends to make a-man
conservative as the possession of prop
erty. ; ,;: -'. ;': - - ..' ■
It was for "these; reasons' that "the com
mittee felt that it was justified, not ; only
in pi-esenting this : plan, but in. urging it
upon; the attention of : this "committee. '■
The gentleman from Roanoke:(Mr/Rob
ertson) says he wants this section stricken
'out.-. lt seems to me that this provision is
of such manifest propriety and importance
that his, motion will receive no favorable
•consideration in -this -committee.
':. Mr. . HARRISON: -- : There .is no 'such
amendment pending. '' , • •-:•■ ■■•■;
.■Mr. - JAMES W. GORDON: I. understood
that there was such an amendment'
■> Mi-. BROOKE : I will j call the attention^
of ; ths gentleman . from (Mr.-
Harrison) to .the fact that the : gentleman
from Roanoke (Mr. Robertson) . gave:no
tice he' would offer an amendment to that
effect. ;- r '• ' ..: : " ;-. ;■ ■ : ■ \■; :
'Mr. HARRISON : : ' But -it is not pending
■now.' . ' ■■;'■■•■. .'. -;■. r --" ".•'•'• ■: •;■ "T ;= ;•,;.. ■;--;,.
"Mr. DUNAWAT: I. heard the gentleman
from Roanoke say, that he wonldjnot^ob-l
j/ct.to the-section as' amended .by:" the;
gentleman from Winchester. -
t .-Mr. . JAMES .W. GORDON:;". Just f one;
word .more. Jn'^the .consideration of this:
iviin'e. quest ion, r- gen tlemen."'l s would ; ; have
you remember that a;city>is i something'
&i tuier iiiun ■a; niere arm" of ;.the govern"
. ment. It is : : a . : public"-" corporation- :.with"
: governmental 'duties, l but- it -is also a quasi
private .corporation an- certain of its'duties
and -functions/r This;, distinction -is .vei-y
clearly drawn in: th*, eminent /work -of
Judge: Dillon on Municipar^ Corporations'
and.it is borne but by: tlie decisions : of Ith'e
courts!' ' .There. . ■ are";".; peculiar : .v duties : "-and
Obligations and /.functions ""resting, "upon
these' municipal governments growing out
of their close. comraun; t y; ."of interests. As
you _know,' ! the ctv/: is charged with /the
maintenance of /its streets,/ and i so: rigidly :
is; it charged ;with \ the maintenance of ■ the
condition of - its ~ streets,: that lit -■ can - be
held •>: accountable "for .% damages v:to /those'
injured; by:defects inr,tiiem.oSo*> it r seems
to . me*-: that : in c-onsidering-ithis j question/
we ought to/ proceed J along broad -dines
and- try- to/ lay * down principles [ applicable
to / the -whole/State "-•■ and.; wha.t ;; wili:.best
conservQ.:the '-, interests '■■-. of -all- these com
'•niunltief. "■ ' " '•,•-■ ' . ,
;i Mr.:DUNAWAY:.Mr:i Chairman, I shall
i : support *. the ; amendment;-; that v ; has been
offeredvby.the^gentlcman' from; Winches-/
; ter/ (Mr; ; Ilarrison).'; .: So I far.; the (addresses
have "ibeenvmadeibyvgentlemenS'represent
;ing: cities '-As >l' do^notlrepresent: a? city.'s'l
.desire \ to Estate 4how« ats least i one 1 member,
! f ram*, thei country |this? question;-*
/So; far. as; I ; iamlconcernedH?desire^that
.the? citlzens/oflourf cities ; sliall|be'; pleased
tinv resp*ect s to their- orgav4zationiandsJgoy-i
,ernment/; Now/ : slr,>;; lf. ;■ the: ;■': amendment'
>Pf evidls,^ no ■.liarm| can^Tje j doner-nq | in juryi
ftoJany.;city>iriHhe)Odmmpnwealth.' r flf.ithe"
for over a.qnartef,.o£a;centary.
(ja i 2-Th 1 j-'r'f . pr_t c)
two . branches -: in'-^tlieir i'ccuncii^may- % con-.
.we adopt^the'section'asiticQineslfrgni^the^
committee, --we f: shall -; force njpon ■: all .. the
'cities of tlie":Commonwealthltwp.Jbranches
:initheir;city;couricils/::tV'e : ;kn'Ow,/because,
iwe : have; it : statscl';upQh.;;.tliel-floor,',,that.. at;
: least /■ two V of c these . cities ■-. are;, opposed .-to
having sit forced" upon "them ;=andi-I^will
mot sive>my,vote;for,fofcinff:updp^tEeacira
of A Vi nchester lor •: the : city.", of .; Roanoke ■ a
■provision- in;; their;: city.: charters ; that . their
"people 5 do'inot- want/ "■ ■-• "^ ■ '. •- ■" ~
• tary for " meito 'ask how ; the gentleman
:f rom ■ Lancaster. : r (Jlr. : - DunawaV -: voted
/upon ■ cue' question of the. iineligibility -of
the.city "treasurers? V- /■'-'/■.,. ' ; ...•',/ •
/Mr/.DUNAWAY: I 'cannot see- tlie.:con-.
nection"' between" that 'matter,; and 'the. one.
we! are- at: present- disctissing*: .;;■;■.••-•■ . -
:/Mr."> BROOKE: /If ;> v pir will - permit; me,:
I would isug-gest 7 that:y.puvhave;laidf down
as a.principle of. actiori'-'iinr your,. parti';. to
allow, the: gentlemen -who:; represents the
"cities in this-.'bodjv to"; practically.' say. .what
shall :be done witli 'regard to the.citygov-.
ernment'andUhe Rebate: which -;took;place
a shor t: while ; ago upon -this : subject- show-;
ed that-, practically ( ' every ; man on the
floor of the Convention "from .the .-cities'
•was opposed 'to the ineligibility feature of
.'city .treasurers.^-.- ."/---. ::•,:■.',=■• / "■ ■ ' - '::■
■ ./Mr. ; DUNAWAYrMf my distinguished
friend; will- permit me," I would like to ask
him whether; he is in favor, of compelling
the cities/ of .the;. Commonwealth Mo .-have;
two i branches of their S city, council \ when
they '.stand /upon .the floor ihere iand say
i they do ; not! desire' 1 . to ■ have but - one : branch
.in . tlieir /city -councils. ': I /think -that- Is
pertinent 'to the present question. .:■ •' ...;■'• '
Mr." -BROOKE:' If my. friend will per
mit me, -I- will :say he has followed the
Xew- : 'England ' plan of answering .one
question-by, asking another;' ,^..v :*•■
..Mr. DUNAWAY:/That is a very; good
"way in the'presentinstance. . CLaughter.)
X- Mr. vBROOKEj-, Certainly, ; if /there- is^
anything you,: care to avoidv and; do/not
desire .to face.- it :is- : an excellent .way.- -
Mr.. DUNAAVAY:! have no objection to
saying ; how I voted :upon; the - question,
since.it has: been ;put.to. me, though I do
not see . what pertinency it has .; to, the.
present: discussion- whatever. _X voted
upon this: proposition': so as to make/our
Constitution : consistent throughout. "I
thought.: that" when ; a man . had | held :the
office. of city, treasvjrer for. two consecutive
terms," it was long enough,' and Iso voted.
I, did not- sec. why we should have one/law
for.; the country ; and another, for the citjv
'-■ But now. It appears that -there, are. mem-..
bers;here. representing the cities .who; wish
to have. but one branch'of their city coun-.
cil.:'•'•■ I cannot .give my .vote here" forcing
two branches upon: them, /and no/ harm
whatever can be done because the section,:;
if -the. amendment'of the.gentleman from
Winchester (Mr. Harrison) ; prevails, -.will
be. a flexible section. ;. All of the; cities may.
be' pleased \ and the^Legislature^will give
to those. cities in the. Commonwealth who.
desire two branches of the city, council. the
two branches that ; they desire. / If the city,
tloßsJ not wish Ibut ;one.;, as iwe .know : that
Winchester does : not'wish but j one \ and^ as
we know ; that: Roanoke ;does not wish but ;
oiVf>:- anri. DPrhans .there are other
of the iCommonwealth- that; do not /want
but one. the*L-egislature;bf ;.yirginia-,wilL
reflect the^rwiir of 'these -.communities," I
have..-no doubt.- So^far as -one provision,
proposes to-be: stricken out. is concerned. :
that in: regard ' to "requiring- a /"freehold'
qualification- for /.the:.., members /of >one :
branch'of the city, council, .Ihad about de-,
termined In my own mind that if it : should
aiJ.bL'afiSlje the-nnanimous' desire of the;
representatives of 'the cities to : have /.that*
provision/ I. would not': opjiosethem^; but
it is -not ~ the ..unanimous : desire, /..andi I '
have no hesitation, in saying..that if ;it does
notplease the representatives of tliecities
and. the people of the cities I shall, with:
all the more pleasure. vote»to, strike' out
tho T words indicated" and especially; , these
words that were; the. more objectionable to.
me: than / any others • in .. the : ; provision; :I
believe there is" no I Constitution of -any;
State, certainly iitisis.; not in- that? of-vthe
general government, .and so far. as:l -know,
in the charter, of any- city in the United.
States, ' requiring- a freehold qualification
•for~ : members of a legislative body. -I' say
if it had been ..the will-.of all thecities I
would not have voted against it. •:.'. ,/ '
Now, sinee -it appears that itis. not the.
unanimous wish, of the cities to have this
provision,: I shall the more willingly^vote:
for. its exclusion because;it;contains that
provision. -■ ■ -' ~ v-: '-j,
Mr. MEREDITH :*; I 'wish -to' .'call-atten
tion to the fact»that-we,oughUnot,.to cbn- !
fw-'P th>\ two,Tsropdsitions.'as:they:are"here.' r
It : is not necessary" for;: those to .
the freehold - principle to ■<■; sunpor t* : -"the"
amendment offered by-the sehtlemamf rom.
•AVinchester. : A'separate'and distinct .mo
tion 'foin- be made ,f or that.; and the. issue
'brought up squarely. : ' - . ■ : .}- •
: Mr. ;/ GEORGE "--X. ANDERSON i'.SThat-'
has been done. "~, The, gentleman from'.AVin-
' Chester (Mr. /■Harrison) rihe.Jatr.
ter part of his :amend'ment-'f6r : ;the-pres—
V Mr. MEREDITH:. He simply;; moved to
strike out: then,: down to.line 13 ?.',/„/.;,/.:.,
.-'■ Mr. DUN AW AY: That is- his :motion; '
:; Mr. MEREDITH :".' Then .that ■ strikes out
the provision. asTto:the*freehold qualifica
tion. That is'. wliat; l'.understood. :--'.. ■"•*.■..-
The ' CHAIRMAN:/ -The 'i Secretary u will
read ..the '/amendment as/ offered by ■•-the.
gentleman from /Winchester. ■":■ / ■;.".•:•;*
.Tlie Secretary read 'as ' iollb ws : : * '.' .;•":.
' Strike^out .the. 'word "city" where it-bc
curs. the "second time in line''.l'6f isectioii'7.
and 'strike ;outr^beginning.r.with>the:word
"composed,".-, in 'line 1,-'' down- to and 'in-,
eluding the word;."dollurs, -!cin':lines.il2.and'.
13, v and insert" after., theword.'-'council'.V the ;
■words, ,'!to be prescribed; by : law."' - The
section: would' then read:: ,. '.".There shall ; be'
In every city a: •cQuhcirto'ibe. composed ras
may. be "prescribed bv'ltrvv." ■"'•■'"•:: : /- ; v..
:- Mr. MEREDITH -vThat- is wh^. T : .ur./ior_;
stood :the amendment ."■ to.--.be. ■ Therefore,"
:the amendment of ; the g-eiuleniuii'-.v li-'jLl'.
Winches ter involves no t : only, tlie . construc
;tion--of .the city 'council; as >to whether ..it"'
shall . be_ one or ," two"; branches, ■: but it ,' also
brings in -issue, as" to, .what shall 'be^the
|| Because ofirre^ular ; habits and disordered mensej; because of the distress of leucorrhoea and the sharp pangs of 'bearing-down pairu, \
; P thousands of women's lives are divided into monthly periods" cf suffering. They, spend several days in bed every month^— but the :' bearing-down
and then-— the bed again^^tis no wonder so d:
v >^ rrianyj women are wrecked in /bedyfarid rnind^ But it should heveri be; forgoitch that; ; /: / ■• ■ ■■■■■■-.-■.. £2
1 ?X" :'■;■ has rescued 1,000,000 women who suffered iike this. It cured F.lrs. Hancock, .v;ho endured two years of female suffering before i\\> rou^-I l'.:z 1
■■'.: fright jelicivyjhere;is;nO;e^
S^ofG^dui will 'regulate =thfeme^
'J like a new v/oman before another month, is for sz\z by your druggist. Secure a $?.00 bottle to-day. 7 g$
i^Wk ' , Fo* r.iore than two years I suffered with falling of fi>c womb, and lam glad to say that .Wine of Cardui and THedford's" Stack-Draught "cured roc Since i I|]
S 'L have taken Wine of- Cardui ,oih«r suffering women; jubt like myself, have aijo Cttnw.er.cecTits ujc and they think It is the only medicine {in '.the'Swo'rld . ;
qunvLficatlons of ,tlie members of the. upper,
/branch. ." Z.-&B&
|%\yithoutS expressing^ any | opInloQ:-! as a to I
!there^oughtsto:'!be|;pnly.lonci ; branchfofsai
ilesislativesbpdyAbecauseithe i otherrquesr]
Ition^cantbe /raised TJby; an /.independent
'amendment/^-arimotibn; to -i strike outfithej
"propertviquallfrcation/ . $
:, I \ do not -understands
■ theVgentleman. - - .
ISMr^MEREDITH:fI sayjthis;ln:explana-;;
|voting|down;hl3|ameridme : nt:you?doSnot'
|necessarlly.»tie3yburselfstoathe': property;
iquallficatlon ; required«ln?^ the;: committee's j
:report,"vjbecause:ian: : .ihdependenti amend-;:
'motion of Uhei gentleman ifrom^Frederick;
•(Mr.v"Harrison),- ; :.as:' l 'understand, .goes J
down- to'aineil3Awhich'einbraces these, two,
j propositions ; as sto the ' cons truction 'of .the M
scitylcouncni;by>having;twbfbranchesfand j
fajso'S the >t quest! on . -as .< to the real estate
1 / '■;-' : '.-v : / : /:'V/. "/ -;--: -
;»?Mr."?HARRISON: -If : the ■ gentleman -will
jHeldiforJaPmoment.riw-ill. avoid that by.
| questions s can % come"! up ;• indepenaenuy. -I
■"move'thattthe words.be stricken: oiit down
vtoi the word /"division,"' in :line 9.; / ; ;
-:-iMr; ■■-, MEREDITH : ' ' - ;.Th"at - brings : the
;issue'.-squa.rely.--//";/./:/'';/. //■■ ./-■■- "/ ' '
S^/Mi^ ; HARRISONf: *:That will bring |
tiie:lissue -fairli'^between .the v two. ■.„,''■:
- CiA'fR ,'T.: E -R'; : . v Mn: .
fdent,-^ i'-.i'. desire] -to' •-.* inquire ;\vheth-".
.'eri /"the : ■following';:.. amendment .' would.
. fribt^be; 'satisfactory to Uhe;. gentleman :
■from '-- -.Winchester : line: 2, after, the .
; -words, '•composed" of" insert '-the; words;
: , ''of. r - one : "''or., "itwo - branches as :■ may be
. : prescribed';. by^iavv".'' s->'u» to leave that
'question^Oj^e'liegislature/.'.The sec
•tionwouldtthen"read :' "There^sh'all be in .
every;. city al city: council, 'composed of
; one- or two branches, as may be pre
;scribed; by.;., law,'' and then - continue
, :down to the; ninth :line, ' and commence
J ithere'-bef ore- the -word- "the.": -Would
■ "that -be: satisfactory? ■■'. /";. " -,- "■'■> -
■ Lift HARRISON: That .would be sat-J
; isfactofS' to ihe,. except that I want to
reachithe^point made by the gentleman;
; from ; Richmond "(Mr. .Meredith), that
/a 'Vote shall" be~ taken on the<two pro
■''ositions. 'separately. I 1I 1 accept / the
■ aniendment,''do^vn :; to; : tiie -first: division,
. and leave .thV other amendment to come
: : up as an independent amendment after
.we have^ voted j f on the other.
'■'-. "Mr. MEREDITH:' That will meet the
issue -better. -■;'"- ""'. : ' : -." • ;
it. : iIr.^ROBERTSbN: Will the gehtle
man from - Hanover (Mr. : Carter) be
kind to read over his amend
'-ment again?.; I : did not catch it.
i:" ; The:CHAiRMAN: The Secretary will
; read "the proposed amendment. ;
'; -The Secretary, read as'- follows:
i ."Insert after 'the word "of " the words
"one or" ;and ; 'after the /word;, "mem
ters," in ; line.: 3/- insert the words, "as
•may -be f prescribed by law." The-sec
' tion :; would : then : read : ; "There shall be
"in";" every 'city a. city council composed
of one or two branches having a. . :dif
/; ferent 'number of members, as may be
•:, prescribed : by ! law,- , whose powers and
terms'-of- office" shall :be • prescribed by
''law.;-:;/...;/ • * '■ -. ••■'■■'• ':
•■ The'CHAiRMAN: In order that these
! various amendment may be gotten in
„proper, .proper order before the Committee, the
' '■ Chair desires to. know whether the sen- ■
! tleman from -Winchester "accepts -the;
/amendment; of the gentleman from
Hanover., . : ' / .
j Mn HARRISON: Yes/ sir. -
■ {•■'■: The CHAIRMAN : And ■ the other/part
...of the; gentleman's 'amendment he de
'sirei! to offer" afterwards as ah inde
pendent proposition? .-..-' . .. *
J Mr:, HARRISON: Yes, sir. \
| ■ ;' The • '.CHAIRMAN: Then the amend
ment before .the '"Committee! /is the
amendment proposed by' the gentleman
s .from Winchester, as amended by the j
■ amendment of "the .gentleman .-from .
I Hanover, which he" -accepts! .■• - ' ~^ : - • j
X Mr. MEREDITH: 'Mr. Chairman, I de
; sire to call the attention of the body to the
-f danger/into .w'hioli we are putting these I
/'minor citiesl -I think it must be a matter'
.--'of-very- grave doubt with any man familiar j
. at all With municipal affairs'as to whe-ther.j
. any. community of people as small in num
• bor as 5,0<>3 ought to have a city-govern
nient./I think those who are .familiar with
it will "feel rather that they ought not to
have it.-' That it is intrusting: .to them a
power that they ought not to exercise and •
for ; which Uey have no necessity.. If you !
look over the cities of the Commonwealth 1
you will; fiad, that with some rare excep- |
'! tions most of them -have. been. on .the e%-e [
Wot banliruptcy several times by. reason of j
the'factthat the expenses attendant uponj
: the -administi-ation-of a; city government
I are" so -large tliat the small population of !
5;000. frequently cannot bear the burden. ;
• Mr. "HARRISON: Mr. President/that
"dloesinotapply to Winchester in any sense.
It never has applied to that city. We have I
the lowest tax rate of any community,-'
large br small, in the State of.yirginia. : j
"••."Mrr-MEREDITH:, I: did: not say it ap- |
plies to/any. particular municipality, but I!
: .do.,re3pectf'ully; submit, that when ; we are j
; -drawing-a- Constitution for the working of
: theC6mm6n\v lea'lth1 ea'lth through itsmunicipali
| ties", which Jii - e:simply hand-maids of the i
general; government, ' we ought :to-.have : a |
general principleandnot be guided by any. !
particular locality; .."however, successful it j
may have; been. Winchester may have ;
been able to . avoid the difficulties .that I
other municipalitifs-of the. same size have;
been- troubled \with, but that is , no reason, I
,i:,):espectt'iipy- submit; why -we, should leg- j
islate with a view, of the success of any I
town, -instead of along the linos
' of some general .principle., : \. . : .
' Mr.' ROBERTSON: Will: the gentleman
allow me.tointerrupthim? : "
Mr.'. MEREDITH: /Yes, -sir. • "- •' !
-.'';' Mr. ROBERTSON: Suppose that general j
'principle majv be- injurious at. some par-!
: -tieular ; tim"e. f Do ; you insist on putting i_t<
:in" because- itvis a .good -thing for other
cities? '; _" , ■ <■ . ■ : s - :
'Mr. 'MEREDITH:- I undoubtedly; say.
: Uliat' as. to; thdCcoHStituent- elements "of a
i municipality, there ought* to be general
. :lines of government.'^
'. ;2rliwish/.t6. call attention to this: ; These
: areHno't 'private ■ 'corporations, but ' corpo
rations which -are presumed to live as long
as the State lasts,':, and;. that .we -ought to
soilegislate. for the.m:in their infancy that
; .they," cannot so : harayer. and . ruin : and de
i !stroy:7,thems3lvesjr."that{.they/.raay- be in
!!^jured-for'longiperiods of time." ~\Ye ought
■ i:to^ •• require: that-; the.!: government of a small
I -municipality so ; constituted; that
I itiwiH:have";he-best protection, just, as the;
[-^larger. ci tics: v/ill.in/ofder,.that.;it may: not
■Vget;*' into /difficulties /.which-; it;- may/ never;
overcome, or only .after -long years of
i.struggle.— ■■--".-■■•.-"-■■•'•■.■ -:-;' "• ' / •"- •-■/■-:::
- : -t- think-that. it us affair: proposition that
we - should" recognize j that "they ' : are - not
priva te <?■ corporations, :■ bu t assistan ts -and
anciUariesv to '■■ tlie State government. We
| shpuld'adopt sucha pystem for these cities
.that they, cannot 7 be "injured by indiscre
!-tions; and '■ by not seeing fully the dangers
lan which they -are' put. " ; ;' ■-- '•.'.
\f::'.;Xovr;; Mr. Chairman," there-can be no
•reason -why any city,;any body of peop-Ie
large, enough to have a -city government,
.cannot have people enough to have two
branches -of the council. ; If/ they '.have
population "enough for a city. there can be
no; reason" 'why .they cannot have* two
branches of 'government." The only-ques
tion is, whether two branches are a better,
protection '-to • ''municipalities [ than one
branch; : We recognize it-in bur State gov
ernment.: -We "recognize the; necessity of
such check in the formation- of the Legis
lature. I submit that -the dangers in mu
nicipalities are just as great, if not greater.
Certainly. ;there is more- hasty .legislation,
because these local legislative assemblies
meet every month, and frequently oftener,
and legislation: is hastily arid without due
consideration passed through them. There-;
fore, I say, that if there is any legislative
body which should have a check upon it.
it is the municipal legislative body.. and I
do not see. how to puf a check can be ha/1
without having two branches in their city
governments. :■■
Now, what objection $as been offered to
this system of government.- except the
statement'that.thecity of Winchester has
been accustomed to one branch? Now,
ought -we not to -require that any number
of people that we regard large enough; to
have -a city form of government should
conform to" the best form of city, govern
ment. " If it is not the best form. let us.
strike it out altogether.
Mr. GLASS: Are -there any cities in the
Commonwealth except the cities of Rich
mond and Norfolk, and perhaps the city
"of Alexandria, that have two branches of
its council? . . : . 1
Mr. MEREDITH: That is" a Question -I ■
could not answer. . :
Mr. GLASS: Lynchburg has one, Roa
noke has one, Danville has one, Petersburg
lias one. I think this change ought not to
be forced upon those cities. ■ i
. - Mr. MEREDITH : It ought not to be ;
forced upon any . city .'.unless. it .is a proper
principle of /; government; /and, likewise:
simply because the cities which have been
referred to by the gentleman from Lynch
burg may have been able. to avoid' some of
the. dangers, they should not be left with
only: one branch for the future if it is not i
a proper principle. : .
Mr. GLASS: .If that is laid down. as : a
principle,, .would not -the' same principle
apply to the government of. counties, and
instead of having one board of supervisors,
that they should: . have : two boards or a
dual system. • .
Mr.MEREDITPI: I think not.. You are
too : familiar, with the duti"? of the board
of supervisors not to know that they, have
not the same legislative, and administra
tive powers as the municipal bodies have.
The amount of exDcniditures that the mu
nicipal bodies. make- for gas works, for the
health department, .for streets .'.and the
manner in r -which they give away fran
chisese—all those things are not controlled
by the board of supervisors to anything
like the same extent. :
Mr. ROBERTSON: Have you found that
In Richmond, and probably in other cities
where they have two chambers of the leg
islative department, ..that the council "has
acted .particularly well ' in reference to
those matters? ■
: Mr. MEREDITH: The : gentleman has
submitted his questions with great ingenu
ity. Let him. frame his question fairly. '
Mr. ROBERTSON: I would rather. have'
you answer than to criticise- thjicmestion.
"Mr. MEREDITH: Is notthe proper ques
tion' to ask /whether wo have .been bene
'lited by having two branches? To that I
would say "yes." If you ask whether all
■legislation has been wise" and : honest, I
should say "no." • • -/
:: Mr ROBERTSON: I want tosav thac
ours has been very satisfactory. - We havf?
. hacii no . such troubles as you', have had
'here./- • - : ; ; -';.'.-'- 1* ■£ -
• rMr. MEREDITH: I do not propose to
get into a discussion as to Whether 'one
city is more --honest than. another. The
ouestion here is as to the form of govern-,
ment. The greater .'the; population you
have in thes cities:' the greater, will be the
demand ''-for! expenditures of /every, kind
and -in every, conceivable- manner. Who
rioesnot know that the powers and dtitie.g
of municipal government are totally differr
:ent- from what- they were fifty years ago.
Look at the different departments in a mu
nicipality. Fifty years ago -you had no
street 'department, .gas department,, or
healthtteyartment. and all other lines of
responsibility in the city.. Those are not
luxuries now", but necessities^ for the; pro
tection of the community. / ,
"Mr: ROBERTSON: Is . it !not yrtlir opin
ion, that'they. can get those, things through
two : chambers as • easily, as : through one?
Do. you. not know that. you can get iniqui
j tous schemes -through - two chambers and
can ; get it- through about as easily -as
.through;-, one. where .they are elected one
half at-atime?
'/; Mr: MEREDITH: The iatter. part of the
'question, is; whether... you, can get it
'through two branches as easily as through
' one. ; My. answer Is, '• that you cannot.". Our
:board: of i.aldeftnen frequently -pro^
; tected us and have kept- down our ex
penses considerably,, especiallyin the last
.few years, so; that we»can' live within. our
income. The fact;is' where" you have a
check, where you have two branches to
get the measure through/ in order to suc
,ceeti. of course, it is more difficult.
- In providing for this system of city gov
ernment; we ought, to' lay down lines o*
government that will protect the cities n;
this Commonwealth. WeV ought to put
such safeguards 'and such protection
.around these -cities as is posts c. and at
the same time Teave r such powers to them
as are necessary- for the government oi
such a community. /
;, Mr. JAMES W. GORDON: I wish you
would; call attention to the fact that we
arenot legislating Cor these cities as they
are at present, but we are anticipating for
their,- growth.
Mr. MEREDITH: I say that we are leg
islating for the future as to all municipali
ties, because they are presumed to grow
and to. last, and to continue for a ioa^
• time, and for: us. to frame here a. system
by which a municipal covernment maj
start .wrong .'I respectfully submit^ would
be unwise." • - : ,
Air. GLASS: Is it'a fair assumption that
the municipal governments of all the cities
In Virginia, except the city o^ Richmond
and the city of Norfolk have started
wrong/when we have . experienced no
trouble whatever, while, from the gentle
man's own admission, you have Ttad a
great-.deal .of troubled I think tht> pre
sumption i 3 WronfT .v you are going against
what is reedgnizeu: as a principle of pov
ernment. The question is. is It a wise pro
vision? I do not mean to say that you
have not avoided the difficulties and dan
gers that lay across your path.
Mr. MEREDITH: The question is sim
ply whether we shall lay down in thia
Constitution r. recognized principle of gov
ernment as to municipalities that claim
to have. a. population sufficient to have a
city government. It may be a great evil
in allowing five thousand people to have
a city government, but if we do. we otisht
to lay it down that it shall be under gov
ernmental principles that are recognized
as correct.
Survivors of Crew of Lantnro Sail
litr Vulpnriilsu.
v WASHINGTON, January 22.— Tho Stata
Department has received a cablegram
from United States Consul Malmros, at
Colon, stating that an Insurgent attack
upen that place ia momentarily expected.
The' Navy 'Department has no -vessel on
the Gulf side of -the Isthmus, the Ma
rietta/ at San Juau being the nearest,
but it Is presumed that Captain Meada
will/supply any needed forcra from the
;Fhiladelphta sending them by rail -from
Panama to Colon.
PANAMA. COLOMBIA; January 22.—
The railroad stations at La Boca, which
occupied weak positions' during the last
attack of th« Liberals, are now guarded
by six hundred- nien. These troops havo
thrown "up entrenchments.
-/The survivors of the crew of the steam
. er. Lautaro, sunk by the Liberals during
-the naval e*ngage-mont o£ MonGar last,
sail, to-morrow for Valparaiso, on tho
Chilean steamer Loa.
It Approves K«tiil»U.Nljiuent of >'n«
' tJo mil u3lilitnryu 3lilitnry ClhJ>."
WASHINGTON. January 22.— The Na
tional Guard Association of the United
States/whose convention here Is heing at*
tended by the adjutant-generals of most
of the States, to-day adopted a resolution
approving the establishment of a national
"military club" in this city.
The .adjutant-generals called on Presi
dent Roosevelt, Secretary Root/and Gen
eral Miles.- Secretary Root improved th*
opportunity to express his hearty sym
pathy with the movement In. which ehey
are .engaged.- The Secretary . said th«
] study and thought -which h& had been
.required to give to^ military affairs h.i'i
'Jfifl him to the con\iction that it was of
the greatest importance to this country
- that the N.ational Guard should bo matn
'tained, promoted, and perfected/as a, ne
cessary school" for citizen soldiery- Th>>
gulf between the National Guard an<l
the. regular army ■ should be "closed tip
entirely,. and there, should be harmonious*
co-operation between the two organiza
tions- in "bringing about a condition, of
affairs which would maJce the' country al
ways ready, with ah/ efficient volunteer
force to act as an auxiliary to the reffO
lar army. -.
. General J. C.'-R. Foster, of Florida, was
elected a member of the Executive Com
;.--, ■■_..- ■ .. .. — —-rm~ :: — — ■ ;
- To Invite Frincc Henry.
No- action has been taken yet by th^
German subjects resident in this city in
the matter; of Inviting Prince Henry, ot
Prussia, to visit this city, but it Is saiii
that a. meetng of - the Kaiser's subjects*
will be held, in a few days for this pur
pose. Prince Henry is a brother of the
German Emperor, and his comins: to
Richmond, if he can be induced to come.
"will -be a great event. „ ■ .

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