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DAItY-WREKLY-RUNDAT. ?uMne*j Office, - - - ?i? e. Main gtrcat. TKLnplIONRB. l)u?in*M OfTIee .,.-,o Kditorh? Department .t)l( t-'lrcutatlon Department .? Waahlnrrton Ptirrau.Ml litt-, St., N. W. J-UncliMtor Bureau ,.1103 Hull BU Petersburg nurenu.No. t Vf. Tabb Bt. _, nJ MAIL. On? ' Pli Three, rm? POSTA O ni pair Year. Mon. Mo*. Mo. n*|)y. with Sunday.10.00 $3.00 M.fO .(S Dully, without Hunds)-. 4M ?t.W l.nO .M Sunday edition only..,. ?.rwi 1,00 .M .?S Woolily (Wcdncjdft)) ,. 1.00 .30 M By Tlmeti-DInpritch Carrier Delivery Servie-. In Rlrhninn?! (and ?uburbs), Manchester ?ml l*i-ter"burg? On? Werk. One Year. ?s'ly. r.-lth Sunday.-... u rent?. f"."i tally, without Sunday.... l?i ron?? l.'l Sunday only . 5 cent? :.M (Yearly Subtcrlptlon? Payable in Advance.) I'nterril, January ST, 1903, nt Riehmond, Va., a? Mtond-claai matter, under act of CongrtM WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 2*?, 3!?W. That what we have we prlic not to the worth whiles we enjoy It. ?Much Ado About Nothing. Business Side of Amusements. This is carnival wccl" in the city of New Orleans, and Ihe Associated 3'ress says that all previous record? In the mat? ter ot attendance promise to he broken. The streets on opening day wore thronged with people, and there was n vast multi? tude on the levee to witness the naval parade and the landing of "Rex." There was as much.ado as though "Rex" had been n real king, coming in triumph to his delighted subjects, and there was a demonstration which made the welkin ring. Ot course. It was a make-believe, sham nnd fuss nnd feathers, but. after all. men nnd women are but children grown Up, and the love of amusement and of play never departs from us. The Creator has given us thisj love and this fancy, nutl it is given In beneficence. There must be amusements, and the question Is how we may turn the fancy lo good account. In lXew Orleans they make business of It. The carnival has Its practical side. It draws large numbers of people to the city, and every visitor spends money and adds to the general prosperity of the community. The New Orleans people are different in temperament from the Rich? mond people, nnd what pleases them would not continuously please us. We tried the carnival In Richmond., but it did not prove in he a permanent success nnd was abandoned, but our people love amusement, and we should make it n point to have every year some sort of attractive show. We have decided to have an agricultural fair, and. Judging from tie? press of the State, the people at large nre pleased with the proposal. The city or Atlanta !" had su i, o fair for years, and has round II profitable. There was some ?,,e_ ti.ni where the f,n should lie held, hut Atlanta ma,!.- a big bid for n. and got it. olid it was <=tnted 1 day or two ago that all the necessary honey had been raised, it is surprising " ns that the people of Richmond ?re so low in responding to the call for money 0 re-establish the State fair In this city, ut while Richtnonders are conservative] >">' arc also enterprising, and the money ?ill he raised and the fair will be held, ml It.will he a credit i0 Richmond ami the whole State. The Wife's Timely Hint. Th?? Chicago Tribune had a striking tar toon the other day when an election was to bo held. The head of th?- family looked his paper over at the breakfast table and after reading an article on ?line municipal abuse, got up and de? livered a stump speech on the subject of bad government. The companion picture shows his wife ?s the lending figure. She had looked the paper over and had seen another interesting article. It was an article an the day's election and she calls the intention of lier husband lo it, tolling him that tho way to get reform Is not to deliver harangues at the breakfast table, but m g?i to the polls and vote for the light son ??f men to represent hliu in the Council Women (annul vote, but if they would nil take the trouble to make their men iuiks rote regularly and vote right, there would bo less cause fo'r complaint on the score of?municipal mismanagement, The ^i.tl responsibility Is upon the voters, i-n- they eie?-t the, officers, ir they are careful t?> elect the good arid efficient i:;mlidate and to ?1. fc;u t|1(. placo socUers who run,for the Council as tin 01 cupatlon there would bo a vast Im? provement. Wo (!'? not gel good government by ebfcnco and bap-hntard. No ivmn Is silly enough to think thai ho can build up ;i good b isini - in that way. If tin.? vot?is ?,. every city wore as curerai In select ting their representatives In tho Council us stockholders ?if a private corporation m?, .ar ?ful In ???'?? ting th? Ir directors, there would be a vast Improvement In the conduct of municipal affairs. Tbc Negro in the South. ?, ? : i- ? ! ,\ \.? n .'.-ri. i| i?. ,.? complaint f: .?..i certain i gro? i f Georgia cqncerip ' ing ondltions In the .South, ?nul com? ment?: made ij.a by tho Springtlold Republic. i in '- . i ni ,-,...? b alleged that lin-i'- v.-.i- .. ? tlou in that State -??;?.? i tin ? ?? ? ol their race, .- ni that ! ej did ? : h ive 511 ?-mal sIhmv with tho whites In obtaining profitable? ? mploj ment and la it? ring their ? ondltlon. .<< an offs? \ v. |i ibiisi ed statements from ihr? Chicago ' on| le nnd a cor fespond -m nf '!??? Phi id lphla Ledger? showlns that thefi ivki dh rimtna tion against the negro In tho West (.and North than In |lli ?'? We now ?all attention to an article In' th?. North Carolina Baptist .-., Rev. T. w. Thin-Mini, the negro ?uperlntcndenl ??' ilui ..A.-hlc>-r;.?il?y SUk Mills, at !'?>>? 11 ? -. ill -, ln/whlch limre limn six hundred 111 groo;| ?re ciutiloyed., TbU cok-icd prca? her, we aro Informed by tho Charlotte Observer. 1ms mode a notable succ?s? of colored labor in Hie silk mills, and has received many compliments for the manner In which he Manages his people and makes (nduslrlous workers of them. He is n ninn ot ahllhy, nnd knows all nbotil the things of which lie writes, lie takes the position that the negro youth Is rnphlly "sinking to the depths of iiselessness, Insolence and vlciofisilCSS." The writer then cites the manner In which domestic servants perform their duties and com? ments on their general unreliability. As a result of this condition of affairs, he snys, "we see our true, tried and lifelong friends casting about to Und others to take our places." Continuing, the colored preacher say?: "The host people or Uic whole South? land looked upon our progress with piens ure and pride. They share our sorrow In our suffering, but the stubborn facts still face us. There are millions who are practically ?lead to every sense of usefulness In their Community, their county or their State. Indolence and lilleness can no more survive the Indus? trial awakening than night onn outlive sunshine. For one to continually call attention to grievances, real or Imagi? nary, past or present, will not give strength for life's struggles. Remember that every lawful thing Is a step some? where In the stairway up to greatness nnd to God. That spirit of kindness, loyalty nnd devotion that enthroned the mothers and fathers In the hearts ?f ninny of the noblest sons and daughter H of this mighty Southland will at least make for ns friends. The great majority of the race will never bo able to ?lo more than to go hand In hand with the sturdy army of bread-winners, acquire a modest home and surround them? selves with simple comforts; nnd not that, if the opportunity that is now be? fore them Is not seen, seized and Im? proved. To the moles and bats with this oenselcss agitation of the sepnrate cars and the Into constitutional amend? ment. They are not the most impor? tant things that hinder our backward race. We have got to start our struc? tures where our civilization finds us, and build from the granite upward, and make ourselves (he people wnnted upon the farms ? and In the homes, tho shops nnd factories of the South. Rest yon assured the people who do the mos*. and the best for the least, will get the most to f?o, whether they be negro, Italian or nny other class of the humnn family." There Is, in fact, less "prejudice" in the South ngainst the negro than In the North. Southern whites like the negro, nnd as a rule tho negro In the South re? ceives all the respect and consideration that he deserves. If he shows himself to be a good, honest. Industrlaus and use? ful citizen, he commands the respect which every other such citizen commands. The difference between Northern men nnd Southern men In their treatment of the negro is this. Tn the South there Is com? pl?te separation, and the negro Is re? quired to keep on his side of the lino. There Is no pretense or mockery about it. The rule is fixed and Inviolable. The negro thoroughly understands the situa? tion In the South; there Is no doubt about It. and he enverna himself nccordlngly; whereas, in the North, his position is equivocal, an unknown quantity. It is liest to he fair, frank and honest In nil things, and Southern whit* men have chosen that course In their dealings with the black race. But, after all. It -sifts down to this: The good negro gets along well; the had nejrro j?ets along badly. But that Is no matter of race distinction. A Lenten Hint. Lent Is the season of self-denial. But mero self-denial Is negative and has llttl? virtue within itself. It should bo employed as the means to an end. Its design, primarily, is to beget self-con? trol and tho spirit of humility. If one does penance and grumbles about It and becomes cross and disagreeable and re? sent ful because" of It, the sacrifice will do more harm1 than good. it Is all in the spirit of It. The best Lenten hint we have heard for many a day conies from a Richmond girl. She snys that Instead of content? ing herself with putting aside the candy box for party days, she Is going to cul? tivate smiles and a cheerful disposition. We heard of this resolve by chance nnd ll came to us in the nature of a confl d.'iitial communication, so please don't tell her that we told you. But it in too good lo "keep. It Is ns a good a sermon as any you will hoar during the season of Lent. It Is the positive side ot the proposition. Cul? tivate smiles and a cheerful disposition. Bless the 111 tie preacher! lt., would be a glorious season, if all I who keep Lent would do likewise. A Bill to Be Passed. Representative Nicholas Long worth's I bill providing for the appropriation of $6, OW,?-*? for tho purchase of permanent em? bassies abroad Is a measure a?bout which there is hardly room tor two minds. Il fairly cries aloud for passage. The underpayment of our ambassadors to foreign capitals Is a matter of gen? eral notoriety. The scale of living de? manded by the dignity of their positions, including necessary and costly entertain? ing, makes In Itself the heaviest kind of a-strain on their Inadequate salaries. Add to this the rental for an appropriate j house, and conditions are cieatetl from I which our diplomatic service is obliged ! t.) suffer. The choice of the government, ? hi short, becomes limited to a group of men rich enough to supplement from I' their private purses the honorarium allowed them by a too thrifty legislature, A poor mail, I?? be ever s<? capable. Is I virtually Ineligible, ' This I? lb?- reproach which the Lon? I worth bill principally aims to remove. The House committee, hi reporting It favorably, put the matter thus-. "In a word, Ihe real object of this bill is um su much to hotter the condition of our present diplomatie envoys, al? though iliiil In many ruses Is ?leslralib-, ns ii.? croate a condition under which thole, high cflli'i'S will come within the roach of ?very American citizen of brains, qui. turc, ability and patriotism,, regardless of what Ills financial circumstances may be." A bill with such an object can surely ! find few objections. That It wns not In I ti ?xhic'-d long a?;?), Indeed, Is passing strange, other great powers not only paj their representatives hirger- salaria than wo ?1?. but In most of tho larger ii-iiiii-s liav? long provided them with ' buiiublc and yc 1 iii.iicht homes, The mere question of pdrmnncncy of nlbode, if nothing more wero Involved, would alone strongly comtunntl this hill. A rented embassy is not fully In keeping with tho dignity of a great nation, and there Is something unseemly In the con? stant, but onevltalilo changes of location. In Paris, It Is snld, though nearly nny oiic can direct you to the. cmhnssles of the other great powers, hardly anybody enn tell you where the American enftmssy Is. Even the omniscient cabman shrubs his shoulders and nays: ''It Is on wheels." The Suit Against West Virginia, The Supreme Court of Appeals has granted the motion of Virginia for leave to file a bill of complaint against West Virginia to force an accounting and set? tlement of the shore of liability of that Hlatc In the debt Incurred while It was a part of Virginia, nnd tho famous suit Is now under way. The Tlnies-Dls patch has not overlooked thnt this Is a serious question, nor that It would have been bettor If Virginia could have kept out of the nctlon, but there Is good rea? son to believe that a suit would have been brought In any event, and Virginia would have been Involved In spite of herself. Therefore, It seems to us that the only course left to Virginia wns to accept the offer of the certificate holders to bring suit on their account, the State herself being it largo holder of certifi? cates, nnd endeavor to have a finnl ac? counting and settlement of this ques? tion that has been hanging like a pall over the State for many years. Under the agreement with the commit? tee of tho certificate holders, it the Supreme Court decides that West Virginia should pay a certain sum In liquidation of her obligations, the sum thus ascer? tained will be accepted by tho certificate holders In full settlement of their clnlms nnd Virginia will he released from any further obligation. That Is a consum? mation devoutly to bo wished, nnd we sincerely hope thnt the case will bo settled on that bas ?a and that the debt question will forever have been retired by this suit. War On Noise. The West End 'Woman's Republican Club, of New York, hns declnred Itse'.f against the noises of the city ns a deadly menace. It protests Ahnt tho women moro than the men suffer from the noises of the streets. They rise early In the morning to attend to their household du. ties niul at Intervals during the day should rest, but the noises will not per? mit. "It Is notoriously true," says ?li? manifesto, "that a woman at home ?n this city may rarely have an uninter? rupted hour of quiet and rest throughout the day. If she sits down or lies down to rest there comeB up from the streets and from the backyards an incessant Jangling, bowling, shrieking, that tor? tures her very soul. It Is not the playing of the children in the streets that she objects 10, but the unnecessary roaring and discord made by street tradesmec. and of theie the vegetable and fruit hucksters are the most intolerable of? fenders." The Now York Sun is disposed lo ridicule this protest, but It Is a com plnint of a serious nature, and our heart, felt sympathi"S are with the women. All women have their nerves and noise is \Vry trying on a. nervous organism. We doubt not that many a woman Inn been hastened to her death by the wearing noises of the city. And some men suffer also. We never know the blessing of quiet until snow covers the stony streets and puts all vehicles, as it were, on r?ber tires. If the women of Richmond will organize against the use? less noises of this city we promise them our chivalrous aid. The Vandcrbilts are not likely to be? come infatuated with nutomobillnB In the Eyotallan style. To be assaulted by a discourteous mob, simply for running over a boy or so, is a little too much. Let them speed back to a country where accidents are e#sily adjusted by tho chauffeur and a $10 bill. Information contained in the latest ad? vices from China Is to the effect that t?te uprising against the foreigners Is likely to be serious, that it is not directed against the foreigners, -and that no up? rising will take place. "How far," exclaims a clever parodist, "That little scandal throws its beams!" If the aphorism isn't Intrinsically true, It may be urged that the town-topical colonel did his best to make It so. Wo take pleasure in stumping as a canard tho report that Mr. J. London's lisoelallstic addresses are to be collected In book form under the ?title, "The Call of the Wild Jack." Surgeon-General Takakl states he In? tends Increasing the height of the Japanese by a new food system. We are obliged to regard this as rather a tall job. High finance could scarcely arraign Itself more severely than by any move? ment toward the overthrow or Mr. Stuyvesant Pish. The TIUman-Roosevelt rate bill has a nice sound when you say It fa=.t and think hard about something else. U Plttsburg keeps on enlarging at this rate, she has a chance of some dny grow? ing up to her smoke. It Is painful to swear off for Lent when you have half a box of unluirnt cigars. Common honesty Is not, however, ?jo particularly frequent. Still they've excavated some little scandal at Panama. The Largest General Assorted Stock In the State ????????????????i Woodward & Son LUMBER ' General Office Ninth and Ar.h Sts?, 4 Richmond, Va. Virginia, Cnroli m? and O ?ora in y ?now Pino, Board?, Krninl ocj, Lit ma Timbers, Kioori no. Ceillim, Sidlnn. Lutlm. Pine, Cypress III Hi fleclwciocl Shingles Rhymes for To-Day Dull Care, Skidool To-hlglit,'Ttii sick of working; Dlfe looks a grind to me; I long to see what shirking And Idle Jov may ?""? I pine to burn nry papers, And snuff these midnight tnpors, And cut some Joyous capers, And Inko a shot at Glee. I tdanned n blithesome showing When life, was lust begun; And now 1 watch It going AVItli all mv plans undo"ne. And worse, ns we grow older, Tho young fires die or smoulder? Fate, take me by the shoulder And steer nie to some Fun! I'm sick of nil this grlndlng I shoo It All a way; I'm gnrdunlly Unding That working docsn t pay. Now give me. Fate, my mensuro Of nil unclouded leisure; Submerge me deep lu pleasure And bo remake me gay! II. S, II. No Check, for Instance?"Mr. Rlchlcy had nothing but praise for your work for him before the Citizens' Committee," said the friend. "Yes," replied the lob bylst, gloomily, "nothing hut praise."? Philadelphia, Ledger. , A Secret.?"You'ie not happy with your husband, are you'.'" "Yes?but for good? ness' sake don't tell lilm."?Cleveland Lender. Very Likely.? "There's going to be an? other ancestry society." "What is 'It?" "Descendants of people who received In? vitations to the White House wedding."? Detroit Freo Press. Business Training.?"Your son !s mak? ing a specialty of chemistry. Isn't he?" "Yes. When he goes Into tmslness he's going to start v maple syrup factory."? Cleveland Leader. His Qualification.?"Cieorge left the In? fantry company." "Why''" "They told lilm his legs had the proper curve for the cavalry."?Cloveland Plain Dealer. 509 B. C?Lucius Junius Brutus, the avenger of Lucretia and founder of the Roman Republic, fell nt the bat? tle of the Ocsuvinn ?OldH. So great was the fury of the encounter between him and his adversary that their shields were mutually pierced, and each fell dead from his horse, trans? fixed by the lance of his enemy. 628?Clue-roes IL, King of Persia, died. 1610?The House of Commons complained of the King's profusion, especially in the Immense sums lavished on Scotch favorites. 1734?Battle in Syria hrtween the Turks. 45.non. and the Persians, under Kotill Khan. 1804?Upwards of thirty American vessels captured by small French privateers nnd dismantled In obscure ports in the island of Cuba. 1829?Treaty of peace signed between Pern nnd Colombia. 1865?President Lincoln signed the law prohibiting .the .>ltlc?rs or attaches of the army or navy from Interfering with the ole<-t!"iis In the several States. 1874?Dlscuvefy made that certain Chi? cago sali-in-K^e-pers had been hiring .scrubwomen lo'p?sn as temperan?*?? crusaders and King and pray In their ?=aloons to attract business. Famous Tlchboiirne' claimant con? victed of perjury In l.oii?Ion. after a trlnl lnstiii? 130 days. 1884?Captain Sciiipy, ?, g. x.. now rear admiral, retired, ordered t?> ??ommnnd expedition to search for iTleutenant Qreely, now major-genera 1. lost in the Arctic?. . 1885?Physicians in attendance on Gen eral Cirant In New York announce! that the patient was nearlng the end. 189-1?Democrats In caucus at .Washing Ion decided to put wool, lumber, Iron ore and salt on the free list. 1895? Secretary Morton Issued ?( state? ment denying ths claims of foreign governments that American meat wai tainted. CARD FROM MR. WISE. He Denies That He is Opposing Confirmation of J. E. B. Stuart. Editor of The Tlmos-Dlspatch: Sir.?Please deny most emphatically the report from vour Washington correspon? dent that 1 am opposing the confirmation of Captain .1. K. B. StuarL. I most heart? ily, now and at all times, wish him suc? cess, not onlv for his own sake, but for his brave father's sake. I certainly did what I could to make him marshal; was distressed at Ills transfer because I thought It the reaut! of a mean attack upon lilm. and wilt be rejoiced lo hear or ills confirmation as colector. I liav?, taken no pnrt to have him confirmed, be? cause I have no -Influence to help him. I wish the Republican party of Virginia liad more men with the. antecedents or Stuart and Identity with the Stale in ot llce. It would get along better. I lie re? petition of the story about ray trying to help Mr. peachy because he is my IiIhr man ha.? ceased tieing a mistarte, and lie comes a falsehood. He Is neither my kins? man nor linve 1 heard of Ids wanting (in office since Stuart was made collector. Peachv deserves an office .much more than a gooil many of those who have them, both by fldelltv and perisonnl fitness, but I could not help him to secure the place given Stuart, for I was Stuart a friend, and since then know of no other place he wants, even Iff I could help lilm, which 1 could not. - Notwithstanding Poachy may say any charges are true-against Stuart I do not believe Iti I think Peachy has a personal pr?judice. . I hop? Stuart may bo confirmed, -iltliougb It Is none of my business. J"'*-1-'- S. WiSi*. New Vork, Feb. 26. --.-.- ' To Get at Cost of Coal. Tho Legislature's acceptance of Presi? dent Biter's invitation for the examination of the hooks of-the Reading companies, to ascertain the exact facts ns lo the cost of coal to the mining concerno and to the consumers. Is what ought to have been done In the first place. It Is In effect tin?, creation or a committee of Inquiry, not u call upon the Attorney-General to enforce laws which Urn Higlslatttr?) lias never en? acted. And the outside element which In Introduced luto the Int.ulry. representing tho workliiKinnn, the Independent coal operators and the general publlc-ln tho person of the president of Swarthmoie College.can hardly fall to be an aid In the Investigation. Such a formal state? ment as wo may now expect may from the basis fur intelligent legislation to protect the public Interest at tho ueyt. session or tin? Legislature,? From the Phlladelphln Ledger (Ind.). ? -? Graft in Washington's Day. Would to Und no honest grafter of the present day might lake It to heart if I ?mote what Washington snld nt the time he told Coiuii-eHK I'll? army wub "CCClll'V" IiiK a cold. i,|eak It-Ill and sleeping iiinh't' frost and .?now without clollu'S or hlaiM els." lie wishes he could bring "tlumc murderers of our cause, tin? monopolis? ers. fore-talifi'H und engrossera to hon ?linn i>iiiiiKhm?'iit. I would to Hod that h.e "f tin- mosl ntroeloiiH in each S'atc wan hung In gibbets upon a gallows, live limes as high us the one nre|>uivd by llaman." "Idleness, dlHhlp'illmi and OX? travuguiu'e Kcem tolinvii laid fast hold nt" the Henni?, ?ml "speculatlon, pecula? tion and an li'i,\Hlr.tlbln thirst for riches sei'in to liuve got the better Of ?ivery.order of in.-u; party dispute?? and pmimiiHl nimi> Vel? an- the m cat I >utf lli'.-HH of the day." National Magazine, QUERIES AND ANSWERS A College President. Kindly give nnnio and address of pre id ?flent of listhnny Collego and Inform in? when. In the history or dancing, men and ?women first danced together. IL L. R? Thomas 10. chomblott, Bothriny, XV. Va. In Egypt some ?1,000 years before Christ. Giles County Records. Please tell mo where I should be most likely to find deeds, etc., touching lands owned In 1SC0 In the counties of Gibs nnd Bland, In Virginia, and Upshur, XV. Vs.? COUTANT READER. . In the records of tho present count les of Giles, Wytho nnd Tazowell, III Vir? ginia, and Harbour, Lewis and Randolph, in W. Va. Quotations. Please give authors of the following: I. Wee, modest, crimson tipped (lower. 2. The green-eyed monster. 3. To err Is Im. man, to forgive, divine. 4. Heaven open? ed wide her ever during gates. Also name the book In which tho character Hurbaru l-'rictchlo Is found. WAYNESBORO. 1. Burns. 2. Shakespeare. 3. Popo. 4. Milton. The Poems of J. G. Whlttlcr. Virginia Historical Magazine. Please Inform me what the Virginia Historical Mn.gn7.in0 Is a?l< give the name nuil address Of tho Carte.?at present own. er of .Shirley. A. a. XV. Bluefleld. XV. Vn. The periodical of the Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Vu. Mrs. Alice Brsmi ford, daughter of Robert Carter, Bur intidn Hundred, Va. A Problem. Please work this problem: The sides of n triangle ?ire 16.C, 1S.32 and 2S.6; what Is its area? W. Add tho sides ami divide by two; sub? tract euch ?Ido from the half sum; miiltl. ply the thro,? remainders nnd the half sum together ami tak" the Ripiare roo!. The half sum Is 31.7(1; the three remaind? ers are 15.1R, 13.11 and 3.10. Mineral Terms. Is there such metals or oren as "mag Ir-dmonlte." "chromo" or "tlnlum?'' If so, their use, extent and value? READER. There are no such words in mineral ology ?is the above. "Magledinonlto" may bo Intended for molybdenite, "chromo" for chrome; ?ire and "tlnlum" for tlta neum. Blind Tom. Piense inform me where Blind Tom was born and who owned him? Al'o. how fire alarms were given In cities before Introduction of ?Mccfrlcnl alarms, and where and when latter were Introduced? ?\. In the county of Muscogco, Ga., nenr Columbus, May 25, 1.<H9. The Bethune family. Cries and bells, plrst patent for electrical alarm was granted In England to N. Rutter. I>? 1817. First Installation was in Now York nnd Berlin, In 1351. Ex? perimental efforts were mad?.? earlier in several places; but Richmond. Va., In 1W-S, bnd the first electric car system In the world. Ralph Connor. PleosC furnish me what Information you can on the life and work? of Ralph Con nor. A SUBSCRIBE?.. Ralph Connor (fiia?. XV. Gordon) b. In? dian Lands, Glengarry, ont., October? 1CC". Graduated from Toronto University end Knox Coll?ge. Presbyterian minister and missionary to mine? and lumber camps of Hocky Mountains', If?O-'?. Pas? tor of St. Stephen's, In Winnipeg. Has written?Beyond the Marshes; Black Hock; Owen's Cation; Sky Pilot; Oui?] Michael; Tho Man from Glengarry; The Prospector. A School Complication. Please answer the following In Ihe Query Column of The Tlmes-Dlspatcll Weekly for Wednesday, February 28th, The school connus In this district was taken In ir-T?. and showed such a de? crease In school population as to entitle th?? district to Just money enough from the public school funds to keep tho schools open three or four months in the year, even when Hie teachers are given a small salary, the usual length ?if the public schools for the next live .years, on account of one man's Indiffer? ence. Tlie census Is required to ho taken every five years. A CONSTANT READER. This matter should be investigated by the local superintendent nnd Sehool Board, and If any material errors are discov? ered, the facts should belaid before tho ?Stale Board of Education. While there Is no statute on the subject, it is held by some that tho Stale board has au? thority to have a new census taken. The Panama Canal. When was the Panama Canal riuestlon first agitated in this country? Why was It not undertaken before. What will be the length, cost and the tima of building? Has this work been undertaken before, and, If so, why did It fall? A CONSTANT READER. Schemes of isthmian canal building are as old as the middle of the seventeenth century. Active work bogan a? result of international congress of 1870. and was ? n tlrcly under French management, a com? pany floated by de Lesseps. This company became bankrupt in USD and a great scandal and several prosecutions arose; put of the mismanagement of Its affairs. When the United -Sitatos seriously took up the matter of n canal the Nicaragua route was favored because of tho excessive prleo at which tho assets of tho old French company were held. The ?McKinley com? missioners, however, agreed to take over this property at $10.000,000. length will THEINIPLENIENT CO ' ,CARRY THE BEST STOCKS OF Saddles and Harness In the city. Our SADDLES embrace all styles, made from the best materials, by experienced workmen, In HARNESS we nre enabled to offer specially low prices, us wo bud a large stock made up before the recent advanco In leather. ' Whenever you need Farm Implements get our prices and catalogues be? fore purchasing. Catalogue mailed freo upon request, The Implement Go., 1302 Main St., Richmond, Va. Special Bargains In FARM? WAG? ONS and BUGGIES.! Rest Makes. Low .Prices.? be ID miles. Cont will he SIR 1,233,308. Date of coinplotlon cannot he stated. Richmond's Fifst Railroad. When did the rirst railroad coma lo Rich - niond? ?I?, rt. a. 1. Extract from a printed copy of R. T. Dmilcl, Esi|., his legal opinion, as to tho right of the Richmond, Fredorlcksbiirg and Potomn'o Railroad Company to uso ; Broad Street. 2. Tho right of the company lo uso Broad (II) Street for Ils road; Is tile sumo with Its right to any other part of Its road, a chartered right. By Its act of In? corporation (Fob, 2f)( 18!M,> tho company Is authorized to make a railroad from soino point In the corporation of Richmond, lo be approved by tho Common Council, to some point wlihhi the corporation of Frodcrlckshur?. The compuny soon after It was organized Informed the Council . thnt It was expected "to conduct tho road from the Richmond Turnpike along 11 Street, to a point at or near Intersection of II and Eighth, and for tho present to terminate It there with proper connections with the contemplated warehouses and workshops of tho compuny on lots Nos. 477 and 178." By a resolution adopted on the 2.7th December, 1K51, tho Council approved the proposed location of the road, and au? thorized "tho prosecution of the work within the limits of the city on tho pro? posed location." The company having completed their road on this part of the route, oponed It for travel and transpor? tation with enrs and locomotive engines on the 25th of February, ISS*}. Does the State Need a College of It's Own??Should It Accept the Ownership of Wil? liam and Mary? Editor of Tho TImcs-Dlspatcli: I Kir,--House bill No. 12 proposes a radi? cal change in the management of Wil? liam and .Mary College. It provides for placing It wholly In tin- hands of a board Of visitors, all of whom shall bo ap? pointed by ihe Governor, Instead or only a part of them, as at present. The effect of this catingo, as we are told, would le-, and Is Intended to be, to make of th s voncrnblo old college a State Institution, belonging to and controlled by th? Slate, Just as arc the University, the V. M. I., etc. This mensure, by which th?; right ami till?: to this noble college, long tin? pride of Virginia and tho alma mater of so many of her illustrious sons, would (Hiss to the State, sei'ins, at th<- first vl"W, a most proper and fitting on?-: and If sen? timent alone were concerned, It would meet with general favor. But upon ?-bis?-r consideration the scheme npiK-nr? hopelessly unwise ami ?iiailvisabli?, both fur the State and for the cans?? of education, and even for the college Itself. 1. It would ImiMise a new burilen upon the already encumbered finances of the State, especially upon the funds to bo devoted to ? ducatlou, ami more espe? cially upon that part of these that should fairly be assigned to higher education. A college, as we all know, Is not, finan. clally, a paying institution. Endowments or annuities must come In to make Imih ? nds meet. This Is true of nil our col? leges, it is tru.- of William und Mary as of the rest, year by year, then, If the Slate Is lo conduct the college, there must I? ? an annuity t?> inert expenses. These annuities also have a fearful habit of g'ltlng largor year by year. For ?n? stame, this very college of William and Mary, contracted with the State in IKS to furnish normal Instruction to so mahy. say about Lo, young men lor StlO.V? per yi ;ir; but after thre?? years the figure was moved up t<? flS.lttO, and nft??r twelve years more it was. in m,. $:?,!W0; hist year It was 128,000, and I learn that $30.i ? no is now asked for with :i spe?-ial r, quest for J3.QC0 extra. To such demands. I ropeat, the State cannot, and should not, subject itself. 2. .Vor doe? there appear to be any corresponding advantage accruing to the ?State from this expenditure arid this own. ? rshlp of the college. It Is a w?*ll known and most "Im? portant fact that hi Virginia, that part of a general system <>l lil.-rarv educa? tion which Is designated ns higher education or collegiate education: Is ?-oii ducted almost exclusively by the lade penden I colleges?Emory and Henry; tlampden-Sldnoy, iti.-hmnnd, Randolph Macon, Ronnokc, Washington and I. U illiam and Mary. Those colleges do tills work, and do it m,iHt effectively and satisfactorily, without drawing upon the Slat.? for n single dollar. Thev are. In a proper sense, a recognized part of the system of education in the Stale. Now, would It be wise for the State to under? take to own and conduct a college at bug?, expense in conrpotltlon with these Institutions, which she ought to foster and encourage? These colleges have a total yearly income and expenditure of about $170,000, they own nearly a million and a half of productive funds; and I estimate that their plants and equipments would aggregate three or ?our millions more. And all this is practically put at the service of the State In supplying, at far less than cost, that large fraction of general education which Is known as col? legiate education. Should not the Slate recognize these facts, and In all practicable wavs en? courage the colleges in their great work, nnd not, by competition or otherwise, embarrass or hinder their efforts? I sin? cerely trust that, whatever the Leg? islature may do with regard to the nor? mal department of William and ?Mary. It will promptly decline to assume the | ownership and management of the col? lege ?is such, but will leave It to pursue its way us a distinguished member of that group of Independent, self-sustain? ing colleges, which. In connection with the indispensable university, are conduct? ing In such splendid fashion the higher literary education of our people. :i. I'think I could easily show also that this transfer of Itself to the State would operate most 'unfavorably, if not fatally, to the host Interests of the venerable in? stitution In whoso*hlstory every Virginian feels an honest pride. What will the Stute do with It? Will It make it simply a normal school for males? Will It make it a cheap college? or will It tire soon of its ownership and give It up with no hope of its ever recovering its usefulness and standing again? I have taken some pains lo get the views of some representative men nimmt our leading educators, and I am confi? dent that the measure proposed In Ilousr Bill No. li does not nreet their approval; and I think 1 see good reasons why II should be for all classes of educators ?nlvcrslty "men, college men. high school men and for those interested in primary education?for all aille??, a most unpopu? lar movement. 13v your kind permission 1 will subjoin an 'extract or two front a letter received bv me from the president of one of oui colleges, who Is recognized as one of the most prosilnent educators In our State, Tie says: "The'danger of this movement Is that II will bo the first, inovo In n policy to commit the State to supplying college literary education throughout lit bounds. If tho Stato has one college nl Willluinsbiirg, why should It not have one for the great Southwest, one for tin Eastern Shore, one for Southslde, one for the Valley?" ? ? ? "You see from this the direct interest that the Univer? sity of Virginia has In stopping this be? ginning of a demand that would' mitte; rlally lessen tho State's ability and will? ingness lo make largo appropriations foi It. The money for higher educalioi would have to be divided among a hum her." lie says further: "I think thai there Is abundant argument against tin proposition from Ihe standpoint of tin State The immense demand for mono) for the primary schools Itself forbids tin undertaking of this enterprise, whirl would be necessarily a precedent to 1? followed all through the, State." ? * "The State Treasurer would bo called, m lor millions of dollars lo carry, dut tin nollcv thus begun. I believe that n eleai nrcs?iitallon of this fact would . eausi legislator? lo think long before cnterhu this Held." 1 hone II Is not yet loo lato lor nil! lcKislators to wJtq the matter the ful consideration Hint Its Importun?e do nmnds, ? ,,, Respectfully. w. Dr. Lyon's PERFECT Tooth Powder Cleanses^ and beautifies the. teeth and purifies the breath, Used _7 people ofRefinement for over a quarter of a century. Convenient for tourists. PREPARED BY , FOR LIEHT WORK Has a Cork Leg and Cannot Stand On It Long At a Time. STRANGE FAILURE IN NORFOLK Merchant With Heavy Debts, But Locally Unknown Takes Bankrupt Act. (Special to The Times-Dispatch.) NORFOLK, VA., February rj.-Jolin P. Hunter, the former Wellington and New? port News theatrical man, who pleaded guilty to th?- charge of bigamy and mod three years in the penitentiary when con? fronted In (?mrl here by bis two wlVCB, one from Alexandria ami the other Ironi Newport New.-?, wan formally -sentenced by JudKe Allan it. llnnckel to-day. When asked If he hail anything to nay why scn tenre should not he parsed, the prisoner Answered that he 1ih/> hut one b'g ami cannot stund f??r any length of time on hi? cork leg. Hunter nuked Judge llnnckel to Hend a letter to the p.-nitentlary au? thorities telling them of thin, so that his prison work might be made ok light an possible. The c?iurt said he would send such a letter. James Fields, the negro who plnnled guilty to the charge of killing 8usle White by fracturing her skull with a brick, and accepted seven years Iri the penitentiary without a formal trial, wan sentenced by Judge llnnckel to-day. Fields bnd noth? ing to ?ny why penteiiro shoul'l not be passed. ST'CANCI" FAILURE. C'liarleH IC. Ilannan tiled a petition a? S bankrupt In the United States clerk*! office here |f?-.lay for JO.'.IW debts, with no neuen?. The attorney says he Is a floill merchant, ami the bankrupt nyike? affi? davit that he has rrslded In Norfolk foi six month?. Ills name Is not In the city directory, anil lie was not known in tin largest distributing house here as a llotn merchant The debts of the schedule ar? nearly all due to Philadelphia creditor?, an follows! Samuel T. Kerr. 180,000; Wil? liam l>. Audi nrei.l. J.32.1??'.: Dr. ( i. I,. Adams, for services, J7""; Fidelity Trust Company, fur breach of lease, $3r>; Johr, VVanamakcr. Judgment on note) J31fi; Grin com and McFccloy, "2,'?i; A. K .Brecht, ?C0O; Academy of Went Chester, Fa., for tuition, ?I.rn-lt): V. S. I-'rickmliler. Watson town, Pa., iW,; The Wolf Company, Chnmberaburg. Pa,' ?7TI; J. ji. Scrlver. I'amdcn. N. ,L. SUS. Thesu are the largest d?lits, and 'l?ete are a number ?if other smaller debts, none of them due here. BOY DEMENTED. II. B. IlaiiHlmw. the young man who gave himself up to the Norfolk polled dnd (.aid that lie had forged a check for (65 on hlB brother-in-law. Douglna .Shield.-. of Graliam, Va., will he sent to hi? brother-in-law's home, an Chief of Police BOUflll has received a message from Shields stating that Hjuudutw is de? mented, and wishes for lilm to he sent to his home nt once. SILVER WEDDING. Mr. and Mrs. R. R .Oliver Cele? brate Twenty-fifth Anniversary. (Special to The Times-Dispatch.) PACE'S. VA.. February 27.-Mr. and Mrs. It. R. ("?liver, who reside near this place, celebrated their twenty-fifth wed? ding anniversary Saturday evening, from S to 12, Diun-ing was the main feature of the evening. The house decorations, ?were of red and green, with shad?'d lamps to match, which presented a beau? tiful picture. The supper was most bountiful, Among the guests present were Mr. and "Mrs. V. B. Barksdftle, Mrs. O. II. Oliver. Mr. and Mrs. W. II. Burgess. Mrs. H. S. Derrick, of Pace's: Miss Calilo Oliver, of Elllston, Va.; Misa Ituth Oliver, of South Boston; Misa Katie Hughes, of Danville: Mrs. C. T. Sutherlln, ?if Brooklyn; Miss Lizzie BarKsdrtle and Miss Irene Suther? lln, of Brooklyn; Miss Bessie Derrick, Miss Battle Oliver, Miss Julia Stehhins. Miss Naiinh- Ferrell and Miss Roma Vaughan, of race's: Messrs. Kmmett G.rawley, of Black Walnut. Vu.: Dr. Floyd Gregory. Keysville. Va.; .1. Harvey Oliver, Lynchburg, V_.'? Archie Croxton. Dan? ville? Va.; Btirksdnle Redd, Sutherlln, Va.; Beverly Biirkmlale, Robert Barks dalo, J. T. Sutherlln, of Brooklyn. Va.; Will Burksdnlo, "Richard Haynies, Russell Derrick. Ilorvoy Stehbins, John Barges.?-, Willie Owen. John Ferrell, of Pace's, Va. Tho presents were costly and numerous, which attested ihe popularity of this happy couple. Time has dealt gently with Mr. and Mrs. Oliver. -1-- | Dunlop Adopts Norfolk. (Special to Tho Times-Dispatch.) NORFOLK. VA.. February 27.?David Dunlop, of Petersburg, the wealthy to? bacconist and horsemen, has bought a residence l?ete", and will come to Nor? folk to live. Ho will retain his country homo neat' Petersburg. CARTER'S ITTLE IVEfl PILLS. Positively cured[by these "Little Fills, i They also relieve Dis? tress from Dyspepsia,, In? dlgcsttou and Too n_xtj EaUng. A porfoct rem? edy for Dizziness, Nausea. Drowsiness, Bad Taste In the Mouth, Coated Tonguo, I'oln In the Bide, TORPID LIVER. The*?., reffulote the Bowels. Purely Vegetable. SMALL PILL. SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE, CARTEAS JlTTUS IVER PILLS. i Genuina Must Bear - Fac-Similc Signature REFUSE SUBSTITUTES.