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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, January 23, 1910, INDUSTRIAL SECTION, Image 14

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nuilMs- Ofllce.W? K. Main Street
Man-he-ler Bureau.HnJ ??? strMt
Pcunburg Bureau.101 N. SycaMore Street
-.ynthburg Bur_U.J'5 li'shth Strcet
HY MAIL. One Sl- Three One
Daily wllh Sunday .... *-?-- M.OO $1.50 _>S
Dally wlthout Sunday . 4.03 2.03 1.00 .35
Eunday edition only ... 2.00 1.00 _>0 ...
Wetkly tWednceday) .. 1.00 .-- .2- ..
By Tln-es-Dlipatch Carrier Dclivery Service ln
Rlclimond land luburbn/. Maiiche-ter and Peter..
lurg~ One Week
Daily with Sund.v. '4 rents
Daily wlthout bunday. 10 cenl>
bundity oidi . - ccrta
Entered January 27. 190J. at Rlc-imor.J. Va.
i< M-cond-class mattet under act of Confreu of
fcirch i, 187..
'fcUNDAY, JANUARY 33, 1010.
. Senator Snxon W. Holt expresses
amnzemrnt that Speaker Byrd should ,
vlew "the breaklng of the Baylor Sur?
vey" wlth favor. What alternatlve
remedy has Scr.ator Holt to propose?
Tho United States government survey
shows that over ono-half of tho James
Rlver beds ln the Baylor tract are
now totally unproductlve. As thls la
mentable condltlon has been brought
ahout by the present systern of nd
inlnlstratlon, lt ls certain to grow
st.adily worso as long ns tho present
systern la malhtalnod. nnd thero ls
expert nuthorlty for tho statement
that rocks whlch havo onco become
barren cannot become productlve
ngaln except. under culturc. This
state of affalrs must bo hlglUy unsat
Isfactory to every lntelligent frlend
of the oyster Industry, and wo feel
an earncst desire to know what Sena?
tor Holt wants to do about it.
It Ie possiblc that not everyb-dy
tmders-ands what, is mcant by the
"breaklng" of the Baylor Survey. For
the beneflt of the lgnorant. it may be
cxplalned that this term ln no sense
means the abolitlon ,<.f the curvey and
the closlng of the wholo tract to pub?
lic use. It simply means that that
part of tho public rock which ls now
unproductlve and of no possiblo use
to anybody should be leased out for a
llxcd period to private cultlvators who
will make lt productlve agaln. When
the leascs explrc. tho rocks. then bear
ing a dense growth, will be turned
back to the tnngers agaln. Thls ls the
proposal whlch so stirs sonator Holt's
astonlshmont and lndignatlon. Will
hc, or somebody who fccls as hc does,
plcase point out lucldly and spcctfl
oally what possiblo objections can
bo urged against it.
Wc hardly thlnk that the nrgumer.t
about a "few rich corporations" "rob
bing these pcoplc of thelr rights"?tlio
?Id stump talk whlch rcmalna an
vaguo as it is famlliar?throws any
-eal llght on the above quoation. What
rlghts are the ton'gera to bo robbed of'.'
l'he right to acrapo over barron bot?
toms for a roturn of nothlng per day?
Sot 10,000 tongcrs working aU sea?
son can puli up a slngle dollar's worth
tt oystcrs from beds that produce no
oysters and will ncver produco any
untll they aro put under sldltii! cul
livatlon. If this ls thelr right, thoy
tose nothlng by glvlng lt up for a
time. On the contrary, they get a
flistinct and lmmediatc gain ln the
opportunity of steady employment
.rom the. planters ln restocking the
beds. That ^'^"^to -iy. they yet the
:hancc to e'arn a .llving out of bed.s
from whlch they cannot hope to cx
tract a penny now. Thls is the new
"rlght" tho tongcrs would get,1 dc
cldedly more real and tangible than
ihe one they are supponed to have
been robbed of. The State gets a tixed
revenue from tho leaoed beds, from
jvliich it now gcts nothlng, and it
further has the certain knowledgo
that when tha leascs explrc. tho value
of tho beda will- be enormou-ly in
crea-cd. Then the tongcrs may have
them back, with tholr l.vellhbod re
storea to them. Meantlrrie the plant?
ers will have prospered, building up
our wanlng oyster industry and add
Ing largely to tho taxable wealth of
the State. These are general and com?
mon beneflts, and the Leglslature
should take prompt steps to selze
them. If a "few rich corporations" can
make money in' thls beneflcent pro
ce.s. they are fully entitled to <a? s0
We cannot at all agree with Sena?
tor Holt tlm the Speaker has acled
unwi.ely or unfairly ln appolnttng tc
the commlttee havlng thit, Industry
ln charge m.n from otlior sections oi
the State than the oyster countles. Or
the contrary, we thlnk thls utep wa:
eminently wise ur.d proper. L,egisla
tors from these countles have beon lt
unlnterrupted command of the oyste
Kltuatlon for a very long period o
ye_rn, aud we thlnk that an lnfuaioi
ol new blood nuw would be docldedl;
HdvlBable. Tho people of the State a
i whole are eruitled to representatio
jp thli cOmmlttee. Nor ,-ic, men h_v
to bo expert oystermen to handle suc
u questlon __ this, any more than the
i-.a-. e to be BOlentlflo penologlHt- to si
on h, penitemtary bourd. They ca
get all the oxact Informatlon the
need, f rotn both uldes, al the eomnuttt
hearlngn, They need -lrpply be rav
who are t're- f,..ra lucai i>rojudices <
prosBure, intelt.tfent erough to dra
correct deduc'-orits (rotn a group
l;ir.'.f, und courageoim enough to car
out thelr doductioris even ln the iu.
Bl the ever popular "rot.binr. tho ..p.
ple" ery.
Wo ought to get rid ot thls tooli
and pernlcloua idea ttiat tlie oy.v
hedb are the special property or p;
ticula" interest yt _ isinair hcctlon
the Ktato. They a a nothlng 6t
managed nnd wlsely doveloped, they
could bo made to vteld large nnnual
revonuos whlc'n would go Into tho
common' trcasury and bo expended for
the common good.
Dr. Woodrow Wllson lo quoted as
naylng that ho has to take a provln
clnl .paper to get tbe news of itho
world, as tho motropolltan papers
crowd o{it"tvorld news for local nows.
"We suppoao the good doctor was
merely havlng hls Joke. If he waa
aeriouB, he has slmply shown hlmself
us carelcss an observer of what .lles
under hls nose hs Is many another
newspaper readcr. Thc frlze of hln
mlstakn ho can dlscovcr at any tlmo
by taklng a foot-rule and "measurlng
up" the telcgraph and cable columns,
flrst tn any of the full-grcwn dallioo
of Now York or Chlcago, and noxt of
the leadlng journal, say, of Youngs
town, o.
But it must rtot bo supposed that
lt is an adverso crltlcism on a news?
paper to say that it dovotes especlal
attention to local matters. On tho
contrary, that ln tho first duty of a
newt-paper, as weli aa the best pos- i
sible "business" for It. Any great j
daily whlch began cxpanding its tole- i
grapli news and omlttirig or scrlmplng
local news would rapldly iose circula?
tion. Its readers are much moro ln
torcet.ed ln the latter than the former, I
and that ls hrlman nature. Tho sick- j
ness of the neighbor's baby may bo
the most absorbing happonlng of the
week to tho mnn who Is kept awako
by tho infantllo lamontatlons. No
detail about those we know, or know
of, or can seo with our own cyes, is
too trlvial to have a certaln "news
value." Tho establlshment of con
stitutlonalism In Turkey may bc an
epoch-malclng cvent, but It will never
stir an American clty llke tho dlscov?
ery, say, that tho authorltles - aro
thinklug of culting down a certain
old and rcspected oak tree. It may
bo deplorable, but lt ls a solcmn fact
that large numbers of peoplo In Itlch?
mond would be more interested In a
lively cat f'ght at the corner of
Seventh and Broad Streets than In
any state paper that could possibly
come out of tho White IIousc.
lf the qulck spread of a movement
wcrc tho guarantee of its success, tho
meat boycott would bo won before
ne>:t .Sunday. Tho boycott- ls sproad
Iiik at a most nmnzing rate. Thc for
mal resolutlon of somo thousands of
Cleveland people to eat no meat so
long as thc prices stand has been ta?
ken up elsewhere wlth wonderful en
thuslasm. Already thc ldea has been
approved ln thirtccn States; about 50,
000 butchers iooked ln dlsmay at thcir
tilla last night; about 1,000,000 peo?
ple will sit ttown to meatless dlnncrs
to-day. And stlll the movement goes
on. No man can predlct where lt wlll
Every mcat-eater wants tliis com
modlty for hlmself and foi- thc gen?
eral publlc at as low a rate as possi?
ble. While ho onjoya a Julcy, rare
rlb roast, or a thlck, tendcr stcak, or a
well-browned cutlet, or choice French
cliops, or, best of all, the unoxccllablc
joys of a Bmlthficld liam, naturally
enough ho docs not wish to go into
banltruptcy to get it or to seo hls
fcllowa go there. Monce tho cry ls
Godspeed to tlie boycotters and a
hoarty Amen to thcir resolutions.
But it cannot be denled that thcrc
arc scrious dlfllctilties in thelr wny.
There are at lea::t three mountalns
between thc liardy boycottcra and tho
plains of bllss whero beof la cheap
ana pork can bo iiad for llttle more
tlian tho asklng. The chanccs aro thal
j the boycotters will bo wlndcd in
crosslng thesc mountalns,
The old questlon of supply and de?
mand cannot be gottcn rld of, no mat?
ter how great the entl.usiasm of thc
ineatless. As every ono knows, thc
I brealtlng up of the Western rangeo ln
1D06-and- tho high prlco of corn have
seriously reduced tho avallablo sup?
ply of meat. If tliis 13 really respon?
sible for the situation, it will requln
such a boycott as has never beon sour
to brlng down prices. lf, on the othei
hand, tho greefl of tlic monopolles anc
tho limited capacity of the rofrlgerat
ing-plants is to blame for high meat,
rates, somethlng rnay be'acconvpllshed
Tlie second dlfnculty to the succesi
of the boycott ia the absence of anj
unliying force. All the previous Ame?
rican boycotts, from the old Colonia
non-iinportatlon agveements to thi
antl-Northern bo>cOtt of 1S60 havi
failed for thls very reason. We note
l however, that organized labor ls en
llsting. If the unlonu generally wll
take up tho plan, tho boycott wlll ro
celve a doiiulte scope and a powe
that may enable it to break tho inar
sj het.
But the third difBcuUy ls even mor
1 porplexing. Supposo tho boycotter
r) stop eatlng meat. What. than? Ne
t turally, slnco they must eat, they wl
look for the best subatltutes. Bcan
peas, eoups, eggs aiid honey will l
ln great demand. Beforo many daj
the demund for thesc--?.8taple3 will e:
ceed tlio avallable supply, and thc
too will soar. Of course, lf somo et
terprislrig soul comes along, and givt
us a bubstltuto that can bo had 1
plenty. ohanees of the boycott wi
greatly improve. Otherwls^ the figl
will be a long one. Many a man wl
grow hungry for n steak before It
of isns.
ry j ...Th.e Timcfc-Dlspatch is glad to a
co i that*. tlif> Senate Finance Committ
?o- hat actad favorably on tho Uolt bl
? I Whlch ? proposoB to ralse the llcon
?sh'i ra-xuB of1 varlous classes of llquor flei
Wr era'.-tVirougboiit the State. Wlth t
ir- comparatlye do.taile of the business
ot i these varlous classes we do uot pi
tho tend to be fainlliar, snd consequon
whlch raiso tho rotallcrs only 22 por
cent, whilo tho browcr-s' prlco lo ln
< reaaod 700 per cent. Wo nseumo th'at
Ihe committeo had tho fncta beforo It
and knew oxactly what proportion of
Incrense wan fnlr In each caso. And
the goneral prlnclplo of ralstng tho
llccnso rates I- cntlrely comrnenda
ble. In tho pnsl tlecnde, hundreds of
llriuor-doallng housen of nll kinds i
have beon wlpert out of exlstonce. I
Thls has left a much largcr business I
for thoso that rcninln, and they can J
bear and should bear un lncreased
portlon of tho burden of government,
ln partleular Is thls true of tho mal]
order houso;?, wh'osn tax lt Is pro?
posed to Increaoo froni $550 to $1,000.
Ab moro and moro terrltory In tho
State hau gono dry. tho buslnoss of
these concernrj has lncreased by leapa
and boundB. G03.lp puts the year'a
protlts of onc of tho leadlng mail-j
order houses ln thls clty at tlgurbs
that are slniply staggorlng. lt ls per-1
fectly reasonable that the Statc should j
stop ln and claim a sharo of thls ln-.
croment, as lt clalms a share in tho
Increased value of real property. j
Thero Is also another consideration
whlch still further justliles a hlgh
tax. The mall-order liquor business J
comes under the head of a "doubtftil"
trade, pcrmitted but not encouraged
by society and already dl.crimlnated
against by tho law. Here in Rich?
mond a man can open a commlsslon
| merchant's establlshment at a mlni
| mum llcense feo of $50, but it costs
' hlm $500 to open the most modest sa
' loon. In Brlstol, when the saloons
| wcrc rostored, tho llccnso fee for sa
j loons was raised to $2,500. Thls hlgh
' scalo of feea for the liquor business
! is well-ostttbJI-h-d l'"1 tno tax-systcm,
and ls Intendod to have a certaln re
strlctlve and rogulatlvc eftect. It is
fully appllcable to the mall-order
houses. These concerns both enjoy a
highly profltablo business with limitcd
compctition, and are open to objec-1
tlons on social grounds. The effect
of their actlvltles ls to frustrato tho
hopes of many communities whlch
have voted out the saloon, and thus
to keep the liquor agltatlon ceasoloss
ly allve.
The Eastern Shore Herald thinks
that tho section ln the primary bills
requlrlng that pald polltlcal advertlse- j
monta shall bo plalnly marked will
catch only the least objectionablo edl- |
torial offenders. It says:
In tho case of the proposition bcfore
the Legislaturo, the newspaper that
sells space must brand lt properly,
but the sneaking, snlvelllng puppct
and sycophant may run page after
page of polltlcal advcrtlsing of liis
own pet man of a politiclan in cx
chungc for an understanding of get?
ting a good fat job. and the dirty work
would thus bc well pald for. but tho
public would have to submlt to tho
lmpious ImpoBltion unprotected.
When-! And again wo say, Whew!
Now who would have thought that our
Vlrglnia eancta .anctorun. contalncd
such profligate wolves in shcep's
clothing Wo turn over our heated
Eastorn Shoro brother to the deserved j
admonltlons of the Petersburg Index- ;
Appeal, which paper denounocs any ,
hlnt that any Virginia editor might ,
ever provo unworthy of hls trust as ]
an Insult to tho prcss.
In Uio Boston mayoralty campalgn
Jamcs J. Storrow expended $103,-50.
ITe was defeated by a narrow margin.
Posslbly the two facts may bo vlewed
as causc and effect, slnco the general
knowlcdgo that Mr. Storrow was
spendlng money so freely undoubtodly
created sentiment for Fitzgcrald. Ap
parently Storrow financed his entiro
campalgn out or his own pocket, and
oertalnly the money all went falrly
and above-board, for advcrtlsing, hall
hlro and the like. But tho amount is
tione tho less pcrllously and prcpos
terou.ly large, lt opens up too anor
moua a gulf between tho poor candi?
dato aud tlie rich, and thla regardlcs3
of the fact that ln tho present caso
tho rlchest candidato was defeated.
When Boston next undertakes to
amend her charter she might do worso
than llmit the legltlmate expenditures
of candldates to a certaln flxod
amount, as the Byrd primary bill ln
thls Statc proposes to do.
1 __=___?-- __
(Sclectcd for The Tlmes-Dlspatch.)
"And when they camo to JVIarah thej
could not drlnk of thewaters of Marah
for they were bltter. ? * * And tht
people murmured against Moses, say
ing, What shall we-drlnk? And1 h<
cried unto the l_ord."?Ex. xv. 28*-5.
God had divided the Red Sea for Hli
people, yet He suffered?nay, He loi
them into placea where there was no
water to divlde. For thelr sakea H
had destroyed Pharaoh and hls'hosl
wlth hls royal charlots, hls chosei
captain-, and yet now He allowei
them to euffer tho angulsh of thirst.
lt is especlally to be noted that th
children of Israel wero marchlni
ulong tlie very road whlch God hai
polnted out, and yet ln that marc!
thoy camo upon these bltter waten
la it iiot often so ln our own llfe?
The field of duty ls the fleld o
danger; yet uinld a.11 Its perils God 1
wlth us, aml dlrecting each step o
the way. As long aa we have ln Hlt
the well of llfe, what matter lf th
water olsewhero bo bltter?
"Thn peeple murniurod agaln.
Moses." So the greatest scrylcea c
llfo nre soon forgotten. Instead <
trustlng Moses, they turned upon hir
nnd treateel hlm as Incapable, if n<
5 treaclierous. Where waa tlie man
ory of the ovei'throw of Pharaoh ou
[,_ | two brlef months bel'ore?
Yet the peoplo now whtmpoi'ed hl
ee t'r-ttul' children, ' instead of heailr
eo I tholr trial wlth the foftitude of me
11.' Ihe hope of salnts. .
se so soori do w'e'.orget the great se
il-1 vlces whloh have been renderod
ho j by our leaders. ''Thor. was' tha .tnto
of man und leaiier 6f I-raol, yot aoc hc
'_- ho wjs treated whon ho camo upi
tiy! condltions ovor whlch ho had no pe
and our frionds. So lonir M they aay
what we want thcm to car. wo ap
plaud, but whon they attempt to lead
us Into ttnwonted traeko, lt thoy do
but stiggest that there nro somo trutha
wc havo not yot mastcred, the prob
ablllty Is, wo shall tn one hour forget
all thelr nollcltudo nnd Ulndnoso ln
tho past, and treat as enomleB tlio
men who havo been' for yearn our
wlsest and gentlcst. frlends.
"Moses orlod unto the Lord." So
magnanlmous prayer ls !>?"? than
offlclal reslgnation. Thlnk what Mosos
mlght have seld under theso clrcum
stances! Wlth what Just Indignatlou
ho mlght havo answered tho murmur
lng mob! "Am I God, that I can cro
nto wells ln tho desert? Aro we not
moving under the express command
of Heaven? Do I drtnk at a uecret
well of pure, sweet water. and lcave
you to be polsoned by waters that aro,
bltter?" j
Insteaa of spcuklng thus. what dld'
Mosos do? "Ho crled unto the Lord."
Tho questlon waB not between Moses
and Israel; lt was between Moses and
tho God of Abraham. Isaac and Jacob.
and hence to thc Almighty Jehovah
Moses dlrccted hls appeal.
If tho chlef relatlons of llfo 6ub
clsted wholly between tho human par-j
tlcs concorncd, there mlght be a rcady
way of escaping from diniculty and!
vexation. Such, however, is not the j
fact. Tho relatlon of paront and chlld, (
of pastor and church, of master and;
servant, of friend and friend, of strong
nnd weak, lc not completo ln itself; lt
has a rellglous basis and Involves per?
sonal responsibllity.
What, then, are wo to do whon as
eallcd by murmurlng and dlstrustj
from thoso who are under our care?|
We are not to take the hlgh and;
mlghty plan of standing on our so
called dlgnlty; wo are not at liberty
to enter the chariot of our own proud
Indlgnation, that we may whlrl away
into quleter rcglons. We must take
the case to Hlm who is our Lord and
Master, spread lt in all lts detalls
bofore Him. and wait the indlcatlon of
Hls will.
Parents, Instead of abandonlng tbe
oversight of your chlldren, pray for
rastors, Instead of reslgnlng your
ollicial position, pray for those who
displtefully use you.
Frlends, instead of clamor and es
trangenient, pray for patienco and
swect charlty.
And all of you who ln anywise seok
to dofend the weak or lead the blind
or tcaeh the lgnorant, Instead of be?
ing driven off by thelr unrcasonable
murrnurlngs and demands, renew your
patienco and your strength by waltlng
upon God.
Shoes are golng higher, but thore Is
consolation in the thought that we
can always wear low shoea.
As a Senator. Mr. Vardaman, of
Mlsslsslppl, would keep .1. ?>avis, of
Arkansas, ou thc constant qui vlvc for
his laurola.
"llearst," observes the Cliarleston
News and Courler, "probabiy dld not
feel peculiar when up in the air."
Nelther dld ho feel peculiar. we oplne,
when hc landed wlth a thud.
A llttle sunslilne now and then ls
relished by thc Riehmond, Manchcslor
and Barton Heights men.
If dollar bllls were only as plentlful
l as tho legislative "klnd:
Please pass thc boycottcd hecf.
Mr. Taft, who Is reported as vexed
because thc Senate ls not dolng much
Work, evldently has very exaggeratcd
notions of what the Scnate is for.
A few breaths of Danlsh air would
be tlic making of Mr. Pcary's polar
"Soon bo tlme to whltewash the
woodshed," observes thc Baltlmoro
.Sun. Not tlll after wo know whether
th.-; congressdunal invcstlgatlng coin
mittees iiave need of the brush.
Annoiiuced Drpartiiro of TImes-Dl?
pntch Eillior Stlra Cborleaton.
Thls Item of new3 .... brlngs rare
regret to Cliarleston, signifying a
great Ioes to thls community and to
the Stato ot' South Carolina iu the
reinoval from tho schemo and purpose
of their progress ot a rarely gifted
and absolutely. devoted exponcnt oi
their aims and purposes.
For thirty years Major Hemphill lmt
been intlinately aesoclated wlth thc
life of this eornmunity; for more than
twenty year;, ns editor of tho Newt
and Courler, ho has labored for the up
building of the clty he had made hn
home anci for the State of whlch h?
is a nativr.. He Ib a flgure of large
proportlon in the famlliar life of this
community, and lt ia hard to realizc
that we ahall be without hlm ln a verj
llttle whllo and shall go on withoui
\htrn ln our untggles and our trlumphs
lt is partlcularly hard tp part witl
hlm at thls tlme when the reallzatlor
of so much that he has propheslea am
that he has had such a largo part li
promotlnji, r,f tne materlal prosperitj
of Charleston, i3 at hand. "Thc yeai
of Jubiler has come," but, alas! then
is a vacant Heat at tho celebration.
The plac.; he has won ln the worlc
of Journaiism, his accompllshmenti
and the retognitlon of'them that hai
come t.i in,,, oMpeclally in the pas
few years, have beon a pleasure tn hli
frlends niid n ,,1-lde to hls fellow-cltl
r.ens of this community. They are hl;
own, wherever ho niay be andtt^what
ever Held he may labor. "we afw^at
temptlng u,, ;,[,r,reciatlon nor c,cleb?a
tlon of one ,,f tlio most consplcuou
and brilllant flgures"1 of contomporar:
Southern louinaltsm, but are merel:
,,'Kivlng fxpresnion to what we kno*.
)f to be the kean regret of tliis oom
n. | munity that Major HemphW ls n
st! longer to ltve lu and labor for Charles
,. ton. We shaii miss hlm sorely. w
,v| shall thmk of hlm often. wf sha
ly, follow hls fortune wlth frlendly hop
and shaii ?i?i, him ever the succes
abroad that hs hu.s achiovod at hoirn
and that he ,-.iay flnd frlends as dc
votnd in his new sphoi'o ao he loave
behind.?('!,:l.u?ton Posl,
We co'operate with^S
lnrge rotuiu"
itlchmond Admrt"'
Count D'Alton Shce Most Loyal
of Royalists and Most Radi
cal of Rcvolutionists.
Ancient Baronetcy AHvc Again;
Since Grandmo-hcr's Mar?
riage Proved Legal.
HE "Inconnne" of the De Muusot |
letters, tho pttliiication ot wnich.
after remaining sealed up for
lltty years. has just been made.
now lurnK out to havo been Mnc.
d'Alton, who after the poet's death
became tho wlfo of hla brother. I'aul |
de AiiiBsot and dled at an advanced j
old ago, iu IS8!). Daughter of Jaoques I
Wiilfranc, Baron d'Alton, she was the
only sister of that. brilllant and 00
centric Indlvldual, Count Edinond d'Al?
ton Sheo. Hls maternal granafathcr,
Count Henrl Shce, member of a branch
of the Kilkenny houso of Shoe that
had beon settled ln Frntice slnco tho
battle of tho Bovne, had been a Sena?
tor and a Councllor of State durlng
the Flrat Emplre. and, maklng hls
peace wlth tho Bourbons. had hls title
of count conllrmed by them on the
ftestoratlon. and was accorded a seat
ln tho House of Peers. Edrnond d'Al?
ton wns by vlrtue of a decree of Louls
XVIII., recognlzed as the helr to hl:i
grandfnther's pec-rago. and neat ln the
upper houso, as well us to hls tltlc
of count. and on tho old gentleman's
dcath, adopted. wlth the royal sanc
tion, tlie stvle and title of Count Ed?
rnond d'Alton Shce. He w_.i ono of thu
tnoyt brilllant men of the relgn oP
K>ng Loula Phlllppe, an Intlmate irtond
of the latter*. bohs, partlcularly of the
Duke <">f Orleans, and a boon com
panlon of De Morny. He was as bril?
llant wlth hls pen aa wlth hls tongue.
and his spOechos ln the upper elnirn
ber alternated wlth remarkablo \artl
elen over his BlgnafUro ln tlie prcss.
gomethlng haopened towards the
close of the relgn of Loula Phlllppe.
Perhapa-lt waa tho traglc death of hls
friend. the Dukc of Orleans. At any
rato, d'Alton Shee. who untll then had
been an enthusinstlo royallat and a,
champlon of the dlvlne ii_ht of klngf.
stiddenly. to tho amnzement <>f tlie
Chamber of Peers. dclivered hlmself
ln that august assembly of a profes
slon of Ideas that wero altogether
revolutlonary. He declarcd that he
waa no longer Catholic nor Christlan.
denounced the great Prlnce Metternlch
as "an old man as cruel as he \t ror
rupt," and tho reirnlng Duko of Mo
dena as "an abbreviated Nero." Queen
Maria della Gloria of Portugal as a
"pcrjurer," and the late I.mperor Fer
dlnand of Austrla as "a man so linbe
clle that If the brown had not de
volvcd upon hlm, he would not huvc
been accorded tl)e rlghts of cltlzen
ship." It can readlly be iniapined
the horror whlcl*. utteranccs such au
these cxclted in Franc'e'a Housa of
Lords. all tlie moro aa this auostasy
was cntlrely unexpe-oted and made
wlthout the sllghtest war nlne. Tli.
rulcr who seemed more especlally to
OXClte liis IndlgnHttiui was the Duko
of Modena. of whoae tyranny npopl"
nowadays mn form no concejtlon: for.
leavlng aside the Denaltles whlch he
invented for the persecutlon of hls
unfortunate subjects, h? made a prac?
tlce of causlng hls Dolice ofticiiils to
shave nff the whlskers aml mustache
of nny foreign trav^ler whose pass- j
port did not happcn to bc ln apple
ple order.
Itmlical Hcpttbllcnii.
In the Rovolutlon of 18 IS. Count
d'Alton Shee took his placo on the
barrlcades, and, named colonel of bne
of tho reglmenta of tho Natlonal
Guurd, he attachefl hlmself lo Lcdrti
I Loliln. attacklne ihe republlcan gov
I ernment as much too conservatlve, and
; demandlng a republlc whlch was thor
i oughly democratlc and socialIstlc. Of
course, ho opposed LoiiIk Napoleon in
I 1851, and was slated for arrest and
deportation to the penal colonlea by
Perslgny nnd General St. Arnaud as a
most dangerous adversary of tho now
reglmo, but wns saved by hls old
frlend nnd crony. tho Due de Morny,
. who successfully Intervened in hla be
i half. and provented him from being
ln any way molested. Sentlmenia of
grntitude towards Morny led hhn to
abstain from any polltlcal activity un?
tll 1869. when. at the general electlon,
he contested oio* of the mr-tropniitan
dlstricts on the Soclallst tlcket.
against Tlileis, recelving a very largo
vote. After tho War of 1S70, h* found?
ed a papor, cntltled 4Tho Unlyersal
Suffrase," and rollaborated wlth Vic?
tor Hugo on the lattor's uaner, "Tho
Sovorei^n PeoDle." Ho was one of
the band of llterary men and pollti
clans who formed tho ontourage of
Victor Hutro. nnd dled ln 1871 belng
burled wlthout Christlan rltes. tor
which were substltuted at the gravo
side. a speech of farewell d.livered
by liis great frlend and admlror, Gam
Hls slster, who after the dcath of
her admirer, the noet_ Alfred de Mus
set, whoae Inaplratloh she had beon for
the last ten years of his llfe. became
the wife of hls brother, Paul de Mus
sot, was us brllliant in every respect
as dAlton Shee. though lacklng his
cccentrlclty. Under thP .?ircuinslance.:.
it la a great nlty that onlv the se.v
enty-odd letters addressod "to her bv
Alfred do MtiBset should have been
published: for her roplles thereto rnust
asauredly have been qulto as worthy
pf nreservation and uerusal, and should
have been included in the volume.
In order to understand the partleu?
lar cruelty of the Duke of Modena iri
causlng tho whiskers and mustaches to
bo ahaved of thoso forelgn travolers
whoae pasKoorta were ln the slU-htest
degroo defectlve, it must be recalled
rnat in those davs almoat evervbody
was accustorned to wear side whlskers
and mustaches. though not full beards.
_-if5_,rf_,aven Caoes- now 30 common,
were then extremelv rare
..r.nLmMy 1"t*-ro,st ?-y readers ln thls
connectlon to know that Klng Ed
Chureh of England. oonsiders hlrstut.
adornment'of the face as altcntetl e
unnecessary ad..unots for clergymen
and doos not hesltate when ho run.
across a divlno who haobens to wear
either a board or a mustache to lel
hlm know throueh a third pnrtv thal
hls apttearanco would be Imflroved ir
tho royal eyes by keonliia- hla fact
cle.in shnven. As eccK-slastieal pro.
ferment donends unon the Klng, w'h<
is v'orv keeu about his prerpgatlves
,ln this matter as head of the churiih
eir.rffvm.on who has ?a^rilratlons ti
the btshons' benr-h and to tho nri
macy itsuallv make n nnlnt'of takinj
tho hlnt conveyed to them.
Sona of Duke of Aonta,
Although tho boys of the Duko am
Duchess of Aosta are but twolve ani
- ' ten years old, they have already heei
sent to school. not In Italy, but" li
England, and they have recent-Hf Tf_ei
spendingv thelr Chrlstfna- and Nov
Year's holidays with thelr unele, th
Duke of Orleans. at Wood Norton. th
duko's Englt.h country soat. The:
are two handsome Uttle follows, wh
are In the llno of suceesslon to th
throne ut' Italy, slnco thelr father. th
Duke of Aosta, would agaln becom
next helr to tho crown were anythln:
untoward to haopen to the only so
of the King and Queen of Italy. Th
boys nrr> prenarlnsr for Beuumont, th
A great Cathollo colTogo near Old Wlnd
y sor, whlch Is the Jewult counterpart o
Eton, and whero so many forelg
prlnces of the hlood. Includlnu th
Hons of tha ltuanti Eulalie, tuid als
Don Jaime, tho loglilmiot oret'ender t
the throne of Snnln. ha>*e recelve
their education. Thev see a good des
Daily Queries and Answers
Address nll eommmilcatlons for ?fcla colntmn to Query EUlior. Tlmes.
Dtspatca. No nim-hrmotlcnl prnbletua wlll be eo4ved, nt? oOina or stamps
vnlned and ne? denlrm' aauiea ?rlll be glvfn.
I'enslona for Confederate Wldow*
How much or how llttle must n
widow own ln order to draw a pen
ilon? Her husband oefVed ln tlio war.
lost hi" health and was lncarccrated
tor months in prlspn. _,?,,_,,,._
Tho law on tho subject of penslons
Is so complex thnt we would rccom?
mend that you wrlte to tho Feiislnn
Clerk. Flrst Audltor's Ofllco. Stato Li?
brary. Itlchmond, Va.. for a copy of
tho law. Some minor changes In thls
law nre expected lu tho prosont bcs
slon of tho Assembly.
liidiiNtrliil Scliool.
? Please glvo mp the address of the
lndustrlal schooi for white boys In
Virginia. If there ls none. please jrlvo
me the address of tho nearest and the
best one. A READER.
We do not undei'stantl to what klnd
of lndustrlal schooi you rofor. Tho
State Keformatory for white boys ut
Laurel, Va., is an lndustrlal Instltu
tlon. but is only ooen to boys oommlt
ted there by tho State. Tho V. P. I.,
at Blacksburg. Va.. has au lndustrlal
course for so-called apprentlces: that
is, for boys who are not uualllled to
tako thc regular college course.
"I'nele Sniu."
My teacher asked inc to writc t<
you and ask vou why la the United
States called Uncle Sam. M. I
Newport News, Va.
Your tencber nvldently wanted to
try us. and Oonseduontly srave you
what i-onr hov frieridfi would rall "u
stumper." There Is a great deal of
doubt as to what Uncle Sam really
means. Aceordlnir t? Frost's "Book of
tbe Navv." It orlainatnd durlnsr tbe
War of 1R12. At th?t tlme there was
n eontt-a-'-I- in New York Stnto named
Samuel Wllson. who was dolng some
much attention and klndness on the
part of Queen Aiexandra. who Ik ox
tr'emoly fond of thelr mother. Duchees
Hclen of Aosta. The duchoss la now
ln Afri-- on account of her health.
whlch rendcrs It tmperntlve that she
should spend the wintor ln a vory
hot climate. The Duke of Aosta ls not
proclscly what one could describo as
domestlc, and under thc clrcumstances
tlie two young princes are better off
In England.
?Wlth Ilrncilt of CIcrgrT.
Old Mlss Kmiiy TWIsaen, whose
death ls reported irom Engiand, lived
Just long enoujrh to ename her to
llguro us plaintiff in the sult by means
ol wlilch hcr ncpliew. tlie Hev. John
Francls TwUden, of Bradbourn. ICent.
has secured posscaslon .ot tho old
Twisden baronctcy. crcated by (Clng
Charles 11. in favor of Thomas Twis
don. onc of the Judges of the Court
of King's Bench. This baronetcy. ln
last year's "Burke's Peerage and Baro
netage.'' and in other standard works
of reference, was er.-oneously descrlfci -1
a? having become extlnct ln 18-11. on
tho presutnptlon that the second son
of tlic flfth baronet had not b?en prop?
erly marrled to the gunner'a dutighter.
Mary IClrk, who hnd nursed him back
to health. away back In thc mlddle of
the clKhtcenth century. when Invallded
from hls shlp. She bure him several
chlldren. who were regarded as llle
^itlmate by thc Twisden famiiy, whlch
decllned to couuienancu Ihe alllance or
to rocognlzo it tn any way.
Miss Knilly Twisden. who has Just
Jleil. was llie only surviving grand
chlld of Lleuicnant Wllllam Twisden
and of the gunner's daughtcr, and it
was vhf, who in that capacity put for?
ward an nuollcatlon last summcr for
tho jtidlclal declaration and reconni
tion of Ihe lecitlmaey of her father.
on the ground that ln-r grandparonts
had been b-gally marrled. adequute
proof thereof belnp- furnished. The
doelaratlon of lu-r father's legltimary
had the result of placing her parson
ncphow, thc ltev. Jolin Francls Twis?
den, Ipso faeto. ln tho nossesslon of
the Charlea II. Twisden baronetcy, as
tbe scnior great-grandson of the llou
tenant and of the gunner'a daughter.
The trial. whlch came to a concluslon
lnst AuKiist. waa of a most interest?
ing deacrlntlon; cntnlllnK the produc?
tlon and the readins ln court of all
Morts of famiiy corresp'ohdenco of tho
Twlsdcns. datlng from a Derlod f>rior
to the American War of Indenendence.
(Conyright, 1010. . by the Brentwood
Voice of the People
K. A. I'oo nn Jolin Mnrnhnll Home and
Vlrfl-tnlan Arlstocracy.
Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
? Sir,?It would seem that thc interest
in tho John Marshall home is not
ooniliitd by any moans to the present
day; nor. indoed. is It dentlned to only
Interest for a few years to come.
Thc vorso \published in Tlie Times
Dispatch a few days slncc by Innci
Randolph Is only one of thc groatct
thcuglitsi rceorded about the illtni
trious .lohn Marshall. There nre ver>
many othGrs in the past. and not r
few of to-day. Somo interesting thlngi
written by Edgar A. Poe havo es?
caped his edilors, and what lie vvroti
about tho John Marshall home anc
Virginia arlBtooraoy should by al
means havo found a place in th(
"Virginia Poe," but I only (ind then
In one of the early and obscura mag
azinCs he cdit.ed?"Burton's Gentle
man's Magazine," for October, IS-O.
There ho gives a critlolsm of tlu
travels ln North America durlng tln
years 1S31. 1&:'5 and 1838 of Honorablt
Charles Augtistus Moore. In hls de
llneations of Virginlan liabilude am
manners, whlch Poe says was a themi
often attempted, but selclom wlth sir:
ceSs, Mr. Moore, in a deslre to do Jus
tlco to tho "noble and lofty simplicity'
of Judge Marshall. war, led into thi
lnaccuracy of saylng "His house 1;
small and more hurnble in appoaranc
than those of the averase successfu
lawyers or merchants." Poe takes ls
sue wlth theso remarks, and says
"This 13 true, if at all. only as regard
the average house?indeed, It wouh
bo called a largo house anywhero.'
Poe further remarks, ln regard to Mt
Murray's "rec-alvlng attention in Klch
mond more marked than he eitlier ex
peoted or felt entltled to": "We cai
assure hlm tliat ho ls precisely th
kind of person whom Virglnians *nak
a polnt of treatlng wlth reapect, am
that throughout tho wholo Stato h
could have ontered at wlll into so
cietv as ahsolutely aristocratical as an;
ln Europe." J. H- WHITTY.
Riehmond, January 2J.
I A Card from IJr. Pltt.
1 Editor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
; sir,?ln your issue of tho 21st yo
, pubtish a letter from Rev. YV. AV. Roy
nolcle, whlch seems to niake It neces
sary for me, very much to my regrc
ENpediency, accuracy and dispatch in handling the accounts
of merchants, manufacturers, corporations and individuals.
Merchants National Bank
Capital, $200,000.00 aXprofits $922,801.00
Main and Eleventh Streets.
\\!a c-riltrit- vnur arr.ount. L
work for tho government. Some ot
hia frlends saw somo coska In front
of hls placo marktd II. S? when n
otrangor asked to whom they be
longed. They told hlm that the caskn
woro the property of Unclo Sam. mean
Ing, of course, Unclo Sam Wllson.
who was the agent for thc Unlted
Statea. Thls may, or may not, be a
fact. Home very wlso peoplo contend
tliat thu namo wau merely a play
upon thc lettors U. B.. whlch wore
markcd on all government property
durlng tho War of 1812 Tho name
was certalnly in use by 1813, and three
or four yeara lator was umvoroally
Dlvorce Pritceedlimi.
Ploase tell me whether a woman can
secure a dlvorce from hor husband
under tho following"comlltlone: Sho
soparatod from him four yaars ago. and
refnsod to tako hlm back. Both bave
romalned in the samo State. Can tho
husband take any of the chlldren. and
wlll he have to pay all tho costs of
dlvorce proceedings lf sho wlns tho
case/.' READER.
Wc enn give no answer to thls aues
tlon without knowlng all the circum
fltanoes, If the husband offered to
supnort the wtfp durlng the (Irst three
years of their separatlon she cannot
securo a dlvorce from hlm on tho
grounds of abandonment or non-sup
port. Tliere may. of course. be other
grounds upon v.-hlch she could secure
a dlvorce. Tho dlsnosltion of tho
chlldren would depend upon the de
clslon of the court. If tho father was
shown to bc an Imnrooer oeraon to
htivt? the care of chlldren. the court
would certalnly glvo thcm to the
mother. In most cases where the wo?
men brlng dlvorce procerdlntts asralnst
th?ir husbands. It ln customary for
the court io allow them counsel fces.
and douhtlesM also to yours. to trouble
you with another llno. He ought by
thls tlme to hav? good reason for
calmtng his feors concernlng my tem?
perance orthodoxv. slnco Oovernor
Elect Mann, presldlng over the op<m
Ing meoting of the Antl-Saloon con
veniion. deciared vlewp nnd oninlopj
almost Idehtlcal wlth those I had ex
prepsed. Hnd since the eonventlon Itself
adopted without a dlssentinsr volco
the policy I had advocated. If them
Ir "nnything the mntter with me," aH
Ihe Rev. Mr. Rcyimlds intlmates, then
Govcrnor-EIcct Mann and the AnM
S.".Ioon c-mvention are "mlghtv poorly"
with tbe same complalnt. and lf these
ire under Kiisplelon. what hope ls th?ro
for any of us? Mr. Reynolds is cs?
peclally dlsturbed by tho fact that vou
see rlt to publlfdi frntn tlme to tlmo
some extraots from my editorlal*. nnd
says that In thls way I am glving aid
and comfort to tlie enemy. Ho. how
ever, has no mlsglvlngs about uslng
tho courtesy of your columns to flre
Into hls frlendf.
In common wlth all traincd news?
paper men, I disllke lo appear por
honally tn prlnt, and lf you wlll for
bear publlrfiilng personal crltlcUms ln
your columns of my vlewu and course,
I will spare vou the trouble of pub
lishing anythlng further from mc.
Riehmond. January 22.
Whstt Is NrWf
Editor of* The TimeB-Dlspatch:
Sir,?In answer to above query, pro
pounde.i by a recent Issue of Cliris
tlan A'lveeate. r would say thut new.-i
ls constltuted of aueh Items as the
general pubiic v.-ill read. The readers
make the papers rather than the pa?
pers make the readers. Such items aa
"Mr. Jones was in town to-day." "John
Smlth took his be**t gir.l out ln hla
new buggy last Sunday." so coplously
! publlshed in the country papor*4 mav
I be devold ;if Interest to many. yot tho
I btiMness sense of the country editor
j Itnpt-ls hlm to devote a fair sharc of
I space t') them ns helpful to hls paper.
| Tlic Chrlstlan Advocate, a papet*
largely devotod to thlngs pertalnlng to
God and Ulfl klngdom. has naturally
sttracted to Its columns Ita own pe?
culiar class of readers, and In that I
would say Oodspeed; but If Imprcs
slons recelved from my ordinary Inter
course wlth my fellow-man have not
playcd mr. false, I am sutlslled that
many such readers wlll rlsk one eye rrtr
least on "scandals in hlgh life." "inyE
Lerlous murdcrs," ate. as reported in
the aecUlar press. As to the columns
dovoted to sports, lt should not be fnr
gotten that thev arc largely constl?
tuted of reports of such games aa
have been recognized an esscntlal part
of our modern cducatlonal system. In
my college days the wood-plle ln tlie
back yard aud an axe wero considored
a most oxcellent equipment for physical
culture. and I confess that I favor
somo such Blmplc appllanccs now. for
as t? the spprts. I would prefer horse
raclng to Wseball, and bull-baltlng
mlght be legltlmately preferred to
football, Inasmuch as the bull ls as
llablo to be kllled as thc man. Tho
Chrlstlan Advocate. however justly lii
cllncd to scold, should not place tho
blame upon the secuiar press. but rath?
er upon tho sources of .our literary cul?
ture and moral refinement. The press
is but the thermonieter by whlch wo
, mav accnrately registcr the literary
taste of a pcoplc. I have ln my pos
1' sesslon a file of newspapers 100 years
old, and have had for years access to
' the old "Niles Rogister." Whilst re
; i fralning from critlclsm on llnes of com
' i parative morlt. of eillier thc old or the
' j modern, yet I can venture to asscrt
that the news matter of the papers of
? the perlod above referred to, beinj
1 ' largelv verbatim reports of congres
slonal" debates and other matter of
heavy Import, would not bo read by
; people of thls generation. At another,
1 stlll earller perlod. we find that tho
' people accepted nothlng other than re
llglous controverslal pamphlets.
There belng no effect without cause,
there must lie somo cause for thls dlf?
ferencc lh literary taste of dlfferent
generatlons. I cannot concelve of any
J thing of more Interest to the student
1 of sociology than accurately to seek
out and define the lnfluences ln such
palpabie shape that they may bo used
| unerrlngly in the upllft of humanity.
1 Havlng stated so much, allow me mort
estly to suggest that ln this ago of hip!
hip! hurrah! progresa of ours, from
whlch probabiy we may have cause to
recede from lack of results, we are
too much disposed to overlook the God
given lnfluences at hand and to dopu
, tlzo too much responslblllty to lnstl
1 tutlons artificially created for the up
* lift of man. Who can measure tho
depth ai? the breadth of the love ot
the mother for her offsprlng? Who,
then, can bo moro titted, under tho
influence and guldance of tlie Dlylno
Toaeher, to mold the oharactpr and
direct the aspiratlons of tho comlnr;
generation? To whom should we look
wlth moro conlldonce for gopd cltizen
shlp. wlth purity of tasto in all thlngs?
Wakefleld, Va., January 15. 11)10.

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