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IIV Ml 'I,. ij.i". : 'v Tiu.?.. POBTAOI D featj M,... Mos. bafl) *rlth Banday...16.00 M-00 ji.M Ji.ilj wlthout Sunrta) 4.iH. 1,00 1.00 eiunday ?dliton only.. J oo 1.00 .80 ,%V?ekly (Wmtneajey). 1.00 .60 .S5 Bj Tlm*s-Dlfpatch Cnrrl-r Dellvary S *ric# ln II hinoad (and auburtin;, Manrh t.i and Peteraburg? One Wt X>?t!y wlth Sur.dny. 1? ce Raiiy wlthout Sundiy.'. 10 fiui.dny only . 6 centR Enterfd January 2?. 1?6?, ?' Rlchmond, Vs? at lecncl-clam matter under aot of Cm grcfi uf March 3, 1170. TIIUIL-'UAY. DECEMBER t AMF.Mi iiir, Mii.::'iv.\ ACT*. The Bherman aet of is?i>. popuiarly ttnown as the nntlu. declares Illegal "every eontra t, co the form of trust or ? rwtae, or con Kplracy, ln rf<-:raint ol trade or com mcrcc ainong I voral Matc?. or *-ith forelgti natlons." It fnrthor pro arlnea that all personi Ipatlng In BUiy lUCh contrnct. comblnatlon nr con arptracy nre aubject io ;>. rialty, an r-l' gOods ln tra tlon of thta act may be selted and ttectared f> rfeit. Under the terms of this BCt. aa H xr.ust bi< construed. it wou'd be ?'' penal offcnse for two Indtvlduals who have been drlving rival expreaa wagtona between vlUagai ln two contlguous I ?s to Joln fjrccs and operale a ? Ingle llne. It 'would be a penai offenaa for a laundryman operatlng in a boundary town llke Briatol, Va.-Ter.n., to sell hla buslness to. another laundryman. It would bo a pcnal offcnse for a wldow whoae husband had conductod *nd hequeathcd nn Interatate busli to dispose of that, bualneaa to any one ln the same tlne of trade. These polnts are all made plaln ln the Intcrestlng oplnlon of Judgo La combe, of the Unlted States Clrcuit Court ln New York, in the govern gneht'a sult njralnst the tobacco trust. They are entlrely ln llne wlth past declslona of the Dnited Stntcs Su yireme Court In ronstrulng the Sher man act. The lnjustlce, as well as tho absurdlty, of tliede loglcal and necea eary deductlons la glarlng. Presidgnt Rooaevelt has descrlhed the present provlslons of the Sherman fict as "noxious." ln that they make no dlstlnctlon between gocd or helpful >inatlon3 .and had or injurtous com binations. Judge Lacotnbe descrlbes lire5ent provlslons of thls act as utlonary," ln that they make : any torm of restrlctlon of com p.tltion whatever, Before Its passage, be polnts out. "tha courta had reoog xiized a 'restralnt of trade' which was bold to be not unfalr, but permlssible." The Sherman act was passed at a period of jjreat popular outcry and dlca aealnst corporatlons and coait .? It was admlrable ln a: 1 haa been most viseful ln . ls. But aa Judiclal constructlon . ed the full effecta of Its I . the law""!s etiown to be tta ?' work:ng great and manlfcat " t fact ratber .?athor than ' ihould amend It I.OYAI.TY. >nt of the ln r ted with hls stauhch work for >lr. C .-.'?. durlnjg the last cnmpulgn. for much the aame reaaon Krank H. Hltchcock haa been appolnted Post miafcter-General of the. Unlted States. JTor much the samc rtason Charlea P. Taft ls to be mude a Unlted States itor frorn Ohio. For a not lls Blmilar reason Hon. Tlmothy L. Wood ruff Is to be the reclplent of somo chotce plum, not yel officlally doslg nated. It was post-electlon loyalty to the Taft wlshes that "eatabllshed," so Mr. T"af. saya, Hon. Timdthy'a ''clalna to ihe gratltuda of the Republlcana of f'c'.v York, and also of the country at large." If Hltchcock makea a good Poat jnaster-General, a.? he probably wlll, it "w.-ll! he an accldent. Brother Charlea Taft can never add luatre to tli" t'nltcd FtLteg Senate, nor can Hon. Tltnothy jtdom ar embassy. Iteefq may nr may not make an adequate Immigratlon BOmmlssh ner. ft >.* all in the day's >work. Poor old Drj'den. who auppoaed ghat vtrtue waa Its own reward, had e Int to lenrr. from a modern ad COYEH.NtlE.NT l! \ "LVrKIU'linT V TIO.\." ls it posall ? I I Jtiat! Horlan tould have had a certaln distlngulahed Iparaon in mlnd ivhen he BOlei i the law atudenta of Tranaylvanla Uni itaralty that the Unlted Stati Juatlee Harlan haa an old-fanhtonei! reapect !<>r tha Conatltutlon, Hls vlewt of the reapective poweri ..' State ant XVdera) governments are foundvd ot tha provlalons of the venerftbla, bui primltive, Inatrument Therefore, h< hclds nelthfcr Wlth, thoaa wbo Olalll for the Pederai government all powen not asproasly denled t... u, thos* who regard allegtance gj paranjoant ln al! tiin.g-; to'^alle lElaaea to the Unlted Statea, i ??; i:! part. be lnsists that u State whlcl exerclses powers In conflict with thii aouxtltutlonal powera of the nati.Ji rnust (,'ivu ?ay, Uut, 00 thi hatid. i.e inalata vvith siiii deepj?-' ???< phaala tbal to tha States btitooa al (jdyaauDaowl powera which they hav tpll no i.ii i>t niich aa hav? . ; . I) grai ted to lt, and aueri tre fiiiriy emhrncdtl by thoae ko l| H ond neecMary to make tfie offei llve." ti tiao twalntnlna timi it Inatfumeiil II iftlf. IVltll Whal con ??v greater Fedi ra1 po ?? er i oul "f Conatltutldn ls elther t" ' Inti i - in t" li ,,!? to Ignore It, i in Maroh Ith ?i. \t, he wlll ]"? .-.idi d 'u offlce bj m tralnod lawyor .>r lilgli ropute, who mtghi hlmself have had a place ? on U.. natlon'a moal exaltod behch. Upon .M-. Tafl wlll presumably rall j the gra eapo ilblllty durlng iti? I term of ofllce ot appolnl Ing no h than fdur Supremt Court Justlces. rt lls devoutly to bu hoped, and ttyero la Bound reason for bellevlng, thal he Ishares Juatice Harlan's vlewa as to the "Improvemeni" of the Constltutlon by Interpreratlon, rather than thoae of I prlghtly hutl or of My Pollcles. EXTENDIKG THK CIVIL SEIIVH'i;. lt la regrettable that Mr. Rooaevolfa order brlnglng :;?. me i;.."1" fourth-clasi under the pro\ Islona of the clvll b -:''i <i"t have Included tates, The order ap only to the group of States lylrfg north of tht Ohio Rlvor and eaat ot the Mlaaisalppi.' Yet it ls ln the'South that tho union of xlie poat-ofnoe and the spolls aystem has been moat ef fectually conaummated. The blood und of the Rep'ubllcan machlne ln South ls the fourth-claas post To put the offlcea in the classlfled aervice is to open them to negroes; but tht S >uth ls commonly able to protect Ittelf ln matter* of thla sort. Such inalderatlon, oertalnly, dld not re atraln the Presldent, who has Just announced the reappolntment of Crum to the purt of Charleaton. Admtnlatra tlon organa auggest that the reason that the new order does not refor to the South ls that it is experltnental, and that tho populoua contres of New England, New York, and so on, offer a belter fleld for a teat. Doubtless thls ls ao, Vc-t the obvious fact stands that the sudden loss of a few thousaud post-ofUces would leave the Republlcan ; organlzatlon ln the f?outh ln a very j aad conditlon Indeed. Stlll, half a loaf ls bctter than no j bread. and tho new order is dlatlnctly j commendable. Tho more oflices that ! ure rcmoved from polltlcs and put on a merlt baata, the better for the coun r try. Flfteen thouaand voraclous ones permanently dlamlaaed from tho ple counter la b pretty falr day'a work. ABOUT KARl.Y SHOPPING. Beyond the probablllty of better goods to be secured, there la no ln trlnsic vlrtue ln "shopplng enrly." If all tho world shopped early, there would he a tremendous rush and glut of busitieaa, aay, ln the tlrst woek of December, nnd sllent and desorted shopa ln the weok before Christmas. The i.uisanco would only havo been Bl Ifted from one time to anothor, noth Ing would have been galned, and edl torlal counselors would atralghtway begln lmplorlng readers to do thelr shopplng late. The merlt of the "early" counsel llea In the s-uro knowledge that only one peraon in every two or three wlll fol low lt. Therefore lts practical effect ls to dimlnlsh the volume of the nth-hour hurly-burly by a certaln percer.tage. and to sprcad thls out over a whole month. Thls la a real public eervice. and the newspapera and other apokesmen creditably strugglo year after" year to accornpllah lt By making purchases before the blg rush beglna, by making them conclaely and early in the day, and by taklng homo personally as roany parcela as prac tlcable, lt is posslble to do much toward lightenlng tho labors of tlred and "overworked employes, to whom tho approach of the holtday ls always an ordeal. Christmas, lf any tlme, la B season when men and women should have regard for tho cornfort and hap plness of others, and hero ls a almple way ln whlch auch conslderatlon may be effectively ahown. The London World ? cxpreasea the oplnton that it ls a great plty thut Mr. Roosevelt cannot step Into the shoos of Jpaeph Chamberlaln. lf some bor oush conatltuency repeated the above oplnlon louder than a whlaper, Mr, Roosevelt ?ould probably be found Barkis-on-the-apot. The agreement between the Unlted Btatea ut.j Japan aeema to bo merely Iho Bame aort ot frlendly undorstand Ing that ls said to oxlat between AbruzzI and Mihb Elklns. The unexpectad eometlmes occurs. Bul if the tarltf really does happen to be revlsed by lts frlends, it would bo li:! i I iay whether the tariff would be 1:10 more r.trprlsed or the frlends. Edltor Roosevelt has already begtin Bendlng contrlbutlpna to the Outipok. ig tl era' wlth the comfbi t Bble feellnjl that he need not lnclude tttention of Mr. Broughton ourg is dlrocted to the fact New York World haa Just ??'i Hs authentlo dueumont "atupld and absuroV nt Bi nl and Prlnce Ilolie do re to flght p. (iMf!. why don't "? I '?? dlffi renoea by a roua ^k Mall l^ why lt ls s an o'm< e onalbll 188 who .After a?J li aald how' can thosa do lll,)' early who don't gut 11 tfeair uioticv- tm lut?i Borrowed Jingles ? im'zx.i.rn PATlrEB. wntchlng wlth uhbouridad tniereai fragllo da t t>ol had anfl . to H..? th* atertlalng don . odah a .? nrai i itw meni \< ??:i Tliej li'.ii hl* Im , tak? pl ?? ititloi ? to ile .1 I thlnk wlth d?ep dts hoi 3, and wonder how nd herei fllled wltli Chicas-i i: ord-H iraid. MKKF.I.Y JOKINO. Ihr Thiiig, m anythlng?" conalderlnsi two alap ROitxer siplion."?llous :.f hair to Miitti-r. ??i.-ra siop him." Wlihnut any partlcular reawm? 1'd as SOOr nlop tho Bmplra Htate cxnrasa."?Kan haa Cltjr Journal. Di.n'l He Exoluslre. "Know thyielf," quotod the Boston mnn ?Oltmnly, "Qulte so," rrsponrl'd thn t'hlcago chnp; "bui don't ict tha acqualntanca develop int.i b one-man cllque. Meet othor people oc cnslonajly."?Plttsburg I'ost. Just Llke Him. "Thero's my aon> portralt that you palnt ed. lt's just llke him." ''H? never pald me for it." "Just llke him."?Punch. A winnlng Heheme. "llu, mukea a good collector for cbarliable pui poai .' "What'a hls plan?" "Flaslioa a clenn aheet of paper on cvery man 1>? ?!(? and uska him to head the aub B.rlptlon."?Waahlngton Herald. I1INTS FROM THE PAJlAOBAPMBBg, IT ls al.io notewortiiy that the Chrlatlan Science Monltor," which pubiishes no harruwlng detalls, Uldn't begm iaaulri? untll the cnd of the fuoibul! aeaaon,?New Sfork Hall. Presldent Osetro Is goingr to Paris. Wo fce: reaaonably certain iiiat man will bob uo ln tl.u Balkans, aooner or mter.?Wash Ir.glun I'OBt. Mr. Rockefcller aJmits getting the draw backs. The other fellows got tho setbacks. Kanaaa Clty fc-tar. .Mr. Bryan saya he is investlgatlng the Of ihe racent defeat. We atarled a . . 11 Invaatlgatlon, but q-uit it aa aoon i.ilned .iidt we wtie shy 700,003 VCtea,?Houston Poat. No man lays up much treasure ln hecven untll he quits dodglng taxes on earth.?Dallas Js'ewa. A rcvlval of trado ls Indlcated in th?> Incteaslng orilers for hot blrda and cold botl Bl at Jcadlng hotela aml reata.urar.is. The aamo Ingrecllenta were founl to be th.j ciiuse ot the laat panlc.?Brouklyn Eagle. PERSONAL AN1) tt EXTOfcAI.. Pennaylvania, Ohio. Wlsciinsln. Maine and MlMourl, ln the order namud, are tho greateat produco.-s of iimo. The Jewlah populatlon of the Unlted Statoa ln 1S1S waa aboul 3,000. In 1908 lt la esil nr.ated at over 1,000,000. A devica which forcea water down to tho roots of plonta la aald to produce wonderful hnprovemont ln erops. Charlea II. la aald to have ftrat enrour Bfied lha publlc appearance of woman un th.' stage in Kngland In 1C62. Experlmenta wlth new machlnory on the CMIIan nltrate tlelds are expected to cut the coat of productlon In hulf. The average coat for fuel for a rallrood tralr. ls 10 cenls a mile, and the averajo llrunan burna I2.GO0 worth a year. Jamea Oaylor, who has retlred as flrst vlce-preitdent of the Unlted StateB Hteol Ccrpor&tlon, la sald to be worth 115,000,000. Benator llllton, the new Henutor from Flvrlda, haa a heavy black mouatach and Ictig black hair llke a Spanlard, which hd lst t. Mra. Lydla Relff. aged elghty-four yeara, of Worcester, pa., walked a mlle, ahuckeJ twenly-lhreo shocks of corn and returned home. Parchment paper is made by dlpplng or dlnury unsized papar for flve or slx aeo oi:um In dilute aulphurlc acld, and thea waahlog. Cotton yarna, of which nlno-tenthg of thi out:>ui ln Japan la produced al Oaaka, de cu-used from 09,068 balea In July to 60,507 ln Auguat. Ordera for a number of new ahipa for Cl.lr.a and other fondgrf countrloa hava re cer.tly bien recclved by the Kawaeak! Doo'* y.r' Company, Kobe, The Igorrote provlncea of the Phillppines hnvc been" comblnvd. and wlll be managed by one govemor and subgovernors. Bontoc wll. be the capltal. Fcrmosa, wlth Ita populatlon of 3.000,000, li runnlng the Phillppines neck and neck ln the export of augur. Each cxported a vahie of $i.(100,000 ln 1007. Jchn McClelahy, seventy years old, wlll leavo M'.unt Vemon, III., for Pcotland thlj week to wed hls boyhood aweetheart. He deelarea that h* haa never klaaed a woman. Mr. Oeorge McCord wlll arrlve in ihla eounlry aboul the 10th of^December, after tv/.. yeara ln Vonlce and Parla, where he bai been maktlig both atudles anl cmii pleied plcturea. Ho expecta to remaln In New Yui!'. for the wlmer, and will tako a ktiallo there. D K. pearaon, the phllanthroplst, of go, whoae benefactlon* were aald to depleted hla foriuno and lefl him $450. n dttbi, declarra that ihe slory la all ." Dr. Pearaon aaya Ilial he has $3. ? 0 more tu glve to eduoatlonal lintl Uncertalatlea or ihe .ludicini Mlnd. Practlcaliy tho proceedlngs would naye to he begun over, but aa there an agreemedt between tho com mlsilon and the rallroads which ap plled for the Injunctlon, aftor Judge P Iti hard'a order waa granted, under Which thi tv.o-ccnt rnte waa accepted pendlna l1"- adjudlcatlon, lt may be that the matter wlll not he contested f"fthcr. Jt doiihtlcsa depeniis upon what the etteot of the reduced fare has really been. Thi i ? ?- afforda another examplo of the ourloua dlffere.noaa that oe'eur ln " '!'' ': ' oplnlon, evi-n In tho lilgheat ? ?'?"? luatlca Brewer dlaaented from thi <! oi lon of the majorlty aa rendei?? by Juatlce iioimoa, on tho ground that t).<- rli: cree of tho lov.er court was ? i '.ouid he upneld. Chlef Jua. tice Kuller and Justlce Harlan con curred In I it coi elualon that the de ?? ,v id bo roveraed, but pnt lt on . i ont?nded for hy t.he Vlr mlaalon. tl at tho lattar was llclal uody, ln effect, a Btate court, ? ? .-. di i-riM-a t F?d.-ral court ' noi Interfero Buoh '?re the un oeri Intlea of tho judlcUil nilnd.? New V I. Ii'.tiuiI of Coii'moi'ce._ Not tliweatern Mtitual Llfo ln . . Company hai. been doinii husl ln Vlrglnla for noarly forty yeara. ? n , ? i (oji ti:oo (to Npvember 1, ?' '?'. li haa pald 7;;7 d':ittli chtlma. rttlng to M.1178,87,0.77, and haa do< nlfd Itatillty unucr three pollelus, . amounUng 19 tfi.ouo. Tlhue C?OTfe ?fF Eturepe Dy Blld |,(l( U (,, >):? iikn ahi bm the Biirl u'U "diitc, h ?n to the l; ient nth another Ing tetl by a strong wlnd, wjp altnost ? ntlrely burned to [he ^roiind. Thla !s not the orlglnal manslon of Cowdfay Partf, but th? one whlch was bulll about a hundrcd yeara :.?" to tako the place of tlv former houae, after tho lutter had fallen a prey lp i l.o flnmea. in tliosfl dnys th no telegraphs, and the to announco lo lts o\> n r, the and the laat Vlscount Montagu, thal hls home had been burned down waa met at Dijon by another messenger ? in hls way baek to Cowdray Part; from Swttsserland, wlth the news that on the vory day when tl e manslon was redueed to rulns by the flamea Lo.ra Montagu had been drowned ln n fool hafdy nttotnpt to crosa tho llltine Just ahove lts falle. Slr Wectman would .',? well under the clrcumstances to tivke warnlng by the mlsfortunes that ? ive overtaken hla recent acqulaltlon, Iray Park, and follow the example ,,.' th( ' lnt( Marchlonos* nf Lnthlan. who waa a'o perturbed by the ctirse thal rested upon the sincestral home of the Lor.lfi of Lothlan, New Batt e Abboy. ln Mldlothlan. by reason of lts having been confiscnt.'d from the church at the tlme of the Reformatlon, thal she proceodod to IV>m". and ODr talned from Plus IN. his wrltten au thorlzatlon for hcrself and for her n ? to llve in pence nnd undlaturbed -v Bittle Abbcy. This docunu-nt. I.earln- the Pope'a slgnature. Is pr. bi rved as one of the moat hlghly prlssed nossesslona of the Lorda of Lothlan . nK the deods, many hundvods of , !gold, by whlch thev hoia ther lands nnd the orlglnal patents of thelr varloua peerugea. Qvilto an lntereBtlng volume mlght be wrltten of the lalanda off the cc-aat Of Europe. In many insjtnncos tho nwnershlp has been vested ln one ? ??.-I.. famllv for peneratmna. and tho i the "houae is the vlrtual ruler, to whom all the othei dwellera of the i '. . ? ibject Hl? government a .?n,f autocrktlc; and, whlle the itlcally belong to one of the recognlzed Europe. the authorlty v.hlch the latter exorclees ?. rather that of auzeratn than of soie eUm True, the ruler has no power of life and death. altliough hls magls ,;,..ii pTerogatlves, whlch aro custom orlly vest.-d ln hls hands. enable hlm ,,, oonslgn a crlmlnal to jalL But he D..?acs^es tho arbltrary rlght to ex pel from hls Island any one who has Incurred hls dlspleasure. One of these Island despots haa^JUBt paased away. ln the person of Mlchael \v.iters whose famlly have roi aorae 200Tears owned the Island of InnU u?rrnv in Eligo B'-iy; and, althougli ?n '?? kVngdom^wa. small. and hl.. ?ub ieotR few. he ru ed over a veu ou-nm communlty. who practicallv' knew no law bvit hls w 11, and devoted tnern ! Vr.s m'W hla patrlarohal eway, to farmlng. ftahlng ana.tp thll,"a".f;1n, .ure of liilcit whlskey. The ihi.ip.i boastsof iomeof tho S^JShiSStaff remalna of early mnnaatle ?^"?.?Jy? ... v,e found in Ireland. St. MUiasius, .? nunll of St Patrlck. establlahed a mon - rv on the 'iland. of whlch some nerfeot bee-hive bulldlng atlll remaln tocether Wlth a prlmltlvo oratory ln whleh rests a wooden repreaentatton rfBt BlulSlu- hlmself. Tho l?landera *<e?ra? ^J^^ftS 32 *&F ,!a\lCbo"nnCbubrTod,8lw.th SSf .UtoTs hfaB abubj.eui could com ??. in the eraveyard whlch l? re e^d%r thc^naie Inhahitanta of the island. Womrn are InterredJn *??r eemetenr at some dlstance off, and tne UPtndera flrmlv belleve that no malo \i,d now the sou of Klng waiers I "Ignon'g botrhers"ownlng lalanda are i i.or,l R vel"ol.:.'s brother and heln-tho on Cecti Barlng. who haran Amerh ; enn wlfe the daughter of tne we Iperre Lorlllard, her flrst husband. from whom she la dlvorced, belng T. Suffern Taller. She queens over tna island of Lambay, wldch ll.e? Vist T,or^ of wowth and la about 000Tacres n nre.a A number Of small Ulets are n the immedlate vlcinlty, and bolong to Lambay, Includlng atnong them Tntils Patrlck noted ns tho spot on whlch St. Patrlck flrst landed ln Ireland, and where he bulit hla flrst church iho rilace ls rnost plcturcsque. and can boast of ?n exoellent natural harbor verv convenlent for the soveral jnchta nl Cecll Barlng, nnd he has erected <i ??(,v handaome country houae on one ot the most Invltlng altes on the Island Prtncle Blucher, who ls. now^a natp. rallzed cltlvson of Great Rrltnln, and a : grandaon of tho famouf P"J"^ni)nfle^ j marshal who was with Wen.liSgton at WaterlOO, has purchased tho Island of Herro one of the ,o-called . Bngllrt Chapnel group, and ln somewhnt cloao proxlmlty to the French s'10]'0' , ?H'r John Bullef owns the island of Jthurn. ; where he hns hls home, Klnloch Cttstle. Tho Marohlonesa of Graham. wlfe ot the future Duke of Montroao, Inherlted from her father, the late /Duke . ot Ifnmlltnn. the Island of Arrnn, and the Duke of Argyll owns not on y Tvree Islnnd, where hla slstcr, Lndy Vletoria Cninpbell, makes her hoin", I hut also Tona Island, the moat snored |and hlstonc apot of Scotlnnd. Lo d Strathcona purchased from tho helrs of 1 the late General Slr John McNelll the lBland of Colonsav, near Greenock. Whlle Islay has pnased from the pos? oaslon of tho houae. nf CampheM Into thal of llugh Morrlaon, marrlod to a ? ? tor nf Earl GranvlUo. Brownaey ba longed to the well-known ,T,ondon fri tnoler, A. Vnn Raalte, untll hls ! death a cnupla nf yenrs ago, and. I Bttpposo. la now ownod by hls helrs. Whlle the Florontlne Mnrnula Glnori, a fretiuenl vlsltor to the Unlted %')*?*?' hn? sold hla Island of Mnnto Crlsto. | ren.lered ao fair.ous through tho pop* I ular novej of Alexander Dumas, whlch I bears lts nnme, to tho preaont Klng of Italy, tind it now forms part of the Letter'a prlvate x,r"Perfy- Henri Mi nler." the great French chocolate ! rmuiufacturor. purehnsed a number of yeara ago the blg Canadlnn Islnnd of Antlooatl, at the month of the St Law , r< oe Rlver, where he haa eatnhllshed vaiuabla game preserves and prohllvl tton rulo, ho attmulants belng P?r imltted on thn laland. , Georgo Rqat, repreaentlng tho fduith gencrntlon of hla Heotch dvnnatv, retghs . pVer the Cnooa lalanda, off the conat o? Jnva. Thi BolllV Iplanda bolong to tho Bmith 1 Dorrlen famlly, and Hh* Mnurlta. Flw? |p,.-rald, twonticth knlght of K?rry, iJordJt lt ovuv ths Islana of Valonolu,( uft the coa?l or K.'irv. iiio ownorahip of n hloh t luibi.F him 10 atyia lilmaolf iiu fieareal I'luropean rlolgnhtir to llid I'nilr.l StatOO.,1 Tiv: I'l'tich raelrtg wurltl ihik sus. tnlnerl h Hevere 1u*k ihruugH ti.o n> Mrernerii or dardtl Sonlclcier mni >.f hla iiiii-iii-inv. Court! iiuhori r|,. pour tales from lh.> I'ronrli lurf. OWlltP lt Ift aftltl, ln th" veJtrttlOUa nn.l Iritol-rnhlo MiterferenrJe <>( tfie government ln turf mnttem, Wlml IHc retfretrietil of ihd Imroh im an:- w im bt approcl ited when i rnentlon ttjai he im/> wnn Ihe ornml l*t ir: no lOBH t hnn fotir dlffflreMl llni-s, Thougli fjerrnnn in orlgln, Baron Pchjeker itiiiy h? aifld to h? n PVench "inii !?? Bil iptlon, mi"1 murrl.'il irr* it ilaughter Gf Baron Roger de Blvry haa made hls home ln Pra'nce for rnorc ii im hnlf n contltI'.V, whllo hls color* havi ii iti -? "ii im i'iodcIi roce-couraes i..r more thati r.irtv yeara, ir.. ls n . toi an member "f tho Toekey Club, haa VMi ? worldwlde reptitatlon Wlth hls cn in Htinl r.-itni nt Aly rt Invnst, nc.-ir CherbOUI'g. WhllO hls liniun on tho Place Vendomo haa aa long aa i can rci inbor been n cntrer-nf hospltullty. .i renowned for its dulHlno. (Copyrlght, itf08, by the nrontwood Company.) STATE PRESS "All-Itottnd rnf'ninl N'tilsnnre." The piill-tnx questlon la aguln undor tlls . u-tiuii mul I.OI1H' iire .-..vlng J.at ili" nirii! whi 'ioi-a i.i.i attaeh eufJlclail Importum ? to ii..- votlng prMlege lo pay a yenrly p.ill iax of II.SO ol a condltlon of quallflcatl a i. noi if. in \ole. l'robab:y eo, bu: lln ie ire ih? m.'ii who bavi made lha poll-tax .Hrttnent n aourca <>t con-uption. Theaa h i men who allow tha tnx to be pald oi thi in. and in nlna but of icn casca tho vrtei Who wlll allow thla wlll sell hls rot*. \ teri Of lln." cIiibs are nut exchjded from tha auffrage ln oloae conteata, for iiie poll tirlana provide tha awag. Ihe apirii nf tha law haa buon openly mul dellantly vlolated, I and II la practically imposaibK- to reach th? uii'i nicis and punish them. Bol that la not all. Many good average' cltlxcha rejpnt thls tax and refuae to pay it, becauas they beHfcva that votlng ahouir be free. Olhera hegleet |o pay when th.-re, to no close contest ln \i<fw and got behlnd. '.'in-n. uhon they do wiah to voto. they flnd themsclvea one, two or three yeara ln ar- I reara. and they nre unwlllln4 to pay the] irici In order to cast a slngle vote. In thla. way many gond cltlz^na are becomlng In-' difterent and getting out of the hablt of vttlng. Our electorato la growniK smnller from yoar to year, which la cl"arly ugaln?: ! pul lle pollcy. Tlii'it ls atlll anothcr conalderattnii, Every] mar. who haa aciod aa judge ot electlon krows that durlng electlon nay a numb?r ol pi i h')iia Wlll preieht themaclvee whuao namea do not appear In the -"pal 1-up llat." There Ij tr.uilile at once. L'aually the poraon wlll protcat that hls taxea are all pald and aomo, llmea he wlll go hnme and brlng hls recolpti. Others wlll say that they cannot lay thelr I liMids on thelr rccrlpto?and how many men di I eep llnir retelpta for thr.-n yeara baOiC read) to hand? But they wlll awear that. they aie aquare wlth the Slale and the'.' Itellngs ara outraged that they aie d?, ! prlved of the votlng prlvllcge. That ?orti ..f shing brueds enarchy, Th'5 poll->ax rcqulrement haa been teated nnJ found wanilng. It la a aojrce of cor ruptlon; lt l? bulldlng up a sort of voltng arlstocracy: It Is an ali-round Infernal nuM ance. and It ought to be aboliahed ns aoon as the proceaaea of Inw will allow.?^few port Newa Tlmea-Hciald. ttood and tallhfiil v'rra,i,. Of oourac no one but Presldent Ilooaevelt and Prealdent-elect Tnft koowa who wlll re memberg of the latter'a Cablnet, yet the rollowlng. It la sald by sornn Hopubllcan , papera, wlll compose that body: Bacretah' of State, f.finn* \..n L. Mcysr; .-? retary nf the Traaaury, Wii'inm t.ovb. Jr.; Seeretary of War, I.uke B. Wrlght; At torr.ey-Uetieral. Wn :e Rlila. of Obtol IJ..at master-Oeneral. Frank H. Jlitchcock: (jee relary of the Navy, Truman H. Newberry; Seeretary of the Ini.'rliir, Jarnea R. OarBe.d; Seeretary of Agrlc-uliure. James Wllaon; Sy. retary ot Coramerce and Labor, Oscur .Straua. Not a ttateaman among them. but each' a pollilclnn who, if h? la appointei. wlll ! ge lils Job, not on acrount of his ntnesa for ilio poaitlon, but by reaion of the work ho did tor toe party at Mr. Itoosevelt's com- i mand durlng the campaign.?Alexandrla Uazcttc. Jfore Mnnry Than It Needs. Mr. Oeorge Morrlson, of the Baltlmore! Truat and (luarantee Company. hus baen l travcllng on thla alde of the putomuc, and | returna home to report l?.a: "the South haa more nioney than it nc. da." Tho South I* prospsroua, but has neud at thla very moment for live tlmes the cap-i itn! It has In hand for purposea of -!??. '.[)?????!"-? Two-thlrds of her mlneral re-' si urcea have not been touched. Onn-halt of her tlllable aoll Is not unW culUvallon. Nol an appreclable fractlon of her water power la ln uae. So In every palh of In dustry and enterpriao. If we were three tlmes as rlch as we ero, prolltable Inveat- ' ment could be found for ten t|mefl that1 inun-y rlght wlihln our own borders. Our people are occumulatlng wealih, but noi in any measure which Is supertiuoua. Mr. Mcrrlaon can BCfcTcelj exaggerate Southcrn poBSibliUlea. but h- doea much overatate th? caao when saylng that a superabundani har' vesi has already been reaped from them. Neither the aggregate nor the per caplta wealth of ...is seutlon indlcales more than that a promising start has been made In ?utilislng the bounlles of nature. Such ex aggeration nf actual condttloni aa Mr. Mor rlaon indulgnt. ln haa a tondency aimost as mlschlovous ns the -<>".?..,. of a peaslmlstlc note. The South Is Uolng weil; but nueda moro capltai aa well aa more populatlon.? Norioik Virglnlaa-PUot, Ilila Eranu la Slnmn-Pur1". It ls dnflcult to underatand the posltlnn of a supposedly IJeiiiOL: ailc ntwa;iaper llke the Norfolk Lundmark In announclng four years In advance lhat It wlll bolt the Uem ocrallc tloket should tho parly nomlnate Bryan In 1912. We doubt very aerlously the Dcmocracy of such a paper. It doea not bellevip ln Iho rule of the majorlty. It Is IrnicSKlblo to aatlsfy every alngle Indlvldual ln n nation. or army, or polltlcal party, or any asacmblage of any klnd. Honce the generully aocepted liemooratlc doctrlne of majdrlty rule. Any one not eontent to ahlde by the actlon of ih* majorlty qould hnidly be called a good Democrat. \Ve dn pol menn to declare for tho majorlty ruia Hs an Iron-bound dogma, from which thero la absolutely no eaoapa under any clrcum atar.ces, ? m, Should a party conventlnn be domlnnted by corrupt Influencea, we would be one of ihe tlrsl to ropu.llate Ita ncilona. Hut for a clear neld and no favor, and the unfottercd cholce of the majorliy, wo wlll always sland, ?Strrupton Daiiy Leader. Soinethlng Wrong, Homewbere. Whero was North Carollr.a when this cash went 'mund'f l.'nlcaa somnthlng poured ln from Ihe Uepubllcun Cnngresslonal C'"'imlt tee whlvh, of cnuise, hail funds b??l ?.. k the i'.:,2t,n put up by the natlonal ooiUtnlttea, 1 Nnrth Carollna. appnrentiy, waa mlat-ng_ Cl arlott* Obeerver. Note the excepllon to tha rule. It waa the flrst tlmo. probably slnee the dawn of Amerlcan hlatory, when Norsh Carollna wau left un mnlier what Ihe occaaion, whether vriting a Peclaratlon of Indepondance or flr.ng the last gun at Appomattox, Has any Dress Goods 25 to 33 I"3 per cent. less than the usual price. Herrlngbone Htrlpe Sultlngs, 88 InchoM wlde, bltie, red nnd oq browrr, that sold at. ftOc, for.. *'?'C Chovron Gtrtpe UreHa Oooda, dl a&onala. and many styles ln the buat colors, that aold at flfic, Cfi_ Strlped Panauia, In ki-.ivh only, 60 Inchea wldo; 1 1.00 value, Ct(\r Now llorrlngbono B ergca, blue, red and black, 6(i Inchos wlde; lf the tnlll could have atllvordd nit colors they would coat you 7id_ 11.25. for . ??'4* Flne Quallty Broadclotli, in cq. black only; 11.26 quallty. ?*'*' Flne Quallty Olagonal, ln bli>ck only, 60 Inohea wlde, aold at 0J1 oe $2.00; speclul fur to-day... ?J?*tfiv? Faulkner & Waniner Co. Firat and Broad Stroata. Silence! The inslinct of modosty natural to every woman ia often n grcat Itimlrfince to tho cure of womnnly disenscs. Women shrink frorn the personal questions of tho locul physician which secm indelicate. The thoitght of cvurninntion is nb horrent to them, and so they endurc in silenco a conditiou of disense whicli surely progresscs from bucl to worsc, It haa hcr.n Dr. Plerce'a prlvllo&o to cure a ircat many wnmen wlio have found a rcfu?e for modesty in hla offcr of FIIEB conaulta tlon by letter. 7111 corrcepondence la held aa aacredly confldential. 7tddreas Dr, K. V. Plerec, Uuftaln, N. Y. Dr, Picrce'a Favorile Prescription restores and retfulates the womnnly functiona, nboliahes puin and builda up und ptits the finishini! fouch of health on every wculc woman who gives it a fair trial. it Makes Weak Women Stron?, Sick Women Well. You can't nfford to occept a secret nostrum as b substitute for this non-alcoholic medicine op f.nown compositio.v. Sold direct from fac tory to the home, fCash TERMS^or . (.Time. Chas. M. Stief f 205 E. Broai L B. SLAUGHTER, Mgr. )ti3tMpa&try&fr?*<SvF n IF YOU WANT TO PE CURED ASK FOR mm^msri is cured many. and wlll cure fOU. ij ?ve a rlglit lo doubt IH unu: >..u 1 It h!)H Tou bav try. Then your doubu wlli go wlth iho dls?a?e. At ail drugglsts, or Phone 523. happened to the ohl Nertt to Impair bai vlgllaaca ?Pelersburg Jndex-Appeai Let the fiood Work Go The Bev. J. T. Mvi; State Hoard of I I aril c* report on th? almihou.M the followli/ Ijiii a. "Tho coat of malntaui exclunive of the On. i, aee.etary to tho has made hls flrat > of the State, and glv Imahottaes, aupport of o<iidu?r p IT, wa.t $1 'JH.jr.4.7 7 djjrlng the paat Oacal year." Mr. Ma?tln caya that condllloni In many plates he hns vi-lted need Imp'ovement. atul lhal he found tho local authorlti?? realy to eo-operata along thls llne. Here aro icmo ^tailsilcit ihowlng the number of per aotis belng malmalned ln almehouses ia Virglnia: Whlte?Mal^a. 445; frratlci, 641. Colorcd?Males. 3U9; femtlea, 254. Chlldren (Included ln the above totals)?Wlilte an-J eclored, 137; Idlota (?o included), 180; epl Itpllea. 8. 1 he fact that over 1128,000 a year Is be? lng expended for the care of the poor 1* C(<mmendabie, and the rcaliness of the au therttlaa to co-operate in Improvtng the ecti( Itlona of the Rlmshmiies ls also com rner.dable, and takan in all the report la fai be,tor than mlght have beco expected. Thla l? a good work, and should recetvj the aupport and encouragement of the whoie Picple of VliBinla. Tho preaonce of the eplleptlca In theae altaahOUatsa la wrong, and the State ?houfd hantcn to complete tha apllapUc oolony ;?r whlch land ha? been donated and the State mada an approprlatlon.?Norfolk Leager Dltpatch, May SootJie Kwn Itlchard. The proposed treaty or agreement Inoklng to the Inssitutlon of Btronger bonda of peacu and inutuallty of Inteieat betwt-vo Japan and the Unlted States, la belng recelved with eareeaf commetidatlon by the preis of the c(.untry. lt rcmalna to be seen whether it wll' allay the Jingolsm whlch aprloga so vig oroualy In the bieast of Itlehmunfl 1'eai aon Hobson. It would eeem that eien upon hls tcii.pestous war-prollcllng temperamenl the thlng ought to have a aomewhat soothlng effect.?Lynchburg Dally Ncwb. The Ite.-ourccful Jaznea. Atlanta la gettlng ready to har.d Hon. "Jini" U'oodard the lemon on Tuesday.? NOI'fOlk Ledyel ? DiapaK:.'i. If ao, Jlra wlll be on hand with the other Ingredlents.?Ncwport Kows Tlmes-IIeiald. THE ItATK DISC1SION. Comuienta of Nortbcrn l?rcas~"A C'Oiulty IJetweeu Ihe Court*." Thua, in effect, a comity between tho courts of atatu and natlon is estab llshed. The aheor flght of appeal to tho Fodaral courts is not sufferod to bo called ln questlon. lt could not be. Tho Supreme Court has oonstltutlonal jurlsdlctlon of "conirovirsies between a State and cltl'sens of another State," and cannot shlrk or dotty lt. Any State law seelting to nuillfy lt would have to be held unconstltutlonal, and any du clsion by a State court. almlng to de prlve a dttlzeu of the Jnited btates of this guaranteed rlght would be set ualdo. Nevortheless, a practlcabh means of avolding a confllct of jurls atotlons la iudicated by the recent de olslou, Wharever, as In the fact in Vir? glnia. the Uigal rlghls ?* corporations are carefully guavded by Constltutlon or statute, tlic rulo should be that the Judlelal power wlthln the State should be tliat lnvokt-d,?New x"?'k tvenlng Post._ ConfunUm wf Functloua. The untrlcd questlon i& ww wheth? er or not the commiBslon's actlon tn the cuso sont bacli by the SupremO Court ia null for a like reason. Withoiu anticlputlng anythlng upon thls point, attontlon may bo directod to the.con fused methuds or government in Vir? glnia. It would sconi a.s tliough the proper dlstlnctlon between executive, legialatlve and judlelal functions were annulled. ln thls alnglo proccedlng tho commlsslon acted Judlclally ln lts pro llmlnary proceduro. Then lt acted leg iBlutlvely in flxlng the rate. And lt e ad 1 i tiuilvely, or as an ex ecutlve, In enforclng the rate. And the Fedcral court aeems to flnd nothing Inconalstent ln Vlrglnla'a thus arrang ing lts aft'alra, although assuredjy lt U repugnant to the sense of justiee and to practico In cases not controllod by Vlrglnla'a laws. When Dlstrltft At torney,' judgo, jury and sherlff aro one and the aame body there ls Uttlo dls? tlnctlon between lts procedure and lynoh law.?New York Tlmos. <;.iiinl"rleiii IVote. Vllobhs?"There sectus to he a strujig ; nfliully betwoen a colored tnnn and a chhkon." Slobbs?"Naturally. Ono is deacoiul ed from Ham atul ti:? other from eggs," Make Your Pound Cake Plum Pudding and Mincemeat For Xmas Now msastmm Uae our pure, choice, nu tritious and tasty Secd Raisins Sultana Raisins Layer Raisins Citron, Peels Shelled AJmonds and olhf-r st :dard quality goods, anc yo r baking will be rull of iii. of goodncas? and will digeat so caaily that you'H forget it Writc for our new catalog. Hermaim Schmidt, 504-508 LBroadSL.Ridmond.Va. Phonea 369, 3999, 4197. FreTght pnid on out-of-town ?hipments of $5.00 or over. Lee Fergusson Piano Co., 119 E. Broad Street. J'laSSSEEJ I3E3E2S For Xmas. A Gool Piano at our store docs not cost j >u much. Look at these slightly used: t)ue Ptlll SUe l prlslit.K3U." ??ne Fnll Str.c I nrislit.B1S0 One Fnll Slse IprlRht.??!" One Kull Slxe t prlaht.?U0fl Oue I'ull Slxe Siiunrr.StOO Pianos that deserve your confitfencc are ' Chickering, Davenport & Treacy, McPhail - AND OTHERS. Arts & Crafts FURNITURE ?????????ggggggw Everybody's interested in Arts 6k Crafts. Don't be a back number. Buy Arts & Crafts. Do you know what Arts & Crafts is? If not, come to us. Jurgens' is the home of Arts & Crafts Fur niture for dining room, hall, library, living room and den. We show small, inexpensive pieces by the hundreds. Chas. G. JURGENS' Adams and Broad, Son, Right in the Ccntre of the Furnl ture District. Can Cancer Be Cured? ...IT CAN... We want every man and won.an In the Unlted States to know what we are dolns. We are cuiing Can cers, Tutnora and Chronlc Suroa wlthout the uso ot the knlfo or by * X-ray, ' and uio enduraud by the Benalo and I.esl?huuro of V itlnla. i IYSICIANS TKEATED FBEB. We Guarantee Our Cures. lflis West Main Street, RICHMONO. - - - VIlCill.MA. SHOESAKE BlfliEiUT'ME SAMUCE.