Newspaper Page Text
Dr. Fulton and Mr. Eggleston
Explain Why State Haa Right to Intervenc. Twclvo mllllon dollars wlll ho pald to Virglnia l.y thc Federal government lt* the claim of tho Old Domlnlon for her reserved Interest ln Ihe procccda of land aold by the Unlted StatcH In the Norlhwcst Terrltory Ih proscciited uuc ccssfully. Tho whole matter wiih fully explalned and dlncussod last night be? fore tha HoiiBc Committees on Federal JCclatlons nnd Courts of JuHtlen by Dr. lt. B. Fulton, ot thc Mlller School, who Jias lnveatlgated the claim at tho re? quest of Superlntendent Eggleston, of tl.e Department of Publlc Instructlon. lt thc claim ls recognlzed and approved by tho Unlted States, nll of tho thir lecn original Btatcs wlll receive large stlms from the government, maklng a total of $80,000,000. Thorough Investigation ol the claim and a report of the best mcthod to ho pursued ln following It up aro to ho made by a HUbcommltteo appolnted last nlght, composcd of Chalrman Itosn wcll Page, of thc JIouhc Commlttee on Courts of Justice; Chalrman Wilson, ot thc House Commlttee on Federal Kc lations, and Delcgatcs 'Varrell and StO phopson. They wlll respcctft.lly recjucst fa'cn .-.tor Martln to Joln wltli them ln thelr investlgatlons and endcavors, for the Junlor Senator has glven close study to thls claim. and ls conversant with every phasc of It. The matter was brought to thc attcntion of thc Legis? laturo in a speclal message from Gov ?-rnor Swanson at thls sesslon, ap pending thc report of Dr. Fulton. Axttcd l)r. ri.Hon'n Ald. At thc meeting lnst night Superin tendent Uggloston poluled out that the innulrv aa to the claim had been ln Mltuted ln 1907, when he had afked Dr. Fulton to look Into lt. Whlle chan ccllor of thc Unlversity of Mlssesslppl. Dr. Fulton had succcsstully established a land claim 6t that Stato agalnst the Federal govornment tor $511,000. l>r. Fulton has glven nrduous labor to the ia?k, and haa vlalted severai States in nuest ot tho cieslrcd Information. Dr. Fulton at length explalned Uie nalure of the claim. It concerns thn reserved Interest of \ Irginla ln tho northwest terrltory. All that terrl? tory whlch now is comprlsed by Ohio, Indiana. Illinols. Mlchlgan. V/lsconmn wtid a porllon of Mlnncsota, nt one tlme helonged to Virginia by virtue of a trlnlo tltle?by tltle under thc charter granted by Klng James 1. of Bnghind ln 1609; by conqucst, and by actual "Undcr thn Articles of Confederatlon of 1777." sald Dr. Fulton. "it w;as pro vlded 'that no Htate shall bo depnyert Of terrltory for tbe beneilt of tho l-nllrd States.' Seven of tho States held large posscsslons of western ter? rltory but thc six States whlch bnd not contended that such lands should not bo kept by tlw;BUtM:OWnta^th?n for thelr exeluslvo use*. Mar> lami w"ould not'algn the art cles, unlese these States ownlng terrltory ln tl.e : , ,4e ihcm to the scncral govern ""Aitcr negotlatlonj vlth Congress. a -Sife -'Vsi-c^^y^Pu , r"hs Snal article that all the lands wlthln the terrltory ceded by vVr-inla excepting those reserved used r.^oralt. speclal and nonlocal pur* 8ST*und for tbe use and bene, o ?uch ot tho Unlted States as ha\c become. or shall become memben, ol tim Confederatlon ot tho sald States VlrglnlS; IncimalYC. accordlng o thc ir iViiai respecttve proportlons In tlu general eharge and expendUures, and shall be falthfully and bona-fide dls pofed of for that pumose. and for nther use or purpose whatsoevcr. Tht rM.lot.wM accepted hy tho United <tVteV When tho Constltution of thc Unlted States was adopted. lt contaln <il nrovlslons that lt should not bc c.nstrued to prejlldlce thc cla Im ol any partlcular State, and that all en gagements entered ^to.^toto.tht Constltution by the Unlted Stattt should still be valld.' Idterent of Mrglnln. Of the six provislons of the c-ontract ereatod bv the ccssion. Dr. Fulton eon? tinued, tho Federal government had executed already llve. Yet the hu^pro vlston relntinc to the reserved inter? est of Virginia and thc other States cedlng land ln like manner. ha-s becti i anv tlmes contravened. Though tha last "provislon crcatcd an express trust for tho original thirteen States ol the proceeds that mlght arlse from the ?;alP of those ceded lands, for pticaoses not allowed ln the act of cesslon, no s'tatc ha-s received a cent of thc money, I ands have been sold i.i tremendous tracts ror purposcs dlrectly vtolatlvo ot thc agreement. and ln such caso the moncy ought to have been dlvlded put among the original thirteen members of the Confederation, but lt has never been done. ._ "Contrary to thr. express condltions ?f thc act of cession," said Dr. . ulton. "tho sald Congress at different times ht.i appropriation 38.868.212 acres ol land, and derlvcd $2,953,654.70 from the ^ale of thcsc publlc lands, cntirely to local uses wlthin six of the new "-"tatcs The total value of all the "land appropriated for purely local uses would bc $7.7.736,42.. Thls, adeled to tho sum of $2._5S,654 received from the sale of lands, would make a total ot SSO.605.O7S. ??Fty the terms of tho act cf cesslon Virginia's claim would be about one seventh of the whole amount, or near? iy $12,000,000, exeluslvo oC Interest. "Land sold for local uses was plainH ln vlolatlon of thc contract, ancl thc rlght to tho proceeds from such lanc would, therefore, belong to tl.e origlna thirteen States. Unquestlonably, ar express trust was croated, agalnst whlch no statute of llmitations car Dlrectly and indlrcctly, ho declared the Unlted States had recognlzed thls rlght tlmo after time. The Federal gov? ernment is bound in law and equltj to dlscharge thls obllgation. ln nc ivay has tho compa'ct ever been abro gi.ted or alterecl, and It could not have been dlssolved wlthout tho conseni of thc Stato of Vlrsluia. Yet Vir? glnia has never ralsed tho ouestion actlng in her sovereign capacity, wltl the government. though Kepresentative Tallaferro, ln 1841, Introduced a momo rial In regard to tho elatin, whlch soomf never to havo recolved considoratlpn. "I beliove that Virginia's claim ls t falr, just and legal claim," sald Dr Fulton, In cioslng. "lf prosecuted lt the rlght. mode, I liellevo tho govern? ment wlll rceognize thls claim." Dr. Fulton, at tho close oC hls speoeh was lendered a voto of thanks by thi committees. NoAlcohol Is alcohol a tonic? Nol Does it make the blood pure? No! Does it strengthen the nerves? No l Is Ayer's Sarsaparillo a tonic? Yes I Does it make the blood pure? Yes! Does it strengthen the nerves? Yes l Is it entirely free from alcohol? Yes! Ask ucur doctor if a family mtdiclnt, likc Ayer's Sanapartlla, it not uaatly better with cut alcohol than with U. i&.lf'iS.0;* Janos Water Spootly Sure Centle NATURAL LAXATIVE Recommcnded by Physicians Rcfusc Subslitutes % Glass on arlslngfor CONSTIPATION | (Continued From First Pagc.) land urgcd that thc commissloh be composed of tho Governor, the pres? ldent of the State Corporatlon Commis? sion and n. tax expart. Senator Folkos, In an address on tho bill, sald that he wislicd the Legisla? ture might speed the tlmc when no Stato tax would bo levled on lands, Its Incomrj being derlvcd from other sources. Locomotlve engines may, wlth tho approval of thc Senate. toot their whls tles In thls Stat'> on Sunday. Sald en glnes, liowever, must have behlnd them Intcrstata freight exclusively?that ls, It mudt hc an interstatc train. Il'iuw-'i lluny Day. The Houno passed thrce Senate and fiftcon Houso bills. They went through wlth case because of tho fact that they wcro local and uncontcsted measures advanccd on tho prevlous day. Among tho moro lmportant measures on acted were tho two laws govcrning lhe creatlon of county boards of health and enlarglng thc powers of thc State Board of Health, tho agrlculturai seed bill, the measure donatlng part of the Lee Camp Soldlers' Home grounds for a Battle Abbey, and the bill dcllnlng and punlshing pandcrlng. Much lamcntation waa heard yester? day because of the actlon of Thursday In advanclng uncontcsted measures. Thls is thc second tlmc thls has been done, wlth thc result that on each ae casion lhe men with contestcd bills have been made to go to thc rear and Hlt down, one protest belng sufflcic-nl to pass a bill by. lt Ih polnted out that the local bllls wlll get through nnyhow, because thcrc wlll be no ob? jectlon to taklng them up out of theli order, while thc contestcd bllls can? not be rcached at all for debate anc vote under the exlstlng praetlce. It is not probablo that thc House woulc acaln vote for such a rule advanclng bills. Xo Afternoon ScksIodh. The House yesterday voted down t resolutlon provlding for alternoon ses sions to begin next Monday. The pro? posal was tnat tho Speaker should va cato thc chalr at 2 o'clock and resum< lt at I. Objectlon was inadc because o! the exccsslve work now done ln com mittces and because 'ho motlon wai premature. Prc-emlnent, of course, In commlt tees yesterday were the hearings o: the Byrd billx for rf-arrangement oi tho Baylor Oyster Survey. Crowds o: out-of-town vlsitors came to Richmonc ror thls event, wnich so vitally con? cerns the citizens of the Tldcwatei section. l>ast night two of the House commlt tees heard the propositlon to hani Oncle Sam that bill for $12,000,000. Dr Fulton and -Mr. Kggleston were hcar* with much more cordlallty than ar, most of tho.se who have appeared be mr.- i< gislatlvo committees, for thi rcason tnat they come bearing gift! lor the State Instead of asklng foi approprlatlons. In adnttlon to the work on the prl mary bllls, tho Ilouse Committee or l'rivueges and Klectlons reported fa vorably two more Byrd blllg guardlns election machlnery, especially ivlt! reicrencc to local optlon elections. SENA1E Prayer by Rev. S. C. Hatcher, o Centenary Methodlst Chureh, opene< yesterday's sesslon of the Senate. Favorable reports wero mado on th. L,csner bill provlding a tax' on crab blng, clamming and flshlng; on th, Elam bllls, respecting taxes to bc pat< by telephone and telcgraph companles and scheduling tho subjects of taxa tlon under .tanglble personal property the Parks bill, as to collateral Inherl tancc tax; the Owcn billiard parlo tax, and tho House bill putting tax 01 water, gas and light companles. A pctltion was received from citl zens of Bockbridgo county asklng fo State-wlde prohlbition. Senator Folkes introduced a joint re solutlon provlding tho payment o $216.40 for tho new ligh.Js whlch liav beon Installed lu the Senate chambei Thc resolutlon was adonted. A communlcatlon was received fror the Norfolk Typographlcal Unior polntlng out the desirnbtlity of os tablishlng methods for thc cure o tuborculosls. Threo bills were passed flnally: Sena tor Walker's bill, regardlng the con tract of loans for the crectlon of court houses, clerk's officos and jalls; Sena tor Carter's bill, allowlng tntcrstat frolght trains to run through th Stato on Sunday, and thc Fletcher bll! for thc cquallzatlon of taxes. Tho Lassltor bllls in referonce .1 tho crlmlnal Insane and thclr disposi tlon woro set as a special ordor fo Monday at 12:15 o'clock. The Insur anco tax bill waa set for 12:30 Tues day. CnnRiderlug Fletcher BIU. Whon tho Fletcher bill camo up o motlon to roconslder, it having fnilo to pass on Wednesday becauso it omorgoncy clause requlred a four-fifth vote, Senator Koozoll exprcssed th hopo that a reeonslderntion might t allowed. Donounping thc bill as impraotjcabl and crltlcl/.lng tho power it yostod i tho Audltor of Publlc Accounts, Sona tor Noel opposed recbnsideratlon. Tho patron of tho bill, Sonatu Flotchr said that it was n rlp tlmo to roconslder and 'pass th bill. It had boen on the calon dar from almost tho flrst day. Th Sonate by ita voto . had shon-od lt solf to bo clearly and . doclslvely 1 favor of the bill. Tho bill moots aiprosi Ing need and ought to go througl flnally, ho sald that ho would \sirik out tho emergency clause. On tho motlon tn recousiilor, tlt voto was 26 to 5, the minority votin wlthout oxcoptlon in tho negative." Tho omorgoncy clauso having bee atrlckon out, tho bill passed by avot of 36 to r>, tlm minority ngaln golng ou rncord agalnst. Iho bill. Senator Fletcher tlBked two days' lavo of absence for Senator Wnrd, wlio hns .ipralnod hls anklo nnd ls con /lnnd to hls room. Tho Inx cotnmlfslon hlll, speclal or dr-r for tho day, was cxplalncd fully by Its patron, Sonator Klng. Tho present hlll Ih a suhstltutc, sald hc, whlch rep- , resont-i tho vlnw of Sonator Htrodo i nnd hlmself, There ls now a sontlment ln tho CJonoral Assombly for sucli a| commission, strongor than ever before. "The oxporlenco ot muny other States has shown that nn oqualizatlon board Ih Inefficlent, They never achleye equallzation. Segregatton Is to be Rouglu for. Tho Fletcher bill ls only a temporary ineasure, and somo pcr manent method ought to be adopted, C?n Secure Knels. "A tax commlsslon can secure facts ! whlch the. Legislature cannot ln nlnoty days," ho sald. "Tho fundamental pur-I poso of such a commlsslon is to obtain data nnd make an liitclligcnt and help ful report to tho General Assembly, based on such facts." , ?Hc advocatcd a small commiHsion bc causo Its sizc would mako lt easy to get together. lt would do moro actual work. lt would rcquirc less to make up a quorum. Work would not bo dol egated to suhcOmtnlttecs. Thero would bc less chance of a comproinlse r'-port. There would be less hazard of sectlonal. Influenco and blased partlsanshlp, Itcprescntatlon would bo giv<m to! tho llve grand dlvlslons of tho State ' I He thought tho commlsslon should bol made up from tho General Assembly, | j for the jurlsdlctlon and eonsideration of taxatlon ls wlthin the solo pecuHar I provlncc of the Legislature. Some of the members could tako advantago of the facts they galncd whllo actlng on tho commlsslon In legislatlon. Senator Walker doubtod the consti tutlonallty of tho provlsion of tho blil whicli allowed members of tho com? mlsslon their expenses over and above mlleage. That might be contrary to the provlsion of the Constitution as to lhe holdlng of two offlces slmultane , ously, especially slnco tho addltion of I thc expert to tho commlsslon icnded I to give It thc color of somethlng more thatt a mcrc leglslatlve commltte.v Senator Klng sald that hc reallzed that thls polnt would be raised, but hoperl that lt would bc thrcshed out on the lloor and the bill so amended as to curo thc defect. Contlnuing hls main argument, Sen? ator King sald that ull persons who so dcslred might come and give thclr views to thc commlsslon. All Interested could bc glven a full hearlng. Wit ncsscs could be summoned and all sorts of evldence brought Into tho sesslons of the commlsslon. Some break must be made away from the antiquated methods of taxatlon prevalent at tho present. Senator King's axgumetit was a thorough cxplanatlon and logical ex posltion of the merlts of his moasure. A joint resolutlon calllng for thc ex? change by the State Llbrary of some rellcs and documents for others heid by Mr. Stewart was passed. IJVnnts Governor on II. Deslrlng to amend thc tax commis? sion bill, Senator Holland proposed that . tho commlsslon be composed of the I Governor, the chalrman of tho State ; Corporatlon Commlsslon and an-expert chosen by them. "I ngrce with the purpose of the Klng bill," sald Senator Holland, "but I dlsllke the Idea of a commission cho? sen from thc General Assembly. The undcrlylng idea is wrong on prlnelple and may bc legally wrong." Hc suggestcd the Governor, because no man is more thoroughly Interested in the tax question than the Chief Exeeutlvc Thc chairman of ihe State Corporatlon Commission Is especially conversant wlth corporation taxatlon, and the experienced expert would add the necessary theoretlcal information. Such a commlsslon would be very ln cxpenslve, for the expert would bo the only man to draw compensatlon. At thls particular time a small outlay Is deslrable. Senator Halsey wanted some sort of commission by all means. He favored tho Klng bill flrst, but wag wllllng to accept the Holland idea if necessary. He saw no reason why the commlsslon might not bc made up from tho General Assembly, charged as it ls wlth the power of taxatlon and dlractly respon sible to thc people. A goodly propor? tlon always returns. He saw no con stitutlonal difflcultyin thc matter. That objection might bc obvlated by making it clear in the bill that the expert ls not to be a member of the commission, but anclllary and advisory in hla ca? paclty. Senator .\'orl Opposed. Oppositlon voiced itself ln Senator Noel, who preferred the Holland idea to that of the King bill. He dld no? liko the districting called for under thc bill, and proposed a different scheme. He liked the idea of tho Governor be? ing on thc commlsslon, for he is fa niillar with all parts of the State. "I am opposed to having lt composec of members of the General Assembly,' he protested. "It is improper for the Legislature to appoint its members to thls or to any otlter ofllce undei its control. The prlnelple is just as bad as ereating a. new ofllce for an cs peclal Indivldtuil. The idea underly ing is contrary to thc spirlt of tht Constitution. I am opposed to thc Idei In all its ramiflcattons, whether it b< in tho case of the Legislature or evei in the matter of a board of vlsitors o: dlrectors electlng one of their num bcr to an ofllce in their control. Carr: thls Idea to its logical extent, and yoi wlll play havoc wlth our institutlons.' "?Don't hang thls tax commlssioi over tho heads of the people durinj tho recess of thc General Assembly.' declared Senator Folkes. "The Lesis laturc ought to do all the work ot taxatlon wliile it ls in session. am stop worrylng the peoplo betwect tlmes." Ho urged tho Legislature to con template a day when taxatlon on rea estate might bo left to tho countie and clties, and the question of the tax ation of personalty made moro Im portant in the dellberations bt th General Assembly. If tho counties wlshcd to divlde th rolling stock tax they should not di lt for the bcneflt of thc rallroads. Ho wlshod that thc Leglslaturi would Immortallzo itself by passinj a law that after 1913 thcrc would b no tax on lands levlod by tho State but that tho State would derlvo it revenuo from the many othor sourcet This tax question has been voxinj Legislature after Legislature, am ought to bo solvbd and shoved ou of the way forever. Thls trylng orclca of county being lU'raycd agalnst coun ty iu tlio dlsputo aboul the propo amount of taxes thoy pay ought \< stop. On motlon of Sonator Parsons ad journment was taken at 2:10 o'clock. HOUSE Among thc bllls reported to th House from commlttces yesterday wcr,. Maklng tho general of thc Stat mllitia a member' ex-ofllcio of th boards-nf vlsitors of tho Virginia Mill tary Institute aiul the Vlrglnla Poly technlc Institute, from tho Coinmlttc on Schools and Colleges. Tho Byrd primary bill wlth-amond nients, Tho West, Ueal and SUbcottl - mltlcn prlmary blll*, with tho reeotn mcndBtlon that they do nol pass, The Hyrd biliH allowing examlnatlon ..r rcglfltrntlon books prlor lo Imtil op? tlon olcctlons, and allowing appeal rrom dcclslcnis of roglstrarw, All timsr. wero from the Commltteo on I'rlvilcgcs and Klectlons. Tho Ilyrd llc|i.or blll as amended, froni tho Commlttee on Countlcs, Cltles and Towns. Afternoon MertiiiB*. Mr. JennltigH offered a resolution provldlng for afternoon sessions of tho House at I o'clock, bcglnnlng Mon? day. Illn reason was tho congeslcd condltlon of thc calendar. Alr. 13own.au, ot RonnoUe, oppo?ed tho resolution. He. called attentlon to tho fact'that most of the work at pres? ent ls m committees, thls belng ho most Important featu're now ot tho sesslon. Mr. Page also spoke ln opposltion. saylng that after new bltls have ceased to be introduced, whlch wlll bc nn next Saturday, It wlll be tlme for com? mlttee work to slackcn and for thc Houso to hold addltlonal sessions. Tl.e Jcnt.lngs resolution war. lost. On motlon of Mr. West. of Uedford, lt wns ordered that GOO coples bc prlntod of the agrleultural lime blll. A resolution was adopted, at thc Instanco of Mr. William", of Olles, autl.orl/.Ing thc Secretary of thc Com? nionwealth to furnlsh the Auditor of Publlc Accounts with coples ot the Acts of Assembly and the. Journala of thc Senato and House. Thc State Llbrary Board, on motlon of Mr Jlarwond, was authorlzed to exchange a lctter of T. T. Kckert, ln Its posaesslon, for a number of docu ments and muster rolls lnterestlng t0 virglnia and to tho South. Senntc Bllls l'nxs. The following Senato bllls were passed: To enable lncorporated towns ann cltles to contrlbuto to the building or improvement of publlc roads ancl bridges leadlng to such towns ana cltles. To authorize thc town of Clarksvllle to purchasc outstanding bridge cer tiflcates aecurod by deed of trust of a'toll bridge across the Dan and Staun i ion Rlvers. To authorize the Board of Super? vlsors of Mecklenburg county to pur? chasc tho toll bridge across thc Dan and Staunton Rlvers, and to maintain ! same aa a free bridge. House bills on thelr third readlng ! havlng been reached, the following ; were passed: To provlde for the appointment of ' local boards of health. Patron, Mr. To authorize the State Board of Health 1o adopt and enforce rules and regulations for the protection of the , publlc health. Patron, Mr. Cox. i>oK-Hiiliur. I*n?y. To assess costs of kllling viclous and : shc-ep-killing dogs against the own? ers and to allow thc killing at once of any dog caught ln the act of wor rying sheep or goats. Tatron. Mr. Ste phenson, of Bath. To amend thc Code so as to entltle I the widow to dower In the proceeds of the sale of lands sold to satisfy a lien, but to be payable out of the surplus Patron. Mr. White. To prohiblt the catchlng of bass dur j ing the spawning season- Patron, Mr. 1 Whitc. To rcgulate thc sale of ancl lo pro? vlde a standard of purity for agrleultu? ral seedB. Patrons, Mr. Adama and Mr. West, of Nansemond. To amend the charter ot the city of Newport News. Patron. Mr. Staarnes. To authorize thc board of supervlsors of Allcghany county to borrow money to bulld a courthouse and to bulld bridges. Patron, Mr. Spessard. To authorize' the city of rortsmouth to Issue bonds for street improvements. Patron, Mr. Parker. To regulata tho storago ancl dtstrl butlon of ardent spirits tn tho city of Wlnchester and tho county of Frcder lck. Patron. Mr. Byrd. . To provlde for the. eontinuancc of the annual tolls on turnplkcs Patron, Mr. Grlgsby. Bnttle Ahbcy Site. To provlde, with certaln condltions. a site for thc erectlon of a Confeder? ate Memorlal Institute or Battlc Ab bcy on land known as the Soldlers Home property. Patron, Mr. Byrd. To deflne ancl punlsh pandering. Pa 1 tron, Mr. Byrd. To provlde for apportlonment ol school funds and for taking census ot chlldren ln school dlstrlcts sltuated in more than one county. Patron, Mr. Ollver. To authorize district school board? ] to borrow money and issue bonds to ! bulld and furnlsh sehqolhouses. Pa? tron, Jir. Stephenson, of New Kent. All of these were bills passed as local ancl uncontested measures, under the ruie of .Thursday referring to sec i ond readlng measures. Tho only op '. position was aroused by the.bill re i gardlng widows' dowcr. Mr. Yarrell 'thought.lt would changc tha custom : which has always cxlstcd. Hc said he dld not want to prcjudicc the rlghts ot credltors or of chlldren which now ex . ist. Mr. White defende.l hls bill. saylng . that Mr Yarrell did not understand it He said its purpose tvas to giv.3 thc ' wlves and widows their just rlghts Tho effect is that when a wlfe unlte; with her husband in a deed of trust [ and ho dies, her dower wlll be payable . as far as possible, out ot tho whole amount, instead of recelvlng one-thirc '.', of the surplus. Thc blll was passed bj j a vote of 76 to 2. . I Thc House adjourned at 2:1-1 o'clock Senate Bills 1 ByMr. I.assltcr: A blll to amend and rc l I enact seotion 1063 ot the Codo of Virginia as herotoforo amended, ln refcrence. to tli proceedlngs before a comnilssion to uscei toin msanlty. By Mr. Hart: A blll to provlde wtthl ? what timo and by whom tho writ tax alia. - i be pal.l ln case ot romoval t?. appeal troi . a lustico nnd how Juclgm.nt shall be on torod nga.nat a surety whon; appeal ia dis ?ulsscd. By Mr. Keezell: A blll to nuthorizo tli Board of Supervlsors of Rockinsha.n count; to establlsh and construct as a stato morie; n|,l road tho Broadwny nnd Brock's cjai publlc high way; to Isbuu aud soll bonds o tho county of Kooklngham >o tbe extent o one-lialC ?>f tho cstlmated cost of such road nnd to establlsh and chargo tolls upon suol road for tho purpose .of paying off suct bonds ln ll'-u of tho nssessnicnls of tax fo sueli piirpoao. By Mr. Keezell: A blll to aiuend and re enact an acl ontltled an acl provldlng fo tho malc.ni>, changhig aud worklng o( ruadi l? tbe county or (tocklngham, npprovec March -'. ls;<s. !l8 atiieudeil by an acl of tlu Ganoral Assembly, approved Mnrcli S, 1WC ns rurtlier amended by nn aet ot tho Oonora Assembly, upproved February :'.'. IStiJ, n further nmondod by an act of tbo Oonora Assembly. approved March ;?, 1S9I, aud a further amended by an act of tlie Clcnera Assembly. upprovod Fobruary i'O, 1SM, ap proved March 15, l'JOl. lty Mr. Barly; A blll concerning tli. charter und transactions of tho Uonora EB Hfc.O "W 3W' ?S> Bronchiai, Thochdes Aprcpantlonof :lupeilor merh for rellevtnz Coueh. Hiur.encM and Irrlution ol thro?tt ol B.??t bineii in Uh* Troubies, BronchltU and Atthouu Fic from oplitto or any h?rmii.l Ingredlent. Price. 25 ccnta. 60 cents and $1.00 per box. bjuv.rle m*ll?d on request. 10^;-BROyN & SON. Busnon. M.s,. "lii ^HBOclntlnn ?f tho rTnlvrnlty nf Vlr i. nnd nccoptlriff tno prnvlslnnii nf a iln ilnrd of triuit mndo liy aald n??ncla tnr tha u?o nml li,.ncnt of tlio Unlvur "f VlrBlriln. Here and There tn the Legislature In the flve minutes' tlmo nllotted hlm, Mr. West, of Nansemond, made an nttractlve prcsentatlon 'of hls fee bill yoHterday morning heforo tho Houso Committee on Flnanco. Hls measure simply provldes that nll offlclals ln thlH Htato whoso compensatlon Ir com poseil ns a whole or In part of fees must keep completc records of all foea recelvoil by them. Mr. West sald he had had no objectlon to addlng to thc bll| that theso reports, after be? lng sent to tho county or clty clerks, bo forwnrded to the Secretary of the Commonwealth, nor dld hc demur to a polnt ralsea that lt might bc weii to havo tho olliclals stato what expenso they were put to for clerk hlro and other tnattcrs. Hc wanted light. and thought thc peoplo woro entltled to know what thclr ofllccrs rccclve. In most cases the. offlccra won't tell, hc sald. It Is not fltting, he sald, thnt some of our offlcials should be recelving, In supposedly mlnor posltlons, several tlrnes as much money as the Governor Of the State or a member of tho Su? preino Court, nnd pcrhapa even ap proxlmatlng the salary of the Presi? dent of tho Unlted States. At nll events, tho people, who pay the bllla, are entitlcd to know what their ser? vants get. These statements of recolpts nre to oe sworn to, and are to bc used as tiir s f?r fUU're actlon ?V Leglsla Tho commltteo flrst heard Rev. E C. BUck on hls propositlon to allow penslon boards to sumrnon wltnesses and oxamino them under oath in mat tcrs of penslon applicatlons. Soldlern' Record*. ' Major Robert XX. Hunter. the Secre? tary of Virginia Milltary Records. ren? dered an aecount of his stewardshlp. He emphasized tho duty 0f preserving the records of thc Statc's soldlers iu the Confederate armles. Many of tha most valuable frecords of thc Revolu tlonary tl'ar have been lost, and as a result Virginia has not tlie credlt she should havo for her part In that contesi, because she can't prove lt "And," added .Major Hunter. "as notable as Vlrglnla's part was in Revolutionary tlmes and In tho for mativo pcriod oftthe country's history. her most splendld record was made in the tlmes of the Clvli War." Therefore the rolls should be gotten together while It is still practlcable to do so. Thc spessard bill, reduclng the fees of examlners of records, was next con? sidered, but its argument was not con cludod. It was opposed by sevoral In? terested persons. An interested and interestlng vlsitor on tho floor of the House thls week ha.s been Judge Seldcn Longley, of Radford. Judge Longley sat In tho samo body as a member from Wash? lngton county durlng the stormy Legislature of 1873-1, hc belng the youngest member. Durlng that sesslon he voted forty tlmes for the late John iJoodc for the United States Senate. The other candldates were Robert E. WIthers and Major Robert XV. Hunter. Mr. Goode's namo was at last dropped and Colonel WIthers elected. Judge Longley still wears wlth prlde a watch presented to him by tho mem? bers of thc House, in which ho served thirty-slx ycars ago. While ln Rich? mond a negro entered hls room one night, stole all of his elothes, his money and watch. and as a result of thls occurrencc the members gave him a gold tlmepiece cngraved with the words of prcsentatlon. Thc Committee on Federal Rclations of the House met yesterday morning and favorably considered the Throck? morton jolnt resolutlon asklng tho Unlted States government to send an expert io Vlrglnla to examlne and report upon the waste land. espcclally the marsh land, of the State. This expert Is to state tho number of acres which can be reclalmed, the best method and the cost of rcclamatlon. President Ellyson at last got to vote yesterday. The flrst tie of the ses? sion in the Senate came up when Sen? ator Lasslter wished to set hls bllls relatlng to the crlmlnal Insane as a special order for Monday. Senator llolt opposed. for hc thought it is time to go down the calendar in regular order and stop taklng up bills speclal ly. When a vote was taken Senator Lasslter alone votod in thc afflrma tive, and Senator Holt alonc ln the negative. Then tho presldent broke the tie in favor of Senator Lassitor. And every body smilecl at the humor of the situation. Lawyers wiil be interested In Son? ator Chase's bill to prohiblt the dlrec tion of yerdlcts. It ls: "In no actlon trled before a jury shall thc court Kive to the jury a peremptory Instruc tlon dircctlng what verdict tho Jury shall render. Thls act shall apply to pendlng actlons as well as to those hor'eafter instltutcd.'" Senator Chase says that a fow. of tho judges ln the State courts are try ing to carry out thc Federal praetlce ot dirccting ver dlcts. and he wishes to put an end tc it. In case the verdict directed Is re versed by the appellate court the case has to bo trled all over again, anc thls ls tho practico whlch Senatot Chase would stop. Monday at t! o'clock 1'iere wlll be a hearlng on the bti: before the Senate Committee on Courts of Justice. Some oppositlon has al r'eadv been ntantfested. Senator Early yesterday offered r bill empowerlng tho Alumnl Assocta tlon of the Unlverslty of Vlrglnla tt rcceive money and bequests. Cock flghtlng ln Alexandrla count; wlll havo to bc stoppod, lf Senato Lesncr's bill becomes law. It puts i flno of $500 on any person thero cn gaglqg in the flghtlng of eoeks. dog; or other anlmals for money or prlzes or whero bets aro mado or admlsslot charged. .1. 11. Mcadc. a former member fron: lUlSsell countv. and M. II. Sttttle, botl; of llonakor, Va., wero vlsitors to thc lloor of tho llousa yestorday. Major J. N. Stubbs, iho nieinber from Cilouooster. wus in hls Heat in tlio I llouso vostorday. after an- illliess of several days from rhoumatlsm. The Byrd bill lovying a tax on to? bacco niiuiufacturing concerns wlll be civon a publlc hearlng Wednesday morning boforo the 1 Iouso Flnance Committee. Mr. West. of Bedford. introduced ln thn Ilouse yesterday a bill uuthorlzlng boards of suporvlaors to npproprlato money from county troasuries to ald iiKi-lcultiiral schools. To permlt notarles public, school tntstoes, justiccs or the poaeo aml bu nerv'lsor's to serve :is eeiisus onmnera tora Is tho objoot of a bill liitrodueod i? iho ilouse yesterday by Mr. Powers, A tax of $5 ou eVery bra.nd of fcrtlll *or sold ln this Stato is ulmed at In a bill oltered by Mr. Pltts ln tho House, *vimHT>i:iivs airVflAl) AN t] PI'TH ^S&Sfl Another Great Saturday Sale Men's Fixings at Thalhime Men's 25c Seamlcss Silk Finished Lislc Thread Half Hosc. in IO',, black only; snlc price to-day. JLc_i2\I Wc also place on sale to-clay 25 dozen Men's l'lain and Fancy lland kerchiefs, which are strictly 25c valtics ancl are half silk; sale price 1 Ol-, to-day. I?i2C One lot of Men's SOc Anehor Rrand Shirts, mostly dark patterns, OC^ sizes M>a to lfiKJ sale price.. OiJC Men's 75c N'ipht Rol.cs, made of fine muslin or flannelcttc, 52 inches CA-, lotip;, cut cxtra full; sale price. *J"C Ilcre's anolher bargain for ti 10 dozen Men's 50c Four-in Ties, in all thc vcry ncwest plain < all made rcvcrsiblc and full length; sale price. Placed on sale to-day, one Men's 50c Suspcndcrs, full lc made with brass trimming, whicl not rust, ancl calfskin ends, thc kind that don't pull out; sale ? price. t Men's Sl.25 Outing Flannci Cotton Pajamas, exceptionally made and good patterns; sale t price. I Manufacturers nre requlred to rcglster I thclr brands with the Commlssloner of | Agiculture. Mrtl Wellford presented a bill ln the Houso yesterday to punish people who make derogatory rcmark3 regardlng the flnancial standlng of banks. OrSTEnMEN NTE . TO CHANGE UIES fContlnucd From Flrst Page.) the expert under whose dlrectlon the stirvey was made last summer In tho James Rlver by the Unlted States gov? ernment. Both were sharply qucs tloned. Two short specches were made by opponenta of thc bill at the night session. Dr, Moore began by saylng that hls Investigation had been entirely un blaaed, and that hc had sought the truth, with perfect Indlffercnco as to what hls party would flnd.. The stir? vey was condueted ln such a manner that no member of the party knew what the result would be, nor dld nny know untll the report was publlshcd, exceptlng hlmself. Most Oround Bnrren. The survey Included 26,00o acres. of whlch from 70 to 75 per cent. was ab? solutely barren?no oystors and no shells, and lf there wero ever any oys j ters thero they wero covered up. Of the remnlnder of the ground wlthin the Baylor Uncs a large part was depleted, and tnero w-as no posslbllity of any body getttng enough oystors thnre to make a living. Tlm next class ot rock he called very Bcattered, In a day of nlne hours tho net haul was about S1.25 worth of oys? tors, fron which must be deducted many expenses. The next grado was elasstned ns scattered. and from it flve bushels of market oystors or elght bushels of seedlng oysters was secur? ed, maklng the day's earnlngs $2.25. The romalning class was called dense, and the > iel,| hero tris elght bushels of marltetable and twelve of? seed oysters. It is lmpractlcable, said Dr. Moore. to separate the ground so as to allow polielng and to dlvide the productlve Trom the bnrren bottom. ln hls opin? ion, thc Kyrd bill does not throw enough ground out of the publlc rocks, and was>merely a compromlse arranged so as lo Include as much pro auctive mitl exciude as much barren rock as pcss'lble. Trie Baylor Survey llnes. he contin? ued, are very erratlc. and It Is abso? lutely Imposslble to determine ln many cases ir the man in thc boat Ik inslde or outside <>f tho area. From rha ! standpolnt of the expert he thought Mr. i.ee was a little to0 sollcitous for iric natural rock, but perhaps for po llclng purposes he was right. Haylor Bld nol Mxnmliie. Tlie Baylor Survey, hc asserted, was not nn examinatlon of the natural i'OCk, and could not bo under the law. l nree eommissioners rrom each coun? ty in the oyster distrlct were the flnal arblters ot thc llnes and corners. They dOtibtleSg knew pretty well where the oysters were, and went out in a boat and sald what they thought the corn-1 crs ought to be. They hung out a flag nnd Captaln Baylor made hls survcy ors' llnes therefrom. No examinatlon was really made of thc rocks. The re cent examinatlon was thc flrst real one ever made of the oyster grounds ln thc James, lteplylng to a question, Dr. Moore. sald that his party niadc soundlngs at ItMlO places, nnd covered 226 miles. sipeaklng again of tho Baylor Survey, lie said that he had been told by a ma eh'.ntst who was on a launch at lhat time, that ln one place wehere a patch of rock was wanted to bc left out of tho survey. thc engineer was ordered tQ run thc launch so fast that the Chaln would not touch the bottom. All this was by way of showing the In aaequaoy and supertlclai characters <>f tho Baylor Survey, whlch. however. Dr. Mooro sald was well done consldcrlng ali tlio clrcumstanc.es, Mr. Leo here said parenthetlcally that few If any tongs were put on thc rocks when thc Baylor Su'rvay wns mado Hc.niiH of Change. Thc. proposed new Uncs, resumed Dr. Mooro, would excludo 4.100 of ihe 1S.00J acres of the publlc beds In War? wlck county. Of thls 3.200 acres is mud nnd of no value. Thc rcmalning 1.200 Is natural rock of varlous grades. Only IG0 acres is dense. M4 scattering, 217 very scuttcring. and about 700 dc pleted bed. Only the Iirst two named olassba wlll ylcld enough oysters to mako any sort of livlng for a man. Tho number of bushels of oysters on the area to bd excludod is estimntcd at 30,500, whllo the total number of bnsti lls In the Warwtok county beds Is osti mated at 030,000. of whlch 7O0.00J is availahlo to tho tonger. the remalndar being Boattered and not worth tlio ex? pense of taklng up. The land cxcluded would bo worth npproximnU'ly as much per acre. hs sald, as tho land now outside. Tlio tongor, ho coiulildcd, would bo tlio galnor. At presont, wlth the on crpnchinents of tho planters, na get* very llttlo protection, for polielng ls Impraotlcable. 't'lte Baylor llnes hc characterlzed as a moro abstraetlon Thoy nro not thoro nl all. In hls sur? vey ha got lnto stakos of planters who have cticiouchcd on iho publlc beds Tlie ? Lee plan of strui'ght lines and watch houses would cnablo the pol to requlro compHduco wlth tho law, would throw opun tho barren roc.lt to tho oystor planteV, and would convert a ttsclcss attempt to pollce effectlve attempt. "Thls |g thc prlnclple." he s am more likely to walk to the thls room to steal a watch would be to steal lt from ui pwner's nose. At present ln 'th FMver the pollccman and the -t; always around tlie corner fro othcr." , Oynter.nan Talk*. Jir. Conklln presented at th mcctlng the resolutlons of th meeting of oystcrmen. "The land Hes now, whlch Mr. Loe to throw out," ho sald. "lt ,1s good In tho world. Therg ls there but old dead shells an and the best thing to do is to s en thn lines. If we don't get tion for the rocks, they are f was cleael opposed to tlrls chang I camo her*. but when I saw t I was convlnced lt was rlght. beon a planter ancl a tonger foi three years." "Glve mo these new lines Commissloner Lee, "and what 4,000 acres of rock I will ma S.000. Some of thls lnnd wh propose to throw out Is valuab was t.navoldable ln maklng whlch was stralght. I don't t ought to be rented to tnij bldder. for a syndtcste would gc But the eonimlsslon wlll get al out uf thls rock. glving the llt low a chance. lt ought to _e sqttares of from ten to 100.aci Don't Wnnt I.htt. "The upper or shoro llne Baylor Survoy, from tlie corn Iteep Water Shoal Llght t Shoal Rocks, off Newport News teen miles long. and ihe lower cr line ls twenty miles long. w ty cornera, Thero reniains catlon of these forty corners. are gone. Why. at Jail Islan, the. very rocks. oystcrs ah<] al carrled away by thieves. XV, tried bttoys. r have put them river and they have dlsappear fore the next mornlng. The Is that the majorlty of the men James Hlver don't want any li any buoys. "The planter has encroached on the Baylor lines than thc number of acres we propose to out of lt. We can't kecp him You mlght as well expect us to a raneh of pralrle land of 10.00( ancl requlre us to keep wlthln ed bounds 2,000 eattle wlthout us a mark or a tree or a stak we ask ls a mark to go by. all, this change is for. "The oyster men come here a the commlsslon that lt has do work well; that condltions have ly improved. But they say, 'M non't hreak the Baylor Survey! can you nreak what doe3 not There Is no Baylor llne. The atl gone. it is a myth. The pl navo.lt. r want to put them ou "Uf course. I can pollce the unes If we can nnd them. But take $10,000 to establlsh the corners, nnd It wlll take $40,000 to maintain tliem, whereas the only gets 54,000 a year out of tlro rK'cr. Now If you wll] tnese new Unes ancl s|x watch" wf wni poiiee the river for $4 C sn-ad of sio.uou, whlch -we a'r spendlng, and wo wlll soon be Ing $10,000 a year Instead of $|. Asked why he could not make tl unes larger. he sald there ground shuiiow enough on. wh put the watch houses. In Interest or Tonsrer*. Appcaling to the tongers, 'hat ho had been protectlng' th terests for twenty-two years. 'fl posos now to re-establlsh,' not to the Baylor lir.es. The plantei holding ti.OOo acres for whlch tln paying nothing. Not one.acro. thrown out by the new lines wht tonger is to-day prlvlleged to upon. Mr. Lee was asked repeatedlv his recent article in Thc Tini patcli. He stood by his. argu that there ls but the one alter for the State. to ostablisli thes lines or to abandon the river commlsslon has donc its best splte of all it has lost 2.000 to' aeres to thc encroachments o? ers. To do more would be a p impossiblllty wlthout expending tilno to get a small umount in and nn Governor and no LegL could nr would ask tho commlss himself to do more than thetr Ile was willlng, he said. ln slon, tf lt were legal. and hc get the new linen established. t ln the law that there should 1 further change for a hundred yeu Opposlflnu Tulks. B, C, Rowley, of York county ho hnd llfty aeres of niud fla'ts ln ton Distrlct of York county. on ho had lost $700 to $1,000 In o< tn tho past five .years. He sald n could tell him that tho Moore voylng party had run its ehalus lN.uni) acres of thc liotlo.us. ReJ] that tho Flsh Commlsslon wa.s 1 an.l .ealous, ho sald tlmt bfflclal'i bad carrled hlm beyond hls judg Only about u dozen plutuers d htato, he declared, want thc changod, aml of these nlne are ers. Now. he contendeil. thoy to ralso thc seed, loo. Ho asked there be no legislatlon ust to oj at thls sesslon or the Leglslatttrt that a commlttee be appciinted t vestlgate tho whole question every Btandpolnt aud to report t n. xt General Assombly. C XV. Pltchett lcmarked that p stakes and buoys havo a way uf \ ing around, The opposltion to thc bllls. had "u got started when lt was deterniin end the meeting. Tbe next sc wlll bc held Wednesday nlght. tight has just begun, unlens t.tc mittee should dechle to llmlt <l. Mr. Loo sald justbeforo the corair roso that he was wllllng to r?i case. _.