HuAliir-i-!) Offiee, ? - - i'lft 8. Mnln stront.
nwintw nnrie" .M9
JMltorlal Dspartmsnt .M?
Cii ilatloti rx-partmrint .as
Wanhlnglon Huwaii.BOI nih St, N. W.
Mnnr-hr-'trr Hiir?nti .llft- Hull Ht.
PctT-hiirB Ftiirnrti.No. 0 W. Tnbb St.
1!V MAII. On<> Slx Tlirro nilr>
POflTAOK I'All". Vear, M'>?. Mn?, Mo.
Datlr *lth Bnndajr.R<*> M.00 J1?*0' ?*$
Dally. ivithnm stimlay. I.eo 2.00 i.mj .jjs
Blinitiy erlltl.rn only.... J.00 i.jo ,?f ;2S
Weekly iWcfltieU'lny) ,. l.OO .uO .:?>
ni Tlmrjs-Dlsnatdh Carri?r Dfttlvenr Strvlcl
ln r.iihipnn.i (and Miburbs), Miinelinnter nnu
One Work. On* Year.
Dally with Siin-lay. H cents W-W
Dallrl without Sumlay.... '" <*ent? J.w
j-'nmi.iy only . 6 cents :.,?
(Vr.ii-iy Subscrtpllona Payable In Advnnde.)
Entererl .Innunry J?. 1MJ, nt nichmond. Vn..
ns *ccAnn-ela"(< Sjattst, undor net of CongroM
of March .1, 1M.
TUESDAY. FlOimrAUY IH, 1906.
Sir, n woman prenchlng is liko a
dog walklng on hls hlnd legs. It is
not dene well. but you are surprised
to find It done at all.
? Dr. Johnson.
We writo much on the Btibject of tax
atiqn, for it la ono of tlie most Important
nnd rlelicate questions with whlcli tlie
hiw-maklng bodlos have to deal. lt
In a Scrloua prnpo?ltion for the State
ir l.-iy Ita hands upon any portlon ot a
cltleen'a goods aiul .??pprnprlntc lt t-i Its
own use. Tuxntlon is coililacatlon*, puro
und slrhplo and contlscatlon ls the most
autOcrntlc assertion of the powers of
f nvei nnient.
All good citizens ndnilt that the State
should lay nnd cotlcct taxes lo provlilo
rovenue for carrylng mi the affalrs of
government. But ln dolng thls tho Stato
is ln duty bound to ndopt a-system that
will mako the burdod of taxatlon bear as
evenly aa posalble upon all clnssb's of
Any system which makes oue pay more
than his falr proportion. whlle allowlng
Bubther to eacupc is Injust nnd unworthy
of an honorable Stnte.
The faiilt with the Virginia system Is
rr.alnly in tho manner of assosament.
There is no unlform ruc for asscsslng
elther real estate br peraonatty. We
hr.vr- repeatedly polntcd out tlie Inoqu.allty
ln tii- ussesamenl of persdnal effects. In
Suidayta Timei-DlBpatch u corresponf
d> nt gave some glarlng oxamplea of
lnequality in the assess'ment of real es
He says that i:i "Rocklngham
county the basls of assesament on real
],.,,; ? '?? .. -.;?-, . cnts on the dollar, and
-' Augual i - ounty, i djolnlng It on the
B, uti thi sl ?- sllghtly hlgher. Gn
the otlu Sheandoah t ounty,
whli h adjo n? R ngham on Ihe north,
on iho dollur. Therefore, one may go
dc^'i i" Rocklngham and Shenandoah
ccttnties and find a $10,000 farm asaosaed
ut $5,000 "ti ti)'- Rocklngham slde, nnd at
$3,333 on the Shenandoah slde."
He nuotes senator ICecaell as saylng
that at a reccnl session of tlio Legisia
turie, "Pulaskl county wanted to issue
bonds for a new ruJlroad. As the coun?
ty had alrfaidj practlcally reaclibd tho
liniit of bonded Indebtednoss an enabllng
uctj was nvvc.-sary i" the new.lssuo of
I I..1-. And this wus sought at the
hands of the Legislature. A coqimltteo
..i Pulaskl citizens went before the Scp
uto Klnance Committee nnd oaked that
,-. mmlttee tn fecommbhd the passago
of the enabllng act. They were very
promptly remlndcd that thoy had al
n ady contracted as much indebtcdnesa
a-. the law or good buslneas dictatoa
would allow them t" contruet. With
t.,>r,il promptness they resppnded that
their asscssed valuatlbna were only on
a lmsis or twenty cents ou tho dollnr,
and that even bonds wero assessed on
thls baals lnsvjiid. of .at face value."
Now if the rKtot went up aa tho as
sefament went down. lt would miiko
nn dlffercnce whethor there wns n ns
i-i ssnif nt with a low rate or vlco verso.
But the Stato rate is unlform nnd tho
county which levlcs tho lowe'at lisaess
nv nt pay.? the lowest taxea. Our entlre
system is aa faulty as can be nnd should
H Is the la.-k of unlformlty, tho In
rquullty of th<- burden, the Injiiattcc or
tho system that make cltizen's rcscntful
and ' neounige tax dodglng.
Dr,- Rainsfcrd's V/ork.
work of Or. Rutnsford, of St.
- Purlsh, New York, Is reviewed
? Boston Tranacript by Mr. John
V.'. Wood, correapondlng aecrotary or tho
Epiacopal Dorncstfi and Forotgn Mlsslon
nry Soclety, Rr. Rainxford was born in
Ireland and tralned :\t t'amhridge. He
had tmycled Widoly ln thls country be?
foro ho waa thlity antl flnally found hls
v. ? to Canada. Ile was working with
gri - succcss ni the lurgest oburch in
Toronto, when the cal] came from New
Y..|,. H. was then bnrely thirty-two
aml deslred t<" remaln in Toronto, where
hla Work waa ttgreeoble, but he consent
ed t-. go to Ni-w york and confer With
the veati-y, His terma of uccopiance
were, firat, tluit tbe church Bhould be
mado absolutely free; that all commit?
tees of tht- chtireh, except the veairy,
should l- abolished and thut ho should'
have m.<.-- ... ii for threo yeara .,iurt
from lils aulary to spend ns he should
aee flt. Tln amount of hls own auliiry
he left entlrely i. tlie vestry. To hla
Burprlse the condltions were propiptly
cord in n itelgliborhood that was
faiiiutis work bugaii. Dr, Rainaford found
e. church ol anclenf and honorablo re
rfcini ln a nelghborhood ll.at wus
rapldly becomlng u "down town" dlflr
trtct. Mnny of the wcalthy fumilies
had n.m-r-.l away an.l others followed
when the church wus mude free, but ho
adopted as; hls motto tlmt "thu only
church. worth i-.-i-vii,;; ;.? tho ehurcli that
aervea the' pooplo, und thnt thi freii
pbw ayatem waa tu ;-i- ,t reality .:,,i ,,..i
u pleuaant ? flotlon.
One of the fii'st new vtnlt
opeiiing of n itsoub inlaalon on Avenue
A ln a room behlnd a siiloon.
Its early daya wefa stormy. Tiie mnn
or tho Avcuuo. A of thoso days Iiml no
dt-alro for relislous miuistrailons. The
i.ctor had bnrdly etiterod the room for
Ihe flrst aen-lce when ho wns liuooU'd
flnt on lils back by a crowd ot young
loodlums. lle nnd the one layninn who
hail vontlired to nceotnpnny hlni had
;. pntly rotigh time untll they had
drlyon put twenty of tho most iiggrcs
slve opponentg of nny rollgloua Innovu
tlonn. Thon they went nhend nnd dld
the Ijost thoy could wlth those Who re,
A little later, a big, strong fcllow who
Iind made somo Instiltlttg rcmnrk to
one of tho Indy workors wns orderetl
out by the reclor. lle rofiised to go
und si|iiurrd for batlle. Tho roctor
Iiroinptly Rntfckcd him down, ho ndmlttcd
he had onotigh, nnd had beot n ra
tnnt. Threo we.cks later nnothor scrlm
mnge was on and lo lils horror the roc?
tor saw thls snmu burly fcllow pushlng
I'is way through the crowd. lle saw no
ohance of escnpe, when to his nstonlsh
meiit thc.inan took his stnnd bcslde the
parson and nntiounccd to the gang. "tho
doctor and me enn clcan out thls siiloon;
you get out."
Thls incldent ls roluted ns showlng
the, character of the work, nnd the char?
acter nf tho people wlth whom he was
deullng, but Dr. Ralnsford was not the
man to he doterred. ?? In.lcod, ho wns
rathor stlmulated l^y sucli outbrcaks, be?
en use they proved the need of tlie
work. lle continucd on this line nnd the
work prosprred. Ho wns a great or
Kttnizer nnd be enlisted n number of
men for volu'.tary service, so that to
day, 3t. Giorge's hns nbout four hun?
dred unpald leadcrs and workcrs who
flll ? nbout flve hundred dlfferent po.sts.
Put ln ordor that so lnrge a number of
yclunteers should bo efllelently dlrectcd,
I'r. Ralnsford Introdneed the plnn Of
gnlherlng about him four or flve curates,
chiefly young men from tho semtnnrles,
Por two years ho trnlned them with hi'
methods, Insplred them wlth lils Ideals
nnd then sent them out to bo lendery of
p'nrisnea all over the coutry, in tlils
way, says Mr. Wood, he has contrioutcd
to the Bplscopnl chureh some of tho
rnos't promlslng of her younger clergy
mcr.. In addltion to theso he hns hla
staff of deaconosaes, devout women who
aro tho guardinn nngels of tlie ncigh
borhood, and whose work for thclr un
tortunato sistOrs has been nnd conttriues
to be as a hlesslng from heavon. In LS83
lle opened the Trncy memorial parish
house, the forrunner of a modern parish
building, nnd Mr. Wood snys thnt few
Investments of $250,00.1 for chureh pur
poSes havo ever ylelded so lnrge re
turns. The building Is used seven timos
in tho weck for a multitude of entcr
Tho rector's motto is that "lt is easier
to trnln a twig than a trunk," and,
therefore, much of the work ccnters in
the Sunday school room whlch has a
staff of 150 teachers nnd 1,000 scholars.
There are also men's clubs which are
largoly ttttendyul nnd Incldentally Dr.
Ralnsford was ploneer in estabilshlng the
seaslde home, of the parish, to whlch
during the summer months are sent
about 13,008 mothers and ebildren, There
are trade schoola and kindergnrtens and
other benevolonces, all of them flourish
Ing and doing a great service for hu
During Dr. Rainsford's rcctorshlp of
twenty-threo years, fully $2,500,000 has
been glven for parish support and outside
Charltles. The money from year to year
is raised by the envelope system. Thero
aro about 1.000 subscribers who give
weekly sums ranglng from 5 cents to
$20. .Many give less thnn a dollnr a year,
and tho totul runs from $20,000 to $23,000.
Thero arc gifts from tlie outside of a"bout
$75,<)U0 for the work of tlie parish, for
misslons and charltles.
The subject is so inlorcsting thut we
havo already pyeratepped the limits of
ullotted spai-o, but we must ndd solne
tl-ing lu concluslon about the personallty
of the man. Mr. Wood says:
"Dr. Rainsiord ls not a pulpit orator
in the accopted s?nse. He is prlmarlly a
ptilplt tenchex. Tlils by no means Implles
tliat bc Is lacklng in the power c? stirrlng
cloqucncp. but lt ls not tho eloquencp
of pollohed porlods and sniooth BCntences.
His sermons, rather, bear the marks of
rtiggcdncss and aro plainly thu result
of his own expcrlencn and his own con
tact with his people. He freciuently sald
that his best sermons he got from Inter
vlews wlth and letters from his parlsll
ioticrs'".' In the pulpit ho endeavored to
restato the old truths of the gospei ln
terms understood by present day men
of affalrs. In doing this, sometlmcs
through carelessness, somotlmes ln tho
warmth of lils own passlonuto oarnest
ncss, he laid hlmself open to mlsundcr
standlng and even to tlio suggestion of
heretlcal tehching. His own peoplo who
knew hlni know wlth whut loynlty ho
liold to the hlstorlc creeds, even though
he'urgod that "the chureh must treat
her crpeds ns symbnls of dlvlne truths,
not as Impoaslblo dcfiiiltlons." Ho was
outspokon in condcntnatlon nf social in
justtco nnd ln demandltlg tho appllcation
of the gospei of kocIuI rlghteousness to
evcryday life. At least two Instancea
are on record whorc men promlnent ln
the parish left it because of the ivotor's
cohdcmhatlon of prnctlces which they
were unwllllng to surronder."
Me is tlioroughly-'pruotical, but he Is
also "thoroughly rellglous." Ho lias plety
wlthout vlsions, zenl wlthout rnnatlclsm.
Ho hns talouta and common sonso and
be has consccreat'od them to the ser?
vice pf God aud lmnuinity. It is a public
miafortuno* than lll-health compols him
to retiro from actlve sorvlce, but he has
cslabllshed tho Instltutlnn; ho has put
the muehluory ln motion and others wlll
keep H going.
Susnn B. Anthony has Just colebratod
hor clghty-six birlh.loy. She has been
1p foro the American public for many
years us un ngltnior, as the groiiL hlgh
pilesless of woman suffrage. She is a
.woman uf unuauul IntcUoctual power und
Mtrong personallty, und for gondratlona
has cnjoye.l a national icputntlon. K
Hd.iiK a pliy lhat such a woman dld not
amploy her tulents und energy In other
Uirectlonf. Yet. aftor ull, her mlasion luis
not been Wlthniil Iih good rffecfi. negu
tlvoly Hpi'iiklng. In Hplu- of her cru
liude, in spite ot loeul trlumiihu hero und
Iheie. sho hns coilVllicc.l tho Amcrlcuti
publlo au<i tho great mnjorlty of men
ln tho Unlted States thut womun'H mls
gioti ls not ln politics nnd public llfo, but
ln the home, nnd tlmt she hns f.ir greittor
llifluonce ln rcmnlnlng In tho sphcro In
whleh God Intrnded her to occ.l|i,v than In
lindertnklng to push herself Into mnn'n
spherc. Wlierovor woman miffrngo hns
been trlcd It has proved to be a fnllure.
it hns not Improvcd potlttcul condltlonB,
but in many InstanCCfl hns served to mako
thom worse. nnd the elTect upon tho
Women tlicmselvos hns beon <|omornll/.lng.
Tho enrcer of Mlas Anthony Is a wnrn
Ing to every true woman.
The Friend of "Bums."
A good man dled In New York the other
day, nnd left a gap behlnd him very dlftl
cult to nil. . His niinio wns Snmiiel Hopklns
Iladlejvnnd for twenty yenrs he had glvon
lils llfo to the work of tlio .Terry McAulcy
Mlsslon, liolplng poor outensts whom no
body olso seemed to citru about heiping.
The mlsslon was on his mlnd to tlie
Inst. "My poor 'bums,' " he sald Juat
befofe ho dled; "my poor 'bums'?who will
look after them?"
Posslbly the renson thnt Mr. Hndley
understood so well how to help those
who had miiiiaged to got tramplcd under
was thnt ho Iind once been prctty far
under hlmself. As n boy, ho had proni
Isod his mother that ho -would never
drlnk. hut unfortunntc early nssoclates
led to tho breaklng of thnt promlse.
ln lils niitoblogrnphleal book. "Down In
Water Streot." he tclls how he bocame a
professional gamblcr, nnd for flfteen yenrs
rarcly went to bed sober. Graduully
sllpping more and moro Irrevocably Into
the clutches of drlnk, ho wns strength
ened to flght off a rocurring tomptatlon
to suicldc only by the stendy Influenco
of his wlfe. One night, In Aprll, 18S2,
sltting in a saloon in llnrlcm, "n home?
less, frlondleas, dying drtmknrd," he wns
suddcnly selzed wlth n mlghty Impulse
to pull hlmself togelhcr. Itc wulltcd to
Ihe bar, potindcd It tJII the glnsses ruttled,
and swore thnt ho would never drlnk
agaln If he dled in tho streot. Hndley
kept that promlse, though he had to
spond the flrst night In the lock-Up to db
so. A few days later he wns at tho
Water Street Mission, nsklng Jorry Mc
Auley to pray for 1dm. "Al| the prayers
In the world won't snvo yon," answered
Jorry. "unless you pray for yourself."
.Mr. Hndley learned to pruy for hlmself,
and four years later ho succeeded Mc?
Aulcy us superintendent of tho mlsslon.
During tho twenty yenrs of his superlti
tendency, 75.000 persons have declared for
a better way of llving. Corieedltig even
tho fullost proportlon.of ba.-k.slldcrs, the
good that he accompllahod was incalcul.i
blc. Hadley'a prlnclpIO was to give help
Wlthout cost, and never to weury ot well
doing. It was simply impossiblc to wear
Dtit his klndness, however sorcly it was
ibused. Ex-convicts came to him and got
shelter. food and clothes. Not infre
luently ono of thom would decanip wlth
tvhntever portable objects he could lay
his hands on. Sooner or lator. however,
the need for help would drive him back.
"On his return," wrote Mr. Hndley, "he
is met with the same welcome, the same
kindness. Agaln and agaln he may show
the cloven foot, but ut last he iinds that
In the old McAuley Mlsslon there is V..
stock of love that cannot be exhuusted.
It is no wondor that, as a visual thlng,
the tough heart of the criminal Is flnally
broken by 'he glorlous principlo of love."
No wonder, Indeed. Few misslons or
other chureh orgnnfzutions of nny sort
have exhlbltcd so slnglo-mlntl-d nnd un
wearylng desire to do good as that.
Agent E. C. Taylor, of the Society for
the Preventlon of Cruclty to Anlmuls,
recently dlscovered two horsos whlch,
by tho confessiou of the two ncgrocs
wlib owned them, hu.l not had feed for
a week. The poor brutes had eaten up all'
the avallablo wpod In the stable, and were
so wenk thnt they could hardly stand.
Yot the btirdcn of sustaining tho Soclety
for tho Preventlon of Cruclty to Anlmals
rcsts upon a few humane cltizens. The
society descrves botter support from the
Mrs. Prancas Graham, presldentess of
tlio Woman's Chrlstlan Tempen.nce
Unlon, snys thnt "it Is nono of tlie wo?
man's Christian Teniperance Union's
business" whether or not wine Is to be
sorved nt tho Roosevelt nuptinls. Thla
ls bellovcd to bo the flrst time on record
that tho Woman's Chrlstlan Tompcranco
Unlon lias nilmlttcd that anythlng relat?
lng to wlnc-blbbing w.-is not its business.
Now "York had an oxploslon of gns
tho other duy that shnok a whoto block.
In Washlngton they have 'em that shako
a wholo country. But, then, gas hns
always been chenper ln Washlngton.
Strongcr nnd strongcr reasons nre grnd
ually conilng to light why Andy Itamll
ton's physlclans Inslst thnt lio should
contlnuo lils rosidonco In Pnrls.
Stlll, it's a blesslng to know that you
llvo ln a country whero anybody can
have a ponsion who'll tako tho troublo
lo drop 'em a postul. ? *.
We havo n coniuuinlcntlon from "Old
Subscrlber" on Grovo Avenuo Improvc
nients. Wn wlll publlsh It If ho wlll sond
us his name.
The enso of Judge Hamllton demon
Btrates how caslly a man enn tako long
green to Parls wlthout taklng Pnrls groou
Comparatlvcly few liavo beon called lo
the Roosovelt weddlng, but lt secms that
a good many havo chosen to bo there.
Aftor all, the maln troublo wltji tho
currency Boema to hc that lt's too un
Dclegate GainoB, of Norfolk, wiints ull
convlct work hrunded. Does that apply
to publlo roads?
Frnnea sold us tho Pannma Canal.
Posslmlata. aay that shp ulao sold us.
Gormnny wlll iiislHt, hoWevcr, thut Mo
r'occQ ls no fit BUbJoot fur Fronoh Icuve.
Bought your weddlng prcHcnt yet?
is more than a fat food.
There is no animal fat
that comparcs with it in
nourishing and building
up the wasted, cmaciated
body. That is why chil?
dren and ansemic girls
thrive and grow fat upon
it. That is why persons
with consumplivc ten
dencies gain flcsh and
strength enough to
check the progress of
SCOTT .* nOWN lv, 4~ lV.-irl Street, New York.
Playihg the Flute,
Ynn- nsk why T ne'rr play the flute,
These days, when cnlllng on my aunt?
The nxplanatlon'a sliort nml cute:
I can't. \
The flttto can make you lnugh or mourn
lf sweotly plnyotl?I grant you that;
But l can't play It nny more'n
I nover ownod a flute, in trutli:
T am not nnislcul, you seo?
They dld not wlsh me In my youth
And llutes aro not tho IIiIiirr to fake
And hand nround t'> thotightlesfl boya,
Who mercly vnluc them to mako
Tliua I, when young, ne'er lenrned to toot,
Antl now thnt 1 am growlng grity,
I'vo nover carcd to buy n llute .
Tho khnck is enally iicqulred,
.No doubt. ntitl i am sure that I
Could play lt well if I rleslred
To t ry.
II. S. II.
Brldget's Reasoning. ? Lndy (engnglng
you ahvuys so pareful to Inqulro wlnit
plnce?" Hrldget Mrilonoy: "Whol. mtini,
the mistresB anld ahe cudn't do wldout
me. so Ol came to the conclualon that Ol
was worth more than she was glvin' me,
and Ol llft nt wnnst:"?I'lclt-Me-Up.
Pleasing Hls Nephew.?Dylng Unclo:
"I'm sorry. liephew, that vou nro not In
tereated ln rellglon nnd charlttos>." Ex
pectant Nephew: "Oh. buc I am, I am, I
un! Thero'a nothing I am so wmp'ped
up in." Dylng Unclo: "That's good?
thut's good. Then you won't bo hurt
when I tell you that I've left my entlro
'ortune to the church.-?Cloveland Leuder.
No More Than Usuah?He: "Mllllonuires
nre very common nowndays." She:
'Some of them alwaya were."?Dctroit
Freo Pi' 88.
A di ?tinctlon.?Sh.-: "How much do
i-oti carn U yeu'r?" Hci "About $2,000.'
'But we can't llve on that!" "You asked
me how much 1-wtrneil. 1 make about
A Job.?Renevolen^ Oentleman: "My
lillle boy. have you no better way to
ipcr.cl this beautiful afternoon than by
itandlng ln front of the gnte, Idllng away
,-our tlme?" Boy: "I aln't idllng away
my tlme. Thero'a a . chump inslde with
ny sister, who Is paylng me sixpenco an
lour to watch for pa. ? Plck-Me-Up.
Medical Wlles.?Dr. PIlls: "Why are
vou nlwiiys so enreful to inrmiro what
your patlents eat? Does It fisslst you in
dlagnoajs?" Dr. Squills: "Yes; I cun
form some idea from thelr dinnors whiit
lo eharge 'cin."?Clevelund Lcadcr.
J THIS DAY INHISTORY J
f February 13th. |
1098?I.ondon Brldge carried away by u
llood. und tax lmposed to erect an?
1689?Kovolution ln Kngland; "Wllllani,
Ptinct, of Orunge, and tho I'rlncess
.Mary, a daughter of tho abdlcntlng
monarch, proelaimed by tho Lords
und Commons Soverelgns of Knglutlil.
1694?Tho Hlghland' mosSacre at, Olcn
1727?Tho Spntilurds, undor. tho MarQuls
de la Torras, commenced the slego
of Olbraltar. Thla was tho twelfth
slego, and provod unstiecessful.
1804?Tho brlg Ohlo roaehed Canton,
Chlna, from Phlladolphla, nfter a
pussugo lastlng 109 days, tn which
' it mudo a running flght with ptrutcs
off tho Ladrono Islands,
1805?Congrcss counted tlie eloetornl
vote. For Presldont?Thomas Jeffer?
son. Bepiiblican, 162; Chailes ,C.
Plnckney, Federallst, 14.
1830?France declded -to uso American
vessclH for the transportutlon of
troops to Alglere, as these shlps
could be gottcn cheaper than Fronch
1881?Tho electoral'-vote counted. Abra
hnm Lincoln recolved 180 votes; Sto
phen A. Douglas. 12; John C. Breek
etirldge, 72, ahcP John Bell, 39.
1862?General Curtls *ook posBesslon of
Spriiigfleld, Mo. Fort Donolson In
vested aud tho bombnrdment com?
1883?The Ironclad Indlanolti 'ran the
blocknde ut Vickaburg and was cap
tured by tho Confedorntes.
1805-Indlanu rnlifted tho constltutlonnl
1894? Benjiimfn llarrison, in a spoech at
Indlannpolls, Ind., declared that nn
ex-Prealdont should tnko as much
Interest In nationnl nrfalrs as boforo
be was elected.
Tlie rallroad Interosts nro gottlng mpro
of the limollght just now than thelr
motlcsty would ever olaim its a right,. ,
hnvo boen benefltecl by tnklng Hoh
tettor's Httinuuli Bltters durlng tho
past n? years thut lt has long slnce
bOQu recognlzod aa tho bost Avotnnn's
modlclne boforo the publlc. If you
Hiiffer from ailments iioculiar to your
sex, Ket a bottlo of
at once. lt ahvays cures Vomitlng,
Stek lleiulacho, liackaelie, Crtuiips,
siei pi. sKi.(.siH. furHaosMoni Pyspep
Bln, Costlvoness, Ohllls, Colds or La
Gripno. A falr trial wlll convlnce
you of Us value.
Commissioners of Revenue.
E.llior of Tlie Tlmcs-lilsputoh:
Slr,?1 soo ln tlio last Ibhiio of Tlio
TlmcH-Dlspalrh a .oii-cspondent fi-.ml
Hnllfux county, slgnlng hlmself I'in/.cn,
ls oppoflcd lo thn blll offered in Uie i.cg
islntiiro that provldns for the comrms
siouom of tlio revenue to bo nppolntcd by
the clrcillt Judges,. 1 cun see no gi-ounds
for opposlllon to thut blll. 'I'he Demo
cfritic countles would have nothing to
lose; the courtH of tho State are ull Dein
oc.allc and would nppolnt Domocratlc
conimlsslonei-H. Out here ln tho South?
west the countles are nearly all Re
piibllcan and elcct Republlcan t'ommls
slonors, They havo got un down out hero
and we have no showlng ln got
tlng anythlng. If tho Judgo liud
the mipolntmcnts We would got
Domocratlc comtnlsslohcrs nnd thero*
by get a moro , competont set of ofll
cers. ln the Republlcan countles, I sup
poso thero nre at Icust thlrty or forty
commlsslnncfl of thu rovenue thnt a're
1 thlnk that the Demoorntlc- I^glsla
ture ought to conslder thla matter, nnd
if they cun eonslstiintly do so, lo puss
thls blll qihI glvo us out hern some
showlng.. * A CIT1/.EN.
. Oarroli County, Vn.
A Card From Delegate Read.
Edltor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch;
Slr,?ln your issue of yeatertlay appears
tlie followlng,swhlch, wlthout oxplnnatlon,
places mo ln the light of favorlng dls
Ono of the resolutlons introdnced yes
torduy thut ,H sure to meet wlth strong
opposltlon, so several members say, . if
its featnrcs ever get lnto the shupe of
a blll was that offered by Mr, Iteed.
lt provliles that the Commlttee on Gen?
eral Laws be requested to Inqulro Into,
nnd If cxpedient, franio n fiencral law
under whlch (tlspensarles b'j chnrtcred as
provlded under section G2 of tho Con?
stitutlon of virginia,
Tho resolution wns rcferred to l?ie Com?
mittee on General Lnwa.
Section 02, of the Constitutlon, provldes
tliat the Oencrnl Assembly, may mnke
such general Inws governIng(local option
and dispensarles. Through somo over
slght there hns been lio genortil law en
acted governlng these matters, nnd nt
each recurrlng session, ntiineroiis ehnr
tors for dlspensarleS nre presented, somo
of whlch contatn prdvialona very broad
ln scope and verylng as to revenue to
The object of my resolutlon Is not lo
oncouruge dlMpousnrlcs, but to establish
a unifnrm and well guurdrd statute un?
der whlch they may operatc.
S. P. READ,
Convicts for the Mines.
Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?I have followed wltli mticll lnter?
est the dlscussions whlch havo been golng
on in the (olumns of your paper In re?
gard to worklng convlct labor upon the
In theory, the ddvocates of thls princi
ple aro rlght; but ln practlco lt would
be found dlsappointlng. The prlnclple
that convlct labor slioulrt bi employed
where It wlll compcte us little wlth other
labor worklng for woges as may be, ls
right. There are two objectlons, how
cvr. to employlng convlct labor upon
the public roads, and they are well found
Flrst. There aro fow countles tliat
would make the provlslon for their em
ployment In -any consldernble number at
nny one time, and the cost of shelterlng.
f.-eding, guardlng und worklng 'them *in
small nutnbers, would be largely Incres
ed. rendering the saving over ordlnary
labor comparatlvely small.
Second. The greut number of days
tln-y could not be employed, at all. ou
account of inclement weather, would
create a large item on tlie wrong slde
of tho lcdger. In fact. so far as I um
lnformed they aro rarely ever worked ln
tlie wlnter, but are returned to tlie peni
tentlary, whero they become a charge
upon the State.
Tho only way that tho convicts can bo
successfully and profltnbly employed upon
the public roads, even during the sca
sons when good weather prevuils, is to
employ ' them in large -numbers, which
would requlro large ttpproprlatlona by the
countles at one time, and tfils could only
be done by Issulng hon.ls, whlch most
countles would bo unwllling to do.
Assumlng that tho GoneTal Assembly is
wlliing to approprlute the convlct labor
to the maklng of good roads ln tlie
State. I'have some suggestions io make
in regard to their employmont, whlch, In
my opinion, if adopted, wlll oventually
result ln the constructlon of good roads
tliroughout tlie State, and. al the same
time keep the convicts constantly em?
ployed at protltable work. that will great?
ly Improvb their -henlth, tholr morals, and
enhanco their chancos for rcfoniiation,
and, at the sunie time, render the peoplo
of the State more secure In their per?
sons and property.
I suggest that tho State should acquire
a large tract of coal land. and employ
tbe convicts in mlning coal. Thls lias
boen' dcitio successfully in Tennossec, and
the convicts have been omp'oytd in mln?
ing coal ln Aiabama for n great many
years. Tho employmont of convicts in
tlie mlning of coal wlll greatly Improve
tholr heulth. The greutor number of tho
convicts ln the penitentlary, prevlous
to their cohvtction, lend an actlvo out
door llfe, and tholr conflnement wlthln
doors, where they -have little muscular
exnrcise, for months and years, greatly
impairs tholr liealth, und is a fruitful
caitse of ,their slckness nnd uiortality.
Agaln, they are employed in tlie peniten?
tlary nt un occupatlon whlch gives them
no trndo they can titlllze, and no oppor?
tunlty for omployment in the business
they havo pursucd during their conflne?
ment. There Is littlo chanco to work
reformatlon; the brand of ex-convlct is
upon their brows, when they return
home, und they are shunned by a great
majorlty of tho people. It Is not won?
derful, but to bo expocted that, havlng
no omployment, no means of support,
they, ln a great many Instanccs, begin
at onco to deprcduto upon their neigh-.
bors' proporty, and fire often sent back
toi Iho penitentlary within a short time.
I have an instunco in mfnd, In; this'
county, where a convlct waa relcascd iu
December, and ln January was in ju.il
for burglary, or wlthln two wecks of his
return. Numorous other instnnces could
bo cllcd tliroughout the State. When
the term of a convlct worklng ln tlie
rntnoB cxpires, he has n. trado; nnd, as
a minor, can Iind omployment at good
wages. wlthout tho nocessity of slealing
and robbing ror a llv'elihood. ln this
way a large per cent. or tho convicts
would bo fhoroughly reformed and be
como good cltlzons. And, to tho extent
thls desirable end was obtalned, would
the seeurlty of tho cltlzen ln person und-*"
property bc sufoguarded.
Tho net enrning capaclty of all of tho
able-bodled convicts In tho penitentlary
employed in coal mlning upon a well
managed proporty owned by the State
would not be less than two hundred and
ttfty thousand dollars per unnum. ln tlie
nilncH there would be no days lost on
account of bad weatlior, aud tho hlgli
oat earnlng capuolty would bo tittained.
Thero Is no hcalthlcr occupatlon a la
borlng man can puraue than coul mlning;
they are I'ObUat und healthy, havo plen
ty'ot oxerclso, aro ruroly slck, and, prop
erly onred for, are ulways coiitonted and
In tho present condltlon of Iho State
Treusury, tho tlrst lm|ulry wlll natUrally
bo: .How is the State to iiurchaai! such
a boimdiiry of coal land and erect a prb
on necossary to care for tho convicts
employed lu mlning? In answor lo that,
l wlll say that 1 know of n syndlcate
of gontiomon who own a tract of coal
land omhracing sovoral thousand ucres,
now developecl, upon whlch thero aro
.sovoral nilnoH In oporatlon. nnd which
contulns over ono hundred nnd twcijty
llvo nillllons tons of eofil, who aro wlli?
ing to sell tho land to tho State at u
falr prlce, nnd aro wlliing to employ from
llvo hundred to seven hundred and llt'ly
convicts at a prlce whleli wlll net tho
Stato upproxlmntely double us much aa
sho now gots from tho convicts employ?
ed in tho' prlson. Thla sy'ndioato is wlli?
ing' to oroct u prlson upon modern lines
K.itllclent to aecuroly koep in healthy con?
dltlon tho convicts so employed. Tliey
wlll pnv lnto tho State Treasury ut statod
iutervals tho coat of t'eeding, clothing and
guardlng tho convlcla so employed at a,
rnte not to excoad llfty per cont, ln cx
ceas ot tho prosept cost of cavlng for
When using baking
powder it is always econ
orny to buy the Royal.
" Royal makes the finest,
most wholesome and de
ihrm ln the pi-nltcntlury. Tho convicts
In brilnch prison to'bo under same con
trol of .?tnte ns lf ln the penltnntlary. -A
prlc* will bo llxed upon tho land ut
whlch lt may bo purehfrseil by the Stnte.
plns the cost of hullillng thn bnitich pris
011. nnd 'a conveynneo of Ihe whole wlln
good tltle at the tlme lidreinafter sct
lorth satlsfuctorlly guaranteed, The laul.
tno prison and the entire proporty <>t iho
syndlcate lo b-> held ns securltv for jho
hlre of the convlct lab'ir employed. Th-s
ByndlOato wlll ngroe tlmt when the
amount due the Stnte for hlre of coiivlcL
labor nt tii? pjrtlce ngroed upon sliall
r-rnml ihe price placed by them upon the
himl nnd the cost 01" ereOtlng the pilsbn
that tho syndicnte wlll cOnvey ;o tho
State a perfect tltlo to the tr.ict of l-t.nl,
iintl ut the same tlme turn over tli.'
entire property .developed to a capaci'y
of nt loast two thousuntl tons' output
of conl per dny. It Is eatlmated thnt it
will reqmre itpproxlmately slx year-t to
carry out the contract, and thnt durlng
the tlme the syndlcnte wlll have tukeu
out of the property three millions,- slx
hundred thousund tons of coal; thut there
wiiii romn'n ln the property nt .eaat one
hundred and twenty-one millions, four
hundred thousiihd tons, whlch. inlnlng ut
tlie rate of two thojisand tons per day.
woultl Just 'much liidrO thiin ono hunurjd
years. The Stnt.- would hnve the ndvuin
age of :i wrdl orgunizerl, estubllshed busl
nr-ss tum'ed over to it 'n complete work?
ing order, idl of whkh would hnve been
worked out by the uyndlcate durlng tne
The .stute is u largo consumer of coal
Itself. The followlng Instltutlons uslng
a lurge (inuntlty, and provialon would i.e
nuidc In the contract for supplylng i.il
ihe Stato Instltutlona with coal ut u mln
imuin prlce, much less than they hnve
been pay ing, utirj ul the end of tho term
the Stato could supply them Itself, namo
The Virginia Pcrtltentlary, Rlchmond.
Tlie Penitentlnry rnnn, Klchmond.
Capitol aml I.lbrury Building. Itichmonrl.
Soldlera' Home, KJoKmoTld.
Unlverslty of Vlrglrtlu. Charlotlcsvllle.
Virginia Military Instituto, Lexington.
?South West Hospitul for Insune, Ma?
Western Hospltnl for InHune, Stuunton.
B-ctif and Dtunh Institute, Staunton.
Cr-ntral Hospitul ror Insune, Ivtersburg.
Eastern Hosiiltal for Insune, WlUlams
Virginia Polytcchnic Institute, Blncks
Farmville Normal School, Farmvllle.
Petersburg Normal und COlleglato In?
I am satlafled th ? Stute would. after
the property is turnetl over to it under
tho contract, be in condition to appro
prlate frc_i the earnlngs of this branch
prison ut lenst two hundred and flfty
tfiotiHuiHl dollars per niintim. In ten
your*, two mllllolis und u iialf dollurs
would br- avallable for the roads; nnd,
nssumiiig thut the countles would up
proprlato un eriunl sum, llvo mllllon dol?
lars would hnve been oxpsnded. Thls
would enabio the C&untiea to bulld pub?
llc ronds by contract, woulrl (-.nt in pluy
tbe work _of the Stute Highwuy Com?
nilsslon. and moro man double the value
of ull tho lunds in the State.
The present cotjtrtict ot the Stute with
the Davis Shoe Company would not pie
vciit the cxecution and carrylng out t f
such a contract aa I have abovc out
lined. Wherever any actlon Is taken to
promotc tlie health, moruls und securlt '
of the peSple thut ConfllCtS with u CJlt
trnct, thls iictlon must, under the I'D
I.K'H POWER OF THE 6TATK. over
ilde suoffprevlous contri^-t nnd ull other
< (iiisitlerutions. Thla prlncinle mia been
declded by tho Suprome Court of the
Unlted states in numeroua cuse's. and la
well settled. R. A. AYElt.S.
Big Stone Clap, Va.
The School Inspectors.
Edltor of The Tlmes-DIspatch:
Slr.?It ls dimcult to leglsluto ahead of
publlc sentlmont. howover neceeiary
stieh legislation may seom to those In
posllion to know the condltions. Bllls
can be made into laws without so much
dlftlelilty. but they fall of thelr purpose.
elther because they cannot be onforcod
from lack of publlc sentlmont to sup
port them, or, if enforoed, a spirit of
oppositlon Is aroused Whlch rnay lead to
thelr repoal. Acknowledge the truth of
thlB Btatoment nnd tho logicnl conclu
slon is: In matters that toiich the iioplo
closely. you must odticate public sentl
ment beforo you can leglsluto success
To deal with speoltlc rnther than gen?
eral Usuos, we know thnt tho oftlco of
school Inspector was ereatod by law, but
we may dottbt that leglslutors reullzed
the importunce of the ofllco or suspected
the oppositlon it would nrouse. Leglslu?
tors havo done such things before
without fully coutitlng the cost, but
raroly havo they been .called down ilToro
promptly or moro sharply. Whllo under
tho spelL of the eloqupnee of tho nieni
bors of tho Stnte Board of Edueatlnn,
who retiuested . thut provialon be niiido
for snirl Inspectors, tbo lcglslator felt
that before liirrt lay tho opportunlty to
cust hls voto for civlc progrcss. From
the representations made to hlm there
seemed urgent need of just such a
measure, und he, perhnps, thought tho
"folks at home" would ln tho end, Jf
not nt once, blegs hlm for lils nctlon.
The blll becumo a law and tho inspectors
These school Inspectors took thelr ap
pointment seriously and went to work
in- accordanco with instructlons from tlie
Stnte Board; they ellcountered opposi?
tlon from tho outset. Well, what is
moro natural than thut we should op
pnso what seOms to us unnecessary, os?
peclally when' it is exponslve? Those
inspectors appearod unnecessary to tho
dlvlsion superlatendents, "For," silld
they, "lf tho State wlll pay us better
salnrles wo can do all tho Inspectlng any
vcasonable body could deslro." And they
woro slncero. Possibly they declded thut
hnd as ournest efforts been mado ln be
hnlf of an increase of thelr aulnrles,
more good could hnvo ,been nccompllshod.
but at any rato, there ,wns ground for
them to regard this net us a suggestlon
that thoy hnd not dono ull that wns ex
peotod of them, and slnce thoy had not
funds proporty "comlng to thom" woro
dlverted, ' .
Would not you, Mr. Kclltor, feel much
the sanio If the Tlmes-DIspatch Pub
lishlng Company should nppolnt a man
ovor you, nt tho head ot your piiper,
puylng hlm a hlghor salary? Now, theso
dlvlsion suporlntendeuts havo not been
so vory outspokon ln their opposltiop,
but pormlt me to rovcrt to tho ubovo
Illuatrutloii: You wpuld, If you rogurded
tho good-wlll of thb publlshlng com?
pnny, undor siieli oondltlons, endeavor to
wolcomo tlio new uppolnteo with a smilo,
nnd wHth hecomlng deforeneo to hls opln?
lons, mako a show of ussistlng hlm, but
you Would ulso, If you hellevod you could
do tho work ns well us ho, uso whatover
proper influoneo yV>u could coinmund to
got tho compnny to recull tho appolnl
Thls oppositlon waa not, howover, con
finerl to tlie dlvlslon superlntnndentn.
When an Inspector went into a rural nolgh
borhOOd the questlon wus usknd, "Who
Is he?" The reply wus. "Ho-ls tho School
Inspector, und be gets $1,800 a year."
"What does ho do?" "Oh. ho vlslts tha
schools ? und exiimlncs tho tenebers."
Such an Introdiictlon nt once dcvelop*
a splrlt of opposltlon thnt wlll requlrn
years of patient cffort, upon tho port of
tlie Inspector. to overcome; nnd before
he can make nny head way ngalnst i(,
nny tnx-puyer who thlnks ho hns Influ*
ence with his represenftitlvo ln the Gen?
eral Assembly, may ucivlse sald repre?
sentatlvo to cut down expeiises of tho
State by lopplng-off the "uselesa" .in?
An Inspector vlslted a country school
not long ago nnd found matters In poor
shnpe. As gently ns posslblo ho sug
gested some chonges. among others a
plan for gradlng the school ho that the
work could be done wlth moro system.
That teacher wns cotutidorably shaken
up. Recognlzlng lils deslre to help lu
her work, she. fenrcd lils nuthorlty nnd
slncerely bclieved that be OXpeCted too
much of a country loncher ln a country
school. Thnt Inspector procoeded no
further ln that county at that time, but
reports of his vlslt sprend to other teach
ers ln thnt nnd ndjolnlng countles, so
thnt many teachera were exerelsed In
antlclpntlon of tlm vlslt of tho Inspector.
elotln-d wlth nuthorlty, to them, nbso
The way thoso teacliers hustled fog
Informatlon about gr.idlng country
schools would have dclighted the mem?
bers of tho State Board of Educatlon
with their expcrlment, 1/ut notlc-e' Thc?o
ceacherH liavo fathers and other reln
tlvca and frlends wh<> arc Influentlal ln
their aeveral countries. They are the
"folks at homo" to the ieglslator before
mentloned, and they said ln no uncer
taln toncs, when they saw him "Lop
off those school Inspector*."
Teacliers' cxumlnallons in Virginia aro
ncounted a mournful neceaslty, unleas
they cun be nvolded. I don't know why
they should be so much drended, sinco
they aro usually falr, but It ls rare
that a teacher can bo found wlliing to
submit to an cxamlnntlon .unlcss It be
an obsolUte ro<|iilrement. Old teachers,
supposcdly famlllar wlth the subjeeta
will, year after yciir, pull out a tlnie
worn certlflcato and ask for a renewal
by the dlvision superlntendent. Some
of us think thls renewal sehome hus
been sllghtly overworked, for I know
a second grade rertlfieate that has been
rtnewed for seven years successively,
but wo observe that the plan nppears
to glvo the superlntendent a good stand
ing wlth the Influentlal citlzens In hla
When a teacher cspecially dre.ids an
examlnatlon, und tho superlntendent
fOels that he oannot conseientlously maka
further conccsslons, a way of c.ienpe ls
su'pplled by an order from the Depart?
ment of Eduention that tho teacher may
bc excused from examinatilu If sho
wlll attend a summer school of melliods.
Thus for many years our teacliers havo
plodded on. They know their superln?
tendent, and when he failed thom, thera
was tlio school of methods with a falrly
MOfituble and cnjoyuble time. They had
mastered tho sltuatlon, Put consternu
tlon cume when they found thomselvcs
ever fronted wlth a new and unknown
factor; to wit: an inspector! It Is not
surprlslng that they sotight and found
Cbamplons among their kinsfolk and
acqunlninnceb, nor that tlio lattor should
lnterest the neurest member of the Gen?
eral Assembly, perchunco oxtractlng a
promlso from him thnt ho would lop
off those. Inspectors.
Now let us got 'back to our original
proposltlon; vlz.: the dlfficulty of legls
lating aheud of public scntlment, nnd its
carolllng, "cducato your lcglslntor." An
nttempt was mado to lay tlio sltuation,
as regards primary and secondnry edu?
catlon In thls Stato, plainly beforo the
General Assembly in the belief that its
niembers could |md would npprcclate
the sltuatlon and the urgent need ot
bettcrlng conditions. That tho' members
of tho lower branch did not proporty ap
precla.lo thom goes wlthout say Ing; ot
what tho Senato wlll do, wo uro stlll
Evory cffort put rorth by tho frlends
of progress to prevent tho repcul of thls
law', ls so much contrlliuted to the In
struction of thoso who do not seo clear
ly tho Importanee of" tho ofllce. Our
lendlng papers havo helperi much nnd
may nccomplish more by their edttorial
uttornnces. All thls falls under tho head
of oducntlon proparatory to logislatlon,
buL lt wlll be a great niisfortuno to losa
ground already secmingly galnod. It
wero far.better thnt the law should stand
and thus aftord occaslon for full con?
slderaUon, and crltlclsm by those who
understand not Its use nor the urgent
noed af.it. .
Virgthja cannot?dftord ^to continuo ln
hor present -condltlon"'' asOsegards publlo
educatlon. Already sho is fnr behlnd
most of her sister States. Shall her sons
contlnue to lmpede her efforts.to qulckon
her pace? Lot all true;-Vlrglnln.nB ques?
tlon whether, our qppoaltion'snvors nught
.of projudlco, personal cohslderatlons. or
partlzan obllgatlon, and,' if it doos, cut
it down. "Tho grand old Stato" needs
our holp, and can 111 tolerato hlndrance
at thls Juncturo. M.
Porhaps Ihe most acliolarly woman in
society in tho capital is Mrs. Henry
Cnbot Lodgo. As tho daughtcr of Renr
Admihul, Charles 11. Davis sho was rear
ed lir an atmosphoro of culturo. _
wlll save the dyspeptlcfrom many
days ofmlsery, and enable him to eat
whatcver he wlshes. They prevent
cnuse the food to assimllate and noiar*
Ish the body" give keen appetlte,
and solid muscle. Elegantby sugar
Take No Substitute*
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