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(?'UBLIBHED DAIUY AND WEEKLY AT THE TIM_S-DISPATCH BUILDING. ? US1NESS OFFICE. NO.916 EA*ST MAIN STREET. Entered January 27, 1903, at Richmond, Va? as second-class matter, under Aet ot Congress of March 3, 1879. jvVashlngton Bureau: No. 216 Colorado Bulldlng. Fourtcenth and G Streets, North'west. Manehestir Bureau: Cartcr's Drug Storo, No. 1102 Hnll Street. petersburg He-adquarterst J. Beverley Harrlson's, No. 109 Norlh Sycamore Street. The DA1I.Y TIMES-DISPATCH Is sold nt 2 cents a copy. The SUNDAY TIMES-DISPATCH ls sold at 6 cents a copy. The DAILY TIMES-DISPATCH, Includ? lng Sunday, In Richmond nnd Mnnches fcr. by carrler, 12 cent? per week or 50 cents per month. THE TIM-ES-DISPATCH, Richmond, Va. One Slx Threo , One BY MAIK Tl,nr jion, Mos. Mo. Dally, wlth Sun.... $5.00 $2.60 $1.25 BOc Dally wlthout Sun.. 3.00 ? 1.50 .75 *?.o Sun edltlon only... 2.00 1.00 -50 25c Weekly (Wed.),... 3.00 .50 .25 ? All Unslgncd Communlcatlons wlll be Biscarded. Rcjected Communlcatlons will not be returned unless nceompnnled by stnmps. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1904. The Situation at Port /Arthur. The renson for Japan's desperuto of Sorts to tako Port Arthur nnd tho renson for General Slocsael's stubborn dcfensc fcecomes apparont when it Is tind<*rstnod Hhat Port Arthur ls tho roal koy to lho sltuatlon. This was ndmirnbly brought out ln a recent nrtlcle In tho Scientlfic .Amerlcan, the ntithor of whlch. says thal thero ls much moro of mothou than of madness ln tho lictoio stitnd taken by Btoessel and his gallnnt troops. Hc polnts out that General Stoessol hns locked up threo of tho most important elomentK In tho war; namely: The Russlan fleet wlthln Port Arthur, tho Japaneso block ading fleet wlthln the harbor and tho Japanese army of investment of (50,000 rnen. He says that at tlio present junc turo thero is no doubt thnt the Russlnn forces and "tho whole Russian plan ot ?eampaign nre in an cxceedlngly critlcal eondltion, but thnt if tho ?Russlans can malntain tho status quo for two or three months longer, tho po eltlon may bo entirely reversed and Japan's opportunlty for a succCssful prosecution of tho war forevcr gone. The Manchurian armios nre n.bout even ly matc.hed, and Japan has been unablo to outflank the Russlan army and secure a strong positlon ncross tho rallroad, out tlng off tho Russlans from their baso o? supplie... lt ls fair to presumo that in planning the eampaign the Japaneso strategists expected that by the tlme their Manchurian arniics effectod a jtinc ture beforo Llao Ynng, Port Arthur would havo fallon and tho army of Investment would have been avuilablo to glve Japan the numerical superlority necessary for a great turnlng movement. But Stoos Bel's reslstance has prevonted thls, and every day that Port Arthur can hold^out means the additlon of so many thousand rnen, and eo many scores of guns to the Russlan forces, and tho moro complote dovelopment of a sucocsslvo system of entrenchments to.which the Russlans can retirc, should lt become necessary to llght a &erles of rear guuxd actions. The Baltlc floot ls now on its wny to Chlneso waters, although it will be yet eome tlmo in arrlving. Tho Russian ehips at, Port Artliiir' wer>> recently dam aged when they'.'at?iripted to break out and lt ls supposed that necessary ropalrs iwero recently made. Tlio Scientlfic Anier _can reaaons that when the fall of tho fortress Itself is lmmlnent and these bat .tleshlps 4n tlanger of belng ? -ink by hlgh .Jinglc flre, they will make unolhor des . perale effort to break through Admiral 'ffogo's fleet and reach tho shelterlng tport ot Vladivostok. "Every day that BtoesseUca.ii hold out." It procceds, "is ,-B.nothor day gainod for putting those ^ichlps in condillon for a running fight; and lt la senroely posslble, oven lf the , Jf.iiB.sian floot ghould ho scattere.l or sunk, jthat Togo's biittlesblps wlll como through 'Ahe fight wlthout moro or less, t-i-lous klnjury. If tho da?h for Vladivostok can ijbfl delayed for a few wecks longer, lt jwiH take placo when tho Bulllc fleet fls wlthln less than a month's steamlng nf Port Arthur?all too sliort a tlmo for the .'Japanese navy, worn as H ls with tlio etrc-ss of a long blockade nnd just emerg Sng from a right against a BUperlor num? ber of batll?hlpa, to onlcr thr* dry dock ln Jupan aiid got iu shupe to meet u fleet of seven tmttl?ihipH, most of whlch ere fresh from tho bulldcra' hanrls in tiie Sialtio yards," ln June last tho Ynshlma, oua of ihe Japaneso hiilllet>lilps, was sunk by u iiilnc off Port Duiny, and th" polt'ahna, uii, other one of th.? shlps, hus nineo beon sunk. Thla left tlio Japaneso wlth hut lliroe aviiilal.lo bttltIcshlpa to oppotfo lho I'ivi- liatil'-ships iu Port Arthur und the gevc-n ihat ,aro Includod in tho llaltlo fk-oi; an.l Hu- longer tlini Stoessol cap linid uiit nt port Arthur, lho moro wlll then- threo slilj.s htand ln iiood i.f rc pair. "lf, on th* other lnu.d." tlu- rrVI.-n tilic Amerlcan concludeu, "Port Arlluir elioilld full Iri-iriorrnw, Nn^l's Ironps woulrl bo rushod to Mukdt-u anri the itus sian Munchurian niniy wnul.l in nll proh, Bbillty be driven l.ark boyoild .Mukdcn If not lnto liarliin Itgclf ln u Buccession of flanking inovwnientH. Port Arthur would !be closed to the Baltlc floot und tho sliips that Mitight Blxdter t-outterod or sunk whlle tlio Baltlc iTlnforcemefits, shou'd ?they delf-riiilno to c-ontlntio on tholr itjis ?iion, would flnd Admiral Togo'e and Ad jiilraj Kamlmurri'a eomblned fleots, frcuh frorn a tborough overhaullng al the Jap 0ne*a dock yards, aottle down to ihe 4fcloc-ki.de. at VluOiv ? '.uk-the pnly jK/il iu whleh the ne^ly arrivefl rcllcvlng fleet could hope. to flnd hnrhor." Thnt w.ib tho situatlon whe'n tho nrtl r|p under revfew waa wrlllon. Hut siniSS thnt tlmo news hns come from Port Ar? thur thnt nll' the Bussinn battieshtpS thore, togelher wlth tho crulscrs nnd two gunbonts. havo hnrn sunk, Or destroyed, leaving only the torpedo boats intact. Thls niakos a most declded change ln the siliintlon, nnd the ndvantage is wllh .Tnpan. A Crying Shame. Oiir rendci-s know rlght ?well thitt The Tlmcs-Dlspntch fccls a. somowhat llvely ?Interest In tho subject of contompt ot court. Tho questlon wns dlscussed ln our columiiR when a Vlrgihlii. Judgo lmuletr np nn editor ln contompt proccedlngs for havlng crlMclscd in his columns the ac? tion of tho court. It wns ngaln dls cusscd when n United States Judge liaul? ed up a North Carolina editor for a slm llnr offense. In tho courso of tho dlB cusslon. we mentloned that a North Car? olina Judge had onco flnod the kocper of tho Jnll for contompt of court, be? causo he hnd pcrmltlcd a flock of nolsy geoso to pronrenndo nnd' make mcrry In the court ynrd, thereby Intcrferlng wlth tho ordcrly proccedlngs of tho court and "obstructlng nnd Intcrruptlng tho ndmln istration of Juslico." Tt is falr to oxplain; howovor, that In this case the court dld not "simimnrlly ptinlsh" untll lt hnd moro than onco served proccss upon tho Joileri wnrnlng him that tho defendant geose wero Jmowlhgly, persTstcnyy and wlth mnllco nforethought commlttlng a ntilsance. But tho most Interosling of nll these proccedlngs in contompt is tho case ro-s ported' yesterday by our Danvlllo cor rospohdent, and roporlcd niorn ln dclall In tho columns of tho Danvlllo Beo of December 4th, ns follows: "ln the Corporatiou Court thls morn? ing Mayor Harry Woodltig was flnod fl for contempt of cburt. The chlof oxecn tlvo of Danvillo pald tho flno imposed and lert tho court room shortly aflor tho Incldent occiirred. Clty Sorgeant P. TI. Bolssenti wns flnod ln two Instnnces to dny for allowlng dlsordorly conduct ln tho room. "Mnyor Woodlng walked ln tho court room -wciiring a new pair of shoes, nfid tho noise made by crying of tho foot wca-n is probabiy whn.t causcd the flne on hlm to be imposed." * Whether or not the flno imposed against tho Mnyor wns compoimded nnd' Included In the flno Imposed against tho sorgeant for nllowing "dlsordorly conduct In court," wo. aro not Informed', hut it ls onough to know that tho Judge of tho Corporatlon Court of Dnnville holds crying shoes in contempt, nnd nono the less no. porhaps all tho more so, becauso they are worn nnd cxploitod hy tho honoraJble Mayor. Nor do wo know whether or not tho court hnd warned' thn Mayor ' that his crying shoes woro an offenso to Justlce, nnd were intcrferlng with tho ordlnary course thoroof. But we are privately Informed thaU-tho wcarlng of crying shoes is a hablt Into which the Mayor fell when he was nn Indiscreet youth, nnd from which he has never boon able to break away. Indeed. our lnformatlon Is thnt tho hablt has bocomo notorious ln the commiuilty In which ho. hns long llved, nnd whoro ho ls honored, beloved and well known, nnd lt may ho that in the eyes?or more properly speaking ln tho cars?of tho court tho offense was aggravatod, becauso of lts cxtrcme ago. Those observations are mor?. or less speculatlve, but lt ls a fact that a pre cedent has heen cstabllshed and nll per? sons concerned may take wnrntng. Tho court, of Danvllle rulcs tliat crying shoes are forover to 'Je held ln contempt, and' wo hope that thero will be no appeal from that rlghteous decislon. Beth Ahabah Temple. Beth Ahabah congregatlon worthlly con summatcd a hlgh purpose nnd magnifl centlj' executcd a cherlshcd doslgn by consecrating its now temple last evening. Fivo years ago the present house of wor? shlp was deflnltely declded upon, and durlng all that period tho congregatlon in all lts branches has labored together for the carrylng out of tliat objoct. All rff Richmond applauds the p'ersevorance, iidmlres tho tasto and rejolcos In tho re? sult that hus crowned thoso efforts ln their frultion wltli tho perfect and com ploted bulldlng, which has Just beon opencd for regular use as a plnce of wor? shlp. Fifty-slx yoars ngo Beth Ahabah con? gregatlon began its flrst temple, and ln nll thoso yoars tho members of tliat con? gregatlon havo been constantly and ac tlvely Identlflod wlth tho best efforts of our clty nnd State; thelr rellglon dlffoi ed, but thelr patrlotlsm aiul cltlzonsliip wero the Hiime. No matter what othor natlons may say ln ftlehmoml, Jn Vir? glnia, ln tho,South and ln Amorlea, the Jow hns nover been a forelgner tein pnrarlly resldlng among up, bul an oar nest, hoipful, respect ed and deslred cltl? zen. Judah I'. Henjaniln, S'crciary nf Statr for tho ConfecJoracy, shows our apprc. i-latlou of cjtlraoidlnary abllity, aiul tho iiuiti! wltnoss of tho Corifcdorato graves ln tlio Ji'wlsh Cernetery bears olcrnul tes tlinony lo Ihe puti'lollsin at' thoso olti. aetiB of t|io South who wero falthful un iii death. ln every walk of life, iu cumiueivo, in dllstry, sclence, ihaiily and all those aotlvltlos which inake real cltlzeiiship, the Bcth Ahabah cougrogatlott lias liorno llxelf in t|?o light ut tho hlgllOSt Ktand ards, aml for Itlcliiiioml's sake, we trust tliat, the new temple may iiiculcnto tu the coiiiing BcneratioiiH those prlnclpjes Whleh havo so slgnully an,| so Justly ehai-aeicrlzed tho buiMors, thoir fulhers, as li'iuored oitlzeiib of nn nuaii clty. Wall Street's Way. The Wall Btr?et iraikrs muy [?. |?|Kj,, men iimd women), but when the .slily se'oeoil tlita them they talto Ihe. record for ?III)' BflVtce, Two days ago stocks WWfl ihrowu upon the mark'-'t wlthout regaiM to valuo or prloe, an<J sold for anythlng they would lirlng. Il mattorod not whether the moolt-j were good, bad ui- tmjlfttuxjjit; ikoy ??.'??? uierolles&li dnmped, and a novlce would havo sup-. po.ttcd that tho world wns about to como lo an end nnd evfcry stockholder was try Ing to easJi ln and makr> roadj* for tho llnal Judgment. TrndTs behavod ns panic-strlckon peoplo hehnvo In a burn Ing bulldlng. Tho nicthod of,relief ndopt cd was tli? means, r>f (l.trgravatlni: tho sltuatlon nnd bringing tho deslructloti whlch they wnulrt have averted?just ns franlc-sirlcken pcrsons ln a burnltig hulld inglnlock the doorwny nnd prcvent them sclves from cscaplng. But yesterday all was changed. Confl denco waa restrjred and stocks whlch, on tho day beforo, were Uirown nway, wcro repurcl'.nsed grooiTlly upon rnpld ndvniices In price. Thoro was no change whntevoi? In tho .buslness sltuatlon; there was no change whatevcr ln tho" valuo of stocks; thero wns no change ln any? thlng s-avo ln the notlons and stuto of nilnd of rthe Vv'nll Stroet Irnders. But tho lambs wcro shcared, nnd tho sheai'crs are prcpnrlng for another wool gathe-rlng, A Message From Illinois. The Legislaluro of Illinois nt a recont sesslon paascd a bill dechiring that whon evor the majorlty of volers In nny coun? ty in whlch tho Torrcrfs sysloni mlglit linvo been udopted .Hhould so docldC, "lt shall ho tho duty of all executors and admlnlstrntors, appointed nftor tho ndop tlon of thiB net, aiid trustees lioiiltng title or power of salc under wllls admlttod to ?probnto after thnt date, to apply wlthln slx months nftor thelr nppolntmont, to linvo reglstered tho titles to ull non-rog Istcrod cstutes and lnterests ln land, slt tiutcd ln any county In which thls aet at the tlmo ls ln force, whlch tho Beverul deoodents thoy represcnt mlght havo reg? lstered ln tlielr lifetlmo in thelr own rlght *?**??? During tho. rcccnt. presidentlnl election lho queslloii of maklng tho Torrcns sys? teni compulsory ln tho caso of tho fldil claries mentloned in thls net, wns sub mitted to tho votcrs of Cook county, in? cludlng tho clty of Clilcngo. Mr. Thoodoro Slinldon, a promlnent lawyer 1n Illinois, and leader ot the move? ment ln bohnlf of tho Torrens systeni, has wrltten a. letter to a frlend In Rich? mond declarlng tho resnlt of tho elec? tion nnd maklng Intercstlng comment. He snys: "Tho peoplo of our county, by a vote of 235,000 to 20,000, declared In favor of the extonslon of tho Torrens systeni nnd nll executors und ndministrators n]ipoint od horeafter wlll register tho titlo to tho lands of their. estatcs. 'The effect wlll he to shorten tho tlmo when all titles will bo reglstered. My only rogret ls that tlio original aet of 1S97 did not contaln thls requlrement ns to executors .nnd tidinin Istrators, nnd thiis .have broivghX general rcglstratlon some seven years carllor. And of thls I hopo you all in Virginia will not full to take nobice. The sys? teni, slnco 1899, with but a voluntnry "use on tho part of tho nwners, has grown steadlly lnto favor." AVo now havo some 12,000 tracts of land under tho aet, wlth somo 2,600 reglstered owners. They sell, mortgago and otherwise doal wlth thelr reglstered lunds wrth a 'degree of sufe ty, rapldlty und economy, entirely un? known under tho old abstract of title system. The general popularlty of Uie new mcthod is best shown tn the over whelmlng majorlty for its (Kmipulsory use." The advocates In Virginia of the sys? tem have never favbred nny such compulsory feature; nor was there any provlslon of that sort in tho bill subrnlt? ted to tho last TjOglslaturo of Virginia, which faiied to pass the House of Rep rcsentatlvos by only. threo voteb.; The vote of Cook county. how'ever, shows that tho peoplo who, have had the benefits of tlio system demonstrated by cxperlence, aro overwhelmlngly ln' favor of requiring all titles to he registcred. Tho fight In Virginia for the Torrens system has only begun, and it wlll bc kept up. Tho new Constltutlon confer red express powers upon the General As senibly to etiact a law to put the system lnto operatlon In this Stato, and the next tLeglslature wlll bo urged (to follow In structions. / Mrs. Yerke Inslsts that sho is tho srister of Mrs. Chadwick. Whether or not. tho clalm bo well founded the rcason for flllng lt with the public at thla time is not apparont. In olher words wo do not qulto understnnd why nny respcctaWo wo? man should wlsh to como out of obscurity just now nnd clalm to bo tho slster of Mrs. Cliadwlck. But we do not pretend to understnnd' women. That Oberlln bank president wlio lont all tho bank's avallable cash to Mrs. Chadwick ls sald to bo prostratcd on ac? count of tho hffnir, and we bellovo it has been stated tliat tho bank ls ln the samo dcplorablo eondltion. Tniiff revislon and' force Idlls nnd sucli liko wlll probably glvo tlio Republican party a blow that tho untorrlflod Detno ot-acy was not ablo to hand it. I.ot Mr, Phitt, und tiioso other follows go right uheud aiid wo ahall seo what wo shall see. C'otlon i-nLsors o'n ono sldo aud tobacco producors on lho othor havo comhtnetl ngalnst tho trusts, nnd now tho propor lliing to do Is for tho two comblnoB to ooinblno, on tho Idea thnt ln unlon thoro ls muirii Btrongtli, Count l.oni ilo Coatellano Ls aiinouiicqd tn fight a dncl wllh somobody In Parls, but so far the iiniiouriceiiii'iit has hud no effect nn tho Gould svcurllles ln this country, Ilog-klllln' tlnic, and pk-nty of liunilny in old aeorglo,?Atluplu CQ._tltu.lbii. Kiuno |*]ght hereln Old Virglnlu, thank you, as wo linvo baforo ohserved. Accdrdlng to th.* ailvanco slieots nnd tlio faslijoii platos Hanta C'luus Is coining in tho siiiiio sult ho woro last yenr, And lu tho inoantimo Or. l-'riim kceps diawing tlio pny, aiid thut Is just what ho Is ?tjicrc for, Why nul r,.f,.,- tho Uoi.B-jvclt-Bosloii lli-lald-tuik.-y ii-mil.K, |o Tho Hagtlo? Commanding the Situation, The f'irmoi-8 of.lhe South nro really ln P".-ltton to hold tholr cotton for better prlcoH tjmn pievftll at present and tlioy inouia ua s-.o. Sucli a courso now Beems to be tholr only hopo.?I'olumbus. Qa? hun-l*.n.|ii!roi-. "i__iO iukvs ihe gluw ut c&lomei,* Trend of Thought s In Dixie Land Macon, On,, Telegrnph: If It renlly cosls 7 ccnts per pound to rnlso cotton ln Ooorglo, then thero ls neod~ for a gTeator economy among planleru, Cloumbln. Stato; ' G-overnor Vardamnn Ihlnks thnt free doin of speooh and of opinlon ls belng nbrldgoti ln thls countryi so does tho man who was arrested for "whooplng *em up" ln tho gnllery of tho Houso of Represehtntlvos. Sonio poople mlstako nolso for stieoch. Mftblle Reglster: Tho Prcsldent's mcss-.igc as a w.holo Is well composod and upon a hlgh plano. Its recomiiiondatlons nn a rulo'nro wlso nnd pntrlotlc. Wo must dlffer from hlm upon policy, regardihg tho PhlltpplneB, for ex aniple, but liavo nothing to say. Tho recont electlon aiiswered nll of otlt1 nrgu menta In the ncgutlve, denylng oven lf lt dld ?ot dlsprovo them. I-Iouston Post: : AVo must glvo Mr. Roosevelt credlt for bolng tho llrst Republlcan polltlclnn who has even mado t.hc movo to rlvpt lho gold standard upon the country. Tho retlremont of tho greenbacks, wlilch ho a-econimendb. and tho making of the standard silver dollars redoemiablo ln gold at. tho optlon of tho holder, which ,he Inslsts upon, nro lho flrst geriulne movo on tho pnrt of tho Republlcan party looklng to the establlshmcnt of tho stnndard and putting It bcyond exc cutlvo dlscretlon. ? ? Reduction of Southern Repre? sentation. Kditor or Tho Tlmes-Disiiatch: Sir,?I fnncy ono hns a fear lhat tho Republlcan party wlll roducc Southern representation In Congress. Lot .hlm dls miss It ns a chlmera. lf tho Republlcjin parVV. fcarcd Southern representation lt would not hesitato lo reduce. or even wlpe It out nltogethor, .becauso thnt party has tho courago of lts cnnvictlons.nnd It doos not hesitato to carry thom out reso lutoly nnd ruthlessly. It may wear a vdvet glove, but uhderneath ls, when riec ossary, an iivjn hnnd. It thnt party real ily foared Southern vo/nresentatJon, ,lt would proceed much mono sunimnrlly than lt ls now proceedlng. It mlght, lor cxamplo, and probabiy it would, dcclure that on nccnunt of dlsfranehising legis? lation tho Soutliern States woro. not un? der a Republlcan form of govornment aiul that thcroforc It should not bo rep? resented at all untll n ropuiblican form of government woro restored by ropcal of dlsfranehising legislation confessedly alm cd ftt a nuinarous class of cltlzens. Rut tho Republlcan party has no fear whatevor of Southern representation, nor would lt wero that representation In cronsei. as much as Mr. Platt purposes to reduco it. On the contrnry, Southern rep? resentation, as lt now stands, that is solld as regards negro disfrnne.hisomeiit, Is tlio best assot the Republlcan party possesses, becnuse "Solld South" ls a sure rallylng cry tb enable lt to carry the renia.lnder of the country. and thus con tinue It In power. No greater peril could confront Republlcan ascendancy tha'tr a dls.ntegratlon of Southern politlcal solld arity; nnd it is to tho Interest of tho Republlcan party lo do nll in its power to koep the South solld. becnuso-.wUh a solld South triumphant Democrney means, In tho eyes of tho poople, North and AVest. tlie relgn of "Southern Brlga diers," tho dread of -which acts upon them like a red flag upon an Infuriatcd bull. "Solid South" and "Southern Brlgadlers" are trump cards that can always (bo rc liod upon to wlil. No; tho Republlcan party .has no rcat Intentlon of reducing Southern represen? tation. "WTiy, then, tho perslstent demand for reduction? Simply buncombe. For example, Blalno nnd Colonol Wlthers wcr0 warm friends, and ono day after Blalno had made a biter and vlolent speech against tho South, Wlthers sald to hlm, "Blalne, why dld you make' such a speech?" "Oh," repliod Blulne. smilingly, "that was for home onnsumption." Now tlie negro vote in tho great States of New York, Indiana and Now Jersey Is great enough to turn tho sealo and there foro lt must bo placated. and it is olmaper to placnto lt hy demanditig punlshment of the South for dlsfranehising nogrocs than to dlvlde tho spoils' with it. W.hen Burnham AVond comes to Dunsl nano wlll bo tlme enough to feel appre henslon about reductlon of Southern rep? resentation. But a much moro Important questlon to tho South is: Is it wise for the South, while hearing more than Ita sliaro of tho burdens of tho Unlon, to remain practi? cally out of tho Union. wlth no volco ln its counclls and therofore enjoying few of lts benelits, by sac.riiiclng its all upon tho altar of tho chlmorical whlte su premacy, which really never has, except for a short period immedlately nfter the war, nnd then only.in throo States, beon endangered and whloh would still stand Jnvulnerable wero overy dlsfranehising law repealcd. At present lho Solld South stands. a strnnger In the house of Its fathers, and absolutely/ holpless to prevent any In justlco or evon outrn.ge that t.ho Repub? llcan party should resolvc to heap upon lt, and yet tho man that vontures to <liiostlon tho wlsdom of a Solid South Is looked upon asknnco lf not as a traltor. D. W. 13. Richmond, A'a. -? The South in Politics. Editor of Tho Tlmes-Dlspatch Sir,?Tho result of tho recent electlon offers exccllont materlal for philosophlcal dcductlon and compnrlson wlth tho known phenomona. of general hlstory. Whllo the tremeudous electoral and pop ular majority Is dlstlnctly Indlcatlve of popular senthnent throughout the coun? try, it ls 'by no means an ovidenco thnt that sentlnient Is occaslonecT by nn ac curate Impressloii of oxlstlng condltlons. Tho most plausible roason nso.ribed for thls result by lntelllgont mlnds 1? that tho Democratic party has n negutlvo policy nnd thnt It does not ovlnco de finlto motlvos, In so far lisjts wrltteh platform and exprossod principles nro cbnccrncd, thls Is a palputoly just crltl cls-m. But lliero ls more to a politlcal party than Ils teinporcd annotincomepts", varyingly exprossod ln ItsVuccpBslVO phll forrns; A pniltlcnl party, llko an Jn'rtl vlduiil, hns n cluiriioter, which olinnicler ls rpcognlzed by lts past litstory nnd present positlon, ond not alniin hy Its pcrfunctoiy statomoiits; A shrewd judgo of liuiiiiiu iiiiiiirn wlll not npvoni merely lho statemoiits of an liidividual, hut IC lhat indlvldual Ih of iiny personnl ln-' lorest to him, wlll Investlguto hls c'nar acter aud antocedojits. Tho further back wo go ln our lnvostlgatlous lho moro wlll wo learn or the oharaotov and stnttis of lho objeel of our serutlny. To lnvesllgati\ tho Democratic party, we may hegln 'wlth Thomas Jefferson, practically Its founder, and who collected ihe results or tho varlous gorms of liberty tltnl hnd beon dpveloplng for cen lurleH, aud eoiicentrated them ("lo <l <lo finlto plan of government. Tho founUa tlon of tho Democratlo party is tho cpl loi'llon tif principles proposod in tho De. cluratloii of liulependenco and liicorpo raled lu tho (Joiistltiitlon of^tho United States, lho keynoto of whloh ls pquul opportuulty. And evon ln Ils geographtoul dl.ssemliintion thnt Ih Iho fundumentiil nnd uiuleilyhig princlplo that uttriiots lovers of liberty to that pnrty. Hut. while tho majority of votors do not sei'in to uppreoluto the appllcation pf th^se principles to preseiu cltcuiri-' slanros, and aro deluded" by tho nioth and flamo llko sltuatlon Pf a presump tuous prosperity, Ihe prlnclpal fault wlth tho lDemocratlo party ls an Irregulnrlty of bellef and a .dlssomliiatlon of effort. Tho avowed principles of liellef vary oxt'-oinelv wlth Iho tr"oiraphlr'i' lncalltv. The Jnltlal aiul domlnant dlfference bo tween tlie two great partle-* that tho SUCcesB ot hlstorlcsU yventa in'uuglit to * j focus ncnrly half a. century ngo ls nn doubtedly ti radlcnl tllffcrenco as to tho slatus of nn in'ferlor raco ln thls coun? try. In nll Amerlcnn history thls ls thfe greatest and most linportntit of all Is sues; eorallnry lssups, tho Institution of slavcry and tho proposition of rJIsunlou. wc must nll ntlnilt, havo bfren doflnltcly Moclded to tho now nlmosl universal satlsfnctlon. Tlio maln questlon ls In a moro nggrnvaled eondltion than ever, nnd Is dally growliig moro ao. Pauper lsm,-crlme, slothfulnt-ss, general lnck ot clhieii] fcollng is tho iinturnl result of tlio unrestrlctcil llborty nnd spurloua cqunllty of ft race that needs the supor vlslon and dlctii.tlon-of a superior race to even irelutlvoly conform to*?the con dltlons-of clvlllzatlon. Tlils vlcw of tho s'tnlus of that race must bo genornlly admltted by all lntelllgont porsons ln lho South, and the only lllustrations of argu- , ments ngalnst tliat vicw aro the^rcBitlta of thnt abomlnatlon beforo God, mlsccgenatlon, whero tho attributes of tho superior ntco nre presontod to It in a modlfled form ns an evldonce of tho capablllty of an Inferlor race, a plaln caso of fnlso protenscs. In the fnco of tho Republlcnn positlon on thls questlon, It Is Inevltublo thnt tho South supports tlio Doinocratlo tlcket, cvon though thnl support offers" a sllght relief, tho only berteflt il Demo cratlc vlctory would be to the South would bc tho inohil lnflucnco upon tho unruly nogrocs. Tho -pciinlo of Ihe South aro ln general nn Intolligent people, northern newr* papera to tho contrary. liotwlthstnndlngi they .lo not follow DMnoorucy throutrh o a doflnlto knowlcdgo ot whnt ls best fin* tholr own intwo.ts. Noi'therh Demo crats nro Incllncd to riceopl tho support nf (lir* "Solld Soulh" wllh n, P" iroiii-""* Indlffercncc ns an cxhibltlon of chlld 111.0 confldcncc. A'glancc at the result of tho oloclornl voto In the lnst election wlll show that the Bouthern Stntes were thc'only States Ihnt supported the Democrutlc tlcket. Thercforo, thoy should havo a corrospond Ing influcnco in tho counsels of the Dcm ocratlo pn'rty.* / The Soutli npproclnles Its eondltion, nnd knows Its needs. Every southern mnn knows thnt lho Republican party from Its Incoptlon wns radlcally wrong and thnt tho Fourteonth nnd Fifteonih amcndment.s eonstltuto tho most colossal' and egregious blundor in known history. He knows tho trulh nnd hus no rouson to fenr to proolnlm lt. Tho Democrntic party is apparontly scarchlng for prin clples and pollclcs, bnt it doos not need to.lt hns them In plenty, hut falls to express them. "Truth Is mlghty and must prcvall," nnd tlierc nre plenty of Intolligent nnd consclentlous peoplo ln tho North who wlll recogiiir/.e the truth lt It Is brought forward. The duty ot the southern man ls to' boldiy proolnlm hls undcrlylng prlnciplcs and motives, and trust to Provldencc for thn rosult. Tho writer 4s not. a Bourbon. is nf foreign pnrentngc, nnd has no heredltary connectlon wlth. olthcr side of the great Amerlcan struggle, but bnscs hls oplnions on obsorvations of tho inconRruou.s and* uiisclenllfic. composll?"ri of Amerlcnn clt Izenship. ROBERT FAWCETT, M. D.. No. 550 Mosher Streot, Bnltlmorr*, Md. Personal and General. Mrs. James Brown Potter has just pro? duced in London a dramullc version of tho opera, "I Pngllaccl." The play wus well received. An Interesting presentat?n will be mado to tho Presldent the last of this week by somo scientlfic men of Prussla. lt is it map made ln 170-1, and It is lho flrst one known upon which the name "Arnerlca" wag used. Rev. Charles H. Stackpole, pastor ot tho Flrst Methodlst Episcopal Churcli. of Mclroso, Mass., has suggested to his con gregallon tho ' advlsability of Installlng toiephones in every pow ln church so that those hard of honrlng may ho able to hear tho sermon wlthout trouble. Mlss Florenco ITayward, who had su pervislon of tlio collection and collabora tion ot tho hlstorlc documents and rellc exhlblts of tho St. I?iiis Exposltion, has been slgnally honorcd by tlio .French Government by election* to membershlp In ono of the flve acadomies constltuting tho famous Instituto of France. A decora tion ls conferred wltli the appointment. Surgeon-General Ri.xcy, Unlted Statos Navy, enjoys t.ho dhitlnctlon of havlng been decorated by the King of Spnln be? cause of servlcos to oflicers ond men of the Snnta Marla, a Spanish warship. on tho occnslon of the falal oxplosion on Ihat shlp, Tho Admiral is further honorcd ln ocoupylng lho hlghCsU post a natlon can offor, a physlclan, that of medical ud vlser to the President. . A Few Foreign Facts. At the government statlon, I.ulea, ln Swedon, experiineints are belng mudo to secure varioties of plants not likciy to be Injured by frost. Dr. I. C. White, Stato gcologlst of West Virginia, sailed for Brazll recently. where he wlll cxamlno and report on tho coal tlolds ot Rlo ..Grun.de do Sul. Slr Charles Dilke, in a paper read lo tho Young I-beruls' l.eugue recently, sald that while all other countrlea hud re urincd tholr forces, tlioro was not. wlth tho exceplion of flfloen Imperfecc bnt.. torics liurricdly piirchascd In Germuny during tlio Boor War, a slnglo ciulcl. firing gun In tho possesslon of tho Brll lsh regular Held artlllery. Wlllliini Evnns, formorly prnteclor ot Chlneso in tho Strults Settlefrionttf, who was Induced bv tho Brltlsh govornment to go to South Africa lo supei'lntond the urraiigeiiicnts connecttM wlth tlio Inipor tatlon und hourdng of tho Chinoso ln Smith Africa, has refuscd lo remaln thoro. lio snld lio would novor consont to bo u slavo drlvor, nnd tliat tho condl tloiiH tiniier whloh tho Chlneso v.orkod In South Africa Wfl'o Indescrlbable. 0 The Masonic Obligation. ln Frahco tho olhor duy-ii man, called us a wilness In court, deniurrod to taklng tlio out li to tell lho "whole truth," be? causo lt mlght foqulro hbii to tr.*ll Ma sonkr soci'Ots. Tho Grand Master of Froe muHoriry ln> Francu has wrltten to tho court siutli'ig tliat tlioro wus nothing lu tlio Musimlo oath whlch would provent a wltno.-ri tolllng, tho wliolo truth. If llliy thlng, lho oath mado lilm a frw-'i* mnn. The Oldest Tree., At Verualllea ls u pomegrnnnte treo whlch ls suid to im lho oldesl lu France. lt |s ln un old oriins'eVy und wim pluiitod In lGSfi. lu exceptlouiilly warm .seut-soiis tlio troo stlll puts forth n I'ow (lowory, but lt hns boi-ne no frult for many years, MF YOUR D^ALp,'WoNT " 5 U p R LY Y*D,U , VV Pt) T E U 6 V E Mf_ H 8. _.'f?ALlB" Ulipt C.CiT'ROV.Ny A MATTER OF HEALTH POWDER Absolufely Pure mo suBsmim DECEMBER iOTH IN WOBLD'S HISTORY 1081. Tho Dritlsh Factor, Cnptnin Drow, arrived nt Chesier, on the Delawaro River, from England, wlth BOttlprB for Pennsylvanla; thoy remalncd thero all winter, tho river havlng- frozen ove'r that nlght. 1007. The peace of Ryswick, which had beon slgned in September, proclalmed In BoBton, and the colonlos had repose from war. 1804. Now York Historlcal Society instltuted. 1807. Kingdom of Etrurla dlssolved and annoxed to France. 1813. '' t The United States troopB, under General McClurc, burned Newjark, ndjolnlng Fort Oeorge, dostroyed that fort, rernoved the publlc Btorcs and retircd to tho south sldo of tho Niagara River. 1817. , ^H^f^WSi^' MiaslBSippi admitted into tho Unlon as a State. ? V^^VzJ.- '? 1886. Tho fortroas of San Antonlo surrenderod by the Mexlcans to the Texann, under Colonol Milan; the captors found 1.900 rounds of powder and ball, twonty-four pieces of cannon and a large amount of mllitary Btores. 1848. L/ouIb Napoleon eleeted President of the French, 5,534,520 voters vot^ Ing for him. 1805. Loopold succeeds to the throno of Belgium upon the death of his father. L 1808. Wllllam Black died. lOOli. ? Mobs ln Caracas attacked the BritiBh and German consulates; British and German holdlngs placed under embargo by CaBtro; marlnes from the comblned fleets landed to protect forelgn property. SHQRT STDRIES - ABDUT HIS A Eob-Tailed Rat With Bells and Its Mission?Other '? Srhart "Critters." A rat wlth two Uny bells around Ita neck is pcrformnlg a mlsslon ln one of Winchester's business blocks. Thls bulld? lng for a long tinlc has been Intestcd wlth rodents, and goods stored in suppos ed'ly securo places were frequently rulned by the slmrp tecth of tho Itulo gray crcaturcs. ,".'',, Many experlments were tried and an proved ineffectual, untll the Janltor sat up all ono nlght to dovlse somothlng novel as an cxterminator. Ifls vlgil bore frult. A rat was cauj;ht nnd othorlzed. lts tu.il was then choppcd off close to the bodv, and it wire on which tho bells had ibeen strung wns flrmly fastencd around tho rodent's neck. . ? The rat was llWratetl and dlsappeared. Since that tlme tho bells havo frequently beon board ln tho bulldlng. but not a rat has been soon, nor has nny of tho stock been molested.?Boston Herald. REFUSED PACKAGE. , Stomach to State Chemist Not Acceptable Without the Fee. (SpBdiil to Ulio TluifS-DlKpntcli.) AI.RXAKDRIA, VA., December It.-T he conditloi.a.l rcfusal of Dr. W. II. Taylor, of Rlchmond, Stato chemist. to make u. che.mlcal oxarninatlon of tho conlents of the stomach of Davld Frazler, tho ncsro who dlod hero Monday nlght under sus piclous clrcumstances. will probabiy make lt necessary for tho eoroner's jury to proceed wlth tho investigation with what evldenco ls now at hand. Coronor Pur vls stated to-day thnt ho woirld take no further uleips untll ho hnd confert-od wlth Commonwoalth's Attorney Brent. The ac? tion of lhn Slato chemist ln rcfuslng to f.ccept the o-xpress package conlalning tho stbmaoh ooiitents In nuestlnn caine as a oomploto .surprlse lo tho olllc al.s in torested here. It wius understooil that thls Stato, as ls sald to ho tho caso ln other States, hnd made provislon for oxpert ohernlpnl exnmlnntlon ot matoiiul where ci'lminnl proeoedirigH aro a probwble re? sult. Dr. Taylor wrolo to the Couimpn wfolth's iiltorney thnt bl* feo would bo. f'J.Ti, nf which Hiiiii $1"S would have to ho furnlshed by tho clty nnd the remaln tor by tho Stato. This clty hns nn fund for such purpoaes, nnd. It ls sald, wlll certalnly not nui.ko a special appropria? tion It wns tho opinlon.of a phyuiclan famlilar wlth tho caso thnt an Hxnmlna tion would peveal poispn ln Jho stomach conijents, NEW RAILROAD. Norfolk and Western Outlet for Coal Heretofore Going West. <Piwliil.ro 'l-li(i 'riuics.Dlspntoli.l . NORTON, VA.. December ?.<r'A branch llno of 'road is lielng rapldly built from Btonega, Va.. a polnt near Blg Stone Qap, oast tu Noi'ton. Thls). road parallels tho Lonlsvlllo and Nushvlllc, mid erlves tlio lnrge coal operatlonV around Stonejja a oonrwotlon wlth tho Norfolk and Western at Norton. Tho road 'ls known ns tho intersliito .I.lno, and will bo conlrollod by tho Vh'elnla Coal and iron Company, which stock ls oontrollcd toy lho Woivtzes. Itepotofolro the product of Ihis rlch fleld has ali been Bhlpf>ea Vest. owlng lo the fact that tlio Ivoulsvllle and Nnsli vllls and Norfolk and Western Jolntly would nevor ngrco oll a frplght rato fufttlfying shipmonts to. tldowater.., Thero ?iro innny hundred.coko 6vens ln this seo tlon, all runnlng to tlu-ir utmost eaiwieity, 'incl U Is very grutlfylnir that thls road 's comlng to Nolrton. Thls inukos thi'po branch roads leading out frol? Norton tp 'nonl nnd tlniiber propertles, besldo tho Unes of tlio Norfolk nnd Wostern aiul Loulsvllle and Nashvllle. Thu. coal mnr Wts aro hlghl.v satisfuctory to tho opera turu. .Co1m? Im *tcu411y ttdvancUifc, k?<$ all opcratlons have a* maiiy ordera aa can be handled. The' pvospoets were never brightcr ln the Southwest. Busln_w ln every de-. partnrfnt brlsk, and much bulldlng wlll be done the next year. STOLE MITE-BOX. Bristol Will Not Quarantine Against Abingdon. TSpnclal to'Tho Tlmes-Dlnpatch.) BRISTOL, VA., December 9.-Cha.rlle Cooper, a thlrtcen-ycar-old boy ls under bond lu the sum of *S0O to answer to court on thn charge of havlng stolea a Salvatlon Army mlte box and Its con tents, nmounting. to about $2.70. Tha box was Btolen from a pool room. Thla is the second theft of tho kind tlils week. Mr. W. S. Bnrr was re-electod chlef of the Bristol, Tenn., firo department Wcdnesday night. Jn token of thelr np preciution of hls scrviccs, the mombora of tho company presented hlm wlth a handsome rlng of old gold, the set being oruainented wlth hls monogram. The other oflicers are: XV. P. Colllns, cap? taln; I_cy M. Wilson, flrst lleutenant; W. T. Crosswhlte, second lleutenant; Joiin S. Mauk, secretary and treasurer. The handsome. new Stato Street Metho? dlst Church, which has been completed at a cost of $2G,0-, and wlthout a penny of Indebtedncss, wlll bo opened for us? nt ChriBtnias. lt ls onnounced that Rev. Goorgo R. Stuart, the cvangelist, wlll be hero then to conduct a. blg revlval meeting, whlch will hust two weeks. Notwithstnndlng there are many caaaa of smallpox at Abingdon, Va., fifteen miles east of Bristol, lt Is not tho In ' clination of the authorltles hero to quar? antine against Abingdon. The lmpresslon provalls that quarantlnea aro, as a rule, useless, and that'tho only meaus of vurding off small pox is general vnocl natlon. -.-:- i ST. ASAPH'S MUST GO. Supreme Court Decision Gives Much Satisfaction at Alexandria (Special to Tho Tlmoi'Dlspateb.) AD13XANDR1A, VA., December 9.-Com inon-wcaltli's Attornoy Macloey, of Alex? andrla county, ' to-day nxpressed much sittlsfnctlon at tho decislon of the Btate Supreme Court In the cuuo of Hlll ngalnst Hnney. to tho effect that tho county Jus tlces and other offlcers have jurlsdlstlon at St. Asaph, ln Alexandrla county. The ca-ie- went to tho higher oourt on a petl? tlon of counsol foi' *T- M. HH1 for a wrltof prohlbltloii, restrahilng Justlce J. F. Huney from trylng Hlll on a warrant cliurglng hlm wlth concluctlng gnmbllng at pool rooms at St. Asaph. The contonUon of tho petltloner was thut tbe county Justlces had no jurlsdlc tlon, because tho terrltory |n questlon was r-wlthln a. mlle of tho corporato llmits of thls clty. Mr, Mackey states that ho wlll prosecute hls flglit against the St. Aisaph pool i'oonis to run them out of buslness or to havo lt dotcrmlned ln tho courts that thoy nre condtictlng a Jegal ontenprlse, Ho declarcs hla determination to rld Alexandrla county of gambllng. -__-__._.? j. Not So Bad. Klie?It inust be torrlblo lo flnd out after ono |s murrlad that ona lsn't really Jni lovo. He?Oh, I don't know. Thero are lots of, mui'rlod people wlio seem to ba both qhoer ful and hopoful.?Chicago Record-Herald. MsPills Thls popular remedy never fall* to ef-CtuuUy cure , Dyspepsla, Constipatien, Slck ' Headache, Biliousnese And AIX PISEASJSS nrlsing from ? Torpid Livor and Bad Digestion . The natural rcBiiH U good uppttito . unUbolidflcsh. O08U small; clcgaiUo ly sugurcoatcd and easy totiwallow. Take No Substitutc. ? ? .