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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, March 29, 1903, Image 36

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"BEFORE THE DAWN," A STORY
'" ' OF RICHMOND IN WAR TIMES
"A Virginia Girl in the Civil
. War;" Again, This Time
From a Feminine Point
of View. "Personal
Reminiscenses of
Prince Bismarck"
BOOKS AND AUTHORS;
COMMENT AND GOSSIP
Northhrn Authors and Their
Raids on the South; Sto?
ries of the Florida Coast; '
1 Dramatization of "The
Pit; "J? P. MV? Iden?
tity Revealed by
Death.
BEFORE THE DAWN. By Joseph A.
Alteheler. Doubleday, Page & Co.,
publishers, New York. ?1.60.
Richmond and Virginia are the back?
ground ot this story, and the tlino is
placed during the interim from just bo
fore the battio of tho "Wilderness t? the
fait of Petersburg, and the ' consequent
evacuation of Richmond. The name?? and
figures of a good many Confederate no
tables?President Davis and his Cabinet
end'several generals?are used to add to
the studied local color ot the oook; nnd
the usual contrasting love motif Is sup?
plied by a Confederate captain and a
beautiful Federal spy. It Is not a satisfac?
tory book.
Mr. Alteheler should havo stuck to thi
?Western field, wlthh which he appears to
be perfectly familiar, if we are to Judge
by "In Hostile Red" and "A Herald of
the We-'.t " H Is a little cnrtoui why so
many authors not to tho manor born have
a way of making an excursion into th^s
Southern field for. material, wno.t they
must know that the most essontlai qual?
ity for success Is for the author to b?s
thoroughly saturated with the Ufe nnd
atmosphere of his chosen lo ;nle. The
? South 1b the most difficult field for a
stranger to work; its atmosphere is the
, hardest to catch. The outsldais appre?
ciate its romantic possibilities, but they
are deceived by the simplicity in appear?
ance of the task that confronts thorn.
This very vast simplicity of the South
Is too much for tho novelist in soarcli
of-sensational writing. In tho strain for
effect the charm Is lost.
Mr. Altsheler's "Before the Dawn" Is
strained In Just that way. It Is a fugi?
tive production at the best, and evi?
dently was meant to be. It will soil
-- well, probably, on the other side of the
line. But not down here. Th? publish?
ers wonder why the South Is--such a
poor book market It Is a poor market
for such books as "Before tho Dawn,"
?because we know moro about It than
those who describe us. What we want, and
read, too, are hooks that were written be?
cause their avithors felt inspired to write
them, who put tholr heart In them. "Be?
fore the Dawn" has all tho sign marks
of the market writer; of the made-to-or
der pioduct. You can see where tho o?i
thor got this piece of information and
that piece ot information: how lie stud?
ded up this situation and that situation;
and then ran them together,
The passage on tho battle of the Wild?
erness, which Is - described by Northern
critic as grim, bloody and Impressive,
Is all of that, but both this battio ?ceno
and the contrasting ploturt of "the bril?
liant, social gaiety of Richmond" are
very unreal and unconvincing, as the au?
thor has presented them. It Is unmis?
takable that he Is out of his natural ele?
ment. He has the point of view of tho
etudent, not that of the participant or
ot the man born and, bred to these tradi?
tions, or eve4rilong associated with them.
? typical ?"aes?go ?from the book Is this
one:
"Along a. vast, curving line that steadily
fcent in toward Richmond?tho Southern
?army Inside, the Northern*army outside?
the sound of the ?ainnon scarcely ceased,
Jilght or day. Lee fought with undl
mlnlshed skill, always massing hie thin
ranks at tho point of contact and hand?
ling them with the old fire nnd vigor;
tout his opponent never ceased the ter?
rible hammering that he had begun more
than e year ?ko. Grant intended to break
through the shell of the Southern Con
?ederacy. and it waa now cracking and
threatening to Bhattor before his cease
less etroKes.
"The defenders of a lost cause, If cause
It woe (What does he mean by saying
'If causo is was 7') scarcely ever know
what it was to draw a free breath. When
they were not fighting, they were march?
ing, often on bare feet, and of the two
they did not know which thoy preferred.
They were always hungry; thoy went into
battles on empty stomachs, came ?Ait with
the same, if they came out at oil, and thoy
had no time to think of the future. They
had become mere battered machines, ani?
mated, It is true, by a spirit, but a
spirit that could toko no thought of
H.iftiif.es. They had respected Grant from
the first; now, despite their loss by his
grim tactics, they looked in wonder and
admiration at them, and sought to meas?
ure the strength of mind that could pay
a heavy present price in flush and blood
in order to avoid a greater price here
after."
' That Is a fair sample of the story. And
there Is a surprising error on page 352 in
the chapter on tho fall of Richmond.
General -I-??. sends tho horo of the novel.
Captain Proscott, to carry the fatal
evacuation message to the President.
Prescott roda In from Petersburg and
followed Mr. Davis from the mansion
to church.
"Prescott took his way to Doctor Hoge'a
church." writes tho author, "well know?
ing where the President of the Confed?
eracy habitually sat."
Of course, we all know that Mr. Davis
did not -worship at tho Second .Pres?
byterian (Dr. Hoge's) Church, but ut St.
Paul's Episcopal Church, whuro a. silver
plato mark? the pew in which he "habit?
ually sat;" and that It was hero he re?
ceived General ?/??'? fatal niessugo.
A VIRGINIA GIRL IN THE CIVIL WAR. !
Edited by Myitft Lockett Avary, Pub?
lished by V. ??F??-??? & Co.. New
York. Kor sale by the Bell Book ?ml
Stationery Company. Richmond, Vu.
Since the surrender at Appomatto*. la
April, 1865, the tale fit .nearly thirty-eight
years has boon told. Since that timo tho
passing of what has como to bo popularly
' Known a* the Old South, with its trad?
tien? and ' associations, lias kept many
?lulhore and many pens busy, and yet Its
full record-has not yet been, fully made.
Mite Avary'B book opens with a picture
0t <to>W? Ufe In Norfolk, Juit prior to the
Then, Could. I rorrjet!
(Written for The Xlines-Dlspatoh.)
If I could give you back those kisses,
Give you back fond mem'ry's pages
Records of a trillion blisses?
Back the flame that inward rages,
Back the pangs your frowns have cost me,
Back those soft words?ringing yet-??
When you whispered, "Dear, I,love you/'
Then, ah then, could Tforgetl
If I could give you back'those hours
Fragments, of a paradise 1 .
You once g_ve me, all rose-tinted
With the love-light from your eyes',
Then I'd know the past was ended,
But a realm of vain regret?
And I'd find surcease of sorrow.
Then, ah'then, could I forget I
?Howell Colston Foathereton.
years which lay between the .dates, 1861
1E65?a picture full ot charm and of the
subtle aroma that Is gathered ' first hand
from being In the very heart of things
described, the descrlber In this' instance
not appearing In her real name, but
being easily recognized from the fact that
her father "was an officer of the Bank
of Virginia," and that "his young assist?
ant waa Mr. Walter H. Taylor, afterwards
adjutant to General Robert B. Lee."
The "Virginia Girl," who was a little
girl In the ante-bellum Norfolk period,
was a hig enough girl to be married In
1SG0, though she remained a girl even
after flier brldehood and wlfehood, for she
was wedded when she was, only ' seven
toen years old.
From the secession of Virginia In 1861
and the mustering in of the'Virginia
troops during that year to tho day that
the lla'g of the Confederacy was pulled
down and the stars and ' stripes waved
over the Capitol, the dally experiences of
the "Virginia Girl," whether at home, lis?
tening with bated breath to the roar of
battle from afar; whether in camp with
her soldier husband, cheerfully enduring
tho fatigue ot tho march and the discom?
forts Incident upon scanty fare and rude
living; whether running the blockade for
the sake of needles, pins and a suit of
new gray unlfoVm for the man she loved
best, or flying from the storm of shot and
shell In beleagered Petersburg?all these
fragmentary threads are gathered Into a
vivid history and are told simply, unaf?
fectedly, without exaggeration, but with
a pathos and tenderness that must com?
mend Itself to all Southern readers.
Probably the best bits of description are
to be found In tho account given of life
In Richmond ?luring the last dark days,
whon the cordon was drawing ever closer
and the city was hastening rapidly to Its
fall. The bravery, with which women, de?
prived of their strong arm of support,
fnced the dally want and pinch ot life;
the cheerful faltlh which they still felt In
the future; the fashion In which thoy
snatched a momentary relief from anxiety
by an hour or two of'relaxation and en?
joyment?thoso are annals of heroism
which, though told before, loso nothing
In their force by-such repetition as that
of .Mrs. Avary's "Virginia Girl."
It means much even nowadays whon
a reviewer can praise a nook hinging upon
tho Civil War for being absolutely with- |
out bitterness, and It Is praise ot no un?
certain sort that Is given to Mrs. Avary's
book in so endorsing it. The thorough j
harmony nnd naturalness of all that pre?
ceded Is marred, Indeed, by tho intrusion
of a few sentences near the very doso,
but as nothing Is without faults, these
can only be touched upon with a feeling
of surprise that Intuitions, otherwise so
unerring, should have permitted tihelr in?
troduction. To the render It Is unneces?
sary to go Into more lengthy detail. Ev?
ery Instance referred to will be appar?
ent because of its entire incongruity,
'The Virginia Girl" draws a most en?
gaging picture of many of tho men who
were heroic figurea. In the days of oivll
strife ns Southern-loaders and soldiers,
and to none doe? she pay a higher tributo
than to tho great cavnlry leader, General
Stuart. In mentioning a photograph sent
her by th* Goneral she says: ?
"That picture Is hanging on my wall
now. On the back Is written by a hand
long crumbled into dust: 'To her who In
being a dovotod wife did not forgot to bo
a true patriot.' Tho eyes smilo down upon
us ne I lift my little granddaughter up
to kiss my gallant cavalier's lips, and as
she lisps his name my heart leaps to th?
memory ot IiIh dauntless llfo and death."
One other allusion to Stuart and to the
surrender of Richmond finds a place ot
right In this review. "The Virginia Girl,"
reverting to an April day of 1865, sume up
Its burden thus;
"The Baddest moment ot my llfo was
When I saw the Southern oross dragged
down and tho stars nnd stripes run up
above tho Capitol. Was It for this, G
thought, that Jackson had fall?n? for
this that my bravo, laughing Stuart was
dead?dead nnd lying In his grave In
Hollywood under the very shadow of that
Hag floating from tho Capitol, in hearing
of thesq bands playing triumphant airs
as they marched through the streets of
Richmond; In hearing of those shouts of
victory? O, my chovalier! I had to
thank God that the kindly sod hid you
from all thoso sights and sounds, so bit?
ter to mo then. I looked toword Holly?
wood with streaming eyes and thanked
God for your Bake. Was It to this end
wo hud fought and starved and "gone na?
ked and cold? to this end that the wives
and children of many a dear and gallant
friend were hushandless and fatherless?
to this onrt that our homes were In ruins,
our State devastated? to this end thnt I?e
and his footsore veterane were seeking
tho covert of the mountains?"
THE ENGLISH PEOPLE. By Emile
Boutmy, translated by Elsie English?
G, P. Putnam's Sons, publishers, New
York. ?2.
Mr, Boutmy Is "membre de G Institut,"
and a scholar of weight sufficient to give
his work s-ome authority. This study of
tini political, social und psychological
methods of the English people is particu?
lar)? interesting to us btcauso It Is not the
Englshroan's opinion of themselves, bus
a critical study by a foreigner. It cornos
at an opportune time, for tho British
are now passing through what will prob?
ably bo regarded by prosperity as one of
the turning points in its history.
Tho author first treats the salient char?
acteristics of the English race aa caused
by the physical conditions in which its
formation took place, and he traces these
distinctive features in all the varied man?
ifestations of British character, Thou the
Influence of the alien races which~have
invaded England is discussed, and the
ethnic (Phenomena which havo developed
within the nation are considered In their
bearing on the national characted Finally
after having dealt with the Englishmen
successively In his moral and social as?
pects, as politician and as citizen, the
author concludes with a study of the re?
lations which govern the two great fac?
tors of political and social life?the Indi?
vidual and State.
We do not tVnd It possible to agree
with M, le membre de 1' Institut In a
number of particulars, being more or lese
well satisfied with the ways of our com?
mon race, but nevertheless we are obliged
to say that It Is a readable and instruc?
tive book.
PERSONAL REMINISCENCES OF
PRINCE BISMARCK. By Sidney
Whitman, Author of "Imperial Ger?
many," &c, _c. D. Appletori & Co,,
publishers, New York. J1.60.
It'1 Is plain that Mr. Sidney Whitman
has profited to the full by tho opportuni?
ties afforded through hie long friendship'
with Prince Bismarck. In this book ho
has sot forth some of the fruits of that
association,, as interpreted by a man of
his distinction as a man of letters, a.
student of politics and a man of affairs.
It'Is an extraordinary thing that this
Englishman was received by the Iron
Chancellor almost on terms of Intimacy.
He understood the policy, motives and
views ot Bismarck as explained by that
statesman himself, as only, a compara?
tively disinterested observer can take
such matters In, '
Mr. Whitman first gained attention as
an authority on German affairs by a book
he wrote in 1888, entitled "Imperial Ger?
many." Translated Into French and
German, it created a decided sensation
on the Continent, nnd was mentioned two
or three times In open debate in the Gor?
man Relchsrath. Tho charter on Bis?
marck has since been incorporated in
somo of tho German, school books, and
tho book Itself is used as a text-book at
the University of Oxford.
Tho author made the acquaintance of
Bismarck shortly after ho retired from
ofTtce, and now enjoys the distinction of
being the only living Englishman ' who
was in any senso Intimate with tho great
Chancellor. During the last seven years
of Bismarck's life Mr. Whitman visited
him no less than ten times, He arrived
at Bismarck's homo for the last visit a
few hours after Bismarck's death, and
was one of the few persons outside of the
family that saw the dead statesman.
HILL'S BEGINNINGS OF RHETORIC
AND COMPOSITION. By Adams
Sherman Hill. Boyls'ton Professor of
Rhetoric and Oratory, Harvard Uni?
versity. American Book Company,
New York. ?1.2S,
In this book the author teaches young
writers to express themselves correctly,
not by dry mechanical devlcos, but by
stimul?t lug thorn to put tholr natural
selves Into their compositions. The book
alms to remove the obstados, email or
great, that Ho between what ttiey think
and what they write. The young writer
is shown how lo prosent his thoughts In
the best Englleh within his reach and
in tho form adapted to hie purpose. The
book lays stress on correct, rather than
incorrect, forms, and on better, ratlher
than on worse, modes of expression. It
contains numerous exercises op every Im?
portant point, sufficiently varied for the
most painstaking tenohcr, and is a worthy
addition to Professor Hill's widely used
serloB of text-books on the English lan?
guage |
GOD AND MUSIC. By John Harrington
Edwards. The Baker and Taylor Com?
pany. New York. ?1.26.
Origina lyrae nata deum, vlvls fossls
auxillum et laetltlam ferons, This is a
study of tho relations between God and
muslo, as analysed by the thoughtful au?
thor. It is a study of the possibilities of
tho adaptation of music to religious lite
nnd work, Dr. Edwards has treated this
subject In a scholarly manner from its
sdentino and acethetlo, as well as In Its
theological, aspects.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS;
COMMENT AND GOSSIP!
The Yankees aro outwritlng us
usual, Mrs. Avary's "Virginia Girl in tho
Civil War," which appearea a little !
while ago, although a little gem of re?
miniscent verity, I? overwhelmed by Mr.
Joseph A. Altsheler'B "Before tho
Dawn" and Mr. Cyrus Townsond
Brady's "The Southerners," both of
which are fictitious tales placed in the
period of the embattled sixties. And
along with them comes a book by one
Emma Raynor oallod "Handicapped
Among tho Free," which Is full of tho
usual pathos concerning our frlond and
brother, Cuff y ? whb, It appears, is a
supplicating martyr to Southern devil?
try, __
Mrs, Duryoa's delightful stories of
life *n th? Mori? ooaet makes It a mat?
ter bt regret thill she ho* not chosen .
literature tor a profission. She writes |
that eh? has no claim to Any distinct Inn,
ho*ev?r| that her motto le "Je
M'Amuee pour Voile amuser,'1 Ills iti
this spirit that she wrote "Among the
Palms," ?nd her purpose has certainly
met With eiiooess, Her publisher, J. F.
Taylor _ Co,, has Issued a copiously
Illustrated edition of the book?
"The Pit' oontlnues to be itt*o best
selling book In the United States, nnd,
M was expected, It Is to be drArna
tlsed. The book ?ftere more than ordi?
nary opportunity for the making of a
play, end competition for, the dramatic
rights ratea so vigorously that the
! price pAld for them promises to bit re
oord breaking The publisher?, Double*
day Page A' Co., contemplate publish?
ing a memorial .edition of all Frank,
, Morris'* work?, together with a now
volume of literary essaye, very eoon,
'? It has become known that Andrew C,
Wheoler, (Nytn' Crinkle) who "recently
died on his. farm near New York, was
the "J. . P. '.' S?," whose .striking essays",
and books'"have had a large popularity
In these later years, For a long while
' Mr Whneter had been out of th e bust?
ling Held of dally Journalism. Ho had
given "Up the work of dramatic orltl
olsm and,wrote in sooluslon under his
new pseudonym. It Is not too muoh to
say that his fame will live In his later
books! the authorship of' which Is now
revealed. Those wero "A Journey to
Nature," the,,Making of a Country
House," and: 'Tanglod up in Boufth
|Land.?' He' had- - lately ...dramatised;
','Tangled Up In Boulah Land." Ho also
wrote another play, from whloh it was
his, Intention In time to write a novel
thus reversing the usual order In whloh
"novel plays" and "play novelo'^de?
velop. His last novel, "The Conquor-,
Ing of "kate,": Doubleday, Page & Co?
will issue within the month.
The 8orlbnere report that ; Arthur
Cosslett Smith's book ? of .two "et'oHesi
"The Turquoise _ Cup" (Including -"The
Desert") Is having a fino sale, and with
reason. The same qdnllty' of ; distinc?
tion ..notable; In his former book, "Tho
Monk and .the Dancer," Is conspicuous
in these ne'w stortos, which are finished
and polished with' the nicest art, and
art consisting' in skillful presentation
of subject and' not at all In rhetorical
decoration.
Justus Miles Forman, author of
"Journey's End," was nn artist and con?
tributor of short stories to Harper's and
could write an unusual sort of a novel.
He graduated from Ynlo only flvo years
ago and studied two years with several
of tho best painters In Paris. His story
of a young English Nobleman and an
American actress Is written with evi?
dent Intimacy. The publishers. Double
day, Page ?ft Co.! have made A- beauti?
ful Illustrated volume of it and It is
selling Off handsomely.
"The Constitutional Ethics of Seces?
sion," and "War Is Holl," two recent
speeches by Charles Francis Adams,
have just been published In pamphlet
form. The first waR delivered at tho
dinner of the New England Society of
Charleston, S. C? at tho Charleston
Hotel, on ' December 23, 11102. It is
printed In full with notes and illustra?
tions. The second was delivered at the
thirteenth annual dinner of the Confed?
erate Veterans* Camp of New York,
In response to a sentiment In honor of
General Robert E. Lee. The' birthday
of General Lee was January 10. Iti
1008 it was observed In New York on
the 20th of the month, at a large ban?
quet attended by some six hundred
people. Both speeches have aroused
considerable- discussion. (Houghton,
Mifflln & Co., paper, 25 cents, net.)
Among the Important, April books are
announced two Volumes devoted to tho.
"Life and Letters of Edgar Allan Poe,"
frpm the press of Messrs. Thomas Y.
Crowell _ Company. The author Is
Professor James A. Harrison ot tho
University of Virginia, whose "Virginia
Edition' of Poo's Works attracted uni?
versal and enthusiastic comments last
year. "The "Life ana Letters" will
prove of the. highest utility to the stu?
dent, we have no doubt. Tho Letters
are here for the first time collected
from scattered sources; while the Life
is new, and makes use of ttye most re?
cent data on Poe's career. The set has
the further merit, we understand, of bo?
lng extra and handsomely Illustrated,
and finely bound?.
OOCOOOCOCOCXDO^^
Smart Sayings
* V OF * V
Well-known Folk.
?O0CXD0COC<X)0<X)<XXXXXXXXXD0?
At a recent meeting of the Pegasus
Club the talk turned to medicine, and:
Dr, S. Weir Mitchell told this storyi
"Thero was once a physician who was
summoned hurriedly at midnight, to the
houso of an upholeterer. The upholste?
rer had a bad attack of typhus fever,
and was plainly dying. Nevertheless tho
physician prescribed for him, though ho
had no hope of the man's recovery. Tho
next morning he called at tne houso, ex?
pecting to find tho upholsterer's corpse,
but he found him instoad well. Ho had
recovered bb by a miracle.
" 'How doos this happen?" the physi?
cian asked, and .the man replied.
" 'After you were gone, sir, I was
solzed with a violent thirst, and drank
a quart of pickled cabbage juloo. Im?
mediately I proceeded to got bettor.'
"'Wonderful!' exclaimed the physician
and he wrote down In his notebook, 'Pick?
led cabbage Juice?a "euro for typhus.'
"Later he was summoned to another
typhus sufferer and proscribed the cab?
bage Juice, but this second man dlod.
" "What was our poor friend's busi?
ness?' he asked the widow, and she
said: 'He was a slaslor.'
" 'AhaG cried tho physician, and he
amended his notebook so that It read,
'Oabbago Juice a cure for typhus, if tho
patient be not a glazier." '
Mrs, Julia F, Carney tha author of
"Little Drops of Water," U'voa at Gales
hurg, Illinois. Though over 70, she is
still activo, A lovo of cats is one of her
characteristics. One of tho editors of the
Galoeburg Mail said In New York the
other day that Mre. Carney used to havo
an lnteHgent white cat called Sam. Sam
had learned to know the significance of
the dinner bell, and when Ha peal re?
sounded through the house, he would
come with joyous leaps and bounds Into
the dining room, where a plate of food
would always be set upon the floor for
htm. But ono day Barn happened to be
shut |n an upstairs room when the bojl
rang and ho could not come down \o
dinner. Over an hour had passed und the
table bad been cleared, beforo he was
discovered and released. Hu ran to the
dining-room, but there was nothing
there to eat. Tho cat hesitated a mo?
ment, and then leaped upon tho ulde
board, where tlio dinner boll stood. He
turned the bell on Its side, and began to
push it back and forth, oausln? It to
send out a loud clangor. The family
hurried to the scono, and could not mar?
vel enough at Sam's liitellgenco.
"Always," they said, "the ringing, to
! his tnlnd, is what gets 1?? llls food.
l.<WWN<?>??l?W*<*rf?rf?.?W???*ll?lt%?????*?*?'?'^^ ', '
Wod?ibn- F?By
By GEORGE ADE,
THE MODEREN FABLE OP THE LONESOMB TROU?Y-RIDBI? ANO THEIR Q^ST OF HARM
LESS AMUSEMEIN I.
Copyright, 190?, ??* Robert Howard Russell.
Ones there were three Young Mar?
ried Couples that used to bunoh up of
an Mvenlng, so as to have some ono
else to look at once In a while,
They lived out toward the end of
the Trolley Line and were noting as
Decoys for a new Subdivision. It,,
?was a long Ride down to tho Centre
_!;,of Town, and nothing doing aftor one
.. arrived there. Bo thoso H.onoymoon
?re, who lately had come out of the
Tranoo and settled down to plain
Housekeeping, had to organize a little
Sot of tholr own.
They played Plng-Pong until It be
camo*"*i Misdemeanor and then Mrs,
Frleble organized a Reading Circle, at
which Works were read aloud and dis?
cussed. Tho Men' woro not vory, strong
for that soft of Revelry, so Mrs.' Gillok
plo Btarted in to revivo, nomo of tho
lively Games sho had learned at
Boarding School. Sho had thorn doing
Charados, also Cross- Questions- and
Daffy Answers and another peculiarly
exciting form of Lark In which every
one wrote something on ? picco of Pa?
per and dropped; It In-a Hat. These
imitation Pastimes aro not calculated
to keep a Man up aftor 10 P. M., es?
pecially If he has been accustomed to
playing tho Ponies and doubling up
on the First Eighte??". In a llitlo
while, the Suburber soxtetto arrived nt
the end of tho String. Jack-Straws
and Indoor Croquet no longer thrilled ,
them. Six-handed Whist seemed to
be out of tho Question,1 so Mr. Friable,
who had been an Indian boforo ho did
the Matrimonial Stunt, timidly sug
, gested that Draw wae. about-the only
Gamo that would keep the Blood Jn
Circulation six Nlghta out of every
Week.
Mrs. Jinkins laid back on tho Propo?
sition becauso sho was the Soprani? in
a Church Choir and did not wish to
start any Talk. Mr. Frlsblo and Mr.
Glllosple assured her that 10-cent limit
was not Gambling,"?because It was
played merely for Fun and that very
often one would play.'all.Evening and
lose only a Dollar or so, or perhaps
cpmo out Just Even,
So the Glllesples gave a Poker Party.
All of tho Leaves wero taken out of
tho Dlnlng-Room Tablo and Mr.? Oil
1 esp?e hod el* Stacks all counted out
Whoh they ?at down. The Chips were
two Kopecks per Stack and Mr, Gilles
pie said It was not necessary to show
any Money on the Table. The Mln
?ute that he started in to Bank on this
Basts, he Wee Loser.
Mrs,' jinklne sat.next to her Hus?
band, eo that he could look at her
Hand every time and tell her what to
do, It required flftoon Minutes to
explain the Values of the Blues and
Reds and the significance of the Buck
and then there was a grand Getaway.
Mr. Glliespie requested that thero be
no Talking and hi? Wlfo said she had
Just one more Question to nsk, did a
Flush .?-'?win nil of one Color? Then
he asked her If she had over boon to '
Night Wflfio?l and ehe gave him tho
BeNsomer Eye and there was a pain?
ful sllonoe, broken only by Mrs. Fria?
ble, who laid down and asked If four,
flvo, six, Hovon, eight meant anything.
At whioh, everybody else ducked and
sho pulled in a White Bean and hor
Husband told her sho ought to go back
to Jack'-Btraws, but ehn said sho didn't
care, she won flvo Cents. He told
her to. boost the1 Ante whenever she
had ? Pat Hand.
During the .next Shufflo, Mrs. Jln
klns yawnod and said she did not think .
-poker was much Fun. After sho had
hor Hand, slie showed it to her Hus?
band. Ho took ono. Look at It and
dropped out. Mr. Glliespie nllowed
that Hoylo did not say angthlng about
Partnors In Poker. . When Mrs. J'n
klns showed up 3 Bullets and bumped
him for SO Cents, ho mado several
other low Cracks about every ono
playing his or hor own Hand.
It was evident that Mr, Frlsblo and
Mr. Glliespie wore tho only two who
woro up on tho Game. Thoy should
have connected with all the-Coin, only
the Jlnkliis Fnmlly began to ring in
Mirados on them. One, timo Mrs. Jin
kins .drew throe and filled a rosy
Flush. Mr. Glliespie was In with
three Type-AVrlters . and Mrs. Frlsb'o
had an elegant Full House and Six
Cards hold up. They fed in the Chocks
until Mrs. Glliespie kicked and said It
began to look like real Gambling, nnd
then there was a Show-Down. Mrs.
Friable seemed to be alt the Money
till they counted her Cards on her
nini thon they told her to back out,
She said she was willing to throw
away one Card, but it didn't go, Mrs.
Jlnklns took the Pot and made se
much Noise about It that Mr, allies?
pie began to act peevish, Mrs, Fria?
ble, being Flat, swiped one-half of
what Mr. Frlsbie had and never let
on. '?? .,.--.' ? ..?;'
Then Mrs. Glllesple mistook a? four
spot- for a seven and wasa cleaned by
the-Jlnklns Combination, bo she dug
into.tho (Bank and took what was need?
ed. ,;
' ?About 10:30, Mrs; Glllosplo, who had
tapped tho Bank for sevon largo, Iron ..
.Dollars .and played, them In, regard?
less',, said. Oh, pshawl- they ? wero not
" playing, in real Earnest anyway, so
sho.went into tho other Room and be
gan'playlng "Mr.'.^Oooloy" on the
PianO. Mr. Frlsblo* had won $3, and
his Wife and pinched It, twenty cents'
.at a-'Cllp. until ho was down to one
Blue and two Whites and so sore that
he refused to speak to any one. iiThe
j Jlnklns Duo had their Heads together
. every . Play. By trading Cards and -
.building up Hands.they succeeded in
stinging tho Expert about three times
nut of. four. In the final Round of
Roodlcs, preceding the Dutch Lunch.
? Mrs. Jlnklns held up a Tray and a
Nino and'filled and that was when
' Cllllesplo forgot that ho was a Q'en
rleman and used some of the Language ;
. that he learned at a Club. '
Mrs. Jlnklns got on the High Horse
and cawhed In. She picked out the
fight Moment, becouso sho had $13.60
In Velvet .thrown up In front .of her.
' Glllesplo had Tabs against all the oth
' crs, but they wont right In to help
out with tho Music nnd loft him there
to Dig.
Mrs. Jlnklns said It1 didn't seem right
to tike all that Money, but she got
away with It Just the same,-and then?
Bwore off,- for fear some ono In tho
Church would hear about it.
Mr. Glllesple still has tin *abs.
MORAL: In ? ropntiUe Puki-r
Game tho only Man who Invariably '
Fits Stuck is the Bankir
Therefore having missed his dinner, ho
thinks that a Jangling of the bell will
now cause food to bo forthcoming. And
in this Sam is right," they concluded.
"Two countrymen," said Colonel A, K,
McClure, tho president of the Clover
Club of Philadelphia, "came to the city
many years ago, nnd wandered about,
seeing the sights. Late In the afternoon
they wero observed prowling along the
river front, at a point where several sow
ers omptied Into tho stream. A long?
shoreman saw the taller, of the two
pause and lean down at tho mouth of
the sewer. Then ho heard him call to
his friend, M'ho had gone on ahead:
"'Hoy, Bill here Is another spring-'*
"Bill called hack: 'Well of taln't bol
ter'n .that other one, I be durned ef I'd
drink a drop of It of.I wuz you.'
SOUTHERN NOVELISTS
No. 1.
By MARY WASHINGTON EARLY.
I do-not believe I make an extravagant
claim when I say that at the opening of
the Twemtle?h Century the South leads
In literature, and more especially in fic?
tion, though I must admit that tho West
treads close upon our hools. I must hero
explain that when'I speak ot tho West,
I Include Indiana and contiguous States,
according to tlio geographical classlllca
tlon that obtained In my .youth, though
nowadays they are classed as "Central
States,"
Fifty, or oven twenty-five, years ago,
tho North, and more especially the Now
England States, seemed to monopolize
most of the literary talent in the United
States, Boston proudjy proclaimed Itself
"The Athens of America," and it really
possessed a galaxy of rarely gifted mon,
suoli as Nathannol Hawthorne, Emerson,
Channlng, Holmes 'and others, but those
giants have passed away and tho atar
of literary empir? has decidedly taken its
course westward and southward. In the
roalm of notion to-day, there- is scarcely
-a living Now England writer of marked
ability except Mary E. Wilkins, There
are able novelists living in "the North,
It is true, but they are for ;tha most
part ot Southern or Western birth, as
for Instance. G. W. Cable, William D.
Howells, Mrs, Burton Harrison and oth?
ers. '
Nothing gives a more convincing proof
of the high rank now assigned to South?
ern authors than to read tho book notices
and announcements In Harper, Soribner
and othor leading magazines. In pub?
lishing Us attractions for the ensuing,
year (1003), Hurpor heads the list by an?
nouncing a forthcoming norial from Miss
Mary Johnston, "Sir Mortimer," tale
laid In tho timo of Queen Elizabeth,
whilst Scrlbner announces a serial from
? John Fox, talented author of "Tho Pur?
ple Rhodendron."
Although It has only been of late years
that Southern novelist? have copie prom.*
iiiuniiy to tho front, and that fiction has
nourished exuberantly amongst us, still
tho South could muster a creditable ar?
ray of novelists even before the war- For
instance, there wer? John Esten Cooke
and ''Marlon HarlamJ," of Virginia; Mrs.
Carolino Leo Henty nnd Miss Augusta
13vans, of Alabama, and others,
wuhn Esten Cooke was born In Win?
chester, Va., Novembar 11. 1S30. His father
was a distinguished lawyer. His mother
was Maria Pondleton, descended from the
Revolutionary Judge of that name Cook?'a
Infancy was passed In the Valley of Vir?
ginia, but while ho waa still very young
his father-moved to Richmond to practice
law In the Court of Appeals, and the
boy was placed at school In that city.
At nineteen, he left school, studied law.
was'admitted to the bar, and practiced
four years;'then ho gave up that profes?
sion to devote -himself to literature. His
first book, "Leather Stocking and Silk,"
appeared In 1853, and waa well received.
Tho following year ho published "The
Virginia Comedians" In two volumoB. This
novel and Its sequel, "Henry St, John,
Gentleman," with "Canolles" and "Cary
of Huneden,1' described the picturesque
old Virginia society of the Eighteenth
Century, from 37G5 to 1781.
Between 1858 and 18G1, Cooko was a
frequent contributor to the Southern Lit?
erary Messenger, for whloh ho had writ?
ten from the beginning of his career.
When the Civil War broke out, he threw
aside his pen and "served under Stuart and
Jackson. At tho close, ho resumed his
literary labors, his first work being a
life of Stonewall Jackson (1805.) Tho same
year ho wroto "Surrey of Eaglo's Nost,"
In which ho related somo ot tho most
stirring ovents of the war from his own
exporlence. It proved a very, populnr
work and wont through seven editions.
The war was a fresh literary Held then,
and Cooko worked It well, founding on
It "Hilt to Hilt." "Wearing of tho Grey,"
"Mohun," "Hammer and Rapier." Ho al*
so wroto a life of General Robert E. Lee.
Amongst his later novels are "Protty
Mrs. Gaston," "Virginia Bohemians" and
"Mr. Grantley's Idea." These Introduce
characters of tho present day, Amid Vir?
ginia scenes and surroundings which ho
loved and described so w0?'? ?>
Besides contributing frequently to Hnr?
por's Magazine and other periodicals, Mr,
Cooke prepared for tho young a history
of Virginia, and edited the Ufo of Cap?
tain John Smith. His latest novels woro
"My Lady Pocohontas" and "The Maurice
Mystery" "<ISS5.) He diod September 27,
1880. ?
Mary Virginia Hawes (more generally
known as Marlon Ilurlnnd) wob born in
1835, In Amelia county,. Vn. From hor
earliest years, ehe showed a bent towards
writing. Whop sho was. 10, .sho had a
story published In God?y's Lndy'a Book,
and this story was translated into
French, retranslated Into EnKllsh, and
llnully copied In America ?s an English
tale. Encouruged by this slneular suc?
cess, Mary Hnwos determined to devote
herself moro closely to letters, In 1854
she produced a novel "Alone," whloh at
once achieved success, nnd of which 100,
00O copies have been sold since then. In
1855 she published "The Hidden Path,"
whloh was also very favorably received.
In 1850 sho married the Rev. E. P. Ter?
hune, then a minister at Charlotte C. H?
Va., but two years lator ho was called
to Newark, N? J?. where they spont IS
years, and then, aftor spending a couple
of years In European travel, they have
since lived In Springfield, Mass., and In
Brooklyn, and are still residents of the
latter place. But despite her change'of
environment, Mrs. Terhuna has remained
true to memories and traditions of old
Virginia and depicts Virginia life and
character with rare lldeltty. Marriage did
not check her pen, for In 1866 "Moss ?lde"
appeared, and tills was followed by "Ne?
mesis,"'4 Husks" "Husbands and Home?,"
"Sunny Bank and Christmas Holly,"
"Ruby's- Husband," "Phenwl's Tempta?
tion," ''At Last," "The Empty Heart,4'
"Jessamine." "Handlca'pped," "A Gallunt
Fight," "His Great Self" (of which Eve?
lyii Byrd Is the heroine.) She reached the
?Umax-of hor excellence on "Judith, a
? ?urn
Chronicle of Old Virginia." Indeed, all
of her works aro'valuable as giving a
true picture of old Virginia life and char?
acter, and In that way they may be con?
sidered as side-lights on history, but
I'J.udith" surpasses them all In Its warm
and'pathetlc human Interest and in its?
fidelity to life.
In addition to her literary talonts Mrs.
Terhune Is also noted for her large store?
of housewifely knowledgo which she Im?
parts {by means of the press to sister
housekeepers, far? and near. Her "Com?
mon Sense In the Household" had an Im?
mediate success. A hundred and fifty'
-thousand copies were sold In America and
half that number in Europe, and It has
beon translated into German, French and
Arabic. Kindred works, constituting "th*
c?nimon sense series" have also com?
from her pen, so"'.we see. that Marlon.
HurJand alternately, mounts Pogashlus ana
a plough horse, and on cither steed she
renders good tiervice to the world.
'William-'Gllmoro-Slmms. who, in hie.'?
time, was considered the rival and peer.,
of ?Cooper, was a nativo of Charleston,?'
3, ??.. born April 17, ISOfl. He was of
Scotch-Irish descent and was loft an or??
pban early In life, In charge of his grand?.*
mother. Hor means being limited, boj
found himself, when almost a child..?
"thrown. on his own resources, and In;
this way he early 'acquired sol?-rollanco.?
Ho read everything that came In'his1'
way'nnd acquired with.great rapidity. He,
commenced life as a lawyer, but his taste?'?
? and gifte soon led him into the path of
literature. Ho made his debut as an au
'.thor In his" nineteenth year by his mon?
ody on General Charles C, Plnckney;"
which proved a success and encouraged.
t|io young ^writer to proceed. t
?He" wrote a vast deal of poetry, 18
vplpmos of It in'all, but we will treat of
him as a poet later, and at present will
only consider him as a novollst. Edgar
'Poe said of him: "He has more vigor,'
more imagination,? more movement and
more genoral capacity thaji all .our novol? ,
lets'(Sam? Cooper) combined, Another
critic pronounced him tho Walter Scott,
of S, C. Both have, done for. their na?
tive lands tlio same' thing, havo. traced
up the streams of history to Its source.
and from the terra incognita of legend
and tradition, hftvq given us pictures, of (
life In striking and fascinating colors.
Both havo swept dust and grime from the
cobwebbed canvass of history with-the
brush of flotlon, and made its dim feat?
ures salient nnd attractive,
But although-Slmms was thus highly
commonded by tho critics of his day,
his works do not seem to have taken a
lasting hold on the affections of the pub?
lie, and they are very little reod now.
"Martin Faiber" was his first novel,.
and this- brought him at once into notice
and popularjty.vrhls was followed by a
aeries of other novels, for he was aa .
rapid and prolflc a writer as Honty.
The' Cook df My Lfldy, 1833?. The Parti?.
san, IS35; Mellechampe, Katherine Wals
ton! or, the Rebel' ?f Dorohester, 1843
(most popular of his romances)! The
Kinsman! or, tho Black Riders of the'
Congarlo, Tho Sword and the Distaff, Eu-.
taw, Guy Rivers, Richard Hurdle; or,
the Avenger of Bloo?\ Helen Halsey, Pe
)ayo, Count Julian (sequel tp Pclnyo), The
Damsel of Darlep, The Lily and tho To*
Mr? Slmms' literary fecundity was won?
derful, In addition t? b|e numerous nov?
els and poetical works, he wrote two
dramas, four biographies and numerous
contributions to periodicals.
Miss Frede'rlca Bremer, the Swedish au?
thoress, glvps an Interesting account pf
meeting him when she visited South Caret
Una during hor travels (n ^he ???*4
St*es ?1S5Q4

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