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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, April 21, 1908, Image 6

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fhnlneM Offlce.018 R. >laln fltreet,
\V?fhlnirton Bureau. .3r?-7 Mtinioy Bulldlng.
Manetientar Bureau.1102 Hull fitreel.
Pattrtburg Buroau.40 N. Byeaniore
Lvnchburg Buroau.Clf> Klgbth .'?'t.
BY MA.lt, One
Dally wlth Sunday. . .16.00
Dally wlthout Sumlay 4.00
Sunday cilltlon only.. S.00
AVeekly (W'ednes.laj i. 1.00
Br Tlm?*-rjl?patch Cnrrlor Dellvcry Fer
vlca In Rlrhmond tsnd auburbri, Slanchoa
ttr and Petersburg?
One Week. One A'ear.
Dally wlth Sunday-14 cants ?fi"?
Dnlly wlthout Runday..l0 cents 4.50
6unday only. & cents 2.30
fYearly .lubscrlpUons pnynble In advnnce.)
Bntered January 27, 1003. at Blchmond,
\?.. iui sccond-class mntter under act of
CMigreM nt March 3. 3 879._^
y?rann? wishlng to commimlc.nte wlth Tho
fhnes-Dlspnteh by telephono wlll ask cen?
tral for "1041," and on being answered from
tho offtco awltchboard, wlll indlcate tho do
pfcrtment or norson wlth whom they wlah
to spoak.
AVhon calllng bettvecn C A. M. and !
> II., call to centrnl offlre direct for 4041
compoalng-room; 4042, buslness offlce; 4043,
for ranlllng and prr.?n-iooms.
TUlvSDAY. APIUl. 21. 130S.
The Domocratlc party has surely had
sufficlent lnstruction to teach it tho
lebson that Its success Hes in adhcrencc
to Its prlnciple? rathcr than .in its
politlclans' vlews of oxpedlency. Untll
the Democratic party becanic talntcd
with Popullsm its ideals were all con
servatlve: ln A'irglnia, for many years
aftrr the war. It was called the "Con
Bcrvative party," whlle the Republicnn
party was known as the "Radlcnl
Iiarty," and there could not then be a
much severer denunclation of the Re
jmblicans than to call them the Radl
cal party.
It was the radicalism of the Rcpub
llcan party that gnlned for the Conser.v
atlve Democrats the vlctory whlch Til
den won over Hayes in 1S76. but which
was wrested from them by Republlcan
powcr nnd corruption. It was the dis
g-ust of the country wlth the excessee
nf Republlcan power nnd radicalism
thnt put Cleveland Into tho presldentlal
cbair in 1SS-I and agaln In 1S!>2. AVher
o.\cr the Democrats havo won it haa
been by reason of the excesses of the
Rtpublicans and thelr own eonserva
tism. It seems plain that an oppor
ti'nity in now presented to the Denio
ciats to Bfsert thelr old spirit of con
?crvatlsm and to wln a vlctory which
only co'.iservatism can gain for them.
It Is a well-established fact that
iioihlng is more conduclve to a change
of adminlstratlon thanapanlc and hard
t;mes. The Republicans have certainly
had everytbing their own way, and
what is the result? The Industries of
the coantry prostrated, hundreds of
tl.ousands of men out ot work, nnancia,!
ir.stltutlons wrecked, hundreds of mil
llons of good dlvidend-paying securi
ties In default. If ever thero was a
time for Uio Domocratlc party to wln
the confidence of the country it Is
Does any sane man believe that this
confidence can be won by .belaborlng
the prostratod victims of the Republl?
can mlsrule? Cun confidence be re
storcd nnd industry revived by pursu
ine in an rxaggerated form the samo
coursc that the Republicans have
adopted? Have the hlgh protectlve tariff.
"truBt-bustlng" and the vlndictlve pur
suit of swollon fortunes been so suc
ceEsful lhat the Democrats wili want
to adopt these pollcies, or anything
liko themT*' Is it,;.wlse for any party to
adopt a 'revenu.0 pollcy whlch tends to
create large fortunes, and then, havlng
crc-ated them, to proceed to denounce
and throaten them? Is it not open to
thc Democrats to prescnt to the coun?
try a gcneral poliry of reasonablcness
and moderation whlcb wili commond
the confidence and rospect of the coun?
try, and which wlll place both the in
dubtrios of the country and tho pos
scasion of fortunes upon a safer and
more stable foundatlon than anything
the Republicans have yet offered? But
how can this confidence be obtalned
by attempting to outdo the Republicans
in thelr assumptlon nnd abuse of
Tho tlme is ripe for thc wlsest men
of the Democratic party to put thelr
hcads and thelr hearts togother and
lay down a policy based upon pernia
nent princlplcs of economic truth nnd
plaln Justlce, and, hnvlng ch'osen a
K-ftder who bellovos in those esseiitlal
Democratic prlnclple's, to appeal to the
ccuntrj' to maintain the princlplcs and
elect such chosen Icadcr President of
thc Unlted States. Tho ldea that the
Oroaha platform, or any other platform
already lald down, is bound to ho
adopted, and that Mr. Bryan or any
other man Is bound to be norninatctl,
U lriconsistcnt with the very idea of
iree conference. The primary essential
of success is a conservatlve platform
?lobodying the c-Eseiitlal princlples q!
the Democratic party, as they havo
been alncc the party was founded,
wilhout novclties, and then to chooae
tbe best man to put upon that platform
?one who believes in the platform an.l
wlll pledge himself to support its prin
olples. The candidato is linmaterlal
when compared with princlplcs and
their euccobb.
The Democrats have not, slnce 1S7C,
had such an opportunlty for successful
rt-volt against the Republlcan party as
they now have. If they fuli to avnll
theniKelves of it al thls fuvorablc crlBls,
they wlll be jusily role*gated lo nn ob
?curity whero they cun only weep und
gpash their teeth,
The great discrepanty in thelr navieu
I U not the only reason wliy there Is
I little llkollhoocl of war between Turkey
l?n<L itaJy. Duplio hls bjilendid
sriny. (he Suhlltne Forfp of'thcse Vnod
ern tlmes Is nnl n flghting mnn. Th
ppiicp-nt-nny-prlcp tlu-ory nppenrs to fl
hlm Hke n <np. Or, nt nny rnte, hl
tllplonncy 1? n lulxture of rather ng
gfefstVo Impprllnpnce nnd Inmilllatln;
concesslon wlllch tho experienres u
CVislro, on this sldp of the world, onl;
falnlly tpproduce.
With ii present tonnnge of 20",62
nnd ;i prosppctlvp tonungo of 28S.431
Italy imiks sevpitlh nmnng the navn
powers of the world. In nnvnl offl
:lency, whlch tleponds upon other thlng
than 'mero tonnaae, Secretary Metcalf
rcporl of last December places Ital;
.-venth also. Turkey, stnnds nftcent
?i tho ioii. jitBt ahoad of Griece, Chln
ind Sfam. Italy has elght flrst-clns
u.illeshlps, seven second-class an
ievci'i ihird-class shlps. Turkey ha
ine ilrit-clnss vessol and nonn In th
>ther two classes. In all classes, I
Iftctj Turkey Is hopolessly dlstanced
ixcopt ln the torppdo gunboats, u typ
if vessvl which few of the more power
ui navles are enthuslastlc nbout, Thu
Treat Brllaln has only soventeen o
hese gtinbonts, wlille Turkey has fif
cen. But Great Brltnln has elghty-sl.
orpedo-hoats an.l Italy lias seventy
our, as ngalust Turkey'a one. Despit
he abiurdly large number of men nn.
ifflcors whlch tho Turkish floallng nr
namont Includes, n navni engagemen
ictwce.'i that country ahd Italy wouli
>e ln the nature of a inonologue.
Mutual Je'alousles ln Europe niako ai
.j-snult upon the Ottoman ptnplre mor.
.r less of a tlckllsh business, but ln thi
nsc tho concert of powers has blddei
taly t;odspeed. Moreover, Italy l:
hrlce armed ln havlng her* quarrel just
f therc were no olher cause than th.
irlvltegc of establlshlng her own post
ifilces, ;iko other natlons who havi
:itl7.ens or subjects ln' Turkey, thi:
could bc truo. A government has th.
Ight to lnslst on prlvato servlce ln ;
ountry where the oITlclnls have th.
? nfortunatn hablt of prylng Into pco
lie's letters.
Among those New York Democrnt:
cho are reported as havlng refttsed t.
;o to Denver as delegntes-at-large ar.
layor McClollan. John B. Stanchfleld
Javld B. IIIll, Edward Murphy, .Ir.
)lstrict Attorney .lerome. Thomas F
tyan, August Belmont, Charles S. Falr
hlld, Edward M. Sheppard and R. Ful
on Cutting. Meanwhllo the Demo
ratlc party of New York, once prouc
inder the lcndership of Tilden and
.'ltvela-.id. now humbly follows Bos.
lurphy, the cx-bartender.
The ftrength of Democracy Is, oi
our.se. its univcrsality. As a silli
locklng party alone it could not suc.
eed. But no less surely Is it doomec
o destruction If it dellberately allen
tes all those who wllj neither bow tc
idivldual boss rule nor be held ir
:ashed servltude by a scanty share oi
ubllc plunder.
With Odell. Murphy and Hearst tc
hoose between. the Intelllgent and
atriotic voter of New Tork has scan
'lace for polltical hopo and small ln
tntive to publlc splrlt.
Few benefactors of mankind havi
!ver achieved such great servlces fo.
helr fellowmen as Dr. Robert Koch
he great German bacterlologlst. Fo:
eara Dr. Koch has sought to dls
over a serum cure for tuberculosis
nd though he has not effected thi;
iroccss, he has added enormously tt
he knowledge of the world as to thi
'est mothods for flghting the whitc
.laguc of Europe and Amcrica.
The steadily decreasing death rat<
rom tuberculosis where moder:
nethods for prevention are enforcc.
s the inexprcsslble gift that the whlt.
aces have received from tho labon
if Dr. Koch and his fellow students
"hough he ls now a score of years be
ond Dr. Osler's limit, this vlgoroui
lOrman professor comes to Amerlc
res'h from eighteen nionths apent it
ho heart ot Africa, on an Island o:
^ake Vlctorla Nyanza. It.was on- thi:
sland that Dr. Koch pursued hii
tudles of the dread sleeplng slckness
nd he belloyea that in "atoxile" h(
las dcveloped a cure. After a shor
islt to America, Dr. Koch will go tc
apan and India, whore ho will study
h.e bubonic plague, which is the cursc
if Asla. At an age when others are
ceklng rest and retlrement, it is ar
nspiration to seo this earnest workei
totlll following knowledge, like c
. sinking star,
?eyond tho utmost bounds of humar
If it is posslblc, America as a na
iou should pay signal and deservee
lonors to this great peacemakor be
wecn mankind and death, whose namc
las already been honorcd in foreigr
ands and placcd hlgh among hb'lderi
?f the Nobcl prlzos for sorvices in tlic
Icld of mcdlcine.
Gabriele D'AnnunzIo has bought
ight new purple umbrellas, and thc
.os Angelps Tlmes states that ho got
hem purple to inatch hls complexion.
'ersonally. wo lenn to the vlew that
ho nrdent author was secking to
natch his publlshod works.
Conyider the case of Frank Rusk, n
")es Molnes haseball enthusiast, ? who
ook pbison because the home-team
ost. Tho general prevalonce of this
leplorable custom would doclmato tlic
lop.ulatlon of Washlngton ln three
A man from the State of Washlng
oti went crazy the other day, whilo
ravollng through Missourl on a fasl
rain. People oan't. he lon careful
.vhnt states they travel through Ir
hese days.
"lt worrios the German Emperor Ic
lve on j:i,030,000 a year," says thc
.'hicago Npws. Howpvpr, tho gentle
nan will liardly appreclato what rca:
.vorry ls untll he has'trled to keen n
?ook on $i3.f,o a week.
Clevor Mr. Sherble Beoker, In nmk
ng lilfl gubernatorlal canvaBs ln u
iiillor.n. wiu cortainly havo thc ud
?antage of hla uompetltors when ii
lomea t? dropplug a few r'emarks.
NeyarthelosB, wo beg to rcmlnd the
Iou. Bourko Cockran that a natlonn'
ilghway, ln thla age of graft, wqulc
oad irreBiBtlbl^ to> & national hlgh.
v.ay.man, ' w
jlj._.i:j _..__v_j_i>;j - l/ i.iji. J\.X\j.rXl
Rhymes for To-Day
NOT of the snows of tlie .v?<sler-ye?r.
Not of thelr pnssltig do I make
Not of Ihe rohlns that once snng here,
Not -of tho hloomn of my grnndslrr's
These nre ,,11 gone to thelr newer tnsk.
Dend or roniade?you cnn tnko your
I'.ut thls I* the thlng tbnt I rlse to ask:
AVhat hns becbma of tho old Blg
Qpautlflli Ifldlcs who dled nre dend,
fc'mlles that they snillcd nre gone,
Roses, when crumbled, wlll loso thelr
Klsses once klssed?who cnn whlstlo
'eni bnck'.' ?
Ask me no more of such thlngs ns
Henri* thHt are proberl to thelr dend
turn slok:
Talk of thls present. and tell, if you
A\'hnt has bocome of the old Rlg
llcnds lo be bnttered, nnd that rest
. Peopln to thump on. and that hang
- Men to be slnughtered, and that not
Blffs 16 be glyen and that act sklmp?
AA'hat Is the mennlng.of thls stlll pause?
Some one must tell me, and tell me
I AA'ho has been trlmmlng T. Roosevelfs
AA'hat has becomo of the once Big
Stlck? H. S. H.
A'ery Wnkeful.
"That new preacher you have la a prettv
wldeawake young man, Isn't he?"
"Vep. Keeps rlght on nrearhln* when
evcrybody else la asleep."?Cleveland Leader.
Mr. AVopdy: "Mualc Is a most faaelnatlng
? Vi ? ?? you knon' va nke to sinfir'aw
Mlss Rluni (who had heard him): "Oh.
you do.' ?Boston Transcrlpt.
Tl r t'anny Scot.
"1 hear yer frlen' Tamson's marr'led
- agaln.
"Aye. so ho is. llc's heen n dear frlen'
taa me. lle'a cost me three wcddln' pres
cnto an' twa wrcaths."?London Tll-Blts.
The Modern Elopemcnt,
.. u'H."e ls a map of ,he routo "'o shall
"DId you make two of them?"
"No; what for?"
"So papa wlll be able to ovartake u? and
forglve us."?Hotuiton Poit,
The rubllc AYIII Attend to It.
"I wonder what's the nieanlng of the cx
D*_l"e0*^ 'I,lstor5' "Pea'3 itself.' '? asked
"I don't know," replled Subbubs. "but I
do know If it's a acandalous famlly hlstory
Pr-".,'?" ' ?X"rt ltself at aI1-"?Phlladciphia
How II Begnn.
Tho Good Samarltan modestly related hls
_3ln.0j" ?ri,e,a hls Mends. "Thls wlll
stiirt the sltting up wlth a slck frlcnd ex
llerewlth they Joyfully haatened home to
thelr wlvea.?New A'ork Sun.
EA'EN after reading the Presldent's Btrflc
ing parallel between us and Chlna we
can t work up muoh terror over'the
piofpect of being dlsmembered.?Ohlo State
A Kansas city judge flned a wife beater
$500 the other day, and while we saw no
ihing to that effect ln prlnt. we feel prettv
sure that the wtfe immedlately hustled
are und to ra:se the monev.?AA'ashlngton
The Washlngtoh Tlmes, noting the pre?
encp of rt. v. Davldson ln AA'ashlngton, says:
".'-'ome day Davtdson may come to the Sen
ate." And tt Is Just as true as that boiiio
day the Archblshop of Canterbury may be
ccme the socond baseman of the AVashlng
tou ball team.?Houston Poat.
A college freahman Is a person who musi
on no account infrlnge on the excltrslve rlght
of the other undergraduates to be fresh.?
Erooklyn Standard Unlon.
A Mlssourl candldatc says he "heard the
call llke a volco ln the nlght." And possi
blv lt was merely a neiithbor's baby havlng
the collc.?AA'ashlngton Post.
"We want eggs. and we want them bad,"
atlvertlses a Kansas merchant. accordlng' to
tha Omaha Bee. No trouble to got them;
buy the cold storage varlety.?AV&ahlngton
Conslderlng that Congress has just made
thc largest approprlatlon over glven to the
YVeather Bureau, we suggest that we are not
at all satlsfled wlth wlnter Hngerlng ln thc
lap of sprlng.?Fhlladelphla Ledger.
Xew speelmens of grass and whlte orchlfls
r.over before known to exlst ln thls country
hnye been dlscoverod In Capc May county,
Accordlng to the Seattle Fost-lntelllgeneer,
the Belllngham (Wnsh.) mllls have "cut
lumber enough to mako R twelvo-lnch board
walk around the world."
Mrs. U. S. Klstler. of Sallna, Kas? Is a
sort of ayndtcate woman. Over 1,700 pleces
oi flesh were grafted on her body when she
was burned In an cxploalon.
Frnncls BRCon was plnln ln hls hablts of
enting. AVhlle provl.llng elaborate and
splendld banquets for hls guests he hlm
sclf ate only one or two slniple dlshes.
Subjeet to tha action of llquld alr. lead
becomos elastlc. and can bo mnde to re
bound or serve as a splral sprlng durlng
tho contlnuance of thls low temperaturo.
The telephono, apparently ao extremely
sersltlve, ls found by Henry Abrabam to
transmlt to tbe ear less than a thousandth
of the energy rocolved from the line.
The German Presbytcrlans have decided,
after a long controvorsy, to contlnue the
publlcatlon of both thelr denomlnatlonal
papcra instead of consolldatlng them.
A palr of sandals for use ln Masonic rlt
uollstlc wnrk. costlng il,r,00, has been made
iit Lynn, Mass. The sandals are made en
tircly ofsold leaf. and welghs loss than three
The Ohlo Yearly Meetlng is tho onlv or
gaulzatlon of Frlends that doea not clalm
motnberahlp ln the Flva Years' Meetlng. lt
hv i?*!'"''' ?'lcc,cP"'d tho dlsclpllno adopted
ui twelvo yearly meetings.
A jiuio mltie In Slaklyou countv, cal? ia
?.ntrv 7?",'c onl-v,?n? ?f Its klhd ln thls
r.n?? y"j, Io ,v(ls dl*covered thero ln
?"..''na,nhn l,,,'i,a ,-howed that the mlneral was
up to the standard in every partlcular.
hinVH^axon nrm, ,,,a8 Introduced a new road
I."_J?if^_TP5-8lt on ior Prcv?ntlng dust. it
Is called apokonln. and ls a mlxture of the
tillMon r?",dufl ?"S ob,a'n?d ln fhe dls
---bo_ C0Rl tar wl,h hleh bolllnK ?'y<lro
winropn cluSBC? of "HOng. 'uii tisl"" *F_;*,t
\oiy ofton large blrds of beautlfui
Phmage oomo to thelr ii.ml Tostng
Place ln thls manner upon the bleak
sipn, seyor.il years ago, tho thlok glass
of the huitern was shlvered to atorns
by the lmnact of nomo strango hird
uXja___Xui build,?xoris Tranacr-U
^-^vx.i.i.rj.v/Ai j./, v XI,, 1U.UJ01/.J
Conjldera (lu* silck Tmi Hlg.
We tlilnlt that If we are lo malnialn nur
rciatlve poaltlon among the. novlea of (he
lvn.r.'/'-.,t "'"uhl be unfer to order four blg
?attlaablp* whlle ohout the Inb But no
niatter how anund the .liiilgment of thc
I'l.aldent ln this reapect hla meihod of Im
oresslng hla plan on Congress waa hlamnhlp
ii the hlghest riegree. whlle hla thrent to
knnck down Brown'a hottse If Smim dld
"10! glve hlni the lioata he wnnled waa un
ivertliy thedlgnlty of n man and transcend
MJ all iiilea of offlclnl proprlety, tf oft*r
Inc ilglil thlng he pursuml It In a wny so
8U pably wrong aa to Invlte and Juatlfy rc
uke.?Nutfolk Vlrglnla n-I'llot.
\ T.ow f.evcl.'
It haa fong been conaldere.l tiiat the lower
llnusp of Congress haa not been n dpllbern
tjvt bodyj but now, under the new rule*,
Iio Rppuhllcana. for partlsun ptirpose*. have
.?duced It to n lower IpvpI lhan any of the
?itpulnr assemblles of Plitrnpe not exreptlng
ho Douma of Ruaala.?-Alexandrla Qazeito.'
ibe Aldrlch lllll.
Tho actlon of fhe llouso committee on the
Mfirlch currency blll la wlmt mlght have
>ren expected after publlc sentlment should
?r.x-etlme to pro.luce Ita legltlntnte effect on
no cunmlttee and on Congress, We havil
in nlone mnlntahied that the country had
lecome ton weii infurmod on currenoy mot-l
era to permlt the enactment of anolher
icnd-aeom-ed currency blll. Tlio more tho
iircussl.jii proceeda the less llkel.v that nnv
uenaurn ahnll pnaa and becomp a law whlch
loes not cmbody th? enllghtened e\porlenc?
?f the flnnnclal world. We trust Ihla actlon
juts a quletua on all aucli measurea.?
daunton Dlapateh nnd News.
"ongreaa nnd Ihc Currency.
There are about twenty-one ninre work
nr. dnya fotYCongress, und cvcrythlng pointa
o n verlflcatlon of thc Index-Appeal'i pro
'hecv that no currency blll will be paaaeil
it thla aeaalon or Congress. Tho flougfc
.ommlttee on Banlilng and Currencv ha*
ald tho Aldrlch blll on the table. The
reelnnd subatltuta la but In lt* Inchonte
tat.\ and has yet to run the gauntlet nf
ne Repuhllcan caucua and the hanklng corn
nlttee. Should the Fowler blll paaa the
louae lt will bo arrested In the Senate.
vhere the Aldrlch blll haa alrendy been
? Ippted. Then will come the conferencc
nd the explratlon of the twenty-one days,
r't/1. nothlnu- aceompllshed but the oblcct
? lilch the Republlcan party hnd In vlew nt
ii'. openlng of the se.sslon, whlch waa to
III tlme and avofd tho burden of currencv
Tislatlon in a presldentlal eampalgn. Tho
Juraa of thc majorlty In Congresa prottv
teany ahows that there was no purpoae or
eslre on the part of rtepublieans to do anv
cng with the currency at this sesslon.?Pc
eisburg Index-Appenl.
i?ulnst Incrpnsed Armnmenl.
Whlle we do not belleve the world has yet
uvanced to that condltlon In which lt would
o aafe to do away entlrely with our armv,
-t there diioa not appear lo bo anv good
cr.son for Increaalng lt. We already havo
K?X.? ^7'' ,n"d wh,le " '" Prol-able that
, SVfL- P UeC( "P t0 "? Present relatlve
, Li? .w.m.?'V5 lhc natlons of the earth we
infcn ii H tihere 0UKl,, '" br nnv effort tS
inKo It the largeat In the world. Sueh a
ipye. wpul.l necessllatc an enormous' ox
Phctlture of money wlthout anv corresnond
U beneflt.?Harrlsonburg Tlme.
he Negro In rolltlcs.
Jh,l.,!e.K,Tatg ot the Sou,h ?Ve f.?t l.am
Y'.wl . ! y R/e r,c"her wnnted nor desired
n. 2.',nnk",of "", "vpubllcan party/Thla
onven,r|on',b'e>MCn'l?e,,C5d '" the ^ynchburi
nion of the ,ace waa absolutely refuscd.
For nearly a half century thI'nVgrl las
bpservlce, Af ,hd h0 only "cosnltlon of
a?- h?; ?~ the ,**''?'? as a Polltlcal unlt
i i?n an occ?slonal bestowal of mnw
?MRultlcnnt Federal offlce. grudglngjy IpJSS
^ ar,i evldence \,t "good falt?'f infrely th?
'"n-lhifoanokJeV-,nire?,m 'he ^"'^^
la.v Be Cnunteil.
And .lust watch. these verv fellnws ?k?
? i
t Haa Mved Kar I.onger Than IU ]
i,^U?intlon nas been talled to the fact
hat the present tariff law, known as
he DIngley tariff law, has been?Tn ef
ect longer than anv previous cua
oms law. Thc tariff of nextionaest i
luratlon was the Walker tariff which '
ecame effective December 1. 846 and ,
??as not supcrseded for teh' years and ',
16 days. The Dlngley tariff becam, '
laced for some conslderabTe"tlme, so
hat lt seems destlned to make a con- ,
Pfcuous -ecord for longevltv That tho '
mnnBnl0y tf,rlff hfls retalned' iT?"lace l
mong. active statutes so long ls iiot
IpCaaiU8to;1tV>nVhre nearly aPProachca th. ,
leal tariff than any of Its predeces
ors, nor because It was iald down ..n '
uch sclentific or symmetrlcal llnes
?uL ,, wns '"capable of amendment.
. ithout absolute reconstructlon.
I. L?.wf.s lta ,lniirmnity from charigos
o fortultous clrcumstances. Not since :
tS enactment have tariff revisions or '
eformers secured sufflcient power in :
.ongress to enable them to make an J
lfectlve attack on it for the purposo '
f generally reduclng dutles. Attempts
iave been made to work up a sentl
rient in favor of modifylng some of
he schedulcs which the lapse of tlme -,
nd commerclal changes have made dc- '
irable to certain domestlc Interests. J
ut all movements of that kind have ?
eceived no encouragement from thoso '
.;ho have heen and are influentlal ln '
Irectlng natjonal legislation. The
eat- of preelpltating a. general tariff
evision. with its accornpanylng inter
uptlon of business, has always operat
d as a deterrent. With verv brief tn
erruptions. the perlod covered by the
)ingley law has been one of abound
ng prosperity. and to interpose so ser
3us a eheck to business as a general t
arlff rcvislon would have been to en- c
anger polltlcal supremacy, from c
.?hich the boldest leaders of the domi- f
ant party mlght well shrink? Iron t
ge. t
nnual Crop la (100,000 I'oiinila, and Ita p
Produutlon la Incrcaalng. f
Aniso is a species of parsley with '
irge, sweet-scented seeds. It is ex- T
jnslvply cultivatod throughout tho
itrkish empirc. The annual produc
ion of anlseed is at present about
)0,000 pounds, agalnst 350,000 pounds
i 1003. Sbwing takes place generally
i Febrimry and lhc seed ls gathercd
i .luna.
Tho Tchesme anlseed ls shlpped
rlnclpally from Constuntlnople, Smyr
a and sevcra] large towns of the ln
.-rior. It also finds -a market ln Bul
arla. Egypt and Grecce, wltli France
s an occaslonal buycr when tho Span
?h crop lt) small.
Anlseed Is used in tho making of l
rakl," a kind of alcohollc drink, verv j
opular throughout the Eevant, and
hlch calls for ahout 7 per oont. of
;od. lt ia also used in Europo in tho
lanufacture of absintho and anisette.
-Consulur Reports.
-? i. i.
Canula Old and New. J
Canals more wondorful than thoso t
f Panama and Suez are already i.n t
rospect, Tho early nummer is to seo i
Iio commencement of an' inland water- ?,
?ay that will dwarf them both into
omparativo Insignlfidance. This Is
io long-projected Baltic and Black
ea Cannl, whlch will intersect Russla
?om north to south, a dlstance of
000 mlles. and tho total ostlmatecl
ast of whlch is put at $500,000,000, al- ..
mugli it will probably largoly exceod {:
ven this sum.
Anolher wonderful canal schemo fi
hlch is being enthusiaatioally taken F
p ln Italy contemplates nothlng less {
len the. jolnlng by this moans of i
enoa and Lako Constanoe, To do this ?,
wiU bo necessary, of course, to cross n
ot only the Apennlne Mountalns, but s
Iso tho Alps. I
This It is proposed to do by means 4
: a new Inventlon In looks, involving .,
10 eonatruotlon of a serles of Inclln- 1
1 tubular water llfts. It may yc-t bo
:>sslblo to travul by steamer over the
ftleat mountaln range ln Europe.?
hlcago Nows.
-?- s
Tlie Kniisnn AcailcinU*. ,
When tho Kausas edltors meet In h
mporliv they will bo urgod to pass y
iBolutlons abollshlng the worda "sub- c
Iclonod" and "completed," whlch are h
\ goneral use Jn Kiuisaa ntw?p?per8. K
Mr. Hrtle ln for Ilrynn.
Edltor of Tho Tlinea-Djiipatch:
Slr.?Tho Norfolk Lnndmnrk, ln n ro
cent Isstie, says: "Tho Idca that to b
h luyul Democrat r man must he ln fa
vor of tho iiomlnntlon of Mr, Bryan i?
somothlng now In the aronn." Now
thls ls nn inslnunllun some peopli
nro "inlgbty touehy." Wlll thc I.und
nmrk pjuasu tell us who Is tho aiithoi
of miioIi nn IdeaV Kvory man in tln
DeniMcnitlu purty hn.i a pcrfect rlgh
? ,';<it;,1,V'n ),lH preforonco us to wln
HhRll leud In tlie present cainpiilgi
wlthput hls loyitlty being qucNtloned
I llko to dlscnss thls matter wlth ar
nnti-Bryiin man. bccause the labo
ls so light ln reftittng all aigumeni
nppoHlng hls nomimitiun,' nt leiist ui
tiint I havo over ? heard made public.
I nni nn ndvocate <of Mr. Bryani
nomlnntlon, becnurie I want to win
f'J?'.'0,18. no fli'iitiinont ln my support
i tnink ho hns a complement of quali
rittitiyns that wottnl cmlncntlv flt lun
to riilo this nation. I regurd him a;
the best yo c-getter In the purty, an.
I jeilly hellevo II nomlnated and thi
party assist as a unlt. ho wlll be elcct.
ptl. My confidence in n.s success It
.J'^V u"" ,WL'\cr,7l str?ng groiinus, to.
)..,:, Hc, lH bo"eved lo be tritiy pa
trlotlc, honcst, slncero, enorgctlc, ln
telllgent and feurlcss. 1-Jven his cne
mlM admlt tbeso Httrlbutes. Agaln
?? V.a,nk nml ,f"? "f ?" Partles thai
rh2 V,1".m?rm'r ff"',a squaro deal; tniti
tho government shall assist all u,.ke
linvc the utmost confidenco that lit?
&_ '>l'8w^0lJ. U,,0,,K ."'?" Une woulc
n,. , wl h th,j|r w's'ies. Hls morai
l.V. .U. I'."s ,ltn'Pr been '" ll,e sllght
ildWS? l'?Pugnod. The pnoiil. iTave
rtlth him. Twenty mllllon ot ueome
?avc sceii him, heard him | c |s '
diirk horse." i]0 t,,??,.? ?,i
nlred and hettor known toTav th, n
?oir with a knowledga of forelen trov
'ra'l'llentH- ;?r(3'K" stf.tute laws for?"?n
IIbstat_?d <X0,nd,tlon!'' AKain', fnear*V
!,_'? i e ' ,clties- cotint ea and towns
> m ha__il_'15Sc-ted_*rt ?o?nmltSd"to
'''"? Agaln, the Republlcan nartv
rbedeiatearf,nnn.?tor,0,U8ly '^ dlsarray1.
' nsst' Tll oPvaor3 &V\ZTa\^rrZ
vennKSugb' ^PaV rio""*1 &?
.?i?fAn_ aP""lllowniotoexpmss tl ls
ricd and triod agal , '" ai. ??d_ Kft*
cstilt i,,n(. ., "' A" Know the
^ecutll them " he r "? S president
^miiiJ" "le (lesPolllng of'Grand Pr
w oV?;,1'ouls woundedUand b'oVne
IHfted to MarylaSd an_:thfn?farVr"?_
.ouisiana. even as Longfellow^ ?
crJbes. looklng for her lover " At ,_?
'he met him under an oak that stlll
^ Mar^n^l'lTe^^" ?f th* ^ "8?
Because of her gentleness and re
Iglous devotlon she had been refiamed
?Fvane^7?1n?"tlm,e. _y her companlons.
Iwangeline," whlch means "God's lit
le angel." They stlll tell. the old "Ca
iiTh 5raEdes.n}ere3. how she almnst
lled of joy at the slght of the lover
or whom she had sought so long.
iu? i,oL??uis' iYl? story Socb, ''man
Ike. had forgotten to grleve." and
''inen, Evangellne ran to him, calllng
im beloved," hls face wont whlte
^J,Vli,fngulsh ?s ne confessed hls un
vorthlness and told her his heart now
'elonged to another.
The shoek unhlnged the mlnd of tho
naiden, and sltbough she llved for
everal years after that, she always
ancied herself sllll a girl ot slxtee'n
is she wandered up and down tho
ianks of thc shining bayou, plucking
vlld flowers and talking to herself
if the happy day when she shonld
Ind Louis.
It was Judge Slmon who dosrribed
o Longfollow the' Eden of Loulslana
o graphlcally that he was enabled to
ketch pen plctures of it wlth a ftdel
ty that makes it almost unbellevable
hat he had never seen the Teche, nor
;nown the charin and myst'ery that
irood over the pralrie lands of Louisi
.na.?The Craftsman.
Tt ls only a tevr years slnce buttej
.?as unknown. ln Chlna and even tho
illk from Ihe cows could not be pur
hased. But recently Chinese restaur
nts have taken to the sorvlng of
-uropean style dinners" and tlie bet
sr class of Chinese are becomlng large
onstimers of butter and other Euro
ean luxtirlcs. > In the ports where
resh hutt9r Is obtainable thls is glven
he preferonce, but In tho interior
hinese cltles tlnned goods are being
vrgely used.
?Tewish chess players have retained
ho championshlp of that gamo for the
ast forty-two years. Stoinitz held It
or twenty elght years tlll 1894, and
.asker has been champlon ever sinco.
'r. Lasker attrlbutes thls" predomln
nco of tho .Tewish genius in chess
0 tho fact that its rules are entirely
asod upon those of self-defense in the
truggle. of llfo, and Jews are adepts
1 thls art.
Rarls is to have a new church made
ntlrely of paper, rohdered Imperme
ble by means of a coatlng of qulck
me mixed wlth curdled milk and
'hite of agg, it willaceommodate 1,000
cople.?Chlcngo News.
ChlncMC Snivnmn.
Our trade dollar was Issuod for the
urposo of increaslng our commerco
v'lth China, in competltlon with tlio
lexican and Spanlsh dollars. at tho
ame tlme affordlnw an output for tho
urplus sllver of tho Paclflc Coast
ilnes. The Chinese empiro, havlng no
:ilnt for the colnage of gold and sil
er. relied on the supplles of the Itfexi
an dollar for its rlomestic cirnulatlon.
'he trade dollar was never Intenrlod
or eirculatlon In tho Unlted Statos,
hough made a legai tender to the ex
ent of $E> at tho time of colnage?
S73. This tender was repcalcd ln
876. In China the Amerlcan eagle
n thls wondorful coin was christonod
Preclous Goose." "Preclous VJuck"
nd "Flylng Hon."?New York Press.
Incrcaac ln I.unnc-y.
AVlthin tho last half century there
as been a remarkable increase of
macy in Ireland. In 1001 thoro were
5,050 lunatlcs in Ireland, or one ln
very 170 of the populatlon. In 1851
liere were only 350 in the entire conn
y Antrlm nndBelfast, but to-day there
re 2,300, and Increaso of 1.950. In
881 the percontago of lunatlcs per 10,
00 of tho populatlon ln England was
0.4, ln Scotland 34 and In Ireland 30.5.
ast year tho flgures were: England,
U.8 per 10,000 of the populatlon: Scot-,
irul, 45, and Ireland 56,2.?Boston
A IMi'iinIiik C'ilhIomi.
lt ls a ploaslng custom ln the Krencli
enata to have tho oldest niember pre
ido at tho opoulng of tho annual sos
lon. The Sonator now entltlocl to that
onor ls M. Porrlquet, nlnoty-two
ears old and paralyzed. Ha was re
3ntly equal to the occaslon, for he
ad himself carrlod in a ohalr to tho
enata and to the platform. Avhero he
rfl?ldad_ACCftnti__'??rP_aver. Ji__4k
The old fashioned, sorneiirnes
comfottable, but always "clumsy"
shoe, has given place to the
"Paclcard"?a union of both
style and comfort. Packard Shoes
have a pronounced individuality
of style that enables their well
dressed wearer to regard his feet
with satisfaction.
Sold at $3.50, $4.00 and $5.00 in all style*
WM. A. SORG & CO.,
326 E. Broad St. Richmond, Va.
1 he Great Lomi
Count Bhige-nobu Okuma is the
Great Commoner of Japan, and ln many
respects has the most intorcstlng per
sonallty in the I.and of the Blslng
fiun. ile Is pecullarly Intorcstlng to
AtnericaiiB, because of the 'fact that lt
was he who led tho Japanese protest
agalnst the Unlted States when tho
San Franclsco school questlon and tho
Immlgratlon ngltatlon flrst came up.
An the lcader of the Opposltlon, Count
Okuma tiudoubtedly seized upon thusc
ciuestlons as a club with which to bc
labor the government, but at tho same
tlmo he dld not compromlso with hls
consclence to do so. Ile holds that tho
.Inpnnese poople are raelally tho cqual
of other peoples, or rather that there
ls no dlfferenco of degree Inhcrent in
dlfference of race.
ltlstorlcally. Count Okuma is ac
counted ono of tho Elder Statesmen,
but as the leader of the Opposltlon
and as an essentlal democrat he has
not been admltted to that privllege.l
clrcle of the Genro whlch dlrccts
Japanese national and Internatlbnal
pollcy. Hls Influence upon affalrs of
state Is not to be underesttmatcd, how
ever, for his attltude In opposltlon has
been such that many ot hls ldeas have
been forced upon the government, an.l
thc Japanese publlc stlll hears? hlm
gladly. Of thc sl.\ survlvors of tho
group of men who brought about the
Restoratlon and mado New Japan po*
sible. Count Okuma Is the most demo.
cratlc. and Prlnce Yamagata, the most
arlstocratic. Between these two. Prlnce
Ito has steered a mlddle course. nnd
has bccome the greatest constructlve
statesman of the Orlent. Tho student
of comparativo hlstory cannot fall to
compare hla course with that takci
bv Washlngton. mldway between the
pbllclca of Humllton and thp Ideals of
Jefferson. And Ito. Uke Washlngton,
leans more to the conservatlve than
the democratlc.
Whlle Japan has adoptcd the fornfu*
of a popular government. the voice of
the people ln affalrs of state Is heard
but as from afar. Count Okuma Is
both admlred and suspected. bpcauae
of his democracy. and if that quall'v
has won hlm many warm admlrprs
among the people, it has lost hlm tho
lnfluenco with the governlng class
whlch he mlght otherwise wleld. The
explanatlpn of hls status goes farther
hack than the modern polltlcal career
of the Elder Statesmen. In old feudul
Japan the two strongest clnns were
those of the Choshtt and the Satsuma.
These two clans stlll rule In Japan, de
splte the changes In form of govern?
ment. Centurles of clan feoling can?
not be overthrown In a few decades.
Both Ito and Yamagata are of thc
clan of Choshu. Count Okuma can clalm
alllance with nelther of these ruling
famlllcs. He is wlthout the pale of
tho ollgarchy, and has.malntalned his
Influence by sheer force of character.
broadness"of mlnd and knowledge of
practlcal polltlcs. Yet hls power has
been great. In the days when it was
stlll a questlon whether the restored
Emperor would reslgn the gre.ater part
of hls power to the people, Okuma
stood as the champlon of popular
rlghts. His program was always modl
fied by the powers that were. but
nevertheless he always galned a part
of what he fought for. He was the
founder of the Progresslve party in
Japan, has been prime mlnister, ,and
now, although retlred from active poll?
tlcs, Is stlll to bo rockoned with as a
power. He, Uke the other Elder
atateSmen. nas been connected with
governmental affalrs. from thc tlme"
of the downfall of the Shogunate. He
was the intimate friend of Okubo. ono
of the great trlumvlrate whlch brought
about the Bestoratlon. and ls to-day
regarded as the hlghest authorlty upon
ctuestions of Japanese hlstory of tho
past half century
Fifty years ago Count Okuma was a
boy of twenty. living In a small Japan?
ese town. traincd ln the virtues of
tho anclent Japanese learnlng, and
sharlng with hls feliows all the bcliefs
and prejudlces of their excluslve race.
But to these ideas he added curloslty.
and curloslty was hls maklng. Thevlslt
of Cofnmodore Perry and thc granting of
treaty rlghts to forclgners by the
Shogun had set all Japan to talklng
a&out tho "red-halred barbarlans." The
law sot its face! sternly agalnst the
Chrlstian ! rellgion and mlsslonaries,
and whlle Okuma approved of the law,
his curloBlty impcllcd hlm to inciuire
about these strange people.
lt happened that Okuma heard of an
Amerlcan misslonary who was sccrelly
spreadlng the forbldden doctrlne ln
the .country. Ho went to Dr. Veerbcck
as Nicodemus went to Jcsus, by nlght.
From that renowned misslonary the
young Okuma learned of thc great
world outside of Dal Nippon, of the
natlons whero men ruled themselvcs,
and of the preclous doi-.trines of thft
Itights of Man. Flrst of all he learned
to read the Bible. Then came the ono
polltlcal document which tho devotcd
misslonary possessed, - the Declaration
of Indepcndence.
Young ' Okuma read the immortal
charter of Amerlcan protest'and inde?
pcndence, and hls soul was set on
flre. Just the other day, seventy years
old and blessed with every oomfort
whlch man can clalm, ' he sat ln tho
magnificont llbrary of his handsomely
appointed home and sald: "The readlng
of tho Declaration of Indopcndenca
when I was a boy mado such an im
press upon my soul that tho doctrine-s
proclalmed by lt have ever been my
guldlng rule In llfe."
Tn vlow of tliis, It. Is not strango that
Count Okuma should admlre the great
Amerlcan Democrat. Thomas Jefferson.
When he learned that tho Declaration
of Independenco had been wrltton by
Jefferson ho set about studylng tho
career of that statesman. Ho road
several blographles and some oxtnnts
from .Tofferson's own wrltlngs, and lia
came' famlliar with his prlnclplcs.
Threo years ago Mr. Wllllam Jonnlngs
Bryan was the gucst of Count Okuma,
and tho convorsatlon fell on Jofforson.
When Mr. Bryan went baok to tho
Unlted States ho sent Count Okuma a
complete colleotlon of Joftersonlana,
whloh now occuplos a posltlon of honor
ln the old count'a llbrary.,
Tho lnfluenco of Jefferson upon
Okuma's llfe Is marked, As Jefforson
In hls old days placod the U>ilvernity
of Vlrglnla above overy work of hls
llfe as his most wor-thy deed,,so Count
Okuma is prouder of hls posltlon'- ns
founder of Wasoda University than he
Is of all his polltlcal accomplishments.
Wasoda Univorsity is at the very gatea
of Count Okuma's mans'.on groutuls.
just aa the University of Vlrglnla waa
at the gates of Montioello. But when
Count Okuma looks out upon hls school
he eees an instltution ln whlch 8,000
young men are being brought into tho
LUcht at the blffbei: educatlon, whlle
moner or Japan
offorson could not have counted that
luiiy university studenta ln tho whoi..
atlon In his tlme. ? '
In the concludlng chapter of Count
>kuma.s recent work, "Flfty Years of
oe.,1f..^,pan' .,l10 'rankly ?ays that tho
apuneso natlon ls not yet arrlved at
he levol of oivlllzatlon onjoycd l?v
ho other great natlons. ne aeolAiaai
hat Japan ls stlll at school, and rmVsT
tay on Its studlcs untll tlio taaks aro
in fl."lBh.(TU- Tnen' ll0 thlnks, Japan
Jiii bc,.H1?. C[l"al of Rny natlon on
arth. Whlle roeognizlng thc Infcrioi
.y ln accompllshmont, ho donlos that
hls ls inhercnt or pormnnent. Therc
oro, ne ls opposed, neart and soul, to
lie Japanese governmont adoptlng a
ollcy by whlch lt pledges Itself to ac
ept aa rlght tho manuatc of anothor
atlon that Japanese people shall not
o whero they please, Just as forei?n?
rs uru allowed to come and go 1?
lt was in support of this doctrlne of
atlonal pride and dlgnlty' that Count
'kuma volced the anil-Amcflcan sen
iment whlch stlrred Japan a year agu.
Ithough he used the Issue to hammer
!ic iieada of the Cablnet. Now that
!ie issue ls no longer to be used as :i
olltical cry, Okuma and all hls fol
>wers liave cca.scd to talk. Coui.t
kuma declarts, as all Japanese will
eclare, that the Unlted States is
apan's best frlend,. and that troublo
etw/jen them Is unthlnkable. But
ount Okuma adds, as other Japane-e
o not, that thc Unlted States must
"eat Japan as an equal ln every re
pect. When aaked lo a,ddre*s hlm
slf to Amerlcan newspapera rcadcrs,
c sald:
"Japan came Into the communltv of
atlons by tlie introduction- ^nd under
10 guidance of the Unlted, State?:,
hlch fact we appreciate. We were
uight by the Unlted States and we
re stlll leainlng from America. But
le Amerlcans should romember tho
ords of thc anclent phtlosopher who
sclared that to teach. one must learn.
he Unlted States should study tho
mdltlon of her pupll, Japan. We learn
?orn them, nnd they should learn from
?, that they may the better under
land us. Nowadays tho Amerlcan
nderstandlng of the Japanese peop'u
Imperfect. In tho Amerlcan ncw.-.
apers there Is talk of war between
ielr country and ours. In Japan ono
ever hears of such a thlng. excepc
i It Is repeated from Amerlcan and
uropean newspapers.
"The whole trouble ls duo to the fact
lat the Amerlcan people do not. un
jrstand Japan. and are tlterefore
Illlng to pay heed to the sensatlot-ai
awspapors. The Japanese people ar<-?
peaceable people and want no trou
le. Therc is now some sentlment.il
ecltement agalnst the Japanese, but
Is only temporary; It will gradually
e out and will be settled wlthout
fflculty. In tlme even tho labor ele
ent In America will get over Its ap
-chenslon and will admlt that tho
ipanese aro not a dangerous element.
i the meantlme the yellow JournalH
?e responBiblo for keoping alive tha
But with all hls peacoful talk, Count
kuma holds that a Japanese man ls
ic equal of any man, and that the dig
ity of the natlon requlres that ho be
> treated. If any one dares to qucs
on hlm. he will turn to that old doc
-nent whlch set hls aoul on flre flfty
:ars ago and nuote: "We hold these
uths' to bc self-evldent. that all mon,
?e created equal: that they are en- .
iwed by their Creator with certaln
lallcnable rlghts; that among. thesa
?e llfe, llberty and the pureult ot
:opyrlght, 190S, by Frederlo J. Haa*
? a ?
To-Morrow?Popular Government tn
ipan. ,
???==- ' ?
Jur Maln Street Branch Store to .1
311 Eaat Broad.
Baah, Bilads, Doora, Mooldlnga,
Large Stock. Iiow 1'rlcee.
WOODWABD * SON. Rlchmond, Ta.
Free Demonstration
Every DayThisWeek
Gas Ranges
Chas. G.
Adam5cand Broad,
Right in the Centre of the
Furniture Distriot,

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