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COLONELJOHNS.MOSBY on Stuart in the Gettysburg Campaign?A Defence of the Cavalry Commander. Eclitor's Note. rirlmv la prlntcil Colonel John S. Dlosby's nninrr (.. Colonel T. M. !t. Talcott'a rrltlnlam of his vturk ?n "Stimrt'd t'ntnlry ln llic Gcityaburg Cnropnlgn." Colonel Tnleutt'S nrii elc ?|.|n-nr.-il ln lliln eoliimn nevcral hrrk? iik.i nml coualated Inrgely of dlrcci clintlou- from Ihe "Oftlelnl UCcbrda uf llic Wnr of thc Itrlicl llon,'' nhnrvlog General i.re'n plan of cjiiiipnlKn nnd eluctdntlng hi . orders (?? IiIh sttbordJunfes, Since Colonel Mosbjr's urtlctc vtn? received itcv. itiiii.i(.i|ib -u.-kIim, n. n? c.r Waah Ington, l>. ?., Intc niii to General Kdtrnrd .lolm-oii, detlvereil nn n.l dreKN on the ailliic wol.Je.i before it. 15. i.ce < nrup. \n. i, Cnnfedersto Vele'rnna, ln which li?- vlfforonstj' defcnded Oenernl I <c \\c hnur. sdon (o prlnt ihi* ndilrean. Threo leiter:! have latcly appeared in The.Tlmes-Dispatch from Colonel T. M. IV Taicit, ii, v.-hleh he auernpla to answor m- ot.jcctlon^ lo General lee';, two reports of ihe Gettyaburg campalgn ln my book, "Stuart's Cav? alry In Ihe Gettysburg Campalgn," which waa published nearly two year'a aso. The ground ot my objeetton Ls the Ihjustfco they do to the comihana n- of thc cavalry, ?x i hln nami |n not nrjonltonej In any of thc, offlcial report., of 'ho campalgn 1 do not icno-w what were Colonel Tal ? ??-';; relatloua wlth the army al that titji*. or what opportunity he had for ob*??rving Its op-rratlon;-. iic doca not ????<? tl profSSS tn have dlacOVCrcd any mentary avidence hi producea i.-; quot ed or referred to In my book. ]t la tr i that he publlshes ,->. ie"er to hlm sell from Colonel Walter Taylor, Af '? -' vi- i ?-?.';? neral to General crcdlted wln t ., hli t< Umony i? en tltjed to luwo wclgbt in ihi.-, contro versy. The statementa In hla letter to Col? onel Talcott arn cdntradluled by a let? ter from General is? to Stuart, dated :. f\ M- June 3?, Ifm. A copy ..f thla letter appcarH ln General I?e_'_ Ictter tior.it i'i Colonel Taylor'p handwrltlng. f'oigncl Taylor says Stuart "was ad monlshed hU ?he whtlc to kecpin touch "ith our maln army arid to keep Gon er.il _,cc Informed as 'o tho movements of ihe enemy." colonel Taylor depends on hla liuag. ioatlon for hta facts. I defy hlm to point out one word In General Leo's lcttcr to Stuart about Itooping "ln touch wlth the main army." or Ucep ing Gonoral Leo "Informed of th0 :novcmcnta of the enemy." lt was in roforenee to thls obllvlon which has come over General Lee'n staif ofHcers tlmt i :.ii.i the liomerlo legend of ihe Lotus-Batera, who lost they memory, la no Iongcr a romanoe, but a reallty. I.rc'a Order* of .lune --'. On June 2_ General Leo had writtcn Stuart to leavo two brlgade* of cav? alry wlth hlm, and to cross into Mary? land with threo brlgades. "and talco P.OSltlon on General Kwell's rlght, placo yourself in coinmunjcatlon wlth hlm, guam hls Ua-iik. keep him in fc.rmed of tho cnemy's movoment*, and oollcct all tho sttpjjlles you can for the titffi of the army. Ono column of <;cneral Ewell'q army will probably movc towards thc Susquehanha by thc Emmlttaburg route, another by Cham. borsburg." This lotter ls ln Colonel Charles Marshall's handwrlting. Lien eral Lee waa then li\ tho Shenandoah Valley wlth tho corps of Longstroot und A. 1'. Ulll; ICweJl wus about Ha gerstown, Md., und had beon ordcred to the Susciuehanna. According to Colonol Taylor, General Lee issued an absurd order requlring btuart to cross tho Potomae and put hlihsolf on liwoll'a rlght flank on hla march to tho SuKquohunna, and at tho Bame tlme keop in touch wlth tho oth? er two corps; und In addltlon to watoh nnd report i,o hlm tho niovemonts of Mookor'a aritiy on tho Potomae. lf teiuart could havo performed all Hiobo thingH ho would havo surpasaed any? thing in tho enchantlng tule3 of the Arabian N'ights. Colonel Taylor doos not say what Oeneral Leo expeoted to do with tho two brlgades of cavulry ho kept wlth hlm tn Virginia., The letter of June "2 was sent to J.oiigstreot to bo forwardod lf ho thought Stuart "can ho spared from my (hls) front.'* Longhtreet did forward the instructlons, nnd roferrlnp to Gen? eral Jjco said, "Ho spotiks of your leav Ing vla Hope well Oap [tho Ilull Run Jiountaln] and passlng by ? lio rear ot Ihe onomy." At the samb Ume Long strcet, who was at Mlllwood, wroto to General Lee, "Youra of 4 o'clock thls nfternoon rocelvod. i havo forwardod your.lottor to Genoral Stuart with thq Miiggestlon that ho pass by tho enomy's rear lf ho thlnks ho may get through." Thls wns notlce to Leo of tho routo Stuart would go. so the cavalry movo m.ent around Hookor's rear had tho npproval In ndytmco of both Gonoral Leo und Gonoral Longstreot. Mooker was then iu Palrfax; Gonor? al Leo was in hls front, General Leo vouid not havo oxpootod Stuart to pass around ifooker's rcjar to cross tlio Po tonine_,and ut tho stimo tlmo keep In ^ouqh wlth tho main uriny und in eom liuuiieatlon wlth him unloss ho Imd a niaeblno that QQUld lly over Hookar'a hetid and naviguto tlio air. Yet hls Jreport eomplains that "by tho rotilo ho pursiiiijl tho .b'ederal army wus lu terposed tmtwoon ii Ls eoinmaiut and pur maln body?jvvovontlng any com )nunleatlon wlth l;im untll ho urrlvod at Carllslo," , li,|n.il u ConfiiMtuii'. Mpbpdy would suspoct from reading Jils llrst report that General Leo Uept two cavalry biigadea wlth hlm tu Watch tho cneiny; or that ho over autho'rized Stuart to cross tho rlver *in ronr of tho enomy; or that Ewell had gone Into Penrtayivanlfl. a week in ad vunco of tho rnnln army. The flrat report la d.'itcd July 31, tSOTS, (ind waa lmmedlatoly publlahcd ln tho nowapaperg, it ia thc origln of all tho crltlctama of fc'tuart. It says: "In tho meantlme a part of General Ewoll's <?orpH had cntered Maryland and tlio rest was about to follow. . . . General Stuart waa left to guard tho paagea o?^he mountalns and obscrve tho movementa of tho eficrhy, whom ho waa Instructed to hnrnss ;ind Itti pedo a? much us posblble should ho attempt to cross tho Polomac "in that evi'iu Gcnerul Stuart was di rectcd to move into Maryland, croaa ing the Potomac east or woat "f tlio Btun Rldgc, as in hla Judgment should bo best. iiiel tako posltlon on the right of our columit n_ It advanced." The statement. that Stuart was atitliorlzcd t<> cross the Poto'mac ca'at or west of thc Rldgc la true. but it ia not tho whole truth, for, taken In con? nectlon with the complalut of Hookor's army belng IntorpoBed between stuart aod our army, persons who reud tho report naturnlly Inferrud It mcant that fc'luart had authorlty to cross at ?omo of tho fords enst of Harpcr'a Ferry but in front ?<: Hooker'a army. Tho report dld not say a word ahout BwcR'a corpa having been detached >md sent on several days m advanca t<i tho 8u qiiehaiina, nnd that Stuart v.ay. ordered ??? |6ln Bwell. It spcaks only of Ewoll belng '.n Maryland. On tho ?'?niravy, any one rcading thc report would < oncludo that thc corpa of I ?<-.:.--? tr<-. i Ewoll. and A ]'. Hlll, united at Elagerstown, ln Maryland, and th_t Stuart waa ordered to put hlmself ""ii thu right of our eolumn a.s it advanced" Into Pennsylvania. Now. a i Ewell was at Hageratown der "f the . . 1 to rn"-.? to the Sux quehanna, and a.\ ho crosaed t',.- Btate Um that day whlle Stuart waa stlll In F&uquler county. Virginia. lt rould hardly have been expected that .Stuart would over tako Ewell before ho rcached the Susquehanna, or that (General I.ee would reiy on Stuart to watch and report Hooker'a rrvovementa on the Potomac; ospecially aa ho had kepl two brlgados of cavalry with Yct Colonel Taylo" rays that Gen? eral Leo expected .Stuart to pcrform that miracle. !?? n?nil Lee** I-'lnnl InMriictlons. Agraln, General Lee'a ftna! instruc tions to Stuart were wrltten from Rerryvtlle at S P. M., Juno 23. As I havoj-^Id. they were ,.,pted by ColO nol Taylor ln General Lee'.-i lcttcr book. They wero subatantlallv a re petltlon of those .--ent through Long rtroot the day before, but moro oxpli clt about crossing tho Potomac. They gavo Stuart tho alternatlvo of coming over tho Rldgc tho next day, erosalug tho Poiomac at Shcpherdstown and thou movlng on over the Houth -Moun taln to Fredorlcktown; or ho could paaa uround IIook?r's rear, "dolng them al^ the dainage you can, and cross the river east of tho mouniain. In eithdY case after crossing the rlv? er. you must move on und f?-ei thc right of Ewoll's troops, collcctlus lnformatlon, provlslons, etc." CTearly when Genorai Leo told Stuart that If he crosaed at Shephcrdstown he tnuit move on over to Frcderlcktown, ho dld not mcan for Stuart to stop thero, but niorely to Indlcate tho bst rout to joln Fwll, as ho had wrltten Stuart that ono of Ewcll'a columns would move to thc Susquehanna by Emmittsburg. ln thls second lettor ho said. "Tho inoveinents of Ewoll's sorps .iro as stuted tn ray foriner lutter" (2_d). On that day hc had wrltten 1-well from Borryville: . . . "MIiiq of tb-day authorizing you to niovo towards tho Susquohanna, 1 hopo ]ms rcached you.| ? ? ? i ai_o dlrepted General Stuart, should the enomy have so far retlred from his front as to pernilt of ;he departuro of a portlon of the cav ilry, to march with three brlgados icrosa the Potomac nnd place hlmsqlf >n your right nnd eommunicHto with fon, keop you advised of the move nents of the onemy and assist in coi cctlng sunpllea for thc army." There s not a word ln tlie inatructlons to Stuart, although tlio report says so, tbout hls belng left to guard the pass is of tho mountaln or harass and im icde tho enomy, "should ho attempt .o cross tho Potomac"; for tho plain ?eason tliat ho was expected to cross n advanco of tho e.nemy and uiovo on nto Pennsylvania with Ewell, stunrt'). Alteruntlves. Nobody can rcconcilo the statcmenta ibout the cavalry in GoneraJ Leo's wo reports with hls- orders to both ?-woll and Stuart on Juno 23, nnd hls cttor of S P, M.. Juno 33, to Stuart, vhich ls. as r havo said, in Colonel I'aylor's handwritlng. No dlacretlon vaa given to Stuart to remaln with he army in Virginia or Jolu Ewell in Pennsylvania; but discretion wus given ilni to go by Shopherd-town, or cross in Hookor's rear at fcencca, No matter vhlcli routo hc went he would be iqually out of sight of tho enemy und >ttt ot' communlcatloii with Genorai >a. Stuart would hayo boen where lencral Leo put him. ln hls last nttcr to Stuart General Leo speuks if tlio liiovomeuts of troopa in tho .rallcy .tlio noxt day.. lf Goueral Leo hud antlcln'ated that t would broak uii Stuart's plan of lassing to thc Potomac not around lookor's roftr through Fdlrfax, -but lirough the iniddlo of Hooker'a ariliyi ?uttlng it ln two und ilostroying his runspoilatlon, ho would havo dolayed ho lTiovemeut ln the Vallny, as thero vaa no jieooHsUy for it that day. A. p. 1111 waa at Charlestown, about rtlne illles from tShopherdstown; Jio should uivo Htood stlll to glvo Stuart tlmo o cvosa tlm river, Stuart would thou havo been ao far thead tliat Ploasuntoii's I'avalry could lover liav. ovorttikon hli}t.~%Froni tlio d;iy Gdnpral Leo crossed thu rtdpptt hannock llooker had nlwayg(rnoycij :-.. II.1 I., |(....|, '|,, touch ullh I,-.'.. and be. tweeii i,en and Washington. It could moi l,.. r.-.p... Lot) I hat U.llor tho wholo. Southern nrmy hu? etoSBctl ,l|,! >'"'?.i Ilookor would ilalt ln virginia nnd tincover Wnshinisron. Uonker's I'roinpl >loveuicnL on the 3ttn a. p. hhi'h corps movcd from CJtarlestown lo tho Potomno m sigiit or tho Blgnai station on fttury Intiti tlolghtH. The nows was tele gruphcd t? llooker, imu ho Met htfi army ln niotlon r.,r thc Potomae the next day. Stitari round Rooker's army marcHJng on tho roads whh h ho had uxpcct'cd lo ttuvei, hcnco 1,0 had to chango his routo an,j niake a clctour through l-'alrfax around Hooker's rear, Instead o( crosslng the rlver on the nvenlng of tho 25th, lie old not ?et ovor unlil tho nlght of tho J7th. Plousanton's Cavalry Corps had boen kept bohln.l asTTho ronr guard ol tbc army, and crossed the Potomae aomo mlles abovo on tho Banie. nlght it was kapt bchlnd and neutrallzed by Btuart belng in their rear, an,] gavo no trou? blo to General Lee. Colonel Talcott quotor, from my book what la eald about the prcmaturc inovementK ln the Bhonandbah Valley, maklng thc Gcttysbur? campalgn the lllad of the South, and clatms thal thls is an adinlKHlon that the dlsastcr was duo to tho absonee of tho cavalry. MIh coticlualons are. itloglcal?a non sequltur?no such meanlng can bo given to any languagt. No mattor wherc Stuart erosaed tho Potoma. east or west of tho Ridg<?he would not have been wlth General Leo or anywhero npar Gcttynburg. but away off on tho Suaqtiehunna. I nover said tt waa tho cauae of tho losa of tho battlo, but of the falluro of tho cam? palgn as orlginally planrted. Ulll'a lle?pnni4IbIIUr. ft v;os this movement of A. P. Ulll on the 24th from Charlestown that dtsclosca our plan to tho enemy and oauscfl It to mlScarry. There novcr would have. been a battle at Gcttyn burg If Stuart hnd crossed tlio Po tomac on tho evening of the 25t|f -as ho bad oxpeoted. Wlth hls transpor? tatlon destroyed, tho eanal on the Potomae, which had becomo hls llno of nupply. brokotj, and all communlca llonn cut between Washington and the North, llooker's attention would H"ivo been drawn from Len to Iho capital, and Stuart would havo inarehed lels urely on 10 tbe Susquehanna. Long 1 treet waa at Mlllwood 011 the -Ith, and marched out of vlew of tlio bignai station by Bunker Hlll and Martlnn burg to Wllllamsport. As he had lo march about three times tho dlstance that A. P. HIM "ad to march from Charlestown to cross at Snepncrdr town, Hill mlght havo walte(l a day and then he, Longstreet and Stuart would all have crossed the Potomnc on tho samo day and would have left IP-oker htblnd In Vlrgiuia. Of course, General Lee did not an" ticlpato 'hat llooker would follow co promptly and defeat thn opcratlon that wbb orlginally planncd. Stili stuart did cross in the enemy's rear. Colonel Talcott says tt was neces sary for thc two corps to move 011 the 24th to tuipport Bwell, But Ewcll's. Early'a and Rodcs'a reports show just the revcrse- A few militla mot them at two or"three places, but scattered wlthout flrlng a shot. When Early got to York hc sent Gordon to sccure tho hrldce acrosn the Susquehanna. but. th" mtlUta set flre to the brldgc m,i ran over the rlver. Hooker had detached no foroes to follow Ewell. General Lee held him in Virginia. whlle Ewell foraged in PennBylvanla. Jenklns'-; Cavalry was sklrmjshlng wlth some militla In thc ruburbs of Harrlshurg when Ewell, who waa at Carllslc, rocalle.1 hlm. Stuarr* Conduet on June -5. Colonel Talcott also says that when, on the 26th, Stuart found out that he could not pass through Hooker'a army ho ought to have turned back, gone over the Blue Rldgo and crossed the rlver at Shopberdstown. But It was caslor then to go on than to turn back. He r=Tmply obeyed General Lee's order, kept on and paase.l around Hooker't- rear. He could not posslbly havo reaehed Khepherdstown b?fore the nlght of tho 27th, which waa the tlme ho crossed at Seneca. General Lee had then been two days at Cham bcrsburs-. If Stuart had gohe back to PTit hcrdstown ho would havo restod for a nlght, and then havo moved on through some pass In tho South Monn tain to Joln Early at York. lie would have reaehed there about the. tlme Early was Icavlng to joln Ewell. Stuart's crosslng at Sancea, so near WashlnKton. cutting the canal, inter ceptlng communtcattons and capturlng supply tralna serlously tmpeded the operatlons of the Northern army. RIeade's attention waa dlrected from Lee; ho -sent two-thirda of hls cavalry and threo army corps off to tho east to intercept Stuart, savo Baltlmore. and open hls communlcations. which Stuart had cut. But tho frutt of theso operationa was lost by A. P. Hlll's and Heth's Quixotlc adventures ln tjolng off wlthout ordors to Gettysburg. ' Yet nobody would suspoct from read ing Goneral Lee's two reports, or what hls staff ofllccrs havo written, that A. P Hill and lleth broke up his plan of campaiKu. And hero I will notlco a statcment ln Colonel Taylor's book? "Four Years Wlth Loc"?that does great Injustice to his chief. *IIo says that at Cashtown on tho morning of July 1, Lee stopped and had a talk wlth A. P- I"" beforo ho started to Gettysburg. lf true, lt makes General Lee responsible for tho blundor of that movement. Fortunatel'y for General Lee's reputatlon this statcment is con trndietod by tho report of Gonoral Pendlcton, who rodo that day wlth General Loc. On the morning of July 1 hls head nuarters wero at Greenwood, about ton miles west of Cashtown. FromNLhoro ho wroto Imbodon that hls hoadquar lers for tho next fow days would be at Cashtown. It must havo beon long after noon when Gonoral Leo roachart Cashtown, na Pondleton says ho did not stop thoro, but rodo rapidly forr ward to tho sound of the guns. Tln reaehed tho field, about olght miles off, near tlio closo of tho flght. IIoTh's report says he left Cashtown about B o'clock in the morning. lllll nnl Hetb Knevr Condjtlons. Colonel Talcott also says that Hill uul Helh did not know that tlio enemy held Gettysburg. lf he Will read their reports ho will soo that they say thoy know it; and A. P. HiH says that 011 Lho dav before ho sent a courier to Cionerai Leo Inforniing hlm of it. I xdmit that Colonel Taluott ln making thls staternent nbout Ignoranco ot tho JUomy follows General Lee's flrst re? port whloh ls contradletecl by his sec >nd report. Thc flrst reporl. says that ?iinding oiuselvos unexpoetedly con frontcd b>' tho Federal army It beoaino 1 matter of dlfllculty' to wltlulraw hrough tho niountaliis wlth our largo trains." Tho flno Italian hand of a aw.vcr la map.lf.eat hero. Both lllll aud .-lot'h say thoy know tho euomy hold gettysburg; lf so, the mootlng ooula lot havo boen uuexpeeted. Nor does .ho report explain why Gonoral Leo jould not aavo hls' tralus wlthout a lattlo, whou ho saved them wlth small oss aftor lo3lng a battlo. Nor does thls veport explalu why Swoll, wlth lihdc.s's and Kai^y's p|. ?Isions, yvaa uian-hliig away irbm Got .ysbui'g 011 tho mornlug of July i( \t Taj Ioi'h book attya thc ordei waa fnr ih.. , onci ntrntton til Cashtov u. Ito con^radlcta the flrst report, which says Gcttysburgr. H Ih ctonr thc abaenco ??( threo hrlgutleu of cavalry with Stuart hi'.i nothln_ to <lo with brltiglng or, ,,, loalug Iho bnttle. Mwell nnd Eorly had at least 2,000 cavalry with tliom, ...oi Gcncfnl l,. a hotl Icopl two brlgim.- i,f envalrv with llltti. Nobotly ciin show tltal General I.ee dld, 'ot omltted i" d'i, Biiytlilng on aceount ot hls Ignoruncc of the situatlon of th'; Northern army. Au General i. ?<? _nyn lhat ho had noi ln(endc(| to flghl .1 battlb unlesa attrtbked, II mado no dlf. feretii-e (o lilm lf tlie cimtny wero nt Gottysburg, If they wer,. hot ifiter ruptliig him; all he llnd to do Wftfl lo bo rendy when tncy came. u,, whofe army would have been eoncentrnted ut Caahtown, or ln aupportlttg dls tancc, that oveiillli,- lf. Hlll mi.l I|.l|i ha,| not gono off on au cxcurslon and dlaporaed II. It IS no( eredlblo that Genorai ixe should have atayed two days ln .Maryland, on the Potomac, nnd ln tho shadow ot South Mountaln, ivlth Hookor's army on the other 1 Ida and iu th.- gopa, with their slgnal latloni on th.. pcalcs; wlthout dlscovcrlng thoir pn ence, Such Jbitcolic slmpllclty ls Inconslsteni with'tho cliaractor "f tho Confedcrate commander, Every pri ??|l" in Ills army knew where n^oker (icnernl I.ee Iteml Report. N'o doubt ho left when he '.vns surc , that Hookor's army. was over tho rlver. Nor could ho have been aurprlsr.d to hcar lt waa at GettyHburs, unlesa he expected llookor tn atand ntlll, At Wllli.-iin.sport hc wroto Mr. Davis that he thought ho could throw HOoker'a armv over the rlver; and yct hls re r>ort says that he was surprlsed v/hen hb lieard lm had done ll. For thls rrason f e.\pressed the oplnlon that ho must havo slgned wlthout readlng tlie report. Colonel Tuylor sayi he rcao it. 1 am sorry u> hcar it. !< la strango that tho biographcrs and ataff ofllcers who have eharged tlio Gcttvsl Carllsle, dai. Wlilctt refiflc that General Lee kn"w perfectly well where iiMokor wp/i. Thh- letter is pub llshed ln my book 011 page 117. General t.ee's report say?: "It was expected tha't aa soon ns the Federal army should cross tho Potomac Gen? eral Stuart would give nqtlce of ftn movoroents. and nothlng having been lieard from him since our entrame Into Maryland. It was Inferrod that thc ennmy had not yet left Vbrglula. "Ordera wero therefore isstied to move on to Harrlsburg. . . . The advanca againit Harrl3burg was arrested by Intclllgenre recelved from a scout [spy] on tho nlght of tho 28th to the effcet that tho armv of General Hooker had crossod tho Potomac and war. approachlng the South Mountaln." Tf General Leo had thought that Hooker was stlll In Vlrglnla he. would have marched direi-tly to Wash? lngton and Baltimore. At least be ought to have. dono It. .411 Knew IIooker'H Atnvemenls. I havo proved in my hook that the spy was onlv a ghost that somebodv s.iw, aiid that no order was lssuod to move on to Harrisbufg. Ewell waa then over thirty mllea north at Car" llslo; he had beon a week in rennsyl vania and had detached Karly'o Dl vlslon to go east to thc Susquehanna. Jenkfns's Cavalry was about Harrls? burg; General Lee. with Hill and Longstrect,' had crosaed the Potomac several days before. Now 1 say that any private or tcamster would havo told General' Lee that^Hooker would not stay in Virginia "When he wa3 iu Penn^yivania. That was somethlng that any man of ordinary acuse would have known without being told. Accordlng to Colonel Marshall, Gen? eral Leo was thrown almost Into a pantc when ho heard tho news that Hooker was over thc rlver and was followlng him. "As I ean't belleve it, I said ln my book, and T rcpeat. that in my opln? lon; when General Lee slgned a paper coiitainlng such an absurdlty ho had never read it. lf ho had thought whon he crosi'pd the Potomac that Hooker's army waa still in Virginla. then In - '*'"' "' marehlng horth he would have turnetl east, Tho Chumborsburg ] I"1'1'' sIiom : lhal i ;? neritl Lee knew I iinit. ii ioki r wn stlll kecping between | hirtinndWn lilugi. n toi.i i-:v,-ell ih.-n. i ho ho?l '.- rltton hlm "lasl nlght" c:7> ' that llooker had trrosaetl the Potomaoi and waa inovlng towards South Moiih- i IftlU, nnd lhat he hnd dlrcotod Ewell t.. bni i'. to Charhliorsburg; but, lf | h.. hnd nol already progressed on that.; road he wanted hlm to mdvc east of tho motintaln ln tho dlreotion of Cash? town or Gettysburg, Ho on tho hIkIH or tiie _7111 General Lee Wroto Bwcll whal hls reporl says he had rirst heard I fi ? m n i ;o,-' on tho night or tite 28th. Nctthcr Col. Talctt nor Col, Tay ;.,, trlea to explain thls letter <>r makd .n conslstent wlth the statcment of 111 ? report. I)/lte of f.etlcr KMnbllsJicd. i antlolpated In my book (pagca lli-121) tlmt .-ono- oi.o would. In.ist I tfial the datb waa a mlstahre, and ' . lo.I have lo-. ti thO 2?lh. BUt, lf tho ' etter lu the Rocorda should luivo boen do ed the 29tlt, then "last ntght's" let tei would havo boen dated tho 29th. ' ','ov Laily s.i>.- ili.H lo- received at ' Vorlt a eoi.y of tlili, lott.er Oil the , . ,,!?- of U.< .'.".,i. and he started early the nexi mon,ing, oxpectlng to in' i ? .!! iiT't ol the mountaln. lt i- about severuy nitles, vln Cariiaie, . rrom Chambersburg to vork. The letter could not posslbly ha\6 r.ached Early on thc ifilh lf lt had left Chambersburg later thau ilo- -.th. Agaln, Bdwafd Johnson'a JWlsIon left Cariisle on the niornlng of tlio -?tn on tho Chambersburg plke, and before tho second order arrlvcd for EWC'l to move eaat ot the mountaln, and Ewal|S I tralns wero passlng throutth Cham i beraburg at mldnlght on the -ith. I which sTtOWS that thoy must havo left Cariisle probably on the evening of thn 28th. , , , .... Agaln, Ewell says lie arrlvcd nt. Car llslo on the 27tli, and waa starllnK for Ilarrlsburg on thj} 20tli. but the movement was arrcsted by an ordoi from General Loc to return. It la dear lhat Johnson loft Cariisle and . Early left Vork ln obedlenco lo tho | (lrst order t-7Uc. _ ... But Ewoll i-oinalned at Cariisle vs Ith ? riodes's nivlslon aftor redelvlng the i second order, to glvC Jenklns tlme to liolurn from Ilarrlsburg and to ume with Early. marohlng west. at Kold tlcrsburg. If tlio letter in the Records lii.d been wrltten on tbe 29th, then noithcr lotter c6uld havo reaehed Ewell beforo ho got to Ilarrlsburg. lii<j mar.li north was arrcsted by tho I Ilrst I'-ttor. of course, all prcsutrip lions are ln favor of tho COrrCctnpSS nf the dat,. of the letter published llu tho Records. Tho burden. of l>roof j I ln on thoso who Impearh tt. But l Ewoll'a. Bariy'a nnd Johnaon'a rcporta vcrifv tho lattor ln every partlcular. i lt 'would havo been far better for General Lee's mllltary rcputatlon lf he had wrltton hls own report of o.-oni-- of tho campalgn just as they ? occurred. Instead ot havltiK nn acute lawycr to wrlte a brlef for hlm: thls "Had been an act of purcr famo, Than gathors round Marcngo'a name. I am aware, that in Virginia there i* a sentiment 'hat toleratco only ono sldo of a quoRtlon that concerna Gen? eral Lee .. . Lec'.M !.n*? Order to Mosbr. After Crncral Stuart was killod, In Mav, IStit, I reportcd dl'.'cctly to Gen? eral Lee. The following ls tho last order 1 ever received from hlm: "Headquarters, March 27, lstiT.. "Re.c'd. 8-20. "Col. J. S. Mosby, caro Major Boyle, Gordonsvtllo; "Collcct vour command and watcn the countrv from front pf Gordons? vtllo to Blue Rldge. and also Valley. Your command Is now all in that sec? tion, and tho general will rely on you to watch and nroteot the country. If any of your command is ln tho North? ern Neck, call lt to you. "W. II. TAYLOR, "Asslatant Adjutant-Gencral." It wa.s forwarded from Gordonsvllle by courler to mo ln Loudoun. A few days afterwards wo heard from Appomattox. My baltallon. waa then on the line of tho Potomae. whero the war had begun. For Gen? eral Leo T havo always had a deec affectfoii. but, to my mlnd, the fash lonablo cult that exalta hlm above nior tallty nnd makes hlm incapablc. of error is aa Irratlpnal aa tho mystlo falth of tho HIndoo ln Buddha. And now, in concluslon. I will say that 52me may thlnk that Stuart needed no defenso; und will apply to my effort to roscuo hls memory from undeaerved blame tho words of Milton on a monumont to Shakespcaro.? "Dear Son of Memory. great helr of famo, What needs't thou such weak witness of thy name." JOHN* S. MOSBY. Washington, D. C January. 10l0. Ono bcglna desceut of the Rappa liannock Valley through thn Northern Neck at tho Stage. Road from tho Po? tomac just as it crosses tlio bridge In. to Frederickaburg, not very far below thc ^pot where tho road croEses tho 1 track of tho Richmond, Frederlcks? burg and Potomac Rallroad. Thero lu'e.i tn bo 110 crossing of tho river below Chathain Brldge untll tho ferry, botwoen what was called tho Wash ington i'arin aiul tho Frederlcksburg AVharvcs, was roached.. Tho railroad constructed a brldge for its own uso cxclusively, debouch Ing on tho north side anj pursuing its wav for a limited spaco through the lands of Jamoa Thompson?a plain, oxcellent Scotchman, who regularly, in th0 long ago, fulthfully ploddod hla way every Sunday and Wcdnesday nlght, In spitn of sleet and snow, to nt tend tho servlcea of the Prdsbyterian Church, and to hoar Its ever-to-be veneratcd founder and pnstor, tho Rev. Samuol B. Wllson, D. D., who clpsed lils loii" and uaeful lifc as professor ln tho Unlon Thoologlcal Seminary, then locatod in Prlnce Edward county. This llttlo farm of Thompson's was a part of the old Wnshlngton Farm separated by o 5'oau leadtng to the Ferry Farm. On the Ferry Farm was built tho homeatead which sheltered for somo years tho yotith of Georga AVashlngton. Below tlio Forry Farm, owned about three-score and moro years ago by n Haptlst preacher named Teasdalc, waa the home of Willlam Pollpok, son-ln law or oi,| John Gniy. Inter'vonlng between Pollock and Travcler's Real wus a handsomo liul? oatato, known iia Llttlo Falis. owned and bccupled lor sooie tlmc by Captaln Robert ('!. Robb, l". s- ^*' !l son-ln-law of old Philip Llghtfoot, of Pott Roynl, and iifterwai-iis for a short tlmo by Dr, llngh Mason, who marrled Miss Rosa HeLlghtfoot, n younger daughter of th.. port Royal couplo. Mr.". Iloberl *'?? Robb. noo Fanny l.iv.liti'iiot. of Port Royal, was a great bolto i" her oay. Tho belirsa of Port Rpval attracted all tho young mon of Froderteksbui'ffi ? ho d-llghtert lo go u' the dannea ln iho sinallor town. Miss Fauny Ughtfoot waa ao grueei'ut t ilut sho awakonod the ngotib llro in th,, breust of ?' >'">cul hl llQr "PlKhborhood. His llno- ivern; "\s tho syKiiet ndoa tim water, S.i wullis I'hH Utfhtloul's ihiughter." Her pictuie, tho umboiliuient of giiu-e, iiuw hangs at Chntiumi, gjm (a Um houornil auceatreas of tlin niistres.v of that prlncely home. Ono or tho' fumous anio-nelluiu bolles wln, dumed ilt um? d^llghlfiU lmrllos wus Miss Elleu unnkheud A\ arlng, whoso neck and shoulders w.cro consldered tho hahdsomast ln virginia. Llttlo Falla was ftrst ownod, how? ever, by a famlly of Nowtona, some wbat uncultured people. Ono Chrlst maa Day Dr. Bpverley Wcllford was summoned In great hasto to a young man whoso hand had been dreadfully Injured by tho burstlng of hls gun whllo he was out hunting. Tho good doctor went, of coursc, and aftor somo weeks tho young man becanio porfect ly restored to thc use of his arm. His sympathUlng sisters had a theory about tliu accldont and appcaled to Dr. Wcllford to conllruj. tholr suggestlon that the weather belng so intensely cold tho load had "frlr." ln the. gun. Immediately below Alblon. tho Strothor home, of which wo havo writ ten, was tho aneestral liomo of tho Alexandors, through tho Cass'ons, call? ed Snowden. Thls estate. tirst belpng ed to Captaln Thomas Casson, whoso wife was Sarah Bruce. llls only chlld and helress, Sarah Casson, marrlod Willlam Paarson Alexamler, and at tho death of tho Cassona,Sarah Aloxandor helrod "Snowden,"' and henccf orwu.ro. lt was tho home of the Alexandcra. John Aloxandor waa the emlgrant, 'and he settled ln Northampton county, taklng up a grant of 1,500 acres. He had tlire.. sons? John (2), died wlthout issue; Robert (2) and Hhillp (2). Tho emlgrant dled ln 1077, and ln itiSD Robert Howson. "heing setred of 6,000 acres on Great Hunting Creek. In Slaflfora county, by hls will gava 500 acres of |_t to John Aiexandor." Ou this land, nauv Mount Varnon, arose the clty of Alexandria, named for thls famlly. Robert (3) Alexauder, the eid est son of the emigrant, marrled Frances (aur-namo unknown, and had John (l), Gorard (4), Sarah (1) and Parthenla (i>. John <o, born 1711 marrlod ln 1731 Susaima, daughter of,1 Thomas I'earson. gentleman. and had! Charles t'i), John (5). Slmon (.">), Rob? ert (5), Thomas (5), Willlam (5), Ann (ii) and Kllzabeth (5). Willlam (fi) I'earson, tho youngest pon, marrlod Sarah Casson, and hla chlldren-? Willhuu (ti), James (ti), Pbil tp (ti), Thomas (ii), Anne Casson (tl), Sitsun Pearsuu ftiL Sarah Casson (ii), Bllssrf (ll? and Mary (ti)?wero born at Snowden. and 0110 can even now lin agino lhat tho tlnklo of tholr ehlldlsh joy mi'.ile Snowden a inorry spot, Of Willlam ((i), James (C) aud Phillp (fi) it la only recorded that thoy dled uhmarrlcd. Thomas uiurrled Ellzu. heth InillS, und left four daugh ters. Anne Casson tfi), marrlod Ales aiuler ,vjir.-ou. Susau I'earson (ii), nuiv ,1-iod Thomas Seddou. Sarah Casson (K) marrled Wmi A. Khox, Kiir.11, (tn Ulurriod John Uoy, and Mary ((>), mar? rlod Pr. n'overlpy lt. Weltford, Cup taili Cii.-sou was a retircd sca cup talu of I'ortune anil promtncnoo lu thc county. lli.-i uaino was very famillar f-u- nuuiy a year as tho owner r>t" Cus soii's' l-'ei-ry. estiihllshed by iiuthorliy of tho Lcglsl.mire, ;ty apncars ln one of the Injrt VOllltneS of "HoiiIuk'h fltftti Ute?," WhlCh, crOs'Slhg tlie Rappiihnn heck fion; Simwilrii tO n pnlnt. ln <';in> llne county between Snow Creek nnd Hayflold, was a very much patroplzcd hlghway fi-om Ntsfthern sVcck to tht Southern Hliore. Thero is artother RnoVvfJcn, owned bj Frnnic Guest, I3st|? which we m'enilon od in a ti'fim-r pappr. The Cossoh^Alexandcr Snoivdcn eov: erefl a broad mertdow land upon thi rlvijr. "f greal fertlll.ty nnd ugrlculturn vnluc. Willlam <:lt Pcaraon AJexandei dlod when hi_ youngest chlld, Mary \v?r, only a few yeatH old. and hl: ivldow went to tbc busy little towr <K Falmotith, posslbly for greater pru teotlon than slyi would rccelvo al Snnwiien, ulthough she hnd un oldei sou, or perhap.i the octalc went to thi aon, and she willir.giy gave It up whether her ?on remalned at Showdet we cannot tell, When Mrs. Aloxandei horself dled her young daughter llvoi with her elder wlat.er. Seddon, llrst. n Falmotith, and then In Frederlcksburg .?ind wiij marrled from tlie woll-knowi Seddon home |n the latter plao. Mr* Scddon'a own children wre but a fev yeara younger than their aunt, nni Antio Seddon, who marrled Wllllarl Rov. nnd I.eah. who marrled Warne Taliaforro pllghted their vows In th same old house. In inter years "Snowrten" was owne by l?r. Htigh Morson, and from him I passed by purehaae to Jolin Scddoi Esq.; tlie *on of Thomiis Seddon, a whose house Mary Alexander waa mnt rled to Dr. Reverloy Wellford. ,Ioh Seddon was a grent-grandson of Car taln Thomas Cnsson, the flrst ownt of Snowdnn, and tho pretty oltl plnc met itg doom whlle ho owned lt. Th house was handsome, and stood on hlgh blll. which fell to a lush meadov The land was unusually fertlle, an ln tlilrleen years nleven erop<( of corr better and ljettor every yenr," filled th great crlbs and cheered the hoart o the master. "When Mf. Seddon was Ii tiu- army a _ankec gunboat stearhet ono day up to Snnwden. Mrs. Seddon neo Mnry Llttlo, and her mother ahe children wcr<- rhere. The great hr.usC nnd its luxurlous furnlshlnga filled th( hoart of tho-enomy with resontment land vongeanco, which tho gentle re monstrnnce of (wo l'ovely ladies cbnhl not. nstjuage, Tlie order went forth "Rui-ti ihe house!" and tho flro wai llghteri npnn tho shlnhig ovnl of thc mahogany dinner table. The greedy blaaes amacked thoir hot lipn upon thl.u sweet rriorscl; nnd lenped from thr table tn olner rare onjects. ?which they Speedlly devotirerl. und soon Snodwcn with all Its tradlUons and beauty, v/ne turned to Hshes. it has never hocr rcbullt. Tho orphan, Mary Alexander. durlnjj her niaklenhood spent much of |iei tlme with another older aister, Mra Morson, on tho HollywOod cstatn ad jolnlng the Alexander home?Snow den. The llollywood estate was owned bj Alexander Morson, who marri?_ Ann< Cason Alexander, and there wert born his children?the lato Arthur A Morson, Dr. Hugh Morson, and Jamei M. Morson. Alexander Morson wai the son of a Scotch emigrant, Arthui Morson, who conducted very protltablj a store at Harewood, about ten mllei above Stafford, at the point of dl vergencc of the road along the Rap Dahannock from the Warrenton Roac through Fauquler county and thc Pledmout country. Whob he came out as an emigrant he w;as engaged to a Scotch lasslr, a Miss Andrew, who fol lowerj him aa soon as ho could see tht way clcar, and they were marrled as soon as sho arrlvcd in Norfolk. Hl: aon waa a suitor of Anno Caason lt her girlhood, and remalned a bachclo. untll her oldest daughter, bearing thi mother'a name, waa bloomlng Into wo utanhood. Hla love was then return ed, and ho marrled her, anj their homi thoreaftor not only during her llf< but her wldowhood was at Hollywood Tho resldence was somo two milc' from tho rlver. but tho estate includer many acres of the bottom lands, be? tween the Snowden estate an,i Muddj Creek. In years gone by. all of the rlver shore from tho Strothcr llno tc tho King Georgo boundary of Muddy Creek was Included in the Snowden and Hollywood farms. But before that a portion of this was the homestend of thc Thorntons, and thoro Dr. Robart Wellford an_ hla aftor wife, then a Mrs. Thorton, just met. When Dr. /rellford flrst came to Virginla with Colonel Spotswood, thc father of tha latter, then llvlng at Nowport. invlted a number of hls nelghbors on both sides of tho rlver to welcome the re? turn of hls son. Alexander, and hla attcntlant surgeon. Mr. Thornton was ono of tho guests. and boeame- very sick as soon aa he rcached hla own home. Fate certalnly soomod to tako a hand ln tho situatlon. Ho calleci o servant and bado blm go at once to Nowport and requcst Dr. Wellford to vlslt him- Thc name belng very un famlllar tn hla handsome young wife, sho imaglned that Mr. Thornton'a mlnd was wanderlng, and straighway hastened tho messcnger for tho near est of her known practltlonora of mod tcine. Mr. Thorton auspectcd somo tliincr, and told h?r that ho had met at Xewport Colonel Spotswood's avmy surgoon. who had corao at hls own urgont rcquest, and,Genorai Washinr ton'a advice, with a hlgh reputo for profosalonal work and aklll. Apropoa of tho Wellfords, wo nottco with pain au unpardonablo omlsslon in one aceount of that famlly, tlve or sl'x weeks ago. Wo dld not say that Dr. John Spots? wood Wollford marrled Miss Emme llne Tabb, of Gloucestor, Folk somc tlmos omlt Just what thoy wlsh most to say?and who ever could forget such a Vlrglnla gentlenian'.' RearoQ at stately Wavorly, tn Gloucester?a jcwel amonir tho many Jewels Iu brlck which adorn tho North Rlver?and thc daughter of Edward Tabb. Esq., sho marrled and went to old Frederlcks? burg to Ilvo; later her husban,T. niovod to Richmond, where ho wlll ever bo romembored as a bcloved physlolan; nnd sho, as tho best exponont or tho Ideals of lier State. Elisa S. Wellford, daughter of M. Siiotswood AVelll'ord, Sr? of Freder? lcksburg. marrled Dr. Lalironco R. roho, Mayor of Frederlcksburg, and had two ohlldren?-I.auroin-o Roso and Mrs, Reed. They liave always lived Iu thc old town. lt is a eiik'lal nionient when a fel-, ow-townsiuan meots us on tha streot j md, with a luyatorlotis "Mona-I.lsa" milie. announcBs, "I read your arilele itst Sunday." "Ali! Ttnl.vd?" we nnswer, whlle our onselous. or suhi'onselou.s, aelf In uires. "What ,\U\ I aay tliat had beon ost unaald? Dld X treml ou hls tooa, Ivo ? him Iho wrong grainlfather, he wlfo ihut lm prcfqrrecl not ave?" Tho ivail ls palnful, and at ist niir- rt'lend relioves us---lt |s had. f eourso, a mlddlo uamo omlttotl or hidy's' iiRti iiiispliued, but not as bud s lt mlglil have been. Thls week (| aolenip quory was nd anced?"Old you say that there were no eradlers ln ono fleld at Moss :ei-i;V" "Yos. und u most accttl'alo gentlc 10,11 told us so." We are always readv to dofend our ul.vea?"300 uraillara?" "Well. nf course, we ara um exaqtlv irtiiers?and wo "ri' Wipg, WO do l'o leiulier, we must. eolil'ess, sertlrig i-rad ? re, biii ive uevor imnut'eil thom, A\'e 'lati we wero farnun's ln this "15 I centa - butter - and - .10-cents-A-pbittld* turl'.oy-eni," but. f.'iriultig I.- moro ; profltablo niiil nor as dangerous a eall : it?_c aa gohdalogy, But wo don'l know exnctly about erafllos?exeopt habtea* cradlers, Itowovor, we will po to one "source" and tntiulro. Wo havo done, ihi:-, nnd wo ur,, wrotlgl Our soureo I saw sevenly-lh-f! e.rndlors ln thn Mos_ i N'eok llcld nnd 200 hands, nll told, I lv.cavl. I But a candid eonfosslon?a fr.ink j aoittiowledgmeut?"I havo said those | thlngfl Which I should not have said" ; I makes us f"c] awfully vlrtuous. The Newpost oc tho dlnner party, as w-e.lt ns Nottlngham, both nonr Frod crlclcHburg, were occuplcd by General I Alexandor Spotswood. Thc numo Spotn wood Immediately brings to tnlnd thc ! dashlhg earcer of tho first Alexander, Governor of Virginia, and ploneer of | the trackless rldge of blue, which un fotded great posslbllltlcs for tho New ! World. To have followcd Marlborough and [ to havo been wounded ln the brcsat at Blenhelm wore the rare dlatlruttlonit '. whicii Spotswood brought wlth hlm, I i and aa proot of these glorlou* experl , i enc:ea ho wns wont to show to hls -I guests at r,crmnnna a foUr-potind ran tion ba.lt which Rtrucfc I1'" COH-t ?" Blen? helm fleld. Thls flrst and compellim: Aloxandcr arrlved within the capes ot 1 Virginia on June 20. 171": landed at Hampton Town. then called Kequotan. thon.-e rodo In tho "Bodford gallcy" lo .Tamestown, ahd spont the nlght at Green Sprlng. Sir Willlam Berkcloy, of courae, had boen sathered to hls fathers, but Green Sprlng stlll retalned iho duvnr of his pompous control. Tho Ludwells. stcp-descendant3 of thn fa? mous old Governor, then Ilved here. and no dotibt received "Sir Alexander" wlth cordlallly and profusc hospltallty. I U was a good tlme to vlslt thls lovely spot, when tho Juno rosea woro blowing nnd wben perhaps ono mlght f havo a draft from that "sprlng at My f.udy Berkeley'.-). cnllcd Green Sprlng. I whereof I have boen told, tho water Is so very cold that 'tls datiKcrous drlnlc Itig- thereof ln stimmertlme. lt havlns proved of fatal conscquenc.o to sev ortfL" Thls fascinatlng Governor and guost of Green Sprlng was tlio flrst to llve in Ihe palace at "Wlllinmsburg, mii.i hla home was Ccrmaona. In Spot? sylvania county. Thc house- at Ger mntina was a "palace," too, wlth ter racotl gardens and "nn undergrotind passagc, wlth a fort." Tho courts of Spotsylvania onco met at Germanl-i, Iho county seat. a vlllage touchlng Gpr niiinla, the flne Rpotswood resldencc. In August, 1732, "these courts wero only hold at Fredcrlcksbtirg. owing to the "want of nocommodatlon" ot Ger manna t'or the lawyers and tholr horse?. Germanna, the "palace.-' IH gone, but about the spot whero It. stood Unger dellclbus tradltlona. Here Willlam Byrd stopped In 17.12. Tho road wa-i rocky and had, tbe county. then as now. mlserably poor. but Byrd called Gor manna house the enchnnted castle. and remarks upon the pler glasses. tho ta ?bles and chlna, as well as the Govern? or'* sweet waya with hls wlfo and chll dron. Thero were ptctures at Ger? manna and a plenty of sllver, and tho place was left to Mrs. Spotswood. "wlth all lt contalned?furniture. plat".'' etc At the death of Lady Spots? wood It went to the oldest son, John (2). III3 snn. Robert (2). died early. To hts daughterF. Mrs. Jtoore and Mrs. Dandrldgc, an annutty was to bo paid by hls executors. Governor Spotswood raj an arch promoter, but hla schemos ln a moaa urn mlacarried. and hls executori found lt hard to pay these annuitle?. Hls son, Robert (2). dled early. Per? haps hls son,. John (2). Ilved for a tlme at Germanna, but tho place waa poor and unprofltable. and John C2). tho anceator of all Virginlans by tha name of Spotswood, removed to Not? tlngham. on the Rappahannock. To thls place he removed, no doubt, thn plato and furniture, which. after tha death of hls mother, was to go to him, Indeed, lt Is related by those llvins that a very old lady who died many I yeafs ago romembered tho many por? tralts at Nottingham, which, when sh* waa a little chlld, would terrlfy her by following her wherover sho sat wlth their solemn, restlesa eyes. Among them are montloned Governor Spots? wood and hls wife. and General Elllot. Theso portralts are now at the Virginia State Library. They went to ?WUHarn Spotswood, son of Alexander (3) Spot= wOSd, and hung- at Sedley Lodge, in Orange county, Ho presented thom to tho Stato L^tfrary as has been proved by letters now extlnot. John (2) Spotswood married Mary Dandrldgc and had two sons, Alexan? der (3) and JoJTri (3). Aloxandor (n> Inherlted Newpost and Nottlngham. He married Ellzabeth, daughter olf Willlam Augtistinn Washington nnd nleco ot Georgo Washington, and had many chlldren who were reared at thoso two places. Wo have not boon abl? to flnd out which was the later resldenoo of the Spotswoods. John (2), tho only son of the Govornor to leave Issue, soems to havo been simply a country gontleman, much eumberod by execut Ing tho boquost of hls father, and en? deavoring to patch up tho decaylng estate. Gormanla was a most oxpenslve pro? posltlon, and ho preforred to Hvo by tho rlver at Newpost and Nottlngham. Thn latter placc certalnly waa formcr ly adorned by tho Spotswoods' portralts, sllver and furniture. It would be ln tercsting to know whero those house? hold goods aro now, and how many of them survlve. Catheriuo Spotswood, who married Bernard Moore, of Cholsea, apparently Inherlted a portrait of her father. It hung at Cholsea untll tlio Robinsons (descendants of thls lady), sold tha place soon after the war. It is now owned by Mrs. I. N. Jones, whoso mother was a Roblnson of Chelsea, and a great great grand daughter o^# CVtherlno Spotswood. Thls portrait now hangs wltli others of Mrs. Jones's portralts ut tho Woman's Club tn Rich? mond. The two sons of John (2) Spots wood's wero brave oflicors ln the Revolution?Alexander (3) becomlng a disttnguieljed general. and John (3) a captaln, As lu the late war Fredor tqksburg was a focus of patrlot Ism and sufferlng?so ln tho Revolu? tion?heroes soem to havo gathered there. U was (he home of Wtishington, Woedon, Morcor; tho Spotswoods re slded near-by. and so did Burgess Ball at Travellers' Rest. General Alexander (3) Spotswood'a chlldren wero: Georgo (I) Washing? ton. Willlam (4), Ellzabeth Gl, who married a Pagej Mary (4), who mar? ried Judgo Francls q'allaferro Brooke and Ilved at St. Julian, near Frodar Ickaburg; Ann (4), who marrlod a Tallaferro; lleurletta (I), who marrlod Bushrod Washington, an,i Martha (I). These chlldren were born at elther Newpost or Noltlrigliam. and their de? scendants must take espoclal prlde ln theso placos. Probably thn most sat Isfylng witness of gentlo blrth fs th* possession of a manslon which has beon ln thc famlly generatlon after generatlon; Iho m<\t, perhaps, la tha abillty to polnt to a dlgnilled and commodious manslon and announce, "My futher's grandfath'T was the nuister of that place." Fur with the ftBiortlon oomot thls cnnvlctlon ln the mln.i of the heurer?"lf he or she hsi becu g.Miteel that lopg, Im or ahn ls all rlght," Consoquontly |t i.-i hoped that p?r iioiial nt'lde in th*se eatatea may hrlnpr forth abunditnt remln'iscences of them for thls coluiun. .