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Problems Confronting Social Workers Discussed Yesterday
DELEGATES VISIT E Heard City Jail Was in Bad Condition and Did Not Inspect It?Commcnt on System. Qulto a par..' of tho delegates 'fron tho ulvlelon on the punlnhment nn( reform of crlmlnals spent yesterdn;, nfternoon nt . Stnte Penltentlary, in spcctlng thoroughly lts nrrangementi and the systc.l on whlch ft ln oper ated. Major E, )?'. Morgan conductei open house tnroughout tho nfternoon hls rallera keeplng hlm and hls as sistnnts busy In maklng tbe round o shops and 'lulldlng*. Mr. Amos AV. Butler, of Indlana, one of the recognlzed authoritles on prls on aml reformatory methods of th< country. was the leader of iho pnrty Mr. Butler expressed himself last nlght ns belng great))' pleased wltl the condition of the ..StltUtlon, prnls lng especially ltn sanitary arrange? ments, and the orderly and syste matlc manner ln whlch the whole place Is kept. "Of course. many of the buildings are old," he contlnued. "Some of them date hack to 1790, Major Morgan tells me, nnd, of course, -buildings of that age hardly measure Up to present-dny rtandards. Many modern lmprovement.' have been mnde. however. and I under Btahd lneny more are contemplated. "U'e went through tlie nlioe .lmp," contlnued Mr. Hutler. "Personally, I Bfn not an enthuslast over the contract system for prlson labor, but ln somo States perhaps lt ls the best that can bo done. I'nils,- for Mnjnr .Morgiin. /'Your warden, Major Morgan. Im pressej me as belng a remark.ible man. l.eenly allve to the Interests of hls work, ' sald Mr. George I* Sehon, of Loulsvllle. Ky.. another member of the commlttee on crlmlnals, who was ln the party whlch Inspecterl the penl? tentlary. "I thlnk he is doing a re lnarkable workt conslderlng the eeiulp m'-nt he hns." Mr. George ^VHlson, of Washlngton city, was eepially enthuslastic In hls pmlse of Mujor Morgan and hli work.. "I visited your penltentlary elght >???.?r.s ago." he sald. "In fact,' I have vlslted nearly all the larger peniten tlarles In thls country. I was greatly irnpressed on going over the plnce thls afternoon to note the wonderful lm? provement made In clfcht years. Wnr den Morgan la evldently a capable or ganlzer and manager. The sanitary ar. r.-ingernents are verv much Improved. XVo did not vlslt your clty Jail," con? tlnued Mr. Willson. "but some of the vlsltors expect to go th*re to-morrow. I belleve. Wo had heard that lt was not In good condition. and as we were looklng for suggestions ar.d helpful im provements, we hardly thought lt worth while to go there. "The county and cltv jail." contlnued Mr. Willson, "ls the plngtie spot on our pennl system. I thlnk you ha\-e made a wonderful stop In advance ln the establlshment of your convict road force to take short-term men out of the Jalls anel penltentlarles and put them to work. As I understand lt, there ls nothing for the man ln jail to do. Uo Is sentenced to Ilve sl.x months or a year in Idleness at the expense of the clty or State. Thore |s nothing that he can do. Cnder our county Jail system many Jalls have hut few In tuates In small counties, and It Is Im posalblo properly to enulp a small Jail with hospltal facilities. separate wnrds for children and for women, and al! the nther arrangements known to our best lnrge jalls. "I should recommend a system of State Jalls as tliey have ln England. The system would be as you have your insane asylums in Virginia. a fo.-v large. well equlpped Instltutlons scat tered ln different parts of the State. ?work houses where there Is work to do, and where prlsoners may be sen? tenced from thaCsectlon of the State. In the county or local Jail T would "keep no prisoner except those await Ing trlal, and slnce his innocence or gullt ls yet to be passed upon, there ls no reason for giving hlm any undue hardship other than to see that he Is tafely held." CONGESTION EXHIBIT Dlspl.-.r at McchnnloV Instltute Attrncts Much Attentlon, No portlon of the exhlblt of con? gestlon -of population awnke.ns more general Interest than that relating to children, nnd it is pocullarly fltting. therefore, that tho sectlon of the con? ference whlch ls stuelylng o,uestlonSwrci latlng to children should slt In Wlia hall ln whlch the exhlblt Is displayed ? the maln assembly room of tho Me? chanics' Instltute?whero hy chart and plcture the varlous Interests of chil? dren are graphlcally portrayed. A map shows hy red dots the resl? dences of all children under slxteen ?who were arrested In Manhattan durlng the flrst slx months of 1906, and an? other mnp shows tho total number of ? rrests of children to l.nnn, population. Indicatlng tlie large number of chil? dren arrested where there is such density of population, and where there ls no room for playgrounds or reerea tlon. Perhaps the most striking exhlblt, ?nd the one which bears most direetly upon conditions in niehmond, I.s a ?howlng by sllhouettes of the compar ? tlvo heights und welghts of boys nnd glrls, according to the number of rooms ln whlch thelr famllles Ilve. Thls ts based .upon the examlnatlon of severn! thousand children ln 'Glasgow in 1907. and shows that, nge for age, the boy and glrl whose famlly llves ln a one room apartment Is decldedly shorter than tho boy and glrl whoso famlly llves In two, thrcc or four rooins. The welghts of tho children, represented by blocks, show tho same condition. The flgures recordlng the donth rate ? f children nlso show the bad results of overcro.wdlng. The bonrd of health records of New York Clty show a mor tallty of elghty-ono to nlnety-two per 1,000 children, while the average death rate for tho clty of New York as a %-hole was only flfty-three. The evll results of glvlng children enly part time ln school ls shown by a vory clover Bllhouette, showlng a teacher driving away the children froni tho schoolrooin, whlch Is already full. ?The street urchlns begln to pluy, then to smoke cigarettes, shoot craps, and flnally, at the nther end of the llne, get Into tho hands of tho polieeman, ihowlng that the less attentlon glven lo children and the loss provision made Tor thelr care, tho sooner wlll' they \svaa U> becoma juvenlle delinniCents, JUVENILE COURT AS MAKER OF CITIZENS Four Judges Discuss Work, Poiritihg Out Needs and Sug ?es.ing Improvements*?Conferenee Invited to Meet in Denver Next. ' Chflcl-aavlng as oxempllfled In the work of the Juvenlle court was ex? plained before the Children's Sectlon of the natlonal conference ln thc hall of tlie Mechanics' Instltute yesterday morning, emphasls belng lald on the fact that success depends ln great measure upon the cliaracter of the Judge and of the probatlon otltcer. The rlght and Interest of the Statei In the.- chlld was stated to he the un? derlylng principle, ivhlle from an economic polnt of vlew It was held to be better , publlc pollcy to reform children and to bulld up character '?nd cltlzenshlp than to support reformn torle-s and pena,l Instltutlons. In the matter of tho operatlon of the court. no striking or new principle wns lald down as regarda the dependent chlld? the child for whom the State or church or private lndlvidual must care by orphan asylum, lnstitutlon or the placlng-out system. Cure of Ihe Chlld. lt is in tbe care of the dellpriuent chlld, wlio hns broken some law or who Is early developlng erimlnal tendencles. that the more important functlons of the, juvenlle court are exerclsed through Hs system of probatlon and fatjierly care. That the work of such a court ls by no means llmlted to chil? dren of the poorer classes was tbe testlmony of several speakers. One of the bUaleat of the courts was re? ported from a cUltured subiirb of Chl? cago, where there la no slum dlstrlet. The dellnepient tendencles among certain children st-eni to overstep the bounds of blood and environment and caste. jjad health, poor eyeslght nnd lack of proper physlcal attentlon were held to be the primary causes for much of the truancy In school, and later for much of the lnclinatlon to commlt crlnie. l-'otir .Inrtgea Tliere. Four Judges of children's courts took part in the dlscussion, while elghteen i probatlon olllcers were ln the large au- ; dlence. Judge Jullan XV. Mack, former-; ly of the Juvenlle Court of Chlcago, [ made the prlnclpal addross. In order! to Interest the people of Vlrginia and i delegates from other States wbere thei court for children has not heen lntro duced, Judge Mack dlscussed lils sub-i Ject broadly anel generally. wlthout; deallng ln the minute technlcalltles In-j teresting only to the expert. He! clalmed there was nothing funda mentally new In the Idea of State care of lts future clilzens. "ln the case of dependent or orphan children. the Juve? nlle court merely exercises powers now In tlie linnds of other courts. deterntln Ing where the orphan or ncglected chlld shall go and Into whose hands he shali be placed. The speaker declared: "Although we all recognlze the value of tho orphan asylum. they do not spell the last word In chlld care; they are merely a step on the ladder. Every child deserves a home, where it can receive Its proper and natural devel- ! opment. and lt ls the business of the I children's court lo flnd real homes In- ' stead of herdlng them together ln ln- ; stitutioii!-.. Although some children are better off ln an asylum. for tbe average normal chlld there should bo a home. After a chlld Is placed either ln a home or in an institution. lt ls the duty of the court to, see that lt has careful supervlslon. "But the dlstinctlve note of the j Juvenlle. court is ln Its treatment of: the dellnquent, not necessarily an ! orphan or a public charge or even a j tfieglected chlld, but a chlld evincing j erimlnal tendencles. Under our usual | system when a chlld has reached the i age of responslblllty, varylng from seven to twelve years, and has broken j some law, the dlgnlty of the State has demanded a vlndlcation. The chlld was arrested. herded wlth other crlm Inals in?statlon housc-s and jalls, the only cjilestlon given to the optlon of the Jury belng its Innocence or gullt. A fine or Imprlsonment followed, wlth all the expcnslve legal machinery, Vastlv more important was the effect on the chlld, the treatment usually re? sult ing not in a reformatlon. but In a permanent erimlnal career. The Slate was doing all It could to educate and traln crlmlnals. Xow we are really trying to educate. nnd traUi I these children ]n decent citizenshlp. Nnt the Flrsl Step. "The juvenile court was not the first I step taken to mold citizens out of youtbful offenders. Reformatories for their restraint. where they mlght re? ceive a thnroiigh industrlal educatlon, were a long step in this dlrectlon. In order to know what has brought about the conditions we must get away from Have Music in Your Home! THE COLUMBIA GRAPHO PHONE will give you the best, and they are in reach of all. Prices, $15.00 to $200.00, and we will arrange the terms to suit you. \Yc carrv at all times all the LATEST "RECORDS, YY\ are sole agents for NEW PROCESS VISIBLE GAS RANGES,. thc safest and most economical made. Everything in FURNITURE, MATTINGS and REFRIGERA? TORS at the lowest prices. Jones Bros. & Co., Inc. 1418-20 E. Main St. tour tradltlons of criminal law and not doal wltli fl dhlld as n criminal or charge hlm with n partlcular oifense. We trent Iho dellii'iuent olilld as tlie ward Of the Htnte, under Its broa.1 chancery powor. Tlio state Ih the guardlan of tlie chlld, ns applled to hls property. Why not Its guardlan land Its protector when lt has only It? self? Technlcal rules of criminal evi I dence ale not applled, The court, ns guardlan. I.s left lo C-dde what Is best ] fiir tlie chlld. There must be attached to the cnuit n staff of pald ofllclals, not j mere voluntary help, who wlll nvike the 1 proper Investlgatlon nnd Inv before the i court the hlstorv of tlie famllv nnd the i Hurrotindln**.- of the* chlld. "There should be a physlclan. a spe ! clallst In child work. in attendance lon every children's court for tlie tho ? rough medical examlnatlon of ench ! chlld, The court must know Its phy? sical nnd nu-ntnl defects, that have re j tarded normal development. A mere : case of nd.nofds has led to the penl , tentlary. A chlld sent to school In bad 1 condition physlcally becomes restless. | The teacher has many pupils. nnd glves i llttle personal attentlon. Truancy fol ' lows: then come vagrancy, stealing | somethlng from n rallway. car; the | child Is arrested. and unless the Juve? nile court can cheek the tendency, the ! chlld goes on Its wny to a criminal carper. Nervous chlldren thnt should have manunl tralnlng rather than hooks: eyeslght that Impairs the nbi'lty [ to read properly: Improppr diet and niitrltlon?these nre the demands for the careful attentlon of the physlclan. The Itlclil Judge. "There must be the rlght Judge. Tn some places the Judges take the chil? dren's court month nbout. I hnd rnther have ns Judge a thorough student of child llfe and of the phllanthropic problems of the day thsn a mnn trulned In the law. The Judge should have. however. a thorough knowledge nf con stitutlonnl llmltntlons and of the fun dnmental prlnclples of government. It Isn't the good wlll of some accldental Judge that ought to govern the affairs of men. It is fundamental prlnckples, fairly admlnistered. Probation work Is after all the most Important part of the children's court. Here W.e glve the chlld the chance to work out hls own salvation in hls own home. wlth the constant supervlslon of our probation offlcers. There were elements of good ln the supervlslon afford?d In our for mor methods. whlch we must not lose. Nor must we glve the chlld the ldea that he can violate thp law and suffer no conspquences. or allow him to go on hls evil way without warning nrknowl pdge of the consequences. We must train up a generation of probation ofTl ci-rs. for unless probation is real and not superfielnl and official. the whole system wlll be dlscredlted. Others Spcnk. Judge De Lacy, of Washington. dls? cussed the character of the ofllcers of a children's court. saying "even In a juvenile court the Judge should not he so good as to be good for nothing." He suggested that to ihese courts be left the enforcement of laws against non-support and abandonment of fam? llles. Judge Peters, of ihe Juvenile Court of Loulsvllle. h"v? told of the plan in his clty. In which he sits in the children's court on Fridays, nnd ir the County Court on other days. re servlng all children's cases for hls court. Judge Adams. of Cleveland. talked of the probation offlcer. "For thls work we don't want flne ladies. with lace and long gloves, he sald. That klnd of thlng don't go with the klds. In my town the flremen and pollcemen make fine probation offlcers. The boys look up to them and respect thelr offlclal posltion and uniforms." Mlss Gregory. probation offlcer of Judge Lindsay's court In Denver. In? vited the conferenee to meet ln Den? ver next year. and the work of prop? erly tralnlng the next generation was generally dlscussed by a number of practlcal workers. To Vlsll Petersburg. Members of the conferenee compos Ing the sectlon on the Insane and Epl leptlc. and all interested in tho care of the Insane. wlll vlsit the Central State Ho.spital ln Petersburg this morn? ing and inspect the great Vlrglnla in? stitutlon for the care of the negroes. Those maklng the trlp wlll leave by train from Byrd Street Statlon at 9 A. M. They wlll be met in Peters? burg "oy the superlntendent of the hos? pltal. Dr. Wllliam F. Drewry. one of the most actlve members of the con? ferenee, who will conduct them to the institutlon. A meeting of the sectlon on Insane and Eptleptic wlll be held In the assembly hall of the hospltal. Lunch wlll be served there, and the commltteo wlll return by the lntar urban trolley cars, reachlng Richmond about 2 P. M. TO MEET ON STEAMER ..nnu.il Session of Hotel Men to Be Held En Route to Boston. The next annual meetlng of the Vlr? glnla Hotel Men's Associatlon wlll, ae? eording to present plans, be held at sea. It has been practlcally declded that the members wlll take a steamer at Norfolk for Boston, Mass., and that the sessions wlll be held as the Journey ls made leisurely up the coast. The trip wlll be taken during tho latter part of June. Many of the members of the assoclation wlll be accompanied by thelr wlves. Mr. Jolinsou ln thc Clty. Mr. L. B. Johnson, special agent of the Interstate Commerce Commission, who worked up the evidence In the Chesapeake and Ohlb rebate case, whlch wlll be presented to the United States court at its next term, is at the Rlcli? mond Hotel. For Bcntlng Hin Mule. Rlchard Carter, colored, was ar? rested last night on tho charge of stealing a bicycle from W. H. Hall. Tho wheel is valued at $10. ts'oah Bradford was arrested on the chargo of cruelly beating a mule. [ OF EFFICIENGY IN Strcngthening in Methods of Investigation and After Treatment Declared to Be Needed. Ori-anizntlon in charlty work, wlth a system whlch conduces to efflclency rather than one whlch ents up the energy of the ndmlnlstrntion. was ad vocated in nn address hy Mr. Francis II. McLean: before the Natlonal Con ference's .-ectlon on Needy Famllles ln the IiaHernenl of St. Paul's Church yes? terday mornlng. The paper wsks en? tltled "How Cnn We Ralse Our Stand ards of Efflclency in Desllng Wlth Needy Famllles?" In the dlscusslon whlch followed snme of tho most prominent workers ln organlzed charlty In thls country took part. Though a paper of un. doubted force and worth, by a man wlio ls n master of hls subject. inany of the plans lald down were such as nre pos? slble onlv ln the administratlon ot I large cities. where a conslderable foros j ran be malntatned. As polnted out by tlie speaker, however. In small places the organlzatlons, though not able to keep such complete records. have a more direct personal knowledge of the detalls of their work, and n wider ac nualntance wlth the conditions pre | valllng In dlfferent pnrts of their clty. Efliclency rather than red tape was urged throughout the dlscusslon. lilstlnpt Need. "A strengthenlng ln methods of in? vestlgatlon and after treatment." said Mr. McLean. "Is the dlstinct need with many assorlated charities nnd charity orgnnlzatlon societies throughout thc L'nlted States. Recognlzlng that many nt the societies have to worry along wlth nn insufllclent force of workers. It is a question whether the amount of time used in connectlon wlth case wnrk is economically used. In deallng wlth a famlly in need. extremely meagrp investigation at the start fre quently entalls much nseless work. In a study of the nssociated charities of flfty or slxty citles it was qulte ap? parent tliat frequently. where Inves? tlgatlon.** had been rather extended. a grent deal of time had been lost in go? lng over and over the same ground. lt Is strongly emphasized' that much de? pends upon the use of complete record cards whlch would compel the obtain? ing at the start of at least sufflclent knowledge regardlng all those polnts In connectlon wlth tbe family condi? tion which are absolutely necessary if any clear picture is obtained. In order to make sure that such a picture ls a i falrly accurate one. and portrays the j need of each member of the family. I It has become apparent that societies I must use a treatment and dlagnosls card ln addltlon to the record cards. Thls Is not addlng r?d tape. but ls add j Ing efflclency of a much hlgher degree j than has ever been presented ln the | great bulk of case work in the past." Ileformntory AVork. Mr. W. H. Whlttaker is one of the prominent men In prison work in the Unlted States. He ls superlntendent of the Indlana Reformatory at Jeffer sonvllle. Indlana. This institutlon is designed for the treatment of young men and first offenders. Mr. Whlttaker has worked out an Interestlng plan for utilizing the trade school ldea in? side of prison walls. and ls turning out some of the best artlsans and skliled mechanlcs to be obtained In the labor market ln his State. A recent publica? tlon entltled "Ideas on Reformatlon" ls a fine sample of the book-maker's and printer's art, all the work. both edltorlal and mechanical. hnvlng been done In the reformatory. Mr. Whlt tnker la chalrmnn tbis year of the standlng commlttee on crlmlnals. and wlll lead the dlscusslon on "Punish ment nml Reformatlon" ln the natlonal convention. Thls committee has an? nounced that one of tlie most Inter? estlng topics to bp dlscussed by this sectlon of the conferenee wlll be the experiment In the employment of con? vlcts In road-making. now being suc cessfully made ln Virginia. Several State Penltentlary officials anrl mem? bers of the Virginia Leglslature wlll speak. Probation Ofllcers to Meet. Parole and probation ofllcers eon? neeted ?wlth juvenile and children's courts -who are In attendance on tho conferenee are requested to meet in the hall of the Mechanlcs' Institute at 2:15 o'clock this afternoon. When tha sectional meptlng on children was dis cusslng juvenile. courts yesterday morning. all probation ofllcers present were asked to rlse. and there were elghteen on their feet. It ls thought that other probation and parolo offl? cers, both offlclal and unofflelal, are in attendance on thp conventlon. and all are asked to attend a brlef con? ferenco this afternoon. .11 Inn Addanis Comlng;. Though a conslderable pnrty of Chl? cago members ot tbe conferenee arrlved In Richmond ycsteTday, including sev ernl of the workers at tlie well-known Hull House Settlement, Mlss Jane Ad? danis, the head of tliat movement, wlll not come until thls mornlng. lt ls ex? peeted that Mlss Addams wlll take a prominent part In the conferenee, where she Is regarded as a leadlitg authority. She is on the program to speak Sun duy nlglit on "Chlld Labor aml Educa? tlon." So much Interest ha| been maul fested ln her vlsit that the local com? mlttee announced last night that thls meetlng wlll bo held In some place larger than St, Paul"s Church?prob? ably tho Academy of Muslc, National Conference of Charities and Correction I) A. M.?Trlp to lVternburg. Iii naiie nnd BplleptU'?Tlie incutliera In? terested ln the 1'iirr of tlie ItiMtnc wlll vlslt the Central Stnte HiiNpltiil, nt Petersburg, Vn,, gnlug by Iraln from Byrd Street Stntlnn nt ? A. M. A meetlng wlll be held ln the nssciuhly hnll of the Inntitiitlun. 10 A. M-Seetlnnnl lueetingN. ttill dreni hnll, the Meuhnnlcn' luntltutei toplc, "Children In InatltutloilNi Are They Prepared to lle Future (lll/.eim ?und Pnrentstf" Tlioiuun .11. Oshorn, prc.ldent George Junlor llepuhlte, Aubiirii.' X. V, | diseuHMlon opened by Mrs, M. P. KnU'Oiier, I'hlludelpliln, nuil Joseph 1*, Hyers, Sew York, I'l-linlniilm hall. the Houn,. af Dele gntes, ? Stute Oapllolt lople, "IIIhcI lillite and llmployinent nf fnlled Stutea l'rl?oner?"l generul dlanisslon, led by the t-hiilrnian. Needy Knmillesi hnll, hnsemout of St. Puill's Church, corner of Mntli nml rilOfiltA.1l TO-DAV. Cirni'c .Streetsi lople, "The Mmltutlmi nf Olinrlty In DciiIIiik Wlth Uncmploy. ment," Porter ll. I.ee, secretary Char? ity Orgrniil/.ntlnii Society, nf lluiYului dlNL'llNHion opened by 111ns IIjIiikIoii. Publlc llenlth! hull, the Seunte Clininbi-r. Stnte Cni>Itol| "Tlie lteln llmi ol'111111 HoiiNlnst- Conilltloua (o <Ue Churlty Worker," MUs llarrlet Fulmer, nuperlnlenrient Vlrritlng NlirSCS' ANNOellllloil, I'llll'llgll. N. U-All Neellei'iul liiceUiiKM ure reuuenled to adjourn nroinptly in or? der thnt iiicinlii-i'N mny nttcutl the Bi'iierul mi'etliig ut 11 A. II. II A, M,?Speclnl Morning Sennlmi. Stiitlxt).-*; hnll, Clty Counvll Chuiiiher, tlie Clty llnlli report of ihe coiiuiiU tiu> by (he cliiilriiiiui, John Knreii, ex? pert Npeolul ilgent Culted Stiltea Ceu niih lliireuiii "I'se uud IIImini- nf Sln tlstli'N in Soelnl Work," MInn Knle llnllndiiy Clnghnrn, of tlu- Teiieim-nt llmiKe Heimrtiiiemt, tiew York Cltyt "Olil Age lYimlonx," Froderlck I? HiilViiuin, stntlstlolnn of thu Pruden ilnl liiNiir.-ini-p Coiiiiinny nf Amerlca, Newiirk, N. .1,1 "The StlltlstlcJll Test lu Children's Work," C. 0, Corntens, Heeretiirj- of .lln-tsncliuselts Society for l'reventlou of Cruelty to Chlldren. _tlR I*. M.?Meetlng of probation nnil purolc otllcer-i nt tlie .lleehHiilcs' Institute. S 1*. II.?t'cnernl neaaln-l, St. I'aill's ITuiroh, M ii Ui nnd f'raee Streets. "CrliiilunUi Tlielr PiiiilNlnnent nnd ll?-fi?riiintliiii"i reporl of tlie coiiiiult loe by tlu- cliiilriiuui. W. II. Wltlttu ker, Miiiiorliiti-uileiit liiilliiim lteforiu ntory. Jeffersiim lll.*-, Iml.t the ilUcim nIiiii wn Ihe report wlll Iie leil by A. S. Iluker, Nii|iprlnteiulpiil uf th,- Cmi. conl iMiims.) Itpfoi-iiuitnry, nml 4). K, liiii-nnll. -iiiiiTlnlendent of Ho.vh' lle. form School of the District of Co I luuililii. WHITE PLAGUE KILLS NEGROES BY THOUSAND increase in Death Rate Not Due to Raci'al Prejudice, Says Dr. Grandy-National Sanitorium in Rocky Mountain Region Proposed. Questlons relatlng tn the ravagcs o tuberculosis among negroes nnd thi establlshment of n natlonal snriatnriiiu for thcse adllcted with tho whlti plngtio werp dlscussed yesterday at i nieetlng of the publlc health sectlon o tbe Nallonal Conference In tlie Senati chamber of the State Capltol. Ur Charles R. Grandy, of Norfolk, whi read a paper on "The COnsumpttvi Negro," brought out facts whlch wer. a blt slartllng to delegatea far re tnoveil from the centre of negro popil latlon. .Showlng by the record that nearlj three times as many deaths from tu berrulosls occur among negroes a: among the whltes In the Unlted States Dr. Grandy suggested some of the rea sons, supportlng them witli facti brought. under llls personal observatlon He Incllcated that there Is a physlca predisposltlon, or lack of reslstance, t( tho dlsease In tlie negro. nnd that ne cause of mental condition he Is unabh to meet the condltlons of Amerlcai clty llfe whlch he now confronts. fnknoirn lu Slavery Dny*. "Consumption was practlcally un known among the negroes previous le the Clvil War," sald the speaker "When the race led an orderly llf. the dlsease was seldom contracted Physlclanft to-day are unable to aecouii' for lts. spread. N'egroes haven't th( material rcslstlng power of the\ whltes They are not accustomed to the cold and In wlnter they shut themselves Ir small houses, excludlng alr anel propei ventllatlon. The houses are poor, tlu race hns no ldea of the value of ven tllatton: It lacks propor nourisbmcnl and faces poverty. Thrown upon lts own resources, only a small percentag< Is able to combat the dlsease. Seefti Ingly. the negroes do not care, nlthougl I have known of a oase where a mar deserted hls wife because she had tuberculosis. "Overcrowdlng and poor food are twr of the maln causes for the prevalenco of tuberculosis among the negroes They will not put up wlth any system of cure. They are unwilling tt acknowledge that they have it, and tlieir unwllllngness to persevere Is tht reason why they wlll not be cured. At Petersburg we have been able to ac complish aotnethlng because the ne? groes. belng insane, are forced to corn ply -wlth regulations. Xot Due to Ttnelal Prejudlce. To show that tuberculosis is not due to raclal prejudlce. Dr. Grandy sald tliat the negro death rate at Norfolk for instance, Is much lower than that at Washlngton, Boston and other East? ern cltles, where there Is a bettei system of sanitatlon, wlth bettei houses for the negroes. "Educatlon." he sald. "has been ol no service. as Is shown by the spread and Increase. The task is to teach thc negroes that they must lead moral ane temperate llves: that thoy must hav< country alr Instead nf the squalld sur I roundlngs of clty llfe, and that the> must glve np the dance hall nnd th' bar-room. They must be made to obe; the rules. We should begln teachint the child: we should have nurserle.: and klndergartens, and we should havi a regrlstratlon law by whlch the author Itles can have an accurate Idea of thi number of vlctlms." Dr. Grandy said there Is no sanato? rlum for whlte people, whlch is mon important than one for negroes, as thc latter wlll be an uncertaln proposition For Nallonal Sanatorlum. Speaklng for Colorado. which Is a haven of refuge for thousands of tuber cular patlents, Mr. Frank .1. Bruno, ol Colorado Springs, urged the establlsh? ment of a natlonal santorium ln that State as the most economic way ol relievlng bad condltlons. He said a conservatlve estlmate showed that 5f per cent. of the resldents of Coloradc came from other sections to get the beneflt of the air. "The Rocky Moun? taln reglon Is the preferable locatlon for such an lnstitutlon," sald Mr. Bruno. "The people of my State feel the need of more adequate provlslon for thc treatment of poor consumptlves. Man> go there wlthout the necessary means of support. They belleve that they can find llght work which wlll sustaln their durlng the course ofi treatment, bul thls hope Is Impractlcable. Our local charities are absolutely unable to take care of all demands." Mr. Bruno descrlbed tho sanltoriurr plan, saylng that lt could be malntaln ed at an expense of tl a day to each patient. lt would not be wlse, lie thoug-lit, to place any dependence ln the theory" that consumptlves can re? duce the cost by- work, as no falth should ho put in that Idea. The ques? tion as to who should be ellgiblo Is rather dlfflcult of solutlon. "It thc government undertook to provlde thls lnstitutlon," he added, "the people mlght."shlr.k the responslblllty, hellev Ing- that the government could better afford to pay the expense. It should be supported hy private funds rather thnn by publlc foundation, tlie matter of flnance and Inmates belng left to the charly organization socletles of thla country," Stnte Cr.ovrdeil Already. Mr. Bruno declared that Colorado conference delegates have complalned at previous conferences agalnst the In dlscrimlnate sendlng of tubercular patlents to that State. "A national sanatorlum would not be a paimcea for this evll," ho contlnued, "but it would be a source of trenien dous benellt. It would seem that some physlclans send patlents to Colorado when they do not know what to do wlth them." Thero wns n genernl discusslon of the tuberculosis question, The constl? tutlonal rlght of tho government to approprlate funds was regarded as a debatnblo subject, although tlie con? sensus of oplnlon seemed lo be that It was the duty of the powers to eradi cate, If posslble. a scourge which Is killing thousands of persons every year?persons, too, whose llves could he savad by proper menns of preventlon nnd cure. WnnlH Snniifnrluio ln Soutli, Dr. Walter Llnilley, of "_0B Angeles, Cal., chrlrman of the public health sec? tion. thought that It mlght be the i\'l.-*r plan, If a sanatorlum could be' e-stabllshed, to start one for the ne? groes. to be located ln the mountains of Western North Carolina or Kastern Tennessee. Thp refusai of Congress to preserve the forests was used as a posslble oh stacle ln the way of the plnn as sug gested by Mr. Bruno. lt Was ugreed, however, that the movement should be encouraged. (Continued Froni Firsl Page.) and uplift of the celestlal chorus, and the bold blasphemy of Satan ls ' sl lenced by the rlch but simple beauty of the volce of Christ. Flne Work of Clioru*. Of course, for the proper rendltlon of such nn oratorio a- thls, Intelllgent, caroful work on the part of the chorus Is Indlspensable. Fortunately for the pleasure of the audlence last nlght, the already well tralned and capable regular chorus of the Wednesday Club was augmented for this festlval by a goodly number of former members, gotten together nnd tralned for the occaslon by the indomltnble energy of Mr. Arthur Scrlvenor, a former director of the club, and was well equal to the task. As most of these old niembers were entlrely famlliar wlth "The Hymn of Pratse," the second part of tlie pro? gram, they were able to devotr; the at? tention for last evenlng exelusively to the "Beatltudes," and after sufllclent tralnlng were merged wlth the regular chorus, under the dlreetlon of Dr. Peters. To both the regular chorus ancl to these old friends of the Wed? nesday Club, comlng back again Into harness, lst due the gratltude and ap pre.ciatlon of the musical public, for ftner ctioral work has never been heard In Richmond. ln volunie, precision, spirlt, attack and intelllgent appreclation of the music they were renderlng, thelr work wns practlcally wlthout n flaw or blem Ish, and would hnve dono credit to any communlty. It was a great choriH. lnfused and upllfted. as all musical people must have been by the modern work, It was somewhat of a rellef to hear again the famlliar muslc of that quiet and coniparative_Py simple classlr Mendelssohn's "Hymn of Praise." Un? fortunately ln thls work there Is no part wrltten for the barltone. and therefore. the audlence was deprived of the pleasure of again hearlng Mr. Cun? nlngham. However, the sporano and tenor solos were well done, and thc choruses were rendered smoothly and wlth splrlt. All ln all, lt was an evening long to be remembered ln musical Rich? mond, and the "Wednesday Club has reason to be proud of Its achieve? ment. Suece?? Is Ansureil. At the concert thls afternoon the chlef feature, of course, wlll be i'ic children's chorus, under the always efflcient dlreetlon of Mr. Walter C. Mercer. There wlll be also solos by Mrs. Williams. Miss' Knlght. Madame Mulford, and in the enntata. "King Rene's Daughter," the ilrst contralto part wlll be sung by a talentcd young townswoman, Mlss Grace Grccn wood. The ooncert to-nlght. In which Mlss Knight, Madame Bouton, Mr. Wells and Mr. Webster will particlpate, besldes tho Wednesday Club Chorus, wlll bo somewhat more popular ln chnracter, and wlll conclude wlth the eharmlng cantata, "The Sun Worshlpers." Prngrmn- for To-Dny. The programs for to-day are as fol? lows: Afternoon. oiists: Mrs. Graco Bonner Wil? liams, soprano; Miss Josephlne Knlght soprano; Mme. Florence Mulford, con? tralto; Mr. Frederic Martin. Basso. Children's Popular Concert, Child? ren's Chorus. Mr. AValter C. Mercer i conduetor; Boston Festlval Orchestra; .Hr. Bmll Mollenhaiier, conduetor '?n?rosra!n* Overturo?? "Mlgnon" (I noma.s). Children's Chorus?"Oh, Hall Us. Ye Free (F.rnuil)" (Verot). "Carmcn" Suite (Blzet) ?(1) Preludo (2> Aragonaise; (3) Interniezzo; (4) Les Dragons d'Alcazarj (f>) Les Toreu dors. Children'u Chorus?"Song of the Vlk-, Ings" (Fanlng), Trlo?"Uft Thino Byes,"/from""Elljah" (Rpandelssohn); Mra. Williams, Mlss Knlght, Mme. Mulford. Children's Chorus?"Sweet Blrd of Sprlng" (Chamlnade). Song?"Tlie Druni Major's Song" (I .-> Caid); Mr, Frederic .Martin. Wnltz?"Tnles from tho Vleniia Woods" (Strauss). "The Intervlew of the Three Em pei-ors" (Fahrbach). Cantata?"King- Reno's Daughter" (Smart); Mlss Knlght, Mrs. Williams. Mme. Mulford, Children's Chorus and orchestra. Nlght. Wednesday Club, Dr. R. II. Peters, I conduetor; Boston Festlval Orchestra, | Mr. Bmll Mollenhaiier, conduetor. Sololsts: Mlss Josephlno Kntght, so? prano; Mme. Isabello Bouton. contral? to; Mr. John Barnes Wells, tenor; Mr. Cnrl AA'ebster, violoncollo. Program: tf'Festlyal Ovoi'ture" (Las* sen). Songs?(a) "Faded" (Prnaoli); (b) "Come. Sweet Morning" (A. II.): (c) "Before tho Klng" (M. Dnnlels), Mme, Bouton. Violoncello Solo?-(a) Second move? ment from concert ln A minor (Saint Saens); (h) "Tarantelle" (Popper), .Mr, Car! Webster. Songs?(a) "A Song of the Heart'' (F. C. Halu); (b) "Phyllys Bath Such Charmlng Grnces" (Young); (c) "You Flaunt Your Beauty in tho Rose" (Llr.a I.edimunn), Mr. Wells. (a) Intdrmoz'-O (Hauherger); (b) Roiulo d'Armour (Westerhout**. Polonalso from "Mlgnon" (Thomas), Miss Knlght. Suite?"Peer C.ynt" (Oriog) ? (1) "Duybreak"; (21 "Tho Denth of As."; (3) ".Vnltra's Danco"; (4) "ln tho llalls of the Mountain Klng"; (Th- Ilnps aro cliasing Poer Oynt). Arla?"l liavo Lost My Eurydice," from "Orphous" (Gluck), Mme. Bouton. Cantatn?"The Sun AVorshlpers'" (Oorlng Thomas). Mlss Knlght, Mr. Wells, chorus and orchestra. lEiniC FELONS TO FEE Criminal Should Not Be Turned Loose Without a Penny, Speaker at Conference Says. At a sectional meetlng held in th< hall of the Ilouse of Delegates yes? terday morning, "Punlsliment and Re? formatlon of Crlmlnals" was the chlef toplc dlscussed, the openlng paper ou "Reformntory Dlsclpllne and lndus? trles" belng presented by Mr. J. a. Leortard, superintendent of the State Reformatory, Manstleld? Ohlo. Follow? ing the readlng of thls paper an ex? tended dlscussion of prlson methods wns begun hy Mr. Samuel J. Barrows, uf New Vork, president of the Inter natlonal Prlson Congress. Mr. I.eo tiarel argued for such Industrlal and educational work ln publlc reforma torles ns wlll best teach self-respect and win appeal to the manhood ot the prisoner In nn effort to draw forth tlie latent force that ls In every per? son. Kood or had. developlng self-re stralnt and the elements of character. The paper was warmly approved by .Mr. Barrows. who held that the prin? clples lald down were the most effec? tive on whlch refornmtory work could be based. lle argued tbat the felon should not be considered nn outcast because he had been caught in a crlme. ns though tho sln lay in getting (inight rather than in the cummissioji of tlie offense. A erimlnal wlio lias committed only one or two offenses should not be perpetually classed aa erimlnal. ?Mr. Downey, of Washlngton clty, told of lils experience. In reformatory work, especlally wlth prlsoners who liad served thelr terms and were being asslsted in securlng employment, and re-establlsblng their cliaracter. ?Iiiclge Martin I.a Follette, of Mans fleld, Ohlo, dlscussed the problem of Intemperance ln deallng wlth the ex convtct, nrgulng that hahltual drunk nrds should be mnde to labor In work houses or In some other way, thelr wages going to tho support bf thelr famllies. whom they fnlled to support voluntarlly. Mr. George B. AVhlte, State Commls? sloner of Chnrllles in New Jersey, ar? gued for a system bv whlch emplov rrient should be given to all tnmates of jalls and reformatories, to whom would pe pald a small amount per hour over and above tbe cost of thelr bonrd. thelr earnlngs to go to their credit and to be dellvered to them when they were released. or in case of non-support. sent to their famllles. "A criminal should not he released wlthout any money," he sald. "The lirst slx months of free doni Is a critical tlme. nnd he should have something on which to place a rellance untll he can secure perma? nent employment." After further conslderatlon of the problem, Mr. Charles Hutzler. of Rich inotul. invited the convention to visit llie Laurel Reformatory on Tuesdav, Mny 1:1th, tlie section on crlmlnals to hold a sesslon there. Mr. Rosewell Page also extended an invitation to tlie section on crlmlnals to vlslt the colored reformatory. in Hanover countv. telling something of the work done there by John II. Smlth nnd his assoclates. KENTUCKY MAN WINS MEDAL Iteprenriitiiilvc of Ti-iiiimyI wuiln Vlctor Iii Ointi.ri.-iil Contest. [Speclnl to The Tlmes-Dispntch.l LEXINGTON, KY., May 7?Tho eigliteenth .".nniial contest of the South? ern Interstate Oratorical Associa? tion was held in Morrlson Hall here to-night under the ausplces of Transvl vania (Kentucky) Unlverslty. All seven of the largo schools of tho South who are members of tho association wero represented by speakers wlth tho ex ception of the Unlverslty of Texts. The $50 gold medal offered to the student .?epresentativo making the most intelllgent addross wns aivarde 1 to T. A. Houston, of Transylvania Unlverslty, whose subject was "Tho RIse of tho Southern Commons." N. P. Cullom, of Vanderbilt Unlverslty, re? celved tho vote of one of the threa judges, tho others going to Houston. The judges were W. G. Frost, presi? dent Berea College; Rev. M. B- Adams, of Krankfort, lvy., presldent of the Ken? tucky Antlsaloon League; Hon. Clauda M. Thomas, of Parls, Ky., Consul to France. Other contestants for tho Southern oratorical championshlp were A. J. Aldrldge. of the Unlverslty of the South; N. P. Cullom, of Vandorbllt; C. T. Cunnlngham, Unlverslty of South Carolina; XV. Arthur Jcnklns, Unlver sity of Alabama; William K. Jackson, Jr., Unlverslty of Virginia. Thts is tho second medal won by the Kentucky Unlverslty. The meetlng next year will be held nt Se-wanee, Tenn., undor the ausplces of the Unlverslty of tha South. FRIENDS WILL PAY DEBTS Snld Thal Men Whom Mclntyre Helped AVIII Now Help lllm. [Speclnl toThe Tlmes-Dlspnlch.l NKW YORK, May 7.?lt wns learned thls afternoon from nuthoritative sources that wealthy and Influential friends of T. A. Mclntyre, whose brok orage flrm, T. A. Mclntyro and Com? pany. oT No. 71 Broadway, fullod for Jl.nbo.ooo, will pay off Mr. Mctntyre'3 Indebtedness. The frlends of Mr. Mc? lntyre are said to have tlie utmpst oonfldence iu him. and belleve that if tlie flrm '8 onablecl to start up agnin he will be nble to relmburso them for the money thoy are now sald to be prepared ,o put up for hlm. Mr Mclntyre, before his affalrs took thelr downward turn. helped others many times and mado many tan friends. It ls thoso mcn who are now ready to help hlm out of his predlca ment. Among the name of honor students nt Columbla Unlverslty. New York. tor the term of lOOT-'CTS nppenrs that at Miss Ray Van Vot-t. to whom. tor exce ; ience of work, has been awarded the Iloadley scholarshlp All good corn is about the same; it's the way /*i-i.rinerly called \ VLlljuh'i Munna J P Toasties are made, that counts. "The Taste Lingers." NOTICE.?Thls fond wlll be racke,., ln bolh Hlljah's Manna anrt Po?t Toasih'a ciirtDim Whlls thi- in'oplo are becomlna acoustomed ?> tho cb?n"! of namo. lt ls the sama food In a*e) Made by Postum Cortal Company, l.imlted, BatUe Creek, Mich. j.ytch.