BuHnena Offlce.516 B. Maln Street
Msnchcator Bureau.1103 Hull Stroet
r?tcriburit Bureau...109 K. Sycntnoro Street
l,yncliburg Bureau.ilt Blghtli. Strett
BV MAIh. Oti? Slx Three One
POSTAGIl; I'AID. Year. Mos. Mo?. Ilo
Paily vltli Sundny.$6,M .500 11.50
Dallv without Sundny... ..<? 2.00 1.00
Sunday edltlon only.:.<? 1.00 .60
Weekly (WodrieadAy).... 1.09 .50 .2.1
By Tlmrs-Plrrnleh Carrier Delivery Ser
vlco ln nichmond (and suburbs), Mancho
ier and Peter?burg? _
~. One Week
Dally wllh Sundny. " ?n<8
Dally without Sunday.?.?nli
Entered January T? IW at Kichmond,
Va., as necond-claw matter under act ot
Consresa of March 3. 1S7!>.
FRIDAY. MARCH 18. 1910^..
HOW THEY OO IT IX EL- PASO.
?ludge Joseph U. Sweency, who blew
Into this port Wednesday. is n true
Toxan. Thcrc can be no doubt about
it. Hc showed it in everythlng ho
sald to a reporter of Thc Tlmes-Dls?
patch. Ho began by boostlng hls
homc town, El Paso, wlth all hls
might and maln, and trled to mako
thnt dlstaiit burg loom up as tho real
metropolis' of this natlon, barring
none. Then thc judge announced that
he was a friend of Sonator Balley.
This at once marked hlm as an abor
Iglnal of that State, which is In Hous?
ton, accordlng to George Balley, be?
causo nobody outsldo ot. Texas over
had a good word for Balley of thc
toga and tho oil-can.
Wo were more Interested, however,
[n what Judgo Sweency had to say
tbout commlsslon government than ln
what hc had to say about either of
:hc Ba-ileys, or c.f thelr friend, Cono
lohnson. or of thc lndustrles of that
.own of El Paso. If anybody knows
vhether commlsslon government works
>r not, that man should bo Judgo
sWeoney. bocausc he works commls
don government ln hls town. He ls
Mayor, accordlng to the languagc of
hc East. or Chalrman of thc Commls
ilon. in tho parllamentary and legls
atlve parlance of his sectlon.
Judge Sweeney says1 that tho best
ihlng about commlsslon government
ls that lt mcans progress. and he pro
cecds, tn hls remnrks prlntcd ln Thc
Times-Dispatch of yosterday. to provo
hls point. Wc think he did provc it.
?th1 wo think that what was good for
thc progress ol El Taso wlU he cood
^Iot tho. progress ot Richmond. It com
-vnlsslon government could take that
Mraggling, Greascr town, flUed wlth
f.aad liquor and worse men, and turn
$t into a thrivlng city, commlsslon
feovernmont should and wlll carry
ijRIchmond and overy other VlrglnU
raity along tho same road.
}; .The commisslon which the Judge
fheads dld not start out to make the
5,-vhoIe town over, or to make a new
government for a new people, or tc
"ij-eform the Greascrs and tame thi
Tcxans. The commlsslon went Inte
flTlco as a business concern to manage
hc business affalrs of the town as lt
would manage the business of any
?ithcr concern. Thls was all thcrc wa.s
o the proposed reform, and thls will
all thcrc need bc to the estab
lshmcnt of commlsslon government in
v'irglnia. We do not want t0 wage
^?ar on good ofliceholders or to upset
he fundamental prlnclples of seif
overnmeir. We only want for Rlch
jnond, and for ev'firy.cii'y in Virginia
he best, tlie cheapest and the most
uslncss-llke government that can bc
The State is going to have this gov?
ernment, just as soon as tlie Constltu
ion can he amended, and vs soon as
jie hldebuund provlslons of thc or
anlc law for a bicatncral forin ot
Ity rule can be chanped. When this
fbyernment is authorized by the Con
citution of tlie fetate, every city wlll
favc thc right aud tho opportunity to
_st it. lf it works here as i. works
?i Texas?anch.lt certainly should work
ettcr ln a better country?thc clties
in keep it. If it does not, the Con
tution will then permlt us to adopl
, form of government that wlll suit
* Wo trust Judgo Swreney wlll come
;ack to Virginia when wo have
Stproved city government well \in
i.r way. We promlsc hlm lu advanc-i
\at he will then return to Texas an<
i.gin preaching to his people tha
'iey should do as the Vlrglnlans de
od iriove on to the same goal. 1
*ould be a fine thlng for Texas.
A XISAV.S BPISODE.
jTlic Baltlmore Amerlcan decide
rtrly yesterday mornlng that Senate
aniel would dio before day. li at
Oiunced his death and carried
,l,ngthy sketcli of thc- dlstlnguishc
: Irglnlan. It properly degeribed h
jhllc scrviccs, prlntcd a very got
s-rtrait of hirn and went to pres
f"hen the morning carac and the papc
?ent on tho streets, Henat'or jiani.
^as stlll breathing ln Daytona aud tl
lople of Baltlmore were mlsinformo
|The Amerlcan took a. chtfuco ai
?t. Its cditors kn'ew that the Senat
_? bcyond hope. They had doubtle
ceived Information. as. iia<] Tl
itnei.-Dispatch, tliat he could not li
jitll morning. Nothing was niorc'na
?al than to ttate tliat hc wus de
|d to let it go ai tiia-t; If it prov
be the fact?and there was cve
lance lt would?tho Amerlcan wov
,ve- won a rcputatlon for qulck sc
?oe and would have saclly "scoopc
aedato Sun down the street.
"Every cnterprlslng newspaper l
oquent chances to ganible on m
tl)e Amorlcun gambletl yostereh
"arcely a nlght pitsses hut that t
?|w$ servlces report some importa
\m ot news ln the maklng and ?t(
?__._? tifa matter wlll oiobubly be CO
pleted beforo press ttme ln _sucli a
case, the edltor must elther ttccopt tho
probahlc as tho sure, or ho must tnke
hls chnnces of having a rlval paper
carry nn Important ltem of news whleli
Most newspaper men decldc thls
-lucsllon In Ihe same way. They
know that thelr business Is to glvo
tho peoplo Iho truth and nothing but
tho truth. nnd In nlno cases out of
ten the:- do it. Such action frequently
involvcs a sacrlflcc, nnd It often
lessens tho news budget' of tlio day,
but lt Is thc policy of honcsty. nnd
honcsty always pays. It may put tho
newspaper. whlch must go to press
early. in nn uhfavorablo llght when
comparcd wlth a paper whleli has a
late train service, but It is thc only
course whlch can lcgltlmatcly fulfll
the duty of a newspaper to totc falr
wlth its rcadors.
THI. .101... ABOUT THI- Oll. SUIT.
Thc public has had too much sense
to try and follow thc Standard Oil case.
Everybody who tried has falled. Soon
after tho case was opened lt wns ob
scured in a maze of wrlts ot error, re
hearlngs, appeals, arguments and more
writs thnt made every taymun thank
Heaven hc was not a lawyer Sn the
case, forced to understand what it was
all nbout and compellod to remember
where thc whole affair stood.
It reaily seems now as If the legal
slde of thc enso ls to be finlshcd. Tlie
lnwyers aro runnlng on thelr second
wind nnd aro maklng such tlme ln
thelr arguments ns would Indlcnte
that thoy know thc goal Is noar. Of
course, thore Is tho prospect that when
thc case Is argued some of tho lawyers
may flnd grounds to arguo It all over
again, just to show they cnn; but wo
trust thls Is unllkely. Sooner or later
tho justices of the Supreme Court will
have thc briefs drayed to thelr resl?
dence.. and will begln to wondcr what
they can do wlth thc case.
Thon the Interostlng part of the suit
will begln. lf thc court think tho
grounds aro valld, then lt can order tho
trust dissolved aid can call tho Stand?
ard Oil Company a thing ot thc past.
Nothing wlll bo casier. The casp is
provod, let us say, and tho statute is
plain. .lustice Fullcr rlses ii> hls
might and declares tho Standard Oll
Company. from and after Aprll 15. does
not cxist. The clerks ecrttfy lt, the
lawyers draw tholr fecs and?thc
Standard Oll still does business ln tho
same old way. Thls ls renlly the joke
about thc whole matter. Congress has
glven us the way and Congress, by a
ftno-.-Pim legal web, defined tho
grounds on which such a suit may be
brought. but Congress has altogcther
failcd to teli us what we can do wlth
i thc corporation after it is dissolved.
1 Somebody owns the Standard 011
I stock. Somebody paid money for lt.
\ Somebody has a right to what hc owns
l and what he paid money for. Thi.
; coUapsc ot tbe law indlcates a flni
Aldrlchla'n hand. The law. of course
intended. on its face. that tho stocl
which had been pooled and convortei
into the stock of tho trust should re
vert to thc orlginal owners who shouli
tako ln place of lt the stock they hat
originally given up. If all these mei
were still allvc, thore might be somi
chance that this could be done ant
some prospect that the law might b<
inore than a farce: but many of thc
orlginal owners are dead and gone
Others sold their stock to men whe
sold it to other men who sold lt n
lialf-dozen times before it reached thc
present owners. None knoweth where
this stock has been or what It ha?
done sinco the day it was origlnallj
i.stied as thc stock of sonje conccri
now a part of the Ktandavd Oil Com?
pany. To return it is impossible, tc
destroy it is itnjust.
And so it goes. If the court decide;
that the trust do not exist, tlie trus
does not exist The court has sald so
and that settled It. The stock, how
over, will still exist and must stil
cxist and must still draw its dlvidend:
I nnd carry its votcs. So far as the ulti
mate outcome of the whole affair i
concerned, tlie company might as wel
have lot thc suit go on uncontestei
and mlgli_ liave asked what the com*
proposed to do about It when tli
issue was declded. lt would havo bcei
tlie same ln the end and a good dca
A J-FAV Allt-HOAD.
Over in Germany they aro perfect
ing a new way to scparatc the Amer:
can peoj.le from their money thi
summer. So far as that barc fact
concerned, it is no novclty. Thos
good forcigncrs who Infest thc trac
of travel livc for six months of tl
year by flceclng tho traveling publ
and spend the other six months
(.ontflving new devices to do tl
trick a llttle better the next tlm
They generally succeed, whether I
ralslng tho prlcc of a. bed anj a ji
of watcr In a cheap pension, or 1
screwing up thc prlcc. of admlsslon
some museum where a few mol
rc-llcs and a few battcred old plctur
aro marked with one star in the guld
The new trick, however, wlll cc
lalnly work better than any of the o
;r|ones. lt is something cntirely ne
eli something that wlll not fail to draw
ie thrlll of dellght from every bla
tl. traycler?something that wlll not fl
id to make the most closo-flstcd advo
or lurer part witli liis good Amerk.
???-'? money, Tlio plan ls to promlso wa
??e farers tlmt tlicy can go from Muiil
Ve 16 Slarnborg an<t Oberamrncrgau
no iravelcrs ever went before,
these kuckcrs wlll exchange- $170
hard cash for a llttle plnk sllp, th
can ride to.the Pauslon Play ln a si
clai airshlp, deslgned by Count Zepj
llu ana regularly ongugod in trai
porllng the public.
lf thc alrsiilp cxpiodo a few tln
or d.own somo of its pnst-engers,
prcdlct for It a brilliant season.
i_,only furly-three mlles from Mun
to tlie Play, by a good, easy rallro
wllh a, fa.ro of about a dollar an?
m- half; but if iher? ia anythlng par
ularly hnzardous about the trip hy
nlr, there wlll hn no end of passengers
for tho llne. Count i-eppelln wlll re
jolcc lu heart, and the wlso promoters
who back hlm wlll be cxcoodlng glad
ln Berlln. i
Tho wholo story ls very Interestlng,
If true, altogether apnrt from Its
proof of tho over-ready nblllty of thc
Gcrmans to fleeco tho travellng pub?
llc. TIiIb llne, should lf really rnatc
tinllze, wlll bo tho flrst regular alr
shlp llne nnd wlll glvo the foolhardy
a chanco to say, ln future years, tlmt
they wero nmong thc Ilrst to travel
above tlie mountalns. Regular nlr
journeys between thc Bava.rian capl?
tal and the Swlss vlllage would mark
a new date In the world's hlstory and
would glve the prosont dwcllers upon
earth a chnnco to thank Heaven that
thoy llved to seo men lly.
Tho new shlp Is a dlrlglble?,a fact
that Is well worth notlng. The Gcr?
mans have not bothered wlth thc aero
planes. They havo beon out for money
and they havo long ago declded that
the salls and the motor anel thc rud
der of the aeroplanes would not bo
turned Into proflt, They stuck to the
old plan and made balloons so large
that they would havo to fly unless they
wcrc punctured. Klpllng predlctea as
much, flvo years ago, In hls wonderful
story of the "Nlght Mail." and Kip
llng was rlght, for once.
MORE OF PIXCIIOT'S WORK.
The man who does not ltke to look
on a gloomy sky can always flnd it
ls not as black as the other fellow
thlnks it ls. Congress ls elther about
to adjourn, or no new taxes havo been
levlcd, or no smallpox appears ln tho
county, or watercd stocks stlll lloat.
If ho looks long enough, the scarchcr
after sunshlno will always flnd some
thlng to mako hlm thlnk that the end
Is not at hand and that tho dooni of
all ls not Impcndlng.
The latest evldence of thls sort of
optlmlsm Is tho announcement that
we are only burnlng up our houses In
thls country at thc rate of $ 15.000,000
the month, "ns compared wlth $20,000,
000 the month a year ago. Thus, by
the exhibition of some self-restraint,
wc have. rcduccd our bonflrcs by a
round .5,000,000. have kept our flre?
men at homc and are only destroylng
what wc make at the rate of $500,000
This means that we nre eonservlng
our resources. Plnchot's doctrlncs are
beginnlng to work like lcaven in tho
great bosom of the common people.
Hls grain of mustard seed truth?If it
be truth?has grown Into a great horb
yleldlng a $5,000,000 fruit. Roosevelt
must know of thls. The Ballinger In
vcstigatlng Committee must have lt
BUbmlttea as evldence. Colller's Week?
ly vnust prlnt It ln large flgures, besldc
that famlllar whlte-wash brush It has
been paradlng as Exhlblt A for so
There ls stlll room for Improve
1 ment, however, and there ls stlll somc?
thlng left for tho pugnaclous Plnchot
1 to do. Wc aro stlll spendlng a lot ol
l money ln flres that wc mlght spend
ln battleshlps or ponslons or now sal?
arles in tho Department of the In
I terlor. Wc know that Plnchot wll!
look after thls. He wlll make gooc
hls promisc and will have his talenti
multlplled when his Master's fog-hon
volce echocs over New York harbor
Hc wlll be there with Loeb and tlu
rest. showing tho Delaycd Master tha
hc has saved us flre losscs, if hi
could not save us tlmber ranges.
THE BOYCOTT'S EXD.
The slxty days of the no-mcat cru?
sade ended on Wednesday, but every?
body had long ago forgotten all about
lt. Thc mllllons who had sworn in
thc heat of thelr wrath to cat no
meat as long as thc prlces stood had
conveniently gonc back to pork chops
and bcefsttak weeks ago and had
ovcrlookcd thc day which was to have
marked thc end of thelr sacrlflce* The
J few hungry loyal souls who fastee
untll the end hnd thc pleasuro ol
buylng meat on tlio day of thelr de
liverancc at about two cents more the
pound than they mlght have bouglv
lt when they rebollcd agalnst the
butchers. Prlces are generally highei
now than they were thon. Eggs, ti
bc sure, have fallen ln' all markets
but thelr decllne is due to thc actlvlt;
of thc hens, not to the boycott. But
ter is cheaper by flvo cents thc pound
but the cows and' not thc boycotter
descrve tho credlt.
Not to put thc matter too harshlj
it mlght as well bc admltted that th
boycott was as much of a fallure a
Tom Johnson's street car servlc
or Bryan's last campalg-n. It starte
out finely, wlth the newspapers carry
j Ing scare headllnes and the hand
J playing; but it wound up wlth th
butchers chuckling, and every ma
who had to pay the prlce of a beef
steak swearlng ln good round term
at leust lt he ever aljowod lumscl
We nevor had much falth ln th
boycott, aud thereforo wlll not wrlt
an epitaph for Its monument. Wo knei
that the men who went Into lt woul
rt'' soon get tlrcd of lt, and we expecte
that they would bo seen sneaklng int
tho butcher's sldo door on about th
1,1 eighth day of tho fast. We let th;
pass, however. Tho point to be re
mcnibored. ls that thc boycott dld n<
work, and that It could not worl
n The cause for high prlces' was boyon
the control of. the butchers and be
li yond the control of tho consumcr
1" Condltlons of nn ? cconomlc natur
ey beyond tho range of most of us, real)
declded whether wo should oat roas
beef or bearis for dlnner.
Tho boycott, huwever, tlld one goe
thlng. lt ilxc-d attentlqn upon tl
ica eold-storage plants, anil led tu s$iu
we u. cloaiilng up aa theiso refrlgeruto
It had nol known for ycars, No ini
ch knows how many milllou egtjs we
ail.j brought forth from tlie frossun lntorl
l alof tho plants; no'irmn cun cstltna
.lc-1 how<many t.Ul.8 pt beef came out
thc open air for tlio llrnt tlm. in months.
Tho cokl-sloruge people were not
heii'ten, but they certnlnly were
scarod. They inny not mond thelr
ways for tho future, but they wlll
knott tliat tho pcoplo know what they
nro dolng and how thoy are dolng lt.
Of course, thc lognl Investlgatlons
of iho hlgh price of llving whlch came
wlth tho boycott havo accompllshed
nothing. Nobody ever expected they
would. They wero started ln answor
to tho popular outcry against hlgh
prices. und they wlll stop ns soon as
Iho leglslators seo that they cannot
iiccompllsh anything by cross-ques
llonlng butchors antl packers from nll
sectlon.s of tho, country. So far as
thelr actual valuo ls conccrnod, tho
legal Investlgation might ns well bo
left out of tlio proposltlon nltogother.
So thc matter stands. Wc must en
dtiro where we cannot cure, nnd wc
must eat hash lf we cannot buy
slrloln. We must llvc in liopos ot
a corning day when Democratic rule
ln congress wlll straighten everythlng
AVHAT TIIE PAPERS THINK.
Tho South Hlll Entorpriso has a
word on tlio Rlchmond and Manchester
consolidation to thls effect:
"Well, eternai stlcktoltlvcness will
bring .success. Thls fact has boen.
demonstrated by the bulldog tenaclty
of thc people of Rlchmond _uid Mnn
i-hestor who desired the consolidation
of thc two clties, At times lt looked
I as though the plan would bo defeated,
but thc promoters held on, and now lt
I would appear tliat thelr eltorts aro
I to be crowned with success. for thc
'treaty' has been signed by tho mny
ors of both municlpalltl.s, and all that
remalns to be dono is for thc voters
lo ralify the act."
Our friend has lt about rlght, except
for tho fiict that the sentlment for
consolidatioii was about ten times as
strong as tlie sentiment against It.
Thon. too, thero was something ln tho
thought that consolidation was the
rlght thing to do.
The Frederlcksburg Star Is very
much chagrlncd at tlio fallurc of tho
Assembly to take any great step to?
wards tho ciiunlization of assess?
ments. It says on thls polnt:
"The makeshlft mcasuro which
passed tho House and Senate ln placo
' of a real cqualizatlon bill, allowlng an
appeal to the State in the matter ot
assessments | on complalnt to thc
Commonwcaltli's attorncys made by
I flvo citizens. will accompllsli but llt?
tle. It is a mlsfortune that the Gen?
eral Assembly falled to pass elther of
the equulization bills offered by Sen?
This is very truc. Nobody expects
any appeals from thc low assessments
under the new lnw. Tho agitatlon.
however. has doubtless done good In
arouslng p?blln sentiment and will do
more good by maklng assessors kcep
nn eye to tho windward during the
lanfl assessment of this year. The Tax
Commission. when organized, wlll do a
great deal to arouso public sentlment
and wlll certainly hasten cqualizatlon
and general reform of the tax sys?
tem. "We are not satisficd, but wo are
hopeful and wc belleve the Star wlll
take thc samo view. The-Star, by the
way, deserves a part of any pralsc
that may be glven for the partlal suc?
cess of tho tn.x reform movement,
sinco that paper was one of the most
insistcnt tn tirging tax reform.
Llke the goed Democrat ho is, the
Potersluirg Indcx-Appea] does not
rest easily under the burden of the
protective tarlff. Thc whole thing ls
wronpr. hc says.
"Thc party that keeps in force a
prohibitive tarlff, so that the govern?
ment's revenues will be less than are
necessary, and uses that deficiency iq
revenuc as an argumcnt for a consti?
tutlonal amendment givlng tho gov?
ernment power to assess new direct
taxes on its own people, ls not a good
party to have in control qf affalrs."
This is tlie whole issue in a nut
shell. Thc only polnt to ralse, how?
ever, is how to put that party out of
power and how to destroy tho new
tarlff of abominations through a Dem?
ocratic Congress. if tho Democrats of
the country wilj cea-se to split halrs
over the matter t'uemselves and will
give tho country somo deflnlto policy
in placo of the Bryan hoomers of the
last twelve. years, the tarlff wlll not
stand long. a Democratic tlcket,
named on u straight tarlff reform plat?
form. cannot fail to carry thc coun?
Here is what the Winchester Stai
haa to say about the new State bank?
"Under the biu just passed bcttei
banking wlll be promoted and thc
State banks will be put upon surei
terniK to <*ompete wlth national bank!
for the confldence of the peoplo wltl
money to deposlt. Again, if tho na?
tional government is to establish pos
ta'i savings banks, tho new Inspectior
nf State banks in Vlrglnla will quali
fy theso banks for a proportlonatt
part ot Un? savings bank deposlt
whlch the Uukeri states law promlsei
to put Into the local banks upon ar
mtcrest payable by tho banks thai
will make tlm flrpo.it worth while.'
We want to help tho bankers anc
wlll be glad to see them prollt by thi
deposlt of postai savings funds li
thelr vaults; but we want tho peopli
to be the chief henoilciarl.es of bank
Ing reform. Wo beliovo they wlll bc
The banking act ls not ideal, and I
weak ln the vltal parts of its struo
tiire. but li gives tho bankers some
thing to work nn for thc future am
glvea the ileposltors now hopes,
Some rcferciicca on our part to th
frozen pcaciies jind similar blesslng
of Itlchmond havo convertod tho
hard-sheli, tho Pruvldoiice.. (nhode 1_
land) Journal, n0 i? air0ady yearn
Thc: imnrint ?ho\vn
h.i. you 11 find be
m-atli good, llvc, well.
_irangetl and attiniItvc
Mutual Buildlng, Ji
Ing tor thls happy cllmo and is slBh-i
ing townrds tha grcon banks of tho
aecines. He says:
"To thoso of ub who nre wenry of
wlntor thls sountlB llko u. Bubstantlal
recommoinlntlot). Also the peach blos
_*oms ln Mnreli, tho frozen penches In
summer and tho flnost women ln tho
world all tho year 'round iare attrac?
tive. Evldontly Richmond Is qulte a
place, and It ls no wondor thnt thn
Union genernls wero so nnxloiis to get
thero durlng tho I_ato Unpleasnnt
We shall wolcomo our frlend to thls
cllme, nnd wlll promlse to aay nothing
about Senator Aldrich that will of
fend hls senslhllltlcs. Wo would ad
vlao hlm, however, to come quickly,
becauso the mlddle of March ls tlio tlmo
of the year when Richmond ls tho only;
spot on the fnco of the earth whero'
a man can rejolco fully at the pass
lng ot winter without dreodlng tho
coming of a hot summer. However, if
he cannot oonin thls month, wo shall
welcome hlm In Aprll, wlth the
thought that then our trees nre green
er than any thls slde of Paradlso nnel
our mint Is jucier than any ralse(i be
yond thls snered soll. We havo othor
attractlons for May nnd June, to say
nothing of those which awalt tho
vlsltor when tho Hanover watermelons
are ripo and black-oycd peas nro In
thelr glory. Come down any tlme.
? The Staunton Dally Leader thlnks
Senator Noel dld tho rlght thlng ln
backlng water when hc found ho was
bcyond hls dept], ln crltlclzlng the
State Bonrd of Health. Tho Leader
"Senator Noel does well to make
hls au-iitid. for owlng to hls proml
nencc ln the Ropubllcan party thero
was dangor that hls party mlght be
crcdlted wlth hostillty to tho move?
ment ln behalf of consumptlvcs re?
garded so generally ns a most benefl
cent one. Thero Is moro general In?
terest in the eradlca-lon of tubercu
losls than ln any other work ln be?
half of thc publlc health. aild no party
can aftord to nntagonlzo thls sentl?
If we had our way wc would substl?
tute Castro for Estrada, and would put
Zelaya back in offlce. Then we could
get our money's worth every tlme avo
sent shlps to Central Amerlca.
We have heard lt stated that moro
young lovers can bc seen In the strolls
around Richmond these flne spring
daya thau anywhere elsc In thc unt
verse. . _
People wlll not have to watch to i
Richmond grow when wc have finlshed
the llttlo consolidatlon matter. They
can't help seelng lt. even ln Atlanta.
Wo have received a qucry asklng
whether the Chantecler hat rcsembles
the Rough Rlder, but lt has been
many years slncc we saw one of the
Rough Rlder sort that we are a llttlo
doubtful about tho answer.
Since the London police have an?
nounced that they will bo lenlent wlth.
first offenders among the milltant suf
.Tragcttes, the fun of tho thlng has
Since the pollco have been tlmlng
thc scorchers. Monument Avenue' rc?
sembles Hollywood nt mldnlght.
T. R. solemnly promises that hc will
remaln in Rome only one day, thus
relievlng the.populus Romanus of thc
fear that he may want to play a Rlenzi
Klng Edward has a cold very fre
quently. and whenever ho has one he
stays at home. Our frlend Asqulth
told us, in strlct confidence. that he
would not care if the Klng always
kept wlthin doors._
We have already moved the expul
sion of certain writers from the Para
graphcrs' Union, owlng to references
mado hy them to the unfortunate Lillis
escapado, but the grounds of our ob?
jcctlon are sealcd. V"_
We suspect that Mrs. Sagc's footman
slammed thc door ln Andy's face be?
cause his mlstrcss was a llttle Jealous
of Andy's new philanthroples. If old
John D. had stopped up hc would prob?
ably have boon thrown jn thc gutter.
Tho proposed all-Irlsh shlp should
certainly not make any of tho arid
Southern ports, because a certalfi nec?
essary article, dubbed Irlsh ln thoso
parts, never saw any nearor home than
thc cornflelds of North Carollna. '
It ls too bad when tho St. Louis po?
lice set to work robblng each other.
Of course. nobody had the slightest
objectlon as long as outslders wero the
Cannon voted down agaln. Doesn't
dlsturb us. The only votlng down we
want to sec ln connection wlth Joe will
come from a certaln district ln Illlnols.
A man up ln Maryland ls sulng a
steamship company for falling off a
wharf, .He ought to suo the State for
letting hlm fall Into such dirty water.
John D. has imported a large con
slgnment of European pheasants from
Gormany. it is wondorfui how tho old
fellow has bracod up since he got over
The Maryland LegiRlatura has decld?
ed that tho only way to please all the
peoplo Is to|klll all, tho bllls intro?
duced Into the Assembly.
A* confldential telogram from the
captain of tUo Brazillan battleship
states that hls government wlll. ontor
a formal protept against tho caroless
noss of this coiintry ln not havlng the
rlver deep enough for hlm to get to
niohmoncl, the j ono placo ho , really
wanted to see. _ _
Goorge Balley of tho Houston Post,
must be slck. Ho has not had a word
of pralse for Cono johnson jin a weolt.
"Frank Brown (vMay Run,'' says th?
Baltlmore Sun, lt he eloes, It's thc
flrat tlme. He generally sild.
They aro golng) to talk about the
corporatlon tax for two days ln-thc
Senate. Wo could
of lt ln about tlu'fle words,
express our oplnlor
A man up ln'Now York has 'nmni.su
hls wlfo forty-four\tlmes Just to make
suro tlio knot was\woll tlod. Yet wc
would atako a ton 1 spot tliat a. Rouc
judgo could cut lt After a two weeks
Address all communlcatlons for thls column to Query Edltor,
Tlmcs-Dlspatch. No mathematlcal problems will be solved, no colns
or statnps valued and no dealers' names will bc glven.
Thc Snlpe SeflMou.
Is It lttwfttl nt thls season to hunt
nnlpes, or not? A SUBSCRIBER.
The closed season for snlpo ls Aprll
1 to February IC.
"..lent Me In Ncvr If-iit-p_lilre, Molly."
Plonso publlsh the pooms, "Dorlnfe,'
"Meet Me In Now Hampshlrc, Itlolly,"
nnd "1 Lovo Thco In Our Days of Joy."
Wc cannot prlnt poems ln thls col?
umn. If any of our readcrs wlll send
us copies of thoni we wlll takepleus
uro . ln forwnrdlng thctn to you.
The t.cr Slntii..
1. Whnt dld the statue of R. E. Lee
In ? Stutuary Hnll, Washlngton, D. C.
-'. Who deslgned lt?
_. How was thc money raised?by
the Stato or private siibHcflption'?
4. Whon was it placed ln Stutuary
Hall? E. S. E, '
1. $10,000. *
-2. K. V. Valentine, of Rlchmond,''.Vrt.
fl. Tlio cost of the statue was paid
out of thc State treasury.
?1. Novembcr last.
I notlced last year'thut Andrew Car?
negie hud presented Klng Edward wlth
a "dlplodocus." Thero nro many read?
crs who would llke to know what the
thing ls nnd how It has stoc.,1 the long,
hard wlnter. READER.
The Century Dlctlonnry gives tlie
followlng meanlng for dlplodocus: "A
cenus of sauropod dinosaurs, bnsod on
remains from the Upper .InrasBlc of
Colorado. It is chnructerlzed by a
weak dentltlon conllned to the forc
Dart of the Jnws, nnd thc rnmi of thc
Ischla; straight, not .expnnded dlstally,
<nd meeting In the mldclle llno." Doos
thls help you?
An Olil-iinrj- ln the Whlg.
A beautlful obltunry of Professor
Bolling Robertson, son of John Rob?
ertson, of Richmond, was- publlshed In
CHIEF OF THE
Romance of Lord Macdonald, Who Eloped With
Niece of King George III., and Whose Mar?
riage Made All the Trouble.
BY I.A MAR-IUISE DB FONTEXOY.
LORD MACDONALD, whoso son,
Ronald. spent aconsldcrnble por
tlon of the late fail and early
wlnter in this country, has taken
a rather scnsatlonal stop ln connectlon
wlth thc suit brought against hlm by
Aiexander Bosvlllc. ot Thorpo Hall.
Yorkshlre, nnd which nas 'beon drai;
glng Its weary length through the
Scotch courts for several years past.
Lord Macdonald, whose anccstors borc
the title of Lord of thc Isios, now one
of the illgnitles of the Prlnce of Wales.
has wlthdrawn all further defenso. Thc
result ot thls wlll be to glve the vlc?
tory to Aiexander Bosvlllc. the fruits
of whlch aro a baronetcy, created ln
1625, and, what to a Scotchmait is of
lntlnlte.ly greater Importancc. tho
chieftalnship of tho Clan of Macdonald.
Both ot these Lord Macdonald surren
ders to Aiexander Bosvillc by wlth
drawlug his opposltion to thc- latter's
suit. He doos not, however, lose hls
peerage, whlch. dcspile lts Scottish
name, is an Irish one.
Lord Macdonald'.. abandonment of
the case is due to the fact that its cost
is altogether ruinous; that hc Is very
far from belng a rlch man; whereas
Aiexander Bosvllle ls very wealthy:
and that. whlle tlio suit might have
dragged nlong for a number of years
more, yet that the plaintiff had a vcry
fair chance of wlnnlng it.
The cntlrc issue lay In the questlon
of the legittmacy of the clder children
of the third Lord Macdonald. The
latter hnd contractcd a Grctna Green
marriage with Loulse La Costa. also
known ns Louisa Edslr, an Ulegltlmato
daughter of George ,111.'s brother. the
Duko of Gloucestcr, and of ihe duch
ess's lady In waiting, Lady Almerla
Carpenter, daughter of the lnst Earl
of Tyrconnell. Louisa Edslr was
brought up at Holyrood Palace as the
natural daughter of the Duke?that is
to say, as a niecc of George III.. and
lt was from tho palace that she ran
off wlth tho thlrd Lord Macdonald to
Grctna Grcen. That thc Gretna Green
marriage was invnlid, owlng to Louisa
Edslr belng a mlnor at the time, Is ad?
mitted. Lord and Lady Macdonald had
! several children, and then, ent .*taln
ing compunctlons about their Gretna
Green wedding, declded to go through
anothcr. full-fledged marriage cere
rnony, according to the rites of tlie
Church of England. Lord Macdonald
seems to have been advlsed that ques?
tions would be raised as to the leglti
macy of hls clder childrcn. slnce his
Church ot England marrlage was
cqulvalent to an admlsslon that he
dld not regard his previous unlon to
Lady Macdonald as valld.
Thls vlcw was adopted by the famlly.
and accordingly an uncle of Lord Mac?
donald, Aiexander Bosvllle by name,
bequeathed hls large fortune and hls
very vajluable estates In Torkshire to
him, wlth tho dlstlnct stipulation that
?thc entire property should go to the
cldcst of the peer's sons who dld not
succeed to tho peerage and to the
Scotch estates. When Lord Macdonald
died, hls eldest son, born prior to .the
church marriage of hls parents, was
thereforo perfoctly satisfled to aban?
don all claims of succession to the
peerage and famlly honors, and to re?
ceive possession of tho whole of the
Bosvllle proporty, assuming the name
and the arms of Bosvllle. Hls younger
brother, Godfrey, born after the church
marrlage of his parents, became fourth
Lord Macdonald. and received the
Scotch estates, whlch. hoavily encum
bered, produced at the best but llttle
Suit for Pecuniary Iteasons.
Beforo many yoars were past thls
fourth Lord Macdonald became In
volved ln serlous llnnncial dlfllcultles.
Thls was in the mlddle of the last cen?
tury. He theroupon commenced an
?.-ctmordlnary ??f.ult tp cstabllsh the
jeeltlmaey ot hls elder brother?not
from any motives of nffeotlpn or
frlendshlp. but qulte the roverae; for
lt ho could obtaln a docroo from tho
courts establlshlng tho legltlmaoy qf.
hls elder brother. then the latter-would
bo obiiged to tako possession of the
baronv, tho baronetcy and tho Scotch
estates, Including Armldalo Castle. on
tho Isle of Skye, and he> would. havo
been compollod at the same tlme to
surrender the Bosvllle property ln
Torkshire to Godfrey. Thls suit fell
through, on the ground that, whlle
accordlng to Scotch. law tho onurch
marrlage of tho third Lord Maodonald
and Louisa Edslr might hnvo eg ti
mlzed tholr children born prior to tho
ceremony, lt dld not do so in t)io oyes
of the Engllsh or Irish law. and thus
wns in.ufflclent to enablo tho fourth
The Women of Richmond
will find the Merchant* National Bank a most convenient and satis?
factory institution for the transaction of financial business. They are pro?
vided with a scparate department, where they may open checking or savings
accounts, obtain new, clcan money, and purchase lcttcrs of credlt or travelers
Eleventh und Muin Streets. ,, '.. v, , ,
tho Richmond Whlg, Volumo B4, no
date on tho cllpplng. Ilo dled Jan?
uary 15. What was tho year?
.1. R. A.
Wrlte to Dr. H. H. Mcllwalne, Stato
Llbrarlan, Richmond, Va. Ho has tho
flle of the Whlg ln tho Stato Llbrary,
and can flx the date for you bcyond
Hnndhnok of Ylrglnln.
Plcaso tell me how to get a copy
ot thc Handbook of Virginia for lfllO.
Wrlte to the Ktnte Department of
Agriculture. Rlchmonel. Va. A copy
wlll be sent you free of charge.
Please glvo mo a fe'w polpts on thn
late Goneral W. T. Sherman. of Onio.
Porlla. Va. \V. If. C.
If you wlll tell ns what klnd of
('polnts" about General Sherman you
want. wo wlll be glad to answer. you.
Vou can argue almost anything ln tho
world about hlm. nnd can llnd nbun
dant thlngs to say agalnst hlm.
Ex Pont Facto l.nwa, clc.
1. AVhat |s an ex post facto law?
2. What ls thc meaning of h.ibp.m
corpus? L. W.
1. An ex post facto law Is a law
whlcli operates ln the piinlshmcnt of
offenses commltted beforo tho enact?
ment of tho law.
2. Literally thls means "you may
have tho body." It ls that wrlt Issued
In court requlrlng the sherlff to bring
a porson aectised of crtmo Into the
court for a hearlng.
The Lendlng lMillnnllir?pl?<?.
Please. glve mo a llst of the loadlnc?
phllanthroplsts ln thls country. Thi.
llst wns prlntcd in one of our paperu
some months ngo.
We have beon unable to flnd thi*
cllpplng. The names of all phllan?
throplsts ean be had ln "Who'a Who
I/Ord Macdonald"- elder brother to suc?
ceed to tlie Irish barony of MacdonHld.
Aiexander Bosvllb', as well as hls son
and grandson. were left ln undlsturbed
possession of thc Bosvllle property. Iu
fact, they have been In possession of
the estates Por sixty years. whlch ren
ders thelr titlc theVeto absolutely In
The present Aiexander' Bosvllle, and
own. r of the Bosvllle estates in York
shire, Is the grcal-grandson of the
thlrd Lord MacdonuM, and of Loul.-a,
Edslr. Wliile he reallzed that he could
not hope to obtaln the Irish barony of
Macdonald, yet he felt that he bad
suflleient jjrouii'iH on which to clalm.
at any rate, the Scotch baronetcy of
hls great-grandfather, and the ehlef
tainsliip or the Clan of Macdonald.
Accordlngly he started. some threo or
four years ago. an actlun at law to
establish the legltlmacy of his graml
fulher, the polnt turnlng on the qucs
tion aa to whether the iatter's father
was legally domlclled In Scotland, and
tlius wlthln tlie jurisdlcllon of Scotch
law. Aiexander Bosvllle managed not
only to furnish vcry, strong evldence
In favor of hls grcat-grandfathcr's
Scotch domlclle, but also of the clrcum
Ktunco thut he and Louisa Edslr lived
together in Scotland as mnn and wlfo
prior to thelr Church ot England mar?
I.nriceiit I'ur.c .Vln_.
When all tlie case had been. hpard,
and both partles were looklng for at
declslon, tho presidlng Judge last
fail lssued a declaration which wus
as unsatlsfactory to the one party aa
to tlie other; for, shorn of Its old
fasliloned. quaint and almost Ineom
prelienslble Scotch legal phrascology,
lt amounted to this: That thls court.
namely. thc Court of Sesslon, was noc
the proper trlbunal to deal with ques?
tions of legltlmacy, and that the only
court competent to deal with the mat?
ter was that of chaneery. So that the
whole case would have to be heard.
over agaln beforo another judge. Un
dlsmayed by thls. Aiexander Bosvillo
at once began another action, thls
time in the Chancory Court. But Lord
Macdonald has thrown up thc sponge,
on the score of expense, and theretoro
Aiexander Bosvllle wlll. from hencc
forth become Sir Aiexander Bosvllle
Macdonald, and head of thc Macdonald
Like Lord Macdonald. Aiexander
Bosvllle, the Squire of Thorpe Hall. is
a lincal descendant of tlie Lord of tho
Isles of Sir Walter Scott's poein, "Tho
Heir of thc Mlghty Somerled." Somor
led was a real and very independent
chioftaln, who ruled llke a king over
the Isles and Argyll ln thc twelfth
century. His dominions were dlvlded
at hls death between his two sous, and
from them came tlie Lords of the Isles
and the Lords of Lornc. Thc Lord oC
tho Isles of tho tlmo of Robert Brvee
was named Angtts Og. and was styled
tbo Lord' of Innlsgal?thnt la to say, ?
Lord of the Islands of Gael, or tho
Hebrides. -Sir Waltor Scott calls hlm**
"Ronald," for tho poetical roason thaC
thls name was prettier. Tho grandson,
of Angus was named Donald, and hia
descehdants were called Macdonald.
The Lords of thc Isles were prac?
tically indepondent until the tlme oC
Aiexander, who was dofcated at tho
battle of Lochabor in 1420. and reduced
to abject submlsslon by James I. oC
Scotland. Tho last of tho non-royal
Lords of tho Isles was John, who waa
Ukewlse Earl of Rqss. He was rlc
prlved of hls honors for rebelllon.
against. James II. of Scotland. Some
of them were restored to hlm on hla
roconclllatlon wlth tho crowu. b\it not
tho tltle of Lord of tho Isles, whlch*
was retalnnd by tho Kin&, and whttih,
has beon, since the union of the Eng?
llsh and Scottlsh crowns, ono of tha
most highly prlzed titlcs of tho Princo
of Wales. Sir Donald Macdonald, who
was chieftaln ot the dan ln tho days
of James I. of England, vecelved a
baronetcy, whlch is second iu polnt of
seniorltv in the kingdom of Scotland.
Flora Macdonald, the horoino ? in tho
oscapa of the young pretender in tlio
Jncoblto- rebelllon of 1745. was a pleco
of the seventh baronet, who hlmsolf.
took no part In the rising, but who
ontertalnod Dr. Johnson and Boswell
on thelr famous t<jur ln Scotland at hls
castle of Armldalo.
(Copyrlght, 1910, by tho Brentwood Co.)
i i ? .
C ASTOR IA
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