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BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF THE JAMESTOWN EXPOSITION GROUNDS (g) GUVKRlgJE^CT EXBIBTT^. ?TOCP gEOPOCJ^, @ TSSrVJEACTXTKlZ^ A3*P UgEBAI, AE?*3S. OD ?Ser^EKfCgQCIl X3HEBTCS. (!? :PEKN3^^fiO?n?-\ fWVIRSINCIA_ . ? J^K^XAND. @ 3NSIDE TKN".. QCj) "TO&R IPATS. @NEt5RO EF.3ES?vKnDK. ? BfnMIXZ&Vm&L. TL-EET. qgtltl.VtK.-VlHEi.AND GB&ND -31SKP. <SgFk&&~ZOBZSL.. JSl^rrE.. .tf-frlXE I>^E?J2G. ?.GOTJSf-rnEVD PIER.* @>.^TJTSAI^: Cot^Ti^ISin! ETETS.. (gj). ^lE4flCE. E3HIKrav @ PBmADELPHTA.. KESo^^ae^nncrisc. GOVERNMENTS EXHIB1T TO BE ONE OF BEST EVER MADE IIV .lOH.V T. M.U.'IXMS. J A M I: .S T O W N E XPOSITIO N" GROUNDS, May 4.?With almost com pli ?-? Installation of the government exhibits at the Jamestown Kxpoaltion, it ia seen that thla branch of the great show Is all that the plans oatllnod, and even moro in one roapect?thc \nter esting character of the aelcctlons. One can g"t n falrly accurate view of thls cxhlblt ln hnlf a day of genuinely ab eorblng Inspeetlon. Museums are often tlrersome to lay folks, becau.v? of their speclallzed charaetor, re-(|uiring special knowledge for tho simplest apprecla tlon. Thla Is not true of tho exhibits selected for the Jamestown Exposi? tion. And thla eloes not havo reference to the great government elouhlo piers and beautlful classlc group of build? ings, with their connectlng porlstyles, hor to the mlghty fleeta off shoro, at night brllllantly lllumlnatcel nnd out Rneel ln hull, mast and funnels in elec? trlc bulba, nor yet to the milltary encampment. It refers apecifically to the exhibits themaelvea. The Immcnse Guns. Insldo the flrst bulldlng. tho models of the largest size guns are} scun in half sectlons. These guns nre of tho twelvo-lnch type, and their breeehes Beom tjO ho about flvo feet in dlameter, whlle the length is apparently flfty feet. So like ln appearance to tho real weapon are tho models that ono tapu them to make sure. Then ho tnps an elght-lnoh plato of tho Harvoyized klnd, and that has been perl'orated by aeveral ahots from fivo-Inch guns, anel ls aurprlROd to flnd that It is a. genulno plato, from the provlng groun.ls at Indian Hend. Ho ls llkewiso surprised when he pneountera a l'ourteen-lncli, old-timo snioothboro and another stub gun of olght-inch bore that is nothlng l.ss than a real up-to-date mortar, Wlien he flnds hlmaelf in a group of foot and mounted army racn he Ia qulte sure that at least one ls allvo nnd will presently mov<e, betraylng tho fact that he is at work among the others, hut the vlaltor len't auro for some timo which unlformed ono of tho lot Is real and whlch a lay-flgure until he has cnrofully sennnod oneh ono of tho score, oxpectlng at eaeh turn to flnd himsclC laughed at for auapbot lng that partlcular s'oldler man or of licor to ho wax. They are all wax and are lntendbd to show tho present day unlforms of the army. You walk along besido a fleld nr tillery outllt, horses, mulcs and ali, anel carofully keep away from tho an imals' heols s.ml .momontarily expect a swish from one of the tails, but thoy are only atuffoel. You spcnil a eleal of timo among tho scoro of beautlful models of wnr slilps; those mado famous at Mnnllt anel Santlago, and somo of tho many big follows built slnco tho War wlth Spaln, nnd you tnko a look into tlm model dry-elock, ln which a vosael reals. a feature always Interosting to the travelor from tho interlor, who per? haps has never seen a ahip-in graving Uoek. Tho models of old ships?thoso of the caravel type, ono of tho little fleet of Co - lumbus, twu e.t' Npwport'a whlch brought John Smith aml hls party to Jamestown? anel there a model of the Mayllower, loved ol' Now Englandors, Thoso models nro wondorful pieees ol" worluuuiishlp, glvlng tlie old-typo of rlga In inluuto de tuil showlng tho old poop and varlous elecles llko steps on whlch wer_ yhiced tho brass e-annon, e.lno cau sou tlio old wor thlos treadlng their doeks. Captain John Smith and Party. Tho largo group showlng Captaln Jolm Smith aud hls party In u sm<l tradlng crnft built nt Jamestown, elruwn Into fi small atroain and liarterlng wltR tho nearly iiuda natlvcs, buoks, and sipiaws, who havo como nloilgaldo ln dug-out cu noes, Is so llfe-llko nnd givos so eon vlnoing ti plcture of what such a acono must have heen, that thls pieco-of work must. sui'vty Und pluco in tho NtUiouul Museum after the exposition. The cos tunilng. hlstorically correct, holds tho eye, and the expresslon of the faces is too reallstlc to pass for ordlnai-y wax work. Thls samo eharaeterlstlo Is notlced In the grOupv, showing tho early colonlsls ln typlcal dress?mc.-n and women of the POWHATAN GUARDS UNDER CARPENTER TO SUBDUE CROOKS 3SS00O CARPENTER'S Powhatan Guards Re'n'dcr Valiant Service at Jamestown Exposition. rSpeclal From a Staff Ctirrespon.lont. I J A il E S T O AV N J-: X P O S I T I O N OROUNDS, Mny 4.?The Columblan Guards policed tho grounds of tho Chicago AVorld's Falr; tho Jefferson Guards performod that duty at tho St. Louls Exposition, ancl tho Powha? tan Guards aro protectlng property and porservlhg ordor on Iho grounds of tho Jamestown Exposition. Tho guards form a mllltary organl? zatlon of two hundred men, dividod into throo Infantry companies, and a cavalry troop. Captaln Henry AAr. Car? penter, of tho martnc corps, is ln com. mand of the guard. Ho organizod it several months ngo, havlng been de talled for thal purpose by tho secre? tary of war. Ito luis dono'his work so well thnt he Is tho roclpiont of unlver sul oommendatlon hy tho men at tho heud nf tho exposition, aud by the timo tho blg show cloaes tho general publlc, or that pprtton whicli hns vls? ited thn grounds wlll be ready to nd init that in so fnr ns pollcillg was con corned, at lenst, tho oxposltion aviis excellontly miDiaged. That which Captain Carpenter hns nccoinplishod Is the oiilistmont of nhciut two hundred mon, nearly overy ono of them n dlscharged soldler, or lnurlno; he hns hls cavalry troop well 'mountod on gray horses; hls nion nro neatly unlformod- in Confedorato gray, living In tents on tho grounds near tho slto of tho mllltla c-ncampniont. and thoy nre prosorvlng ordor und plneh ing orooks, and maklng susplcluus chnrncterH movo nlong ln a way that wurms tho heart of tho ofllclals of Norfolk county, Ho is working iu Cavaller reglon of tho South, tho 1'uritan Of New England, the Dutch of New York und the Spunlurd of Florlda. Every where In tho srovernment build? ings one Is held to observe close-Iy the flne oxamplea of topographlcal work. To loeal people 't ls lnteresting to seo the entlre country about Norfolk, land and gj . THE &Ofi/ff?T0Ar je?ZJ&J=?Z> S ^>-y-& closo eo-oporatlon wlth SherifC Croin well, ot' the county, who sald tlio othor ! dny ho had been so b py ln tlie dls- ! charge of hla eluty sinc'e work at tho exposition grounds atarted be hael not heen to hls ofTleo but onco slnee tho flrst of tlie present yenr. He took tho llolel New Year's dny and lias kopt lt. Tho guardhouso is located about tho wldtli of a eity block from tho eainp of tlio Pbwhiitan Guard. The lock-up Is a frame structure, nnd tlie upper or seeonel slory ls useel as n eourtroom. Thero Juatlco R. Q. Raclcus sit3 aa justico, personilled twice a day. Finea und linprl8onmenta are motod out wlth pniillgal 'hand. A Vavorlto sontoneo is to send tho eulprlt to work on tho boulemird whlch ls belng e onstruetetl from Norfolk to tho grounds. "i nnv. afrald i am not golng to get tho e-redlt for tho e-onstniction nf that hoiilevurd" snid Captaln Carponter to-clay, "but I am I'urnlsliing ints of tlie lahe.iors who are bulbllng It." Captulli Carponter liolleves ln qulck justico. llo has not the timo, and thu men to spuro to guard prisoners, there, fort-, from Monday untll tho elose o( the exposition ho wlll hnve a niagis trate at tho loekup conslantly sn that cases may bo passed upon us soon as nn nrrost ls made. ** llliclt salo of Unuor, iightlng, pllfor V water, reproduced with doprc-sfcions and elevatlons and character of soll duly lndl cated, whlle the navlgator is Interested'in aeing the atreama and waterways with depths and shalloW3_ all earefully repre sented.' Thero ls a topographical map or thc Unlted Statos; ono of New York lrurbur, ing, nnd minor crlinea havo thus far boon tho only oncs whlch tho guard. hns had to deal with. Plckpockets and lllm-llam mon wlll glvo troublo later nlong. Thore hns boon fnr loss crime coinmlttod and attomptod at tho Jamofttown exposltlon thnn nt wny procedlng exposltlon durlng tlio pro opohlng perlod. Whilo thero havo hoen but four or llve Inclplont flros at tho exposltlon, ut Nashvlllo thoro woro 151 inclplont tlros beforo that exposltlon oponod. Tho iiri's ut the Jahiostow'n oxposkiiiii hnvo boon dtscoverod und oxtlnguishod by tho guards ln almost ovory caso. Tho exposltlon uinniigoinont i'.S'ls that too mucll is belng pald out for poilce, but thoro were *J,50(I guards at tho Chlcago oxpoaltlon and 1,700^ at the world's falr ul St, Louis, lt would appoiir that 200 ls a small enough number for Jamestown. The guards at St. Louis recelved $50 a month, nnd those nt Chlcago ro oolvod ?10. whlch was nfterwurds iv ducotl to $50, Tho prlvate iu tho I'owhataii Guards ivclvos i'ii\ a month but ho uiso gots his unlform, hla nuurtera, and hls ratlons, Tho totut cost to tho exposltlon'coinpany ls os tliuate.l ut $11G n niouth. Captaln Cnrpotiter insists that all dpuUcuntS for onllstnieut shall have showlng the great now Ambrose Channol, thnt will admlt tho depost draft vessels likely to be built for some time, at all stages of tlde, Arllngton Cemetery and others. Ono ateps naturally from thls to the flno spcelmens of photography?those of tho Capltol at Washington at dlfferent had prevloua mllitary servlco. Ninety eight per eent of thu men havo served In tho army or tho niarlno corpa, Some of Hla men nro dlacharged Brltlsh Boldlers. Ex-spldiora must havo h'on orublo dlsebarges. Thero aro somo interestlng charact ors ln the guards. liniv of thoso ls Rivors. who hus hls dlsebargo from tho Brltlsh servlce, and -was ono oC lir. .lanilsan's ralders, whose Incurslon into tho Transvaul came near pre elpitatlng tlm Bodr war several years before hostllltles hegun, and wns tho real causo ol' the atl'Ugglo whlch ter iiilnat.-il In thn downl'ull of Ihe I'.oer ropubllc, Meillor, a disoharged Amerlcan sol? dier, is n survlvor of tlio massncre ol' Company C, of the Nlnth livfantry by tho FiUpinos ut Halungegan. Menler had Just left a watch tower, whero ho had heen statloned during the night, to go to hls broakl'uHt. Whon bn heard tho tlrlng ho rushed back to tho tower. Jusl as he wan nbout to awlng hlmself Into it, u l-'lllplno al ready thero trled lo.l'oree hlui baok, but he held on and maniiged to get up. Ile foimd th" tower held hy eight Insiirgents,. aud he proceeded to get busy. Ile eluhhed four of Iho l-'llipluos to death hel'oro they could klll lilni wlth tlui^r bolos, aud thun usod hls perlods of completlon or chnngea and prospcctlve changes lwing noteworthy. And then are seen portralts of all the Preatdenta and-most of thu great men of public; life, thoso of tho COnfoUeracy flgurlng oqualty wltli thoso of tho North or earUer days ln the Fedoral exhihit. Thoro are Leo and Jackaon nnd Davls and liayonot with such good offoot upon tho others that elght dond Inaurgenta woro lylng on thu narrow lloor of tho tower whon ho got through, Ai'i- r undergolng a slog,' Menlor wns re oelvod by a rollot party ol' Amorlcan troops. ChorokOa Bill, whn wns with the Rough Rldors at Santiago, is another tiu-inhor of tho guards. Captaln Garwood, who commnnds Company H, was in tlu- Phlllpplno constabulary for u conaldernblo tlme nnd parllclpated in 3.1 ongugomenta, Lleutenant Porter-IIouse, of Win ohestor, commanda Compan}* A. and Lleutenant McKay commanda tl, ? unv. alry aiid ls also tompornrlly iu com lllilllil ol' C'oiiipiiny 0, Captaln Carpontor hns th,. absoktto uiilhorlty to engugo und dlschnrgo tho mon undor hlm. Thia power was not possossed by tho eoniiiiandanta ut othor oxpoaltlons, with tho result that when n man waa onco ongagod, often through polltlcal pull, It was ultilost Impnsslblo to got rld of him. "Thoro is no rod tape about flrlng a mnn hor"" said Captaln Carpenter, ?*i Blinply teii hlm 'glt' nnd he gits." Captain Carpontor, and Mrs. I'ariioii. ! ti-r wlll occiim.v a pretty cottago hoar I tho guard c.iiiip, aud on Iho. cdgo Ot I tho mllltta oneiuupiuoiH, Cront and Sherman nnd Lincoin. Therc aro Washington and Itoosevelc. A llne of portralts runnlng around one apartment beglns with Coium'ou-i and ends wlth Roe)soveIt, thus brlugmg them. together. A mugnlfled photngrnph of the Decla ratlou of Independence makes that deo-. ument ten fee.t squure. A vlslt to the llshcrlos ls next ln ordor. and Btudents of aepiaria aro likely to be surpriaed at tho extent.of thls exhlblt; especially the number of tnuks, making it almosi as largo an aquarlum as thnt of New York, aiid up-to-date ln all Its appolntments, Tho llah culture exhlblt ls complete, and the speclmens of marlne growth ai.- qulte aa interestlng to tho knowlcdgo-seeklng layman as to tho atu dent. Tho corala am! sponges aro very numeroua, with many speclmens of tho cultivdted apotigea and aamplea ef treut e.i sponges. lf tho vlsltor doesn't kmiw It, he learna that tho aponge of comnie-vcr ls tln- akclcton of tne rnarine aniii.nl apongo. Tlie stock yards, In mlnlature, with methoda of handling cattle and she-.jp, are shown, and beef Is se.-eii ln slabs thut look like the real thlng, but they nro no more ao than th..- exhibits of applea nr.'i Btrawberries; that aro tempting enough to cat, hut still are of wax. an.l so per? fect thut thev show exactly the eftee's ol' fnulty packing, the dift'oi.-nce of fruit gnnvu ln one kmd of aoll aud nnotii&r an.l of applea produced on young tre -.-? an.l those grown on older treea, the _it? ter bolr.g n ?: ao largo, but of tiVmer tex ture and more easlly kept for wlnici market. Our Outlying Possessions. Further cxploratlons through the gov? ernment exhibits reveala a great deal most peopl,- don't know about Alaska, Porto RIoo. tho^Phillpplnea and llnwnll. and ono goea bui feellng that a wholo dav. If not two. should be devoted to them, aml might, wlthout a tlresome miiiutu. Outaide the buildings is tlie topograph ical map of t!ie lsthmus of E'anamn, show? lng mountains. valleys, river eoursea and the cana.1 Itself, ln the waterwnya water actually runa to the s.-a, and the ocenns on either side .o ihe latlimua are of real water, Wh.-ro there nre green tt.-lds tho country Is green. aud so are tho moun? tains. The measuiements nro exact ln inlniatui-e. and the wholu .covers about a quorter of an acre, -*?-. America's Growth in Wealth. The baldest sort of outllne whlch ia possible to be mado of the growth of tho United Statea ln wealth leads us Into a fairylau.l of figures. Dlrector N'.rth, of the Censu8 Bureau, recently reported tho country'a wealth for 1001. at $106,881,000,000. Thoso figures aro so stupendous that the mlnd .-an hardly grasp them. Let us make a few corn parlsoiis. and seo lf we can show how fa"r and how fast tho Increase of wealtli has bcnten that o't populatlon. In 1850, the flrst year in whlch the Cenatia Bureau mudo uny Inqulry into the matter, lii.? country'a real and personal property ivac placed at a value of $7, 135,000,1.? II was $16,159,000,000 in ISUO; $12,ti 12,000,000, In ISS0; $S8,5S8, 000,000, iu 1000, and $106,881,000,000, ln 11)01. This Increase has so far exceedod, that ln populatlon that tho per. ca'ptta, wealth of tha country, whlch was $.'107, In 1850, \vas $513 In 1860, $850 iu 1880, $1,235 ln 1,000, and $1,300 in 1001. Although thero are no otnoial figures for tli>- country's wealth prevloua to is.-.o, the most. carofus estlmates whlch lmve heen made, place it at loss than $1,0.00,000,000 iu ISS0. ln that year tbe country'a populatlon was 5,308,000. Al lowlng for the growth between I'.liiii an.l the most recont year to whlch the Consus iiurenu's Inqulry has oxtended we may placo tho country's populalion to-day ut 85,000,000, aud its wealth at $116,000,000,000, Thus w<- see that from lMirt to these openlng days of ifiuT. whlle ihe populatlon eM' tho Unltott States has boeu multlpllod slxt.-eii tlmes, that oi' wealth Ims Increaaed US tlmos.?Loalb 's Woekly.