Newspaper Page Text
LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE ON CURRENT TOPICS.
THBSLAVB TRADE Statistics With Respect to the Importa? tion of Negroes to This Country, Edllnr of Tho Tlnrvf-DlspntrHi Blr,?I. submit below a tabla of statis? tics, to' which I Write', I rcalliso that tho destiny of the negro as tt civil nnd politi? cal factor in tho United Slates Is now reaching a crisis, nnd In so far as I?, may bo afl'ccled by tho flat of man. every *cliitlll? of truth should bo brought to light. This table was revealed on tho floor .of tho United States Sonato under the following circumstances! Senator Smith, of South Carolina, In a ?speech In tho Sonato on the Missouri compromiso In" 1820, paid his compliments to Rhode Island for having been bitter '.. nuaiiist slave-holders generally, "This, however, ho believed, could not bo Ilio temper or opinion of-Ilio majority of tho jjcoplo In tfiint State, from the late elec? tion of Mr, James Do Wolfe as a mem? ber of Ilio Sonnte, as ho hod accumulated en Immense fortuno by the Afrlcnn slavo trade," Mr. Smith proceeded to show that In tho^ycar 1804 tho Legislature of South Curollna opened tho ports of that State for the Importation of African slaves; ' thnt they remained open for four years, nnd.? tWring I hat timo? 202 vessels with pluv-os, entered the port ot Charleston. Ion pf which, with their cargoes, be? longed to Mr. Do AVolfo. ''Recapitulation of African slavo trade, .and by what nations supported, from .Juno 1, 1B0-?, to December 31, 1807." Vessels belonging to? Charleston.:. 01 Rhode Island. 09 liultlmoro. 4 Iloston. 1 Korfnlk . 2 Connecticut . 1 E,w?len. 1 British.? 70 'French. 3 Consignees natives of Charleston. 13 Consignees natives of Rhode Island.; RS Consignees natives of Britain. 01 Consignees natives of France. 10 Total. 202 At the Bnmc timo Is presented tho sum? mary of the whole number of slaves Im? ported by foreign-nations and by'each of the United States; "Slaves Imported at Charleston from 1st January, 1801, to December the 31st, ? 1 VOS, and by what nations:" British .19,910 French .'..1,078, - 21,927 In American vessels: Charleston.: 7,723 Of this number there wero be? longing to foreigners. 6,717 -d,717 20,7-11 -, Leaving Imported by merchants and planters of Charleston und vicinity .2.0OG .Rhode Island . 7,938 Baltimore . 750 Savannah . VM Norfolk. 287 .Warren.'. ?so Hartford. 230 Boston . 200 Philadelphia . 200 New Orleans . 100 - 12.S31 Total . 33,075 The slaves Imported by the foreigners were not sold to the peoplo of South Carolina except In smnli part, but wero sold to Georgia and the Western States una'to Now Orleans. _____ LESONS TO LEARN. The above tables ure replete with use? ful lessons" and suggestions. To one only will timo and spaco to ' permit ? me to point, . In this ono transaction. ?lon? may be. observed the faot, that-within a period of time embracing scarcely more than a generation, tho children of 40,000 such beings, freshly removed from tfielr savage haunts and Jungles, with tbo as joclatlons of diabolical orgies still cling? ing to them were invested with all the franchises of American citizenship, AVhnt an heritage for the South! However bril? liant may havo been the achievements of the southern people on the field of battle, their achievements of peace have fcoen marvelous and without parallel, In thnt. with Buch' heritage thrust upon ? them In lieu of having been crushed (o earth, they have preserved their clvlll ?.atIon Intnct and untarnished, and In ?their wonderful progress have surround? ed tho entire nation with a halo of glory, a reflection of their own splendor. It may now bo conceded as an historical fact that the' boon of freedom was ono unsolicited, unsought and undesired by the negroes. ? There Is much philosophy In Uncle Tony's reply to a Federal officer In Pe? tersburg,' to whom after having been congratulated by him on the reception of his freedom, he said. "Foro do Lord. Mars Whiten?an, dat Is'Jest nigger luck /to got what ho plntcdly don't wanl." The negroes willingly fed the armies that wero holding them In bondage, for un? der existing circumstances no adequato arrangement could possibly have been made for their compulsion. This singular fact . Is -accounted for by some oil the ground of amiability of the race Correct, but an amiability born of happiness and contentment. Education hns nut dis? guised the negroes except In some Iso? lated Instances of thoso who are reach? ing,, for what thoy may never hope lo attain. Such are to be pitied, and remind one ot the Irishman, who, hla case hav? ing, been brought Into court Interrupted the pleading of bis lawyer by loud la? mentatimi, and when asked the cause of his agitation, replied: "Faith nnd be gorral J did not know that 1 havo been treated so bad till that illigeut gentleman tould us." Ah "the negro problem has b?*on, with all Us attendant and. menacing Ills, made the peculiar heritage of the South, I Ulto measure should Ilio solu? tion of It bo mado Its peculiar caro. Northern people are under no obligations to tho negro, other thnn such as they hwo discharged by selling, him to the South when no longer profitable to them seises. Tho South Is under obligation to him, and will never be unmindful of tbo fnat. The problem is no new one to tho South,, and has engnged the serious at? tention of its peoplo from tho oarllest tlmei. COLONIZATION.?.' I will submit In substance ono of the many characteristic reports of the an? nual meetings of tlio American Coloni ?intion Society, ine'd" In meeting of 1W8. During tho year the society had Hent to Liberia 013 emigrants, of whop? 33t wero slaves liberated for tho purpose, Th* remainder were frpe negroes from tlilr teen different States?from Virginia, 117; Georgia, 00; South Carolina, 41; appli? cants awaiting to be carried over, C67, Receipts during tho yoar $50,1(11; e_f penses, f51,052; bnlance In treasury, il,?' 830.-1 extract from a resolution offered nt this meeting by Hon. R. J. Wnlkor, \fleerctnry of Treasury,^United Btates, in ?.?congratulation to the society for "lay pg the foundation of ? system destined ,-fo facilitate the ultimate separation of the two racen of Ilnm and Japhet." The. following preamble and resolution wero offered by Hon. Robert McLano, of -Maryland, and ?seconded by ,lho lions. Joseph R. lagerst?!!, .if Pennsylvania, and Hugh Maxwell, of New York: "Whereas the Institution of domestlo slavery exists In I ho United Stales as the creature of local and municipal law, so recognized and respected by tho Fed? eral Constitution, therefore be it "Resolved. That In all action? affecting this ? Institution' In its civil or political aspect the American elllaen and ?talesman has Imposed upo.u him a solemn obligation ?? respect In spirit frlngetnent of?, the some." On April HO, ?MD. a large assembly col? lected at Lexington, \<y., to appoint del? egates to the Franhfort emancipation convention, ' was addressed by H"nry Clay and Uhe ReV/ It. J. Ilrecklntldge, both deprecating tho evils of the system and urging against the perpetuation? of it. Governor Calhoun, of Now Mexico, in i860, wrolo tho following extract from a ht'etteage to tho territorial Legislature. "Freo negroes nro regarded as nuis* ancee In every Slate ?nil Terr.lt0?rryn( '", the Union, nnd where they a?*0,1016/"1?," society Is most degraded. 1 trust the Legislature will pa?? -a law to provo tit tholr entrane?! Into (Ills Territory. o disgusting'degradation to whnch sbe|oty.. and In letter tho authority of aueh-mu*> nlclpal authority, and to resist any * Is subjfctort hy tholr prow-nee Is obv oim lo ail and demands a prohibitory act of tho severest nature." - ^ WATK1NS. Questions for the University. Kdltor ot tho Ttlh?s-Dlspa?clii Blr-l'ermlt frto.- ?? it Virginia matron, deeply Interested In tho reputation of ou? 'great University, to ask through your column? tho favor, of a little II?.from tho authorities'of that noble instllutlon pon tho motives Inducing -??<"? ? so far depart from precedent ? as to honor with a special Invitation to' their closing exercises the present accidental Execu? tive of tho United States. i make the request In no Invidious spirit, recognizing fully the march of now dea? and the resulting dissolution of manv traditions. Many of us aro old. The ^verslty la older, but neither the University nor Its friends am too old to learn. There have been of Into not a re?,?, criticisms of th?; tlme-linnorort method? ot Jefferson?? cherished school, nnd many suggestions that new life, new ways, new blood, so to speak, 'wore deeded to maintain Its supremncy as the great University of the South, and there have been some Indicatimi? on the part or those In authority to respond to criti? cisms and suggestions. ?Let me ask If the Invitation' to Mr, Theodore Roosevelt Is one of those Hid - cations. Do the authorities of tho Uni? versity feel that they are proceeding along the lines of legitimate progress In'departing from the traditional posi? tion thai the honors of the university of Virginia nro tendered to those only whom she can truly honor, Or are wo to understand that thoso presiding over this Institution approve the course nnd chnracter of thin President? They Invite him fresh from the enunciation ot doctrines nnd Inten? tions most repugnant to every section of the South. We may assume that the Ink was hardly dry upon the pen with which ho Invited a negro to dine with himself and h!s family, another negro to come with his wife to stay with his wife and himself at the White House; that It was still moist with the signatures to appoint? ments Odious to large, important South? ern communities, when he used It to accept a flattering Invitation from the University of Virginia. Truly, those who contend that the University is not quite up-to-date may hold their peace! From tho moment Mr. Roosevelt and his famllv were placed In the White House by an assassin's bullet and made haste to Inaugurate a season of excep? tional merry-making and private enter? taining In tha? stricken mansion, while a nation was still In mourning, not paus? ing long enough to let the funeral bake-' meats cool before having them furnish forth the marriage suppers; throughout his repeated announcements that he would In no wise be hampered by the wishes and views of communltlo" of his fellow-citizens In using tho powers they had never entrusted to him, down to the petty slight offered by his wife to tho ladles of Texas and hin own deadly and stupid Insult, to the State of South Caro? lina, this man and his family have an? tagonized and are antagonizing every sentiment nnd tradition of the South. As a daughter of Virginia, as the wife of a devoted alumnus of the University, nnd ns the mother of sons who are also ?ohs of the University nnd resident citi? zens of the State. I feet at liberty to ask an explanation of this Invitation, I shoul'l also like to;know what pr?pa? ration tho University has made for such of the President's netrro friends and, their families ns, with h's flaunted disregard of the ylews of those opposed to his. he may see fit to bring In his suite. Tt Is, of course. prcsunnHo that the only two Virginian? who appear to he his full sympathizers anil ?o-workers ,havo? been Invited to meet htm?the Hon. John S. Wise nnd Jame?? Haves. Ksq. ? Heaven help tho University! VIRGINIA. As to Dr. Ponciexter's Letter. F.OItor of T)ie T?mes-OIspateh: Sir,?Allow me space to say pomethlng In reply to the letter, of my friend nnd ] brother, Or A. Rngby, published In tho j .Sunday's Issue, March 15th. In my first j letter, written In reply to ono by Ilr. C. ! J. Gardner, 1 had no Intention of r'e:\ vlvlng o|d religious Issues, hut wished to i correct a statement In his letter to i.h'a effect "that no Baptist believed ha bap- '. Ism had any connection with remission j of ?Ins nn?l that, no Baptist that ever, lived believed that baptism hod any ? ??>? ' lieetlon with tho forgiveness of sins." Re- ; spooling nnd loving the Baptists a?: I do, I was not Avllllug to see thern com- ' mit ted to so extreme a view,and so wroto ? calling his attention to evidence which ' proved that his 'declaration was too . effect "that no Papt 1st believed that bap- ; tisi did. believe that then? was a ?onnoc- : tlnn between hjipllsm ami remission r?f sins I did not propose or nt tempt f? present tho views of the rll-iclples of Christ. Thnt was not In my mind. I . honor tho Baptist for their noble defend? of religious liberty nnd their consistent ? adherence to what thoy believed to ?? ? taught In God's word. 1 have nil my ' Ufo lived among Baptists?good earnest, ? ' ESTABLISHED 18-55. W, Allnor Woortwitnl, Stewart ?1. Woodward, & YELLOW PINE, White Pine, Hardwoods- Mahog? any, Rough and Dressed, SASH, BUNDS, DOORS, ETC. River, Arch, Bracts. Seventh, Eighth, Ninth and Tenth Streets. Main Ofilee.? Cor, Ninth and Arch Sts. MANCHESTER YARDS: Decnttir, Stockton, Everott. Maury Third, Fourth and PU'tl? .Streets. ' Branch Oftlce; Cor. Fourth and Stock. ton Streets. WRITE, 'PHONE OR CAEE. Christian peoplo?ahd am glad to say that j I have gained Inspiration and spiritual ? strength from their life and example I There Is no man that I loved or revered ; moro than Or, R. IL Rugby, and still venerate his memory. He was my nolgh I'OI. filend and brother In the Lord. No, Brother Busby, wo Will novor fall oui about these things, but still continua to pray as t have dono for almost sixty years, that all o'od's peoplo may be ono, oven as Ood and Christ aro one, thrtt tho world may believe. Will you oor ?Jr. Kerr or some other good man tell us how complote and perfect M tho union between Christ and Ood, I must bo permitted to say to Dr. Bngby that the Ideas presented by Dr. P. In his lettor. Indicated a Clear nnd matured Judgment mid logical con? clusions, though written, uri you nay, "In his early manhood," Unfortunately Dr. P's letter did not nppenr In tho coun? try edition of The Tlmon.ni,ir>al.eh. I wish I had and still wish that It could. B. IL WALKER, TheTaxing Powers. Editor of. the Tlmoe-O?Spatchi Sir,??oiir Kdlturlul In lust Uunday's edi? tion o? your Valuable pjper -?ntltled "dou? ble taxation" is- timely. I was especially Impressed with the thought so forcibly and tersely put ^by you "whenever the state attempts ? to gouge.a citizen. It aroused ? all the an urcby lit li/tn and tempts him to dodge tlio assessor, if the atufe oxpocts her citizens to bo honest In making their re? turns, she must set the exatnplo; ehe must be fair und s?ru.lghtforwnrd In all her dealings with her citizens If ?he would expect her citizens to bo" fair and straightforward In their dealings with her," The stream cannot flow higher than Its fountain source, if tho State takes the role of tho brigand and call? upon Ils citizens to stand and deliver, because of Its superior strength, it will llnd It? Citizens In their turn deceptive and dis? honest In making their returns for taxa? tion. And they will excuse- themselves In the same way that the weak always excuse themselves against the strong, up? on the ."core of self-preservation. 1 knew an old man, a farmer, who had i served Ills State well, but whose health nnd strength hnd failed. His fumlly con? sisted of bis wife, almost us old us he, and some daughtero, one an Invalid. Ho sold his small farm because he could no longer profitably work It, and took the few thousand dollars It brought him and moved to town, thinking that with econ? omy the Interest on his bonds would support him and his family In his declin? ing years. When the commissioner carne' around he honestly gave In a list o'f his bonds for taxation. He was getting 0 per cent, upon them. When in town tho tax collector came around, he presented a ticket for over.2 per cent, of the gross amount of Interest to cover State und mu? nicipal taxes. Thus the man's Income was cut down by one-thfrd, .and ho was not able to live on the remainder. I will not pursue the Btory further. But you must admit that the?-temptation was very strong to evade tho commissioner when he camo around the following year.? There was a time when money command? ed 8 and 10 per cent, that a person could perhaps aWord to pay such taxation, but now that money is cheaper some new plan should he devised tor making It pay Its fair proportion toward the revenue of the Stato, Tho Legislature may think that it Is making the rich man pay this burdensome taxation. If It will e.vnmlne It will find that only widows, maiden ladles and orphans are paying It. The wealthy have got their cash invested In such securities as will make them a good return free from this form of taxation. . I am informed that In some of tho States a spedai tax of say one-half of one per cent. Is Inld, on capital Invested In six per cent, loans. Such ? law or a similar one would not be evaded, but would keep capital at home and Induce it to flow, into channels of U-gltlmate trade, for tho upbuilding of the whole Stato. St. Wythevllle, Va.. March 18. ? ? The Dignity of the Church. Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Sir,?Tour editorial In last Sunday's pa? per on "The Mission of the Church." Is so bravo and true, that It excites my ad? miration, 1 cannot refrain from express? ing my pleasure In seeing the publication of such an article in what is called a "secular" newspaper. It Is a sad thing to witness a church resorting to fairs, festivals, concerts and theatricals to raise money for the Lord's cause. It dishonors Christ, and discredits His religion. It represents the Savior, who made tho world, and Is "Lord over all," as the veriest beggar on enrth. It dries up the fountain of Christian benefi? cence. It defeats tho efforts to create and fostor "the spirit of Christian llber rllty. It makes the?church appeal to the world, the flesh and the devil, to aid hi sustaining ? cause whose very princi? ples are antagonistic to all three, and designed to conquer the world, subdue the flesh nnd destroy the works of the j devil. O. it is positively, absolutely dis? gusting? "If any man be In Christ, be. Is a new creature:" "Ve uro not your own: ye are bought with a price;" "Freely yo have received, freely give;" "It Is moro blessed to give than to receive." So far an making offerings for the relief of the poor saints Is concerned the specific law given to the churches of OuliUin and Corinth, was this: "Upon the first day of tho week let every one of you lay by him In store, as God hnth prospered him, I hat there bo no gather? ings when I come." The principle of giv? ing Is love, not law; the Jew was ro (luirf-d pay (not give) one-tenth of every? thing. . Above that be ninde his free will offerings. But the gospels of Christ lifts reu enera ted men and women up to a I'H'iior plftn-j. and makes them move In ? different rpViorn. The principio that gov .'?ni'i them is the !|jgli nnd holy princi? ple- of Christ??? love; "If ye lovo me, keep my co-nmiuridrnsnts;" "If a man love mo, ho will k>ie,'> my words." .The greatest thing "i the world Is love. Love Is the fulfilling of the law. Love Is the royal law. Tho reason of the fallino of the church I In Hie world and in society Is tho fact that she Is considered-ohe considers her? self?an eternivi nestling, with ? bill oori tlnunll.v open fur contributions from everything that pasaos by. John Rob? inson's clrcim must ho asked for a con? tribution for the support of tho church I The aervlcos of u minstrel show mmt be engaged, to entertain the crowd with negro songs and sayings that the oause of Christ may be promoted! Question? able exhibitions must bo given to help Jesus. Ho Is, such ft pauper and beggar! Tho very notion carries In It a guaran too of failure. No mendicant can in? herit power In this country, But the pre? valent touching Is, that the church and "tho pastor" nro things to be "liolp ed, coddled, carried," B. F. Haynes truly says: "Chiefly, how? ever, the damage to the church from these practices hns como through the lowering of the basis of appeal made <o mon, tn a (liane of mere expediency, poli? cy or solilo form of nppotHe. Tho eye of the glvors, Instead of being turned to wui"d Him who gave us richly all things to enjoy, und whom wo are to worship with our substance, Is turned selfward, and looks only In the pride or pleasure or palate of self as the object worthy to receive tbo benefit or honor, or re? sults of our gifts. It fostors and deep? ens selfishness, our natural nnd most artful and constant enemy. Thus, in stead of giving being a religious exercise ami not- of worship, It becomes a selfish gratification." Dr. Charle!! ?. Jefferson, in the Pres? byterian, saysl "Church fairs and sup? pers and oiitol-tnltiniento held for the pu,.?? poso of paying tho ?huroh's debts, are nn abomination In the sight of fjod, nil? it In ahiazln? that they nro not a Btonch In tho nostrils of all Christian people. Not otio valid word onn bo s;ikl In their defoneo, They ate ovil, always, wholly, Irretrievably evil, t know how many ar? guments can ho brought to tholr support, but thin only provo? that there are many Christians who ?tre yet In the etono-ngo ?f spiritual discernment. If 1 were the Pope of America .1 would declare It a mortal sin fot? any uhUfch to talso money by any commercial schemes What?yet?! and any church pornUtlng in doing so, ?boulrt huve It* building srfld, and Its >iam.- erased from IH? tuli1 of Christian i-'hurchsu. How .can we hope to make Christianity even reopi'ctnblo no long ns churches sell Ice cream and ??iddio brio* a-brao In order to carry on-their work/ A?raln thanking you. Mr. if/Wor, for that timely o-iltorlal, so full of good Bensa und truth, nnd Scripture, 1 remain. , ?? Truly yours, 1., A. CUTTER, Louhia, Va., Mnroh Sii. 1900. Tree;? .<rd Roads,' Editor of Tim Tinios-Dlspatch: Sir,?Recently driving up a long hill In '.hn county of AWUf.'tu, I noticed that two majtnlflcent talc tfeos on the rubilo high- i way that had been n boon to the Irnvoler ? for generations, had been appropriated | and ??!-????.????1 by a farmer for private | us?.' investigating, I found that this spe ???* of vandalism was going on all over the ? tate. I . Jlnnllzlng tho crying, necessity for -leg I /piativo protection ?or this valuable Staio ! property, I went to Itichmonil and con?? ! suited a Stair? Senator and tho Commls i sloncr of Agriculture. They, both agrood I that something f?iouUI bo done. I thou ! went to Washington to tho Government ! Board of Forestry and. got the host In I formation available on tho subject', and? i In conjunction with ? forestry export j drew up the following and placed If In ! tho hands of tho Senator for consldora I tlon. ' With the exception of sftctlon ? this Is practically the law in forco In Massa- ; cliusetts and Now Hampshire. Mr. K?ln? er said that some such bill would bo valuable, hut ho thought posBlbly section 4 was farther than the State would want to go at first. The remainder of the bill could bo passed to great advantage, and section 4 loft until the people hod grown j to see Its value. ? But little experienced In framing bills. I morely attempt to present what Is needed and leave thu technical language or a legislative enactment to the law-makers. It is noticed that this hill euuld bo en? forced by thoso who need It,' and left unonforced If necessary. A very small ap? propriation will cover the expenses of pro? curing the necessary marks for the trees. Respectfully, W. N. HEED. ??a. Section 1. The supervisors of the coun? ties of tho Commonwealth are hereby,au? thorized to designato nnd preserve as hereinafter provided In this act, trees within the limits of tho public highway for tho purpose of ornament and shade, ari'J to so designate not less than ono such tree In every thirty-three feet, where such trees aregrowlng and aro of a di? ameter of one Inch or more. Sec. 2. Tho Supervisors shall, between the 1st day of October and the 81st day of December, In each year designate such trees as are selected by them, set forth In this act, such trees to be designated by driving Into the ?same at a point not less than four nor more than six feot from the ground and on the sido toward the center of the highway, a nail or splk$ driven through'n?metal washer; on which is plainly Impressed the- letter -'V. Stich nails nn.1 washers to be procured and furnished by the Secretary of Agricul? ture. ?ec. T. Che .*tpervrsors 'n.iy,'when deem? ed proper, renew such of said nails arid washers that may have become defaced or destroyed, and shall designate In the samo manner as hereinbefore stated such other trees as In their Judgment should be designated to 4-arry out tho require? ments of this act. Sec. 4. The Commonwoalth reserves tho right of eminent domain over' all trees on encloscu lands that frlngo and over? hang tho public highway not further than five foet from tho land-owner's lino, and no such tree shall be cut down or removed except upon tho application of the owner to the Board of Supervisors of the county In which the said tree Is located. The supervisors may permit the removal of said tree or condemn it and take pos? session of it for public benefit, upon ap pralsemont, tho owner to bo renumeratod from moneys In the county treasury not otherwise appropriated or provided for. All such trees condemned shall bo mark? ed as hereinbefore provided. Sec. 5. Whoever wantonly Injures, de? faces, cuts down and destroys any trees thus designated, or destroy such nails and washers affixed to such trees, or whoever cuts, affixes advertising boards or strings wires of any description with? out tho written permit of the officers having such-trees in charge, or shall vio? late section 1 of this act, shall bo punish? ed by a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars and not less than twonty dollars, one-half of l'Ino to go to complainant and ono-hnlf to the use of tho lioad Board. Soc. 0, If any person, by the use of firearms or by any other moans, cause fire to spread and damage such trees, the property of tho State, ho shall ho fined not exceeillngly fifty dollars. ,The Road Boards shall be authorized to carry out the provisions of this act, provided, that nothing In this net shall prevent tho board from removing ? troe when tho public Interests so demands. Dong Giade; Va., March ?3d, o Cato and Lee, Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch; SU?,?The words of Cato to hla friend as quoted ,by you, that "ho would prefer that people should uslt why Is not a statuo erected to Cato, rothbr than why la a statilo erected to Cato," may have been entirely right and proper In lila own case, especially In a city In which It Is said there woro ten thousand statues, but 1 beg leave to say that Illustration has no significance In connection with tho proposal to placo a statuo of Gen? oral Ueo lu Washington city. Nobody would ask why It was dono, All the world would understand tho meaning and appropriateness of the act. Only its absence from Statuary Hall would oc? casion remark, and peoplo would won? der why Virginia had been so romlss and neglectful In paying honor to her most illustrious citizen and soldier. In tho dry of Caracca?, In Venezuela, there aro more statues to General Wash? ington than In any other city In tho world. ..Do you suppose anybody ever asks why thoy are there? Tho Governor's argument that "Gen? eral lieo, If nllvo and could bo consulted, would be averse to such a memorial," seems to mo to bo without force. Such reasoning would forbii) and prevent nil such demonstrations In his honor. It Is well known that'from Appomat tox to tho end ?>f bis Ufo. It was his supreme deslio thnt concord and hnr inony should bo renewed between the different suctions of Ilio country, and he would welcnino with great satisfac? tion such a striking manifestation of gond feeling as would bo exhibited In tho proposed movement. Wo need never expect unanimity either North or South. Ret us not bo frlghtenod by the clamor ot a fow malcontents. R. M. PARHAM. Richmond, March 33d, IS TUB SOUTH tNTOLERANT? Reply by a Southern Woman to a North? ern Woman's Charge, editor of The Tlmes-Dlspnteb: Sir,?In a recent issue of the New York Independent appeared a sketch written by a Northern woman residing In Louisiana, entitled "Free Speech In the South." . In order to give to this writer perfect freedom of expression the editor permitted her the privilege ot anoiiynlmlty. That she used It for tho most vicious criticism possible to compress Into condensed form, will be evident to all who feel Inclined to actiualrit themselves with her sentiments. Her scoring comes under three distinct head? (apart from a profuso Interlarding o? bitter feeling), entitled "Excesslvo Pride," "Intenso Jealousy" and "Deter? mined Resistance tu tho Inroads of Civil? ization." It bus seetnfcd expedient to mnko snmo reply to the uiiculled for and cowardly attacks of such wrlterH, who uru gir?n the privilege of publication In lending North? ern magazines. Tho Independent published but ono pa? per In reply to VFreo Speech," thnt bolng from the mild pen of tho chancellor of the Vanderbtlt University. Tennessee, Dr. J. H, Klrklnnd, whose Southern chivalry withheld his pen from the full denuncia? tion of tho woman writer of tho ?ketch, which It was evident to perceive, In rend In? between tho linos, unlmatod his worthy broas t, The subjoined reply lo tho present writer is evidently too pointed to please tho edi? tor of tho Independent; thoreforo, It Is submitted -to the leudlng 'paper of her Stute, with the hope that It may Inspire other Southern writers to follow her lend In defondlng the South In any position she may cIiooho for herself upon social ?-mentions against the'aggrcsslons of the North, .... Thero arc two glaring orrors committed and promulgated. In our midst by a cer? tain class of literature that ?bould be eradicated from tbo annals of history In consledcratlon of a crying need., recog? nized hy nil people of kindly feollng, tor an am?lioration of the bitterness that cxIhIr botwoon tho North and the South. The first Is the acrimonious criticism of those, who for reasons known only to lhomsoWes, come voluntarily from the ? North to seek homo life among southern peoplo, The second Is., tho free expres? sion of that criticism through the medium of widespread periodicals; sometimes?as. In tho pre'sent caso under review?appear? ing In the form of nn anonymous papor. . In all circles of polite society nnnoy rnous writing containing personal or so? cial animosity, has boon classed among tho cowardly acts. Flgurallvoly spoak tho cowardly acts. Figuratively ?peaking Ing, It Is a stab In tho dark, and the fact tho writer of Free Speech In tho Bouth, bolng denied tho right-ot her signature, should have stayed her pen. If. hen; writing wero calculated "to croato reform, or did It hold, through any special merit ? .definite - value to t ho world. ,.nt largo, there might be"some' exoneration for Its publication; but on tbo conrtary, In? reading -tho sketch, tho queall^ns: "What value can It provo to any class of people? What convincing qunllty does It possoss7 What reform could It possibly create?" Rise Involuntarily to tho minds of thoughtful render?. No writing Is valuable to mankind that Is void of the? quality..of-honevolonce; pnd that mercy which Is "seasons Justice," which It droppoth as the gentle rain from Heaven, and "blesseth lilm that gives, and'hlm thnttakes." is absolutely neces? sary In depicting a people whose habits, customs and manners?while representing ; the best of their section of- country? ; differ from thoso who undertake the ; deplctment. But tho writer of froe speech.-which she claims Is denied her ? through the medium of the tongue, is evidently too far romoved In 'sympathy from the people who surround her, to be enabled to exorcise tho godlike qualities of Justice nnd mercy, oren should they exist latently In her nature. Suoh a paper were scarce worthy of notlco or criticism, save that appearing In tho -pages of as prominent a magazine as the Independent, entltlos It to notice, for even on obscure dart thrown Into space and finding lodgment In tho heart of a sturdy oak, becomes worthy of ex? traction for scrutiny! Tho thrtTe chief attributes accordod to the Southern peoplo by the hidden lance are excesslvo pride, Intenso Jonlousy and resistance to the Inroads of civilization." Tho first attribute belongs to all tho high class peoples of earth. It is tho ele? ment of character, which whon allied to principles, elevates humanity above Ignoblo deeds and tho desire to live up to the record of ono's forefathers who wore proudly honorable citizens In their day and generation, Is orle of the highest in? stincts of that pride. The second attributo?a more serious ono?the 'present writer has never dis? covered to be more prominently devel? oped In Southern people than In other representatives of her raco; and It has been her privilege to. live among many of the civilized races of tha world. Truly, the vicious germ cannot be claim? ed to exist In tho hearts of Southerners In connection with their Northern broth? ers and sisters, for wero It pointedly developed In. the masses of such h large community as tho South embodies. Ilio consequences of It would ho felt through? out the commercial and literary life ot tho North, It being an established fact that the South offers unreservedly her best'to Northern merkots. Had she been In the history of hor people, ns conser? vative ns Is clolmed for her, alio could easily with her woalth and talent have established exclusivo mnrts for herself; but New" fork and Boston nro now. us before the war, emporiums for the lavish expenditures of Southern men and wo? men. Tho superiority of tho North In many vllnl matters reintlng tn business nnd finance, has always boon concoded by the South, and with ? frankness thnt hold no Jealousy. -, Since the war tho South has developed largely upon literary and dramatic' lines, yet sho Js content to furnish her trans? uma of thought to Northern publishers rather thnn, through a spirit of Jealous rivalry, establish literary mnrts In her own large cities. And true It Is that the Northern market Is ted with much worthy Inspiration from the brain of those who live South of Mason and Dlxon lino. - - ? Tho writer of?this ?ketch has for years been a Utornry critica musical and ro? mantic sketch writer, und truly can she say that In no lnstu|ico. has Jealousy nn linated her work to mar or crlpplo It. and she Is Bafo to aver also? In the name ot ber Southern compatriots that not ono of thorn with oven tho ordinary gift of tho pen would so lay low the elements of courtesy and gentle feollng ns to givo to the press such acrimonious comment as Is embodied In tho paper. "Free Speech in tho South," especially In consideration of tho probable fact that tho writer of It has received civility from tho people she crit? icizes, does, tho event carry weight. And It may be well to add also thnt tho priv? ileges of speech which sho cites ns being imperially and exclusively usurped by Southerners, would doubtless bo moro generously accorded her did sho claim them from her Southern neighbors In "propria personao," rather than by de? manding thorn at distant rango and from tho entrenchment of a "masked battery' thnt boars not even tlio distinction of a na mo! Tho third attribute, bearing tho stigma of the Southern's resistance to tho In? roads of civilization?and shnrponed by tbo tongue of a supposedly clever old lady?is scarcely strong ?.enough in Its elucidation to Invoke nrgijment or refu? tation, for tho Illustration glvon of nn ?jponly expressed preference on the part Write for My Help And Get Well at My Risk. Nenrty 660,000 sick 6nen have accepted my help and got woll without risking a penny, Ovnr (16,000 of them have written me testimon?ala, without solicitation. I shall be glad to send you nil that you will road. On ifnnuory 11; 10011, I published in the Chicago papers tho names and addresses of one thousand people In that city alone whom I had cured of chronic illnoneee In Just tho past six mon Um. ' That la a record which has nover been approached In tho history of medicino, I can euro you, too, Simply rcinl mo thin coupon, or write mo a postal stating which book you want, I will then mall you an order on your druggist for six bottles Dr. ?hoap'H HnnU-ratlvo. Yon may take It a month on trial, If It succeeds, tho cost Is $6,60, If it falls, I will jiay your druggist mysolf, And your mero word shall decido It. .,That offer Itself lo the beet ovlflortoo possible that my Re etorntlvo will cure; for If It failed often tho offer would ruin me, i. '.*.',' Tho remedy that malt?n that offor possible strengthens tho Inside nerves. It hrlngs back the norve power whloh alone operates tho vital organs, It Is tho result of my llfotimo'e work, * A weak organ must have more powor. It Is useless to doctor tho organ Itself. It la like a Woalc onglno that needs more steam. And my Restorative forms tho only way known to bring back that nerve power and make tho weak organ again do Its duty. :J My Itostoratlvo, ltopt In the house, will enable you to head oft the serious diseases by treating tho little troubles promptly,. But If a chronlo trouble has developed, It la very, probable that this remedy forms the only, way to a curo. ? CUT OUT THIS COUPON. Gst v? alt Moire ta send for something, but for? int... If ark th? book aeslrod and mall thli with your nun? and afloro?? to J Dr. Blioop, Box 288, Hacine, Wie. Book 1 on Dyspepsia, I Book 4 for Women. Book ? on the Heart. - Book S for Ken ?ealed). Book 8 on the Kidneys. J Booh ? on BhenmatUm, Mild canoe, not chronio, are often cured by one or two bottles, At eil Druggiate. of ? lady for a Southern financier over a Northern, could scarcely Involvo tho question of civilization, unless conserva? tism Is to bo denominated a heathen or savage attributo. The animndverslon springs, doubtless, from tho vexed racial quostlon?the social ostracism of the negro In the South, among other reasonable prerogatives, claimed by tho gentry of tho soli. If so, the writer of "Freo Speech" has touched upon tho most difficult and delicate of all problems, nnd one that Is as yet unsolved by the North nnd tho West, as by the South; but It Is a problem moro difficult and delicato for tho South through the millions sho has to deal with In her dis? criminations. This subject In not to he discussed In a brief sketch, for there Is too much of an enlarged character be? longing to It to admit of Its delineation in an abridged thesis. Tho writer will simply state that, in her travels North and West, she has always encountered tbo negro occupying tho platform of do? mestic service; but while receiving higher wages, nowhere has she found him treat? ed with a kindlier consideration thnn in tho South. In Virginia tho negroes ore specially devoted to tholr homes, and their.? TTablt Is to go North for a space, make monoy and return t'o buy land and build houses, ns they say, do not,' Thoy build houses, as they say among their own white folks? Their first service la still given to tholr own white folks as the northerners who come among us to live, soon discover. Several very sham? ming northern families who bought es? tates near my own, *ftor struggling throgh a year or so with what they term the Impossible Virginia labor, have to our sincere regret?sold out and returned Nort. They came with a glowing tortr cast of the freodman's haste to serve thero, gathered from a most Imperfect mental- prospective?but, at close range, they the colored far from tho detestable creaturo tholr phllanthroplo distant view1 had pictured. ? ou Southerners understand thorn. Wo do not Thoy will not servo us us they do you, said my next estate neighbor, a bright wealthy Now York girl, who had supposed life In Vnlrglnla would be a "dolce far niente" existence, with a plon ty of darkles to do her bidding. "No, you do not understand them." 1 admitted. "You govern thorn as you do your Northern white labor, by rule and method. Thley have to bo looked after 'and treated like children. Great pa? tience Is roqulrod In dealing with them, nnd a reasonable. Indulgence will servo to bind them to you, far more than strin? gent rule." "I believe slavery Is tho host thing for them," sho boldly doclarod. "Oh, no," I replied, "wo Virginians are glad slnvory has pawned away. Wo aro nnxlous for the nogroes to have tho ad? vantages of education and to make nn lipnorablo, thrifty race of themsolves. We only stipulate, and that Imperiously, that thoy shall never be taught the fal? lacy of Hoolnl oqunllty with tho whites." "Social equality?'' sho crlod. "Why, If one of them were to duro enter my Trout door I should bo grossly Insulted." ' Truly the race prejudice exists In tbo hearts of our Northern slstors as fer? vently as In nursi In fact, racial pre? judice Is Inborn In all human beings, grafted by tho linnd of the Creator, who fnslilnnod us, Nor can the philanthropy of the wlso ones, bent down tho barriers that separato us from tho Chinese, tbo Indian, and, last of ni), tho negro. If tbo North would rognrd the mnttor less fervidly, get 1t away from tholr emotions and Into their practical heads and brains, thoy would ascertain tho conditions bot? ler. ?? say tho least, no representative of the North would heatedly scoro his or her I'ollow-cltlzens because of the as? sumed prorogatives nf thneo citizens to determine their own social status and to choose their own associates, Above nil, let a man In his power nnd bis sublime fnlth In himself write with a pen dipped In scorching Ink, If ho Ikes; but a womnn's pen should carry gentle counsel to hor fellow-mnrtnls; sbniild bind up broken hearts and heal wounds. Unr writing should bear the beacon light of a luminous bonovnlenco. If she write I at all, sho should write nobly, nnd If I but oneo In Ufo who doos It, then truly may Goorgo Flint's words npply to' her. "Our lives," sho says, "make a mornl . tradition for ourselvei, and to havo once noted or written nobly, seems to niako | ? reason why she should always bo nnble^' EMMA HENRY FFRGUSON. Croochland, Va., March S3. A Complaint Against Boya. Edltor of Tho Times-Dispatch: Sir,?Among a largo number of other cltlzoiiB, I have been a long suffering violini of tho thievery and d?pr?dations of u curtain eliiss of young boys, who=e chief delight seems to bo to roh the front yards of the residents of Graco nnd Franklin Streets of nil tho beautiful (lowers wo bnvo timo and nguln planted. If these youths wero the chlMren of tho ?lums wo might look upon thelv acts ns the result of their surroundings, but es a matter of fact, 1 know them to be the sous of somoof the most prominent citizens of this city. For several years I have spent much labor, time and money G? :? an endeavor to cultivate ? flowers In my front yard, only to be harrassed each ? year by th?'d?pr?dations of these youths; who, in the open daylight, enter the?;.; yards of the residents of Grace and Franklin Streets, and wilfully destroy ; the most valuable and beautiful flowers ?: wo can plant. There was a, time when '?? this city was noted for Its. pretty front . yards. Now It Is ? raro thing to see'.a'-?. growing plant, unless it be In a window..;. I recently hoard of a gentleman living oh Franklin Street near the Jefferson Hotel,';? and another on Grace Street near ? the '. Westmoreland Club/who had repeatedly-,' tried to raise flowers In their.front yards and had to givo It up because they were' stolen as fast as they were planted.' It would be useless to ask tho police to pre-:: vent this, because It Is a rare, sight to see one on Grace or Franklin Street. ': either day or night, and If one should?;' have these youthful thieves arrested arid carried before the Police Court ho would '-?' probably bo told that "boys will be boys," ? and only be laughed at for '..tils pains. \ Consequently, the only practical remedy ., left Is tor each victim to Inflict punish? ment himself when he catches the thief; Each day for tho last three days ? have?, had my yard (on West Grace Street) robbed by these petty thieves, and when - remonetrated -with by somo female mem? ber ' of my family they have been .in? sulted by these young vandals. .1 saw In the columns of'your paper lately that.:, an effort waa being made to Interest the people of this city to Improve Its ? beauty, cleanliness, etc. My advice to.; every one It, don't plant flowers In your front yard. Respectfully, ? WEST END. . Richmond, Va., March 25th. From a Candid Man. . To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Blr.?As a man who loves a toddy or a mint Jullp, I should like to say a wori* on tho liquor question, It is a many-sld?!d ono, and volumes could not contain th?4', things which 'might be said about It In Virginia the question has narrows down to this, and it Is no?iln the hands of our lawmakers as to"whether a. com? munity may by a majority vote, say that liquor shall or shall "hot be sold to tho masses, '?by the small," rn saloons.'? There la no duobt in my mind that tho licensed saloon Is the enemy of the d??? llzatton. Of course, tompomnoe Is not ab?' Btlnenco, but lot us examine how U works, It is Saturday evening: John, Tom, Dlclc and Harry have beon paid oft, and are on tholr way home to their, wives and children with their wages. John meets Tom; they are friends and , naive not seen each other for a- week, and thoy meet pretty close to a saloon. , Both aro tired and feel thoy would enjoy a drink, and John Invites Tom*-fK and "Bots thorn up," no harm done If they'd? stop hero, But Tom feols unusually hos? pitable after the liquor has "run over- ths , guitar stringe,' 'and ho "sots them up for John." Still no especial-harm done If they'd go on homo. But .while tho ? "cockols of their heart" are stirred and thoy feel good, Dick comes In with Harry ami thoy bogln a new round, which ends, thoy don't know when: they do not get homo nt tho proper timo and when they , do roach there tho week's wages are gone, and thoro is nothing for the wife an?V. little ones. "Am I ray brother's keeper?" Yes;''.. wo'vo got to look after those boys who cannot pass a saloon without going In, and It would bo ?'groat deal bettor If tha saloons woro not quito so "handy." Hovonue? Well, tho .saloons can bo taxed so as to produco R, but It Is a shame to consider It In thai aspect. Will not there bo a great saving hi ?'rlmlnal costs? And how tho wife and children will enjoy the clin ne?-! O. T.. P. Waynesboro. Vn? March 19, 190.1. ? ,11, * Tho AmryFrightenmp; Game, Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Ploaso permit mo to mako through youj ?? Confederato Column the following lili qiilry: I have before nio an account of the bat? tlo of Mtirfreesboro. written by my son, a privato Confederate soldier, who was. In It, In which ho nays: "Outposts and skirmishers have nlready begun their en? counters, while wo of tho mala line rest on arms nnd await orders. ? "Startled gamo, birds, squirrels and rabbits flutter up- and down, and ru^h hither and thither, n? though the musses of men before and behind them heivlUU nred them; while tho firing that was go? ing on warned them Of danger and sus gested th* propriety of their secuilng oth? . er roatliiR-places. ? ? ? O.tieets and tnon,' with ramrods, sword? and bayonets out at birds swooping near in, or elatih at squirrels and rabbits running the gauntlet ?long our line, seeking an open? In?? to tho rear." The enquiry hove made Is whether aiiy ?mu can contili:? ihn -.Vovn singular ex? perience, The writer was a \*ry ?#? |tablo youth; but It Is desirable to have h|a statement coroborateu. R 3. il Richmond, Va., March ?. 1003.