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DAILY?WKEKLV?SUNDAT BimlneM Offlce._91G K. Mnln Btreet. Wsihlngten Bureau. .326-7 Munsey Bttllatng. Manchester Bureau.1102 Hull ftreet. Peternburu Bureau.40 N. Sycamore St. L>nnhburir Bureau.315 Kiuhth St. HT mail une Slx Threa one rOSTAOK PAID. Yonr. Mo?. Mon. Mo. Dally wllh Sundny. ..16.00 $3.00 JI.SO .85 Daily wlthout Suiulay 1.00 2.00 1.00 .3.-, Sundny edltion only.. 2.00 1.00 .50 .25 Weekly (Wednesday). l.oo .50 -26 ... By Tlni??-r)liipntcli fnrner Dellvery Ger ?lce ln Rlrhniond (and suburbs). Mshehes ttr nnd Petersburg? One Week. One Year. D.illy wlth Sundny_14 cent* ?BS0 Dully wlthout Sunday.. 10 cenjs LBO 8unday or.ly. fi cents 2.30 lYearly subsrtrlptloiu pnynble ln ndvnnce.) Entered January 27, 1903. at Rlchmond, Va.. ns se.-on<l-r!as? matter under act of Conffross of March 3. 1S79. HOW Tu CALL, TIMES-DISPATCH. Persons wlshlnp to comnuinlc.ite wlth The Tlmes-Dlspatch by telephono wlll ask cen tra'. for "10 41." p.nd en boins anewtred frobi the offlco switchboard, wlll Indlento tho de putment or ncrson wlth whom they wlsh to epenk. When calling bet?ei>n fi A. *f. and 9 A M.. cal! to central offlce dlrect for 4041. compoiinfr-room; 4042. business offlco; 4043, ft,: malllr.fr nnd presf-rooms. SATIRDAV. MAV 0. 190S. TUMEI', DECADES OF SPOLIATIOX. If thc commisslon to Investlgate the question of tariff revlslon In Its cn tlrety end report thereon to tlie ses? sion of Congress is appolnted, ns seems probable, it wlll hnve !?? conslder the subject from Ihe standpotnt of rev? enue as woll as that of protect ion. The effect any cohtcmplated changes will have on tiso govornment's income must Bssume an Importance that ls ,para mount. Tho Secretary of the Treasury estl? mates that tho excess of expendltures over rect-lpts wlll amount by the end of Ihe year to $1011,000.oon. As the tendency ls toward n con? stantly Increasing enlargement of the goyernment's actlvlties and expenses. lt ls hopelcss to expect a relrenehment ln the total of dlsbursemonts. An in? crease of the revenue therefore he comes cesentlal, The schedule of dutles under the ex isting tarlff were not arranged with revenue as thelr maln object; protec? tion?protection uiiexampled?was the conslderatlon coutrolllng thelr adjtist ment; revenue wns but an incldent, But llie necessity of havlng to heed the condition of th,. treasury in con? nectlon wlth tariff legislation Is but a repetillon of our former experience: for, with tho exceptlon of tho tariff f.i'i:; of I82t and 182S and 1816 and 1890, the dutles imposed In other revlsions wire fi?.e,i with careful reference to ihcir effect upon the govcrnment's in? come. :Jn 1S42 an almost empty treasury caused thc enactment of a hlgh pro? tective tariff. ln lS.'.T a reduction of rltities was brought about by a redun dant revenue. Thc increased rates of Ufil wero to make good a deflclt, and toe dire need of money ln 1861, lo meet the enormous war expendltures, forced the stlil higher dutles of tliat ycar. Tho 1(; per cent. reduction of 1S72 v.-as tho consequence of a surplus, as its abolltion in IST'i was based on a falling in the government's income. Agaln, in lss.",, thc large surplus of the thrcc precedlng years led to a re? vlslon of rates, smne belng raised, others lowered, though, as a whole, the act gave a greatly increased protection to Ihe manufacturlng Interests. Slnce 1SS3 tlie dcjjreo ??& protection to bo imposed has usurped the field of tarlff controvorsy, and its liscal as pect has had onlv a secondary Impor? tance. Congress l-.as had but one de? slgn In tarlff legislation?to eive tlie maximum amount <.f protection. So ccrmpleti ly was thls object attalned liv the Dlngley blll bf 1S97 that, for the first llme ln the history of protective tarlffs, the beneflciaries hav,. ccased i" ask for more. Tliis unpreccdented fact Is sufflclent in Itself tn show tho oppressive nature of our oxisilng dutles wlthout an ahal irsis of thelr operatlon. When added to this it Is obstruetlve ol an increase in Ihe revenue, lts revlslon is made doi.ii.iy ursent, that lt mny cnlargo the receipts of the custom house and at tl.e same time afford rellef to the sut' '' :' ' ompltsl tl 1 bcaelicent endi ? ? !"? 1 niusl bi tree from the dictation of speclal Interests and tlu i 'III1: MSCItO >.\1) TUBEUCIM.OSIS, ' Wlm It. Grandy really ild in I Is illumlnatlng speech on "T hen 1 osh nnd the Ncgro" v.a that tl;.- pn ralenco of this dread dlsease among tle colored race ln America was not duo t,, raclal prejudlce The whltes in ihe South, Where ihe llght agalnst tubereulosh le stlll m its Infancy, have glven ihe ncgro every udvantag'e that they havi enjoyed thomselves; and foi tl il 1 ter, beforo the war, whil.?aun was stlli proyalent among the wi-.tte.-i. lt was practlcally unknown among thc negroes. Then, however, tho negro* dwelt lu sanitary cabins on large plai - tatlons, and were 1101 herded togeth r ln squalld hovol reeklng with dlsease and sewer gas. Under thu reglnii of slavery I hi 111 groi ? ha I ulcaUj 1 inploj - ment aml hoalthful .patlona, aml from mere wlsdom, lf from n.i higher motive. wero properly nourlshed aud carod foi. To-day tlu: pegl'OCS ".voiil Jvregulaj ly. are freiiuontly without proper food, and nre exposed '" d.lssj nations nnd dlseases wlilch wero un known in ihe days ol thelr tutelage. Ko much hnve the . ondlllons changei outwarUly. Th- problem that is lot' |s, How can tlio iiegr? ,,K " lil''' contoni ?n-]tli tho dcudly Inroad* of tubercu lg?is? Lt was tu this' uiublem lhal Ur C.rniuly nddrossed hlmself, nnd hls con? clusion*, brlef ly, were that thn nogro inust bo tnugiit tn rccognlzo nnd fenr ihe trnnstnfsslbllKy nf constimptibn. Noxt, thero innsl bo ilevrlopcd ln tlic nogro ll sohrlely, dlllgence nnd solf resirnlnt whlch nro nt present lnckltig. Tn ohlnln tlieso results, the host pos isllilo nu-tliod would be tn Increase the senso of responslblllty to thc homo nnd io strcngtlien the bonds ot tho famlly clrcle. Thls. uiiforttinntely, ? Is juvt wheffl the nogro breaks down. l>r. Grandy llluistrated thls fact b.v show? ing Ihnl, ilespite tho better health reg? ulatlon* and dwelllngs ln AVashington nnd Kastern citles, the. denth-rnto from consumption among tho negroes was hlgher there. even thnn ln Nbrfolk. Tlie negro, then, Is confronted wlth the fcaii'ul altcrnatlve of speedlly ninster Ing hl* weaknessos and controlllng lils passlpns, or havlng the problem settled mr hlm by doath. STOCK I.ASIBLIM* ON THK DKPKN SIVK. Thoso be dsys of oxeeedlng hard slocldlng'for New Vork gamblers. Flrst comes thc government report on deal? lng In cotton futures, whlch'shows thnt there ls very grnvo reason for bellev? ing ihnt a committee of the New York Cotton Exchango had ilelibcrately mnde n report on the value of certain staple. of cotton so ns to depress the mark-t uncluly an$J reap thcreby largo profits for themselves. ln plain Innguage, thls committee ls charged by the gov crmuent with stealing the moncy thousands. ot lnnocent and legltlmatc Investprs througli a false and arbitrary vnluatlon. Thc next blow was tho statement of T. A. Mclntyre, a bankrupt hroker, that it'was customary for stock brokers to borrow money' on securltles which had been deposltcd wilh them or left for iransfer. This ls nothing ln thc world Imt cmhczzlement, and naturally tho Stock Exchange objocts to belng placed tn thls category. But thc oplnlon of an Importiuit member of tlie Stock I0x change on what wns the ordinary prac tlco will tako a lot of deninl from in? terested sources. The Times-Dlspntcli believes that a public service is rendered by both Uio New Vork Stock Exchange and ihe Cotton Exchange, but both bodies will have to learn to operato with scrupu lous honesty and wlth the single tlv sire to be brokers for tlielr clients, not spoculators for their own account, or they wlll be obliged to flght for tholr llves. A few more revelations llke tho government report and the- Mclntyro confession wlll crente a demand for drastic regulations by law, whlch tlio Stock Exchange nnd Cotton Exchange will have to swallow or go out of busi? ness along the present llnes. THK PROFESSIO.YAJi AGITATOR. "If 1 bad to begin life over again, damn me! but I'd be an agitator." So spoke the great Chancellor .lohn Scott, Lord Eldon, early in tho last cen? tury, .ts be saw tho success of the at tacks made on the laws and instltutions he had spent his life in uphnldlng. The agitator against the granite llke immoblllty of Kngland to nl! change aiul reform whlch marked the generation succcedlng tlio i-'rench Rev olutlon hnd, however, liis use and hls reward,' for he was needed. Hlstory, from Absalom nnd Calus Gracchus to Patrlck Henry and Theo? dore Roosevelt, tccnis wilh examples of agltatlon; and while much, llke that of Catlllne, was pernlcious, much was, liko that of Rousseau or Garibaldl, the means of usherlng ln a new and better gov orhment. Beyond doubl we are in nn epoch of agltatlon?an agltation clamoroiis and all-crabraclng. There are but few of our customs or lnstltutlons or estab lishmcnts against wliicli it lias not been dlrected. Hut wlthout agltatlon we should have soclal nnd Industrial stagnation and putrcfaction. .Lord Eldon, to the con trary notwlthstandlng, agltators have their place aiul render real public ser? vice, provlded only tbat thc people can dlstlngulsh betweon tlie charlatan aml sccr, the sclf-seeking demagogue and the unselllsh patrlot. Out in Tightwad, Texas, we aro told by leading authorities, the stlngy hus bands nevet*'bring home candy except when returnlng late from lodge-meet Ings to wlves who slt up for them. Another nlco thing about our littlo slar-eyed blondea is that thoy make lt a rule never lo remarry within five years after they have been mc-i-ry wldowed. Wlllle Tom Watson does not thlnk much of Washlngton as a plaee of n sldencc, wo bellc-ve Iie couccdcs that thero are agrccable possibllltiea ln ibe Whltchouse. Tho Democratic statesman who doesn't hear lils namo mentloned for tho vlcd-prosldency thls year is elther small potatoes or .hard o' hearlng. take H for granted thal thc ?if Tlmpson, Texas, wilh his of $1 por month, rarely fl'nda hls mentloned ln the specinl mess* Dottbtlesa Strawberry Edith, M. Bscoffler'H new elgh'ty-llvo-cont-a-por tlon dlsh will make a great liit wlth lcomen, plumbers, predatorlans, etc. ! lii.- lossos iii the Unlted States and Canada durlng Aprll amounted io *}!, . not countlng what Pittsburg burned up ulong the Great Wliltc AVay. New Vnrk's 100. aeeording to tlio (Hiil.dies, has increased to !.u<'. Thal look llke race-sulclde, Mr. PresI* Thc Kalser lms invited pr Hill t-. -tfetid tho re^atia al Klel. We 11 ubi he will <!o everythlng ln hls power to i mako the doctoi' ' eomfortajile." n cost. only :i cents lo rlde on the streel cars ln Cleveland, though tho i utraps thero are as good aa the best. Howevor, tho Irueat patrlots wlll ? ii' ?? r fall Into the habit of lleklhg ? left i javls (| Evlrtently thl. Mrs. Oultinoss. who Hdvertli-ed lor husbands, lmd very klll povornor Unghcs's futai nti.-ui;. VV*U ui (loclding lq be a .UKmuuii ln -ic.-m ot a poliliciuu. Rhymes for To-Day ? STILIIOHT TII'S. IWI2NT Inlo a rcslaurnnt and bought 11 Minall "beef and"; The wnltor, havlng brought II, stood wlth ready, palm-tip hand: I only had $8, ao I begged: "I'lctise tako it all"? Whereon he throw mo, to the floor while shoutlng: "Whnt a gall!" I dlnotl at Mrs, Hlltnioro's, where tho butler Uoepi) a yacht; I tipped hlm o'cr tho cavlaro and tipped nim qulte u lol; X tipped hlm o'cr tho oanvas-bnek, I llppcd hlm o'cr the Jhie, Dut When I sklppcd hls coffec-tlp, he dropped a tray on me. I went to Molly Knrtor's houso to spend n gay week-end; Tho serVanta ihero were spenders, so tho guests were booked to spend. I gavo my spoclal vally $90 to unpack? Laughed he: "lt wouldn't buy my smokes," and kindly passed lt back. The tlppln'g evll growing? Aye, my maaters) lt ls grown! You'll nnd lt In the novel, you'll sur prl.se tt on thc throne. A man has just thls comfort: When hls llme has come to sllp, He knows the nine-pronged Divvlo doos hls work wlthout n tip. JI. S. H. MEHELV JOKl>'G. lhiifs Whnt He Wni Dolnjr. Detective: "So you saw the cscnplng prisoner. -\Vhat kind of a cnat dltl ho wear?" Witness: "I <didn't notice particularly, but I Judge it was some kind of a out away coat."?Baltlmure American. The Orlgln. "So you don't belleve in the story of .loniili and tho whale." "Xo," answered -Mr. Meckton thought I tilly. "Hoiv ,]o you stippose it orlginated?" "Well, 1 suppose Jonnli had been away from home for some tlme and had to tell his wifo soniuthing,"?Washlngton star. Snrcnttlc .Mr. l'opley, Mr*. l'opley: "Kor goodncss sakc! Whaf the maiter with Tommy?" Mr. l'opley (from tlie bath-room): "Oh, hc wants the earth." Mr*. Popley: "Wants the earth?" Mr. Topley: "Ve?, nt least that port ion of it tluit I'm trylng to wash off hla hands ani face."?Cathollc Standuid aml Times, MlPunderstood. C'andla Frlend: "As your husbaml dled iniestate, you wlll, of course, set a thlrd." Merry widow: "Oh, I hope io get fourth. Ilu was my ihird, you kuow." Lcndon Oplnlon. Tlie Trnined Nurse. Bobhy: '-ITeaso, ml?S, are ynu thc traln? ed nUrse mamiiiu sald was comlng?" Nurse: "Yes, my chlld." ftobby (elated): "Then would you mind showlng me some of your trloks?"?Llppln cott's. Sn .lliili-un Thinks. "We are sorry," sald Japan, "lo have uFonded your honorable representative ln Manchurla." Uncle Sam bowed affably. "lt wns tbe bad pollcy of a suboidlnaie." contlnued -lapnn. -Tle should have rofralned iinlll we hait ucquhi'd the power to throw out your honorable represeniailvo neck an<; ciop as you say In your so pleasing Western i-ernacular." "Eh, whafs that?" sald L'ncle Sam; but Japan hung up the telephone.?Exchange. REMARKS FROM THE GALLERY. AMAOAZINE wrlter thinks slx hours a day long enough to work. He can't start any argument wlth us on that pioposltlon.?N'ashvUlo American. Threo Rcnorals of the Haltlan army are to bo court-marilaled. The real excltement iluwn there is to come. however, when they court-martlal the private. Bernard Shaw gets advertising ln many ways, but hls favorite method stlll ls to palnt himself red and climb a pole.?I'hil adclphla J_edger. The "Independent" (?> press ought to be gtml now and do something for the "Mate? rial Development of Texas" anil thc "Dlver slilcntlon of Crop*." These are llne topics for ihe Mauled and Mashed .Mlnlons of Malevotencc to lllumlnat,; after a sad cx peilinie wlth the dull. drcamy thud. A proper classlflcatlon would be wealth, predatory wealth anil campalgn conirlbu tiens.?New York Eveuinic Post. To get at the real polnt of thc case. why doesn't somo Interiiewer ask Annti's chil? dren what they thlnk of ; the prlncu??? Cleveland l^eader. i.incrnor Hughes would rather be right I'.-in President. and the race-track "boSk le? don t want hlm tn bc elther.?I'hiiad plila Imiulrer. Plstol carrlers wilhout a llcense nre now! I0.be severely punlshed in l.'hlcago; but a\ mar, who ls held up and robbed ut the muz .. . .Oi u gun seldom thinks to ask thc man PERSOXAI, ANI) GENERAb. i'.cSd;fKuom^'r^ra has been c,ect"" Ambassador Tower at Berlln has askel to be recelved by the Kalser In"larcwoll a dience on June 1m. "" au r??ri' }'?J1e,"t Keeh', German bactcrlologist reached San Franclsco en route fo Haw" I stuillesa.Pan" W"?'C "" la to ???""?? "l?n?no deslgnod0 bv'i'in","?" one-h,llf lnches hlKh. V .- y ' "."'"? waa ""'d in London PiuonjVir.%iaalI.^ ?f th? C0,iynKham co1 tlc.iige Lowls Crawford, generally repuicd practlclng lawyer In Philadeiphia. dled yes? terday, For flfty.flve years Mr. Crawford, wlio wns just ttirr.ing tbe age of Beventy *I.\ wns active at thc Phlladelphla bar. I'nllai-iui.K are Intoremed In n movement Inauguratod by the Furness Club of the l-'irsi Minrlnn Church, Phlladelphla. to mark in- site whore ,les..;.ii Prloatley, tlie dis covcrer ot oxysen, founded tho lirst Unlta iinn hociety in America. ,\ oronzc tablet ccmmemoratlng ihe work of the founder Wlll bo placed on llie building where Prlost le- an,i hls felliuv Unltarlans assemblod on Ji:n. 12, 179G. Walter L. wilson, senlor payma?ter In the navy, was ?.ed on the retlred list >e?tcrday for physlcal rliaablllty. u,. |b a soi of the late Wllliam I-. WII*on, who was PoBtmaater-Gcnora! In Presldent Cleveland'* admlnlatratlon. and was also a re'pr'eaehta live in Congress from West Vlrginia. He was Bt one tlme chalrman nr -he Commltteo ....Ways and Means. Paymaster Wilson ertcrcd lh< naval service In March 1304. Thc IH-uippcnriiiK Cnnicrn, i'wo yea.-s ago a newspaper corro Bpondenl dled 0f blackwator fever ln PortUgneKo Wost Afrlca ln n lonely ilistiict inhabltod bv n trlbe uf frlend? ly ManripukukUB, Recently his grave hns been vlelted hy an old frlend, whi'i found a bnttercd caniera on tho mouncL He was Informed by hls native M'li.le.-- thal dozens or times tliIa di lapldatod camera had dlaanpeafed, imt n .iiuays comoa hai-lc. What liappeha Is 1 hist 'n.e iiyu.-iv porry it "ff about twlco ??i -.vrek. opd as soon na the natives '? ??'?'? ii .ill thc men around scour thn '?'??ii ii!l tljey ilml lt, each tlme in ifi littlo ivorao nondltlon. Then they roplacs :i on the g-ravei n.n tho journnllsl was always Keoii wlth n the whole trilv flrmly hellevfi lhal he wlshed II hurled wlth hlm: that Ha preeenjo Ih an lmnoriant part of thc Whlte ii-nn's fuiif-rnl lites, aml that u;nR'.? would be wroakod f>n tho |plbe ??'? outd tho camera dlsappoar ai '"-?? thei V. w yoiu Sun. '%lnili uf TouKhUca*. Bad habit* do not prolong llfe, thn '.? of ths llbeloua contepaiian who .tl dlei] lu MlohlKUii nutwitii >'?? idlng. Vi'iuk.' men who follow hi. examplc- \IU require tlio servlcoa of |!?- undertaKer aooner than he dld, I I" ?? ai 0 -'.mi- very old iiieu ^'ho ''<' l',,-!' iii every s*.-riKC. hlll inohl ol ''."in ?r,- mi i,i,|y ir, one?Bt, Louli, It'osi-DlaDatxh. STATE PRESS Aski for Innlriu-tloii-. tn every Instaiieo In whlch n Hfiite hn* jnl'ecl to Instruct Un elolognto- fnr XV. J. nynn tho wmi ,<*treot Interests lisvo nn iioiincotl tho fnct nn nn snll-nryan victory. I-.von whon It ls well known thnt a Inrgn mnjorlty of thn delcgatoa froin a Stato nro foi- Slr. Bryan (Hltliough not Instructed) tho ?unpofters of did "Spoct&l Intereiti" clnlm lii*, victory. Thln Stnte Is ovcrvvhclnilnsly fo.- Bryan. Let the district meetlngs ss ?vell nn tho stnte conventlon Instruct for lilin, so ns to glve the corpornto Interests no sort of Rrountl upon whlch to rpiestlon tlu- attltude of Vlrglnla In thls Important mnttor.?Falrfax Herald. lt Is Brynn. Wllllnm J. Bryan ln Just as sure to be nominated at Denver ns be ls llvlng and tho rtny comea for tlio grent convention to aa semble. Thero ln nn mnn llvlng to-day who It closer to tho peoplo than ho, nnd durlng tito lnst four years, slnco .Judgo Parker inncle mich n dlsmnl falluro, he lina beon ciiltlvnttng thnt cordlnl feellng whlch nl rcpcly exlsted. If Uryan cnnnnl be elected Presldent of tbe Unllod Stntes thla time hi* atin ns a presldentlnl posslblllty la net forever. "Wlth Tnu tis the Ropubllcan nom? lnee tlic opportunity I.i tho bost ever known for Democratic success.?Suffolk Herald. Game. Thero ls nothing In llfo more and thnn to se* a mnn "lay dowh," ns tbe saylng goes lu the faco of danger, trouble or mlatortune. He la llke tho soldier who runa when he seinta tho smoke of bnttle. It la such a situation thnt puta courage nnd manhood to (ba test. If you "lay down" you ore lost. IC you renew your vlgor and flght harder, 'you wlll conquer, or nt least have tho sat Isn.ctlon ot honornble defeat. Many n mnn lint been lost hy loslng hls grlt at tho ciltl cn'. moment, while otiieis who havo stiug gled on have seen tho blessed dawn, Imme? diately nfter the darkest hour.?Newport News Tlmes-Ilcrald. Thc Oreat Flve. Mr. rtooacvelt haa invited five lendinn citizens of the Stato to meel wlth tbe Gov? ernors In conferenee. nnd tbey nre all rep ri-i-ontatlve Democrats. "Polltics make sttange bed felioiva."?Appomattox Times. Kqulp the Knrm. The sca-'dtv ot help on farms wlll ultlmately drlve land-owners to great? er economy end to a more genorai us. of dcvlces und convenlences whlch lighton the work lt is surprlslng how mnny try to get along by inusc le power alone, never trylng out any othor method, whlcn mlght savo half thelr work. An old f.irmcr says that hls neighbors called hlm lazy when he first brought a hay loader onto liis farm, aml when he rigsred up n cable and used a trlp hay fork to unload liis hay bo had a good hunch of far? mers around hlm. "Just to seo bow It worked." Tho close tigurinir farmer counts .ill of these labor-saver's just that much of his eqtiipinent, and lt Is only by using them that ho Is en abled to meet present conditions. Thc walking stirrlng plow and walking cultlvators nro hack numbers. Now the sulky or gang plow Is used, and three blg lusty horses wlll turn over three or 'our acros "a day. A manu facturer nnn now gotten out a rotary barrow, Which ls attached to the plow, and tiie land is turned and harrowed at one operation. I believe that if any man is justltiod in borrowln? money it is when he. invests it in up -to-date ?ools and Implements for more rapid and better work on the farm.? Indlana Farmer. Xews In Turkey. Tiie Turkish papers have publlshed their version of the traglc death of Don Carlos of Por tu gal. lu the Levaoi Herald we read tliat the King and the Crown Prince "dled on their way back to tlie palnce aftor an excursion." Tbe Ptamboul says: "Don Carlos Is dead. Hls son Manuel has succeeded to the throne, There ls. therefore, no change in the de.slinles of the country." And this, of course, ls ln accordance with tho trnditintis of the Ottoman press. whlch Is never allowed b.v tlle censor to admlt that any chlef of any state nr any member of nny royal famlly has died a vlolent death. 11 stated that A'exander of Servia and Queen Draga "dled of indigestlon nt ihe desul of nlght"; that Presldent Carnot sue cumbod to a "chill,"' and thnt Kmpress. Ellzabeth cf Austrla "had a sudden at? tack of apoplexy on one of tho steam boats on the I.ako of Gencva."?West? mlnster Gazette. Ciiemisis' Show Hottlrx. Formerly apothecarles used a red light as a slgn of thelr trade. Now, It liappened one night thut a drug? gist. flnding hlmself without the nec? essary red llBlit. made shlft wltli a bot? tle of .-'.ri liquid placed In tlifc window with '? ivmdlc bohind it. Tlie effect was so good that he pui u siuiii decoration in another window. The slgn was exiellont?so excellent tliat n rlval apothocary tried to improve upon lt for hls own beneflt. lils id-: was to placo a bottle of yeilow liquid beside tlie led one. and he surpassod his forin.r effort by addlng a bottle containing green to the other two. The red, yeilow nnd green made a line show, and every druggist ln tbe town followed ir. the wake of thelr more onternrislng rivals. In course of time. the bot.l-S ?ere replaced by the mag-j nlncent colored vases which are now a liimil'ar sign everywhere.?I.ondon' Chronicle. A Kofnriiied Zulu. A new church has recently been ded Icated at Umzufnbl, in Zululand, whlch is remarkable as being the best ever constructed by natives themselves without any ald whatever from mls? slonarles or any whlte persons. This sanctuary has been erected by Ndunge, the osteemed cbiof of Quabi, nenr Um zumbl, who became convertod to the Christla.li falth in his youth before becoming a chicf. Ndungo is a splen? did exceptlon among tho J.11I11 chiefs, This remarkable man is a (Ine Chrls? tian leader. greatly resembllng Khama, of Bechuanaland. Ho is utterly unlike tho average Zulu in hls deltglit in In? dustrial undertuklngs ancl ln his eco? nomlc hablts. lle has bullt for hlm? self a line fnrm residence whlch nilght well satlsfy any civillzed farmer. lt ls h substahtlal and commodlous edi tice of brick. On his great farm hc has had from tho flrst year after he became c-bief both a church and a school.?Pali Mall. School lim-ilciiM, The slmplcst form of the "back to tho soll" movement is the opening of six school gardens liy tho Phlladel phla i:<>^>-.] of Kducatlon. .Already 7. 000 pupils havo enrolled for thls work, whlch vyise teachers reeognize as be iiig of br ind educatlonal value. Tho modern -iducatlon system ls somotimaa crltlclzed ns belng In certain respects artlllcial .ind lmpractlcal. Tho school gardens. -vltlch teach the chlldren how lo plant nnd care for plots of ground ?wlth thelr own hands, not only ini pai'l a certain amount of useful knowl? edge. but thoy also Inculcnte n taste for tho natuial, primitive joy of work? lng in the soil aiul of seelng beauti? ful things grnw.?Phlladeliihla' Bulle? tln. I-iitlcd tlie Kiislt*'* .'nll, I knew nn Indlan, Yeilow lOagle who. lu order to get his coup feathor. dtig a hole ln tho grOltnd on tlie opnu pralrle, far from camp or. hahltatlon. Ovor ii he flxed a coverlng of brush. upon whleh wns lald tho carcoss of a froshly-slam antelopo. In this trap ho lay for threo days awalting the ougio's comlng, t When, at last. 1 tired by tho ba.it. ono dld ullgbt, ho selzed'It from be low, und, .lesplte Its flapplng and c-law InK and p cklng, he pludked the pre? elous fe.nlisrs before freolng tho as tonlslied end lerrlfled blrd. I recnll none but the Amerlcan aborlglne who has been uble BiicceHSfully to pull the Amerlcan laf-'lo'x tall.?Armyand Navy l.lfe. Trleks ln All Twulcs llul Ours. "Ever notlce," -mkeil a salesman for ii grocery house, that mukes a bu-lne-s of Kupplylni* hotels, "tliat If you atroll uplown and look at any of the bl_ hotels vou wlll see them ull pretty > well llghtod up? Pienty of rooms oc cupled, aptmrently. Woll, that ls somo tlmea a uluff. 'i'ho help has nrdors to i lighl up n number of the froni rooms ? ? ????? '-venlnn, |u**t na thut the hotel ? won'1 look liko u gravoyord."?N*w l York _un. Voice of the People Olmcurnfioii. Tho frrcnt men who llved Whon our country tvnn now, Wni'o angels, 'twnuld Boom, If nomo hlnt'ry be truo; For Instnneo: Tha Adams, , And Tossups, nnd .lays, ? And .T-Iamllton, Henry, And Haneock, and Hays, And Franklln. and Parker, And Itandolph, anrt Amos, And Monroe, nnd Madlson, Mason, and .InmoB, And Wilcox, and Sherman, . An^^Oerry, nnd Whlte, And KHs worth, nnd Flsher, And But lor, and Wrlght. No one would pretend to AssUmo thoro wbb not Much goodnoss and groatnees In thls graclous lot: Tho yaars but odd glory ?,T.? eacn honored namo, wlth now lustre glldlnir Thelr chnplot of fame. But '-apose wo, Inspect them Alone or cn Inasse, Beneath the flne lens of l A present day glass; Would thoy show up better In morals and mlnds Thnn most average statcsmen Who llvo In our times? Dld Washlngton never Have thought of himself, Nor ambttlon?thlnk you? For honor or pelf? Ask .Tefforson where, And Madlson whon, They thought tho great general Unllke othor mcn. Was Hamllton really An ungel of llght? Wns Madlson always What you would call whlte? And ho-w nbout Henry, And Mason, and Jay? Speak ye who wrought wlth Thom In thnt far-off day. But. llngcr ono moment; Behold somo who llvo ln thls luckless age. When wo're asked to bellevo The 'aco all extlnct Of high morals and mlnds Llke thoso mighty giants Who llycd 'fore our tlmcs. 'Though some of the galnxy Now in revlew Have passed from our vlslon, Beyond tho bright bluo, We havo many loft, And these we present As bot human satnples Slnco Adarn's descent. D. il. KENNEY. niehmond. Va., May S, 190S. ol I'cinpiirn Miilnnltir. Edltor of The Tlmes-Dispntch: slr,?The advancement In clvlllza? tion and sclence in thls wonderful age is such that It ls hard to flnd words commonsuratc with thc procession. Kor example, the death penalty must no Ionger be lnfllcted on the vlleat criminal after the old heathen method of hanglng, but by the subtlo nnd re iined Inlluence of olcctrlclty. In thus providing, it seems tliat our great law-niakers failed to provlde the change of form whlcli must be used by the cotirts In pronounclng sentence. An extra session of tho Legislature would be too cruel for anything. but when a man Is to go to "thc chalr" instead of the "gallows," what shall the judge substitute for the- solemn old words "to he hung- by the neck unti 1 you aro dead, dend. dead"? Then, too. who will be encouraged to- abstaln from crime and dread Its conscquences when the last and worst result can only be such an invitation as ls extended to a good man to pre side over a great moral assembly?to "occupy the chalr"? Maybc so many uely thlngs nre be? lng done nowadays, for the reuson that so many nice ways are belng invented for the doing of them. and so many nice names for the calling of them. J. F. E. Blackstone, Va., May 7, 1908. Iuveiilor of Envelopes. Tt ls somewhat curious that such a simple contrlvance as the envelopc should be a comparatlvely modern in? vention. As a matter of fact It Is just 100 years slnce a paper manufacturer of Brighton, namod Brewes, Invented en? velopes *or letters ln thelr present form. Even then It was some con? slderable -.ime before their use became at all general. not. in faut.-until some whore about tho year 1850. Before this date?as many who are llvlng now wlll remember?a letter. wrltten only on ono side. was foldcd ln two. thOn In three. sealed wlth wafer or seallng wax and addressed on one of tho bhink sldes.?Gaululs. .lolinann !)lsl urli*. The only ground upon which we have witliheld our support from Secretary Taft Is tho ipposltlon of tho negro and the labor vote to hls candldacy. Wti havo always been ready to acknowi edge his admlrable fitness for tlie of? flce. Wo belleve cven the.interests that are so bltter agalnst Roosevelt wouhl be pleased with Taft ns Presldent. aml that the people would flnd ln hlm as good a frlend as they bnve found ln Roosevelt Wlth Bryan as the candl? date Taft can win easlly. What wlll be the outcome lf .lohnson Is the nom inee??Springfleld Union. Clnaa Fcellnsr. Presldent Roosevelt denounccs as demagoguos thoso who try to arouse ; "class consciousness" ln the mlnds of , workingmen. As a matter of fact, j every mnn ii: "class conscious." Thero ls nothing deplorablo ln being so. It ,1s natural and American for every man j to feel that hls own class is as good | as any other, and to desplso those who i feel asjiamed of what they are.?Dallas I News. DlNlrlbtitlou of Wenlth in Hnclnnil. Wealth Is very uncqunlly dlstrlbuted I lli thls country. About 700,000 peoplo dle every year, and of these over C1C 000 died leavlng. nothing, or next to nolhlng, behind them. while over 50.000 dle leaving- an avorago of only ?200 each. Ovor 10.000 dle with estates not execeding ?1,000, which loaves noarly all the ucctimulated wealth In tho hands of about 21.000 poople out of 700.000.?Lloyd's News. It Deiieiida on llie Kind. Mr. Bryan is correct. Political prom inenco i.s i valuablo nsset ln any kind of an occupatlon or huslness. Unfor tunately ihat Is what a great many men go in-.o polltlcs for. it's for what they can mako sooner or later rather tljan for ,whnt they can do.?Boston llerald. Holler oir. "What v.-ould Tliomas j.Teft'orson do tf ho were hero?" asks the New York Sun. lie would tako one good look at the alleg.-d Domocratic party nnd re? turn to lils grave happy ln the thought thut he ls dead.?Los Angeles Times. Tlmos Clinngo. The rlght of the pedestiinn to the road is another of thoso old princl? ples that dlsappeared along wlth thu notlon that ? man i.s lnnocent till prov? ed gullty. whon tho pollco Introduced the "swonting" system.?Roc'..estor llerald. nf Courae, In favorlng annexatlon of Canada, the llon. .lohn Albert Johnson means "ultlmate" annexatlon', of rourse?llke Colonel Bryan's "tiltlmate" government; ownershlp of railroads. That ls to say, annexatlon for campalgn purposes only.?Kansas Clty Journal. Suine Old .Wny. There ls to be no cluiuge at present in the No,v Vork system of track bet? ting. That is to say, you give your inonov to tlie booknutker and hu keops It,^?PhllailSlphla Ledger. Age ol' Ihe ISnrlli. The highest authoritles place tlie to? tal number uf years chipsnd since, in the llghl of the bost goologlcal evi? dence, men._ lirst appeared upon earth at 288.000.?Spi'insftelU Republican. 1 Where the fineft biscuit, cake, hot-breads, cru?s orpuddings are required Tipyal is indispensable. BaJcingPowder Absolutely Pure Nof only for "rich or fine food or for special times or service. Royal is equally valuable in the preparation of plain, subsTantial, every-day fooas, for all occa sions. It makes the food more ta?y,nutritious and wholesome. Jj -:- The Japanese in Hawaii -: BY FHRDICniC .1. HASKIX. Honolulu, T. II. Hawali is not an "lnsular possession" llke the Philippines or Porto Hlco. It Is ns much a part of the l'nlted States ns New Mexlco or Arlzona. Notwlth? standlng Its purely Amerlcan polltical stntus, tho question of the hour in llawall is the Americanlzatlon of the islands. Why? Because Hawali. an Amorlcnn territory, haa a populatlon of 160,000, of whlch 100.000 Is Orien? tal. Of thls number 70,000 nre Japa? nese. The most spoken language in tbo terrltory ts .Inpanose. Tho most wldespread religlon is Buddhism. Apart from the small cornmunltles in tho towns the social life of the Islands Is Oriental rather than Occldental. Those persons who believe tbst the opposltion to Oriental Immigration mnnlfcstlng itself amons many white peoplos ln various quarters of the globe ls the result of a mere bugaboo, wotii *. do well to consider tbe case of Hawali, brli-htest of Neptune's lnsular jew-ds. Every whlte mnn In Honolul i will acjreo that tho .lapanese have drlven tbe white artisan from thfl (slandS: tbat the .lapanese have mado it moie dlfflcult to persuade small farmers to take up homesteads. .ind tha*. tbe Japancso are now slowly, bul s'JlOly, crowdlng nut the whlte ma.i rrom r< tnll business. They have nlroady m.*de a beglnnlng ln tbe wholesale bislnerc. and have an eye --n t*?_ Imm.n-ie trade of the blg importinp houses. The Chl? nese enme to Hawali before tho Japa? ncso. Thev wero stoppeel by the an ncxatlon of the Islands to the ITnlted States. but thero nre still 20,000 of them here. They have had their share of retall merchandlsing. but they have ventured upon nothing llke the general campaign of competltion whlch has been pursued by the Japancso. Whon Hawali was annexed to the United States ln 1S9S there were many people here who wore annexatlonists merely for fear of Japan. The Tokyo government had plcked a quarrel with Honolulu. and tberc was not thc sllglit est doubt among the Japanese In Ha? wali that the rising sun flag would flout over Honolulu harbor, and ad? vance tho power of Japan a long step toward the rlch Occident. The .'alsing of the Amerlcan flag put an end io those dreams for awhlle, but the J-ipa nesc continued to reach out in n busi? ness way. After awhlle the gove: -.lineiit lnsplred Immigration cdmp.nJOS made Hawali merely a stopplng stone :?> tbe riclier opportunities on tho inaliiiaii 1. Thousands of Japanese came to Wawai) under passports permittlng them to go no further. They stoppo 1 a row months, mado onough money f.w a s'.lt of Amerlcan clothes, and the stefcJnge passage to San I-'iancl.-.o. Thon Ha? wali saw them no rao.'s. Tho poor. Ignorant Japanese conlles wlio toll wlth tholr wlves In riawanan ?cano flelds must not be made lo bear the whole burden of tho M-in l'-r of permittlng the Hawa'.iu.i Islands to become Orientallzed. At f-r_-. > they came under contract as contract la borers; in othor words, with littlo more freedom than slavos. They were brought hero in the good old days of the monarchy to work on the sugar plantatlons?the same plantatlons whlch owed thelr very being to tbe reciprocity treaty with the United Stntes. Chlnese, Japanesc, South Sea Islanders. Porto RIcans, Spaniards Portuguese and many other natlonallties havo been brought hero to worlc ln the cane flelds. Tho Oriental labor wus found to bo rnore to tbo ltking of tbe nlantors because lt was cheap and easy to obtain, and ueca'-.nie the coolle Ih content to remaln lt .oolU*. But after awhlle the coolles V**M0 followed by Japanesc of O-her^classcs, who came to soll th?m B?^H them lessons and BUi^.tnelr rellgitn Artlsans and n.eclia.i'es oo.U.vl n f?' m japan, and the .vh!.* i-mchanic <<-< a shlp and sailed :?wa**. Jt s not onlv that the Japan-.-,-- wll! woi k foi ?ess money than i whlte mnn. trit l,o drives his Western co.npo* tor.fr' m tho fleld. Thc supe.'ior ab llty ,ol the whlte. man mlght mako -p .o Ho dlfforonco ln woge-J. V _y*\.,d* vl'to lower the dtgnity of UUni. A-i-V men become ashamed to earn un. lHn -nl^r'that' Inm'erauV'need. and tion iniw .*- . _ucn sBiies. And &^_?fesf_^7iB^a Lalh control of affairs or not ts not ? uesUon for the Immediate future, but U certainly will not ha long untll they are a potent factor in polltics nut moro potent even than tli s nolltlcal forco ls the awe of Klng Su* mr, trom whleh ?o llawnllan may ?/'. clare hlmself free. The islands live hy Sugar* they hftyo sacrlflced many things for sugar. the sugar barons aro Its business glants. and sugar needs oneap labor. J3ven yet the sugar plant* _rs or somo of them. havo hopes that tho Unlted Statos wlll remove tho re? st rlot tons from Phlnoso labor nnd wlll udmit them to the Islands, Somo of them chafo at tho recontly lmpqaerl rcstriction of Japanese labor, but even thc- sugar barons as a wnole seem to see that the Japanese were becomlng too numerous, Tho threatened buying up of sugar stocks by Japaneso capltul may havo had something to do with thelr attltude. Among tho moro pro gresslve planters are men who reallza that Hawall ought not to bring ln any moro Oiieutnis, even If It could, und these are looking to tho south ot Europe for rellef. Although they came to Hawall at tho invitation of the sugar planters aml the Hawallan government, the Japa? neso have become the masters of tho social and Industrlal llfe of thc terrl? tory. More than 10,000 wero brought In under iron-i-lad contracts In the ,'ycnrs between 1*85 and 1890. The tld.) jwas swelled eucn succeedlng year, un itll the recent reatiiollona. Where each I month used to bring from 5tin to 600, [the number comlng ln now ta not abovo j 150 ,-i month. These are, under tho ingrcement, relatlves of Japanese al? ready reaidlng In Hawall. j The great rnajorlty go to the cane Itlelds, where they work for $1S a [month, tlie month consistlng of twen !ty-slx days of ten hours each. The Old contract system, which would be pei age, Is ahollahed unilor American rulo hut the laborers are still very much [bound to the soll. Neve'rtheles* theli [condition is vastly Improved over whal | ft was ln Japan. A year's wages lor ;a farm-hand in Japan is less than |'$18. Of course, living costs more lu Hawall, but the average Japanese la borer llves on J10 or ?12 n month and ?saves $6 or $8. In a short tlme he la la wealthy man. according to Hls stahd jarda. Before the law provented, a large portlon of these savlngs went to sicutn I shlps for transportatlon to the Paclfic Coast. Now many go back to Japan, but slnce tho Immigratlon rcstriction there ls less mlgration and the Japa? neso declare they aro Iu Hawall to stay. The cane fleld laborers have found out tliat they could inako more money by working ln the sugar mllls. wllh the result that semi-sklllcd labor o? tho mills has been taken away froni whlto men and glven to Japanese. Tho same splrlt of progress whlch former? ly carrled them to the malnland of tbo Union wlll now keep them In Hawali, for they see that the chance to im provo their eojulltlon ls better now that immigratlon has been curtalleij and the door of greater hope on tho malnland has been closed. Servllo he may be now, but the Ha? wallan Japaneso will hot be content to remaln so. When the Tokyo govern? ment used some rough Inngungc to Washlngton at tho tlme of tho San Franclsco school question, Hnwnil knew all ahout It, and the cocky Jitpu ic were bold enough to boast that the Japanese flag. Instead of the Stars and Strlpes, would soon fly over thu Islands. Events have cooled thelr pa? trlotlsm tu the point ot keeplng thelr months shut, but It ls safe to say that nine out of i*very ten Japaneso irt the. islands thlnk that Japan could take Hawall whenever It pleased, and that It Is likely to please. Soveral thousand veterans of thu war with Russia aro now working In Hawali. They hnve been the nuolouf for many wlld rumors of mllltary' or? ganlzatlons and uprisings, most ot whlcli wero made of whole cloth. But It is truo. nevertheless, that these vet? erans keep up organlzatlons, just as votorans of wars in evory natlon do, Thev may be seen on Sunday marchlng about the country in mllltary forma? tion. but thoy declare that their only purposo ls a 'social reunlon. So much alarm was caused by this sort of thlng that the terrltorlal leglslaturo last year passed a law requlrlng all owners of flroarms to register them with the county clorks. Tho result was that the Japaneso wero shown to possess fewor flrearms tlian the peo? ple of anv other natlonality. But even In Hawall there are thoso who doubt these returns. It Is know that tho Unlted States War liepartment took a serious Interest In this reglstration and nxamlnallon. An officer of Ihe Rus? sian genoral staff also enme to Hono lulu to Inqulre into the results of tho reglstration and to examlno tho Japa? nese veteran organization. The Japa? nese are sly and clover, but their rep? utatlon for trlckery has become so gen? eral that they aro belng closely watch ed In overy quarter. . (Copyrlght, 1908. by Frcderu: J. Haskin.) To-morrow?Hawall to the Fore. Try an Advertlsement in Baltimore and Richmond Christian Advocate $2.00 Per Year, in Advance. JAMES CANNON. JR.. Edltor. J. SIDNEY PETERS, Asaoctate Edltor. Tha organ of tho Vlrginia Methodlst*. Tho leadlng rellglou* wuokly ln Vlrglnli Advertising rate* on appllcation. Addrea, THE ADVOCATE PUBLISHING C0, 101S E, Maln Street, RICHMOND - VIRGINIA LUMBER Sash, Illlnda, Uoora, Mouldlnga. Large Stock. Low Prlce*. WOOmVAHD * SON, Rlchmond. Va.