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rHB T1ME8 FOUNDKD 1M9.
WE DISPATCH VOTJNDED 1858.
WHOLE NUMBER 18,086.
RICHMOND, VA., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 11909.
THB WISATTfEn TO-DAY?FAlIt.
PRIOE TWO OENTS.
Alleged to Be Guilty of
IN HALF AN HOUR
Exceedingly Strong Circumstatv
tial Case Is Considered to
Have Been Built Up by the
State?Amplc Guard Sur
rounds Jail to Protect
GRUNDY, VA., November 26.?The
trlal of Iloward Little, who ls
nccuscd of the kililng of Mrs.
llettle JustlB, her son. Goorgo Mead
owh, hln wlfe and three children, and
of havlng s?t the house In whlch they
iived on llre after he had completed
the alleged suxtuple murder, waa be- i
gun hera to-day and, Judglng from j
tho large attenaance ln t'ie courtroom j
tlio case Ib ono of vefy great lnterejt
to tho people of thls sectlon.
Court convoned at 8:30 o'cloek thln
mornlng, wlth Judge Burns presldlng,
and withln thlrty mlnutfiN the Jury hud
beon chosen and empaneled.
Tho Jury ls composcd of the follow- j
Ing men, all of whom are well known i
tu Uuchanan county: Ale.tandcr' Mer- j
i'-r, A. B. Arms, Davls Steele, B. C.
Chantberu. J. W. Nlcltels, Willlam Rat
clllfe, AV. F. Klllott, Arch Ilatcllffe, C.
B, A'andyke, James McLaughlln, C. C. j
Anderson, and IL AV. H. Perklim.
Suttr Prencnts Its Case.
As soon as the Jury was c-rnpanelen j
lhe Stato '-omir.enced to pretsent Its
vvldence, and wnen nlght had arrlved,
and the court adjournc-d for tho day,
u nad bullt up an cxceedlngly bi-oiir
case ngalnst tht* man accused of lhe
KcxlupJo murder and araon.
The strongre.st wltness agalnst the
uccuscd man waa Mary Lee. who swore
on tlie stand that the lantern whlch
Uttle brought with hlm after spendlng
the night of the murder away from
eome waa tne one whlch was used ln
lhe Justls homo. and whicli was the |
property of George Meadowo. She I
Identified by the wick, which was made 1
from a felt hat. The counsel for tho ?
defendant fought hard agalnst the ad- i
mlssion of thls tostlmony. but after j
the arguments of both sldc-s were I
heard the Judfie dkeclded to admlt lt. I
Thls evldence siiowed beyond a doubt I
that Little had vislt^d the Meadows' j
home the nlght of thfi murder, a? it .ia ;
Known that tlie lantern was at the j
house before the murder was com
01?er wltneasea also swore that the
lantern was the property of the iatc
ilcorge Meadows, and the State made a
tory stroug polnt by seeuring the ud
tmyslon of thls ovldence.
Mary Staoy, tlie woman wlth whom
Little was to have left the town of
llurley for a Western trlp. admlileo
on the stand that Little had told hei
lhat he had money ln Uie bnnk at
Biueilcld, \v. Va., and that ns .-oon as
_t could get It out he Int-jnded taklng
1 :r away from ;i>.is sect:m;. ohe said
lhat Ll.tle ,iad tolti her ihai it would
take hlm at least thlrty days to gt-t
the money, as it w*h ln the savings de?
partment. She sald that they expectei
to get away on September 15, but ad
miited that Little told her that it
rnlirnt bo later on In tho month.
Kvldenco was admlt:o>l thowlr.g (hot
George Meadows and Bettlu Jti.sils had
11.300 in the hoa.se at the time cf
tno murder, but nona of tho money
t>aa been found. Saveral timep the t.t
torneys for both eldes got into warm
vranglea about tho admls.slon of cer?
taln evldence, but whlle tho Judge
ruled first one way and then the other
ln his gruff mann?r, ho gave entlre
sat'sfactlon to both sldes end the peo?
The State claimod to-nlght that half
of its evldence haB been submltted, and
that lt expected to flnlsh it some time
Speclal Guard at the Jnil.
Tho courtroom was crowded all day,
?>nd a speclal guard has been thrown
around the jall to-nlght so as to pre?
vent any possible trottble. Whllo ln
the courtroom Little was only sllghtly
guarded. There wero a number of
county ofTicers at all times withln
reach. Llttla stood the ordeal well,
and it ls rumored that he wlll ask his
wlfe to go on the wltnesa stand. This
1b what the State wants, and to bring
about such a thlng, lf possible, an
offlcer went to Wyomlng county, AV.
Va., after her yesterday, and she will
_ppear ln the courtroom to-morrow
mornlng. It la believed that It may
be possible to break the prisoner down
when his attorneys put hlm on the
i If his attorneys take suoh a stop lt
|s certaln that the State wlll attack
hlm strongly, and lt ls believed that
_ confesslon may bo aecured.
Hlstory of the Crlme.
Uttle Is alleged to have ktlled the
#ntlre Meadows famlly and then to
have sot the house ln whlch the
famlly llved on flre, so as to lililo ovl
dences of tho crlme. No known rea
goii for tho crime has beou advanced,
txcept that lt ls alleged that Little
wanted to get money which It was
?upposed the famlly had about the
house. It is also known that somo
of the money whlch the famlly was
?upposed to havo Is mlsslng, and
whethor it was destroye.d ln tho flre
or hldden by Little has not been dls
oovered. It ls sald that Little wanted
to get tlie money so as to take Mary
gtacy away wlth hlm, and although
_U of the evldence agalnst tho man
Ib clrbumstantlalfMlt wlll be the eftort
Of the State to make the ohatn strong
?nough to convlot the man.
Little has sald nothlng slnoe he was
plaoed ln the Lebanon Jall, and tho
jreater part of the evldence ls that
which has been seoured by tho pollce
and deteotlves who worked on the caso
and caught Uttlo.
Open Thrcnta Made.
Open threata of lyuchlng had been
made agalnst Llttlo, and at one tlme
_ posae started to Lolmnon to tako
hlm from the Jall, nnd lf ho had beon
taken by the posso lt la certaln that
he would have beon lynched. Slnce
that tlme, however, Judge Burns, who
' , tContinued on P.ag? l''our?Colunm ->
LORD BALFOUR'S WARNING
lle Tclls Vrom Thelr Vlctory Wlll Be
t/)NDON, November 25.?-"If you wln
?, vlctory, lt wlll bb only a tcmporary
one; If you lose, you have prejudlced
tho posltlon. power, prestlge and uso
fulnoss of tho Houne of Lorda, whlch I
bolievo overy one of you honor, and de
Klro to aorve as heartlly as I do my
In thls homely, candld fashlon, Lord
Balfour, of Burlolgh. told tha mem?
bers of tho House of Lorda thls even?
lng hls oplnlon of the course they aro
pursulng wlth rcgard to the budget.
He has none of tbe graces of oratory
whlch Lord Rosobory possesses, but hls
platn, dOwnrlght manner ls not wlth?
out effect, and hls speech was the real
event of to-day's slttlng of the upper
chamber. It probably wlll have ovetl
greater lnfluence than that of Lord
Rosebcry, because Rosebcry no longer
holds tho confldonce of any party.
Tho Bishop of Horeford. who lnt'"'
vf.-ned later In tha debate, said that
whlle he respected tho Archbisliop of
Canterbury's desire that the blxhops
abstnln from votlng on the mcasure. he
elitlmed the rlght to the excrclse of
Indepcndent Judgment. If tho blshops
had anv functlon to perform, It was
to spea'k for tho multltudlnous poor.
he sald; thercforo he supported tho
budget, whlch was a noclal welfare
budget, based on sound Inance.
Many others of the peers spoke. but
all of them tlong ordlnary party llnes.
A great pro-budget demonstratlon
took placo to-nlght ln Parllamcnt
Stiuarc and that locallty. Slx thou
sand persons gathered for, the dctnon
btratlon, and sang polltical songs and
cheered for Davld Lloyd-George. Chan?
ccllor of tbe Exchequer. Pollee to
the number of 1.600 were employed In
keeplng order, but flnally the crowd
becarne unmanageable. and the police
cleared tho square. There were .-ome
slight scuflles, and several arrests were
made. Tho demonstratlon Is llkely to
be repcated on a larger Bcalc Monday
Eplstlrn of Defcudaut to Daugliter lu
trodurcd lu Murder Trlnl.
LITTI.K ROCK, AltK.. November 25
?Tho Jury whlch Is trylng W. V. Kllls,
of Plne liluff, lor the murder of Na
tha'nlel Parktr Wlllis. ot Indlanapolls,
sat ln Bea'slon throughout to-day. tho
court refusing to adjourn for Tnunks
gtvlng. and ilBtoned to letters writ
ten by Wlllis to hls llttle daughter.
Msiry Krances WIIIIk. the limoccnt
< ausu ot the tragedy. whlch occur
red ln a courtroom liorf: last sum
iijer. Th.'- letters breathed affection
and at times genulne pathos, and wcrc
tntroduced ln part to show the atrong
love of the fathcr for the child. The
lather's llght to regaln possesslon of
the child ted to tha tragedy.
The Ittters were the xeature of to
day's developments at the trial, asldo
from two wltn-ases whose testimony
from Important links ln the chaln of
evldence, tbe defense trying to estab
lish that Ellis was In^ane when he
shot down the Indlana man. These
wltnesses, Dr. W. S. Slewart, of Pine
Bluff, Ellls's physlcian. and Asbley
Peay, clerk at the Merchants' Hotel,
where Eills stopped on the day of the
tragedy, both told of the peculiar ac
tions ol the accused man shortly be?
fore the tragedy.
Chancellor John M. EUlott. of Plnc
Bluff, was Introduced as a character
v, iis.'jssi, aisn tu.ii 01 a.11 appuciiii
made by Kllls for advlce on a letter
recelved from Wlllis. lle got no
further than a deacriptlon of Ellls's
uppearance and condition. when an ob
jectlon from tbo .Stait stopped hlm, and !
ne was temporarlly excused untlJ tho
court rulefc on the di.sputed polnte.
DR. BURROUGHS OBJECTS
Declare* Mlnlstern Not Coinpetc-nt to
Take L'p Snnltnry Work.
ASHEVILLE, N. C. November 25.?
Declarlng that mlnlaters and preach
?:rs of tbe gospel are Incompetent to
dtscuss sanltary measures employed or
to be employed ln the warfare against
tuberculosis. and further lntimatlng
that the clergy ls too much lnciined
to glve gratultous advlce from the pul
plt on all subjects, Dr. J. A. Burroughs,
of ? thls clty, presldent of the State
Medical Soclety, ln a statement glven
to the Cltlzen to-nlght, repudlates a
movement by the North Carolina Aiso
ciatlon for the Preventlon of Tuber?
culosis, whlch deslgnated next Sunday
as "rianltary Sunday," and which call
ed on the mlnlsters of the State to
preaeh educatlonal sermons on ways
and means to be employed in the llght
Only yesterday Governor Kitchin
sent out to the press of the State an
open letter, requestlng that the move?
ment for "Sanltary Sunday" be given
all posslble prominence. Dr. Burroughs
notifles Dr. C. A. Jullan, of Thomas
vllle, who, as assistant secretary of
the State Board of Health and as sec
rotary of the North Carolina Associa?
tion for the Preventlon of Tubercu?
losis, sent out the call for "Sanltary
Sunday" that he sDr. Bul'oughs), as
presldent of the State Medical Soclety
and member of the State Board ot
Health, would refuse to ask the Gov?
ernor to saaslst ln the matter. In hla
statement Dr. Burroughs says that
mlnlsters know nothlng about tha
treatment or methodd of preventlon of
tuberculosis, and (hat such matters
woutd better be left to the County
Boards of Health.
NEGRO IS LYNCHED
Taken From Omcera nnd Body RUIdled j
MERIDIAN, MISS., November 25.?
Morgan Chambers, a negro, was taken
from Town Marshal Broadway and
Deputy Joe Camp', at Meehan, twelve
miles west c-f Meridlan, to-nlght by a
mob of 200 masked men and hls body
riddled with bullets.
The negro had earller ln the day
boaten and robbed Martln Dressler, an
aged cltlzen of Polnt, a small statlon
two miles - west' of Meehan.
Dressler was taken to Meehan for
medical- treatment and the negro cap
tured at Chunkey, a few miles further
west, waa taken to Meehan, where ho
was posltlvely Identllled by hls vlctlm,
Aftor the Identitlcatlon, Marshal Broad?
way and Deputy Camp started with
the1 prlsonSr for the town prlson. On
the way they wore confronted by tho
mob, who took the negro by force,
Marshal Broadway having hls cheek
grazed by a bullot in the sorlmmage.
After obtainlng possesslon of tho negro
tho mob dragged him a short dls
tanco and shot hlm to death, .several
hundred bullets penetratjng hls body.
Tho mob then quickly dlsporsed, leav
Ing Meehan, golng in tlio dlrectlon,
of Polnt and Chunkey. ?
FIVE KILLED IN WRECK
Car llcurlng Dend Uodles llieu' flKurcs
LOS ANGELES, CAL,, November 25.?
Nlcliolas Jacobs, a real estate dealer;
hls two daughters and hlsntwp sons
aro dead, and Mrs/. ^-thicobs and her
two-months-old baby are dylng as tho
rosult of a colllslon to-nlght between
an automoblle ln whlch they were rid
ng, and a trolley car on the Loa An
relos and Santa Aiimi. llne, slx miles
rom Los AngeleB.
Two other sona of*JacobB, Peter and
John, and Miss Josephine Solon, nlne
teen years old,'.jumped from the auto
mobllo and escaped wlth slight Inju
Whllo an elootrlo oar, ln whleh the
persons and the bodles. of those kllled
had boen plttcod, was corning to Los
Angojea, it oolllded wlth aV'ar on the
Centrul Avenue llne at Seventh and
Central Avehueti ln Dbs Angeles, and
olght other persona were lnjurud, some
Borloiuljr. ' ,
Oliver Harris Put on
He Is Accused of Two Offenses,
Killing John Henson Poole
and Brutally Assaulting
His Aunt ? All But
Four . J u r o r s
ROCKA'ILLB. MD., November 25.
Charged wlth a murder of the
foulest nature and wlth an as
xault to klll, horrlble in Its details,
Oliver Horman Harris, a young Mont
gontery county farmer, wbb placed on
trlal for hiit llfo here thls mornlng.
Thero belng no cognlzance taken by
the laws or the constltuted authorltles
of the Stata of Maryland of Thanks.
glvlng Day, young HarrlB walked out
pt tho county Jall and into tho court?
room thls mornlng at a tlme when
most people were beglnnlng a day of
pleasure or of rest.
ln the courtroom to meet hlm were
his father, Jefferson D. Ifarrls; his
mother and his slster. There also were
John AA'. Poolo and his wlfe, the parents
of young John Henson Poole, whom
Harris ls accused of killing, and Mrs.
Clara Harris, wlfe of young HarriB's
uncle. Gwynn Harris, whom the ?fe
fendant brutally assaultcd two ntghts
before he was ar.ested last July.
Two Judxes on Bencb.
On the bench were Judges James B.
Henderson and John C. Motter, of the
Clrcult Court of Montgoraery county,
who are trylng the case.
Oliver Herman Harris, th? defendant.
Is twenty-four years old. He has llved
In Montgomery county all his Hfe, His
famlly Is well known In this sectlon
and ls highly respected. The young
man now on trlal always bore a good
rcputatlon, nnd when he was arrested
on charges of murderous assault and
murder perBons llvlng ln his nelghbor
hood were dumfounded.
John Henson Poole, the man for
whose murder Harris ls belng tried,
bore a reputatlon not of the very best.
In November. 1S06, he killed Thomas
Peacock on Hnrrison's Island as the
result of a qtiarrel ln a cornfleld. but
was ncqultted on grounds of self-de
fen30. He was married, but dld not
llve wlth his wlfe.
Jlrs. Hnrrl* to TVMIfy.
Mrs. Clara Harris will flgure proml
liently as a wltness for the prosecu
tion. She is expected to tcstlfy as
to her nephew's assault upon her. The
motlve ascribed for both of the crlmes
Harris Is charged wlth ls robbery. He
Is known to have had a good deal of
money between the tlme Poole was
killed* ana the time he, Harris. was
arrested, three weeks later. He ls re
ported to have been ln love with a
young A'irginla glrl. Whlle his money
lasted he spent most of lt on her.
Every cent went for "having a good
Automoblles, carriages and theatres
appealed to the young farmer, and he
Indulged hlmself in these luxuries
whenever he could afford them.
There was nothlng dlstlnctlve about
Harrts's appearance as he stood up ln
the courtroom" and heard John L.
Brunett, clerk of the court, readlng
the formal charge of murder. He ls
of medlum helght, sallow complexlon,
has llght brown halr and gray eyes.
He wore a plaln, blue sult, a whlte
shlrt and brown tie.
IMend.n Not Guilty. ,
Throughout. the readlng of the ar
ralgnment Harris showed no slgn of
emotlcn. He eyed the clerk tranqullly
and chewed gum atendlly.
"Oliver Herman Harris. aro you
guilty of the charge whereof you stand
lndlcted, or not guilty?" the clerk ask
srf'tthen he had finlshed readlng the
:"Not guilty," 'replled Harris, wlth a
sllght tremor ln his voice.
Counsel for the defense then made
forrnal demurrer to the lndlctment.
Four Jurom Sceured.
After the arralgnment of the ac?
cused and the flllng of the demurrer
to the lndlctment, talesmen were ox
amlned to secure the Jury. The regu?
lar panel of twenty-four and an ad
dltlonal panel of twenty tales
men were exhausted, and but four
When the second panel was exhaust?
ed the court took a recess untll to
morrow. In order to obtain addltlonal
Poole llncked to Deatb.
Poole was killed the nlght of. July
21 ln a lonely hut near Pennyrteld's
lock, on the Chesapeake and Ohio Ca?
nal. a short dlstance north- of Tra
vilah, where he llved alone. He was
Btrtick on the head wlth a hatchet and
shot two or three tlmes ln tho head
wlth a rlfle, after whlch his body was
wrapped ln a blankot and hid in a
closet of tho house.
The crlme was not dlscovered untll
three weeks later, when the young
man's father, John AV. Poole, bocom
ing alarmed at the failure of his son
to pay his regular vlslts to the home
of his parents or to wrlte them, Instl
tuted a search. After maklng lnqtil
ties at Travilah and learnlng that his
boy had not been there for three weeks
he went to his son's house. Upon on
terlng the little shanty he was atartlec"
and shooked at seelng bloodstalns or
tho floor and furniture, and followlng
tho trall of blood, he dlscovered tht
badly decompise- body of his son ii
The mornlng of tho day Poolo's bodj
was dlscovered Harris waa arres'tet
for a murderous assault. two days be
forei upon hlB aunt, Mrs, Clara Harris
wlfo of Gwynn Harris, whom he at
tacked as the two were orosstng i
Held near thelr homes at Travilah to
gcther. Mrs. Harrla was struok oi
tho head wlth a pleoo of lron twelv
or flfteen Inchea ln length, whloh wa
found covered wlth blood near th1
soene of tho attack. She was strucl
several hlows, hor skull : belng frac
tured and her scalp badly lacorated
(Contlnuod on P?b? Two?Column (.)
FATAL RESULT OF AN ERROR
Three Kllled finrt Two tlmlly Ilnrt ln
SFOKANE, WASH., November 25.?A
Spokane-Rovlew speclal from Llnd,
Three trnintnen dead, two othors bo
Ileved to be fatally Injured, flve out of
bIx ears on a Great Northern passen?
ger traln cornpletely destroyed by flre,
but every passenger safe, Ih tlie ssim
ming up of a colllslon on the Northejrri,
Paclflc Rnllroad about a rnlle frorrj LIrid
Bhortly after mldnlght, '
Tho deud are tho englncer and firo
mati of the passenger traln and a man
believed to be a mall clerk.
Tho englnecr and flreman on th<?
other englno wero probably fatally in?
Colllslon ?Wlth WIl.l Englnc,
Tho Oreat Northern traln from the
coast was travellng over the Northern
Pacillc track on account of floods on
tho Great Northern llne. It was due tn
Llnd shortly after 1 o'clock this morn?
lng. Tho wlld onglne started west, and
no sooner had lt left the- station than
the operator know that a. terrlble mls
take had been made, but had no means
of correctlng It.
About a mlle from Llnd the englno
and tho passenger traln camo In col?
Accordlng to Englneer Runh. who
had ptilled the traln to Pronser, but
who was rldlng on tho traln from, that
polnt as a pasBenger, every passenger
escaped unscathed except one, who was
only sllghtly Injured.
FRENCH AS "SHE IS SPOKE"
Ambnflsadnr JtinHcrnnd Henrn the Renl
Thlns ln New /Fork.
NEW YORK, Novombef 25.?M. Jnles
Jusserand. the Frenoh ambassador, was
tho guest of the College of the Clty
of New York to-day, and had an op
portunity of hearing Frenoh "as she
is spoko" ln the Amerlcan collego
In an address before the 2,500 stu
denta ]ate ln the afternoon he ex
preased plcaaure at hearing hiB lan
guage adroitly spoken by many of the
students, and declared that "my people
ln France wlll recelve a glowlng ac?
count of my vlslt here to-day." . Hls
audltors expressed thelr appreclation
of hls pralse by glvlng hlm the poly
grlot college cheer, wlth nlne "Jusser
ands" on the end.
RALLIES FROM 0PERATI0N
Doctors IMcused Over Condltlon of
Mayor Johnson'a Son.
NEW YORK, November 25,?Loften
E. Johnson, son of Mayor Johnson, of
Cleveland, who was operated upon last
nlght tn thls clty for appendlcltls, was
stlll ln a serious condltlon to-day. but
the attendlng physlcians were encour
aged by the manner In which he \ad
rallled from the operatlon.
Thls mornlng he was restlng com
fortably, and was sald to be dolng
even better than the surgeons had ex?
pected, as the malady had deyeloped
rapldly and had gained,..& atrong hold
upon hlm ?when the operatlon took
place. Mayor ana Mra. Johnson are
expected here to-day.
Mr. Johnson Is a broker, wlth offlces
ln thla city.
Flve Youiik People Out for Plcaaure
Rlde Are Drowned.
MUSKEGON, MICH.. November 25_
Five persons were drowned in ilus
kegon Lake this afternoon, when a
pleasure launch, carrying a party of
nlne young people, capsized as the
result of a panlc following a gasollne
explosion. Four of those who lost
thelr llves were members of one fam?
lly. The dead:
Oscar Carlson, aged twenty-eight.
Hulda Carlson. aged twenty-four.
Anna Carlson aged twenty.
Jennle Carlson, aged elghteen.
The party started out to attend a
wedding on the north side of the lake
and decided to take a short orulse
before golng to the festlvlttes. They
enclrcled the lake and were wlthln 150
feet of the north landlng. when, ln
some manner, some gasolene exploded.
Tho glrls became panlc-stricken. The
bodles were all recovered.
BURIED WITH WINGS
Old Hcrmlt on Hla DentUbcd Aiiked
to lle So Equlpped.
PARKERSBURG, W. VA., November
25.?When Wllllam H. Ledsome was
burled two days ago he was ready for
the tootlng of Gabrlel's horn, belng
oqulpped wlth wlngs and. an angel
robe. In thls attire he was burled.
Ledsome was an old soldler and a
rellglous fanatlc, and for years he
lived a hermlt llfe in the forest. When
he was near death he dlrected that he
be wrapped ln a shroud to whlch were
to be sewed two blg wlngs.
At tho grave, after the funeral ser
vices, lt was dlscovered that the wlngp
wero missing, and hls son-In-law de
layed tho Interment untll they were
HANDCUFFS ON TO STAY
Constnble llnd to Call LoekamltU to
Get Them Olf Prlaoner.
and so securoly was he arrested that
' a locksmlth had to bo callod to releasc
hlm. Constable Andrews Schlelchtweg
snapped a pa,lr of handcuffs on Tread
well. When' they reached the lockur.
Schlelchtweg could not flnd the key tc
hls handcuffs. There wasi no key al
police headquarters that would llt. and
Schlelchtweg finally had to go to o
locksmlth's for ald.
Managua Reported Sur
rounclecl by Forces
CITY MAY FALL
Friends of Estrada Are Jubilant
Over Successful Advances of
Revolution ? Attitude of
United States Has Ad?
ded to Air of Hopc
WASHINGTON, November 25.?The
Nicaraguau revolutlonlsts aro
galnlng ground. accordlng to a
dlspatch recelved here from the com?
mander of tho crulser Des Molnos. now
ln Nlcaraguan waters. Tho dlspatch
adds that Amerlcan lntcrests are be?
lng protected, and that tho blockade
by the revolutionary forces ls effec
NEW ORLEANS, LA., November 23.?
Thero ls much rejolcing among tli<>
revolutionary forces ln Nlcaragua, aci
cordtng to passengers arrivlng here
to-day on the steamship Marletta dl
Glorgio from Blueflelds. The follow
ers of General Estrada are elated over
what they clalm haa thus fur proved
a successful advance agalnst the gov
ernment of Zelaya; and are sangulnely
predlctlng the fall of Managua, the
Nlcaraguan capltal, withln a short
tlme. Thls alr of hopefulness has
been atrengthened by the attitude of
the Unlted States threatenlng a de
mand on Zelaya for reparatlon for the
death of two Amerlcans?Grace and
That the revolutlonlsts have recelved
what Is a comparatlvely formidable
supply of arms and ammunltlon waa
tne news received here to-nlght by
Lonsul-Ceneral Suswnan, Kpresentlng
the Estraua government at New Or
leans. Accordlng to a cable to tho
consul, tne steamship Utstein, whlch
was loaded and sent out of New Or
leana with war tujiplles for the Insur
gent forces, has reacho.l Blueflelds.
Tlie vcsvel clcared ot New OrleanH tor
l-c-rt Barrloa, but remalned at that
pott for only a short time before pro-,
i?edlng to Blueflelds. '
Mr. Sussman made known for the
first time to-nlght Just what -thei
Utsteln's cargo conslsted of. It waa
as follows: Two Gatllng guns. 2.100
rlfles, 250 rounds.of.. ammunltlon and
a complete outflt for maklng cart
Prlvate cable messages recelved
from Blueflelds early to-day decla'ro
that the reason Arlce-Consul Caldera
has not replled to the State Depart?
ment querles concernlng the execu
tlons of the two Amerlcans, Groceand
Cannon. is because the lnsurgents aro
encamped about Managua and already
Have controt of the cable statlon at
Snn .luan Del Sur. New Orleans has
recelvea no conflrmation of thls report
except that General Saenz, wlth his
army of Nlcaraguans who had been
exlled to Honduras and Salvador, re
entered Zelaya's republlo early ln the
week and captured Leon and Chlna
dega, two of the most Important towns
on the Paelflc sld-i of the republlc.
Aianagua is withln strlifing tllstamie
of vtther town.
The state of mlnd of the populace
at the capltal would make possible
a ) orsh attack by robels tha-. would
glve them control of the sltuatlon
wlthout much fighting, and rebel sym
pathlzers here thlB mornlng belleve
Managua has fallen.
Control Pactflc Coast.
The lnsurgents here belleve that
General Saenz wlth his army of exlles
ls ln complete controi of Nlcaragua's
Paclflc coast; Wlth the oapture of
Chlnadega and Leon, the advance 011
the capltal coulA have beon easily
accorupllshed. and lt ls declared that
?if Hut-nz dld strlko nt Manngun his
army would hava been mot by lnuur
gent sympathlzers withln the capltal,
who would strlke at Zelaya the mo
ment the advanclng army flred a
Zelaya agents here, in the absence
ot posltlve conflrmation of a rebel
vlctory at Managua, cllng 10 the be
llef that Saenz has been captured by
government forces who put out from
Managua and attackod tho rebels nt
Leon, retaklng that town.
Cnpt, Shlpley Tleports.
WASHINGTON, November 25.?Tha
oltlclals oj the Stato and Navy Depart
ments wero in thelr odlces as usual
for a short tlmo to-day for the con
sideratlon of developments ln tho
Nlcaraguan affalr. About tho only
new matter they had before them wus
a r-Jpher dlspatch from CnptuWi Shlp
loy, commandlng tho crulser Des
Molnos, dated at Port Llmon, glvlng
an aocount of his vlslt to Greytown.
That port is occuplod by u portlon of
Zelaya's .forcus, who ? aro practlcally
prlsoners, as thoy nro surrounded on
all sldea by tho revolutionary forces,
who await only tho arrival &t ainmu
I (Contlnucd on Pngo Four?Column 2.)
?raiirag ?ir Afera??!a?
When Will You Shop}
This next week you who are wise will do the bulk of s\
your Christmas shopping.
If you shop mornihgs you'U find the stores spick and
Bpan, stocks nicely arranged, sales people alert and anxious
to ser\'e you
By afternoon the shoppers have disarranged the dis
plays, the days grow shorter and darker, the clerks are
growing tired?thcy're human, you know.
Shop thornings whenever possible.
FINDS 3 NEW CANALS ON MARS
I'rof. I.nwll Scnri* AVord of lTi? Ile
cent Discovery <o floMon.
BOSTON, November 25?Three new
canals hava boon dlscovered on the
planet Mars by Prof. Lowoll at hls
Arizona obr-orvatory. The announce?
ment came through Mrs. Davld Todd,
wlfo of the authorlty on Mnra, and her
self an astronomor of natlonal reptitn
tlon. Thls announcement of new slgns
of activity by the Martlann ls a dlrect
contradictlon to tho recent roport
among astronomera that disturbancns
on tho planet showed that all llfo
there, If there wero any, had been de?
stroyed In a great cntastrophe.
The announcement of Mrs. Todd ls
borne out by dlscoverhM made at tho
ob.sorvatory at Juvlay by Camlllo Flani
iniirlon. wlio, Instead of flndlng slgns
of dcstructlon ln the rocent uphcaval
on Mars, found slgns of new activity,
the constructlon of somo great new
work up there.
"There has been no great calamlty
on Mars," sald Mrs. Todd. "There
have been some changCB more pro
nounced than la usual at thls tlme of
the year. Tho great loe cap soemed
to disappear, but now lt Is growlng
larger agaln. and ls approaohjng tho
"Prof. Lowell aays that he haa found
three or four new canale of recent
maklng. These canals look to us llke
Hlgns of Intelllgent, purposlvo work
rather than natural marklngs. Tho
radtcal view la that they are suro
silgns of intelllgent activity and of hu?
man belngs oxlstent on Mars. but all
wo can say la that there soems to be
a probablllty that theso new canals
show that there ls llfe up there."
Prof. Wllllam A. Plckerlng, of tho
Harvard observatory, agreed wlth Mrs.
Todd and M. Flammarion that there
had been no cntastrophe on Mars.
"It was purely a seasonal change.
wlth an unusual quantlty of clouds," he
sald. "Wo have the same phonomena
ln the sprlng here."
As to the new canals, Prof. Picker
I Ing would express no oplnlon.
MINE IS AGAIN SEALED
Declded Thnt lt I? l>ele?B <o Throw
lu More Wnter.
CHERRY, ILL.. November 25.?De
talla of a meeting held here early to
day between the etulre State Mlnlng
Board. BattaJlon Chlef McDonald, ot
tho Chlcago Flre Department. and W.
W. Taylor, general superlntendent of
the Chlcago, Mllwaukee and St. Paul
Company's mlnes. wero made known
Battullon Chlef McDonald. after an
inspectlon of the work belng accom
plished by hls men, who had been
throwlng water ln tho east bottora of
the mlne for more than a week. ad
vlsed the State mlne lnspectors and
the representatlves of tho coal com?
pany that tho water being thrown into
the mlne was not reachlng the flre, and
that he saw no use of throwlng ln
any more water. as it was merely flll
Ing up the thlrd veln. Bodles of the
known dead In that veln are already
lnaccessible, owlng to tho quantlty ot
water already thrown Into the mlne,
and to Increase thls amount, McDon?
ald sald, would delay recover ot tho
Mr. Willlams, ct the Urbana Rescue
Statlon. who had boen keeplng care
ful note of the gases formed In the
mlne, reported that the tlre had ex
tended to tho coal plllar and was
formlng dangorous gases and maklng
it perilous for rescuers to contlnue
at work. After conslderable discusalon
and a careful golng over of all phases
of the sltuatlon, lt was unanlmously
agreed that the only thlng that would
make posslble .uUImato reoovery ot the
bodles ln the mlne was to aeal up
both tho maln shaft and the alr shaft
and keep them Bealed untll the cut
tlng off of the alr smothered the fire.
The shafts were thereupon sealed.
BIBLE OUT OF PUBLIC SCHOOL
Objecrlonn of Freeport Prte?t Su?talned
by Stnte ConunlBalon of EducnUon.
FREEPORT, L I., November 25.?
After a flght of two years, Father
Charles Logue. of the Freeport Catho
11c Church, has succeeded ln having
tho readlng of the Blble ln the publlo.
school hero stopped. Eventually the
priest laid his objectlons before Com?
mlssloner of Educatlon A. F. Drapor in
Albany, wlth the result that an order
prohlbltlng the readlng of the Blble
was lssued last Saturday.
Father Logue and Commlssloner
Draper nnd precedent for the order In
a recent legal decision that if a single
objectfon to the readlng of the Blble
ln publlc schools be ralsed lt shall be
sufSclent to brlng about a dlscontlnu
ance of the practlce.
The members of the School Board
and a majorlty of the parents of school
chlldren here favor the readlng of tho
Blble. Samuel Jt. Smlth, presldent of
the Freeport Board of Educatlon, de
clared to-day that the rellgloua exer
clses ln the schools here were always
held before regular school hours, and
no child was compelled to attend them.
Mr. Smlth sald, that Commlssloner
Draper's order showed that he was ln
error ln relatton to mattera at lasue.
and aa the local board was ln Igno
ranco of Father Logue's vlslt to Al?
bany, and bo had no opportunlty to
present thelr sldo of tho case. they
have asked that lt be reopened and
an opportunlty glven to them to be
TIPSY DOGS FIGHT FOR BEER
Collle nnd rtnehshund nevel When Kec
Rolls From "Vt'nsrnn.
MONTCLAIR. N. u., November 25.?
A keg of beer fell to-day from a brow
ery wagon ln Bloomfteld Avenue and
broke open at the bung just ns a collle.
and a daohahund wero passlng. Both
anlmals wore muzzles, but that did not
keep them from eagerly lapplng up tho
nmber fluld that foamed ln the gutter,
The col'le got drunk flrst. and Us head
began to wag solemnly from slde to
slde. The dachshund took thls as a
challenge to flght, and made for tho
other dog In a lumberlng, maudlin way
that seemed to amuse tho crowd that
The two .tlpsy -canines rolled over
and over. growllng and-pa-wtng at each
other. Then thelr humor changed, and
they rubbed up agalnst each other ln
a frlondly way. Tho collle fell down
ln a puddlo of beer and drank somo
in a puddle of the beer and drank some
more. Tho dachshund also drank somo
moro. Flnally. when all the beer was
gone, tho two doga looked around wlth
dull eyos and wnbblod off, tho dachs?
hund golng through Mldland Avenue
and tho colllo through Park Streot.
They looked back once or twlce, aa if
hoping another keg would fall from
tho wagon, but lt dldn't. and they
slowly made thelr way out of slght.
COOK'S DATA ON SEAS
UecordH and Reports ou Wn yto Unl
vi-i-slty of Copeuhutteu.
NEW YORK, November 25.?Another
chapter ln the North Pole controversy
was bogun to-day wlth the departuro
of the data and reports which Dr.
Frederick A. Cook complled In 'he
Arotic for Denmark, where they wlll
bo submitted to tlio Unlverslty of Co
penhagen as proof of Dr. Cook's as
sertlon that he reuched the North Pole
Aprll 31. 1908.
The reoords wore taken abroad by
Walter Lonsdale, prlvate secretary of
the explorer, who aalled on the steamer
Unlted States for Copenhagen.
The documents bulked large. Mr,
Lonsdale sald he would keep them
undor careful guard untll they aro
placed safely ln tho hands of Dr. Torp,
raotor of tho Coponhagon Untveralty.
The jeoordsa and reportu oontaln
about 30,000 words. The unlverslty
authorltlos wlll probably be 6e_vpral
weeks golng over theiu,'
IIE STATE FEMALE
Senator Strode ancl Dr.
Kent Take lssue
BY PROF. WILSON
Advocates Beauty and Higher
? Ideals?University Man Vigor-..
ous in Opposition to Plan of
Legislator for School for
Higher Education of
The experlence of a oentury has
put bcyond questlon the value both
to woman and to the Htnte of any
well dlrected tutellectual tralntngr.
ThU aort of tlilnu In perlodlcal.
We huil lt flftccn years ago. It
docsn't do nny hnrin. Thls tlme I
nm rnther _linl to ?tc lt, (ar It mny
tahe tlio mlinN of tvomeo oflt the
hrnl n-nhsorblng, norve-rncklnjr,
liome-deniornllzliiK hrlilge uhlst.?
It ls KtifMitltteri t Im * there I* no
good rcnxon for lhe lack of facili?
ties nfforded by the Stnle for the
lilRher educatlon of her dniiglitcra.?
Tlie great neeil of the Stalc Is
not n new college; It Ih uot higher
cducntlou for women. It Is n trade
kcIiooI where tlie young cau Icarn
to ninke nn honest llvttiz.?Dr.
Into the new liottlc* we must put
the best of the tliuc-testcrt wlne
thnt ln old] lhe iipirlt of cternnl
beauty; the beauty of the world
thnt |s ivlthout: the beauty that la
of tlie splrit wlthlti?Professor Wll
I would nee n grent iiioveinent for
o State-wlde lyccuni lecture sys?
tem, orgaulzed nnd dlrected by the
school teaohcr*, siipplted freely
nnd generously by tlie college fuc
tiltlcs nnd tlie health oftlclals of the
ADVOCACY of a Stata college for
women ln a carefully prepared
argument presented by State
Senator Aubrey E. Strode, and dlrect
opposition to thls project on the part
of Dr. Charles W. Kent, of the Unl?
verslty of Vlrglnla, were absorbing
features at the meetlng last night ot
the Vlrglnla Educational Conference,
Between the two speakers, ProfeBsor
J. S. Wilson, of Willlam and Mary Coi.
lego, spoke on "Esthetlca ln Educa?
tlon." His scholarly address wa?
given earnest attention and well de
Dr. Kent. belng the thlrd and last
speaker, the hour was late when he
aroae. He evidontly had a great deal
that ha mlght have said in opposition
to the proposition of Senator Strpds
for a State collego for women, but con
flned his argument to the questlon of
the ttmellness of the movement.
The well known young Senator
based his plea for an Instltutlon of
higher learnlng for the women of the
State on the' ground that Vlrglnla has
a university and four colleges ln
whlch boys may gain thelr tultlon'
wlthout exponse, but has no \ slmilar
Instltutlon for gtrls, exoeptlng those
who destre to be tralned ln the one dl
reotlon of teaohlng. He traoed the hls?
tory of the movement for hlghor edu?
catlon for women, and made a num
ber of suggestlons as to how the
sohool mlght be oonduoted.
Dr. Kent ln Opposition.
Dr. Kent began his short address
by saylng that he waa somewhat afrald
of vlslons. although he loved them, be?
cause of the enthusiasm with whlch
we take hold of matters ln VIrgima.
Ue sald it had been pleasant to hlm to
Iisten to two of his former puplls, and
that he was under obllgatlons to them
for maklng it tmpossible for hlm to
make an extended speech.
The other day, he sald, he found a
copy of a speech he had made fifteen
years ago, on "Soclal Conservatlsra."
ThlB had reminded hlm that at that
tlme ho was vlewlng wlth trepldatlon
the then movement for female suf
frage. "Now after fifteen years it has
come back." ho commented. "It ls
perlodlcal. Along wlth it was a move?
ment for higher educatlon, and thls
movement was Just as vivld then as lt
ls now. But no harm has been done.
Thls tlme I am rather glad to see lt,
for lt may take the mlnds of women
for the tlme belng off of the braln
absorblng, nerve-racklng, home-demo
rallzlng brldge whlst.
"If thls thing will glve the women
somethlng to Milnk about, serlously
und earnestly, nobody wlll bo hurt."
Dr. Kent then proceodud wlth hU
argument on tho proposition that thls
ls not the time for such a movement.
Tho high school problem, he sald, Is
not yot solved. It must spread all
over the State, "so that there wlll
be, ln faot, no place ln Vlrglnla whore
a boy or glrl oannot find his or her
way to a hlgh school. We have a com-'
misslon now trying to work out a
system' of eo-ordlnatlon between our
educational lnsUtutlons. AVe are only
beglnnlng to approxlmate adequata
trainlng for our women teaohers.
"If the Farmvllle school should ac
copt only studouta who have been
through the hlgh school eo_rse, we
could have women / superlntendents.
We have not yet adequately equlpped
tho Farmvllle. or the Harrisonburg
schools for the work we have asked
them to do.
"The prlvate sohools of the State."
he assorted, "are meetlng the requlro
monta of ou'r glrla, They are not da
tiomlnatlonal unough to hutjt,
"Higher educatlon? Higher thttn
l.'evt Women \llccled.
"Why, how many girls are there Irt
the State who have pasned tho. colls
glate grada, and want to dp hl?_ unl