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advertiae in the Timea Diapatch reach the buyinj? publie. THK TIMKH FOUNDRD 18*.*.. THB DISPATCH FOUNDBD HW. Btamtrh The Timea-Diapatch "printa all the news and printa it firat." WHOLE NUMBER 18,162. RICHMOND, VA., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1910. THR WB.ITHER TO-TJAT? Rslii. PRICE TWO CENTS. 01 DIVORCE BILL Ministers and Lawyers Join in Attack on Proposed Measure. MANY PLEAD FOR SANCTITY OF HOME Debate Before Committee Most Intercsting of Scssion?"Jack" Lec Ably Handles Affirma tive Side?Applause Lib cral for Both Con tentions. Seldom Indccd has such Interest been dlsplayed at any publlc hearing before a legislalivc commltteo us was develope_ last nlght at thc hearing on the .?o-cnlled divorce blll. The Hall of the House of Dck-gatcs was crowd cd with an intorested audlence, whlch thoroughly enjoyed. to all appcar. anccs, the arguments an_ thrusts and sallles of both slde*. The obacrver could dlstirjgulsh llttle dlfferenco ln tho volume of applause aecorded the speakers. A number of men promlnent ln pub? lie llfe wa.s on hand. No table among theso were: night P.ev. Robort A. Glb ?on, Bishop of Virglnia. and Dr. K. X. Callsch. Neariy all of the members ot tho Commlttee on Court* of .lus tlre -were on hand, Chalrman Koscwel'l I'asc prcsldlng. To a number of ladies. who had gathercd ln tho gallcry, John h. I.ce, of Lynchburg, who appeared for the blll. sald a few words whlle also ad dreislhg the ihair. Hc sald he pre sumed they had been mlMnformed as to thc purport of the meeting. nnd that the subject to be dlscussed was one whlch they should not hear. Thls caused a generaj exodus of the sex. not ono remalnlng. For Beiler Morals. Tlme belnt; dlvlded into an hour to each slde, whlch was later increased .n I both caRcs, Mr. I.ce. Introduced S. V. I Kemp. of Lynchburg, who was the first j speaker.' -Mr. Kemp *aid that uiilc'.? i the commlttee felt that the proposed! law was promo-.lvc of good morals and j better than t;te present statute, they ?hould refu.*:e Its endorsement. Tlie Object of dlvorsey. he argued. j ls not prlmarlly to vindicate the ln-1 nocent party nor :o punish tiie wrons;- ! doc-r. It ln to promole good morals. j Hc contended that the court otif;ht to j say what Is the best tlilng to be dorie. - At'.cntlott v,-j. called by Mr. Kemp to the fact that cotirth are reluctant to 1 grant dlvorces from bed and board at , all, because It ls rccognlzed that it is dangerous to soclety to have a hus-1 band wl'.hout a wlfe or a wlfo with ? | out a husband. As a usual thlng, ho understood. when divorce cases are be- , fore the House of I.ords In Kngland, I that body strlkcs out the Inhlbltlon j agalnst remarrlage as a matter of course. As a result of thn dlffieultyj and expense of gettlng dicorces in Grea*. Brltain, he sald he was Inform od. Illrgitlmacy Is grealer there than In any other clvllized eountry. The usual divorce there is from bed and t-osrd. Iu Otbcr Stutes. Statutes of other ri.atcs. including Loulsiana, California and Mlchlgan, wero clted to show that the pollcy wa*. belng pursued of giving either party the rlght to show hls or her cause to thc court. ln California tho court may make a divorce from bed and board an absolute divorce of its own motion, wlthout application. It was argued that thls was done hecauso the courts know bcttir what ought to be done than does either party Intciestcd. In a Michlgan case it was held that this was not done to meet the desire of the parties, but as a matter of publie policy. Mr. Kemp conclurling, resolutlons wero presented against the blll from tho mass meeting at tho Young Men's Qirlstlan Assoclation, from tbo Pres bytcrlan ministers,. from tho Kplscopal ministers of Itichmond,. Norfolk and Alexandria and from thc ministers ot Frederlcksburg and Charlottesvlllc. Dr. S. Cj Hatcher was In eharge ot Ihc.opppslt.ion. Hc flrst introduced Dr. James Cannon, Jr.. Iocrcnse In lllvorccs. Dr. Cannon sald that thc- bill was an j attack on one of the foundatlon pil lars of soclety, "our clvlllzation," hc said, "rcstlng upon tho home, Divorce, ln tho oplnlon of most people, Ia thc greatest enemy of the home." He called attcntion to the fact that i the churches belleve that there should be only certaln causes for divorce, If true, he arguod, as Is stated, that there ls one divorce for every thirty lour mnrriages, tho tlme has come to welgh every proposed changc iu the dlvorco laws with tho utmost care. The demand for such a chango ouglu to ba shown, and he asked whero was the. demand for a ohange. "Wa have dlvlded tlme here to-nlght. but with whomT'S.Between ihe peoplo of Vir? glnia ancTUhese two gentlemen"?ln dicatlng Messrs, Kemp and Lee. The only reason glven by Mr. Kemp, ho sald, was the good of soclety. "Lf they can prove that the good of so? clety ls involved. then they have proved tholr case." Ho declared that tho man who 1k divorced for adultery ancl remarrles is a'^poral adulterer. Tho loglc of Mr. Komp's posltlon was. he said, that lf a party is not marrled lt is almost Imposslblc for hlm or her to ref rain from crlme. Ho con? tended tliat lt is safor to hold to the effects of tho laws wo have now rather than to pass a new one -nnd wajt for the Supreme Court to tcll us cxactly what it means. Ho belloved that there was no demand for tho proposed law, and that it would encourago divorce. Itesolntloim of Uur. , Jonn B. Mlnor'-presented iho reso? lutlons of tho Itichmond Bar Assocla? tion agalnst the blll. Ho sald ho bo Ileved the courts should not cxerclse the rlghts they now have 'to allow ?partlos who hnvo boen divorced for ndulter.v to remarry- In reply to a questlon from Mr. Lee as to whether ho agreed with hls dlstingulshecl Xathor, of 'tho Unlversity of Virglnia, that a person marrled antl yet un ""TcoWnued on s?cond~f*a_o7) IME1 FALL OUT OIERJII|fT BILL Person alities Take Place of Argument atLeg islative Hearing. BELLWOOD REVIVES ANCIENT CHARGES City Attorney Pollard Points to Health Board as Sufficicnt Court of Local Appeal. Visiting Nurses Plcad for Lives of Innoccnt Babics. J'ersonalltlcs took thc place of argu? ment in tho publlc hearlng on tha Throckmorton dalry Inspcctlon bill be? fore the House Committee on Agrlcui turc and Mlning yesterday afternoon ln the Hall of the House of Delcgates. The hall was crowdc.l wlth legislators, dalrymen, menibors of varlous wo? mcn's organi.utlon., and rcpiesenta tlvcg of the Itlchmond and Norfolk health boards. present lo protest earnestly agalnst the passage of the measure. James Bellwood, of Ches terneld county, alred before the com? mittee all of the char_.es against Dalry Inspector Curtls. whlch were hcar.l befot'e thc Itlchmond Board of Health last year. claimlng wlth.ve hemencc tliat although thc board had been unanlmous ln vindlrailng Cur? tls. yet two members?Doetors Oppcn hclmer and Garcln?had been ih hls favor, a statement as promptly chal lcngc,i by James --? Gordon, of the Health Board. numor. of a dlvlsion ln the ranks of the federation... of Mothers' Clubs, wlth flat ?ontraillc tions and cxclted speeches from some of the women present. made the clos? ing scenes gplcy to a desrreo, though the committee galned little Informa? tion as to the merlts or demetlts of the dalry bill, and Ilnally adjourned for another hearlng on next Tuesday j night at S o'clock. Mothers Knll Out. The spat between the delegatlons from thc varlous mothers' clubs was j not fully explalned. lt seems, how-! ever, that thu federation some timej ago adopted at tbe rt-commcndatlon of its exeeutlvc committee a serles of resolutions condemnln^ tho Throck? morton bill, and recommendlng that tho present Kystcrn of dalry inspcctlon be not lnterfercd wlth. Slr. Bellwood ..uvit.d the memBers of tht yariousi women'.s org..nfz_.ions "represented at thc former hearlng to come to hls place in Chestcrnolrl county. and a number seem to havo made a:i excur sion, or, a*. lt was termed, a "Junket." Mr. Bellwooj 1.. one of the largest and most prosperous farmers in Chester fleld, and has a handsome place. Slnco the beglnning of the mllk lnspectlon he had been a constant source of trou? ble to the Rlchtrio'nd Boaxd of Health. flllng charges agalnst tho Inspector and refuslng to obey certaln regula tlon?. although in some respects ho already had a mod<?l place. Hls anl moslty was especially dlrected agalnst j Inspector Curtls, who had several tlmes reported Iack of oleanllness ol the prcmises. and in the handllng of tbe mllk. as a result of whlch hls per tni.t to ship mllk into the clty had been several times revoked tempo rarlly, and rcstored when the stables wero properly cleaned. Kor some tlmc past. accordlng to records of the Health Board, hls mllk has shown ex cellently on bactcriological examina? tlon. Ncverthelcss hc has continued to launch hls philipic. against Inspector Curtls and Chlef Health Oflicer Levy, speaklng before thc committee yes? terday afternoon for nearly an hour on matters already Investlgated tbor oughly by the Board of Health, when attorneys <$bth from Mr. Bellwood and Jijr. Curtls presented a wealth ot .worn testlrupny, and the charges were dcclared not to be proven. Trip to Bellwood'* Farm. At any rate, some. members of the Federation of Mothers' Clubs went to Mr. Brllwood's place. enjoyed liis hos pitnlity, drank his mllk. and were con verted to the Bellwood side, and y.s t'or.ay clapped for him enthuslastlcally. Although several were talklng at once, It became plaln that tlie offlcers of the federation stood by thclr orlglnal res? olutlon and that no mcmber of the executlvo committee, composcd of thlrty-.slx leaders, took paxt In "the Bellwod junket." Mr. Throckmorton attempted to show that the resolutions adopted by the mothers had boen pre? pared by Dr. Levy, but tho presldent anounced wlth some spirlt that she had wrltten them hersclf. ? "and didn't have to make four drafts of what she wanted to say, elther," a sly dlg at the fact that Delegate Throckmorton has four tlmes redrafted hls dalry bill. Mrs. Whltloek, of the federation, sald sho considered that Mr. Throckmorton had shown bad taste in displaylng hls knowledge, liowever lie galncd it, of the dlvlsion that had arlsen ln the fed? eration, and of the fact that thero had been a stormy meeting on tho provtous day, when some members had been led lnto an expresslon of sympathy for Mr. Bellwood as a much abused man. I'rotent of Norfolk Dalrymen. A serles of resolutions against the passage of the hlll was received from the Norfolk Milk Producers' Associa? tlon, who represented that they had gone to somo expense to equlp thnlr plaees to meet the hlgh requlrements of tho Norfolk Board of Health, whero tho rostrictlons are sald to bo even moro rlgld than-in~Hlchniond, nnd that they dld not welcomo the Idea ot having othors who had done nothing to Improvo tholr prcmises or Iho char? acter of tho mllk produccd selling ln oompetltlon wlth thernselves an Inte? rlor. quality of uninspectcd or Ineftl clently li.speeted mllk., City Attorney Pollard, appeartng ln tho lnterests ot tho clty of Itlchmond, presented tho retjoiutions unanlmoualy adopted by tho (.ommon t7ouncll con dcmniiig the bill as an unwarranted Interference wlth the charter rtshta ?' the city and a menaee to the health of the community, He sajd he would.llko to Jiavo the patron o. the bill _;lvo somo solid, sub.-tautlal renson for ita nas ' "(Continued on SMond~J?_Be.) LOHBEB SESSIONS Reverses Itself andj Passes Amendment to Constltution. REVENUE BILLS PASSED BY HOUSE Power and Light Companies Must Pay on Gross Receipts. Automobile Bill Reported to Senate ? Houses Lock Horns on Pay of Assessors. All of the four proposed amendruents to the State Constltution have now received the Indorsemont of the Gen? eral Assembly for'- ihe second time. They havo gone the prcscrlbed route, havlng received the sanctlon of two Loglslatures, and all that now remalns to make them a part of the organic law Is a majorlty of the popular vote. The sentlment of the peoplo on these matters will be taken at the general election next November. .Severai Senators changed their votes Wlthln a few days. The previous vote taken on the cjuestlon resulted in the dofeat of ihe amendment extending the sesslon of the General Assembly from slxty to ninety days, but some of the members have cvidently seen a new llght on the sltuation. Karnest efforts wcre made by those opposed to thls amendment to secure its defcat a second tlme, but to no avall. Prolilbltion Hearing. The Kenate Commltteo on Prlvlleges and Electlona decided to hold Its flrst hearing on the Strode State-wlde pro? lilbltion bill next Wednesday. It ls apparent that there was never any toundatlon for the report that the Itepubllcans would hold a caucttg on the cjuestlon at thc behest of either slde. all tbe members of that party absplutely dcnylng that they had dis cussed the cjuestion with anybody. The Wlckham-Holland automoblle bill was favorably reported In the Sen? ate yesterday. It levles a tax on the horsepower of machines. Dealers are required to pay a license tax of $50 and chauffeur- of $2.50. Owners are taxed as follows: On twohty-horse power or less, $5; twenty to forty-five h'orsepower, $10; more than forty-five horsepower. %Z<i. The speed llmlt la made twelve miles an hour ln cltier, except iu certaln speclfled 'instances, ancl fifteen miles in tho country. The moncy received from these taxes tq to go Into a special road fund, to be expended by the State High way Commissloner with especlal refcrence to roads used tbe most by automobiles. The roads are to be selected by the Governor, the State Highwav Com? missloner and a representatlve of the State Autvmobile Assoclation. New SourecH of rtevenue. Increased revenue for thc State was the. purpose of four bllls passed by the House under a suspension of the rules. They were measures reported by the FInanCe Commlttee. and that hofly wanted thelr passage assured be? fore proceeding to spchd any of the Statc's resources for the next two years. One of these embodies tho agreement reached by the commlttees of the t?vo bodles and the rpresenta tlves of the mining interests; another levles a franchlse tax based on gross recelpts of llght, water, gas and power companies, whlle another in creases thc charter tax on corporations from $1 to $5. A lively debate was had ln tho House on the pay of the assessors who will value all the real estate tn the Com? nionwealth durlng thc present year. More tlme has been devoted to this question than any other one matter whlch has been before the' House. Early ln the game the House refused to force the counties to supplement tho pay of the State for these offlcials. The Senato put such a provlslon In the bill, and the House on Tuesday rejected the Senate amendment. The matter went *.o a conforence committee, which reported practically the Senate blll yesterday. Aftor another prolonged debate the Houso rejected the confer? ence report, leavlng .the two bodles as far apart as ever. ?Already Appolnted. It is argued by those who would in struct boards of supervlsors to add ?1 to tho salaries of assessors that the work will be better dono lf the pay is Increased. On thc other hand, those In opposition point to the fact, with deadly effect, that neariy all the asses? sors have already been appolnted and have agreed to servc for the State pay of $2. The two most important hearlngs of the day were thoso on the Throckmor? ton dairy bill and on the divorce blll. -Large crowds attendcd both affairs ancl inten-ie feellng was manifested. 'Mr. Throckmorton tried to get his blll provldlng Indetermlnate sentences for cflmlnals out of the hands ot tho commlttee, but falled, The House agreed to the resolution prepared by the Commltteo on Schools ancl Colleges as prlnted In yesterday's Times-Dispatch, recommending to the Stato Board of Educatlon that the dis? trict school examlners be gradunlly elimlnated. There was no opposition to this proposition. Merehnnts* I,lcetiNe?. An Interesting hearing was had on the Houston blll incrcasing llcenUe taxes on morehants beforo tho House Committee on Flnanco. Some of the most Important and succossful busl? ness men In iho State appeared and presented argumonts why thc changcf as projoctod should not ho made. ln the courso of this hdarlng some strik lng figures were adduced, showlng the tremendous proportlon ot Stato taxes whlch the cltlefi are paying. comparod With the amounts pald by the cpuntlos. Six cltles alone, lt was shown, pay a,net amount Into tho treasury 50 per cont. moro than aU of the 100 counties combIn*d., It was suggested that the inorclumta of the prlncipal'cltles would pay practically all of' the Increase and that such a chango would bo lnequl table. . The demand ot the peoplo of tho city ol* WlUianisburg for a dlspensary for the splo of Hquor whb volcod ina bill (Coritlmiea on ThlfaTpage;) " ". Victims of Last Deluge; Are Again Put to Flight. WORK OF REPAIR BEING RETARDED Seinc Is Rising and Water Pouts Into Conduits so Recently Emptied?High Mark of 1882 Will Be Rearhcd. Many Homes Inun dated. Pai-Is, February 9.?-The River Selnt had ri.-,en seven Inches here durlng the twenty-four hours ending at noon to-day, owlng to .yesterday's rain and mcltin^- snow. Tho hydrographlc department pre* dicts a eontinued rlse unlil Frlday when lt wlll reach a hclght of over twenty-two feet at the I'ont Royal, Whlch wlll eciual flood level of 1SS2. Although confident that there ls 110 danger of a repetillon of the recent dlsaster, tho authorltlcs are taklng thorough precautlons. Thc level of the parapets at low places throughout the length of the city are belng hastlly ralsed by lm provlsed dykes. The return of hlgh water threatens to greatly retard tho work of repalr whlch Is In progress. The waters, whlch had dropped bolow the months of the sewers. aro agaln pourlng into the conduits, drownlng thc eiectric llght and power llno.s ln the viclnlty of tho Plare Del Opera. .ilrasurcH for nellef. The serles of financlal measures for the rcllef of flood victims which thc government has been elaborating la now complete. Besides tho $400,000 additlonal appropriation by Parlia ment, the plan Includes flrst. a loan of JI,200,000 to Bmall farmers from the "Caisses Du Credit Agrlcole": second. loans to small bhopkeepers and trados nir-n from thc Bank of France and other credit instltutions ivith certaln Kovernment guarantees worked out by the Mlnlster of Finance, Coehery; and third, loans to small property owners by banks maklng a specialty of loans I on real estate. securltles. and gov ! trnment guarantees also belng tar I nished ln the present emergency. Flood condltions in the castern sec? tlon are becoming ^vorse. The Marne near Rheims har risen about fiftecn "nahV to-dav. ^ tlw inhabUaras of the valley are tleetng wit:. ^*^ **-\ ^The^Tth-r Aisne rose three feet wlthin a few hours. Pathetlc acertes were witnessed in many places, for the victims of the Ust flood were Just be K n ing to return to thelr damaged SuS^hon they -re obllgedto take nlght again. ll is cstimated that tho gefne at Paris wlll remain stationary from Friday untll Monday whon will he augmented again to a sllght degrec by ihe waters of Marne and up? per Seine. Meime Ovcrllomt Banks. TJege. Belgium. February 0.?The River Meuse has ovorflowed Its banks ', L Kreat damage. Moro than 200 hoscsaiBe under water at Flcmallc and jemeppo, while thc suburbs of Dlege are lnundated. MOJ^aYWu-L TEST1FY Ua 1* Called On to Tell of Hls Pnr c_a?cs of Tclcpbone Companies. New York, February 0.?I. Pierpont Mor-an may volunturily testify ln New vnrk in a few days concernlnc the recent purchase by his flrni ot a. con trolling interest In the Unlted htates Telephone Company. of Cleveland. and the Cuyahoga Telephone Company. ot the. samo State. ,,,-,, , Protcsttng minority stockholders of the companies are ln New York. taklng depositions to be used in thc Ohio courts ln suits to eheck consummation of the purchase. MalntaininK that J Pierpont Morgan aoted for the Ameri? can Telephone and Telegraph Company fthc Bcll interests). in acqulrlng six indenendent companies in Ohio and in Indiana, and that compctltion has c-eased 10 exlst ln that terrltory, hence tiio illegaltty of the transaction. Mor? gan & Co have all along held that anv purchases they mado were simply an Investment of the flrm. . - - H B. McGraw, of Cleveland. and Samuel B. Jeffrios, of St. Louis, jointly representing the minority stockholders. said thls afternoon lhat Mr. Morgan had volunteered ns a wltness. axd ho would he called in a clay or two. The hearing 's belng held hore be? fore a notary. deposed by the Ohio Supreme Court. whero the original suit was brought. MUST SETTLE LOCAL R0WS v_u, 'ruktu ;j??1cIaf;ed,cc<fao?r,t,.u,na wm rSpecial 10 The Times-Dispatch.1 Washington, D. C, February 0.?Two facts havo been revealed here wlthin the last few days. They are: First, that Slomp and Martln are still in con? trol of tho Republlcan party in Vir? ginia, and, second, that none of the Important Federal poirttlons wlll bc tllled until tho warrlng fac-.tlons tight out thelr differences and agree upon candidates. The powers that be have inellcated that they would not act untll local rows nre sottled at home. The two big jobs?the marshalshlp and the distrlct attorneyshlp for the Western Distrlct . of the Stato?are causlng trouble. But, lf one wore bettlng on tho Issue, he could^?vagor that Thomas Deo Moore and S. Brown Allen would lose oiit. At least, this ia tho concensus of oplnlon licirc. . II. ia. c. B. OLD WOUND THE CAUSE General WooiI'h PhjHlelnn MaUc\ Stnte. ment of Hl* Chsc. Baltlmore, Md.. February O.?Dr. llar? vey Cushlng. who ls ln ohargo of Gen? eral Leonai'd Wood s caso, wroto and authorUod the uso of tlve following statement to-nlgtVt::?, "Owlng -t" eonfllctliig roports con cernlng tho.rensunR for General Wood's presenoe In tho ?Johns Hopkins Hos? pital, ll may bo stated that an opera? tion has been performed for the re? palr ot nn old wound, whlch had led to a sllght laineness, and that his con? dltlon ls satisfactory." Wood's enterUtg tho hospital, whero , tor a tlme U wns poalt vely a?nUd that rr-tffe generul wus a patlent. vu rn*> WILL BE ELECTED JUDGE 1I0A*. GEOItGl.. SCOTT SHACKLEKOttD, of iirnnce, itIio ln?i night wa* nnincd l>y the Democratlc CnuctM .o be Judge of th_ Ninth Clro-H. COL SUCKLEFOID Former State Senator Clioscn to; Succccd Judge Grims lcy. NOMINATION UNAN1M0US Dcuiocrats o_ Legislature Pay High Tribtite t6Ndw ~ Judge. Former State Senator George S. Shackleford. of Orange, was last night unanimously nomlnated by the Demo? crats of the General Assembly to suc ceea Judge Danlel A. Grlmsley. who dled last Ss-iurday, on the bench of the Nintn Jud.elal Circult. No oppo? sitlon of any sort develuped to Colonel bhackleford. He wlll be olected wlth? in a day or two. Chairman Cox called the jolnt cau ! cus of the Democrats of the tivo houses to order. senator Fleteher waa | in hls place as secretary. \ Senator Carter, of RappahannocK, I nomlnated Colonel Shackleford. He | descrlbed hlm as a man all heart ana soul. whose nature goes out to all hu | maplty. and as one cminenlly lltted for j thc office, i Kecoudlng remarks were made by ! Messrs. Page, Yarrell, Harwood, Rew. I Tallaferro, Moncure, Dunn and Fltz j bugh, and Senators Echols and Kee j _ell. ! Mr. Rew salrj that Colone_ Shackle I ford was fltted from every standpolnt to wear tho judiclal ermlno; Mr, Talla? ferro sald that every one knows hlm to love and respect hlm; that he is a man who knows when to be lenlent and to be strlct, and that he wlll wear the ermine prottdly for the people, for the State and for hlmself. Senator Echols called hlm a flrst rate man, a fine lawyer. and assertcd that he would make a just Judge. Senator Keozcll sald _ that he had been Intimately assoclated with Col? onel Shackleford in committee work. Ho knows hlm to be a man of tho hlghest character, of tho flnest per eoptton, and of thc keeuest sense of Justice. and fearless ln what he>. be ii.ves to be hls duty.. "He wlll." ho sald. "add lustre to the judlciary of Vlrglnla. lt ls a pleasurc to me. from the bottom of my heart, to see hlm nomlnated." There were no further specches. and Colonel Shackleford was declared the nomlnee by acclamatlon. The caueus at once adjourned. Skctch of New .ludge. Gcorgs S. Shackleford ls flfty-two years old. IIo is a son of Iloward Shackleford, a dlstlngulshed lawyer ot FauCjiiier county. Hls mother. who was Miss' cirecn, Is still livlng. An uncle of the new judge was Honry XV. Shackleford, judge of tho Culpope: court, and another was Colonel J. C. Glbson, also of- Culpeper. Colonel' Shackleford went to Orange to Iho some twonty yoar. ago. He was elected twlce to tho Stato Senate, servlng for elght years, .and was one of the most popular and influentlal mon'in-that body. ? Porhaps not a more. unlvorsa.lly likeir man over sat ln the Stato's leglslatlve ' halls. , Hls clrc'ul. comprises. the countles of Orango, Goochland, Madlson, Culpeper and Loulsa. HIGHTiOrSR~W:PEARY Hc Wlll be Made nenv-Admlrnl as Re? ward for T-lscoverluK Polo. "Washlngton. February' D-?Promotion to tho hlgh . rank of rear-admlral as nnb of tbo honora to ho bestowed upon' Commander Robert F.' Peary, Unlted S".tes Navy, for hls achlovemotit ln fllsr.overlng tbe North Pole, received the Indorsemotit of tho Sonate to-day. ? I'enry 1* I'fensed. Provldepce. R. . L. February f).?"lt ls a great honor to' myself and my fam? lly " sald Commander'Robert ?!?:. Poary thls ovenlng. Whon ho wa,s > iu formed that a bill maklng hlm a roar-admlral had boen pasaedby tho Unttod States Senate. , ? , AT STIIE III TRIAL Senators Allds and Conger Be smirched by Testimony in Bribery Hearing. BANKER MOE THE WITNESS Hc Tclls of Giving Money to] > Legislators in . Bchai? (o* Bridsre Combination. Albany, N. T.. February 9.?Tho reputatlons of two Senators was the stakes for whlch somo qf the most foremost, cross-examiners ln country battled to-day ln the State Senate. Be? fore them sat Hiram G. Moe, tho bank cashler from Groton, whose assertlon that Iib gave Senator .Totham P. Allds J1.000 to suppress a bill hostile to tha brldge-bulldlng combination had mada hlm the foromost flgure ln the Senate's Investlgatlon of the bribery charge made against Allds by hls colleague, Ben Conger. Moe was under cross-cx amlnatlon for three hours. but dld not rctract his startling assertlons of yes? terday. Allds's -corps of lawyers trled to show that. as the glver of a brlbe, Allds's accuser, Conger, might be eually gullty. Their questlons indlcated that it was Senator Conger and not hls dead brother. Frank, tho vlce-president of tho Amerlcan Brldgo Company, who englneered the alleged transactlon ln the Ways and Means Committee room ln the Assembly on whlch the wholo investlgatlon is based. Moe, liowever, inslstcd that ha took hls orders from Frank Conger, and that Ben Conger's part began wlth taklng hlm to the Capitol and polnting out the men to whom he dellvered the money. Few wltnesses, evon ln a crlmlnal caso. havo suffered such an attaek as Martin Llttleton, Allds's at? torney, dlrected at Moe. Trles.to gnve "Wltness, Osborne trled hard to savo hls wlt? ness agalnst the ' attaek, and Moe shleldecl hlmself as best ho could. Pressed to reclte countless detatls of hls actlons, ho replled: "I can't re? member." ' Asked why he was wllllng to be tho lnstrument of ? a brlbe-glver, ho Ae clarod that not untll after the money had been dellvered to Allds and hls colleagues. dld he know the purposo for whlch tt was lntendcd. Ben Con? ger told him. he sald, on the traln that night. as they went back to Groton together. ."And you went home, your con sclence just as easy as when you camo?" asked Mr. Llttleton. "No, slr." "When dld this dlsturbanco in your consolenco arlse." "After I had been told thc use of the money." The wltness remarked that he might have wondere.l what tho ?G,_00 was for, but he inslsted that hls conscience was light. "Wnll," went on Llttleton, "what did you thlnk when' you had heard what tho money was tor'!" "I thought lt wastoo bad." . "Dld you protost to Conger?" "I.dld. I sald lt was too bad lt had to beidone." "Yoirwcre told.lt had to bo done' cried Llttleton, wlth emphasis on the had." "Yes, sir." "Dld you know thls money was put up by tho brldge company'."' "I've heard so slnce." "Didn't you hear that lt waa tha result of an assessment levled?a cor ruptlon fund." Before Moe could answer Attorney Osborne lnterrupted wlth an admlsslon tlmt tho brldge combination dld ralso such a fund in 1903. SIX MINERSl<iu_ED Run Into Pocket uf Gun aud Ar* Uushed to I.en.li. Stearns, Ky? February 9.?Slx whlto miners wero kllled -outrlght to-day in nn exploslou ln mine No. i_ uf the fitearns Coal Company. lt is thought that the vlctlms ran lnto a pocket of gns, whlch Ignlted whon It cumo lnto contuct wlth their iMups. FARMERS ISSIIL E They Ask That Dealing in Futures Be Made Illegal. WILLINGTOABIDE BY THE RESULTS Means Revolution in Business Methods, but Growers Hold That 'Change Has Lost Original Intention and , Has Demoralized Busi? ness in South. Washington. February 9.?"Thls questlon tnvolves hundreds of milliona of dollars and the welfare of mllllons of people," declared T. J. Brooks, ot Atwood, Tenn., presldent of the Farmers' Natlonal Unlon, in opening tho hearing on tho antl-optlon bllls before the House Commltteo of Agri? culture to-day. Thn proposed leglsla? tion Is designed to prohlblt dealings ln futures on boards of trade and <*? changes. The commltteo room was crowded with Congressmen from the States Intorested. Mr. Brooks declared that dealings ln futures of cotton were no more neces sary than ln wheat and wool and farm implements. Hedging operatlons "on 'change,'" he characterlzed as no different from gambllng on tho rlse and fall of price. "On what moral prlnclple," he aiked. "la one class of cltizens obltged to make up for tho loasea of another class, for where ono galns another must lose. The original Intention ot the cotton exchange to brlng the buyer and soller together has been ellmlnated in the development of thc present ex? change practices. "We are willlng to ablcle by the re? sults of abolishlng futures." he said. depicting tho tomptations hold out to the prospec.tlvo victims who later "come Into the. game" and "get frozen out." Arernvntf Sltuation. He declared that. the exchanges ag gravated tho natural sltuation and de nled ^that, they tended to steady prices, Ho. l^.lttyoth that "suckers aro not all deafl2'*;.S^ct!S?' way at. corroboratlon. he read. newspapcr reviews of scalplng markets. sudden decilnes and "things done ln the dark" to affect prices. Under the shadow of the exchanges, compotltlon among local buyers had been ellmlnated in the South. he said, and he charged the exlstence of tgxlt un'derstanding ln the cotton and to? bacco belts for divlslon of terrltory. The Farmers' Unlon, whlch Mr. Brooks represents, has a membershtp extend ing over twenty-nlne' States. Characterlzed by Mr. Lever, of South Carollna, aa the largest consumer ot cotton In the South, l#ewis W. Parker, a Greenvllle, S. C. manufacturer, con tended that abnormal condltions ought to bo ropresented In spot cotton and contract cotton at tho same tline. He sald that as.-a ruie, futures con? trol spot cotton. Ho declared that the exchanges are not of advantage. either to the consumer or the producer, and that lt seemed lmposalble to make the exchange reallze the fairneas of the complatnts agalnst them. He sald that tho right of hls inter? ests is to have the farmers properly warahouse tholr cotton and to market lt gradually during tho season. Ha descrlbed Englishmen as . chary of speculatlon In futures, saylng that tlie Llverpool cotton exchange is not usied by tho- English for speculatlon. and that tho Americany.Bpectl'late on Llver? pool to affect prices. Mr. Parker declarad that ln' the po eltlon the Amerlcan spinners occupled toward the exchanges, tho English spinners stood with the Amerlcan spinners. "Don't you thlnk that wo would have a plcnlc in buylng cotton if ox? changes were aooUshed?" Mr. Parker was asked. "We would ablde by the results," no answered KcTOluttonlce' Bualocsfc. "The absence of exchanges would revolutlonlzo tho character of the prcs ont buslness. Wo would roadjust otir buslness. There would he no dlffculty ln effectlner rcadjustment. X recom mend regulatlon of tho exchanges. I would make tho exchanges responsive to spot condltions." j "Has tho cotton producer this year realized through speculatlon morathan he would have wlthout speculatlon?" "Yes," replled Mr. Parker, "but thls is an cxceptional year, nothing like lt in the momory of tho spinners, It ls the flrst time we have had 15-cent cot? ton sinco 1 have been ln buslne3.s." George W. Noville, an important factor In tho New York cotton ex? change, arraigned the report of Com? missloner of Corporations Herbert Ivnox Smlth as a "masterplece of theory," but lacklng In practlcabllltj in tho worklng out of his theorles. Declarlng that ho had been selllng spot cotton to tho mllls for twonty yeara. and that he had found 00 per cent. ot the spinners wero boars, Charlos S. Webb. a broher, contended for the ne cesslty of "hedging" agalnst future dellverles, and predlcted that abollsh inent ot tho cotton oxchanges would put the prlco of cotton in the hands of tha spinners. Mr, Webb argued that aholltlon of future deallpgs would depress the price of oQtton. Ask for lleurlngr, A dulegatton. of members of tho Now York Cotton'..Exchange. accompanicd by Ropresentatlvo Bonneu.. of New York, called on ? tha ' PresTilont this mornlng ancl tohl hun thelr mlsslon ln thls cliy was to sucure tt hearing be? fore. ihe pcope'r.co.niinlttHC of Congres.'! beforo any- law was onaoted on the subject of "deallng ln futures. Th<s Presldent assnred hls callera that a hearing would bo granted them befor? ?ny actloti deleterlQU* lo their inler ?*ts was taken.