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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, April 28, 1908, Image 3

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In the Line-Up
Our "Jay-Ell" Special Ten Dollar Suit stands easily first'
The manufacturer who makes it (when things are a bit
dull) counts it a full fifteen-dollar value.
We ought to get twelve-fifty for it. Why do we take
less ? .
Because we regard it as an acquaintance maker.
We want YOU to judge our ability to serve you in
high-class apparel by the value we give in garments of
moderate cost.
Ten Dollars never went farther and brought back as
much.
JACOBS & LEVY
HOT IO BE BDUND
By
Some Thirty Republicans Re'fuse
to Go Into Conference on
Financial Bills.
Tlmes-Dlspatch BureHU.
Muniey Bulld Inc.
Washlngton. D. C, Aprll 27.
No better lllustrotlon of the condition
of the Republican majority of the
House of Repr. ..-nt_tlvo_ could be
clted than the fact that no less than
thirty Republican representatlve_ have
refused to go into a caucus to eonslder
the Aldrich nnd Vrerland currency
bllls. Every effort has been made, and
such efforts are maklng stlll, to whlp
them l-.to line. but the thirty reealcl
trants are stlffnoceked and posltlvely
refuse to be hound by caucus actlon
on the subject of currency legislation.
The Republicans are afraid to rall
the caucus untll approximately every
Republican m-mh-r agrees to be hound
by the caucus declslon as to the course
to be pursued. The spectacle of a Re?
publican member of Congress refusing
to agree to stand by the declslon of a
caucus of hls party Is almost wlthout
precedent. The party Is hopeicssly di?
vided on the subject of curre'icy legls
Iatlon, and It looks norr llke lt would
have to go to thp country wlthout
havlng passed any measure looklng to
the rellef of condltlons or to avertlng
such a stress of hard times as the
country experlenced last fall and wln?
ter.
Holdlng I'p Publlc .luildinc**.
Th" omnlbus public buildings bill,
whlch "'as complMed last week. wlll
not he reported to the House uitll the
latt?r part of the present -week. ac?
cording to tho pr*?spr.t program. The
Sneakpr of thp House wlll not allow
thp hlll to bp considered untll thp Re?
publican memhprs have agreed to go
into caucus on thp eurrency bllls and
be hound by the actlon thereof. The
thirty Republicans who are holdlng out
agalnst a caucus are doing so ln the
full knowledge of the fact that they are
sta'idlng In the way of a large amount
of "pork" belng dlstrlbuted over the
countrv. How long thev wlll be able
to hnld out remains to be seen.
Sprnmbllng for Invttntlnns.
The Whlte House. chlefly Secretary
Loeb. Is belng overwhelmed wlth re
ouests for invltatlons to he present at
the conference of Governors of States
to be held at thp Whlte House In May.
The number of Invited guests. after
the Governors of Stntes. necessartly had
to bo llmlted, owlng to the Inadequate
facilltles for accommodatlng a crowd,
at least. Many people not Invited are
Insistlng that they should receive In?
vltatlons. Many others are wrltlng to
ask that organlzatlons which they rep?
resent should have a volce ln the con?
ference. Mr. Loeb Is trylng to make
everybody satlsfied wlth a refusal. but
he ls confident the persons *iot honored
?wlth Invltatlons wlll "blame Loeb." as
the country has conve to do every tlme
thlngs around the Whlte House do not
go to suit them.
No Rhen Resolutlon.
There ls not much llkellhood of any
atetnpt belng made to have the Denvi
cratlc State convention at Roanoke
adopt any resolutlons regardlng the
appolntment of Judge Rhea to the Cor?
poration Commission. A frlend of
Judge Rhea's from Bristol sald here a
day or two ago he was opposed to any
such -action by the State convention.
and he felt sure Judge Rhea would op?
pose a resolutlon of thls character.
"I have not talked wlth Judge Rhea
on this subject." he said, "but I think
I understand hls position s-ufilclently
well to say that the introdiictlon of
such a resolutlon would he exceeding
ly distasteful to hlm. I have no ldea
that any such action will be proposed
nt Roanoke."
Mr. Joucs'n Vlsltor.
Representative Wllliam A. Jones, of
Vlrginia, had an Interesting caller last
week ln the person of an old gentle?
man of Carollne county, a well known
farmer of that sectlon. The old gen?
tleman ls upwards of slxty years of
age, and ls ln comfortable clrcum
Btances, yet he told Mr. Jones he hai
never before visited Washlngton. Mr.
Jones spent an hour or so wlth hls old
constituent. guidlng-hlm through tho
Capltol and showing him the beautles
of the Congressionai Llbrary. Few
men llvlng wlthln slxty mlles of Wash?
lngton for as many years, and easlly
able to bear the flnanclal burden of a
pleasure trlp, have failed to vlslt the
national capltal.
BUILD IWO SHIPS
SENSTE'S DECREE
(Cotutniieri From Flrst Page.)
rosentntlve of tho Presldent. but he
catnc as tho apostollc ilolcgate, prob?
ably clad In flowlng robes of peuce,
aml domnnded that thoy should voto."
The debate was closed by Senator
Hale. chalrman of the Naval Com?
mittee, who sald that the war scare
whlch had been invoked durlng tho
dlscusslon had "fnded away and van
Ishod.'* Hc spoke of dlplomatlc nego
tlations wlth Japan, and sald that the
Secretary of State, Mr. Root, had glven
assurance yiat no war ls threatened
wlth that country. "The spectre of
war has dlsappeared and no dlscordant
noto haB beon left," hc sald, and added
that he belleved the "cllmax of Jlngo
effort" had boon reached. and that in
tho end the dlscusslon would be beno
flcial. He thon called for a voto, and
a roll call was had on Sonator Pllo's
amendment for' the constructlon of
four Instead of two battleshlps. whlch
was defeated by 23 yoas to 50 nays.
Thc Amendment I.ost.
The roll call on' the Plles amend?
ment follows:
YeaF?Ankony. Bevorldge, Borah.
Bonrno. Briggs. Brown; Burkott. Du
Pont. Fllnt. Fulton. Gamble. Hans
lirough. Heybtirn. Lodge. MeCreary,
Owens. Payntefj Pllo!?. Smith. of Mlehl
gan; Sinooti Suthorland, Taylor, War
ner?23. * _
Nays?Aldrich. Bacon, Bankhead,
Rrandegoo. Bulkeley, Burnham, Bur
rews. Cartor, Clapp, Clark, of Wyom
Ing; Clay, Crano. Culberson, Cullom.
Curtls, Daniel. Davls. Dlck. Dllllng
ham. Dlxon, Foraker. Forost. Frazler.
Frye. Galllnger. Gary, Goro. Guggen
helm, Hale, Hemonway, Johnston,
Kean, Long, McC'umher. Money. Nel?
son. Newlands, Nixon. Overman. Per?
klns. Platt. Richardson, Slmmons,
Stepheson. Stewart. Stone. Taliaferro,
Teller. Warner. Wetmore.?50
Of the Domocrats. only four?Messrs.
MeCreary. Owens, Paynter and Taylor?
voted for the four battleships program.
Messrs. Balley. McLaurln. Mllton and
Tillman were paired.
The Senate then turied its attention
to the perfection of the naval bill. and
soon disposed of all other amendments
and of the bill Itself. Senator Money.
of Mississippi, renewed hls amendment
providlng that materlals for the new
battleshlps may be Imported. but that
they must bo of Amerlcan product and
manufacture. The amendmeit was de?
feated. 40 to 18. Several amendments
offered by Democrats, lncludlng that
offered by Senator Newlands appropri
ating $20,000,000 for an auxillary navy.
were killed on points of order, and
the blll was passed.
POLfTICS IN THE HOUSE
What Llttle ls Dono Mnde thc V-hlele
for Polltical Olscnswloii.
WASHINGTON. April 27.?The keyed
up House rules to meet the Democratic
fillbuster reacted to shut out a m**.
sage Presidont Roosevelt had prepared
and planned to have read in that body
to-day. It was found impossible to
untangle the snarl of motions to get
the House out of commlttee of tho
whole and back Into the same commlt?
tee to-morrow. and also to recess un?
til that tlmo, and finally to cover the
point of no quorum long enough to
have the Presldent's message received.
much less read.
It was with an eye single to polltical
capital that the House proceeded
throughout the day. The llttle that
was accompllshed was made the vehlclo
for political dlscusslon. A resolutlon
was passed authorlzlng the news prlnt
paper lnvestigatlng commlttee to spend
the necessary funds to carry on the in?
vestlgatlon, but not untll the ex
pedlency of that investigation had been
dlscussed.
Mr. Williams. the mlnorlty loader.
characterized it a method of delay.
while Republican speakers maintain
ed it was belng made in good falth,
and that a report would be made at
the present sesslon should the Demo?
cratic filibuster permlt members of
the commlttee to do thelr work.
Tho sesslon was endod at 5 o'clock
to begln at 11 o'clock to-morrow, when
the sundry clvil blll wlll again be
considered.
Kept the Change.
Taylor Austin (colored) was put under
$100 security for slxty days !n tho Police
Court yesterday mornlng on the charge of
stealing $2.25 from Beulah Harris. It seems
that he went out marketlng for Beulah and
failed to rottirn wlth the change.
Philllps Is Uullcd.
ROANOKE, VA., Aprll '.7.?,T. Ham
lett Philllps, who shot Walter Bell,
was balled to-day in the sum of $1,000.
LUSITANIA
THE NEW
Arrow
COLLAR
is smart and comfortable ? two
features never combined so success
fully* as in the "Lusitania."
Clupeco Shrunk. Quarter Sizes.
4 5c, each ? 2 for 2oc,
Sold only under the Arrow lahcl.
CLUfiTX. T-AXBOVY * OOUPJLKT. XiktH
COMMITTEE PROBING THE PAPER TRUST
REPHESENTATIVE XV. H. RYAN, REPRESENTAT-VE J. R. MANN, REPRESENTATIVE .1. M .MILLER,
' nf Sew York. of Illinols. of Knnsns.
Unity of Action Among Paper Mills
In Advancing the Prices of Print
Paper
WASHINGTON. Aprll 27.?Evidence
tc-ndlng to show that there has been
fnlty of actlon among paper mills ln
the matter of flxlng the prlc?e of
paper as woll ns an understandlng
that none of them shall sell to thfl
oustomer of another; that contracts of
paper could not be obtained for
perlod longer than one year, and that
the mills had arbltrarlly shut down or
rostrlcted thelr output, was presented
tr,-day by Mr. John Norris, of the
Amerlcan Newspaper Publishers' As?
sociatlon, boforo tho seloct House com?
mltteo whlch Is Investlgatlng the prloe
of prlnt paper as affected by the tar?
lff and the question of whether or
not thore is a combination ln restralnt
of trade.
Mr. Norris was the only wltness and
he was on the stand the entlre day.
Tho hearlng was abruptly ended short?
ly before 5 o'clock hy a call of the
Houso. The eommittee adjourned untll
10 o'clock to-morrow mornlng.
The evidence whlch Mr. Norris offered
was In the shape of replles by mem?
bers of the Publishers* Associatlon to
a Mumber of questions propounded to
them by the assoclation. Thls evidence
lncluded a statemont of a varlation, ln
the prlco of paper of from 52 a ton
to $17 a ton, and Inducod Mr. Mann to
make the assortion that It dlsclosed
just the reverse of the contentlon that
thore Is a combination to maintaln uil
form prices. Mr. Norris, however, de?
clared that lt was the avowed purpose
of tho papermakers to regulate the
price at the time of tho hearlng be?
fore the Dingloy committee in 1S96,
and he contended that their present
course was in harmony with that
avowal.
SliovTn fnlty of Artlon.
Mr. Norris lald before the commlttee
a large number of replles of newspa?
pers to the query, "Have any agents or
mills wlthdrawn quotatio~is previously
made to you, or have they neglected
or refused to quote prices to you, or
havo they changed prevlous offers?"
These replles all tended to show that
some paper companies had declined to
make offers, others had wlthdrawn or
changed thelr quotations, and others
had announced thelr prbduct entlrely
sold.
The fact that there was unlty of
actlon by selling agents or uniformlty
in the price of paper wa.s attested by
several hundred -,-ewspapers in reply
to queries by the Publishers' Associa?
tion. These replies Mr. Norris read
at length. Almost without exception
the publishers made the posltlve state?
ment that they had observed such unlty
of actlon. In but a few lnstances the
publishers declared they had no in?
formation on the subject.
Still another set of replles was sub?
mltted by Mr. Norris. by which he un
dertook to prove that practlcally every
member of the associatlon had been
refused coitracts for more than one
year, and that in some lnstances pub?
lishers had been forced to live "froni
hand to niouth" ln the matter of their
paper supply. In answer to Mr. Mann
Mr. Norris said that these replies all
were recelved the latter part of Sep?
tember or early ln October, 1907.
Evidence was also adduced to show
that in many lnstances changes had
been made In selling agencies .and that
contracts now were being made direct
with the mills.
Mr. Norris read a llst of newspapers
to which the price of paper has been
raised, apd the amount of the Increase
per ton to each, including the follow?
lng.
Georgia?Savannah Press, $11;
Macon News, $10.50; Augusta
Chronicle. $10.
North Carolina?Greensboro Rec?
ord. $13; Charlotte Observer and
Chronicle, $S.
South. Carolina?Anderson Mail.
$11: Columbia State, $10.
Tennessee?Chattanooga News, $11;
Bristol Herald-Courier, $11
Virginia?Danvllle Reglster and
Bee. $12: Lynchburg News and Ad?
vance. $8.
Mr. Norris closed his testlmony fnr
the day by submlttlng evidence from
a great number of newspapers that
paper mills had shut down or restrictlTjd
thelr output. glvlng varlous reasons
thoretor, such, for instance. as that
there was no wator or that there was
a lack of wood supply, nnd in sotne
cases no explanation at all for a shut
down of several months.
The Ailvnuce I" PrlceH.
On resumlng hls testlmony thls |
mornlng Mr. Norris read a number of
statements made at the meetlng of tho
publishers in September, 1907, as hear?
lng on the dotennination of the paper
makers to ralse prices.
Mr. Norris submltted to tlie commit?
tee a list of 202 newspapers to whom
tlie price of paper has been raised
froni $2 to 17 a ton, aeeording to a
roport made to hlm.
Asked by Mr. Mann lf he knew how
much prlnt pnper is used annually by
theso 202 papers, Mr. Norris sald lio
had not tho slighest idoa. For tho
most pnrt these papers were publlshed
ln tho smaller cities of the country. lt
was not altogether accurate, said Mr,
Norris, to say that as a rule the large
newspapers havo boen able to buy tholr
paper supply at less cost thnn the
small papers; becauso Uie small paper
could get llio net heneflt of competltion
between thlrty or forty small mills,
wlllle In the caso of the blg papers
thls competltion was rostrlcted by tho
smallnoss of tho numbor of jnllli
capable of manufacturing ln Individual
quantltles sufflclent to supply tho largo
users. Mr. Norris snld tha avernge of
Increase in price to ,the 202 llsted pub?
lications was substiintlally $9.50 a ton
ln tho last two yaars.
*} Reprosonttitlvo Stafford nbjectod
thnt tho strlklng of such nn uvorage
wus not n falr opitonio of tha llst, ln
asiiiiuh as iho llst showed for tlie
iniost part tliat thc lucrouses to thn
t-'iniill impeis wero much hiTgor tlmit
the increase lu. the -ig concerna,
Asked by Mr. Mann to explaln the
varlatlon between $2 and $17 a ton,
Mr, Norrls sald thnt It was ln fur
theranco of the determlnatlon that
there was to be establlshed a unlform
ralse In prlce to $2.50; that, he sald,
was the avowed purpose ln 189* when
tho paper manufacturers appeared be?
fore tho Dlngley commlttee.
Mr. Mann remarked that a comblna?
tlon to regulate the prlce of anythlng
meant some sort of unlformlty, and that
Increases varylng from $2 to $17 per
ton would seem to be dlrectly the re
verse of Mr. Norrls's proposition.
.Mr. Norrls Inslsted that the paper
companles were attemptlng to estab?
llsh a unlform prlce for everybody
on the basis of $2.50, and that durlng
the past year many contracts had been
readjusted at prices up to $2.20, be?
cause, he sald, two years ago thoy
made flve-year contracts wlth Pitts?
burg, Buffalo and Chlcago papers.
whereby at the end of one or two years
there would he a readjustment of tha
prlce. That readjustment, he assert?
ed "has taken place."
Wlmt'They Pny Now.
Mr. Norrls presented a statement of
the latest prices of paper reported to
the association by 153 newspapers.
ranglng from $S5 down to $41.SO a ton.
"Are those the prices for paper at the
mlll or dellvered on the sidewalk?"
Mr. Mann Inqulred.
"At the mills," the witness replled.
Mr. Norrls read a numher of replles
of newspapers to a query by the asso?
ciation as to whether or not In 1906
they were glven any Intlmatlon by the
paper-makers of an advance ln prices.
All these replies were to the effect
Time Not Tat\en to Hear Message
(Conlinued From First Page.)
laws are involved, should be used'
sparingly. and only when there is
the clearest necesslty for it; but lt ls
one so necessary to the efflcient per?
formance of duty by the court on be?
half of the natlon that lt ls in tho
highest degree to be regretted that lt
should be liable to reckless use; for
thls rjckless use tends to make honest
men deslre so to hamper lts executlon
as to destroy its usefulness.
t inHH C'rinscloiiHiiess.
Everv far-slghted patrlot should pro-j
test first of all against the growth
in this country of that evll thing which j
ls called "class consciousness." Th_
demagogue. the slnister or foollsh so?
clallst vlslonary who strlves to arouso
thls feeling of class consclousness ln
our worklng people, does a foul and
evll thlng; for he ts no true Ameri?
can, he ls no self-respecting cltlzen
of the republic. he forfelts hls rlght
to stand with manly self-rellance on
a footing of entlre equallty with all]
other citizens, who bows to envy and1
greed. who erects the doetrlne of class
hatred Into a shibboleth, who substl
tutes loyalty to men of a partlcular
status. whether rlch or poor, for loy?
alty to those eternal and Immutable
princlples of righteousness whlch bld
us treat each man on hls worth as
a man, without regard to hls wealth
or hls poverty. But, evil though tho
intluence of these demagogues and vls
lonaries i.s. it is no worse in lts conse
quences than the Influence exerclsetl
by the man of great wealth or the
nian of power and position ln the
Industrlal world, who by his lack ot
svmpathy wlth. and lack of under
standlng of, still more by any exhibi?
tion of uncompromlslng hostlllty to,
the mlllions of our worklng people,
tends to unlte them agalnst thelr fel
low-Amerlcans who are better off tn
this world's goods. It ls a bad thlng
to teach our worklng people that men
of means. that men who have the larg?
est proportlon of the substantial com
forts of life. are necessarlly greedy.
grasplng and cold-hearted. and that
they unjustly demand and approprlate
moro than thelr share of the
substance of the many. Stern
condemnation should be visited
upon demagogue and vlslonary who
teach thls untruth. and even sterner
upon those capitallsts who are In truth
grasplng nnel greedy and brutally dls
regardful of the rights of others, and
who bv their actlons teach the dread?
ful lesson far moro effectlvely than
any mere preacher of unrest. A "class
grievance" left too long wlthout rem?
edy breeds "class consciousness, ' and
therefore, class resentment.
Miil-K Antllriist Law Strong*
The strengthenlng of the nntltru<*t
law Is demanded upon both moral and
economic grounds. Our purppse . In
strengthenlng it is to secure moro ef?
fective control by the national govern?
ment ovor the lnisinoss use of the vast
masses of lndlvidual, anel especially of
i-orporate, wealth, whlch at the present
time monopollze most of the interstate
business of the country; and we be?
lleve the control can best be exerclseil
by preventing the growth of abuses,
rather than merely by trylng to de
strov them when they hnve already
grown. Iti the highest sense of the
word thls mnvemont for thorough con?
trol of the (juslness use of tliis great
wealth ls conservatlve. We aro trylng
to steer a safe middle course. whlch
alone can save us from a plutocratlc
class government on tlie one hand, or
a sociEtllstlc class government on the
other, elther of whlch would bo fraught
wlth disaster to our free Instltutlons.
State nnd national. We are trylng to
avold allke the evils whlch would flow
from governmont ownershlp of the
publlc. utllltles hy whlch Interstnto
commerce Is chlelly carrled on, and the
evils whlch How from the rlot aml
chnoR of unrostrlcted Indlvlduallsr.i.
Thero Is grave danger lo our freo In?
stltutlons ln the corrupttng influence
oxerclsod by great wealth suddenly
coiiccntruted in tho huiiUs of the few.
We should In sane manner try to rom?
edy thla danger, In splt,o of the aullen
"opposltlon of thoso few very pow?
erful mon, and wlth tho full purpose
to protect thom in nll tholr rights
at the vory tlmo thut we roqulre them
to deal rlghtfully wlth others.
When wlth steiun anel electrlclty
modern business condltlons went
through tho nstnuoillng rovolultim
whlch In thls country bogan over hulf
a century ugo, thoro was at tlrst imir.ii
licsltiillon nn lu '.vliat partlciilur gov
ernineutal iigcnoy should he used to
grapplii witli tho now condltlons. At
almost tho mune time, aliuut twenty
i'oars slnce, the eftorl was matle r.o
that such lntlmatlon hnd been givcn by
tho papor magnates and traveling rey
resentatlves of papor houses.
Questloning by Mr. Mann developed
tho fact that Herman Rlddor. ot the
Staats Zeltung, presldent of the asso?
ciatlon, made a contract ln 1906 for
paper at $35 a ton, but he ls now pay?
ing $49 a ton. That contract, Mr. Nor?
ris sald, ran for a year, and before
that he had pald $40 a ton.
"Was thls $35 a ton as low a con?
tract as he ever pald?" Mr. Mann asked.
"No, ho had a lower contract ln 1897.
We all had lower contrapts than that.
I bought a few thousand tons at $32
a ton. dellvered f. o. b. sidewalk, In
1896 a'nd 1897, and I bought 40,000 tons
at $33 a ton prlor to the crcatlon of
the Internatlonal Paper Company."
Chalrman Mann to-day deslgnated
Thursday for a hearlng of thc Indi?
vidual publishers.
Intcrmitlnnnl to Appear.
At tho otitsot to-day Chalrman Mann
annouiced the recolpt of a lottor from
Presldent Burbank. of the Internatlonal
Paper Company, expresslng hls com
ploto wllllngnoss to send to Washlng?
ton "sultable officials wlth as full in?
formation regardlng the affairs of thls
company as you wlll be apt to wish."
Wlth the consent of the committee,
Chalrma'i Mnnn repltod by telegraph
saylng tho commlttee would be glad
to havo any officials or interested per?
sons at tho hearlng, and that tho com?
mltteo was desirous of obtaining the
fullest Information possible. Ho added
that the commlttee would bo pleased
to have the Internatlonal Paper Com?
pany appear immediately after the tes
timony of the Publishers' Association
shall have been completed.
j control comblnatlons b.v regulating
i them through the Interstate Commerce
| Commlsslon, and to abollsh them by
means of the antltrust act; the two
remedies therefore being in part mu
tually Incompatlble. The interstate
commerce law lias produced admlrahle
results. especially slnce It was
strengthened by the Hepburn law two
years ago. The antltrust law, though
it worked some good. because anything
Is better than anarchy and complete
absence of regulatlon. nevertheless
has proved ln many respects not
merely Inadequate but mlschlevous.
Twenty years ago tho misuse of
corporate power ha.l produced
almost every concjivable form
of abuse. antl had worked tlie gravest
Injury to business morallty and the
public conscionce. For a long tlmo
Federal regulatlon ?f Interstate com?
merce had been purely negatlve. tho
I national judiciary merely acting in
Isolated cases to restraln the State
from exercising a power whlch It was
clearly unconstltutlonal- as woll ns un
wise for them to exerclse. hut whlch
nevertheless the natlonal government
itself failed to exerclse. Thus thc' cor?
porations monopolizlng commerce mado
the law for themselves. State powor
and common law heing Inadequats, to
accoinplish anv effective regulatlon,
and thc national power not yot having
been put forth. The result was mis
chievous In the extreme. and only
shortslghted and utter failure to ap?
preciate thc grossness of the evlls to
which the lack of regulation gavo rlso
can excuse tho well-meanlng persons
who now deslre to abollsh tho anti
trust law outrlght, or to amend It by
simply condetnnlng "unreasonable"
comblnatlons.
(liicstloii nf CiiiiihliintlniiN.
Powor should unquestionably' be
lodged somowhere ln the executlve
branch of the government to permlt
comblnatlons wliich wlll further tho
public Interest; but it must always bo
remembered that, as regards the great
and wealthy comblnatlons through
which most of tlie interstate business
of to-dav ls done. the bui'den of proof
should bo on them to show that they
have a rltrht to exlst. No Judlclal tri
bunal has the knowledge or tlle experi?
ence to determlne In the flrst place
whether a glven combination Is advls
! able or necessary ln the interest of the
I public. Some body, whether a commts
i sion, or n bureau under tho Depart
I ment of Commerce ar,d Labor, should
he glven thls power. My personal be
i Hef Is that ultlinately we shall have
to adopt a natlonal Incorporutlon law,
though I am well awnre that thls
mav be impossible at present, Over
the actlons of tho executlve body Jn
wliich tho power Is placed tho courts
-liould possess. merely a power fof
revlew analogous to that obtaining in
j connectlon wlth tlie work of tlio Inter
I Htato Commerce Commlsslon nt pres?
ent. To confer thls power would not
I be a leap ln the dark; it would merely
bc to carry still further tlie tlieory
of effective governmentnl control nf
corporations which was responslble for
tho creatlon of tlie Interstate Com
! merce Commlsslon and for the onlarge
! mont of Its powors, nnrl for tlio orea
| tlon of tlie Bureau of Corporations,
Tho friter'state commerce leglslatlon
has worked admlrably. It lias hencllt
ed tlio public: It has benellted honestly
1 managed and wisely conducted rall
j roads; and, lu splto of tho fnct thnt
: tho business of Uie country lms ciiur
mously Inoreaned, tho valuo of this
Federal leglslatlon has beon shown
by tho way ln wliich It has enahled tha
Federal government to correct tlio
most pronounced of tho great and vu
rled abuses whlch exlsted in tho busi?
ness world twenty years ago?wllllo
thc manv abuses thnt still remaln om
phaslzo tho need of further and moro
thoroughgolng leglslatlon; Slinllarly,
tho Bureau of Corporations has atyipty
lustltled Its creatlini. ln othor wonls.
It is clear that tlio urlnolploH employVU
to remedy tho great evlls ln tlie b.ual
noss world havo worked well, aml
they can now ho employed to oorreot
tho' evlls that furtlior ciuiiinorclitl
growth has brought more pr.PWln.ent?
ly to tho surface. Tho powors nml
scopo of tlio Interstate Commerce Com?
mlsslon. and of any slinilar body, such
as tho Bureau of Corporations. whlch
lias tn deal wlth tho matter In liiuul,
should bo greatly onlargod so as to
meet tlio reiiulronieuts nf tlio present
I day. '
Tlio stiilcH ciimiiit Control,
? Tlu* decl-jons of tha Suproiii- Court
lln thn Minnesota uml Nurth Curtillu-i
i I'lmi's llliistrato how ImpOH.lhlo Is n
1 ilutil conlful of liiitlimal COitimei'UQ, T'ui'
i KtalCH cu.li not control lt. All they
cun do ls to cortU'ol intrasiate com*
The Closing Date
of the
Nazareth Waist
Sketching Contest
Has Been
Extended to May 18th
A Prize to Every Boy and Girl
Who submits a sketch of the NAZARETH WAIST. A
prize of $50 for the best sketch, and $25 for the next best.
If you haven't entered this contest call at our Underwear
Department at once and get a folder containing all the rules
and a list of prizes. The contest is open to all boys and girls
not over 14 years old. Don't miss it.
mercc. nnd thls now forms but la
small fractlon of the commerce carrled
by the railroads through each State.
Actual experience has shown that the
effort at Stato control ls sure to ho
nullltied In one way or another sooner
or later. Tho natlon alone can act
wlth cffectlveness and wlsdom; lt
should have the control both of tho
business and of the agent by whlch
the business is done. for any attempt
to separate thls control must result
In grotesqtio absurdlty. Thls means
that we must rely upon natlonal legis?
lation to prevent the commercial
abuses that now cxlst and the others
that are sure to arlse unless some
efflclent governmental body has ade
quate power of control over them. At
present the failure of the Congress to
utlllze nnd exerclse the great powers
conferred upon it as regards Inter?
state commerce leaves thls commerce
to be regulnted, not by the State nor
vet by the Congress. but by the occa
slonal and necessarlly lnadequate and
one-slded actlon of the Federal judi
clary. However uprlght and able a
court Is. lt cannot act constructlvely:
lt can onlv act negatlvely or destruc
tlvelv as an agency of government;
and ihls means that the courts are. and
must always be. unable to deal effec
tlvelv wlth a problem llke the present.
whlcli renulres constructive actlon. A
court can decide what Is faulty, but
It has no power to make better what
lt thus finds to be faulty. There shou.il
be an efflclent executlve body creatod
wlth power enough to correet abuses
and scope enough to work out the
complex problems that this great coun?
try has developed. It ls not sufllclent
obleetlon to say that such a hody may
be gullty of unwlsdom or of abuses.
Anv governmental hody. whether a
court or a commission. whether execu?
tlve. leglslatlve or judlcial, If glvon
power enough to enable it to do effec?
tive work for good. must also Inevit
ably receive enough power to make
it posslblv effective for evll.
Therefore. It Is clear that (unless a
natlonal lncorporation law can bc
forthwlth enacted) some hody or bodies
ln the executlve servlce should be giv?
en power to pass upon any comblna?
tlon or ngreement In relatlon to intorr
stato commerce, and every such com?
blnatlon or agreement not thus ->p
proved should be treated ns In vlo atlon
of law and prosecuteil accordinglv.
The Issuan.e of the securltles of any
comblnatlon doing Interstate business
should be under the supervlslon or the
natlonal government.
Tho Excmptlon of Lnhor.
A ..trontr effort has been made to
have labor organlzatlons completely
ex.mpted from any of the operatlon*
of tlil-> law. whether or not thelr acts
are in restraint of trade. Such excep
tiori would in all probabillty make tlie
bill unconstitutional. nnd the Legisla?
ture has no more rlght to pass n bill
wlthout regard to whether lt is constl?
tutlonal than the courts havo llghtly to
declare unconstitutlonal a law which
tho Legislature has solemnly enacted,
The responslblllty is as great on the
one side as on the other. and un abuse
of power bv the Legislnturc ln one
dlrectlon ls equally to be condemnod,
with an nhuse of power by the courts
ln the other dlrectlon. It Is not pos .t-1
ble whollv to except labor organlz.-i-,
tions from the worklngs of ths law,
and thev who insist upon t7t1'll'>' ,FX:
cpptlng them aro merely providlng that
their ktatus shall bo kept wholly un-'
chnnged. and tliat they shall continue
tn be exoosed to the action which they
now dread. Obvlously. an organization
not formed tor profit should not be
.reaulrecl to furnish statlstlcs ln any
way us complete as those furnlshod
by-organlzatlons for proflt. Moreover,
so far as lnbor is engaged In produe
tion only, Its claims to be exernpted
from the antltrust law are sound. This
would substantially cover the right of
laborers to combine. to strike peace
ablv. and to enter Into tradc agree?
ments wlth the employers. But when
labor undertnkes ln a wrongful manner
to prevent the dlstrlbution and sole
of the products of labor. ns by certain
forms of the boycott. it has left the
field of productlon, and Its action may
nlatnly oe in restraint of interstate
trade, and must necessarlly be sub
ect to Inqulry, exactly as in the ca_e
of anv other comblnatlon for the same
purpose. ao ns to determlne whether
such action is eontrary to sound public
iioiicv The heartlest encouragement
should. be glven to the wage-workers
to form labor unions nnd to enter Into
agreements wlth their employers; and
tholr right to strike, so long iis thev
act pe&ceably, must he preserved. But
we should sanctlon nelther a boycot
nor n blackllsl whlch would be lllegnl
at common law, ? ' , :
The measures l advocate are in the
interest both of fleeept corporat ion*
nnd of law-abldlng labor unions.'Thej
me moreover, pro-eminently in the jn
eivst of the public for ln my judg
rnsht tlie American people havo de-fiii
teiy made up tlieir mtnds that the
days ot the relgn of tl.e great law
defylng und law.-.eyadlng corporatlons
re "ver. and thnt from thls, tlme on!
the mighty organlzatlons ot capital,
necessary for the tran.actlon o? busi?
ness under modern condltlons while,
encouraged -so long ns they aot hon-j
cstly and In the interest fl'*??? S0','""
eral publle. aro to he subjecteci to
careful supervlslon and..;.reKHlatlpn* of
n klnd so efCeotlve ns to liisuie then,
acti.ig ln tlie interest of the peoplo as
! a whole. ? _ .
Tlu* M'cd ot Control.
Allecatlons are often made to thei
1 effect that there ls no real need for
! these laws looklng to tlio moi'0 effec
iv control of the great corporatlons,
upon tho ground thal they wlll do the li*
work well wlthout such control. I cull
I vonr attentlon to the, acconipanyin-.
oppy af n report Just submltted by M .
Nathan Mntthcws. chalrman of the m
lanee Comn.lssln,,, o the Mayor and
I Cltv Council . f Boaton, lelatlng to
I certaln evll praotlcoa -of varlous cor
I poratlbn. whlcli liave been lildders lol
furnlshing to the clty Iron aud steel.
! Thls report shows thal tliere haye
l.ecii exlenslve eombi'.ntloi.*, formed
among tho varlous eorpornljons whloh
hnve business wllh the clty of Boatoil.
Ineluiling. tor Inslanee, u carefully
planned comblnatlon embraclng praotl.
i .ally ull tlie flrms and corporatlons on*
1 gugod ln Mtruettiral stool work ln New
I lhigland. Thls cnmhinutlon includeil
sulistuiillally nll tlie locnl concern;:.
nml many "f ll"* largest corporatlons
| in tlu- United Stntes. engaged ln niaiiu
< .ucuiring or furulshlng .stnic
' tunil steel for us.* ln nny part
Of JVow Kiiglund, It affeeted the State...
the cltles uiul tuwn_, th. railroads
! aml fitveet railways, and generally ull
persons havlng occasion to use Iron or
steel for any purpose ln that sectlon
ot tno country. As regards the clty
of Boiiton. the combination resulted in
parceling out the work by colluslvo
blds, plalnly dlshonost. and supported
by false afflrmattons. In Ita conclu?
sion, the commlsslon recommends as
follows: ,
Comment on the mora.1 meaning of these
methods anci transaotlons would seem au
ptifluoua: but as they wero defended at
tlio public heartngs of tho commlsslon and
atserted to bo common and ontlrely propar
Irmtdents of business llfe. and as these
practlces have bean freely resorted to by
some of the largest Industrial corporations
that the world has over known, the com?
mlsslon deems lt proper to reoord Its own
opinlon.
The commlsslon dlsllkes to believe that
these practlce* are, as alleged. establlshed
by the general custom of the business com?
munlty; and thls defense Itself. If unchaj
li-nRfl. amounts to a grave accusatlon
against the honesty of present -UsIuosb
methods.
To answer an lnvltatlon for public Or
prlvato work by sendlng in what purporti
to be genulne blds. but what ln reallty
are colluslvo ilgures purposely mado hlgher
thnn the bld whlch Is known wlll be sub?
mltted by one of the supposed competltors,
is an act of plain dlshonesty.
To support these mlsrepreaentatlons by
false nfflimations tn wrlting that the blds
an; submltted in good falth, and wlthout
fraud, collusion. or connectlon wlth any
other bldder. Is n posltlve and dellberate
fraud; tho successful bldder ln the compe
tion is gullty of obtaining money by fal_?
prelenses; and the others have mnde them
a.lvea partles to a conspiracy clearly _n
lawful at the common law.
Where. as in the case of the "Boston
Apreement."- a number of the most Import?
ant manufacturers nnd dealers ln structu
ral steel ln thls country, including mt
Amerlcan Bridge Company. one of tlie con
stiluent members 0f the I'nltod States Steel
Corporation, have comblned together for
the purpose of ralsing prK-es by means of
colluslvo bids and falso reprfsentations,
their ronduct ia not only repugnant to com?
mon honesty. but is plalnly ?obnoxlous ta
the Federal statutn known as the Sherman
or antltrust law.
The commlsslon believes that an exampla
should be made of those men. and that tho
membera of the "Boston Agreement," or at
<ast all those who, In October and N'ovem
?cr. 1905, entered ln tho fraud-Ient compe
tions for tho Cove Street draw span and
the Brookllne Streot Bridge. should be
bought before a Federal grand jury for
Ton 2,,of.L''e aet ?* *-"?->8T?ss of July" J,
limll I" 5'ears" "*""atlon for par
thlpatlon in these trnnsactlons has not yet
clapsed. and the evidence obtained by thJ
henn"n',? 2-? '7 ?? eomPl?? that there shoul,
iL"?. ?'*'c,ul?y ln, Ihe Kovemmenfs securT
-onvlotlon In thls case.
Awakou Pulillc foui-elence.
,*cl>' *ucph a^state of affairs as thal
abovo set forth emphasizos the need
of further Federal leglslatlon. not
merely because of the material bene
flts such leglslatlon wlll secure, but
above all, because thls F*ederal action
should be part. and a large part, of tha
campalgn to waken our people as a
whole to a llvoly and effective condem
natlon of the low standard of moralltv
iniplled In such conduot on the part ot
great business concerns. The flrst duty
of every man Is to provide aJlvelihood
for hlmself and for those depender.t
upon hlm; lt ls from every standpoint
desirable tbat each of our clttzehs
should endeavor by hard work and
nonorable methods to secure for him
and hls such a competence as will carrv
wlth It the opportunity to enjoy ln rea?
sonable fashion the comforts and re
ttnements of life; and. furthermore. *ho
man of great business ability who ob?
talns a fortuno ln upright fashion In
evltably in so doing confers a beneflt
upon tlio communlty as a whole and ls
entltled to reward, to respect and
to admlratlon. But among tlie mnny
kliulH ot evll, hocIuI, IndimtrlRl aud jio'
Utli-nl, whlch lt ln our ilutj- an n untton
Mternly to coiulint, thero Ih none at i_?
Nllilic tlm,- more bnae nnil more dnii_re*l!-*
oiim thnn thc srreeil whlch trentH the
plnln ii ii tl Nlmple rulcH of honenty wlth
oynlcnl contempt If they Interfere wlth
imikliiu. n prntit; and as a natlon w.e
cannot be held guiltless Jt we condone
such action. The nian who preache.i
hatred of .venlth honestly acquired.
wlio inctilcates envy and iealousy and
slanderous lll wlll toward'thoso of hls
fellows who by thrift. energy and ln?
dustry have become men of means, is
a menace to tho communlty. But his
eotiniorpnrt in evll is to be found in
that particular kind of multi-mltlloit
nlro who is almost the least enviable,
and is certainly one of the least admlr
ablo, of all our citizens: a man of
whom It has beon woll sald that hls
face has grown hard nnd oruel whilo
lils body lms grown soft; whose son la
n fool and his daughter a. forolgn prln?
cess; whose nominal pleasures are at
best those of n tastoless and extrava
gant luxury, nntl whose renl dellght,
whose real lifework. is the accumula
ilnn and use of power In Ita most sor
dld nnd least elovating form. In thn
clinos of an absolutely unrestrlctod
foinniercial indlvlduallsm under mod?
ern condltlons. thls ls n type thnt be?
comes prominent as inovitably as the
inaraiider baron became prominent *n
the physical ehaos of the dark agee.
Wo nre strivlng foivlegislation to mln
liulze the abuses which give thls type
Its flourishing promlnence, partly for
tlio sake of what can bo accompllshed
bv tlu* leglslatlon Itself, nnd partly
because tho leglslatlon marks our par
tlclpatinn ln a great nnd stern moral
movement to brlng our Ideals and ottr
conduot Into measiirahle accord.
THKODORE ROOSKVELT.
The Whlte Ilnuse, Aprll 27, 1908.
C^\ *-*-?' *4v_?? stomach is in
> CELEBRATEO<T#S bad shape try
*C STOMACH Vf_ the Bittersat
.~ once. _ For 54
years it has
proven its abili?
ty to cure
Heartburn,
Poor Appetite
Iiiiligestion,
Costiveness,
Sleeplessness,
and Malaria,
Fever udAgj*

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