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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, April 27, 1908, Image 8

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WHERE DEMOCRATS OF UNITED STATES WILL GATHER FOR GREAT CONVENTION IN JULY
COLORADO STATE CAPITOL AT DENVER. AUDITORIUM. WHERE CONVENTION AVIU, BE HELD. THREE OF DENVEIt'S LEADING HOTELS.
PANORAMIC VIEW OF DENVER SHOWING ROCICY MOUNT IN BACKGROt'Ml.
T
G TRADE
OF
Latter Appeal for Help and
Police Take Matter Up-New
Ordinance Necessary.
Call for Help
Ah mrrcliniil* of Rleliinond we nre
naking (be nsslstance ?f Tlie Tlincs
DiMiititeli to brcnk up body-gmbblng
ou lower Mnln Stroet.
JOSEPH HUTZLER,
II. IfY.MES,
S1MON CROWELL,
.JOHNSTON BROS..
M. WEIXFELD.
POWELL IlltOS,,
JACOB LEWIT & SON,
DAVIS HOTEL,
J. Lcc DnvlM, Prop.j
II. SLNSHEIMERj
SAM'L STEINER tfc I1RO.,
II. SA.1IIELS,
J. R. GOOIIE & SOX.
(It ivim xtntcd Umt nilii-r nnincti
nl.-... would linve been uluued tr. this
pctifion had there been morc tlme
lu whlch to ui-t iln-ir nlgnaturcs.)
Complaining that their trade has
been jeopardized and In some cases
almost ruined by a system of body
grabblng ln oporation on Main Stroet,
between Fifteenth and Seventeenth,
?nd also on Seventeenth Street, sev-'
eral merchants in this section have
potitloned the police authoritles and
have wrltten to The Times-Dispatch
to help break up the practlce.
Most of the stores ln thls dlstrlct
lare clothing or shoe houses, or a com
linatlon of both. and competition ls
so keon that no merchant dares lot a
riosslble customer pass by hls door
?without Inviting or dragglng him ln.
Smiling blandly and wlth an attltudo
of mook doference, the body-grabber^?
for that ls what lie Is called?stands
just outslde the door of his shop or
parades up and down, crying his wares
to every countryman or gullible per?
son who comes along. and, if that be
not sufTicient to induce hlm to buy,
promptly pulls him in. and ln hoarse,
stentorian tonos, almost commands
him to purchase before he leaves.
Handsome suits at $4.9S, no much
better than can be got nnywhere els.i
in Richmond, or in the world for tliat
matter, are exhlbited with great show
of pride, and before the unwllling cus?
tomer is aware of what's belng done
he has his coat off and tlie merchant ls
tittlng on tlu- $4.?S. Voluble explana
tlon as.,*to-?why'he can sell such a
handsome suit at such a rldiculous
. price Is glven by the merchant; lie
throws up hls hands ln shocked rlght
eousness at the mere suggestion of
: proflt, nnd declares that tlie sult flts
"llke de paper on de vall." Hastlly
ls the suit wrapped up, money changes
hands, and lf he can bo lnduced to buy
, no more the purchaser is bundled out,
I to fall vlctlm to the next grabber, who
has become wlldly jealons in the mean
whlle. Thus the vlctlm ls knocked
about, pulled ln and out. despoiled of
1 hls savings and sent-home wlth all
sorts of impossiblo purchases. At home
the wares are dlspla'yed to the lovlng
wife and expectant children, nnd hopo
ful looks change to clark dlsmay as
the ?4.'t)S's are rolled out on tho floor.
Snturdny the Great Dny.
Saturday ts the great day for the
body-grahbers, and sometlmes they
reap a rich harvest from those who
' eome to make their weekly purchases.
j Of late the practlce has become so
; much worse that several merchants de?
clded to spc if they could not have it
stopped. Some of them deciare that
thelr trade has been practlcally ruined.
1 particularly those lnldway of the
blocks. These saw customers so liifro
quently because merchants on tlie two
ends of the block had pulled every
body in nnd made them buy, willy
nilly, before they could go farther.
The unfortunate ones complain bit
terly, saylng that they would elther
have to retlre from buslness or lake
some stringent measure to protect
themselves. Hence tlie petition to tlie
police and tho app.eal to thls paper.
Most of them adrnlt, however, tliat
they have resorted to body-grabblng
themselves, declarlng iliat they were
forced to lt in order to protect them?
selves. self-prescrvatlon belng the flrst
law of nature.
They would be only too wllllng to
Stop, however, if thelr neighbors may
be lnduced to do lhe same.
Slnce the petition to the Police De?
partment the merchants on Maln Strec-t
have been vislted by thc- oflleers ancl
ordercd to do business only in tho
legitimnte way. But on Seventeenth
Btreet the practlco still contlnuos, aml
iny one who happened to stand on the
torner of Seventeenth und Maln Streets
on Saturday afternoon notlced a wc-11
flressed young man loaftng just without
B clothing store, grabblng nt every
.'body who came withln hls reach. He
'soomed io be on good terms wlth all,
We slapped thom on the back or
'chucked them under the chln; spoke to
them pleasantly and asked them to go
'ln to buy. He bowed and scraped and
.talked aH If he were iierforiiilng ihe
'most pleasunt duty ln the world.
, Body-snatchlng i.s punlshablo by a
'small flne, being prohiblted by a <*Itj
'ordinance. The merchants mnv want
I a heavler flne, such as is imposed ln
| Norfolk, where the surn is ?50 for tho
j flrnt offonse und heavier for every
/ offenee therealter.
TRESTLE COLLAPSED;
ENGINEER KILLED
Married a few months ago to MIss
Kate Puller, one of the most popular
and nccompllshod young women uf
Richmond. Samuel Nelsler, englneer
on tho Scaboard Alr Line, was kllled
oarly Saturday mornlng whon hls train
cra'shed through a trcstle near Atlanta.
The body will bo brought to Rich?
mond, arrlving here at 9:10 o'clock
this mornlng.
Detalls of tho accident, which oc
cnrrcd about 5 A. M.. aro not known
here except that the brldge gave way
and tho englneer was caught under
his engine and fatally injured. Ho
was tnkon to n hospltal at Atlanta,
but dled at 1:30 F. M., before hls wlfo,
who was nt Abbevllle, S. C, could
reach him. His brother-ln-law, Mr.
James Pullor, of Atlanta, was wlth
him.
Mr. Neisler was thlrty-four years
old. He hnd been married only a littlo
moro than four months. Hls wlfe.
who Is nn accompllshed elocutionlst,
is well known ln Rlchmond. Ho Is
survlved also by hls father, Mr. S. J.
Neislor, of Charlotto, N. C.'I a brother,
Mr. Thomns Neisler, of Manchester,
Va.. and three slsters?Mrs. E. T. Dyer,
of CharHute, N. C; Mrs. La Moyne, of
GREASES IlilILL V \
COSTMDREHOW
Trousers Will Probably Be'
Pressed Per Leg Instead of
Per Pair.
Owing to tho llconse tax rccently
placcrl on clcaning, presslng and dyeing
establlshmcnts, prlces will soon be con
sklerably advanced on several classcs
of good.;. according to a well-founded
report. In fact, a number of the small
er presslng establlshments aro plan
ning to go out of buslncss, flndlnjr it
lmposslble to mcot the new eondltlons.
As usual ln case of hlgh llconse,
however, the largcr places, though com
pinlning bittcrly of the hnrdship?
mcanlng tho tax?will probably reap
a harvest ln tho end through the re
dticllon in the number of houses and
tho correspondlngly lncreaso in trade
for tho<?e that stay in buslness. The
ralsc, lf any, will tlnally fall on the
customer, and before Jorig many tl hall
rr.om youth will probably bo slooplng
wlth his Sunday trousers between the
mattresses in order to preserve the
immaculate crease nnd avold paying
by the leg instead of so much per palr,
as hns been the caso heretofore.
Whnt l'roprlclor SnyH.
When asked as to prohahlo increaso
ln prlces, the head of a large dyeing
and clcaning cstabllshment sald that
tho places ple?ined an inorease for tho
present on small nrtlcles only, leaving
thelr maln prlces ns herotofore.
"Wo havo to call for the goods and
dollver thom, and are responslblo for
loss nnd damage." sald the proprletor.
"Whon tho tax goes on, I think our
prlcc-s for clc-anlng gloves and press?
lng trousers will go up, although
buHb will remain the samej unless
them Is some rlso on claborato wo
iiihi's tallor sults ln delicato shados,
which have to be carcfully handlcd,
and which roqulro skllled work."
At n presslng club which does tho
pntching nnd i-leanlng for a number
of young bachelors, tho manager stat
ed that he would probably bo forced
out of buslness ontirely by the largo
tux unless he ndvaneed the prlces.
Small colored shopa dolng a limlted
presslng and repalr buslnoss will ln
many ensos ho drlvc-n out.
Though frmn cxtonsivo Inqulrios
mado thero spems to bo as yet no gen?
eral agreement among the cleanlng
and presslng people to flx higher
prlcos, tt 1b evldent that aftor tho tax
ls lmposod those who would rlval.Bonu
Brummel must pay the pvJce or sponge
thelr wiwtu'. u at home.
Now York. and Mrs. Andrew Shake
speare. of Philadelphla, Pa.
He had been for many years in tho
employ of the Seaboard, and had won
the esteem and confidenee of the of
flcials and his fellowworkmen. His
home was at Abbevllle, S. C, where ho
was loved and honored by a large
clrcle of frlonds. He was a member
of the Brotherhood of Locomotlve En
gineers and a member of other orders.
Tho funeral wlll take place thls
afterhoon at 5 o'clock from the home
oT lils mother-in-law, Mrs. Cornella
lJuller, No. 2016 Jefferson Park. Tele
grams were recelved here yesterday
from Hon. J. T. Barron, of Columbla,
grand cammonder Knights Templars of
South Carolina, announci'ng that tho
hotly would arrlve this mornlng vla
tlie Seaboard, and requesting that a
specifll escort of honor be appolnted to
escort tho body from the statlon and
to the cemetery. Emlnent Commander
D. C. Kennedy, of Rlchmond Cummand
ory No. 2, Knights Templars. wlll corn
ply wlth tho Instructlons. Representa
tlves from Rlchmond, Ran'dolph Lodge
-.o. 19, A". F. and A. M. will take charge
of tho body at the traln, and Mr. Neis
ler wlll be b'uMed wlth Masohlc hon
ors.
T
L1K PLACE
Ryan's New Manager at 6ak
Ridge to Assume Charge of
Property This Week.
Appolnted by Thomas Fortune Ryan
to succeed Judge W. G. Lovlng as man?
ager of his Oak Ridge e3tate ln Nelson
county. Waltor G. Rogers wlll take ac
tlve charge of that handsome and his
toric property on May 1st. Mr. Rogers
has been spendlng several days In
Rlchmond, making purchases, all of
which have been shlpped to his new
home. He left yesterday for New York
to confer with Mr. Ryan beforo return
ing to AMrglnla.
No reason has been given for the
rotirement of Judge Loving, nor ls lt
known what his future plans wlll be.
Mr. Rogers would not discuss that
matter. Indeed, he sald that he knew
nothlng of tlie contemplated change
untll he was nppolntod.
Mr. Rogers has spent very little tlme
around Oak Ridge. He ls a man of
mlddlc age, and has experience which
sutisfled Mr. Ryan that he would make
a capable manager.
Aised Veternu Dlos.
Mr. Mlke Tennv dled at the Soldlers
Home about 10 o'clock last nlght. He
had been 111 for a long tlme, and his
strength at last gave way beneath his
many years; Ho was a famlllar flgure
at the' home. and was known for his
ready wlt.
GREW NOT HIT
Jumped from Engines Just in
Time to Escape Being
Killed.
TRACK BLOCKED ALL DAY
Freight on Southern Hit Yard
Efigine Head-OR Near MaR
chester Pumphouse.
Running into tho yard limlts of Man
chester at the rate of flfteen mlles an
hour, Southern Railway freight train
No. 74 colllded hcad-on wlth a shlfting
engine near the Manchestor Pump
Hnuse at 10 o'clock yesterday morn?
lng, the crews jumping from the cnbs
just in tlme to escape tnjury or pos
sible death. Four cars were"1; practi
cally destroycd. The locomotlves wer0
badly damaged. tho wreckagc belng
such that the track was blocked uattl
7 o'clock last nlght. The passenger
train for Danvllle, due to leave at 11:15
A. M? was held in the statlon here until
7.30 o'ciock.
Although no statement as to tho re
sponslbility for the accldent was glven
out at the offlce of Divlslon Superln
tendent Cone, it was sald that No. 71
was exccedlng Us speed llmit, appar
ently trying to make up some of its
lost tlme. Englneer Morrissette had
just reached a polnt near the Pump
House when he saw the shlfter a few
foet ohead. At the same moment En?
glneer Robertson, who was proparing
to stop to back into a siding, saw the
danger. He and Morrissette jumped
simultaneously, and the two firemen
did the snme thlng a few seconds be?
fore the crash.
EnglneH Badly Dumnged.
The bollor head of the yard engine
was smashed. The compact was such
that tho tender was torn to pleces.
The pllot and the pilot beam of the
onglne pulllng No. 74 were broken,
the tender telescoping. Thero was
othor damage, which can bo easlly re
palrcd,
Two of the cars, which wore eom
pletely wrecked, wero loaded wlth
packing-house products, and the stuff
was hurled ln all dlrectlons. Englneer
Glenn, of 74, and hls brakemen -were
badly jnrred, but they escaped without
a scratch.
The yard engine was handling a
strlng of ten cars, thlrty-flve belng at
tached to No. 74. According to .rall?
road men the englneers had equal
rights, which is to say that each had
to look out for tho other.
Asldo from the damage, tho groatest
lnconvenlence was caused to passen
gors on tho mornlng train for Danvlll9.
Thoy waited at the statlon all day, ox
pectlng to be sent out every moment,
many of them belng nfrald to leave the
cars for dinner. The afternoon train
for Rlchmond could not cross tho rlver,
but passengors left lt and caught the
stroet cars a few blocks away.
REPORTED ESCAPE OF
M1LLER CAUSED STIR
Reports to the effect that Mlller,
tho baggage thlef, had escaped from
the penltentiary croated great cxclte
ment on Broad Street last nlght, nnd
.ipqciftlly around Murphy's Hotel,
wliere bets have been made hy somo
of tho local plungors that tho notorl
ous crook wlll never sorvo his full
term. AAMien the curlous on*s got busy
with tho telophone a reporter caught
Suporlntendent Morgan's office over
the wire and then catno naar falntlng
when a guurd snid that Mlller wua stlll
In his cell. The Sunday nlght ronianco
had been Bhattered wlth a word.
Tho guard donled tho story that
Mlller had slipped froin one part of
tho bulldlng to 'another, glvlng the
authorltles an uneasy hour. The ra
ports mako lt nppenr that ho was
caught and sont back to hls strong
hr*_
"I have Just seon Mlller through tho
Iron hars," sald tho guard, "He dld
not loso nimnclf in here, and ho ls not
apt to," Word wns sent back to the
curious ono on Broad Street, but they
contlnued to speculate on tho chances
of Mlllor'a escnpe. Captain Morgan,
however, does not dlsturb hlmself
about such thlngs. Roallzlng that lio
tvtts ii desporato character whoso out
aide pals mny attompt to rescuo him,
tho siiporlnteiuienl has talt'on oxtra
precautions. If Mlller makos a dash
ho wlll got n few huckshot; if ho be*
liaves hlmself ho may get out In time
and swuch a few moro trunk ohocUs at
smuji railway statlona.
BRYAN AND PRIMARY
ARE LEADINGISSUES
DELEGATES AT LARGE.
.John AV. Onnlel, of I.vnc-lihuric.
ThoniaM S. Martln, nf Allicnuirle.
C'lnuile A. Swnnxon, of I'lttsylvnnla.
It. Tnte Irvlne, of AA'Ise; or,
Jnnicn Hay, of Mndlion.
ELECTORS AT LARGE.
Snmtiel I.. Kelley. of Rlchmond clty.
Sotuuel W. AVIIHumi, of AA'ythc.
BY C. A. BOYCE.
WHEN tho State Democratlc
convention mects in Roa?
noke in June to send reprc
sentatlves to the natlonal
convention at Denver, and
to determine such other matters as
may properly come before the regu
larly constltuted authority of the party
ln A'lrglnla at its quadrennial gathor
Ing, delegates and electors at large
wlll be ch'osen as Indlcated in tho
summary printed above.
Dnnlel's Posltlon.
There are those, of course. who do
not want Senator Danlel to go to the
convention at Denver, for the reason
that though acceptnble to the organl
zatlon in other respects, he has iter
rated and relterated his determlnatlon
not to be brldled or branded for Bryan
in advance, but he wlll go ln any
evcnt, and chances are that lf the ex
treme Bryan people insist, upon forcin^
the Issue. he will go wlthout instruc
tions. His latest utterance on the
subject is that "I have not yet been
Bryanized," and coming from such a
man as Daniel on the eve of the State
convention. the declaration is slgnifl
cant. Democratlc people In A'lrglnla
know well what it means.
A number of Bryan "bandwagon
jumpers" say that lf the cholce were
irade squarely before the people of
the State between Bryan and Danlel,
Bryan would win hands down, but thls
predlction does not conform wlth the
popular record of the senlor Senator,
who has never been known to un
cover before any foe, and who has
never met defeat, elther In or out of
his party, In A'lrglnla, save when he
and his followers were overwhelmed
by the Readjusters, back In the
elghties.
AVlll Stnud by Danlel.
The Richmond delegatlon to the Roa?
noke convenUon is unlnstructed, and
though there havo been but fow publlc
oxpressions on the part of tho mem?
bers, many of the more prom'inent
among them are known to ha on the
side of Danlel lf the extremo Bryan
advoeates undertake to knlfe th.e Vlr?
ginla leader, and dellver him bound
into the hands of a pronounced polltl?
cal cnemy.
Foremost among these aro Mr. "W.
AA'aller Morton, of Lee AA'ard;' Hon.
Samuel L. Kelley, of Madison, and Mr.
yValter G. Duke, of Honry. It ln un
derstood that Mr. Alfred B. AAMlllams
and a number of othor members of the
Richmond delegatlon, will be found
on the Danlel alde lf thero is, any
allgnment.
Kelley for Danlel for Preslileut.
Mr. Kelley ls an effective orator,
and Will probably be made chalrman
of the Richmond delegatlon. Ho had
his early polltlcal experierice as presi?
dent of the old Powhatan Club, which
was, In its palmiost days, the Tam?
many Hall of tha Richmond olty Dc?
mocracy, He s'erved then wlth Mr. H.
M. Smith, Mr. C. Af. Merectltli, Captaln
Alex. Gulgon, Mr. W. L. Royall, Colonel
Tuzawell Ellett, Colonel Joiin Boll Big
gor and many othors in fightlng for
party supromacy in Jackson AA'ard, and
was later sent several tlmos to the
Vlrginla Legislature.
Mr, Kelloy declaresthat he Isngalnst
ail tnstructions at R'oanoke, unless
they aro Danlel Instructlons?that ls
to say, ho fnvora Instructlng the dele?
gatlon for Danlel for President If the
juenior Senator sliall desiro such a.
courso, but he wlll opposo all other
lnstructloiis.
Mr. Hill Montnguo and Mr. Roscoo O,
Nelson havo been dlscussed in connec
tlon wlth tha posltlon of eloctor for
th,. Third Dlstrlct, but the montlon of
these names In tho presonco of a group
of tho'io "on tha Inslde" at Murphy's
tho other nlght brought tho expeoted
crltlclsm; "They won't do; they don't
spcak tho language of the trlbe." It
Is not known whom "tho trlbe" will put
up, but it Is apparent that It will not
bo either of these gentlemen, although
Mr. Montague's frlends will present
his name.
A number of promlnent Rlchmond
men are mentioned as probablo dele
gates to Denver from the Thlrd Dls?
trlct. Some of them are Mr. Charles
B. -Cooke, of Hcnrico; Mr. Alfred B.
Wllliams, of Rlchmond; Mr. W. H.
Sands and Mr. W. Waller Morton, of
Richmond.
Prlmnry .Mntter.
But there will be more than the
more election of delegates, alternates
and electors at the Roanoko conven?
tion. Judge. R. T. W. Duko, of Char
Iottesvllle; Hon: John Whltchead, of
Norfolk; Dr. Thomas H. Barnes, of
Nansemond; Colonel A. M. Bowman, of
Salem, and others have declared their
bitter opposltlon to the present prl?
mary system, and have ipdlcated thelr
purpose to joln hands with all who
will undertako to break lt down.
Perhaps the strongest argument that
has been advanced ln favor of abol
lshing the present system of nomlnat
Ing Democratlc candldates for offlce in
Virginia Is that the new method prac
tically does away with county, dls?
trlct and State conventlons, thus de
privlng the party In subsequent cam
paigns of that inspirlng enthuslasm
which results from an old-fas'nloned
Democratlc rally, where eloquence
fires the hearts of the unwary and
stimulates the Indlfferent to press for
wnrd to vlctory at the polls.
Much of the talk to the effect that
the system ls cumbersome and costly
emanates from Its enemles, many of
whom, It is alleged by the other'sldo,
have steadlly and perslstently sought
to load it with handlcaps and to ren?
der it unpopular wlth tho people at
large.
Movement for Rcform.
Time was when the party convention,
e.specially amohg Southern people, was
almost a tenet of Democratlc faith,
but the system iinally began to bo
abused. Leaders grew intolerant and
dogmatlc ln tholr management of af
fairs, and the system became a breeder
and promoter of bosses whose arro
ganco threatened to weaken, If not do
l'cat, the party in many lmportant
States. Then tho prlmary reform
started and swept over the country.
Enemles of the prlmary have prevonted
lt from belng porfected ln Virginia,
and therefore, according to its friends,
it has never reached the hlgh tlde of
its popularity ln thls section. Tho
present party law allows conventlons
under certaln conditlons. Thero ls n
locnl optlon feature as to the method
of nominattng candldates for tho I.egis
lalure, county ofllces and Congress, and
In many of these local dlstricts con?
ventlons aro stlll held. State conven?
tlons, however, can be held but once
ln four years, and the_n only for the
purpose of prepnrlng for national con?
ventlons.
Will Snve tne Plnn.
Judging from tho' present outloofc,
the prlmary will not bo abollshed by
the Roanoko convention, for if Bowman
and Whltehead and Duke and' Rarnes
come forward to assall It they will be
met by Hay and Glass and Byrd and
Flood, and perhaps also by Danlol and
Swanson, who will, according to indt
cntions, have behind them an ovoa
whelming sentlment ln favor of main
talnlng tho system.
Of courso, thoro ls going to be a
goocl deal of gubernntorlal talk and
work at tho convention. Tho gather
ing will be in Mr. Stuart's country, and
it would bo strango lf tho partlsans of
the Southwost candldate did not mako
use of lt. They will almost certalnly
call upon him for a speech if he shows
his faco In the blg theatre where tho
convention will' meet, and he wIR very
llkely bo thoro. So will Judgo Mann
nud Jijr, Tuckor, nnd, of courso, they,
too, will be askod to mako addressos.
Tho convention will in all probabiltty
completo its work ln ono day, but tho
sesslon may posslbly last longer. Indl
cntlons are that n very large proportlon
of tho S03 delcgates and many of tho
altei-nales will altand. i
10 C1STI1TY,
28 Royal Princes in School at;
Luebo-Cannibalisra and Po-!
lygamy Still Prevaleht.
Tne Rev. Motto Martln, an Afrlcan)
traveler, explorer and mlsslonary, apok_
last night In tho Socond Presbytcrlart'
Church before an audlence whlch fllled?
the large bulldlng, and whlch showed'
tho deepest Interest ln tho story otj
work ln Afrlca. The young minister
la a graduate of Unlon Thcologlcal
Sominary, and at ono tlme suppllod tha'
Prosbytorlan Church In Barton' Helghts,
Hls tours ln tho Congo region of Ccn-_ '
tral Afrlca during tho past half dozen j
years have given hlrn a world-wldo
reputatlon as an explorer of tho Dark
Continent, while hls missionary labors
have boen pronounced by Secretary
Reavls, of the board of mlsslons, to
be unparalleled In modern church an
nals.
Much of Mr. Martln's work has been
done in company wlth the Rev. Shep
held, a Staunton, Va, negro, who, as a
ploneer mlsslonary and explorer ln
Alrlca, has become a Fellow of tho
Royal Geographlcal Society, nnd ranka
sccomd only to Livlngstono and Stan?
ley ln tho openlng of Central Afrlca.
A Qui'stlon Anawerril.
Before golng as a mlsslonary Mr.
Martln sald he had been often asked
why nations who are living contentedly
and satlsflod with present condltlons
should be intrudod upon with another
moral code and manner of llfe. Aftor
flvo years of hand-to-hand oxporlonco
he camo back to this country to answer
that (luestlon. Two polnts were brought
out ln strlklng emphasis?tho need of
tho poople and their receptlveness to
Chrlstianlty. Under the flrst polnt Mr.
Martln told of the lmmense death rate
among little children. and tho utter
absence among tho people of a know?
ledge of how to care for children. De
srriblng condltlons ln the section ln
whlch he ls settlod. in tho heart of tho
Congo country, among the Bakuba poo?
ple. He said those people aro entire
lv unllko the Sudanese negroes. from
whom lhe Amerlcan negro is an ex
tractlon.
The Bakubas have thin llps and
aqullno noses, and scientists have
claimed for them Mongollan descent.
Roforring to condltlons about him, tho
speaker said that polygamy waa prev
alent among all classes. the poople of
a nclghboring natlon having met ln
solcmn assembly and llmlted thelr
Klng to 3.333 wives as being all tha
country was able to .fupport.
"Cannibalism is also generally prac
ticed by many of the tribes," Mr. Mar?
tln contlnued. "I do not think this
cannibalism Is on account of any love
of human flesh; lt ls a sort of fetish
lsm; an act of worship. In many cases
lt is belleved that the strength and
splrit of the person eaten enters into
the eater, so that when a warrlor con
quers hls adversary after a struggle,
he eats hls body ln order to take Into
hlmself the strength and splrlt of his
enemy. Whilo not exactly believlng
in the transmigration of souls, they
belleve that tho splrlt of a sleeplng
person wanders about, and may for a
time lodge in another or ln some an?
imal.
Turnlug tn Chrintlnulty.
All through Central Afrlca the peo?
ple liave lost t'alth In their Idols and
are turning to Chrlstianlty, according
to Mr. Martln, who told of messages
whlch had come from towns several
hunuWd mlles away asklng for teach?
ers, whlch the workers had been un'**
able to supply. Ho doscribed a journey
of somo months' duration with twenty
odd volunteer natlve helpers, who
walked twenty-flvo or thlrty miles .*_
day irom villuge to village, preaching
threo" tlmes each dny to hundreds and
even ' thousands, tno people fIocking
out at the first call. Part of thls
journey took thom through an inner
provlnco which for flfteen years has
boen In successful rovolt against tho
rule of King Leopold, of Belgium. Tho
warrlors of this na.lon are now nrmed
wlth Mauwer rifles und continue to rt>
pel tho Belglan forces.
"Slnco tho-Congo mlsslon has beon
ostabllsned at Luebo, over 6,000 personn
havo been bapttzed, nearly all qf wh'prh
have romained falthful, forsaken poly?
gamy, and thrown away thelr idols.?*
sald Mr, Martln. "Most of these went
through a year or moro of probatlon,
wlth dilly teaching, beforo they were
buptlzed. Seventy natlve helpers are
now alding the work of the foreigners
In tours' through surroundlng prnvlnces.
Twenty-elght klngs who rule over
great natlons in Contral Afrlca hnvn
sent tholr sons to our school In Luebo
to bo oducated and tralned In Chrlstlan
ity, and to-day thoso twonty-elght
young princes, who wlll one day be the
rulors of an uncounted muUltudo of
peoplo, are living In tho school bulld?
lng at our mlsslon at Luebo."'
Mr, Martln spoko in the highest
terms of the staying ciualitlos of the
converts,- telllng of the" martyrclom ln
Ugnnda, a perseoution more bltter and
more snvage than any slnco tho daya
qf Nero, It Is ln thc Bakuba provlnco,
nround Luebo, that the rubber persccu
tlou lias been most severo, aml Mr.
Martln told of seelng mon and women
whoso arms and feet had beon cut off
by tho rubber gnthorers for falluro to
pay tholr tax lo tho Belglan _ovorn
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