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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, January 30, 1910, COMIC SECTION, Image 43

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LEIEi
COLONELJOHNS.MOSBY
on
Stuart in the Gettysburg Campaign?A Defence
of the Cavalry Commander.
Eclitor's Note.
rirlmv la prlntcil Colonel John S.
Dlosby's nninrr (.. Colonel T. M. !t.
Talcott'a rrltlnlam of his vturk ?n
"Stimrt'd t'ntnlry ln llic Gcityaburg
Cnropnlgn." Colonel Tnleutt'S nrii
elc ?|.|n-nr.-il ln lliln eoliimn nevcral
hrrk? iik.i nml coualated Inrgely of
dlrcci clintlou- from Ihe "Oftlelnl
UCcbrda uf llic Wnr of thc Itrlicl
llon,'' nhnrvlog General i.re'n plan of
cjiiiipnlKn nnd eluctdntlng hi . orders
(?? IiIh sttbordJunfes, Since Colonel
Mosbjr's urtlctc vtn? received itcv.
itiiii.i(.i|ib -u.-kIim, n. n? c.r Waah
Ington, l>. ?., Intc niii to General
Kdtrnrd .lolm-oii, detlvereil nn n.l
dreKN on the ailliic wol.Je.i before
it. 15. i.ce < nrup. \n. i, Cnnfedersto
Vele'rnna, ln which li?- vlfforonstj'
defcnded Oenernl I <c \\c hnur.
sdon (o prlnt ihi* ndilrean.
Threo leiter:! have latcly appeared
in The.Tlmes-Dispatch from Colonel
T. M. IV Taicit, ii, v.-hleh he auernpla
to answor m- ot.jcctlon^ lo General
lee';, two reports of ihe Gettyaburg
campalgn ln my book, "Stuart's Cav?
alry In Ihe Gettysburg Campalgn,"
which waa published nearly two year'a
aso. The ground ot my objeetton Ls
the Ihjustfco they do to the comihana
n- of thc cavalry,
?x i hln nami |n not nrjonltonej In any
of thc, offlcial report., of 'ho campalgn
1 do not icno-w what were Colonel Tal
? ??-';; relatloua wlth the army al that
titji*. or what opportunity he had for
ob*??rving Its op-rratlon;-. iic doca not
????<? tl profSSS tn have dlacOVCrcd any
mentary avidence hi producea i.-; quot
ed or referred to In my book. ]t la
tr i that he publlshes ,->. ie"er to hlm
sell from Colonel Walter Taylor, Af
'? -' vi- i ?-?.';? neral to General
crcdlted wln t ., hli t< Umony i? en
tltjed to luwo wclgbt in ihi.-, contro
versy.
The statementa In hla letter to Col?
onel Talcott arn cdntradluled by a let?
ter from General is? to Stuart, dated
:. f\ M- June 3?, Ifm. A copy ..f thla
letter appcarH ln General I?e_'_ Ictter
tior.it i'i Colonel Taylor'p handwrltlng.
f'oigncl Taylor says Stuart "was ad
monlshed hU ?he whtlc to kecpin touch
"ith our maln army arid to keep Gon
er.il _,cc Informed as 'o tho movements
of ihe enemy."
colonel Taylor depends on hla liuag.
ioatlon for hta facts. I defy hlm to
point out one word In General Leo's
lcttcr to Stuart about Itooping "ln
touch wlth the main army." or Ucep
ing Gonoral Leo "Informed of th0
:novcmcnta of the enemy."
lt was in roforenee to thls obllvlon
which has come over General Lee'n
staif ofHcers tlmt i :.ii.i the liomerlo
legend of ihe Lotus-Batera, who lost
they memory, la no Iongcr a romanoe,
but a reallty.
I.rc'a Order* of .lune --'.
On June 2_ General Leo had writtcn
Stuart to leavo two brlgade* of cav?
alry wlth hlm, and to cross into Mary?
land with threo brlgades. "and talco
P.OSltlon on General Kwell's rlght,
placo yourself in coinmunjcatlon wlth
hlm, guam hls Ua-iik. keep him in
fc.rmed of tho cnemy's movoment*, and
oollcct all tho sttpjjlles you can for
the titffi of the army. Ono column of
<;cneral Ewell'q army will probably
movc towards thc Susquehanha by thc
Emmlttaburg route, another by Cham.
borsburg." This lotter ls ln Colonel
Charles Marshall's handwrlting. Lien
eral Lee waa then li\ tho Shenandoah
Valley wlth tho corps of Longstroot
und A. 1'. Ulll; ICweJl wus about Ha
gerstown, Md., und had beon ordcred
to the Susciuehanna.
According to Colonol Taylor, General
Lee issued an absurd order requlring
btuart to cross tho Potomae and put
hlihsolf on liwoll'a rlght flank on hla
march to tho SuKquohunna, and at tho
Bame tlme keop in touch wlth tho oth?
er two corps; und In addltlon to watoh
nnd report i,o hlm tho niovemonts of
Mookor'a aritiy on tho Potomae. lf
teiuart could havo performed all Hiobo
thingH ho would havo surpasaed any?
thing in tho enchantlng tule3 of the
Arabian N'ights.
Colonel Taylor doos not say what
Oeneral Leo expeoted to do with tho
two brlgades of cavulry ho kept wlth
hlm tn Virginia.,
The letter of June "2 was sent to
J.oiigstreot to bo forwardod lf ho
thought Stuart "can ho spared from my
(hls) front.'* Longhtreet did forward
the instructlons, nnd roferrlnp to Gen?
eral Jjco said, "Ho spotiks of your leav
Ing vla Hope well Oap [tho Ilull Run
Jiountaln] and passlng by ? lio rear ot
Ihe onomy." At the samb Ume Long
strcet, who was at Mlllwood, wroto to
General Lee, "Youra of 4 o'clock thls
nfternoon rocelvod. i havo forwardod
your.lottor to Genoral Stuart with thq
Miiggestlon that ho pass by tho enomy's
rear lf ho thlnks ho may get through."
Thls wns notlce to Leo of tho routo
Stuart would go. so the cavalry movo
m.ent around Hookor's rear had tho
npproval In ndytmco of both Gonoral
Leo und Gonoral Longstreot.
Mooker was then iu Palrfax; Gonor?
al Leo was in hls front, General Leo
vouid not havo oxpootod Stuart to pass
around ifooker's rcjar to cross tlio Po
tonine_,and ut tho stimo tlmo keep In
^ouqh wlth tho main uriny und in eom
liuuiieatlon wlth him unloss ho Imd a
niaeblno that QQUld lly over Hookar'a
hetid and naviguto tlio air. Yet hls
Jreport eomplains that "by tho rotilo
ho pursiiiijl tho .b'ederal army wus lu
terposed tmtwoon ii Ls eoinmaiut and
pur maln body?jvvovontlng any com
)nunleatlon wlth l;im untll ho urrlvod
at Carllslo,"
, li,|n.il u ConfiiMtuii'.
Mpbpdy would suspoct from reading
Jils llrst report that General Leo Uept
two cavalry biigadea wlth hlm tu
Watch tho cneiny; or that ho over
autho'rized Stuart to cross tho rlver *in
ronr of tho enomy; or that Ewell had
gone Into Penrtayivanlfl. a week in ad
vunco of tho rnnln army.
The flrat report la d.'itcd July 31,
tSOTS, (ind waa lmmedlatoly publlahcd
ln tho nowapaperg, it ia thc origln of
all tho crltlctama of fc'tuart. It says:
"In tho meantlme a part of General
Ewoll's <?orpH had cntered Maryland
and tlio rest was about to follow. . . .
General Stuart waa left to guard tho
paagea o?^he mountalns and obscrve
tho movementa of tho eficrhy, whom
ho waa Instructed to hnrnss ;ind Itti
pedo a? much us posblble should ho
attempt to cross tho Polomac
"in that evi'iu Gcnerul Stuart was di
rectcd to move into Maryland, croaa
ing the Potomac east or woat "f tlio
Btun Rldgc, as in hla Judgment should
bo best. iiiel tako posltlon on the right
of our columit n_ It advanced."
The statement. that Stuart was
atitliorlzcd t<> cross the Poto'mac ca'at
or west of thc Rldgc la true. but it ia
not tho whole truth, for, taken In con?
nectlon with the complalut of Hookor's
army belng IntorpoBed between stuart
aod our army, persons who reud tho
report naturnlly Inferrud It mcant that
fc'luart had authorlty to cross at ?omo
of tho fords enst of Harpcr'a Ferry
but in front ?<: Hooker'a army. Tho
report dld not say a word ahout
BwcR'a corpa having been detached
>md sent on several days m advanca
t<i tho 8u qiiehaiina, nnd that Stuart
v.ay. ordered ??? |6ln Bwell. It spcaks
only of Ewoll belng '.n Maryland.
On tho ?'?niravy, any one rcading thc
report would < oncludo that thc corpa
of I ?<-.:.--? tr<-. i Ewoll. and A ]'. Hlll,
united at Elagerstown, ln Maryland,
and th_t Stuart waa ordered to put
hlmself ""ii thu right of our eolumn
a.s it advanced" Into Pennsylvania.
Now. a i Ewell was at Hageratown
der "f the . . 1 to rn"-.? to the Sux
quehanna, and a.\ ho crosaed t',.- Btate
Um that day whlle Stuart waa stlll
In F&uquler county. Virginia. lt rould
hardly have been expected that .Stuart
would over tako Ewell before ho
rcached the Susquehanna, or that
(General I.ee would reiy on Stuart to
watch and report Hooker'a rrvovementa
on the Potomac; ospecially aa ho had
kepl two brlgados of cavalry with
Yct Colonel Taylo" rays that Gen?
eral Leo expected .Stuart to pcrform
that miracle.
!?? n?nil Lee** I-'lnnl InMriictlons.
Agraln, General Lee'a ftna! instruc
tions to Stuart were wrltten from
Rerryvtlle at S P. M., Juno 23. As I
havoj-^Id. they were ,.,pted by ColO
nol Taylor ln General Lee'.-i lcttcr
book. They wero subatantlallv a re
petltlon of those .--ent through Long
rtroot the day before, but moro oxpli
clt about crossing tho Potomac. They
gavo Stuart tho alternatlvo of coming
over tho Rldgc tho next day, erosalug
tho Poiomac at Shcpherdstown and
thou movlng on over the Houth -Moun
taln to Fredorlcktown; or ho could
paaa uround IIook?r's rear, "dolng
them al^ the dainage you can, and
cross the river east of tho mouniain.
In eithdY case after crossing the rlv?
er. you must move on und f?-ei thc
right of Ewoll's troops, collcctlus
lnformatlon, provlslons, etc."
CTearly when Genorai Leo told Stuart
that If he crosaed at Shephcrdstown he
tnuit move on over to Frcderlcktown,
ho dld not mcan for Stuart to stop
thero, but niorely to Indlcate tho bst
rout to joln Fwll, as ho had wrltten
Stuart that ono of Ewcll'a columns
would move to thc Susquehanna by
Emmittsburg. ln thls second lettor ho
said. "Tho inoveinents of Ewoll's sorps
.iro as stuted tn ray foriner lutter"
(2_d). On that day hc had wrltten
1-well from Borryville: . . . "MIiiq of
tb-day authorizing you to niovo towards
tho Susquohanna, 1 hopo ]ms rcached
you.| ? ? ? i ai_o dlrepted General
Stuart, should the enomy have so far
retlred from his front as to pernilt of
;he departuro of a portlon of the cav
ilry, to march with three brlgados
icrosa the Potomac nnd place hlmsqlf
>n your right nnd eommunicHto with
fon, keop you advised of the move
nents of the onemy and assist in coi
cctlng sunpllea for thc army." There
s not a word ln tlie inatructlons to
Stuart, although tlio report says so,
tbout hls belng left to guard the pass
is of tho mountaln or harass and im
icde tho enomy, "should ho attempt
.o cross tho Potomac"; for tho plain
?eason tliat ho was expected to cross
n advanco of tho e.nemy and uiovo on
nto Pennsylvania with Ewell,
stunrt'). Alteruntlves.
Nobody can rcconcilo the statcmenta
ibout the cavalry in GoneraJ Leo's
wo reports with hls- orders to both
?-woll and Stuart on Juno 23, nnd hls
cttor of S P, M.. Juno 33, to Stuart,
vhich ls. as r havo said, in Colonel
I'aylor's handwritlng. No dlacretlon
vaa given to Stuart to remaln with
he army in Virginia or Jolu Ewell in
Pennsylvania; but discretion wus given
ilni to go by Shopherd-town, or cross
in Hookor's rear at fcencca, No matter
vhlcli routo hc went he would be
iqually out of sight of tho enemy und
>ttt ot' communlcatloii with Genorai
>a. Stuart would hayo boen where
lencral Leo put him. ln hls last
nttcr to Stuart General Leo speuks
if tlio liiovomeuts of troopa in tho
.rallcy .tlio noxt day..
lf Goueral Leo hud antlcln'ated that
t would broak uii Stuart's plan of
lassing to thc Potomac not around
lookor's roftr through Fdlrfax, -but
lirough the iniddlo of Hooker'a ariliyi
?uttlng it ln two und ilostroying his
runspoilatlon, ho would havo dolayed
ho lTiovemeut ln the Vallny, as thero
vaa no jieooHsUy for it that day. A. p.
1111 waa at Charlestown, about rtlne
illles from tShopherdstown; Jio should
uivo Htood stlll to glvo Stuart tlmo
o cvosa tlm river,
Stuart would thou havo been ao far
thead tliat Ploasuntoii's I'avalry could
lover liav. ovorttikon hli}t.~%Froni tlio
d;iy Gdnpral Leo crossed thu rtdpptt
hannock llooker had nlwayg(rnoycij :-..
II.1 I., |(....|, '|,, touch ullh I,-.'.. and be.
tweeii i,en and Washington.
It could moi l,.. r.-.p... Lot) I hat U.llor
tho wholo. Southern nrmy hu? etoSBctl
,l|,! >'"'?.i Ilookor would ilalt ln
virginia nnd tincover Wnshinisron.
Uonker's I'roinpl >loveuicnL
on the 3ttn a. p. hhi'h corps movcd
from CJtarlestown lo tho Potomno m
sigiit or tho Blgnai station on fttury
Intiti tlolghtH. The nows was tele
gruphcd t? llooker, imu ho Met htfi
army ln niotlon r.,r thc Potomae the
next day. Stitari round Rooker's army
marcHJng on tho roads whh h ho had
uxpcct'cd lo ttuvei, hcnco 1,0 had to
chango his routo an,j niake a clctour
through l-'alrfax around Hooker's rear,
Instead o( crosslng the rlver on the
nvenlng of tho 25th, lie old not ?et
ovor unlil tho nlght of tho J7th.
Plousanton's Cavalry Corps had boen
kept bohln.l asTTho ronr guard ol tbc
army, and crossed the Potomae aomo
mlles abovo on tho Banie. nlght it was
kapt bchlnd and neutrallzed by Btuart
belng in their rear, an,] gavo no trou?
blo to General Lee.
Colonel Talcott quotor, from my
book what la eald about the prcmaturc
inovementK ln the Bhonandbah Valley,
maklng thc Gcttysbur? campalgn the
lllad of the South, and clatms thal
thls is an adinlKHlon that the dlsastcr
was duo to tho absonee of tho cavalry.
MIh coticlualons are. itloglcal?a non
sequltur?no such meanlng can bo
given to any languagt. No mattor
wherc Stuart erosaed tho Potoma.
east or west of tho Ridg<?he would
not have been wlth General Leo or
anywhero npar Gcttynburg. but away
off on tho Suaqtiehunna. I nover said
tt waa tho cauae of tho losa of tho
battlo, but of the falluro of tho cam?
palgn as orlginally planrted.
Ulll'a lle?pnni4IbIIUr.
ft v;os this movement of A. P.
Ulll on the 24th from Charlestown
that dtsclosca our plan to tho enemy
and oauscfl It to mlScarry. There novcr
would have. been a battle at Gcttyn
burg If Stuart hnd crossed tlio Po
tomac on tho evening of the 25t|f -as
ho bad oxpeoted. Wlth hls transpor?
tatlon destroyed, tho eanal on the
Potomae, which had becomo hls llno
of nupply. brokotj, and all communlca
llonn cut between Washington and the
North, llooker's attention would H"ivo
been drawn from Len to Iho capital,
and Stuart would havo inarehed lels
urely on 10 tbe Susquehanna. Long
1 treet waa at Mlllwood 011 the -Ith,
and marched out of vlew of tlio bignai
station by Bunker Hlll and Martlnn
burg to Wllllamsport. As he had lo
march about three times tho dlstance
that A. P. HIM "ad to march from
Charlestown to cross at Snepncrdr
town, Hill mlght havo walte(l a day
and then he, Longstreet and Stuart
would all have crossed the Potomnc
on tho samo day and would have left
IP-oker htblnd In Vlrgiuia.
Of course, General Lee did not an"
ticlpato 'hat llooker would follow co
promptly and defeat thn opcratlon that
wbb orlginally planncd. Stili stuart
did cross in the enemy's rear.
Colonel Talcott says tt was neces
sary for thc two corps to move 011 the
24th to tuipport Bwell, But Ewcll's.
Early'a and Rodcs'a reports show just
the revcrse- A few militla mot them
at two or"three places, but scattered
wlthout flrlng a shot. When Early
got to York hc sent Gordon to sccure
tho hrldce acrosn the Susquehanna.
but. th" mtlUta set flre to the brldgc
m,i ran over the rlver. Hooker had
detached no foroes to follow Ewell.
General Lee held him in Virginia.
whlle Ewell foraged in PennBylvanla.
Jenklns'-; Cavalry was sklrmjshlng
wlth some militla In thc ruburbs of
Harrlshurg when Ewell, who waa at
Carllslc, rocalle.1 hlm.
Stuarr* Conduet on June -5.
Colonel Talcott also says that when,
on the 26th, Stuart found out that he
could not pass through Hooker'a army
ho ought to have turned back, gone
over the Blue Rldgo and crossed the
rlver at Shopberdstown. But It was
caslor then to go on than to turn
back. He r=Tmply obeyed General Lee's
order, kept on and paase.l around
Hooker't- rear. He could not posslbly
havo reaehed Khepherdstown b?fore
the nlght of tho 27th, which waa the
tlme ho crossed at Seneca. General
Lee had then been two days at Cham
bcrsburs-.
If Stuart had gohe back to PTit
hcrdstown ho would havo restod for
a nlght, and then havo moved on
through some pass In tho South Monn
tain to Joln Early at York. lie would
have reaehed there about the. tlme
Early was Icavlng to joln Ewell.
Stuart's crosslng at Sancea, so near
WashlnKton. cutting the canal, inter
ceptlng communtcattons and capturlng
supply tralna serlously tmpeded the
operatlons of the Northern army.
RIeade's attention waa dlrected from
Lee; ho -sent two-thirda of hls cavalry
and threo army corps off to tho east
to intercept Stuart, savo Baltlmore.
and open hls communlcations. which
Stuart had cut. But tho frutt of theso
operationa was lost by A. P. Hlll's and
Heth's Quixotlc adventures ln tjolng
off wlthout ordors to Gettysburg. '
Yet nobody would suspoct from read
ing Goneral Lee's two reports, or what
hls staff ofllccrs havo written, that A.
P Hill and lleth broke up his plan
of campaiKu. And hero I will notlco
a statcment ln Colonel Taylor's book?
"Four Years Wlth Loc"?that does
great Injustice to his chief. *IIo says
that at Cashtown on tho morning of
July 1, Lee stopped and had a talk
wlth A. P- I"" beforo ho started to
Gettysburg. lf true, lt makes General
Lee responsible for tho blundor of that
movement. Fortunatel'y for General
Lee's reputatlon this statcment is con
trndietod by tho report of Gonoral
Pendlcton, who rodo that day wlth
General Loc.
On the morning of July 1 hls head
nuarters wero at Greenwood, about ton
miles west of Cashtown. FromNLhoro
ho wroto Imbodon that hls hoadquar
lers for tho next fow days would be
at Cashtown. It must havo beon long
after noon when Gonoral Leo roachart
Cashtown, na Pondleton says ho did
not stop thoro, but rodo rapidly forr
ward to tho sound of the guns. Tln
reaehed tho field, about olght miles off,
near tlio closo of tho flght. IIoTh's
report says he left Cashtown about B
o'clock in the morning.
lllll nnl Hetb Knevr Condjtlons.
Colonel Talcott also says that Hill
uul Helh did not know that tlio enemy
held Gettysburg. lf he Will read their
reports ho will soo that they say thoy
know it; and A. P. HiH says that 011
Lho dav before ho sent a courier to
Cionerai Leo Inforniing hlm of it. I
xdmit that Colonel Taluott ln making
thls staternent nbout Ignoranco ot tho
JUomy follows General Lee's flrst re?
port whloh ls contradletecl by his sec
>nd report. Thc flrst reporl. says that
?iinding oiuselvos unexpoetedly con
frontcd b>' tho Federal army It beoaino
1 matter of dlfllculty' to wltlulraw
hrough tho niountaliis wlth our largo
trains." Tho flno Italian hand of a
aw.vcr la map.lf.eat hero. Both lllll aud
.-lot'h say thoy know tho euomy hold
gettysburg; lf so, the mootlng ooula
lot havo boen uuexpeeted. Nor does
.ho report explain why Gonoral Leo
jould not aavo hls' tralus wlthout a
lattlo, whou ho saved them wlth small
oss aftor lo3lng a battlo.
Nor does thls veport explalu why
Swoll, wlth lihdc.s's and Kai^y's p|.
?Isions, yvaa uian-hliig away irbm Got
.ysbui'g 011 tho mornlug of July i( \t
Taj Ioi'h book attya thc ordei waa fnr
ih.. , onci ntrntton til Cashtov u. Ito
con^radlcta the flrst report, which says
Gcttysburgr. H Ih ctonr thc abaenco ??(
threo hrlgutleu of cavalry with Stuart
hi'.i nothln_ to <lo with brltiglng or,
,,, loalug Iho bnttle. Mwell nnd
Eorly had at least 2,000 cavalry with
tliom, ...oi Gcncfnl l,. a hotl Icopl two
brlgim.- i,f envalrv with llltti. Nobotly
ciin show tltal General I.ee dld, 'ot
omltted i" d'i, Biiytlilng on aceount ot
hls Ignoruncc of the situatlon of th';
Northern army. Au General i. ?<? _nyn
lhat ho had noi ln(endc(| to flghl .1
battlb unlesa attrtbked, II mado no dlf.
feretii-e (o lilm lf tlie cimtny wero nt
Gottysburg, If they wer,. hot ifiter
ruptliig him; all he llnd to do Wftfl lo
bo rendy when tncy came. u,, whofe
army would have been eoncentrnted
ut Caahtown, or ln aupportlttg dls
tancc, that oveiillli,- lf. Hlll mi.l I|.l|i
ha,| not gono off on au cxcurslon and
dlaporaed II. It IS no( eredlblo that
Genorai ixe should have atayed two
days ln .Maryland, on the Potomac, nnd
ln tho shadow ot South Mountaln, ivlth
Hookor's army on the other 1 Ida and
iu th.- gopa, with their slgnal latloni
on th.. pcalcs; wlthout dlscovcrlng thoir
pn ence, Such Jbitcolic slmpllclty ls
Inconslsteni with'tho cliaractor "f tho
Confedcrate commander, Every pri
??|l" in Ills army knew where n^oker
(icnernl I.ee Iteml Report.
N'o doubt ho left when he '.vns surc
, that Hookor's army. was over tho rlver.
Nor could ho have been aurprlsr.d to
hcar lt waa at GettyHburs, unlesa he
expected llookor tn atand ntlll, At
Wllli.-iin.sport hc wroto Mr. Davis that
he thought ho could throw HOoker'a
armv over the rlver; and yct hls re
r>ort says that he was surprlsed v/hen
hb lieard lm had done ll. For thls
rrason f e.\pressed the oplnlon that
ho must havo slgned wlthout readlng
tlie report. Colonel Tuylor sayi he
rcao it. 1 am sorry u> hcar it.
!< la strango that tho biographcrs
and ataff ofllcers who have eharged tlio
Gcttvsl
Carllsle, dai.
Wlilctt refiflc
that General Lee kn"w perfectly well
where iiMokor wp/i. Thh- letter is pub
llshed ln my book 011 page 117.
General t.ee's report say?: "It was
expected tha't aa soon ns the Federal
army should cross tho Potomac Gen?
eral Stuart would give nqtlce of ftn
movoroents. and nothlng having been
lieard from him since our entrame
Into Maryland. It was Inferrod that thc
ennmy had not yet left Vbrglula.
"Ordera wero therefore isstied to move
on to Harrlsburg. . . . The advanca
againit Harrl3burg was arrested by
Intclllgenre recelved from a scout
[spy] on tho nlght of tho 28th to the
effcet that tho armv of General
Hooker had crossod tho Potomac and
war. approachlng the South Mountaln."
Tf General Leo had thought that
Hooker was stlll In Vlrglnla he.
would have marched direi-tly to Wash?
lngton and Baltimore. At least be
ought to have. dono It.
.411 Knew IIooker'H Atnvemenls.
I havo proved in my hook that the
spy was onlv a ghost that somebodv
s.iw, aiid that no order was lssuod to
move on to Harrisbufg. Ewell waa
then over thirty mllea north at Car"
llslo; he had beon a week in rennsyl
vania and had detached Karly'o Dl
vlslon to go east to thc Susquehanna.
Jenkfns's Cavalry was about Harrls?
burg; General Lee. with Hill and
Longstrect,' had crosaed the Potomac
several days before. Now 1 say that
any private or tcamster would havo
told General' Lee that^Hooker would
not stay in Virginia "When he wa3 iu
Penn^yivania. That was somethlng
that any man of ordinary acuse would
have known without being told.
Accordlng to Colonel Marshall, Gen?
eral Leo was thrown almost Into a
pantc when ho heard tho news that
Hooker was over thc rlver and was
followlng him.
"As I ean't belleve it, I said ln my
book, and T rcpeat. that in my opln?
lon; when General Lee slgned a paper
coiitainlng such an absurdlty ho had
never read it. lf ho had thought whon
he crosi'pd the Potomac that Hooker's
army waa still in Virginla. then In
-
'*'"' "' marehlng horth he would
have turnetl east, Tho Chumborsburg ]
I"1'1'' sIiom : lhal i ;? neritl Lee knew I
iinit. ii ioki r wn stlll kecping between |
hirtinndWn lilugi. n toi.i i-:v,-ell ih.-n. i
ho ho?l '.- rltton hlm "lasl nlght" c:7> '
that llooker had trrosaetl the Potomaoi
and waa inovlng towards South Moiih- i
IftlU, nnd lhat he hnd dlrcotod Ewell
t.. bni i'. to Charhliorsburg; but, lf |
h.. hnd nol already progressed on that.;
road he wanted hlm to mdvc east of
tho motintaln ln tho dlreotion of Cash?
town or Gettysburg, Ho on tho hIkIH
or tiie _7111 General Lee Wroto Bwcll
whal hls reporl says he had rirst heard
I fi ? m n i ;o,-' on tho night or tite 28th.
Nctthcr Col. Talctt nor Col, Tay
;.,, trlea to explain thls letter <>r makd
.n conslstent wlth the statcment of
111 ? report.
I)/lte of f.etlcr KMnbllsJicd.
i antlolpated In my book (pagca
lli-121) tlmt .-ono- oi.o would. In.ist
I tfial the datb waa a mlstahre, and
' . lo.I have lo-. ti thO 2?lh. BUt, lf tho
' etter lu the Rocorda should luivo boen
do ed the 29tlt, then "last ntght's" let
tei would havo boen dated tho 29th.
' ','ov Laily s.i>.- ili.H lo- received at
' Vorlt a eoi.y of tlili, lott.er Oil the
, . ,,!?- of U.< .'.".,i. and he started
early the nexi mon,ing, oxpectlng to
in' i ? .!! iiT't ol the mountaln. lt
i- about severuy nitles, vln Cariiaie,
. rrom Chambersburg to vork.
The letter could not posslbly ha\6
r.ached Early on thc ifilh lf lt had
left Chambersburg later thau ilo- -.th.
Agaln, Bdwafd Johnson'a JWlsIon left
Cariisle on the niornlng of tlio -?tn
on tho Chambersburg plke, and before
tho second order arrlvcd for EWC'l to
move eaat ot the mountaln, and Ewal|S
I tralns wero passlng throutth Cham
i beraburg at mldnlght on the -ith.
I which sTtOWS that thoy must havo left
Cariisle probably on the evening of
thn 28th. , , , ....
Agaln, Ewell says lie arrlvcd nt. Car
llslo on the 27tli, and waa starllnK
for Ilarrlsburg on thj} 20tli. but the
movement was arrcsted by an ordoi
from General Loc to return. It la
dear lhat Johnson loft Cariisle and
. Early left Vork ln obedlenco lo tho
| (lrst order t-7Uc. _ ...
But Ewoll i-oinalned at Cariisle vs Ith
? riodes's nivlslon aftor redelvlng the
i second order, to glvC Jenklns tlme to
liolurn from Ilarrlsburg and to ume
with Early. marohlng west. at Kold
tlcrsburg. If tlio letter in the Records
lii.d been wrltten on tbe 29th, then
noithcr lotter c6uld havo reaehed
Ewell beforo ho got to Ilarrlsburg.
lii<j mar.li north was arrcsted by tho
I Ilrst I'-ttor. of course, all prcsutrip
lions are ln favor of tho COrrCctnpSS
nf the dat,. of the letter published
llu tho Records. Tho burden. of l>roof j
I ln on thoso who Impearh tt. But
l Ewoll'a. Bariy'a nnd Johnaon'a rcporta
vcrifv tho lattor ln every partlcular.
i lt 'would havo been far better for
General Lee's mllltary rcputatlon lf
he had wrltton hls own report of
o.-oni-- of tho campalgn just as they
? occurred. Instead ot havltiK nn acute
lawycr to wrlte a brlef for hlm: thls
"Had been an act of purcr famo,
Than gathors round Marcngo'a name.
I am aware, that in Virginia there
i* a sentiment 'hat toleratco only ono
sldo of a quoRtlon that concerna Gen?
eral Lee .. .
Lec'.M !.n*? Order to Mosbr.
After Crncral Stuart was killod, In
Mav, IStit, I reportcd dl'.'cctly to Gen?
eral Lee. The following ls tho last
order 1 ever received from hlm:
"Headquarters, March 27, lstiT..
"Re.c'd. 8-20.
"Col. J. S. Mosby, caro Major Boyle,
Gordonsvtllo;
"Collcct vour command and watcn
the countrv from front pf Gordons?
vtllo to Blue Rldge. and also Valley.
Your command Is now all in that sec?
tion, and tho general will rely on you
to watch and nroteot the country. If
any of your command is ln tho North?
ern Neck, call lt to you.
"W. II. TAYLOR,
"Asslatant Adjutant-Gencral."
It wa.s forwarded from Gordonsvllle
by courler to mo ln Loudoun.
A few days afterwards wo heard
from Appomattox. My baltallon. waa
then on the line of tho Potomae.
whero the war had begun. For Gen?
eral Leo T havo always had a deec
affectfoii. but, to my mlnd, the fash
lonablo cult that exalta hlm above nior
tallty nnd makes hlm incapablc. of
error is aa Irratlpnal aa tho mystlo
falth of tho HIndoo ln Buddha.
And now, in concluslon. I will say
that 52me may thlnk that Stuart
needed no defenso; und will apply to
my effort to roscuo hls memory from
undeaerved blame tho words of Milton
on a monumont to Shakespcaro.?
"Dear Son of Memory. great helr of
famo,
What needs't thou such weak witness
of thy name."
JOHN* S. MOSBY.
Washington, D. C January. 10l0.
Ono bcglna desceut of the Rappa
liannock Valley through thn Northern
Neck at tho Stage. Road from tho Po?
tomac just as it crosses tlio bridge In.
to Frederickaburg, not very far below
thc ^pot where tho road croEses tho
1 track of tho Richmond, Frederlcks?
burg and Potomac Rallroad. Thero
lu'e.i tn bo 110 crossing of tho river
below Chathain Brldge untll tho ferry,
botwoen what was called tho Wash
ington i'arin aiul tho Frederlcksburg
AVharvcs, was roached..
Tho railroad constructed a brldge
for its own uso cxclusively, debouch
Ing on tho north side anj pursuing its
wav for a limited spaco through the
lands of Jamoa Thompson?a plain,
oxcellent Scotchman, who regularly, in
th0 long ago, fulthfully ploddod hla
way every Sunday and Wcdnesday
nlght, In spitn of sleet and snow, to nt
tend tho servlcea of the Prdsbyterian
Church, and to hoar Its ever-to-be
veneratcd founder and pnstor, tho Rev.
Samuol B. Wllson, D. D., who clpsed
lils loii" and uaeful lifc as professor
ln tho Unlon Thoologlcal Seminary,
then locatod in Prlnce Edward county.
This llttlo farm of Thompson's was
a part of the old Wnshlngton Farm
separated by o 5'oau leadtng to the
Ferry Farm. On the Ferry Farm was
built tho homeatead which sheltered
for somo years tho yotith of Georga
AVashlngton.
Below tlio Forry Farm, owned about
three-score and moro years ago by n
Haptlst preacher named Teasdalc, waa
the home of Willlam Pollpok, son-ln
law or oi,| John Gniy. Inter'vonlng
between Pollock and Travcler's Real
wus a handsomo liul? oatato, known
iia Llttlo Falis. owned and bccupled
lor sooie tlmc by Captaln Robert ('!.
Robb, l". s- ^*' !l son-ln-law of old
Philip Llghtfoot, of Pott Roynl, and
iifterwai-iis for a short tlmo by Dr,
llngh Mason, who marrled Miss Rosa
HeLlghtfoot, n younger daughter of
th.. port Royal couplo.
Mr.". Iloberl *'?? Robb. noo Fanny
l.iv.liti'iiot. of Port Royal, was a great
bolto i" her oay. Tho belirsa of Port
Rpval attracted all tho young mon of
Froderteksbui'ffi ? ho d-llghtert lo go u'
the dannea ln iho sinallor town. Miss
Fauny Ughtfoot waa ao grueei'ut t ilut
sho awakonod the ngotib llro in th,,
breust of ?' >'">cul hl llQr "PlKhborhood.
His llno- ivern;
"\s tho syKiiet ndoa tim water,
S.i wullis I'hH Utfhtloul's ihiughter."
Her pictuie, tho umboiliuient of
giiu-e, iiuw hangs at Chntiumi, gjm (a
Um houornil auceatreas of tlin niistres.v
of that prlncely home. Ono or tho'
fumous anio-nelluiu bolles wln, dumed
ilt um? d^llghlfiU lmrllos wus Miss
Elleu unnkheud A\ arlng, whoso neck
and shoulders w.cro consldered tho
hahdsomast ln virginia.
Llttlo Falla was ftrst ownod, how?
ever, by a famlly of Nowtona, some
wbat uncultured people. Ono Chrlst
maa Day Dr. Bpverley Wcllford was
summoned In great hasto to a young
man whoso hand had been dreadfully
Injured by tho burstlng of hls gun
whllo he was out hunting. Tho good
doctor went, of coursc, and aftor somo
weeks tho young man becanio porfect
ly restored to thc use of his arm. His
sympathUlng sisters had a theory
about tliu accldont and appcaled to Dr.
Wcllford to conllruj. tholr suggestlon
that the weather belng so intensely
cold tho load had "frlr." ln the. gun.
Immediately below Alblon. tho
Strothor home, of which wo havo writ
ten, was tho aneestral liomo of tho
Alexandors, through tho Cass'ons, call?
ed Snowden. Thls estate. tirst belpng
ed to Captaln Thomas Casson, whoso
wife was Sarah Bruce. llls only chlld
and helress, Sarah Casson, marrlod
Willlam Paarson Alexamler, and at tho
death of tho Cassona,Sarah Aloxandor
helrod "Snowden,"' and henccf orwu.ro.
lt was tho home of the Alexandcra.
John Aloxandor waa the emlgrant,
'and he settled ln Northampton county,
taklng up a grant of 1,500 acres. He
had tlire.. sons? John (2), died wlthout
issue; Robert (2) and Hhillp (2). Tho
emlgrant dled ln 1077, and ln itiSD
Robert Howson. "heing setred of 6,000
acres on Great Hunting Creek. In
Slaflfora county, by hls will gava 500
acres of |_t to John Aiexandor." Ou
this land, nauv Mount Varnon, arose
the clty of Alexandria, named for thls
famlly. Robert (3) Alexauder, the eid
est son of the emigrant, marrled
Frances (aur-namo unknown, and had
John (l), Gorard (4), Sarah (1) and
Parthenla (i>. John <o, born 1711
marrlod ln 1731 Susaima, daughter of,1
Thomas I'earson. gentleman. and had!
Charles t'i), John (5). Slmon (.">), Rob?
ert (5), Thomas (5), Willlam (5), Ann
(ii) and Kllzabeth (5).
Willlam (fi) I'earson, tho youngest
pon, marrlod Sarah Casson, and hla
chlldren-? Willhuu (ti), James (ti), Pbil
tp (ti), Thomas (ii), Anne Casson (tl),
Sitsun Pearsuu ftiL Sarah Casson (ii),
Bllssrf (ll? and Mary (ti)?wero born at
Snowden. and 0110 can even now lin
agino lhat tho tlnklo of tholr ehlldlsh
joy mi'.ile Snowden a inorry spot,
Of Willlam ((i), James (C) aud Phillp
(fi) it la only recorded that thoy dled
uhmarrlcd. Thomas uiurrled Ellzu.
heth InillS, und left four daugh
ters. Anne Casson tfi), marrlod Ales
aiuler ,vjir.-ou. Susau I'earson (ii), nuiv
,1-iod Thomas Seddou. Sarah Casson
(K) marrled Wmi A. Khox, Kiir.11, (tn
Ulurriod John Uoy, and Mary ((>), mar?
rlod Pr. n'overlpy lt. Weltford, Cup
taili Cii.-sou was a retircd sca cup
talu of I'ortune anil promtncnoo lu thc
county. lli.-i uaino was very famillar
f-u- nuuiy a year as tho owner r>t" Cus
soii's' l-'ei-ry. estiihllshed by iiuthorliy
of tho Lcglsl.mire, ;ty apncars ln one
of the Injrt VOllltneS of "HoiiIuk'h fltftti
Ute?," WhlCh, crOs'Slhg tlie Rappiihnn
heck fion; Simwilrii tO n pnlnt. ln <';in>
llne county between Snow Creek nnd
Hayflold, was a very much patroplzcd
hlghway fi-om Ntsfthern sVcck to tht
Southern Hliore.
Thero is artother RnoVvfJcn, owned bj
Frnnic Guest, I3st|? which we m'enilon
od in a ti'fim-r pappr.
The Cossoh^Alexandcr Snoivdcn eov:
erefl a broad mertdow land upon thi
rlvijr. "f greal fertlll.ty nnd ugrlculturn
vnluc. Willlam <:lt Pcaraon AJexandei
dlod when hi_ youngest chlld, Mary
\v?r, only a few yeatH old. and hl:
ivldow went to tbc busy little towr
<K Falmotith, posslbly for greater pru
teotlon than slyi would rccelvo al
Snnwiien, ulthough she hnd un oldei
sou, or perhap.i the octalc went to thi
aon, and she willir.giy gave It up
whether her ?on remalned at Showdet
we cannot tell, When Mrs. Aloxandei
horself dled her young daughter llvoi
with her elder wlat.er. Seddon, llrst. n
Falmotith, and then In Frederlcksburg
.?ind wiij marrled from tlie woll-knowi
Seddon home |n the latter plao. Mr*
Scddon'a own children wre but a fev
yeara younger than their aunt, nni
Antio Seddon, who marrled Wllllarl
Rov. nnd I.eah. who marrled Warne
Taliaforro pllghted their vows In th
same old house.
In inter years "Snowrten" was owne
by l?r. Htigh Morson, and from him I
passed by purehaae to Jolin Scddoi
Esq.; tlie *on of Thomiis Seddon, a
whose house Mary Alexander waa mnt
rled to Dr. Reverloy Wellford. ,Ioh
Seddon was a grent-grandson of Car
taln Thomas Cnsson, the flrst ownt
of Snowdnn, and tho pretty oltl plnc
met itg doom whlle ho owned lt. Th
house was handsome, and stood on
hlgh blll. which fell to a lush meadov
The land was unusually fertlle, an
ln tlilrleen years nleven erop<( of corr
better and ljettor every yenr," filled th
great crlbs and cheered the hoart o
the master. "When Mf. Seddon was Ii
tiu- army a _ankec gunboat stearhet
ono day up to Snnwden. Mrs. Seddon
neo Mnry Llttlo, and her mother ahe
children wcr<- rhere. The great hr.usC
nnd its luxurlous furnlshlnga filled th(
hoart of tho-enomy with resontment
land vongeanco, which tho gentle re
monstrnnce of (wo l'ovely ladies cbnhl
not. nstjuage, Tlie order went forth
"Rui-ti ihe house!" and tho flro wai
llghteri npnn tho shlnhig ovnl of thc
mahogany dinner table. The greedy
blaaes amacked thoir hot lipn upon
thl.u sweet rriorscl; nnd lenped from thr
table tn olner rare onjects. ?which they
Speedlly devotirerl. und soon Snodwcn
with all Its tradlUons and beauty, v/ne
turned to Hshes. it has never hocr
rcbullt.
Tho orphan, Mary Alexander. durlnjj
her niaklenhood spent much of |iei
tlme with another older aister, Mra
Morson, on tho HollywOod cstatn ad
jolnlng the Alexander home?Snow
den.
The llollywood estate was owned bj
Alexander Morson, who marri?_ Ann<
Cason Alexander, and there wert
born his children?the lato Arthur A
Morson, Dr. Hugh Morson, and Jamei
M. Morson. Alexander Morson wai
the son of a Scotch emigrant, Arthui
Morson, who conducted very protltablj
a store at Harewood, about ten mllei
above Stafford, at the point of dl
vergencc of the road along the Rap
Dahannock from the Warrenton Roac
through Fauquler county and thc
Pledmout country. Whob he came out
as an emigrant he w;as engaged to a
Scotch lasslr, a Miss Andrew, who fol
lowerj him aa soon as ho could see tht
way clcar, and they were marrled as
soon as sho arrlvcd in Norfolk. Hl:
aon waa a suitor of Anno Caason lt
her girlhood, and remalned a bachclo.
untll her oldest daughter, bearing thi
mother'a name, waa bloomlng Into wo
utanhood. Hla love was then return
ed, and ho marrled her, anj their homi
thoreaftor not only during her llf<
but her wldowhood was at Hollywood
Tho resldence was somo two milc'
from tho rlver. but tho estate includer
many acres of the bottom lands, be?
tween the Snowden estate an,i Muddj
Creek. In years gone by. all of the
rlver shore from tho Strothcr llno tc
tho King Georgo boundary of Muddy
Creek was Included in the Snowden
and Hollywood farms. But before that
a portion of this was the homestend
of thc Thorntons, and thoro Dr. Robart
Wellford an_ hla aftor wife, then a
Mrs. Thorton, just met. When Dr.
/rellford flrst came to Virginla with
Colonel Spotswood, thc father of tha
latter, then llvlng at Nowport. invlted
a number of hls nelghbors on both
sides of tho rlver to welcome the re?
turn of hls son. Alexander, and hla
attcntlant surgeon. Mr. Thornton was
ono of tho guests. and boeame- very
sick as soon aa he rcached hla own
home. Fate certalnly soomod to tako
a hand ln tho situatlon. Ho calleci o
servant and bado blm go at once to
Nowport and requcst Dr. Wellford to
vlslt him- Thc name belng very un
famlllar tn hla handsome young wife,
sho imaglned that Mr. Thornton'a
mlnd was wanderlng, and straighway
hastened tho messcnger for tho near
est of her known practltlonora of mod
tcine. Mr. Thorton auspectcd somo
tliincr, and told h?r that ho had met
at Xewport Colonel Spotswood's avmy
surgoon. who had corao at hls own
urgont rcquest, and,Genorai Washinr
ton'a advice, with a hlgh reputo for
profosalonal work and aklll.
Apropoa of tho Wellfords, wo nottco
with pain au unpardonablo omlsslon
in one aceount of that famlly, tlve or
sl'x weeks ago.
Wo dld not say that Dr. John Spots?
wood Wollford marrled Miss Emme
llne Tabb, of Gloucestor, Folk somc
tlmos omlt Just what thoy wlsh most
to say?and who ever could forget
such a Vlrglnla gentlenian'.' RearoQ
at stately Wavorly, tn Gloucester?a
jcwel amonir tho many Jewels Iu brlck
which adorn tho North Rlver?and thc
daughter of Edward Tabb. Esq., sho
marrled and went to old Frederlcks?
burg to Ilvo; later her husban,T. niovod
to Richmond, where ho wlll ever bo
romembored as a bcloved physlolan;
nnd sho, as tho best exponont or tho
Ideals of lier State.
Elisa S. Wellford, daughter of M.
Siiotswood AVelll'ord, Sr? of Freder?
lcksburg. marrled Dr. Lalironco R.
roho, Mayor of Frederlcksburg, and
had two ohlldren?-I.auroin-o Roso and
Mrs, Reed. They liave always lived
Iu thc old town.
lt is a eiik'lal nionient when a fel-,
ow-townsiuan meots us on tha streot j
md, with a luyatorlotis "Mona-I.lsa"
milie. announcBs, "I read your arilele
itst Sunday."
"Ali! Ttnl.vd?" we nnswer, whlle our
onselous. or suhi'onselou.s, aelf In
uires. "What ,\U\ I aay tliat had beon
ost unaald? Dld X treml ou hls tooa,
Ivo ? him Iho wrong grainlfather,
he wlfo ihut lm prcfqrrecl not
ave?" Tho ivail ls palnful, and at
ist niir- rt'lend relioves us---lt |s had.
f eourso, a mlddlo uamo omlttotl or
hidy's' iiRti iiiispliued, but not as bud
s lt mlglil have been.
Thls week (| aolenip quory was nd
anced?"Old you say that there were
no eradlers ln ono fleld at Moss
:ei-i;V"
"Yos. und u most accttl'alo gentlc
10,11 told us so."
We are always readv to dofend our
ul.vea?"300 uraillara?"
"Well. nf course, we ara um exaqtlv
irtiiers?and wo "ri' Wipg, WO do l'o
leiulier, we must. eolil'ess, sertlrig i-rad
? re, biii ive uevor imnut'eil thom, A\'e
'lati we wero farnun's ln this "15
I centa - butter - and - .10-cents-A-pbittld*
turl'.oy-eni," but. f.'iriultig I.- moro
; profltablo niiil nor as dangerous a eall
: it?_c aa gohdalogy, But wo don'l know
exnctly about erafllos?exeopt habtea*
cradlers, Itowovor, we will po to one
"source" and tntiulro. Wo havo done,
ihi:-, nnd wo ur,, wrotlgl Our soureo
I saw sevenly-lh-f! e.rndlors ln thn Mos_
i N'eok llcld nnd 200 hands, nll told,
I lv.cavl.
I But a candid eonfosslon?a fr.ink
j aoittiowledgmeut?"I havo said those
| thlngfl Which I should not have said"
; I makes us f"c] awfully vlrtuous.
The Newpost oc tho dlnner party, as
w-e.lt ns Nottlngham, both nonr Frod
crlclcHburg, were occuplcd by General
I Alexandor Spotswood. Thc numo Spotn
wood Immediately brings to tnlnd thc
! dashlhg earcer of tho first Alexander,
Governor of Virginia, and ploneer of
| the trackless rldge of blue, which un
fotded great posslbllltlcs for tho New
! World.
To have followcd Marlborough and
[ to havo been wounded ln the brcsat
at Blenhelm wore the rare dlatlruttlonit
'. whicii Spotswood brought wlth hlm,
I i and aa proot of these glorlou* experl
, i enc:ea ho wns wont to show to hls
-I guests at r,crmnnna a foUr-potind ran
tion ba.lt which Rtrucfc I1'" COH-t ?" Blen?
helm fleld. Thls flrst and compellim:
Aloxandcr arrlved within the capes ot
1 Virginia on June 20. 171": landed at
Hampton Town. then called Kequotan.
thon.-e rodo In tho "Bodford gallcy" lo
.Tamestown, ahd spont the nlght at
Green Sprlng. Sir Willlam Berkcloy,
of courae, had boen sathered to hls
fathers, but Green Sprlng stlll retalned
iho duvnr of his pompous control. Tho
Ludwells. stcp-descendant3 of thn fa?
mous old Governor, then Ilved here.
and no dotibt received "Sir Alexander"
wlth cordlallly and profusc hospltallty.
I U was a good tlme to vlslt thls
lovely spot, when tho Juno rosea woro
blowing nnd wben perhaps ono mlght
f havo a draft from that "sprlng at My
f.udy Berkeley'.-). cnllcd Green Sprlng.
I whereof I have boen told, tho water Is
so very cold that 'tls datiKcrous drlnlc
Itig- thereof ln stimmertlme. lt havlns
proved of fatal conscquenc.o to sev
ortfL" Thls fascinatlng Governor and
guost of Green Sprlng was tlio flrst to
llve in Ihe palace at "Wlllinmsburg,
mii.i hla home was Ccrmaona. In Spot?
sylvania county. Thc house- at Ger
mntina was a "palace," too, wlth ter
racotl gardens and "nn undergrotind
passagc, wlth a fort." Tho courts of
Spotsylvania onco met at Germanl-i,
Iho county seat. a vlllage touchlng Gpr
niiinla, the flne Rpotswood resldencc.
In August, 1732, "these courts wero
only hold at Fredcrlcksbtirg. owing to
the "want of nocommodatlon" ot Ger
manna t'or the lawyers and tholr horse?.
Germanna, the "palace.-' IH gone, but
about the spot whero It. stood Unger
dellclbus tradltlona. Here Willlam
Byrd stopped In 17.12. Tho road wa-i
rocky and had, tbe county. then as now.
mlserably poor. but Byrd called Gor
manna house the enchnnted castle. and
remarks upon the pler glasses. tho ta
?bles and chlna, as well as the Govern?
or'* sweet waya with hls wlfo and chll
dron. Thero were ptctures at Ger?
manna and a plenty of sllver, and tho
place was left to Mrs. Spotswood.
"wlth all lt contalned?furniture.
plat".'' etc At the death of Lady Spots?
wood It went to the oldest son, John
(2). III3 snn. Robert (2). died early.
To hts daughterF. Mrs. Jtoore and Mrs.
Dandrldgc, an annutty was to bo paid
by hls executors.
Governor Spotswood raj an arch
promoter, but hla schemos ln a moaa
urn mlacarried. and hls executori
found lt hard to pay these annuitle?.
Hls son, Robert (2). dled early. Per?
haps hls son,. John (2). Ilved for a
tlme at Germanna, but tho place waa
poor and unprofltable. and John C2).
tho anceator of all Virginlans by tha
name of Spotswood, removed to Not?
tlngham. on the Rappahannock. To
thls place he removed, no doubt, thn
plato and furniture, which. after tha
death of hls mother, was to go to him,
Indeed, lt Is related by those llvins
that a very old lady who died many
I yeafs ago romembered tho many por?
tralts at Nottingham, which, when sh*
waa a little chlld, would terrlfy her by
following her wherover sho sat wlth
their solemn, restlesa eyes. Among
them are montloned Governor Spots?
wood and hls wife. and General Elllot.
Theso portralts are now at the Virginia
State Library. They went to ?WUHarn
Spotswood, son of Alexander (3) Spot=
wOSd, and hung- at Sedley Lodge, in
Orange county, Ho presented thom to
tho Stato L^tfrary as has been proved
by letters now extlnot.
John (2) Spotswood married Mary
Dandrldgc and had two sons, Alexan?
der (3) and JoJTri (3). Aloxandor (n>
Inherlted Newpost and Nottlngham. He
married Ellzabeth, daughter olf Willlam
Augtistinn Washington nnd nleco ot
Georgo Washington, and had many
chlldren who were reared at thoso two
places. Wo have not boon abl? to flnd
out which was the later resldenoo of
the Spotswoods. John (2), tho only
son of the Govornor to leave Issue,
soems to havo been simply a country
gontleman, much eumberod by execut
Ing tho boquost of hls father, and en?
deavoring to patch up tho decaylng
estate.
Gormanla was a most oxpenslve pro?
posltlon, and ho preforred to Hvo by
tho rlver at Newpost and Nottlngham.
Thn latter placc certalnly waa formcr
ly adorned by tho Spotswoods' portralts,
sllver and furniture. It would be ln
tercsting to know whero those house?
hold goods aro now, and how many
of them survlve.
Catheriuo Spotswood, who married
Bernard Moore, of Cholsea, apparently
Inherlted a portrait of her father. It
hung at Cholsea untll tlio Robinsons
(descendants of thls lady), sold tha
place soon after the war. It is now
owned by Mrs. I. N. Jones, whoso
mother was a Roblnson of Chelsea, and
a great great grand daughter o^#
CVtherlno Spotswood. Thls portrait
now hangs wltli others of Mrs. Jones's
portralts ut tho Woman's Club tn Rich?
mond.
The two sons of John (2) Spots
wood's wero brave oflicors ln the
Revolution?Alexander (3) becomlng a
disttnguieljed general. and John (3) a
captaln, As lu the late war Fredor
tqksburg was a focus of patrlot
Ism and sufferlng?so ln tho Revolu?
tion?heroes soem to havo gathered
there.
U was (he home of Wtishington,
Woedon, Morcor; tho Spotswoods re
slded near-by. and so did Burgess Ball
at Travellers' Rest.
General Alexander (3) Spotswood'a
chlldren wero: Georgo (I) Washing?
ton. Willlam (4), Ellzabeth Gl, who
married a Pagej Mary (4), who mar?
ried Judgo Francls q'allaferro Brooke
and Ilved at St. Julian, near Frodar
Ickaburg; Ann (4), who marrlod a
Tallaferro; lleurletta (I), who marrlod
Bushrod Washington, an,i Martha (I).
These chlldren were born at elther
Newpost or Noltlrigliam. and their de?
scendants must take espoclal prlde ln
theso placos. Probably thn most sat
Isfylng witness of gentlo blrth fs th*
possession of a manslon which has
beon ln thc famlly generatlon after
generatlon; Iho m<\t, perhaps, la tha
abillty to polnt to a dlgnilled and
commodious manslon and announce,
"My futher's grandfath'T was the
nuister of that place." Fur with the
ftBiortlon oomot thls cnnvlctlon ln the
mln.i of the heurer?"lf he or she hsi
becu g.Miteel that lopg, Im or ahn ls
all rlght,"
Consoquontly |t i.-i hoped that p?r
iioiial nt'lde in th*se eatatea may hrlnpr
forth abunditnt remln'iscences of them
for thls coluiun.
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