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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, April 24, 1908, Image 6

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DAtLT?.AVEEKT_T?SUNI)AT
J_u.lnt.__ Offlce.tu . E. Maln Street.
AY-._hln.rton Bureau. .S3.-7 Muniey Buildlng.
Manchester Bureau.1102 Hull Str.-l,
Pit_ribur? Bureau.40 N. Byeamor* 81,
I.ynehburr Bureau.-IR Klghth Ft.
BT MAIL One Slx Three One
TOSTAOE PAID. Year. Mos. Mos. Mo.
Dally wlth Sunday...fft.no "3.-0 $1.-0 .65
Dilly wlthout Sunday 4.00 -.00 1.00 .36
Sunday edltion enly.. J.00 1.00 .60 .35
Weekly (AVedneaday). 1.00 .50 .35 ...
By Tlmes-Dlspatch Carrler Dellvery rer
vlce ln niehmond (and -ubtirbsl. Manches?
ter and Tetersburg?
One Weok. One Tear.
Dally inth Sundny_14 cents ?*.50
Dally Trlthout Sunday..10 ceots 4.50
Sunday only. 5 cents r.30
(Tearly -ubserlptlon* pnyable ln advance.)
Entered January "T, 1*03, nt -Rlchmond,
A'a., as secnnd-class mntter under act of
ConirreM nf March 3. 1S75.
HOAV TO CALL TIMES-DISPATCH.
Persons w-tshln-; to commtinlcate -vlth Thn
Tlmes-Dlspatch by telephone wlll ask cen?
tral for "4041." and on belnfr nnswercd frnm
tho offlce ewltehbnard, wlll Indleat'e tlie de
ptrtment or per-on wlth whom they wlsh
t._ epeak.
AA'hen calllne; between 6 A. M. and 9
A: M.i call to centrnl offlce direct for 4041,
composln-r-raom; 4041. business offlce; 4043,
for mall!n-r and press-rooms.
FRIDAY, APRIL 21, 190S.
EMIGRATION FRO.AI ITALY.
Ylscount Lostrado pntntcd out last
s_tiiratr that lf enilgratlon from Slclly
! contlnued for thirty years at tlie ex
, Istlng rate, tho Island would be left
tvithout an inhabltant. Other parts of
Italy show the snme condition. A well
I Informed Itallnn, wrltlng ln Charltles
' and the Commons. states that the town
. o? Pot'*n/a, for exantple. whlch had a
population of 20,,153 ln 1S81, lost one
. flth of lts numbers In tho twenty years
e.-if-ulng. Acrl, ln Calabrla, wlth a pop?
ulation of 12,9.4, lost 315 able-bodled
men in 1001 and 9S1 men. women and
children ln 1905. San Flll. wlth 5,000
? ln 1S93. has lost nearly a thlrd of Its
population.
Of late years the steerage has been
, rapldly depopulating Southern Italy.
? The Charltles wrlter, Mr. Antonlo Man*
gano. tellss us that the peasant never
thinks of movlnjf from one town to
another to improve his condition. It is
! so much easler to cross the ocean, and
thls posslbllity of improvlng- his con?
dition constantly presses upon liim.
AVhy should he want to leave hls fath
erland'V Mr. Mangano put thls ques
i tlon to many mayors and communal
secretarles, and everywhere got the
eamc answer?"Miserla, mlserla, mls
erla."
The cotadino. or peasant. llves in a
***retch-.(_ straw and mud hut, which
he frequently shares wlth his donkey.
plg or chlekens. He starts to work be?
fore sunrlse and contlnues at lt till
dark, for whlch labor he recelves per?
haps 30 cents a day. Hls bill of fare
Ignorcs meat, and ronsists of such
li.adequate fuel as black bread, corn
n. eal mush and ollve oil. onlons, goat's
cheese and boiled potatn. He suffers
the curse of absentee landlordlsm, wlth
the'usual dlro results. and, not least of
tall, is ground down by a grlnding and
obnoxious system of taxatlon. Half
the population of Italy, it must be re
rr.embered. are cotadinl, and the vltal
connectlon between man and land Is
shown in the fact thal short crops al
ways mean large emigration, and vlce
versa.
The poor land-tiller's condition was
bearahle to him only so long as he
, thought lt inescapable; but now tho
\ third-clagj. passago rates have opened
i bis eyes. From hls countrymen ln
America come glowing letters. Much
moro concluslvely come also thousands
. of'llre to tho ?Vi'llags. post-offlce every
month. Fln'a'll.v'the emlgrant himself
returns for a trip home, ln a store shlrt
snd necktle, and with money in ht*
pocket?palpably a gentleman. More
ever. the steamship placards and tho
? teamship agents go everywhere. toll
iug. inslstently of a land of promlse.
Small wonder thai the downtrodden
peasant, posslbly faclng starvation next
wlnter, sells hls hut or negotiates n
loan and buys nn emigration tax re
sc-ipt and a cheap tlcket. Small wonder
tbat the emigrant trafflc between Ital
j lar. and American ports reaches the
vast total of $36,000,000 annually, antl
,_hat nearly 300,000 Itallans pour lntc
this country in a single year.
j But this expatriation, drastlc as it is
| must ln tho end prove a blesslng tc
Italy. It ls operating through a nat?
ural' law, whlch does not make mls
takes. It will work out ln roducec
l rents, higher wages and a generall.
Improved scale of llving. The Itallar
, **.ho emlg-rates generally amellorates
jkls condition, and, on the whole, ls ;
> help to the country of his adoptlon
. Tho on_ who stays at hotne, rld ot thi
enilgrant'B competltlon, ls able to ap
proach nearer to prosperlty. The lav
'of-supply and demand may do mor
tor the cotadinl than they ever coub
do for themselves.
THE DEMAND FOII NO INSTRUC
TION?.
The Danville Reglster agrees with Mi
Bryan that as many delegatlons as pos
?lble should go to Denver lnstructe
for hlm. Our contemporary ls unabl
to sc-e "why certaln newspapers I
thls State persist in clamorlng fur a
uninstructed delegation.'' But it dot
annoiince this dlacovery:
"Be not decelved. The demand thf
the delegates be not Instructed is con
I lng from rnen who. have always oi
posed Bryan and wlio deslre hls di
] 1 eat ""now, as they have always di
ilred."
Naturally the opposltlon to instru
tlon for Mr. Bryan is not comlng fro
tho^e who belleve that he holds tl
aalvatlon of Democracy in the hollo
! ot hls hand. But what of lt? Sent
ment Is one thlng and fact ls anothc
Ja it a fact thal nothing may arlso b
, t*v_ori Aprll 21th and July 7th whl
j ii'111 bear dlrcctly on Ihe avallablll
) ?_ Democratlc candidates? It ls
fact that the DemocrAt who venture**
to nuestlon si thls time the exclusive
tlde of the Nohrasknn to Ihe riomina
tlon Is therefore n rencgade or the
secret too) of "powerful Interests?"
Unlversal Instructlon for any partl?
cular candldate argues the generAl
convlction that that candldate em
bodlos lils party's uniriue opportunity.
Is It a fact thnt Mr. Bryan Is such a
candidato? Is lt a fact thal the Demo?
cratic party. ln conventlon assembled,
ennnot be trusted to r.hoose tho best
man undor the condltlons whlch then
confront them? Or is lt a fact that,
unless Its chosen delegates are sent on,
beund and tlckeled, they will become
the prey of the mysterious "money
control" nnd sell the party out to some
unworthy one, whose name has not yet
heen dlsclosed? Where clso ls the
dnnger of no lnstructlons? Is the Den?
ver conventlon in the Interest of De?
mocracy or In that of Mr. Bryan?
lt was the unlnstructed delegations
that gave Mr. Bryan hls great chance
In 189(3. He should bc the last man
In the world to d'eny thelr sklll at
plcklng out the available candldate
at the proper time.
I1ETTING IN LOCAL KLECTIONS.
Reports havo lt that somethlng llke
$."0,000 ln wagers changed hands as the
result of the recent election in Rlcli?
mond. The amount Is large for a city
in which local campalgns usually ex
clte too llttle Interest. It doubtless re
flccts that splrlt of partlsanshlp whlch
i.ow and then flashed out ln the pre?
llminary oratory.
Probably hettlng on local elections is
a feature which should be dlscouraged.
The more complete the dlssociatlon
between pocketbook and ballot-box, the
better and surer the canvass. A wager
at once raises the money issue. and; if
it is big enough, tends to substltute
that Cor the simple element ot personal
preference or for whatever principle
may he involved. Moreover. where
large interests are thought to be at
stnfte. .'t Is easy to see how the osten
slble bet mlght be made the basls for a
corruptlon of the electorate.
Fortunately, no breath of suspicion
attaches to the recent election here.
to far as we are Informed, there has
been no suggestlon or hlnt of any In
.sldlous use of dollars. But. on the
whole, the old-fashioned election bet,
whose penaltles were an abstlnence
from shaves for a perlod of tlmo, or
sporting a straw hat through the wln?
ter months, offers the nlore ldea.1 out
ltt for lactional feeling.
THE PRICE OF BAD ROADS.
In reducing the good roads question
to the dollars and cents basls, the De?
partment of Agrlculture has handed the
farmers and country tax payers gen?
erally an argument which they ought
to find irreslstlble. The departmenfs
rigures are based on careful and ex
haustive tests. Thc-y demonstrate that
the actual cost of haullng. per ton
rclle, ls 64 cents over dry, sandy roads,
S9 cents over earth roads of the usual
mnddy _nd rutted varlety, 11.9 cents on
broken stone roads ln ordlnary condi?
tion, and 8 cents on broken stone road3
iu good condition.
Thls means, concretely, that good
roads pay ample casn dividends, and
tliat the saving which they make pos?
slble far overbiilances the cost of con?
structlon. A road of broken stone
means conslstently reduced expenses as
long as lt lasts. It cost the farmers
$,':],650,000 to haul the whtat crop
to the jallroads in 1906. Thls was an
average price, for atl drayage, of 19
cents a ton-mile. But where there were
improved roads, thc figures show thut
the drayage cost was only 10 cents per
ton-mile. Had all the corn, wheat and
cotton crops of 1906 been hauled over
good roads, the producers ot them
would have saved $27,000,000.
How long will Virginia farmers eon?
tlnue to pay the heavy toll of bad
roads?
Theodore Roosevelt. Jr., made a bal
loon ascenslon on "Wednesday. We
double-speed the presses to warn the
union that any remarks to the effect
that it is a family trait to go up in
the alr, that young Theodore ls a
chlp of the old block, etc, will be
considered ground for a punltlve ex
pedition.
It isthe New York Evening Post
which calls attention to the fact that
"There ls trouble between Russia and
Persla on the Caspian frontler." How?
ever, that can be of small Interest to
the metropoiis compared to the
trouble between Murphy and McCarren
on the Weehawken frontler.
"Besides," demurs the New York
Mall, "it would bo harder to find
names for four battleshlps." The es
tee'med Mall appears not to be aware
of the wonderful fecundlty of the fel
lows who name the Pullman cars anc
the tjvo-for-a-quarter collars.
The Washlngton Herald quot<*s thli
from a woman's magazine: "It costt
one New York society woman $50.00'
year to keep her servants alone.'
The pollcemen in New York must b<
lovers from the hdart.
"If lt is love altogether, why ls i
that those titled forelgners never fal
ln love wlth American glrls that d<
not have plenty of money?" lnqulre:
thc Atlanta Georglan. Possibly be
cause they never meet them.
It ls rather wlth a vlew to Instruct
than wlth any touch of mere brag
Kadocio that we Inform our contem
porarles elsewhere that Aprll ls al
ways a peekaboo month ln Royal Rich
mond.
Bernard Shaw has indignantly re
t_rned the $1,000 prize recently award
ed to hlm In a short-story competltioi
We heUevo thls ls the flrst tlm
. ir. hlstory that Mr. Shaw ever pal
.. cash for hls advertising.
With a record yesterday of tw
games won, none lost and a conse
quent percentuge of 1.000. Rlchmon
dared- not look Houston and Washlng
ton ln the face.
lf Mrs. I.illlan Russell resents bc
Ing called a dlvorce-millhand, we sha'
take pleasuro ln refcrrlng to her 1
the future as a divnrce-inllllonalres.
Accompanylng thb beglnnlng of tli
v umpire's actlvltles comes tho usui
a| heavy demand for pop.bottles.
Rhymes for To-Day
THE IIOTTY niALOGUES.
lll. In Ilm Pnlnce of lloboken*
HE sang: "How good to watch the
trnns'
Anrl all God's llvlng creaturen"?
She crled: "Aw, chuck lt, will yer
please!"
And blffed hlm on the features.
But he Just laughed and sald: "M'dear,
You jar my cogltation."
Then she replled: "I'll qult?don't fear!"
And skated for thc statlon.
He called out: "Love, the hens are loose,
The plgs are on the dresser"?
But she kept on to Syracuse,
And tslked wlth her confessor.
Nlne years. tn sun and rain and shade,
She stayed, wltli prayer and fasting,
While he, hap. fllrted with some mald,
Or spent his days repastlng,
Or so she thought?and that was sad.
One day she said: "Confessor,
I wonder if those plgs I had
Slt still upon hls dresser!"
And homesick, then, she hurried back,
Wlth many strango heart-slnklngs?
And there he sat bchlnd the shack,
And still thunk out hls thlnkings.
H. i3. H.
MEHELY .IOKINC1.
Irrrslstlhle Ceneluslon.
"I see that the man who lnvonted the
stock tlcker dled wealthy."
"Then he didn't play lt."?Cleveland
Plain Dealer.
Cnlled It Collr
Knlcker: "How dld Jones escape pto
malne polsonlng?"
Booker: "Didn't know how to pronounce
ll."?New Tork Sun.
Aerorcllng lo Reports.
Bessle: "What klnd of powder does your
slster use on her face?"
Bobby: "From the exploslons I heard ln
the parlor last nlght lt must bc gun
powder."?Llfe.
Afraid It Mlght.
"Work never hurts anybody," sald thc In
dirstrlous man.
"No." answered Ploddlng Fete, "but It's
most as bad to be scared as hurt."?Wash?
lngton Star.
Tbe Wllr Agent.
"How do you succeed In insurlng so many
people?"
"I look them over. and then I look
dcubtftil and offer to bet them a dollar
that ln thelr present state thelr appllca?
tlon for Insurance would be rojectcd."?
Houston Tost.
A Unrd I.uck Story.
"What are you crylng about, my .llttle
man?"
"Jlmmy Dodds lleked me first, an' then
father lleked me for lettlng Jlmmy llck
me. and Jlmmy lleked me again for telllng
ft.ther. and now I suppose I shall catch It
again from father."?Tlie Pathflnder.
And niwnlve the Partnershlp.
"Jones never can forget hls business for
a minute. Even at the ball lost nlght?"
"Well, what happened?"
"When a young lady told hlm that her
partner had engaged her for the next dance
hc Immediately offered lo buy out her
partner."?Detrolt Free Press.
LISTEN TO THE PARAGRA_*HERS
THE Trlnce de Sagan ts quoted as sav?
ing tliat the photographers and the
reporters made hls Amerlcan vlsit a
tcrture. Just why the prince Ignores the
splendid work of the Paxagraphers' Unlon
(Inc; Is not patent.?New York Mall.
Italy Inslsts that Mlss Elkins be con
verted. Her bonds wlll be later.?N'ew
York Mall.
A Boston club has on the wall of its
library the notice: "Only Low Conversa
ttcn Permltted Here." Must be qulte a
resting place for Bostonlans who have to
be on thelr good behavlor elsewhere.?
Washlngton Post.
If the Paragraphers" L'nlon doesn't pro?
eeed to make Mr. Cake. of Oregon. famous,
forthwlth and Immedlalely, we shall con
clude that the bunch Is asleep at the
switch.?Washlngton Herald.
Those 350 unemployed bartenrters of Bos.
ton ought to arrange some lnducement or
other to get Mrs. Katherine Clemmons Gould
to move to the Hub.?Houston Post.
When they notlce in the csteemed Wall
Street Journal that 200.000 $50 sprlng hats
could be purchased for the price of one
battleshlp. there la no question how the
suffragettes wlll jtand on the dlsarmament
istue.?Ohio State Journal.
' Be content wlth what you have," ad
vlres John D. riockerellcr. Perhaps John
D. fears you may get some of hls.?Ar?
kansas Gazette.
The sceptre of almlghtlness seems to have
passed temporarlly out of the hands of the
Rough Rlder ln the Whlte House Into the
hanrls of tho Rules Commlttee of the House
of Representatlves. We have as a resu!>
government by gavel.?Philadelphla Record.
? *
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
Dr. Harold P. Ernst. of Harvard, has been
eiected thn new presldent of the American
Associatlon of Pathologlsts and Bacterlolo
gists.
H is difflcult in England to arouse an
Interest In thn preservation of forests be?
cause of the unl--ersal substltutlon of coal
*~r wood as fuel.
The Presldent has nominated Charles A.
McAIUster to be englneer-ln-chlef and
Worth G. Ross to be captain commandant
In the Revenue Cutter Service.
In some Vlennese schools a phonograph
ivhleh repeats speeches as reclted by cml
nent actors has been Introduced ln ordct
to teach the pupils declamatlon.
Freckles may be heredltary. Casea ci
freckles all over the body are mentloned.
Frod Is not supposed to cause them. Sur
e.nd wlnd make some faces freckle.
Charles Evans Hughe*. Jr., son of thr
Gcvernor of New York, has been electec
butlness manager of the Brown Dally Her?
ald whlch Is publlshed by Brown Univer
alty.
Dr. James A. Cralg, professor of Semltlc
languages at Ann Arbor, Mich., lnvented i
syttem of sbnrthand when a student a>
McGlll [Unlverslty. He haa used lt con
stantly for thlrty years.
Outslde of Buenos Ayres, there are flv
-i*?KRi ln ArR'*ntlna. wlth a populatlon o
50,000 or over, vlz. : Tucuman. $50,000
Buhla Ulan-. 60.000; Cordnl.a, 65 000; Li
I'lata. 50,000; Rosario, 135,000.
'Ihe I.ondon Economist states that thi
remuuncea lo Ireland ln 100B from thi
i.'*i*. ,A^,at"". ,hrouKh *>*"** omnuntcd ti
1..3.1.203 and through thn post-office de
partmeni I4.ooo.ooo. rnaklng a total for tlv
year of $3,374,209.
W. H. Santelmann. the leader nf th
(Ir.lted htates Marlne Band, Is fortv-thrc
years old and one of the best bandmaster
ln the country. He ls also a versatil
composer of band muslc and hns had prlnt
ed many sterllng composltlons.
?,V\ Tl'!lll?'n S; Frledman was electe.
rabbl for llfe of Temple Emanuel. ln Den
"?er. nt tho annual meetlng of the con
gregatlon. Thls ls an honor seldom be
stowed upon Jewlsh rabbls. Rov Mi
Inedman has already served this corigre
gctlon as rabbl elghteen years.
Itlchard Straius. wlth the consent of th
n?Su?V5pn!~dpt the Ro-val ?Per?- ?ous<
Rerlln, has been chosen by Ihe Royal Or
r,J'r7nrrmnn!...0!u!uB,or of th<"r "ymphon
.-rtn.? Th..1!1 *,,lcee"'_n <-? F*<>"x Weln
garlner. Thls Is regarded as a great honn
PLv?!'oan,y* ,U" '-" f'?'"*ans conslde" th
hLi&i Orchestra the best In the world.
Snfer with tlie Cliarmera Airny.
bearterl old lady, visiting a convic
prinon, to one of the prisoners.
suppose you'll be thankful when th
time eom-s for you to leave thls dread
ful plnee?"
"No!" returned the man. "rd
sight rather stop where I am!"
"How Htrange," sald the visltor t
he warder a.s ahn turned away.
hnd no ldea the prisoners wero so con
ton ted. What was tho poor man's ol
fense?" she continued.
"'13 wero u blt too absent mlndci
mann," replled the wardor wlth a grti
"Absent mlndudv'* e.xcialmod the at
tonlshod lady.
"Yes, tnorni," explalned tho tifllco
"*fi kep forgeltln' as 'ow 'e wore
marrled man. . And *e's got flvo vvlve
awaiting fur 'lm oul*flde.*'~riillade.
phla Ledgor. -. ?>.
STATE PRESS
Tho Bnttle.lilp question.
Thnt the people of thls country wlll ap?
prove tho actlon of the House ln rofusliif.
t* atlopt the atigRestlou of th* Tresldent,
tliat the construction of four bis baltleshlps
be authorlsed, la very unllknly.
It must be patent to all that the Presl?
dent would hardly havo worked no earnest
ly aa he dld to secure authorlzatlon for thn
bulldln*. of four great shlps had ho not known
lhat there was need of them, and equally
patent that thnsa opposed to hlm wero not
In position to be so well n-'vlsed.
The minorlty leader, Mt. Wllllams, who
mnde a. speech, prosumnbly meant to be
humorous, ln opposition to the four battle
Milp plan, probably was even moro unwlse
In thla Instance thiui ho has yet reallzed,
and certalnly more unpatrlotlc.
There was no question of polltlcs In the
nuasuro, as the Presldent showed, per?
haps unwlsely, too, In chooslnt* Hepresen
tiillva Hobson, a Democrat, to be llls lleu
wJiftP* '?A ????" parllamcntary battie. Mr.
Wllllams, through hls opposltlon to the
metuture, mnde the flght somewhat upon
pnrty llnes nnd In Judgment Is nlrently Upon
the. defnnalvn nnd In an exposed position.?
Norfolk Ledger-Dlspatch.
Prtmnjy lo Be Assallftl.
Tho bemocrats of A'irglnla may aa well
ronsliler themselves put upon notice thnt
a vigorous flght wlll be made In the Roan?
oko convention to elther matorlally modlfy
or ahnlish the primary nomlnatlng plan.
AA natevor actlon bn taken, no olalm of
snap Jud-rment" can well be malntalned.
?News publlcatlon* nnd edltorial utterance
n State papers have by thls tlme mado
It entirely clenr that If the primary ls to
survive In A'irglnla It wlll do so nnly nfter a
dispernte llfe and death struggle. A'oter
inierested ln the subject one way or another
shculcl bear thla eventuallty In mlnd when
tji'tlng part In tho election of delegates to
tlio State Democratlc Convention.?-Roanoke
i-_W_.
'?'It'ctlon Money.
Although refualng to say by whom lie
tlilnlta lt Is belng raised or where It Is belng
e.-ir-ended. Hon. Wllliam J. Bryan has de
clii-ed ho had no doubt money was belng
used to control a thlrd of the delegates to
the Denver convention, nnd ln that wav
dictate the nomination for Presldent. Anil
theie la little doubt of the truth of thls
tiatement. for the actlvlty being dlsplnved
hy some politlclans to defeat th? nomlnation
ut tho real cholce of the people seenis so
determlned as to suggest the veraclty of
th. statement. If such he the case, and
they are suce.ssfu I, tha Democratlc party
-illI deserve the defeat that wlll be comlng
to them.?Loudoun Mirror.
Bryan Opposltlon.
It ls generally agreed that as the days go
. W' _** -tr-**"1*" ?? '"sloB ground ln the race
for the Democratlc nomlnation. Three
ninnths ago nobody douhted the probabllity
of Bryan belng the party nomlnee; hut slnce
tlint tlme. for some ren-on?perhaps the ac
i.Mty of the other aspirants?a reactlonury
jrirlt has selzed the country. sweeplng lt
-lom tht? Atlantic lo the raclflc. and whlch,
?? ?C?i!,ln_'?.-!0 tocrevee ln the same ratlo
untll the holdlng of the convention. wlll
Tlm-.. y " '" h" de'*??*'-""ao.ko
No Currency Tlnkerlng.
^_"^_0t_l..ln_', the asltatlnn over the rallroa.1
ra c bill have the business Interests of the
.n, a_5,i,m.i>ie ?hemselves felt in Washlng
??-r.nh " hav< *lurlnff the hearlngs on tht*
??_. J. .Urre_c_ bl" durln-> the P"t two
??e.ks. Amended out of lts orlglnal s-mb
??" *?e S?nate and wlth prospect of
_ ,1.rl'-le*'.?n-altreatment in the House. I
_ .??__ *S . h?-*Sh ^e Poor old bill had not
.iolltl._f i__n."?pt.,a few "nanclers wlth
? ?olltlcal leanlngs.?Portsmouth Star.
loft on General Lee.
The fact that Secretary Taft. leadln* aa.
#XS**?l ,hc R(-Pub"ca** nomln"of ter
Presldent, pays an eloquent tribute to thu
".^,._te,r ?f Robert E* Lee. and that tha
Va" vJVeceJve*- wlth loud applause by"
NfiW Tork audience. ls evidence a_aln ._,.
the cruel war is over.-Harrl2onbSrSg Tim__!
Safe Doetrine.
_.A_,1,aw_unenforc*-d I? .worse than no law
at all. because deflance of law "nevltablv
pioducea demorallzatlon. It must be un
fmpoMw.^S.ler1}!!-9 th,e law ?*?*??"? hS..
.??'ervthin.. LnV. .1? Perform 'hey cannot do
o^ife^U^^ skj <?}-??
abuilng citizens.?Wlnchester Star.
Two A'lew*.
o>Lhgartees-'reonan,:Ca'i-. nb.ut "nush ''Bryan
thrds.ni. ?_. sen to *?'''*- hlm *he two.
^4-vl^r^^ "> nomina'? a' *>?-?
fr'enrit?hlK_be tru*' "ny should Mt. Bryan's
s_,_hh:ssf
AS TO INSTnrCTIQXS.
Mr. B-ran^^terprel_.tio__ of Motlvca
For Rcfufllng- Them.
The powerful Interests whlch are
Tn.L,attenlptlnS to control both na?
tlonal conventlons do not ask for tn
U eUCvo?tners ^"*?-???M _f_&gTth?i
prCedat?orvS weVh aTa^k iV\ '??<
'ielegatlons shl.gbe^tu.ned ove.-' to'a
r_qu?r!eSSeSTh\0SBb . ?** Is ?I^umYtan<_e_
tn nnt ? h se men *vh0 are s? ready
onfhuf.r'*' .-, contro1 conven
dol.a',* *n ^ho.would not subscrlbe a
offlin ? <r',cct a reHl Democrat to
offlce. aro not concerned as to the can
ad aendPn.,.ld,e,d ".. W,M wcept ?fe"r
tl ??,? pUt hlmse'f under obllgatlon
henJ. _"? A n"mber of Democratf have
been approached and offered thls sun!
FnT' hUaV,na,r,y a" h. ve refuSed.'8knoU*?:
,__?? l D0 rnan' however good hls
wrnnrnlC0,rfd',C^ SLand an>' chance of
n inning if he is handlcapped bv the
gWJ?r. of the men who have made
Khon.e.. a;SSGt '" t!^Clr business.
for tlTelr nl.k t0 co1ntr*-l legislation
Th?. own Pecunlary advantage
bv a sad ol^l ,bUt thcy have lear*'efl
ft rtnmH_ti>r,er,emre- an*i know that
a candldate can be judged bv tho
rtompany ie keeps. Whence tha money
s a quest on wlilch Is belng asked wlth
ncreaslng emphasls, and the"n_w_r t
It ls a death blow to overy one ln
-T^ Jo-Sler"0"6^ -nt^te'd"
FIRST BALLOT DANGBK8.
Some Unplcnaant HIatoHcal Remlndera
For Tnft Boomcra.
. t._Tf* . i^f' ,Ta?t'a hoomers romember
n^hito_ataelms.a feud wlth the Re?
publican favorite of the moment who
the conventlons ln those years, but
ln each case tho nomlnation wont to
somehody olse. Llncoln won the can
. lda.Lln JS,60' Hayes ,n -S-*5. Garfleld
In 1SS0. aticl Harrlson in 188S. Have**
and Harrlson were far down in the
votlng on the opening ballots in those
conventlons, whllo Garfleld was not
thought of by anybody In' connectlor
wlth tho candldacy untll after a lonc
contest b.tween Grant, Blaine. Sher
_.,ai?' EdmV"-s and other aspirants
Blaine, In 1*%SI, was ihe only Republi?
can favorite who, falling to carry tht
convention tho flrst ballot, won on .
subsectuent dlvlslon. He led from tht
start. and got the nomination on tht
fourth ballot, and was beaten at thi
polls. AU the oniens, therefore, art
against Alr. Taft. He ls hardly ac
much of a popular Idol as Blaine was
and Blalne's fato when ho reached thi
people was not one that any presl
dentlal aspirant should antlclpato wltl
?satlstactlon.?Lesllo's AVeekly.
-a
Our Honors of Knlglitliood.
Uncle Sam ls not averso to bestow
Ing decoratlons. AA'hlle the Constltu
tlon prohlblts government offlcers fron
acoeptlng orders from foreign gov
ornmontH, tlie Presldent has the powe
to award InUgnla whlch mean conBld
orably more than most of the start
KarterH, etc, of the Old World. Thes
are medals for bravery. Besldes tli
medals for consplcuous bravery ln bat
tle, and the decoratlons for llfe-savlni
on the water, the Chlef Exeoutlve ca
now honor men and women who dls
play herotsm on the rallroad llnes o
the country. Award of the deooratlon
ls made by tho Chlef Kxecutlve o
recommendatlon from , the Interstat
Commerco Commisslon. Appllcation
must bo noeompanlcd hy affldavlts froi
eyo-wltnossos of tho horolc deeds, an
they must Uo approved by a commlt
teo of flvo ,of tho eommlssloners.
A hronzii. medal aud n button of gol
und onamol nro Iho Inslgnta. glvon. Th
medal ls about ns blg as a allver do!
lar. On one sldo?the obverse?ther
Is a flguro of a man upon a railwa
. traclt, with one knee upon a rqc
^.vfcilsU blopl-ts *_.? app.roa^iiaj. *r?*J
He Is warnlng the tralnmen by means
of a hrntni. On the revorso slde l? a
laurel wreath?symbollcal of herolsm.
Tho lnscrlptlon,, "Tho Unlted States
medal for live saving on rallroads,"
appears nenr tho medal's rlm and wlth?
ln the wreath la the followlng: "For
bravery. Awarded to?"?Philadelphla
Press.
Police Methoda In Wnms-r.
Sherlock Holmes would not flnd much
to pralse In tha methods employed by
tlie Wnrsaw police wli'en trylng to
trncn crlmlnals. An Instance of their
brilltance Is now maklng all those not
Immediately concerned thereln laugh.
Homo time ago Mr. Hautke, a manu
facturer, was shot while leavlng hls
works,- and the murderers could not
be found. The other day rnmors ran
through tho town that one of tho crl?
mlnals was named Mallckl. The po?
lice heard thls rumor, obtained the ad?
dresses of all males In Warsaw hear?
lng thls name from the municipal ad?
dress buroau, and arrested them wlth?
out dolay. Then they sent for the mur
dered man's relatlves, confronted them
wlth some hundred Mallckls ln turn.
anrl asked, "Is thls the man who mur
dered Mr. Hautke7" As none of Mr.
Ilnutke's relatlves was wlth hlm at
thc time of tho murder, tlielr answers
were, wlthout excoptlon, "I cannot
say," and they were finally dlsmlssed.
But tho Mallckls wore not so fortunate,
and are still under arrest pendirg fur?
ther Inqulries. Some of them bogged
the relatlves to say that they wero
Impllcated In the murder so tliat they
could at .'east be let out on ball. As
It ls. though they declare they know
hothlng of the crlme. they are packed
ln eells llke herrings In a barrel, and
are llkely to remaln thero till the
veal culprlts appear. The Incldent
sounds more llke one of Gogol's satlres
on Russlan bureaucratlc methods than
of plain fact. All the Mallckls vow
they wlll employ thelr flrst hours of
llberty In tracing and lynchlng those
who floated the story of thelr im
pllcatlon Ih the murder.?Pall Mall Ga
zette.
Platola Noi Sold In Texns.
A cowboy walked Into a hardware
store at Austin and asked for a good
slx-shooter.
"How mucn ls It?" he asked when he
had looked It over.
"I can't sell lt to you," the dealer
replled. "but I will lease It to you for
flfty years for $15."
"Thls Is a dad blamed funny kind
of a joint," the cowboy sald. "I don't
want to lease a gun; I want to own
It."
He started to walk out, but war,
called back by the dealer, who explalned
that the last Leglslature passed a law
whlch Imposes u tax of 50 per cent.
on tho gross proceeds from the Bale
of ptstols.
"If I sold you this slx-shooter for
$15 I would have to pay the State a
tax of $7.50," the hardware man ex?
plalned. "I can lease lt to you for
llfty years. and won't have to pay the
State anything."
The cowboy saw the point and leas
ed tlio gun;
The law which was enacted for the
purposs of taxlng plstols out of ex
lstence ln Texas hus been ln effect
more than nlne months.?Independent.
Conntcrnatlon in Washlngton.
Consternatlon relgns ln the soclal
clrcles of Washlngton. and all be
causp the Senate has passed a blll for
blddlng gambllng In the District of
Columbia. The blll says:
"It shall be unlawful for any person
or associatlon of persons to bet. gam?
ble or make bookB or pools on the
result of any trottlng race or runnlng
race of horses, or boat race or race
of any klnd. or on any election or any
contest of any kind, or game of base?
ball."
The phrnse "contest of any klnd" is
held to include poker, bridge and other
games of cards; therefore the bridge
enthuslasts are much wrought up.
Fashionable gambllng partles may be
all the rage next season just over the
border ln Maryland and Vlrglnla.?
Provldence Journal.
C'urloua Wnr Trophy.
Bose Garth, of Clinton. probably
made the flrst corn sheller used ln
Mlssourl. Flfty years ago. ln 1858, he
devlsed one from wateroak plank and
tenpenny nalls.
He used it on hls farm until 1861.
when Price's men came through there,
saw lt wa3 a good thlng and took lt
down to Jaokson's Mlll, where lt was
used to shell tho corn which was
ground Into meal for Confederate sol?
dlers.
The. old corn sheller was lost track
of for a number of years by Us
maker, but afterward ho was Informed
that lt was heing preserved at Wash?
lngton among other eurlous trophies
captured from the South.?St. Louls
Republlc.
A Bargaln.
A Cowley county paper contains thls
advertisement of a cow for sale: "Some
months ago I purchased from my
friend, Hon. J. W. Irons, a pedigrced
cow. I want to sell her owing to
the rheumatism in my left leg, caused
by her klcking at a fence post and
striking me. When I flrst purchased
her she was very wild, but 1 havo
succeeded in tamliig her so that I can
peep through thc corral wlthout her
tearlng ihe gate down. To a man who
is a good Chrlstian and does not fear
death, she would be a valuable animal.
But I want to sell her to some one
who wlll treat her rlght. She is one
fourth shcuthorn, two-fourths hyena
and the balance Just ordlnary cow. She
will bo .old cheap for cash.?C. M.
Scott, two and a half mlles east of
Arkansas Clty, Kan."?Kansas Clly
Star.
MODERN SOCIALISM.
She's a hazy klnd o' dreamer, an' she's
dreamln' of a time
Hls ln soclal economlcs all wlll vanlsh
from our clime;
An' ehe's 'dreamln' of a future when
all strlfc is goln' to cease
'Twixt employer an" employe?goln' to
be a-bloomln' peace.
DreamR that modern soolalis.n wlll
mako all the wrong things right,
From depravity inherent to tho last
mistake in sight;
Goln' to mako thls old world over,
leavln' human nature out,
Make a kind o' ante-chamber to tht
placo we read about.
Have no more co'mmcrcialism?no more
use, you soe, because
Every one will share in common undei
equitable laws;
Then nobody need be -workin*. not
worth while to tug and toll,
Everybody sharln' equal ln the pro?
ducts of the soll.
If the cash ln all our cofters evenlj
was parcelled out,
Each would have, we'll say, ten dol?
lars?maybe that or thereabout?
"Would society be hettered organlzec
on such a plan?
You can't make by leglslatlon all met
everywhere tho same.
God flxed things 'bout as we found 'en
when we struck this mundr.ni
shore,
Never asked, never expeeted, we'd bi
less human, or nioro; t ,
And the Golden Rule Is slandered whoi
lnterpreted to claim
Toll's reward should be divlded wltl
the non-produclng man.
Maybe I've not caught the meanln
WTltten ln thls modern oreed
I'm qulte sure I've seen rno samplo
worthy of Its claims,'lndeed;
In all of itB propaganda I can't flm
one good lntent /
Not already Inculcated ln four country*
government; /
But with llttle lntrospec/tion one dis
covers a bad spell/
Of fault-findln' wlth tho (measures thn
have served us t&ondrous well
And 'till modern soclall/sm offers bet
ter, we shall dare/
Ask her please to closA her clapper
cut off some. ofl
HE
HOT
AIR.
JD. H. KENNT.
jj 'Aprll 18i 1908, Rlctymoncl, Va.
I
3_^
Alert business men ap?
preciate Packard Shoes.
They find them both "fita
ble" and durable. Built
on right lines, from se?
lected materials, they have
a style that lends distinc
tion to the wearer. Our
new stock is particularly
attractive.
Sold at $3.50, $4.00 and $5.00 in all style*
WM. A. SORG & CO.,
326 E. Broad St. Richmond, Va.
Trade Follows the Cross
BY FREDEUIC J. HASKIX.
Tokyo.
In any open port of the East one
wlll find tho Occldental society di?
vlded llke anclent Gaul?Into three
parts. There are the commerclal, thc
offlclal and tho missionary clrcles, and
the deallngs between them are at arm's
length. Tlie missionary Is more dls
tlnctly apart, but at the same time tno
other sections ot Occldental society
ln the East rccognlze hlm as a potent
factor ln the development of the Orlent.
The lato Charles Denby, long the
Amerlcan minlster at Pekln, declared
that every dollar spent by Amerlcan
church people in support of Orlental
missions was worth $10 ln actual re?
turns to the commerce of the Unlted
States. Whilo tho missionary Is not
a "drummer," and while extenslon ot
trade is the last thlng he thlnks of,
the hlstory of tho Orient shows that
trade always follows the croas.
The direct relatlon between tho ad?
vance work of the mlsslonarlea and thc
concrete commerclal proflt whicli fol?
lows ls not always easy to trace. In
some Instances, however, tho benetlt
ls direct. The government of Japan
in furtherance of Its South Manchurian
rallway scheme went Into the Engllsh
money market and borrowed $60,000.
000. When the Brltish found out that
thls money, borrowed ln Londo.n, had
been spent In the Unlted States for
rallroad supplies, they klckcd up a
pretty row in the House of Commons.
But there was nothing to bc done
about It, so the question was dropped.
The reason why the Japanesc govern?
ment spent Engllsh money in thc
Unlted .States was due aolely to the
fact that the Japanese cnglneers ln
charge of the work had been educated
ln the Unlted States at the expense oi
the Amerlcan mlsslonarles, and haa
thero Imblbed Yankee notlons. whlch
made it Imposslble for them to bulld
a rallroad along any other than Amerl?
can llnes. Therefore at one fell swoof
American commerce rcjaped a direct re?
turn of $50,000,000 trom missionary
effort.
The missionarv outposts are tnc
sklrmish lines of the auvancing army
of clvllizatlon. That their mere pres?
ence means opening new terrltory tc
foreign Influonce, and hence a new
market for forelgn goods, no one car
deny. It Is Interestlng to study thc
methods by which these results art
accompllshcd. For lnstance. one mls
sionaiy came to Japan twenty-flvc
years ago, and werit to live in a re
mote town In the interlor. Thls mat
and hls family could not buy the slm
plest articles for household use, .as uc
European had ever llved In that sec?
tlon. The people came ln to see the
forelgn house and Its furniture jusi
as thoy mlght crowd into a museum
They examined the queer forelgr
clothes wlth thelr eurlous buttons
They were fllied with admlration whor
they gazed upon the metal wash-baslr
ln which thc torelgn barbarians wash
ed their faces and hands. The flrst
knowledge that came to the mlsslonarj
that he was a 'drummer" ln dlsgulsc
was when a delegatlon of prominent
citizens walted upon hlm and requestcd
hlm to send to ono of the open port?
and buy them some metal wash-baslns
Then followed the demand for under.
clothing wlth buttons?whlch ls one
feature of Occldental dress quito gen?
erally adopted now, oven in rural Ja?
pan. The handlness of a pocket knlfe
finally struck the Japanese. so that
the missionary imported a supply ol
them. Wlthln two years there- was
such a demand for forelgn goods thal
he persuaded a Japanese merchant tc
open a forolgn store. A stock was
purchased at one of the ports and thc
store was opened. From that llttle
beglnnlng grew up one of tho greai
trading companies of Inland Japan
handllng many thousands of dollars
worth of goods annually. Not all ol
thls trade now goes abroad, for thc
company has two factories, ono ot
whlch makes metal wash-baslns anc
such utenslls, and the other spins ant
knlts cotton underwear.
The conservatlsm of the Chlnese I;
'proverblal, but even they sometlmoi
take kindly to an Innovation. a mis?
sionary famlly ln tho interlor man
aged to keep provlded wlth a stock oi
condensed mllk, brought in large
quantltles once or twico a year fron
tho dlstant open nort. Although thc
use of mllk -was unknown to the Chi?
nese, the servants soon spread tale.*
of its woiiderful quallties. , From time
to time the missionary gave away soim
of tho cans to hls Chlnese neighbors
The result was that a local merchan
put in a stock of condensed mllk. thi
flrst time In tho hlstory of the plaiN
that any forolgn goods had been of
fered for sale. Tho business wns goor
from the start. nnd ln the course o
tlmo a blg trading concern sent i
man up to investigate tho strango or
ders for condensed milk, which cami
from a town hltherto unknown on com
merclal maps. The result was the es
tabllahment of a regular business ii
many llnes of forolgn wares, notwith
standlng thn almost insuperable difri
oulties of dlstanco and transportation
In Japan the missionary has beei
a successful furniture drummer. wlth
out knowing it. The advantage of slt
tlng on a chalr appeals to the Japa
neso mlnd, although the slttlng postur
tlres hlm dreadfully. But lt ls e fac
that into whatever towns the mlsslon
arles went, tha demand for chalrs am
tables was created. It has now reach
i ed the stage that wherever there is ;
Christlan communlty: that ls, wher
tho mlsslonarles have been at worh
almost every famlly not actually pov
erty strlcken has at least one "forelg:
room" ln the house. Thls room alway
has a. carpet, a few chalrs. a table' an<
sometlmes even a bed. The preseno
of these things means tliat the mls
sionary created a demand by bring|n;
the, existence of common Wester
convenlences to the mlnds ot the Japa
nese. At flrst these articles were al
Imported, but now most, of them ar
made ln thls country, but wlth im
ported maohlnery.
The missionary in Japan has not onl
carrled the "light" to the Japanes
In a splrltual sense, but ln the ac
tua| physical form of a korosene lamj
The anclent lamp of Japan, a vesse
fllied wlth vegetable oll, in whic
floated a rude wlck, was flt only t
show hpw dark it was. To read b
" it was io lnvlte blindness, The mls
t slonaries; the flrst forelgners to ge
,. to the ln\erlor, corrled kerosene an
? lamps wlth, them. Tho practical ml
vantago of \hls strong, clear light wa
_, Instantly re?ognlzed by the peoph
7 and they ashvl how they' could hay
lumps, too. ,Ai> a result, the kerosen
lamp is almosti as unlversal ln rurti
Japan as lt la fr\ rural Amerlca, whll
ln the eltles lt\j_ everywhere. Th
Standard, Oil Com?an,v has a tromond
\
ous business In Japan, as have also th.
J.ripanese oll concerns. Thla business
undoubtedly would havo followed th?
opening of Japan to forelgn Ideas, even
lf thero had never been a missionary,
but tho fact that the missionary wa*j
twenty years In the Interlor before th?
forelgn traders were pcrmltted to ga
there, means that the lmmense busl<
ness of to-day was bullt up twenty
years sooner than lt would have beeit
had there been no missions. ,
In China, where everybody wears cot*
ton; thero was no auch thlng as a cot*
ton mlll untll a missionary bullt a
small sptnning mlll to glve employment
and support to hls band of Chlnese stu<
dcnts. Out of this beglnnlng has grown
a conslderable number of splnning mlllt
In China. Mlsslonarles In the New
Hebrldex discovered the arrowroot, oi
whlch the natives knew nothing,' and
the annual trado ls now worth sev?
eral hundred thousand dollars. How
trado has penetrated Into darkcst
Africa through the opening mado by th<
great missionary, Llvingstone, ' 18
known to all the world. That the in?
terlor nnd remote reaches of China ar?
belng brought closer to tho ports by
traffic ln forelgn supplies, ls dlrect?
ly due to the mlsslonarles; for b.
their agency alone was the demand foi
forelgn goods created in thoso inland
places.
Trade follows the cross. That fact
cannot be dlsputed. but at the same
time the commerclal *set and the mis?
sionary set In any Orlental port have
an entlrely dlfferent polnt of vlew and
are often at loggerheads on local ques?
tions. The mlsslonarles in Japan. for
Instance. are nearly all so thoroughly
pro-.Iapanese that they partalio of the
fanatlc loyalty of the nativeB them?
selves to the imperial government.
The commerclal forelgners ln Japan,
on the other hand, are almost unanl
mous in their criticlsm of Japa?
nese methods and practlces. It wai
the missionary Influence which was
largely responslble for the revlslon of
treaties which in 1899 brought Japan
Into the "most favored natlon" class.
This revision was bltterly opposed by
many of the commerclal class.
But dlffer as they Wlll, the mis?
sionary realizes and admits that com?
merce has glven hlm the means to
come to the land where he is worklng
for the advancement of his holy
cause, and that he owes much to tho
presence of the forelgn commerclal
splrlt. The business man, also, lf he
be falr, wlll confess that lt was the
missionary who flrst created the tlny
demand for forelgn trade upon whlch
haa been bullt tlie gr.eat superstruc
ture of the Import business of the Ja?
pan of to-day. And most buslnesg men
In the East will say that the money
spent on missions has been more than
repald In advantage to commerce. leav?
lng out of tho question the results 1n
educatlon. civillzatlon and Chrlstianlty.
(Copyrlght. 190S, by Frederic J.
Haskln.)
To-morrow?Amerlcan Trade wlth
Japan.
Restores the
Phosphate
to the Bread
Wheat, the perfect food for
man. origlnally contalns a
generous supply of phosphate
for buildlng brain, bone and
jnusele.
In maklng whlte flour. de
vold of all bran, the phos?
phate ls lost.
BOYD'S PURE
Phosphate
Baking Powder
Bestores thls phosphate to
the breod. Therefore, aee that
you get Boyd's?the powder
that Insures successful baking
always.
Don't rlsk expensive cream
of tartar or" dangerous alum.
Tour dealer sells Boyd's.
w.c.
Boyd & Co.,
Manufacturers,
Itlchmond, Va.
The Religious Herald.
Four-flfths of a Century ot TJnbroken Publi?
catlon.
A medlum of power wltl. the largest re?
ligious denomination ln Vlrglnla.
The organ of the Baptlsts ot tho State.
An advertising medlum of pecullar
strength and establlshed value, golng Inta
the cholcost homes. ln the Commonwealth.
Richmond advertlsers ought to look lnta
thls medlum.
For rates and cople* for Inspection, __?
dress
THH RELIGIOUS HERALD CO..
Richmond, Va.
LADIES' OXFORDS.
Lowest prices ln tho clty. Quality and
slyle guaranteed, If you are slccntical, come
la and be eonvinced.
S. L. LEDMAN,
Shoes of Quality, .
Ko. 138 EAST MAIN 6THB1BT.
"ia

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