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JjL-slneaa Offlce.Bl? ?. Maln Street. Watchester Hureau.1102 Hull Btrect. retetaluira jjtireau..,.. .40 N. Byenmora 8t. Lynchbtir* llurcau.US Klghth St. I3Y MAIL. Ona. Six Three Ono FOSTAt.K 1'AID. Ye-fir. Moa. Mos, Mei. jbafly with Sunday...|..0t> IJ.oo |l.6f) .S? Dnlly without: Sunday 1.00 2.00 1.00 .?5 hund.iy odltlon only,. 2.00 3.00 .60 .2.1 WwUly (WcdneJday). 1.00 .60 .38 By Tlmes-Dlspatch Cnrrler Dollvary Ser? vice In II 'imond (and suburb?>, Manches tet nnd 1'etcrnburg? Ona Week. Dally with Sunday. 1* eenta Dally wlfliout Sunday. 10 cents Kui.elay only ..'....... * cents Entorcd January IT, 1603. at Rlchmond, Vb.. as Locnd-clnja matter under aot of OrgrcJS of March 3, 18,9. MONDAl". _>KCE_tBl_R 7, 190S. l/VNCIIMinO KOMS DRY, Lynchhuig's voto on tho saloon Iseuo furnlehes fresh proof of tho power of the antl-llipior movement 'ln thls State. The drys carrlod nll threo wards and won out by a dccislve m.a Jorlty. Thelr prcdictlons, both as to the flguro of tho total voto and the dirnensiono of thelr own vlctory were ntrlltln_rly fulflllcd. Loss than 11,000 ballots wero cost, and nonrly 200 more nicn votcd nrcairut the saloon than for it. Lynchburg 13 tho largcst slngle Ftronghoid that the nntl-salooiv organ ization has yet captured. Tho enm paign was w'arm, as any campaign ln volvlng both cthical zeal and llnanclal Interest is cnrtaln to be, but tha poll Ing on Snturday was conducted QUletly and ln good order. Thls part of the day's proceodlngs, at any rato, is ground for mutual congratulatlon, As for tho result, it was hardly loglc or economlcs that brought lt about. It Is not golng too fnr to say that most of tho runsons whlch turned Lynch? burg dry were summed up and symbol Ized In those -50 school .ehildren, who, marshnled by young women, took a Btand on tho Court Street stepa at 9 o'clqck ln the mornlng. anel sang "dry" eongs set to popular nlrs. It Is exccccllngly difllcult to'bcat a demonstratlon of that sort. Prohlbi tlonists havo nevor answered tho ar gument that prohibitlon does not pro lilblt. They do not havo to. When thoy have gathcrcd under thelr bannor the ehildren, the women and the church, they have an intangiblc argti ment upon whlch ratlonality breaks ltsolf ln valn. Scntlment, emotion, re llgton, all the subtler and moro pplrltual forms of appeal whlch aro ob viously denled to thn llquor element, nro tlie prohibltlonlsts' most powerful auxlllarles. Facts in the light of ex? perlence, whlch might bc decislvo in other controversics, becomo of second ary Importance here. A column of incontrovcrtiblo statlstlcs Is no anawer tp a lot ot llttle ehildren singing a'ongs. Interest in the Ljmchburg vote was vt-ry keen here In Rlchmond. What ef fects tho result there may have in this clty and in the State as a whole. it is imposEible to say as yet. A local option election herej or in Norfoik, within a twelve-month. is by no xuean* an Imposaiblity. As to the State, an cntirc new House is to bc chosen next full, the present Senate boldlng offlce untll 1912. The launch lr.'g- of an ante-electlon campaign fcinong candidatcs for the lower House, with a vlew to securing pledges for . prohibitlon, appears to be a contln gency. lt h_s been generally under etood, however, that the antl-ss.loon forces dld not/lntcnd to force the Issue for State-wlde prohibitlon at thl3 tlmo, and on tho wholo it ls doubtful il thelr trlumph In Lynchburg would ln ItEelf prompt iliem tp such a course. THK NEJW MIXOKITV I.EADKH. Arrivlng fardlly at tho Democratic caucus on Stturday nlght, when pro ceedirigs wero well under way, John _harpe Willlams congratulated hls os Kociates on havlng Belected so excol lont a leader as Ilon. Champ Clark, of Mlseourl. Thls was, as lt happenod, Bome tlmo boforc Mr. C|ark's namo had been presonted to the meetlng. The ? incident ahowed how thoroughly foregone a concluslon the Mtssoufian's -lection was. The wlthdrawal of Mr. Willlams to tha Senate leaves Mr. Clark easlly the tloralnant flguro on the Democratlo side of tho House. Ablo, vigorous, elo qucnt, learned and unlversally rcspt-ct cd, he ls almost un Idcal nian to mar Bhal and dlrc-ct tlie mlnorlty forces. Tlio popular motto eif hls State ls per Bonlhed ln him, He demapds to bo shown, In de;bato he ls qulck, trenchant, a master. In the prollmlnary tarlff hearlngs he has proved hlmself an lmpresnablvi rock ot straight forwardnoBs and sotind Democratic prlnctple. Ilis retort to one ot tho eager seekers for particular favors tho other day ls mcmorablo. Asked by Mr. Clark if a falr e'hanca was not all that he wanted, thls gfmtleman unlucklly replicd: "I thlnk wo aro entltlcd to a llttle better than that." "A llttla bet? ter than fnir is foul," remarkod Mr. Clark; to whlch observallon thero la no rejolnder. The new mlnorlty leader possessna a group of qualiflcatiana whlch wlll inaixo lt extrernely dlfficult for Repub? llcan law-makera to allp wobbly, de fectlve or "llttle jokesr" propasltlont Mkitily by. Hls epeech of acceptance iirglng tuilty and harmony, Btrikese_. tn'tly tha rlght notej. Tlio Repupjicar majority ln tlio IJoua'o la llttle more than thirty, Unlfied and dlrected bj iible leaderahlp, tho Democrats, thougi pow^rlaaa to leglslate, cnu multe theii lnfluence heuvlly felt,durlng the com Ing- ahort -ession. PAb'L it-ilVHUlii ltdUK, . Iconoclu.ii.i la a fiarno of mlnd, am the Iconoclast respecta nothlng. When evar ho aeea an imnge, lt is hln poltMc. to bajtor lt dowh, rogn.rdloBa of tepde feellngs or tho atate of tho Unlon Uiu.-iJlv. by aoma dlabollcal ahi-owd iics?, ho can prodtico a letter, or nn epltaph, or a date or aomo other mnnlfoatatlon of croaa-lndoxlng to aup port hlri alnlstor dcelgna. A Mr. Waltor Benjnmln now doclnrea that Paul Rovero novor rodo outaldo of Poot Longfollow'a Imag^nntlon, Of coureo, he haa proof, in Ihe ahapa of nn nutograph note by John Hancook, whlch lutlmatea that tho Commlttee of Safoty waa apprlaed of tho Britlah movements Ut 0 P, M. on "the elgh teontlwof Aprll, In '76." If tho com? mlttee had lonrned of the approachlug dangor, 'arguea Mr. Benjamln in tho true, frlgld, Iconoclaetlc manner, why should Mr. Rovero have aallled from hls comfortablo homo to give warnlng? For It waa, aa every school chlld knowa, tho mldtiight rldo of Paul Rovore; tho wholo tradltlon hanga about the fact that "It waa twelvo by tho vlllage clock When ho croaaed the brldgo Into Medford town." Why, aaya Benjamln lp effoct, did (not Mr. Revere almply put out tho Ilght and go to bed? Well, It la poaalblo that ho did not havo by hlm at the moraent Mr. Bon jamln's Hancock letter aasertlng that tho commlttee was on guard. If thnt argument ls unconvlnclng, another can readlly bo provliled. Any will do. The polnt ia that Paul Revoro rode, nnd rode exactly in tlfe manner that the poom aaya. No mero array' of flubdub loglc ahall over detor tho chlldron from listenlng to hear what equcstrlan feat occurrcd on that famous nlght and year. ? VIROINIA'S PRINOH'LES AJVD A'm GI.MA'S tobacco. The Tlmes-Dlspatch haa not learned when hearinga on tho tobacco schedulea wlll begin before the Waya and Meana Commlttee. When theso hcarlngs do begln, however, lt earneatly hopea that Representatlve Saunders and Senatora Danlel and Martln wlll not he found among tnoaa preaent to plead for protoctivo tarlff in the loteresta of some apecial claaa. They have been Invited ao to appoar and plead by the Danvllle Tobacco Asnoclatlon, and, ao cordlng to tho Danvlllo Roglater, have repllcd that they would bo glad to do BO. So far as The Tlmes-Dlspatch Is aware, Representatlve Saunders and Senatora Danlel and Martln havo no personal lnterost ln olgarette tobacco whatever. Th'erofore, ln aeeklng pro tectlon for lt, they would be ln a much bctter moral posltlon than was ex Congressman Rhodes, of Mlssourl, who h.-i.; tcstlficd that when he was tn tho Houae he lntroducod a bill for a hlgh duty on barytcs, in whlch he la commerclally Intorested. Thoy. would bo in a bettor posltlon than CongresB :nan D. S. Alexander, of New York, who has asked the Ways and Means Commlttoo for a hlgh duty on anlllnc dyes, In whlch ho ls commerclally In terested. They would bo in a bctter posltlon than Congressman Joseph W. Fordney, of Michigan, member of the Tarlff Rovlalon Commlttee, who wants more protectlon for lumber, ln whlch he ls commerclally Interested. But to mako these comparlsona ls not to say that tho Representatlve and the two Senators, In pleadlng for tho in terests of a speclal class of Virglnla tobacco growers, would be in anythlng like a deslrablo posltlon. Representa tives RhodOB, Alexander and Fordney, whatever may bo said of thelr moral scnsitlveness, are at least all Republl ;ans. They belong to a party whlch belleves in prlvllego and makes a re liglon of protectlon. Representatlve Saunders and Senators Danlel and Martln are all Democrata. They are choson representatlves ofa party whlch abhors prlvllego and castlgates pro? tectlon. How can they posslbly ask Congress to proscrlbe a hlgh protectlvo tarlff ln tho lnterests of a speclal claaa? The Tlmes-Dlspatch belleves that tho people of Virglnla would notbepleascd by tho public appearance ot thelr com? mon spokesmen as speclal pleaders in behalf'of the few. Nor does lt bellevo for ono moment that theBo gentlernen wlll ever ao appear. Obvlously, aomo mlsopprehenslon exlsts on thelr part, or on tho part of the Danvllle Rcgls tcr. It ls not concelvablo that theso honorod sona of the party could so niiiltu a mock of tho flrmest and deep est princlples that thelr party h^a. Mr., Bryan haa bought land near Corpu's Chrlstl, Tex., and hus announced that he wlll bulld a wlntor homo thero. We take tho llrst opportunlty to warn the Poorless Ono, as ho values hla llfe, to keep at a aafo dlstance from the fiorce apd ferocious Walkor county Hausage. "Somo one atarted a rumor to the offect that Jack London has been eaten by cannlbalB," says the Dps Molnos Evenlng Tribuno. The rumor was pat ently false. If any contingency of this kln.d aroso, Jack London would eat tho cannlbals. In nls newest story Rudyard Kip ling aaya that aomethlng s or other HinellH "like honoy tastes." Thus comon distlngulshod support for the Houeton Post'a superh fight for the rlght to r.se "llko" "llko as If It waB a conjuno tlon." It appears that the two Carollnos aro wranglfng as to tho blrthplaco of John Templo Graves. Up to tho hour of golng to pr.cBs, wo bolleve, nelther .Stato had buen ablo to provo an allbl. A glanco at the mortallty oolumn convlnceB uh that lt wlll be a long tlme beforo football becomoa a sultable gamo for Boni Castellano. It wlll ho a curious faet, lndeed, if thb Introduction of tho' hlpless flgure he? no hearlng on tho hlp dlsoaso fitutlstics, Wonders never cease. Old "Rony Payne aoi laliy necmB to bo mpnoeuvrjr.g for nn approvlug standpat "on the wrliit from the despUed oonsumer, Probably Mr. tllram Maxim doesn't undoratnnd how hard It la to tnake u hlg gun ihut up. We uudoratand that the fnvorite pas - Unift of the protectod Airierloan tan norlea la hldes-and-aaok. One protectucl faotory makes toh atandpn'ttei-B, Ono atandpattar rnakeB len free-.trndei-H. AndJso lt goes. "Sl.all klaatng ba oonflnod, to tho tawpr ciaasea?" domnnda th0 lialtirnoiv fcifci. l.ll.o I.) *co ia Cunua tru 1|| Borrowed Jingles CHItlSTMAS IN COUNTRY I'LAOKB* Chrlatmaa In the country placea? Thero ynu aoo the roay fai_n ThBro tha Joy?tho wnrld ontrancln, Jo\ that aets tho wejrld n-dancln'l Flne nnd ireo tho llfe-blood races? Chrlatmaa ln Iho country plaoea. OInd ?notiffh to hear It bummln'; Unlted loni? to hoi) It Comln'; Ki-uivs the place wlicro wc'ro -a-atayln'i l-'lno to apend a hnllilny Inl Thero ls xvhoro amassln' graco la, ciiristinna In tho country plo-cea. Clty haa the good tlmo, too; Yoi (he eountry calla to you; Thero lt la you want to rnam, ln tlie frosty flelda of "Homo," Ilenrty lianelulinkc fiiendly fnccn Chrlatmaa In tho country placeat Plln tho amplo oak loga hlgherI Iloom for ono more at the flrol Sama old tuiea of Long Ago? Tel! 'om?fbr wo lovo 'em aol All llfo'u troubta Joy offacea? Chrlatmaa In tlio country nlaceal ?-Atlanta Conatltutlon. -_,-, MEREI/V rfOKlNO. In Court. "Her huabond waa nin over," "Now that he Is gono, I preaume that Bho rcallzee hia full valuo." "She doea. And *ho won't oompromla* foi a cent Ices."?Loulavllto Courler-Journal. '*'ho To-riai'a Way. r.uide?Want a. gulde? Show you every tblng you ought to aoe In l'arla. Tourlst?No, thanke; I'd rnlhcr aee tha thlnga I oughtn't to aco.?Llfe. Of Cottrae. "Now, Tat, would you a'ooner loao your mcrey or your llf?7" "Why, mo lotto, ycr rlvoronco; I want me money for mo old age."?Phltadelphla Inaulrar. Beitcr Not. Ifub (comlng from reception)?I don't thlnk a groat deal of that Miss Pcach le.'gh. Wlfo?Juat lot rael catch' you, alr,?Bost-jn Tianacript. Ilta Stratagera: "How dld you cure your wlfa of chat Urlng so mueh?" "I told her that when her Hps were oloued they formed _ perfect Cupld'a bow." ?Clevoland Loader. Fomale Mnthe-inatlot. Wlgg?I wonder how old Mlaa Antlq.ua iaj Wagg?Well, ton yeara ago aho oonftdefl to me that ahe waa twenty-eight, ao now I aunnoa* ahe 'must be about thlrty.?Phlla delphla ltecord. PABAORAF1UO PHILOSOFHY. SOME Mlsaourlan haa contrlbuted |1 to the conaolence fund. The Mla sourl conaclenco la a very choap aftalr, aa the recent election returna abundantly aliow.?Houston Poat. * ? ? "The sardine truat ought to be canned,' says the Allentowii Call. Tln to ona : won't bo, however. Pollce!?Washington llcrald. ? f * Now that It'a December, you really don't aavo nnytblng by not ahopplng enrly. lt all goca on the January blll, anyhow.? New York Mall. Mr. Bryan haa prlnted aoveral oxplana tlona of his defeat without once referrlng to tho plurollty of 1,000,000 a.alnat lilm.? St. Loula Qlobe-Democrat. Tho Kalser, Lord Roborts and Hobao.n aheuld get together and' organlze the Loyal Bons of St. Jlngo.?New York World. Tho New York World correspondent at thi' Hot SprlngB ejuotes Mr. Taft ns ait tlng ln a awlng- on tho porch of hls bungn low and saylng ho wonder.i If Borau great mlEfortuno Is not about to occur. We sug ge_t a now rope for tho swlng as a prcven tlve of the llkellest calamlty that the Blt uotion mlght dcvelop.?Hartfprd Courant. . -? i'ER&ONAL AND GENERAL. Thlrty-nlne Japaneae banks auapended laat year. India la buylng American wlnflmllls gen Cl'GUBlV. Madrld haa the hlgheat altltude of any cltv In ?urope. Engiand reportaTtiiat her potato crop thls year la the blggeat on record. Thero aro now In tha Bchoola of New Yprk Clty nearly 26,000 more puplls than there wero ono year ago. It has coat ono tranaatlantlc cabls oom pany over 1125,000 ao far thla year to re? palr cnblea broken by trawlera. Aatronomera of note aro IncIIned to tha thepry that the elght Batellltea of Jupltor, diicovercd laat wtnter, la the ralaalng _e_.>ll cortet, last seun ln 1779, cloae to the planet. To cure lta offlco boya'. of loaflng a firm at Balolt, Wla., haa etjulpped tho push ciin they use with devlcea tor rcglatorlm; tho dlNtanco covored ln trlpa and tho apeed mado. In dlsposlng- of an estate. valued at 12 000 the wlll of Jennle Linn, of Phlladoi iibla, dirocta that the <Ioed to her nme Ury lot la to bo placetl ln tha.caakot and burled with hers. A comblnatlon between the producors of cocoa ln the aoveral countrles ln whlch the bean growa la now In the courao of feimatlon, uccordlng to announcemonts made In Brnsdl In furtheraace of tha plan. Tho Mayor-tlaot ot Nowport, R. I., Pat nck J. Boylo. haa been Mayor ten terma already, ?nd he may aome tlme equal tho reiccrd of tho late Mr. Doylo, of Provl dence. Canon Floming handod over the whole ot tho money he recelved for the copy nsrlU of cortaln sermona to the Brltiah Hoa ultal for Intrurablea and the Qordon Boys' Hcmo. J qrnu? n* "}i? ^f8' aucceasful phyalolana in South Carollna ls Dr. Matl|da Evans, col oi ed, of Columbla, whoro aho haa oatab iibiiuiI and parsonully conduota a hoanitai for tho pennlleaa of her race. ???P"ai Knowlng that death from an Incurable Mr. Vrt9.i'ilMb'*T '"_Carry out "CP "? w?rk, yl-i?- t? fh_'i' BentI' wh0 ,m8 tovoteei ycare to the dlacovery of tha deatructlvi, cotton boll weevil. ended her llfe at th? hcmo of her sletor. ln St. Louls. THE ItATB OA-B DECJSION, Somes OtjTOmcnta Upon Scveral Pbaaea of IU liiteut anel Klffect. ?iTh,? ,vil'sln,a corporatlon cases. de f__?d eUat Monaa5'- ?t flrst seemed to thAl9R.i5^_J reactlonary statement by thu bttprc-me Court. but tho run opin ions cloarly indlcatei that no hackward nn.? ..'"I .1 thU v??Pect been takon. and that tho reversal of the Unltetl States Clrcult Court for Virglnia was not hecauso of any lack of power of a Ui'cult Court to enjoln a coniiscatory late whether j)xed by the Leglslature of Virglnia or Its hlghest court, or any other Stato agenoy, but wns due to a spirlt of coiuity, tho obsorvance of wiuci, ls moBt important in preservjns tlio dellcato and pecullar reiatjons ot t'tate and Federal ti'lbunals ln our dual forin of govornment. , , . Tho practlcal effect of thla ruiing ls that judiclal revlew by a Unlted States court of a rnto cannot bo Impaired or destroyed hy tho actlon of a Stato ln cleithlng the Judlclnry with power to Hx a rato, and thl? ls but a reafflrm ance of tho provloua rulinga of the Supreme Court that confiseatlon of property rlghts cannot bo effeoted through any gtate agenoy, whother U'B'lal-allVe, ojtooutlvo or judiolul. lhoso powers, whloh oomprlse the full competcnoe of u aovorelgn State, whether wot klng slngly or coilectlvoly, are lneffeotlve to nulltfy tho Four teenth Amendmcnt of? the Fede-ral Con stltution or to Impalr tho power of tho Federal judlclary to enforce the great giuirunteea to prlvato prpporty of that amendmcnt, . , , The more Intoreattng questlon pro sented by tho Virglnia corporatlon oasas ls tho Implled recognUion bv th*J bupromo Court. of the ttght of a State, through Its Conatltutlon, to lntermln Ble Jeg|slatlvo, nidloitl nnel executlve )>owors.. Thq Vlrglul* Stato Corpor.n Hon Oommlssion ls an anomulouo hocjy, Cniieel a ctHirt, U slts as a quaal 4eg lalature. it ma*j_* the law, then Jn twprots It and then forces U- It I prosaoutor, Jud.go nnd oxecutlonor, Whllo thn SuprcpiA Court dld not ox pri'Hsiy dlfia.fllrm tho powar of a Stato ?y its conKiitniion thua to intermlngin powet-s- M'hlcli. under the theor.y nt American instltminnH, should ho sep urato, yot the oplnlnns can he qourolinrl ln vnln for imy .o.\-prosBlon of douUt hv thn Supreino Court aa to the com? potenco of a Stato government to ro sort lo huroaucratlo deBpotlsm.?Now Emirop? ? By La M?rqtyia? d? FomtonniDy Urnnd Duke In Love Wlth Utiaalnn . . Ulrl. ^^ RAND DUKE MICHAEL, only f "^ > brother of tho Czar and aoo ff . ond hiilr to the throue, has, a" m- uccordlng to gosslp ln th6 nn ^?? ?* Morlnl aiitouriige at St. Fo LoiB.,urg und at tho furetgn courta, becomu Inratuated by tho uoauty of the daughter of n grcnt lumied proprlctor. In tlie aoulh of Ruu ?ln. in tha dlstrtct of Odeeaa, and It 1h thla which la tnterfcrlug wlth tho plans which Jiad been niade uy IiIh relatlvea for hla matrlmonlal nlllanoe wlth Prln ceaa Fatrlcla of Great Brltnin, daugh? ter of tho Duke of Connaught, and BlBter of tho Crown Prlncess of Swedcn. lt aeoma that the young glrl inot and lenrned to lovo tho grand duke uoforo ano bccamo awaro of hls ran'k, whlch ahe dlscoverod by chanco only several montha afterwards. Even then a con Blderabto tima elapaed before tho Czar and hls wldowcd mother became awaro of tho purpoao of hl:; frequont and mysterlous trips to tho south of Rus sla. As soon, however, as Nlcholns Ifcarnod of tho truo facts of the case ho cauaed the father of tho glrl to bo qulotly lntlmatod by the uoyernor Ueneral of Odesaa that lt- would bo well for hlm to travel abroad wlth hls daughtor. Theroupon Grand Duko Mlchael llkewlae went abroad, and threatena to expatrlato hlmaelf al to? gether unlcfls tho object of hls affec tlons and her famlly aro permlttod to return to thelr home near Odeasa., Grand Duko Mlchael ls, by reasrm of hls unaffccted olmpllulty ot manner, hls coinpleto froedom from arrogunce and hla lnvarlablo klndllness und good hunior, ono of the most popular mom bers of tho rolgning houso of Russia, and thla affalre do coeur of hls ls ex cltlng a good dcal of sympathy among all thoso who becomo acquainteu thorowlth, But, of course, difflcult dy naatlo problems aro lnvolved, and lt Is a queatlon ln what way they can be aolved to hla aatlsfactlon. It may be rememberod ln thls connectlon that tho Czar'a other brother, tho late Grand Duke Oeorge, who dled aa Czarovltch, Waa morganatlcally marrttd to a young glrl of tho terrltorlal arlstooracy of the CaucasuB, whbm he left as a widow wlth two young ohlldren, that are now belng brought up by tho wldowed Czarlna. The Spanlah Duke and Ducheaa of ?Hljar, who have just lost thelr eldost son through drownlng at Blarrltz, nro tho grandeea who wero intrustod by tho rolgning house of Spaln wlth th>* partlcularly dellcate and difflcult task of kecplng old Queen Isabella In order durlng tho closlng years of her llfe In Parls. Impulslve, reV.kless, nnd ln many respnets al together unconven^ tlonal, she was constanti? becomlng lnvolved ln cntanglementa wlth mnlo and female adventurers, added to whlch her almost Incredlblo extrava gance in money matters, had tho effect of lmpilcatlng her ln all sorta of linan clal messes. It was to protect her from her own weaknesses that tho Duke and Duchess of Hljar xindertook the dutlea of grand master and grand mlstrcss of her household at the palao* of Castllp, at Parls; and tlme and again they were forced to tender thelr realg natlon by way of protest against the presence cf unsayory iiullvlduals who had mannged to worm thelr way Into her favor. if any public scandals were avolded.lt is thanks wholly to the duke and ducheas, to whom the relgn Ing house of Spaln owes a deep deht of gratltude. But. then, the Dukea of Hljar have alwaya been loyal llegca of thelr soverelgn. ond It ia In recog nltlon of an oct of devotlon performed by one of hls ancestora In 1431 that the duke recelves on each Eplphany a suit ?or a unlform worn by hls Klng durlng the precedlng twelve months. It is conveyed from the royal palace of Madrld to IiIb own ancestral manslon In Castellana Avenue, in tho Spanlsh ?capltnl, wlth pomp and cofeinony, by dlgnltarles of the court, in full unl? form, rldlng ln state coachea and es corted hy cavalry. Thls ceremony has been taklng placo on overy Eplphany durlng near 600 years, and in the pal? ace of the duko at Madrld there is to be found to thls day the moat wondor fully Inlerestlng collectlon of costumes, woll-nlgh half a thousand ln number, each ono havlng been worn by a Klng of Spaln, thus furnlshlng a oomplete and uninterrupled hlstory of royal faahions durlng the courso of centurles Two stories aro current ln Spaln with regard to tho orlgln of thls glft on each Eplphany by the rulers of Spaln to the Dukea of Hljar. Accord Ing to one, a plot had been organlzed ln 1431 by the Infant Don Enrlque for the assasslnatton of Klng Juan II. of Castlle at tho grand banquet whlch he Wji3 glvlng at Tolcdo lp honor of the I<jeast of the Eplphany. Whllo tho banqdet was ln progress, Don Rodrlgo Vllladrando), Count of Rlyadeo, sudden ly approached tho Klng and whlapcred somethlng ln his ear, whoreupon the monarch hnstlly retlred wlth the noble Into an adjolning room. The ahsenoo of tho Klng fllled the consplratora wlth alarm, lest thelr pjot should have been discovered, and accordlngly they. burst into the npartment to whlch the ICIpg had retlred and foll upon hlm. plefclng hlm throijgli nnd through wlth thelr polgnards and thelr swords. The room Waa almost entlrely dark, and It wns only afterwards that they ascertalnod that the man whom they had murdered was -not the Klng, but Couht Vllla drando, who had changedclothes wlth hla soverolgn, and thus onabled hlm to effect hfe eecape. Accordlng to another story, Klng Juan of Castlle waa out huntlng ln th,j dlBtrlot of Rlvadeo, and Jmd pot mero ly lost his way, but waa Ukewise pur sued by would-be aasasslna, whon he foupd refuga In a cattlo-herd's .hoysl. Ignorant of hls idontlty, tho man gftvo hlm not only shelter and fnod, but Hkewlae clothes, thanka to -vliU'li Don Juan mannged to eacape nla "purs.wrs. On tho'piori-ow, when the Klii* took hls departure, he offered hla purse lo tho hcrd, who indlgpantly reJfCUid it, rnplying; "You are not n, tru<j Qaallllnn If you offoi' to your hpst 'a prlce J'r.r hls hoBpltallty." So touqh-id wtifi the Klng by thla proud. answer that ho lu slstod on brlnglng tho maqto Madrld; and havlng oommenced by.crentlng hlm a Count of Rlvadoo, promoted hlm to tho dlgnlty of Puko of Hljar, and c?n forred upon hlm the uniqua prlvllepe of recolvlng n ault of tho olothea of the Spanlah monarch for tho tlme belng on overy Eplphany day, lp moniory ,of havlng Burrendered his own clathee to hls Klnw when the lattor sought refuge ln hla hovel, dronchod, hungry, worn out wlth fatlgue, loat and lp danger ol hls llfe. My readern can take thelr cboloe of those two legonds; and whichevor opa thoy dotormlno upop, the faot remaina that on each Eplphany durlng near (Ivo centurles tha rulera of Spaln ? have been in the hablt of aonfllpg a ault of elothea to tho Counta of Rlvadoo, Dukea of Hljnr, ln' reoognltjon and renieinbrance of the llrat Count of Rlvadoo'a loynlty in navlng thq llfe of IiIh aoverelgn, ln 1181. Prlnop Alexander jloheiilo^a haa Jual pubilahod a Frenoh edltlon of tha re? markable "Memolra" pf Hftf 'fatlier, who played bo linportunt a role durlng t|io nlnateonth century as Prline Mlnlstor of Bavaila, aornmn ftmh???a<Joiv ln I'tirlB, aovernor-Gonoml ol Al*ftcp? Lorraine and aa chuncellor ot th* em? plre. Tho uubllcation of thoae extrn ordlnarlly frunk nioinoirs two yeara ago in (Jorman ureatefl, lt may he re cniiod, a tromondoua aennfttlon. and eonipellBd Prlnce Aloxnndor, who wiu re?ponHlblo for tho pubUcatlon of thfi voiumea, and who was hls father'" Utorary exoautor. to not only roajgn hla ofllco in tho Borvloo of tho dnrmini governniont, but alBQ . to" take up nli i-o-ildonco abroad: Tho prlnoe furnlahpc ln the prefaco of ihe Frenoh Bflltlon not nn Jtpnlogy, but a rafiitatlorv ol tho chai'gfB wfiloh havo boon hroughl agnln.it hlm In Germany of .lnillsaro Hon, botrayivl of atnte HoerotH and ol troaaon, nnd IncldontnBy argues thal "a u-rvu.t natlon should ho able to toaaj .tho truth, aml hot to>Bftcrlfice It lo legcndB," yet, lf tho prlnco's conton tlon was acc.opted, how mnny of our chcrlshcd llluslomi would ho dostroyod? Wo BhoUld bo oompellod to ncoord ciedence to that -Wulte'r Benjamln, ptibtlBher of "Tho Colleotor," who pub Hshed tl>o other day a lettor prov)ng that Pnul Itevere iiever mado the fa tnotiH mldnlght rlde nitrlhuiod to him by Longfol|ow and by tradltlon; and wo should llkovvlsi; conoede bollef to that lt-iuic iBulin of Baele, nn ancostor of the Isellna of New York, who proved that the bo roinitntlu anel popular lc gend of Wllllam Toll, the SwIhb pa tribt, ls fletlon from hoglnnlng to end, lil.-e invoBtigullons belng conrlrmoil ln 1872 by tho Archaeologlcal Society of tlonovu. -? (_opyiIgl?t, 11)08, by tltB Brontwood Coinpanyv) STATE PRESS 1 Such Talk la All Reiah. We fall to ace that requlrlng a cltlie-n i to pay up hia poll-laxoa bcloro he Is per n-.ltted to exerclao tho prlvllege of fran chlau la any grcqt hnrdimlu Impoaed upon him. Tho talk a-out thls belng a freic gov-] uiiimont, otc, la all boali. lt ls nut u free; government. A man Iiuji to pay a cap-) liutlon tax in order lo bo a eltlaen. lt |?' a Juat nnd .folr dfibt. Tha Htatej requlroa that lt li.- pald. If a man doea not puy I tliin tax In three yeara, wlielhor he u u \otci or not. tho audltor of publlc accounta shall appolnt an nsaoaaor unu co|leejtur u.il n:t.ke tho money. ! II tliou lt ta an obllgaflon whlch every muli: cltlzc-n of aget owea tho State, it la an huncst ui.-bt, whie.li ahould be palel, and, I tticretoro. It Is not ao mm.-li a praraqulaltu ? foe- viiiini; aa It ia for tho prompt payment; of what a mnn owea, A man who wlll notj iney IiIh poll-l.ixna nnd hna nny rae-oni at nllj ahowa a dlaposltlon not to meot hls obllga tlcna. ' 'i'bo cxtravagunt sum of Jl.GO la not to pay for the prlvllege nt vutlns; lt la tt conltatlon tax, whlch ls >oi|Ulied of a man! even If ho Is cxtmpt from et or ia not a' rc_l?teicd volcr. Of courao, .there may b? j ai i.pi's. There aro few thlnga that arB not. woefully abuacd, But the reepilremonl of tlio poll-tax In mueh better than Bllawin?] t-ve.-ry DIck, Toni and Harry to come ln anel vi,ti: wll, .1 ho eloca nut thlnk cnougb oC cin ;;cnslilp to puy f 1,-0 for It. Talk of well to-do men furgettlng wlll apply to vory tevi casea. whlle t)io avll of tho 'pald up" liat iu a doubt,:- cnack on tha poll book- and couaea llttle ,_ioro trouble than'tha old poll book ayatem. We have 8cen mors trouble nrtae from the old ayatem than haa corae atout ln tho now. What about the real purpoae of the law? ?Hampton Monltor. Tlme for a Remedy, The Rlchmond Tlmea-Dlapatch and aomo of the other State papera are maklng a strong flght for the better proaorvatlon of I our flth and oyaler Intareata than la be- 1 Ing done under present laws.jm If any! Dtonoaltlon ever was aelf-evldentr thla ono. la, namoly, that both the food flsh of tho I bay an.i the oyatera on tha patural rocka I aru acai-fer than haa ever been known to j bo tha case. We have gatluired from ii! nun.ber of workcra on tlie natural rocka that they feel hiclcy lf they can flnd polnta wbero oyatera are thls year thlck ojpough 1 t'j enablo a wor,ker to get up enough to nip.ke a dcoent wage a day at tho bual ness. It Ia hardly to be hoped that tha I natural rocka wlll contlniin to ba as prof-' Itollo In future ua they havo beon In tho riiM. and for the beneflt of thoae who work in thla bualneaa plantlng grounda ahould bo i extended aa mueh as poaBlble without lu ? iiingliiH on tho productlve natural beds. For any pnper to say, however, that theai cpnelltlona do not cxlat la to real Itsslf lai.nrant of the faets or else thn wrltlnu iaj dlclatod by Home chtmerlcal drtam of somal onc'a imaglnatlon. Tlie I.eglehuure made a aravo miatako not to look to tho beneflt Ing of the oyetcr Interest Inatead of tii.tt I of clianglng tho name pf tha ofllcial body, l wblch waa a matter of only prlvate mo nieiit. Thla fallure ahould be remeelled at - the flrst opportunlty, and It Is a pleaauro to note that some movt In that dlrectlon tray be made.?Eastern Shore Herald. Koraet-eit'a Bad Example*. Referrlng to that moss-covered and nog lccted documsnt, tha Conatltutlon of thoae Unlted Stataa. we falled after caretul aearch to flnd any sectlon, clauss or scn tenco theroln empowerlng the Prealdcnt to sclect tha Senator from.' the State- of New York, or authorlilng him to Interest hlmeelf In tha orgonlzatlon of tha liouaa, and to uao the power glven him for tbe enforco ment of the lawa of the c.untry to mako and unmake the preaidlng offlcera of that body. But It la idla to oxpect tha puptl ot Mr, Rooaevelt to respect tha splrlt of a document that hls patron broko ln let? ter without compunctlon.?Lynchburg Ad vance. Bryan shotved Th?m How. "We daplora tha aaemlng attarapt of Bryan'a enemlea to begln now to make war pn Bryan In tha Democratic party and select now, four yeara anead of tlmo, the next nomlnee of tha Damocratlc party. It la premature?now lasues v,-ili arlao by feiur years hence."?Amherat New Era (Democrat). Immedlately after the defeat of Judg-i Parker four yeara ago, Mr. Bryan aoundcel thei tocsln for hia own followers to go to work and s?curo control of tlie Democratic party iirganlicatlon. Of courae, he wus wotklng in the lntereat of hia own thlrd capeileine-y. Tho antl-Bo'ap Democracy haa as mueh rlglft to go to work early as Mr. Bryan had; and tho fae.-t that hia early work aucceeded In capturlng the organlza tlon shown that lt waa not premature Thero mav bo new laaues as to some things. but ai to Mr Bryan the acroll la wrltton, tlie talo la told. The country wlll not havo him aa President becauae lt docsn't want him. The Democratic party ahould sot about prn tecthnr liK.-i.' from belng furthcr shattorsd bv hls loaderahlp, and the limo , e<> begln the nrotectjve work Is now.?Norfoik Land marlt. Tho Probltsm Ia Solved. I In a new? hnntlliue, the Vlrglnlan-Pllot aska,:v"What'B tho Motlve?" ln Roosovelt'p organlzatlon of a iiowcrful personal ma c-hli.c?the mo3t powcrful over organlzod -n the llepubllcan party. Aa to the motlve, wo can only conjecture, whllo statlng the obvlnua fact that thero Is a motlve. oilr CCnJectdrp U that Mr. Uoo??volt wlll ba a catidldnte for the prealdepcy agaln, eithor ln 1213 or tn 1010. He la young enough to walt fqr either datc, and hia reputa tlon a_ the ahrewdest poiltlclan ln Now Ytrk Htotei warranta the belleif that he Itaa the forcthouglit now to make hia retum to publlc llfo aa a Presldent qaay by the vcr> inoana whlch he haa adoptod. Not tho Icaet slgnlflciint featuro of thla' rolurn ptrogram 1m hia prompt and poaitlva rejac tfon of the New York uenatorahtp, whlch he n-.lcht have for the taltlng.?I'cteraburg In dex-Appeal, WiU Some One I'leaae Anaiver? Ir. fear and trembllng thla query la aug geatod: If the- Virglnia t'ourt of Apiiepls bear.mea pro tanto and qiioud lioo n, lcglala tlve body when rovlewlng and -ufrirmlng an order of tho Corporatlon Oommlaalon or dultilng rates pf trananurtatt'in. what elocs the* Supreme Court ot the Unlted Statoa bc ct,mo when afflrmlng or rovpralng a rato doolBlpn of tha Court of Ap?eala?"?rNorfollt VhKlnlan-Pllot. W|iat De|nqo?Ber tiaa Heme. Who unveel tlie alvlllaatlon at the South? The Demnnrala ot the South, standlm; solldly toRethar-Hind ynt edltors of Damo oratlo papera aro oonBtimtly ftndlng fault with Demooracy fqr "not dOlnjf thlnga." Benrch the annala of tlme from Adam to Taft and there wlll nowhero be fotThl aueh retults under almllar comlitlonn. With tlio "wnrld, tha fleah and the eleivll" ngalnaL them they hava muda an Eden of Dixlc EaimvlHe Herald, I'oUtlt-s Unetittul to Tuxlt. Sltice I'roaldent-cloot Taft haa daoldeel to Htie-inl the wlnt'ii- at AugtialH, lt la more than probuble that John D, Hockefellar wlll fcrego hia annual viait to that iiaiigiufui wlntar roaort, We don't Imaglne that'pglh tloa |a oquul to tlin task of malihig bed ftlhiWB of theao twq uotab|aa,---Culpe|ior ISnpotiont. c ?TU? If?W,? ParantH of Wnyne. a auhurb of Phlla dalnlila, aro raqiilwd to repprt prompt ly any case of Dontagloua dlaenao, In compllarico wUh tlio ragiilatlona of thei lonai hoarrt of baalth. ln accordance with thla order, Uoaltii' Offlcer I.eary rocelved thla ppat*card, recentjy; VPQftr IBIr,?-TliU la to potlfy you that my boy SJphralm ln down i,a<i with tha measloB ?n Tetiulrcfl by thp now law.". Tlie I'lii-llali I.iiiulloril. In Kuglauil there hna boeu no agl tn,t|on Hlmllar lu tltnt whlch w? havo known ln Jrelanu, beottUHo tha Engllsli uquntry gontloman, la taught from chlldhood to take a more llboral vlow of hia reaponalbllttlea than tbe Irlsh lundleird-.?CAuntvw XMu. .'iWi;.i.-.i; Voice bf the People JMr, Itoynll nn Rate I)oel?lo?. Editor of The Tlmca-Dlapatch: Slr.-?Thu annlyslB of tho declalon ct (ho Supreme'Court of tho Unlted statea In the Virglnla rnto cueo, made uy Hon, R, E. Byrd, ajpeaker ot tlio Houso of Doliigai.ua, Ia ao lulnilrahlo that I think H uught to bo prlntud uguln. lt ia ua fi)l)owh: "l have beon pannltted by tho eour* tosy of my frlunil, tha Attorney-Clen oinl, to I'citd tho full tcxt of thu opln? lon of thu ninjorlty of tho Hupremo Court of the Unlted Statea In tho ratq cusea. Tho court docldoM as followu: "(1) Thnt tho uiaklng of a ruto la not a judlclal but u Ic-glBlatlvo func tloiii und that therefore tho Corpora? tlon CommlBelon, In Imposltig n 2-ceut rato for travel wUhln tho State of Vlr glnln, niited not ua a court, but n? a LeglslaHire. "(!l> InDBmucii as the Corporatlon Commlssion waa uctfng aa a Leglsla ture, nnd not ua a courr, lta ordoracun bo enjoined by a Fodernt court becaueo tho commlaaloii, not hoiug u Stato court ln lta lato-iuaKIng functions, ls not wlthln the protectlon of thu Federal judlclary act, whlch forblda a Federal injunctlon Issulpg agulnat tho Judg hienta of Stato courta. "(3) That, thougb an Injunctlon may lasue agalnst the Corporatlon Commls. Hlon aa u mutter of law, ns a matter of coinity tho railroads should, beforo asking an Injunctlon of a Federul court; have appealed the caaos to tho Supremo Court of Appeala of Vlrglnl.i, und thu., Invoked ln thelr own behalf the llrml retnedlnl agoncy of the State. "CJJ That in entertalnlng hucIi ap peal tho Supreme Court of Appools of virglnla Wlll not act uaya cjurt, but as another Leglolature. "(5) Tnu linni actlon or tho Supreme Court of Appeuls of Virglnla boing n laglnlatlvo act, and not a Judlclal Judg? ment, tho rullrouda may sue out an Injunctlon agalnst tha executlon of thu linai order of tho Supreme Court of Virglnla. "(H) Thal |f (ho Virglnla stattito of llmltatlons now proelufles the railroads from. taklng an uppeal to the Supreme Court of Appeala, then Judge Pritch ard'a decrt-e atanda, and the railroads galn thelr contenlionr aaaorted In theae Bults, ao far aa tho law of tho caaea ia concernod." If Mr. Byrd had concluded at thla polnt he would havo performed a great public service ln dlgcstlng the do oiEion ao that cvory one can uhder atnnd It. But he procoodod to com? mon t upon lt from the standpolnt of ono who thlnks It moat injurloua and humlllatlng to the Stato of Virglnla and her people, and. ln my oplnlon, It was moat unfortunate that he should havo dono ao. Let ua look thla matter aquarely ln the face and see If thero Is anythlng ln lt rcally humlllatlng to Virglnla. The Constltution of the Unlted Statea, to whlch Virglnla gavo her aesent, declares on its face that lt U the Rupreme law of tho land. anythlng In any Stato law or Conatitution to tho I'ontrary notwlthatandlng. Thnt Conatitution forblda any Stato to con llscate the property of any peraon or corporatlon. It alao commanda the Federal judlclol power to updo and muke void any aet of a Stato that con tlscatoa the property of any peraon or corporatlon. Vlrginla's representatlveB when thlB rate case waa argued stood up ln the Supreme Court and con ceded to that trlbunal that tho actlon of Vlrginla's Corporatlon CommlsBlon. of which complalnt wns made. did con dscate the property of the complaln fng railroads. What wna the Supreme Court to do? Could It fall to undo and makn voltl the actlon of that com? mlsslon? It scems to ma It would have wholly abdicated Its functions If lt had falled to do what It did do. And why should Virglnla feel humlll tited at belng compelled to dwell wlth? ln the Hr.ea of (he Constltution of the Unlted States? Her representatlves ln tho conventlon that (rumed that Con? stltution?Buch men ns Washlngton and Madtson?had more to do wlth framlng lt and Imposlng It upon the people of the Unlted States than the represantatives 'of any othor part of the Unlon. It ia the most perfect and blessed Instrument of government that was ever devlsed by tne wlt of man or faahjoncd and frnmed by the hand of man. It haa ondured bb the rulo of conduct ln thla Unlon for one hun dred and twenty yeara,, eecurlng Justlce to and equal opportunitles for all men. and, if loyally accepted and obeyed, lt wlll contlnue to do that through all tlme. Why, then, If a body of her mlsguldcd sonB happens to draw her outslde of tho llmlts of that Constl? tution, should sho feel humlllated when (hat very trlbunal whlch aho agreed altould be tho arbltrator, ln sucli cases compejs her to retraoe her Btcps and come back wlthln thpso llmlts that she agreed when acceptlng the Conatltu^ tion to ltve wlthln? For one, and as n Vlrglnian who lovea hls State, I ro Jolce. when Virglnla steps outi of the boundarlcs of the Constltution of the Unlted States, that ahe is requlred to come back wlthln those boundarlcs and live aoegrding to lta p'recepta and commands, jta volce Ib for good only. nnd for tho beneflt of all. It la my Constltution, aa well as the Conatitu? tion of the man from Massachuaetts, and whon my riglitB aro lnvnded I re joloe to know that I can appeal to lt for thelr protectlon, aa well aa ho can, and whlle lt remaina the law of tho land I know that my rlghts aro aafe and that no man. can deprlve me of them. ~ It mlght be inferred from Mr. Byrd's artlolo that tho Supreme Court had uiistalned the propoaltlon that tho Fed? eral courts had Jiirlsdlctlon to rovlow and controi by Injunctlon or othor procoss the judlclal actlon of the Cor? poratlon Commlsslon. and that the ar bitrnry declaratlon or assumptlon of thesa courta thpt the acr of the com? mlsslon was leglslatlvo and not judiclal ln its' oharactor could be made tho foundntlon for the exorclso of thls jiirlsdlctlon. No such apprchonslon need be entertalned, and certalnly lt flnds no support ln the declslon under conslderatlop. The dlstinctipn between leglslatlvo and judlclal acta-ls plaln and unmlstakabffi, ln no sense arbl trary, but.ls Inheront ln tbe,very pa turo of the'act. Aa the oplnlon of tho Supreme Court ehows, a judlclal pro ceoding anpMes exlstlng lawa to the determlnation of rlghts of person and property. It bporates upon acts per? formed or apprphended, nnd rendors judgment tn acoordanco wlth prevlous ly oatabllshetl rules of conduct, whlle tho functlon of tho lcglalatlve depart? ment of govornmont ls to furnlsh rules to oporato in the future, oxcept ln tho rare Instances ln whlch laws may be rotrospectlve in charncter, The ' re? sult ia that tha Ffdernl trlbunnls, from the highoBt to tho loweat, do not as Bumo Jurtsdlotlon ftt tholr more will and plenaure, .but thelr Jurladlotinn must roat (n every Inatance upon the law of the land. If tho Corporation CommlasJon does any act ln Its naturo The mere fact that Scolt's Emulsion 11 is univ<?rsally recom mended for Consumption is proof positive that it is the most energizing and strcngthening preparation in the world. ' It warms and riourishes, it enriches the blood, stops loss of flesh ajjd builds up. GetScott9s. S*nd thli ?dverti*arncnl> WeMwr with name of paper la whlch it apptar*. >our addrew aad fow ccnta to cover poitatfa. and we will teadyou a "Coropiala llandy Atlaa of the World." :: :: SCOTT A BOWNE. 409 Peail Street, New Yeark \ DYSPEPSIA * M \ MUNVON'B DYHrEPSIA BHMBDY 1 acla nlmost ltnmedlately on tho C-aatrlo JiiIccb and clvea the stomach tono ftnti Btrflngtn to tllpeiit almoat evorjrtalng that hai? been put luto lt. It Bootbpa gore nnd ! Irrltiited atomocba tiint hnve been Jnirntlr-rl , by pliyslc nnd Itijurjotin ilrtiea. Wo cannot too tirgcntly ntlvlsc nll personB who Biiffer frorft nny of tlio fpjlovrliig aymptoma to Jry thls remcdy: Dlstrcas after catlug, hlontlng of tho ntoraacb. nislng of tliu food, WnterbrBsh, 8our. Btonmch. Henrt bnro. Lobb ot Appetlto, Coiistlpatlon, \Dl7.rlne.<<?, Falntneaa. I'alpltatlon of tlio ? henrt, Hhortnea. of hrnafh, aml nll nffer IIoiib of tho henrt cnuscd liy Imlleestion. we want every dlsconrnifetl and deanon ilcnt Bufferer from Dyapepg)n or IudlKcs tlein to east aalele all otlicr tnceltclne und glve thls remcdy a trlal, If it fatls to glre satlsfactlan I wlll rcfund vonr mo? ney. MtiNYON. l-'or kbIo by all drugglsta. l'rlce, _3c. Icglslatlve?that la U> say, prcscrlbcB .a rulo whlch did not thoretoforo exlat, ! but whlch i.-i to ipe-ratu aa a law ln the futtiro?then, by whatevcr numo they body whlch e-nacta lt may bo called, by i wlmLevi-r moiiu of prpecauro it may fea > govcrned, thuugh it glvua notice and 1 hcttiB tcstlutony and tho argumont of , counsei nnd clotlica tho result of its ; dcllborutlonu lit Judlclal forms, H Is stlll to bc dcoihcu a luw-iiiiiuing body j and ita act reinalns a Icglslatlve act, ihough It rt'ceivos the Btamp of ap proval from tho Supreme Court of Ap peala ut the State. Belng a leglslatlve . uct, it ia tho subject of (nejulry befora the 1'ederal courta to aBcertaln whether or not it tronches upon any rlght guar antet-d to the citlzen by the Cotistl tutton of tho Unlted SUtee. If it does deny or abrldgo any such rlght, lt la a nulllty, and ao also 1b an act of Con? gresa or of a State Legislature, and tho courta have the aama jurladlotlon to Inqutre lnto thla rapugnanoy to the Conatltutlon and the aame duty to ad Judgo lt imll and vold lf the repug ' nancy ls found to exlst, aa ln the oaae I of tlie rule or leglslatlve aot establlah cd by tho Corporatlon Commlaelon. So , the humlllatloii of tha commlsalon and I of tho Court of Appeala oxlats ln imag Jnatlon and apprehenslon, and can never arlso If the Itmltationa of the Constitutlon bo rcspecteel. And when ' the Corporatlon CommlsBlon, ln the jexercisc of Us luriadlctlon, performa la Judlcial functfon, Ita judgment or I decree can bo carrlod by appeal of i rlght before the Court of Appeala of ' Virglnia, and from that court, by ap proprlate writ, to the Supreme Court of the Unlted States, and no.whero elae. Tho inferlor Federal trlbunala have no conccrn wltji lt and no jurlsdlctlon over lt when lt acts aa a court, and the declslon of the Supreme Court of the 1 Unittjd Btatea. under rovltiw, expresaly i recognlzes thls distlnctlon. j And let lt not be stipposed. that thla i declslon haa ln any way harmfrlly affected the legltlmate funotlonB of j tne Corporatlon Commlsslon. That body la one of the moBt Important and usefut bodles that any people ever had, ? and It rollttOts lmperlsha.,1- honor upon ; Its author, Mr. A. C. Braxton. It ia only forbldden to perform any act i that vlolates the Constitutlon of tho Unlted KtaUB. but it Is left entlrely free' and untrammeled ln that vnst doinain asslgned o it by the Constltu ! tlon and laws of Vlrginia. and lt wlll !go on operatlng ln that vast domaln ; for the peaca and welfaro of V rglnla. I Just aa though thla declslon had never 1 beon mado. . . ,,.?? ! Finally. Mr. Edltor, never forget that 'In thla case Vlrglnia's repre-ontatlvos admitted to tho Supreme Court tharnho acs of the Corporatlon CommUs on I that were complalned of confUcotc* the property of tho complalDlng ral. 'roads: and could you. ln face of that tulinlBsion, have expected any other dec,a.on7' Would 30U ^vo^on* pecember 5, 1908._ Doa't Agree With Mr. Byrd. Rdltor of The Timea-Dispatch: _lr L_ havo road with mueh interest the excellent review of Uon. Kichard E B^d. of the declslon of th, Supreme, Court ot the Unlted States in tlie. Vli Klnla 2-cent rate case. But I cannot agree with Mr. Byrd tn hia oonc ualon that "lt the Corporatlon CommlsBlon ls not actlng bb a court f?n ??'?? ing tho rrtost vltal functlona for whlch lt waa created, and ia only actlng aa a legiBlaturo of threo men, then tho cumbroua and oxpenslve Judlclal ma chinery with.whlch lt la Invasted Mhould be swept nway. 'and lt should act with the Blmpllctty and dtreotnesa ot any other legi-latlvo body." lt must be romembered that thlB oaae has not been doclded upon its merlts. When lt does reach that stage and tho Unlted StateB Supreme Court comes to declde the case upon the merlts, tha ! facts proved pro and con muat be con sldered and weighed in determlniofj whether or not tho 2-cent passenger 1 rato establl&hed by the commlsslon is. . I under tho facts proved, auoh a roduc tlon of tho prevlous rate aB to be con fjscatory, and, thercfore, prohlbltod by tha Unlted States ConBtltutlon. In ar riving at }ta concluslon, I am sure that the fact that full notice _nd opportu> nlty was glven the rallroads to offer evldence, and that they dld so in do tall, wlll bo glven great welght by the court in ejeterminlug whether the Corporatlon Commlaslon actod ln a rea sonable munner ln reachlng the con? cluslon. now declared by the court to havo been the oxerclso of a leglslatlve functlon. If lt be consldered that the cotumission dld so aot, under all tho 'facts of tho case, then ita actlon wlll be affirmod, as I understand the pres? ent declslon Boaring ln mlnd the lengthy hear Ing glven thls mntter by the commla al'on and lts"record for palnstaklng care Iu decldlng all questlqns of llke naturo, which have com_ heforo that body, I 1 bellevo- that wo may confldently ex I pect tho Unlted States Supreme Court tq reach the s>amo concluslon .when. the case haa beon finally rovlowod and do? clded on tho inerits of tho controversy. ' Tho rallroads cannot got along with? out the peoplo, and tho people cannot , get along without the railroads. Largo suins of money havo beon Invested by many parsons ln the stocks and bonds 1 of tho rallroads, nnd thoy and the pub? llc havo acqulred cortaln rlghts ln these higliwEty"- of commerce. Tharoforo, when" lt. comes to tho matter of fIxlng a passenger or frelght rate by a body ncting In behalf of the State, lt ls pf the utmost Importanco that great caro should bo unert nnd all the facts ascer talnod ln order that a reaaonable rate may be establlshad ln tho interest of both the publlc and tho porsons who own tho rallroads. In dolng thls, I do not consjder the present method pro 6cr|bed for the Corporatlon 'Commls, slon of Virglnia either too cumbroua 6r cxpepslvo ln tho long run. HIU, MONTACUB, Pecember B, 1008. t--^?,?rm-?" . ... ?' -?> ' _....siiowcil Him the Cnmard, H. K. Adalr, tlie Western dateotlve, wiitf pralslng ln Potrolt tho Presldeut's onshvught on tho anarchlstB of Pater Hon, "I once hacl an experlenoe with ttiose. chaps." he said. "In plaJn olothos I attended gne pf thelr meetlnga. The sponker said lncondlftry and terrlbla thlngs. Finally ho attapked' the pollce, 'Sltow me a pollceman,' ho ehouted, 'and 1'li sliow, ypu a cowttrd,' Somehow I couidn't'etnnd that. I wnlked? up to tho plitform apd, Iah9ok my flnger unden-'tho -man's noso nnd antd, 'I am . a p^Uooman.' 'Well, I,' ho whlsperoil^ n.er,vously, 'am n oowartl. Now, ploaae, ple'ase go back to your uout agaln,"? ' karisaa CUy Star.