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MlE TIMES FOUNDED 18M.
TKB DISPATCH FOUNDED IN 1S50. WHOLE NUMBER 18,496. RICHMOND, VA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1911 THK WBATIIKH TO-DAY?Kalr. PRICE TWO CENTS, KNEW OF FRAUD Crawford Ready to Vote to Unseat,Illinois Senator. TELLS OF BRIBERY IN THE CAMPAIGN Makes Scathing Arraignment of Alleged Corrupt Methods Used In Election?Says Eleven Votes Cast for Candidate Were Tainted?Steps in "Gum-Shoe" Work. Washington, .January in.?in an ex? haustive speech. Senator Cnrt I. Craw? ford,, or South Dakota, to-day d?: nounced the alleged methods employed by agents of senator William Dorl iner In the Legislature of Illinois, and declared Ii his conviction that Mr. l.orlmer was not entitled to fetalri his seat in the upper I) ran eh of Congress. In the faco of Mr. itbrlmer'a report od protestations of. Innocence, Senator Crawford flatly charged that the lat? ter, was cognizant of lite (|iiostlonabla practice* <>r his lieutenants. "I regret tu ?jy It.' declared Mr. Crawford, with 'emphasis, "hut I ?m personally convinced hat Mr Ijbrlmer lincw enough about what was going ? ?Ii at Springfield to put a reasonably prudent man upon Inquiry; that Shurt lerr ami Hrowno were his political tigents, and that ho ratified their act* mil necept'd the fruit- of their cor i npt practices where ho must at least, have had Mimr knowii'ilijc, and tint ilu was not legally and duly elected to ?< seal In the Senate tho United States by the I^Kt?lature of Illinois.'' The evidence. In the opinion Of Mr. Crawford, ?hon-ni conclusively that the election of Mr. l.orlmer wns the outcome of a carefully laid plan, he ylnnin* with the election of Edward Shurtleff, whom he described as a "hit? ter enemy of Senator Hopkins and a political henchman of Mr. borlmor." to l)C Speaker of the legislature, and Lee O'Neill Browne to be leader of the mlnorlt). Annlvif? I'vltlrnee. The Senator carefully analyzed the evidence of alleged bribery, which, he mild, proved toi his satisfaction that money was used In the garnering of votes for Mr. l.orlmer. ShurtlcfT and ftrpwne were the active agents In this campaign of corruption, contended the Benator, and lie charged that Mr. l/irl mer wan aware of what was trans? piring. Not only did Senator Crawford argue that eleven of the Democratic, votes rast for Mr. Lorirner In Ids election <\ ere "tainted with fraud and corrup? tion." but ho contended that Mr. Lari? mer himself at leas! must have sus? pected that fraud was being com* milled', Mr. Crawford reviewed the essential features of the testimony to show why the four men who confessed bribery Should be believed, and why the dc ilals of the seven others that their voles wore tulnted should not be ac? cepted as conclusive Appeal? for Tradition*. "Whither are wn drilling." he con? tinue,], "If conditions like those ot SpringtlChl are to be passer! over In silence? Wc may make mistakes In framing tariff lawn, but they can be amended. Wo mux adopt wrong poli? cies in the administration of public af? fairs, but they can be corrected. But what is the- future of representative government If men are to enjoy scats In the legislative, department which have been purchased with paltry gold? What li to become of our Institutions, mid who can answer for to-morrow, If legislation In great States like Illi? nois Is to be bought and sold by men who are provided with a corruption fund for that purpose; a United States senatorshlp thrown Into the bargain? Are the members of this Senate 'will? ing that testimony like this, which I have attempted to review here, shall be put aside as insufficient to overthrow a formal certificate of election simply be? cause that certificate comes here under the seat of a great State? "I know Senators will not do that if they see this evidence as I see lt. I ilnlm no superior virtue and woulu not reflect in the smallest particular upon i he sincerity and good faith of any Venator. My only fear is that the tes llmony was so much broken into by ln lerruptlons and argument of counsel ?luring tlie hearings, and the time in which to weigh and analyze it was so ?bort, that tho subcommittee did not give It the weight to which it seems to mc It is entitled, and the full commit? tee had little opportunity to examine it liefere submitting its report. I may be wrong, sir, and the subcommittee may lie right; but 1 am bound to say that 1 am not willing that this report shall be adopted without my protest, -.mi the other hand. I stand ready to voto lor ? resolution declaring that Mr. l.orlmer was* not legally and duly elected to a Real In tho Senate of the United Slates by the Legislature of the State of Illi? nois." Step? in the ClinipnlK?. Senator Crawford took up the steps In what he culled "u corrupt program" and "a gumshoe campaign for his (l.orlmer'*) election." Three facts. Mr. Crawford argued, are all correlated, iml "they are sequences which must bo lie pi In mind in order to properly un? derstand the manoeuvres which are disclosed in the evidence presented Ip .is here." These three facts, he staled thus: "h'lrsl?The election of an anti-Hop _kins man and n Worlnier Republican as. speaker by means of Democratic votes, in order that the l.orimer men might Control the organization of the I louse. "Second. The election of I.ee O'Nfeil Browne as Ihc absolute dictator of u faction consisting of about thirty Democratic members of Ih-d House, for whom he could make corrupt und iin Bcrupillous deals and whose votes ho ? ouid deliver, "Third, a complete understnndlnK between the men who handled the Mnekfipr fund In both the'Senate and House, and the men who were further? ing the campaign of Mr. T.orlmei- fov election It) the office of Culled sinies L ^Cont^ed-oa Sixth Paee.j~ i PERSIA ALMOST HELPLESS Appeal* In World for Justice Against Great Id-Hutu anil HumhIii. New York, January 10.?uui of thq tangled web ?f diplomacy, plot and counterplot, that hau wrapped it about for centuries, tlio Persian government has raised its voice In appeal to thii whole world?ail appeal lor what It Stylen justice against Great Britain and Russia. The first cry reached this Country to-day. bearing the seal of the empire and the signature of Mos tofi-Kl-.Uanalik, president of the Coun? cil, it is addressed to the American people, through II. P. Topakyan, Per? sian consul-genera] at New York. The appeal sets forth In full the dealing:) of Gr?at Britain and Russia in Per? sian uflairs, and charges that Britain's bad laitli has brought the Persian government to the brink of collapse. The story unfolded Is one of financial dealings, Joint diplomatic note.-, revo? lutions alleged on various Persian soil by Russian and British armed forces, nominally to enforce collec? tions, hut In reality, it is declared, with a view to securing military and naval bases or strategic points In the European game, In brief, the Persian government states that through a loan made to It by the Russian govern' mcnl some years ago, and which it has found itseli unable to repay because Great Britain and Russia have thrown every obstacle In the way of repay? ment. It Is almost helpless, and unable to maintain order in certain provinces whore Russian troops have been quar? tered to enforce collections. Great Britain. It Is charged, expressly agreed that'no other than civil means would be used for collections; yet that coun? try now stands Idly by while Russia pours regiments over the borders. Tho presence of the.se foreign troops has roused Persians to fury. Three' prov? inces have been thrown Into revolt. RusStfi and Britain have demanded thai the disorders be repressed, yet the Persian government declares Itself helpless while Russian Hoops are within Its borders. The appeal declares that Persia stands ready to shed her blood to de? fend British subjects, and would defend them If allowed to art without tho Buss Ian troops All last year Perslu was the storm centre "f European international poli? tics. LATHAM HAS NARROW ESCAPE Antoinette Monoplane Wrecked, but V viator In \ot Injured. .-'?hi Francisco, January lfi.?Hubert Latham, the young Kreuch blrdman. had a remarkable escape from death on San Francisco's aviation field to? day. In his second fllghi of the after? noon he encountered adverse wind con? ditions that forced htm to descend suddenly, after he had attained a height of about thirty feet. Alighting, he crashed into a fence, completely wrecking his Antoinette monoplane. The host-like body of the craft was broken Into three pieces, breaks oc cttrrihg Just In front and behind the driver's seat. Latham sal light, and escaped without a scratch, while his machine splintered about him. The engine was badly damaged, both blades of the propeller were snapped off short, the planes were torn Into strips, and one wheel of the running goat was wrenched completely off. When an army ambulance. which dashed out from Camp Setfrldge, near which the accident occurred, reached the aviator. Litham was found rue? fully Inspecting the wreck of hla ma? chine, and puffing hard or. a consoling cipnrette. Early In the afternoon Latham made, a short exhibition flicht to try out the air currents, and an hour later he set out on his st-cond and disastrous trial, with the Intention of trying some target shootinR- He had a shot? gun within easy reach when the smnsh-up came. To-day's exhibition developed noth? ing of a spectacular nature. ADMIRED WOMAN'S HAT Auto Then lllln Tree mid Orciipnnts lla\? Narrow Escape. [Sneclal to Ti e Tlmes-Dl6patch.] St. Louis; Mo . January 10.?An auto? mobile accident yesterday afternoon. In which Miss Kate Halle, of Staunton, was cut by flying glass and bruised, and her isiner-lrt-law, Mrs. Columbus Halle, of St. Louis, wife of Vice-Presi? dent Halle, of the Missouri. Kansas and Texas Railroad, was more severely bruised, resulted, it developed to-day, from Miss .Halle's admiration for a hat worn by a woman pedestrian. "Did you* see that hat?" Miss Halle Inquired. "'Isn't it heautlful?" "It's a perfect dream, and look at her suit!" Mrs. Halle replied. The automobile, an electric one. driven by Mrs. Halle, crashed into a tree. "I regard our escape v/lth our lives as miraculous," sold Miss Halle to? day. The automobile was damaged $500 worth. SUCCESSOR TO COREY Election of .1 nines A. Fnrrell Will lie Recommended to Directors. Now York, January 10.?The finance committee of the United States Steel Corporation to-day unanimously de? cided to recommend to the board ol directors at Us next regular meeting on January 24, the election of James A. Parrel], of Brooklyn, as president [ of the Steel Corporation, according to a statement issued bv Chairman Gary. Mr. Farrell. who will succeed William E. Corey. Is fifty-two years of age. and has been president of the United States Steel Products Company ever since It was formed in 1903, and which oreanlzatlon handles all tho export business of the parent corporation. It Is understood that when elected pres? ident of the Steel Corporation Mr. Parrell will devote himself to the practical and technical side? of that vast organization. SCHOONERS IN COLLISION Vessel From Xorfolk Hits Unknown Three-Master Off Cape May. Atlantic city. x. .T., January io.? News reached hero over government wires tn-nlc.ht of a collision between the f nur-niasted schooner Fanny 0. Bowen, front Norfolk, for Fall River, mid an unknown three-masted schooner near Northeast lightship, off Cape May. The Bowon's ringing was badly torn, and a report was sent to this city to secure a tug to meet her on her way up the coast." Temporary repairs are being made. The captain of the Bowen could not make out the ntitne of the other boat, but believes she was not badly dam? aged. PRESENTED TO CONGRESS Memorial Of Protest by Mount Vcrnnn Ladles' Association. ISneclal to The Tlmes-Mspntch.l Washington, D. ?'.. January 10.? Senator Martin hns presented to Con? gress the nieinorl.il of Mrs, Charles B. BalLivlco'-regrenl of the Mounl Vernon Ladles'" Association for tho State of Virginia, remonstrating against the location of a criminal reformatory for tho District of Columbia on what Is known as the BelVoIr or White House tract of land, which Is very near .Mount Vernon. !'. II. McG. Drnfh of "Apple King." Lea veil worth. Kan., January 10.? Frederick Wellhottso, known as the "Apple King." nt one time said to bo the greatest apple grower In the world, died here to-dny. aged olghly-two years. In I SOU the yield from Ihe Wellhouso orchards was so.ofni bushels, and it required 200 cars to shin his fruit. Mr, Wcllhou'so was n native of I Wayne county. Ohio, and cuine to Kanena In 1850, i SPEECH CHEERED Big Crowd Hears Ex Convict in Leading Richmond Theatre. DENOUNCES SHOE LABOR SYSTEM Charles Morganfield, Who Served 18 Years, Says False Charges Are Made to Keep Prisoners at Work?De? clares He Was Wrong? fully Accused. Seven or eight hundred people heard Charles Morganfield, a truln robber lately released aller u long term In the penitentiary, deliver what he rail? ed u lecture directed at ihe convict labor system of Virginia last night at the Academy of Mimic. Ho chose for his subject ??Klfteen Years in Hell." Morganfield spoke for llfty-llvc min? utes, and. whether be did any good for his cause or not. he received con Blderablu applause, an,] was evidently pleased with his reception. The occasion was unique. A man who was at one time a desperate crim? inal occupying the stage of the lead? ing theatre in the capital city of a State Is no usual performance. The audience was made up of all classes and conditions, there being quite a sprinkling of social workers. Keep Men In Prison. The man denounced the Thacker Shoe Company, which operates the factories In which the prisoners work. He asserted that good workmen are kept in prison by false marks and charge.- to prevent their release on pa? role and thus to add to Ihe profits of the shoe concern. Morganfield presented a not unin? teresting figure. Large, with smooth face which shows power In every lineament, with gray hair, he Is rather handsome. (Jlvcn a good suit of clothes, a hair cut, a shampoo and Various other modern treatments, he would make an exceedingly creditable Congressman In appeurance lie Is a far more interesting study than his lecture. He seemed not de? void of humor, yet the Inevitable Iron of prison life had seared his soul and made him bitter, vindictive, unreason? ing, and while he showed feeling more than once, there were times when this emotion, revealed through ihe eyes and lips, showed the tigerish impulses of the desperate outcast; T:ie ex-convict, who intimated during his remark* thai this Is not his real name, held up and robhe.l a passenger train, near AcquTa Crook, on the Rich? mond-Washington line. In 1SJ1. After 1 he robbery he sent the engine at full speed up the track, where, but for o fortunate circumstance, it would hava collided with a irain bearing scores of people. He was given eighteen years in the penitentiary, un? served fifteen year* and eight months, having been released only a few days ago. An accomplice named Searcy, who turned State's evi? dence, got off with eight year.-'. It was stated that Morganfield had sworn vengeance against Searcy If he ever found him, and it Is understood that Searcy has severy.l times sent out an? nouncements that he Is dead. Waves to Crowd, No one introduced Morganfield. H? walked on the stage on his crutches when the curtain rose, waving his arm to the audience, lie walked up and down Incessantly during the-lecture, using sometimes one crutch, 6ometime.-. both. Several times he took-'counse: with some newspaper men In the wings as to the loudness of his voice and as to the length of hl3 remarks. He rambled to such an extent thai a connected account of Ills charges is almost Impossible. His voice was fair? ly good, but his delivery and language, as might have been expected, poor. Beginning with the assertion that if he told all he knew he would bo hanged and the audience would hang all the penitentiary officials. Morganfield an? nounced as his mission to "make the shoe shop leave Oregon Hill." Kvery word sent out by the management of the prison about the conditions there he declared to be a lie. They had lied about him and about everybody else, he said. Present Conditions. These things he spoke of as existing at this day. although some of the In? cidents related referred to periods under former managements. The gist of Morganflcld's charges arc that prisoners are deliberately robber! or their time earned by good conduct in order to make more money for the shoe company. If they continue to be? have, they are beaten until they say something, and are then put down tor insubordination. There is blood, as? serted Morganfield, on every pair of shoes turned out. He would like to march the skeletons of the men mur? dered under the prison labor system be? fore bis audience. For himself, ho had never made any shoes. Vet he had been punished, he said, under false charges, although lie did not explain why he should have been punished when his work did not go to the shoe company. Hn was beaten lliree times and put In Solitary confinement for saying he would com? plain to ihe Governor If he was made to work on one day when unable lb do so. For this he was put down In the records as having assaulted an officer. This was ihe worst Ihing he did dur? ing his term, according to his state? ment. Vnrlou ? more Or less wild assertions were made. One of these was that prisoners in Ihe penitentiary are all right save on sonic occasions, while ihe management is all wronj; on all occasions. Another was that 2. ?'?'/ J goats. Which were impounded in Rich ?ttujnd n couple of years ago, were fed to' t he prisoners. There nrp hooyters in the penitentiary among the officials, said Morganfield, ami he made dark ihreats thai ho would rovoal the fell secret of their names some day. Ho Is going to lec? ture some more, ho said, having 'or his object the amelioration ut condi? tions "under the big top." part ?f losses Restitution to Amount; of $1,300,000 Made ! to Pennsylvania. CAPIiOL FRAUD CAS LS SETTLED In Consideration of Agreement Commonwealth Agrees to Drop All Further Criminal Action Against Defendants Impli? cated?This Ends Sen? sational Prosecution. Ilnrrlsburg, i?a.. January in.?Resti? tution t'> the amount of $1)300.000 and the surrender uf warrants aggregating $200,< 00| upon which payment had been stopped, were made in the Dauphin jCouti'.y Court to-day by tho men con ; vlcted or otherwise implicated by tho Slate of Pennsylvania In the Capitol j frauds. In consideration of tho return j of titls money and the surrender of tho : warrants, the Commonwealth agreed to drop all further criminal action against tin defendants indicted, and, with the exception of the case of Joseph M. Huston, of Philadelphia, who is under an Indeterminate sentence of from six months to two years, and who has an appeal In the Superior Court, the Cap? itol fraud cases are declared to be ended and the State satisfied. Thus endji one of the most Important crim? inal prosecutions ever brought by the State, and which has stirred Pennsyl? vania from end to end. The new State Capitol, a magnificent structure, with its rich furnishings, cost approximately $13.000,00). Of this sum the State alleged that It had been defrauded out of almost $3,000,000. At tornoy-'Jeneral M. Hampton Todd, who conducted the prosecutions. In a state? ment after the settlement was an? nounced, said that the total amount received hy the State to-day ann through restitution heretofore made by certain of the defendants, was $1,596, 740. L'p to date the State has expend? ed $107,961, In prosecuting the cases. Drfrndsnts In Settlement. Among the defendants who partici? pated in the .settlement to-day were the following: Kstatc of John Sanderson, of Phil? adelphia, contractor for the wooden [furnishing, etc., who died in New York -.after he had been convicted and sen? tenced, and was out on ball pending an appeal of hlB case. I'state of W. L Mathues. of Media, a former State treasurer, who died after being convicted and sentenced, and was out on ball pending an appeal. William P. Snyder, Spring City, a for? mer atn-'ltor-general. now serving two years in the penitentiary. John M. Shumaker, Johnstown, a for? mer superintendent of grounds and building's, now serving a two years' sentence. Joseph M. Huston, architect of tho Capitol and designer of its furniture, under sentence and awaiting disposi? tion of an appeal from conviction. Krank G. Harris, of Clearfield, a for? mer State treasurer, and B. B. Harden burgh.' HonesdV.e. a former auditor general, predecessors of Mathues and Snyder. and who were only sued civilly to recover money. Former Congressman H. Burd Cas? sel, of Marietta, Pa., who was acquit? j led of a charge of fraud in connection with a metal furniture contract. One of the Interesting features of the case Is the fact that the amount each party to the settlement contributed is a lawyer's secret, and probably will never be made public. There were two civil actions brought by the State. One was against tho contractor for wooden furniture, San? derson. On this the sum collected was $1,100,000. The other was against tho contractors for metal furnlturo, in which Cassel was Involved. On this contract $200,300 was turned back Into the treasury. The colossal Capitol fraud exposure was one of the indirect results of tho political upheaval in Pennsylvania In 190S. CURTAILMENT IS URGED it c, ii n i In n ; Adopted liy Textile Manu? facturers' Kxrhnime nt Atlanta. Atlanta, Ga., January 10.?Drastic curtailment In tho manufacture of cot? ton goods until the prices of tho manu? factured product nssume a more cor? rect ratio to tt,? oat of raw cotton was urged In a resolution adopted by the Textile Manufacturers' Exchange here this afternoon. More than 2,000t 000 spindles In nine Southern States and Illinois ana Indiana were repre? sented nt the meeting- All State or? ganization:- also were urged to co? operate in this movement, and it was suggested that a peneral nicotine be called in the near future to consider a plan for patting the curtailment Into . effect_ OPERATOR FALLS DEAD AT HIS KEY (Special to The Tim s-Dlspatch.l Itoanoke, Vu., Jniiuitr} in?White slttiuf;' nt his (elcgraph Instrument in the etiler of the Boiinoke Times l?rnlghi; C. f. Hoyd, representative here of Ihr Associated Press, wna stricken with neuralgia of the heart, aud died In n few seconds. lie fell from bbi I'hrilr ?villi n sin? gle cxClntnnllon, und uns not con? scious afterwards. Mi". Iloyd hail been ? resident of fliianohe fifteen years, und lind been ?villi Hie As? sociated Press n lung Blue. He vtns bom In Concord, \. p., forty-two years im?, nnd Is survived by IiIm widow nnd live children, lu addition to his work ns telegraph operator, he vui* inn advertising spo elnllsl, In which he was "iuosl suc cosiiil. lie vtn* the representative here its correspondent of n number of Important papers, Including the lllellinond TIjnes-DlHpntch, the Washington llrrald nnd llnltlmorc Anierlcnii, NEW SENATOR FRQM OHIO Aii.KK POM KU K> B. Columbus. O., January 10.?In spite of tho bitterness of the Ute Demo? cratic senatorial campaign, the vlctpr, Lieutenant-Governor Atlee Pomerene. was elected to the United States Senate by the Legislature to-day by the vote of every Democratic member of that body. in ihe Senate Lleutenant-Governor Pomerene received nineteen votes, and In the House seventy votes. The two houses meet at 11 A. M. Wednesday to complete the election. LOAN TO HONDURAS IS MADE POSSIBLE Convention Binding Government to Fulfilment of Obliga? tion Signed. TREATY WILL GO TO SENATE Action of United States in Line With Precepts of Monroe Doctrine. Washington, D. C, January 10.? After more than a year of negotiations consummation of the proposed loan for tho rehabilitation of the ilnancea of Honduras was made possible to-day when Secretary of State Knox and Goneral Juan E. Paredes. Minister of Finance of Honduras and special finan? cial agent of Honduras In the United States, signed a convention hlnding Honduras to the fulfilment of the obligation to be imposed by the loan. The treaty will be submitted by President Taft to the Senate within a few days for ratlrteatlon, and Senor Paredes declared to-night that within a week the contract between Honduras and J. .T. Morgan & Oo. for tho pro? posed loan would be signed. The State Department did not make public the text of the convention, but it Is known that the treaty does not establish any financial protectorate over Honduras. Ii merely assures the guaranty by the United States of the observance by Honduras ol the finan? cial contract about to be made with the Morgan syndicate Should any friction occur between the financial syndicate and the government of Hon? duras, provision Is. made for the ad? justment of difficulties by the submis? sion of the question to the heads of the two governments Involved. Tho signing of the "-.-Jnvontlon to? day Is In line with precepts of the Monroe Doctrine, In that It nets as an intermediary between the foreign holders of bonds against Honduras and that country by arranging for the payment of its bonded Indebtedness without foreign intervention. Will neorgnnlzc Flunnees. The convention signed to-day. it Is believed, will completely reorganize the financial status of Honduras. Tho out? standing debt of the country Is esti? mated at about $1 P.',000.000. the accu? mulation of principal and interest on four loans made since 1 SC7. J. P. Mor? gan <"'o.. In August. 1H09. entered Into an arrangement with the holders of bonds against Honduras in P.urope by which a settlement of the loan then proposed was effected, and through the auspices of tho United Slates, Ifi per cent, of the vnlue of the bonds would be paid. This contemplated the pay? ment of $lii on every $100 of existing bonds, with unpaid coupons attached, thus making necessary the payment by Honduras of only $1,000.000 or about 15 per cent, of $;.r..ono,ooo, the approx? imate face value of the bonds?the in? terest coupons being returned with the bonds In lieu of the I.", per cent, pay? ment. A loan of $10,000,000, however. Is be? ing nogotlllled by Honduras with a view to expending nbi ill $f>,000.(. to ward tin.' completion of the partly eon* sirucied Interoconplc railway, joining the Atlantic and Pacific sea coasts of the country, at Puerto Corte? and the Hay of Ponsccn; WILL RESIST B0NILLA Porres ?f. President ?livlln Are tiring Put In ItrndJurMH, New Orleans. I.a.. January 10.?Sonor Jesus Pilot, consul generhl of Hon? duras, said __to-da^v_^lha I he^had l1*-*. celved no advices confirmatory of ihe reports that the rovolutlpnlsls had captured the bay islands, ami the porl oi Teilt. "I signed the manifests to-day of two steamers which cleared for Tola. Ktillan and Puerto Porte/.." said Senor 1-lloa. 'i would not have done thin, Ii" I hod been advised that revolu? tionists had seized the ports "1 have been Informed ihn! ihe fbr?;ei of President Diivila arc bring pul lh readiness to resist Honillli, and (.hoi the feeling generally In Honduras Is strongly in favor of Hie administra? tion. From Hie commandant at Puerto ;fCQnUnuod7ott SoaonoTpago.) SEVENTEEN LOS! M BO W SURF Lifc-Savcrs Witness Disaster, but Unable to Rentier Assistance. TRAGEDY ON CAPE COD COAST Men Make Desperate but 1'miU Fight to Reach Shore iu Safety. Highland Light, Mass.. January 10.? The worst disaster tho. life guards of the storm-lashed coast of' grim Capo Cod hail seen in more than a dozen years occurred to-day on. the treacher? ous sandbars that make off i'rorit mo Peaker Hills. They stood on the beach with their lifeboats and other appa? ratus, unable to render assistance, while three stout coal-carrying barges tvere hurled to destruction, and all on board?seventeen men?lost their lives In the boiling surf. The barges wero the Trevcrton, Corbln and Pine Forest, valued together at $125,000, With tlie exception of Captain ('", I. IJrown, of the Treverton, who belonged in Lln colnvllle, Me., and Captain M. W. Hall. ( of tlie I'lne Forest, a Provincetown t man. all were drowned, including Cap? [ t?in Charles N. Smith, of Philadelphia; 1 of the barge Corbln. i As two of the barge-1, the Treverton and Corbln. broke up very quickly. It I i sbelievcd that twelve lives were lost ; within an hour after the barges broke I away from the tug Lykens, about' ? o'clock this morning, and went into the breakers. Five of the teamen wero /ecu clinging desperately to the Pino Forest, until the inld-torcnoon, when, in attempting to reach shore In their own little boat, they were hurled into the seething billows and lost. The tug Lykens. of the Heading Coal Company, started from PhtladelpFiTa I last week, with tlie Treverton for Port I la nil. the Corbln for Portsmouth, nnd the Pine Forest for Marbleheadi Coining over Nantuckei Shoals Mon? day, the Lykens encountered a heavy southwester. which began hauling Into the northwest as she rounded Monomoy Point and headed down the Cape, Full Force of Uule. The Lykens, with her tow, was off Nausen lue in the evening and could be soon in the moonlight from the shore, as she was hugging the cape for a lee. She dually met the flt|| force of the. gale at the bend in the arm of the cape. Tho life saving patrol saw her stand? ing off shore to. avoid tho Peaked Hill bar., but darkness blotted her out four lours before dawn. The gale Increased In fury, and about o'clock the long hawser astern bl the tug parted, Tho Lykens was then a mile or more lb the ?vestward of peaked Hill Life Saving Station, The last watch of tho nig hi patrol .vas Just starting out from 'he. Peaked mil station, when ho discovered wreck in- In the breakers. The crew was quicklj summoned, but it was too (lark to make out anything. More flotsam came tumbling the bench, but theru was nothing to Identify it. At dawn the form of a stranded barge, with a single mast, could bo seen far out In Ihe breakers \i\ the outer bar. while In the oiling havered a tug, which af? terwards proved tii bo the Lykens. The life cavers soon realized that no lif< t-oat pulled by men could traverse those son yards "f cross-whirling b:i l-.ws. Two men were seen clinging to the rigging and three others holding on to the house. It was apparent that the nt her two bargei hail long since broken up, Tile LykeiiB could not render assistance, owing to tho heavy sea, and started for Provincetown. Shortly liefere 10 o'clock, the men of i the Pine Forest were seen to gather In a group. Hcfore those on the beach I realized their purpose, the little dor.-, on lop of the luirgo's hoiiHcTind becft" cut loose ami launched, ah live men then tumbled In for the last light t"i life, but before Ihoy had grnspoil then oars a big comber came rolling round the stern of the barge and over Hutu Thn-t wits tin- end. Overwhelmed h> Grief. Philadelphia, January I" llelallves and friends of the men who were drowned off the Massachusetts coast (.Continued on Second Pago.) COMBAT POSITION OF GOVERNMENT IN TOBACCO SOU Counsel Declare Cor? poration Triumph of American Industry. PATRONAGE SHOWS ITS POPULARITY Its Only Enemies Are Competi? tors and Politicians?When Argument Ends To-Day Su? preme Court Will Take Up Standard Oil Dis? solution Case. Washington. D. C. January 10.?. Counsel for ihe tobacco corporation to-day, pounded the government's po? sition in seeking to have tho Su? preme Court of the I'nlted States d's solve the so-called "Tobacco Trust." Pirat. Delancey Nieoll addressed tho court. He was followed by John G. Johnson, and he in turn, by W. B. Hornblowcr. The last spoke on behall of the Imperial Tobacco Company, re? ferred to as the ?'British Tobacco Trust." The first two appeared for the American Tobacco Company. During; Mr. llornblower's address Justice Harlan, whose love of .good to? bacco has been the basis of many amusing Incidents around the court, asked If any explanation could bo ad? vanced as to why he was unable tc gel any chewing tohacco that was not unsound, or rotten, or unadulterated. "The Imperial Tobacco Company never manufactured chewing tobacco." the attorney replied. "My understand? ing Is that the English people do not chew tobacco, and the only demand for it In England Is by tourists." Delancey Nieoll In his argument to the court, said: "The history of tho American To? bacco Company is the history of the expansion of trade, not of its restraint The business structure which tho com? pany has erected Is a triumph of American Industry and Intelligence. It is the government's largest tax pawer. It has no enemies nxcept c6m petltors, who would rise to fortune, j and politicians who would rise to fumo ' on Its ruins. The enormous patronage Iii receives from tho public attests Its i popularity. Preposterous Proposal. I"What more preposterous proposal was ever made to this court than that It should lend Us aid to destroy this j great business, to raze this frabrlc of American Industry to the ground, drive buyers from-the markets, until the to i bacco rots In the field, withdraw this pioneer of commerce from foreign, j marts, embarrass merchants, annoy cus? tomers, and destroy the returning con? fidence of the financial and Industrial world? I cannot believe that any such proposal will find favor In this august tribunal, where common sense pre j va'ls, where reason reigns, and where i passion and prejudice play no part." Mr. Johnson first attacked the gov? ernment's reference to the Wilson tariff. I act of IS'.M us a congressional Inter , protatlon of the Sherman act of 1SJ0. Mr. McKcyuohh hud made this refer ! once in support of u broad interpre? tation of ihe Sherman net. Mr, John? sen? said that iie had always believed I that such a second enactment Indl ! eatoil that the Legislature considered that the second act war, not Included j the ilist. I The government's interpretation oS j the Sherman act was attacked further I because of the insistence that the word i ' material" was meant by Congress to j be inserted before "restraint" In ike. statute. Mr. Johnson said that the I nest minds of the country had failed tr> j convince the court that the word "un? reasonable" should be Inserted before, "restraint." and he prophesied that tho government's present attempt would result In failure Consequently, Mr. Johnson argued that the government's whole theory fell to tho ground. The attorney contended that the Knight case controlled the present still, and therefore, that the court must hold anain that the manufacture, of goods, which might later enter into in? terstate commerce, could not be reach? ed under the Sherman anti trust law. Standard Oll Suit. The Stundard Oil dissolution suit will advance to tho centre of the stags in the Supreme Court of the United State s to-morrow, immediately after arguments arc concluded In th-3 u: bacco dissolution suit. For the re? mainder of the week at least, the court will give Its attention to a considera? tion of this section problem under tho : hi rnian ant I-1 rust law. For the government there will ap? pear At lorncy-Gcnorul Wiekershairif Frank R. Kellogg and possibly C. A. Severance- Opposed to them and de? fending tho Standard Oil will be John G. Johnson, John if. Mllhnrn and D, T. Watson. The government's chief object is to navo tb>.u.rl declare void the cor? porate organization of I $09. whereby Hie Standard till Company, of Now Jer? sey, with it-; Increased capitalization, exchanged Its stock for the stock of nineteen other oil corporations, which controlled in turn a great many more c.orporiilius. It if claimed that this amalgamation of the stocks of all theso companies la the Stundad Oil Company, of New Jersey, resulted In a comblna-, lion more closely nhd effectively held together than before and In restraint of trade The resultant control of oil, through the subsidiary corporations, ts said to constitute a monopoly. Both re? sults, flic government contends, are In violation of in.- Sherman anti-trust law. in support of its case, tlii1 govern? ment will claim that following tho nellon of the couii in the Northern Securities case, It must dissolve the. Standard "U Company of N'tfvi .lersoy as a holding company, suppressing compel it ton. In urging up.01 the < run t the propo? sition thai the Standard is monopolism ,lng, the government will argue that