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D AI LT- WE B K.LT-SU NTJ A T.
Klthei* Offlce.Pl? 13. Mnln Streot .tneh.stor Bureau.1103 Hull Stroot '?.ter*bur<r Bureau.,.t0_'_*., Bycam6ro Street i'n.libur* Bureau.515 Eighth fitrect 1 BV MAIL, Ono Sl.t Throe Ono .-'OSTACIB rAID. Trar. Mos. Mot. Mo llly wllh Rtinday.JG.OO .3-00 .1.50 .55 I'.lly without Sundny... 4.00 2.0. 1,00 .35 tndiy edltlon only...00 1.00 .50 ... %eMy (Wtdnoaday).... 1.00 .50 .85 ... Bj> Tlmo_i-riUpBtr.li Carrier Delivery Ser .'e In Jllchmond (flnd suburbs), Mnnclics H nnd Pctersburs? Ono Week 'Hy wlth Funday. 14 cents ? Ily without Sunday. 10 conts iday only. B cents tnterert January !., 1903. nt Richmond, ., as secoml-class mnttcr undor net of irress of March 3, 1379. THURSDAY, MARCH1 _4, 1910. AFT'S AVOI.OGY TO THB PRESS. Mr. Tnft made a number of specelies Kew York on" Tuesday, thc most im rtant of which wns liis speech to ? press, "every prominent cdltor ln jhv Tork" belng present nt tho repl nco of Henry Clews, where the al red heart-to-heart talk ls sald to ve taken place. At an earlicr etlng the President talkcd to :_00 81'spaper men al tlie Press Club, and -e also he ls sald to have taken tlie irnalists into his confidencc and to >'e explained lo them why he had . Ivatcd them ln a speecj, mado at Icago or somowhero else. AVhat he j:tl ln New York is reportcd to havo ?n in thc nature of an apology, the '.?ent of which may be Inferrcd from statcment ihat he had beon ad ed by Mr. Hinnlssey, president of I Chlcago Press Club, to "roast m," whlcli - "I am bound- to say," rtalncd the Presldent, "was not so Jcult." It ls really remarkable how y thc press Is satlsficd when lt jnes to the point of taking back ngs that have been sald about lt. . V,e wish wc knew what tlie Presi it told the edltors at thc Clews cheon. They have not been lnvarl y falr to hlm and to thc things t he has done as Presldent. Hc was ing as wrong could bo ln glvlng approval to tho Payne-Aldrich lf? bill, he has not recommended h changes as ought to be made ln Sherman anti-trust law, he has ken of hlmself too much and too sn as if he were Presldent of the mbllcan party and not Presldent of whole country, bul he bas been uenced ln hls t-dmlnl.tratlori gen \ lly, we thlnk, by a hlglv sense ot responslbllity and an earnest de |&to do the thlngs which would pro -*te tho common welfare. Best o: : he has boen governcd in hls offi ;, conduct by a wholesome respec I thc law; preferrlng tliat Reforn uld movo wlth leaden heel rathe: n thnt it should travei into doubt fields outslde of the ways ln th' .utes :made and provided. hls is not saylng too much for Mt t. nor more than ho deserves, no thlng that is untruo; yet almos n the tlme that ho succeeded tln i with the Eawlcss Mind ho lia: i much set upon by thc* sensatlonai largely, Irresponslble members ol press, the vory same, In fact, or in j "c part, that made both day and it hldeous whlle hls Predecessor rldlng thls country to ruln. Be j is, it must not bc forgotten that Taft ls a Rc-pubii.au. That, of ?se, must be, '5_r.cqun._d to his d's 1t if not to his di.s-f.race; but he io much better Republiean than have ever had ln the Presldentlal e, at least in the last forty ycars--. that mucli Is to bc forgiven for his devotion to party policio. party expcdicneles. ,r one thlng hc deserves tlie ks . and congratulatlons of people of tho South?he has not unmlndlul of their Interests ln ippointments he has made to Fed oflicea in this part of the coun Somo of ithcse appoimments have hcon dcslrahle, because some of i have been Reinibll.an appoint .s; but no appolntment in tlie h has been made by him. we be , without a reasonablc bellef or on his part that it would he of ntago ln tlie administration of ';x affairs. Ho has not given tho ,i, as we thlnk, the recognition to I li it is entltled in tlie forelgn ce; but tho la-st Presldent, and .only President since tlie war u( t 60s who recognlzed tlie South Ir :'-.respect, had such an experlence ?.vould naturally make any one whai sutpicious of maklng new '.ltures ln thls field. llc knows well tliat lt la not posslble for to brcak the Solid South and we v_ that the pleasant things lie inid about ihe South and ita peo nd many of the appoimments lie inade in thls part of the country '??} been dlctated by. no other and ?ttcr and no hlgher reason than jlre to do the best lio could foi ?jaterlai benefit of tlie South. ? the matter of census supervlsorn ?p beon dfetlnctly falr to tht , generally. wc* belleve, and t< | Carollna-ftnd "Virginia, we know Irglnla all Ihe suporvlsors ar< , men and the same ls thn case li Carolina. These offiuers com. I- iclosc* touch wlth the people o South, and there has been n? |' iitiou on the part of tho Presj so far as we have obscrvod, t< I town, one rule for the JS'urth an* ter for tlie South iu sucli matter; |appolninieius lo ihe Kpdera L iu tt,e South havo been all" _>j* ru.ooptable, and even lf he liav j, nn .uikei. oti t-l.e tariff, t?n t?i 1,0 tax amendment, on the adop jfrt a, number of Bryan i>olleies, h _&___; i haa steorc.1 hln course ns nearly ns ho coultl nccortllng to law, Wc like thc man; wo desplse hls poluic. and hls politlcal party. Ilo ought not to tako the crlllclsms of tho newspapers too seriously; they aro one of tlie penaUIoa of hls ofllce, The neivspapera would "roast" hlm, Jufit the samo, whether ho lagreeil wlth them or not, because, If he agreed with them, such Is tho pervorsity of prlnters- Ink tbat they would still dlsa grce. In thls way only can he bo kcpt humble nnd mindful of thc po llllcal death whloh awalts hlm when Our Candldate agaln takes the fleld against hlm; SH.-C.-M.FOHn ANU THI. SPEAI-ISU If Speaker Cannon wlll Vteep hi. mouth shut aml glve the allles plenty of rope some of thelr number at least are sure to hang themselves before thc war ls ovor. There ls tlie Hon. Dorsey W. Shacklo fortl, Tor Instance, who ls roportod by the Assoclated Press to have made a blttor personal attack on the Speaker on Tuesday. He appeared to bo very much wrought up, and Is sald. to have looked thc Speaker _tralg.it ln the eye when ho shouted, "1 am not talklng about Cunnonlsm; I am talklng about Cannon." Then turnlng to Vlc Mur dock he shouted: "Come on, Murdock. lot us flght lt out on the princlples that lle at the foundatlon. of free government." Of course, thls was very dramatlc, and out on tho sttttnp in Mlssouri It might have ticklcd tho ears of the groundllngs to tho extent of lynchlng the old reprobate from Illl? nois. In reading the story of Mr. Shackleford's performance, we wero al? most persuaded that ho had thc Speak? er cxactly where lio wanted hlm, untll In tlio enumeratlon of hls grlevances, Mr. Shacklcford Inslsted that "the blll to penslon lhe Mlssouri State mllltia organizatlon that took part In the Clvil Waron tlio slde of the Unlon would have been passed had II not been for the Inlluence of Mr. Cannon in prevcntlng Its conslderatlon on the floor of the House." Was there ever so lamo and impo rent a conrlusion? Ought Mr. Cannon tc be drawn and qiiartercd for hls op? posltion to such a measure aa thls? ls thls real'y the extent of Cannon's offentllng in the eyes of the gentleman from Mlssouri that the Speaker should have prevented by the exerclse of the authority conferred upon hlm the pass? age ot a blll .vh.cl. would srill further rob tho tax-payers of the Unlted States for the benetlt of the mllltia of Mls? souri who fought on tho side of thc Unlon? AVe do not know what the strength of the mllltia organizatlon of that Stato was during the War Against the South, but wc can imaglne tbat lf the gap had been lald down it it would have been found that nearly jall of tbe male population of thc EiKluh District ot Mlssouri at least would have been at the box offlce of the Treasury Department In 'Washlng? ton sceklng compensatlon for their servlccs in saving thc Unlon. Forty-Ilve years ago tho IVar Be ttvecn the States ended. Flve years later the Government paid out in pen? slons to the soldlcrs who had fought on tlie Unlon *_ide the sum of $27,7S0, Sll. ln 1009 lhe penslon charge against thc Government at Washing? ton amounted to 1161,073,703. Is this patrlotfc drain never to stop? Was tho Union reaily worth saving if the cost of saving It Is to Increase accord ing to the dlstance from the hour of Its delivcraucc? A CAI_I_ TO ARMS. No sooner do the Democrats In the Congress begln to count their chlckens than here comes that old pessimlst. Henry Wutterson, who has never been quite tho same since vlolcnt assault was mado on tho Star-Eyed. Goddess many years ago, wlth the ImmateHal ;ertlon thnt "very many things are likely to happen betwcen now and then, and that the victory, Indecd. may prove moro seemin-j than real." rhls has reference to the flght in the House lnst woek, whon old Joe Cannon was Mtripped right before the public of hls yellow jacket and exposed to the jeers of tho riotous multitude. Thls seems awfully funny to one of the falthful, even though lhe most modest and vctirlng of thc lot, who has fol? lowed the course of the Kentucky Kter. Tlie dean hns also been llning up with Plnchot, for whom he doosn't care a bawbec, aml saying nasty things about Taft, without any excuae what evcr, except that he doesn't know tho man and, apparently, doesn't caro to know hlm, but prcfers to trall with tho Colller hounds instead of trylng' to get into half-way deccnt company. Yet, it inust be ennfessed, there ls a great deal of method in Marse Henry's mad ness. IIis fark ls reaily worse than liis bitc, und lt ..hould be roniembered thar he has been out in the cold, cold wor-ld so long ihat ho is naturally ln? cllned to think "that every one he lneets has a tin can to tie to hls tail or a cohvenieht stone to east at hls escaplng form. We cannot blame him for his uncertalnty in trylng emcr gencies, thoujjh wc must say that lf he had stood pat on Johnson In 190S there would have been no Taft ln the Whlto House, and we welconic him back to the party, even it" we do uot llke his fainiliarlty with tho dls crodlte'd North Carollnlau. Wc do not belleve that the Insur? gcnts aro or'e whlt botter than thp Regulars; ln fact. wc belleve tliat they are less depemlable than lhe ltegulars, and just as vlclous, lt is truo that tlie System for which Mr. Cannon stood, and of whlch ho was the full expresslon, was a. bad System; but it tvas ihe System, as Mr. Watterson says, ..that "was no moro Cannonlsm 1 than rteetllsni, or Crlsplsm, or Cur lilelsin or Blalnofam, for it was'prao I liccd by and illustiali.d by every Speaker of the liouse." It wa* a.Systeiii tbat Ollgllt to have been killed years aao, and now that |t has boen killed, what is to take its place we do not Know and do not very much ;- ..v,.,r. :^..-,__ ... .. , , ^-^^_^^ care. Tho new Commlttee on Rules, whlch wll) bo controllcd by tho Rogtt lars, wlll probably dovlso somo othcr system tlmt wlll be cqnnlly bad and cqually _in.vorl.ab1e so far ns the people are concerned, Hnd hcnce lt wlll turn out thnt the turnlng down of Cannon wlll eventuato In something worse or something cqually bad, whlch seems p Improbable but not Impossible. Wo do not bollevo that a Republlcan majorlty could do anythlng qulte j straight if lt tried, and wo havo no idea that It wlll evor try. Wo agree, however, as thc dean of faculty advlses, that "from now on ward wlth Democratic newspapers and Democratic party leaders, tho word should ho close ranks and down wlth doctrlnalres and thcorlzers." We havo not the least Idea what that means; but lt sounds well, and it wlll be our mlsslon to try lo put some sense Into lt for the heallng of a sorely dlvlded household. ' The flrst and most Im? portant thing, as we seo lt. is to flnd somo Democratic leaders. We do not care where they come from, whether thoy come from Mlnnesota or Kentucky or Vlrglnln, so long as they do not come from Nebraska. Absolutely no tlepcndence Is to be placed in the In? surgcnts who made a Roman hollday of old Joe, and no Southern gentleman or true Democrat could afflliate wlth the great imwashed of the regular Republlcan fold. Instead of saylng things that look formtdahle In type, we wish that Mr. Watterson would say something about the reorgunlzatlon ot the Party of tho Constltutlon that wo and other wcll-meaning persons could get at. Onco tho lines are drawn, if they bo drawn true to the orlginal "doctrlnalres and thcorlzors" of tho party, the rest will bo comparatlvely easy. But tho next tlme we find a Johnson, as we did In IflOS, we wlll Inslst that Mr. ^-aterson shall not go runnlng off after any strangc god in Nebraska. In thc meantime, as a matter of dlsclpllne, we hope that Mr. Watterson wlll drop Roosevelt and Plnchot antl Balllnger and the rauck raklng press and get down to busi? ness. TIIE MIII3AK IX UOSTON. One swallow does not make summer. and ono Democrat elected to Congress from Massachusetts wlll not chango at once the polltical complexlon of tho House at Washington; but the over turn in the Boston Dlstrlct must bo regarded as a most ausptcious omen. For a Democrat to wln In thls district, not on local issues, but, after a thorough dlscusslon of national ques? tions, by a phcnomcnal majority Is one of the slgns of the times which should cause much rejoicing In the Democratic household and insplre all the lame and halt and bllnd ln dlsput ed distrlcts to turn out to the help of the Lord, to tho help of the Lord against thc mighty. At thc last election ln the Boston Dlstrlct the Republlcan candldate won by a plurallty of 11,250; on Tuesday of the present week, Eugenc N. Foss turned thls Republlcan plurality Into a Democratic majorlty of 5,610. The issues by whloh the mlracle was wrought ls explained by tho issues which were discussed?the Payne Aldrlch tarlff bill, and the hlgh cost of llving; the fallure of the Republican.. to supervise thc trusts belng tlie cause of hlgh llving. The successful Demo? cratic candldate preached ft into the mlnds of the voters of the district that the party in power had Utterly falled to make good Us plcdgo for an honest revision of the tariff, and tlio defeated Republican consoled hlmself w|th the reflection that hls defeat would not bo In valn if it convinced the Republican leaders at AVashington that "something inust be spoedily ac complished in the way of lowering the cost of living." The Boston District has always bccn regarded as the Gibraltar of Republi canlsm in Massachusetts, and Mr. Foss is the tlrst and only Democrat ever olected to Congress from thls district. lle won on a clean, straight llght against thc Taft tariff Inlqulty, and thore will bo other vlctories of the samo sort before the snow flies again. This repudiatlon of tho party |n power ls indicative ot thc larger repudtation of thc party all over tho. country next November, and once more in power the Democrats wlll havo only themselves to blame lf they do not swing on to tho Government at AVashlngton till tho cows come home: One swallow does not mean summer, but thls partlcular swallow does mean that the wlnter of our dlscontent ts passlng. TIIE PASSING OF ALCOHOI.. The American Prohlhltlon Year-Book for 1910 contalns a great many statls tlcs relating to the prohibitlon move? ment. lt claims, among* other things, ihat the "llgures of tho Unlted Statos Census show almost liiexhnustlblo data for prohibitlon argument." But, ln tho oplnion of the New York Evening Post, the pro-liqttor advocate might plck up :\ wealth of data from It in favor af a liberal oxcise policy. ln 1S-10 the an? nual per capita consumptlon of dls lilled Hquors ln the Unlted States was 2.52 gallons. After thirty years fluc tuatlon thc tlgures stood at 2,07 gal? lons, and during thc next decade drop? ped to 1.27 gallons. ln 1909 tho an? nual per capita consumptlon of dls tillcd Hquors was 1.37 gallpnsr^ln 1S40 tho consumptlon of nialt liquors was 1.36 gallons the head; in 1S80, 8,20 gal lons, and in 19_9, 1G.7 gallons. Thls looks like a great quantlty fop any one to drink, hut this was tho avorage of malt liquors constiincd last .year by tho people of the Unlted Statos. As matter of fact. thu consumptlon of, malt llijuovs doos not exoeed more than about throo ?thlmblefula por capita the day. ? Tlie consumptlon ot strong alcouollc l-.vorages has fallon off ln a very gratlfying way. and the uoiisumptlot. vi' malt llquort. has increased in a cor - .-i .. ... ;.'.??? . ''> .. respondlngly gnttlfying woy. Thls mako.. for . temperance. Tho man who drlnkfl 10 gallons of beer In tlio r.uurse of a yenr Is n far loss dnngor ous cltl7.cn than n. man who consumen tw? or threo gallons of rnnkor al cohollo stuff which' Inclton' oftontlmcs lo deods oC vlolenco, The Prohlbltlonlstn could not con trlbute moro to the causn of truo tctn pernnce than hy oneournglng Iho manil facture of domestlc wines and tho llghter malt liquors?bevcrnge.. which cheer, and, unless taken ln exccsslvc f|imntlUes, do not Inebrlnte. HAD VOTI3IIS AND GIIA I'TEtlS. Plttsburg cannot be content off the front pages ot the newspapers. If lt cannot nnnounco new phllanthroptes of old Carneglo, It miiRt send out a story of a divorce; nnd If lt cannot claim publlc attentlon on tho strength of n. great baseball team, it compro mlscs on a strlke. 'When lt has no church congress wlthin lts gates, do? ing nueer thlngs, It has to fall back on lts old clalm to fame nnd send out new reports of lnunlclfinl graft antl corrtiption; Tlie latest of theEo storles, which ls belng poraded beforo the Amerlcan peoplo from Malne to Arlr.onn. ln thc papers thls mornlng, ls perhaps the most amazing. Wllh at least slxty clty polltlcians Involved, nnd wlth many prominent business men tremb llng lest some State's witness shall itnplieate them, the whole town gov? ernment ls in upheaval. Thus far, ofters of Inimuntty and promises of protection havo been ex? tended to many of those who wcrc willing to face thc facts and to con? fess thelr wrong-dotug. Most of tho Plttsburg councllmen who could do so, havo already avallcd thcmsclves ot thls protection and are thronglng tho offlce of the State's attorneys, offer Ing to tell the whole story. now that secrecy ls a thlng of the paat. Thls lmmunity may, of course, be necessary. You can only catch a thlof wlth a thlef, nnd you can only con? vlct a grafter on thc evldence of an? other grafter. Only when some one who has been enjoylng the plundcr beglns to "squeal" can a city ever hope to round up thc her,i and brand them as thleves. At the same tlme, if lndiscrimlnate offers ot amnesty are contlnued, thc chances are that every man who haw anything- serious to fear from oxposure will avall hlmself of t,lio protection offercd hlm. Kono wlll be left to convlct. The average man who reads the sharneless story of Plttsburg's d!s grace wlll bc Inclined to think that every clty is in the same class, and that the same demon of graft hns found cntrance Into every council chamber. Men would not be men If they dld not, in their haste, take a case for a type. They would not hc men, it they dld not reason in hasto that every city is rotten becauso one clty Is rotten. As a matter of fact. the government of a clty Is generally as good as thn clty. After all, tho voters elect the councllmen and, ln 00 per cent. of all cases, the peoplo know whom they are electlng. If the voters aro honest and slncere, free from rlng rule and Intel ligent enough to chooso for thom selvcs, ,they can elect good men and secure good government. If they are boss-rldden and controlled by a dls honest majority, or themselves con done the cvils of which thelr repre? sentatlves may bc gullty, the people wlll put graftcrs into ofllce and pay the prlco ln bad administration, waste and loss. Plttsburg has rotten gov ornment to-day because the people of Plttsburg, or a majority of them, do not really wa.nt honest men ln ofllce. WHAT THK PAPERS THINK. The Brlstol Horald-Couiier says tliat when Mr, Taft spoke at that place dur? lng thc last presldentinl campaign the frlends of AVilllam .lennlngs Bryan checrcd hcartlly when tho great No braskan's name wa.s mentloned by Mr. Taft. and that "Mr. Taft lost hls head and yelletl at thom that if they had the senxe they were born with they would not do lt." That was very bad form ln Mr. Taft. ' "Peary should now go and join Cook," says the Alexandrla Gazctte. Why not arrango for a meetlng of tho two Fxplorers ln Atlanta? Probably the Oovornor uf Georgla and the Mayor of Atlanta would be willing to recognlze Commander Peary if he could bo properly Introduced by the doctor who got to the Polo first. The Dally Roview, of Clifton Forge. thinks that Governor Manh's veto of thc blll provldlng two pay days the month, which would have been of In? terest only to tho employees of the Chesapeake and Ohio Rallroad, may Irijure tho Demo.nuie party in the eastern part of the State. The Review also says that somo porsons cannot understand why, after havlng sald on tho stunip tliat he would favor refer rlng to the people a State-wlde law on tho llquor question, "tlie Governor lald down on tho proposltlon." Neitlter of thoso crlticlsms, lt seems to us, is justllled by thc Governor's conduct ln elther case. Tho Norfolk Landinark calls atten? tlon to an act passed by the recent I.eglslntiiro regulatlng the use of pro fanc nnd abuslvo language. The act will go Into offoct ln about nlnoty days, nnd wo n\ay expect sonio tail talk rtqwn ln Norfolk before tho closo season beglns. But how can anyhody llve ln Norfolk without swearing? Accordlng to tho Norfolk Virglnitin Pllot, thc repori of tho Intornal Rev? enue, Bureau shows that durlng the year 1009 more llcenses wore Issu.slto North Carollna dealers by tho FcderfU' authorities than durlng any similar When wc undertake Uic iKlveriis-l'.ig 'ol your mci .li.iudlse you nityht a? well i.rq.iir.. for lil crca.ed business. Richmond Advertls init Aitency, Inc, Mutual Bullding. A ?JS poriod In thn paat. "Tlio namo docu ment dlscloses tho fact that more whiskey wns shipped Into tho State during thnl yoar than over before. What thoso facts slgnlfy Is plain to any cnndld mlnd; but the advocates of State-wldo prohibitlon elther lgnore them al together or expend usclesB hrenlh in effort to mlnlmlze the losson they teach." Prohibitlon does not pro? hlblt. It never hns prohlblted. The othor day, whllo Mr. Bacon, of Goorgla, was speaklng In the Senate, Vice-President Shorman (wo are sure that Is tho namo, and not Colfax or Hannlbal Hamllti or Falrbanks, as pur assistant thlnlts lt may have boen) snccjiod so loud attd long that tho Senate was convulsod wlth laugltter Thls doos not mean, howcvor, that whon Bacon takes snuff Shorman snccssea; Many solomn thoughts must have niled tho hoad of the Colonel when he wandcred among the tombs of anclent Egypt thc other day; but If old Cheons could havo spokcn he would probably have sald: "As you are now, so onco was I; as I am now, you soon must be." If the Colonel had only stayed at tho hoad of affalrs over here a llt? tlo longer the xtiins of Egypt would not havo had much advantagc over tho rulns of tho Unlted States. A Boston woman has demandod that VVhlttler's poem, "Barbara Frletchic." be barred from the public schools of that town on tlio Krourid that the poem ls not falr to tho South and lts sol? dlers. But let lt that go; if all tho unfalr things that have been wrltten In Northern text-books about tho South were excludcd thero would be few, lf any, Northern text-books. Tho suggcstlqn that former Presi? dent Roosevelt bo placed on the re? tlred list as ( nander-in-Chlof of the Army and Nnvy at a per annum of $10,000 for tho rest of hls llfo was rejected b.v the Senato Commlt? tee on Penslons tho other day. lf ho -vould only agree to retire from no lltical life we think the country would get off cheap nt twice thc price. B.v this tlme he must havo run through wlth a large iv.rt of hls savings as President. and the subscrlotlon fund that was raised by somo of tho Inter? ests to get hlm out of the country. and ho is as deserving of a penslon as thousands of other patrlots who have never saved tbe Unlon or anythln. else The New Vork Sun warns tho Con? gress against certain war claims. and thinks that Vln nearly half a century all honest charges against the Govern? ment might have been 'tried out.'" It would seen. so to the casual obscrver: but the Sun wlll recollcct what a tlme wc have had with tho Spanish snolia tlon claims and tlie Frcedman's bank claims and hundreds ot other claims*. Indian claims among* them. that havo never been paid. The Sun will also recollect that no provislon has yet boen made by the Government for tho payment of the Confederate Trcasury notes which the Unlted States vi et armls prevented the Confederate States from paying. Then there are thc por fectly legltimate claims of the South? ern people for tlie slavcs whlch the Unitod States set free without ..the shudow of law. If the South could only get from the Government , at Washlngton all tlmt lt should have there would not be so much, left for the Government to spend on exueri mental undertakinprs. Anothcr of Riehmond's claims to 1m mortality is that the weather! here. ln the later days of March, ri'uts a man in llno shape to enjoy the cool nlghts in June. AVhen tho peers voted on Tuesday that thc tltle did not confer a rlglit to rule, they gave themselves thc same' thing thelr great-great-grandsircs gave Charles I., and in tlie same placo. Wc must admlt one thing: whon old Taft acceptcd the Presldency of the Cincinnati High Hchool Alumnl. none could accuso hlm of partlsanship. "There ls some sorencss among blt; game hunters becauso Roosevelt was glven such unusual privlleges by the government." The soroness, tho cabio might have added, wus not due to any partlcular damage inillcted by the un errliig rifle of Kettlc Hlll. Haljoas corpus proceedings have been bogun lor Banker Morse. The Atlanta XJOople will now have a chanco to show that they know as much about the law as the ollieers of Matteawan. The Federal Department of Agrlcul? ture has just issued a cookhook, tell ihg how a chuck steak may be made to taste like a porterhouse, but the book oniits thc all-lmporiam poiru? how to get thc steak. A man ln Now Vork has beon glven $700 because a bank falsoly protested his check. Wo know of certain par ties'who wouid let a bushel of checks go to protest for half that sum. Uncle Joe's allegod double might havo come in rather handy a few days ago when tho old man wa.s having hls llttlo dlverslon in tlie House. "Vlllainous, awful and diabollcal," is tho languago of a Now York attorney who protests against the Introduction of the Moe check ln tho Allds hearlng. This languago might be appllod to sev? eral other things in Now York besides the case ln polnt._ If Uncle Joe bet .$5,000 that he would not bo deposed and;prom!sed to devote ihat sum to charlty. there ls an added reason why he should loso hls Job. "WJo have some suspiclona that the shlp which reported a python loose ln the bow might havo been latlen wlth Irish whiskey, "l was up. with Unolo .loe all the time," says Congreasman Slomp. And therewlth ho put another nall Into hls coflin. Uncle Andy Carnegie dld not go "above tho clouds" to look at tho stars. Ho went to get somo Idea of how things would bo ln tliat counlr.v he l.s trylng to reach by glylng away all that he hatli, except what ho cannot help maklng Tlio Ph.iladolp.ila strlko wlll be opded soon, Uecauao the news oilltors are bo glnntns' to take the story off the front* ____.-? Daily. Queries and Answers Address all aommunlcatlons for thls column to Query Edltor, Tlmes-Dlspatch. No mathematlcal problems wlll be solved, no colns or stamps valucd and no dealers' names wlll be glven. Hnlle.T'n Comet. . 1. In what part of the sky can Hal? ley's comet bo seen? 2. Plcaso glve me a way of carlng for tho flnger nalls? E, I.. I_. 1. A Reader aends us the .followlng answor to your query; "I nole a num? ber of your readers have been anxlous tn know when antl where Halley's comet could bo seen. The comet now appcars aB a brlght star of tho flrst magnltudo about flvo degrees to tho left of tho Plcladcs or Seven Stars; that ls, between tho Plcladcs and Hyades, and can bo plalnly seen from dark to 11:30 P. M." 2. Suppose you wrlto to tho I.adlcs' Home Journal for thls Information, That paper makes a speclalty of manl curlng and similar gentle arts. Tltc TJojt Tnx. 1. How old shnll a puppy be before you aro required to pay tax? 2. Aro you compelled to pay tnx on a dog lf they are not aTlowed on tho street? .1. Can nn ofTlclnl take up your dog on your property If you have not pnld tax; also lf you havo paid tax and the dog may not have hls badge on, elther on thc stroet or ln your yard7 What redrcss hna tho owner If taken up hy tho dog-catchers? RKGUI.AR SUBSCRTBEP.. 1. So far as we know thls question has nover been doclded at -a\v. Wc. should imagini- that the puppy was Ha. ble to tax when lt was able to lea/o lts mother. 2. If you keep the dog- ln thc clty yoi, are rtqulicd to pay a tax whether or not hc runs loose. 3. The offlcer 13 justifled ln selzlng thc dog- under any of tho condltlons mentloned hy you, accordlng to thc clty ordlnance. John 1). Hnrkctfeller'N Addrcaa. Please glvo mc Mr. .lohn P. Rocke* feller's home, private and business ad? dress. S. .1. S. Thls address was printed In The Tlmes-Dlspatch of .March 0. coples of QUEEN SOPHIA OF I SALVATION ARMY nv i..\ iiAHQ,tnsii' niz fontenoy, WHILE it is perfectly true that Queen Sophla of Sweden now makes her home almost en? tlrely ln Knclnnil, whero she has a house lrt London, a place in P.ticklnghamshlre and a vllla at Bournc-moutli, yct It is misleadlner to speak of her as an oxlle from Swcden. since that would convcy the linnrcs Mon that she haa beon compelled by the government to leave the klngdom. ihe tlironc of which sho shared wlth her husband, the late King Oscar, for conslderably over thirty year?. lf she Is maklng her home altogether ln Eng? land, it is largely owintc to thf* fact that its climatb ls more beneilcial to her always frail health than that of Sweden. Indeed, during ihe Ufetlme ol her husband she was wonl fre? quently to spend 'elther the winter or the autumii in thc South] of Kng land. Then. too. she entertnltis very pronounced vlews wlth regard to evangellcal matters. io temperance and to Pttrltanlsm, objectlng to munv of the ordlnary fornis of social enicrtaln ment a.s harmful frlvolltlos, and takes an active part in Salvatlon Army af? falrs. These vlews were often a source of trouble to the government durlng Klng Oscar's reign. the more so as sh_ seemed to Hnd people and condltions in Norway more congenlal than In Sweden; thls at a tlme when the rela? tions between the two sister klng doihs were exceedlngly stralned. Her husband wa.s able to exercise a con yiderable inlluence upon her. which her cldest son has never possessed, He Is. of all her chlldren. the one fur whom she carcs least, and the result is that thore has been more frtction between herself nnd ihe Swedlsh authorltles durlng the last two years than thcre tofore. The dlfferences between thc present King and hi_? mother are of old stand? lng. They are due not only to her cxtremo vlews ln matters of creed and of mode of llfo. but also lo ilnanclal con.slderatlons. Her fortune Is very large indeed, Inhcrlted from her father. tlie penultlmnte soverelgn Duke of Nassau, who, llkc the Prlnce of Monaco of to-day, derived coloasul revenucs front tlie public gamlng tables at Wtes baden; tables whlcli, by the by. were run by old Blanc. the fo under ot th** great g-ambllng estalillshinent at Monto Carlo. Thn late Klng was not rich lli.s clder brother when he dled had loft evory blt of property at hls dls posal to hls odI:*-- chlld. Loulse. now Queen of DcnmarK. When Oscar suc? coeded to the throne, he found even ihe very royal llbrary denuded of its contents. Oscar was not fortunate in hls many lndustrlal and financial vpji tures, and thus lt was expected that Queen Sophla would heln hlm to make provlslon for his chlldren. She. how? ever; has Intlmated her Intentlon of lcavlng her entlre fortune to her sec? ond son, Prlnce Bernadotte, who sur rendered hls prerogatlves and status as a prlnce of the blood, and hls rights of successlon to the throne, descending to the rank of a mere ordlnary noblc, ln order to marry her mald of honor, Mlss J3bba Munck, ln tho faoerOf the strong opposition of hls father and brothers. Prince Bernadotte and hls wlfo share tho Dowager tjueen's tastcs and vlews. Thls they do to such an extent that he was practlcally forced to retlre from service ln the navy. thc chiefs of which could not eountenancu hls preaching in the street to the hymn accompanlments of his wlfe, nor hls crusade agalnst llcensed places of llquld refreshment, nor yet hls oub llc crltlclsma of the leglslatlon nnd admlnlstratlon of the government ln varlous social and rollglous matters. Prlncess Bernadotte ls. of course. aware that her husband's brothers ob jected to hls marriage. and ls not klndly dlsposed towards thom, and her Inlluonce has undoubtediy welghed wlth her husband, whlto tho knowledge that he ls to be tholr mother's prln? clpal, lf not sole. helr has led thom to imputo lo hlm the exercise of un due lnfluence upon the aged Queon. As long as the latter- remained ln Sweden there was bolind to be frlction between horself and tho government; also wlth the IClng and hls-brother Charles. In England, on the other hand, llvlng under an Incognlto name. not as a royal personago, but as a dlstlngulshod strangor of great wealth, she is nmolt' moro free to follow out her rollglous, phtlanthrople and social work, without any Int.erforence. In fact, she enjoys there a llbert.v ot action whloh, in vlow of her .rank as Queen mother, ls qulte out of the questlon ln Sweden. That Is why she ls hencoforth to mako her prlneipal home ln Great Brltain, instoad of in Sweden. Clnlinan.H for Enrldonia. . Among tho protosts flled on the oo casloh of the recent olectlon at Holy rood Palace by tho poers of-Scotland of sixteou of thelr number to ropro sont tholr order In the House of T ords of the now Parllament at Westinlnstor was ono' agalnst tha Dartlclpat(dn bv tho Earl of KgMnton and Wlnton lu the affair. Tho-protost was llled by a veteran of tho chargo of tho Llghl Urlgado at Balaolavn, who formerly horo tho namo of Wllllam R. Fulton, but Is now known. a. Wllllam Mont. gomary. He olalins to be tlie ,great grcat-grandson of , Aloxandor, nlnlli JUatl of KgUnton, und llius the nearest whlch can bc secured at tho buslnes ofllco. II. fomminry for tllrlH, ' Is there a reform school for glrls wlthln thls Stato? Tf so, to whom should I apply to for partlculars In regard to the school? A SUBSCRIBER. No such school has yet been bullt Plans nro on foot, howover, to bulbj a school of thls character wlthln tl next few months ln tho vlclnlty Rlchmond, Not for I.k. D. R, R.; If you wlll read thtyfcap. tion of thls coltiinn you wlll fnf why your questlon cannot be an/wcred here. Unlverslty of Vlrglnln, V.ic. 1. Plense toll mo who were lhe flrst gradutes of the Unlverslty of vlrglnla 2. What ls a poat-graduate j course, and what does It Include? ... Please state the requlrcmcnts t<j/ obtaln a scholarsblp. \ JF .. Plonsio glve me the data aniR denth of ITon. John E. Massle former' Stato .Superlntendent of Publlo inHtrdctlon. INQUIf-ER. 1-2. Wrlte to Dr. E. A. Alderman, President, Unlverslty of Vlrglnla. for full Information. 2. Post-graduate course ls deslgned for students who havo linlshed thelr regular colloglate course and wish to take up ndvancii work ln any fiJid of sclence or art. The extent of tho course depends entlrely upon tlio In? stitution offerlng It and to tho needs of the Individual Htudcnt. 4. Thls date wlll be printed as _ooit as we can nscertaln it. Selllng Tln roll. Please advlse me if there Is a mar? ket for tln foll; lf sn, where and who are the biiyors. TX. N. There ls no appreclable demand frrf" tln foll at thls tlme. .Il_<_ Melrii <_i_ul_r_ Addre**. Pleaso glve me the address of Ml.?3 Hrl. n Gould. SUBSCRIBER. 557 Flfth Avenue, New Vork Clty. \ and lawt.il heir to Archibald, eleventh Karl of Egllnton, who. dled In 17'Jf. without male Issue. There are few peers now llving ln Great Britaln w-ho have had more trouble In connectlon with claimants to his honors and estates than Lord Egllnton, come puttlne* forward nre fnslons to hls earldom of Egllnton and others to that of Wlnton. and he has been put to no llttle expense tn connectlon with Ihe defenso of hls light... Among the clalmants to tbe earl? dom of Wlnton Is Georsre S-ton Ander? son, connected wlth one of thc great .hlpping houses of Liverpool. who Ih tirinlv convinced tliat the CArMom of Hlnton should bclong to hlm. The earldom of "Wlnton was onr of lhe honors of the lllustrtous house of Sc ton, whlch flgures so largely In the pages of Scottl.-h history. The fifth of thc Seton Earls of Wlnton Is gen? erally supposed to have died ai>road without Issue. and it was on the strength of thls bellef that the thir tcc-nth Earl of Egllnton. who was able to provo to the satisfaction of the Commlttee of Prlvilcges of the House of Lords that he was descended from Ihe llrst Seton Earl of Wlnton. ob? tained reeognltlon of the crown as thc lawful helr to thc earldom of Wln? ton. The .flfth Lord Wlnton was Impl. eaterl ln the Jacoblte rlslng ln tho early part of tlie elghteenth century: wus Incarccrated In the Tower of Lnn, don, from whlch he managed to often hls escape. seeking refuge at Rome, where he died about 150 years ag". Now, there has always been a aues tlon as to whether he left ony legltt-? uiate Issue. rio far, no proof valld Ih law, or of a nature to satlsfy the Com? mittee of Prlvilcges of the Housc of Lords, has been produced to show that he even marrled. But there are all sorta of storles ln cxist ?nce. accordlng to some of whlch he marrled in Italy and left' Issue there. whllo accordlng to others he made freduentVvlslts-'to Scotland, undor lhe iiatne of Seton, and marrled there. If he left children. elther of the mali? or of thc .female sex, tholr descendants would have rights prior to those of the Dresent Lord Egllnton to the Scottish carldoiji of Wlnton, which is herltable by wo? men as well as by men. The entire issue rests upon the polnt as to wheth: .r he dld or dld not marrv, and tp this day lhe ?.earoh is being pursued for. information ab.out tho matter. not only hy Scotch and English neople. but also .by AmerlcajjSj among thom belng. I understand, Ernest Thompson fcjeton. the wriler of animal storles. Thero are few Scotch peers who unlte- more honors than Lord Egllnton. who. comblnes in hls person the lines of no leas than four great houses. nnmely, the Montgomorys of Eagle sham. the Eglintons of Egllnton. the Barclays of Ardrossari, and the SSetohs, one of whose ancestors marrled tlie slster of Klng Robort Bruce. Tho namo of the thlrteenth Lord Eg? llnton, father of the present peer. wus very well known in this country soni(. flfty or sixty years ago .through his establishment of a steamship' servloe between Galway and America, whleli would havo been In exlstenco to-day had lt not been for lts mlsmanagoment after hls death. It was this same Lord Egllnton who organized the -famous Egllnton tourna? ment, whlch was held at Egllnton Cas- > tlo, near sevonty years ago, and ln whlch not only the earl hlmself. but many other peers of hlgh dogree took part; also Prlnce Louis Bonaparte, who afterwards ascended the throne of, Franco as Napoleon III. T -rd Eglln? ton wus undoubtedly the most notablo tlgure at the tournament, both in grace or bearlng, in strength and ln agillty. and wliereas the other knlghts. by reason of the- groat welght of thelr armor, had to be hoisted Into thelr snddles, llke so many raw reorults In an-army rlding school, tho earl vault ed onto his charger, over sixteen hands hlgh, without touchtng the stlr rup, t\nd as llghtly as a feather, though hls armor was among tho heavlest of those who took part ln thls hlstorlc pageant, portrayed by Lord Beacons tleld nnd other novelists, and which had beon instituted for the purpose of showing tho world a living plcture oC Old World chlvalry. It ls estlmated that tho affair cost hlm nearly $500,000. (Copyrlght, 1010,, by tho Brentwood Company.) WHEN the stomach it weak. the bowels con.tipated and the liver inactive, you need the Bitters badly. j Deley only cautet countleti days of misery. In.iit on OSTETTER' CELEBRATEO STOMACH BITTER