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Danville Social News ;
a-Dispateh. j ? ni,i.-. >.n. Mltl ll.-l * ere thfl 11' Snlurilii- ? I i.i Ihe dOO| Iii Iho frnin h m , v. he ushi r ,. v:l< "'"i "? MlH l* I" nrll i. .i.-i'i i;i-".n. wl ntun .1 bi Miss Lue> r ? . ?W .....iliiiKi." voni ? . n: i'i honor ol ,,i Danville, who will Api ii ol William Mlnor, ? ihe calendar enlci lalnrriettt . othei by Mra. Pai ? . West tu.i trom i , has been \i>lifig her tfarttaavllle, It vle ,-.(..ii. Maln Blreet. m wai Ihe guest thls .1 Davldaon ai Oreoba Wcldon Social News. ,,,., - Tlmea-Diapatcli.] vTELDOX, - ? Feb '..i .'-'. Mrs, W. -, Qary li - - ? daugblet Mrs. Hugh ? ;: i- Bpi ndinc some i . ? :. .ii. thorn ??" Black , . .iH-italnments ?-, . ? ne Futrell, of ScotlSnd Neckj ,,,,,,- wltb her c.'ii.iln, Misa illl'o T..i-i= of Norlhampton county. - and Mra .i. T, Gooch, i. , '. Danlel la spemlins the ?re, k v ln Ralclgh. ?i-,K vcsl : '.;.!'? Bplacopal Church (,,,(. has extemded s call lo Rov, .inmes H Mlller, of Balilniorr. and tt Is undei Sl'ood thal !.'? will accept tho call. Williamsburg Social News. | Spr. lal tO The Tinu S- Dispalch.) WILLIAMSBURG, VA., February cn.? M . ; ? ',.'?:- li convateaclng from a Mrs i istla Hansford icti?tnrd Io her homi 'ln Norfolk Monday after a visit to Mri Margaret Hnnsford. Mlu LUCllei Ayler, Ol Newport New;, is the guft ..r Mra. ll. N. Phllllpa, Miss L?dy L"<vl?. of West Poiut, ls Vlslt Ing Miss Kathi rlne Oeddy. Mr*. W. G. Voung aml Mlaa I.illlnn Toung and Master Faulkner Younq. of liainpton, ?p. at Mondsy wlth Mis. Spencer Lane, .i. Kr.-'i'-i-.i v. Kernocban, of New york, apenl several days here thls week on busl bess, .MIs". Buo llundley Is \lsiting lclattves in I.,. hmond. Jamca Bsker, ol Newporl News, spent Monday het*. John L. Morcer lefi Tuesday on n two tvecks' vaeatlon to bo spent in Newport N, ws nnd Washington. Newbcrn Social News. [gpei ia; t.. The Tlmes-blapatoh.] ...l home b g, ot I"'--i ec Me UC, Va. visitlng Frcdcricksburg Social News. [Speclal to Tbe Tlmra-Tnspa-.ch.l r-REDERlCKSBURG, VA., February SO.? s Ralcigb Taylor, of Staunton, la a guest I Mrs. R. Imi's Taylor. kllss Alms Oi hai returned f;om a vle !.,!,(, alster, Mrs. Krnest Drsns, ut Wll Mr. W. K. Bindjey and ? k io v isit frlends at iiaa been vis ia returnid to Mri W I.. Mcsslck, ol Irvington. ls a rue?t of hei daughter, Mrs, A. P. Rowe, Dr B, i". 1-isher, of Richmond, was here Tucfilav a guest oi Dr. W, J. Cheivnlng, South Hill Social News. [Speclal to The Timea-DIapatch.l BOUTH 111!.!-. VA., F.brunry ao.?Miss Vnta Mltehell, of Oxford, N. C, ia visitlng hi - brothi r Garland Mljchell. MrB. O. '' . 1'ur.Mi-.- sponl iho latter part ist we. k ' In Klchinund. . i- Gravos and Hltla daugh Icr, ic'.urncd from Skipwith Monday. where] ? - - called b ? the lllneaa of her inothor. , :?? Bi Roso Hamlln. of Blrdlo, ta visitlng :-.:.,....- .-'..,ti. and Klam. MI B A^iies Wrigbt, of Brunawick, is, vii tlng her brothor. W. W. Wright. Mis.- Llzzlo Pittard returned lo hor home, ai Huffalo Junctlon, Welnoaday, aftor spendlng several days villh the famlly of O. C, Currin. DIABETES it n for us lo bellevo irable, but the flrat <?:.;- we carne ln peraonal touch wlth ius astonishingly convlnclnjj, We were consldering the purchaae of Fulton'B Compounds, and were look Ing for casea to try them nut on, Ono of our number knew Charlea A. New ton, the yardmastei of the S. P. R, It, Co. al Sacrami nto- a vi ry worthy man. on had Dla -oHdl iu tho that ?rs gcemed Impossible iuhii lie lant heard Ji"r,i lilm. A letter waa written to Mewton lhat Fulton clalmed hie Vjla bcteti Com pound cured Dlabetes, and that we wnnii.li i" know from OUtt Iriends it thU was bo and that lf he (Newtou) would taki lt that we would ti.ml hlm a BUpply of it. Newton i e plli >i to the ( it. ii i liai somo four or five montha before wi wrote hlm ho bad heard abom the compound, had taken li . thal tho sugar was nearlyr c-ut and bc waa almosi well. lli-; com pjr-i,. recovi ry followi d, and he u,(,| nn .-;. r. .?,-!-? io.-.-I- who had Dlabetes, ai .1^ he i.?? red pan JTran '-. g nnd pei i- ? unipletii i. -|"r tncit known had of "i .* Mii.i.i D Wc ?!'?' I "A wonderful thing has hap pened in our home. A cheerful change has taken place. "As a girl I learnecl lo play, and a fme upright piano was one of my many wedding presents. But I soon neglected my music and, lo tell the Iruth, I was ashamed to play when John would ask me, so while the piano was there we had very little music. "One day John exchanged the old piano at ihe Cable Piano Company for a new instrument called. Tk (NNER - iano \ libcrnl atlotvance made Upright L'tanoa taken in Dliange, Pi and then the wonderful thing happened in our home. "Four or five nights every week John used to go lo ihe club or the theatre, but now he is at home nearly every night. "You see hc can play his favorite selections on the Inner-Player Piano much better than I ever could on the ordinary piano, and it not only gives him great pleasure, but we all enjoy it. "The children, especially, are being cultivated to a love of good music, and what was once the drudgery of practice has now become a great plea .sure and a most important factor in their musical education. "But?aside from the musical point of view?do you see the 'cheerful change' that has taken place since having an Inner-Player Piano in our home?" The Cable Piano Company will gladly show, and fully demon ftrate, the Inner-Player Piano to any one intereSted. (Contlnued Next Sunday ln The Times-DIspatch.) V Wnr better. Fredericksburg, Va.. Nov, 29, 1862, Dear Father,?As Mr. Love will ko i Prlnce Wiiliani to-morrow, I have concluded to wrlto you a few llnes. Aa 1 do not expect to como up home soon, 1 would UIcq for you to send those boota by Mr. Lovo lt you cmi got them for me by tho titne ho comos back, My "lil boota havo played out, and 1 have not money enough to buy a pair hero. Thero is no news from the army. They havo boen flghtlng now for threo t* hlp tham .111ht ni gtiro r? he llVea. it ia gettlng ihtn nnd 1 11,11 it cloao, Vour dovott fi uorii !??. wheat. The Wt'lter nf ihe abovo noto m .t. Frank Wheat, ?<)ii of Lho Into Dr, lt. W. Wheat, iMimfrica, Vn., nnd bfothet' ut Dr, John n. Wheat, of ihla clty, who dioii stiddenh- nt Newporc nowb on Thhnaglvlng Day, 1908, Mi-. wiifni, ttitin tfiore tlinri Blxtaalt yeara or nga nt, tlio flrat call ?f Mr. l.ltieoln Tor troops to liiviiile thn South, logether wlth an oldcr brother, ChBB. i>. Wheat, wiiii vwtri imi elghteen, wero among tlio flrat lo aaaetrrtrtc at thn county aoftl nnii etttlat ln tlcfenso of home nnd Vlrglnln. tin account o? hls extfomo youtji Mr. When: wii-i rr.jcrled, but WflS glVOH a gun .iii.i permtttcd lo march ln llne, lie waa wlth lho Eorty-iilniii Regl? ment at Yorktown, the r.iiii|i of whlch tyaa located ln n 11 expoaod posltlon, and conaectuontly waa ahellod by tlio giinhoatn every night. Whlle thoro ho wrin prevalled upon to rctnin hoinc, but iininedlatoly onllsteil in ihe eav? alry aorvice, and was wlth Leo nt. Ap pomattox, not rccclving a wounu dur? lng tho wnr. -.-. Some Southern rtefereiilN'* lo l.liieiiln. .Itist nt thls timo, when the niaga alnea nnd nowsp&pera are. fllled wlth nillelos qn l.fncoln, lt is perhaps not out of plnco to glve somo war rcfer encoa to hlm from the Southern polnt of vlow.i 'I'ho two followlng mnmi scrlpta tvern found by lho writer among somo papcrs relattng to lho perlod of 1 R(ii-i 865: 1biti.iiii.iii na to I'oHnn. j Tho flrinof Kont, Paine & CO? owned n large amount of ualod cotton ln llie titutcs of Alabama, Qeorgla and MIs sisslppi just heforo tho cloae of the war, whlch it was almost impoaalblo to cxport because the .Southern ports wero in tho hands of the enemy. Tlio Confedernto armles had been forccd to abanddn tho greatcr part of theso States, nnd lho Kcdernt troops, to gethor wlth lawless men In tho track of the ai'inod forees. wete constantly burnlng nnd destroying thls cotton. Iti nn effort to savo It the flrin en torcd Into lho followlng agreemont: Klcl1111111.il. Va., Jiuie 19, 1S65. By an nrrangoment mado between 15, M/Brueo ana.Konl, Piiino & Co., on tlio flrst day^of Aprll, 18G6, Kont, I'alne & Co. ttgrccd to sell to the Bald B. M, Bruce one-fourth Intereat ln tho cotton held By them Iti the States of Alabama. Gtaorgia ;ina MIh BlssippI, to hc pald for ut tho then market value. The conaiderntlon, in duclng tlie sald Kont, Palne & Co. to make the salo belng that the said \S, M. Bruce was to allov, them to purti cipate In nn arrangement made by him wlth .1. w. Slngleton, who heiu n permlt from tho Federal govern? ment allowlng Iiiru to transport cotton from tho Confederate Statea through the Federal Ilnes, nntl to havo safe conduct for lho same, freo from all Interruptlon on tho part of the Kod oral Buthorlties, but the consldcration havlng falled in conaequence of tho aurrender of the Confedernto armlea tmmodlately thsreafter, it ls ?grced between tho partles that tho aaid rlgreemont shall he bo modlfled as that the sald B. M. Bruce Is to pay, otc, BelOW ls a copy of the "perniit from the Federal government" menlioiied Ir the foregolng: "Ail'iw the boarer, Jamea W. S'ln gleton, lo pnss our llnes wlth anj Southern produets, Htiil gu to any ol dur tradlng posts, there 10 i,?- gufe ject to the regulations ot lho Trcas ury Department. "A. U.NCOLX." January 6, 1SG5. I.iucoln lee. In regard to tho second paper, tin writer can only say that he has ai almost intaiigiblc rccollectlon of hav ing heard that a achooner londed wltl lee intended for the Federal goverti ment was captured by tho Confcd eratea in Chesapeake Uay, wus brougli to Rlchmond nnd the lee dlutrlbutec Executlvo Dcpartmrnt, Richmond, Oul; ti, 1861, Mr. Joseph Mayo will send to Mj W. G. Paine a block of tho Lincol ice. By order S. BASSETT FOBNCH. A. D. C. to Governor of Virginia. To Ilon, Joseph Mayo, Mayor. Perhaps some of the older cltizen can glve posilive information as t this inattcr. IX. A. PAINE. Ashland, Va, BERT 1 plFo A Present Estimate. jij_0jl?fljl-f\ q By CHR1STINE BOYSON. [Noto.?The followlng arttcle, whlchlj haa been severely crltlclzed by the. Dnlted" Daughters of the Confedoracy, is prlnted al the request of numorous subscrlbera "f The Tlmes-Dlspatch. Bdltorj The ingratitude of republios i* pro vorblalr A land wliero overy man i? a potentlal hero nccdpts herolo servlce 11 s her duc. ttwarda U the plaudlta of the hour, and strulghtwuj foi-gets lts orlgln, Tho BUbllmo poem lives on, but tho poet la forgotti n; tho Inventlou luauguratos a new Industrlal eru.>l>ut tii, irivontor dlea neglected ln a gar ret; tho ahlp of state launches forth Into a wlder and colmer b'i a, bul those u hose patrlotlc dcvotlon tidod hor i Ihldii'j!, tlio sti llapplly, howover, a newly rtjscov- i ered inanuacrlnt, a chanco Invesfrga- h l lion. a polltlcal crlsls, brings bai !-. th' l i half-forgat ten name wlth all Utu now li ! meanlng ol accunvulati il :? ear , Uus - i kln may be rlght when hc says that > all great work was meani to bo done t i for nothlng; but some one olso hua 1 aald wlth equal truth thal no horolc i servlce ls uliiiiiau-l: unrei >gnlzed l nnd whether or nol the Epced which mai'ka every phuso ol prescnt-day h American life haa also quh koif tl tho ] Ainciicici son80 "i appreciatlon, ai lenat it ls tl ue thal hcn l. of acceptlng u hero h a,much ?ho; tor ' on,. th.m in Englund. Mllto ivultod i noar'ly two ccnturlos for Word worth'a immortaj sonnct, and Cromwell Bvon longer for Ihe stittue I hal Bhould li -- I iiiv to i.i- real place ln tho hoarl .-i "al] ijnglli hmeu: whlle here I lio i. ?,' "".:..!::v ..-1 ... ii,- t ;..it blU - - li jusi : and porraanent li i.-, a inatti i ol ?:-- nlftciuni ? thal ihe ni w i oloo . hould ..; Ihi Ih I North, v. Here untll the pa il riei -; the hatrt d and hltterm ?-- ol the war, havo atill bo< u Uepl allve. i .-i on< 'tVihiii. u -i lortj i i ? on tho pai i - presa, ti .,t Bectlon - tool ng ? dle bo apon lu a Cact i.? edenti d lu ihe hlatory of anj ol hi H IU.' ! Men BpaaH n Wai of tlie i: tho State- i I.X.XMV from i ?" m I P.Ol Lo UI pheaval as of n great human tragedy, illowed by a gioal calrh and u wtder Islon. Nowhore la thls moro observ blo than iii tho contrast between tho reaenl splrlt nnd that whleh marka io accounts written just after tho oul of the oonlllct. Evon whero theso Istorlnns purport to glvc un tmpurtlal i-eoimi they havo much to say about io "Robcl t-auso." iu a dcfonse of liioh tho "rlngleadera of tho con I)lracy" sbught to ralso thomselvea no "lorda and potentates" over "the nlns ni' ih.-ii- country." Tho slavc oldera wore "arrogant barons," nccus irned in exorclso "dospotlo control" ver "wretolied .serf.--," until they littd . !,, regard Iheinselvos us "the nlv gontlomen aml loglttniato rulers C 'ii,,- land." These hlstorl.es aaouttd i accounts of "llebel atrooltieB" nml Northorn patriotlsm," uf "Yankee In onulty" and "Kebel ounnlng"; Soutli .11 mlstakcs aro Instancos of "Irifatu u ,i lgnoranoo" antl a Southern vlc ory alwayi a mystery. Ja-e ls tho rchtraltor, aml overy movomont of :i..i ai'mv i-; mado synonymous wlth 1111.la 1 i.--.n ; nd lawlessnoSB. (Most of Hose eplthots aro borrowod from "A llstory of tho Clvll War in Amerlcai" ? :,- .loha t; i'. Abbott, aml publlshed in S6G,) .\n such itci ounta aro manlf.oatly irejudlced and oxaggeralod; noverthe esa, they Indlcato v, hat in esaehqe at eaat war-. ohcQ a wkloty provaloiu ai* UlldO. On tho om: hand, thero was ho South engaged in a robelllon igatnst i iu- establlshed cpvernment; on :ho other hand, i.ee. already a. Unlon iiliuci- and dlstlngulshed as such for liis splendld servUces. Wlion such a nau could conuent tn load lu such u .in..' there w*a hut one name for hla ii i. juai here that tho imw oatlmate "? ?-- from Hi" old, it malhtalns lhat I.,'.-': aiiiui'ii. toward tlie u-hi- was inovltablo. lt goe*. evon farthci- -it airon ra Nock and Arm? litrnoYod by tho l\ew 1'rlnciplB Hlathaonlr ,e!antt. 'V balr. Doii't waale roh-tU, Xiay sinlila. i on tb? bJLKB WORD urer*. !>e Sllrucle ls . - ? ! T'.',l |. -.1.- ?(, . luril rallnurilllk HIlJ icla i...i. .?.',, ,,..,.-., ui Rlfinty b.\rk witlioll*. ..'- ,-. do.sjl tlint l? i.i.n H',,f?.l nuvelope UO., DUU I oi. AYfc, .la u all goud ,-' ? ,?..i.i ? ?III l-.."S lll., in 17 r.nvi iiriuiii Strrn ciiicnitr.v uiti i. ni? -.01 i-.u.i liioaii htrcct, itisists that any other attltudc would havo been treason to his own convic itons and to the social order of whlch he waa the llncst rcpresentatlve. To understuiiU whal this aoclal orcier was, ono need but glancu at tho condl tions of the Soutli ;is controated wlth those In tlie North ut the opening of the war. Iu almost nothlng were they alike, The South was of neccssity ngi-lctilturnl. Life was contriUlzod cnlclly on the great plantatlona or lu scattered communitles. In the North a vaat commerclal syatom had growu up under the leudershlp of great cap lalns of industry nnd concentratod in iluurishing clties. Slavery hud to a great oxtent gone out even before 1S0S because industrially it was unprollt a,ble, whlle in the south the Increaaed prodtictlon ol" cotton, witll Its tlepend once upon cheap labor, had vaatly iu creased the t^lavo populution. Tlio loss of. slavery aa an Instltution would, tlierofore, Involvo the loss of an enor inoua capital; Industrlea dependent upon It would tnevltably shrink; above all, it would mean the dcstrtiction of the whole soeia) fabrlc, for in the South slavery waa bound up wlth so ciety. Intellcctually, tho South was practlcally dead. Most of tlie poople wero donsely lgnorant; honce tho grent religlouf, iiiid educational movemotit:: which In the North had b'ullt a church and a schoolhouee ar. every crossroad* had swopt by thom uuhaeded. But most stgnlflcant of all la the fact that these dlfferent social and cco iiomic condltlons had enforced dlfforent conceptlons of government. Tlio iden of nn Indlaaolublo union hnd earlj grown up lu the North and had hoor, rUrengthened by thn incomlng of vasl hofdos Hccustoniod to a paternal eyatetv of government. "No Stato," said Lln coln, "can upon its owit more ttotlot lit-Wfully get out of tho Ihlion, * ? * Tho Unlon ls unbrolten, and, to tin. oxtent of my ablltty, 1 shall tako can * * ** thnt the laws of tho Union lu tait.hr'uiiy executed in ull tho States.' t'The Appeal lo Arins," by J. K. Hos mor, pago 15, Amerlcan Natlonal So ties.l Tlm aiune iheme, unfbn now itu, forovor, kindled Wnbster's loftlest elo ilticne.o. Hiti opponent lu that famoti: controversy of Ideals waa tlio volco o tlie whole S.outh. For a long tiii" eveuts there had hustenod tho Bocea slon movemciii. ln a country whoii the liiuss of the. people aeceptod ready made opiniona mUconooptiona currlei Idcaa forward and mado fulso maxlmi sceni worulng prlnelples, so thut bo liire tsiiii (he people iu goiiornl be lieved they had n. riKlit to soeedi They matiitalned that of all I'ighta no expiessly dolagated to tho oentra Koveriiiuciit thls was tho most linpor tiitii. Ihasmucli as ji was the only on that eould prevciii. the central govern tiieiit from beeomtiiK- q despotisni. Tin* woro, iii it of all, oUlaeng of tha State ?"ni owcd tholr tiist aUoglaiica ta ll 1'i.Tic \Miuh t-fuulh WOS iinpreisiiated wll' Between Season Sale! HIGH AND LOW CUTS 50c Ladies" Fell Slip pers, Men's Leather and F e 11 Slippers, Childreri's Shoes. Chilflren'a ;-! 1 i p p 6 rs, that sohi up ln |1.00; your cholce, r?o<-. A $1 Week! $1-50 T Ladlos' Bhoes, ln pni Enotlgli to supply a full week's sclliny; but come early and get tlie pick. Values up to $3.00, in high and low cuts. A general mixture of Fine Shoes and Oxfords at a sacri ftcc. just for a apecial sale. Look *cm over. ?-nls and klda; Lndin rillppers. Lndles'Oxfords that aold up to ja.oo, now ti.so. Men'a Shoes, Men'u Oxfords, from $2.00 to 93.0<r, on stilo novv for ?UBQ, ?*9 AA \ * " \r UUl-iL AKbf iho ftd\ ^k / I II I Vour clidiie ot ii lot of Itoallv KIiip Hhoes, suitable, fnr any wenr- ri f I II I CJ/assaf?\/v/ J v"u>' cholce 0* a lot ot Itcally Klne uxforda, BUltable for tho futuro.. ( U/asaalOw" / The prlco is from I and women wcarera o \ v 1j=k thla aale. Jl.nO tn $2.en iintlor tho rogulnr prlcaa, Men f tho very best wltl flnd it to thelr liftcrest to Srhatl lots apcclally nrlced nt oni-;-hai.1'' to cloae nulokly. it may pay you to look 'om over. N. B.?Oxford ;uic ou aecond Ho6r. Bhooa diaplayod on maln floor. f Hofheimer's (311 E. Broad) Between Season Sale tho tdea lhat anything: elao wns tren boii. (Chaptar in. uf u ii'jn wfu of Loo written by P. A. Bruco.j lt was as Iho prodltct of SUCIl doc trlno thal Lee atood. But ho atood for mucli moro, und It ls ln this .-nlilltnni.il fact that tho North haa found ground tor its blttereat crlttclsm. Were he merely n Houtherner, i,is condiiot mlght ho defenalble; but ho waa the M>n <>f a Revolutlonary offlCer; ho held a poi tlon of honor In tho Unton arjn llirough his wlfo ho w;i3 conncclcd with iho Washington famlly; back ot hlm stretched a lortg llne of lierolo souis, the ftrldo and boast ot Virginia. Ho was born and reareil on tii<- aoll tluiL luiii fostered somo ot the staunch cai defenders or the Conatltutlon. How COUld aioh a man wlth suoh a horliu-'o laka up arnis against. tlie cauao for which they had fought? Wo answer thut ln thla v< ry fact lli the explanatlon of his doclalon. Hla traln Ing and tha naturai bent nf his own mind had bired the doepest rovi cnce fnr thoso imnioi tal naiiio -. I deed. thls was tho common feellng >-l Virginia ns a whole. She shranlt fr< tho thoiiKht of aeceaalon becausi ol tho ., , .,11. I'tioii ??' iiroinl men v !.-> had .-ho f-it t? be es one courso of aci This was tho p IIo lovcd tho 1,'n fouglH; but wiu .111 iuvuding arm reallzed that his abiv <iraw many Boutnarners mt<? mo f.nllu-t, that liii, Arlingti'ii would be come a. camplng ground of tho j in-my. that hls loyolty would be questloned; but the sotl oC Virginia called him, ;iii'l io that call thero could be but one unawor Ihe slavc svstem wlth which ue tims took aldes waa vastly dirterout n .un tho goncral Instltullon of tho Eouth. lu Virginia that order stlll retalned somo of k* patrlarohal char aoter; it was dlgntiled and not mate ii.il. -lf. I ownea tho 4,000.000 slavea (if tho South/-' he writos, -l wou|d gladly sacriilco them to tho unlon; but how can i draw the sword on Vin glnla, my natlve State?" (Outlook, Vol. BXXXIV., p. 0i.'> ) rersonally, Lee had everything to galn bv any othor decision. lie was tho most pronilnent man ln tlio bed-r erul ai-niv he had already been oftered the command of its fotx-cs. (Sce Trenfa "Hobcrt E. Lee," "Chronology of Loo's Life," also L-ong's "Memoirs of lt. K. Lee," i>. ul.) li'"- to ,,im ?lut>' was tho subllmeat word ln the lan guage, and po he throw hlmself aml all he had?his honio. his fortuno, his ohances of pcrsonul advanceinent?Into a ilespernte cause. He' was a traltor in that ho sacrificcd all to ald tho ene mies o? his country, "but so were George Washington and John Hanip den and William of Orange," (C. B, Adams ln a spoech, "Shall Cromwell Have a Statue?") But things whleh are teohnically of the hlghest crlml nalitv may at times Uc ot the leust dlagrace, Tu do now* what he did then would be trcason, for tho CIV1I War 1ms slneo tlion taught what is rlght in thls regard. Bui tho matter or aeoeaslon had purposely beep ictt open by tho frainers of the Constitu tlon, and iu tho ininds of many sitieerc people, both North and Sputh; it was stlll a questlon. (Page Hi, Hosnm?? "The Appeal to Arms," American Na? tional Serles.') Tho real Issuo was nol between patriotlsm aud tlio want oi lt, but between two forros of it, anO tho point to be bome in mind ls thal lliofce who bolieved ln one conceptlor were as loyal as those who clung tc another. To the southern loyalty meant loyalty to the State, and dut> meant going with tho Stuto in ylctorj or defeat, Judgcd from this stand polnt. tho WiUlngnesa to sftcrlftca any? thing but honor, Lee and tho Soutt ho rbpronentcd "conatltute tho real pa tvlotic riohes of tho natlon." (Qutlook Vol. I/XXIV., p- BIG.) Tlio tragedy oi Ihe situation luy in the fact that then wero patriota on both sldes, and tln beauty of It now lles in the spjiit ii which both sldes have accopted tln outoomo of tho war a3 tho best. Bo foro long we shall come to think 0 Lee ns tho English have come to thlnl uf Washington, whom Intoly they ro garded as a rcbol; for. lndeed, ho dlf tered from tho groatcr YVa.stiingl.oi only in ehoosing- the wrong slde, , Thls lustillcatlon of Leo's attitudi loward tho Unlon may bo noteel as Un llrst and ln somo respocts tho most 1m pnrtunt aspect of Iho new estlmali ot' hlm. But thero Is nt least om oiher* regard In whleh a great chaitg' n|- fne'lliiK has como about, for then have not. boen wantlng those who, whil tlmv granted tho purlty of hla pur pose, stlll found fault wlth hls mlll tary career in a way that mado hln aearcely leaa desplcable than tf bo haj acted from the basest mottvos. II plungad hla Ktute nnd the whole Soutl ^iiitl they, inlo a dlanatrous war by th liillueiiei. of hls own recklesa oxaniph He aeeepted the ooinmaiul of tho Vir Bltilu t'oicos before hla rosUvniitloii fror tho Unlon anny had been passed on n Washington. fllistoiy of Unlto States," by Jaiues Sclioiilor, Vol. VI footnoto, i>, UT.) He declared nt flre lhat he wuiihl ttglit only lo proteet hi State- lio soon fought everywher< ("llisioiv of United States," by Jiunc Bohoulor, Vol. VI.i i>- 'ID Ho Issue orders tlint whoover would serve tn iiiihoi cttiiaa should have tho priviioa of leavlrig tlio stocUiule aml llndln lilenty ol footl fiuil elothlng. C'Tl] Boys'?f '61,'.' Coflln, p- 412.:) lf he dl not .liicctiv order thn Btarvation t Unlon moldlors, ho at least did uotiiin t,, hi-ovont H ("The Boys uf T.l," foi tui, |,. n.M lio wus ftlways ou tl aefensive, He mnd no vigorous a tacka. The pliiiis fur his battles wcrc narrow and Incompfehensl*, Much haa been aaid by tha South in an attempt to explaln these mattera itiui to rofuto the asperalona cuat by tha older North upon Lee'i general. ahlp, v.:t one cannoi. but feol that hli ri.-i p'ace aa a commandei can nevei be dotermlned by anawOrlng tha u tlona that arise ln uonnectlon wlth ifny Otte or all of hia b anil moro we are riitiiliig tO B00 that any cstlmato of Leu'^ generalshlp thal iluia li'it take Into account the ivholc mllftary iltuation lio had tu face mua be unfalr and prejudieed, for lt Is upon tiu'w.iy ln whloh ho acqullted lilni aelf in that altuatlon that his tltl? perrnanent gfeatneaa will ultlmately lt st. I.I. lio Infe ii' r ut their own designs Mon over. a cc tl , eatiiiiaie placea the total le the South on tho basla of tbreo ?.aii.' servlce as only about two-thirda '..t tho lovy of tho North. (.1. K. Ktw lu-i, in "The Appeal to Arms," p. 0. Amerlcan Natlonal Sorles.) Dlsciplino Woa alwaya loose and ofticors often in aubordlnato. At timoa lie had only hla own valor and tho loyalty of a few men to oppoae to tho almost bound le;is roaourcea of tho North. Weatern leadera were alwaya Incompetent, roada were poor, supplies were BCarce, arld, abovc all, tho C'unfederate government was lamentably InefQclent. a.^ a reault ol such u cOmblnatlon of condltlons, it is little wondor that Loo's generalshlp was marked by tha faliurea that have glven hls, eneinioH bo rlch a ileld for critlclain. At Fredericksburg he falled tu cruah tho oncmy by not pumuitig Burnalde; hls seven days" light around Ulchmond waa rendered Inglorlous by hls failure to control his forccs in such a way as to brlng his ntrengtb to bear on the adversary's retroating columii; tlie baltlc of Mulvern Hill was scane ly more than an Incoheront and un o'rganlzed atruggle. Yet Lee will go down ln hlatory as one of the great generals. His skill aa a strategjat and tactlclan, together with hla spiendld audaclty. is unsur paased in all hlutory. ltc dlsplayod unerring insight Into tho Idlosynci a sies of his adversary and adapted lilm self with wonderful voraattllty to meet hls untiigonlst. Ho wntched a favor ablo opportuntty; hc weighed and cal culated the chancea of success, and only this made it posslblo for hlm to hold out as long as ho dld agninst such tremendouB odds. lie disciplined a fow scattered troops into an army that could withstand a long-establlsh ed and highiy organlzed government; ho laid down a system which in its cs sentiai features remalned unchauged throughout tbo war. SomehOW, when mllltary skll! was wantlng, hls ttu daclty served hlm, and-in atndylng the llves of grent leadera oho cannot but bo Impresabd with the fact that. after plans had been coolly nnd judlciously luld, it is thls audaclty that wlns when it ls the outcome of judgment. This was the secret of Leo's success, and for this he desorvca all the credit tho Soutli gives hlm. Morcovcr, he ooiistantly grew in mllltary power, belng never grealer than In hls llir.il campalgns, which aro faultless Iti statices of bafning a great power with small rosoitroee. Tho outcotno of the war cannot dettnet froiu tho glory oi that armv or himself. y But It is nolther as the product o' a clvlliz'atton that is past uor as a commander that Lee will bo glven a perrnanent place. For nolther as tht f exponont of a form of patrlotlam whicl the reaults of tho war have mado trea son nor as the loader of a lost causc could he attract anythlng but senti mental tnteroat, Hla real worth lles ln tho splrit of tho man himself, thi loftlnesa and dignity of his character the richness and fulness of hls soul The fact that theso graaos wero unltec wlth a iino presenco and a courtlj mannor goes far perhaps to oxplaii Why ho ha.s bcon so unfortunato ln hlt blographers, "Thoy havo paiuted hlm,' says Mr. Hosmor, "not only freo fron all faulta, but rrotn all foibles. No contcnt with traita of greatnosa, thosi who descrlbe hlm havo dwolt oftei upon potly things?hls well-cttt board tho corroclness of hla dress, the whlte neaa of his teeth, hls proper deport inent? untii ono almost o.xpeels to reai .as he turiia the pugoa that his hai jvus novor partcd awry and that h1 nover ato wlth his knlfe. The onl: traco of shortoomltig in hlm thnt on dlligent rcader ot tho accounta of hin haB boon able to discovor is that h somotlmea slept ln church whon th eermon was dull. Such ubnormal ab sonco of defect bocomes dopreaslng one long'B for tho dlscovery of a faul to redoom to humanlty a hero so ilaw loss. Wo cuu ttdmire but liardly syni puthizo wlth a character ontiro an perfect." ("The Outooine of the Clvl War," by .1. K, Uosmer, p. 298.) Doubt less his flno presenco and his gouiu suiiny mannor cust nn Irresistiblo spo! over all who cuiiio iltto persoual con taot wlth hlm; but. for tho historlan 0 a later day to represunt him ivs a mn of staliilcss virtua ia to make him l'i 1 diciilous. Moieover, stleh ohnraoterizn f lioiis will itiean loss thnu nothing t ho children of a Cut uio day whe hoae who fell. hla magnetle, chart hull havo pansed aivny. lt is, lliero urc, a iioiifco of sratlllcaluiu Uiat th newer estlmate has found a, basla for thoy,; extravagant tributss ln the r|uiii itlea that ablde. Thls ls oepectally truc ln tho North, for ln the SOUtll the feellng for Lee haa nevoc been mere sentiment. To them "Marae Bob" haa boen a term of genulne .-lolo.u ment, it is linpoaaibla ta realtxe the enthiiBlasm for him that prevalled dui iiiK the war. After tho war It bftcamo aiinust conaeoratod, for lt then Inid tho added touch of symputhy. By tlie ol-: . i Southi rnera he Is i-mi held m greater reverence than Washington or Jefferaon, and wlth the younger gen eratlon there la no abatetnent of thls foelliiK. Tho South lalii-s il.'llRht l.i hla memory beeause the whole aplrlt Of hls publlc life rc-futrs Ihe IndlS itiminatc a.'pcr.-dons east upon their social aystem by the'eonstant Inaia tence on the part <>r the abolltlonli I that they were trylng to perpi I iati an ..ono.ui.- gystem thal waa repngnant columns and fragrant gardena," which to the North glvea hlm a unlO.ua chann. We see ln him something vastly moro ajgnlficant for our time?a splcndid publk: splrit, especlally afltr the war. Ho acceDtod lts result as a fact, und tpent no timo ln idly replnins- uver lost hope or nghtlng agaln tbe battlea of the war, ns so tnuny Southernei i did. Ho nllowed no thought of the struggle to Intertere wlth hla duty. Hls homo, hla fortun?\ thn strength or hls inanly vlgor, were gono; l.ut he aecepted none of the gifts and none ot the offera or a home whici* frlends, both ln Lngland aml the Snut|i. poured ln upon hlm. lie cboae to tjunalii lu Ainerlca, the sconc of his labora and his defeat. when a lucratlve poaltlori with an Inaurance company lo be ? - tabllshed at Richmond was oftered hlm, he declined It. although lie waa at that time very poor. lie foit. ho said. hits inablllty to care for tundu which he believed were a sacred charge both for the llvlng and the doud. Ho refused the governorship of Virginia, lest the North should lnlstnke hls mo tlve, aud gave himself lnatead to tlio comforta of home nnd to educatlonal endeavor. He aecepted the presidoncy of a college dlsorganlred and poor; ho left lt rlch and crowdod. To' the ny8i tem he there inauguratcd cdueatovs stlll go for insplratlon and guidance. He enlarged the acheinc of studies; he put hlmaelf into personal contact wlth every stutlent; he allowed no discus Slon of Ihe war or any crlticism of General Grant or tlio North. Hls gra cious, klndly mannor pervadod tho whole university. He believed that edueatlon was the groateat ncetl of the South. and ln thls later events hsS'O proved hlrn somothing or a se.er. "He stunds as the champlon of reason rather than passlon, of falrneas rather than prejudloe, ot' progroas rather thau rcaction, of constructlvc work rather than futlle obstructlon. ("General Lee's Place In History." by ISdward Mims. Outlook. Vol. LXXX1V., p. 078.) Thls wo ol tho North havo corne to belleve, nnd ln such a recognition of human greatness* the land is moved forward into tho light of a liappier day. Men who, Uko Charles Sumner, placed Leo in the cataloguc of thoi?a whoso cause bears the "prlmal eldest curse, a brothor'^ murder," und handed hlm over to tho *'avenging pen of his? tory" have been succecdod by men ln his own Ktato who liave voted a raonu ment to 1ns memory. Nor Is this all. Hvorywhcre over tho North the literature of the Civil War ls fillod wlth a dtfferont spirit from that of forty years ago. Tn our schools tho cltlzon of to-morrow Is belng tauglit a broador couooptloii of patriot Ism and a truer nieaniiig of what con stitutes real publlc Ser-vlco, Every-' wliero Lee is fast coming to take hls place slde by sldo wlth Llncoln as a, hero. for all time. In tho light of thls now fceling the resolutlon placed hofore Congreas not many days ago (Marcii 21) prnvldlng for a monumont to stand in tho na tion's capital ls pecullarly llUing and slgnificant. Should tho blll pass tho House, such a monument will rlse whero tho North and the South meet togcther to solvo the problems thn c stlll confront us. It will stand ns tho testimony of a greut und freo people lo one of the aupreme loaders uniotu? mon. Tt will riso grandly eloquent of a splrit. not lntoxlcated by glory, not crushed by defeat, unspolled by pralso nnd sucoess?tlio spirit of Robert 1:'. Lee. #1 I BRAINS Rule the World. Grape Nuts made ot wheat nnd barley?is a truu food for hraln workers, l "There's a Reascm"