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Chesapeake and Ohio* Forced to / Bnild Branch Lincilt Didn't ' t Want. STRICT LETTER OF THE UW Dificrcnce Between the Words 1 "Abandon" andv "Discon tinucd." A caiiO lenown as "The Board off Super? vlsors of Fluvanna county vs. tho?Chesu ?peako and Olilo Rallway" has been*,boforo the SUt. CbrporaitoM Commisalott for a jiiuhth or more, The comiiusslon hns rb'tfclttel a tleotslo.i m the case, and by thut declslon tho Chii3_'*M.?_ und Ohlo Rallway ia roqulred to bulld a branch Iln. oC Its road on the Rlchmtvnd t?nd . Alleghnny dlvlBion along tho Hne of the Rlvnnnu River, from Columbla to Cnry'3 Brook locks, in Fluvanna county. Tho history of tho cnso ls fully set forth ln the final doclslon of tho oommtaalon, nnd the history, us thua glven,. la so'Intor woven wlth Vlrglnla Stato history ns to mako lt intonscly lnterestlnj, especlalty to tho oldor cltlzens. .Tho Corporatlon Commlsslon seems to hiavo ? fully ? appreclated thls fact, and thereforo mado an apology for golng Into detail as to the historical featurt-s of tho case, and The Tlmes-Dlapatcb, for 1 ko reasons. makes no apologv for giving tlie commlsslon's repurt in full. It ls aa followa: ? Facts in the Case. In tlio tourth sectlon of tho act, ap? proved February 27, 1879, ^?,rn0^vrom _ames lUver and JCmwia Carn Com pany was authorized to sell Its works and canal property to tho Richmond nnd Ai 'oghany Rallroad Company, tisPro vided "If the canal from Columbla, m Fluvanna county, to the first locks abovo Stlllman'a Mllls, on tho Klviuina./Rlver. shall be dlscOntlnuOd at any ">?* ^ rallroad company shall. wlthln , nmety. days after said dlscont nuanco, u kl a branch of tholr road along^tt?e.^lfio:vOr sald Rivnhna Rlver from Columbla to tne locks aforesald." The ipue presonted 11 this proceeding is -whether tho ca.na1,, to whloh relcrence is mado ln_thls -Sento"'SO. has been dlscontlnued, and whotnet lat "that'renson tho railroad company ils. tm der obllgallon to build tho sald ? branch along the llno of the Rlvamin Rlver. The defendant company, tho Ghe.apouko and Ohlo Rallway Compnny, lt Is nnomn,^h&B _iicceeded to tho above obl Igat on rest ing lipon lho Richmond out AlTeghany Rail? road Company. Both sldes of thia Issuo have beon very fully presented to the Commlsslon and a great deal pf testlmony taken, somo of whlch s no doubt 1mma? terlal. The two auostlons to be neceB sarlly passed upon are <n ?iat?lb; w'nn in tlie truo meaning of the act, a dlacon tinuanco ol the canal? nnd (2) what po nt was monnt by tho languago tho tlist locks abovo Stlllnmn's Millsf As to Discontinuance. 1 1. Wo will consider briefly flrst what tho Legislaturo moant by tho uso ot tne word dlscontlnuo. In order tp reach a fair concluslon as to the meaning of any part of the act. the general object of tho statute and the lnnguage of the entlre act should be considered. The State of Virginia gave most liberally to the works of intornal Improvement undertaken by the James Rlver and Kanawha Company, and In the end the Stato. through suo scriptlons to the stock of tho compnny, and payment thorefor, becamo the owner of u majorlty of tho stock. Tho hlst-ry of the .ames Rlver nnd Kanawha Company and Its toil canal is a part of tlie ms rory of the State. In order tlmt tho canal mlght rnake logal transfer of lta onttw works and canal property to tho Rich? mond and Alleghany Railroad Com pam, lt was necessary that tho transfer should be authorized by law. The act ot * eb ' r'unry '7th, 1S79, was pnssed for.that pui pose. Section 14 of the act commonces, "Whcn the rallroad shull havo beon sub SUtuted lor the canal us a llno of com ,r_-rco, ua contemplated by thls act, tlie ltlchmond nnd Alleghany Rallrond Com? pany shall,'.' etc. Tho general purpose of the act thus exprossed also ? appea-rs ln section 1 and sectlon 9 ot tho act. tt ls innnifest that lt was authorized to nbnn tlon the canal as u line of commerco and, if.stead of the canal, to substltuto on tlio proporty of tho canal company a railroao, to tako tho place of the canal Itself, as a line of commeree. Thls ldea ls promi? nent throughout the act. Sectlon 4 of tho act, In which the sentence under con Blderatlon In thls proceeding occura,pro vldes, under iorfelture ns thoroln atatoct, for the tlmo wlthln which tho railroad "ahall be constructod ln sections of tweiitj - five mllos each. No other subject ls deait ???wlth in that sectlon, except consmiqt on of the railrondll'_Tho sentence upon wnloli this case turns ra.tljo' Mst sentence in that sectlon. Tlio' lafigungo of that sentence hiust be construed With referenco to the place ln the act ln which lt occura that fs, In relatlon to the building of tho rallroad. Its Intorpretntion should be considered in the llght at this lact, 1 he language Imposes ln terma no affirma tlve duty upon tho rallroad company. it ls unnocessary to consider whothor any _fhrm,Ulvo duty Is to bo implled from ' the langunge. In those portlons of tlio ' ect'provldlng for an Immedlnto construc? tlon of u rnllroad, tho languago used 1? ' that thK canal is to bo nbandonod and a l-nilroad Is tn be substltuted for tho canal. Section 1 Hpeaka of the abandonmont ur the cunal contemplated by the Dth Beelion. The 9th sectlon has referenoe to the aubstltution of a rallroad (or tho canal _.. a llno of commeree. Cluuse 7 of sec? tion 18 states: "The sald Richmond anci Alleghany > Railroad Company shall,-us last aa they abandon the sald cnnul, etc. ."Wo do not Uud the word dlscontlnuo tised any whoro ln this act, except m tno Eilid sentenco in the 4th sectlon. If tho Legislaturo meunt that u branch of tlio railroad should bo bullt along the lino of the Rlvanna Rlver, lf the rallroad company ahould abandon tho cnnul in . lu vanna oounty, It would have sald so, as that language ls used in other portlons of tho act. Words and Words. It ls reasonablo, therefore, thnt tho word dlsoontlnue, which occurs only ln tho fourth aeciion. ahould ba glven n meaning different from lho word aban? don. Abandon in Uh genoral semto. aud as used in the act, haa referenoe to an act of one in ppasea-lon. Dlseonttnue;?? on thu othor hund, does not nocesaarily hn ,ly an act by ono in posses-lon. And as _o_? worda are used in thls statuto, un? der clrcumHiance. whlch rather linpiy that they are used wlth a dlfforent iii,-um Ing, the proper Intorprotatlon of dlacon ttnuo us used here would mean a dlauaor or nonu-er by thoB* not ln possesslon. This oppllea partlcularly under the rli cumetancea hor. becauae iho Leglslature j.-. vncaklnB or a waterway, which hud th.r.iofo.'o been u*"d by Ihe public whl H wae In tln^ posaoaslon ot and ki-pi up by aii linternal improvement company. lt hcl-.'h to uajflhiit the natural Inierprcua tion of the language is that tho rallroad -oniuany should conatruct the line of roacl i" bo BubstltutetJ tor thu canal. dYnni tho James Rlver, unil tl.ey ahouid ?.'?'- X conatruct thits brancn line up tho itlvanna Rlver lf, after tho bulldlng ot the rallroad tho branch caual wlilch r.'r.'e.l lho people pf tho sectlon whlch lt r Lchod us a waterway. should provo so lii-iihcieiit ti.at tlie public would dfnion ?!?";,?. Un use. In other/r?'Qrd?, li i?y reaaon _*' tho Kui>ijtltutioii of a rallroad for the jamea Rlvor aml Kanawha Canal, mis branch cauul should bo so affected that it b'-*'u*r.e of no aorvict- to tho ],ul>lic, aml thorofoi.. Ua U?e was aiaeoniini.ed, a branch ot thp i-ullroad ahould bu bullt ln ,l!! J,ll"'e' , , .I , vi7i "Discontinued, and Why. 2. We thlnk that tho evidenco clearly establliohea that for many yu_ra past the tajitti from Columbla into Fluvanna coun. ir rpfarrad to ln guctloii A, )?uii beon dh< to'ntlnued. Aftor the eoustFUctlou of Uie I/tint-B River und Kunawha Cunal and tho SubsiltuiUm -< a rallroad therofor. HiIh brunch wuterway becumo of uubstantinlly no publlo valuo OF aervlce, and v/_a dla feoutlnued. A subatuntlu! part of thls jtuial coiiHist'ed ot a bllijln aud other !m pjovornentK. at Columbla i_?:r?.?ary tor Ui* alllcleni U8U Pf thia cauul. Thls ? biiflln hns hoen fllled up by tlio rallrond. And thero hn_ boon no eorvlccabl. nnd olMcleiit lermlnnl fto thls brnnch, crtnnl nt Columbia ns formerly extBted. lt mity bo that, bocaus. of tho dlBcotttlttuanco of tho cnnnl, lt becam? tthneeeaeai'y to koop tip nny canal termlnttb . EUt lt la unnu.easary to eonfildcr WhICh ? fraa the onuse and -whlch 'Was tho effect. ttido pondent of tho oonatrtlctlon wo placo .upon -tho wo.d, dlscontlntlanco, tho evl* donco. tonds- etroiigly to show that tho cnnnl or waterWny haa not been kept ln rensonttblo or servlooable condltlon, 3. A groat deal of teBtlmony was taken on both sldes Ofl to tho locatlon of tlio polnt desorihed ln tho atatute aa "tho first locks above Stlllman's Mllls, on tho Rlvannn Rlvor." Tho complnlnlng par tieB lnslst that there nre looks just op poslto to Stlllman'a Mllls, whlch hayo boen known and should properly bo known aa tho looks nt Stlllman's Mllls; nnd that tho. looks at Cary's Brook, u polnt three o-r four mllns higher up tne river, Laro tho locks roforrod to ln tne statuto\ns tbe llrat locks abovo Stlllmnn s Mllls. The railroad company contends, on the'x)ther hand, that although tho locks at Stlllman'a Mllls may bo ln a generflJ sonae oppoalto the mllla, yet tno greater portlon of, tho works constituting tho locks pnopor aro Just beyond the,mlll bulldlng nt Stlllman's Mllls, and th* stahuto had reforencc to theso locRa. The preponderonco of the testlmony favorsthe construot.ion put upon tho lan? guage by, thc complalnant*. The ovi denc? nlso oatabltshes tho followlng facts:. Under tsvo acts. approved, reapectlyely, on March'' 23. 1831), and March 12, 1849, tho James Rlvor nnd Kanawha Compnny undertook to conwtnict what la known tts the Rlvnnna conrnocrtlon, ao ns to oonnect tho navlgatlon of tlie Rlvnnna Klvor wlth its canal. Por thla purposo a canal proper wns dug and constructed from Columbia to StUlmn-i'B-. Mllls, a polnt on tho Hlvanna Canal nbout flve .mltes from Columbia. At Stlllman's Mllls, .the James River and Kanawha Company constructed a dam acsoas the Rlvanna River, whloh ralsed tho water at that\ polnt two feot, thus floadlng tho bn.nkBi.of tho river on each slde1 nnd cuuslng a pond or basln in tlio river cxt'ondlng back to the locks at Cary's Brook. Tlio constructlon of thls dam and ralslng of tho water two feet hlgber thnn focmerlyy.caused. a perma nont owerflow ofUho property of tbo own ors x>n oach. Bld? of the river. In order to provido for thls, tho Jamea River and Kannwfha Company, ln varloua condem natlon proceedlngs, pald damages to the property ownors along tho river botweon Stiltman's Mllla and Cary's Brook for the property covered by thla refluent water, and !> also constructed a canal around a potnt called Wood's Island, some 2D0 yards In longth, and about o<le and ono half mlles above Stlllman's Mills, tlio land'for thls purpose belng llkewlae taken jby condemnation proceedlngs. Tho Ri ?vann<_ Navlgatlon Company, whloh had ?been, prior to 18-0, for many years m e-xlstenco as an internal Improyemont eoanpany, oporatlng on tho ? 'Rlvnnna Kiver, did, lt is truo, ln order to provlde for'slack' water navlgatlon, cotdomn and pay for the towpath down to Stlllman s Mllla. It seems to tho commission tnat tho nctuaf Improvement connectlng the Rlvnnna River navlgatlon wlth the James River and 'Kanawha Canal commonced nf tho upper end of tho basln created bv the erectfon of the dam at Stlllman s Mil-s. It ls presumed that tho Legls latnre was ooqwnintod wlth all of these fncts, and tho language ln tho statuto Wns advlsodly uaed with referenee to these facts. IfHt waa.intended that the dlscontlnuanco of the cnnnl ahould be of thowatorway* connectlng at. Stlllman s Mtlls, wo cannot ,tmderstand why itwas not so expressod in ..terms. ? The facts reclled Whloh aro greatly..?laborated in tho testlmony, probably ledtp.the uso of thb expression' "tho " flrst;-.locks ; abovo Stlllman's Mllls"' '? aa>'"reforrln'g < -to- tho Jocks whion: woro ' at the uppor end of tho pond or basln weated'by the dam at ^Stlllman's4 Mllls. Plain Language of Statute. It ls to be noted also that ? tho branch of* the railroad contemplated by thls sec? tion was not to be "substltuled for the canal," as -was tho caso wlth the con? structlon of tho main Una of tho road. The .langtyigo ls that ln tho event of a dlsccmtlnuanc? of tho canal. the railroad , company should bulld a branch of tholr iroad"along the llno of''aald''-Rlyanna 'River" frrim Columbia to the locks atore snJd It-'socms- to/ tho -commission that coBs'iderlng the positlon ? of-the. partles nt tho tlmo tho act was passed and tho clrwimstances oxlstlng at that tlme, tho lnntruage in questlon hero should be con? strued to mean that tho railroad company ? was to bulld a branch of Ita Une along tho Rfvonna Rlvor from Columbia to tho locks at Cary's Brook, whloh nre tho locks at tho upper end of tho basln cro itcd by tho James River ond Kanawha Company and aro tho flrst locks nbove Stlllman's Mllls. Tho partles Interested In tho statute nnd the partlos to the sub seciuont convoyanco of the canal property woro tlie Stato of Virginia;. seeklng to protoct its pooplo and lts; llnes of com? merce, tho James ' Rlvor and Knnawha Company,' ns a corporatlon, and tho'Rich? mond and Alleghany Railroad Compnny. The languago' of tho statute ls. ombtgu ous and unfortunately not clear, but tho commlBslon ls of oplnlon that the 'con? structlon now placed upon It is fa*r and ron-sonable, and ls tho propor Interpre? tation. Final Conclusion. Tho commission ls of oplnlon thnt tho canal, or transportatlon by slack water navigcrtlon, oxlstlng nt tho tlme tho stat? uto wns passed. froni Columbia to Cary B Brook locks, tho flrst locks abovo Stlll? man's Mllls, has been dlscontlnued for several years and that under tho con trnct PfTowing out of the nct of Febru ary 1879, nnd tho convoyanco to the Richmond nnd Alleghany Railroad Com? pnny ln consoquonco theroof, the defenu imt railroad company ln thls proceedlng should bo orclored to bulld a branch Une of lts' railroad nlong the llno of tlie Ki vnnna Rlvor from Columbia to Cary s Brook locks. The polnts moritloned all plnlnly appcar from tho testlmony and from tho mnps flled ln evlde?ice. SHOOTING AFFRAY. R. M. Gary Shot in the Finger by J. H. Goodwin. K M Gnry. whllo ln a flght, nidea r>y his 'brothor, Wllllnm Oary, agalnst J. H. Ooodwin. yostordny afternoon, was shot ln tho flngor by the latter. ? Tho meleo took plnco about 2 o clock on Cary nonr Randolph Stroot. Patrol man Tol'er arrested Goodwln shortly nf tcr tho shootinK. whllo tlie wounded man wont to XXr. Xj. W. Staton to receivo medlcal attention. Tho bono was not broken, but a sovoro flesh wound was lno'nt0b.lng tnkon to the Second Pollce Station Goodwln sworo out a warrant for tho' arrnst of both tho Garj's, on tho oharge Pt assault nnd, battory. He stated that lio hnd been forced to draw hla nistoi ln solf-defenso. 1 Patrolmnn Toler served tho warrant nnd brought hls prisoners to tho Socond Tnllce Station^____.. ft BEQUISITIOl FOR M OHID FH6IT1VE Detectlve from C'olumbus Goes to Newport News for Prisoner, P^tectlYB Dorgan, of Columbua, Ohio, leavoa tiils mornlng for Nowport Nowa, having secured ronulaltlon. papera from Qovernor Bwunaon Saturday lor l-'ranit lUurty, tillaa Hull, a negro, who wua ar itBU-ri ln Nowport News on tho cliargo ot robbery. Ou AM'll 1'Jtli Brady atabbed to doatll und horrlbly mutilated the body of UoorijO llurley, unother iieyio, wii|l. in a low dlv. lu tho Ohio city. He eacuped atter the doed, und (.?Irculura wofe sent out after him. The Newport News po|ie_ identifled him by thla meana. and d.oldec; t,o,_end hlm North us a better case waa dgQinat iiim there. ?? Brady, wlio hab a list of criuios ugainst lilrn, -foniu-rly C4TR0 from Salom. Vu. Ue teetlvo' YJorgun will tulte hlm baclt to morrow. ? . ABLE M1NISTEHS Several Richmond Churches Sti_: plicd by Distingitished.Visltlng Preachers. DR, THAMES AT LEIGH STREET Preachcd on Happlness to a Large . and Appreciatlve Audlence. Tho pulplt of the Lolgh Stroet Baptlst Church was fllled yesterday mornlng and evoning by Dr. T. 13. Thames, bf Ellza beth, N. J., at one timo pastor ot tho Flrst Baptlst Church, of Danvlllo, Vu. A< large congrogatlon greeted Dr. .Thames at both servlces. The themo for thQ mornlng dlscourso was ''Hopefulness," and Dr. Thames an? nounced, his text from II ICIngB, xlll.17: "Open the wlndow. eastward." In tho beglnning of hls sermon, ho stated that tho Oriental ldea, of openlng tho wln dows toward tlie east Jmpllcd hopo, looklng to tho rlalng sun, whllo if the windows opened westward- lt lmplled the aettlng sun, nlght, darkness and death. During the discusslon of hla nubject tho minister went on to say that whlle ?overything in this llfo in thought, phllos ophy, lltoraturo and art had oxtremes ln tholr llfe, showlng a groat advance. in ono ago and a docllne Jn another, yet the religion of Jesus Chrlst has remalned constant through all - tlme, growlng brighter and greater as the ages havo advanced. Taklng the tlmes and manner of Chriat's llfe, the natural position, as vlewed by the human mlnd, of His llfe would have been that of a pesslmlst, but Instead Jesus Christ waa the most hope ful man -who ever.llved. Tho speaker continuecl, showlng how Christ in promulgatlng His- doctrlnes had ever brought out -tho hope and brtghtness ln tbom., .,, . Touching the peraonal slde of the text, Dr. Thames dwelt on the ldea-of. hope being so necessary In the human llfo, and how every one placed his hopes ln the best. Thls hope fHls. the-llfe, and even after loved ones have been placed away there ls ever the" hope and knowlodgo that they have reached a better land. Dr. Thames concluded hls. sermon wlth a touching.lncldent, taken from tho Hvca of the flsherpeople'of Bar .Harbor. Ho aald that the cuslomary salutatlon among those folks ls "Here's hoping," and on one occasion two young men, who had grown up together, went out ln the even? lng, but were ovortaken, by a terrible storm. They found that the boat was unsafe; ao calllng each- to the other, they struck out through .the water. The next mornlng the village people came down to the coast, but while vthey searched for slgns of the drowned, thoy were unable to dlscover atrace. Atlast one old man, gazlng far out,. assured his people that the young men had found no other har? bor, but "Here's hoping" that they had reached the malnland. And there may It be wlth us at last, hoping to reach the malnland. Dr. Thames's sermon in the evening was" heard by an appreciatlve audlence, and, considerlng the oppressive weather, a large one. At tho concluston of tho mornlng ser? vlce one member was recelved into the church. Dr. Thames will supply the Lelgh Street pulplt the rest of this month, and tho members of tho church are very highly gratlfled at havlng him wlth them. AT CENTENARY. Dr. Young Speaks on Stealing in High Places. Bofore a largo congrogatlon, Dr. W. J. Toung, pastor of Centenary Methodlat Church, spoke on what may be termed tho. nlcer forma of stealing; that 18, thoso forma that come wlthln the pale of respectablllty and yet are outslde di rect legal Jurlsdlctlon. The sermon was very lnterestlng and timely. Tho text waa: "Let him that stole steal no more;, but rather lot him la? bor, worklng wlth hla hands tho thlng which is good, that he may have to glvo to hlm that needoth."? Epheaians lv.2S. Dr. Young spoke in part ns follows: I do not speak to-nlght of thoso ruder forma of theft or of dlshonosty whlch all recognlze as wrong, and whlch are admltted to be a vlolatlon, and a clear vlolatlon, of law, human and dlvlne, but of thoso forms of flnanclal Injuatlco l and unfalrness whlch come wlthln tho, c.mpass of respectablllty and aro out-' aido of the regulatlons.of tho state, In deed, tho nicor moral distlnctlons, tho hlgher moral llfe, cannot be Btuted in terms of legal enactments. Only tho law of lovo will causo men to suataln the proper relationa one to another, and that law of love has to do wlth every de? partment of llfe. It overshadows wlth its prlnclplea tho bank and Btore, as woll as tho church, the homo and the hospital. It decldes our conduct not only to the man by the wayaldo, wound? ed and bleedlng, but alao to the man wlth whom wo are havlng buslness trans actlons of any aort. Now, from the ?hlgher point of vlow few of us havo been nltogothor gu)ltleB8 in our deal Jngs wlth our fellowa. It ls a nuestion whether wo do not wlthhold that whloh la tho due of thosQ who toil for us, whon, for any reason, wo aro willlng to havo tho work dono for much losa thnn we know lt deaerves. Rartloulnrly la this llkoly to bo the case ln our employment of the women who mako the chenper garments, of whoao ohoapness wo some tlmes boast, forgotful of what it coat to produco them. Speculation of a cer? taln Bort Is right, but there la a specula Uon whlch dlffors but llttlo, lf any, from the gambllng that ia carrled on at tlio faro bank or tho roulotto table. Thero ia alao a speculation whlch brlnga ultl mately hurt to tho ' poor, who must pay tho results of lt ln tholr purchase of the noeesalilea of llfo. lt la no moro rlght to ubo montul power and ablllty aa a moro forco than lt la thua to uso physl cal power. What shall bo said of adul teruted foods Bold aa pure, or of bad goods, sold ns fli-t-class? then there ls tho cmploye's wusto of tlmo and dolng of Bhoddy work, But we may put ln tho same clasa tha tendency of corporutlons partlcularly to steal from men tho duy of rcBt, thelr rightful duo. What a ten? dency for many to hlde thelr slns bchlnd tho corporatlon In whlch thoy may own atock?the corporatlon whlch wo say hus no soul, and so, wo linagluo. ,cnn com? mlt no aln. But there ls a stealing from tlie corporatlon, or at any ruto, deallng dlshonestly wlth tho corporatlon, when we would not do so wlth the Indlvldual, We seldom thlnk lt possjb.e that- the rlch should be dcalt wlth In a way se? riously unfuir, but one doos hear nulte often nieuaui-3 suggeated by whlch It would seem, on the fuco of tbsm; some one must have imagined that thua mlght be brought about the wreck of thfe ac cuniulutlons of large ubllity, coupled wlth yeara of toil. or tho eonflsoutlons of them for the publlc uso. In all of these forms of legal unfnlr noHs thore- aro tho samo slns us churao tcrizo thut whlch nll tho world recog ?!_?? as stettling. '.Thero aro tho sumo soinahn.ss,'tho samo fofgotfulheas of tho other tnnhi tho same camallty, the samo nsSertlon of,, tho beaat nnd tlger ln us, the samo grasplng. rathcr thnh glvlng! tho Bttme breaklng ot that social pnot by whlch society exlstst tho samo anarchy, the samo outlawryi' tlie eame trampllng on human rlghts and thu. bn huinartlty Itself, the same maklng of llfo diillcUlt and tincomfortablo. Thero ls nliothcr ooncoptlon of thl aubjoct whlch comes to us ln tho proph ot's qtlostlon, "Wlll a man rob God? lt ls hlhted-at aJso in tho closing Worda of tho toxt, "That bo may havo to glvo to hlm that noedeth." On any showlng, suroly Upon the showlng by.God'fl Word, neither we oursolves nor any treaaure ds altogether otir own, but ln large meas ure the croatlOn of God'a lawa, of God ? lovo. Wo must pay Hlm Hls duo; for Hls sako wo must glvo to Hls cause, to Hla chlldren, Aocordlng to our ablllty and our bpportunlti'* wo nro dobtors to all men. Havo wo pald thls dobt? AT GROVE AVENUE. Rev. Dr. James Purser, of At? lanta Fills Pulpit. Dr. Jnmas Purser, of Atlanta, flled. Dr. J. B. Hawthorne's pulplt at Grove Avo? nue Baptist Church yesterday mornlng. A largo congregatlon wns ln attendanco, and a vory appropriato and awoetly ren dorod solo waa sung by Mrs. John Mur? phy. Tho subject of Dr. Ptirser's sormon was "Tho Adoptloh of the Gospel to tho Pro foUndest nnd Most tTrgent Noods of Man klnd." - In hls 8ermon tho prenchor brought out tho polnts that tho chlef need of man ls hls dostro to know God. Dr. Pursor sald thnt tho Oospol is tho revelatlon of God. Man ia a alnrior, ahd he needa forglvo ness, ? nnd tho Gospel proclalms forglye jiess through Jesus Christ. ? Man slghs for a happlor llfo than tho present, ahd lt ls. the Gospel whloh roveals that llfo ti corrio through Jesus Christ DR. LANDRUM PREACHES. Former Pastor Delivers Eloquent Sermon in Second Baptist. Dr. W. W. Landrurr), pastor of the First Baptist Church, of Atlanta, Ga., nnd formerly pastor of the Second Bap? tist Church; of thls clty, preachod ln tho latter-churoh yesterday mornlng, A large crowd turned out to hear tho dlstln guishod pastor, as ho was woll known nnd belovod durlng the course of hls ministry ln Rlohmond. Dr. Landrum took hls text from St. Luke'xlv. .1. to 23 verses, lncluslvo; hls themo bolng, "And they nll wlth one accord began to mako excuso." Tho preacher. mado a poworful lmpres? slon, as he showed how Christ Is con stantly preparing hls feast of lovo and snlvatlon, and how mon turn tho-flaelve3 away and dopart wlth many excuses. Ho made plea that men should give up tho folly of worthless and unreal excuses and botdke themselves to that feast where, aro offered salvatlon and eternal llfo. ' .','; Couched ih words of tender eloquence and clear argurtient, the sormon was well calculnted to leave a deop lmpresslon in the minds of the speaker's audlenco. DEATH OF WELL KNOWN HENRICO CITIZlEW Mr. M. W., Lawrence Passes Quie*'y Away After Long Illness, Mr. Mosby Wobdson Lawrence, ono of the oldest and mOst dlstlnguished cltlzens of Henrlco county, dled at . o'clock yes? terday afternoon at hls resldence on the Broad Street R9ad, ln the seventy-slxth year of hls age. Mr. Lawrence bad been 111 for alx months, and hla death wns merely a matter,,of tlme and was expect? ed by tho family.''?'?? , Mr. Lawrenco'was, wldely known as a devotod Christlan, having been up fo the hour of his deatlva conslstent member of Mount Vernon' Baptist Church. He was always seen to take a promlnent part ln Baptist gntherlngs, in which ho always bore a strong and leadlng part. Ho wns a man of great popularlty among all who knew hlm, both for his kindly disposition ond IIiIb Christlan character, and nis death ls a sourco of much regret ani slncoro sorrow among the Ute-Iong com rades and hls later frlends. Mr. Lawrence was born and reared ln Henrlco county, and from early boyhood devotod himself to the pursuit of agrl culture. When the? Clvll War broke out he onlisted ln tho Confederate Army and served through the four years of'tbat struggle under Goneral Magruder wlth much dlstlnctlon to himself and credlt to hls command. y * , Mr. Lawrenco ls survlved by hls wlfe, Mrs. Cathorine Lawronce, and by threo sons, Messrs, M. W., James A. and A. M. Lawrence. The tunoral services wlll bo hold from Mount Vernon Baptist Church, and lntor mont wlll bo In tho home place. OBITUARY. Samuel P. MitcHell. (Kpoclal to Tha Tbnos-Dljpatcli.) PETERSBURG, VA., Aug. 5,-Mr. Sam? uel P. Mltchell, aged abnut forty yenrs, dlod at his resldence on Washington Stroot at an early hour thls mornlng, ul'ter an lllnoss of some weeks. Mr. Mltcholl was a promlnent business man and honorod cltizen. For many years ho was engnged In mercantlle and manufac? turlng buslnesa, but more. recently had devoted himself to Insuranco. Mr. Mltch? ell marrled Miss Holllday, of Portsmouth, who survlvea hlm wlth threo chlldren. He Is also survlved by hla mothor, Mrs. Julla Mltchell, and a half brother, Mr. Wllllam L. Zlmmor, both of thla olty, and many relatlves, both horo and ln Rlchmona. A.L.. Grant. > _ (By AHsoclat-d Pros-,) OLD ORCHARD, MAINE, August 6. A. L. Grant, o. Lawrence, Mnss., a memhor of tho theatrlcal flrm of Cnlm nnd Grant, ownors and losaoes of thoa ters Jn various cltlea, dled to-day at hls Humrnur home at Grand Beach, af? ter a long Illness. Memorial Services. (Hy AsHoclated PreB?.) CHE FOO, Auguat C? Momorial ser vlces for tho lato Roar-Adnrlral Charloa J. Traln, communder-ln-chief of the Unlted Status Asiatio floot, who dled August 4, woro held on Bhoro thls mornlng. Represontatlvoa of the Amorl can, French and Chlneso lleets attend ed. Tho body was then convoyed to tho bhttleahlp Ohio, which left tQ'nlght for fs'iokohamu, ; , ? '' DEATHS. LAWRENCE.-Dled, at 4 P. M. Su,nday, August 6th. at hla roaldence on tho Broad .Stroot Road, aftor On illness of six months, MOSBY WOODSON LAW? RENCE, ln tho sovonty-slxth year of hls age. Ho leaves a wldow, Cuthe rlne Lawrenco, and threo sons, M. W., James A. and A. M, Lawrenco to motll'n tholr loss. Funeni] services wlll bo held from Mt. Vernon Baptist Church at 11:30 A. M. TUESDAY, August 7th. Frlends und acijiiiilntancoa of fumlly lnvlted to uttend. Burlal. at the home placo. MITCHEI.L.-Dled, at hls homo, 'on Washington Street, Peteraburg, Va., August 5, I9(i., ln hla forty-thlrd yoar,. ? SAMUEL PH.LX.rPS MITCHELL, ' san > of Julla Ellta Nlrntno nnd tlie late Saiuuol P. Mltchell, of- Rlohmond, Va. Hls- funersl wlll tuko placo from Grace 1*, E. Church. Petorsburg,' vu., on TUESDAY, tho 7th of August, at v o'clock lu tlie arternoon, - Jiorfolk Lanijmark , Pleuae cony, ' NEWS CITI-JIEl Rev. Mr. Jolliffc on the Proper Regard of tlie Sabbath ' Day. STRUCK BY CAR; NOT HURf Glant Negro Hurled High in Air and Tlien Arrested for Being Disorderly?Briefs. ..;_ Manchoster Bureau, Times-Dlspatoh, No. 1113 HuU Street "If thou turn away thy foot from tho Sabbath, from dolng thy pleaaure on My holydayj and call tho Sabbath a dellght, tho h'oly of tho Lard honorablej ahd shalt honor Him, not dolng thlno own waya, nor flndlng thlne own pleasure, nor speoklng thlne own words: Then ahalt thou dolight thyself ln tho Lord; and I will cauao thoo 'to rlde upun tho high places of tho earth, and foed thee With tho heritage of Jacob, thy fathor; for tho mouth of tho ?_ard l*ith spoken lt. ? Isaiah lvlll. 13, 14. Tho Rov. J. K. jolliffc, pastor of Con? tral Methodlst Church. Manchoster, preaohed from thls text laat nlght a poworful sermon upon tho proper obsery ance of tho Sabbath. He was Indlreotly Bpeaking of the breaklng of the Sabbath laws by tho openlng of tlio amuBements at Idlewood a fow Sun'days ago. He de? clared that thoae poople who had always rellglously kept the Sabbath wero more bleased than those of all natlons. The mlnlator said that It iwas a question of materlal dovelopment aa woll as rollglouB obllgatlona. No Question beforo tho American peoplo at thia tlme was of moro moment than tho proper observance of the Sabbath. A blow at tho Sabbath was a blow at tho very foundatlon of the government, and no man could wllfully attack tho obsorvance of the Sabbath wlthout laylng hls handa upon tho throat of tho moral prlnciples of tho natlon. God has deslgned tho Sabbath as a day In whlch we Bhall cultlvate a greator re? spect for Ood and for what Is rlght and good declared tho preacher. He sald that'Sunday was a day for Bpirltual com munlon, and not a duywhen Satan should hold high carnival. '? . A large congregation heard tho sermon. Childress in Trouble. Harvoy Childress, a young whlto man, will faco several charles In' the Police Court thia mornlng, ond lf he satisfac torily oxplains them all he wlll havo dono somethlng that tho pollco do not at thia tlme glvo him credlt for. ? Wlllard Caudle, a young man. was hit ovor tho head wlth a beer bottle by Childress, and Dr. Ruckor had to take nlno stltches In tho wound. There waa no apparent cause for the blow. Chil? dress was crazy drunk, and went on the warpath. Wlth the bottle in hlB pocket he strutted up tho street, and would have beon strlklhg peoplo untll now had it not been for tho presence of -Sergeant A.. S. Wrlght, who locked hlm up, About 12:30 Sunday mornlng another young whlte man wus hit over the head by some unknown party. Turner was slttlng on the sidewalk at Flfth and HuU Streots when he was struck. Soon after recelving the blow ho remembera havlng seen Childress, who came ' along and placed his handa on hla (Tui'ner's) head. Childress walked up the street and met Caudle, who was in company with three friends. Caudle .asked what waa tho trouble with Turner, and Childress sald, "Thls is what ia the matter," and with the words struck Caudle over the head with a beer bottle. Caudle wns knocked senseless, and when taken vo the station house, Dr. Rucker hud to work on hlm for somo time. ; But whether or not Childress struck Turner tho police do aot know, but. are of tho oplnlon that ho dld all of the dam? age. He will rernaln ln a cell untll all of the facts come out in evidence. Hit by Car; Arrested. That Wlllle Berry, a burly negro, Is not dead, may be accounted for by the fact that he ls possessed of a physique that deiles street cara and r_ilroad engines and othor hard knocks. He la so bullt that a little Jostllng, such aa belng flung Into tho air soveral feet, by the fender of a streot car haa no.eitect upon his system. _ As one ot the Petersburg Interurban cars, due in Manchester at 12:45 o clock yeatorday mornlng. was near No. 12 stop, lt atruck Berry, who had Jumpod from a car golng to Peteraburg, and who waa slttlng calmly on the track .walting for trouble. Berry was thrown blgh into the air and landed in a heap. Motorman Grant, who waa in charge of the car, saw tho negro on the track when lt waa too lato to stop hla car. But lmmedlately aftor atrlklng the. man ho left hla car and pluced the negro on tho platform and came to Manchester. Berry waa not bo badly hurt, and after belng oxamhifd by a physlclan,' who could flnd nothlng the matter wlth him, was locked up on the chargo of belng dlsorderly. A gang of negroes were dlsorderly ovi Hull Street early Sunday mornlng, and when tho pollco wero notlfled they left Immediately for the sceno of the din turbancc?Thlrteenth and Hull Streeta. It wns loarned that negroes had fought from Thlrteenth Street to Cowardln Avenuo, and at the latter place taken a car for Petersburg. They atlll lought after boardlng a car and Berry was put o_ nt No. 12 stop. -3e was evldently drunk at the tlme and took a seat on the tracks. The car coming into Manchester raised hlm up, and he can thank hls good frame that ho waa not badly Injured or killed. Had Officers Running. Sergeant A. S. Wrlght and Offlcer Way mack wero called fo Spring Hlll ahout 2 o'clock yesterday mornlng in answer to a summons from Mra. Hlll, who clalmed that her neighbor, Ed. Vogel hod'flred Beveral shota through her house. Tho police could flnd no evldence of the shota apd told Mrs. Hlll to make the charge before the mnglatrate yesterday mornlng. Ab a late hour last nlght sho had not preferrod any charge, and the police aro now lettlng the case go as one of thoso reports of serious thlnga that novor ma tcrlallze. Will Stay in Jail. John Storllng. the young white mnn who is charged wlth havlng robbed a houao near Bellwood, on tho Petersburg ear line, wlll have to romnln ln Jall untll hla case ia hoard in Cheatortlcld county. And toh evldence whlch has been sccurod ny tho pollco.is of such a nature as to wnr rant tho predlction thut tho young mnn will be conflned for several years bofore ho escapes tho punlahmont of hla m|8 deefls. He could get no ono to furnish a bond for hlm, and for thls ro.iBon Judge Clop ton on Saturday afternoon dld not hoar nn nppllcntlon for hall. Storllng, wlth two other boys, is nlleced to havo brokon Into and stolen a lot of copper wire from tho houso of tho Peteraburg Rallway line. Ho wna nrroatod after a grelit donl of difflculty, nnd hns ropeatodly made thrcata to murder tho offlcera who caused hla ln carccratlon, WOE IN LITTI.E SYRIA, Bride and Groom Under Arrest for Intoxication. M, ? J. Kourl and Joseph Samuels, two Syrlans; wero out cejebratlng the for mer's recent marrlago yeatorday af? tornoon, and got too much under .the in fluonces. They wore arrested by Ser? geant Tyler on the churgo of belng drunk, along wlth Joseph Francls, wlio trled *o convince tho sergeant that he Wus mlBtakon ln hla frlend'a condltlon. Ha waa charged wlth refiislng to move or. when ordered by a pollcemun.' Tho. two wero drlven to the Flrat Po? llco Station; und were followed.'-by a boat ot frlenda and relatlvoa. Flve rjTlnutes ufter the ? urlsonerq ar llyetl, th-:* Btutlon looked llke a court of Justlce ln tho clty of Rlerout. The pollo. hud'to churgo tho populace beforo buainosa could be done. Francls gave ball, but thu others w**r>. __!?, ' HE COMING Several Thousand Delegatea Ex? pected to Be at the Conven* ) tion Here the 22d. i A GRAND STREET PARADE A Band. Concert and Dinner at Idlewood?-The Com- j mittees. ; ' The flremen'a conventlon to be hold here on the Z2d wlll be a great affalr, Wlth half a hundred flre companle. ln attendanco nnd aeveral thouannd dele? gatea and visitors, Tho blg day wlll bo the 23d, when the parade wlll tako placo. and the dinner at Idlewood, At nlght of that dato there wlll be a grand band contest at Idlewood, ln whlch tho boat bands ln the Stato wlll cennpoto for i tho prlzos, of wh!c/i. there' will bo two, , The contest wlll tnko place on tho stadlum stago, and the Judges wlll be made up of a committee of promlnent muslclans. Tho commltteos Jiavlng chargo. of tho affalr embf'aco tho followln,? well known cltlzena: John H. Redwood, prealdent; R. S. Parka, sqnlor vice-proaldentj T. ,T.. Wll? llams, treasurer; Georgo, C, Cummlriga, secretary; J. H. Dwyer, statlstlclan, Executive?John H. Frlschkorn, chalr? man; James R, Bheppard, sub-chalrman; James N. Boyd, L. Z. Morrla, C, 0, 8a vllle, Joaeph L. Levy, A. M. Cannon, O. A. Hawklns, J. IClrk Parrlah, J. H. Redwood. ? Reception?O. A. Hawklns, chalrman; W. G. Pullor, W. H. Thompson, John 8. Hnrwood, John H. Redwood, Jullua Straus, G. Channlng Ruakell, "K. J. Gen try, W. H. Schwarzschlld, Frank P. Burke, A. Bdrgamln, H. W. Wood, Jako Wells, E. A. Saunders, Jr., T. A. Cary. O. J. Sands, J. Stowart Bryan, Wllllam Turpln, M. Thalhlmer, G. C. Shaw, Loula Werner, O. H. Berry, Edgar Fergus3on, Rlchard M. Taylor, Hezeklah Now, I. J. Marcuse, J. B. Pace, Marx Gunst, John J. Klng, Herman Paul, Charles Keppler, Thomas G. Leath, M. B. Rosenbaum, Coleman Worsham, Alfred B. WJlllama, R. Lee Peters, E. H. Spence. MubIc?F. W. Cunnlngham, chalrman; Professor- Jacob Relnhardt, Moses May, E. H. Clowes, B. A. Hoen. Hotel?Goodman Davis, chalrman; J. C. Bowman, T. D. Stokea. Entertalnment?James R. Sheppard, chalrman; O. F. Wlso, Burnett Lewls. John A. Curtls. A. J. Plzzlnl, Jr., Arthur Levy, Harry Tucker, Iwan Muller, Chrls Manning, Jr., Wllllam Kanary, George C. Eppes, T. C, Walford, W. T. Dabney, A. R. Lawrence, G. M. Rogers, L. W. Dorsott, John F. Raffo, Clyde W. Saun? ders, Horace A. Hawkina, Flemlng Wlng fleld, Jullua Siplegel, W. H. Joyneg, L. S. Jones, J. W. Bllley, G. C. Ruakell, C. O. Savillo, B..it. Howard, Monro Levy, R. H. Figg, W. B. Shaw, C. S. Atklnson, J. V. Haake, Andrew Hundley. Transportatlon?A. M. ' Cannon, chalr? man, 'J. W. Bllley, C. O. Mlller, William Rueger, G. S. Crenshaw. Flnance?James N. Boyd, chalrman; I,. Z. Morrl8, J. KIrk Parrlah, A. M. Can? non, O. A; Hawklns, C. O.-Savllle. Pnrade?Morgan R. Mllla,' ohalrman and chlef marshal; L. T. Chrlstlnn, C. O. Savillo, C. I. McKeo, I. Ni Vaughan, T. Francls Green, Joseph Adams, Honry S Hutzler, O. H. Funsten, Graham B. Hob? son, J. Fred .JurgonB. Contesta?(Board of Flre Commlsalonern and Chlef R. F. D.)?John H. Frlschkorn, Joseph L. Levy. Charles F. Taylor, J. Moncure Perkln8, G. Watt Taylor\ L. C. Jenklna, Robert Lecky, Jr., Chlef W. G. Puller. : SAN, FRANCISCO Y. M." C. A. Bright Prospects for a Splendid New Building. Tho San Franclsco Young Men's Chrls? tlnn Association lost its handsome bulld? lng by earthquako and flre. Reallzlng that It was utterly Imposslblo for tho association frlonds at San Franclsco to rebulld, and knowlng that the Cltlzens' Rellef Committee would not uso anyof Its funds whatover for hclplng phllan throplc Institutions, the San Franclsco brethren have appealod to association friends throughout the country. Morrls K. Jesup. of New York, agreed to sorv. aa chalrman of the committee, and voi unteered $50,000 toward tho $000,000 noeded. Mr. John D. Rookefeller hns of? fered $250,000, condltloncd on tho associ? ation raislng<a slmllar nmount. General Secretary McKoo ls ln recelpt of a letter from Mr. HT J. McCoy, secretary of thc Snn Franclsco Association. dated Aug. lst. whlch he says: "We aro nearlng tho $400,000 mark, and hopo to pass It ln a day or two, Wo have promlses of help on tho last $100,000." Tho erection of thls bulldlng wlll bo one of the groatcst achlevements of the brotherhood. AMUSEMENTS NOT OPEN AT IDLEWOOD Great Crowd Enjoys the Nata toriurn and Sunday Concert. At Idlowood on yesterday, although the amusemont foaturos woro elosed tlght, several thouaand mon, women and chll? dron found pleasure ln alttlng under tho splendld oaka beyond the stadlum and llstenlng to the band. Tho Natatorlum waa orowdod all day leng, for no 1ob8 than 700 mon and boya donned bathlng sult8 and enjoyod plunge, On tho boardwalk the soda-water foun tnlns, tho clgar atanda and candy bootha dld a falr buslnesa, whlle a host of meri und women peeped at the movfng plc turea, Invested at tho alot machlnas, and teatod thelr muscle at the welghts and striklng-bnga. The park was patronlzed by all sorts and condltlona of people?men, dudea, women.and a host of chlldren?an army of small folk that precludea all Idea of rnco sulclde, and would dellght the soul pf an exalted strojiuous Jndlvldual, AT THE CASINO. A Good Bill With Plenty of Musical Comedy, Lovers of,musical' comedy wlll have plenty of tho hlghest class at the Caal-" no thla weok, beglnnlng to-nlght. The atrnctlon will' ba the Crimmlna and Goro Company, Jn "A Warm Match," fresh wlth laurtil8 from Atlanta and Norfolk.- ? ; The comedy la sald to be repletlo wlth music and danclng, and carrles a large chorus called, "A Rroadwuy Chorus of Pretty Girls." i /_; There wlll be the usual plghf perfor mnncea, wlth two mntlnees, nnd <?oh i/onn wllj admlt ??l0 JdlewpotiU RAILWAYS CARE FOR LADIES' HATS Northern Paclflc Offlclal Has In ' ventcd Devicc for Use in . Pullman. THREE MONTHS' ACCIDENTS German'Engineer Has Invcnted a Balioon Railway to Bc Used on Mountains, Northorn P^m^C?lf8 ot "Porimcnting, tv fnr ?h? ni ' ims Pro'ooteS a novel ty ror tho. use of Women travolera on ni'aS^f Whloh '"? beon supplfed on J?2?,?JC "* c"r? ? <hrough ralna on the railway, lt Ih u recontaclo con-' wellfl ?d ,0t uV,T5; tou?h Paper o?' $$. weight, in which may bo plnce,] hats and gloves, vclls, ]|giu jaekets and slml lar urt cles of wear whlch aro not ln uso whlle occupylng sleoplng car bertha, and ln whlch those articles may be pro tectod. Each paper rocepUiclo ls so con Btructod tlmt after llght urticle's have neon placed wlthin lt, tho top may be elosed and it may be hung up, out of tho way. Each ls sufllclently strong to bear tho weight of several dirtcrent ar? ticles and ls of sufllolont capacity to contaln many of tho usual belonglngs of women travelers, They are of attrac tlvo appearance and when not In uso may ho folded Into very small spaco nnd packed away in tho cornor of nn ordlnary hand bag. All the Pullman Bleeplng cars of tho Northern Paclflc Railway wlll carry a supply of those noveltlcs, and aleeplng car portors havo been Instructed to dlstrlbute them to women patrons o,f the llno. ?Accldcnt Bulletin No. 19, Just lssued by tho lnterstate Commerce Commission for threo months endlng March 31, 1900, ahowB tho total numbor of casualtlea to rnllway passengera and employes ln that period' to have been 18,296 (1,126 kllled and 17,170 Injured). The number of passengera and omployes kllled in traln accldents waa 271. as aisalu.it 320 ln tho precedlng threo months, a decrease of 46. Tho total number of colllsslons and derallments was 8,490 (1,921 colllalons and 1,569 derallments), of whlch 280 col Ilslons and 167 derallments affected pas aenger tralna, Tho damage to cars. en glnea and roadway by, these accldents ls estlmated at J2.92-i.7K. There ls also a decrease of 232 ln tho numbor of cOl llslons and derallnrents over thoso re? ported i ntho precedlng three months. The number of employes kllled ln coup llng and uncoupllng cars and englnes was 81 belng one less than tho number kllled ln the laet quarter. The most dls astrous aocldent reported ln thls bul? letin. a colllslon causing 34 ? deaths and injuring 24, is attrlbutcd to the failuro of the traln-dlspatchlng system. because a telegraph operator fell aBleop, and, on awaklng, mlBlnforrned the traln dls patcher as to what had occurred whlle he was asleep. The followlng meetlngs aro announced: August 2lst?Natlonal Rallrond Master Blacksmlths' Association at Chlcago. IH. August 28th?Travellng Englneers As? sociation at Chlcago. 111 September 14tS-^-Masler Car nnd Loco motlve Palnters' Association nt V. ash "lept'ember 18th?AsBodatlonof Mnlnte nance of Way Master Palntera nt New October 15th?Amerlcnn Street and In torurbari" Railway Aasoclatlon at Colum "october" 16th?Amerlcan Association of General.Passenger nnd Tlcket Agcnta nt Atlantic Clty, N. J. :-. _,,,,?,.,., October 10th?Association of Ratlwa> Superintendents of Bridges and Buildings at Boston, Mass, ,?,,.? ?? October 17th?American Association or Railway Surgeons at Chlcago. 111. Thls year tho London and Nort? West? ern celebratcs Its diamond Jubilco. lt ls a far cry to 1846 when the London and Blrmlngham, thc Grand J"nctlon, nnd tho Manchester and Blrmlngham KalUa>* becamo amalgamated and formed tho beglnnlnga of tho great compnny as it ls now known. After much warfaro be? tween themselvcs. tficso threo llnea be camo senslble of tho necesslty o Jun Intr the hatchet and of consolldatlng to reflst the attacks of the .Great W???E (whlch then threatened .to spread the broad-gauge all over the country ln op? posltlon to thelr narrow-gnugo "??*>? *?g also of the promoters of the ^London to York achoroe. now the Great Nwtheni Railway, Tbo actual mlleago then was 350 mlles. apart from llnes workod and lenscd by the company. and ^e capltal under 587,250.000. Tho mlleage noA op? erated ls 2.9.0 mllos. The Northwostern fs crcdlted wlth- belng the largo st JcInt Htook railway corporatlon In tho world. wlth a caplUl in 1905 of WW.50O.000. and a revenuo of J73,800,000. lt owns 3.0..0 englnes 0,500 cars. ",900 wagons om? ploys 80,000 persona, carriedl last yc/.r .4,000,000 passengera and <S.800.000 tona of freight, and used 60 tons> of ralluny tlckets lts trafflc recolpts for the holt year Just elosed shows remarkablo pros pedty thls llno hoadlng the Mat wlth an accreeMe turnover of |3u.B^o.ouu, an in er-Moof no less than $1,310,000 ovor tho correspondlng period of last yenr. ronaul Wllllam Bardel writes from Bamberg that Englneer Hfflderuuer ol SniThurg, has lnventod a balioon rallrond fxporlments wlth whlch are.now behw mude ln the mountains ln tho noitnuoi *?_._.-' ?ferrnat&ary balioon Whlchls f astonod to a .llde ru??i?g a^ng a slnglo steel rall. Tho rail is Wif "?- * to tho slde of a ?eeP mountain whrclior dlnary rallroads could not c imb. exc^in. through deep ?/? and. tunnel"; rhe bal tiin motlve nower ls furnlshed oy "y"1" from tho balioon ls a clrcuiar? <gr ^ -.? -, th. nu.zllng dlflloultlea whlch ,ftnUUhn? The 'ifam locomouvo on _Mneman who la Placed ln oh&*i?ned To modern electrlc ??'i0''1" ,_?.,,? 0n Btoam haul through P^'l^e\Tttinam7ihoToi Ines wlll. bo '^u^man at the throttle. 3u.?P,n?B.hPrnhWnB?n_dno under hlm, hns yUA,mhar o? waya of knowlng uncon a number orwu?? h) englne CJVeri fn'tho dark HePcali tell (nstlnctlvolv from lh? temno of the various rhythmfo mo. JiJ?no,)?)Ptha englne almost wlth exacti i ?r? hfa rato of progress without g onolng lVr->nh!Phor mllo post, Or In dnyllght ho knows* aubcoSScloiialy irom the very fact nJ having hud un^er h's, Pyo to,r YenrB ?L Vavolutlona of hls drivlng wheels or 1* ntove on" of roclprocatlng parts al moat preclsely the speed per hour whlo thfiir motion repreaenta. It is a woll &own oxpBrleneo wlth englnemen that when afteV a long period wlth n partlcu lar englno, they aro glyen a locomotiva wlth muoh largor .drivlng wheela. -they aro for a tlme somewhnt at sea ln their sneed celoulatlons, owlng to tho slower movement of the drlvers. Tho olociric pnclno has no roclprocatlng parts; It Is rlKld nioves nolselessly nnd wlth very llttle vlhraMon.. Apparently the only way ln whlch the speed can bo judored Is bv cureful attention to tho rapldlty- wlth whlch the objecta at a given dlstnni-o from the track aro passed; An old en? glneer says.thot ln,a recent run on an eloctrlo englno whlch hls tralnlng told hlm contalned spurts dt the rate o( alxty milea per hour he was surprlsed to learn from otiiera who had closoly observotl the mllo posts that. he had traveled at'tN rate of about elghty-two mllos an hour, In the chango from steam to electrlc|t_ the craft of the loeomo'.lve onglnemon wi'.i ln various ways bo dovelopod ln B8W -htumoU.