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fe ^gTc^&A.*. WHOLE NUMBER 17,909.
RICHMOND, VA., TUESDAY, APRIL 28, 1908. PRICE TWO CENT TIME NOT T-.KEN TO HEAR MESSAGE r m President, UnabletoGet Ean of House and Senate, Reads 'Only a Few Lines. POWER OF INJUNCTION; ' CONTROL OF TRUSTS Mr. Roosevelt, in Special Mes sage, Urges Neccssity of Re stricting Use of Injunction i an'd of Making the Antl? trust Law More Effective. WASHINGTON, Aprll 27.?Con dltlona ln hoth the Senati and tho liouse wero sucl that the npeclal message o - the President, further ~out llning hls vlo-VH ns to legislation which was sent to Congress to-day, re celved hut sennt attentlon. The mes sage arrived lato ln the day and th. Houso was so tled up under lts ne? rules that It could not offlclally recelv. the message. while the Senate was li the mldst df the conslderatlon of thi naval appropriation bill under the ten jnlnute rule, when the document reach ed that hody. The Presldent's secre tary, Mr. Latta, who had w.ilted fo an hour ln the corrldor. was turne* ? away wlth the message under hls arm Bnd made hls way to the Senate. Unlike the House th_ Senate per mitted the formal presentatlon of thi message, but lt could not at that tlm< be lald before the Senate, and by thi tlme the naval bill had been dlsposei of the hour was so late and the at tendance so small that no attempt wai made to read the document. The flrs few llnes only had been pronouncei by the clerk when lt was suggeste< that the further readlng should b< postponed untll to-morrow. Thls sug gestlon was adopted, and the Senati adjourned. The Message. The message follows: To the Senate and House of Represen tatlves: In my message to the Congress o March 25. 1D0S, I outlined certalr measures whlch I belleve the majorit. of our countrymen desire to have en Bcted into law at this tlme. Thes; measures do not r<*pre?ent by anj means all that 1 would llke to sci done If I thought It posslble. but thej do represent what I belleve can nov be done If an earnest effort towar; thls end is tnade. Slnce I wrot^ this message an em ployers' Ifabillty law has been enactoi which. it ls. true. comes short of wha ought to have heen done. but whlc! does represent a real advance. Ap parently. there Ie good ground to-honi that there wlll he further leglslatloi prpyidlag for recompensing all em? ploy:..; who suffer injury while en gafe'd in the publlc servlce; that then will v>e a child labor law enacted foi the DIstrict of Columhln: that tlu Waterways Commisslon wlll be con? tlnued with sufllclent flnanclal sup? port to Increase the f-ffectlveness o: its preparatory work: that steps wll be taken to provlde for such investiga? tion into tarlff conditions, by the ap? proprlate commlttee of the House .d Representatlves and by government ex? perts In the executlve service. as wll eecure the full informatlon necessarj for immediate actlon ln revising tlu tarlff at the hands of the Congres. elected next fall; and, flnally. tha' financlal legislation wlll be enacte. providlng for temporary measures foi meetlng any trouble that may arlsi ln the next year or two. and for " commisslon of experts who shall thor? oughly investlgate the whole matter hoth here and In the great commer? cial countrles abroad. so as to be ablt to recommend -legislation whlch wll put our flnanclal system on an efficlen and permanent basis. It ls much to b( wished that one feature of the flnan? clal legislation of thls sesslon shoulr be the establlshment of postal sav? ings banks. Ample approprlatloi I should be made to enable the Inter? state Commerce Commisslon to carr. out the very Important feature of tht Hepburn law whlch glves to the com? mission supervlslon and control o.vei the accountlng systems of the rail? ways. Failure to provide means whicl wlll enable the commisslon to exam? ine the books of the railways wouli amount ,to an attack on the law at it; most vital polnt. antl wAuld beneflt as - nothing . else could beneflt those railways whlch are corruptly oi lncompetently managed. Forest . re? serves should be establlshed through? out the Appalachlan Mountaln reglor wherever lt can be shown .that the;, wlll have a dlrect and real connectlor with the co'nservation and lmprove? ment of navigable rivers. There seems, however, much doubi about two of tho measures I have recommended: the measure to do awaj wlth abuse of the power of Injunctior and the measure or group of meas? ures to strengthen and render botl more efflclent and more wlse the con? trol by the natlonal government ovei the great corporatlons doing an inter? state business. l'ow-r of Injiiuetlona. First, as to the power of injunctior and of punlshment for contempt. Ir contempt cnses. save where Immedi? ate actlon Is Imperatlvo, the trla: should be beforo another jiidge. Af regards injunctions, some such legis? lation as that I have prevlously rec? ommended should be enacted. Tho_ are bllnd who fall to reallze the ex* treme bltterness caused among large bodies, of worthy citizens by the us*: that has been repeatedly made ot the power of Injunctlon ln labor dlsputes Those in whose judgment we havu mo.t rlght to trust are of the oplnlon that -whllo much of thte complalnt agalnst the uso of the Injunctlon 1. unwarranted, yet that lt Is unquestton* ably true that ln a number of casec thls power haa been used to the grave Injury of the rights of laborlng men. I ask that it be llmlted ln somo such way as that. I have . already polnteil out ln my previous mossages, for the very reason that I do not wish to soe an embittered effort made to destroy lt. It is unwlse stubbonrly to refuse lo provlde against a repetltion of the abuses which have caused the present unrest. In a democracy like ours, It ls Idle to expect perinanently to thwart the determlnatlon of tho groal body of our citizens. It may be, and often ls, the highest duty of a court, a Legislature, or an exeoutlve, to re alst and defy a gust of popular pas* ?Ion; a*nd most certalnly. no publlc servant, whatever may'be'the consd quences - to -himself,. should yleld * to what he thinks wrong. But- In a ques? tion whloh is omphatlcally one of pub? llo pollcy, the pollcy whlch the publlc demands ls sure in the end to be adopted; and a perslstent rofusal to grant to a largo portlon of our people what Is rlght ia ouly too apt'in the enJH to result ln causlng such Irrltu tlon that when the rlght Is obtaln.nl lt- Ih obtalned ln the course of a move? ment so Ul considered antl- violent as to bo accompanied by much that is wrong. The process of Injunctlon ln labor dlsputes, as woll aa whero State *"" ". XContJnue-i on; .Tlilrc, pag.,1, \ REFUND.OF COTTON TAX Mr. SplRlit MnkeH Ple* In n. Imlf. of Southern Stntes. "WASHINGTON. D. C. Aprll 27.?Rea? sons why Congross should return to nlno Southern States anamount nggregatlng $60,000,000, alleged to havo boen lllcgal !y collccted durlng the Clvil War as a cotton tax', wero set forth to'the Houso to-day In a speech by Representative Splght, of Mlsslsslppl. The speech was hased on a memorlal of the Mlsslsslppl Legislature urglng thls actlon and to carry out whlch Mr. Sfrlght has intro? duced a bill. Mr. Splght nssumed the task of mak? lng domand for a return of thls .tax because, ho sald, he Is the only ex Confederatc in Congress from that State. . He deplctcd the flnanclal need of the people of tho State to whlch the tax would go and revlcwed the his? toric strugglo of '61 to '65. He then turned hls attentlon to the legal'phase of the question to show that fhe tax as collccted was rcpugnant to the Con? stitution belng ??unequal." The nine Ktfites.,ln wlilch tho greater portlon ?. the tax was collected, were Alabama, Arkansns,/Georgla, Loulslana. Mlssls? slppl. North and South Carolirta, Ten ncsi-fee and Texas. Mr. Splght closed. wlth thls plea: "Now comes the remna'nt of the armles of the South and asks, as a mat? ter of simple Justice. that the soldlers of the North and thelr descendants ?who are ln Congress, meet us upon the broad plane of comradeshlp and falr dcaling and give us back our own." DID NOT KNOW HIMSELF BrlntoI'N Veternn Mayor Spm-vn *._? nnd -si-eakN to Hlmaelf for ._.???.Ji.r. BRISTOL, VA., Aprll 27.?Mayor XV. L. Rlce. -yho is In hls seventy-. Ixth year, and who has just returned from Hlchmond, where he attended a rate hearing Investigation, tells a good Joke on himself. After havlng celebrated hls seventy-flfth anniversary of hls birth recently, he declded to try belng young again. He had himself shorn of his long locks of hair and donned a new hat of tne alplne style. He had for gotten for the tlme about this change ln hls personal appearance, havlng not been valn enough to court the mirror. ualklng Into a smoking apartment on the traln on the trlp home, he behld himself in a lon*c mirror. "I thought," sald the Mayor, "I had seen that old gentleman before. but was puzzled to call hls name. I spoke to hlm. but heard no response. 1 thought thls strange. for he stood dlrectly faclng me. I thon bowed polltely as a second effort to impress upon hlm that I was endeavoring to be courteous to him. It was then I dlscovered that I was speaking to myself ln a mirror. Sev? eral men In the smoking room witness ed the incldent. a_id thls is why I am compelled to acknowledge lt." LABOR MEN IN COUNCIL Dlsru-u- Political Situatlon In Carolina, But .\ot to Toke Part. [Speclal to The Tlmos-Dispatch. 1 RALEIGH. N*. C. Aprll 27?All the afternoon and untll after mldnlght the ?State Convention of Labor Unions was ln session here. The business Nof the convention wlll not be completed. how jever. until another sesslon to-morrow. Samuel Gomp'ers is attending and pre ?siding over the convention. A resolu jtlon was adopted blnding all members .of the convention to secrecy so' far. as the deliberatfons are concerned, the |strlct injunction being that nothing be |glven to the press. ? "? | It is known that the political situa? tlon in North Carolina came in for con? slderable and very splrited dlscussion, and that a resolutlon was passed that labor unions take no stand for or agalnst State prohlbition ln the ap proachinc; election. It Is understood Ithat sentlment as to prohibitlon was very much divided. It was the advlce of Mr. Gompers that the unions be urged to take no part in rhe carnpaign one way or another. There are prob? ably 100 delegates. The sessions are In the Senate chamber of the State House. CROSS THE BURNING SANDS Acca'* Arnb Pntrol Conduct* Blgr Inltln tlon at Hnrrisouburg. [Speclal to The Timts-Dlgpatch.l HARRISONBURG. VA., Aprll 27.? Forty-flve members were Inltiated Into the Mystie Shrine to-nlght at Rock Ingham Lodge of Anclent, _pree and Accepted Masons. The work of lnltial Ing tlie members was done by elghteen members of Arab Fatrol .of Aeca Temple, of Rlchmond, Va. There ls but one temple in the State. and that located at Richmond. Over 150 Shrlners are in atteldance from a distance. and they have been having a gala tlme all day. A blg parade of the town was made by the Shriners' Arab Patrol, after which they gave a fancy drlll on the public square. before about 4.000 people. After the inltiation a banquet was served at the Kavanaugh," and covers for 200 were lald. Visiting Shriners came from Rlchmond. Washlngton, Alexandrla. Front Ioyal. Wlnchester, Charles? ton. Staunton, Roanoke, Charlottesville, Clifton Forge, Lexington and other places. TO RETRIEVE HER FORTUNE Mrn. Mercer, Formerly Rlch and B.nu*. tlful, to Become Interlor Decorator. [Special to The TImes-Dlspatch.l NEW YORK, Aprll 27.?Mrs. Carroll Mercer, the former Marqulse St. Al laire, whom Queen Vlctorla called the most beautiful American woman, .ls to recover her lost fortune as an interlor decorator in NeWYork. She has just slgned a contract with a well known decorator, and Instead of devotlng herself to society will en gage in trade. -When she left her Norfolk home a bride and went to Washlngton, she was among the wealthiest society women there, and her house was the centre of the most dlstlngulshed and dlstlnctlve of the capltal's excluslve Southern and dlplo-' matlc sets. When ln Washlngton Mrs. Mercer entertalned all the dlstingulsh ed foreign vlsltors. Mrs. Mercer's malden name was Min* na. Tunis. Sho is a dlrect descendant of tho lastEarl of Allendale. CONVENTION MEETS tO-DAY .South Carolina '? Convention Assemble. In Columbla.' COLUMBIA, S. C, Aprll 27.?The State Republican convention will be held ln Columbla to-morrow. Already there are a large number of delegates In the clty. Edmund H. Deas, colored, of Darllngton. State chairman, will call the convention to order. Captaln John . G.) Capers, Unlted States* commlssloner of Internal rev? enue and natlonal executlve commlttee man, is ln the clty, and wlll be a con spicuous flgure in the convention. He ls the Federal re.eree In South Caro? lina. He wants an uninstructed dele? gation. Edmund. H. Deas, who Is t#ie recognlzed leader of the forces opposed to the admlnlstratlon, ls a Federal offl? clal. Ho and .many of the other colored members-of the-conventlpn favor fp structlng the delegates for Foraker. : ??* , Glrl Dlca of LucUIn .v. [Speclnl to The Tlmes-Dlspatch" STAUNTON, VA., Aprll 27.?Mabul Leo, threo years- old, daughter of Jos? eph H, Lolltnger, of ? Mt, Sldney, dlod of lockjaw aftor being ill thlrty-slx hours from runnlng' a spllnter. In her foot ten days previous*. * The accidertt waa not _-S_r<_e<- sei-ously foc* gonl. _.&*.?*>. BID 10 SH.PS SEifSJECE Decisive Vote Against Presl? dent's Plea for Four, ? After Long Fight. BUILD TWO EACH YEAR AND KEEP OUR NAVY UP Debate Brings Out the Fact That This Is to Be Policy of Naval Committee ?- Navy Bill Passed Carry ing an Appropriation of $123,115,656. WASHINGTON. Aprll 27.?By an overwhelmlng vote Pres? ldent Roosevelt's four-bat tleship program failed in the Senate to-day. Just as it did in the House. The amendment for four battleshlps was introduced by Senator Piles, and the fight for lts adoptlon was led by Senator Beverldge. Twenty-three votes-were east for the Increased program, the number largely belng made up of recently elected Sen? ators. Fifty Senators voted to support tha House, and the recommendatlon of thf Senate Naval Commlttee ln favor of buildlng only "two battleships. The debate on. the battleshlp amend? ment lasted three days, to the excluslon of all other matters. It was begun by Senator Beverldge wlth an eloquent ap? peal for the support of the Presldent, and a suggestion that the larger navy mlght be needed for war. Members of the commlttee upbralded the Indlana Senator for thls velled hlnt of war wlth another country. and sought to make hlm admlt that he meant Japan. At times the dlscussion. came near be? comlng acrlmonlous, espeolally sharp exchanges occurring between Senators Aldrich and Beverldge. The former's references to Mr. Beverldge excite.l Senator Smlth. of Mlchlgan. to protest agalnst the Senate chamber being "made a slaughter house for the young Senator from Indlana." . Authorlze T*ro Each Year. It" was developed by Senator Alllson during the debate that there is a well deflned understandlng among the Sen? ate leaders for the authortzatlon of two battleships each year. untll the American Navy ls regarded as sufllclent to meet any 'demands that may be made upon lt. As flnally passed the bill carrles approprlations aggregatlns $123,115,659, and provldes for the con? struction of two battleshlps and two colllers, and the purchase of three ad? ditional colllers, the construction 61 submarines and other necessary craft, and Increases the pay 6f offlcers and _nll .ted men, as well as lrtcr_aalng both the pay and the strength Ot the marlne corps. Day of Great Debate. Debate on Senator Piles amendment for four battleships was begun when the Senate met to-day. Senators Stone, Carter, Clapp, For? aker, Alllson, Perklns. Hemenway, Dlck, Danl-1 and Bacon spoke ln oppo? sltlon to the four-battleshlp .amend? ment. Among those who spoke in fa? vor of four battleships were Senators Owen, DuPont,- Heyburn, Fulton and Beverldge. Senator Newlands, of Nevada, spoke ln favor of hls amendment, approprlat? lng $20,000,000 for colllers and auxll iaries for the navy to.be used in times of peace as tralnlng shlps or to be leased to private shlpplng companles foi*. the extenslon of. commerce. Mr. Hale interrupted -to' say that five efflclent colllers were as much as the commlttee could see lts way to recomm'end at thls tlme. Mr. Hale sald' the commlttee ln . recommendlng two battleshlps. would expectto pro? vlde that number annually and* keep the navy the second in the world. Senator Foraker referred to the Presldent's recommendatlon .ln 1905 for one battleshlp, and .read hls recent mes? sage, tn whlch' reference .was made to hls former bell'ef that The Hague con? ference would result' ln flxlng some limitation of armanient. Mr. Foraker sald he could flrid nothing in .the mes? sage of 1905 whlch lrtdlcated "that, the Presldent had any, earnest expectation .that-armanient-would be llmlted. Never ln' all ? the twely'e ' years I have been In thls Senate' has' the sky-been so bright as at thls moment," he'said, re ferrlng to the lack of danger. He also found ln the flnanclal deflclt a rea? son for avoidlng. extraordlnary ex penditures. . Bulld Slo-rt'ly, Sa_-_ Daniel. Declarlngthat there ls no- cloud of war on thehorlzon, Senator Daniel, of Vlrginia, sald that tho buildlng of a navy! slowly ls the best method. for securlng an efflclent navy. Senator Bacon, of Georgla, sald that for 100 years, the .United States had not had a war except of lts own'mak ing, and It would not have one for 100 years. The necessltles of commerce a'nd tho commandlng' place of thls country. resultlng ' from lts wealth would prevent a war. Senator Beverldge sald kn attempt had evldently been made to make hla speech and not the amendment for four battleshlps the maln Issue. "In tho Inference made from lt," he sald, "on Saturday, as the record wlll show, not a,ne quotatlon was made correctly. Thls was done," contlnue'd Mr. Beverldge, "to dlvert the attentlon of the Senato from the real Issue, the construction of four shlps, ?whlch," he sald, "is the request of the Presldent." instead of belng the second naval power,-the Unlted States, he sald, would be the fourth. or flfth lf the present pollcy Isnot changed. "I speak for no ono but myself," he declared, "as I sald ln my orlglnal remnrks." Beverldg-c* Apostollo Di*le*_-ate. Senator Aldrich, readlng from the Congressionai Record, sald that he had not misquoted the Senator from Indl? ana, and declared that the remarks, as shown by the record, were even irtore positive than hls recollectlon of them. Mr, ? Beverldge's speech, Mr. Aldrich sald, lndlcat-ed- that.the Indlana Sena? tor knew'somefhlng aboi-t some par? tlcular country'. whlch lf the Senators kaew w.p_.ld not.permlt them to'hesl tate votlng for four shlps.'.. Referrlng to Mr. Beverldge's statement that ho had come here on hls responslblllty ns a Senator, he aald lt was apparently as the repreesntatlve of the govern? ment. "He dld not como here, lt ls trno," contlnued Mr. Aldrich, "with the maca of power tn his hand as a mllltant rep /Contlnued on Thlwd ~Pa.au.\ 7 TOUCH OF CYCLONE Mr. llnirrir- Home Blo*rn Array nntl Kscnpe nf Kninlly la Mlrnciilima. [Frnm Our Regular Correspondent.] SUFFOLK, VA., April 27.?A cyclone of small area and exceedlng vlolence on Saturday nlght passed over tho farm of Dempsey Howell, a few mlles from Holland, Va., Injured three per? sons. one dnngorously, and completeiy demollslied the resldence, stablcs nnd smokehou.e. The bulk of the dwel? ling was spread over an acre of ground and somo of the ttmbcrs carrled for more than a trille. Several fowls, plgeons-.ind a cat were kllled. The famlly's escape from death was almost mlracelous. Mrs. Howell and three children were Inslde the dwel? ling. The floor on whlch they stood was carrled elghty feet and overturn ed. A daughter was badly brulsed, two' sons escaped unharmed and the mother' was rendered unconsclous, hut wlll recover. Mr. Howell was In the yard and was ? struck *by flyln-c Mm bers. Hls condition to-nlght is re? ported critical. No plece of furniture was loft whole. There were several hundred dollars ln gold In th. house and most of thls was recovered. The cyclone, whose path was 200 feet wlde, rose after leavlng Howell's. but dipped down two mlles dlstant and carrled away a portlon of Mrs. Vir? ginia Holland'fl chlmney. hundreds~~are in want Prrtmnl M.a-mrei- Taken to nelleve the NecdH of Those In Tornado Dlsfrlct. " NEW ORLEANS, LA*. Aprll 27.?Wlth ahout 325 newly-made graves dlstri buted broadcast over nearly the entlre width of Loulslana, Mlssisslppl and Ala? bama, the dead ln Frlday's tornadoes had been mostly cared -for to-nlght, and It was posslble to say wlth accuracy that the death list in these States would not exceed 350. The few who n-.ay yet be added to the fatalltles are posslbly a score of the 200 most se rfously wounded in hospltals through? out these States. The rema_nlng In? jured. numberlng about ..000, were re? ported on the road to recovery. * The gravlty of to-day's situatlon cen tred ln the problems of the llvlng? namely, hunger and shel.ter. At least 'one strleken town was reported tb have eaten llterally lts last meal at noon to-day, and was relylng on charity for lts supper. Fortunately. the great terrltory over which the strleken dlstricts were scat tered left an opportunlty for the un? harmed neighbors lnterspersed Every? where throughout these centres of want to furnish rellef more qulckly and ef fectlvely than would have been possl? ble- had the disaster been conflned to one place. Cltles small and large on all sides of the tornado belt made rapld preparatlons to-day to shlp supplles and money Into the tornado district. . New, Orleans*" started a money sub sarlption. and also shipped food to Amlte, the worst damaged town ln thls State. Amlte was the town whlch re? ported its food supply practlcally ex hausted to-day. Otherwlse tho little town was maJ-tlng rapld progress to? ward rehabilltatlon. Purvis w-as one of the few com? munltles still reportlng fresh llsts of Injured and dying.who were found ln the outlylng country. some of them ir. a desperate state from -lack of care. These unfortunates were made as com? fortable as riossible. So far as -tno.v-..' all were negfoea. Amlte, Purvis and severftl other strleken towns w6re glven bad scares last nlght' by heavy winds, but tha only fatalltles reported in thls second storm were near Selrrta, Ala., where four negroes perlshed. UNDER FOUR HUNDRED Number of Denths Mny Yet Be Swelled From -Among the Injured. ATLANTA. GA.. April 27.?Practl? cally complete returns from all portlons of Loulslana. Mlssisslppl and Alabama show that the death 11st in the wlnd, raln and electrical storms of last Frl? day, Saturday and Sunday wlll not be more than 400. The number of Injured stands to nlght at about 1.200, wlth reports lndl cating that a number of the persons hurt ln thls storm probably wlll dle. -Rellef measures have been.extended by the Unlted States' government to. Hattlesburg. Miss., Piirvls and other towns In the four States. In addltlon to .Federal ald the. States took prompt measures to-day for the prompt as? sistance of those made ho'meless by the storm, and for hospltal accommodatlons for those Injured. The Department of the Gulf offered Georgla any ald neces? sary late to-day. Governor Smlth. for Georgla, Immedlately wlred for Infor? mation as to whether Federal assist? ance was necessary at any polnt wlthln the State. Simllar actlon was taken in ?Alabama, Mlsslsslppl and Loulslana, and at some polnts State troops have been called out to guard devastated. dlstricts and to ald local autho'rltles. In rellef work. Tents arid supplles have been sent to many of the towrfe wrecked. The' flood, whlch threatened parts of Georgla,. to-day caused no loss of llfe, but-dld conslderable property damage. Reports from all parts of the four States show that a number of deaths have resulted from injuries recelved ln the storm. The property loss wlll probably. exceed $2,000,000. TWELVE D~EAD AT CAMP ' More FatlMles Thnn Had Been Re poried Near Purvin. HATTIESBURG, MISS.. Aprll 37.-? Belated reports from the.territory along the logglng road of J. F. Wllder, run? nlng1 west from Epps statlon, lndlcato that the loss of life ln that sectlon ls much larger than at flrst reported. At a turpentlne camp between Epps and Purvis, near the road twelve dead were found and flfteen Injured. The dead are: . * Mrs. Robinson and child; James Ford and child; unknown white man. Chalm ers Poole and chlld; five members of negro famlly. All *of the injured are negroes. In the same viclnlty Mrs. Magee Nlcolas, Mrs. M.-T. Buckley and Mrs. Annle Cunnlngham, threo whlte wo? men, were serlously Injured by falling llmbs. Elght whlte persons wero In? jured at Lowler's Hlll. Rellef has been sont thero from Lumberton. Found Dend ln Hotel. NORFOLK, VA.s Apiil 27.?F. C. Wai mer. of Washlngton, D. C, was found dead to-nlght. ln the Lynn Havon Ho? tel Coroner Klght declared an in ouest unnecessary. glvlng jas the cause of death heart failure. He was not known li. Norfolk. Tllli.,au'**i Tour Abroad. ?AUGUSTA; GA., Aprll 27.?Informa? tlon recelved from Sonator Tlllman _i home to-day ls that. ho wlll loavo* wlth Mrs. TJllman and a party of frionds May lGth'for a tour of Euvope. A con siderahle portlon of the tlme, It. fs sald, wlll be spent In Italy. WEATHER. Partly cloudy and coo/er, TRFTDNTHEISSUES T With New Candidate Repub? lican Policv of Expansion Would Not be Attacked REGARD PARTY AS DEAD WITH BRYAN AT HEAD Secretary Declares This Govern? ment Responsible to .World for People Who Became Its Wards Under Treaty of Paris?Labor's Right to Organize. BRIDGEPORT, CONN., Aprll 27.? Secwetary Willlam H. Taft pald - another vlsit to Connectlcut to nlght. He was the guest at n large banquet glven by the Brldgeport Republlcan Club, held ln the State Armory. Secretary Taft spoke on natlonal af? fairs. He took up those questlons whlch. he thought, would be the lssues In'the comlng campalgn, antlcipatlng, he sald, that the Democratic candidato would be Mr. Bryan. v , Mr. Taft sald that the country Is approachlng a great contest. . It may be a llttle early, but he could foreseo the lssues and he would take for granted that Mr. Bryan would lead the "so-called Democracy. " He sald he called it "so-called" Democracy for the reason that many men like to speak of it in the past tense, as if tlio party was a "dead one," wlth Mr. Bryan as the Democratic nomlnee. Mr. Taft said the ^choice of the issue would be as to whether the Republl? can' party is right ln carrying out the pollcy of Presldent McKlnley, which was that of expansion forced upon tho country by fate through the Cuban War. "If there was a new candidate," he said. "we would not hear of this issue and the pollcy of the Republl? can party In thls respect would not be attacked.'* Duty to Out Poiisesslons. Mr. Taft spoke of the part Mr. Bryan ?took when conflrmatlon of the treaty of Paris was before the Senate. He said that if Mr. Bryan's. contention i.s that we should not have taken the Philippines he should have joined wlth Senators Hals and Hoar and those Democratic Senators who opposed the terms. of the treaty and could -4>aA*8 prevented its confirm?ti6n. Mr. Taft sald that the Unlted States ls respon-d ble to the world for the safety of the people and the property whlch came to lt by the treaty, and Mr. Bryan was lnstrumental ln thrustlng those re sponsibillties' upon us. "And we are doing our. duty." said Mr. Taft. "In laboring to teach the people who have come under our soverelgnty.In the re stralnts of self-government and the beneflts of self-government, and we are moreover laboring to make them a selt governlng people." Secretary Taft argued for a large navy as the best way tq assure thc well belng.of ouroutlylng'possesslons, and eulogized Presldent Roosevelt's administratlon. Rlght to Form Unlons. Mr. Taft sald that he recognized the rlght of laboring men to form unlons. He belleved that such unlons should be encouraged. for they are accom pllshlng great good. They have brought employers' llablllty acts and statutes against child labor. "Combl natlons of labor brlng as much power as comblnatlons of ? capltal," he stild, "but we mlddlemen, .who do not come Into comblnatlons, want to see those comblnatlons kept wlthln the law, and lf elther goes across the llne then the law must step ln; for, next to'God, our great respect must be for the law." In conclusion Mr. Taft spoke on the negro question, and sald, that the fu? ture offers much encourage'ment for that race. DANGERS TO OUR PROGRESS Ccntrall-ntlon of Power and the Bnue ful Influence of Predntory Wealtll. HOUGHTON, MICH.. Aprll 27.?Gov? ernor John A. Johnson, of Minnesota, dellvered an address to-night under the ausplces of the Methodist Eplscopal Church! Hls address was on tho sub? ject of "Landmarks of Amerlcan Llber? ty." , He declared that two dangers oppose the progress of thls republlc, the one belng the tendency of the Fed? eral government to centrallzatlon of power, and the other the power of centrallzed and predatory wealth, "In splte of. statutes whlch declare industrial trusts and comblnatlons ln restralnt of trade Illegal," sald Gover? nor Johnson, " In* other words, to be statutory outlaws ln the land, the gov ernnient to-day. ma.lnt8.lns a tariff sys. tem avowedly for the protection and prollt of the enterprises those trust outlaws are Interested and engaged ln. Tho tarlff laws aro themselves In re straint of trade of the American peo? ple, and the dlscrlminating taxatlon of thls trade ls admlttedly ono of the chlef sources of the dlvidends and Interest coupons for whlch these trusts exlst and on whloh they grow and prosper. And. whenevep at any time the Amer tcaa people demand the reform of these tarlffs and thelr extortlohs, the an? swer Is that the tarlff must be re'vlsed by ' Ita- friends, whlch. belng Interpre ted, means hy ,the trust beneflclarles. "Tho Inheront powers of thls ro nubllo, not delegated to tho Federal government, reslde In tho States nnd the people. They are the original sources of soverelgnty. And yet lhn present. administratlon malntalns the doctrlne of tnherent soverelgnty In tho government. It claims that lt possesses a jurlsdlctlon broader than any outsldo of tho Constltutlon?the power to rule subject colonlos and . suhject peo^les unrestralnod by the Constltutlon and beyond tho torrltorlal llmlts where the Constltutlon and Its guarantles may go, To-day the government . ot tho Unlted States denies the exlstonoo of the Constltutlon nnd Us Immunttles to our Island terrltorles. "The present contest ts on the lssuo plalnly ralsed h.v the presrnt govern? ment: Doea soverelgnty lu Amerlca te side ln tho government or ln tho States and the people? The Amerlcan people must maUe tholr choice,"* TO TRY HIS SANITY Jury to Vnnn Upon Thls (Itic-dlon Be? fore Pendleton ls Trlnl for Miirrlcr, . [Speclnl to The Tim. f-Dlnpatch.j WYTHEV1LLE, VA.. Aprll 27.?The case of the Commonwealth agalnst W, W. Pendleton, for thn murder of James Spoon on the 28th of March, was call? ed for trlah to-day at 2 o'clock. Coun? sel for- the prisoner moved the court to flrst try the Issuo of the prlsoner's Insanity, and the court, after belng sat? lsfied of "the proprlety, granted the motlon, and empaneled a Jury for that purpose, the lssue< belng flrst whether the accused Is sane at the present tlme, and lf Insane, .whether he was Insane on March 28th, the date of the homl clde. Only two witnesses have been as yet examined, Dr. Perrow, of Lynchburg, and Dr. John T. Graham, of Wythevllle. both of whom have treated the accused wlthln the past two or threo years. Thelr evidence te;nds strongly to sus taln tho plea of Insanity, though many persons thlnk the Idlosyncracles de? scrlbed by them could proceed from an evll and malevolent nature, as well as from an unsound mlnd. Other physl? clans ln ,the town wlll bear out those who have testlfled. Dr. Drewry, of the Central, and Dr. Prlddy, of the South western Hospltals, are ln. town and wlll probably bo used bv one side or the other as eKPerts. If the pris? oner ls found Insane now, and at the time of the kllllng, It wlll put an end to the trlal. Much intorest ls manlfested In the case, the courthouse being crowded. SESSION OF B'NAI B'RITH Openlng; Prnyer liy nahbl Cnllaclt?Wel? come hy the Mnyor, [Speclal to The Tlmos-Dlspatch.l WILMINGTON. N. C., Aprll 27.?Fol? lowing tho impresslve exercises last nlght at the Templo of Israel, wlth a subsequent, dellghtful reception came the flrst business sesslon of the B'nal Borlth thls morning. and though the sess on was more preliminary to the work to be done yet, lt was of an Interesting character. The sesslon was called to order by President Slg. Gardner. of Savannah. Ga., wlth Secretary Joseph Levy. of Rlchmond. Va., at his post, and a beau? tiful prayer was offered by Rabbi E. N* Callsch of Rlchmond. Mayor Wll? liam E. Sprlnger extended a cordial w.?im-.0n be,?alf of the citizens of H ? ng.?,1 and "rlefly but eloquent iyn,iP .Ll._..lbute .t,? th0 Progresslveness a"d loyalty of the Jewlsh people and t_?vC_afntyh..C,t}?8f ln..,dents I" the hi" onon*L L- clt\'* Tllls addross was re? sponded warmly to by Hon. Slmon ' VSlf' ?f Washlngton. D C " tran-sn.rL at ln^.0f spe .la* '"-Portance t_ii!.P d _at *?*??? sesslon. though a telegram of greetlng was ordered "ont to tho Seventh DIstrict Lodge now ?n sesslon ln Dallas. Tex. Foi lo wlnc th? vllfe'?_-_C.;me a tro11^ rldeVo W?lghts f, . T\^? -*'?-? atT?a At the meetlng to-morrow th_. (***. TWELVE ARE DROWNED Woman ??d E, ~en Men Lose Mvea by HELENA. ARK.. April -7 _t??i? persons were drowned one awZaf when the show boat Marlon ?S' elgiht mlles above the mouth 0f the s' .-Francls-.j-uver- Iate-yesterdav.?Car.ta. n ; Joyce. of Newport. Ark., who waa n .* ^arge. returned to Helena th?Vf. ternoon bringing information. ,.<T ? ?rar'0"' a sixty-five ton boat left Helena Sunday afternoon. carrvlrr* members of a carnival company "hai had been playlng here. The hoat wns struck by a storm and capsized. The .hly". pas*lon?ers and members of _-. nZTl ?',mbed on top of the over turned hoat and the englneer and a negro set out for shore ln a skiiT Waves capsized the sklff and both wera drowned. Ten foot hlgh waves swept the over turned boat and many were washed from their hold, ten of them drowning in sight of their helpless companions M'CORMICKTO GRAND JURY Rockhrldgc County Man Held for Murder of X.lgl.hor. LEXINGTON, VA., Aprll "7?A Moore McCormlck,' accused of kl'lling W. I. Vowell near Fairfield Easter bunday. ? was to-day sent on to the grand jury. The preliminary hearing was held near the scene of the crlme before Justice W. F. Templeton. Many witnesses were examined. Common wealth's Attorney D. E. Moore rep* resented the Commonwealth and was asslsted 'hy Charles Curry. of Staun? ton. Frank T. Glasgow was counsel for the prisoner. The ball bond was fixed at $5,000. but It. Is thought thls cannot be glven. The prisoner was brought back to Lex? ington to-nlght and lodged ln jall. A large crowd was in attendance at the hearing from the surroundlng country and much Interest was exclted in the trlal. It ls sald that the Common? wealth made out a strong caso. BANK LOSES $60,000 Mnnlla Inatltutlon Vlctlni of Frauds, Clerk Arrented. MANILA, Aprll 27.?The Banco Es panol-Flllpino has been the vlctlm of extenslve frauds, totallng over 75,000 pesos, or about $60,000 ln gold. The cashier says that trusted employes havo been operating wlth outsldo accom pllces and honorlng checks agalnst non-exlstlng accounts, alterlng thn books to concoal the frauds. This leak has been going on for years. One clerk has been arrested, and other arrosts aro expected to follow. Tho bank wlll partly recoup Itself through the selzure of property belonglng to thoso Impll? cated. IS GETTING YOUNG AGAIN Oldest Cltlzen of Vlrglnln, Past tlu Century _iurk, f'ro.vlug New Hnlr. [Speclal to The Tlmea-lDlnpatch.] BRISTOL, VA., Aprll 27.?Perhaps tho oldest man In Vlrginia Is Samuel Saly ers, residing at Dooley. In Wlse coun? ty. Ho recontly celehrated the 114th nnnlversary of hls birth. He has beon a maglstrato ln the county for more than half a century. Untll within tho last year hls halr was perfectly gray, but a new set of hlack ls beglnnlng to show through the gray, and It Is sald that Salvors ls now cuttlng a thlrd sat of teeth. He rlde.s horsebaok nnd Is ablo to read wlthout the use of glasscs. Hls old? est son. Logan, resldes at Whltosburg, Ky., und has been marrlod threo tlnies. WORK 0F LIGHTNING Tv.o l-vn*lliuK_ Strnok, Shantlen Blo.vu Down nnd People Stuuued. ALBANY, GA., Aprll 27.?At Camllln, whlla tha famlly of Mrs. B. F, Whlt worth was at breakfast to-day a bolt Ot lightnlng struck tha dlnlng-room and kitchen, budly wreoking the build? lng.' Mrs. Whltworth nnd her son, Ed. Whltworth, wero sorlously Injured. The pupils of tho liublli* schpol, just across tho streot, were thrown Into a panic and r-ushed Into tho stroet, Soveral negro ahantiev south of tlio town wera nlown down, Tho resldence of W. A." Foster hero was struck by lightnlng. Mlsa Lee ;,i'lnaloy was'struok on the knee, -whlch waa hR.aii: feHM ?__?___Isiau-V JL ARREST OF MILLS OUE TO POSTILS , . ? Anonymous Cards from Jeal? ous Woman Lead to Im? portant Capture, FRAUD CHARGED AGAINST SOLICITOH Alleged to Have Collected-Largs. Sum from North Carolina Wo? man to Pay Insurance for ?? Several Years, and Only ' to Have Turnec? in Paf.. [Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatch.] RALEIGH, N. C. April 27.?Th nrrest of W. J. Mills ln Phila? delphla, at the Instance of the North Carolrna, State Department of Insurance, brlngs to light what ls alleged to have been one ot the most remarkable Insurance frauds perpetrated ln North Carolina ln a, great while. Aeeording to an offlclal statement by Insurance Commlssloner Young, the clrcumstances are that more than flve years 'ago Mills was representlng thi Mutual Llfe Insurance Company, of New York, wlth Charlotte as headquar* ters, and he went to Laurenburg, Rich mond county, and collected in one day $9,209 In life Insurance premiums from Mrs. Hattle XV. Brya"nt, who Is now, hy a subsequent marrlage Mrs. Hattlf W. McLocklln. Thls amount was in two checks of $1,604.50 each, in con? sideratlon of two policies of $10,00. each and one for $5,000, on the ten payment gold' bond plan. ? The pay? ments were represented to her as pay? ing all premiums on the policies for flve years. The flve years explred last fall. and Mrs. McLocklln took steps "to make^ further payments on tho Insurance poll* cles, communlcatlng -with the home offlce for that purpose. She was In? formed that all the policies. except one, had already lapsed; Investlgatlon showed that the agent had only re? ported to the company ono payment each on two of the policies. The case was reported to the State Department of Insurance. and Commlssloner Young* brought about a settlement by the Mutual Llfe of New York. whereby Mrs. McLocklln was given $12,000 in pald-up policies and $15,000 cash. Glven Money to Depotolt. A further fraud alleged to have been perpetrated by Mills was that he pro cured from Mrs. McLocklin a cheek fos $1,400, whlch he promlsed to deposit with a Charlotte bank, so that a hifchei rate pt Interest could be reallzed.. Thls was never deposlted. and a war?. rant for thls offense has been ottt standlng for several years. Thls could not. of course, be lncluded ln the set? tlement procured from the Insurance company by the State Department. Th_ search for Mills has. heen ln progress some time. He was flrst located tn Pittsburg, but he sklpped out from there before the arrest could be made, Asslstant Commlssloner of Insuranca XV. A. Scott went to Philadelphia last Frlday to locate Mills, who was be lieved to be there. The trip was suc? cessful, the arrest belng made yester? day, and Mrs. McLocklln has gone to Philadelphla to identlfy Mills, who re fuses to talk. Commlssloner Young says ho Is absolutely sure he has the rlght man. He. is to be brought to North Carolina for prosecution as soon as the extradltlon can be consummated. Mills. who was formerly engaged in the Insurance business ln Danville, where he was held ln' high esteem. marrled a young Lynchburg woman,- a member of a prominent family. Through Jealous "Enmlty. The arrest of-Mills, aeeording^to tha Philadelphla Record of yesterday, ls due to the jealous enmlty of a woman with whom he is said to have been on frlendly terms at one time. The Record sa y s: /. ."TKe insurance officials were highly Indignant over the way he had-treated the company, and also over his actlon in regard to o~ie of Its pollcyholders, and steps were at once taken to pur sue him to the ends of the earth, lf necessary. Several times the. amount of the money taken by the accused has been expended ln a search for hlm. Up to a few days ago lt was b? lieved that all thls expendlture had been ln valn, as it would have been lf it had not been for two anonymous postal cards sent to Willlam A. Scott, Asslstant Insurance Commlssloner of North Carolina. Both cards wero in Ceminlne handwriting. The flrst one recelved stated that Mills was llvlng ln Pittsburg at an address which was glven correeily. When Commlssloner Scott and a detective visited the ad? dress they discovered that the fugl? tlve had moved.- Shortly afterwards a second postal card was recelved. whlch gave Mills's address as on Jef? ferson' Street, Philadelphla. "Commlssloner Scott immediately came on to thls clty nml called at the detective bureau. Detective Frank O'Connor was usslgned to the case. nnd he and the commlssloner went quletly to the. Jofferson Streot address. arrlv Ing shortlv after midnight. The long time whicli hnd elapsed since Mills l?ft North Carolina had given hlm conn? dence lhat hls hlding place would never be found out. Therefore, when Deteo tlvo 0*Connor told hlm that he was wanted for the North Carolina affalr li was as lf a bolt had fallen from a clear sky. and he almost coljapsed. Put Hnjsor ln Prieket. "Accoi'dlng to the detective. he put a razor ln his pocket nnd asked, to b_ permlt ted to go Into the bathroom tor a few seconds. but fearlrig that the nmn wlio hnd become greatly excltud nnd was very nervous. mlght make an nttempt on hls llfe, admlssion was re? fused. Tho detective subsequently found out that ha was wise ln not grantlng the request. as Mills had whlspered to hls wlfe that he would end his llfe, eontmtssdonei" Scott stated that thura were rumors that the prlsoner had hnd another wlfe. but_ up to that t'Ime he had not been able to conflrni the re. port. "What I do thlnk," he said. " ls thal r. young woman whom he had probably thrown down sent the postal -u-dn hetrnylng hlitt tathet than huve hlm live in love and happlne.s wlth hl** wlfa and chlldron. That ahe dld not betray hlm for so long a time may ha ttC-QMh.t.?a tw^Pjt, tttt*?m|ita.."*)-hjch ?h?*j