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Builnen Offlce.918 B. Maln Streel. Washlngton Bureau. .826-7 ttunicy Italldlw.. Mnncheeter Bureau.1102 Hull Straet, rclcrnhiirg Buroau.40 N. Kycnmore St. Lynohburr Bureau...213 Eighth St. BT MA.L. / Ono Six Threo One POSTAOE PAID. 'Year. Mob. Mo?. Mo. Dally wlth Sunday... .6.00 $3.00 11.60 .66 Dnlly wlthout Sunday 4.00 2.00 1.00 .86 Bunday edltlon only.. 2.00 1.00 .60 .26 Weekly (Wednoaday). 1.00 .60 .26 ... By Tlmci-Dl-patch Carrler Dellvery Ser? vlce In Richmond (and auburbi), Manehes tar and Pctoraburg? One Wc-k. Ono Yoat. Dally wlth Sundny... .14 centa l?.60 Dnlly wlthout Sunday..10 centa -1.60 Sunday only . 6 cents 2.80 (Yenrly aubocriptlons pnynble ln ndvarice.i Entered Janunry 27, 1903, nt RIchmond, Vn.. aB iccond-clnss matter, under act of Conirresa of March 3, 1879. _ MONDAY, JULY 13, 1908. - 'IHE SMA1.L-FIIV OF JOURNAI.1S.U. The Intellectual, small-fry of tho "party pross," who have no soul that they cnn call thelr own; who are "regular" from mentai prostratlon or because regularlty ls a tanglble nsset; who never had an lndependent thought, and are frlghtened when they meet one1 ln the road; who take thelr oplnlons wholo from thelr so-called leaders, and soj^emnly declare that black ls whlte if the boss of the ward tells them so? these Inert and complalsant creatures havo naturally, tn tlmes past, had thelr poor fllngs at The Tlmes-Dls? patch. Unable to concelvo of an unshakable convlctlon, ignorant of rrtlio meanlng of a prlnclple whlch ls not to bo sur rendered at a nod from tho stump, they have, naturally, seen nothing ln ' the course of thls paper but "treason" _that favorite eplthot of the facile dullard. Because The Times-Dispatch would not swallow the monstroslty of free silver ln 1896, lt was, and has re malned, a "traitor" wlth those lovlng loyals who would pull for a revision * of tho Ten Commandments lf their State commltteeman bade them do so. For the lmpotent crow that have snappcd at lts heels through these twelve years, this newspaper feels nothing but indifference. It had the courage of lts convlttlons at a tlmo when thls meant heavy loss to a news? paper?loss of circulation, of money, and, most Important, of Influence. That courage, whlch they could never have, it still possesses. But now happily lt has the gratlfication of seelng lts course largely viitdlcated and its con oeptlon of. a newspaper's duty ln the ascendant, Posslbly lts owq example has had some part ln that ehangfc whlch has taken place ln the newapaper thought of the State ln recent years, whlch has made vlrile Independence and adher ence to prlnclple common, and whlch has made the servlle "party organ" so largely obsolete. At nny rate, thls change has unmistakably taken place. There aro a score of papers thlnklng for themselves and speaking thelr minds to-day where there was one ln 1896, and we find The Tlmes-Dlspatch's understandlng of Democraey, ln theory and practlce, now echoed in every great newspaper in Virginia. . The small-gaugo newspapers, the thick-and-thln newspapers, the news? papers who put thelr leaders nbove ? their prlnclples, are of another com? pany. To these tho fallure ot The Tiraes-Dlspatch to "go out" again in 1908 ls a bltter disappolntment. Whether they are far away and merely observe, or whether they aro closer home nnd draw heavlly upon lts col umns, wltti the Jhiltatlve paste-pot and sclssors", they, would have mado capi? tal out of this newspaper's adherence to its convlctlons. In the one case the cry of "traitor" mlght havo meant lmproved party standlng; In tho other lt mlght have meant subscribers. So we flnd tho always industrlous Danvllle Reglster, In lts Issue ot Jui, 10th, hopefully predlcting that The' Tlmes-Dlspatch would "bolt," and ndd Ing that even lf it dld not do thls, "It will ald the Republlcans almost ns effectively by fighting in the ranks of the Democraey." In proof of whlch Jt qubtes what lt calls "a sample ut terance, whlch shows that The Tlmes Dlspatch had hopod to the last to see Bryan defeated for nomination." The Register's ever busy dlscovery department and Old Sleuth methods have of lato set lt at loggerheads wlth nearly every* unhysterlt-nl paper in tho State. It ia rightly called the Nicholas Carter of Virginia Journal ism. But why should Jt have gone to such palns to "show" what has been so often atated m theso columns pialnly, expllcitly and wlthout mys tery, gnm-shoes or false whlskers to decelve? The unhappy Register, and others .of lts.type, aro free to derive what pres tlge they can from thelr drab and fenble lnnuendoes regardlng The Tlmes-Dlspatch. If yapping js thelr cue, tho fleld is clear for yapping. The Tlmes-Dl-ipatch, for lts part, ls perfectly satisfled wlth lts allgnment ln the Democraey of Virginia and of tho country. It finds itself every where in the company of honest and eble newspapers, who preferred an _._ other candidate to Mr. Bryan, knd *ald ao; who wlahed no noveltlos embodled in the platform, and auld so; but who ardently deslre the overthrow of Re? publlcan prlnclples and pracUces, and "are acting. and wlU act, accordlngly. The aentlmont whlch theso papers represent Is atrengthenlng every day, nnd wlU contlnue to strengthen. If - we do not misread the algna of tho tlme*lJ, It will bs domlnantln the Demo? cratic party at a tlmo when the "organ," Danvllle Reglster atyle, wlU have dlsappeared or sultably trlmmed lts salls to the wlnd. ?Y8TE3IATIZED PANDEMONIVM.v The New Yqrk Evening Boat ls nol _._.tl_._..a yfliu th. way ln whlch Jemon slratlons for the long-nlstnrtco record aro cond'tct-M nt tho blg conventions, Where everythlng olao ls orderly, tlckeled nnd moro or I.bb predestlned, thls feature alone Is haphar.ard and ohnotle. Our contemporary looks to havo thls nltended to by another presl? dentlal year ns'follows: "Inatond of llstenlng wlth ear io long-dlstnticG telephone, Whlte House or Fnlrvlow will press a. button and 200 fourth-clftsB postmnslors In tho au dlenco will Immedlntely begln to yell. Another button nnd 'Alfalfa Bill,' wav Ing hls cont ln ono hand and hls walst coat In thc other, will leap upon tho chnlrman's tablo and strlke up 'My Country.' A pull at a. awltch and the volume of sound will nrtfully slacken tlil four Toxas delegates, connected on a short wlr#, will slmultaneouflly pull off tholr shoes nnd throw them Into the nlr, whereupon 'pnndemonlum' will break loose agaln. A touch on the swltohhoard here, nnd threo col lcctors of Intemal revenue wlli fnlnt from exhnustlon; a touch tlf&ro and a Philadelphla marchlng club will pull out largo cow bells and start slnging, 'For He's the Stuff/ " Wlthout regard to polltlcs, the yell Ing contests at Chieago nnd Denver nppear to have been recelved wlth uen eral dlstnste. Of the two, Mr. Bryan's ueems to have been tho more spon? taneous, for lt camo unexpectedly dur? lng an Impsomptti speech. Yet, ln both, the artlflclal stlmulus of brass band and stop watch was apparent enough. The thought of more demon? strations to "beat" that'at Denver ls Intolcrable. If they must be at nll, they had far better bo systematlzed as the Evening Post suggests; and con? ventions should meet one day earllor in order that thls part of tho pro? gram may be dlsposed of before the Incldental buslness begins. THE NEW GAME OF BRIDGE. Pendlng tho moment when the clty authorlties of RIchmond and Man? chester shall flnally havo favored the matter wlth thelr attentlons, we venture to suggost tho following rules for the use and govcrnance of the Free Bridge: 1. The Brldjre shall be closed to trafflc durlng tho hours from 6 A. M. to 8 P. __t? those belng the hours when trafflc Is most anxlous to use lt. 2. No man welghing over 14 stone shnll be allowed on tho Brldge undor my clrcumstances. Weight certificates must be shown on demar.d. 3. Men under 14 stono may use the Btio'go . occaslonally, provlded they r-auso evory now and then and lift ?hemselves by tho boot-straps, thereby :emporarlly rello.lng the fearful strain. 4. Horses* must remove thelr shoes .vhllo crosslng the Brldge. and must :ount threo ln a loud, clear nelgh be :ore taking each new alep. 5. Mules nrexforbiddon all use of he Brldge because of thelr well-known deking tendencles. 6. Alrsliip.i, kltes, sparrows. ete., are ?equlred to hnlf-spced when flylng over :h. Brldge. 7. Anyone caught taking welghty responslblllties or a heavy heart on the Brldge will be punished to the full extent of the law. By enactlng and onforclng these few slmple rules, the brldge commissioners will mlnlmize danger durlng the period of walting, and will rcassure the na? turally anxious breasts of those whose vocatlons necessitate a constant plying between thls clty and Manchester. THE DULL SEASON. J Thls ls the season of the year when lethargy falls upon the land and now3 srows scarce. The great pow-wows at Chieago and Denver merely accentuate the general dullness, They are adven tltlous excrescences on the great bal! of stagnntlon. Every where else is sllence and somnolenco and heat and dust. k Congress has adjourned and Joe Can? non ls slttlng on hls back porch at Danvllle, 111., probably wlth hls feet on the rall. Roosevelt ls readlng big game books at Oyster Bay. Taft ls at Hot Springs, where, his nomination now. belng safely tucked away, he may not look with utter horror on the fragrant mlnt julep. Plerpont Morgan Is in London and Peary is off for tho North Pole. John D. Rockefeller ls burning hls own mldnlght oil on his o.wn blography. piottlng Denver from consideration, nll tho country's great newsmakers havo for the tlme lapsed into Innocuous desuetude. Smaller fry have acattered to the four winds. Tlie prolonged heat wavo haa shaken. them cjut of the cltles by the tons of thousands. Europe holds many of them. The Amer!can seaboard Is llned with them. Tho mountains and inkes aro black wlth them. In dustrlous correspondents and the na? ture fakers at Wlnsted, Conn., and other recognized headquarters, do what they can to keop things going, but tho world is pretty ompty just now. In a woek or so the University of Chlcngo professors will begln launch lng tholr thoorles for 1908, and tho silly season may bo sald to be falrly on. Latest reports from the June brldos of Richmond show them to bo fllllng tholr new husbands wlth unfolgned dellght through the medlum of dally batches of Incomparable brlde-made blacults. Fans from conflrmcd and chronic, tallend cltles nro cordlally Invited to vislt us durlng tho noxt two months and watoh tho amazlng ball team ot Richmond bat them around the lot. The Slmpllfied Spelling Board an nounces thnt the slmple movement has pa.sed over to Europe. We sincerely trust thnt it wlli bo unable to eeoure passage for Ita return. The disscnslon-hurlers of Old Vir? ginia are olght tlmes aa gentle and conclllatory aa tho brutlsh and Mo Carron-llko dlssenslon-burlers of New York. The announcemont that Caleb Powers1 will go on the lecturo platform will gratify tho?e of hls friends who feared that ho was going to Congress. Fnirvlew shows unmlatakah.o slgns of Intentlona to quallfy as the Oyater Bivy of Nebraska. Yet compared to Jlm Sherman, John W, Kern Is a little sh&vcr. Borrowed Jingles THE AVERAGE MAN. 1 nm slck nf tlie average man; 1 am tvenry of glvlng hlni prAlse* Ha Ib lltigerlnr. where he began, MIs waj-H nre the proflt less ways; lin Inbora wlth hammer _r hon, (.ning wliere he Is ordered to go; A ainvc tlil the end of hia days. Ile sleopj.atid he eata nnd he drinks, And he frequently fttfully slghs; What hls matters havo taught hlm. he thlnkt, . And he, th.refore, bellovea he la wlio; He follow. where olhera hnve trod, And at lnst he lles under the aod, Forgotten aa soon aa he dlea. What la the gonl ho would rench? What are the wrongs he would rlght? - Ia there nught ln hia deeds or hia speech To Btrengthon or guldo or dellghl? Uo does whnt he muit, nnd no mo.., Hls boiiI nover ventures to aoar, ( He dwells on no glorlouH helght. I am weary ot hearing hlm pralaed; Ho tolls where hls tolllng began; He _.<.<?_ where the wnys have been blazed, Too tlmld to lead or to plan. Wlio carea for a. trlbute from me Muat havo tha proud courage to be Something more thnn nn avernge man. ?S. E. Klaer, In Chieago Record-Herald. .. MERELY .IOKING. Led Into T<*mpti.t|on. "Dldn't I see the groeer's boy klsa you thls mornlng, Marthn?" "Yea'm. But he nln't to blame, mn'am. 'Twiia the Icemnn set hlm the bad example." ?Cleveland Plaln Dealer. A l-(_l.lr. "I don't belleve In that doctor." "Why?" "Ho dldn't tell me everythlng I wanted to eat waa bad for me."?London Opinlon. Had Age "Oood story," sald Nold, "that Wlggs Just told Of the fellow the hornet stung"? "It senrcely was that," sald Dtndlebnt, "If It's true that the good dle young." ?Philadelphla Preas. The Stre?k Inside. "The eat aneaked beneath the coueh when I came In; It must have & yellow streak ln lts mako-up " "It must have. I see the cannry's cage la empty and here are aome feathers."?Hous? ton l*oat, Fred's LUtle Joke. Fred?I had a fall la?t nlght whlch ren dered me unconaclous for severai hours. Charles?Really! Where dld you fall? Fred?I fell aslecp.?Philadelphla Inqulrer. Real aierit. l "There's one thlng I like about those sheath dresses," sald the huaband. "What's that?" aalced the wife. "There don't seem to be a lot of button lng- to do nt the back!"?Yonkers, States mnn. MIDSUMMER CO.MMENTATOKS. "Women are growlng more tlmld," aaya Professor Q. Stanley Hall. However, when one .i<.es the husbands aome of them select lt must be conceded thnt thoy attll have a little bravery left.?Baltlmore Amerlcan ... , Once ln awhlle It comes wlth a great shock to a glrl to flnd out that a man never notlcea the dlfference between a 4.-cent shirtwaist and one that cost .27.85.?Indlan? apolls News. What ts the use of regulating the sale of potsons when a man can hang himself wlth the straps from hls wooden leg?? Plttsburg Dlspatch. Judge Parker ahowed conslderable cour? age in going to Denver nnd faclng auch elbes as that of the Western wlt who re called that, In 1904. Parker was "defeat? ed by ncclamatlon."?Springfleld Republl? can. Man has no monopoly of courage these days. A local actress Is about to give a blrthday pnrty and produce the certifl? cate.?New York Herald. A New Yorker was arrested because he 1 lslstcd upon going to a beer saloon clad ln hls pajamns. But It Is not clear whether the arrest was mnde at -the instance ... Andy Comstock or an Antl-saloon I_ea_iier. ?Loulsville Courler-Journnl. PERSONAL AND GE^'EBAL. In tlie French schools ln Alglers and Tunls the Arablc boya sit wlth the French tn school. but out Tff school they do not mlx much. An old-fashloned plow on the sldewalk In front of a store in Dey Street, New York, attracted n crowd Onp man asked how lt was used. The consumptlon of cigarettes ln Den mnrk has, durlng tho lnst ten years, In? creased from about 10,000,000 to about 100, 000,000 annually. Rear Admlral Evans Is an export wlth knltting nnd crochet needlbs, and his em? broldery ls sald to be as wondorful and varied as Is hls vocabulary. The average cost of aupplylng 1,000,000 gallons of water, based on tho report of twenty-two cltles. Is $92. Thls sum Includes operatlng expenses and Interest on bonda. It the real estate of Manhattan Island wero dtvlded equaliy between lts inhabi tants, eneh Indivldual would own K',020 worth, according to the nssessed valuf. Under the new compulsory military traln? lng defense achemc It Is estlmated that in eight years Australla will havo 214,000 men tralned and equipped for war. Vlce-Consul General Mlchael Alger, of Chrlstlanla. wrltea that, owlng to the physi? cal character of the country, Norway la destlned to bo but a very llmlted market for automobllos. Assoclate Justlce Harlan, of the Supreme Court, !b a great pedestrlan, and every day walka to nnd from the Capitol. -When Mrs. Scott Durand, of Chieago, found that she had auqk .20,000 into her model dalry, and was not llkoly to get anything out of It, she declded to per aonally conduct It for a whlle nnd awalt the result. She put on a whlte dress and apron nnd went to work, playlng dalry maid wlth a. purpose, and now she has* one of tho most profltable dalrles ln her part of the country. A new Itallan novellst ls Slgnora Sl Dllla Aleramo. the name belng only a pen name. It ls sald. It Is the first book of flctlon In the Itallan language In whlch the aubjoct of femlnlsm Is dlscussed. and has coiiacquently oreated much discusslon. The nuthor Is said to bo a Roman lady, who goea about among the poor. cstabllshes Sunday schools and In evory way malntalns her rlght to indlvlduallty of thought and actlon ln rea) llfe ns she doeB In her story, "Una Donna." One of the most .successful frog ranches ln Californla Is owned by Miss Katherino W alsh Like a good many other people now llvlng |n the West, Miss WalBh was forced to leave her nattvo Stato ln the East because of III health. Belng toldsj to llve out of doors and forced by neccs slty to earn her own llvlng, she doclded to raise fi-ogs for tho market, and not only owns ono ol tho most plcturesque ranches In Contra/ Costa county, but aup aertd* '|ietr mother/aml tw<> chlldren of her _-. "WTijr Not Be Rlcli. .. .P,?07 the 'orolgn commerce of the niS11^1, States amounted to $3,G62,840. i.nn PiS? ave,rages In round numbers .10.000,000 a day. Blg flgures, indeed! But the domestle trade of the coun iWK /?/?i!Je Hame vear lB estlmated at ?ll'5j?f0O0'2oo> or a'n average of .68, 000,000 a day. Inoomprehenslble fig. With ?ie handllng of all these pro? ducts of tTle nelds and factorles of thls country, and the Imports and exports of the products of thls and other coun? tries, ls It strange that man/ persons have amassed great wealthy Is It un reasonable that there ulyJuld be Iri monsa fortuneH amoiiff a people who sharo In a buslness of such stupendoua proportlons??Los Ansreles Tlmes. Empi-ror, Not Csnr. Popular alluslon to the Emperor of Russia as "the Czar" ls hy wny of he Ing a slight to Kln* Edword's host, for wlth Peter the Great's crownlng Mc-tory over Bweden at Pultowa the word ''czar.** until thon tho only name dtnotlng tht rul.rt- of Russia. wns dropped. nnd tho ofTlclal tltle of "em? peror" waa ndoptee.. The ohang.*- may bt- Kald to have markod the appearance of Russia as a world power, though at the congress of Vlenna a century ngo lt was oxpressly stlpuliU.d thnt, tr.ough the Russlan sovtrclgna had the Imperial tltle, they were not to have precedence over the klng* of Western i>V*.ropo.?I_o!.dQn ChronlcU. , Fa-i_o.ii. pltt Fnmlly Ksllnet. PITTSBURG'S lmpendlng celebra? tlon of the one hundred and flftloth anniversary of Its foun? datlon serves to call attention to the fact that noslnglo re presentatlve remaln.. of tho celebrated stalcsnian, Wllllam Pltt. flrst Earl of Chafham, nfter whom It was named ln 1708, when lt was brought Into exlstcnce to tako tho flaco of Fort Duquosne, so fainoua In connection wlth the strugglo for Its possesslon between England nnd 1-rance In tho Seven Years War, und through tha fact that lt wns there that George Washlngton recelved hls bnp "th-ni of flre. Thd Pltts wero nn anclent cornlsh house, who for centurles mado thelr homo at Boconnock, ln the Prlnco pf Wnles's duchy. True, Wllllam Pltt, ??..', of Chatham, left no less than flve chlldren, namely, three sons nnd. two daughters. But the eldest of tho sons, tho second Earl of Chatham, dled chlld less, whlle Wllllam pltt, tho second son, who took hls father's placo as premier, and was krtown as "the Great commoner," as well as hls younger brother, Charlos; a naval o.ltcer, never marrled, and are not even known to havo left any natural chlldren. Of the great Lord Chatham's two daugh? ters, ono marrled a Mr.sEUlot, and left no descendants, while the other, Lady Hester Pltt, became the wife of tho thlrd Earl Stanhope, so celebrated for hls sclentlflc reacarches, nnd Ilkowise for hls pecullar polltical opinlons. Thls Lord Stanhope, by his marriage wlth Lady Hester, had no sons, but three daughters?namely, Lady Lucy, who became the wife of Thomas Taylor, of Seven Oaks, Kent, and Lady Griselda, who marrled John Tekell, of Hamble ton, Hampshire. Nelther of them had any famlly. The thlrd daughter was that eccentrlc Lady Hester Stanhopo, who, after keeplng houso for her un? clo, the Oreat Commoner, until hls death, and having been the flance ot General Slf John Moore, who was killed ln the battle of Corunna, wlth? drew to Palestlne, where she spent tho remnlnlng thlrty yeare of her llfe as a Turjt fii reltglon, ln modo of exlst? ence and ln dress, and Impresslng the natlves to such an extent wlth her supernatural powers thnt, although she openly defled all the authorlties of the Levant, they dld not dare to molesv her. She ruled her numerous natlve domestlcs wlth a rod of Iron, and by the force of muscle?she was over six feet ln helght?and the most terrible punlshments woro ln store for them lf they presumed to smlle or cough or sneeze or scratch themselves ln her presence; and when at length she was found dead by the Brltlsh Con? sul at Beyrout, not a slngle one of thc magnlflcent jewels wlth whlch she wns decked had been touched, although her attendants had decamped wlth every? thlng else that was elther valuable or portable. She, too, loft no Isaue. The flrst Lord Chatham had an only brother, who was created Lord Camel ford, and tho latter an only son. whose fate was ln some respects almost as strange aa that of hia cousin, -Lady Hester Stanhope; for, having boen killed ln a duel at Wlmbledon ln. 1804. hls body waa prepared for conveyance to the shores of Lake Geneva, where he had *_S*Iven directlons that he should be buried. As the state of war on tho Contlnent rendered lt dlfftcult to transport the corpse to Swltzerland Just then. lt was deposlted In the crypt of St. Anne's Church, Soho, in London, to awalt a more convenient tlmo. When at length peace was restored and tho executors of Lord Camelford's will started to make arrangements for the flnal interment of Lord Camelford ln Swltzerland, they found that tho body had mysterlously vanlshed. Nor has any race thereof ever been dls? covered of thls mlsslng embalmed peer to thls day. He, too, llko hls cousin, Prime Mlnlster "Bllly" Pltt. and the latter's younger brother, Captaln the Hon. John Pltt, of the Royal Navy. never marrled, and left no Issue; so that no deacendant of the Wllllam Pltt after whom Plttsburg was named is left either In the male or the femalo line to represent thls flne old Cornlsh famlly, whlch has played so great a role In the Amerlcan and English hls? tory of the eighteenth century at the festlvlties ln connection with the cele? bratlon of the one hundred and flf tieth birthday of Plttsburg. .Let me add that Boconnock, the old ancestral home of the Pltts at Lostwlthlel, hns now been ln possesslon for nlnety yenrs or more of the .Fortescues, lts present owner belng John Bevll For tt-tcue. Of the four new peers created by King Edward on the recommendatlon of his premier, Herbert Asqulth, in connection wlth the recent ofllclal cele? bratlon of hls birthday, two of them aro manufacturers of great wealth. Slr Angus Holden ls the head of the great Bradford flrm of woo?-combers, I. Holden and Sons, whlle George Whlteley ls one of the leadlng cotton splnners of Yorkshlre. Mr. Whlteley has obtained his peerage ln a rather amuslng fashlon, and owes hls good fortune ln a measure to a mlstake. When lt became necessary on the ac cesslon to power of the Llberals to flnd a chlef whlp for the party ln sucoes slon to Herbert Gladstone, who had been selected by the late Sir Henry Campboll-Bannerman for tho post of Secretary of State for the Home De? partment, lt was declded to appoiiu in hls stend J. H.' Whitley, Llberal member for Halifax, who had already been of a gojfl--deal of, asslstance to Herbert Gladstw.o durlng the Balfour admlniatratlon ns/Junlor whlp. Unfor tunately, by soorfe olerlcal error, the lettev contalnlng the appolntment ns chtf-f whlp and ns Patronage Secretary of the Trensury went to George AVhlte ley, the member for Pudsey, a recent convert from conservatl.m. and who waa an entirely dlfferent kind of man, for not only had he no oxperlence as a whlp, but he was as pompous, as self Imnortant, as/aggresslvo nnd as Im inerlous as the member for Halifax was courteous, genial, pleaaant-spoken e.nd wlnnlng. George Whltelely repre sented too blg a constltuency to admlt of hls belng driven back Into the Con? servatlve vamp by cancollng tho ap pt'lntment. whlch he had accepted and nroclaimed as soon as ever recelved, JLSul by telllng hlm that it was a mls ?ako. But ho has renderod himself so unpopular and altogether lmposslble ns chlef mlnlsterlal whlp by hls domi neerlng manner that the government has been forced ln sheer solf-protec tlon to shelve hlm, by means of a trans? fer, from the House of Commons to tho House ot Lords as a peer of tho reftlm. As for the thlrd of the new peers, John Wynford Phlllips, ho ia a^mem her of the bar, has marrled a Jewlsh hclreas. Is tho eldest son of a baronet of.very old creatlon?the baronetoy <_ates from 1621, and will onjoy the dls tlr.ctlon of belng quite the tallest man of the Houso of Lords, as -ho has hoen of Ihe House of Commqns, his stature surpassing even that of Lord P?m broke, of Lord Dunmo/e and of tho Duke of Somerset, belrig sllghtly over _!x foot six. His brothers. two of whom still sit in the House of Com? mons, are nearly as tall, and whon he waa stlll -n the lower ckamber It was calculatcd that he and'hls two brothers there represonted betweon them a totul length of nlneteen feet two Inches. Hls father ls the Kov. Slr james Phlllips. canon of tha Cathedral Ghapter ot Sallsbury, and the famlly la of very anclent and urlncoly Welsh desoent, one of the earllest proved an cestors having beon a knight >"?*'? tondanco on Rlchard Coeur ae i.lon ln the Holy Land. whlle Slr John Phll? lips was created by Edward I.. Chlef Justlce of Iroland. The fourth peor ts Slr Antony Mao donnell. who has Just reslfirned, tno post of Under Secrotary for iroland, and wh. was Oovernor of a great, In? dian dependenoy boforo boingv sum? moned, by renaon of hU admlnlstratlvo ablllty to takt, ohargo of the perma? nent chleflalnshlp of the Irlsh seore tary'B oiTlce at Dublln. Ho was ln tho United States last _*??i', and *?*.?? a 4 A ^ & -A- A o o o 25? Courts ofEaroper LarfarQuise de lomenoy " & & A o o >? &"" guest for some tlmo at tho 13rltli.li L-nilmssy a". Wnfihlngton. Thero are few men who Btnnd hlghor In the es leom and rogard of tho Klng thnn Slr Anlony Mactlonnoll, and lt ls hecauso It was known thnl he was acting ln sympathy wlth hls soverelgn's wishes ln hls phllo-lrlsh attltude that ho was kept in ofllce durlng thc Ualfour ad? mlnlstratlon, desplte IiIb polltical vlewe being opposed to thoso of tho then Cablnet. (Copyright, 1008, by tho Brentwood Company.) STATE PRESS Lnurls Plntform. Thn Democratic plntform Is broad enough fnr both wlngs of tlie pnrty to Btand upon In comploto lmrmony nnd wlthout any crowdlng. lt ls a strong, sano and consor vntlve promuluatlon of pnrty prlnclples and tcnets.?Kredorlcksburg Krec-Lancc Ueinocrallc Wave. Everythlng polnts to lh_ grentcst turn Ing to Domocrncy tho couniry has soon since the Itcpublfcan pnrt*? was formed. It looks like a great wave of converalon to Democraey will now swoop over the country, whlch will glvo our tlcket tbla yenr a complote victory whlch will flll our cup of Joy to overflowlng. Lot ll come. nnd let ut help the good work on.?Hanover Herald. Ooold Brown was an excollent authorlty seventy-flve years ago, but not to-dny, and thc fact that he devoted slxty-slx pages of hls grammar to orthography, when In tho grammars now used not ono page Is glven to lt, Is strong proof that It Is no longer considered a part of grammar.?Brunswlck Oa.etle. f* Democratic Tnrlff. Nelthsr Mr. Cleveland nor the party of whlch he was such an lllustrlous represen? tativo advocated free trade. The Demo? cratic party has atrenuously contended that the chlef source of revenue to meet the expenses of government ahould be the tariff on Imports, 'and that thla tariff should be so regulated as to afford all needed protec? tlon to Amerlcan products and Amerlcan la? bor. It has always recognized the fact that a minimum tariff would produce a maxlmum revenue, whlle a maxlmum tariff, aa lt has done ln many casea, would produce no reve? nue, theroby difeatlng tho primary purpose of a tnrlff.?Roanoke World. l-lne Advice Whatever may bc the dlfferences belween Republlcans. however bltter dlfferent fac tlona may be toward one another bofore a nomlnatlon comes off. these dlfferences Im? mediately fade away, and the factional llnes are obllterated so soon as the mnjorlty flxes on a candidate. By thelr loyalty to party whother the Isauea be material or not, victory ofton pcrches on the atandard of the Republlcans and defeat as often slts broodlng In the Democratic camp. Democrats, get Into llne.?Farmvllle Her? ald. Wlth Few Regrf (s. i I'ncle Joe Cannon Is ln a tlght place. He Is dlscredited by the result of the Repub? llcan National Convention. He Is marked for slaughter by the Roosevelt-Taft ma? chine, and some one else will be selected to wleld the Speaker'a gavel who will be more subservlent to the Whlte Houbo Influ ences.?Piedmont Vlrglulan. For-Better Thing*. Had old condltlons endured much longer the greatest offlce ln the glft of the people would have been a matter of money aolely. Honeat citlzens, the men who love our lnstl? tutlons, will rejolce that the way has been paved for pure electlons and rejolce that thls change has come because of the de mnnds of the two candidates themBelvex. The country is better off because of thls change and our lnstltutlons are eatalillshed on .a .surer .foundatlon.?Fredericksburg Journal. Platform of Conservatl?m Not only does the platform commend Itself to Democrats, as a mntter of course lt ahould do, but It appears convlnclngly to that potont and Important element of the country's electorate known as the Independ ent voters who hold the balance of powor between tho two partles and that very con? slderable number of Republlcans who are antl-atandpatters on tho tariff questlon. On thls Denver platform of conservatlsm and reform we expect the.o two elements of the country's electorate to make Slr. Bryan Presldent of the Unlted States next November.?Petersburg Index-Appeal! Opponents and AdverSarl*.. If Mr. Bryan had only the Republlcan party to fight he could wln In a walk, bul the trouble Is that tbe same -old Gold. Palmer-Buckner-Parkcr-Belmont crowd are stlll ln tho fight wlth ranks augmenled. valley Vlrglnlan. Voice of the People i-1 The "Moral Ownership" of Randolph Macon College. j Edltor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?ln my article ln The Tlmes Dlspatch of July 8th an Important paragraph dld not appear ln full. it was on tho queBtlon of "Moral Owner? ship" of the collego by tho conference. I said that what had seemed to glvo the greatest offense was the fact that the board -of trustees of Randolph-Ma? con voted down a resolutlon to tho ef? fect that the relation of tho Randolph Macon schools and collogcs to tho church la one of "moral ownership" This haa given occasion for the feel? lng that the trustees have thrown otf all moral obllgatlon that they owe th-_ church. Tho reason why tho trustees refus? ed to use the expression "moral own? ership" was that lt was too vaguo and ir deflnlte to be used ln doflnltlon. But ln not using It, they dld not mean to deny, nor dld they deny, that they were under moral obllgatlons to tho Virginia and Maryland Methodlsts. Iu fact, they dlstlnctly dot-lured ln a sepa? rate resolutlon that they were under moral obllgatlons to them. j They say: "Reallzlng tnat tho property wo hold ls most largely the result of the ef? forts and contrlbutlons of Southern Methodlsts within the bounds of said conferences, we feel that the trust la. a sacred one, whlch should be exorcls ed so as to carry out tho wishes and intenttons of tho donois as abovo aet forth so far as lt oan he done coiisIb tently wlth the terms of our charter nnd our dutles and obllgatlons thore under." l_o._ not this deacribo whnt the moral obllgatlons of .he trustees aro to the Virginia and Baltlmore confer? ences? Certalnly. wlth thls statement before them the Methodlsts ought not to get oxclted over tho rofusal of tho board to speak of lts felationablp a. one of "moral ownership." A hostllo critlc of tho trhstoes wrltes: "Thoy vlrtually acknowledge the 'moral ownership' of tho ohuroh in ndopting the report of thelr committeo: and yet defeat a dlrect statement of that fact." If It Ib true that they vlrtually ao knowledge "moral ownership," and lt was certalnly ln the roaolutlons whlch descrlbe tho relatlonshlp between thn college and the conferences, why bo angry wlth thom for not using an ex? pression whlch must certalnly be co*/ sldered vaguo and Indoflnlte ln lts m.anlng? Doea lt not seem as If thla Were a war about words? For thls fallure t6 say something, and not for anything ,the trustooa have done, It Is proposed to rofuso to tako up the annual collectlon for the college. Now thls collectlon waa ord? ered as a result of an agreement be? tween the oollege and the conforenco., At ono tlme minlsters' sons had to pay tultlon. The trustooa passml a roap lutlon that any conference that took un a conoctlon for tho college slfeuld have free tultlon for lts minlsters'eons. The Virginia am*. Baltlmoro confer ehces both agreed to ,hls ari*a.._-eir,e*.t. Tho West Virginia conforenco dld not. though n committeo wan sont horo to look Into tho mntter. Slnco tho eon feronccH bogiin to tako up thls col 'loctlon tho Honii of minlsters, ne jwell as mlnlstorlnl students, havo had ! freo tultlon granted thom. Wc rccolve I from the conforence colloctlons loss i thnn $0,000. Lnst sesslon wo gave ovor !811,000 ln frco tultlon, though all of j this was not glven to Methodlst -..u I donts, an the prlvllege Ib granted to minlsters of all donomtAatlohs/ , It should bo romembered that thls Ifl not tho flrat tlmo that the quostlon i of glvlng tho conforenco control of tho collogo haa nrlsen. On threo sepn |rate occaslonB, In 1881, ln 1881 and ln ,100,1, thero have boen movement*, ot j thls sort. On tho flrst two oceaslons ? the collogo was on tho vorge of clos ilng its doors for lack of funds. The proposltlon to turn tho Institutlon over to the conforenco wan suggested mer*' ly for tho purposo of saving the llfe of tho Institutlon. But on both theso oceaslons, as wolt aa In "100-1. ?whon there was ns yet no Carnogle Founda? tlon and no oxcltcmcnt about tho col? logo, tho truBlees seemed as dccldedly opposed to nny change In the govern? ment and control of tho .ollegc as ln 1008. When tho rnntter waa brought up before them ln 1001 by a resolutlon offered ln tho Virginia conference by Dr. James Cannon, Jr., thoy replled: "four commlttee to whom was re? ferred tho resolutlons of the Virginia conference at Its last sesslon, request-. Ing tho board to 'tako auch steps aa will give to the patronlzlng confer? ences somo voice in the Bolectlon of tho board of trustees,* beg leavo to report thnt In thelr Judgment It wlU ho Inadvlaablo and Injudlcious to chango or to attempt to change the method of nppolntlng truateca provlded hy the orlglnal chartor and whlch haa been practlcod unlformly down to the proBcnt day. So far from brlnglng the conferences patronlzing thls collego Into closer relatlonshlp to It and doon er sympathy wlth lt, we nre of tho opinlon that tho oppoalte effect would follow from the adoption of such an innovatlon. (Slgnod.) "B. F. LtPSCOMB, "A. W. WILSON. "PAUL WHITEHEAD, Commlttee." Thls was before thc Carnogle Foun? datlon came Into exlstence, and la It then fair to uttrlbute -the slmilar ac? tlon of the trustees In 1908 to the ex? lstence of that foundatlon? I repeat that few boards of trustees hnve done better with the property put Into tholr hands than the trustees of Randolph-Macon. in 1884 the ro pcrt of tho treasurer showed that tho property In the hands of tho trustees was valued at $60.000.' In that year a commlttee. of whlch Colonel John P. Branch was chalrman, wnn appolnted to ralso an ondowment. As a result of thLs movement $100,000 was secured. The committee employed Dr. W. W. Smith, who was then a professor ln the college, to raise tho money and offered hlm 10 per cent. of what ho could secure; but after raising a part of lt he lnformed tho commlttee that he would not tako a'ny commlsslons, so that the donors mlght be assured that all their money went dlrectly *.o the cause for which they gnve it, and Dr. Smith contented himself wlth re? celvlng his /salary of $1,700, and latt-r, as chancellor, of $2,500. There are not many lnstances tn whlcli* moro of the mqney collected haa gjUe Into the cadse for whlch It wns glven. . Ttols property whlch, when thls for werd movement was started. was worth $60,000 Is now worth $1,066,000. A board of trustees that can show such a record Is surely not a badly constituted board. In addition It may be sald that Indivldual members of the board gave over $100,000 of thls amount. But It Is urged that money was given by Methodlst people bellevlng that they were glvlng to' Instltutlona whlch were "owned and controlled" by the conferences, or by the church. or whlch. v/ore the "excluslve property" of thi church. and that would not ht-.ve glven thls money lf they had not bron so told. or If they had not so be? lleved. That being so, lt ls argued that the charter should be changed ro e.f to make the Lnstltutlons the rei-.l property of the church. and thon thc charter wlU conform to the understand-j Ing of the donors. But, wlthont stopplng to conslder whether It ls the part of wis? dom to tamper wlth a charter by whlch over $1,000,000 worth of pro? perty Is held. I will slmply state that a great deal of thls properiv wa? __Jven by the people of Bedford Cl'.y, Kront Royal. Lynchburg and Danvllle. for purely local reasons. Thls would never have been glven except to bene? fit thelr own communities, and waa not thorefore glven because tho donors thought they wero e8tablishlng lnstl? tutlons "o-.vned and controlled" by the church. In fact, they wero told, what the trustees have boen saying ln tholr catalogue for years, that Randolph-Ma? con property Is "owned by one char tered, self-perpetuatlng board of trus? tees," whlch would conduct the lnstl? tutlons ln a non-sectarlan way, as the college at Ashland had been conduct? ed, that ls, as educatlonal lnstltutlons. and not as lnstltutlons for propagat ing dcnomlnattonalism. It would seem then that the trustee. havo recelved money from two sets of people who have had dlfferent Ideas of how the property was to he held. i'.ow aro these dlfferent sets of peo? plo to bc falrly treated? What do they both agree ln? They both agree that thelr glfts have been used ln the past for the purposes for which they wero glven and In a satisfactory manner. It, therefore, the board pledges itself to contlnue to admlnister the property as it has done ln the past,-suroly lt Is the part/bf wisdom to allow the board to contlnue lts work under tho present charter. And tho board has plodged Itself to admlnister the property ln the future as lt has done ln the past. Should not nll partles ln Interest, there? fore, bo satlsfled wlth the present ar rangement and cease agltatlng for a chango? R.E. BLACK >. ELL. Ashland, Vn., July 10, 1908. . More from Mr. Wlthers. Edltor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Slr,?You do not soem to have care fully read my letter of the 7th Instant; at -any rate you seem to hnve gather? ed a false Impresslon therefrom, Whether a socond-day primary can be held wlthln one or two weeks after the flrst . ls, ln my opinlon, Immater inl?ln eltTior ovent sufflclent tlmo wlU elapse to enablo tho remalning candidates with their frlonds to exort overy onergy and oxpend large sums of moffey ln the accompllshment of thelr purpose. I waa careful to say that I belleved "lt would take two weeks to caovass and dissemlnate throughout tho Com? monwealth to lts most rcmoto and so cluded preclncls thc result of tho flrst day primary." Whlle The Tlmes-Dls patch nnd. many other citlzens know unofflclally the result of" the Stnte primary In forty-elght hours. thls does not moan that \ all of tho voters throughout the State know of tho ot l'icial returns, and cortalnly a second day primary would not be held until this wae acoomplishod. Tho party law provldes that the Judges shall "mako returns wlthln two days to tho county oi* clty chalrman, who ln turn, wlth the clty or county commlttee, shall wlthln flve days attor the receipt ot such returns canvoss the same and c.crtlfy the result to the chairman of tho State Central Commlttee, who, after the completo returns from the Stato have been recelved by hlm shall call the. State Central Commlttee together, jgm ?***? %m rfc wrrffrW-r_rTlg an ordeal which all women miECOaf^M?aNG approach with dreac?'for noth" AHmiER ing .compares to the pain of child-birth. The thought of the suffering in store for her, robs the expectant mother of pleasant anticipations, and casts over her a shadow# of gloom. Thousands of women have found the use of Mother's Friend during pregnancy robs confinement of much pain and insures safety to life of mother and child. This liniment is a god-send to women at the critical time. Not only does Mother's Friend carry women safely through theperils of child-birth, but it gently prepares the system for the coming ever.t, .relievesT "morning sickness," and oth? er discomforta of this period. Sold by dnigglits at $1.00 per bottle. Book eoatalnlnR vslnsble lnformatlon m.llod free TB8 BBADFIBLD REGULATO.. OO. AtlsuU. Qa. whoso duty It shall ho to open, can ?vass, tabulato tho . nnnid nnd doclar*. tlie retfult." It thus /npponrs that something llko ten d?Vs will elnpnci beforo tho officlal rcturns nro known. lt Will cnrtalnty take ns long agaln to glvo thls knowledgo to all of lluj voters throughout tho State, many ot Whom nover oeo a ? nownpapnr. nnd many others readlng hnly weekly pnn ors. Whlle my estliiuilo of two wcol.n for gatherlng ?xnd dlBBomlnatlng thls lnformatlon may bo arbltrary, I can? not thlnk It unreaBonablo. If thoro mo contofltfl, thrr.c, four or six wcolts Is not too iong to allow tho central committeo to usscinblo, hear and de? termine them, Your plan of a second tny primary Is not dlfflcult to graap. Indeed It has been ^advanced many tlmes bofore and is practlcod In aome Stntes of tho Unlon. I am still nt opinlon that It ls ttnfalr to tho candi? dates to froezo out all but the two recelvlng tho highest number of votea from tlm sccond-day prlnmry. But tnv objectlon to thls plan Ifl not conflned to tho iinMlrness to candidates. Pcrmlt .no to ask you to traco out to lts loglcal concltiBlon tho result to tho party hy tho ndoptlon of your plan under tho hypothetlcal case I shnll state. Mny I ask thnt you avolrl ciulh bllng nnd snrcasni, but trcat the crtso wlth tho dlrcctncss and Borlousncss It deHorvea? ,r Supposo flvo self-appolnted candi? dates for Oovernor; suppose lt ls well known that A enterlalns extromo vlews for total prohlbltion; thut B ib nn e_|tromlst for the llquor trade, nnd that G, D and E represent the conser vatlvo middle ground on thls llquor questlon. Now, supposo ln tho pri? mary tliat a fractlon over one-flfth of tho votes Is cast for A, and a fractloa f-ver one-flfth of tho votos ls cast for B, and that a fractlon undor three flfths of tho votes ls equaliy dlvld.d, for personal rtr other reasons, betwson* C, D and E. would not the second-day primary us BUggoated by you compel tho Democratic party to nomlnate as, lt? candldato elther a rank prohlbl tionist, or an oxtrctno llquor man agalnst tho- will of nearly four-flfthti of the Democratic party? Add to thla hypothetlcal cuse, whlch at the pre tent tlmo you must admlt ls by no means an Imposslblllty, the nomlna? tlon by the Republlcan party of a. strong, conservatlve, clean man, wlth a compact, unlted organlzatlon be1 hlnd hlm whlch seos to Ht that every man In the ranks Is regls.erod. and has hls poll-tax paid and ls ready to vote. What thlnk you would be tho effect upon the Democratic party to oppose thla Republlcan candidate and ' hls organlzatlon wlth A or B as tha Democratic nominee, backed up only by the vote.i of a llttlo more than one flfth of hls party, an extrcmlst ln' j vlews, with no organlzatlon to su;i- / pcrt hlm and with a largo part of the/ remalnlng four-ftfths of the Demo? crats who voted ln the primary elther actlvely opposlng hlm or decllnlng lo go to tho polls? Thls slmple lllustratlon brlngs out many of the objectlons I find to your plan. though I Admlt the lllustratlon Is hlghly colored for tho purpose of urlng.ng out the polnts. ROBT. W. WITHERS. Suffolk, Va., July 9, 1008. Tbe WIII nnd the Way. Edltor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Sir,?"The great prize of tha senlor wranglcrship at Cambrldge University. England, was won thls year l.y Sellg Brodetsky, a Russlan Jew, the son of an Itlnerant Russlan Jew peddler. Brodetsky wns born ln Odeasa, Russia. and ls twenty years old. Hls father and mothor came to England to get away from Russlan oppresslon, nnd havo brought up nlne chlldren under the most dlfflcult condltlons. The suc? cessful prlze-wlnner went to the Jews* Free School ln London, and won there a scholarshlp whlch put unlverslty educatlon wlthln hls reach. Ile Will have the dlstlnction of havfrg been the last Benlor wrangler in mathe matics, thc competitlon having been abollHhed."?The Outlook. Certain concluslons follotv .''om thls lncldent : ? 1. The prlcelefes value of n chlld, n. ni-mcr what lts outward r-_.nditlon tr race. 2. The llmltless capaclty found of? ten in the Iowly in life. 3. The algniflcnncc of freedom In mcltlng asplrnt'on urd ln devoloplng character. 4. The worth of the free publlc school whlch welcomes every chlld on the prlnclple of human brotherhood and servlce. 5. The nccesslty ln cltles of nf fordlng oaay accesj, to college or unl? verslty ln the Interest of the sons and daughters of the masses of our people. \ 6. The glory of a city is its care for the chlldren, the malnsprlng of a'l lts progress. "Desplso not one of Ih.so little ones." 7. Inatances equaliy thrllllig as the nbovo could be clted from the achools of RIchmond. whlch have been doors of opportunity and power to iho chil? dren of tho natlve and thc allen, and of the rlch and the poor. S. C. MITCHEi/j. A Good Shol. Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?In reply to X. V. *_".., in to-day's Times-Dispatch. I wish to say that the pollceman who Injured a dog In the Capitol Squaro was acting ln tho dls charfye of hls duty. The dog wns try Ihg to klll squlrrels nnd tho policeman was only attempting to protect them. Yours truly, G. G. Pliotngrnphs thc Voice. At tho French Academy of Sclcnees recently a report wns presented dp scrlptlvo of an Inventlon by a French physlcian, Dr. Devaux-Carbonol, by whlch the human voice can be so pho tosrnphed that tho sensltlve plate be comes na nccurate vocal record os tho cyllndcr of a phonograph. Tho inventor expects hls system of vocal photography to tako an Impor? tant placo In ? the world's buslness. Tflephonlc records cnn thus he kept, and the pollce will havo another Im? portant auxlllary for traclng the sub? jects who go to make up the Rogues' Gallery. It appears that each vowol and consonant pronounced not only hns lts own 'characterlstlc wave. but that thls llne varles wlth dlfferent Indlvld? uals. The system of procurlng records 19 very almplo. A microphone is connect? ed wlth a sensltlve "oscillograph," whlch roglsters tho sound on a phqto graphlc plate, much as sounds aro now reglstered by tho phonograph.?Paris correspondent Philadelphla Ledger. Here's Om- for Oyster Bny. Fashlonnblo Buena Park ls exclted over tho. execution ot a little Engllah sparrow. Tho highest polnt of a tall treo ln front of tho homo of'Wlllard IT. Stoarna, presldent of the Buena Park Citlzens* Association, was chosen as the place of oxecutlon. Six spar? row s escorted a sovonth to the top of tho trao and there hanged the blrd. Iho victlm was suapondod by lts feot. "It was tho most remarkable thlng I ever saw," declared Mr. Stearns. "The llttlo aparrows wound somothlng about tho legs of thelr condemned fol? low. Tho vic.tlm waa then forced from the branch and hanged. It was lm posslble to reach tho blrd. At flrst the blrd struggled to osoapo, but tho cords hold, and lts flutters grow weakor and waaker, until they flnally onded In death."?Chlcngo correspondent Phil? adelphla Record.