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For a Same Fourth?Whole Nation Arousecl?Scores of Cities .
Enroll Uedler Bairaer?Some Ghastly Statistics of Carnage .V "Joliy Fourth" VI. tlm Arrlving nt ilonpltnl, Mornlng After tbe Fourth. Tableau Contumes, Cbarlottcavillr, \ u., "Snne Fourth," 1000. There aro golng "safe and sane" on thls vexed Fourth of July questlon almost as many communltles as havo Sone dry on the Ilquor questlon. A natlon-wlde propoganda for the re ductlon of the red casualty roll of In? dependence Day ls on ln dead earnest, and I have juat come from the na? tional headquarters here of the Amer? lcan Clvlc Aaaoclation, whlch ls uslng lts machinery to uwakon the nation to the nccesslty of preventing such a slaughter of innocents as occurred on Independence I)ay a year ago. Last Fourth waa bioodier than the previous one, accordlng to the lately complled statlstics of the American Medlcal Association. Thero were only a. thlrd more deaths and double the number of lockjaw cases due dlrectly to exploslons and flro used ln cele bratlng independence. Thls gory rec? ord has spurred to action leaders in the various clvlc Improvement move mentB. A list of communltlea that wlll have "safe and sanV Fourths thls year has been furnlshed to me by Rlchard B. Watrous, secretary of the American Clvlc Assoclatlon. The dynamlte cracker, toy pistol and blank cartrldge havo been put out of business in the wholo State of Massa? chusetts by a blll lately signed by /Governor Draper, and twenty-one other Governors have enllsted under the sane Fourth banner. Cltlesi Korbldding Fireworks. The sa'.e and exploslon of fireworks of all klnds are forbidden in Wash? lngton, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Toledo, Baltimore, Lafayette, Ind., Le Mars, lowa, and St. Petersburg, Fla. 'U'ash Ington, Cleveland and Baltimore showed the country last year how great cltles may hold an unexplosive Fourth, and the capital clty as a re? sult reduced lts 104 hospltal cases of 1908 to none, whlle there were no deaths whlch could be attributed to the celebratlon. The chlldren denied the handlli.g of exploslves enjoyed. instead. a public display of "daylight fireworks" in the Market space in the mornlng and in the Mail in tho after? noon, a gorgeous automoblle parade later ln tho aftrenoon and elaborate nlght fireworks on the elllpse behind the Whlto House. N'ot a cracker was exploded by any IndSvidual cltizen durlng the day, and not only were thero no "Fourth of July accidents," but fewer arrests than usual. Cleve? land op the same day was protected by an ordlnance fixing penaltles for selling or uslng fireworks, flrearms, explosives or flre balloons up to 5100 flne and thirty days imprisonment in the workhouse. And instead ot handllng these thlngs themselvesv the*. young aters wltnessed pyrotechnlc displays in the public parks. under the man? agement or the Board of Public Ser? vice. In this mannor the death record ?was reduced from twelvo In 190S, to. Bone in 1909. Baltlmore's Mayor re-' fused to use tho power vested in hlm to. grant permlts for the exploslon of tit'eworks, and as a result there was only one death and a marked reduc tlon of latallties. Restrteted, But Xot Prohlblted. One ot Boston'a city ofllclals an nounced just before last Independence Day, that he wanted tho people to "warm up and let the world know they were alive." Then when tho smoke of carnage clearod away fivo wore found dead?two shol down, three givlng up their llves as human torches ?and 1G7 lay injured, some wlth "eyes fclown out and others wlth hands, fingers and ears torn off. So thls year Boston, in addition to rooeivlng the protection of the new State law, Tlie children of blood taintod parentago inherit a polluted ciroulation to burden thelr existence wlth dlsease and suffering. Swollon glands about the neck, weak eyes, runnlng sores and abscesses, palo, waxy complexions, and fraiL pporly dovelopod syatems are the most usual -ways in whloh tho dlaeaao j^ manifosted. In some cases the blood is so fiUed with the sorofu lous germ3 that from birth, life is mado missrablo with sufforing, while iu othor cases it is held in ohock during young, vigorous life, bvtt when tho Bystora begins to weaken, ospecially after a spell of sickness, tho ravages of the disease will oommence. S. S. S, is Naturo's perfoot ouro for Scrofula, made entirely of healtMful roots, horbs aud barks, a safe raedicino foc young or old, S*. S. S. goos into the ciroulation and drives out all.scrofu lous mattor, and entirely removes the cause. It supplies the blood with the healthful properties it is in nood of and ia this way builds up wealc, frail, disoase-burdened persons andmakos them strong, robust and heaithy, 8 S. S. cures Sofofula, because it is the most perfoot of all blood purlfiera. Book oa ttt? Slood ftad any medioal advioe free to all who write, THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLAtfTA, GA. Patrlotlo Klont, Sprlnga eld, Mnss., "Sane Fourth." has been preparing for the Fourth by giving a courae of lectureB ln which parents are made acquaiated wlth the rlska they allow thelr children to run ln permltting them to purchase fire? works other than the tabooed cannon crackers and blank cartrldges. Tho Boston Globe at the aame tlmo has been holding a letter contest, ln which $150 ln prlzes has been awarded for plans for a safe observance of tlie day of days. And a "safe and sane" Fourth committee haa aent out cir culars to representatlve organlzatlons suggestlng that, ln the playgrounds, school yards or other open apaces the children be entertained with. moving plctures, storles about hlstorlc eventa, plays, paradea and aporte. The com? mlttee propoaes also mammoth bon fires, for which the ' children may gather inflammablo materlal during the previoua days. A great publlc pageant of floats de picting bjstorlcal events rtslated to Independence ls to pass through the Boston streets tne mornlng of the Fourth, the example for this means of colebrating the hollday havlng been set two years ago by the Hub's slster city of Sprlngfleld. In the Springliold pageant there were not only floats with tableaux deplcting the "Signing of tho Declaration" and other patrlotlc events, but representatlve groups de vised by foreign-born elementa of the clty. Thla latter feature included Greeks parading ln classlc robes, kilted Highlandors blowing bagpipes. Norweglans in a Viklng ship, Irish bards, Chlnese in a float exhlbiting beautiful tapestrics, and Ensllsbmen in a tableau representlng the Magna Charta. Other features ot Sprlnglield's model programs have been band con certs, parades of school children and clty ofncials, athletlc contcsts and aciuatic aports on tho Connecticut Biver. Some Substitiite Dellgbtat. A "hlstorical patriotlc pageant" has been arranged this year by the Chl? cago "Sane Fourth Association." United Statea troops have been ordered to the clty, to be led by Major-General F. D. ,Grant ln a grnnd mornlng pa? rade, including the National Guard, various race elementa in emblematic floats, organlzatlons of forelgn-born clttzens in national unlforms, repro ductions of AYnshington's state coach and the llberty bell; a float repre? sentlng the slgning of tlio Declaratlon, a detachmect of Continentala headed by a stately rlder dlsgulsed as Gen? eral Washlngton. and bodies represent? lng troops ln the War of 1S12 and Mexlcan War. In the afternoon and evening there wll] also be mllltary tournaments by regulars, and at nlght a public fireworks display will delight the childlsh heart. Chlcago has fur? ther provided for a sane Fourth by limiting the size of firecrackerB and strictly forbldding blank cartrldges and plstols, the chlef causes of Inde? pendence Day lockjaw. These re strictlons were also in effect last Fourth. whose death record was there by cut down to nll as compared to twelve on the prevlous anniversary. The pageant scherae for dlverting the youthful mind from its biiherto dangerous forms of celebratlon has been adopted also by Pittsburg. The parade has been arranged through popular subscriptlon, and John W. Alexander, the artist, with Percy Mac Kaye, the playwrlght, has designed the hlstorlcal features. Phlladelphla, whlch heretofore has had to dlstrlbute Red Cross hospltal tents about tae clty to care for the vlctims of the glorious Fourtn, has been preparlng for thls year by hold lng in tho public schools courses of lectures warning chlldren of tho dan gers of exploslve enthuslasm. They wlll be entertalned by a day mllltary parade and by a nlg.... pyrotechnlc display under expert supervislon. Children's games have also been ar? ranged for j day prograrn. Xowark ind Indianapolis, too, wlll ..ave grana pageants. San Franclsco has provided for three grand colebratlons in separate play grounds, where . patriotic exerclsos will be accompanled'by gymnastlc ex hibitlons, ehoral slnging, flag drills, tableau, folk danees, salutes to the flag, a di'ill by- school girls, a "ball game, band concerts and a parade to ono playgrounu by tlie chlldren them selves. Snfe llut Xolsy Prograrn. A sale but noisy prograrn devlsed by the Denver Patriotic League in cludes many of these features adopted by the Clty of the Golden Gate and Minneapolis prepared for lts celebra? tlon by havlng lts orators who spoke to the chlldron Memorlal Day devote a part of their addrestres to safe and sane precautlons for the jolly Fourth. Thls sort of preventlva campalgn has also been wagriig through the froe :iCture course of New York City's De? partment of Education. -To dlsoharge, expiode or have in possesslon" any "toy pistol uslng a percussion cap, scjulb, rocket, firo crackcr, Roman eandlo or other com bustlble fireworks," is made unlawful by an ordinanoe just passed by fhtj Councll ot Dayton, 0 Cards warning the publio agalnst lockjaw dangers lurking ln Fourth of .Tuly wounds have been distrlbuteri by the Rochoster authoi'ltles, while Wor c*B,t.er' ^,ft68-' "as hatl poated ln all of its milla and pub}lo plaoes placards. in several languages, warning against tho firlng of plstols. Lynn, Mase,, haa forbiddon the use of firocraokors over two ? inohes long. Sprln&tlald, Mass., has. tabooorl them when more than three inches in length, and SyraouBo Jias put the ban on them if measurlng Tyvo Flnger* BIotv d Off b>' Caeuon Crncker. over five Inchea. Other citles which have arranged safer and saner programs are: St. Louls. Kansas City, Provldence, Tren ton, Utlca and Binghamton, N. Y.; Grand Raplds, Mich.; De Kalb, Wauke gan and Danville, II).; Phoenix, Ariz-; Harrisonburg-, Pa.: Colorado Springs, Frankfort, Ky.; Oshkosh, Wis.; Jolpln, Mo.; Lebanon, 0-. and Provo, Utah. Lebanon's City Council repealed a safe and sane ordlnance previously passed, but its Mayor has vetoed the repeal, and Provo's clty authorlties were preparlng to pass an ordlnance ' _ood as LU2IANNE1 Let no such argument^re vatl,to wean you from, your tlme.-tried friend^" The best of leathers only are used ia "Battle Axe" Shoes. Buy ? Pair?Try a Pair. mmmteameememeeBBemmemeaemeemmmmmemmemamemmmmemreJ hlldren'a Parade, "Sane Fourth," Plttsfleld, JIM"., 1000. allowlng fireworks dealers to sell out Lfaeir atock ln hand when the State Federatlon of Women's Ciubs pounced down upon them and prevented thls provlso. Women la the Forefront. Women are everywhere in the fore? front of the crusade. Secretary Wat rous glves credlt for the greatest ac-' tivity ln the whole movement to Mrs. Isaac L Rice. of New York, president of the Society for the Suppression of Unnecessary Noise, who, besides speak ing and writlng on the subject, in defatlgably haa Intervlewed the Gover nors of all of the States, the mayors, health offlcers, pollce and flre chlefs of most of the cltlea, ln order to get thelr vlews as to what can be done in their communitlea. And she has enrolled a large proportion of the Governors upon a "national commlttee for the promotion of a safe and sane Fourth." A part of Mrs. Russell Sage's millions ls being devoted to the same end. The department of chlld hyglene of her "Russell Sage foundation" has this year been lndustrlously circulat lng throughout the country a model Fourth of July program substituting for fireworks in the hands of indi vidual children such means of enter tainment as patrlotlo tableaua. folk dancea, flag drllla and salutes, besldes concerta of patrlotlc muslc, the public reading of the Declaratlon by elocu tlonists and orators, the rlnging of bells, blowing of whlstles, release of small balloons bearing flaga, drllla by achool children, picnics, games and municipa fireworks dlsplays ln charge of committees. And speaklng of wo? man's part in thls propaganda, lt must lot be forgotten that Julla Ward Howe seventeen years ago wroto ln favor of safer Independence Day celebra tions, Including proceaaions "less mlll? tary in character and more pacifl? fn suggestjon. Model ordlnances passed by citles already enrolleu for a non-explosivo Fourth have been circulated broad cast by Secretary Wairous, wboso of? fice ln the National Civic Association headquarters ia the great clearing house for such data. He has been re celvir.g more than a hundred com municatlons per week from municipai and clvlc officers battllng for a 8ane Fourth, agaln the local pollticlans, who fear that the reform will make them unpopular with the massea, not to mentlon tne manufacturera of In? dependence Day exploslves. An Army of Sliceted Corpsea. That 1,531 deaths have been due ln the paat seven years to the old meth? ods of celebratlng our natal day ls shown by the score which the Amer? ican Medical Asaoclatlon commenced to keep in 1903. The injured in the same period have amounted to 33,073, which means a total of over 31,11000 caaualtles, or over thlrty tlmes as many as resulted from tho seven greatest battles of tho Revolutionary War. Due diroctly to the last Fourth there were 215 doaths, a large ma? jorlty of them (125) due to lockjaw, and of the others who died seventeen were kllled outrlght by firearms, slx teen by explosions of powder, aevon by glant firecrackera, and seven by miscellaneous means of celebratlon. Thirty-seven were Uterally burnod to death by fireworks, many by amall flrecrackers and threo by "harmless sparklers," And over 5,000 were Injured on that fatal Indepondence Day of a yoar ago, slxteen of these being totally bllnded (flvo more than the previoua Fourth), three dozens losing one eye, forty-one loslng lega, arms or hands, apd 176 losing flngers. 'i.ie 150 lockjaw cases of last year's celebratlon inade the largetv record alnce 1904. TheBO flgurea stand out ln acarlet. l'orcing?parents to road and head. They show that the flrecracker has, in thaao seven years, clalmed the most victlms; lOJSl, and that for mutllating wounds the cannon cracker holds first rank, being responslble, too, for the ma? jorlty of losses of eyes and llmbs. Powder and flroworka, generally, rank noxt, with 10,560 victlms, and then comea the deadly blank cartridge wlth 6,374 victlms and causing three fourtha or more of the lockjaw con tracted. Next rank firearms and cannon, wlth nearly 3,000 victlms ench Fourth of July lockjaw spread last yoar to five more States than aaw it ln 1'OS. It oecurred In twonty-flve 8tatea all told, and lt kllled wlthln ten and a half daya, in the average fatal case, whlle nearly all (84 per cent.) of lts victlms succumbod to it. The Illiiikent Hecord. The blackest reoord for Fourth of 3JNES, mfflLXMS: The-only near and far glasses that can be universally worn without discomfort and without that suggestively "old" appear? ance. Bifocals that look and wear like plain glasses, but give you perfect double service. We Are Manufacturers of Kryptok lenses. Our large and ?teadily increasing patronage ne cessitated enlargment of our opti cal manufacturing and grinding plant, which insize, completeness and up-to-date methods is not only without its equal in the South,. but-amongithe mosticom prehensive in the United States. This means the best optical ser? vice obtainable.-and maintenance -, of a?.weH-earned^reputation as Bwilders of All That is Good for the Eyes THE S. GALESKI OPTICAL CO., Main and 8tli Broad and TMrd ruly carnage last year ?was made by 3ennsylvanla, whose great cltles are uidly lacklng from the list of those ?jirolled for a non-explpslve colebra lon this year. Its vlctirns were 3S6. vhilo those of the more populous itato of New York numbered but 5-1' >"ew Jersey came thlrd, wlth. 4SS asualues, and Massachusetts fourth, vith 430. If the grjm stare from the slxty ight eye-sockets made empty by last 'ear's celebratlon does not appeal to .uthorlties unwilllng to enrol] under he "safe and sane" banner let them jo to the nearest cemetery and count . thousand little mounds of' sod and hen half as many agaln and still nore. Such a clty of the dead will measure the numbers who have glve. up thelr little ghosts amld the curling smoko of seven national turtnaays?a mero week ot them -when put together. Or let these conservatlve offlcials b, haunted once ln their midnight dreaml by the pandemonium chorus of th< 35,000 who wero maimed or mutllated or crlppled for life by those seven days of carnage. And let the truth gouga deep, that thls vast army of vlctlms, walllng ln ambulances. moanlng upon operating tables or lying silent, stift and cold ln morgues or darkened death chambers, were chlldren?littlo, helpless. innocent, improperly guarded childron. (Copyrlght, 1910, by John Elfreth' Watkins.) Tor . 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