Stator^ *3B?> Btepofrh
Baslnesc ornee.?1* F.. M?tn Street
South Kichmond.lt?3 Unit Street
Peterfbiira Bureau....1(9 N. R>rai?~r? str-es?.
Lynchbuix Eureou.716 i;'uhth Streit
BT M Sit. Ol? 81? Three Orot
POSTAGE: PAID. Te?r. Mos. Mob. Mo
I'ally frith Sunday.J? CO f*.M ?l.M? .M
Bully -without Sunday... 4.? ?W 1.09
Suindsy edition only. 7.00 1 M fO .t)
Weekly < Wednesd iy >.... 100 .M ? ...
Fr Tlm?s-Bli>piU'h Currier Pellrery 5er
Ttee In Richmond (und eub-jrbi) ?nd fetors
Daily "-Ith funiay..14 cents
Daily without Sunday..!....10 cent?
fcun<3ny only.6 cents
Bntera? jtnuary 57. 1W5. at Richmond. Va., J
? ? ??cend-clii's matter under act of Con
er??? of March !. 1STP.
MOMWV. JANUARY 3. I!>11.
TIIK HE ST IN ITS HIVIOHY.
Much satisfaction will be foil in this
clt; over tlie statement made by the.
fcilly Council Committee on Finance
through Chairman il, R Pollard, Jr.
that the present financial condition of
Richmond is th" best in its history.
The figures given oul Convincingly es?
tablish the commanding position which
this city holds both in Virginia and the
With the assets of the city showing
an excess or $S.:.63.3SS over all nubili?
ties, with an estimated Income for 13U
of $2.363,230, Richmond Is Shown to be
in a most satisfactory ilnuucial condi?
tion. Moreover, thr fact tlial.il has
ane of the. lowesl tax talcs among
cities of Its slr.e and condition furnishes
striking evidence of the superiorstand?
ing of Richmond,
Atlanta suffers severely when com?
pared with Richmond in the matter of
city tax rale, as well us in oilier
tilings. Cor 1DP3 there was a total tax*
rate of $2..V. in Atlanta, while the to?
tal lax vate for Richmond was hut $1.75.
The total tax here, therefore, amounts
to 60 cents on the SIOO of value less
than the total rate in the Georgia city.
Worcester. Massachusetts, is the only
ritv in Itichmond's class heard from
which bar. a lower talc than this jelly',
the tax rate there being' $1.6-1, il
cents less. The rale in Grand Rapids
Is fl.33; in Louisville, $2.60; in liofTalo,
|2.13; in Denver, 13.50; in fc'nn Fran?
cisco, ?2; in Birmingham, $3.30,
The total property Milttcs in Rich- |
mond are; Real estate, $107,7(7,183,
; xclmllng all real estate exempt from j
taxation; personal property, $55,5-30,&0S; ,
grand total. $103.61(1.001.
The (totalled statement made by the
City Council <"011111111 tee on Finance is
de best advertisement which Hieb
mond enli advance n will oOrve us an 1
unanswerable argument In favor of,
the assertion thai, by sane and eon- i
tsci'val.lve methods. Richmond has en- 1
trenched itself in a leading position
hi' ihe commercial and ilnunelnl world
In sin h a way Its to assure it of a tdlll j
(aller fmure. . j
t ili; I1ATT1.K OF THnHlr.AVOHUS.
1'f more \lt:,l hearing upon lh<- fu?
ture oi the American people than any,
ringle happenlug 01 Hit last quarter bl
a century is the decision of the tsu
prcme Conrl of the United States in
the famour. I rust cases which are now
upon Its docket, and one ?.f which I"
now being argued; The economic is
? lies involved reach down to the very
toots of public policy and are of as
much concern f> the average man as
they are to jhc men who think in mil?
lions. The adjudication of those cases
will reive, the great question be?
fore the people to-day: "tVliui is the
economic Mpind >>i th" Supreme Tribu?
nal?" ... ... . '*'
. President. Turner, of the American
Historical Association, without qualifi?
cation, linu said recenily that the era
which is'just beginning in ibis nation
is to bring about changes so re void
tlotiary in their results as to make the
peri.-.i a?. Important as that in which
the Declaration o( independence
written and upheld by the vordl-i oi
war. The decision! ?">! ihc supreme
Court will largely determine and shape
iho character of this change in condi?
tions and national consciousness At?
torney-General Wi.'kei-f-h.im declares
that the SuHdard 'hi case, will be the
most. Important evei1 considered ,,v ihc
Supreme Court, and in his belief he is
backed up Iii a powerful majority of
political economists and historians,
The contention of the (lovernmenl Is
?o plain thai he who runs may read.
The l?sv,e 1s --Imply llist the Sherman
? htt-trusl lav is constitutional; there?
fore, If the Standard Dil Compan> and
the , American Tobacco Compapy are
?'combinations in restraint of irnde.
am! if their purpose be to ' monopo
Hz?." the Court must, open sufficient
?vlderice, dissolve the corporate exisl
sue* of the?* tremendous organizations.
Frohi the position taken by the de?
fense, it i.-j dear thai the fight will be
from ihc foundation! all Ihr way
through ?Hi complex Birticitira which
these combinations have crecie,] \t
the outset, (her* will be legal "halr^
?putting, argument over phrases, ner
t?' it-sue over words. The defense will
dispute the plain meaning of Ihc word's
?'"trade," ''restraint" and "monopolise.'
The defense will contend with all i'f
misrht?and It If a splendid array ol
talent that fights for the trusts?tint
these great enterprise;, are manufac?
turers .md rennen-, a-.d as such, there?
fore'. n'.a engaged 't\ "trade ? i hey
n.cert that they rt 4 not ''restrain" nor
"monopolize"?deslllc the faci thai
the-.- control th'el market!, They win
?s;ert that tlme-w|?rii. plea of corpora
<ior..v- < ri?i they aje doing a beneficent
work; ti nt the goiil they do i> unmixed
with eyil thai ijry help the people,
rather thai hui t tyicm.
In enacting i!y Sherman anti-trust
law, the f'onsrAs used th.- words u
their accert'ijAcdic. Tht legislative
in tout it clear, the Ibsuo is clear; but
the. defense win seek to Infill
once tlic Judicial mind, Every tech?
nicality tlint may bo extricated from
the endless jungle of decisions from
the earlier i time to the prr^ciit will:
be brought Into play. No one can pre- j
diet what the decision of tho Court will
be; but it will not bo strange If upon I
the definition of the tltreo voids,
"trade." '"restraint" and "monopoJIr.e,'
shall hang I lie verdict In an epoch
making case. <
SCMNEH AMI MIUCC.
The Yankees up in Boston arc eel*
bratlng the centennry of Chorieo Sum
ner. There was a great gathering at
l:'ancull Hall Ins! Thursday evening]
and Hi" local newspapers have been .
filled with what the speakers tiritd
about the old rascal, one of the prln- I
Clpol events of whose life was that lb ?'
wan licked by Preston Brooks, of South 1
Carolina, for his studied Insults lo
Senator Butler, wlio could nol defend 1
himself. Mr. Sunnier was n very active I
K'vrker In Hie cause of Be.?..instruc?
tion ami was in large degree, respon
jlbie for the methods adopted by tne.
Governmenr for ihe suppression of the
South, lie believed that the Southern
fitters committed' suicide when they
withdrew from Ihe Union, and. there?
fore, lie wished to punish them by 1
making their white people subservient
to the nem o, and wore Iii? \llfe out. in
trying lo urcompllsh hl? pttrposen ">'
revenge. But IIiis i.- another story
What we nrc Interested In now. par?
ticularly, is the contrast, which the
speakers al the Funcull Hail meeting
drew between Can?t l.etlr.e and Air.
Sumner. One of the speakers war- n
preacher, another was n "'profcssor,'
and the third war Albert Enoch Till
bury, a former attorney-general of
Massachusetts, who was very Bavtgrotis i
against Mr. l.odge. He asked all sorls
of questions, of which ibis Is n sample: i
"Can you conceive of Sumner egging]
on his countrymen to a policy of mill- !
tary coiiojuceI nud foreign dominion'.''' I
If l.odge were nol tarred v. Ith lliej
same stick, if hr had not insisted upon
carrying out the Sunnier policy to?
wards the South by urging the passagi
of ti Force BUI. he could answer: Vcs.
and worse, sumner. nml be it sold t"
his everlasting dishonor, exhausted all
his power bud authority in cgginu on
his countrymen not only to the mill -
tary connucsi of ihe South, but to the
niter and absolute ruin of the mates,
which had soilghl separation from the
I nloir. and did his worst lo place the
white people of these states' under tho
dominion of Hie nepro. In his wn>,
ntlil lonj; lifter Sumner, Lodge tried to
do the same thing. They lirei of a
feather, so far nn this particular iti'hg
is concerned; but. measured by suni
ner. we should say that'Lodge '< ? UM
better und higher man, though a man
it would be a misfortune for Massa?
chusetts to continue in the United
Slates Senate. . Hereafter, in seeking
j contrasts for l.odge. it is Itopjed Uiaf
the Yankees will Mm??? ?>>? sumner.
I Why not lake Senator Hoar? He lived
'lone enough lo rcnlty.c Dial the |tocOII
structloit policy adopted through', ihn
efforts of Suiiincr was a great mistake
for both races in tlic South ami for all
parts of the country. There are ijntes
when some of the dead EhOUl.l lie", be
disturbed. Besides, it Is bad i'o.'m to
! turn a v.ake into a political mooting
A W.ACIA EYE KOH PKOAAOE.
I The New York Tribune is entirely
i rlsht In condemning the so-cnllod Bys
11oin of peonage by which lite eohtracl
[ ora in Alabama have sought to hold
I men in shivery, and we invariably re
! joice when tho Court} come to the re
lief of those who are hol able for any
reason to lake care of themselves, We
should tnvoi' heartily Ihe region! of all
In h?r contract lavs; but we are in?
clined to ib" opinion thai this would
not be i,, the advantage of a very
large number of the colored farm la
borers in the South, There have been.
Uii<|tirstlonal)lV, many abuses under the
contract system, but it has not worked
to the disadvantage or ihe negro
workers on the plan I a lions speaking
generally; indeed, It ha;, afforded them
protection from absolute suffering for
the barest necessities of life in many
Vases. Bii>, j'j.'ii the name, ihe ::-y?. -
tein should co and will go.
Tin decision t-t the United Stales
j Sunrepie Court lapI week Iff 'the Alf
bama ease has fixed the unconstitu?
tional it.v of such Inws ami It lt> nssiim
ed Hum ihe several Slates which have
passed laws on the. subject will re?
peal them, in Which event the negro
farm laborer "HI be compelled t" tri Re
? his chaiicfs with the. rest. We are
willing; but liiere ?> one point we
I should like io emphasise for the m
I formation of ihe Tribune: The ins'
I prosecution for peonage was brought
Jin the Circuit Court of South Carollnn,
in' Anderron County, about ten years
n co under the instruct ions of Hie pre ?
Siding iudce Certain negro'-, laboring
under contract.', had been cruelly treat?
ed, and the information of their un?
happy estate having be-?n brought lo
the attention of the Judge, he directed
?!<? grand lury to make a thorough
Investigation of the matter. This w?a
done, ihr contractor! were Indicted,
fried and punished That was long be?
fore recourse was had to any of the
Federal Courts, which proved, as "e
have always held, that the states
should le strong enough pr:d Just
enough to protect tho Interests of all
their own i-eopie without invoking
M.tltlXG SlIOBT J1E.\ TAI.I..
Utile men will find much pleasant
food f,-,,- thought in the news
frOfll Chicago that a Short man
can-be made tall, lo order, a Chicago
scientist .says that. liiere is a "ray'
drifting around ?;omei\hcre In the uni?
verse Which, if found and utilized, will
make short nun long. 'The r?y i?
something like ihr ultra X-ray. which
latter contains a force that has a dis?
tinct effect on the growth of nervo
tissue. The X-ray Is t=aid to have tho
power oi en using nervo ends which
hare become useless to resume ihelr
proper functions, pj blending wllh this
ray growths whn Ii scorn to have)
ceased ntaj he rhtOlc to begin all over
Jt is asserted by H1I3 Chicago patron
saint of short men thai "what may bfj
done for the growth of a nerve, may
i>e done for the growth of an organ?
ism." ir Hits ray can out} he Isolated
and detached from ?'the tangible uni?
verse Of force.,'' the short man will
< hoot upward into a helghl commen?
surate with id-- heart's desire. No j
longer v. ill he have In diet 011 hull- j
gestlble and lll-tastln'g bone-forming
foods. Iii? limits will not have to be
stretched, his tender cartilages will
not hnvn lo he strained; lie will not
have to shuffle around in specially |
made shoes, navigating somewhat after j
lite fashion pf n female cnc.'itiod lit 0,
hobble shirt. All I:- will have to do
will be lo bask ill the ray a few times!
and then he v ill be. able 10 drink a!
cocktail ort the head of any man !
he desires to tower above.
Put what of the tall man? He will
become taller. Shall we have a sky?
scraper race? The habitations of men
will have to he raxed and romoulded
nearer the tail man's desire. This,
however. Is a wandering ovef into the
realm of pragmatism. When the ray
is found, we shall discuss the matter
Tili; HA?'IIS IN 'HIE DISTRICT.
Representative Prank Clark. 61
Florida, has Introduced a hill in the
House at Washington providing for
the separation of the racc\; in public
conveyances |p the District of Coluui- I
bla. It Is provided in th. bill that
within four months after its passage
all companies operating cars, vessels |
or olher vehicles In the District shall |
provide separate and distinct accotn- j
modalloha for the conveyance of while
and negro passengers, it provides,
further; that all street care and other
public conveyances must have separate
compartments for whites and blacks,
the accommodations for nogroos to he
! as good as those for the while people'.
Jlr. Clark claims (hat he has Intro?
duced his bill "In juslb-e to both the
whites and the negroes '" |p. believes
thai Its passage would remove friction
between the whiles and olncks. Tho
bill appears to have been drawn with
due regard to the legal rights of the
negro, -and we do not see how'It can
be attacked under any of Ihr Consti?
tutional Amendments, hi our opinion,
?however, it would place a very con
j stderhbla burden on the transportation
, companies, requiring Ihom practically
lo double their equipment for the per?
formance of the same service, in Rich- !
mond ami in other towns of the coun?
try the plan has been adopted, and has j
J worked Without friction, or dividing ,
the cars between the races, reserving,
so many seats at the forward) end (Or
the whites and so many teats at the
'rear end.of the'cars for the blacks By
; litis rulo the passengers are afforded
I exactly the same accommodations
wllhottl Imposing upon t In- railroad
I cotnpiihlcs the burden of giving-tvjlcc
J the service required for the traffic to i
I l>e handled. ,
We arc il"t surprised thai some plan j
1 is contemplated of dividing the races I
I in Washington. Their relations ni Um
j Capital are net nearly so agreeable as
I (hey should be. and because of the dis
I position which we hnve seen frequent -
I ly manifested by the negroes of nink
* lug themselves offensively conspicuous
oh the street, ,-urs. There will be vlg
I broils protests doubtless against the
! meanuro proposed by I ho gentleman
from Florida, bill lie appears In have
J provided against nil constitutional ob;
j lections, and for the sake of the blacks
illS well IIS Of the Whiles II ts to be
hoped that .some Pitch regulation nil
! 1 ha 1 proposed will be provided.
AMI SOT > WORD IT?Oil Pt.NCHOTl
">\ le-.i-e nre Qifforri und Amos'-' What
are they doing'.' How doe.- |t happen
Iba' lliey have allowed John; Hays
Hammond lo organize a $io,OOO,0OO
company t" control the olccirlo power
of the Vosoihlte? N"l only h.ir. he dono
this; but. according to the Christian
Science Monitor, he intends lo absorb
two ether power 'companies, one of
which already belongs to him and the
other I-. controlled by a rich tlmhei
man of Maine And bete ice ;.-it In lite
effete East allowing such things 10
I take idiice without so much as a |irp;
test from (he Pinchptst It is terrible,
J With the; aid c.f Governor Johnson,
? he pinch-.t brothers might he able to
have a law passed making it a misde?
meanor for anybody in Ca i I torn la to
take the.ij- power and lights from thin
I WHAT TUR FARMERS WASTE.
What do me fanners lose by hot rais?
ing at home what they send outside of
the Stale to get'.' Thai Is a very Im?
portant question, especially at. thin
lime, and. while fact-, on this inat'er
are hard 10 secure, the experience of
South Carolina is avaliable In a state?
ment latclv issued hy C J, WatBpn,
Commissioner of Agriculture, Immigra?
tion and Commerce, of that State. Ac?
cording to his estimate, the South Car?
olina farmers waste $68,000,00.1 I he
year in not raising at home what they
j could easily raise there. He -ays:
"Last year?that Is, the season of
1009-'10?the farmers c,f South Caro?
lina .-cm outside of the State for pro?
ducts that can he raised at home nearly
revenly million dollars."
Here Is (be detailed statement, of
For horses and'mul?s....... $11.350.000
For bacon, -tr . 15,000,000
For dairy products...... IL",000,100
J For flour.'.. Sft.aoO.OOO
For corn..'. - 6,?00,(100
For other commercial food
?Muffs .:. 3.000,030
For hay .". 3,000,000
For oats. I.OO0,O?O
If the actual expenno ot commercial
Ccrliiizert lor 1900. amounting to $I7,
:.:a.OOO. is taelCcd on to this cxpondl
tiiro. it makes a totnl of $sr.?s7S>."70?
enough to buy million ucrcs of tho
best farm laud in South Carolina.?
Tlvesb llgurcs show tliat .Hie vaiuo of
raising: mich product/, at. homo .cannot
be uvcrost Inialed. Why send out. of the
State what ought to be kept |n If.'
Why v/aste. when Ihorc la no need to
GOT JAM15S SMITH, JH., GOlS'G.
Whop nr. Woodrow Wilson reached
Jersey Glty last Wednesday night to
trim the feather:'- of Jamer. Smith ho
was met at the railroad station by
Joseph p. Tumulty; yet sonic persons
do not believe that there 'n anything
In name. The patronymic of Hie
chairman of the committee in this
case Indicated, a sops", tho char?
acter ,.r die meeting. Tho hall was
packed, ?'every foul of available
spaci " beln,: occupied, ami when the
school teacher- -this academic strip?
ling who beat the enemy to a frazzlo
and led the Democratic party to vic?
tory?entered tho hall, the crowd ro^.
up and cheered "our next President'!
for several m'nuten and until (hey
could cheer no more, and when the
domlnto ttn-neii to Martine and ex?
claimed, "I appeal to you, Mr. Martine;
under no circumstances withdraw."
there -wan another tumultuous demon?
Dr. Wilsen was at his best: he ir.
always at bin best. He did not ray I
anything ngalnal Mr. Smith, perron
ally?lie had raid that ..before, when
he showed that Mr.. Smith had not
kept faitli with himself; but he ham?
mered Mr. Smith over tho ropes when
lo- declared that the people of N;?w
Jersey waul .< representative rjn the
United States Senate who will repre?
sent thom and not the corporal lop.?;
and interests with which he Is asso?
ciated and of wbl.-h ho would be the
Instrument. He spoke of the. rush of
"the Interests" to the Democratic
camp. Ho could r-cc thom standing
With their baggage all packed and
ready lo move over uinong tho people,
not for Ilm benefit of the people, put for
i heir own purposes, und ho warned
his audience against Hie stampede: not.
as we understand, that he would deny
political salVation lb any or the err?
ing, but that he would keep them
under the careful Inspection of tlic
elders until they have shown fruits
meet for repentance.
We should Tike tq have them
all over on our Hide, really, not
In control of the activities of
t he parly, k but as sincere work?
er- in the Democratic vineyard. They
know all the ways of the common
enemy, and there is no hostility ibi
any honest men or any class of honest
men In the Democratic party, if "the
Interests'' v. ill obey the law, keep out
of office, decline to put up any can?
didates, und ?'lake not luck" with the
Parly of the People they should have
and would have i square deal. There
is James Smith, Jr., for example1; he
has no business running for any office,
and particularly should lie refrain from >
running for United Status Senator Inj
view el' his tiller failure to fill timt-l
place whcii he had it. U "Ihe inter- j
ests'' Which he represents bail the,
least bit of political reuse lie would
rifcver have offered himself for his
present sacrifice. In the Urst place, he.
la nol Ill/for Senator; lie has proved
it. In ihe second place, Iho Democratic
I voters of his Slate have said Hint they
want Martine; 'Phey might have done!
, beiier ttliili Martine, possibly; but for
I Smith to Insfst upon Ills, own candi?
dacy now is not only lo make the
I opposition to the Interests he re pre?
sents dangerous, hut It also shows on
Ills part bad faitli to the party.
It look- ns If Dr. Wilson lias Mr.
.lame:; Smith, jr.. beaten; al any rate
he la making n light against, him and
j what Smith represents that makes it
.very clear /hat Wilson is jusl about
I the rieht siio for President uf the
i United States.
v I'l i;>.\( lot s IKOSGCUTOJK.
Attorney-General J. I'. Llghtfoot; of
I ToxaH, is a true Texan and a man. The
I average attorney.general is ,-i man
I from whom little is heard, but not sn
tin the rise of Llghtfoot, who has jusl
I written stinging loiter to Govertiur
Klcct Colqultt. in which he says:
I ? "I desire to pay. respectfully but
j firmly, thai no policy of jours which
run:; counter to my duty as ill! office'',
or which violates the mandates of ?'ihe
' law, or the effect of which is in crip
! pie the usefulness of this department
in the enforcement of the taw, co as to
: permit special Interests to plunder lb"
I people, lnnd-grabberi rob Hie school
I children, or liquor dives and gambling
den's to desires* homes, r.holl be Inflicted
i upon me. either before or afi?r your
I induction in tho office of Governor.'"
Lightfobt evidently bar. the right
conception of his olllce, fully aware of
his dtfty tft the people, unwilling to art
Hie servile part which la played by so
many who fill ihe office of Hie Stale's
I chief counsel. Too often the attorney.
I general i:- the Governor's legal man
If ihrte had heen such a man as 1I1I3
In Hi* same oflice In New York when
Theodore Boosevclt Was Governor nf
> ?v York, that well-known politician
I would not have held office long. I: Is
jr. story which ban much behind if to
j verify II that "when Roosevelt was
J approached an to his candidacy for the
I governorship, ho aeserted that he could
not run. because he was a resident or
Washington, and not of the State of
N?w York, Thl6 war. proved by the
books. The Republican political lead?
ers itnew it. and they did not, know
v.-hr.t to do, until some one. ouggested
j that the only man who could bring ac?
tion againsl Ihb 'Governor *v remove
him from ?fRce would bo ihe attorney
general Consequently, tho nepuhli
cah nominee, for ihr" attorney -general
ship was carofiilly selected, and when
i " wonl Into elticr the potential eise
ef the State of New Vork vs. Itocsc
veil was liovor docketed.
More blgltttobiS' uro ? needed In tho
A II UV TOWjVM DEFICIT.
Tho Halifax Gu/otto points out that
cinco South Boston will have, to do
without Us dispensary revenue, there
will havo to he general retrenchment
In the nuances of that town. At n, re
cent meeting of the town council It
was decided thai a policy of economy
will have to he the course pursued by
the city. It was found thai the present,
rat? of expenditures exceeded tho
amount annually paid Into the town
Therefore, "the hoadn of nomc oMl
eials were chopped*oft and the salaries
Of others scaled." Street and sidewalk
c'ytohsluh and Improvements w in he i
halted lor the present.
On this situation tlte Gazette poet
slugs: , ?
Now. Mr. Goody Cltlr.cn.
Viet who voted "dry,"
We look to von for guidance,
Shall we swim or die.' t
')( course nfe cannot "swim"
how can wn when so "dry 7"
So pray the Lord to help US
And give us wings to lly.
If there were any let-up in liquor
consumption, the reduction In finances
would he ail rlgiit; hut what is South
Boston's loss Is the gain of wet cities
whence the South Bontonian- who like
tliolr toddy order ingredients. ,
Says the Orange observer:
"The automobile output, tor the pas)
year was enormous, but. no one can
lell what, tin- consequent graveyard In?
put has been."
There's more truth than humor in
According lo the Grayson Gazette,
Judge B. W. Saunders received this let?
ter in I ho last congressional campaign:
T-'nr you own good wo advise you lo
Withdraw from tho race we know the
sentiments of tho people! Barbecues
are no pood excursions no good we
want a man for ,our next congressman
nnil mean to have him.
Yours very Trilley
tine who knowo,
Weil, he gol tlie man. all right.
Denver's Heal Estate Exchange has
adopted a motto h?r Colorado that l?>
very well nut?-"The greatest btiBlhcsr
asset of a great ''nmnnnwealth Is .lust
government; special privileges to none,
equal opportunities to all." And this
wan ihe sentiment, the members of tho
same organisation drank, standing, on
New Vear's EVo: "Colorado shall bo
the ideal Commonwealth lh govern?
ment, as II is in climate and resources."
That Is a Hue sentiment and one which
might be adopted appropriately In
other States?In Virginia, for Instance.
D?ring the llrst American occupation
of Cuba, John It Ivlsscugcr, a volunteer
soldier from Indiana, allowed himself
to be bitten by yellow fever mosquitoes
in order to demonstrate the correctness
of the theory that this fever Is com- |
municalcd by tin- mosquito, we do
not know exactly what has happened
to Private Kisscnger since thai lime,
but it Is cvldc.nl thai the theory must
have been demonstrated through him,
as the House of Representatives at
Washington on Krida y granted him a
pension of $72 the month. The Seua''
had placed his pension at $125 the
month, but the House cut down thl.t
amount to J72 We are very glad, in
the circumstances, that all the Ameri?
can soldiers In Cuba were not. selected
to prove the mosquito theory.
The word now comes that Congress?
man Jones will soon declare himself
,1s a candidate Tor Culled States Sen?
ator, in opposition to Senator Martin.
Uul how i-r.inc? Wo thought lie had
already declared himself us :) candi?
date, and that we were "lingering su?
perfluous," so to r-ciy. because we word
not breaking- our iic-oks in not saying
whether we were for him or against
him. As we understand, Mr Jones la
of ai.o and lull grown, and there Is no
i".i::on why he should not run for Sen
ator or for anything else be wants, as
j the spirit may move h|m, bill Mr. Jones
must speak for himself, and not
through others, who apparently have
r,e> authority to rpeak for him.
I Sister TSohlnson, of tho valued Or- I
, ange. Observer, observes: ,
"That queen among Southern Jonr- I
mils, ib- Richmond Times-pispateh, |
seems to be Inclined to give women
their rights, oh. brother?"
Of course, and when our royal person
ascends the throne, y.6u shall bo our
I Listen to the soothsayer In South
Richmond, the- Manchester >ie.o, fore:
telling the- doom of Democracy and the
rlee of Ca I us Bascoui Stomp:
i "We ere fullv satisfied thai the next
Governor of Vlrsrlnin will be a Repub?
lican?probably' Bascom Slemp, and
when Governor Mann's term expires he
I will be known in history as?rihe las.i
I of the Democrat's, The l^st of Ihe op
preBSOrSj sit whose retirement thera
(will be no grand acclaim''
j This lo.i'cs like a gentle hint, that In
the midst of life, the Democrats pre in
\ While the esteemed New York]
Tribune is stirred up on the subject of
peonage In Alabama, we hope h wMIl
i take a turn at (he peonage In the
I sweatshops 01 Its own bailiwick. Tha;
! would be doihg something to the point
if the Republican newspapers of
Connecticut are to be believed?a sub?
ject upon which we .--hall allow our
communications lo b? neither yea r.or
nay?If Governor Baldwin were up for
re-election hexl week he would win by
30,000 Instcnd of 3,000 majority. The
more people know of Democrats like
Mr Raid win. 'he surer l lie y are lo
trust the parly.;
Why should the policemen wear their
badges on. Ihe left side. Jusl over the
heart? A "good shot." would not ask
tor any belter mark than these shln
i11g large to.
No married woman's happiness It
completo "without children; 8h?
yearns with tho deeper longings o<
hor nnturo for tho Joys of mother?
hood. But women who bear children
should proparo for tho coming ot
baby by properly caring for thols
physical systems. Mother's Friend
1b' the expectant mothor's greatest help. It la a roinedy which propares tht
inu6cle3 and tendons for tho unusual strain, renders tho ligaments suppln and
elastic, alda in expanding the skin and flesh fibres, and strengthens all tho
motubranea nnd tissues. It Is especially valuable whero tho breasts are t rouble
somo from irwelling and congestion, nnd 11 s regular uso will lessou tho pain
nnd danger when the llttlo ono
comes. Women who use Mother's
Friend are. assured of passing tho
crisis with safety. It is for sale at
drug Btoros. Wrlto for frco book
for expectant mothers.
BRADFIELD EEQULATOR CO.,
Address all communications for this column to Query Editor,
Times-Dispatch. No mathematical problems will be solved, no
coins or stamps valued and no dealers' names will be given.
What time Is taken off a prisoner'-;
term In the oonltontlarlca of California
Cor good behavior? A. B.
The modo of reckoning; credits Ih an
follows;: Flrsl v. i?r. two months; ? ?? -
oitd veer, two niontbs: third year, lour
imonths; fourth ycur, four mouths:
tilth year, ftvo months, cud five moiilhs
for "very year following. The prisoner
uttdor a ten-year sentence can make
three years and sl.\ months' good time;
consequently ho will have to serve
but six ycara and six months.
A bet! 14 that he hns not JS. It. who
has tust tiiat a mount, puts it up. A
contends that lie wlua, because, after
U had out up all the money he had, he
did not have ?.=.. la A right in his
claim? B. s
Thai. Is In Mi? nature, of a "catch"
bet. which. Ilko a bet. on a "sure
thing." has no standing.
What Is t'.;e origin of Mia brnsi trd
or band of mourning worn on the
left sleeve: 11. T. M.
It comes from a custom In armies, n
long time ago, of permitting those]
v.'ltO wished to dlspta}- n sign of
mourning, which in no vrny could bo
expressed on u military garb without
violation oC the rrincipien of military
?listinetion through dross,
Two HI vein.
What In the ictfgtil or the Mississippi
Klvcr from it* source to mouth, and
that of the Missouri from its b??rc*
to Itu coniltieucti with tho Mlssie
uipplV A. O. ft
Prom ti bori in MihAcsoia in which
tho ?Mississippi has Its riso to " |tn
mouth in the fiult of Moxlco tho
length is Z.otfl miles, and the Missouri
from licndwaHors til Jcffo'rsdn', In tho
Rocky Mount "ii . <o ti conflucneo with
tho Mississippi in 2,f>os miles.
Ill ordot' t" rrcl ;iu nppollitment to
Wo: t Point Academy must the hov
have 'a pull," as it Is called? .1. IS.
A hoy must unite application and
then undergo ? competitive examina?
tion, finder those conditions "a pull"
v ould hardly avail.
A woman who Is a music, teacher
and has no other means ol support
lo.'.cs i,cr mother by death: Would
phe, if she continued to piactlcc nt.
the piano or give lessons, be charged
with lack of proper feeling for her de.
censed parent? M. T.
DOORS SHUT IN FACE
OF PRINCESS LOUISE
uv i.\ .MAiiarisi: nr. i'oatknoy.
PRINCESS LOUISE of Belgium,
when 3I10 visited Uruaa?la iho
other day, in order t<> attend the
celebration or t ho religious ser?
vice in the Chun u of Luokon, on the I
anniversary of the death <<? her fath- j
cr, fuund herself excluded from the!
ceremony ul which King Albert wiia
tho only rcprcsontatlvo ut the royal
family. The gateK of the royal pal- I
ace of l.nelten wer,. Ilkowlso closed]
tc hi r. and her aunt, the widowed
Connies:] ol Flanders, mother of King
Albert, the one person of the reigning
house who until recently showed atiy
kind of remnant of liking for her, de- I
Cllued to receive her when t.ho called
tit her palace. Indeed. It was not I
until I'rlnccss Louise had driven buck
to Kr?ssels and iiccurod the escort of j
tier lawyers, that, aller some expos?
tulation '^nd delay, she was able to
obtain admittance to tho vault ivnei'"
her father's and mother's remains are
preserved. In order to lay flowers Oil
their respective tomba.
No on.- i an blame King Albert nor
bi^ mother, tin. Countess ot Flanders,
for tills treatment of Princess Louise;
lor alone ut Leopold's daughters, she
has rejected all offers >>; compromlHe
ol her claims upon her ftttlic.i',HycstaLi
ai,.i possessed apparently of the most
Itisatlitblo greed, is prepared to stir
on iiny mud and scandal relating to
her father, rather than to abate otto
Jot of her pretensions, At the 11IIIC of
her father's death, an earnest attempt
whs iniide bv her sisters, bj Hit Count?
ess ot Flanders nhd by tiio now icing
mid Queen, to Induce her to resume
her rank and position aa u princess
of Belgium, oifneing nil moniory of
the bust, the only stipulation being
made thai she should qul adrift troin
tin- <li-.repuf.iblo people bv whom she
L surrounded. Hut their Inilucnco on
her was more powerful than that of
her relatives, and mnltltig her head?
quarters In Paris, she i-. bringing suits
against every one <.\<"-ic-.j with the
court of Brussels, even against her
father's form-r coiilldenil.il servants,
in order to compel them to disclose
the. dlspoiiilou which lie had made
oi bis various belongings in fuel,
:-hc has frustrated every endeavor on
the uurt of King Albert, of hin rela?
tives and of bin government, to rele?
gate to oblivion the unhappy scan?
dals of Leopold's life, and of her own
Meanwhile hei youngest sistor. Prin?
cess ClenientltiOi has been visiting itio
various cipltaia o'C Europe, with her
husband. Prince Victor Napoleon, the
couple traveling under* the mime of
Prince and Princess Monlfort. This
Is not a title of phantasy, uu ninny
would be disposed to believe. After
tiio downfall of the Napoleonic regime,
In tlu- second docad?. 0f the nlnetrenth
century, tho title of Prince Montfort,
Which is a German and hot a French
''Unity, wo h bestowed by the King
of Wurtomborg upon his French uon
ln-law, .loronie Bonan-ut-. ex-King of
Westphalia, who after the annulment.
of his marriage to Miss Elizabeth Pnt
terson of Baltimore, in April. 1805,
Viad married Princess Catherine of
Wiirtcniljerg. she died In IS""-, and as
long a3 she resided with ex-King rc
voine. in her father's dominions, thev
were Known ..is Prince and Prince:;:;
Montfort. Their only son. tho Prince
Jerome Napoleon of the rcfj-n Of Ntt
poleon 111, inherited the title, and
on his death a*. Rome, it pawed to hin
elOent son. Victor, who now for the
lirs.t. time Is ma-king use thereof,
Prince victor, by ih? by. has se?
riously damased whatever projipebis
ho may have had of bringing about ;\
restoration of the imperial throne in
France by his recent, visit to Rome
With hia bride The present Pontiff,
like his two Immediate predecessors,
objects to any Roman Catholic royal
or ?imoerial personage visiting the
court of 'lie Quliinal. If thee wan'
to come lo Romo they roust hold aloof
from the Quirllial Otherwise, llir
Popo wants.them to Stay away, and
lie. hit's, huini'it?d to Hie.m that if thev
disregard hin wishes in the matter it
will be construed nu a gross affront to
the oceunant of the chair of St. Peter
King Leopold visited Rome on sev?
eral occasions during the absence of
the roval famll-/ from the Eternal City,
and ca)'?rt only on the Pope, ignoring
the Italian government. Emperor
Francis .Torripb has preferred to com?
promise the efficiency of the Triple
Alliance and to Incur the animosity of
Italy's relgniiiK hot\so, government and
people, In rrfusing to return at Ilia
C'ulrinal the visits paid to the court
of Vienna bv the late King Victor Em?
manuel in 1873. and by King Humbert
and Queen Marguerite eleven years
later, rather than to affront the Pope,
and In thai way to alienate tho sym?
pathies and rood will of his people
bv going to Rome.
The inte. King ChoTlea of Portugal
was unable to ?ttend the stiver wed?
ding und nlao the funeral of hU uncle.
King Humbert, it Rom', through fear
of offending the Pope, and thereby
antagonising the Roman Catholic
Church In his own dominions.
, An far na Victor Nanoleon's political
r-roiipocts as n pretender ore concern:
ed. ho would have dono well to follow
their example; tor by offending tho
Pope in taking his bride to stay at
the Qutrthal, he imr. managed to alien?
ate the good will of Just that nar-.
tlcut&r fius? ol tho-French, people who
constitute, the hull; or the monarchical
Hurtles in Franco, nuniely, Diu Komin
Catholics in Belgium, the nrlntoeritcy,
wholly Catholic', Is mi wrought up bi?
lbo Indignity which they clulm has
heeii placed upon the Pope by the
prince qnd princess thai tlmy talk o?
subjecting Victor Napoleon und Clem?
entine to a social boycott when they
return t? take up their rc Idcneo at
Br?ssels. The prime, by going to
Home to :-tay with the King and UHCOII
or Ithly, his forfeited tho sympatli^es
hi' n large proportion of the alUli
republican elemcnl in France, without
any corresponding gain, und without
winning a single adherent from th?
oause of the French government.
in one respect the visit of Princess
Clementine to tiie Qutrlhal must have
been rather awkward: for she wan one
of the princesses who rejected the or
fern of mnrrlugu by the orcsent King
of Italy, then the rely Crown Prince
In fact, the rejection wa.n so Uckln-r,
in conaldcrullou that, t^-- prince
brought bis vlsll to I he court of Ur.us.
HC|a to an abrupt close, and left at a
entile of hours': notice, deeply of?
fended iVlnccsH, Clemen lino's rep...
lion of the prince, was bttSCd inoti
than titiythlug else ii|"iii the Hifferenca
1 ctween her own lofty stature and tin,
brevity of that of the present ruler of
There Is no truth whatever in Hin
statements which have heen printed
to the effect that Princess Clementine,
bus been unfilled by Iho French 'gov?
ernment thai owing 1,1 her marriage
to prince Victor N'apolc?u she. will
henceforth in- compelled to abandon her
visile to Paris and to the South o?
Trance, mid that she will no longer
bo welcome on French soli
The luv.- of oxlle._ in forro agaitnt
the Fi'ench pretenders docn not ex?
tend tu tljolr wive." The. now wid?
owed Comicsso ii'- Paris, during tho
lifetime of har husband, was allowed
to , ome and go in France na she
listed: though he was banished (roin
FrenrJi territory. The Duchess of Or?
leans.- wife of 'he royalist pretender,
i und who Is a member of the imperial
house of Ilupshurg, makes trcquenj
and prolonged slays In Paris, where
sho receives the homage, of I he wo?
men of i he monarchical party and
holds receptions of her husband'* nd
horcnte with ho Interference what;
noever on the. part of the French gov?
ernment. There Is. therefore, not thn
slightest reason why Princess Clem*
online should he called upon to bharn
; her husband's hanirhment , all t|ic lees
,as his party in of such InflultoAlmaI
importance compared 10 licit of tho
nuke of ilrleaiis.
Copyright. 1311, by the, Hrentwood
I_'_<'ompuny I _
We Fred. Richardson,
P-CJHV-30AF. DIRECTOR A?D
Mala nod Relvldere. Streets.
I 'Phones. Madison S48, day; MocrcH?
[M3. sight, ' ,
Make this Bank Your Bank
Sign your name, to the list, of
depositors and take a step to
Capital .. . $1,000,000.00
Surplus . . $ 600,000.00
WM. II. PALMER. Tresldent.
JOHN S. ELLETT, A'lce-Pre3ldent
WM. M. HILL. Vloe-Prosldent.. ?
j. w. KINTON. Vico-Presldent.
JULIEN IT HILL, Cashier
Three per cent, per annum in<
lercst allowed on Savings Dei
posit?, componnde'd every sdc
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