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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, December 12, 1910, Image 4

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DA1LT?WKKKI.V St'NDA Y.
ja,?!:..?* Offlro.916 K. Main .'.rent
Ponth Richmond.1103 Hull Street
'jp.ter.-nirK _ur.au....l- N. Syrnmor. Street
l^nchtmrr jinr.nn.llt Blghth Btreal
ur maii,. One six Three Ona
POSTAOB PAID, yeftti Mos. Mos. Mo
{Hiiy with Sunday .$6.00 13.00 $1.60 ,M
Dally wlthout . nn.l .... 4.00 200 100 ._
funday odltlon only.2.00 1.00 .60 .a
>Veekly lWedncsdny).... l.OO .60 .21 ...
r.y Time--DI.p_tch Carrler Dellvery Be. I
Vl.it !n nichmond (nnd imtmrbl) and Peta'ri*
turg? _'_
One Week. ]
i-lth Sundny
II cent.
lthout Sundny.10 centa
i ... only.
6 conti
ry ::. i_.i. ?' Richmond. va.,
matter under act ot Con
... l ...
XE.l rini.r
iproving m
tne an
Prt sldent
hls aftor
late Jus
... of the I
i ;. to bo
trlbunal. j
nl it will
.-; of tho
n- and tho Amerlcan people,
,. [endld appolnl
? who have kept iu io ? h with
,-, and rumors or rumors thal
? ? rnlng
thea ,ents to l ? tn) chalra
on thi Supreme Court bench wlll vo
tl ..: . .iii.o time ago Mr. Jui I
Whlte was mentloned osslhle ap
^olntee to the chlel i feshlp. Tho
,?-. ? ?? . , lerally endorsed,
bu' the story waa not tenl ono
and was soon dlsmlssod I ?:? the publlo
t. ? ..':-. as unllkcly, malnly because
o fact that Mr. Justlce Whlte ls
b life-iong Democrat.
The appointment is nol wlthout its
dramatlc aspect A Confederate sol
dir-r and a Democrat, the appolnteo ot
a Kepui .ican President will sll In the
jnost honorable place In the most pow?
erful judlclal body ln the world. For
the Brst timo slnce the death of Chlef
Taney, nearly half a century
ago, a Southern man takei hls place
_t the head of the Supreme Court. n.
ls a striklng colncldence to bc noted
jn thi connectlon that, llkc his great
, - ? Taney, Mr. Jut tlce White
Ib ol . Roman Cathollc falth.
.\'ot tha; there wlll be anythiny sec
.'? . about the declsions of fhe now
\\ hltc
itesman
man of broad
ve, seeklng to
in all matters
fifth birthday. In di I of hla
State, he wore the Confederate uni
form, and three year. uft.-r the South
. ? of an Imhii. ndi nt natlon
had vanlshed, he was adraltti d t... prai -
tl at thc Loulslana bar. Ete waa
eli led a State Senator in 1874, and in
-,e was appolnted an associato
of the Supreme Court o_
Loulslana, Taklng tho seat vacated
by James li. Bustls Mr, Justice Whlto
t. ...- elected to the Unlti SI Sen
_ -. ... Democrat ln IS91, Whllo
Ins hls term as Senator from
land. and took his seat on March 12
of the .same year. Ho hai had ln all,
twenty-nlni yean ol i erlen as a
judge, having served thi ears on
1he Supreme Court of Loulslana. and
slxteen years as associato Justlce of
the Supreme Court of tho natlon.
The judlclal record of Mr. Justlce
an emlneni one. There is no
staln ? r blemlsh upon it. The declsions
v.::: :. i.r ha. handed down are known
to the har ot thc country, and whllo
' Mr. Justice Whlte haa conflnea hls
actlvlti 'I ? high calllng and has
take: ctlvo I ln polltlcal af
Mohdays und heard Mr Justii
ullver an orai oplnion at lengtl
ls a man
?
cult prob
I. ?
OI'P
FOIl CITIES IIKYI lll'l 1..
Tl ?? Ixtl int ? ' ion ol tl
>.., . rl an Clvic Asi ??? I itlon wlll tal
plac .:.'??.
Cl\
__n
ln
-i.i
.'"lniii
!of h
ings
/- -_L,I IJOlll.
n itlor il pa k and Wi th? i rcfttloii of
Slatu pa: U n lll l"- i.iitlinnl. ?"odllira
Ijon ol thc lawi eslnbllslilfig natlonal
pnrlcs md n bi Inglng togother Into a
hnrntonli us worklng system <>f all the
?.j ,,;, ,; now owned hy lho FederAl
n,,, v. ;i thi proper funcilbn of the
Stat. toward parki bd neglected. Tho
Importance of developlng and main
talnlns Stato parka ftta rccrcatlon cen
ii,. for the people of the States wlll be
commented upon al length. Deflnlte
? , i .1 h>^ p irlts have already
?..i i,.- New Vork, Wlsconsin,
i.i fornla and Michigan, and it ls ex?
pected thal other Statoa wlll soon foi
low their example,
An entlre day will he glven ovet to
ii..' .iiscii.->sif.n of "City Plannlng." Ad
and debati s designed to glvo
Bld" io . Itle seeklng to adopl
,.nprehi nslve mothods for
li ii upl iil llng ' wiii nn
ii. pri gram on the dny rei for tho
conslderation of thls subject. The
llon. Franklln MacVeagh, Secretary ot
: reasury, who played a large part
i irlng ih.- Chicago system of clty
plannlng. wlll preslde al ono of ihe
"Clty Plannlng" sesslons.
Another session wlll be devoted lo
il e subject or clvlc soclotles. Well
known women wlll speak at this Bes
slon, and wlll Bpeak wlth authorlty,
for the work being done by women for
tlfyli bf citles ls remarkably
etli'ient and practical.
Th.- typhoid fly wlll be consldered ai
? . ? ? slon. There wlll be illus?
trated lei tures on thls subject, polntlng
.nn tlu- greal danger tliat lles in so
small a creature. The blllboard nnd
smoke nulsances wlll also be consld
The American Chic Assoclatlon Is
dolng a really great WOt'k. It Is coin
poscd of hundreds of socletles and
thousands of persons ln every part of
the United States, lt reaches out to
the .citles, and yel lt touches hamlcts
and vlllages with upllftlng power. lls
work is of tliat sort which lho Amcr
i. an peoplo aro slow to appreclate, but
lls work is making not only for better
clvlc condltions, hut also for wlder and
keener Interest in communlty llfe. Thls
organization emphaslzes tlie dutywhlch
Is lncumbent upon every man?Ihe duty
in some way, large or small, to make
tlie communlty better for his presenee
in it.
THK COLD STORAGE IIII.I,.
A bill for tho regulation of tho treat?
ment and sale. of foods placed in cold
storage has beon prepared by a .-om
mlttee or the United States Senate and
will |soon bo put on the oalen lar.
This Is u very Important measuro and
wlll meel with general publlc ap
proval, if it shall hocome a law. The
hlgh cost of living ls irace.tbU- to
nl i.. thi faet that tlie cold
imhlnatlons can play lilde end
seek wlth the laws of supply nml de?
mand and flx prices to suit Ihe COld
storage lnterests.
j Tiie proposed bil! wlU vest 'he gov?
ernment witli such control nvi." the
Interstate cold storage business that
! it wlll bo dilTlcult for the large cold
storage mon to flx the prices for food
products l.y uslng tho cold storaga
[house as a method by which tc corner
the market. Another provlslon of the
hill would allow the peoplo to unow
how old tho cold storage product on
i sale liappens to he. A further pro?
vlslon rcqulres ihe brandins "' foods
. tl it their age und quality can bo
Indlcated. There will be ,\ tlme ilmlt
I imposed on the storage ..f certaln
jr,,,;,,
j Conslderatlons of the publlc healib
and of the publlc purse justlfy the pas
0f such a law. Wo ought to
! know what we aro buying ivnen we
; buy it The hlll wlll be fought fierce
lv l.y the lnterests which it affeots, but
lt oughi t.. h.* wrltten Into i iw.
CIXCHING this nirnicrr.its.
Th-' ? iistom* ofllcei's iu New York
have already made this a red-lettcr
year in ihe annals ot the Treasurj De?
partment. Rlch smugglers have been
arror-ted, frauds have been uncovered,
examples have been mado of offenders,
and ihe actlvity of Collector Loeb and
lila men will be a wholesome deterrent
11. would -.be ?* mugglers.
i The attentipn of tho New York cus
1 toms officers ls now lielng directed to
ihe Importers who have defrauded tlio
?:?. rnment of its Just ducs. As tho
go by, more and more fraud and
oi ibkedness ls being brought to light.
OiT.ets ol compromlse and prayers foi
inei are pourlng Into the sanctum ot
rotary ,,f ihe Treasury MacVeagh.
I'ndervaluatlon has beon the beset
.- crlme of ihe Importers. A dis
? li from New Vork yesterday state,!
tlio Treasury Department
ngtheni I by the rovelatlons of tn<
i. --. weeks, ;.. in posltlon, In om
? ii . i', ., mpel tlio restoratior
,; $1,000,000, wlthout waiving
i nment's right to prosecuto thc
.. ? ? .im- in questlon in tho criinlna
... k has i eased m bo a por
it for lho smuggler and foi
rtei \\ ith fraudulent Intenl
.:,... i by customs officers tha
... ri, ana return by ihe cana
ivay Into thi- country wher,
belore the i muggling prob>
:\'ew york. The force or dus
, i ? un ih,- Canadlan bonlo
trebled in order to meet lll
ni travel through -Mon
i other Canadlan ports.
r,fflci ra ,?!' New Vor!
. uing blows for ihe en
ot lionesl doallng on th
whu think lt Improper i
innthor mnn but quil
defrai I and ? I ? i I tho I lo*.
Mir t *-i:ii is i.v st mu iu;.
ii ip.o ? itements made b
i tnerq as p,
ipoi . ? ertl lo il oi
iioh .1-, tion by i he "di :? i. Joh'n ?
!.,?.. of in.- Lj*ncUburg bai. qi ? larsd i
Wednesday nigat al a public mootlr
lhat he was "Intorm.d" thnt the .rliool
chlidf. n would be ao used, No eontra*
dlctlon oi thla alatdment, whlch wn
rbponted ln parti camo to ou.v
notice untll y.atft'rday. but w aro vor,1
glad to i.n thal tha acltool children
ln Lynchburg were not used for tha
ptirposa Indlcati tl
thi; -MI-HICAIV iriKHAnv ? e.vikh.
Dr. '''li. Nel-on Page, ln n letter
!,, e x.-v York newspaper, declares hls
opl.,i thal there la no special llte
rary center In America, aa there Ib In
Bnglantl and France, bul thal New
Vork wlll, ln tli" course of liine, he
come aucli a center. Home crltlca have
andeavored to rofute thls asacrtlon, be?
cause "New Vork Is esaentlally com?
merclal." Thal ila ftltln tO tbe reason
thal Dr, Page suggesta whon he says
thal New York la the publlshlng cen?
ter.
Then, again, such a result wlll be
leached by a process of ellmlnatlon, If
thero shall ever he a llterary centcr, lt
wlll bo in a clty, because the "plaln
llving and high thlnking" days or _on
cord are no more. Tho modern author.
lf you please, ls not content wlth a
Btroli In the woods at twlllghl or a
day'a mediltatlon on the pebblea -aat
skirt Wnldeii Pond. Yotir up-to-date
author of authoress is a man or wo?
man of urban tnsic. ready on n
momeht'x notice to shoot over to fer
sla. make public speeches, motor
thro'ugh England, or to do many other
things. No porrldge and hardtack for
such as these?for Iheni the cafe, the
parsley Bprlg garnlture, the taxlcab?
all the cosmopolltan pleasures of tho
largo clty. Xew York contalna thoso
things to a greater extent than any
other American clty?it also shclters
more ot the elements that go to make
up Amerlcan llfo than any other clty.
lt ls morc typtcally Amerlcan than
Chlcago or Philadelphia and lesser
places.
The swlftly changlng conditlons Jn
clt;y llfo rendcr Imposslble tho recur
renco of the typo of llterary centcr
that Boston used to he. The soinething
akin to reverence for the litterateur
that once rndlated as a communlty
anra from Bcacon Hlll ln Boston is
dylng out. Tho publlshers are ln New
York, that clty already has a position
of influence Jn matters llterary, and
lf wo Shall ever have a real llterary
center, though we doubt it, it will be
in New York.
THK AGE OF THE FEB SVSTEM.
The Saturday Evening Post ln a re?
cent issuo said some very Interesting
things about tho age of the feesystemin
this country. It would seem that thls
abuse is one which tlme has deeply
rooted Into our governmental system.
Our eontemporary tells us that the
too system is "one of thc oldest of
Amerlcan institutions, for it camo here
with the flrst colonlal ofllcer.'' The of
lice of Governor of Virginia, according
to a famous hlstorlan, yielded $80,000
the year to tho nomlnal Governor, who
stayed in England, while thc acting
Governor of tho colony, who llved ln
the Old Domlnion, received $20,000.
In the same perlod, tlie Governor of
New Y'ork was accustomed to collect
for his prlvate purso $65,000 the year
ln land patent fees alono. In a tlmo of
small fortunes, Govefnpr Clark, of Now
York, collected $100,000 in ^-von years,
In a very brief tenure, Governor Clin?
ton took in $.0,000.
lt. wlll he well for defenders of the
fee system to note that ln the oplnlon
of the Post the Amerlcan Revolution
was a dlrect result of tho fee system,
for the dlspules with colonlal offlcers
that culminated ln the war were maln
ly brought ahout by the attempts of
colonlal otltcers to collect fees.
Its age 1- no argument for the sys?
tem. There ls no statute of llmlta
tions ln this case to har tlie rights ol"
the peopio to abollsh this Iniqulty. The
day is not so very far away when
nothing that is unbusinesslike wlll be
tolerated ln the adminlstratlon of tlie
public buslness.
A KING ANI) A PO_ICE>IAN.
Monarcha are plctured in the popu?
lar mind as cold and unfoellng persons,
wh . malntain a solemti res'erve in all
clrcumstances, permtttlrig no emollon
to come to the surface?aloof, solltary,
unapproachable. King Alfonso of
Spaln appears to dlspro've the popular
lmpresslon. It wlll be recalled that
when he was In Paris on hls flrst visit
he came very near being a vlctlm of
a bomb exploslon. One of the police
| men of tha French capltal, who had
been riding near the royal carriage,
j was thrown from hls horse. whlch was
alarmed at the noise and tumull.
Hc was serlously hurt. This po?
liceman soon afterward retired from
the service and dlcd recently. Some
one sent a clipping from a riowspape.i
i rep u-tlng lhe mtin's death to Klng Al
-'fonab, wlio answerod immediately, send
Ing to the widow of the policeman t>
i louohlng letter, together wlth a cheo.
for a very substatitial sum. Thc inch
l\ dont is,closed, but lt shows that a Kitif
I- i can ho grateful and demonstrallve.
The Boston Transcrlpt. not we, mtis
be taken to tasic by tho Charlotte Ob
Borver for the statement that "li
North Carolina alone there are elevoi
Institutions whlch call themselves col
leges for women." And that fron
BosCon, too!
Pull many a Supreme Court n-s-plran
wlll Mush unaeen after thls afternoor
According to tho Chlcago Trlbunc
io burning question among thoatre
oers of thal clty '^ not as to lhe per
ilssll lllty of the Salome role of Mnr;
ariii-n, bul "Should overahooa be wori
t th? opera?"
From tho Norfolk Lanflmark, ou
uustomary sourco of nll forolgn soctti
news, we learn that Harry l.eiu- ls o
tlu- vorirQ of collapso, it vyaa rumore
among tlte "four million" in N'evv Yor
ihai he had left tho clty in the oar
of two nurscsv Tho roason aaslgiie
rest." it itiU-l be Btrenuo "" .
.Hns oC New York- ? ,., el
Kllirri Ituiibard, the frett |
' Ier !?!' Roycroft reputatlo '' ""? j i
aud iclty to wrlte nii over I
to husy men ln all pi ofl ' ? i
dreaaltig them aa "1 >eni
Why, the vtiry idea! i
Queor letters come lo m v
fiees. Yesterday a woman
Inqtilre of uh, ''Who shoi the f klea |
off of Edna's foce." Wc do ? ? know. J
hnl It inight bo well tn il
record ot Georgo Bnllo... of
Post.
? Ion <
Voice of the People
t'oirmiunlcntlonj munt not ??-?
tain more than 800 worda.
-Vhen thls Uml* l_ exceeded let
tern wlll be retnmed.
No nnonymoua roimuiinlcnllona
wlll be accepted.
A -.:i.ii|i<>- nn-!: ??; -. ttIIIi <_e
wrlter>? ndilrcm, munt iico-iny-ny
every communluntlou.
Women lu Polltics.
Jo thc Edltor of The Tlmei Dl patel
Slr,?Observing a tendei
parl to favor or to laugh at thi '
li'.n of tho "new women " 1
commend to your atti n foi-'
lowing passage rrom Ferraro'i "Great
nesa and Decllne of Romi Vol. L|
page 136: "Tho perversion ;. li are
Introduced Inio tho femtnlm world hy .
i rlch ancl mercantilo clvl n, and i
Lhe culture nnd pleai un lt ac- !
company It were no longi .
in Roman houses. (Tlme, .'."?
brougrht wlth tiiem all famlllar |
corruptiona?the ahameli - ???nall
of fashlonablo ladlos who rcly t -
ilieir expendlturo upon tlu tttentlona
of tlieir admlrors; tho ae - nc: of
skiiful nnd dopraved nti over
vlctlms onorvatod by sclf- I Igonce,
? mkI sonsltivo to ali thc arts i
ory ond seductlon; tho opi n rtvnlr; be?
tween young -ompetttorB for dowrles;
the tyranhy of rich wlve o Impccun
lous husbands; the tendonc. of women
to llve the samo life as men, to Btudy
and to speculato, to ride and to play,
nnd even to dabblo wlth dcllght ln tho
niiiihly waters of polltlc AmongSt
the promlnent ropre entc of the
new women1 iit Rom.- ai tl Mme was
a certain Prociu, a clevi r en Ol
her class, who. thanhs to : umber of
UlUBtrlous lovera, nnd. vbovc all, to tlie
notorlous Cethegus. m ln Itlon
to dispose of oXtonslve i;:1 ? otc,"
You in a recent Issin p an
edltorlal on Kate Chn ?? Sprague. It
' a that as a politiclan ahi vas a
remarkable success. and ei ? ?
to bo rankc/d wlth the Pi i cl i the
Servlltas and the Muciai ol li tory,
but I hardly think vou |nti
hold her up to vlew as a model ? be
Imltated by the asplrlng "new ?
of this day, any more than ? ?? ld
tlu riotoue amazoni of Englai
doubtless, being deprived i I
the softer and rtiorq Insln
Ishments of their celt brati
havo rosorted to the rougher \
of ihe proletarlat, such ...
pulling and cat calls. I am tnctined to
think that your alluslon i I
Jecl hav.. a spii.t thal dellcato
sarcasm of which von ?
>u used
cents round trlp and ono at 20 cents;
total, $."..00. Round trlp on rallroad,
$5.20. Note, please, thi Valley Rall
road does not charge - conts per mile,
hut ls permittod to charge : iil ':, cents
lior mile. it wiii !.,- seen ii costs
more to use one's automobile oveT tha
Valley Pike than io travol by rail. On
at least ono stretch of iho road, iho
flrst nine mlles north of Staunton, the
pike company now has three gates in
the nine mlles, which we aro advlsed
is not in accordance with chartqr
rights and iu violation of Stato law.
Notwithstanding thls excesslvo toll, no
word of complalnt has come from auto
mobile patrons of the pike, except
that it in- kept ln reasonable condition.
| As it i.-. now tnaintalngd it is doubt?
less tho most expensive road In tho
entire country for automoblllsts, and
tt can I... easlly established tho Valley
| Pike has cost automoblllsts for this
[.clty alone sevoral thousand dollars for
tires over and abevo what it sliould
have cost, had theplke boon kept up to
approximately modern requlrements.
I ho company's way of "keeping up"
thc pike is to break hard blue litno
stone with edges almost as sharp as
a knlfe, many of the pieces so largo
as not to pass through u ;i l-'i Inch
ring. and spread it ovor tho surface in
sm-h n way as to make it imposslble
"ior travol" to pass around, and tho
travel is .supposed to heat lt down and
mako a road.. Over thoso sharp rocks
one hu to drlve rubber automobile
tires, wlth th.. result thnt new tlros
custlng $60 each have been dumagod
boyond repair in a slngle round trlp,
Staunton to l-larrlsonbitrg. The aver?
age mlleago, tires used on tlie A'ulley
Pike, is ... loasi r.O per cent. less
than thoso used on the modern plkes
and dlrt roads.
Tho Staunton Automobile Associatlon
would conslder it a dlstlnguished pleas?
ure lo furnish autoniobtles of latest
. I pattern to tako tho membors ot tho
| Stato Corporation Commlsslon over tho
i. Valle; Turnplke, that they may soo
j b\ actual Inspoctlon how it is tho
I mosi expi nslve roadway ln tho State
| for automoblllng.
t STAUNTON AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIA
| TION,
Clarko Worttilngton, President.
. i A Snue Vlew of lt.
To tho l.dltoi? of The"Tlnies-Dispatch;
Xi i have hoi-ii a loyal layman
anks of tho Democratlc party
than two -score yoars, T trust
? . iii not conslder it presumptuou.
? ? Drosslng my ylows o\\
i ocl Of culllng a Stato con
loatli n of Statowlde prohlbt
r tion, llkt iho "irreprosulbln qonfllol
I o| ? ? uo" l-. io lu- met. and iinlcs
l-olq <-m bo dono io clu.oll
wllni oi'imkai-il. from paradin.
i treets i nd country, vve wlll surol:
i* ivi StatowlciQ proliililtlon thriis
>"ii ns.
i rankly Bpeaklhg, l am nol ln favai
thiB, ior 1 .tin cleurlv of tho opinloi
that Uquor (iold under a law. restraln
ni: licirie, Is fttt" better for our Com
ftonwottltli.
l'roli|l,l:|.,ii li an utter f;l||nro ,-e
lucod to the iiiies of loglo or practical
'xporleiico, for any law that (s aoh>
lanlly vinliileil, I.i ;i bad law, Thln
aw I-. eonstantly vldlated. Therefore li
nusl I,,- i, bad law.
Tho wil ll.iia w:il of lho license,) ga
ih.ii, Ihrows th" sale Im., thc hands
ii dlsreputablo people, who enrry on a
iirrepiliiinis .-hui decoptlve trafllc,
ntialng u cdntempl for law nnd brced
in. hj pocrlsy, ii deprlvos th.. com
nonwoaltli of n large revenue that will
i.H" io bi l.ii'.il in somo form from
( an.il.iiy Bpeaklng, nll tho vldlatlons
if lho luw and rules of mornlliv should
lot i'.o debltofl against liquor. Thls
ild ivorld was iltllto young, so I'ar aa
he human rfceo is ooncernod, when
.?ulii killed hls brother, nnd Jacob stolo
lie blrthrlght from EsaU, nnd Anauins
ind Sapphlra approprlated the oserlngs
if the temple, and lho Prophet. Elllali
? M'lnlmed, "II Is Ihou, O Ahnb, who
iroublost rsracl," etc.
Moral dollnquency in personal
?haraoter has exlstecl, and doybtless
ivlll continue to exlst, for ages to com,'.
xow, i wish ii ol early understood
lial i am u<> npoiogist for lntoxlcation;
for l lontho ilrilnkeiiii,'..'.:< as much ns
iny living morliil, und I nm now at
the polnt Ihut should Interest our party
when .i conventlon ls called. In my
>!ilnlon wo should contend for local
iption. imt condemn drunkunness by
fr.inki.v and tearlossly advocatlng tho
nassagc ot law maklng lt a crlmo,
imiii:ihable not only by .-. iino, but Im
prlsonmenl lu jall; making lt man
latory ?,n clty or town, pollce and the
onslalil.'S Of the rural dlstricts to ar
?csi wlthout warrant, and Immodlatoly I
Incarcerate the offonder ln Jall,
ln my opinion thls will do more to
iradicate drunkennesa*than Statowlde
prohibltlon, PHILIP K. BROWN.
Blue Rldgo Sprlngs December 8.
"Preachers' Sons."
I',, ihe K.litor nf The Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?Some time an,, there was au
artlcle in "Tlio NIneteenth Century
and After" <-n the subjeot of your Mon
Jay's edltorlal, "Preachers! Sons," ln
which the wrlter gave tho following
Interestlng statlstlcs; He examined
i.esiie Stephen's great Dlctionary of
N'ationnl Ringrapliy to see how many
-nns ?.f mlnistora havo gained enough
dlstinctton ln English llfo to bo In?
cluded in thal work. llo mado a com?
parison of preachers' sons wlth sons
nf doctors and sons of Inwyors slnco
the Refarmatlon. The results nre In
ttng, Throe hundrod and flfty doc?
tors' Bons have by ihis to-t gained
dlstinctton ond huve found a place in
Co dlctionary, 510 inwyors' sons and
1,270 proachors' Bon i.
To make the comparlaon fair lt
would be necessary to imvo some i,l";i
ol the comparatlve number of doctors,
lawyera and preacher- In England from
the tlme of tbo Rcfurmatlon, and, in
addition, the number of the sons of
each professlon. Bui the (lgures as
they stand at least prove yonr con
lention. Sfoui y | ruly,
R. K. BLACKWELL,
Randolph-Macon College.
Olsconrnge Itlnrmni llrggnrn.
To the Edltor of Thc Tlmes-Dlspatch:
Sir,?Tii<- doserving poor of our clty
would be greatly relleved, if our good
pcopie would refraln from i ncouraglng
..tr.et and door beggars. Tho i
boen as we had hoped. The slckncss
and sufferlng among our deservlng
poor can nnd will b*> relleved as soon
n8 we Becure tho funds.
many boys, men and womei
on tho Btrcots of our i
do nol need I i eing en
couraged to live or. thi pul lic and be?
come chronle I l beats
HENRY LEL VAt-EIs I INB.
rglnf
that
DON ALFONSO GOING
BACK TO PORTUGAL
I,\ HAUQUISE DE FON'TEXOV.
OM AI-'FONSO, Duke ol Oporto, ls
shortly returnlng to Portugaii
and ii ls for this reason that
bls flrst cousln, King victor Em
ol Italy, baa advancod hlm tho
L-y to pay iiis by no means large
.. that he i m start llfe again
parent ln Portugaii where he hai all
'.'if th".- rel-nim; laniiiy Knlirely v. illi
oul arrogan ? ?:? tatlon and forinal
itv, averse to .ourt etiquette and i
monlul, he w is extromely democratic
ln hls wayB, exceptlng when drlvihg
hli splendid horses, to wliich ho was
devoted. and when he expected people
to gel out of hls way. indeed, ho was
bo often Bhouting out when drivlng,
"Arrcda!" which means, "Get out of
the waj !" that he was glven tho nlek
iniiiie of "Dom Arreda" by thc LlSbpn
publlc. Once or twice, when hls wuy
>.-... bl ked, he was abusod hy drlv
?i thc contrary dlrection, or
. , ,.,i|.. ,,ii foot. But on almost
,. ery occaslon that they either Insult
ed nlmj or placed any Imputatlon upon
hh courage, he stopped hls horses,
handed the relns to hls alde-de-camn.
allghted, and emba*cjced on a flsticuff
ehcounter with hls adversary, almost
iuvariably coming out tho victor,
though on tw-o occaslons he got rather
badly mauled. ln tho latter instances
ho dcclined to permlt the other man
to bo molested in any way by tho po
lice; preferring to scttle his differ
in.es in hls own fashlon, without as
sistance.
Tho democracy of his privatc llfo
was reflected in his polltical views.
though until the murder of hls brother
he held almost entirely aloof from pol?
itics. Indeed, he seems ln almost every
way to havo taken after his maternal
Kran.lfiU.hor, tho late King Victor Em
manuel. resembllng thc latter even ln
hls bluff, briisqiie, startllngly frank
manner. At tho tlmo of the assas
sination of his brother, Dom Carlos,
and of the Crown Prlnce, he came to
thc front, and stood boslde his wldow
ed slster-In-law and his young und in
expcrlenced nephew ln a partlcularly
ehivalrous and gallant mannor; while,
when the revolution broko out tho
other day, lio took to arms and, over
whelmqd by sheer numbers and borno
wounded to the ground, was captured
and placed on board tho steam yacht
Alfiplla, which was commanded by rev?
olutionary officers and had a revolu?
tionary crow.
He has always been such a univcrsal
favorite throughout tho length and
broadth of Portugal that tho people
aro already expressing regrot that he
was included in the wholesale banlsh
niont. of tho houso or Braganza; and
whilo tho decreo of exllo may not bo
repoaled, at any rate for somo tlme
lo come. lt ls on lho cards tliat tlio
duke will be qul.-tly Informed that
thero will be no objectlon on thc part.
of tho republican government to hls
roturn to lho ci untry, to which ho
Is deeply attachod, and where alono
lio foels hlmself at homo and among
genlnl surrpundlngs. ln (hls way tbo
republican government oxpeots to glvo
datlsfaptlon to tho stlll vory numerous
adheronts of tlio fallen dynasty, and
at tlie samo time to propltlato thoso
forelgn monarchlos which, attached to
tho houso of Cobtirg-Brazanga by ties
of relatlonshlp. nre naturally ernhlt
lerod by tho treatment to which it has
been subJePted at tlio hands of tho
revolutionary Junta. Don Manuel on
several occaslons prior to hls deposl
(ion exprossed a wish to abdlcato In
favdr of his uncle. Dom Ari'onso, reo
ognlalng tho faot that the duke* was
tnilOh moro in touch wlth tho people
and wlth ptlblie senttmohi In Portugal
than lio was h'imsolf, atid 11 Is prob
i _i,ie thal had ho abtindonod for a tlmo
tho rolns of Kovernrannt lo Dom Af-i
fonso, as regont, tho monarchy mlght.
havo beon saved, As tl is, lho roturn
] of I'lom Affonso, oven ln n prlvate oa
iniiy he regarded as tho enler
I V
?hical restora
Bai-oi' Ernofil .'on Ungorn-Stern
porg's sontenco, nni tn moro |m?v(so'n
monl or to oxllo i.> Slborla. but to four
voai-H of hard labor ln the mines of
Stborla, wlth the Btigms of fnlony, ls
geperally regarded al st, Povorsburg
as a punlshnient so sovere that tho
iCzan may. possibly bc iudiicod to mitlr
ffWhat could more suitably conveyj
the Holiday Spirit than your favor-!
iteauthor's greatest thoughts clothed
in a binding of richness and taste.
?fJChoosing the right book becomes
easy in a collection as complete as ours.
BOOK AND STATIONERY^ COMPANY5*
-)I4- EAST MAI M ST.
Daily Queries and Answers
Address all comnmnlcations for thls column to Query Editor,
Times-Dispatch. No mathematica! problems wlll he solved, no
coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be given.
that
onstitutlon
tltutlon ?
Thc Kir-t Wrlltrn Constitution,
j. A friond insists that tho Unlted
Htatea Constitution was. not the 'Irst
written ono. "What do you say? When
were the amendment- inude? - lo
Canadaa Constitution llkc ours? How
nded? Vi.TEU.
ho "Fundamental Orders of
itlcut," n doeumont of elevt n ar
creatlng the republic of Conncc
ln 1839, was the lirst written
The United States Con
,-ent into effect March 4.
First Congress passed
- | ... nta r>n September .r>.
_f these ten wero ratlfied,
into effect December 15,
have been called the Amer
i( Rights, aa their provls
nilar to thoae of the itlll of
i.i by tho EngllBh Parlln
168. Thc cleventh (ttitl
tiio latter chans
?thod of electlng President
.. ,t ...or' submitted
of March 6, 17?.. .aid De
1S03 declared in
179S, and September
. tlvely, The C matltu
nged tor slx
The thirteenth, fourteenth
?? _-.en-n.-ntB. ttbOlishinK
Tlu
? :.,posed
IS and 1870 n I
d and proclalmcd
iy by vlr
?orogatlva
a ilus-iaii
tho natlon
olnt upon
ment l.ld
hi grreatest atres i was tnat
ommuntcated to the mllitary att.u
if the Austrian embossy on the banl
id
roeolvlng a copy.
The baron. wlth thc knowledge and
consent of the Ruaalan government,
was th- repri-. enlatlvt: in St. 1'it.rs
burg of tho prlntilpa] Austrian press
iBSoolatlon, an associatlon whlch hut
an ofllclal connectlon with thi Aus?
trian government, from whlch it drawj
a, subventlon. as Russlan reproeenta
tivos of thls Austrian associatlon, tlu
baron was naturally ln daily inler
course wlth the Austrian eml tssy ? ;
St, Peteraburg, and mado a polnt ol
communlcatlng to them all tbe r.-:w
vvhlch he was sendlng to the pro.-.
-ssoctatlon at Vlenna; news whlch
oflen, on account of the Muacovitt
press laws, could not he publlshed it
aiiv of the St. Petersburg newspapera
In'fact, the baron kept the. Austrlai
embassy posted as to what was goiuj
on ln a general news way, and als<
conimunlcated to it docurnents whlcl
came under hls notice ln thc ordlnan
course of business, such as prlntei
matter analogoits to the congresslpna
and department reports. at Waabing
ton. For thls hc was allowed a ec-r
taln annual salary bv the Austrlai
embassy. of whlch fact hc never madt
unv aecrot. Thls places him. there
forc, in a very dlfferent. class lo thi
ordlnary traitor who purloln* ofllcia
s.crets, or obtains them by bflbes, it
order to soll them to a foreign power
nnd thero is a general feeling, both ii
Hussla and abroad, that whlb
he ma.y have heen lacking In dlscre
tion, yet that hc has not been guilt:
of any dlshonorablo conduet or o
felony, and that under the clrcum
stances the sentence toUiard labor it
the mlnes of Slberia is unduiy sc
vere.
Of course, it would have been wlse
for him to have sevored his connec
tion* with the Viennese news agenc:
and with tho Austrian embassy at th
time whon tho rolo^tlons between Itus
sla and Auatrla. became so very strain
ed a couple of years apo ln connec
tion with Hervia nnd Kosnta-IIer-o
govinO. But. he is a man with n
fortune, ls depeiident upon his salar
for a llving, nnd slmply could not at
ford to saerllico, hls only source o
incomo, ... , ?
liaron Ernest von' Ungern-Stembor
is a member of one of tho oldest house
of the Litlutanlan n'oblllty, recolve
hla educatlon at Itoval. and served fo
a tlmo us an officer of tho Wilna Drn
goon Reglmont, Forced to reaign m
commission on account of llnancis
troublo, he camo to this country, drin
od to Mexico, and thon made his wa
to France, where ho jolned tho - ot
plgn Loglon, Erom whleh ho wa
ovontuallv discharged, Ue then mud
hls way to Sspaln, where he undei
Went many vlclssitudes, and linall
turned up at Algeclra.s at the tlni
of tho Interntitlonal conferonco on tli
subject of Morocco as corresponth .
of tho London Express. Tho acmtaii
tancos whicli ho formed thero prove
very uscful to him ln the establlsl
mont of nowspapor connections, an
nfter a brlof stay at Vienna, he pre
needeu to St, Potersburg as tiio dul
aooredlted correspondont of tho Am
trian-nowB agency, nnd of tiio sem
ofllcia] Vionnes- Fromdenblatt,
Hls famlly olalm to descpnd In
dlrect Une from ono of the threo. |;ln_
who viiiitod Kothlehem al tiio tlu
of tho blrth of t'hrist. und who ai
known in Scriftture as tho ''Threo Wlt
Men of tho W-ist." According to tn
dltion, tho naines of those ihreo Mai
woro Molchlor. Ga?pard and Bnllhi
?/.ar. Ouspard Is alleged tn bo tho ai
oeator of tho Ungern-Stornberg.-.. II
l.'roiu-h nobW family of Pa \ Qgue bofts
of an unbrokon doscenl from .Melchlo
whlle another Fropoh house, namel
the De Beatix, of Provonce. shows
geuoaloglcal tree at tho root of whic
Ih Hulthu-ar.
(Copyrlght, 1910, by tho Urentwoi
Company. i.
In force. At lirst plan, for amend
ments woro popular, There wore llf*
toon Btich propositlon;- in 1801 and
nol less than 1 IB iu 1810 to 1820,
ond in 1820 '?> 1830 there wero seven
ty-flve efforts to change the election
of Presldent, u hIi -.-:?? term and dlrect
popular \ ote being fa> oi ? a
'.' Canada's Constltutlon Ib an ael
passed by the Brltish Porllamoiil In
isfiT. ati'i l. nol io i.e anti uded by
popular voto An Important dlsttnc
tion noted hy BryCO Is tliat. while
Congreaa han onlj the po-wera hmu.iI
;. n>.- Domlnlon Parlia
neral power --i li I
only by certaln
?on tlio provlnclal ;
'1 th., :
d on daily ,?
n to Euront
thlrty-slx d'
fnlted
ic? and
ln the
ipllShe.!
ollea In
\ Mii.rl Hon.l to Fninc.
(.Much shorter, ln fact Hian the ono
formerly trav* led i
Fame fiings her favor- wlth a liberal
hand
These worthy daya of grace,
And laurels at .-*. mlghty man's com
mond
Aro multiplled apace.
Ah, how wo valnly long tho livelonr*.
day
natch Immortal
And win her coplou3 pr.,.
A word. a r.od, and from obscurlty
Thls man >.r tha< irl
And, falth, tho litnelight palnta his
dlgnlty
Ir. some '.aprlcious gulses.
"Ho, thore"?A lucky Senator. by
"And you"?A scurvy llatr*.
(Perharm th.- spectaclo may stlr your
gOrgO,
Or anlmate your ire.)
"Come, sir"?A loomlng Presldent we
seo,
To rule a gratoful land.
Thus elghty mllllon son* of llberty
Fed from a single hand.
Tho "stick." :i hlg one, whirls beneath.
tlu- tioaven;
LLok ..ut' Too late. too late!
Its hapless vlctlm writhea among the
rf*t en.
And rests among the great.
I wrote a book of muny thoughtful
pagos;
It fell a trifle flat;
Ho rlppod It up, and. sir. tho tattored
pages
Hc ftung thU way and that.
it waa a vory cruel swat, but. craclous!
What matter8, praise or !>lanio?
Noxt day tho world was not a whit
too spaolous
To hold iny swollen fame.
They tell me now he lles among tho
slaln;
1 scarcely can belleve lt,
For, though defeat may visit him
-a main,
To-morrow may retrlcvo lt.
Who lles to-day beneath a fell dis
as(er,
Rocanso thev thought him strongor.
May "get there." let mc tell you, oll
the faster,
And smell of hlm tho longer.
Ben, Novembor tl. B. C. M.
Han nnngrrou* I'nll.
[Special to Tho Tlmes-Dlspatch.]
Suffolk, Va.; December 11.?Whlle
rldlng to a ilro to-day, Ernest Raby,
twenty-three years old, and tho horse
ho was runnlng fell on tho sllpperj
pavement and sllded some feet. Raby's
bond struck a stone curblng. and ho
was plckod up tileedlng and uncon
sclous. The result of his injurles can?
not be foretold.
Thc loss from the flre which started
in a Washington Street parlor was
trifiing. ?
Make this Bank Your Bank
OF RICHMOND, VA.
Capital . . $1,000,000.00
Surplus . . $ 600,000.00
WM. H, PALMER, Presl'ent.
JOHN S. ELL13'*.T, Vice-President
WM. M. HILL, Vice-President.
J. W. SINTON, Vlce.Presldent
JUblEN XX. HILL, Cashler.
Three per cent. per nuuuni luterent
allowed . oa Suvliigs nepimlts, com
pouuclcd every ?lx liiontha.

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