Miif.n-.s Offlco.?U E. Maln Stree
Bo.it) Ilichraon-.1103 Hull strae
V-trr.l.urg Bureau.JM N. -ycnmoro Stree
JUjr., l.t.iir. Bureau.21* KlRhth Streei
BY MAIL. On? St_ T hres Om
.POBTAGE PAID. Ye?r. Mo?. Mo*. Ui
Dally wlth Sunda..18.00 12.00 $1.10 ?*
Dally wlthout Sun.ay. 4.00 2.00 1.00 .t
_un<l.y edltion only. 2.00 1.00 .60 .2!
.j. .ckiy (W'__ne?<i_y).LOO .M .? ...
By Tlmea-Dlapatch Carrler Dellvery Ser
vlce In Hichmond (and iuhurba) and retere
Dally wlth Runday. H centi
Daily wlthout Sunday. 10 cenu
Sunday only. S cenu
Entered January 27. i-OJ, at Rlchmond, Va.,
aa eecond-cla.e mattor undor *ci of Con?
gress of March 3. 117a _
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER tl, 1910.
SOMETHIMJ BIGOEB T11AX THE
. "Wlnnlng an electlon 1s not nll JpJ*
ltesp?nsibllity goes wlth it."
^ That if a flne trxt. nnd lt la takcr
from thc "New York World, whlch hat
tfpne such vallatit work against th<
I>crll but recently threatenlng tlie ver>
foundatlon stone*. of our Government
3t is n text upon whlch we would
have all Intelllgent Democrat* to re
llrct at thls time and in the two years
that are just ahead. The vlctorles that
liave been won will turn to ashes ll
they are not put to good and hlgh ac?
count. if the Democratlc party do ?nol
_i _,.r.l them as meanlng something
inore than a mere transfer of the of
ilc.s and tlielr emolumentB from thc
men who hold them now and the hiin
pry host that is waitlng for them. Thn
dfflcial count hud not been flnlshed or
Tuesday before. wc were told Iron;
AVasliington that lots were being cast
fnr the oiliees. and men were boglnnirig
to calculat. how much they could oi
would mako out of tho over-turn. Thls
as we understand, Is not what tlie elec
tlon meant; and It is worth thinkln*
al.out that if we hart not had the ns
B-.tancQ of a good many thousands o
voters wlio do not Vote wlth us regular
lf, thc result would have heen some
%what different. Andy .lackson taugl)
the doctrine that "to the vlctors bc
long the spoils," and so they do; but
falr. degreo of moderation should )>
..verciseil in taking ihem -ill at once.
Kemember the wlse counsel of Th
World: '""Wlnnlng an election ls not _.!
joy. Responsibllity goes witli it."
JIOTOR HK.-l I,.VT1(.\S IX .il.lt.MA.V.
The latest issue of the daily Consu
Jar and Trade Heports contains som
very intereBting information ahout th
rcgulations imposed upon motor car
ln Germany. These rules show tha
thc authorltles in thai couaitry are go
inp very deeply into the cause of ac
udents ..r.cl are trylng to avoid ther
as tar as possible by eftectuai provcri
In the iirst place, foreign cars tra
tycralng the emplre are subjected t
close scrutlny and have to be ln'goo
cbn'ditlon and driven l.y competent me
before they can enter. tho coniines o
the country. A system of lntcrnnttona
passports is used and for the holder o
one of these entrance is easy. '?
? The domcstlc regulatlons aro vor
Bound. In order to get a motor ca
licensed. appllcation must be mado t
local olticcrs and It must stato th
name and resldence of the owner of th
car, the manufacturer, the factory nuni
her of the chassls and other detalls
The applicatlon. before lt cnn bo ap
proved, must have the endorsement o
an ofncially Aesignated expert who ha
'tTioroughly.,.in'jpi-.t(,il the \.'liicle. Tln
prescribed fee for'the Inspection is $3,3'
for a motor cyclo and $ 1.76 for at
automobile, if tlie iy.lt or car Is ex
aniined at. tlie resldence or oflieu o
tlie expert. lf the examlnatlon be mad.
elsewhere, thc fee is $4.70 for tlie ex
n'mlnatlon ot a motor eyclc and $_._?
for the inspection of a motor car.
Any person making appllcation ?
driver of a motor vehicle in German:
must present his blrth certificate, a'
unmounted photograph of hiniself,
doctor's certificate as to his physico
condition. especially with reference t.
> his slght and hearlng, together wlt
rvidence that he has completed -a eours
under some competent instructor or s
Bome institution ofticiully quallfied l
teach the drlvlng ot motor vehicles.
All other reijuiretnents for the 1
itenso having been complled with, tl:
driver is referred to an expert especia
Jy designated to examine such appl
cants. Thls is an oral examlnatlo!
The .applicant must also give a pract
cai demonstratlon of his ablllty to dn\
a motor car or cycle. An examlnatlc
is requlred ih case the driver wlsh t
drive ;: car of another class or of dl
fcrent motive power.
The fee for the first examination .
the driver, if held at the ollice or re_
denco of the expert is $_.3S for tl
driver of a motor cycle and $3..7 f
the drlver of an automobile; if tlie e
amlnation is held elsewhere, these fe
are ralsed to $3,57 nnd .? 1.76. respeetlv
ly. The fee for subscquent examin
tlons of the same applicant for v
lilclCB of another class or a dlfferc
kind of motive power are $1.10 ai
Thc tax on foreign motor vehlcl
ln ibrmany is as follows; Motor _y_i
fpr a stay of tiot over- thlrty days
on.: year, 71 ecr.t_; automoblles, f
th'e ram. length o( stay, 71 cents; t\
to hvc- days, fl.98*, six to hftcen du;
|3'._7; slxteen tp thlrty days. $_,i
tliirty-oni* lo si.uy days, $'.?.'._; slxt
one to ninety days, $11._0. These da
do not have lo be canBecutlve. The da
during wlii.li the vehicle was in a Cio
mnn garage or repair shop for repal
or iiuproveiiHiil. as well as tho da
when tlu- car was over tho Gorm
border l.Uiporarlly, are Ut-il uc tud.
it |_ noedlessto say that tli'etie ro_
4axuu__i ___? _________ ..uictly,' ior
Ihe German Einpirn Inw Is law. Thc
Btrlklng feature whlch commondB lt
Helf to us ln Ihe Hhnrp walch kept on
the mnkc of thc mnehlne and on thc
ciUHllllc-ntlons of the clinuftcur. lf
from HtBtlatli'H, lt nppcav that. a eer?
taln make of n cnr ls oauslng too many
Bccld.nts or Involved ln too many acci?
dent s ilerlvnble from defect, tho 1m
pllrntlon ln that unlens the car Is made
better, lt wlll not bo alloWed lo operate
In the country, The requlrernonts of
trnlnitig nnd of good slght nnd bearlng
on tho part of the drlver are well worth
copylng in nny .State of thls Unlon. Nn
one hut n competent drlver, llcensed
anel tested, ean drive n cnr ln Germany.
A child or nn untutored ndull may drive
a car ln America wlth lmpunlty.
THE LONE SOCIAI.IST.
h'or the flrst time ln th'e hlstory ot
this country, n member of tho organl.
cd Soclalist party has bectv clcctnd to
thc National House of rteproscntatlvcs.
Trliiniphlng over Democratlc and Kc
publican opposition. Victor L. Berger.
Porlnllst, was elected on Tuesday ns n
Ttepre.enti.ttve from Milwaukee ln tho
Those who have pald sllght attention
to thc sprt-ad of Soclallsm know but
little. lf anythlng, of thls man; but lo
the students of Amerlcan polltlcs hls
name Ih synonymous wlth nll that is
sane in Soclallsm. He ls an extrcmely
Intollectual man aml does not affect
the. wlld speech nr the uncouth ways
of thc "parlor Soclalists," nor the ab
stird pose of play-Soclallsts on the
order of Upton Slnclalr. Berger has a
strong mlnd, Is steady, and can be
counted upon to nppcnl to reason and
reason alone whlle a member of tho
popular body of thc nittionnl legisla
Ile is r practlcal newspaper man by
professlon. 11c was l?or-n ln Aiistro-llun
gary and was educated at the Unlvcrst
tlej; of Blldapcst nnd Vienna, but fl?
nanclal reverses compelled hls family
t<> emlgrate td America. Berger began
hla llfework here in the land of thc
frco in various trade.. Then hc was
;i teacher In the publlc schools. In l-'J
hc. became editor of thc Milwaukee
Dally Vorwaerts, of Wahrhett (Gor?
man 1, and of thc Social Democratlc
Herald (Engllsh). Berger was .1
"ploneer organl.er of the Soclalists."
Ile was a delegate to the People's
Party Convention ln 1S9G, and since
then has heen active in all Soclalist
politic-nl movement.. Many pamphlet.
spreadlng ihe Soclalist propagarida
.have come from hls pen. Unsuccessful
as Soclallsl candldate for mayor of
Milwaukee and Congress ln 1901, he re?
ceived five votes for United States
Senator the same year ln the Wlscon
Hi3 election at this titne ,is signili
cant "f thc growth of Soclalist polltlcal
strength. Thc Scc-iullsts are Widely
scattered, but if they were to focu.
their strength in :i given terrltory, it
ls probablo that they would send .
number of representatives to Congress.
Berger wlll be one of many human
nnlts clamorlng for a vorce. but he wlll
bo heard. It was hls brain that
[jdlrccted the electlon ln Milwaukee
when Us ilrst Soclalist mayor was elect?
ed. Whatever hls vlews, there can bc
no denlal of hls forceful personality.
STILL DQkUDTING OH. COOK.
They nre now trylng to prove by
I.iiucl Rasmus.cn, whose 'name they
cannot even pronounce correctly?who
says that the. pilsslotaar'es told him
that tho Esqtllmaux told them that
thoy knew of thelr own knowledge or
had heard It from others?that Dr.
Cook did not reach the North Pole. in?
deed. as the story goes. "nelther Cook
nor Peary has a shadow of truth in
their clalms. No living explorer not
Esqulmau has been wlthln ono hun?
dred mlles of thc North Pole.''
Of course, Dr. Cook's encmlcs ave
Chortllng over the statement allegec'
to havo been made by Ra.mussein upor
the testlmony ot the two Esqtllmaux
who are said to have heen wlth Dr
Cook 011 his marvellous journey t<
the 1'ole; but here comes Captaln Bi*ad
ley Osbon, Intlmato frlend and aup
porter of Dr. Cook, wlth the gratifylnc
Intel.lgcncc that he has received
letter from the Doctor saylng that hc
intends to cmcrge from his retlrorhen
and press his claim to being the rea
discoveici- of the North Pole. Tho iet
ter was wrltten In London on Ociobc
15, and Captain Osbon says that "tln
data and raaps wlll convlnce thc won.
of Dr. Cook's story."
?It wlll he noted that ltasmussen put
as little rcllnnce ln the story of rear:
as ho does ln tho story of Cook, whlcl
iustifies tho expert opinlon .of Tb.
Tlmes-Dlspatch that both Peary am
Cook reached the Pole, or what tho;
took to hc thc Pole, and, partlcillcirl;.'
that if Cook did not reach tho I'olu
Peary did not. Thero ls no donylni
that Cook told about lt flrst and toli
an evon better story than Peary, Som
persons doubt lhat elther of them go
there: but we think lt would be si
much niccr to say that thoy both go
there. Dr. Cook Ilrst and Commandc
Peary a little later, and we are wllltni
to compromlse 011 thls ba-'ls; but 011 n>
other. What thoy wanted to do i
for we cannot tmaglne, and what gooi
il wlll do we a*r. at a loss to under
stand. Peary has gone back to worlc
and lt ls about time for Cook lo re
.time his practice at Callcoon Depot.
TIIE RIGHT MR, WRIGHT.
Theodore AVrlght was elghty yeai
old yesterday; but one would neve
know lt by thc editorlai pac,.:- of th
Phlladelphla Record, of whlcli ho ha
been edltor for thlrty^three years. i.as
night he was entertained ut dinner jj
a uio.'t ilUtliigiilshed company ln vtti
ognltlon of hls useful llfe and publl
servlcos. Among thoso who took pai
ln thls remarkable tesiimoiiliil wei
t-ovornor' Stuart, John Wananiake
G<_orge 11 l3arlo, Jr,, Janies M, Beei
lUi-iinrd v. Cook, .lohn ,\. ptulwaladc
Justiee ron Moiich.laker, of the Pem
.ylvahin Suiu'ome Court; Davld Bli
phiun. _?tpn*e Quthrlo. Willlluui l-_ ilm
rlty, Henry Wntterson and numbern of
pther eqtinlly _litjn_fiilijh.fi and r.-p
resontalive men of Pennsylvanla nnd
elsewhere, lt wns n gtent event. nnd
it must have tonched tlie honrt of thc
ablo antl ron.-ien.lous Journallst, who
hns wrouglit well for moro than a gen
A3 actlve to-day nnd as fully allvo
to ihe opporttinltlos of hls mlsslon ns
any of the youngsters. he hns received
nt last the tribute of thelr contldenec
and affcctlon, than whlch thoro could
not be any honor or dlgnlty moro
ngreeablc to hlm. Wo wlsh ho could
Uvo untll hc had converted Pennsyl?
vanla to tho right wny of thlnklng and
acting on political questlons, nnd,
jttdglng from the very bad record that
State made on Tuesday. that would he
forever. Mr. AVrlght has tlie satlsfac
tlon of knowing now that If he have
heen worklng among a selflsh and stlff
neckcrt pcnple, they believe ln hls doc
trlnes, oven If they do not follow him
nt the polls.
HOW MT_>- SHOULD DRESS.
We mny now resumo our study of
the latest fashions for men?always an
interestlng subject wlth Uiose of us
who llke to keep hp wlth tho stylos.
Wo nro indebtcd to The Haberdasher
and to the New .York Evenlng Sun, a
j Fashion Journal of the sccular order,
. so to* say, for such lnformntion upon
I this topic as we have not evolved from
j our own Inner artistlc sense. It will
I surprlse, and doubtless paln, some of
I the youngor fellows, who liave just
finished paylng for these articles of
dress, to know that gray ties and
waistcoats are no longer .|uitc the
j thing, although gray, shadow-strlped
j cloths, with velvet plpings for the swal
low tail and jacket, are not inconslst
| ent wlth the demands of fashion.
"Tucked ovcnlng shirts nre Bhapcd and
lined. Tatcnt pumps are proper."
Satin blnding Is permlssible on an ln?
formal walstcoat. Last wlnter, lt wlll
be recalj-d, the swallow tnil and thc
evenlng Jacket wore of u gray, self
strlped fabrle, and ln unflnlshed black
worsteds there was a gray shadOW
Thc evenlng clothes thls season are
to bo moro ornamental than heroto
fore, and while it Is to he expected, of
course, that some of the more adven
turesome wlll indulgc in loud effects,
wearlng whlte gloves with loungo
j suits, for cxample, and square-cornercd
i wlng collars with swallow tail coats,
I tho convention.il man must regard the
j requlrements of hls tailor nnd appeat
] only ln sliadow-stripe.l evenlng clothes,
.'with velvet pipings.
No man is harnessed properly whe
! wears a Tuxedo coat on formal occa?
slons. White gloves are not neeessar}
at dlnners for the men and are always
J ln the way of the women.
"We nre told by tlie Evening Sun
that "there was a tailor once whe
never tried to iinpose any new wrinklc
on hls customers; who always cut *en
iu 'the old?tlie dlstlngulshed way'
who never got any cloths which woult
friglitrn a trolley _ar or stop a dyna
1110; who never urged hls patrons tr
have braid whero braid had nevet
been bofore." But this tailor is dead
He originally llved ln Charleston, antl
flburtshe'd tliere untll the young met
of the latest gencratlon bogan to im
ngine they were wiser than their fath?
ers, and that in thls free ancl lnde?
pendent country there is no law whlcl
would compel them to conform to an>
of the regulatloiiB made at the "Slgt
of the Goose."
We must say that we do not ilk<
very much the suggestion of stripe.*
for those of the sterncr sex who foi
low the fashion. There is a suggest
iveness about stripes that appears t<
ho inconsistent with the full enjoy
ment of festivities of one sort am
another which many persons canno
afford. It speaUs well, however. fo
the reslllcncy of the people of ou
great country that thoy can turn si
jrea.llly from the active work of cinch
ing the .rooks to thc cotislderation o
j issucs so Intlmately connccted witl
j the ordlnary life ln Its most impressive
if hot most desired, development.
THE JLETTEH KlMBTH.
Dissatlsfactton wlth tho tochnica
J loopholes of the law is general. Man:
i recent cases which have turnei
| on quibhles so us to defeht Justlce hav.
j quickened the march of legal reform
| Throughout thc natlon the press 1
j attaeklng the technical decision of th
courts, especially in eriminal case?
Many of thcsc casos wero decided con
j trary to reason because of tho omls
! sion of some unimportant word.
i The dcflnlte articlc "the" has bee
? less questloned than any com
j mon word in general legal us<
It would seem thal lhe ver
dolinlteiness of the word woul
' .any wlth it tho lmpllcatlon that n
ambigulty could bc afflxed to it. bu
such is far from being tho case. Thev
are on record many clvll and crimlna
cases ln which this word has furnishe
tlie reason for deciding tho case.
Iis omission from legal document
has often con founded courts and move
them to set free men notorlously guilt
and let them go unpunlshed. Hand
steeped In human blood have appoalo
successfully fof freodom becauso of th
neglect to place thls word in c-rimln.
The latest issue of "Thc Dockot
'Untntentlonally dropping it froi
technical legal phraaes has brougl
forth declslons thnt have been heraldi
over thn land. and ln clarlon calls hav
signaled tlio -orwnrd maroh of refori
in crlmlnal procedure. Tho dignity (
great and powerful States luis hoe
slightcil, und they havo been huniblc
and almost shorn ot thelr arrogaj
pride. Whole communitles have bee
sflrred almost to tlio point of shakln
thelr lists in the faco at the law an
denling out deservert Justice to u crin
| inal reloased because a tho, un lnipoi
] tant nnd css.ntial tho, was oureloss!
omiiicd from the conclus'on of un ii
The reports ol the Suprome Court l
Mlaaourl furnish u declslon where tl
ptulssion of t,lio deilnlte. urtlcle worki
great Injustlcn. rn ti.is case thore wns
an.- Indlctment for n hclnous crime
drnwn up ln due form, except thal tlie
nrtlalo "the" was omltt.cd In tho Cort
Rt.ltiit.onal phrnsc, so ns m read
"agalnst the peace nnd dlgnlty of
Slate." Tho Mlssourl Cenatlttttlon ro
qulren that all Indlctment. shall con
clude "agalnst tho peace and dlgnlty
of thc State." Becauso Ihls word wns
loft onL the Supreme Court qiinshod
the Indlctment and set llie prisoner at
llberty. The chlef reason asslgned wifa
that by the omlsston of the rtcflnlto
article, ?no particular State was re?
ferred to, and thore was, therefore, an
absolute fallurc lo name thc powor or
.lurlsdlctlon ngalnst whlcli the ciimo
was commltted. lt mado no dlfferenco
whether the court knew what was ln
Icndcd or not, or that the questlon wns
concerning a more matter of form.
Thls "technlcal nnd nialhematlcal"
obedlenco to tho provlsion ?f the Mls?
sourl Constltutlon has been upheld in
several other docislons In thc samo
Stat". One of theso wns agalnst cer?
tain St. Louls grflftcrs, whose Indlct?
ment was slmllarly qunshed. In twn
crlmlnal cases the Texns courts con?
curred ln thc Mlssourl view.
The Court of Appeals of Oklahoma
has taken the ccjntrary judlciai posl?
tlon. In a slmllar case where the
word "the" was omltted from the cap
tlon "The State vs. John Doe." the
court ruled that thls formal defect was
not tatal to the Indlctment. Thc Okla?
homa court departed from thc benten
Path of reasonless precedent and de?
clared tliat lt would dlsregard pre
i cedents 'whlch were found "iti the rub
blsh of Noah's Ark," and whlch havo
outllved thelr us'efulness, lf, Indeed,
they ever had any. As "The Docket"
polmts out, thls declslon accords so
much wlth the renl justic-c- of the case
that It should bc followed rather than
Iho "eye for an oyc: nnd tooth fov a
Tho Oklahoma court believcs ln thn
Serlptural Injunctlon, "Tlie letter of
the law killeth, but the spirlt glveth
life." It lays down Us line purpose
for thc .iudiclal policy of tli'' new State
when It says: "Now tliat our crlmlnal
jurispruden.e ls in its formatlve period
wo are determined to do all ln our
power to put lt on the broad n(.d sure
foundation of reason and justiee."
Oklahoma has often been Indlcteii
fnr the faddlsh aspect nf eertaln pro?
vlslons ln Its Constltutlon, but the law
of the new member of the sls'orhood
of States wlfl bc abovo crltlclsm, if
it contlnue to be admi .istored ns it is
now. lf there were more courts Ilke
that of the l.st resoii in Oklahoma,
there woulcl be less popular Uissatls
factlon and murmurinp agalnst tho de
c-lsions of courts where technlcallty is
made paramonnt to substantial justiee.
The true conceptlon of law is that
it. should be the perfection of justiee.
COMMON GHOI \l?.
Now that the mlsts of partisan bat?
tle have cleared away, Democrats and
Republlcans allke can rcsume the good
work for =jood roadii whlch was in
terrupte. by thc advent of political
campalgns, locnl. State, and National.
Upon this great reform mon of all
polltlcal fnlths can agrco and wlll
agree. For, when accomplishcd, the
good roads reform wlll yleld beneflt to
all members of the community and wlll
make for the interest of all allke.
Tho Washington Times makes a
statonicul whloh ls especially opportune.
It declares that there ls little doubt
that the Soiuh Is at the present pro
| gresslng more rapidly Un the dlrectlon
of good roads than any other part of
thls natlon. and that Just at present
the South is bulldlng moro good roads
thnn any other section. If the present
rate hc kept up lt wlll not be at all
j surprislng if ihe South outstrlp all.
other parts of tho United States in
achieving thls spldndid reform. _
Tlie Times l.ascs its predictlon and
Its statements on reports received from
motorists traverstng the South ln their
cars. These people aro greatly de
llghted over tho work that has been
done and tho work that ls belng done.
"Thc New York to Savannah route for
automohiles is said to be attractlng
thousands of tourists, and the peoplo
lin the country and small towns along
the route are rcaplng a.harvest from
thc wealthy travellers, whp choose thls
method of scelng tho South and
(raverslng it," asscrts our contem?
This news shoul. furnlsh stlmulating
incentive to thoso who are contcm
platlng practlcal work along tho lln.
of good roads. Tho Predcricksburg
Star well says ln thls connectioin:
"Thla tmmedlato country ls or ought
to be Interested ln the AVashington to
Rlchmond route, and the county au
thorltles of Prince William, Stafford,
Carollne, and l.anojver should seo .to
lt that the roads most sultable for this
route ln thelr respectlve countles are
improved alnd mado passablo, whlch ls
not the case at thls tlmo. Spotsylvania
has already recognized the necesslty
of action and has acted, hut these
other countles do not seem to reall.e
the money that theso Improvements
would bring- into thelr connnes. Wlth
a good automoblle road from Wash?
ington to Richmond thousalnds of tour?
ists would pass over It, stopplng at
various polnts along tlie , Hne; the
country would be dovcloped, farms Im?
proved and a general bettorment wouid
? if PUc('' Wo tluat that thls matter
win ho taken up und something dono
along the Hne suggested."
The suggestlolns of our "fijredorlcks
hurg contemporary aro as true as the,y
aro tlmoly, and *,vq hope wlll soon ha
acted upon favorahly. .If the South be
tho banner section of the natlon i_
eood roads constructlon, th'en surely,
trom hlstorlcal and othor consldera?
tlon., Vlrglinla ought to bo the banner
Stale in this great reform.
Let the good work of\ good roads
Thero wlll hc a hundred Doinocrati
ln tho Connoctictit Leglslature; but no
enough to clcoi anybody to anythlng
as ihe llepublicaris are sald to havo bo
tween slxty and scventy majorlty 01
jolnt ballot, Wo supppao that tht
iiit'inis tho oloctlon of Cloor&re MeU.ai
to bo Unltod States Senator, and ho wll
bo so niu.h better than Bulkeloy tha
we aro almost wilUng to .orylvo hln
tlie only roally mean thlng wo ever
knew him to do, nnd thnt was hln
speocli at Brldgeport In which he snld
thnt he would rather havo Btilkeloy
than any Demecrat. Wo don't bolieve
llmt ho incinnt It ln hl. heart; but hn
sald It, and now llmt It in all ovor he
ought to take lt back. We believe ho
would tako it back if lt wore not for
tlie evil Influence of tho Ilart.ord Cour
nnt, which has not boen keeplng up
to the scratch sinco It gavo up tho
rleo dlet. "Ooorge" wlll havo the op?
portunlty a llttlo later to prove what
a valuable member of tho' Senato ho
cnn be when the questlon of Improv
Ing thc .Tnmes Hlvcr. for cxample.
comes up for conslderatlon and?an ap?
"Don't fllnch, don't foul; hit tho line
hard." Such was the advice of a no
torlous Harvard man to a boys' school
ln Washington a fow years ago.
lt. was good advice. Tho people of
New York, New Jersey, Connoctieut.
Ohio, Massachusetts, lowa, Indlana and
some other States and districts turned
it to good account on Tuesday.
Has anybody seen Anglin? He was
running for Congress against Parsons
nnd Saunders th. last time wo hoarfl
Jeffrles Is trying to come back wlth
the Btatoment that he was "dopca."
No one wlll believe such a "dope story"
It looks as lf Massachusetts may yet j
Th. Colonei Is a mlghty poor -intcr
ference runner, to use a football phraso.
rtoger Sherman Hoar, who ls Just
twenty-tlireo and not through collego
yet. was elected'a member of tho Mos
saohusetts Sonate. Democrat, of course.
but how's that for a more stripling.
Belongs to the old rtepublican famlly
of Hoar, but "lnsurged."
Henry Watterson brought out a
whole .-oopful of stall-fed chickens in
thc Loulsvllle Courlor-Journal on Wed?
nesday, and they were all crowing ln
concert as thoy had inot crowed be?
fore for golng on fifteen yenrs. The
exhibit must have beon very surprlslng
to tho peopio ot Kentucky, many of
whom had forgotten exactly the party
cmbletn. It was a dangerous thlng for
"Marse Henry" to do wlien he must
know that there aro a great many
chleken thlevos hanglng around all the
time. Got^to be mlghty careful these
times when the cost of living Is so
hlgh and good poultry is so sc'arce.
The Brlstol Herald-Courler made a
magnificent fight for Stuart, a much
stronger and more effective one than
any other newspaper In the dlstrlct or
In tho districts touchlng on the Ninth.
Our congratulatlons to the Herald-j
i.'ourier?ror. to parapnrase Ktpnng.
?'Here's to you, you're a first-elass fight- j
If Vice-President Anna Blount. or^
tlie Chicago Equal Suffrage Assocla-I
tlon, had pnly gone to Lynchburg to!
spend the summer. the lion-hearted ad-j
vocate of the proposed amendments on
tho Lynchburg News would never have]
written a word. Mrs. Blount and
one against the News Is a majority.
Talk about cannlbal war songs, hut!
did you hear those Medical Collego of
Virginia rooters on Wednesday? They
wore rattling out a chorus at tho gamo
with the Universlty College of Medl-!
cinc something like thls: "Saw 'em up, j
cut 'em up, blow 'em up. tear 'em up,
just so you do 'em up!" That's what
comes of carving up "stiffs."
The highly esteemod Clarke Courler
tells us "we hope some timo to see the
ostnblishment of a tax commission
whlch will equalize and adjust the
present fatilty assessments." Now, do
tell, don't they know about the now T.
C. up there at Berryvllle?
The Henry Bulletin must bo glven a
whole lot of thp cre.dtt for Parsons's
defeat and Saunders's vlctory. lt never
let up on the Great Handshaker.
AVith hls comforting whispcr, hls sott
tread, his guin-shoelng propenslty, we
hope that John M. Parsons, lato Can?
dldate for Congress iu the Flfth, will
take our advice and adopt undertaklng
as a professlon.
There ls now no dangeu of a ninety
day sesslon of tho Goneral Assembly.
0!?the speeches that mlght have been
that are never to be uttered?and we
aro not a bit sorry.
One of the strongest advocates of a
ntnety-day sesslon of the General As?
sembly was tho dlstlngulshed cltlzen
who declared at the last sesslon that
lt would tako Just tlftoen days for hlm
to present his case to one of the'legls?
The Now York corporations wlll no
longer slng gleefully that popular bal
lad entltled "Over on the Jersey Side."
Says George Bailey in the Houston
Post: "Now, brethren, we'll slng that
good old hiymn, 'if I Had a Thousand
Votes to Vote.' " Yes, you would prob?
ably vote thom against Cone Johnson,
after sprlnging hlm on the couintry as
tho one groat man of the first quarter
of the Twentleth Century ln Texas.
McNinch thought he was runnlng for
Congress in tho Mecklenburg Dlstrlot
of North Carolina; but tho electlon re?
turns proved that lic was really tiot
ln thc raco. McNinch was in favor of
ship subsldles, Mr. Taft should make
a note of this; hc is said to bo In favor
of thls schomo of building up tho shlp
builders. Wo gavo hlm sound advl.o
on tho tarlff blll, but he wouldn't take
lt. and ho knows what happened on
Tuosday. Whon ho wrltes hls messago
lt would ho well for hlm to think of
Job Hodges, of Now Y'ork, ought to
bo very proud of what he did to "thls
Klng busi'ness" lu the recent cam?
For the mother in tbe home to ba
strong and well, able to devote hot
tlmo and strength to the rearing of
chlldren, ls one of llfo'a greatest
blosslngn. Often the bearlng of
chlldren injnres the mother's health,
if she has not prepared her system
in'advanco for tho Important ovont.
Womon who use Mother's Friend are saved much of the discomfort and sufforlng
so common wlth expectant mothers. It ls a penotrating oll that thoroughly litbri
caton ovory mttsclo, nerve and tendon involved at such times, and thus promotes
physical eomfort. It aids naturo by expanding the skin and tlssuos and per
fectly proparcu the system for tho
coming of baby. Mother'b Frlond
nssures a quick and natural recovery
for every woman who uaos it. It ls
for salo at drug stores. Wrlto for
free book for expectant mothers.
BEADFIELD REQULATOE OO.,
Daily Queries and Answers
Address all communlcatlon. for this column to Ouery Edltor,
Times-Dlspatch. No mathematlcal problems will be .ofved, na coin.
or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be given.
To li.tnove Gloaii.
Please let mo know, through your
Query Column, how to remove tho
gloss from trousers. READER.
CiIobs and shlne may bo removed
from garments by rubblng emory pa?
per against tho fabrle hard enough
to ralso tho nap. This wlll not In
Juro the goods and wlll greatly Im?
prove the appearance of thu garment.
making It look as good as new. Prob
ably tx reader can suggest something
(liinliucntlou- <>f Clty School Board.
I. along wlth others, am Interested
to know what educatlonal trainlng and
LORD DE VON AGAIN ON
HIS FINANCIAL FEET
nv i.a rtiAiKirrsi: de kontbnoy.
LOP.D DEVON, who ls now engaged
In selling all his property In the
"Llmerlok town of Newcastle, of
which he has been hltherto the
princlpal ownor, and who has managed
during the past two years to dlspose
of some Su.OOO acrc3 else whero ln the
country to his tenants under the Irlsh
land act, haa b.-.-n placed thereby onco
more on hls flnanclal feet, hls eari
dom having been greatly lmpovcrisheit
by the twelfth carl, who sc.uandored
nearly all hla fortune and terrlbly em
barrassed llie entalled property! Ilo
was addlcted to a most pecullar form
of gambllng, n.mely. thnt of splder
radJng, whlch hc nlaycd with the last
Marcjuis of Hastings and the elghth
Duke of Bedford. Each player selected
a splder. whlch was placed upon the
table, and then the latter was gonlly
heated from iindcrneath. The warmth
caused the Insect to run. and the
spider wlib h got to the edge flr.it. won.
But splder.-: are curlous creaturcs, and
lt would frequently happen that a
sjilder whlch was near the edge and
looked like winnlng would double
back, traverse the table In all direc?
tlons, and lose l^fl backer the thousands
of pounds so nearly won.
Lord Devon, Lord Hastings and the
Duke of Bedford each of thein squan
dered enormous sums on thls game,
which contrlbuted ln no small degree
to the ruln of the two former. Thls
twelfth oarl was twice b.-tnkruptcd. und
his cousin, thc thirteonth carl, and thc
latter'3 grandson, the present and four?
teenth holder of the pecrage, have been
compelled to rent thelr incestral homes,
whlch lnclude Powderham Castle, near
Kxeter. and Walreddon .Manor. near
Tavlstock, both ln Devonshlre.
The present carl has for some time
past made his headquarters ln Ireland.
near Newcastle, ln County Llmerlok.
whlch, together wlth Its boaut'fut
park, he has o.cluded from thc sale
of thc rcmalndcr of hls Llmerlck prop?
orty, and Is retalnlng ln hls own
hands. The late and thirteenth earl
was. Indeed, dependent upon hls stlpend
as a village rector, whilo hls son and
heir, tho father of thc present earl,
earned hls llvlng as an Inspector of
the Government Board of Agrlculturc;
an oftice which brought hlni in about
$4,000 a year ln salary. The present
ear] served through thc South Afrlcan
War, and showed a good deal of sense
by declinlng, after hls father's death,
io assumc the latter's courtesy title of
Lord Courtcnay. belng known as "Mr.
Courtenay" untll hls grandfather's de
mlse left him no alternatlvo but to
assume the dlgnlty of Earl ef Dt-von.
His people, and especially hls father,
the la.to Lord Courtenay, wero put to
no end of trouble atid annoyance somo
years ago by thc frauds of a swlndlef
in thls country, who pansed hlmself off
everywhere as Lord Courtenay, and
who, possesslng well bred manners anel
appearanee, aucceeded 'n borrowlng
large sums of money from peoplo who
entertained him here, whlch they sub
seciuently endeavored to recovor from
poor old Lord Devon, that ls to say,
from thc late earl.
There are many people who are ot
the opinlon that Lord Dcvon holds hls
earldom by virtue of an error perpe.
trated by the great Lord Brougham.
It seems that in tho patent creatlng
the present Earldom of Courtcnay,
dated 3rd September 1353, granted by
Queen Mary, the customary words of
"de corpore suo" woro through some
error omltted ln the phrase detlnlng
the descent of the honor, so that it
was mado to read "et heredibus snis
masculls ln perpetuum." In thls way
the patent came to read as "to hls
heirs male forever," lneluding hls col
laterals. Instead of only "to the heirs
male of hls body."
Thls tirst Earl of Devon ot the pres?
ent creatlon wns an extremely hand?
some youth, and owed llls peerage to
the fact that Queen Mary had fallen
in love wlth him. He. however. sllght
ed her for tho sake of hor slster, Prln?
cess (afterwards Queen Ellzabeth), and,
dlscovered 'n _ consplracy to place tho
lutter on the throne ln Uou of Queen
Mary, he was sent to tho Tower, and
only escaped decapltatlon through the
Interventlon of Phillp of Spain, through
whose influence, on the occaslon ot
tho marriage of Queen Mary tn the
King, ho was restorod to llberty.
Devon loft England, and dled In exlle
at Padua, unmarrled, and his earldom
was thereforo supposed to have bo
But ln 1831, that ls to say, 275 years
Later, the earldom was clalmod by Wil?
liam Courtenay, third Viscount Courte?
nay, of Powderham Castle, near Exo
ter, on tho ground that he waa de
scended from one of the collaterals. ol
that Earl Devon who had heen thc
lover of Prlncess Ellzabeth. The claitr
was prcsontcd" to the Commlttee ol
Privilcges of the House of Lords. whlcl
allowed Uself to be wrbngly advlsed b>
it. presSdlng ofllcer, tho flrst Loi'C
Brougham, then Lord High Chancellor
who knew absolutely nothlng aboui
peerage law, and by the then Attor
n.y-Gonoi-al, Slr Thomas Denman, whe
knew still less. The crown thereupon
on the recommeneli\tlon of tho Com?
mittee of Prlvlleges, o? Lord Higl
Chancellor Brougham and of Attorney
Genoral Hlr Thomus Denman, . revlvee
the Earldom Of Devon ln favor ol
William."Viscount Courtenay, and onct
thls had been done the revlval of tht
honor and tlie summons of tho crowr
issued to Wiilllam Courtenay as Earl
of Dovon of tho croatlon of 15D3 couli
not be revoked.
When, however, somo tlmo aftor
wards tho late Colonel Scrope, ' oi
Danby, clalmed tho Eiirldom of Wlltes
on preelsely slmilar ground., that h
to say, of collatoral doscont, owlns
to. tlio omlsslon of tho words "de
corpore suo" from thopatont, the Com
mlttoe of Prlvlleges of tho Houso o:
Lords, ? advlsed by another Lord Higl
Chancellor and by another Attorney.
Genoral, rojeoted tho claim, on thi
ground that thoLatln phraseology of tlu
patent, Uablo under any olt'oumstance;
to dliTereiii con.tructlons, could no
higher school experience or associa?
tion, each member of our Rlchmond
City School Board has enjoyed, whlch
pecullarly quallftos hlm or them for
tho Importnnt trust thoy havo ln hand.
From some of tho school books I see
chlldron lugglng home. I am afrald
thnt somo pooplo havo scant concep
tlons of what la practical, wholesome,
valunblo educatlon. "What crcdentlals
havo these gentlemen? CYRUH.
Why not address a personal letter
to tho Clty Superlntendent of Schools
on thls matter? "Wo cannot enter lnto
a detalled descrlptlon of the officers
in tho limlted space we have here. Con
troverslal questlons havo no place In
? this department.
be hold to cover eoilat.ral de.cent. a
It would thereby be creatlng a new
form of Inherltance and success'on to
peeragos; that the man who had drawn
up thc letters patent had erred ln
omlttlng the worda "de corpore suo,'
ahd that nelther thc crown nor tlie
government could he bound by the nil?
take of a mere clerk.
Wlllle the peerage of the present
Earl of Devon is held qulte legltlmutely,
through what lias nevertheless been
recognized as havlng beon a legal er.
ror, it cannot bo denied that the
Courtcnays are pnssessed of the blue. t
blood in England. Tliey carry bnck
thelr history to a time when even the
Howard- and tho Ncvllles were un?
known, and have Intermnrried with
many a royal house. From the relgrr
of Klng Robert of France, the Barons
of Courtenay, a, place about slxty mlles
sonth of Paris. woro Immediate vas
sals of the crown. Thc hlstorlan Glb
ljon describes them as having taken
part ln the earlier crusades, one of
them actually conquoring for him.clt
a prlncipality on the shorcs of the
Euphrates. from whlch hls aon was
dlspossessed by the Turks.
Reglnald de Courtenay, the flrst to
settle in England. had among other
Ipsue a daughter Elizabeth, upon whom
he bestowed all his French property
on her wedding Prince Pcter of France.
son of Klng Louls le Gros. Prince Petev
; also took the name of Courtenav upon
hls marrliige. and lils son marrying
Yolande. duught. r of that Baldwln.
j Count of Flanders. the flrst of th<
iCrusadcr or so-called **I__tln" Em
| porors of Constantlnople. became ruler
, of the Byzantlne Emplre ln hi? turn.
i and was followed by three other
I Courtenay Empcrors before they wero
; driven out of Constantlnople by the
iGiveks nnd tlie dynasty of the Pale
j ologes established on thc Byzantln.
i throne In their stead
I The son of Sir Reglnald de Courto
I nay was marrled by Henry II. of Eng?
land to a great Devonshlre hcires*,
and wns created Viscount of Devon.
I Governor of thc Castlo of Exeter and
I-ord of Oakhatnpton.
The Hiifrh do Courtenay and Lord
Oakhampton of the rolgn of Edward
III. was created Earl of Devon by that
monarch; *_.nd the second earl marrled
a granddaughter of Edwurd I.. greatly
dlstlngulshing himself at the battle of
i Crecy, and wns one of the founder
! knights of the Order of the Gartcr,
| The slxth Earl of Devon was beheaderi
i by Edward IV. after the battle of
! Towton. The seventh earl was bc
I hoaded at Salisbury, and the elghth
! earl, as well as hls cousin and helr.
[fell at thc battle of Tewksbury. The
! ninth earl married Catherlne Planta**:
j enet, daughter of Klng Edward IV.
iHis son was promoted to the Mar
I quisato of Kxeter, but incurred tho
llll wlll of Henry VIII.. who sent him
j to the scaffold and attalnted his honors.
i It was his son Edward who remalned
In prlson throughout the relgn of Ed?
ward VI.. who was created Earl of
j Devon by "Bloody" Mary, and who was
the first holder of the Earldom of
Devon of tho present creation.
I (Copyright, 191.., by the Brentwood
Voice of the People
C.__-_____e*t.oai muat not __?
taln more than 30. trorda.
When ____ Un-.lt la e_c_ed?d lat?
ter* wlll ba returned.
No nnon.-moua eommnnteatlona
will be accepted.
A. stamped envelope, rHth _k_
wrlter'a addreas, unit aocoropnnr
Will the TarhcelH Clalm lt.
To the Edltor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Slr.?So VVellmun landed at Cape
Hatteras. Well-men. I tell you. Now.
although it was not at Cape Lookout,
but look out if North Carolina lu
after years, whon aviation of the seas
is a. falt acconipli. will not .claim
that the first successful one was at
Hatteras. Soniothlng llke unto the
tlrst settlement and that MocklenburK
DeclarajMon. C. M. W.
Make this Bank Your Bank
State and City
OF RICHMOND, VA.
??* .'? -j
Capital . . $1,000,000.00
Surplus .*? . $ 600,000.00
WM./H. PALMER, Prealdent
JOHN S. ELLETT, Vice-Pre-ldent,
WM, M: HILL, Vlco-President.
J, W. SINTON; Vlce-Preeldent
JULIKN Ii HILL, Cashier.
Three per n*nt, pei* iiiiiuim lut.rcxt
?Huivcil on _avtn_a Depoalta, oom
-loiinileri every -tx months.
xml | txt