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f-r~?T.- . .~v '. ?-:_-= Wlneis Office.(-6 E. Mtln StrWI pouth nichmond.1103 Hull Street petersburg Jjur?nu....lW N. gycamorc Hireet Lynchburg Bureau.?15 Elghth -tree! RT MAIL. One Blx Thrco One POSTAGE TAID. Year. Mos. Mos. Mo J_lly wlth Bunday.??.00 J3.00 jl.M ,M D.tily wilhout Bunday... 4.CO 200 100 .33 Fun--y edition only.2.00 1.00 ..0 .23 (Weekly tWednesany).... 1.00 .60 .2. ... Ry Times-Dispatch Carrler Delii-ery Ser? Vlre In lllchni.ua (and ouburbs) nnd roters burg? One Week. Dally wlth Bunfla..u ccn!a Dally wlthout Sunday.10 cents -unday only. 6 c0nu Entered January 27. 1B03, at Richmond. Va., Ai second-class matter under act of Con? gress of March .". 1S79. ."?.- . " " ' ,::::::-? rr:-' FRIDAY, PECEMBER 0, 183-0. . THE PBESIDBSTT AM) THE INSl-t GEN.TS. Now nnd thon George Balley, nf the Houston Post" has Iticld mohierits. We wish he hud more of them; for, ln pplte ?f Irreverence; he really can (lo good vork. Hear him: -lt ls s.ild thal ^resldent Taft hn. _xtended the ollVe branch to some of the refractory Senators of his party. If he would take our vlew he would use a bludereon wlth spikes ln lt on these rellows." Prestdenl Taft was probably broug.it up on Webs'ter's old Bluo Back Spell lng Book. and he wlll remember tho Btory told ln it. aboiil thr old man who tried persuaslon upon thc boys who were robblng hls applo orchard, and finding that Bofl worda would nol affect them ln thelr course, ho knock ed them out of thc tree wlth stones ?which lay convenlently al hand. There havo been a good maViy reports from Washlngton ahout how the President lia. been "snuggllng up" t<> the [n surgents. how lic has callr.l them Into counsel nnd begged their parclon and hoped that they would forglve htm, and all thal; btit if he has done any of these things. and we doubt it very much, ho nas made a thistake. Tho club ls not a very attractlve weapon to carry around wlth one. It is awK ivarrt nnd heavy, and cannot be con cealed, thore ls no place to put it when one wants to slt down and no placo ;o carry It convejB_*fitiy whon one wishes to .and up, and we should pro fer the stiletto to the stlck. It means a great deal closer .llghtlng, but at 'the same time it means more cffectlve iightlng, and that is better than bat trring up ono'a adversary or being battered up in turn. .Mr. Taft wlll not he able to make anything out of the crowd who have been antagonlzlns him, we mean the crowd wltnin his own party; people who are fortunately on tho outside have the right to antagonlze him, and lt is thelr duty to antagonlze him; not pr-rsonally, of course, for ho Is _ very lovable man, but because of hls poll tlcs and the party of whicli he is the head and front. If ho should make n 'treaty of peace wlth tho traltors in the ranks of hls own party, ho,could have no assurance that they would not break the terms of the agreement. Tho thing, therefore, for hfm to do ls to Tteep hls head, to follow hls own Judg ment. to do what he thinks ls right, and, God helping him, to stand. WllY IOWA HAS LOST, "Lafe." Young is one ot the new -enators at Wg^hlngton. He was ap? polnted by the ;_ovdl"nor of Iowa to .ucceed tho wldely lamented Jonathan P. Dolliver, and lf he is as successful in saying things in the .Senate as he has been ln speaking his thoughtB through his newspaper?Tho Des Rloincs Capital?he wlll make an im pression on the country as he has made ?upon his newspaper constituency. The population of Iowa has not kept pro? gress witij the rest of the country, nnd the loss of population in that Sta,te is charged by Mr. Young's pappr to the progrcsslye legislation of the last ten years. Speaking In the Capltal pappr Wednesday evening, he, or thc man he has left in charge at Des .Moines, made this very frank and truthful ex planatlon of the cause of the doea donce of lo like ten years ago a llsm began to swoep The doctrlne began to at tho functions of gov bi Ing porverte- to Men who knew n bi n to stlmulate o whlch toaches ,. ? uch should bo viiii susplclon, while ihose that have much less must be given tho benefit ?f the ilunlii. T is stato ol began to find - ; n in new legii lative i nact-" thents, tlu chlei alm ol whli Ii wa.s ??>> ahtagoni-e property rights, rather than to safi fuard o thi ough fconomy and ind i . .anuged to acnuire it." Tlie. suresi it iy to destroy the pro: perlty ol Stati o? i ? pmmunil>; Ih Peopli wl o ??:? ?". idene., pen. Pie who are Inv.stli . . ; lial, people fl.magogur-s, lo learn this Un ?.)?:,! g of tli ii, lm_ii ].-;:,- Tho newspap. ? ' il,..!,. powi r to od.I ? ia have v m have responsible lendorRhlp in polltlcs aud buslnes-." SWKI,I,I.\G TIIR FlINU, Tiir Is.ties of tho CPngrcsBidnul tie conl for Monday and Tuesday wero recelved yesterday by thouaand- of people in every parl of the natlon. Thero are no Interesting speechcs ln theB. pagos, hut n, rnndntu perusal of tho llst Of bills introduced-wlll reveal the fact thnt ahout l.fiOO new penslon bills wero presented in thc lirst two dnys' sesslon. Most of those nre for In? creases in pcnslons, whlle some are for new pcnslons and others are to "eorrect lhe record',1 as to certain 'sol? diers or near-soldlera or nevcr-wera Boldlors, At thls rate, there will be many thousand penslon bills before Con? gress nt even thls short sesslon. Tho enormous riuahtfty of these hllla wlll afford little opportunity for propor in? spectlon oC thc merlts and dcmcrlts of these claims and wlll allow but little effort In the way of detectlon of fraud. The penslon inill goos grinding on, waatlng the public money at every step, pourlng v.ealth Into the grasp ing bands of thoso who have no just cialm ln law and fact to reward. Take, for lnstance, the bills to "eor? rect tlie record." That ls a short eut tci graft. The pretended soldler or tlie ex-honie guard gets In i>y this route to plunder and pillage tlie trea? sury. The Offlciai records do not men? tlon them, but they gathcr evldence of a doubtful or spurlous riature, use lt as 0 lever by whieh to prize open a place for them in the olflclal reeortls, and are enr'olled as regular soldiers. The genuine veterans are passlng rapitlly; President Taft in the message which he sent to Congress on Monday declared that old soldiers are dylng at lhe rate of 3,000 the month, and point? ed oui that. tlie rate of deaths ls in? creaslng inevit.ilily ns tlmo paSSOS. Novorthelcss, after forly-livc years of I sllence and Inactlvlty, new names are ! being added to the peusion rolls, re mlndlng as very much of that wiso saylng Of Dr. .lohnson, "..itriotism is lhe last refuge of a BC'oundrel." One of thc be3t things that Presl tlent Tafl said In his mOssago was: "Care should bo exerclsed nol to go to abBurd lengths (in the matter of 1 pcnslons), or dlstribute the bounty of tho GTovernment to classes of persons j who may. at thla late day, from a mer cenary motive. seek to obtaln somo le? gal relatlon wlth an old veteran now tottdring nn tho brlnk of tho gra.v< " Thls utterance did not go to the root of tho matter, nor did it touch upon the most Iniqultoua featuros <>f the penslon system, but lt recalled to the Amerlcan public that many schem ing young womeii and women of mld dle age are mairylng these veterans wlth an eye slnglc to sccurlng a wldow's penslon for tiio probably long remalnder of their lives when their htlsbands havo died. Such a relatlon is hardly lnatrlmonial, ln fact, in many cases tlie relatlon ls not one formally recoghl.ed by thp law or by rellglon. Thla glgantlc fraud lakes man; forms nnil ramlficatlons' It ought to be Investlgated, and it ls lo l>e hoped that Congress will look Into lhe mat? ter thoroughly and ordor lt Investl? gated from top to bottom. The Gov? ernment In thls matter ls carrylng- pa ternallsm too far. Bloro and more "penslon" is becomlrtg a synonyrn for graf! and for theft in tho guise of patriotism. A GltEAT WORLD POWER NOW. In nollng tho death of il. H. Iirock way, lhe last of tho old-tlmeNew York landlords, tho Waterbury American says very trulj : "The identlty of tho proprlotor is no longer important in the New York hotel. Onyx columns and sklll in BWeetbreada sons cloche eontrlbute much more' offoctlvoly to tho saUsfac'tlbn of patrons, The only personaitttea which count are those of the headwalter and tho hartendcr." But our Waterbury friond forgets that we aro a natlon now, a great World Power, lilled with aspirations Whlch, In tho clrcumstancos, we can? not aelileve, but a World Power Just j the same. Wlth tho prlmltlvo virtues there has doparted the simplo ffaya of tho old-timers whlch made life very sWeet and health very good, because i ln the days of bbttor cooklrig lhe food I wa. suited to the human stomach, nnd ' not tn the demands of Frenchy names ! on iliuminated cardbpnrd. Thero are i feW places lofl in New England, we ! belleve, whero men can bo fod on good food,'but even New E-gland is yi.-ld Ing lo the demands "f our Natlonal life., WIItSON IX TIIE WEST. ' Wrltlng to the Edltor of The Tlnies Dlapatph from away out at Milwaukee, WUeorisln. an old Federal aoldle'r, who spent four years in Virginia during lhe War, and who has "n/ very warm slde tor the Old Donilnlon and hor peo? ple, though they killed my horse and made me very uncoinfortable while wlth them," says: "If the South gocs solid for Governor Wllson, a greu aon of Vlrginia, it will niean lhat th Republlcans must nol put up a scrub, Tlioi-e. was never a truer thlng said ;i in that, and lllO DeillOl iatic party could not name a eandidale for l'ro.l deni wfiH would ai>: eul morc strongly t,, iho people ut tljls wholo country tMft-W-. .row Wllson, of Nrv, .Tersey, Ih- han grown U'limensely iu popularlty and Intluence slnce hls marvellous i-ani ign ln Jorsey, and he ls golng to l.A.TEST ilii.VC l\ MG1IT (!OW.\_, Tlu. oiti Ll u modela ior liom do ' ni nn -ua- rp.co'inmendo'i.1 tl e~l il J ton llcrild. They i ai,- all omplre oi ueinl-bmplr. ln cut, | UlthO-gh thls ssiyle [? said to be not 1 ' I ? oi.uio- tu BtOUt HdllU-II. Tlie IR I terlul ioi- tbe body ot tbe gown may I ni. !.- -i no Inau -, but it is per ,... . :,.? L-iri rt-ivp itki a ?oi t Ihnt nalnsoolc wonrs hettnr thnn titttll or bntlsto, and Ior thls reason, lf no nllier, it is fair to prcHitrno tljat nnln Boolt wlll bc largely used ln Texas. Thr- el'mple'sl di-slgn ls reneiied hy cuttlng lho rinplrc bodleo of tho ma lorlal. lllltng lt smoolhly, but nol. no tlght Ihat It wlll look drawn, nnd, thls having been done, tho neck should he cut around or in a Bhallow sfiuare, and ptiff slooves ndtled to the elbow. Tho confeotlon can be trimmed, bodleo and flloeves, wlth motlfs of laco or om brotdery set on ln irregulnr dottblo fotVfl or ln any deslred shape. If mcdiillloiiK nre uSed they should ho lirst bdsted on carefully nnd then ap pllqued wlth Hn.v bttttonhole stltch, af? tor which the materlal undcrnenth may be cut nwny. If hard work is nkod, the mednlllons can be worked in by llne brlar st'tchlng or tlio shape above thc edge enn be outlincd by n llno of chaln stllch. ln Uiia case the nock and slecves should be finished wlth lace or e'mbroldery beadlhg to match motlfs and cover thc jolnlng of bodlec and gown. In some instances a frlll of lnco at the neck und sleevo ls found more heconi'ng than the medalllons, and thls frlll can be ovcrcast scnntlly to the beadlng nftor the gown Is finish? ed, whleh would seem to be a very clever way of gettlng around the medalllons with the brlar stltclilng, or even tlie chaln stltclilng. If the frlll should be adopted, a wldo wnsh rlbbon should be ru.. through the hcndlng and be finlshed wlth fluffy rosettc nt the left slde ot the neck and walst and on tho outer part of the nim. A more elaborato gown, wlth bodlce of Swlss or batlstc and four-inch ln sertlon to match, jolned by narrower Insertion of laco, ls made; but wc do not. thlnk wo should llko to wear lt so well as the plainer, but thc less com fortablo gown of nalnsook. Tlu- body or skirt of thls sort of gown is mado of two strips of cloth, so that tho edges of the ombroldery shall face the polnts, "being jolned all thc way up the back and far enough up thc front to get Into easily and leave a be coming surpllce effect." We should not like that.nt all, and espeelally as tho outer edges are to be sewod in a seam tinder the arms and the sleeves aro to bo bell-Shaped. Both of thoso models would do well enough ln Roston, but there ls no rea? son why any such Yankeo notions should be adopted ln thls lawabld-lng part of the country. At thls season of tho year we should thlnk that tho patlent would be more comfortable with somethlng a little Ihickcr. EVERY CITIZE.V SHOULD ATTEND. One of those rare opportunltles which come to tlie people ot' Richmond to hear about tlie method by which the schools of Rlchmond may bc- bettered nnd broadened and made greater is pre? sented to-night, when, at 8:15, Frofes ?or Charles Zueblin lecturos on "Tlio Twcntieth Century School." Thls ad? dress will be delivered in the audlto? rlum of the .liilm Marshall Hlgh .School, and should be heard Uy all who have the welfare of thc school chlldren and thc schools of Richmond at heart, By great effort tliis omlnont speaker has been Induced to come here, under the ausplces of tho Rlchmond Educatlon Assoclatlon, and ns admission wlU be free to all, there ls no reason why hc should not have a splendid audience to-night. ' An oloquenl speaker, n master of his subject, a rocognlzed authorlty in his llne, Professor Ztieblin should havo a representative and large audience to night. ln other citles he has so>vn prolltable seed, and il is to be hoped that he can do so here. TIIE VALUE OF CIUOUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE. Just a llttlo while ago a man In the Ohtii penltentiary was convlcted of murder and aontonced to die on Decem? bor 81. Thero was a strong chaln ot' clrcumstantlal evidence against the man. The prosecutlng attorney evl dently belleved that the man was gullty aud convlnced the jury', apparently, that he was. Tho judge, ln proriounclng tho death senlencp, must have felt that justice was being dealt out. The jury must havo thought that it hnd found the Iruth, even giving to tho prlsoner the bo'ni ilt of ull doubts ln tho case. The -'oiimiunity perhaps thought that Justice had boen done. lt now has come to llght that the man eondemned to death Is lnnocent. The real murderer has confessed. llo' owned up lust iu time to save tho liro of tho eondemned man, Confosslon ia too dfton delayed untll it is of no avall to either lho lnnocent or the gullty. Tn.' u'nnnls bf crlme aro illled with such Instances. A large-slzed book has beon issued tolllhg of Instances whore iii lnnocent men havo suffered tho death porialty lor crlmos which thoy dld nol conimlt, Such cases are not tho only arguments against capital punlshinont. Tho law ls not always sure in its llnd Ings, SCHOOL CIIILDUEN AS A I'OLITK AI, WEAl'ON. According to the spooch of .lohn L l.co, ol' Lynchburg, mado ln tliat clty Wednesday night, thc school elilldren ul' that clty aro bclhg used by the pro Itlbitiiin uleiuent thero as -'a polltical woapon" against olto-half of llie peo? ple of thal city. \Vo think thal Mr. I.o..-- v.as right in asklng the people ot tho. Hill Clty, "Why do you stand for thls'.'" ? Wiother the people of lho clty are "dry'' or '.'Wet" in ilioir bollofs. thoy hftvo lo pay fpr tlu- support pf thu schools. Thoy are tu-Norl for thfti pur? poso, Tin- school duthoritlcs havo nn right to llno up tho puplls ugaiiiHt uny ono ola.-s ol ptttl'OIta aud pupporlors of tho schools. To parado tho children aud traln, lliem to Hlvfs lovnl option liyiiiiis on tlio stro.-is of l.yni-hburg to day is a proceduvo in wliii h the school atithorllloH, If they shall do n, wiii uvol-itop 'tlll ir b lltndS iillii o.so.-cd Hu uittliQi'll} tleji'gated to tii.-m ??ii donioiistnites Hi-- ubsoHi'te lutonv jjci.iiice' Ot tho.-.v ? v. iio wluiui to bc lor toinpernnoo. T Bay lt Is nn otitrngo to DUt Into tho mlnda of little children that whleh wlll tond to cngonder strlfe nnd bltternesn," said Mr. Neo on Wed? nesday night, nnd he war, rlght. if lhe school children, mb such, did thesiu things under tho direction of sehnol offlccrn, uslng tholr authorlty to carry o.ut thls plan, thon these offlcers do scrve thn severest censure. Tho duty of a Bchool teacher ls to teach. It is nono of hls buslness, In hla ofllclal capnclty, what the polltlcal ls sues' aro ln hls town. He has a rlght to tako ono sldo or tho other per.on ally, but ho has no rlght to Implant prejudlclal ideaa into tho mlnds ond hnarts of tho young. That. is for the prnacher, not for the teacher. If the parents of children wlsh to send them out to slng .md pnrado, lt. Is another matter; but It is n matter wlth Whleh thc teachers have nothing to do. The b'est thlng thc teacher can do, bo he ever so zealous for prohlbi? tion or local option, is to let tlicso things alone, so far as the pupils are concerned. It Is a well settled prln ciplo in the Unlted States that tho public schools shall not be abused for thc purpose of extendlng the doctrlnes of any sect, denominatlon or polltlcal belief. It js wrong to put into the mlnd of tho chlld, who is not old enough to thlnk for himself or herself, Ideas thnt ; aro prejudlccd, ideas thnt wlll later ln-' clte to c-nmlty and had feellng, Such j action is dlscrimlnatlon, Is wrong, and [ is repugnant to the splrlt nnd the let-j ter of Amerlcan instltutlons. RETAIN COCK1M-I.I.. The Baltlmore Sun dlrects attention to the fact that the term of Ex-Senator Francls Marlon Cockrcll as member of the Interstate Commerce Commlsslon Is about to end. Ther.- are nimors that he wlll not be roappolnted. Ile is no longer a young man, but Ia us llt for the position aB any man that can bo obtalned. He has already served live years on tho Commlsslon. Ther. is no doubt that he has shown rare quallflcatlohs for thc ofilce. Ho has heard the ovl? denco iu the important Invcstigatlons and cases now nwaitlng declslon. A rare comprohenslon and understanding of great and vltal questlons has been dlsplayed by Commlssloner Cockrcll ln thc work of the Commission for the last llve years, ln which work hc has done hls full share. % A btlgadler-general ln the Confeder? ate army, Commlssloner Cockroll be? gan hls servlce in the Unlted States Senate in 1875. For thirty years ho was a member of tho higher branch of lhe Natlonal Legislaturo. Of the high? est ability and charaeter, he has made hls work faultless. He ls fair, judl clal and honost. The only thing brought ngulnst him ls his age. It ls certain that that has not Ineapaoitated him, and his long experlence and ad mltted ability entltle. him to be con? tlnued ln office. Ho has had long traln? ing, ho has rendcred elllclent servlce, and he is stlll able to render it. The reappolntment of Commissioner Cock? rcll ls to be desired. THE OAS WOHKS SITUATION. Tho Times-Dispatch has nelther charged nor assorted that there has boen an exploslon at the Gas Works. Thls pajper has sought to prlnt only tho truth, and has had no Idea of Injurlng any person or undortaking. Jt ls well known that on the floor ot the Common Councll on Monday night members of the Councll Committee on l.ight declared that there had been an exploslon at thc Gaa Works. On tho .strength of these statements, over tho| protest of Mr. i-'uller, of the Flnance Committee, who desired more Informn tlon, the Council approved flve resolu? tlons allowing payment to employes of the Gas Works for tlme lost from work whlle injured. It appears that the Councll voted for the llve resolu? tlons with thc distlnct understanding lhat there hud been one explosioti "some tlme in October." One member of the commlttee descrlbed this ocour ren'co as "a dareback" or "buckdruft." On the morning after the action ot the Council, whicli is a- matter of rec? ord, was reported in thls paper, Super? intendent Knowles, of the Gas AVorks, who was not present at tho Councll meeting, by the way, vehemently denled that there hud been any accldent at the works and "demantled a retractlon." He asserted that tho report of the Councll commlttee was injurious lo him and to the work conducted under hls direction Tho Times-Dispatch slmply prlntcd tlie proceedings uf .tho Councll com? mlttee. lt reported what was said, and no more. The statement as to the accl? dent was generally accepted by the Council, there was no tlenlal entered at tlie time, and thls paper slmply re peated tlu- romarks inndo in meeting. It now app ars, according to the com? mittee records, that there were, as lirst mado known in this paper, flve sepa? rate aud Indopondent accldents. In? stead ot happeuing practlcally stmul laneously, the accldents took place at dlfferent tlmes und in dilt'erent ways, Members of the l.lglu. Committee' who havo slnce looked Into the matter as sert that tlte claims are all moritorious -uid should be paid. The facts that stlll stand out clearly are that the Councll voted for tho llve resolutlons under the lmpresalon that there was but one accident. Also, Su perlntondont Knowles has not wltli drawn hla posUlvti dc-nlal that there v. ,i- aity accldent, nor has hc with di'awn hla donunclation nt tho prlntcd rep H'i ot ia,- Common Council. Tli ? oniv lesaon 10 bo dcrlved from thi i s hore given is that beforc - t _ms nt- rattlloi] by any Councll eoni mltlon ihe coinniittee ahould bo in full l'"-ss' islon.-of all tlie factH np-jl which th' ,-laim is baaed, Bo far as the pro vlous Btatemenl of thc proceedings iu Ho- Councll is concerned, Tho Timo.s iMspaich i,as ncvpr uttpmptod to make om lhat there was au oxploulon when Ihori- was not one. Thin paper was I'iyh- iu tht lli'.u-Insiuncc When it ri' porlod what had booli sald In Council, ind lt has utrlven elmply to glvo a true ahd falthful report of tho dup posod facts upon which the Council ictcd. THE HOOKS THAT HELt'ED. Tho current Christlan Entloavor World of Boston contalns a sym poslum in whleh thc hooks omlnont people declaro havo beon most holpful o them Aro set forth. It ls a rather remarkable llst. Julia Ward Howo dcclarod that she was most deeply Indebtcd to Bunyan'a 'PllgrJni's Progress." Sho nualntly iald that ln the flrst parties whleh ?he attended ln hor early soclal Itfd )hc seemed to flnd "all of Bunyan'a ilnnera and hut few of hla salnts." Slbbon'a "Dccllno and Fall of tho Ro nan Kmplre" and Splnoza wero also :speclally holpful to her. Joaquln Miller, tho poet of tho.Sler raa, has found "most pleasuru and proflt" ln tho Blble, placlng Plutarch's 'Llves" next. John KurroughR values Emorson'a \isays flrst nnd then the poems of Walt Whjtman and Wordsworth. Presldent Ellot plaees tho Blble flrst ind then ncknowledgos hls great debt to the essays of Emorson and Bacon, tvlilch ho has most frequontly con iitlted for wlsdom and advlce. Henry Cabot Lodge really doesn't know what book has Influenced hlm nost, but we should lmaglne that tho -vrltlngs of Alexander Hamilton havo iftorded hlm much comfort ln hls lolitlcal actlone. "On tho Wabash slxty or seventy .'ears ago bookH wero not plontlful," isserts .Speaker Cannon, but he found lls greatest prollt ln Plutarch's "Llves'' ind Rollins's "Anclent Hlstory." The Speaker confesses to a fondnesR for Shakespeare, having read wlth proflt, ve Imaglne, that masterly speech of he great Cardinal, "I-'nrewell, u long arewell, to all my grcatnesa!" Burns s also to hls llklng. So are Scott and jlekcns. whilo he says that he lourned niich from McMnster's "Hlstory ot the 'cople of tho Utiltcd States" and Mot->. ey's "Rise of the Dutch Ropublic." .Strango tasto ls exhlblted by Wlll 2arleton, tho poet, who ha3 received he greatest beneflt from "Tho Philoso ihy <>f Health." by .1. B. Coles. M. D. Shakespeare comes next in his heart. Congressman-Elect Henry George, Ir., plaees flrst linport.- co on the 31ble, and thoh on his father's cele irated book, "Progress and Poverty." Edward W. Bok, tlu- edltor of a la llea' journal, prefers Emerson's Essays. It would seem that the old favorltes stlll hold their own. Few books aro low wrltten that wlll be anybody's irst cholce. THE GHOWTII OI' CIlltlSTI AN" SCIEXCB. It is idle talk to say that with the leath of Mrs. Eddy, tho Christlan jclenco Church will bo dislntegrated ind will disappear. Thls Church ls a nuch more powerful one ln a phyaieal icnse than most people thlnk. There ire 90V churches and socletles of thls 'alth hero and in forelgn countries. rhe approxlmato number of those who 'ollow Christian Sciencc is about 320, )00. There aro four churches In Afrlca, >ne In Asla, one in the Philipplne Is ands, four in Australla, six in Ger nany, one in the Channel Islands, hree in Ireland. threo ln Hcotland, one n Wtiles, two in Holland, one ln Italy, wo ln Swltzerland, one in the Baliama Islands, three ln Canada, one in Pana na, one in Porto Rico, two ln lho Ar fentino Republlc. There aro flfty ihurches in England proper. In the United States and Canada here aro :!,7G"> practlsing healers. I'herc are 29G in forelgn countries. Iealers are registered In practlcaliy ivery country in the Northorn llemis ihce. Every State in the Union has nt east one Christlan Sclence Church. The approximate valuo of ediflces idonglng to the Christlan Scicntists in Vmerlca alono is $28,000,000. Thls growth and strength is remark ible when it is romemborcd that christlan Scienco is a comparatlvoly lew faltli, and has achieved Its prln ipal growth in the last two decades. An encouraging word comes from Chicago, where the Natlonal Cloak, lul.t and Skirt Manufacturers' Assocla ipn is now holding its annual c.onven lon. The hobble skirt, the long coat, nd freakish hats havo been triod, con Icted and senteneed to death, and ln 911, wc are told, tho proper style wlll ie an extenslon of tlie present hobble, ufllcient to allow free and dlgnllled iso of foot and litnbs, and the Jacket vill be shorter and not so much like . man's long cout, whilo the collar will io larger. Thls Is flno! It shows imong other thlngs that popular opln on is stlll powerful In thls country, ind that women wlll not bo permitteel o make frlghts of themseives lf tho lutt-makers and tho fault ftnders can irevent. Is tho Nowport News Timos-ilerald U'ophetib? lt had a headltne yoster lav, "Dr. Wlllson lho New Presidont." Bve'rybody can guess why the TVynch urg News is flghting local option. We should like to know why Brother \drtison. ?f tho Lynchburg News, lalled to get Dr. Anna Bloimt, of Chl. ?ago. t? speak ln tho local option cani lalgn ln hls town. N Thousands of men havo beon em liloyod to dig New York out of tha snow. In Rlchmond, nothing of the sort ls necessary, as. .thls town ls ao sltuated thut tho snow nin's off by Itsolf wTren lt gcis ready. VYohdci-ful lown ls Rlchmond 5"n tho .lames! Olrildren Cry FOR FLETCHER'S CASTQRiA f^IWhat could more suitably convey Ithe Holiday Spirit than your favor ite author's greatest thoughts clothed in a binding of richness and taste? ?j[Choosing the right book becomes easy in a collection as complete as ours. Jl <$BELLr t! BOOK AND STATIONERY^ COMPANY1 ' 114- EAST MAIN ST. Daily Queries andAnswers Address all communicatlons for this column to Qtiery Editor, Times-Dispatch. No mathematlcal problems will bc solved, no coins or stanips valued and no dealers' names will be glven. I Soll ln Actlc ItetiloiiH. In Arctlb rc-glons the ground ls per? manently frozen to a great depth, and the summcr thaw affectfl only a small. though varlaible thlckness of soll. Thn "perpetual ground lcc" near Yakutsk. Slberla, hus been found to have a aepth of ,"!&_ feet. Good reason has ap I,. ared ;for bt-llevlng that It oxtends much docpor in some places, and at Polnt Barrow, tho northernmoflt polnt of Alaska, about 10 degrees from the pole, tha temperature at a depth of thlrty-olght feet was 12 degrees I-'ahr., the estlmate being made that tlie ice must havo a total thlckness of about 1,'Suo feet. Shell .Money, The shell money of the Indtans 1? said to havo been used by early set? tlers ln America. Ia lt known how this money was made, and what was Its value'.' T. II. Tho wampum ls descrlbod as "shcll beads" tnanufactured wlth fllnts wlth much labor. instead of used In the natural state, lljje tho cowrles or small shells of lndl?. and Afrlca^ It CHRISTMAS TREE IS OF IRISH ORIGIN lll I.I MUUU l-i: DE FOVrKXOY. VEKMONT'a proposal to tax the Chrlatniaa tree, wlth the objeci ->t piacliig sfome chcck upon tho ? \-i---i-. ? cuttlng oi young frees and saplings which takes pla;e every year in order to sattsfy the demand for Christmas trces at iTuletide, servcs to rccall that thc Christmas tree, ln co far as its rela tlon to Christianlty is concerned, ls distinctly of Irish orlgin. It was the lllbemlan Salnt Columba nus (ho must not bc cohfounded wlth Saint Columba) who when engaged ln convertlng thc- pagnns of Germany and Swltzerland t-> Christianlty, found them so flrtnly linnucd with tlie sacred character of trees, espeelally of llr trees, that despalrlng of being able to -indlcate the cult from their mlnds, he and hls fellow mlssloniiries con celved the Idea of endowing it wlth a Christlan meanlng. Already ln tho scventh century the. flr tree began to flguro in Christlan writings, pTctures nnd carvlngs, as a symbol ot otcrnal llfe-, wlth Its poren nlal verdure and Its brllllant llghts; whlle popular legends dating from that epoch, represc-nt thc old inun who at Christmas vlslts each nbode, he lt pal? ace or hut, to grant the prayer.* and wlshos of tlie lnmatos, as bearing a flr tree abluze wlth candles. As tho chlldren yearned for toys. it was only natural thut tbe tree ol good Father Christmas should be hurig wlth gifts;, and thus we have the Christmas trco of to-day. Throughout thc middlc ages, and untll comparatlvely modern tlmes, the Christmas tree remalned restrlcted to Germany, Swltsserland and ScandinavlH Thus; iu Austrla-Hungary, It only mado Its- iirst appearance ln 1816, when Grand Duohess Henrletta, tho Ocrnian consorl. of Archduke Charles. set up a monster llr tree, all ablaze wlth llghts, and londcd wlth costly pres enta for her young chlldren, who had nev-..-r aeen anythlng of the kind be? fore. Tlie ctiatpm <|iiickly spread from her palace at Vleniui throughout the Dual Emplre, and 16-ila.y there Is no liouse, and not even any peasant dwelilng in tho lonely Alplne distrlct, whero llie Christmas tree ls not to be found on Christmas Day. In Eng? land. the Christmas tree was Introduced from Uormany by Prlnce Albert, the Touton consort of Queen Victorla. it was Queen Dowager Chrlstlna who tirst set up the Christmas tree ln Madrld for her chlldren; while ln France the Christmas tree may be sald to have been introduced by the expa triated Inhabltants of Alsaco aiul Eor raine, aftor tho soizuro of those prov incos by tho Gcrinans, at the close of the war of 1870. It was determlncd in Paris to give the chlldreh of the exiles a Christmas as much as possible like Uiat to which they had beon accus tomijd In their homes on tho othor nlde of tho Vosges. Tiie eharitable as? soclatlons organlzed for the rollcf of the lugltlves, took up tho matter, and erected enormous Christmas trees,"lond? cd wlth gll'ts, for the youngsters, at the Hlppodrome. The Parlslans name and saw the trees, and were dellghted with the idea, and now tlio Christmas tree is almost as unlversal in France as it ts ln Germany, ln Austrlu, ln Eng? land and ln this country, into 'whleh it was Introduced by thc German set tlers at the closo of tho olghtoenth century and ln tho lirst half of the nlneteenth. Baron Mnx Oppenhelin. who was al ono tlmo a frequont vlsltor lo thlt countrv, nnd who has been for many yoars now i-onnooted wlth tho German legtttion at Calro, has just been pro moted io the rank of Minister Resident which does not, however. moun thal he is to tuke lho placo of Count Iler manu llatzfeldt, who ls ln charge ol tho mlsslon. and who enjoys the rank of Minister Plenlpotentlary. Baron Opoenlielin's oonnectlon wlth tho mis Hloii is of a rather unusual character for ho does not servo ns a regular ol jDount Hawfetdt's staff, but Js-attachsc to tlie mlsslon tor tlie purposo of ln ves'tltlg hlni wlth an ofllclal and diplo multc stutus. so as lo ennblo hlm ti pursim wlth grouU't' faclllty the work tu whleh ho hns devoted tho last ton or llfteen years. This wjork ls ot a spuclul ciiuruc aeter. It conslsta partly in tlie ex cavation of tlio ruined citios of Meao potiiinla, and of tho -Fuphrates valley; secondly. of tin- oxploratlon of Arabni and ot the rogloiis lylng to tho wost of Kgypt: wlllle tho thlrd, nnd acecprd ing lo many tho most Important ot hls aetivitles, la his Gorman propa ganda among tlie varhlus Moslom trlbes of niirthern und central AfrU-a, ln ?\raiila, aud in all Ihat reglon which extund* down iiiini Asiu Mlnor tu thu Perslan Qu'U', ' , Posausaod of greal weaUh, whleh he I was made from the shells of whlte and dark-colorod mollusks. One klnd had thc form of porforated dlsks compnred to a poppormint lozenge ln Blze and thlckneas, and the other eonalstcd o( short cyllndora ah elghth of uu Inch thlck anrl two or three tlmes a? lonsr. Both klnda wero commonly atrung on cords of somo klnd. Short strlngs of slx to twcnty-four booda woro lald slde by Blde and knotted elosely to? gether, formlng belts of varlod de ..gn from two to ten Inches wlde and two to elglu foot long. Hevcral qf these valuablo beltp were UBually ex changed In ratlfylng- a treaty. Other money was so scarec that the whlte colonlsts wero glad to ??'1opt thla for a tlme, und a. Massachusetts law of 1637 made it let?al tender for any amount up to twelve pence, at the rate of slx beads for a penny, whlle Con ncctlcut made lt legal tender for any amount. recelvlng lt for taxes at the late of four bf_ds for .-. penny. in Xew York lt was almost the only cur rency for half a century. lta ubo in trade wlth tho Jndlans contlntilnK nearly to the mlddlc of the nineteenth century. devotes Wlthout stitit to these thne ?elf-imposed inlBsions, ii<- combinei them one wlth another In so clever - fa.hlon that he ,-.tn ulwa>: ,....?' poll'.lcal propagand i witlt a mantle ol Bcientlflc work: and thls excuse haj frequently been pu< forward by tlu German government, whenever th< French or Engllsh authorities have had to complalu of Baron Opponhelm's coB; duct In forncntlng and encouraglng Moslem trouble agalnst them. There Is no doubt. however, that'thf baron'a beautiful h.u ho has on severai ..i tho dlipoaal of various reignlng ho .-laltlng i.gvpt. >.--. th a g-.od deal ot Moslem antl-French and antl-I.ngllsh nitive intrlgue, and thut tlte baron oxcrclaes from thence a very far reachlng Influence among the fol? lowers of lalam, especlally among tho Arab tribes; while it is lo him mort! than to any one ?-lsp that the [Calsor ls Indobted for the lmpression whlch prevall.-i among lhe Moslem world of .N'ortbern Afrlca, of Egypt, of Arabla, Asia Minor, and even Persia. that Ein peror William la tho champion, par excellence, of islum, umong tho Chris? tian powers of Kurope, and tlie bosi and most powerful frlend pt thc foi lowera of tho Prophet liaron Max Oppenhe'ni has publlshed quite a number of scientific works doal Ing with hls various exploratlona, and has made all arrangementa to aturt at the end of thls month the exca vatl.m of the great mound covering tho rulr.s of the ancient HIttlte city Of Tell lliiluf. ln central Mesopotamla. Baron Oppenhoim ls one of tho only two Hebrewa in the dlplomatie servjee of the Kalscr, tho other being young Gpldschmidt Rothschlld, who la at: tached to tlie German embassy In London, and whose engagemont has Just been announced to Mlrlam Boths chil.l, of Parls, only sister of Baron James Rothsehlld, who spent Novem? ber ln tourlng through the L'nlted States. and who has just gone back to Europe, Apropos of Count Hcrmann Il-!_ feldt, there is no truth whatsoever In the story cabled to thls country to tho effoct that he has suceeeded to tjie title of prlnce, borne by hls cousin. tlie lato Prlnce Francls Hatzfeldt, and also to tho latter's vast estates. ln the lirst place, Prlnce Francls had no estates of any kind. and was entlrely dependent upon his American wlfe, on* of Uve helressos of tho late Collls V. Huntington Secondly, the parents, of Prlnce Francls aro stlll alive, and wliatever thoy can disposo of they will leave, not to Count Hermarui, but to tholr only daughter, Antonie> married to tlie Austrian Count Althaun. It is true lhat th'e latter may posslbly In horit some of the cntailed property of liis uncle, Prlnce Alfred, but it remains to bo seen whether, the Em? poror wlll he wllllng to revive Prlnce Alfrod's prlncely title, after hls death, ln favor of Count Hcrmann. (Copyrlght, 1010, by the Brentwoott Company.) Make this Bank Your Bank State and City OF RICHMOND, VA. Capital . Surplus . $1,000,000.00 $ 600,000.00 WM. H. PALMER, President. JOHN S. ELLE-.T, "Vlco-Presldent. WM. M. HILL, Vlco-Presldent. J. W. SINTON, Vlce.President, JULIEN H. HILL, Cashlor. Three per cent, per annum liitrr.nl lllo-ed on SuvIiik* nepo.lls, com-. rioiinii.il ovory -lx muotlis.