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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, November 05, 1910, Image 4

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' JBuelnnaa Oltiee.IU B. MMn Street
.'?outh Hichmond.....llfll llutl Street
JPetarsbura; Bureau.-...10} lt. Hyoamoro Streot
Aynebbur* Bureau.ai Elghth Streot
tlT MAIL. . One Bts Three Ona
P08TAOB PAID. Year. Mos. Moa. Mo
, Daily wlth Sunday.IG.i'O $3.00 11.50 .M I
t>ally wlthout Sun j.y.4.00 2.00 1.00 .33 1
flunday edltlon only. 3.00 1.00
jfVeekly (Wedneidar).,1.04 .60
Br Tlmee-DIepatch Carrlor Dollvery Ser?
viee In Klobmond (and auburba) and Petera
Une Week.
Dally wllh Ruuday.14 cents
Dally wilhout Sunday.10 centa
Bundny only.? 0 centa
Sntered January 27, 1903, at Richmond. Va.,
aa aecond-clasa matter under aot of Con
arreta or March s. !S7a
XVc agree wholly wlth tho Daily Re- j
riew, of Cltftcn Forge. that "there la
tnuch to be galned hy fair treatment,
ard a great deal to lose by unfalr j
treatment ol railroads." We believe
that thc people ot the State, speaking
fjencrally, io not ivish the rallroads '.
to te unfatrty treatext, and to have the '
litc taxed ou; of them slmply because ::
thelr property ln this State Is nalled '
down and c.icnot get away. We do :
pet care how the taxes are shared so ;'
they are shared even, and that, wc be- j ?'
Ueve, ls the way the people in thelr*j c
neurts feel ;<bout it. ?: j
? , Rallway taxatlcn ln Virginia ls!*
greater per mlle than ln any State ln . t
tho country havlng the same dcnsity or ; 1
jjopulutlon, with rallroads of slmilar. I
construction, and having no larger; c
volume of tralflc. According to the J t
twenty-second annual report of the j e
Interstate Commerce Commlsslon, tlie I c
I c:
average total tax per mlle upon all; ?
rallroads in the United States lor 1909 ji
?was $401. In Virginia ls was $369, tho '? I
Sitjie lmposcd in Kentucky, but ma-1(
t'erlally greater than ln any other .
Southern Stato, except Maryland, West, i
Virginia and Oklahoma. Thls tax was 1
Blso greater than that lmpo3cd ln .
. Colorado, Idaho. lowa, Kansas, Malne, ,
Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada,
Jtforth Dakota, Soutn Dakota, Vermont,.
VVyomlng and Arlzona. A rate of $3G9 j
tho mlle pa'd by the rallroads ln thls j
State last year was the average rate i
coverlng nll lines, branch llnes and the J
rest; but the rate pald by the Atlantlc
Coast Line was $434, by tho ChesapeaKo j
and Ohio ?53S, by the Norfolk and j
"Western $517 and by the Seaboard Air j
Line $441.
These aro tho facts set forth
ln tho oidclal statement of the State i
Corporation Commlsslon of Vlrglnla:
publlshed in The Times-Dispatch less,
than a month ago. Notwlthstanding :
the admltted fact that the rallroads j'
here last year wero taxed higher tiuurj-i
ln seventeen of thc oth-er States of the
country slmllarly situated, ln a sense.''
a flat Increase of 25 per cent. in tho j'
assessment of rallroad property was!:
made on all single track roads in the I
Stato, and an increase of more than 36 j'
per cent on all double track roads. Thls | :
amounted to nn Increase of $16,000 to j
$20,000 the mlle on slngle track noads,! '
and from $22,000 to $30,000 the mlle on >'
double track roads. Contending that i'
tho railroads were already bearing
their Just proportion of the publlc bur- i'
: jCien, the Corporatlon Commlsslon yet!
decided that lt would increase the'f
'taxes on the roads. The conclusion of n
V-the Commlsslon did not seem to be' "
Vvarranted by the prernlses, but we sup-j a
;,I)ose that lts statement was made up i n
,as a sort of coniprohiis>; a compromise jt]
tor which the railroads, it will be noted,.] T
ipay dearly. j-V
The rallroads, as the Commlsslon ?
jprants, are already bearing their Justj
,'proportion of the public burdens, and,.1
J therefore, thoir ioad is to be increased.]
fThe railroads cannot help themselves j c
iln the clrcumstanees. They have mado j F
po resistance to the new assessment
j'piaced upon them, except !n the way
IvT a wholly natural and legltlmate pro
' The Audttor of Publlc Accounts re
ypcrted to us; yesterday that the totali
'State tax for 1'JIO, assessed against tho
jrallroads, was $905,462.13; that up to
? this tlmo all of it?has been paid, ex
'?cept $30,131.18. Of the $30,131,18 un
;paid, $21,184.83 ls a fraachlse tax as
rBtssed against the Ricnmond, Pred
' ,'?rlcksburg and Potomac Hallroad,
Iv-hlch ls now a matter of lltigntlon.
1'he amount of taxes pald'hy the sev
t*ral railroaus was as follows:
?lAtlantic Coast Une.*....$ 22,945,52
Chesapeake and Ohio (pald
under protest). 208,127.17
^lorrolk and Western. 313,157.60
Seaboard Air Line . 20.U80.U4
I .iVlrginlun . 38,1100.37
Washlngton and ... Southern
(pald under protest). 15,684.80
Bouthorn Rallway. 130,858.01
The Southern Railway ls .also oporat
Ing the following voads, antl paid taxes
on them as follows:
J'ranklln und P'ttsylvarila.$ fioi.n
Atlantlc and Danville .$8,207.80
Hichmond uud Meeklonburg. ,?,$1,167:38
The total amount of taxes so far pald
t>y the rallroads aggregates $933,320,03;
This ought tc be a great rellef to the
condition ot *.he State Treasury.
It ls to ac rcgreited, we think, that
anythlng llke punltlve measures should
l>e adopted towards the transportatlon
Interests in thls Stato. They ought
to pay thelr full share of the cost of
ejustalnlng tlie government; but taxa
1i .tion that is not unlform and equal ls
. . junjust taxatlon. AVe do not know that
thero ls any appeal from the declslon
;ef the Corporatlon Commlsslon, on whe-,
J Jtner lt would be wise for the rallroads
| . flo make appeal, but lt ts, well that tlie
| publlc should be apprlsed of .the aoiu'ui
H 'ejiturttlon as lt 1ms been set forth in
\ |he report of the Corporation C'omnils
\ plon. What the tflfect of the uncauni
;;: .#.ssessment ot rallroad property wm
I Jaava on the development ot our trans-.
portatlon Interents remains to be seen.
Wo hnve understood that. the cnean
peako nnd Ohlo Rallroad hntl mado Its
npproprlntlon for tho cxpendlturo or
Mornothing llko **2,500,000 for tho Im?
provement of its property ln this State,
nnd lhat In view of the unsettled state
of tho publlc mlnd nnd of oHlcial action
I touchlnjf railroad development and Im
I provoment, thc bulldlng of the work
I shops ot thls roud nt Rlchmond, call?
lng ror nn r-xpendlturc ot over $i!,ouu,
000 has hoon hung up, nnd that othor
large appropriations mndo for othor
Induptrlal development at CUfton Forge
nnd 'at othor polnts, hnve been suspend
ed. ' ? ,'
-The sltuatlon, regardlng It from the
rallroad point of view, Is ccrtalnly not
tncournglng. nnd looklng at lt also
from the popular point or view, wo .be?
lleve thut It ls rrjually lncking ln cn
couragemont. We do not belleve that
the peoplo of virginla wish to be un
falr to any of the Industrlal lnterests
of thls State, nnd wo wish slncercly
thnt ihey could bo Informed of the
actual condltlons ln order that thoy
mlght get at the heart ot the matter.
A dlstlngulshed citizen of thls Stato
wrlte3 that he heartlly sympathlzcs
with the opposition of Tho Tlmes-Dls
pr.tch to the four proposed amendments
to the State Constltutlon of Virginla,
to he voted on next Tuesday, all of
whlch, he hopes, will bo defeated. Ho '
tcars, ? however, that they wlll pass,
sspeclally those relatlng to treasurers
ind commlssloners of revenue. Says
)Ur correspondent:
"Whlle many papers and statesmon
ire sounding notes of warnlng, theso
)flicers have as complete anorganizu- j
lon as ever existed in thls- State, and ?
. belleve they have every voter tralned, |
?ledgod and listcd to vote to perpetu- ! <
ite them In ofllce. I Inclose you a clr- ! f
:ular whlch tho organization of the j
rensurers fcnd commlssloners of rev
nue of the State have lssued and sent
im hroadcast in this section, and no
loubt. lt has been done everywhere
ilse. lt seems to me that the warnlng
ias been sounded too late. Had the
jresent eltorts of the press and patrl
Jts been made before the legislatlve
^actments prop'oslng the amendments,
;hen some good mlght havo been done;
but after they once get bofore the
people the offlcers Interested wlll take j n
oare to soo that they are adopted. Most
voters are indlfterent, and here lies the
dangsr as well as the fertile flelds for
tho offlcc-holders' trust to perpetuate | *
themsefves ln office. They were wise
to thelr lnterests, and whlle the peo?
ple slumbered and slept they got ln
their secret and telling work wlth tho
members of the I,eglslature who wore
Indebtert to them, and the deadly work
wns nccomplished in tho halls of the
Leglslature- before the danger was ap- [
prehended. I predict a small vote on j
tho proposed amendments, but an over- 8
whelmlng majorlty for them." I j
We trust that the fears of our corre- , o
spondent are not well grounded; but o
it Is unquestlonably the fact that the a
OfTice-Holders* Trust have been work- T
!ng for their own purposes, whlle the { b
voters of the State generally have J r.
manlfested but slight Interest ln the j n
".latter. Vet thero is much talk about i n
?'The Machine" and why lt should be I ti
jverthrowh. Newspapers here, there j "
ind yonder wrlte about how the State
must be delivered from the control of
the mon and. influences that name the
:andldates for ofllce and dlstrlbute the
rewards among the falthful; but here
we have nn organization worklng for
the perpctuatlon of its members in
?ffice, wlth hardly a sign of protest
'rom the powerful forces that are be
ng arrayod for the overthrow of "The
We can stand lt, lf the people of the
?'tate can' stand lt. We are not run
ilng for' any ofllce, we have no
frlends" we wish to retaln ln place
nd no candldates for any of the of
ces ln thc State or elsewhere; but, if
ho Offlce-Holders' Trust wln next
uesday. there wlll be a Machine ln
'irglnla that ls a Machine. Vote
galnst all the Amendments!
At the last meeting of tho Clty Coun
11 a resolution was introduced by Mr.
togers, providing for the creatlon of
he ofllce of Asslstant Clty Engineer,
whose services shall be wholly re
trlcted to matters touchlng lmprovc
nent of tho James Rlver, its termlnals
.nd whar.fs, the constructlon of ade
iuato transportation facilities ovor
irldges connectlng Washington* Ward
vlth the rest.of Rlchmond, and super
'lslon of the power . gonerated by tho
'alls ot th'o Rlver." It ls clalmed by
hese who are ln favor of tho adoptlon
>t thls plan that Rlchmond has galned
n population 50 per cent. during tho
nst decadc, nnd that Its business actl
.?illes havo Increased to the extent of
.00 per.-cent within the same period. lt
s argued that, ln view of the growth
)C tho Clty, the demands upon tho Clty
Engineer are much greater than they
sver have been, and that' the creatlon
jf the now olllce that has been propos?
ed would "give great relief and mako
the Engineer's othce moro elhclent."
There can be no questlon that tho
lames Rlver ib ono of the moBt Import?
ant business assets of thls town. lt has
boen tlio moans of securlng for itlch?
mond frelght ratos that are bascd on
water-borne commerce, an advantage
whlch the merchants and the manufac
turers here have beon able to employ,
with thc result that Rlohmond has be?
come one of thc chlef Jobblng centros
ot the South.
'i'ho plans that aro now under consld?
eratlon for thu Improvement of our busi?
ness facilltlos, contemplate thc con?
structlon or a modern brldge dn thc slte
of the Mayo Brldgo property. The Free
HrldgH also requlres Immediate repalrs,
and.. lt Ih clalmed that for the proper
performance of tho work on these two
cntftrPrtsi's, the supervlslon ot an ox
pcrt englpoer Is absolutely necessary,
The Chambor of Commoreo has recom
inended llie (jreation <>r the new ofllce
of Asslstnm Engineer, and thero ls tlio
dlsposltlon on tlie part of a nuniDiir
of iiiombuiH of tho Council to oreate
euch an oltlce. J (
The cubject is one demandlng tnoli
most careful find lntelllgont consldora
tlon. Tho work on tho Rlver ls of the
largest importance?nobody can qucs
tlon that?but ln order that thls work
may bo dono ln thc most thorough and
sclontlflc wo.y, tho ereatlon of a new
offlce and tho dlvlslon of the Clty En
glncer's department ls th no sense
On* tho motlon of Alderman Iiyneh.
nn Investigation hns been ordered ot
thls department.. No ono>, we believe,
nucstlons the englneerlng capacjty ot
Mr. Bolllng, but lt ls claimed that somo
of hls asslstants aro Incompetent, .and
thelr dlachargo from tho serviee of tho
Clty ls deslrable from every polnt of
vlew. The investigation that' hns bceii
ordered wlll brlng out all "the facts ln
the case. What ls needed apparently
ln the ofllce of the Clty Engineer ls
not an Asslstant Engineer. by that
name, but men who aro thoroughly
quallfied to perform tho work asslgned
them. The nreation or the new offlco
would havo no other cftect, lt appears
to us, than confusion of counsel and
dlvlslon of nuthority, both of whlch
would be hurtful to Richmond. J ?
' What the Councll ought to do ls to <
Inslst that Mr. Bolllng shall employ '?
only competent men under hlm, and 11
provlde him with the means of secur- <
Ing auch help ln hls work. Naturally, I <
lie would make a speclal asslgnmont j <
3f thc speclal work requlred In theji
lamos Rlver Improvements to an on- 1
jlneer thoroughly competent for thls j?
ivork, lf he had such an engineer nt
lls ^command. It ls the easiest thlng
n the world to multlply ofllces; It is
mposslble to obtaln tho best serviee
'or the public by splittlng the author
ty of tho head men of public scrvlco
jureaus. Let the Councll require that ?
tir. Bolllng employ better and moro >
llllgent and competent men ln hls of- t
ice, and the work on the James K
tlver and everywhere else ln Rich
nond will take care of itself.
The Chlcago Cubs were not victorlous 8
n the World's Championship Serles
n professlonal baseball, but the nine
f the Universlty of Chlcago blds falr
0 bo the ascendant star ln the lnter
latlonal baseball serles between the *
olleges and unlversltles of Japan and
he college lads' team from "Chl." "The p
laroons," as thoy are known, are mak
ng a trlumphant tour or Nlppon ana,
ut- of the three games piayed, have
ost none. v
It wlll bo recalleu that Just a llttlo ?
rhile ago tho bahebali team ot the ? a
Fniverslty of Toklo came over to thisv le
ountry and had some lnteresting' h
ames with American academic nlnes- ?.,,
,s a result, the team of the Universlty Yn
f Chlcago decided to invade the iana \ u
1 cherry blcssoms and wi3jarla and ! n
lmond-eyed maldens. and they did so. I a
hey set sail and lor two weeks have jj,
een in the land of the Mikado, where j,
ain has prevented the speedy consum- i .A>
lat'on ot their programme. The inter- j w
atlonal games in whlch they have i cj
xken part have been attended by I s,
thousands of Japanese nnd foreign ' 3j
tns," and , the college boys from the ' re
v'lndy Clty have "won tho csteem" or [ p,
11. The average attendance has been j
bout 12,000. v,
Here ls a. line from the story of the"! S:
itest game in Tokio: "Mlyake went el
ut on a short fiy to left fleld, and j y
asaki got to llrst on an error by ; st
underland. Kameyama was retlrcd on i ll
pop-up to Roberts, then Fukud'a ana i n
:oyama rlppsd off two clean slngles | 0:
nd brought Sasakl in on a romp." ! tt
'vldently .some of the Japanese are ot
rlsh descent, as ono of the ? Toklo j e
itchers bears the name of "Ol." p
Before the last game wlth Waseda |lj
Jhlverslty, its president, Count Okuma,j ^
walked over to the Chlcago players-' ?
icnch, and addresslng them, said he j v,
vas much pleased to have the Unlvers- ! ?
ty oi Chlcago team as thelr guests, ! a
nd that he had closely watched thelr ih
ilay, and was slncere ln his bellet that- ti
ho Chlcago team was the best that ib
?ad visited Japan." ? I '
Though the Japanese college teams)
iave piayed good ball all through the '? l
eDes, and havo fought hard, thby have ! s
hown a 1U10 splrit of courtesy and! n
lospltallty to tho Chlcago collegafhrus. ! t
Jno of the amusing incldents ot the i
atest game happened ln Chlcago's haltj ?
?t the secind innlng. O. Roberts, ln j e
unnlng to (irst, colllded with Toblta
.t the tlrst hag and both wont to the . ?
fround. Ar'3ing, both apologlzed, and I
irushed the mud off o; each other'suni
orms. \
Oiie touch of baseball, it may soon De
ald, makes- tho whole world kln.
"JOHN SMITH, iriioat viucnviA."
Former Governor . Glenn has . been
ampalgning a bit in North Carolina.
)n Wednesday^ ho made a speech at
>larlon, which It is easy to lmaglne j^
vas heard by the entire communlty.
iVhllo he was on the way from the b
allroad, statlon to the hotel In an
inmlljiis, tho Governor fell lnto conver- 7
ntloti wlth a frlend about the politl- fi
al situation lu the State, Marlon But- 'l
er being the speclal topic under- eon
ildoratlon. In the course of thc con
.'crgatlan tho Governor*-]:** frlend re
narked that the Democratlc Bpeakors
md press wero making lt hot for But
er, whereupon the Governor Observed
hat lt was not necessary for tho C
ipeakers and the newspaptrs to make lt l
iot for Butler, as Butler had all hc r
:ould do to defend hls record ln thc' l
According to a Bell Telephone
itdry told ln the Charlotte Obserycr t
estcrday, lt appeurs' that there was
i druinmer by thc name of W. O. Craw
'ord present ln tho omnlhu's at the
Ime and that he oMruded htms'oK lnto
he conversatlon, "buttcd ln," as th>
Jhservor snya, with the remark that
tll the Iiomocnttln speakers ln thft ,
itate were afruld oi Butler. The Qoy- ! /
:rnor remonstrat'ed that th'e drtirnmor j '
A'as not Informed .'?? tp llit> BituuMon I *
>r he would nol .dare tttukti such u I j
ataScinent. Tbo drurainor per*l?ted J
t'?at the Democratlc speakers woro
afrald'of> Butlei*. Tho Oovcrnor thnn
told . tho drummer that whnt he hnd ]
"ald waa absoltitoly an nntrtith,' and
tliat the Democratic spenkers ha" rnet
Butler ln dobate, and that only thelr
self-respect kept them from doing so
agaln, Now the rest of whnt happencd
is thus recorded in the story tlmt waa
told -to the Charlotte Obscrvcr by tele
Phono ln theso words:
"Mr. Crawford mndc hls orlglnal
statement In stronger langungc wherc
upon tho Governor told him thnt ho was j.
a liar and that if he rcpcut.ed It ho |^
would swallow it und also somo of hls |
toeth. At thls juncture tho bus had j t
arrived at the hotel whero Mr. Crnw
ford hurriedly nliglitod from tlio bus
and entered the hotel lobby, where ho
reglstered as 'John Smith,' from Vir?
"John Smith, from Virginla," Indcod! t
-ouldn't fool anybody In North Cur- l
r>llna wlth that sort ot alins, for lt ls j
'ery well known that John Smith of i
Virginla never "butted Into" any con?
versatlon about Mnrlon Butlor, and
waa always very caroful about giving
innecessary offenco to the aborlgines.
Vs- for the Governor, we can nll un
lerstand that ln splte of his abundant
abors ln the mlsslonary fleld he ls
itlll very.human and had high preco
lent Xor tho employment of very plaln
ipeech |n resentlng the unsought
?plnlon of Mr. Crawford touchlng the ^
natter about whlch thc Governor and t
tls frlend were engaged ln what was
vldontly a heart-to-hcart talk. The
lovornor will recollect that when SI
non Peter drew hls sword and smoto
lalchus, the servant of the high prlest,
nd cut off hls right ear, the command
i*as given: "Put up thy sword Into the
heath." That was tho rlght thlng for
?Imon Peter to do, and the Governor
fill take it from us that it was far
rom becomlng in him to engage ln
arsh languago wlth a drummcr ln an
mnlbus about anybody like Butler.
upposo he had carrled out hls evl
ontly serious purpose of knocklng out
he teeth of "John Smith, from Vir
Inla," what would that have profltcd
im and how would it havo scttled
ie casus belll between him and the
rummer? Now If he wero to call
Carlon Butler a liar and knock out
Carlon Butler's teeth, he would havo
ie satlsfactlon at leaGt of havlng
erformed a publlc servlce.
Ih concise and ccnviiicing ronn, Mr.
?'m. BL McAHlBtcr, a well Known at
>rney-at-law practlclng ln Allcghany
nd Bath countles, nas set forth ln a
tter to us the reasons whlch lmpel
ie proposed Constltutional amend- I
ents which are* to be voted upon by | ?
ie people on Tuesday. While he does ! f(
it, as he says, glve all the reasons ? j
ralnst these changes, ho gives a sur- j L
:icnt number of them. Some of these
ive already been advanced by The
imes-Dlspatch and its contemporaries
ho concur ln its opposition to theso
langes, but repctltlon can do much
>od and no harm. Wlth the permts
on of Mr. McAlllster. we reprlnt tho
asons for hls opposition to these pro?
ved amendments:
a. Becauso-tho present Constltutlon
as made by the best talent ln the
.ate, and has not been ln-force long
lough to test Its real rperlt, but has lE
?oven Itself a great biesslng to our
.ate and should not be mutllated by
illlsh and oesignlng politlcians ror
lelr own private galn.
2. County and clty treasurers should s
ot be t-ligibie to the oltlce of County
- Clty Treasurer ror more'than two
trms ln suecession. ).
(a) Because atter two terms of four j
,-ars each they will have accumulat- b
i by Indulgonce to taxpayers, usually ; tl
?rsonal rrlonem ?md supporters. . a' 0
rgc amount of unpaid taxes wlilch j
111 requlre many montlis for thelr coi- |
?ctlon. and thc- outgolng treasurer j
lould devote hm enure ,'tlme-to thl3 ii
ork ror the protcctlon of tho county '
i* clty. hls suretles and hlmself.'
tb). Becauso tho more ract ,of such !
ccumulatlon ot unpaid tax bllls and j
's continued lnduigence of dellnquent ? *?
ixpayers gtves him an undue inllu- ; C
r.oo for re-elcction to ofllce, and al'- | Cl
>rds him an unjust advantage over hls
(c) Because the hlstory of many ot
10 countles ,\n thls and other States
riows tiiai long, continued servlce m
fficcs of u:lii character results ln ultl
intc flnanclal loss ana ruln, both to
io countles and to lndlvlduals.
(d) Because long torms ln oltlces or
Us character aro contrary to the soirit
t our tree institutlons, and calculat
1 to create an oltlce-holders' trust.
:i. Commlssloners ot the Revenue, 11'
lectcd by the voters, should not ba j ^
Uglble for the succcecling torm. tl
(a) Becauso ln tholr zeal for offlco! j,
nd deslro for ro-electlon they wlll
ery naturally lncllne to ra/vor tho !
oters who aupport. thom ln tho matter ' c<
r assessment of thelr property for pur- ! tl
oses of taxatlon, and thus reduco tho J j
avenue, both or tho Stato, county, clty
nd dlstrict, and thereby rhake ln^equai
y ln tho bu.-den of taxatlon. ' ...
tb) Because tlio best men often aro
llstakc-n in thelr Judgment, and tholr
uluatlons of property ought to bo re
)sed and corrnctod, when necessary, \
y thelr succos.soi's.
4. Tho provlsion roqulrlng bllls to
e read at length on threo different
alendar days in oach house has-.work
d no hardahlp on our leglslators, and
ne amendmont proposed ls not of sur
clent Importanco at thls time to rc
Uiro Its approval.
6. Ii woutd do <?:<ceecllhgly unwiso to
ote mr the amendment extendlng the
ftsslon of tho Leglslature from slxty
j nlnciy daya.
(a> Hi-caus.j lt would lnvolve a large
xpendlturo of ttio publio monoy," with
ut any correspondlng beneflt.
(b) Becauso lf the members of the
cnerai Assembly would all givo atten
'on to thelr work In tho early "days or
slxty dayH' HesHlon, thoro would be
o mo^*-twnp*c8tlon or the calendar at/
than thoro would be If the
I'luld. bo extended to nlnoty
cause e><pcrlonco and observa-r
'il h-wiHlativo bndles havo dem
'I th.it no matter how long a
ti^iy bo prolonged thero wlll
'-? congnstlon at llu closo.
cau iu iiiero is loss danger or
eglHlatlon in a slxty days' sos
'?> in a nlnoty days' session.
(<?> iiueauao lt. ls unlvorsally the case
mi :, very small proportion of tha
'"? ? 'i tuuh houso of tho Uenornl
'"?' ?" ly fonnulntu and work through
1 I'IIIm ijun bocomp laws, aud aftor
?' '":- "t nontlnuoiiB labor thoy
' I" "<? "ondltlon foi' further siitls
' to.i i liglslatlyo work,
(f) Utcauso lf tho session waB. ex-lp
lended to ninoly days, there would he
but llttlo neoompllsiicn' |B thVKhai?
of tho sesslon, for members would nat
uraliy proer.wtli.ate. nnd the bulk ot
lhe work would bo rushed throup/h to.
wards the closo of tlie sesrflon
Those are powerful reasons and are
mough to persuado tho voters of Vlr?
glnla that on Tuesday next thoy should
,-ete down all thoso suggosted amonct
m-nts. Tho voters should mark out
ho word "for" procedlng oaeh amend
nent. Wo nro conildont that a %
najorlty of tho lntelligent, honeBt and
>atrlotlc voters of Vlrglnla, who
vould crush beneath their heols tho "n
ecrot source of machine govornmont""
ind put an ertd to tho domlnatlon of
illlce-holders, wlll voto down these
hanges whlch were begotten, begun
nd battled for solely and wholly by
ho offlce-holders who wlsh to build up
or themselves lndestructlblo polltlcal
>ower ln tho Commonwealth of vir
A vote against all tho proposod c'on
tlttitlonal amendments ls a voto
galnst machino polltics.
The Charlottesvllle Progress wlll
otc-that lt is Just threo days moro bo
ore the time to vote on the proposed
Tho . edltorlal pago of tho Nowport pa
:ews Tim'es-Herald was a thlng of i of
cuuty and varloty on Thursday. it tw
onsisted of an artlcle on "The Heart's b^'
'cslre," by Sul Sln Far; "The Rage or ox;
:eno," by Wex Jones, and "Percy Has [.w*
ne Cause to Bo Thankful," by "Hank." j rc?B
he llrst llnes of the leading artlcle i 1
egnn with this striking descrlptlon: I ??
She was dainty,- slonder and of ' ov<
axen pallor. . . She had the tlnlest av![
olden Llly feet and the glossiest black tin
air." The Times-Herald ' has been J c?1
:andlng up strongly ln advocaoy of j
ie four proposed Constitutlonal
niendments, but lia3 evldently all but
ult tho flght, as tho only thlng llke a
rotest .on thls questlon whicn we can
nd ls in the second artlcle, whlch ls
tustrated, and bears tho tltle "The
:age of Reno," In thls oecurs thls
mtence, "Gentlemen, 1 call upon you
> resist to the last drop of rye this
orrid outrage!" O memorles ol the
irode blll!
! at
One of the best reasons against the
roposed amendments ls that former
.nator A. F, Thomas, of Lynchburg, is
ir them. Although allled wlth the
emocratlc party, his letter giving
>rth sundry reasons why he could not
jpport Henry Stuart ls ono of tne ' bra
ilef campalgn documents sent out ln not
ie support of Slemp, the Republican.
".Martln LiUleton An Easy Winner,"
as the head over a story In the Nor
ilk Landmark yesterday. We thougnt exF
. was about that gallant New York } {^
eniocrat who ls the husband ot j wlt
feggy O'Brlen," but lt wasn't, Thls j ^
artin Llttleton is a colt whlch won go
ie handlcap at Jamestown. Anyway. }Ja
i thu
2 won tho race, and that's what .llar- j of
n XV., ot New York, wlll do next Tues- j ?.v'e
xy in the Oyster Bay dlstrlct. tur
The Washington and Lee faculty had
i acute case of academlc cold reet
hen It thought about lettmg thelr
en tackle the corn-fed North Carolin
ns at Lynchburg' Saturday, so the
ime was called oft. The Washington
id Lee students were game, however,
id a rnass-meetlng, and may yet per
tade tho faculty to change lts mlnd.
ruves are "good Indians" all rlght, iAnt
' Mat
ut they will put on thelr war paint
The Universlty of Vlrglnla gridiron
ils afternoon and brlng back scalps
' the aborlgines from Carlisle.
And they didn't go home untll morn
There ought to bo a slump ln the
Hr market now, an Imperial edict
ivlng been Issued ln China that all
hlnese ambassadors,' mlnlsters and
msuls must cut off thelr queues. it
expected that all Chlnese will be
immanded to follow sult.
a 1
ot :
of .
Senator Uore made a speech ln
ansas Wednesday nlght, in whlch ne
iowed his cieverness ln saying things
?. an epigrammatlc way. For cxample: I afT<
"The East looks, to the West for gold jthe
nd grain. The West looks to a?q
ie East for lts supplies, lts Presl-I^f.
snts and lts panics. Tho hlghest proor'noI
' wlsdom of the three Wlse *Men or ln
11 ai
ie Blble is that they came out of the
That brought down the house, of
mrse; but lfis true Just the same,
mt the sun was nover known\ to rise
i the West.
If it ls all the same to the water
orks people here, It would be a great
ivor to thoso who aro compelled to
3o the water for bathlng purposes if
little more ot the alum, or whatever
is that makes the skin orack, should
3 squoezed out ot tho fluld before lt
M. Woolsey, Stryker, President ot
amllton College, must be "an amoosih*
jss," as Artcmus Ward would havo
iscrlbed hlm. He has been a- Repub
can ever slnce; but he couldn't stand
ie Colonei', and ls dolng what he can
i beat hlm in New York next Tues
ly. Dr. Stryker was one of the speak.
?s at the Dlx meetlng Wednesday.
Ight, and sald ever so many good
lings whlch cajig-h* the crowd, the
sst and stlcklesf being thls charac
rlzatlon of tho Colonel's work on tho,
ump: "A great many Republlcans are
red of listenlng to an orchestra ln
hloh the bass drum carrles the air,"
Thev do say that Elihu and Theodore
re not nearly so thlck as they were
niy a few short weeks ago. That
ras a Joab thrust at the Colonel's
itals Ellliu gave hlm the other day.
The fellows down ln Charleston Wlll
ot flnd' lt necessary to wear thelr
uxetlos durlng lhe vlslt of President
afl next week, as he wln be there
;ily. tor breakfast. and luncheon, iJiat
of ,
Daily Queries and Answers
Address ail comniunlcntlonn for thls column to Ouery Edltor*.
Tlmes-Dlspatch. Nomathematlcal problems will be solved, no colns
or stamps valued and no dealers* names wlll be given.
mlk rinte Process,
Wlll you kindly let mo know Just
lat the chalk plate process ls fnr
odttclng pictures for reproductlon ln
wspapors? L.
Tho chalk plate process conslsts of
thln sheet of hard steei wlth a ooat
j of chalk about a slxtoonth of an
:h bakod hard onto tho surfaeo.
The artist makes hls drawlng on
9 chalk wlth a very flne point, cut
ig through the ohalk to tho surface
tho steel plate. After the artist
Ishes the -plate tho Btercotyper puts
in a box and molten metnl is flowod
eompletoly fllllng all the llnes maae
the artist,
\fter tho metal becomes hard tho
tto ls removed and you have a por
lt relief cut ready to prlnt.
rhere is little if any fleld for the
jcoss to-day on any of the larger
pers, as ono of the princlpal ob
!ts of Its use was the savlng of time
making a cut, as It was more rapiu
in a zlrio etohlng.
3ut wlth the progress made ln tho
st few years In photo engravlng a
ich moro satlsfactory cut, elther ln
e etchlng or half-tone on zinc, can
made and ln much shorter tlmu
tn the chalk plate procesH.
e Mldnight Sun.
>urlng the past summer I, wlth n
rty of frlends, saw tho phenomenn
tho mldnight sun ln Northern Nor
y, the sun shlnlng brlghtly for
tsnty-four hours ench day, We have
sn looklng up the matter ln books
reference, encyclopedlas, etc, for an
ilnnatioh of the phenomena, but
thout results, and ln our anxtety
know" we wrlte to aBk the
son. E. C.
.'ho incllnatlon of the earth's axls
kes tho snn's rays ovcrlap the
rth Pole, ln summertlme slightly
ir 23 degrees, so that the sun shlnes
over the Arctlc Clrcle and those
hln lt can seo the sun for the en
i twenty-four hours, lneluding, of
irsc, what. would be 12 mldnight
a lower latltude.
About HnllOTve'cn.
Vlll you kindly lnsert ln your Query
urnti the orlgln of "Hallowe'en," and
it comes the samo time every year,
l what lt means?
'hls featal day ls always on Octo
;en. maccalmont -
is noted sportsman
MONT, who reached the United
1 States yesterday, on board the
Mauretanla, ls an Irlshman, who
t often been descrlbed, and wlth Jus
>. as thc keenest soldier and tho
st brilliant sportsman of the Brlt
army. There ls practlcally no
nch of sport ln whlch he has
had a lllng und held hls own
ong the best; and ln hls younger
?s was tho crack steeplechose rlder,
only in England, but also ln Ire-1
d, whlch ls saylng more. As far as
dlerlnp ls concerned, he was wlth
d Wolseley ln the Red Rlver
leditlon ln 1870/ and the flrst
n into Fort Garry, where he
sted the Unlon Jack. He wai.
h Wolseley agaln ln the A?hantl
r, and aftcrwards was enabled. as
ltary attacho at Constantlnople, to
through the entlre Turko-Russlan
r, on thc staff of General Slr Ar
r Kembal, being present at the slege
Kars. As soon as the llghtlng was
r he was off to the Zulu War.
ere he ls on record as havlng cap
od single handed Klng Cetowayo's
rdrobe, whatever that may have-con
:ed of. A year later he was flght
on the Indian frontler; then back
Africa agalnst the Boers. In lSSli
took part ln the Egyptlan War, and
the battle of Tel-el-Keblr; also ln
unsuccessful i expedltlon of Lord
lseley for the relief of Gordon at
artoum, ih 1886, Throughout the
ir War of ten years ago he com
nded the Cork district, ln Ireland,
[ in 1900 won the grand mllltary
iplechase at Punchestowh, Just to
p hls hand ln. Tho general ls very
l off. having a couple of plcturesque
ntry seats. Mount Jullet, at Thomas-!
-n, Kilkenny, and Abbeylands, ln|'
Tlm; while hjs only son, Dermot|'
:Calmont, inherlted *15,000,000 at);
age of seventeen, from hls coustn, !
rry MacCalmont, thls fortune pos
slng a particular Amerlcan interest.
ing been acqulred in thls country.
i MaoCalmonts, who aro of old
?th of Ireland stock, were origlnally
orters of llnons at Belfast. Making
arge consignment to Guyon & Co.,
Phlladelphla, the latter were unable
pay for the same at maturlty, and
y accerjted ln settlement a number
shares ln the Philadelphia & Read
Rallro'ad, then an altogether new
erprise. Subsoquently, Robert Mac
mont and hls brother Hugh no
red a controlllng interest in tho
d, and they were represented for a
nber of years by Charles E. Smith,
?> was presldent of the- Hne from
S to 1869. and whose nephew, T.
ldford Smith, of Buffalo, ls*one of
regents of the Unlverslty ot the
te of New York.
t was through thelr holdlngs ln the
ladelphla & Readlng Railroad, and
jrwards through thelr deallngs wlth
Erle Road, that the, MacCalmonts
ulred thelr great fortune, whlch at
lr death would have gone to thelr
er's son, the late Lord Calrns, had
lot offended them by the legal tanglc
whlch he became involved wlth an
ress, resulting in a sensational
se celebre. Thelr money went in
ld to another of thelr nephews,
rry .MacCalmont, and when he dled
[dless, ho bequeathed it to General
Hugh MacCalmont's young son,
?mot. The wldowed Mrs.' Harry Mac
mont has a llfe Interest in a. por
l of her husband's estate. which on
death will go to still further swell
ing Dermofs largo fortune. Mrs.
rry MacCalmont was a Mis3 do
he, a ststor, therefore, of Slr Hugo
Bathe,- the husband of the former
i. Langtry, and slster also of beaii
il Lady Crossley, the wlfe of Slr
?ile Crossley. .
lr Savlle Crossley, by the by, reach
New York from England two, days
i, and 1b staylng at tho Hotel Bel
nt. He is the owner of Somerleyton
II, which, lylng midway between
ivestoft and Yarmouth, comprises
hin the llmlts of the estate the
le village of "Blunstone," where
ivld Copperfleld" was born, and in
churohyard of which his father and
ther were buried, Tho church ls
.ctly as Charles Dickens descrlbes
but the houso with ".the 'little whlte
e and rows of poplars," which was
supposed. scene of David Copper
d's early- years, has wlthln the last
ade been somewhat modernized ana
ie up, much to the disgust of Dick
enthusiasts, , .
ir Savlle, who ls a very good-look
man/who enjoys the friqndship pt
present King, and stood high ln
favor of Edward VII., owes hls
ge fortune to hls membership of
blg carpet manufacturing concern
lohn Crossley & Sons, of Halltax.^in
.?kshlro. It was founded by .Slr
?lle's grandfather. When he took
carpet weavlng, the steam loom had
t supersedod the hand loom in olotn
sivlng, but nobody had any Idea of
ilytng steam maohlnery to^.sucn
.vy work ascarpet weavlng. Thomas
issley who was an entlrely self
de man, devoted hlmself nteht and
' to th% nuestlon. of how to apply
am to carpot weavlng. Ono day a
anger walked . Into, hls ofllce and
iwed him a steam carpet loom whlch
hud just palanted. .Thomas Cross
paw that lt was a good idea, bought
patent rights, and ln. twelve monthn
l trebled ? hla- huainesa. within
her 31. It ls so called because it ls
tho evo or vlgll of All Hallows or All
Saints, whlch falls on Novomber 1. It
ls associated ln ? tho popular Imagl?
natlon wlth the provaleneo ot super
natural Influenees, and ls clearly n
rellc of pagan tlmes. Tho pretty cu*.
tom of girls looking into dark mlrrora
or in small poolB for the faces of thelr
future husbands Is very anclent, and
ls probably rolated to tho cryatal gaz
Ing of the early mystlcs. it was an
old superstltlon that a chlld born on
thls dny would have the faculty of per.
celvln* and holding converse wlth su
pernaturai belngs.
Gtogrnvhleat (\.\irntlnon.
' Please answer the following ques?
,!? ?4w.nat "? tho largest cities ot
tho states of Montana and Nevada, ac?
cordlng to tho census of 1900, and also
on what bodles of water, lf any. are
2. qn what body of water are the
following California cltlo8 located: San
Franclsco. Oakland and Vallejo?
3. Is Sprlngfleld, lll., located rlght
on the Sangamon Rlver?
4. On what body ot water ls Newark,
N. X, located?
6. On what body of water ls Madl?
son, Wls., located? SUBSCRIBER.
I. Montana?<Butte, 30,170; Great
Falls, 14,930, on tho. Missouri; Helena,
10,770; Anaconda, 9,453. Nevada?Reno,
4,500, on/he Truckee Rlver; Vlrglnla
Clty. 2.69o; Carson Clty, 2.100.
3. Sun Franclsco Is on san Franclsco
Bay and the Paciflc Ocean; Oakland,
on San Franclsco Bay; Vallejo, on San
Pablo Bay.
- 3. No.
4. The Pansalc Rlver.
5. Between Lakes Monona and Men?
Locatlon of Honpltnl*.
Klndly toll me the locatlons of all
tho hospltals for Insane in the State
of New Jersey; also the address of one.
ln or near the c'ty of Pittsburg. Pa.
You can secure thls Information by
writing to the Health Commissloners
of these fitates.
5anatorlum for Convalescenta.
If the reader who deslres the addresd
of a hospltal or sanatorlum for conva
("scents wlll- send us his addreits, we
fhall be glad to forward hlm or her
Information as to thls matter.
twenty years hls family were mtllion
?lres. Hls son, Clr FYancls Crossley,
was made a baronet. and stood as
Liberal member of Parliament for Hal
fax. He was a plllar of the Noncon'
'ormlat Church, whlch hls only son and
mccessor, Slr Savlle Crossley, aban
loned fbr the Church of England.
SIT Savlle went to Eton and Oxford,
Ilstlngulshlng hlmself at the unlver
Mty as an all-round athlete. Ho has
lone a good deal of b'g game shoot
ng ln the Rockles. served as a captaln
>f the lmperlal Yeomanry .throughout
hc Boer War, and is Unlonlst member
)f Parliament for Suffolk. Lady Cross
ey ls a tall blonde, who was Mlss
"Jhyllls de Bathe. and Is a slster of Slr
iugo de Bathe, and a slster-ln-law,
herefore. of the former Mrs. Langtrv.
i*r slsters are Mrs. Harry Lawson. arid
he widowed Mrs. Harry MacCalmont.
I notlce thnt the sol-dtsant Count
facques Alexandre von Mourik d<*
Jeaufort. who marrled Mlss Irma Kll.
rallan, of Chlcago, endeavors to ex
ilaln away the recently publlshed let
er from the edltor or the Almanar.'h
le Gotha declarlng hls pretens'ons. to
he title of count to be a. "hoax," and
tolntlng out that he does not belong
Ither to the Austrlan ducal house of
Jeaufort, whose patronymlc ls Beau
orl-Spontin, or to the Engllsh ducal
louse of' Beaufort, whose family name
s Somerset. by statlng that his title
b Dutch. But hls name does not ap
iear ln any of the standard works ln
vhlch the noblcs of the Pfetherlands
.re enumerated, and I would vonture
o recall to the pseudo "Count Jacques
e Beaufort" hls encounter some years
?go at Bar Harbor wlth a representa
lve of the then Dutch envoy to tho
Jnlted States, on thls very subject of
ils altogether unwarranted assumptlon
if a dlgnity to whlch hc has no rlght
vhatsoever.' It would be well lf the
iresent Dutch envoy at Washington,
bnkheer J. Loudoun, were to mako
ome authorllatlve statement, grlvlnir
ifflclal - conflrmatlon of tho assertion
nado on several occaslons ln theso
etters, to tho effect that the man's
tame has no place among the counts
if the Netherlands or 'of Luxemburg
t would be all the more,useful ln view
>f the fact that the secretary of the
5utch legatlon at Washington ls Jonk
teer William de Beaufort, who must
laturally be annoyed by the constaj.it
Lppcals to popular attention on. the
>art of the notorlety-seeking young
Jutchman who ls making use 'of hls
ilstorlc name.
"Count Jacques de Beaufort" although
daimlng to be a subject of tho Queen
if the Netherlnnds. nevertheless in
Ists that ho served for a number of
?ears ln the Engllsh army, not ln
iouth Africa, but in England, Egypt
md Indla. Ho ls probably unaware
hat allens are not permitted to en
ist ln tho Engllsh army,. and that lf
ie has ever served. England as a sol
ller. lt can only have been by.sltpping
nto one of thoso corps of regulars
vhlch -were hurrledly got together ln
iouth Afrlca'durlng the Boer War, and
tTsbanded as qulckly as possible. It
s certain that he does not belong to
he Austrlan, French or Belglan de
3eauforts; that there ts no count of
tls name among the Dutch de Boau
orts, while he certainly .does not
iclong to the Engllsh aVlstocracy.
Vhy then will ihe perslst in using a
Itle to whlch lie has no shadow of a
Ight. and the continued assumptlon
if whlch is ciilculated to bring rldloule
tpon hlmself, nnd [ annoyance to tho
vmerican fitml'*.- <""r, whlch he has
iad tho good fortune to marry?
Copyrlght, lmo, ..>? the Brentwood
Company.) ?
Make this Bank Your Bank
State and City
Zapital . . $l,OOO;OOO.O0
tarplus . . $ 600,000.00
WM. H. PALMER, Presldont.
JOHN S. ELLETT, Vloe-Presldent
. WM.SM, HILL, Vlce-Presldent.
j. W. SINTON, Vioe-Presldent \
JULIEN H. HILL, Cashler.
Three per cent, per annum lutereat
illowed ou Savings Deposits, com*
loumloil every utx months.

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