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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, November 26, 1910, Image 4

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DAILY?WE_KhT--._t.XDAT,
Hfcr ? -..-.7" ' ?__??
fXluslness Otflce....S13
jj!~c,uth mehmona.
IPaurjbiirj Hureau.,..10? N.
tLynchlfcrg Burenu.;
BY MAIL.. One
POBTAOK PA1D. Tear.
Dally with Sunday.|6.W
? Dally wlthout Bunday... 4.W
r- i . lay edltion only. 2.0c
fJvVcckly (VVfldnoiday).... 1.00
By Tlmc.i'Olspalch Carrlcr Dollvory Ser
fvlce In Itlciimond (nnd suburbs) and Pcters
i bur_?
One Week.'
i Dally with Sunday.14 cenu
I Daily wlthout Sundny.10 conts
l_u_ilay only. 6 cents
Entered january 27, 1?03,
Ma second-clas* matter u
ffrcts of March 3, 1S7_?
rtlchmond. Va., i
er act of Con
n.-ite In having
.. tlmes. The
.-. with yellow
all hands, wlth|
tons of French
ln the jungles,
nado In Culebra.
to how we wero j
irospect was not I
? 1 lt
md
"WHAT 3111, TAVT S.VII).
All that Mr. Ti.lt s?.d in hls speech;
?-t the luncheon glven i<> him ln Kicb-!
naond about tho cost of the Panama!
Canal was as follows:
"I have been fortu
jjlsfced the lsthmim :,
first tlme I wpiii tl.
?rver and malarlu 1.:
nothing' but the sk.
tnachinery, haU-burird
?with a cut only l ircl
And with no plan.'- ??
|o bulld the canal. the ;
lnapirlng.
"The questlons of houslng the em?
ployes, of feedlng tkevn and ke.-pinc
them ln health, which were, rlfe durlng
my second. thlrd and fourth ^
have dlsappearcd. 1":-' iv is iv
fever, and there hn ???' !?< ? n
three years. Tho. r.-' 1
duced to a point -,'.?? rr it i- 1.'
Kood is furnlshod .>i ? prlcr lo-.
ln thls country ai. tl-.? _>'V. imio
mlssary, which ilH wr: ihe 1
lee'at jtha doors of its patron
?vvorltirig-men are eomfortab
pleasafttly houf-od nnd f'.d. Tncy have
clubs pn tho form ??? Young Men ?
Christlin ABSOclati":-, '?.is-'-'S at vnrl-?
ous pdlnts ou the .Isthni'is. and the lile
ln th* troplcs ls made as pleasant as
posaille to those who aro dolng tho
Tvorl*
"Tifieir wages are i;'il:e : e: 11 d
thl.r.? recelved in the United St tes,
and we could not Justify to those who
are. Interested ln the government ihe
ainount of those wages wero lt not for
the fact that work in tho tropics, un?
der the best conditions. Is attended with
a nervous straln, a los* of nervo
strength and a recurring perlod of de
spondency?I think the doctors call lt
nostalgla?that takes the llfe of the
men and leacb them to leave th. work
and go where they can get mu< h less
wages lf only they can breath< tln at
mosphere of the temperate 7.0110.
?'What the Amerlcan people want, it
\ -_derstanrl it. ls the prompt comple
rion\f the canal, and <they are willlng
to nay i>r it."
These wers his words. as taken down
th oflii .-t'.nograpner at the tlme
?n. and <-cnt by the.
Klated Pr&ss to the newspapera
-? elving Its reports. lt was a per
? tly slraple tud dlrect statement. and
suftieet only to' mlsreprescntatlon and
SnlsconstructloiW by u dlshonc-st mind,
latally bent on mlschlef. The te_t of
ivhat the Presldent actually saitU.ls
?jploduced here for the information of
hoie who would like to know the truth
?atlier than to he fed on falsehood.
:at-VL WAGES FOR Bdl-A- WOBK.
'Colller's TYoelcly- is taklng notlce
iow of the woman suffrage movement,
nd observes that it "has two souild
_e;iiods of advance: one is State by
Jtate, and in addlng Washington to
our other.s it makes substantial prog
c-.-s; the- other method is to begin, ln
.lore conservatlve States, with tlie mu
ilclpal suffrage, which is the more
mportant and the one most nearly
eiated to the work which women
eretofore have done. It is much more
ffec' *_i-e~-}'i- .tlii;i--?ijy housekeep
To-da
Jnce
rcad>
make
Ing, .'
wltl-.
Bee
lth which
. I ?
o-day.'-,i jhat\women have
,l is.,i;> ihan? V '-^4,0 ^eel'
ic upper atmc/sphere
; oppresslon."
ng, und, strangc to
Colller's, it ls true.
many wrongo to bo
!i meetings as we
In Richmond this
iia Educational Oon
-,.-t some reflectlng
houi the inequality
id v.-oi?en aro troat
m of teaching. East
.01. 17,000,000 puplH
011 schools in ll"
iey wero taught by
:;t 902 women, who
;,-. 1 ln salarles, b>
rt of which amount
x There ought to
x al work, and that
xing the compen
. :ors. The men are
lid more than tlu
>ls of
dhted
won
Iricri
who
raliw
ld cos
10 sald
rlQ tO 1
on
a bili was Introduced lu|
ik L islature for equal
nen ii d women employed
s\?w York City. The
commlsslon to ln
tive cost of living of
chors, and a prelim
late in December,
?r that' "to raise the
1 to equal thoso ot
;e the stipond of lho
n who now receive
wlthout aldlng the
elve tho loweat; to1
? salarles of all wo-j
11,000,000 a year; to
s of the men would
vo tho schools. The
fuvfgested. therefore, a
Lse for ali women teach
hntial lncreape tor those
,i,..s willi'-'Ut m.I. rciice
.,( the uisii."
' 'iikc tlio'iueii. V. hy dld
ot Inqwiro also into the
the rrienV Slmply be
1 run inakc m er llieir
and ticrlini> ls no roa
iq:ii who are employed
the State should be
i'i olmbly the com
umiiy ol UiV expeQtieQ
that nrc not necessary to thelr hoftlth
fu1. rxl.atenc.e, nnd by nscortalnlng th"
len?t thal the rnen could llve on, huve
idod-J.esr. compcnsnllon for
i-'crt' linderetand, howover, tho
eacnera have no wlsh to r<
pay of tho mon, whlch Is little
ugh, I/caven knows! but only ti de
Hlre that tho women shall be troated
falrly In the wngos nald them for thelr
Bervlces, If tho women aro not iltted
to teach they should not be allowcd to J
teach: but thelr lltness hnvlng been I
provod more tlian three hundred thotis
nnd tlmes last your, they should bo
pjild equal wuges wlth tho men for
equal servlce.
Men ora beglnning to look at those
things wlth moro honcst eyes, anfl
thero ls a growlng demnnd that the
women shall havo a square deal. Tf ft
bo true that men would not ho wllllng
lo teach for tho wugen pald to women,
the. women havo it v.-ithlii thelr power
tc. compel tho sltuatlon. There are
three hundred thousand of them. and
If they should strlko ln a body for
better wages tho nchoOlB would close?
that is to Bay, ii' men could not bc
found to take thelr placcs. DoubtlesB,
however, o BUfhclent number of educa?
tlonal hoboes would bc found to step
in .cs the women Btepped out. Wo
would not, therefore, encourage a gen
ernl strlke among tho women teachors;
but we would lnslst on equal pay for
equal work.
There Ih much objectlon to woman
uffrage and to the agltatlon of the
questlbn; but it is a quention that must
be met in the moro conservativc aa
well as ln the newer States. Whether
i| shall come State by State or gradu
ally by the papture of one citadel aftor
another?ln school electlons, In munl
clpal altalre, in electlons on l>ond Is
Mllca?the queatlon ls comlng and must
bo settle'd,
A T.VLK OK TWO TRACHERS.
Two men wero seated ln one of the
parlor'a df the Westmtreland Club dur?
ing the noon hour yesterday. One was
a Northern man and the other a South?
ern man. Both wero Presbyterlans,
one a preacher and tho other a prac
tltloner, and both emlnent for tholr
work ln the cause of cducation. They
were talklng to each other about the
problems they have to solve, the dlfll
culties In the way. the ends to bo ac
compltshed and the means necessary to
tho success of the work they havo ln
hand. One of these teachers has upon
his soul the bullding up of a race out
of n twillght zone, and the other lfi
burnlng out his llfo seeklng tho in
tellectuni cxpanslon of the higher race,
wlth two thousand years of clvllization
behind it. One of these teachers wns
Dr. H. B. Frlssell. President of Hamp?
ton Institute, and tho other was Dr.
Edwln A. Alderman. President of the
Unlverslty of Vlrginia.
It wns a pleaslng thlng to see them
together, these two schoolmasters, in
tent only upon the service they might
render ln the republlc of letters in
whlch they are suncrowned and to
whlch they have pledged thelr llves.
Wo wish we knew exactly what they
\Vero saying to each other and could
roproduce ln thls place. the great
Bchemes they havo ln mlnd for the
larger growth of the cause commltted
to them atul to thelr fellows who are
engaged In the same high wor?. Thls
ls the sort of thlng that means some
thlng?these quiet little conferences
between men who aro In earnest, men
who havo no personal axes to grlnd,
who only wlsh to help ln buildlng up
the cltlzenship of this country, so that
every man ln lt will bo worthy of lt.
AN AMEXD.ME.NT TO THE PLAT
FORM.
The Vlrginian-Pilot calls our atten
tlon to the fact that in outllnlng the
subjects to be consldered by the State
Democratlc Convention we neglected
to inchuic the abolltion ot the feo
system. Thls is certainly n nmtter
on whlch the party should take a
deflnlte stand. and our eontemporary
is eorrect in tho oplnlon that Inad
vcrtencc on our part is responslblc for
tho omlRsion. . The Vlrglnlan-Pllot ls
also rlght when it declares" that ovcry
candidat'e for tho Legislaturo ought
to cpmmit Jilmself on this lasuc before
electlon.
A plank in the platform on this
abusc- would have the effect of unittng
Ihe party on thls matter. Tho fee
system is undeniocrutic and the Demo?
cratlc platform ought to doolaro tlvmly
agalnst it.
The system Is an abusc which grows
greati-r every year and it ought to be
destroyed.
STHAXGE 1.IGIIT IX CHICAGO.
"A strange llght" Is reported to have
been observed ln Chlcago the night be?
fore Thanksglvlng Day, and all the
BCientista have tiecn trylng to llnd out
what it ineant. lt meaut, of course,
thal Mr. Speaker Cannon was gottins
ready to eolebrate his re-electlon to
Congress, and we wlsh wo had been
there to joln him, not that wo thlnk
that he should have boen re-elected or
that he should havo been elected tho
llrst tlme he r:ui, or ever ugaln, but be?
cause hc ls one of the few men on tho
Republlcan slde who really stood up for
wl.ai ii belleves. "They say" that Mr.
Cannpn wlll make things mlghty In
terosttng for the so-called lnsurgents
during the rcinaliider of his term ns
, Bpeakor. and we hopo he wlll. The
' best way for him to do is to stand ln
I Wlth the Democrats. ile wlll lioed
them many a tlmo after Champ Clari;
taken i harge
TJiio oi.n sciiepi u: uestoukd.
Tht old echedulo on the .lames Rlver
Dlvlslon ui the Chosapeako and Ohlo
Rallroad h .- boen reatored, much to
the conveiiltnco of llia peoplo Hvlng
Dlong that line and to the Improveruont
of the mall service, thanks to President
I Stoveus, whu "seen his duty and done
lt," when tlu- nnwlsdnra or tho change
inadi ?? i ? "'i" c wiw demonslrated to
i,i -.iti.-i.i itlon.
? 'io-.it ;u c other BchtfduleH on ocher
juiltuudb hviit thiu pughl lo bc.
changed for the boriont of Rlchmond,
nnd if. Is hoped that tho commerclal
and Industrlal authbrltlcfl will take
them Up wllh gnod results. Rlchmond
In i. tolerauly big town, tho lnrgcst
und most proprcsslvo and most Inipor
intii town ln tho Htntc, and In servlng
the ronvcnlencc nnd buslness lntorests
of Its mernhants and manufacturcrn
the rallronds would be oervlng tho
convenlence nnd buslness lntorests ot
the cntlre State,
We shall take up the subject agnln ln
a larger way, but those few llnes are
only wrltten to assuro Brother Ste
vens that we nre looklng at him and to
thanlt him for having undono what he
nover should have done.
?'.MAiisrc iin.Miv" si.ii's iirs nnioi.i:
AGAIN.
n.nry Watterson has boen aaylng
thlngs nbout Qeorga llnrvey which we
allow no man?doesri't matter how
much wc love him and how loyally wc
follow him?to sny in our presence
Wlthout resontment. in rovlewing the
present Hituntion of tho. Democratic
party, as brought about by the rcccnt
clections, Harvey touched upon a somo
what similar state of affairs in 1802,
und cbserved that tho Democratic party
failed then, "partly because of thn
black fact of treachery ln Its own
ranks when the tlme of Its testing
came. Xgnoble mon, hnldlng Its liigh
plnces, betrayed their loador and their
cause." That is the truth, wrltten on
every pngc of the political hlstory of
thls country.- durlng the last elghteen
or twenty yoars.
Mr, Watterson agrees with Harvey ln
effect, for he says that "the prlmary
cause of the fallure was that the party
and the Admlnistration dld not Uvo up
to tho platforni on the faith of which
they had come into power." That is
partly true. but only partly truo. The
party was to blame. Tho Admlnistra?
tion was not to blame. Mr. Cleveland
dld not make tho Wilson bill. "lald ln
a morass and built on llnes of water,
as tho great Kcntueklan deserlbes lt.
lic dld not even approvo it; hc really
ought to have vetoed it; but it is worso
than nonsense that Mr. Cleveland was
In any sensc responsiblo for it or Its
fallure lo meet tho platform. Mr.
Cleveland ls out of the way now. He
has not been in politlcs for fourteen
years. Instead of trying to unload on
him the sins and stupiditles of the
party he twice led to victory, Mr. Wat?
terson ought to "get together" with
George Harvey and the rost of the boys
and forget so much of the past as he
does not remember.
THE LAWS DELAY.
The Hartford Courant narrates an
Interosting Instance of tne law's delay
ln thls country. On AVednesday thero
was ended ln the Now York Supreme
Court the fotirth trlal of an action
begun in 1S76. It was the concluslon
of the trlal, but not of the case.
There have been three trlals of the
case ln the Supreme Court, and the
case has once been in the Appellate
Divislon and once In the Court of Ap
peals. The lawyers thlnk that the
Court of Appeals will again hear the
case. In this last trial Justlce Gerard
remarked to Henry W. Taft. counsel
for the defendant, that the case mlght
well be clted to hls brother, the Pres?
ident, as an cxample of the law's de?
lay.
lf Mr. Tafi shall dovlso some way
of lessenlng the law's delay, that act
nlone will be enough to wln him tho
gratltude of the whole people of this
country.
THE XEW RUI.ES.
Statistics have not yet been obtained,
but it seoms safe to venture the asser
tlon that tho new football rules havo
made for n safer game. To a random
ooservor, n would appear that such is
the case, because tho newspapers have
carrled loss news thls year about ln
jurles und fatallties resulting from tho
sport.
Yet there ls an argument on the
positive slde, as to which there can be
no flgures. Two elements of the new
game stand out after thls senson of
trlal?the provlslon cutting the game
into quarters and the provision allow
ing a pl'ayer to be sent Into the game
again after he has been taken out.
The quarteiing of the game seems
to lessen the uso of the old-tlme drlv
ing, hammerlng, cndurance-testlng
play. The divislon has llkewise glven
players two additional perlods of rest,
which have had a most salutary effect.
Men have been less tlred by tho new
game, Thero ls less rlanger of fatlgue
and physical overwork.
The rulo alloyvlng players to be sent
out of the game and then allowed to
como back has simply meant that a
good man, tlred and temporariiy ex
hausted, has not been made to endure
physical torture In order that tne team
mlght not bo deprlved of hls servlces.
Ho can be taken out, restod, and put
in again, ln better physical shapo than
would otherwlse be tho case.
Tho game has not been improved for
tho spectator, but the good of the play?
ers has been protccted. The now rules
have had a bonellcial tendency.
There can be no doubt that In our
colleges athletlcs has wrested from
scholarshlp tho applause of tho
studonts. Ex-Govcrnor Montngue sent a
shaft straight homo yesterday, when
lic sald that too much promlnence is at
tnched to athletlcs ifi the colleges. That
is true, but we confess that we see no
indlcatlons of u reversal of popular
taste in thls dlrectlon. Tho Amerlcan
people llka to be thrllled, thrllled eus
ily and iiuiekly, und tftey-are unwllllng
lo loOK upon the scliomr as a tlirllUng
flgure. lt ls loo hard for them to see.
They want lho thrlll of rod-bloodod
men ptttlng their strength.against eacn
other, wrlthlng ln physical contests,
venturliijr Into danger, Thoy love a
ilglit; so dld their aiicustoi'H from tlmo
Imiuornorlal, The mon ln opllegea (mt
relleel ihe teinper of ihe people.. Tljoy
would go, il" lliey .'oul.l', tiiousn|rds oT
lillles lo i.ee a light ul ltcno, biu> they
could got _o . thoi'e to hear. _)r.-'Ellut
L__.
talk about good government or to be
lurod to sloep by tho marvelloufl ac
cent of Barrott Wondell.
The Amorlcan pooplo like to see e
flght, ijitt aa thelr Blres glorlcd ln
tho gamenesa ot gladlators. They llko
blood and brawn, thoy llko Bpoctacles
of physlcal strength, and, as Brother
Doolcy would say, "an' there yc are,"
DEAD BIICKS,
Commentlng on tho Btalemont or
the Phlladelphla Record that. the Su?
preme Court ls no plnco to take caro
of the beaten and oftentlmes dlB
crodltod men who havo failed of ro
clcction to Congress, and that lt 's all
well onough to put such men In tho
conanlnr or dlplomatlo servlce, tho
Vlrginla-Piiot says:
"It is not 'all well enough' to tako
caro of such mon even in the consular
service. Tho trouble wlth that servlce
ls now and .has long been tho ton
doney. lt not tlie rtile, to till It wlth
polltlcal 'dead ducks' or the worth
less rolatlves nnd henchinen of In
fluentlal polltlcal llve ones, to the 0X
cluslon of encrgetic mon of such trnln
ing and experlence as properly lit
them to dlschargo tho dutles of a
consular ofllcial."
Thls dlscusslon was brought about
by the rumor that Unlted States Sen
ator Thomas H, Carter. of Montana,
who has failed of re-electlon, is being
consldered by President Taft for tho
Unlted Statos Supreme Court.
There can be -no questlon of the
fact that there aro too many dead po?
lltlcal ducks ln government positlons
at the present tlme. Especlally ls this
true of the consular servlce, where
medlooro men are to be found In
plcnty. Somo one has well said that
"a statesman Is a dead polltlcian," and ]
this mlght be applled equally well to
many of our consular represontatlves. !
Able men are kept out of the servlce
by reaaon of the custom of appolnt
Ing unsuccossfui pollticlans. Just' be
causo ho ls not favored by tho eler
torate of Kokomo, Tndlana, or Crow
Uollow, x. C, a man is deemed to have
first claim on tho consulship to Xaples
or Bordenux.
We have never understond why the
failure of electlon on the part of any
man entltled him to appointive public
olllce. What he has done, not what
he has not done, ought to be the basls
of selectlon employed in the case of
candidates for such oflk-e. Polltlcal
defeat ought not to bo the sourco of a
rlght to public office.
A COX'SPICUOITS FAILURE.
The Knoxvllle Sentlnel declares that
tho Hon. Ilenry Cabot Lodge, of Massa
chusctts, has not measured to tho ex
pectations whlch were entertained of
him when he flrst entered the Unlted
States Senate. In thls vlew, we agreo
wlth our eontemporary.
Lodge has been In the Senate almost
flfteen years. His entrance rnto that
body was "halled as a ralnbow promiso
of purer polltics." He was then looked
on as the best and most useful type
of the scholar ln polltics. He had
writtcn "A Short History of the Eng
llsh Colonjea ln America," and from his
pen had como excellent blographies of
Wobster, Washlngton and Hamllton.
He had done other hlstorical and llter
ary work. Tv,-o terms of servlce In
the Massachusetts Leglslature. or Gen?
eral Court, as they call lt ln Boston,
and three and a half terms ln the
House of Ropresentutlves wero enough
to justify the assertlon that Lodge had
excellent experlence to start with. He
was young, he had done no great poll?
tlcal works, but the people looked up
on him as a potentlal statesman.
Lodge ls now over slxty years of
age. He has little to show for his
servlce in the Senate. For threo
terms he hus represented tho Old Bay
State there, but it cannot be said that
ho has taken any consplcuous part in
the statesmanlike actlons of that body,
nor will it be asserted that he has ever
mado a really great speech or handlea
himself wlth Bignal abillty in a do
bate. If the Amerlcan people recall
anythlng about him, it ia that he calls
the Colonel "Theodore" anj tho Colonel
calls him "Cabot."v.
Lodge has slmply stood to the eolors
that Aldrich has Ilauntod ln the faces
of the people of the natlon, The senlor
Senator from Massachusetts at all
tlmes awalts the orders of Prlvllege.
He has through all these years been
content to net as a boas of the Massa?
chusetts Leglslature, hold good com?
mlttee membershlps and deliver
speeches at conventlons wlth the ap
proved Boston accent. Ho has neg
lected hla opportunlties, he has wlth
cred the bttdding flower of hla youth,
he has been anythiug but a construo
tlvo statesman.
Cnmpalgn orators know that lf
they wlah to stir an audienee m
Massachusetts to "a demonstratlon
of contempt and lntenao dls
likc, thoy have but to mentlon the
name of Cabot Lodge. He has oon
trolled the Leglslature to such an ex
tont that lt hns been unable to paaa a
law allowlng electlon of Unlted States
Sduators by the people, a reform for
whlch the peoplo of Massachuaetts
havo long clamored.
Massachusetts will not mlss him k
he shall bo defcatod for re-electlon.
A TAX OX HOXESTV.
Abolition of the general tax on per
sonal property Is now being advocated
ln New York by no less a publlclst than
Mayor Gaj-por. Thls would aoem on
flrst thought to bo class legislatlon,
but the facts put. a dlfferent light on
tho questlon. InafeadTof being a re?
lief to the i-!eh man, the removal of thls
tax would he a help to the poor man.
The Amerlcan Mugazino has an
artjclo on this questlon whlch rebuta
tho common presuinption ihat tho ro
moval of this tax would bo ln tho In?
terest of tho rloh, Thls nrtlcle declares
that. tax nssesaors and colloctcrs havo
kiu?w,n.,iVr llfty or slxly years that tho
pe^apttai property tax ls unjust nnd
not VoVfi, while Roporta mado in
:Vcw-.'Voi'.k boforo tho w'ar Between tho
siaics, aiiti from that tinie on to tho
^>^Hl^4,vy^J.v.iiin_Uiih_iviuii ul' tax. TU&
Absolufely Pure
The only haklng powder
made from Royal Grape
Oroam of Tartar
NoAlum.NoUme Phosphate
general tax on personal property hus
been abollshed In Canada and ln many
progresslve Kuropean countrles.
The coinmissloner's report In 1S72 ln
New York referred to tho tax as "a
tax on ignorance and honcsty." "A
farce, sham, humbug," the assessors
sald in 1879. "Unjust as between indi
vlduals, unjust as between communl
tles," asserted the Comptroller ln 189S.
ln 1910 the presldent of the Tax. Com?
mlsslon says: "As the laws are to-day,
no wealthy man, who' has proper legal
advlce, noed pay any dlrect taxes on
personal property."
No charges aro made against the
rlch, They do what others ln their
places would do?take advantage of the
loopholes ln the law. Tho general tax on
personal property ls notcapableof Just
and fair collectlon. The rlch man llxes
his personal property tax to suit hlmself.
Ho pays what he pleuses. The poor
man would probably do just as the rlch
man lf he were ln the same shoes.'
The rich man in Now York can sct up
a legal resldenco ln other States or
countles. He can cut off hls personal
property tax by flnunclal operatlons.
Xhe poor man cannot avall hlmself of
the same methods because of lack of
knowlodge and lack of money. Mr.
iCarnegle, for example, owns $160,000,
100 in bonds, but the paper title is tn a
trust company which he owns. That
slams the door ln the face of the tax
collector. Mr. Carnegie accepts an
assessment of $5,000,000, but he" does
not have to do lt.
ln New York Olty and State less than
three per cent. of the tax rccelpts are
from personal property. Who pays
thls tax7 In New Jcrsey a commlsslon
reported ln 1S97:
"lt ls now Uteraliy true ln New Jer
I sey, as ln other States, that the only
ones who pay honest taxes on personal
property are the cstates of decedents,
l widows and orplians, ldlots and lncom
petents."
These classes pay the personal prop?
erty taxes ln full, because they can?
not evade them. Their property ls
publlcly lnventoried. In New York the
records of seventeen towns in one
county were investlgated. Only 421
persons were found to be paying any
personal property tax at all. One hun
dred and nine of these were women.
presumably widows.
. The experlence of New York is large
ly true of other States. The system
in re-gard to this tax must neccssarily
be loose and full of defects. It ls
really a discriminatory tax, unecually
latd.
Vlrginia and Carollna are to be con
gratulated on the offlclals thoy se
cured for the Thanksgiving game.
Barry, Gammon, Wltt and Jackson
rendered at all tlmes most creditable
decisions. Field Judge Wltt brought
back to mldfteld the Tarheels after
they had gone to tho eight-yard line
of Virginia, but there was not a sln
gle murmur at hls decieion.
If Mr. Taft had only stayed over to
see Todd make tliat run!
Ex-Governor Montaguo is right. No?
body loves a grind.
The best slgn yet of Tillman's res?
lgnatlon from the Senate ls that he ls
reported to have bought an automobilo
lately. Such arlstocratic property
would hardly be ln the lmnds of the
Senator if ho contemplated going be?
fore "the pee-pul" again.
It could hardly be said that Todd
toddled ln the Thanksgiving game.
Slnce Dr. Crippen was hanged the
other day there has been no talk about
hls wlfe having been found at any
pjace. Brltlsh Justlce cannot be fooled
as readily as Amerlcan Justlce.
When Georgo Harvey comes down to
Richmond to spertk to the people in
behalf of woman suffrage ho ought to
havo an audlenco that will mako the,.
walls of tho Audltorlum fairly bulge.
Harvey is so much lntcrested ln the
cause that we really belleve ho would
bo willlng to run for Vlce-Prosldent
with some one of tho noble slsters,
any ono of them, who has devotod her
llfe to thls work, ln tha lead.
It ls a sufflclant answer to the asper
slons of tho New York Sun to say* that
it doesn't .'tnow the Virginia rabblt.
Besides, lt is well known that hare
is a favoritc breakfast dish iimong tlie
better English people.
The avlators aro not. as liberal us
they mlght be. Thoy gavo wlnd clieclcs
to those withln the grounds when they
doclded that they could mot fly yester?
day, but thoy failed to present any to
the audleneo bn tho rallroad bridge,
nnd to lho oceupants of tho auto
niobtles whleu aurr.ou'rided tho grounds.
.AV'hy not glvo wlnd. eliecUs to those on
tho outsjdo looliln' init. '
***' .'" ????-?? . ?" ?? . ' ^nJ
Address all communlcatlonii for thls colutnn to Ouery Kdltor,
Times-Dlapatch. Notiathematlcal problems wlll be aolved, net colna
or stamps valued and uo dcalcrs' names wlll be given.
-~?^*m??? in iiii,,| rn
VIce-PrcNldcnt'H DutleN,
What aro tho clutlca of tho VJee
I'resldont, nnd what anlary does ho
recelve? Aro his aorvloea Indlspensa
blo to tho proper manugement of thu
government'.' Wo ncldom hcar hla namo
mentloned, or soo hla namo In tho pa
Pors. D. A.
Tho Vlco-Presldent, although de
sorlbod ua an executlvo olllcor, per
forms no oxccutlvo functlon whatovor,
hla only duty being to prosldo over tho
dellberationa of the Senato, excopt
whon It ls slttlng aa a court of lm
peachment for tho trial of tho I'rcsl
dont, Avhen tho Chlef Juatlco presldes.
Ho has a castlng voto ln tho Sonato ln
cubo of a tlo, and ho presldes at thn
Jolnt meeting of tho two houses when
tho cleotoral votoa aro counted. Tho
chlef lrnportnnce of the olllco conslsta
ln tho fact that tho Vlco-Presldent la
made, by tho Conatltutlon, the suc
cessor of tho President ln caao of the
lattor'i removal from otllco or of hla
death," reslgnatlon or inablllty to dls
chargo the powers c.nd dutles of the
office. Of all thoBo contlngonclea only
one hna ao far occurred, namely, the
death of the President. Tho deaths of
Presidents Harrlson ln 1S41, Taylor ln
1850, Lincoln ln 1&G0, Gartleld in 1381
and McKInley In 1901 caused tho huo
cesslon to devolve upon tho Vlce
Presldent. The quallflcatlons rcqulrcd
of tho Vlce-Prosldent aro the same
aa those of the President. His salary
is $12,000 a year.
Sllverliig a MIrrnr.
Wlll you klndly tell me the best
rocthod I can use for restorlng to
good condltlon a mlrror wlth aeveral
scratches on tho back? E. M.
Though scratches cannot be satls
factorlly concealed, lf the prepara
tion ls removed from tho back of tho
glass, lt may bo resllvered. Thero
nre a varlety of ways of dolng thls.
cll being moro or less compUcatod,
tho following, perhaps, tho slmplest:
ln 12 ounces water dlssolvc 13 grntns
Ilochello salts and boll. Add whllo
bolllng 1G gralns nitrato of sllver, dis
solved in l ounce water. and contlnuo
tho bolllng for ten mlnutea more,
then add water to make 12 ounces. ThlH
makca solutlon No. 1. Next, dlasolve 1
ounce nitrato of sllvor In 10 ounces
of water; then add liquld ammonla
untll the brown preclpltate is nearly
but not qulte all dlssolvcd; then add 1
ounco nlcohol nnd sufllclent water to
make 12 ounces. To sllver take equal
parta of the two mlxturcs and mlx
tboroughly and Iay tho glas? face
down on top of the flnal mlxture. af?
ter it has been carefully cleaned wlth
soda and well rlnsed wlth clean v.-ater.
WOMEN HAVE BEEN
ON ENGLISH BENCH
nt l,A >IA lltll ISE DE FOXTENOY.
PEOPLE Interested in the woman'Si
enianoipatlon and auffragette
movement, whlch alms among I
other things nt openlng to i
women all the otllces and calllngs
hltherto monopollzed by men, will bc
doubtless surprlsed to learn that ln
former tlmes ladles occupled seats on
tbe English bench, not merely aa mag
lstrates and justtcea of tho peace, but
also aa Judges of seasions. So that
women lawyers who are clamorlng
for offlclal recognltlon ln thls country
in the shapc of Judiclal preferment,
are not asklng for anything that is
repugnant to the splrit of the Eng?
lish common law, upon whlch that of
most of the States of the Union Is
based.
Thus, the- Countese of Richmond,
mother of Henry VI1.. was a lady Jus
tice, and la on record as having de
clded many an Important caae. In
those days, it must be horno ln mlnd,
women enjoyed a far better education,
and possessed much more Instructiou
or every klnd than the average rnan.
(!iueen Mary, surnamed the Bloody, ap
polnted a Lady Bartlet, who ownud
extenslve estates in Gloucestershlre,
to a seat on the magisterlal bench of
that county.
Then there was Lady Berkeley,
daughter of the Earl of Huntlngdon,
and wlfe of tho sixth Lord Berkeley,
of Berkeley Castle, also in Gloucestor
shlre, who having complalned very
bltterly to Henry VIII. of the poachlng
done on her ostate, and being a very
pretty woman, moved that susceptlble
monarch to such aympathy for her
wrongs that he grantcd her a special
commlsslon under the Great Seal of
England, whlch still oxldts, appoint
ing her a member of the Commlssion
of the Judges of Aaslze at Olouceater, I
to try and sentence those caught
poaching on her ostates. Armed wlth
thls commlsslon bearlng tho Klng's
slgnature, sho returned to Gloucester,
opened the commission, sat on the
bench in the public sessions hall, lm
panclcd a Jury, who found gu'lty those
caught poachlng on her property, and
thereupon pronounced upon them sen
tences of such severlty that hor estates
were over afterwards free from game
thleves. Thls gave her a taste for
maglsterlal work, and tho Klng, hav?
ing recelved glowlng reports as to \
manner in which sho had presided
over the trlals, transformed her tem
porary commission into a permanent
one, and sho remained an Asslze ]udge
for the county of Gloucester until her
death. ... .
From thia lt wlll bo seen that a
lady pollco maglstrate, or a female
sessions judge, would not be such a
novelty as tho comic papers on both
sldes of tho Atlantlc would have us
bolicvo. And onco this old-tlme prac?
tlee (resulting largely from the know
ledge possessed ln medleval tlmes by
the women of Latin. in whlch most
of the laws wero wrltten) ls revived.
and women holding the requialte dl
nlomaa of Doctor ot Laws are ad
mltted to tho bench, there ls no reason
why some dear old lady may not as
plro to tho proud poaitlon of Chlef
Justice of the Supreme Court of tho
Unlted States.
That Lord Beaconsfleld was born as
a member of the Jewish falth. a fact
wlilch has always untll now been de
nled by his frlends and by his onief
followers, has now been dellnltely es
tahlished, on documentary evlde.nco.by
his biographor, Mr. Monyponny. In
oed, UgVas not until his thirteenth
year that, owlng to a chango of creed
on the part of his father, ho was bap
tlzed and recelved into tho Churchot
England, in St. Andrew's Church, Hol
born. London. on July 31, 1817. Up
tlll- that tlme ho had attended the
synagogue wlth his father, his alster
Sarah and bls elder brother.
Lord Portsmouth, who is ono of
the woalthlest peers of the realrn, and
a descendant ln tho femalo llne of
Slr Isaac Newton, haa once moro
changed hla polltlcal alleglance, whlch
lt'may be of Interest to record owlng
to no faot that his fB,cond brother,
und the helr prosumptlvo to his eail
dom and great eatates, la not only
married to an Amerlcan woman,
daughtev of tho lato S. J. Walker. of
Ohloago but la llkowlso an Ameii
oan cTtizen, making hla home on tho
Big iioni Rlver, Sherldan county,
Lord Portsmouth commonoed his
politlcal career aa u Liberal. Then .he
seceded from tho Liberal partv on
tho home rule questlon, and jolnocl
tho Unlonlst Llberals. Dlffarlng from
tho Unlonlsts on the subject of tarltf,
ho thereupon roverted to tho Liuoraia,
I'ecelvlng tho offlco of Under Secretary
of Stato for War, ln tho Bunnerman
uclmlnistratlon. Ho was ellmlnated
therefrom on tho reconstruetion ot tho
[ilboral oabinot, after Bannernuin b
Icuth by Premlor Asqulth, Vargely
in oonsequonce of tho popular con
tiovcrsy ln whlch he becuuio Involved,
wlnjj to his efforts t,o en'force, t.lie
JJiHuuou water BMoUld bo used for
malcing tlio Bolutlone. About two
drama of each will sllver a plate two
InchcH square. The dlsh In which tha
sllvering IB done should bo only a llt
tlo largof thdn tho plato. Tho solu
tlon should Btaiid and settle for two
or threo days heforo being used, and
will keep for a long tltno. Horo ls
another slmplo plan that has been
recommended and would ?eem to be
worth trylng: Tako a shcet of tlnfnll
the proper slze and pour on lt about
three drams of qulcksilver to each
squaro foot of foll. Rub with a ploce
of chamols untll tho foll becomes brll?
llant. hay thp mlrror on the table
face down, end placo tho foll on tho
dumaged portion of tho glassi, pollahed
slde down; lay a shect of papor over
and place upon lt n. welght with a poi
fcct surfaco?_ pleco of marblo Is
best?and of sufBol.nt welght to press
tho foll to the glass. het lt remaln
ln thls posltlon for several hours.
The sllvering may bo dennltely rc
movod with a mlxture of one part ot
nltrlc acld with six parts of sulpburlc
lieated In a water bath to 160 degrees.
The lliillle of New Orlennn.
Glvo mo some lnformatlon about
tho battlo of New Orleans.
The battlo of New Orleans, ln which
the loss to tho Brltish waa 2,000, and
to tho Amerlcans, 8 kllled and 13
wounded, was fought after the War
of 1812 wag ended. The treaty of
Ghent wns concludcd on Decembor 21,
1S14, and tho battle occurred on Jan?
uary 8, 1815, beforo tho news had
reachod Amerlca?a strlklng illustra
tlon of the value of tho telegraph, as
Kldpath polnts out.
Fnl?e Halr.
1. How to keep false halr from got
tlng Ughter ln color?
2. How to make largo ltps smallor?
1. Thero ls no way to do thls?lf tlie
halr ls worn?except hy dyelng lt to
tho propur color. A weak?very weuk ?
dye would do lt. but yovi had best
Intrust tho halr to a skllled dyer.
2. No easy way to do thls ls known.
Frequent compresBlons, cxtended
through yoars. would doubtlesB effect
lt, but It mlght not bo worth whlle.
FI/iKH.
Is there any law which compels all
forelgn soclcties to carry the Amerl?
can flag whlle on parade?
There is no law on thls subject ex
coRt that ln Callfornla, which say*
that any forelgn organization that ls
permltted to bear arms must, on
parade, carry the Amerlcan colors.
game laws on hls Dovonshlre estates.
And now Iie has once more changed
hls pol'tlcal colors, has seceded from
the Ldberala on account of their Houso
of Eords pollcy, and has become a
Llberal L'nlonlst. Some peers of the
roalm chango twlce in their career.
but Eord Portsmouth ls the only ono
that I know of who has made so
many changes.
Eord Portsmouth, unllke his father,
who malntained one of the flnest and
most celebrated racing stables ln
Kurope, Is more of a studcnt than *
sportsman, is extremely evangellcal,
and presents not only ln hls tastes.
but also in his appearance, a
striking contrast to the late earl.
He is ? tall, atones for the scarclty
of halr on the top of hls hc-ad by Its
length bchlnd, and is compelied by th?
weakness of hls eyes to uso colored
glasses. Moreover, he enjoys tho dls
flnctlon of wearing tlie shortest trous?
ers ln the Brltish Parllament. Hls
coats are always of excellent cut, and
his hats of the most up-to-dato shapc
But his trousers aro deplorable. llo
ls an excecdlnsly ablo buslness man.
Hls own lncome amounts to about
$5UJ,000, ln addition to which hls
wife, only child of the late Edwurd
Pease, inherlted from her father an
enormous fortune. somewhere in thb
nelghborhood of 515,000,000 before the
great tlrm of Pease came to grlef ln
1903.
Not contcnt with thls, he managos
to stlll, further turn a very handsomo
penny by selllng the produce of his
dairles and gardens, which aro ped
dled around the countryslde, ln tho
nelghborhood of hls estates, on carts
hearing hls name and his coronet.
Whlle not popular, he ls a clever de
bater. and hls speeches are generally
worth llstenlng to, although ho pltches
hls volce somowhat too hlgh?a short
conilng which ls llkewlse apparent In
hls conversatlon.
His famlly name Is Wallop. and the
Wullops are one of the ancient fam
ilies of England. Thev were at Wal?
lop, in Hampshire. at tne time of Alfred
the Great, that is to say long prlor
to the Norman conqucst. One of them
slgned the Magna Charta. Another
was Queen Ellzabeth's Viceroy ot Ire
land. and put an end to the wars
of Desmond, sendlng over the head of
that Hlbernlan to the Virgin Queen
In London, as a trlbute of reanect.
Another Wallop was ono of the judges
of Charles I., for which offense, on tho
Restoiatlon, he was dragged on a liur
dle to tho gallows at Tyburn. flogged.
branded and imprlsoned for llfe in
the Tower of Eondon, where ho died.
lt was hls nephew, john Wallop, who
was croated ilrst Earl of Portsmouth,
and his son marrled the nleco anu
hc-tresK of Sir Tsaac Newton. Indeed.
Lord Portsmouth and hls brothers are
to-day tho only llvlng descendants of
Sir Isaac Newton's famlly.
One of Lord Portsmouth's younger
brothers, tho Hon. Robert Wallop,
after being attached for some tlme to
the Colonlal servlce, ls now secretary
and managor of tho Society for the
Preventlon of Cruelty to Children, in
Englund, much fun having been made
of the fact that a man possessini: so
inapproprlate a patronymic should
have been selected for such a post.
(Copyrlght, 1910, by the Brentwood
Company.)
Make this Bank Your Bank
National
State and City
Bank
OF RICHMOND. VA.
Capital . . $1,000,000.00
Surplus . . $ 600,000.00
WM. H. PALMER, President.
JOHN S, ELLE-.r, Vice-Presidont
WM. M. I-IIL.L, Vlco-Presldent.
J. W. SINTON, Viee-Preaident
JUUEN H. HILL, Caahlor.
Three per ceut. per imniim tutoreat
? llo-ived on Savln?H nepo?ttn, niiu
(lotimled every hIx uiniitlm.

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